Library of Congress information bulletin


Material Information

Library of Congress information bulletin
Portion of title:
L.C. information bulletin
Running title:
LC information bulletin
Abbreviated Title:
Libr. Congr. inf. bull.
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Library of Congress
The Library
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Art and archaeology technical abstracts
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Public Affairs Information Service bulletin
Library literature
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 31, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1972)-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000484231
oclc - 02566556
notis - ACQ2099
lccn - 83-641631
issn - 0041-7904
lcc - Z733.U57 I6
ddc - 027.573
nlm - Z 733 L697
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Vol. 31, No. 31

August 4, 1972


The Manuscript Division is commemorating its 75th
anniversary with an exhibit in the Reading Room
through December 31. Included are representative
and major items tracing the history of the division,
recently described by Archibald MacLeish as "the
principal glory of the Library."
The exhibit opens with selections from the 25,000
manuscripts which formed the corpus of the divi-
sion's holdings when it was created in 1897 at the
time that the Main Building of the Library became
ready for use, and which included "The Court Book"
of the Virginia Company of London (1619-23) and
the Articles of Capitulation signed by Lord Corn-
wallis on October 19, 1781, ending the American
Revolutionary War. The main body of the exhibit is
divided into three 25-year segments, each of which
contains some of the division's most notable acquisi-
tions and illustrate the growing diversity of its
holdings and programs.
With the issuance of President Theodore Roose-
velt's Executive Order of March 9, 1903, transferring
the papers of the Continental Congress, George Wash-
ington, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander
Hamilton, James Monroe, and Benjamin Franklin
from the U.S. State Department to the Library, the
division immediately assumed its position as a major

center for historical research. From this first period
of acquisition, 1897-1922, the exhibit includes Ben-
jamin Franklin's "Articles of Belief and Acts of Reli-
gion," a portion of the historic diary kept by
President James K. Polk, President George Washing-
ton's First Inaugural Address, and significant manu-
scripts from the papers of Alexander Hamilton, and
Presidents James Monroe, Andrew Jackson, and
James Madison.
Of cardinal importance during the following
quarter of a century, 1922-47, was the opening of the
papers of Abraham Lincoln to the public in 1947,
from which is displayed his farewell address to
Springfield on February 11, 1861. President
Woodrow Wilson's draft of the "Fourteen Points"
and the manuscript of Edgar Allan Poe's "To Marie-
Louise" are shown, and here too is found one of the
oldest manuscripts in the division, the "Codex

The bicycle racks provided for staff members
and readers who pedal to the Library have been
relocated in the rear parking lot of the Main Li-
brary Building on Second Street. The three racks,
installed for the convenience of cyclists, will con-
tinue to be under the surveillance of the Library's
Special Police Force.

- I/ ; /


Human Relations Groups Formed ... 347-349
Lee Anderson Dies . ..... 349-350
Library of Congress Publications ... 355
Manuscript Division Exhibit Marks Anniversary 345-346
MARC Film Records to be Issued ... 355
News in the Library World . ... 355-356
Pictures, Trash Cans, and Lighting ...... ..346-347
Special Map Processing Project Under Way 347
Staff News . .... 350-355
Sudocs Library Moved to National Archives 349
Visitors to LC . ...... ...... 350
Appendix-ALA Annual Conference A-131-A-140

Monteleone," and Aztec documents written on native
paper about 1531 from the Edward S. Harkness col-
lection of Spanish manuscripts relating to the first
two centuries of Spanish-American history. The
expansion of the Library's foreign copying program is
also represented.
The most recent period of the division's history,
1947-72, has been a time of enormous growth which
has brought the total resources of the division to
some 35 million manuscripts and included acquisition
of the records of major organizations such as the
National Association for the Advancement of Colored
People and the National Urban League, which have
helped shape the social, economic, and political life
of contemporary American society. The first
recorded minutes from the meeting of the founders
of the NAACP are on exhibit, as are Secretary of
State Cordell Hull's memorandum describing his
momentous confrontation of December 7, 1941, with
the Ambassadors of Japan; the draft of J. Robert
Oppenheimer's speech accepting the Enrico Fermi
Award; the first letter written by Sigmund Freud to
another giant of psychology, Carl Jung; the only sur-
viving page of the manuscript of the first edition of

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LC Information Bulletin

Walt Whitman's Leaves of Grass; and the telegram
sent by Orville Wright to his father on December 17,
1903, announcing man's first successful powered
flight. Microfilm and published indexes produced by
the division's Presidential Papers Program during this
period are also shown. Under this program, the papers
of 23 Presidents, numbering some two million pieces,
have been definitively arranged and microfilmed, and
indexes for each of the collections prepared.
The Library's present body of manuscripts has
flowed from varied sources; however, the richest and
most constant tributary has been formed by the gen-
erosity of its friends with a keen sense of historical
conservation, and to them, particularly, this exhibit is


During the past few months, many improvements
have quietly taken place at the Library of Congress.
The changes, according to Gerald T. Garvey, Chief of
the Buildings Management Office, were undertaken to
make the Library a more pleasant place in which to
work and study.
A change most visible to staff members and readers
lunching on the Library lawns is the installation of 10
new redwood trash containers. Not only do the con-
tainers blend well with the decor of the Library build-
ings and landscaping, but they have a large capacity
and require virtually no maintenance. The containers
replaced green metal trash cans which rusted easily,
had inadequate capacity, and could be moved or
stolen. The new containers are attached to a sunken
concrete base, and are raised off the ground to allow
grass to grow underneath. The redwood staves, rather
than deteriorating, age to a darker shade. The plastic
liners inside hold 30 gallons of trash and are emptied
daily by the Grounds Maintenance Force.
Those dining in the Library's cafeteria will have
noticed, among several improvements, 18 picture
frames installed along three sides of the lunchroom.
Decorative prints from the Library's surplus duplicate
collection will be displayed in the frames. The mate-
rial selected will be contemporary and will be
changed seasonally. The wood frames were specially
designed by the Architect of the Capitol engineers to
allow flexibility in the material displayed and were
constructed by the Library's Carpenter Shop. The
prints promise to brighten and cheer up the atmo-
sphere in the cellar cafeteria.

August 4, 1972

Improved lighting in the Thomas Jeffter.on and
Science Reading Rooms has brightened working and
reading conditions for staff members and readers. New
lighting fixtures were installed throughout the ceiling
areas in both reading rooms, and desk lamps were modi-
fied. Before the change, the working light in the rooms
was provided primarily by desk lamps. The new fix-
tures increase the light in the rooms to more than 100
foot candles. At the same time, air diffusers were in-
stalled in the ceilings to improve air flow and circula-
tion and increase the amount of air. The diffusers will
eliminate the streaking of soot on the ceilings caused by
the old air distribution system. After the light fixtures
and diffusers were installed, the ceiling was repainted.
According to Mr. Garvey, the areas adjacent to the two
large reading rooms, including the Local History and
Genealogy Room, the Slavic Room, and the Science
and Technology sections, will likewise be treated to
new lighting and better air flow distribution. The pro-
ject was a combined effort of the Electric, Sheet Metal,
and Paint Shops.


The Geography and Map Division's 22nd successive
Special Map Processing Project began at the Pickett
Street Annex on Monday, June 19. As in previous
summers, the 1972 Project includes temporary Li-
brary Technicians, supported on LC funds, and coop-
erative participants sponsored by various libraries or
geography departments.
The current project was launched with the arrival
of four temporary Library Technicians from various
universities-George Dervis of Northern Illinois Uni-
versity, Richard Fox of Western Michigan University,
William Knutson of the University of Minnesota, and
Stephen Weller of the University of Maryland. The
appointments are for ten weeks, and will continue
through August 25, the termination date for the
Thirteen colleges and universities are sponsoring
cooperative participants for periods of four or six
weeks. Ten of the sponsored individuals arrived on
July 10, one on July 17, and one on July 24. The
other participants and their sponsoring institutions
are Mrs. Carolina Baker of Central Michigan Univer-
sity, Johnny Bloomquist of Appalachian State Uni-
versity, Mrs. Minnie Cams of the University of
Pittsburgh, Dwight Chambers of Kansas University,
Mrs. Elizabeth AI-Hazzam of Arizona State Univer-
sity, Mrs. Marilynn Howard of the University of

Oregon, LeRoy Jozwiak of Western Illinois Uni-
versity, Curtis Loy of Augustana College, James
Manley of the University of Maryland (Baltimore),
James McCrory of Pennsylvania State University,
Sandra Peterson of the University of Northern Iowa,
Lynda Reddout of Texas A&M University, and
Harold Smith of Indiana University. Ten of the
members of the 1972 Project are, or have been, full-
or part-time map librarians.
The first Special Project was authorized in the
summer of 1950 to provide assistance for the Geogra-
phy and Map Division in processing a large backlog of
non-current maps and charts transferred from various
Federal cartographic collections. Because of the
accomplishments of the 1950 effort, annual projects
have been approved in successive summers. Some 300
individuals, representing almost a hundred different
educational institutions, have participated in the 22
Special Map Processing Projects. Over the past 22
years, cooperative participants have selected a million
and a quarter duplicate maps and atlases for their
respective libraries.


The Administrative and Processing Departments
have organized Human Relations Committees, in
accordance with the Librarian's announcement re-
questing departments and divisions of the Library of
Congress to work with him in forming, on an ad hoc
basis, a Human Relations Committee in each of the
Library's departments and a Library-wide Human
Relations Council (HRC).
The formation of the Human Relations Committee
in the Administrative Department has been com-
pleted as a result of popular nomination and election
by the employees of the department.
The members elected represent the 12 organiza-
tional units that make up the department: Haskell
Caldwell, Clinoth Colbert, and Mrs. Mabel Thompson
of the Buildings Services Section; Privates Clifford M.
Lomax and Raymond T. Frazier of the Special Police
Force; George Foster of the Central Services Division;
Mrs. Viola Jackson of the Information Systems
Office; James Lee of the Personnel Office; Richard
Pullen of the Financial Management Office; Lawrence
Robinson of the Preservation Office; and Myralon
Sanders and Sammy Washington of the Photoduplica-
tion Service. The 12 representatives met and chose
Mr. Foster, Central Services, as their Chairman. Since

LC Information Bulletin

I mm ]M l Mr I|I1
The 13 members of the Human Relations Committee in the Pullen, Mr. Foster, Mr. Washington, Mr. Lee, Mr. Robinson,
Administrative Department are (l-r seated) Mrs. Jackson, Mr. Pvt. Frazier, and Pvt. Lomax; not present for the picture
Caldwell, Miss Thompson, (l-r standing) Mr. Colbert, Mr. were Mr. Georgarakis and Miss Sanders.

