Library of Congress information bulletin


Material Information

Library of Congress information bulletin
Portion of title:
L.C. information bulletin
Running title:
LC information bulletin
Abbreviated Title:
Libr. Congr. inf. bull.
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Library of Congress
The Library
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Art and archaeology technical abstracts
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Public Affairs Information Service bulletin
Library literature
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 31, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1972)-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000484231
oclc - 02566556
notis - ACQ2099
lccn - 83-641631
issn - 0041-7904
lcc - Z733.U57 I6
ddc - 027.573
nlm - Z 733 L697
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September 29, 1972

During a ceremony on Tuesday, September 26,
Arthur Rothstein, noted photojournalist, author, and
educator, presented to the Library his entire collec-
tion of photographic work done over the last 40
years-over 50,000 prints, negatives, and color trans-
parencies. Already represented in two collections in
the Library's custody, the Farm Security Administra-
tion photographs and the photographic collection of
Look magazine, Mr. Rothstein with this gift com-
pletes the record of our times as seen by one photo-
The collection records most of the leading events
and world famous personalities of the last four
decades. Mr. Rothstein has documented the Quebec
Conference at which the World War II invasion of
Europe was planned, the war in China, relief efforts
during the 1946 famine in China, and Cape Kennedy
space shots, as well as baseball, rodeos, marching
bands, and cotton picking. Also recorded are all
American Presidents, beginning with Franklin Delano
Roosevelt, artists like Salvador Dali, John Marin, and
Ben Shahn, Popes and bishops, actors and actresses,
Good Humor men, Salvation Army workers, and the
hooded members of the Ku Klux Klan.
A graduate of Columbia University, where he was a
founder of the University Camera Club and photo-
graphic editor of The Columbian, Mr. Rothstein
joined the Farm Security Administration in 1935 and

for the next five years made some of the most signifi-
cant documentary photographs ever taken of rural
and small town America. He became a staff photogra-
pher at Look magazine, in 1940, but left shortly after
to join the Office of War Information and then the
Army, which took him for three years to the China-
Burma-India theater. He remained in China for a

Library to Observe Columbus, Veterans Days
The Library of Congress will observe Columbus
Day, Monday, October 9, and Veterans Day, Mon-
day, October 23, as holidays, in accordance with
provisions of the law.
As on other holidays, service will be available
from 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. in the Main Reading Room,
the Thomas Jefferson Room, the Slavic Room, the
Science Reading Room, the Local History and
Genealogy Room, the Newspaper and Current
Periodical Room, the Law Library Reading Room,
and the National Union Catalog. The study rooms
and study table areas will be open. The Congressio-
nal Reading Room will be open from 8:30 a.m. to
5 p.m. all other Library divisions will be closed.
The Library will provide its usual Sunday service
on Sunday, October 8, and Sunday, October 22.
The exhibit halls will be open from 11 a.m. to
9:30 p.m. Sunday and Monday, October 8 and 9,
and on Sunday and Monday, October 22 and 23.

Vol. 31, No. 39

LC Information Bulletin

Employee Relations Offers Services 423424
LC Chntrmad Card%. Brochres Avaidable ... 432
LC Receives Roihstein Colection ... 421-422
LC Will Observe Columbus, Veterans Days 421
Library of Congress Pubhcations ... 428
National Park Maps on Display at G & M 425-426
News in the Library World . ... 428-432
Reception Opens Brazilian Exhibi ... 422
Special Recruits Begins Orientations 424-425
Staff New . . ... 426-428
Appendix-Report on Visit to China A-169-A-173

short time after leaving the Army as Chief Photogra-
pher for the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation
Administration. In 1946 he rejoined Look as Techni-
cal Director of Photography; he was appointed Direc-
tor of Photography for the magazine in 1969. When
Look ceased publication in 1971 he became editor of
Infinity magazine and a visual aids consultant to the
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and the
American Iron and Steel Institute. At present, he is
an Associate Editor of Parade, the Sunday newspaper
magazine, with responsibility for photography, pic-
ture research, feature story production and editorial
Since 1962 he has been a member of the faculty of
the Graduate School of Journalism at Columbia Uni-
versity. He has also lectured at other universities,
workshops, and conferences. Among his contribu-
tions to communication technique is the develop-
ment. over a 13-year period, of the XOGRAPH 3-D
process, a three-dimensional printing technique that
was acclaimed by Saturday Review as "the first major
breakthrough in printing technology since the 15th
century." It required the development of a new kind
of camera, a specially engineered press, and a new
paper coating material.

q I *o0


Winner of more than 30 photography awards. Mr.
Rothstein is a lecturer and contributor to numerous
photographic magazines. He has written three books,
Photoyournalism (1956, revised 1965. 1969), Creative
Color (1963); and Color Photography Now (1970),
and has collaborated with William Saroyan on
another book. Look At Us.
The Rothsiemn collection, when it has been com-
pletely assembled and arranged, will be freely available
to anyone for research, it will be available for com-
mercial use only with the permission of the donor.


Ceremonies opening an exhibition at the Library of
Congress commemorating the 150th anniversary of
Brazilian Independence (September 7. 1822) were
held in the Wluttall Pavilion on Friday afternoon,
September X.
Latin Americanists from the academic community.
diplomats, and government officials attended the
reception. Among the distinguished guests were Joao
Augusto de Araujo-Castro, Brazil's Ambassador to the
United Slates. Charles A. Meyer, Assistant Secretary
of State for Inter-American Affairs, and Joseph John
Jova, United States Ambassador to the Organization
of American States.
The Librarian. in his welcoming remarks, stressed
the long tradition of friendship between the peoples
of Brazil and the United States which dates back to
May 26, 1824 when the United States was the first
country in the world to recognize Brazilian indepen-
Ambassador Araujo-Castro noted that "this festive
event is but a token of the many activities of the
Library of Congress. an institution which has ren-
dered such an outstanding service to the cause of
better understanding among nations and the strength-
ening of cultural ties that bind them together." He
also alluded to the strong humanistic spirit which is a
part of the Brazilian character and which has given
Brazil's history a special kind of dynamism.
The exhibit contains books, manuscript materials,
and a map from the Library's Brazilian collections
and will be on display in the Hispanic Society Room
of the Latin American. Portuguese and Spanish Divi-
sion through November 30. [See LC Information
Bulletin of September 22, pp. 415- 16. for a descrip-
tion of items in the exhibit.]


September 29. 1972


Need Financial counseling?
Family concerns becoming insurmountable?
": Unable to solve job related problems?o There is an office within the Library of Congress
where staff members can receive assistance with prob-
6 3 lems like these and many others as well.
The idea for an Employee Relations Office origi-
nated in 1944 when the Personnel Office established
/ the position of Employee Relations Officer who was
charged with responsibility in matters ranging from
induction interviews to employee health and welfare.
.5, The first Employee Relations Officer was Robert M.
.... Holmes who later served as the Director of Personnel.
.i While still employed by the Serial Division, Mr.
Holmes, a man dedicated to helping others, devoted
L L his lunch hours to investigating ways of assisting
.__ l .those in need. If someone came to him with a finan-
cial problem, for example, he would help them plan a
budget. Because of his foresight and hard work, the
position of Employee Relations Officer evolved into
an independent office staffed with individuals special-
ly trained in counseling.
Elizabeth W. Ridley, the present Employee Rela-
tions Officer, works with Mrs. Doris Pierce. Assistant

In the picture above. Miss Rid- -."'
lev. Emplovee Relations Officer. ..
talks with a L ibrarv staff mem-
her in a counseling session.
Co unseling is provided fifr a vari-
eli- of employee problems. The
picture to the right shows staff
members of the Employee Rela-
rions Office at work. They are,
from left. Mr. Belmear, Mr.
Johnston.. Mrs. Pierce. and Mrs.


