Library of Congress information bulletin


Material Information

Library of Congress information bulletin
Portion of title:
L.C. information bulletin
Running title:
LC information bulletin
Abbreviated Title:
Libr. Congr. inf. bull.
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Library of Congress
The Library
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C


serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Art and archaeology technical abstracts
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Public Affairs Information Service bulletin
Library literature
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 31, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1972)-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000484231
oclc - 02566556
notis - ACQ2099
lccn - 83-641631
issn - 0041-7904
lcc - Z733.U57 I6
ddc - 027.573
nlm - Z 733 L697
System ID:

Related Items

Preceded by:
Information bulletin (Library of Congress)

This item is only available as the following downloads:

Full Text
Al: /./7.'



JLJ ,_. .-...J ..

Vol. 31, No. 25


He was a man of infinite vision. His interests were
boundless, his intellectual energies unlimited. Literate
in the highest sense of the word, he commanded
language, literally ordered it, to give both meaning
and action to his thoughts.
He was proud of his Library and proud to be a
librarian-in his view, a communicator. His pride was
tempered with wit and humor-he could laugh at
human peccadillos, among them his own; but he
laughed more with delight than with malice, for he
found life in all its forms an adventure of enduring
appeal. He took delight in his family, his colleagues,
his work; in music, art, literature, the sciences and
technology; in dining well with convivial company.
All-work, study, play-were good fun.
His devotion to libraries and librarians was unflag-
ging. He thought their problems not his burden but
his challenge, and he was persistent, even stubborn in
the cause of creative solutions. He was dedicated to
the book for its art as much as for its content; to
printing for its technology as well as for its art; to
technology as a handmaiden to knowledge.
And he was civilized. Immensely civilized. As a man
is when he steeps himself in a broad knowledge of
humanity's long rise toward civilization.
All these qualities he used to translate his inner
image of libraries and learning into countless realities.

,- ,;- -~ 'T~
~ iv

-~'~ *11

June 23, 1972

Verner W. Clapp died last Thursday morning, June
15, at the Alexandria Hospital in Virginia. His friends
paid a memorial tribute to him at 2:30 p.m. on Tues-
day, June 20, in the Library's Coolidge Auditorium.
The Librarian of Congress, L. Quincy Mumford,
presided and introduced three speakers: William S.
Dix, Librarian of Princeton University; Frederick H.
Wagman, Director of the University of Michigan; and
David C. Mearns, the Library's Honorary Consultant
in the Humanities and a colleague from the beginning
of Mr. Clapp's career. Their remarks will be reported
next week.
Attending with his friends were his wife of nearly
43 years, Dorothy Ladd Clapp; their three children,
Mrs. Joseph H. Roe, Jr., Verner Warren Clapp, Jr.,
and Mrs. James F, Bromley; and their 11 grand-
children. The family asked that, in lieu of flowers,
contributions be sent to the Verner W. Clapp Publica-
tion Fund in the Library of Congress.
Born on June 3, 1901, in the Transvaal, Verner
Warren Clapp was the son of George Herbert Clapp,
an American citizen from New Hampshire engaged in
business in Johannesburg, and May Sybil Helms, the
daughter of a Danish mining engineer, who had
ventured from her London home to the Union of
South Africa in 1896 to work in a Transvaal law
office. Married in 1898, the Clapps returned to the
United States in 1905 and settled in Poughkeepsie,
N.Y. From that city's public schools, the future

ov- --.

LC Information Bulletin

V -

* Y 0t

* O T. S

Bound Newspaper Volumes Available ... 287
Children's Books for the Handicapped 286-287
CIP Data in Publishers Weekly . ... 288
Credit Union Employee Becomes U.S. Citizen 283-284
Exhibit Marks Anniversary of Publication

of Portuguese Epic .
G & M Acquisition .
Human Relations Council and
Committees to be Established
ISO Sponsors Two Seminars .
LASB Reviews Handbook .
LC Begins Major Book Move .
LC Publications Win Top FEA Ai
Library of Congress Publications
Service for Domestic Newspapers
Staff News . .
Visitors to LC . .
Verner Warren Clapp .
Appendix-Semiannual Report