The 23 members of Processing's Standing Committee on
Human Relltions are (l-r front row) Mr. McKinney, Mrs. Mur-
phy, Mrs. Fuller, Mrs. Baumgardner, Mrs. Logan, Mrs. Gee,
(l-r middle row) Mr. Haywood, Mr. Yasumatsu, Miss Hutchi-

son, Mrs. McCann, Miss Turner, Mrs. Belmear, Mr. Zimmer-
man, (l-r back row) Mr. Hunter, Miss Whitt. Mr. Weathers.
Mrs. Bell, Mr. Balton. Miss Wexler, and Mr. Litrlefield. not
present were Mrs. Aramayo. Mr. Evans, and Mr. Perry.




August 4, 1972

Mr. Foster will serve as a non-voting member (except
to break a tie vote), Minos Georgarakis was then
elected by his division to represent the Central
Services Division.
The members will serve one year terms with each
year's committee selecting the next year's chairman.
The new chairman may be any employee of the
department, not necessarily an elected member of the
Selection of the Processing Department's Standing
Committee on Human Relations was made by an ad
hoc committee formed in March. Representatives
were chosen from throughout the department for
varied representation on the basis of grade as well as
sex. age. race. and social philosophy. Those elected to
chair the committee of 23 members are Mrs. Edith
Belmear. MARC Editorial Office, Chairwoman; Aaron
McKinney, Card Division, Vice Chairman; and Mrs.
Susan Aramayo. Cataloging Instruction Office, who
will serve as Secretary, assisted by Mrs. Jeannette
Logan. NUCPP.
Under the direction of Mrs. Belmear and Mr.
McKinney, members of the committee will function
in four subcommittees to research, investigate, and
recommend recruitment, training and orientation,
promotional policies and job mobility, and communi-
The Committee on Recruitment is comprised of
Kay Wexler, Catalog Publications, Chairwoman; Glen
Zimmerman. Descriptive Cataloging, Vice Chairman;
Mrs. Cleopatra McCann, NUCPP; Mrs. Sylvia Gee,
Catalog Publications: and Charles Balton, Serial
Members of the Committee on Training and Orien-
tation are Joyce Hutchison, Serial Record, Chair-
woman; Austin Haywood, Shared Cataloging, Vice
Chairman; Mrs. Sandy Baumgardner, Order Division;
and Mrs. Susan Aramayo, Cataloging Instruction
The following are members of the Committee on
Promotion and Job Mobility: Mrs. Edwina Murphy,
Subject Cataloging. Chairwoman; Michael Hunter,
Catalog Management, Vice Chairman; Eugene
Weathers, Exchange and Gift; Jennie Whitt, Catalog
Publications; Mrs. Mazie Fuller, NUCPP; Gary Evans,
Card Division; and Mrs. Jeannette Logan, NUCPP.
Those selected to serve on the Committee on Com-
munications are David Littlefield, Subject Cataloging,
Chairman; Treva Turner, Subject Cataloging, Vice
Chairwoman, Kengo Yasumatsu, Shared Cataloging;
Arthur Perry, Descriptive Cataloging; and Mrs.
Dorothy Bell, Catalog Publications.

Committees yet to be formed in other I ihrar)
departments will be described and pictured in future
issues of the LC Infl;rration Bulletin Further infor-
mation regarding the formation of Human P.elations
Committees may be found in the Information
Bulletin of June 23, p. 279.


The transfer of the collection of the Public Docu-
ments Library of the Government Printing Office to
the National Archives and Records Service (NARS)
has been announced by the General Services Adminis-
tration, of which NARS is a constituent agency. The
move of the materials-nearly two million U.S.
Government publications dating from 1790. some
76,000 maps, and a large number of charts and
posters-has already begun and will be completed by
the end of the year. Included in the transfer are publi-
cations issued in 1971. At the end of 1973, those
issued in 1972 and 1973 will be transferred and
similar increments transferred every two years there-
A principal reason given for the transfer was the
easier access to the materials by researchers. The
National Archives has extensive research facilities;
GPO does not, and the collection, while available on
interlibrary loan to Government departments and
agencies, was not open to the public.
The materials, accessioned as records of the
Government Printing Office, will be maintained as a
collection by the National Archives Library. Items
will not be available for loan, but after the transfer is
completed and the material has been arranged by the
Archives staff, it will be available for use in the
National Archives Library. Researchers will also be
able to order photocopies.
Further information about the use of the collection
may be obtained from Patricia A. Andrews, Librarian,
National Archives and Records Service, Washington,
D.C. 20408, telephone (202)962-2501.


The American poet Lee Anderson, a pioneer in the
field recording of poets reading their own work, died
at his home in Glen Rock, Pa., on July 24, at age 76.
He was devoted to the growth of the Library's
Archive of Recorded Poetry and Literature and.

LC Information Bulletin

beginning in 1953, permitted the Library to copy his
own rich collection of poets on tape, thus materially
enriching the Library's collections. Over the years he
recorded 145 British and American poets.
At Yale University, where his own collection is now
housed, he became a Research Associate in 1959 to
coordinate the Yale Series of Recorded Poets. An
appreciation of his work, "The Poet as Composer-
Lee Anderson," by Roy P. Basler, appeared in The
Sewanee Review (Winter 1972). Mr. Anderson's best
known book is Nags Head and Other Poems (1960).


The recently appointed Ambassador of Ethiopia,
His Excellency Mr. Kifle Wodajo, accompanied by the
two First Secretaries, Ghebeyehou Mekbib and
Berhanu Dinka, visited the Library of Congress on
July 14. They were greeted by John G. Lorenz,
Acting Librarian of Congress, were given a tour by
Brian Willson, and were welcomed to the African
Section by Julian Witherell. Their visit ended with a
briefing on the work of the Congressional Research
Service by Lester Jayson, the Director, and Charles
Harris, Chief of the Government and General Re-
search Division. Mr. Kifle and Mr. Harris were stu-
dents together some years ago at the University of
Summer students in the Department of Library
Science at Catholic University came to LC on July
13. Mary Jane Roggenbuck, a specialist in children's
literature and the faculty escort, and her class held a
special conference with Virginia Haviland, Head of
the Children's Book Section, at the conclusion of
their regular tour. All of the group visited other divi-
sions of the Reference and Processing Departments.
A group of 22 school librarians enrolled in a work-
shop on the history of libraries and books sponsored
by Western Maryland College and the Prince George's
County Board of Education visited the Library of
Congress on July 18 with their instructor, Mrs. Edlea
Jones. They received an orientation tour of the Main
Building, including visits to the Rare Book Division
and to the Processing Department.


John D. McGee, Map Cataloger, retired on June 30
after more than 32 years of Federal service, 22 of

them in the Geography and Map Division. A native of
Fort Worth, Tex., Mr. McGee received a bachelor's
degree in mathematics in 1937 at Tillotson College in
Austin. He joined the Library staff in 1940 as a Stack
Attendant in the Music Division, where he served
until 1950, except for a two-and-a-half year period
with the U.S. Army in Europe.
In October 1950, Mr. McGee transferred to the
Geography and Map Division, where he held positions
of increasing responsibility in connection with the
housing, arrangement, preservation, and control of
the cartographic collections. In 1951-52, he studied
cataloging at Catholic University. Mr. McGee received
a Superior Accomplishment Award in 1953 for his
work in the division's move from the Main Building
to the Annex, and for maintaining access to the col-
lections during the move.
Between 1951 and 1969, Mr. McGee distinguished
himself in the organization and supervision of
successive summer Special Map Processing Projects,
employing geography graduates and map librarians
from U.S. and Canadian schools. In 1960, he was
promoted to the position of Map Cataloger. From
that time until his retirement, except for a year's
assignment as a Reference Assistant in the Map
Reading Room, he concentrated on the special prob-
lems of cataloging map sets and series. He made
important contributions to the improvement of the
map classification schedule.
Mr. McGee's energy, resourcefulness, and intimate
knowledge of the map collections will be missed by
his colleagues.
Frederick E. Kline, Reference Specialist in the
Photoduplication Service, retired on June 30 after 31
years of Federal service.
A native of Virginia's Shenandoah Valley, Mr. Kline
began his Government career with the Library of
Congress in May 1941 and held positions in the Card,
Manuscript, and Serial Divisions. From August 1944
to October 1946, he served with the U.S. Army, after
which he returned to the Serial Division. In 1948, he
transferred to the Photoduplication Service. He
served again with the Army from October 1950 to
September 1951 during the Korean conflict. Mr.
Kline was Supervisor of the Photoduplication Service
Projects Unit from April 1964 to March 1967. and
was promoted to Reference Specialist in August
Mr. Kline plans to spend his retirement in Middle-
town, Va.. the valley town of his earlier years.
John C. Jackson, Specialist in Fiscal and Financial
Economics and Assistant Chief of the Economics


August 4, 11172

Div,&, ii of the Congtcesional Research Service.
retired June .'0 after more than 30 years of service
with the Libr.ry of CLngresv.
NI!. Jackson was reared in Alva. Okla., and attended
local schools there, including Northwestern State
reaLlies' College, where he received a bachelor's
degree in economics in 1934. Following a brief stint
as a high school teacher and as an assistant in the
Economics Department of Northwestern State, he
entered a program of graduate study in economics at
the University of Texas in 1935. He interrupted his
academic pursuits in 1936 to assume a position with a
consumers' project at the U.S. Department of Labor.
Mr. Jackson returned to the University of Texas in
S137 to continue his graduate work and serve as an
instructor of economics. In 1940, he moved once
again to Washington and worked for short periods
with the Civil Service Commission and the Immigra-
tion and Naturalization Service before accepting
appointment to the staff of the Copyright Office late
in 1940.
He transferred to the then Legislative Reference
Service in 1941 as a Reference Assistant. Two promo-
tions for Mr. Jackson ensued in 1942, and another in
1944, when he assumed the position of Associate
Reference Librarian. In 1946, he became an Econo-
mist in the former General Research Section, and in
1948, he was advanced to Analyst in Money and
Banking in the Economics Division. Following a pro-
motion in 1952, he was given the additional assign-
ment of handling Congressional inquiries in taxation
and finance as well as continuing his work in money
and banking. In 1956 he was assigned higher level
responsibility for the field of fiscal and financial
economics within the division, and he was promoted
to a specialist position in this field in 1960. Mr.
Jackson was named Assistant Chief of the Economics
Division in 1961 and was promoted to his present
post in 1967.
A life-long student of fiscal and monetary affairs
and practice. Mr. Jackson has taken a variety of
courses held at George Washington University, the
U.S. Department of Agriculture Graduate School, and
the International Accountants Society. The value of
his many contributions to the work of CRS, both as a
specialist in his field and as an administrator, was
recognized in 1967 when he was granted a quality
increase award. In December 1969, he received a
30-year Federal Service Award pin.
Arshag O. Sarkissian, Analyst in International
Relations in the Foreign Affairs Division of the Con-
gressional Research Service, retired June 29 after