LC Information Bulletin

Employee Relations Officer; Herbert Belmear and
Hobert Johnston, Employee Relations Specialists;
and Mrs. Rose Lee. Employee Relations Assistant.
The staff is constantly improving its skill and knowl-
edge of employee relations by attending courses at
the Civil Service Commission and elsewhere in such
fields as advanced employee relations, counseling of
employees with various types of stressful personal
problems, financial counseling, and community
A considerable diversity of job related problems is
handled by the Office. These include communica-
Lions, on-the-job relationships, misunderstandings of
.LC policies and procedures, leave, lack of recognition,
performance ratings, and dissatisfaction with current
positions. In fiscal year 1972 employee counseling
included 5,858 interviews; 3,256 were job related,
1,486 were for financial counseling, 600 for personal
problems; and the remaining categories of domestic,
leave, and health-related made up the difference.
Members of the Employee Relations staff are avail-
able for consultation in room G 112 of the Main
Building. In addition, Mr. Belmear schedules inter-
views at the Card Division on Wednesdays, and Mr.
Johnston is at the Copyright Office on Tuesdays.
Generally when an employee seeks help concerning
differences with a supervisor or vice versa the Em-
ployee Relations Specialist will attempt to establish
communication between the two parties, if desired by
the consultant. Otherwise, interviews and counseling
sessions are strictly confidential.
The Employee Relations Office also acts as a refer-
ral service for staff members who have problems
which could be dealt with more effectively elsewhere.
Dunng the past year employees have been referred to
the Legal Aid Society of D.C., Lawyer Referral Ser-
vice, Child Day Care Association, Inc., Planned Par-
enthood Association, Landlord-Tenant Consultant
Service, D.C. Welfare Department, American Cancer
Society, Visiting Nurse Association of D.C., and
Retarded Children, Inc., Montgomery County.
Another service provided by Employee Relations is
the maintenance of a list of housing available primari-
ly in the Capitol Hill area. This list, although some-
what limited, has been particularly useful to new staff
members and visiting scholars and may be consulted
in the Employee Relations Office during working
In January 1970 a car pool locator was installed by
Employee Relations to assist staff members needing
transportation to work as well as those offering rides
[see LC Information Bulletin, January 8, 1970,

p. 4-5]. A map and instructions guide located opposite
the entrances to the Credit Union and Main Building
Health Room is maintained and supervised by this
The Employee Relations Office administers
Library-wide awards programs, including length of
service, suggestion, and incentive awards. In Decem-
ber 1954, when the program was established, the
Employee Relations Officer was designated as the
Incentive Awards Administrator. Members of the
Employee Relations staff are responsible for pro-
moting the program through the preparation of pro-
gram activity reports and the counseling of employees
and supervisors on various aspects of the program.
They are also involved in developing and implement-
ing the award program's operating practices and pro-
cedures, monitoring award actions for adherence to
Library policies and standards, and coordinating and
maintaining data and records with the departments.
Various Government-wide awards programs, such as
the Federal Woman's Award and the William A. Jump
Award, are also administered by the Office.
Employee Relations provides liaison between LC's
five employee organizations and the Library adminis-
tration. These organizations are the Welfare and
Recreation Association, the Professional Association,
the Library of Congress Federal Credit Union, and
two employee unions.
Training and experience coupled with a sincere
desire to help are the ingredients which make the
Employee Relations Office staff an invaluable and
appreciated part of the Library organization.


The 13 members of the Special Recruit Class of
1972-73 began their four-and one-half month orienta-
tion program at the Library of Congress on Monday.
September 11. On the following afternoon the class
met representatives of various departments of the Li-
brary at a reception given by the Librarian in the
Whittall Pavilion.
The Special Recruit program has been held annual-
ly since 1949, with the exception of 1954. The basic
aim of the program is to recruit highly qualified indi-
viduals from among recent library school graduates
and young, professional LC staff members who have
demonstrated the skill, interest, and potential neces-
sary to make significant professional contributions
during their careers with the Library.


September 29, 1972

*im M11i Si ftl' I uWe.

^M~ifft -

1972-73 Special Recruits with the Librarian and Mrs. Eliza- Hamer, Mrs Smith, Miss Van Blake. Miss Whitlock. (standing
berh E. Hamer, Assistant Librarian of Congress, are (seated from left Ai Mr. Schroeder, Mr. Shelley, Mr. Bolerta. Mr. Mum-
from left) Miss Wolfskill. Miss Krevitt, Miss Wolfe. Mrs. ford, Mr. Rose. Mr. McEnnis, Mr. Tabb. and Mr. Harris.

The recruits participate in seminars, lectures, dis-
cussions, tours, and limited work assignments that
focus on different Library activities. The program is
arranged in blocks according to various Library func-
tions, enabling recruits to view the complementary
roles of various Departments in relation to specific
topics. Among the activities the recruits will study are
the Office of the Librarian and administrative support
services; acquisitions and selection of library mate-
rials; bibliographic control of library materials: serials:
reference, research, and bibliographic services, and
preservation and photoduplication. Following the
program which will end January 19. 1973. the re-
cruits will assume or resume regular positions on the
Library staff.
The members of the 1972 recruit class are William
L. Boletta. Catholic University: Theodore B. Harris.
Rutgers University: Beth 1. Krevitt. Drexel University:
Michael J. McEnnis. MARC Development Office.
Georgetown University: David P. Rose, University olf
Chicago. John R. Schroeder. Geography and Map
Division. University of Washington. Michael H.
Shelley. Emory University: Barbara A. Smith. Ex-
change and Gift Division. American University: D.
Winston Tabb, Simmons College: Joan C. Van Blake,

University of Chicago: Margaret E. Whitlock, Con-
gressional Research Service, University of Washing-
ton: Pamela D. Wolfe. University of Minnesota: and
Mary Margaret Wolfskill, Manuscript Division, Rad-
ford College.


In commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the
establishment of the first national park in the United
States. an exhibition of 65 maps from the collection
of the Library of Congress is on display, in the
exhibit hall of the Geography and Map Division,
845 South Pickett St.. Alexandria. Va, through
October .31.
The exhibition features both old and new maps of
the national parks published by commercial firms and
government agencies. Among the government maps in
the displaN is the U.S. Geological Survey's map of the
Yellowstone Park by Ferdinand V. Hayden which
accompanies the Congressional Authorization Act,
approved March 1. 1872. establishing Yellowstone as
the first "Public Park." Complementing this map are


LC Information Bulletin

examples tracing the Geological Survey's develop-
ment of the detailed shaded relief maps and the
National Park Senrice's modern maps showing points
of interest.
A 1907 outline map of the Grand Canyon accom-
panies President Theodore Roosevelt's proclamation
establishing the Canyon as a National Monument. A
striking 1882 panoramic view of the Kaibab Division
of the Grand Canyon. pubhshed by the Geological
Survey, is also included.
Commercially published maps include special three-
dimensional relief maps of Mt. Rainier, and the Great
Smoky, Rocky Mountain, and Grand Teton national
parks. The Potomac Appalachian Trail Club's large
scale series depicting a segment of the Appalachian
Trail and a "Path Map of the Eastern Part of Mt.
Desert Island. Maine." published in 1917, is also


George Allan Ledwith. Periodical Catalog Assistant
in the Reference Section of the Serial Division, was
presented a 30-year Federal Service Award pin on
September 13 by Paul L. Berry. Director of the
Reference Department.
Mr. Ledwith joined the Library staff in May 1943
as a Stack Attendant in what was then the Periodicals
Division and has remained with the division since that
time. The major portion of his career has been as a
Library Assistant in the Newspaper Section where he
was responsible for revising newspaper checklists and
prepanng foreign newspapers for binding. Mr. Led-
with has held his present position since 1965.
Five successive Outstanding Performance Ratings
(1956-1961) are an indication of Mr. Ledwith's con-
tinual spirit of cooperation, initiative, reliability, and

John A. Beglin, Personnel Staffing Specialist in the
Placement and Classification Office, has been elected
to the Board of Directors of the Library of Congress
Federal Credit Union. Mr. Begin will complete the
term of office created by the resignation of Glen
According to Credit Union By-Laws, when a vacan-
cy occurs on the Board of Directors, the Board elects
a new member from the Credit Union membership to
complete the unexpired term.