. .. 282-283
. .. 282

. . .. 279
. . .. 287
. . .. 287
. .. 280-281
wards 281-282
. .. 286
Curtailed 279
. .. 284-285
. . .. 283
. .. 275-279
. .. A-77-A-96

librarian went to Trinity College in Hartford, Conn.
There he became captain of the track team, a member
of Sigma Nu fraternity and Phi Beta Kappa, and a
1922 graduate with an A.B. degree.
His spectacular career in librarianship began just a
half century ago with summer employment in the
Library of Congress. After graduate work in philoso-
phy at Harvard University in 1922-23, he returned to
the institution that was to be his working home for
33 years and was to claim his affection for the rest of
his life.
His first job was cataloging manuscripts, the second
(in 1923) began five years as a reference librarian in
the Main Reading Room. Armed with the lively
curiosity, quick intellect, and racing energy that
characterized him, he became the first head of the
Library's Congressional Unit when it was organized in
the 1920's to provide special services to Congress. It

was in this period that he met Dorothy Devereux
Ladd, then an assistant book buyer in a Washington
department store; they were married on August 24,
Named Special Assistant to the Superintendent of
the Reading Rooms in 1931, he became Assistant
Superintendent in 1937. In addition to the latter
post, he directed the affairs of the (then) Division for
the Blind while braille and talking books were being
expanded and regional lending libraries established. In
the 1930's, too, he prepared a short-title checklist of
the books in the Jefferson library that Congress had
purchased in 1815 to replace its war-destroyed books;
his analysis of the early LC catalogs served later to
inspire-and laid the groundwork for-the Library's
Jefferson Bicentennial project to publish a catalog of
the original library, a project he instigated. In 1936
he and David Mearns prepared an exhibit about LC
resources for the Texas Centennial Exposition at
Dallas; perhaps intrigued by a Jefferson manuscript
with a prophecy of Texan greatness, they "passed the
hat" among their colleagues and added a reproduc-
tion of Houdon's bust of Jefferson to the exhibit;
that work is now enshrined in a marble niche of the
Great Hall. The pair collaborated, too, in compiling
The Constitution of the United States: An Account
of Its Travels Since September 17, 1787 (LC, 1937),
and Magna Carta: The Lincoln Cathedral Copy Exhib-
ited in the Library of Congress (LC, 1939).
The Magna Carta, sent to the United States for safe-
keeping at the outbreak of World War II, joined this
Nation's most priceless documents at LC-the Decla-
ration of Independence, the Constitution of the
United States, and the Articles of Confederation.
After Pearl Harbor, it was Mr. Clapp who executed
their-evacuation from Washington and their preserva-
tion at Fort Knox, Ky.
Meanwhile, with the Library's reorganization into
four departments in 1940, Mr. Clapp had become the
first Director of the Administrative Department and
was modernizing its fiscal procedures. He became,
too, the first Director of the Acquisitions Department
when it was created in 1943. There, with the Govern-
ment relying on LC for strategic information and
with books hard to produce, he changed the emphasis
in book selection from subject to area, established
new channels to world booktrade, and obtained
Foreign Service help in acquisitions.
He met notable postwar challenges. At the war's
end, he directed the Cooperative Acquisitions Project
to procure for LC and 112 other American libraries
some 2 million research items produced in Europe


June 23, 1972

Mr. and Mrs.
C lapp at his
in 1956.

Delivering a
book in the
Main Reading
Room in the

David Mearns, Archibald MacLeish, and VWC examining the Declara-
tion on its return in 1944 from its wartime home at Ft. Knox, Ky.

VWC, the then Princess Elizabeth, and the Duke of
Edinburgh at the Library in 1951.

With President Truman at Jefferson Papers Launching CIP July 13, 1971. William Welsh, Mrs. Carol Nemeyer (Associ-
publication ceremony at LC, May 17, 1950. ation of American Publishers), and Mr. Clapp.