more than 30 years at the Libriry of Cr'ii-'
Mr. Sarkissian received his B.A. k :.. in
economics from Syracuse University in I1 and his
M.A. and Ph. D. degrees from the University I1
Illinois in 1934 where he majored in hb, I-n and
political science. During his graduaie study, he was in
charge of forum discussions in the field of modern
history and international relations which he con-
tinued for three years after receiving his doctorate.
He then studied at Columbia and earned a B.S. in
library science in 1939.
He was appointed to the Library of Congress in
December 1940, and assigned to the then Leislajtive
Reference Service in July 1942. In LRS. he served as
Junior Librarian, Division Librarian. Assistant Re'er-
ence Librarian and Social Science Analyst. In October
1961, he left to teach one semester at the University
of California, returning to the Foreign Affairs Divi-
sion of LRS in February 1962. He served as Analyst
in Middle Eastern and Eastern European Affairs, and
in April 1962 was appointed to the position of
Foreign Affairs Analyst in International Relations.
Mrs. Annie Niel, Film Editor in the Photoduplica-
tion Service, retired on June 30 after 29 years of
Federal service.
A native of Nebraska, Mrs. Niel entered Govern-
ment service in 1942 as an employee of the War
Department at the Pentagon.
She came to the Library's Photoduplication Service
in the fall of 1947 as a Microphotographer, serving
successively as Film Inspector and Film Editor, the
position she held at the time of retirement.
Mrs. Niel's plans include continued residence in
Mrs. Elfriede J. Leonard, Supervisor of the Serials
and Social Sciences Shelflisting Unit in the Subject
Cataloging Division, retired on June 30 after 20 years
of Federal service.
Mrs. Leonard was born in Wihula, Estonia, and
received her bachelor of law degree from Tartu Uni-
versity before coming to the United States. In 1l48.
she earned her Bachelor of Arts degree in economics
from George Washington University. She came to the
Library of Congress in 1952 as a Shelflister, and she
completed her career in the same section, with regular
promotions to positions of greater responsibility.
Her warm smile and friendly cooperation will be
missed by her former colleagues at the Libra ry.
Wlodzimierz Baczkowski, Subject Cataloger in the
Slavic humanities, retired on June 30 after nearly 13
years of Federal service.
Mr. Baczkowski was born in Baikal. Siberia, he left

LC Information Bulletin

Russia with his family during the Revolution and
lived for several years in Manchuria. He later was
repatriated to Poland, where he was graduated from
the University of Warsaw and also pursued advanced
studies on the current history of the U.S.S.R. and the
Middle East at the Eastern Institute in Warsaw.
At the beginning of World War II, he left Poland
and lived for eight years in Jerusalem and another
seven years in Beirut. He came to the United States in
1955. After four years with the Linguistics Associa-
tion of Washington, he entered Federal service in
1959 as a specialist in strategic planning with the Air
Information Division (later the Defense Research
Division) of the Library of Congress. On January 29,
1968, he transferred to the Subject Cataloging Divi-
sion as a Cataloger.
Mr. Baczkowski's retirement was marked by a
luncheon with his colleagues and a farewell gift from
the division.

Janette M. Keating, a Senior Materials Expediter in
the Materials Control Section of the Copyright Office
Service Division, was presented a 25-year Federal
Service Award pin on July 6 by Cecily P. Osteen,
Chief of the Service Division.
A native of Springfield, Mass., Miss Keating began
her Federal career with the War Department in 1942.
She was employed by the Post Office Department in
1948 and by the U.S. Maritime Commission from
1948 to 1949, when she joined the Bureau of
Reclamation of the Department of the Interior.
She came to the Library of Congress in 1951 as a
File Clerk in the Office of the Secretary, where she
subsequently held various positions. She transferred
to the Copyright Office Service Division in 1959 as a
Classifier and Searcher. She was promoted to
Materials Expediter in 1963 and to her present posi-
tion in 1967.
Mrs. Elizabeth B. Myers, Assistant Head of the
Bibliographical Section, Shared Cataloging Division,
was presented with a 25-year Federal Service Award
pin on July 11 by Mrs. Nathalie Delougaz, Chief of
the Shared Cataloging Division.
Mrs. Myers began her Library service on May 3,
1948, as a Searcher in the Card Division, where she
worked in increasingly responsible positions until she
transferred to the Shared Cataloging Division in
August 1966. She was promoted to her present posi-
tion in the Bibliographical Section in November
Before coming to LC, Mrs. Myers worked at the

Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Federal
Reserve Board.

Edmond L. Applebaum, Assistant Director for
Acquisitions and Overseas Operations in the Pro-
cessing Department of the Library of Congress, has
been awarded the Margaret Mann Citation in Catalog-
ing and Classification for 1972.
The award was presented at the program meeting of
the Cataloging and Classification Section of the
Resources and Technical Services Division of the
American Library Association on Thursday, June 29,
during the Annual Conference of the American Li-
brary Association in Chicago.
Mr. Applebaum is a native of Boston. Mass., and
holds a B.A. degree magna cum laude (1949) from
Harvard University, an M.S. in library science from
Columbia University (1950), and an M.P.A. from
Harvard University, Graduate School of Public
Administration as an Administrative Fellow (1955).
He began his career at the Library of Congress as a
Special Recruit in 1950. Before assuming his present
position in April 1966, he served as Head of the
American & British Exchange Section of the Ex-
change and Gift Division, Head of the Orders Section
of the Card Division, Assistant Chief of the Order
Division, and Administrative Assistant and later
Executive Officer of the Processing Department. In
June 1967, he received a Library of Congress Supe-
rior Service Award for extraordinary achievement in
administering the newly established National Program
for Acquisitions and Cataloging while assuming other
comprehensive administrative responsibilities as well.
Mr. Applebaum is chairman of the Library's Acqui-
sitions Committee, a member of the Panel on Inter-
national Information Activities of the Committee on
Scientific and Technical Information (COSATI), and
a member of the Foreign Acquisitions Committee of
the Association of Research Libraries. He has written
articles for professional journals and served as an
Adjunct Lecturer at the University of Maryland
Graduate School of Library and Information Services.
The Margaret Mann Citation commends Mr.
Applebaum "for his contribution to the development
of the National Program for Acquisition and Catalog-
ing. NPAC has made the Library of Congress more
responsive to the needs of other libraries and has
brought the library community much closer to the
ideal of each title's being cataloged once for all li-
braries. While engaged in dealing with many technical
and administrative problems, Mr. Applebaum has


August 4, 19 '72

always been ready to hear from the consumers and to
adapt the program to their needs."
Mrs. Henriette D. Avram and Lenore S. Maruvama
of the MARC Development Office and John C.
Rather of the Technical Processes Research Otfice
compiled and edited an article entitled "Automation
Activities in the Processing Department of the Li-
brary of Congress," which appeared in the Spring
1972 issue of Library' Resources & Technical Services
(pp. 195-23Q). The article describes the master guide-
lines for automation of the LC core bibliographic
system, MAchine-Readable Cataloging (MARC) and
related activities, the RECON Pilot Project, format
recognition, the multiple use MARC system, the
Order Division project, an automated process infor-
mation file, the subject headings project, a filing pro-
gram, book catalogs, and the Card Division project.
Sung Yoon Cho, Senior Legal Specialist of the Far
Eastern Law Division, is the author of an article,
"South Korea's Relations with Japan as Seen in the
Normalization Treaty-Making Process 1964-1965,"
appearing in Japan in World Pohrics (Monograph No.
1 of the Institute for Asian Studies, 1972, pp.
99-114). In this article Mr. Cho analyzes Japanese
relations with South Korea, shortly before and after
the Normalization Treaty was signed, from economic,
political, military, and diplomatic points of view.
On July 14, Joseph C. Hickerson, Reference Li-
brarian in the Archive of Folk Song, presented the
opening program in The Experience of Traditional
Music series at Wolf Trap Farm Park. Entitled
"American Folk Music-An Overview," Mr.
Hickerson's afternoon concert and lecture were co-
sponsored by the National Park Service and the
National Folk Festival Association.
Two Library staff members are authors of chapters
in Medicine and Public Health in the People's
Republic of China, a recent publication of the Geo-
graphic Health Studies Program of the National Insti-
tutes of Health. Tao-tai Hsia, Chief of the Far Eastern
Law Division, contributed a chapter on Communist
Chinese legislation on public health in which he
surveys the contents of 54 documents relating to
public health appearing in the two major statutory
compilations of the Peking government. The chapter
written by Leo Orleans, China Research Specialist in
the Reference Department, deals with population
dynamics. It is adapted from Mr. Orleans' book
entitled Every Fifth Child: The Population of China,
which is scheduled for publication in the fall by Eyre
Metheuen, Ltd., London, and the Stanford University

Donald L. Leavitt has been appointed Assistant
Chief of the Music Division, effective July 24.
Coming to the Library of Congress in 1956 as a Music
Reference Librarlan, he served in the Archive of Folk
Song, later became a Specialist for Sound Recordings,
and since 1965 has been Head of the Recorded Sound
Mr. Leavitt was born in Annapolis. Md., in 1929.
He studied at the Peabody Conservatory of Music in
Baltimore, majored in music at the American Univer-
sity, and then pursued six years of graduate study in
musicology and related subjects at Indiana University.
He has been active as an organist and choirmaster in
Bloomington and Washington, and served as a re-
search assistant in the Indiana institution. For a
number of years he was a music critic for the Wash-
ington Evening and Sunday Star and the Assistant
Record Editor of Notes.
He has written articles and reviews for The Ameri-
can Scholar, Association for Recorded Sound
Journal, Ethnomusicology, Library Trends, Notes,
Phonographic Bulletin, and The Quarterly Journal of
the Library of Congress. He also prepared Chapter 24,
"Folk Lore, Folk Music, Folk Art," in A Guide to the
Study of the United States of America, published by
the Library of Congress in 1960, and has written
various program notes and record jackets.
Mr. Leavitt has held offices and committee appoint-
ments in the Association for Recorded Sound Collec-
tions, the Music Library Association, the Interna-
tional Association of Music Libraries, and the
American National Standards Association. In
September, he will retire as President of the Interna-
tional Association of Sound Archives, an office he has
held since 1969.
Mr. Leavitt is married to the former Nadine Ann
Slater; they have two children, Susan Lee, 18, and
Stuart Thomas, 15.
Norman A. Pierce was appointed Chief of the Con-
gressional Reference Division of the Congressional
Research Service on July 7. He had been Chief of the
Library Services Division of CRS since 1954 and is
credited with numerous contributions in the area of
expanded bibliographic and information support
services to CRS staff and Members and Committees
of Congress.
Born in Ontario, Calif., Mr. Pierce attended Middle-
bury College from 1933 to 1935 and received a
bachelor's degree from Springfield College in 1937.
He came to the Washington area in the same year to
pursue graduate work in history at George Washing-