Library employee reports on recent visit to cities
of Canton, Hangchow, Shanghai, and Peking,
China, in this week's LC Information Bulletin,
Appendix. p. A-169.

Alan Fern, Assistant Chief of the Prints and Photo-
graphs Division, presented a lecture at the "Heritage
of the Graphic Arts" series in New York City on
September 13. His illustrated talk, "Imprint, Fleuron
and Others," explored the contribution of Stanley
Morison, typographic historian, to the literature of
printing history.
William Gosling, Project Manager of the Cataloging
in Publication Program, was the guest speaker at the
West Virginia School Librarians meeting an August
31, held in conjunction with the annual meeting of
the West Virginia Education Association in Charles-
Speaking on "Cataloging in Publication- Cataloging
Tomorrow's Books Today," Mr. Gosling explained
how the program operates and outlined the proce-
dures followed by participating publishers and the Li-
brary. A question and answer period included dis-
cussion of ways in which the data printed in the
books may be used by librarians to prepare their cata-
log records.

John B. Henderson has been appointed Chief of the
Economics Division in the Congressional Research
Service. Julius W. Allen, former Division Chief, is now
Senior Specialist in Price Economics.
Mr. Henderson brings to his new position a broad
economic background as well as administrative and
legislative experience. Born in Glasgow, Scotland, he
graduated with top honors from high school there
and from the University of St. Andrews, Scotland. He
received a Carnegie Trust Fellowship, for graduate
study at King's College, Cambridge, England in
1939-40. During World War II he served as a Flight
Lieutenant in the British Royal Air Force, and after
the war he lectured in political economy at his alma
mater, the University of St. Andrews.
Mr. Henderson came to the United States in 1950
as Visiting Professor at Union College in Schenectady,
N.Y. Several years later, he began doctoral study with
an Austin Fellowship at Harvard University. where he
was also a Teaching Fellow and tutor in economics.


September 29, 1972

During this time he became a naturalized U.S. citizen.
After receiving a Ph. D. degree, he joined the Re-
search Department of the Federal Reserve Bank of
New York as an economist.
In 1960. Mr. Henderson was named Andrew Wells
Robertson Professor of Economics at Allegheny Col-
lege in Meadville. Pa. During his tenure there, he be-
came Chairman of the Economics Department. He
was also active in local civic affairs as a member of
the City Charter Commission.
Upon leaving his academic duties in 1966, he
assumed legislative responsibilities as International
Economist for the Joint Economic Committee of the
U.S. Congress. He had primary staff responsibility for
setting up hearings and drafting the reports of the
1967 Subcommittee on Foreign Economic Policy.
In 1968. Mr. Henderson accepted an appointment
in the Executive Branch as Deputy Assistant Secre-
tary for Economic Affairs with the U.S. Department
of Commerce. Two years later he was appointed
Director of the Division of Economic Studies in the
Bureau of Labor Statistics at the U.S. Department of
Labor. There he directed the preparation of a month-
ly review of economic conditions and the quarterly,
Review of Wages, Prices, and Productivity.
Mr. Henderson is a member of the American Eco-
nomic Association, the Society for International
Development, and the National Economists Club. He
has contributed articles to the Journal of Finance, the
American Economic Review, Collier's Encyclopedia,
and the Federal Reserve Bank of New York Monthly
He is married to the former Joanna Baxter of Phila-
delphia and has three daughters and one son.

Appointments: Eileen M. Bartscher, technical information
specialist, GS-7, CRS D, 4066; Ronald Booker, laborer,
WG-3, Bldg., 14-100; Mary H. Clough, publications clerk,
GS-3. Cop Cat. 4046; Michael R. Fort, assistant laboratory
technician, GT-3, Photodup. 7-100; Barbara C. Koks, re-
search analyst. GS-7, FRD, 2965; William M. Lipnick, library
technician, GS-5, Ser Rec. 4018; Arthur M. Melvin III, clerk,
GT-3, Photodup. 9-100; Peter A. Michaud, mail clerk, GS-3,
Cop Serv. 10-200; Frances Elizabeth Straker. library techni-
cian. GS-3, CRS L, 4103; Harriett B. Taylor, microphotogra-
pher assistant. GT-3, Photodup, 5-100; Dolores E. Watson,
library technician, GS-5, Cat Publ. 4043; Mark R. Wolfe, mail
clerk, GS-3, Cop Serv, 10-200.
Temporary Appointments: Paul Franklin Rothberg, re-
search assistant. GS-7. CRS SPR, 2946; Francis J. Saxon,
mail clerk, GS-3, CRS D, 2991.
Reappointments: Leonard B. Dreyer, research analyst,

Mr. Meyer and Ambassador Castro during reception which
opened the exhibit marking Brazilian Independence. See
story on page 422.

FRD, GS-11, 4052; Nancy Carol Jones, deck attendant, S&R,
GS-4, NP; Harriet L. Patton, card drawing clerk. Card, GS-3,
4159; Josephine S. Pulsifer, senior library information
systems analyst, GS-14, MARC Dev, 2917.
Promotion: Frances E. W. Chisley, to library technician,
GS-5, Card, 4011; Evelyn M. Eiwen, to research and secretari-
al assistant, GS-7, ALC, NP; Ernest W. Kilton, E&G. to 11-
brary assistant, GS4, LLO, 4152; Jesse B. McCallan, to
library technician, GS-5, Card, 4011; Lula G. McMurray, to
library technician, GS-5, Card, 4011; Robert V. Runfola, to
file clerk, GS-4, Cop Serv, 4037, Kathleen A. St)pula, CRS
D, to technical information specialist. GS-5, CRS C, 4119;
Pamela L. Williams, to assistant secretary, GS-5, GR&B,
Transfers: Michael J. Boland, CRS L, to deck attendant.
GS-3, S&R, 4-600; Mary Ann Ferrarese, CRS C, to assistant
head, Federal Documents Section, GS-11, E&G. 4092;
Darlene E. Johnson, GR&B, to editorial assistant, GS-4, CRS
GGR, 2989.
Resignations: Harold Berkson, CRS EP; Barbara J. Black.
Cat Mgmt; Florence Boccia, Cat Publ; Gary S. Branam. Cop
Serv; Samual Brylawski, Music; Jeraline Eagle. S&R, Paul A.
Frazier, E&G; Diane Greene, S&R; Francis F. Harper. Photo-
dup; Donald Clerk Hoye. Jr., CRS. Alfred E Hubbard, S&R,


LC Information Bulletin

Barbara T. Jenkins, Cat Publ. Mae A. Kimbrough, Subi Cat;
John Knight. S&R, Adnenne G. Lyon. NUCPP; Virginia C.
Mandigo. Cop Cat; Stephen George Margeton, LL AB; John
I. B Myer. S&R: Ennis Morris Ill, S&R, Jack Charles
Peite, S&R. Lindj PhLfer. Subi Cat, Geoffrey W. Thompson.
Ser. Janet M. White, Cop Cat, Trells C. Wright, CRS C.

Cathy L. Beebe and Craig W. Stiehler were married
on August 26 at the Trinity Lutheran Church in
Bowie, Md. Mrs. Stiehler is a Clerk Typist in the Sub-
ject Cataloging Division Office and Mr. Stiehler is
employed in private industry.