LC Information Bulletin

during or before the war and to assist the Army in
screening captured documents in Germany. In Berlin
in 1946, he negotiated successfully with U.S.S.R.
military authorities for the release of bookstocks held
in Leipzig on pre-war orders from some 50 American
libraries. In 1945-46, he supervised a project to gather
enormous stocks of surplus textbooks from military
installations and distribute them at minimal cost to
colleges and universities during a shortage of text-.
books for returning veterans.
In 1945, too, Mr. Clapp was detailed to organize a
library for the United Nations Conference at San
Francisco-the beginning of the UN Library at New
York, which he served later as a consultant. He took
part, too, in getting the UN Charter printed in five
languages in five hours in San Francisco, and he con-
tributed essentially to the placement of sets of the
Conference's enormous documentation in 40 libraries
around the world and to the effort that produced
their publication in 12 volumes.
In December 1947, Mr. Clapp was named Chairman
of the U.S. Library Mission to Japan to advise on the
establishment of a National Diet Library. With Dr.
Charles Harvey Brown of Iowa State College, the
mission completed its work in two months-planning
legislative reference, bibliographic, and national
library services and obtaining legislation in a special
Diet session. The two men received General Mac-
Arthur's personal compliments for their unusual
speed and accomplishment. In 1968, during cere-
monies celebrating the NDL's 20th anniversary and
dedicating its new building, the Government of Japan
conferred upon Mr. Clapp the Order of the Sacred
Treasure in recognition of his contributions to NDL.
On March 5, 1947, he had been appointed Chief
Assistant Librarian of Congress. It was a popular
appointment, and the post gave him scope for his
great interest in research libraries, in the Library of
Congress in particular, and- for cooperative efforts
among libraries. He was chairman of the governing
committee of the Dewey Decimal Classification and
active in the American Library Association, the Asso-
ciation of Research Libraries, the Special Libraries
Association, the American Association for the
Advancement of Science, and the Bibliographical
Society of America. He served on numerous boards
and commissions and was often a United States dele-
gate to international bibliographical conferences.
From July 4, 1953, until September 1, 1954, when
the office of Librarian of Congress was vacant, he
served with distinction as the Acting Librarian of

In 1955, two conferences of librarians were held at
the Folger Shakespeare Library to consider means to
solve the critical problems of research libraries and to
apply scientific knowledge to library needs-among
other topics vital to libraries. The following year, the
Council on Library Resources, Inc., was organized
with a grant from the Ford Foundation, and Mr.
Clapp was invited to head the new Council. Although
his heart remained with the Library, the challenge to
his inventive and wide-ranging mind was his meat and
drink for the next 16 years.
He "retired" as Chief Assistant Librarian of Con-
gress in September 1956, with Librarian Mumford
speaking of the Library's loss and of "leadership that
has greatly enriched this institution-and has
redounded to the benefit of the entire library world."
The staff honored him at a "retirement" party with
the creation of the Verner W. Clapp Publication Fund
to issue, notably, facsimiles of historic and rare mate-
rials in the collections-in salute to his enduring
interest in sharing the Library's treasures and his
devotion to great printing.
The rest is well-known current history in the library
world. As President of the Council on Library Re-
sources in 1956-67 and Consultant to CLR thereafter,
his inventive mind and extensive knowledge of librar-
ies found the scope he needed to work for libraries
and librarians everywhere. He went where the
problems were, he talked, he listened, he thought,
and he acted. (And always-throughout his life-he
wrote extensively and persuasively in more than 200
contributions to professional literature.) The results
were the countless imaginative projects, sometimes
stunning in their magnitude, that he stimulated with
personal interest and effort here and abroad. He gave
his services to the Decimal Classification for many
years, his advice and support to the National Union
Catalog of Manuscript Collections, the retrospective
National Union Catalog, MARC, the development of
LC's classification for Anglo-American law, and-
perhaps his favorite-Cataloging in Publication.
Librarians expressed appreciation in the Lippincott
Award, the Melvil Dewey Medal, a special citation
from SLA. When he "retired" again in 1967 to be-
come a full-time Consultant to CLR, Chairman
Whitney North Seymour of the CLR Board of Direc-
tors could say: "Mr. Clapp has made the Council
... significant throughout the world .... He also
helped to stimulate research ... that led to the devel-
opment of a permanent/durable ... paper."
Last week Mr. Mumford told the staff in a special
message: "When I became Librarian of Congress in