LC Information Bulletin

ton University and also to work as a graduate
assistant in the History Department. He accepted
employment with the Library in 1939, joining the
staff of the former Division of Documents as a Refer-
ence Assistant. He received two promotions there
before transferring early in 1942 to the Government
Publications Reading Room.
Mr. Pierce joined the U.S. Army Air Force later in
1942 and saw service in England as a meteorologist
before being discharged in 1945. He then applied for
and was granted a year's leave of absence from the
Library to attend the library school at Columbia Uni-
versity. Completing his degree program in 1946, he
returned to the Government Publications Reading
Room where he worked for the next two years until
his transfer in 1948 to the position of Service
Librarian in the former Information Section of the
then Legislative Reference Service. In the following
year, he was named Assistant Chief of the Section
and in 1954, was promoted to the position of Chief
of the Library Services Division. As the division's
activities increased in scope over the years, and Mr.
Pierce continued to make substantial contributions to
the work of CRS, he was promoted in 1960 and again
in 1963. As Chief of the Library Services Division, he
demonstrated outstanding professional knowledge in
the field of information technology and administra-
Mr. Pierce received an outstanding performance
rating in 1956. He was nominated for and attended
the Civil Service Commission program in Career
Development for Administrative Officers held in
1952 and participated in the Institute on Information
Storage and Retrieval conducted at American Univer-
sity in 1960. He received a 30-year Federal Service
Award pin in 1969.

Appointments: Theodore L. Brewster, research analyst,
GS-7, FRD, 2922; Alfred Carter, Jr., collections maintenance
worker, GS-4, CMO, 2970; Kimbrough B. Charles, reference
clerk, GS-3, CRS F, 2985; Warren W. Darkow, research
analyst, GS-9, FRD, 2965; Reginald J. Downs, library aid,
GS-2, S&R, 5-600; Robert S. Doyle, clerk-typist, GS-4, Mss,
2779; Celeste Maria Falcone, clerical assistant, GS-5, LL O,
4002; Michael H. Gray, descriptive cataloger, GS-9, Desc Cat,
2906; Emmit P. Jones, offset pressman, WP-9, CS, 2913;
Barbara Kristofovich, clerk-typist, GS-2, GR&B, 600-3;
George W. Parker, collections maintenance worker, WG-4,
CMO, 2970; Elizabeth Iva Pearcy, library aid GS-1, MARC
Dev, NP; Richard John Thaxter, preliminary cataloger, GS-5,
Desc Cat, 2918.
Temporary Appointments: Linda G. Dodson, arranger-filer.

GS-3, Cat Publ, NP; Daniel L. Haight, arranger-iler, GS-3,
Cat Publ, NP; Phyllis R. Webster, arranger-filer, GS-3, Cat
Publ, NP.
Reappointment: Keith M. Siebert, telephone operator.
GS-3, CS, 100-13.
Promotions: Richard M. Fox, to cataloger, GS-9, G&M,
2939; Virginia A. Hickman, to library assistant, GS-4, Desc
Cat, 2916; Mary M. Jackson, Cat Publ, to clerical assistant,
GS-4, Subj Cat, 2733; Shirley J. Mosley, Card, to library
technician, GS-4, Share Cat, 2855; Charles C. Neel, to
bindery and finish worker, WP-12, CS, 2759; Robert M. Over-
miller, to supervisor, Information Unit, GT-8, Photodup,
2912; James C. Roberts, to head, Reference Search Section,
GS-12, Cop Serv, 2933; James M. Rocca, FMO, to copyright
technician, GS-6, Cop Exam, 2776; Pearline Ward, to section
secretary, GS-5, P&P, 2925; Maurvene D. Williams, E&G, to
head, Library Resources Section, GS-12, CRS L, 2988;
George J. Wilson, to assistant supervisor, Camera Unit, GT-7,
Photodup, 2788.
Temporary Promotion: Jean E. Perkins, to secretary to the
chief, GS-6, FRD, NP.
Transfers: Linda J. Bailey, CRS GGR, to secretary to
assistant director, GS-5, CRS D, 2742; Harriet C. Bury.
LAPS, to secretary, GS-7, Mgmt, 2981; Elizabeth A. Madden,
CRS D, to library technician, GS-5, G&M, 2972; Theodore
Stanley, LL AB, to library technician, GS-4, LL Eur, 2903.
Resignations: Anthony Doherty, Mus; Mary J. Grathwol,
Ser Rec; Barbara A. Hanley, CRS C; Ronn D. Kaiser, LL;
Landis Lewis, Bldgs; Gloria L. Moten, Cat Mgmt; Linda
Solow, Desc Cat; Joslyn N. Williams: Cop Exam.

The American Red Cross Bloodmobile Unit will
visit the Library, Main Building, Room G-147, on
Monday, August 14, from 9 a.m. to 2-45 p.m. Staff
members wishing to donate blood should register
with keyworkers in their respective divisions.
In accordance with LCR 2015-17.4. all blood
donors may be granted a maximum of four hours
excused absence, which includes the actual time spent
giving blood and a rest and recuperative period
immediately following. The time of donation must be
approved by the supervisor.
Any questions concerning the program should be
directed to Miss Brothers on ext. 6053.

Peggy N. Morgan and Charles M. Simonds were
married on July 5 in Jefferson, Tex. Mrs. Simonds is a
physical education instructor in the Preventive
Medicine Department at the Washington Sanitorium
Hospital and Mr. Simonds is a Reviser-Reviewer in the

August 4, 1972

Book Section of the Copyright Office Cataloging
Division. They reside in Arlington. Va.


Beginning this fall, the MARC Distribution Service
will be expanding its coverage to machine-readable
records for films. Records will be distnbuted on a
monthly basis, that is, every four weeks, and the sub-
scription year will cover the period from April 1972
through March 1973. Although the first films tape
will not be mailed until the fall of 1972, it will con-
tain all records put into the films data base since
April 1972. After this initial tape, subscribers will
receive monthly tapes containing approximately 800
new or corrected film records input during the
previous month.
The cost of this subscription is $400 per year. Sub-
scribers who have regular accounts established with
the Card Division may charge their subscriptions to
their accounts. All others must pay in advance by
sending a check or money order made payable to
Chief, Card Division, Library of Congress.
A films test tape, containing approximately 200
records, will be available for purchase this summer for
$20. Orders for the test tape should be handled in the
same manner outlined above as orders for subscrip-
tions to the distribution service.
Both the regular subscription tapes and the test
tape will be available in either 7-track (556 cpi) or
9-track (800 cpi) mini-reels. Regular subscribers and
purchasers of test tapes will also receive a copy of
Films: A MARC Format, describing the record
format and data fields, specifications for the tape for-
mat and character set (ASCII 6-bit or 8-bit), and code
lists for language, country of publication, and geo-
graphic areas.
Orders for the distribution service or the test tape
should be mailed to the MARC Distribution Service,
Card Division, Library of Congress, Building 159,
Navy Yard Annex, Washington, D.C. 20541. All
orders should specify the kind of tape desired, 7-track
or 9-track, and regular subscribers should also provide
a mailing address to which addenda to the film for-
mat or technical notices about tapes should be sent.
Further information may be obtained by writing to
the MARC Distribution Service at the above address.


Arms Control & Disarmament: A Quarterly Bibliog-

raphy with Abstracts and Annotations. Vol. 8, No. 3.
Summer 1972. (pp. 253-389.) For sale by the Super-
intendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington. D.C. 20402, at $1 this issue or
$3.50 a year, domestic, and $4.50 a year, foreign (LC
Filins A MARC Format; Spetifiattmonp fr
Magnetic Tapes Containing Catalog Records for
Motion Pictures, Filmstrips. and Other Pictorial
Media Intended for Projection. 1971. Addendum No.
1. (13 p.) This addendum, issued by the MARC
Development Office, will be sent to all subscribers to
the forthcoming distribution service for MARC film
records (see p. 355) of this week's Information
Bulletin, and is also available upon request to the
Card Division, Attention: MARC Distribution
New Serial Titles-Classed Subject Arrangement.
June 1972. (38 p.) Prepared under the sponsorship of
the Joint Committee on the Union List of Serials and
published monthly by the Library of Congress. For
sale by the Card Division, Library of Congress,
Building 159, Navy Yard Annex, Washington, D.C.
20541, for $25 a year.
New Serial Titles: A Union List of Serials Com-
mencing Publication after December 31, 1949. April-
June 1972. (xiii, 80 p.) Prepared under the sponsor-
ship of the Joint Committee on the Union List of
Serials and issued in eight monthly and four quarterly
issues and an annual volume. Supplement to the
Union List of Serials, 3rd Edition. For sale by the
Card Division for $160 a year.


Historical Documents Editing Institute Scheduled
Archivists and textual editors from throughout the
eastern United States will take part in an Institute for
the Editing of Historical Documents at the University
of Virginia on August 14-25. The event, sponsored by
the National Historical Publications Commission and
the University's Center for Textual and Editorial
Studies in Humanistic Sources, is designed to attract
prospective specialists to work with historic papers.
Speaking at the 11-day institute will be historical
editors, some of whom are involved in publishing the
papers of such men as John Adams, Jefferson Davis,
and Booker T. Washington. Also represented on the
teaching panels will be the projects for editing the
papers of George Washington, John Marshall, James
Madison, John C. Calhoun, Ulysses S. Grant, Andrew

LC Information Bulletin

Johnson, Benjamin Latrobe, and Henry Laurens.
Participants include a number of archivists and other
specialists in historical work from Federal and eastern
State governments.
The institute's panel and seminar format will
involve a variety of subjects ranging from the editor's
role, collecting documents, and editorial scholarship,
to the more technical matters of organizing a project,
using microfilms, and preparing a manuscript for the

Archives Conference Is Slated for November 9-10
The National Archives Conference on the Use of
Audiovisual Archives as Original Source Materials will
be held November 9-10 at the University of Delaware,
Newark. The eleventh in a series sponsored by the
National Archives and Records Service, the confer-
ence is the first held outside the Archives Building.
The advisory committee consists of J. Joseph
Huthmacher, University of Delaware; Jay Leyda,
York University in Toronto; David L. Lewis, Univer-
sity of Michigan; and J. Smith Holliday, California
Historical Society. Further information is available
from James W. Moore, National Archives, Washing-
ton, D.C. 20408.