Accessions List: Israel. Annual List of Serials. Vol.
9, No. 7, Pt. 1. July 1972. (pp. 131-308.) Continuing
subscriptions free to libraries upon request to the
Field Director, Library of Congress, American Embas-
sy, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
LC Science Tracer Bullet: Mariculture (Sea Farm-
ing) (TB 72-10). June 30, 1972. (5 p.) Compiled by
C. Carter. Free upon request to the Reference Sec-
tion, Science and Technology Division, Library of
Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540.
New Serial Titles-Classed Subject Arrangement.
August 1972. (35 p.) Prepared under the sponsorship
of the Joint Committee on the Union List of Serials
and published monthly by the Library of Congress.
For sale by the Card Division, Library of Congress,
Building 159, Navy Yard Annex. Washington, D.C.
20541, for $25 a year.

Press Releases: No. 72-64 (September 15) Arthur Roth-
stein, award winning photojournabst, gives his photographic
collection to Library of Congress.
Library of Congress Regulations: No. 1710-5 (September
21) concerned travel related to acquisitions and personnel
matters, No. 2010-17 (September 21) established policies and
procedures which relate to personnel interviews during travel
Special Announcements: No. 506 (September 14) gave the
hohday schedules in observance of Columbus Day and Veter-
ans Day. No. 507 (September 14) announced the house-
cleaning schedule in the Library.


3,000 Gather for Political Science Meeting
The American Political Science Association held its

68th Annual Meeting in Washington, D.C., on Sep-
tember 5-9. Some 3,000 members of the Association
attended, a representation considerably smaller than
in recent years. A general topic of conversation in the
convention corridors continued to be academic re-
trenchment in matters of personnel, research, and
travel budgets. In contrast to the scene four years ago
in Washington there was relatively little tumult over
the Assosiation's procedures, policies, and leadership.
That these matters are still of concern to the profes-
sion, however, was evidenced by a lively panel on
"Professional Associations and Political Stands."
Further evidence of the contemporaneity of political
science was provided by panels devoted to discussions
of the status of women in the profession, phenome-
nology and politics, and biology and politics.
Of special interest to librarians, archivists, and
manuscript historians was a panel on "Access to
Public Documents: The Present Situation and Future
Prospects." This panel, chaired by James M. Burns,
Professor at Williams College and a vigorous critic of
current governmental policies in the field, was ad-
dressed by James B. Rhoads, Archivist of the United
States, Congressman John E. Moss of California, and
Harold C. Relyea of the Congressional Research Ser-
vice in the Library of Congress. Most relevant to
scholars was Dr. Rhoads' explanation of the new
executive order providing for review and declassifica-
tion, wherever possible, of all government documents
through the end of World War II. A project to accom-
plish this is now under way, and the Archivist pre-
dicted that less than one percent of these documents
will remain classified. The project will take approxi-
mately three and a half years to complete.
The new President of the Association is Robert E.
Ward of the University of Michigan.
[Paul T. Heffron]

At panel meetings dealing with underdeveloped
countries, papers were presented on the political,
social, and economic problems encountered in Latin
America and the Iberian Peninsula.
On Tuesday afternoon Michael Bower of Brandeis
University presented the comparative analysis, "The
Study of Economic Structure and Politics in Latin
America and the U.S.." and at another meeting Jo
Ann Aviel of California State University, San Francis-
co, read "Changing Political Role of Women: A Costa
Rican Study," reflecting new trends brought about
by changing economic and social patterns. That after-
noon a third paper entitled "Obstacles to Political
Development: Case Studies of Center and Periphery

September 29. 1972

in Northern Mexico." was presented by William L.
Furlong. Utah State University.
On Thursday morning Luigi Einaudi of the Rand
Corporation. Santa Monica, Calif.. in his paper
"Catholicism and Political Change in Latin America,"
summarized the recent evolution of Catholic activities
and doctrines in Latin American politics at a panel on
religious and political development. At a Thursday
afternoon panel on peasant politics, Shepard Forman
of the University of Chicago. discussed "Power, Ideol-
ogy and National Integration: Peasants in Brazil," and
Sarah Riegelhaupt of Sarah Lawrence College pre-
sented "Primordial Loyalties: Peasants in Portugal."
Both scholars approached political interaction at the
village level from the anthropological point of view.
At another panel Joel Prager of the University of
Calgary analyzed "Spanish Authority Patterns and
Political Performance."
On Friday afternoon Juan Linz of Yale University
presided over the workshop. "Non-Traditional
Authoritarian Regimes: Cases of Defensive Modern-
ization and Development from Above." The follow-
ing papers concerned Luso-Hispanic areas: "A
Typology of Authoritarian Regimes" by Juan Linz;
"Corporatist Interest Representation and Public
Policy-Making in Portugal-With Comparative Refer-
ence to Ireland," by Philippe C. Schmitter, University
of Chicago: and "Paraguay: Elite Structure and
Authoritarian Rule." by Riordan Roett, Vanderbilt
University. The papers discussed diverse aspects of
patron-client relationships as well as several different
forms of authoritarianism. At a panel on military
regimes Martin Needler, University of New Mexico,
presented "The Causality of the Latin American
Coup d' Etat: Some Numbers. Some Speculations,"
in which he summarized recent political trends.
Informal presentations and discussions in colloquia
and workshops led to well-attended sessions and
lively discussions. The participants in the familiar for-
mat of panels presented intellectually stimulating
papers. It was heartening to see how much interdisci-
plinary activity is being encouraged by political scien-
tists. [Mrs. Georgette M. Dorn]

270 Attend Symposium on Documentation
Nearly 270 scholars, representatives of national
governments and international organizations, and li-
brarians from national, international, and other re-
search libraries participated in an International
Symposium on Documentation of the United Nations
and Other Intergovernmental Organizations in
Geneva, Switzerland, on August 21-23. Meetings were

held at the Palais des Nations and the nearby World
Health Organization headquarters. Organized on the
initiative of the Association of International Libraries
(AIL) by the United Nations Institute for Training
and Research (UNITAR), the Symposium was an
attempt to come to grips with some of the problems
posed by the massive growth in the number and com-
plexity of international organization publications.
Following the opening plenary session which was
chaired by Mrs. Natalia Tyulina, Director of the Dag
Hammarskjold Library, the meeting split into three
panels to consider the main topics: sources, acquisi-
tion and organization, and utilization of international
documents. More than 60 individuals and organiza-
tions, including this writer, contributed papers. The
panels met all day Tuesday, and were followed by a
reception sponsored by the Canton and City of
Geneva. On Wednesday the panels joined together for
a final plenary session during which an oral summary
of their work was delivered by the General Rap-
porteur, Franco Casadio, Director of the Italian Soci-
ety for International Organization. A final report by
Mr. Casadio is to be prepared in coming weeks.
One symposium document, a Ill-page bibliogra-
phy compiled by Theodore Dimitrov of the United
Nations Geneva Library and entitled Documentation
of the United Nations and Other Intergovernmental
Organizations, may be acquired from the UNITAR
Office, Palais des Nations, CH 1211, Geneva, Switzer-
land, for 10 Swiss francs ($2.60). A copy is currently
available for consultation in the Library of Congress'
Union Catalog and International Organizations Refer-
ence Section.
Many interesting and useful ideas were advanced in
the various papers and discussions, it remains to be
seen what improvements in the presentation, distribu-
tion, and accessibility of international documents will
result from this one meeting. At the final session it
was suggested that smaller meetings be organized in
the future on limited aspects of international docu-
mentation. [Robert It. Schaaf]

New D.C. Library Opened
The new Martin Luther King Memorial Library in
downtown Washington, D.C. was opened to the
public during a week-long program of activities, Sep-
tember 17-23. The five floor building with 400,000
square feet of floor space is estimated to have a ca-
pacity of 1.5 million volumes. The building was de-
signed by the late Ludwig Mies van de Rohe.
Among speakers addressing a crowd of 2,000 per-
sons at opening ceremonies on September 17 were


LC Information Bulletin

Walter E. Faunlroy, D.C. Delegate to Congress:
Walter E Washington, Mayor-Commissioner of the
District Milton S Byam. Director of the District
Public Library, Mrs. James Newmeyer. President of
the Board of Library Trustees. William D. Cunning-
ham. Director of the Howard University Libraries;
and WiUlam H. Brown. III. Chairman of the Equal
Employment Opportunity Commission.
In addition to the dedication ceremony, other
activities during the week included a parade, concert,
city-wide rap session. food festival, workshops, talent
show, and a children's carnival.