June 23, 1972

1954, his three decades of experience were invaluable
to me. His integrity, courage, forthrightness, intelli-
gence, broad learning, sense of humor, and unfalter-
ing devotion to scholarship and to the Library of
Congress were evident in everything he did for this
institution." Recalling the LC activities initiated
through his interest and CLR generosity, Mr.
Mumford concluded: "His enormous contributions to
the Library of Congress are permanent monuments to
his memory."
CLR President Fred C. Cole, describing him as "a
universal scholar and teacher," noted: "To the last he
pressed himself continuously to increase his own
knowledge in order to serve his profession and his
fellow men."
He had become, ultimately, the library world's da


In an effort to provide additional opportunities for
effective communication between staff members and
management personnel in the Library of Congress and
to continue to work toward the achievement of the
most productive and satisfying work situation
possible for all members of the Library staff, the
Librarian has asked departments and divisions to
work with him in forming, on an ad hoc basis, (1) a
Human Relations Committee in each of the Library's
six departments and in the Office of the Librarian
and (2) a Library-wide Human Relations Council
The ad hoc Human Relations Committees are to be
established according to whatever pattern seems most
appropriate within a particular department, but they
should reflect, insofar as is practical, the composition
of the departmental staff in regard to sex, age, grade,
and race. The Committees will consider areas of con-
cern to staff members in their department and will
discuss these matters with their respective department
directors, who will respond to them in as effective a
way as possible. Matters which a Committee believes
are of Library-wide concern may be presented by the
individual Committees to the Human Relations
Council, which will have one representative elected
from each of the seven Committees. The Human
Relations Committees will each elect their chairman
and other officers, will meet periodically, and will
report to their respective department directors. These
committees are expected to be formed by August 1.

The ad hoc Human Relations Council, which will
be representative of the entire Library, will consider
topics of general staff concern, especially those condi-
tions and situations which if not resolved cause or
may cause complaint or discontent. Areas of possible
concern to the Council may include methods of
strengthening communications at all levels, considera-
tion of general staff or supervisory problems that may
exist, and other general matters of Library-wide con-
cern. Neither the Committees nor the Council should
deal with specific complaints which can be handled
through other groups, such as the Equal Opportunity
Office (LCR 2010-3) or the Employee Relations
Office (LCR 2020 series), in accordance with
established Library grievance procedures.
As explained above, the Council will be composed
of one representative each elected by the individual
departmental Human Relations Committees. These
representatives will elect from their number the
Council Chairman and any other necessary officers.
The Council will receive recommendations and re-
ports on Library-wide matters from the individual
Human Relations committees. The Council will make
written recommendations or reports to the Librarian
no less than four times a year and will arrange confer-
ences with the Librarian, the Director of Personnel,
and/or other members of Library management as
Department directors, division chiefs, section
heads, and other management personnel are asked to
cooperate in the organizing and functioning of these
staff groups. All staff members are encouraged to sub-
mit to their departmental committee suggestions and
comments that will lead to improved work relation-
ships throughout the Library of Congress.

Service for Domestic Newspapers Curtailed

The Serial Division collection of bound news-
papers from the United States is being moved from
Deck 6, North and South in the Annex Building to
the Duke Street facility as part of a major Library-
wide book move and stack cleaning program. As a
result, service on the collection during the next 6
to 8 weeks will be curtailed. The collection is
being moved in alphabetical order by states; as
groups of states are moved, the titles affected will
be unavailable for use. After the entire collection
is relocated, service will resume on a 24 to 48-hour
basis according to procedures now in effect for
foreign bound newspaper requests.



During the next three years, virtually every book in
the Library of Congress' general collections-nearly 9
million volumes occupying over 600,000 linear feet
of space-will be relocated and the stacks will be
cleaned in a major effort to relieve overcrowded condi-
tions in the deck areas of the Main and Annex Build-
Planning for the program has been underway for
the past three years by the Reference and the Admin-
istrative departments. Three to five-year projections
of the growth of individual classes in the collections
were prepared by the Stack and Reader Division and
became the basis for a continuously-updated reloca-
tion plan. The present form of the plan is the result
of a cooperative effort on the part of the Buildings
Management Office, the' Collections Maintenance
Office, the Stack and Reader Division, and the Refer-
ence Department Office. Priority attention has been
given to the relief of the most severely-crowded seg-
ments of the collections.
Work began on the program in 1971 with the reor-
ganization and rearrangement of Class H, the largest,
most heavily used, and most seriously overcrowded
portion of the general collections. Recent decisions to
transfer the domestic bound newspaper collection to
the Library's Duke Street facility and to provide
additional funding for the move have added impetus
to the program.