1900 Census Records Remain Closed
At the request of the Department of Commerce,
the General Services Administration will suspend the
opening of the 1900 Census records pending resolu-
tion of conflicting questions of confidentiality of
Census data and public access to this information.
The records were to be made available this month for
accredited research in accordance with a 1952 agree-
ment between the Department of Commerce and
GSA. The agreement provided that population census
records in the custody of GSA's National Archives
and RecrtnM. Service would be open to accredited
research 72 ,ears from the enumeration date. The
records contain such information as name, address,
age, education, place of birth, and other information
supplied to Census enumerators in 1900.

Louis Martin Named Librarian of Harvard College
Louis E. Martin, Associate Executive Director of
the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) in Wash-
ington, D.C., has been appointed Librarian of Harvard
College, effective October 1. Mr. Martin will be
responsible for the direction of the Harvard College
Library, consisting of seven major libraries which
serve Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences and
form the central units of the University Library
system. These collections contain four million
volumes of the total 8.5 million in the University
Mr. Martin joined ARL in 1968. Before coming to
Washington, he was Associate Professor of Bibliog-
raphy and Deputy Director of the University of
Rochester Libraries from 1962 to 1968. He has also
served as Assistant Librarian of Oakland University,
Circulation Librarian of the University of Detroit,
and Instructor in English at the University of Detroit.
He holds Ph.B. magna cum laude and M.S. degrees
from the University of Detroit, and an A.M.L.S. from
the University of Michigan.
Since 1964 the position of Librarian of Harvard
College has been combined with the post of Univer-
sity Librarian held by Douglas W. Bryant, who
became Director of the Harvard University Library on
July 1. The position is being reinstated, according to
Mr. Bryant, "to ensure that the College Library will
have the full attention of a librarian responsible for
the central element in the University Library system.

Cheshunt College Archives Catalog Noted
A recently issued catalog describes the large collec-
tion of archives at Cheshunt College, Cambridge,
England. This collection contains many letters about
18th-century North America, reflecting the interests
here of the Countess of Huntingdon, founder of the
College, and of her chaplain, the Reverend George
Whitefield. A limited number of the catalogs, repro-
duced from typescript, are available and may be
ordered for $4 each, post free, from Edwin Welch,
The Library School, University of Ottawa, Ottawa 2,



Vol.31.No 31

Aup,, 4, 1972

Chicago, Ii1., June 25-July 1, 1972

For the firs, Jai\ of the pieconference sponsored by
the Rare Books and Manuscripts Section of ALA's
Association of College and Reiea~rch Libraries, the
topic of "Midwestern Scholarly Resources" competed
for attention with the hair-raising adventures of
Eastern members who had triumphed over hurricane
and flood to reach the Drake Hotel in Chicago, the
meeting's headquarters. Running from June 22
through 24, and concentrating on the theme, "The
Outward Reach of the Midwest to the Scholarly
World." the conference was a nicely balanced blend
of papers, tours, and refreshment.
This reporter, who, during the 24 hours she spent
trying to reach Chicago, had sustained a forced plane
landing and midnight evacuation of a home threat-
ened by a 25-foot wall of water should a dam col-
lapse, missed the opening session. Those who made it
heard papers on the Ayer and Graff Collections in the
Newberry Libriry and the proposed center on Ameri-
can Indian history, on Judaica and Hebraica in the
Midwest. on the University of Wisconsin's Center for
Theatre Research and other Midwestern resources,
and on the Liill Library and some of its newer collec-
tions. Later, the travelers recruited their spirits at the
reception held in the Newberry Library with its li-
brarian, Lawrence W. Towner, a relaxed and hospi-
table host.
Dinner at the Drake clustered the guests at round
tables in comfortable circles. Chairman Lee Ash
suggested that someone at each table recall a story
about the late Verner W. Clapp. This touched off a
flood of reminiscences that ended only with the
dessert and a call to order.
The Rare Books and Manuscripts Section's first
Citation of Honor was given to Ruth Lapham Butler
"for outstanding service as a scholar librarian who has
built great collections of rare books and manuscripts
and the means to use them, thus greatly enriching the
resources of American research libraries." Mrs. Butler
began her career in the library world in 1918 as a
graduate student apprenticed to the curator of the
Newberry Library's Ayer Collection. In 1920 she be-
came full-time assistant to Pierce Butler, who was
then head of book selection and bibliography at New-

berry. She spent the years 1922-25 uilinii her disser-
tation and acting as curator of Will .m Smith Mason's
Franklin Collection, which is now at Yale. From
1925 to 1926, she taught history and headed the
library at Hillsdale College in Michipan,. returning in
1927 to the Newberry Library as an assistant to the
Ayer Collection, becoming custodian in 1931. the
post she held on her retirement in 1962. Mrs. Butler
made it clear, however, that her career was not
"altogether Newberry." She has worked for extended
periods in the British Museum, the Public Records
Office, the Bibliotheque Nationale, the Biblioteca
Nazionale Marciana in Venice, the Archivio di Staro
in Florence, the Biblioteca Ambrosiana in Milan. the
Royal Library in Copenhagen, the Library of Con-
gress, the New York and Boston Public Libhrnes, and
the Harvard Library.
Following the award ceremony, Rossell Hope
Robbins, F.R.S. L.. spoke on witchcraft and its his-
tory. Author of the Encyclopedia of Witchcraft and
Demonology and A Hunter of Witchcraft in Libraries
at Home and Abroad, as well as numerous works on
English poetry and literature, Dr. Robbins had
followed his own dictum: go to the original sources
for the truth. He pointed out that, although the witch
cult was strongest in Germany and France, the
greatest number of books on the subject were printed
in English in England. He stressed the necessity for
researchers in the field to be aware that, because con-
fessions were usually obtained by torture and the
answers framed by the same persons who framed the
questions, every witch's confession must be suspect.
Conference-goers were offered a choice of tours on
Friday at the Chicago Historical Society and North-
western University or at the University of Illinois at
Chicago Circle and the Morton Arboretum. After
fruitful mornings, the travelers returned to the Drake
for lunch, exchange of experiences and opinions with
colleagues who took "the other tour," and Kenneth
Nebenzahl's delightful account, "Antiquarian Book-
selling in Chicago." He described the careers of some
of Chicago's notable book dealers beginning with
Steven F. Gale, who arrived in Chicago in 1835 and
opened the first general book and stationery store, a
shop that also dealt in musical instruments, cutlery,
and wallpaper. Gale's success was such that he

LC Information Bulletin

brought in his half-brothers, A. H. and Charles
Burley, to help him. In 1844, Gale was elected chief
of the volunteer fire department and later launched a
profitable railroad career, selling his store to the
Next on the scene was a bookseller from Hamilton,
N.Y., Samuel Chapman Griggs, who came to Chicago
in 1848 and built the "largest bookselling business in
the 'Northwest."' His successful publishing ventures
established him as the town's second publisher.
The close of the Civil War brought General Alexan-
der Caldwell McClurg back to Chicago and to the
shop in which he had been a clerk before the war.
The following year he bought an interest in his old
firm, S. C. Griggs & Co. Surviving more than one fire,
McClurg became the principal owner of the firm and
changed its name to A. C. McClurg & Co. Here, in
1877, he established the "Old English Book Depart-
ment," which Mr. Nebenzahl believes was "Chicago's
first specialist antiquarian or rare book enterprise"
and which became the famed "Saints and Sinners
Corner." The shop with its celebrated corner was
Chicago's brief "bibliophilic hangout" until the turn
of the century.
Years later, Carl Kroch bought McClurg's remaining
retail business, adding it to his own book store and
Brentano's Chicago operation to make it the city's
major retailing bookselling firm of Kroch's and
Brentano's, Inc.
General McClurg died in 1901 but he left George
M. Millard as head of the antiquarian book depart-
ment. Millard was one of the 15 founders of the
Caxton Club in 1895 and served as its president from
1907 to 1911. One of his assistants, Walter Matthew
Hill, left the firm to establish in 1899 the city's first
business "devoted exclusively to the sale of rare
books and manuscripts." Before coming to Chicago,
Hill had worked for booksellers in Bristol, England, in
New York, and in Boston. In Chicago he became one
of the top international book dealers, and as Mrs.
Harold F. McCormick's agent, he outbid J. P.
Morgan's librarian, Quaritch, Rosenbach, and others
at the auction of the Robert Hoe Library for the only
known copy on vellum of Wynken de Worde's 1512
edition of Helyas Knyght of the Swanne, a feat which
won for him the title "Ye Knighte of the Skye-
Bidde." The book is now in the Rosenwald Col-
Another one of Millard's assistants had been
recruited by General McClurg on a visit to Washing-
ton in 1889. One of 11 children in an impoverished
Virginia planter family, George M. Chandler had

moved to Washington, where he was working in a
bookstore. McClurg brought him to McClurg's as an
assistant in the rare book department, and Chandler
remained there until he opened his own shop in 1916.
He took with him his assistant. Arthur Halperin, to
whom he willed the business at his death in 1940.
Chandler's customers included three energetic
collectors-Eugene Field, Biship Bristol, and Dr. Gon-
zalez. Field could not compete financially with his
two rivals and when he found a book for which he
did not have the money, he was known to hide it in a
bin until payday.
Mr. Nebenzahl, admitting that Wright Howes did
not "fall strictly within the compass" of his remarks,
felt nevertheless that he could not talk about book-
selling in Chicago without mentioning the man who
had shared in "inventing" Western Americana and
who had played an important role in the development
of the Graff Collection. Because Howes was attracted
to the same kinds of materials that attracted
Nebenzahl, the latter had proposed that the two form
an alliance of some sort. He recalls that "... it took
him close to ten seconds of deliberation before simul-
taneously replying in the negative and pouring us
each another drink. His final words on the subject
were, 'I have learned to love taking it easy, and your
presence would undoubtedly disrupt my long-
nurtured tranquility."' One piece of advice that
Howes gave his friend, when he saw him laboring to
shelve a 12-volume Blaeu atlas, might be remembered
by many a book lover: "Always buy small books,
Ken; there are as many great small books as there are
large ones."
Howard Applegate, Vice Chairman and Chairman-
elect of the section, gathered the group together in
the afternoon for four accounts of widely differing
collections. David Woodward, Curator of Maps at the
Newberry Library, whose announced topic was "The
Center for Historical Cartography," declared that his
subject was really the neglect of maps. He pointed
out that there is no real training for people in the rare
map field and that there is no professional association
in this area, although, he confessed, the latter is
"probably a good thing." Only one journal exists in
the field, he said, and it comes out every six months.
"The books that we don't have in the field are
amazing," he declared, pointing out that there is no
"decent" translation of Ptolemy. One, published in
1932, is not scholarly and is out of print, selling for
as high as $200 a copy. There is no adequate history
of American cartography, he said, and the map collec-
tor has no such catalogs as are available to coin,