Donald Haynes Appointed Virginia Library Head
Donald R. Haynes has been appointed State Li-
brarian by the Virginia State Library Board. Mr.
Haynes succeeds Randolph W. Church who retired in
June after 25 years of service.
Haynes. 37, a native of Virginia, was graduated
from the University of Virginia in 1959 with a degree
in foreign affairs and received an M.L.S. from the
University of North Carolina in 1966.
He served on the University of Virginia staff from
1962 to 1965 as a Library Assistant in the Manu-
scripts and Reference Divisions of Alderman Library
and from 1966 to 1969 as an Assistant Professor at
and Chief Librarian for the Eastern Shore Branch of
the University at Wallops Island. In September 1969,
he joined the State Library staff as Director of Li-
brary Services.

Irving Lieberman to Resign as Director
Irving Lieberman, Director of the School of Li-
brarianship at the University of Washington for more
than 16 years, has announced his intention to resign
as head of the School. effective next July. He will
continue on the faculty as a full professor to maintain
contact with students and with professional opportu-
nities for research and public service.

NSF Names New Assistant Director
Thomas E. Jenkins has been appointed Assistant
Director for Administration at the National Science
Foundation (NSF). Mr. Jenkins. Deputy Assistant
Director for Administration since joining NSF in
November 1969, has served as Acting Assistant Direc-
tor since December 1971. Mr. Jenkins came to NSF
from the National Aeronautics and Space Administra-
tion where he was Assistant Director of the Apollo
Program from 1968 to 1969 and Director of Program
and Special Reports from 1963 to 1968. He is the
author of a number of articles and papers on

budgeting, contracting, and program evaluation and

Huntington Librarian Is Appointed
Daniel H. Woodward has been appointed Librarian
of the Henry E. Huntington Library, effective Sep-
tember I. He succeeds Robert O. Dougan who retired
after 14 years it the post.
Mr. Woodward has an M.L.S. from the University
of Colorado and a Ph. D. in English literature from
Yale. He was a Professor of English and, since 1969.
Librarian of Mary Washington College of the Universi-
ty of Virginia. A book collector, Mr. Woodward has
written extensively on 17th- and 20th-century litera-

Grant to Aid Historical Societies
Important historical research materials damaged by
the floods caused by hurricane Agnes will be repaired
through the joint efforts of the National Endowment
for the Humanities (NEH) and the American Associa-
tion for State and Local History (AASLH) with a
$10,000 grant from the Humanities Endowment.
Immediately after the flood, AASLH wrote to
every historical society in seven States affected by the
torrential rains, advising them of emergency proce-
dures that should be used on water-soaked materials.
Preliminary reports on the flood damage were sub-
mitted to NEH, which asked to be kept informed. On
the basis of estimated financial needs of the affected
societies and the emergency nature of the treatment
required, a special chairman's grant of $10,000 was
The AASLH will allocate the funds to four histori-
cal organizations in Western New York State and
Northern Pennsylvania. Recipients are the Corning
Glass Museum, which suffered extensive damage to its
photographic negative collection; the Chemung
County Historical Society in Elmira, N.Y., whose li-
brary books and manuscripts were covered by the
floodwaters; the Wyoming Historical and Genealogi-
cal Society of Wilkes-Barre, Pa.. which also sustained
severe damage to its books and manuscripts; and the
Corning-Painted Post Historical Society of Corning,
N.Y., whose 3,000 glass photographic plates collec-
tion required emergency salvage efforts.

NEH Awards Grant to New York Public Library
The National Endowment for the Humanities has
announced a matching grant offer worth S2.250,000
to help reduce or eliminate deficits in the Research
Collections of the New York Public Library for the


September 29, 1972

present fiscal year. Under the terms of its offer, the
Endowment will match, on a two-for-one basis up to
$750,000, gifts or pledges uf gifts received by it on
behalf of the Library before June 30, 1973. o
The award follows a successful $1 million matching
grant challenge announced on March 29. [See LC
Information Bulletin, April 7, p. 161.]

Folger Announced Four Programs
The Folger Theatre Group, a division of the Folger
Shakespeare Library, has scheduled four programs for
the 1972-1973 season. The American premiere of
"Total Eclipse" by Christopher Hampton will be held
between October 17 and November 12. Another
American premiere to be shown from December 12
to January 7 will be announced at a later date. Shake-'
speare's "The Winter's Tale" will be performed from
February 6 to March 4. In celebration of Ben
Jonson's 400th birthday the comedy "Bartholomew
Fair" (or "The Staple of News") will be presented
from April 10 to May 6.
Ticket information may be obtained by tele-
phoning 546-1222 or by writing to the Folger The-
atre Group, 201 East Capitol Street, S.E., Washing-
ton, D.C. 20003.

ARL Publishes Chinese Titles List
The Center for Chinese Research Materials of the
Association of Research Libraries (ARL) has recently
published a List of CCRM Monographic Titles with
Their Library of Congress Catalog Card Numbers and
Call Numbers. The list, which covers the period from
December 1968 through December 1971, is the result
of a cooperative effort between the Chinese Center
and the Processing Department of the Library of Con-
A prepublication list of titles published by CCRM
was submitted to the Library for searching to deter-
mine which titles were in the Library's collections;
those monographs (microfilm materials are not in.
cluded) for which catalog cards were not available or
for which the original editions were not in the Li-
brary's collections were loaned by the Center to the
Library for cataloging. As of the date the list werit to
press, printed cards for 196 of the 343 titles were
available and 59 titles were in the process of being
cataloged and printed: 85 other titles were in the Li-
brary's collections in the original and were repre-
sented in the Orientalia Division's catalogs by
multilith cards prepared before the Library began to
print cards for Chinese materials. The remaining three
titles are held by the Library in the original, but cards

were not yet available.
The list, arranged by the CCRM reference number,
contains a complete bibliographical citation for each
work, in addition to the LC card and call numbers:
title in romanization, English translation, and Chinese
characters; author; imprint; and pagination. The list is
available free of charge from the Center for Chinese
Research Materials, Association of Research Libraries,
1527 New Hampshire Ave., N.W., Washington, D.C.

Free Leaflet Contains Library Standards
The current, approved American National Stan-
dards for Library Work, Documentations, and Pub-
lishing Practices are listed in a leaflet available free of
charge from Linda Schneider, Standards Committee
Z39, University of North Carolina Library, Chapel
Hill, N.C. 27514.
The leaflet also contains a brief discussion of the
importance of standards for the preservation and
exchange of information, a description of the Ameri-
can National Standards Institute, a list of the organi-
zations represented on ANSI Committee Z39, and an
order form.