The move of the 50,000-volume newspaper collec-
tion, which began on June 12, will free some 40,000
square feet of space in the Annex Building. The space
represents the amount needed to accommodate both
the current overflow of books and additions to the
collections over the next three years.
In the course of the shift, all the classes in the
general collections, with the exception of Class K
(Law) and Class M (Music), will be moved. Among
the most immediate improvements will be the con-
solidation of Class A (General Works) on Deck 4

LC Information Bulletin

The relocation of books from
the Library's seriously over-
crowded stacks begins with the
cleaning, reading, and mo ving of
books. To the left, Willie New-
ton reads the call numbers to
place books in proper sequence
and interfiles the volumes stored
on the floor with those on the
shelves. Behind him, Dwight
Moore loads the books on a cart
for transport to a clean deck
area. Both men are from the
Collections Maintenance Office.
Below, Stack Cleaners Reginald
Young (front) and Charles
Rogers clean the lighting fix.
tures in an empty deck as part
of the stack cleaning program
Both men are from the Build-
ings Management Office.

i mnv m-rD 1 g

June 23, 1972

South in the Annex. the relocation of Class N (Fine
Arts) on Deck 6 South in the Annex near the Prints
and Photographs Division; and the expansion and
relocation of the burgeoning Class Q (Science) on
Deck 6 in the Annex.
The shift of the collections will relieve the seriously
crowded situation which has existed in the stacks for
more than a decade. In areas where shelf space is no
longer available, it has become necessary to store
books in the aisles, spine side up and stacked in
double and triple layers. The resultant damage to
book bindings has become a serious preservation
problem. In many cases, the books have fallen into
such disarray that they can be retrieved only with
great difficulty and delay. It is estimated that
213.000 volumes, or a total of 17,211 linear feet of
books, presently lie on the floors of the two Library
The relocation program is also expected to prepare
the way for the arrangement of the collections in the
Main and Annex Buildings following completion of
the Madison Memorial Building.
The current three-year project will be a monumen-
tal task. According to Emmett G. Trainor, Collections
Maintenance Officer, the book cleaning and moving
phase alone would take one man working eight hours
a day more than 37 years to complete. The Collec-
tions Maintenance Office, which will be in charge of
the cleaning, reading, and moving of books, has hired
14 new employees for the project. The crews will
move into a predetermined deck and begin their task
by placing the books in proper sequence and incorpo-
rating those volumes on the floor with those on the
shelves. The workers will dust the books with a vac-
uum cleaner and wipe the bindings with treated
cloth, cart the books to a refurbished deck area, and
place them on the shelves.
After the books have been removed from a deck,
the area will be cleaned from top to bottom, a task to
be handled by the Buildings Management Office. The
Office has assigned 10 men to work full-time on the
project under the supervision of Samuel T. Collette,
Head of the Building Services Section. Teams of stack
cleaners will remove all the metal shelving and wash it
by machine. The machine, originally designed to wash
windows but adapted to clean shelves, will reduce
substantially the amount of time needed for washing
and make it possible for the stack cleaners to keep up
with the pace of those cleaning and moving books. In
addition to washing shelves, the men will clean light
fixtures, paint the upright shelf frames and deck
walls, and, in the Main Building, wash and seal the

porous marble floors. Most decks in ihe Main Build-
ing have not been scrubbed from floor to ceiling since
the building was construct Jd in 1897.
While cleaning and shifting of books is underway,
service of the collections will be continued. The
books will be unserviceable only during the brief time
they are in transit from one deck to another or from
one building to another.
The extensive program is a major step toward the
improvement of the working environment in the deck
areas and toward improving service to readers. During
the past 10 years many improvements have been
made in the Main Building, among them the replace-
ment of incandescent lighting by modern fluorescent
lights; installation of modern air-conditioning to
replace the air-blowing method which circulated dirt
and dust into the stacks, and the completion of a fire
retardation program during which stairwells and
floors were enclosed.