Augu t 4. 1972

stamp. paperweight, and oiher collectors. One side-
lighi that Mr. Woodward mentioned is the interior
decorator's current enthusiasm for maps, which has
raised map prices. The new center at the Newberry
L.ibrar), to be formally dedicated in November 1972,
will have the following functions: education, at all
levels, and for the post doctoral researcher, the
scholar, the collector, and the amateur: publications-
studies in the history of cartography, a newsletter,
and perhaps a monographic series: library, which will
include cooperative cataloging, the development of a
"decent map copying system." and the care of maps.
Gordon Williams followed Mr. Woodward with a
descriptive account of "Rare Books and Manuscripts
at the Center for Research Libraries" (CLR). When
the Center is completed, he said, it will have one of
the most complete collections on the corporate
history of railroading: carriages, blacksmithing, early
farming and farming technology, and textbooks are
among the other CRL strong points. It is actively
collecting contemporary children's books in pub-
lisher's bindings with dust jackets and has an unusual
store of foreign doctoral dissertations. Among its
other collections are ethnic newspapers, some of the
files of which are unique; popular magazines and
comic books, which are being collected on a current
basis; CCC camp newspapers of the depression days,
which have been used by a scholar doing a doctoral
dissertation on folklore. Stacks at the CRL rejoice in
triple-filtered air and in humidity and temperature
controls. Any dust in the stacks, Mr. Williams
claimed, has come in on books from member li-
braries. He added in a swift aside, however, that one
"shouldn't knock dust. Verner Clapp thought dust
might prove to be a good preservative."
Don L. Roberts, discussing the Northwestern Uni-
versity Moldenhauer Archive, took as a subtitle to his
talk, "Music History from Primary Sources." The
Moldenhauer Archive, recently acquired by the Uni-
versity consists of 10,000 items-complete works,
preliminary drafts, letters, and so on. It can be
divided into pre-20th and 20th century. Included are
such rarities as an unpublished piano version of
Haydn's 96th Symphony, Beethoven's copy of 23
pages of Mozart's "Don Giovanni" (at that time com-
posers learned by copying scores), five minor Mozart
works. Rimsky-Korsakov's orchestration of the coro-
nation scene in "Boris Godounov," a large group of
Massenet letters-by him, to him, and about him, and
materials by Krenek, Debussy, Mahler, and others.
The Webern archive is probably the most complete
extant archive on a modern composer. Anton Webern

was shot by an American occupation soldier in i' 15
hlien. because his wife Obieici'd to Li.Jr. he had
stepped outside to smoke. Mr. Roberts then told an
exciting tale of the discovery of the Webern archive,
which grew out of Hans Moldenhauer's intei.gaI iin
into the composer's death. All the classic ingredients
of a mystery story were there rec gritlon of the
Webern coat-of-arms on a woman's ring, which led to
a shabby shed and the forgotlen horde of diaries.
letters, scores, and manuscripts.
Margaret McFadden Smith from the University of
Chicago Library wound up the afternoon program
with an account of the papers of Sir Nichola- Bacon
of Redgrave Manor. Sir Nicholas, the father of
Francis, was Lord Keeper of the Great Seal under
Queen Elizabeth I. The collection grew naturally, for
Sir Nicholas in the 15th century was gathering lands
and estates and the papers proved his ownership. Title
to the lands was traced back as far as the 12th cen-
tury. In addition, the records were added to as time
went on. When the Bacon offspring married, the
records of land owned by the respective spouses were
added to the Redgrave collection. The papers include
laws, judgments, fines, and punishments for the lord
of the manor was also the judge. Added interest was
given to Miss Smith's paper on the following day,
when her listeners saw the exhibit of the Redgrave
Manor rolls at the Joseph Regenstein Library. The
collection was put on sale by Sotheby's in 1922;
about a third went to the British Museum; two-thirds
went to Quaritch and from there to the University of
Chicago. The Chicago collection contains around
4,000 items and is remarkable for its continuity:
Redgrave Manor can be traced straight through from
the 13th to the 18th century with only two short
gaps totaling 17 years.
Avid conferees reassembled in the same room that
evening to hear Carl Condit, Professor of Art and
Urban Affairs at Northwestern University, give an
illustrated lecture on architecturally important build-
ings in the Chicago Loop. Afterward, the most hardy
among the participants braved the chill wind off Lake
Michigan to take a night boat trip.
Early the next morning, buses carried the group to
the Regenstein Library, where visitors were free to
tour the building or examine the splendid exhibit. At
10:30 the Chairman, Robert Rosenthal, Curator of
the Department of Special Collections at the Chicago
Library, gathered the conference-goers together for a
welcome to "a relatively new building." He intro-
duced Sue Allen, also of the University of Chicago
Library, who took her audience on an entertaining.


LC Information Bulletin

and for some nostalgic, illustrated excursion through
Victorian bindings. When she had finished, most of
her listeners could understand and many could share
her delight in the sometimes quaint, often beautiful,
and always interesting bindings. Later, many of the
group gathered around the exhibit on the main floor
to see the actual books which Mrs. Allen's slides had
reflected on the screen. Following her talk, Mr.
Rosenthal returned to the platform to speak on the
"History of Science Collections at Chicago." A short
jaunt across the street brought the audience to the
Quadrangle Club for lunch and a paper, "Scholars and
Publishing" by Morris Phillipson, Director of the Uni-
versity of Chicago Press. The picture Mr. Phillipson
painted was not an optimistic one. Printing, binding,
composition, and other production elements equal 45
percent of the cost of a book, he estimated; 10
percent goes for royalties, and 45 percent for over-
head. Thus, it costs about $15,000 to publish a uni-
versity press book: $3,000 for composition, $4,000
for the edition cost of 2,500 copies, $1,000 for the
royalty, and $7,000 in overhead. Publication in
microfiche is one answer to the financial problems of
scholarly publishing but microforms do not offer the
advantages of a book in portability and accommoda-
tion to a reader's various needs. For every book the
University of Chicago publishes, he said, it turns
down ten. [Sarah L. Wallace]

The Acquisitions Preconference, subtitled "Focus
'72," sponsored by the Association of American Pub-
lishers and Resources and Technical Services Division
(RTSD) Joint Committee and the RTSD Acquisitions
Section of the American Library Association, was
held on June 22-24. It was a "follow-up" to the suc-
cessful Acquisitions Preconference of 1969 held at
Atlantic City, setting as its objective the atmosphere
to provide for the exchange of ideas among librarians,
publishers, and bookdealers and to seek solutions to
today's acquisition problems. After a preconference
overview by Norman Dudley, Assistant University
Librarian, Collection Development, University of
California at Los Angeles, the Preconference got
underway through a series of eight sessions including
a series of concurrent miniconferences held on the
evening of June 23.
Session I, "Acquisitions Today: A Close-Up
Picture," was moderated by Treadwell Ruml, Presi-
dent of Library Resources, Inc., and included com-
ments by Robert W. Frase, Vice President,
Association of American Publishers, who spoke on

"Legislation Affecting Publishers and Libraries." Mrs.
Roma S. Gregory, Head, Acquisitions Department,
University of Rochester Library, discussed
"Economic Realities: The Library Perspective," while
G. Theodore Zignone, Chairman of the Executive
Committee, Baker and Taylor Co., provided back-
ground on the economic factors governing publishing
and wholesaling. At the luncheon meeting, Carl B.
Hansen, Assistant Director, Columbia University
Press, introduced the guest speaker, Richard Sealock.
Executive Director of Forest Press.
Session II, "Standardization," looked at the need
for standardization in the acquisitions area and was
moderated by Daniel Melcher, Chairman of the
Board, Gale Research Co. Glen A. Zimmerman, Assis-
tant Chief of LC's Descriptive Cataloging Division,
provided background on the Cataloging in Publication
Program (CIP) at the Library of Congress and how
CIP could be used in a standardized acquisitions pro-
cedure. "Moving International Standard Book
Numbers Off Dead Center" was the topic discussed
by Arthur Brody, President of Bro-Dart, Inc. Paul
Vassallo, Director of the National Serials Data Pro-
gram, Library of Congress, introduced the Interna-
tional Standard Serial Number.
Session III, "Buying Antiquarian Books and
Scholarly Reprints," was moderated by W. Stuart
Debenham, Jr., Head of the Acquisition and Bibliog-
raphy Departments, Yale University Library. The
speakers included Hendrik Edelman, Associate Direc-
tor, Cornell University Libraries, representing the
librarians' point of view, Lewis M. Wiggin, Director of
Sales, Shoe String Press, representing the point of
view of the publisher and Sol A. Malik, Publisher of
AB Bookman's Weekly, who presented the book-
man's viewpoint on the subject.
Session IV, "Acquiring Current Print Media In-
cluding Microforms," was moderated by Peter Spyers-
Duran, Director of Libraries, Florida Atlantic
University. The format of this session allowed for the
presentation of problems from three speakers. Mrs.
Rebecca T. Bingham, Director of Media Services.
Louisville (Ky.) Public Schools, represented school
libraries. Thomas M. Bogie, Head of the Community
Living Division, Dallas Public Library, spoke for the
public libraries, and Sue Sahli. Associate Director for
Collection Development. Cleveland State University
Libraries, presented the point of view of academic
libraries. Acting as a reactor panel, three individuals
representing various types of publishing countered
some points and presented problems of their own.
Albert J. Diaz, Executive Director of NCR Microcard