Three Reference Sources Available
Three library reference publications were published
recently by the Mansell Information/Publishing Ltd.
in London. The resources of the Institute of Char-
tered Accountants in England and Wales have been
made available in a single volume, Current Account-
ing Literature 1971, for libraries serving business
studies. A series of Sale Catalogues of Libraries of
Eminent Persons, to appear in 12 volumes, presently
includes Poets and Men of Letters (Vols. 1, 2,3) and
Architects (Vol. 4). The third reference source, Index
Islamicus 1906-55, first published in 1958, is the
result of research organized at the Library of the
School of Oriental and African Studies in London. In
addition to the 1906-55 primary sequence and the
two supplements covering the years 1956-60 and
1961-65, Mansell intends to publish this autumn a
third five-year supplement, Index Islamicus 1966-70,
which will bring the combined number of entries in
the Index to over 50,000.

Children's Bibliography Published
A working Bibliography of American Doctoral
Dissertations in Children's and Adolescents' Litera-
ture, 1930-1971 by W. Bernard Lukenbill, Coordina-
tor of Undergraduate Library Education at the
University of Maryland, is the title of Occasional

LC Information Bulletin

Paper rmbiiehCI ltu.1 puhlithed in July bv the Universi-
t\ of Illinois School of Library Science. The bibli
ography covers almost all areas ol children's and
adolescents' liteiaiure, including reading interests and
pedagogical techniques for teaching literature. An
author index and bibliography of unpublished dis-
t i *.

serlations are also included
Occasional Paper Number 103 may be ordered as
part of the series 102- 111. which is S5, from Occa-
sional Papers. Publications Office, 215 Armory Build-
ing. University of Illinois Graduate School of Library
Science, Champaign, I11. 61820.

LC Christmas Cards and Brochures Available

A selection of 39 Library of Congress Christmas
cards and note papers, including nine colorful new
designs, is now available at the Information Count-
er, Ground Floor. Main Building. The cards,
which are decorated with illustrations from rare
books and graphic art in the Library's collections,
range in price from 10 to 25 cents. An illustrated
brochure listing the season's new cards is available
at the Inlormation Counter or by mail from Cen-
tral Servi es Division, Publications Distribution
Unit, Washington, D.C. 20540.


Vol. 31. No. 39

September 29, 1972

June 1-18, 1972
by Chi Wang

Chi Wang, Assistant Head of the Chinese and Kore-
an Section of the Orientalia Division in the Library of
Congress, was on leave from December 1970 to
August 1972 to serve as University Librarian of the
Chinese University of Hong Kong. While he was on
leave, the China Travel Service in Hong Kong ar-
ranged a visit to Canton, Hangchow, Shanghai, and
Peking so that he could tour Chinese libraries, univer-
sities, and bookstores. The following is his report on
the visit.

I entered Shum-chun, the gateway to China from
Hong Kong, on June 1. I returned to Hong Kong on
June 18. During these 18 days I visited Canton, Hang-
chow. Shanghai, and Peking. The primary purpose of
my visit was to see Chinese libraries, universities, and

CANTON (June 1-4)
Upon arriving in Canton, I was met by two Chinese
officials, one of whom was Yang Kuo-wei, a member
of the National Travel Bureau. Subsequently, an
official from the Foreign Ministry in Peking, was
assigned as my official guide during the entire trip. In
Canton I visited the following institutions: The Peas-
ant Movement Institute (established by Mao Tse-tung
in 1926), The Canton Museum, Chung-shan Universi-
ty and its libraries, Chung-shan Medical College and
its hospital, and the Hsin-hua Bookstore.
When I visited Chung-shan University on June 2, a
group of university officials, including the Vice Chair-
man of the University's Revolutionary Committee,
was waiting for me in front of the administration
building. (Virtually every institution in China at the
present time has a Revolutionary Committee, which
discusses and to a considerable extent determines
policies to be followed.) During this visit I also met
Professor P'u Chih-lung, a well-known biologist, who
received his Ph. D. degree in the United States, and
now is a member of the University's Revolutionary
Committee. Li Chieh, the Vice Chairman of the Com-
mittee. recounted the history of the University and
outlined recent developments. The University, which
was closed during the Cultural Revolution and was
reopened in 1970, now has about 1,000 students.

Liang Ch'ao-wu, the University Librarian, told me
that the University's collections total more than 1.9
million volumes, of which some 1.2 million volumes
are Chinese publications. In the periodical reading
room I saw a considerable number of new Chinese
journals and a number of provincial and local news-
papers. At present, two local newspapers are pub-
lished in Canton, Nan fang jih pao (Southern Daily)
and Kuang-chou jih pao (Canton Daily). I also visited
the reading room of the Biology Department. The
collection in this room is quite impressive; it holds
current issues of Biological Science Abstracts and
other important Western reference works.
The Hsin-hua Bookstore is located in the down-
town area of Canton. According to Mr. Wu the Vice
Chairman of the Bookstore's Revolutionary Commit-
tee, more than 1,500 current titles are available in his
stock. I did not question this information;I observed,
however, that there were hundreds of titles in this
bookstore which are not available in the bookstores
of Hong Kong. Mr. Wu also told me that about 50
journals are published at the present time, but that
most of these are for domestic circulation only. In
the bookstore I saw issues of some 20 journals,
including Hsin hua yiieh pao (1972, no. 3). I pur-
chased some 30 current monographs and issues of
two periodicals: K'o hsiieh shih yen (Scientific
Experimentation) and Kung-tung wen i (Kwang-
tung Literature). The latter title began publication in
Canton this year and is not available in Hong Kong.

HANGCHOW (June 4-6)
I visited the following places during my brief stay
in Hangchow: the West Lake Commune (a Commune
widely know for its production of green tea), "The
East Is Red" Textile and Silk Factory, Hsiieh chiin
High School (the "Learn from the Liberation Army"
High School), Hua kang Park (the beautiful park
where President Nixon planted a red pine during his
visit. I saw the small plant and it seems to be growing
very nicely), and Ling-yin-shih (Ling-yin Temple, a
celebrated Buddhist temple which was built during
the Sung Dynasty).
Hangchow, which is a provincial capital with a pop-
ulation of some 700,000, has five universities and

LC Information Bulletin

colleges Chekiang University, Chekiang Medical Col-
lege. Chekiang Teachers' College. Chekiang Engi-
neering College. and Hangchow Institute of Fine Arts.
I visited the Hsueh chtin High School on June 6 and
spent the entire morning there. The school now has
more than 1.200 students; in 1969 it reduced its pro-
gram from six to four years. The instructors told me
that the textbooks in use now were prepared by
teachers from various high schools in Chekiang Prov-
ince and were published after the Cultural Revolu-
tion, mostly by the provincial Committee for
Revolutionary Education. Each cover page carries the
three Chinese characters "shih yung pen" ("experi-
mental edition").

SHANGHAI (June 6-9)
I stayed in the Peace Hotel (formerly the Cathay
Hotel) where many Westerners and several Americans
were also staying. The Chinese authorities arranged
for me to visit the following places: Futan University
and the Futan University Library, the Shanghai
Industrial Exhibition Center, the Shanghai Number
One Iron and Steel Factory, the Cultural Palace for
Youth, the site where the First National Congress of
the Chinese Communist Party was held in July 1921
(this is located in the former French Concession), the
Workers' New Village, and the Hsin-hua Bookstore.
(My guide informed me that the Shanghai Library is
still "temporarily closed," but he expected that it
would reopen in the near future.)
Futan University, which is one of the largest and
best-known universities in China, is located in the
Chiang-wan area, about 10 miles from the city. I was
greeted there by T'an Chia-chen, the Vice President
of the University, and Professor Liu Ta-chieh, a
leading authority on Chinese literature. (His well-
known work, Chung-kuo wen hsiieh shih (A History
of Chinese Literature), is available in the Library of
Congress.) Dr. Tan, who is known in China as a
prominent geneticist, received his Ph. D. in the
United States during the Second World War and re-
turned to China in 1948. 1 also met several younger
teachers, the University Librarian, and several mem-
bers of the University's Revolutionary Committee.
Before the Cultural Revolution, Futan University
had more than 6,500 students. Although it was closed
during the Cultural Revolution. it reopened in 1969
with fewer than 60 students; at present the enroll-
ment is more than 1,800. Its Faculty of Arts has
seven departments, the Faculty of Sciences, six.
According to officials of the University's Revolution-
ary Committee, the University had a five-year aca-