Four Library of Congress publications were cited
for excellence of content, design, and presentation at
the Federal Editors Association's Ninth Annual
Awards Banquet, held on June 13, at the National
Press Club.
In the face of increasingly stiff competition in the
FEA's annual government-wide contest, the Quarterly
Journal of the Library of Congress and Contemporary
Photographs From Sweden, a catalog prepared in con-
junction with an LC exhibit of photographs by the
TIO group and edited by Anne Whiting, were judged
by a panel of experts to be the best entries in their
respective classes. Talking Books and Multiple Sclero-
sis received a third-place award in its category, and
Missouri; the Sesquicentennial of Statehood, edited
by Martha Irwin, received honorable mention. LC
publications are designed by Mrs. Kathryn Burke. The
first-place certificates were accepted by Sarah L.
Wallace, Publications Officer of the Library, from
Senator Charles Mathias of Maryland, who before
presenting the awards discussed the essential role of
communications in government.
The luncheon program also included a campaign
speech by James Boren, NATAPROBU candidate for
President of the United States. Mr. Boren outlined
the principles advocated by his organization-the
National Association of Professional Bureaucrats-and

LC Information Bulletin

showed considerable facility in following his own
dictum of "when in doubt, mumble." To demon-
strate his concept of "dynamic inaction," Mr. Boren
employed a three-dimensional organization chart
which graphically displayed position/function orien-
tation at substructural interfaces between contiguous
operational entities as well as middle-management
maximum-visibility inputs based on internal-construct


"A sketch of the action between the British forces
and the American provincials on the heights of the
peninsula of Charlestown, the 17th of June 1775,"
the first published map of the battle of Bunker Hill,
has been acquired by the Geography and Map
Division. The engraved plan, which measures 33% by
30% centimeters, shows lines of march and battle
positions in color. Thomas Jefferys and William
Faden are the map publishers and the printing date is
given as August 1, 1775. The newly-acquired map will
be cataloged and added to the Division's large
collection of printed and manuscript maps relating to
the Revolutionary War.
In 1864 the Library of Congress acquired a collec-
tion of 101 maps which had been assembled by
William Faden, a well-known 18th-century map pub-
lisher and Geographer to the King of England. One
manuscript map in the Faden collection (No. 30) is
entitled, "Sketch of the Action between the British
Forces and American Provincials on the Heights of
the Peninsula of Charlestown, the 17th June 1775."
In the lower left comer of the manuscript map
appears the name of the cartographer, John Humfrey,
1775. A comparison of Humfrey's manuscript map
with the engraved map by Jefferys and Faden sug-
gests that the latter is based on the Humfrey manu-
script. Both maps are at the same scale and show
approximately the same detail. The engraved map,
however, does not include the detailed information
for the town of Boston that is indicated on the manu-
script map. Both maps may be examined in the
Geography and Map Reading Room, 845 S. Pickett
St., Alexandria, Va. [Donald A. Wise]


An exhibit marking the 400th anniversary of the
publication of Os Lusiadas, by Luis de Cam6es, is

now on display in the Hispanic Society Room. The
exhibit appropriately coincides with the National Day
of Portugal, celebrated on June 10, for Cam6es is the
great national poet of Portugal. He died on June 10,
1580, shortly before King Philip II seized the Portu-
guese throne and initiated 60 years of Spanish domi-
nation over Portugal.
In Os Lusiadas, Camoes places the greatest
emphasis on the heroic exploits of Vasco da Gama in
rounding the Cape of Good Hope and reaching India
in 1498, but the poet also covers the broad sweep of
the history of the westernmost nation in Europe and
touches upon its most valiant figures. Steeped in the
classical tradition and endowed with a creative
imagination, Cam6es combined the stirring events of
Portuguese history with frequent allusions to the gods
and to episodes of mythology in a manner that
earned him the imprimatur of the Holy Office of the
Inquisition and the privilege to publish from the
young King, Dom Sebastian.
Cam6es himself was no stranger to the places and
exploits that he described in Os Lusiadas. His ability
to write fluent and polished verse gave him early
entr6e into high circles but an indiscreetly plotted
drama offended the royal family and led to his exile
from Lisbon and the court. The exile was commuted
to service in the wars against the Moors in Africa,
where he lost an eye in battle at Ceuta. Upon his
return to Portugal, his high spirits and personal
animus against a prominent member of the court led
to his imprisonment. After months in jail he was
pardoned, but only to find that he was subject to
three more years of service abroad as a soldier.
The poet arrived in Goa, on the Indian Continent,
in 1553 after a long and perilous voyage. Periods of
arduous fighting there and in the Persian Gulf alter-
nated with periods of loneliness and disillusionment,
were occupied by writing for himself and on behalf of
others. As the end of his required military duty
approached, his writings and frank expressions of
opinion led once more to trouble, in spite of his
friendship with the Portuguese Governor of India.
Fortunately, the Governor could secure an official,
and not too taxing, post for Camoes as Trustee for
the Dead and Absent in the newly-founded Portu-
guese settlement of Macao. There he spent some of
his most tranquil and productive years, eventually ter-
minated by the intrigues of his enemies and his recall
to Goa on a charge of mismanagement of accounts. A
shipwreck in the Mekong Delta interrupted his pas-
sage to India, but he was reputedly able to save the
precious manuscript of Os Lusiadas and continued his