Auguis 4. 1972

Editions, discussed inic rfonnrm. Rjlihjrd Abel. Presi-
dent of Richard Abel and Co., spoke about hardcover
books, and Roger Dami,. Publisher of HB'sitllcrv and
Media & Methids. discussed paperbound books.
Session V, "ALquiring Nonprint Media," was
moderated by James Haughey, Vice President, Educa-
tion Services Division. W. R. Grace and Co. Mrs.
Nancy C. Walker. Director of the Department of
Educational Media & Technology, Montgomery Co.
(Md.) Public Schools, discussed the problems and
operations of a large county school system. James P.
Jimirro, Director of International Sales Development,
Viacom International. Inc., summarized the advances
of the nonprint media and some of the recent devel-
opments and future aspirations of the growing media.
Session VI, "Acquiring Periodicals and Other
Serials," was moderated by Mrs. Abigail Dahl-Hansen,
Assistant University Librarian, University of Califor-
nia at Riverside. This session explored the periodical
and serials acquisition problems from many different
points of view, emphasizing the complex structure
often necessary for the fulfillment of services. Mrs.
Juanita S. Doares, Chief of the Acquisitions Division,
New York Public Library, outlined the problems
which confront libraries when the acquisition of
periodicals and serials is involved. The presentations
of the other three speakers completed the web of
services and problems involved in this area. Stanley
Greenfield, President and Publisher of Playbill Divi-
sion, Metromedia, Inc., provided background on the
role of publishers in the serials area. Philip E. N.
Greene, III, Vice President, Turner Subscription
Agency, Inc., represented the subscription agencies
and Roger Ayan. Vice President, NeoData Services,
concluded the program by presenting the role and
problems of subscription fulfillment agencies.
Session VII, the miniconferences which were con-
current group discussions, encouraged an atmosphere
for discussion by breaking down the more than 400
registered participants into smaller groups. The 11
groups covered the topics, "Audiovisual Material,"
"Cataloging in Publication," "Cooperative Acquisi-
tions Systems," "Government Documents," "Micro-
forms," "Out-of-Print Market," "Paperbacks,"
"Periodicals and Other Serials," "Standard Forms,"
"Standard Numbers," and "Vertical File Materials."
Session VIII had the inspired title of "Putting It All
Together." Warren B. Kuhn, Dean of Library
Services, Iowa State University, introduced the
speaker, Robert Sachs, Corporate Marketing Director,
Harper & Row Publishers, who did a masterful job of
summarizing 2 1/2 days of diverse, intricate discus-

sion on the area of acquisitions.
The Acquisition Preconference was concluded ,\ a
luncheon. Robert VVeLdgeur ih, Editor, Library Re-
sources & Technical Se ices, and ALA Executive
Director designate, spoke on "Acquisitions: A Ten
Year Projection." Theodore Wailler Presideni, Golier
Educational Corp., introduced Mr. Wed 'erworih.
IGlen A. Zimmerman]

Membership Meeting I was held on Tuesday after-
noon, June 27, President Keith Doms presiding. Mrs.
Allie Beth Martin, Tulsa City/County Library System
and Chairman of the Membership Committee, in-
troduced the screening of "Voices of ALA," a livel\
film that has been prepared for the promotion of
membership in ALA. William D. Murphy, Kirkland,
Ellis, Hodson, Chaffetz, & Masters Library, Chicago,
Chairman of the Constitution and Bylaws Committee,
presented for ratification amendments to the docu-
ments that had been passed by Council in the
The amended section of the bylaws dealing with
the composition of committees of Council ran into
rough weather and was remanded to Council for a
provision that would insure that the majority of such
committee members should be non-councillors and
that membership participation in the affairs of the
association should be extended as widely as possible.
Two resolutions were proposed by Gordon
McShean Dundee (Ill.) Township Library. The first
called for choices of ALA conference cities to be
dependent on ALA staff approval of the personnel
practices in the local hotels as being consistent with
ALA policies with respect to equal employment. This
resolution passed after the text was amended to
generalize and simplify the language. The other reso-
lution, aimed at combatting the tight employment
situation by reducing hours of work in libraries and
by soliciting voluntary commitments from employed
librarians to accept salary reductions, was not
adopted. [C Sumner Spalding]

Keith Doms made a special announcement to the
nearly filled International Room at the Conrad Hilton
at Membership Meeting II, extending an open invita-
tion to the special dedicatory ceremonies of the
Martin Luther King Library in Washington, D.C. the
week oi September 17. He then reported the results
of the selection and approval of the new members of
the Council Committee on Committees. Those chosen
to serve on the Committee were Russell Bidlack,

A-i -

LC Information Bulletin

Vivian Cazayoux, Grace Hightower, and Daniel
The attending members considered eight proposals
and heard the final report to membership by David
Cli f, retiring Executive Director, during the course of
the meeting. Following strict parliamentary proce-
dures, Mr. Doms expertly handled each item as it
came up for discussion and action. (Proposals 1 and 2-
were covered during the first Membership meeting on
June 27.)
Two items which produced lengthy discussion were
the resolution to aid libraries flooded by tropical
storm Agnes and a program to aid the large number
of unemployed librarians. On the unemployment
issue, the main point of disagreement was whether
the already existing National Registry of Librarians
should be strengthened or whether there was a need
to supplement this program with a job hotline service
in each State. This item lapsed with no action taken
as copies of the resolution were not available to the
members before the meeting was adjourned.
The chief item of discussion over the establishment
of an emergency committee on library flood damage
was whether or not the resolution should be extended
to include areas affected by all natural disasters.
Many felt that a long-range committee should be
established to serve as a clearinghouse to aid those
libraries affected by any natural disaster and to
provide technical information and funding. Other
members questioned the basic resolution, citing the
costs involved in funding such a committee in view of
the already overly taxed ALA budget. If donations
were put into a central fund, how would these funds
be handled in terms of distribution, supporting staff
costs, and so forth?
It was concluded that emergency action was needed
immediately for those libraries suffering from flood-
water damage. While it would be beneficial to have a
broader, long-term committee, because the damage
caused by each type of disaster varies, each situation
would need special technical information or assis-
tance relevant to that particular disaster. The resolu-
tion was passed covering only current emergencies in
flooded areas. Specifically, the resolution calls for a
committee to be established by July 1, 1972, by ALA
presidential action rather than waiting for the next
Council meeting for action to get things underway.
This committee is to identify and prepare a registry
of flood-damaged libraries, and the extent of damage
sustained by each. They are then to publish this infor-
mation, solicit and distribute financial contributions
to aid flooded libraries, and provide technical assis-

tance as needed. The committee is also directed to
work with the ALA Washington office drafting any
new legislation which might be necessary. It is hoped
that prompt action channeled through one committee
will insure the maximum benefits to libraries which
received flood damage.
Proposals on the following topics were passed after
brief discussion: (1) that Membership of ALA urge
library administrators in policy-making positions to
allocate budget and personnel resources to form
Friends of the Library groups at the local library
level; (2) that Membership of ALA initiate and
implement services to prisons, to insure adequate
multimedia library services and materials by support
of legislation and new or current prison library pro-
grams; (3) that Membership support the continuation
of providing child care services at future ALA confer-
ences for families of those attending; (4) that all
meetings be run in an orderly fashion following par-
liamentary procedures, including round table and
division meetings; (5) that an information center on
women be established, containing literature on the
reevaluation of the status of women, and that a
directory of this material be made available.
The proposal to publish in American Libraries the
decision of the Freedom to Read Foundation con-
cerning contributions to thePentagon Papers Defense
Fund was tabled. It was determined that this report
would routinely be included with the 1972 Annual
Conference coverage and, therefore, no special action
was necessary.
Toward the end of the meeting, Mr. Clift delivered
his final report, chiefly presenting farewell remarks
and thanks to all the members he had served for so
many years. After announcing several retirements, he
reported that Richard M. Gardner was returning as
the editor of Choice in the fall. He also introduced
Robert Wedgeworth as the Executive Director
designate. The members gave Mr. Clift a standing
ovation following his report, and shortly afterwards
the meeting was adjourned. [William A. Gosling]

The ALA Budget Assembly met Saturday morning.
June 24, with the Committee on Program Evaluation
and Support (COPES) on the platform, while
assembly members and a number of observers dili-
gently reviewed the 137-page "Tentative ALA Budget
for 1972/73." Followng an overview of COPES's
procedures and rationale for trimming budget re-
quests, LeRoy J. Gaertner, retiring Comptroller at
ALA Headquarters. guided the assembly page by page


August 4, 1972

through the entire budget, pointing out Npecitlc
changes from last year's figures and lihe frequent cuts
and rare increases over the 1972-73 requests, as well
as providing brief explanations of technical matters.
The many recommended cuts were indicative of the
nearly $850.000 gap between the estimated budgei-
:arv ceiling of $1,819,991 and requests totalline
Mr. Gaertner then explained the rules of debate for
the next two hours: a second go through the entire
budget. with one official spokesman from each
affected unit permitted a three-minute statement, and
a final open discussion when anyone could comment
on any part of the budget. More than a dozen spokes-
men took their three minutes to question, complain.
or cajole, with members of COPES occasionally
offering fuller explanations for their recommenda-
tions and in every case promising to reconsider
questioned items at their final meeting before sending
the final budget to the Executive Board for approval.
Among the more dramatic recommendations was
one calling for the complete abolition of the Inter-
national Relations Office, which had requested over
$47,500 for the coming year. Emerson Greenaway,
Chairman of the Committee on International Rela-
tions, rose to give a calm but urgent plea for the
restoration of the office, citing accomplishments in
its 16-year history and describing some of the conse-
quences of closing the office.
Ruth Frame, Executive Secretary of the Library
Administration Division (LAD), which was slated to
lose a half-time staff assistant, presented a LAD
proposal questioning the wisdom of taking $150,000
from endowment funds for operating costs, and
offering a number of specific suggestions for finding
at least $100,000 of that money through additional
cuts in other programs.
David Chft, retiring Executive Director of ALA,
was asked to respond to proposed cuts in head-
quarters maintenance expenses. He yielded his time
to Page Borden, President of the Headquarters Staff
Association, who gave an impassioned plea for recon-
sideration of the elimination of the position of lounge
attendant. "Please don't do nothing to Millie," was
the rallying cry, as Ms. Borden explained that this
issue was of such concern to members of the staff
that they had agreed to raise half of Millie's $4,725
salary themselves if COPES would restore the other
Ann Woodward, President-elect of the American
Library Trustees Association AltaA), spoke next to
convey ALTA's concern over the recommended

elimination of a full-time professional public relations
poiril'n. pointing out that stated ALA i,-.l called
for a massive public relations campaign which would
scarcely be carried out without such a specialist.
In the final discussion period, Richard L. I .lliig.
Chairnian of the Iltellectual Freedom Coininite'ce.
rose to protest the LAD suggestionn !thi half a posi-
tion in the Office for Intellectual Freedom (OIF) be
eliminialed, pointing out that 011 staff also worked
for the Awards Committee and tlhe Junior Members
Round Table, and that the granting of the 1972 ALA
Goals Award to the committee for the d.eelopmenl
of a prololype workshop on intellectual freedom had
greatly increased their workload.
Mrs. Allie Beth Martin, Chairman of the ALA
Membership Committee, and Richard Waters both
spoke in support of ALTA's objection to the
elimination of the public relations manager. Mrs.
Martin described the need for effective public rela-
tions in public libraries as second only to financial
needs, and asked how membership could be expected
to stop declining if services continued to be reduced.
Mr. Greenaway spoke again, this time on ways to
close the gap between receipts and desired expendi-
tures. Noting that the Annual Conference and Mid-
winter Meeting were the largest sources of income for
the Association, he suggested that the locations of
future conferences be carefully chosen to insure
maximum registration, and that "ALA days" be insti-
tuted at regional meetings to reach those who could
not attend a Conference.
The discussion ended with congratulations to
COPES from Jim Holly, Director of the Evergreen
College Library, who praised the new procedures and
clarity of the budget presentation this year.
Bill DeJohn, incoming Chairman of COPES, then
gave a brief report on new proposals for the dues
schedule, and described procedures for eliciting
reactions to the proposals from both present and
lapsed members.
The meeting closed with a tribute to Mr. Gaertner
for his 18 years of service to the Association.
[Pamela A. Wood]