demic program before the Cultural Revolution, but
currently has a three-year program on an experimen-
tal basis. It may be changed to a four-year program if
experience demonstrates that this is desirable.
During the visit I also met Ts'ai Tsu-ch'uan, a cele-
brated electrical engineer who has not received any
formal education but whose achievements were
widely publicized in China during the 1960's. He is a
prominent member of the Chinese Communist Party
(CCP), Chairman of the University's Revolutionary
Committee, and the director of an electronics labora-
tory in the University.
The University Library is located in a fairly large
building and seems well organized. Mr. Chang, the
University Librarian, told me that the Library has a
collection of more than 1.5 million volumes, of which
some 300,000 are in Western languages. The Library
staff of about 100 is organized into five departments:
Ordering and Cataloging, Reference and Circulation,
Serials, Editorial and Translation, and Binding and
Preservation. In addition to the University Library,
the various academic departments have reading rooms
of their own. For Western publications, the Library
uses the Dewey Decimal Classification. The Library's
Chinese books are classified according to the widely-
used system developed by Liu Kuo-chiin. Since the
end of the Cultural Revolution, the book stacks have
been open to students.
The Hsin-hua Bookstore in Shanghai is a two-story
building, with scholarly and technical books on the
second floor. I purchased several current titles which
I had not seen in the Hsin-hua Bookstore in Canton,
and I also noted with interest that many of the
current titles published by the Kwangtung People's
Press-works which I had seen in Canton-are not
available in the Hsin-hua Bookstore in Shanghai. One
of the works I purchased was Ya p'ien chan cheng
(The Opium War), prepared by the Historical Re-
search Group of the Futan University and published
in Shanghai in May of this year. I also purchased two
other recently published works on Chinese history:
Ch'in shih-huang (The First Emperor of the Ch'in
Dynasty) and Ch'en Sheng Wu Kuang (Chen Sheng
and Wu Kuang). The second work concerns two
rebellious peasants during the Ch'in Dynasty. All
three of these works, none of which is available in
Hong Kong, are written in a popular style.
From personal observation in the Shanghai Hsin-
hua Bookstore, I came to believe that China is gradu-
ally resuming normal publishing activities. The works
available are by no means limited to books and pub-
lications by Mao Tse-tung or about him; books pub-


September 29. 1972

lished before the Cultural Revolution are also avail-
able for sale. In fact, some of the customers whom I
saw were buying San kuo chih yen i (The Romance of
the Three Kingdoms). Shui hu chuan (Water Margin),
and other recently revised editions of traditional
Chinese novels.

PEKING (June 9-17)
Liu Ch'i-yin. the Director of the National Library
of Peking and concurrently the Vice Chairman of the
Library's Revolutionary Committee, and Yen Ch'eng,
Chief of the Office of Library Operations of the Li-
brary. greeted me at the Peking Airport. They es-
corted me to the Peking Hotel, one of the best-known
hotels in China, located only one block away from
the famous T'ien-an men Square. Professor John Fair-
bank of Harvard University and Mrs. Fairbank were
also staying in this hotel at the time.
Between June 10 and June 17 I visited the follow-
ing institutions and places in Peking: the Palace
Museum. National Library of Peking. Peking Universi-
ty and the University Library, Tsinghua University
and the University Library. The East Is Red May 7th
Cadre School. the Hsin-hua Bookstore and its affili-
ated branches. Chung-kuo shu lien (China Book-
store). Jung-pan-chai (a sore famous for antiques.
painting%. and traditional Chinese hooks. located in
the Li-li-ch'ang District). the University and College
Diskrict in the western suburbs of Peking. the Peking
Zoological Park. the Peking subway, and the Tung-an
Market (Eastern Peace Market) recently renamed East
Wind Market.
In Peking. my two prime objectives were: to find
out whether the Peking Library is interested in estab-
lishing an exchange program with the Library of Con-
gress. and to find out whether Peking is ready to
invite a group of American librarians to visit China. I
discussed these questions with the Director of the
National Library of Peking, with officials of the
Foreign Ministry. and with Wang Yeh-ch'iu. the
Deputy Minister of the Cultural Group of the State
Council. Mr. Wang, one of the leading officials in
cultural affairs in China today, invited me for dinner
several times. To one of these dinners he invited
many top-ranking officials in the cultural field, in-
cluding Chou P'ei-Yiian, Vice Chancellor of the
Peking University, and Wu Tsung-ch'ao, Director of
the Palace Museum.
On June 15. the Chinese officials informed me that
China is willing, for the present time, to send publica-
tions to the Library of Congress as gifts. I advised them
that I would relay their suggestions to the proper

authorities in the Library of Congress. Although this
exchange of gifts is not an ideal arrangement for
regular exchange between LC and the Peking Library,
it will be the first step in that direction.
In discussing with Chinese officials the possibility
of American librarians visiting China, I handed them a
letter which Foster E. Mohrhardt of the Council on
Library Resources, Inc. sent to me last March, in
which he indicated that some American librarians are
very interested in such a visit. They said that they are
in favor of this, but need more time to consider the
On the same day, Wang Yeh-ch'iu brought me two
recent Chinese publications: Wen hua ta ko ming ch'i
chien ch'u t'u wen wu-ti i chi (Ancient relics un-
earthed during the Cultural Revolution Period,
volume 1) and Ssu ch'ou chih lu (The Silk Route). I
accepted these handsome volumes with many thanks,
and told him that I was most grateful for his kindness
and hospitality. In addition, Mr. Wang gave me
another work, LiPo yii Tu Fu (1972 edition), by Kuo
Mo-jo. President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
and concurrently Vice Chairman of the National
People's Congress The book is autographed by the
author, who asked Mr. Wang to present it to me as a
personal gift. Later in the evening Mr. Wang brought
to the Peking Hotel several recently produced docu-
mentary films. Together we previewed these films,
one of which deals with ancient Chinese relics,
another outlines developments in the use of
On Monday, June 12, I visited the Palace Museum
and the Imperial City. Since the museum is closed on
Monday, the Chinese Government had made special
arrangements for me to visit it. I was greeted and
taken on a special guided tour by Wu Tsung-ch'ao,
Director of the Palace Museum and Liu Kuan-min of
the Institute of Archeology, the Chinese Academy of
Sciences. According to Mr. Liu, during the Cultural
Revolution China's archeological workers, with the
support of the workers, peasants, and soldiers, un-
earthed a large number of antiquities. Some 1,900 of
these precious cultural objects, selected from among
the finds in 11 provinces, cities, and autonomous
regions are at present on exhibit in the Museum.
During this visit I saw the widely publicized Han
period jade clothes sewn with golden wire, which
were discovered in the summer of 1968.
On the same day I visited the National Library of
Peking where I met several officials of the Library.
Located in central Peking, this is the National Library
and the largest library in China. Its building is of


LC Information Bulletin

trjdlional Chinese design and is quite impressive. I
had a long discussion with the Director and his col-
leagues which opened with the remark that I was the
firsi American librarian to visit the Peking library in
more than 20 years. The Library has a collection of
more than nine million volumes, most of which are in
the Chinese language. more than two million of these
volumes are considered rare. At the present, some
500 persons are working in the Library, which was
closed during the Cultural Revolution but recently
reopened. Except for the establishment of a Revolu-
tionary Committee, which determines many major
policies, the general administrative structure of the
Library is similar to that of the years before 1966.
The collections were not damaged by the Red
Guards. as had been reported by some newspapers in
the Western world.
One of the major problems of the Library at the
present time is the shortage of space, with the result
that many of the Library's pre-1949 holdings are
deposited in several other locations in Peking. Plans
are being drawn up for an annex which will be three
or four times as large as the present library building,
but it will probably be some years before this is com-
pleted In addition to the annex, the Chinese Govern-
ment is planning to construct a separate library in
Peking to house all serial publications.
Turning to the Library's international exchange
program, the Director said that the Peking Library
now has exchange agreements with more than 3,400
institutions and libraries in some 128 nations and
regions. Approximately 150 of these institutions-
including university libraries, learned societies, re-
search laboratories, and the New York Public
Library-are located in the United States. Mr. Liu
stated that China does not have a library association
at the present time.
Under current government regulations, each pub-
lsher is required to send three copies of each new
title to the Peking Library. As a result, almost every
title published in China, including journals and news-
papers, is available in the Library. The National Li-
brary of Peking currently uses several classification
systems for different portions of its Chinese collec-
tions, including the Ta hsing t'u shu kuan fen lei fa
(The Classification System for Large Scale Libraries)
and the Chung-kuo jen min ta hsueh t'u shu kuan fen
lei fa (The Classification System of the Chinese
People's University Library). but the staff is trying to
develop a classification system for Chinese books
which will be suitable for all libraries in China. There
is a cooperative cataloging program with several major

libraries in China, and a program to supply printed
I had opportunities to visit the various reading
rooms, stack areas, and offices, to talk with circula-
tion clerks, to examine the catalogs of the Library,
and to tour the new stack areas built during the
1950's. Following the tour, we returned to the main
conference room where I presented to the Director
three LC publications on the MARC project and
Lunar Rocks (a publication given to me by the
Cultural Affairs Officer of the American Consulate in
Hong Kong). As a personal gift, the Director presented
to me two Chinese books: Liu wen chih yao by
Chang Shih-chao (a former teacher of Mao Tse-tung),
and Wen hua ta ko ming ch'i chien ch'u t'u wen wu-
ti i chi (1 had already received a copy of this second
title from Mr. Wang Yeh-ch'iu.) I told the Director
that I would in turn present these two important
Chinese publications to the Library of Congress so all
Americans interested in Chinese civilization would be
able to use them. I also expressed my hope that
normal book exchanges between LC and the Peking
Library could be resumed in the near future.
On June 13 1 visited Peking University, which is
located in a western suburb of Peking on the campus
formerly occupied by Yenching University. I was
greeted by Chou P'ei-yiian, the Vice Chancellor of the
University; Chou I-liang of the History Department
who received his Ph. D. degree from Harvard Univer-
sity; Kuo Sung-nien, the University Librarian; and
four members from the University's Revolutionary
Committee. Reopened in 1970, the University now
has more than 4,000 students. It is expected that this
number will increase to 10,000 within the next two
years. There are now 17 departments, and more than
2,100 faculty and staff members. I toured the Univer-
sity campus and various departments and observed
that the former Yenching University campus is just as
beautiful as it was 24 years ago.
The University Library occupies a large building
built in the traditional Chinese style located near the
administration building. This may well be the best
university library in China today; it has a collection
of more than 2.7 million volumes. I was informed
that the University is planning to construct a new
library building in the near future. Again, I saw cur-
rent issues of many of the most important American
journals in the Periodical Reading Room.
Tsinghua University, which may be the best techni-
cal institute in China, is located near Peking Universi-
ty. Chang Wei, Vice Chairman of the University's
Revolutionary Committee and an expert on mechan-


September 29, 1972

ics, Shih Kuo-heng, Librarian of the University, and
three other professors met me at the entrance. Dr.
Chang and his colleagues gave me a guided tour of the
campus, various departments, the machine shops, the
laboratories, and the University Library.
The Library has a collection of 1.3 million volumes,
most of which pertain to science and technology. In
addition to the central library, each department has
its own reading room. Professor Shih (who was edu-
cated in the United States) told me that the Library
uses the Dewey Decimal Classification System for its
Western collections. He also told me that all foreign
books purchased by libraries in China must be
handled by the Wai wen shu tien (Foreign Languages
Bookstore) in Peking. The main reading room was
packed with students.
In Peking I also visited the Hsin-hua Bookstore and
the Chung-kuo shu tien (China Bookstore). The Hsin-
hua Bookstore in this city is in a recently completed
building on Wang-fu-ching Avenue, about one block
away from the Peking Hotel. It is the largest Hsin-hua
Bookstore in China. Affiliated with it are several
other bookstores in this area including the Wai wen
shu tien (Foreign Languages Bookstore), the K'o chi
shu tien (Science and Technology Bookstore), and
several others. It appeared to me that the Peking
Hsin-hua Bookstore had in stock more current titles
than any other bookstore which I visited in China.
Again, I purchased several current titles. I told my
guide that I would like to purchase every title in the
bookstore and send them back to the Library of Con-
gress. He smiled. On the same street is located a Pao-
k'an-t'ing (Pavilion for newspapers and periodicals). I
understand that there are many pavilions of this type
in Peking, and that all major newspapers and periodi-
cals published in China may be purchased there.
On June 16, the day before I left Peking, I visited
the Chung-kuo shu tien (China Bookstore), located in
the Liu-li-ch'ang District, along with many antique
shops and stores dealing in second hand books. The
Chung-kuo shu tien is not so large as most of the
Hsin-hua Bookstores, but in it, in addition to current
Chinese titles, I saw many non-current titles pub-
lished before the Cultural Revolution. In fact, hun-
dreds of titles published before 1949 are available
there, along with many Chinese books in the tradi-
tional format. The two items I purchased were T'ang

shu ping chih chien cheng (Corrections to the Treatise
on the Army in the History of the T'ang Dynasty) by
T'ang Ch'ang-ju (Peking, Chung-hua shu chii, 1962,
126 p.); and a map of China, Chung-hua jen min kung
ho kuo ti t'u (Peking, Ti t'u ch'u pan she, December
1971, 6th ed.). For librarians who wish to acquire
non-current Chinese publications (including old
journals), the Chung-kuo shu tien would seem to be
an excellent source.
While I was in Peking I was also invited to par-
ticipate in two discussion meetings, both of which
were held in the Peking Hotel. One of the meetings
was held on the evening of June 14, with more than
40 participants from the Peking Library, the Library
of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Peking Universi-
ty, Tsinghua University Library, and two faculty
members from the Department of Library Science of
Wuhan University. During this session we exchanged
general information on the libraries of our two coun-
The evening of Friday, June 16, my last day in
Peking, Wang Yeh-ch'iu and several of his subordi-
nates came to my hotel to say goodbye. Mr. Wang
invited me to visit China again, and I thanked him for
his kind hospitality.
On Saturday morning, June 17, we drove to the
Peking Airport. Seeing me off at the airport were: Liu
Ch'i-ytin, Director of the Peking Library, Yen Ch'eng,
Chief of the Office of Library Operations, my official
guide from the Foreign Ministry, and several other

During my last evening in Canton, I visited the Nan-
fang ta hsia, the largest department store in Canton.
Yang Kuo-wei accompanied me to Shum-chun, the
border town between China and Hong Kong. We took
the morning train on June 18 and two hours later
arrived in Shum-chun. The Chinese officials asked
two persons from the railroad station to carry my
luggage to the Hong Kong side. I expressed my
sincere thanks to Mr. Yang for his kindness in making
this special trip from Canton to Shum-chun.
Mr. Yang said: "Please come to visit us again soon."
After I said goodbye to him, I crossed the same
bridge that I had walked over only 18 days earlier.


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