The Committee on Program Implementation
(COPI), the advisory board to the Staff Committee
on Mediation, Arbitration and Inquiry (SCMAI), met
Saturday afternoon. With Keith Doms presiding, the
committee considered the problem of overlappiing
responsibilities between SCMAI and the Office for

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LC Information Bulletin

Library Manpower. The Program of Action
Mediation, Arbitration and Inquiry adopted at the
1971 Annual Conference, which established SCMAI,
provided that all investigative actions and recommen-
dations for sanctions be made by SCMAI to the
Executive Board. But the Activities Committee on
New Directions for ALA (ACONDA) recommen-.
dation establishing the Office for Library Manpower,
also adopted in 1971, gives similar responsibilities to
that office. A draft report presented by Ruth Frame,
Deputy Chairwoman of SCMAI, outlined the history
of this conflict, and recommended that all sanctions
be the responsibility of SCMAI as the Manpower
Office's primary areas of concern should be those
such as standards and education. This division of
labor would have the advantages of separating the
regulatory function from the investigative, reducing
the number of people involved in particular cases,
thus making it easier to maintain confidentiality, and
retaining the present relationships among SCMAI,
COPI, and the Executive Board. A resolution that
SCMAI's responsibilities be distinct from those of the
Manpower Office was passed and forwarded to Coun-
cil at the Friday meeting.
The next item on the agenda was a discussion of
the information meeting planned for Thursday
evening during the Conference. The meeting, how-
ever, was cancelled because it conflicted with the
Social Responsibilities Round Table program.
[Pamela A. Wood]

Mrs. Priscilla Moulton, Chairman, convened the
meeting of this committee of the Resources and
Technical Services Divisioin's Cataloging and Classifi-
cation Section on June 25.
Glen Zimmerman, Assistant Chief of LC's Descrip-
tive Cataloging Division, presented a progress report
on the Cataloging in Publication program (CIP),
stating that 200 publishers are currently participating
in the CIP program and that from July 1971 through
June 1972, 6,500 adult and juvenile titles have been
cataloged. He added that publishers' complaints had
been few and in each case a working agreement had
been reached with the company.
Mrs. Carol Nemeyer, Senior Associate of the
Association of American Publishers (AAP), presented
a statement from the AAP which would be mailed to
publishers urging them to include their children's
books in the CIP program.

Jessica Harris, School of Library Science, Columbia
University, presented the results of a survey she con-
ducted with Theodore Hines also of the School of
Library Science, in which commercial processing
companies were polled to determine their awareness
of LC children's literature cataloging as the national
standard adopted by ALA. They mailed question-
naires to all the processors listed in Barbara Westby's
1969 Library Resources and Technical Services
shortly after the 1972 Midwinter Meeting. Usable
responses were returned from 20 out of a possible 51
In addition to the specific inquiry on the cataloging
standard, information was solicited on the cataloging
used by processors if not LC's cataloging, their prob-
lems in adopting or implementing the recommended
standard, and the effect of the CIP program on their
policies in regard to the recommendation.
Twelve of 20 processors had been aware of the
policy. There seemed to be some misunderstanding
among other processors that the practice referred to
the use of LC cataloging and not the use of LC cards.
Replies to the additional questions could not be tabu-
lated, but in general, replies were favorable and
especially enthusiastic about any advanced cataloging
that could be furnished.
An afternoon meeting was scheduled for the cata-
loging committee to respond to questions from com-
mercial processors regarding the questionnaire, but as
none of the processor were present, Miss Harris
summarized the questionnaire for those not present
at the morning meeting and answered questions. Miss
Harris and Mr. Hines will publish an article on the
survey shortly. but as none of the processors were
present, Miss
The remaining time was spent in a theoretical
discussion of "curricular" headings and their stan-
dardization. [Treva Turner]

The ad hoc Committee on New Directions for the
Resources and Technical Services Division (RTSD)
met on Monday and Wednesday evenings. Charged
with responsibility for developing ideas or proposals
on possible reorganization and topics of relevance for
RTSD, the Committee discussed at length the
ACONDA-ANACONDA Joint Report and pinpointed
elements which were of significant importance to
RTSD. A blueprint for study was developed and will
become the working document for discussion and
decision making over the next year. The committee


August 4, 1972

will present a written report to the president of
RTSD. outlining the proposals and recommending
courses of action.
Committee members are Mary K. Dewers of North-
western University Library, Maria Larson of
Pnnceton University Library, Gary Scales of the Uni-
versity of Tennessee Library, Edith S. Scott of the
Hennepin County (Minn.) Library, and Glen A.
Zimmerman. Chairman, Library of Congress. Joe
Treyz, Director of Libraries at the University of Wis-
consin, is the committee's resource person.
[Glen Zimmerman]

The Intellectual Freedom Committee meeting on
Monday morning was chaired by Richard L. Darling,
Dean of the Columbia University School of Library
Service, who introduced Newton N. Minow, former
Chairman of the Federal Communications Com-
mission (1961-63), now a Chicago attorney and
author of Equal Time: The Private Broadcasters and
the Public Interest.
Mr. Minow began his remarks about cable television
(CTV) by stating that if the United States were being
founded now, there would be different political
boundaries. Television signals, with a range of 75 to
80 miles, determine a sense of community "probably
far more important" than State lines and know no
political boundaries. They have changed America
fundamentally, making television a dominant force in
giving information and shaping opinion. Although
CTV began as a means of receiving television signals
in mountainous areas, it can be broadcast today by
microwaves and actively competes with regular broad-
casting, which must appeal to many people. CTV on
the other hand, can appeal to small groups and still be
commerically successful; it also makes truly local pro-
gramming possible.
The ALA, in the FCC proceedings establishing regu-
lations over CTV, asked for "public access" channels.
While the book is the "greatest teaching machine ever
invented" and will not fade away, video casettes
provide a basic way to get information and are
essential to libraries, which will be storehouses of
video cassette programs; therefore, libraries, as
centers for distribution of information, should be in-
volved in CTV. There can be CTV channels for chil-
dren, for news, and for repeated programs. Although
only about 10 percent of the population now has
CTV, in five years most people will receive programs
by CTV.
The following points were made during the

question-and-answer period. Although there is a copy.
right problem with CTV, a compromise probably will
be made and some copyrighted material used without
payment. Most people will continue watching televi-
sion for entertainment, but open programming will
give a choice. Action is required at the local level
before the FCC will act to set aside a channel for
public access. Experience shows that the poor, far
from being excluded from CTV because of the cost,
are the first to subscribe and do not cancel. CTV is so
vital that ways should be found for those too poor to
pay to receive it. In a recent welfare case, a television
set was regarded as indispensablee to human life."
Among CTV's implications for libraries are the fact
that it may be possible to send hard copy over CTV.
It will change the way readers get information,
possibly providing newspapers, shopping, entertain-
ment, work at home, school at home, and library
books. Some libraries are getting free hookups to a
local cable and becoming viewing stations; franchises
often provide for free hookups for schools and li-
braries. Mr. Minow concluded his remarks on CTV by
saying he wanted "to get librarians thinking about it
and involved in it."
Part II of the meeting was a report on the work of
the last six months of the Freedom to Read Founda-
tion by its President, Alex P. Allain. On May 5, the
Foundation took an unprecedented step "on behalf
of librarians" and filed suit in Federal District Court
in California against the State's "harmful matter"
statute. According to the suit, the State, by threaten-
ing criminal prosecution, is coercing the library pro-
fession on the basis of personal judgment, a total
restraint upon freedom of the press. The suit main-
tains that librarians must not act as censors, they can-
not legally act as censors, and if they do act as
censors they can be legally enjoined by authors, pub-
lishers, and parents. If the suit is successful, the Foun-
dation believes, it will provide a wall between the
librarian and crusading district attorneys.
[Suzy Platt]

The ISAD MARC Users Discussion Group met on
June 26. The informal discussion, led by Frederick
Kilgour, Ohio College Library Center, concerned a
questionnaire to inventory the computer programs of
MARC users, a report on current MARC activities by
Mrs. Henriette Avram, and a proposal to form a
MARC Advisory Council.
In response to questions regarding the questionnaire
Al Warheit, IBM, reported that the questionnaire,



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LC Information Bulletin


which was mailed by ISAD, is intended to compile an
inventory of computer programs utilized by MARC
users. The inventory will be published by ERIC. In
answer to the concern expressed over the time re-
quired to fill out the questionnaire, Mr. Warheit
explained that the intent was for a generalized
response describing systems and subsystems rather
than detailed programs.
Mrs. Avram described current Library of Congress
MARC activities including the beginning late in 1972
of an A/V tape service, MARC expansion to include
French language materials in fiscal year 1973
(depending on funding), the addition of another lan-
guage in fiscal year 1974, and the availability of
48,000 1968 RECON titles in the near future. The
time delay between printed cards and MARC tapes
was discussed as was the full implementation of the
Card Division's automation program. Mrs. Avram
stated that recommendations for future RECON
endeavors would be covered in the Working Task
Force Report, to be available soon. There were
several favorable expressions from users regarding the
inclusion of CIP records in the MARC Distribution
Mr. Kilgour's proposal to form a small MARC
Advisory Council to communicate the needs of
MARC users to the Library of Congress was presented
and discussed. No decision as reached but a recom-
mendation was made that further discussion be held.
[Barbara Roland]

This committee of the Information Science and
Automation and Library Education Divisions met on
Monday afternoon. Tefco Saracevic's paper on "The
Application of Knowledge-Communication System
Models to Library/Information Science Education Pro-
grams" was intellectually stimulating. Since some form
of communication is common to all libraries, Mr.
Saracevic classed libraries as one kind of communica-
tion system and one based on value systems. There is
danger of conflict between the value systems of the
users and those of the library, and Mr. Saracevic de-
plored, in an aside, the current emphasis in library
science education on decision-making instead of inves-
tigations into the operational-communication process.
Information science is also a communication system
but information science education differs from library
science education in that it is basically oriented to
knowledge/information systems. Subject knowledge is,
however, common to the curricula of both and Mr.
Saracevic closed his presentation with a table illus-
trating the general elements of subject knowledge in
librarianship and information science which might con-
stitute a basis fora common model.
In response to the many enthusiastic compliments on
his polished performance, Mr. Saracevic admitted that
the presentation was not new but was part of his course
at Case Western Reserve, a fact that probably accounts
for the well-designed handouts and the transparencies,
the last of which were cartoons which might be classed
as academic humor. [Edith Scott]

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