June 23, 1972

writing among the Cambodians until he could board a
ship for the rest of the \o% age to Goa. There. several
years passed, followed by a period in Mozambique,
before Camoes .i.lin reached his beloved Lisbon in
1570, where he begaiin his efforts to publish his major
The current e\hibii contains several editions of Os
Lusiadas. The earliest are dated lit)", 1612, and
1631: the last of these is a miniature volume printed
by Pedro Crasbeeck in Lisbon. The earliest translation
is a Spanish version which was one of two published
in 1580. the first English edition, translated by
Richard Fanshawe and published in London in 1655.
bears witness to the Anglo-Portuguese tradition of
friendship Illustrative material on Camoes and other
versions or selections from Os Lusiadas complete the
display prepared by the Latin American, Portuguese,
and Spanish Division. The exhibit will be on view
from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m., Monday through Friday,
until August 31.


Charles H. Stevens and Roderick G. Swartz, Execu-
tive Director and Deputy Director respectively of the
National Commission on Library and Information
Sciences, spent three days at LC in mid-May to
become better acquainted with some of the opera-
tions and staff of the Library. Their visit included the
Photoduplication Service. Card Division, Slavic and
Central European Division. Congressional Research
Service, Geography and Map Division, Exhibits
Office. Division for the Blind and Physically Handi-
capped. and Copyright Office.
David C. L. Holland, Librarian of the House of
Commons, Westminster, England, visited the Library
June 1-2. Although he was primarily concerned with
operations of the Congressional Research Service, he
also had a general tour. and an opportunity to meet
some officials from other parts of the Library at a
luncheon in the Whittall Pavilion.
Mrs. Rita Sievanen-Allen, a librarian in the Helsinki
University Medical Library in Finland, visited LC on
May 30. A former member of the Library staff, Mrs.
Allen had many friends to see in the Processing
Department. She also conferred with John G. Lorenz.
Deputy Librarian of Congress, concerning IFLA busi-
Mrs. Diana Yehudai. Chief Cataloger of the Central
Library. Tel Aviv University. visited LC on May 22 to
observe operations in the cataloging divisions.

R. iii,m ld '.idll. Deputy I i of the I ,i,,,l
borough University of Tehi, l,1,, Leicester,
I ngl.ind. toured the I ihi.iry on \M.i 12. His chief
interest was in the MARC Development Office.
Mr. and Mrs. Alan Rees of Hobart, Tasmania,
visited LC on May 11. Mr. Rees is on the staff of the
library of the University of Tasmania and Mrs. Rees is
at Christ College. They were interested in cl.i-.,ilia.
tion and in the acquisition of serials.

In the LC Int',riinatihai Bulletin June 2, p. 245, visi-
tors from the Republic of China were incorrectly
stated. The visitors were Chi Hung Liu, President of
National Chengchi University; Chiang Fu-tsung,
former Director of the National Central Library and
currently Director of the National Palace Museum;
and Tu-Jen Su, Librarian of the National Palace
Museum, all from Taipei. The editors regret the error.


Mrs. Laura Curlett, an employee of the Library of
Congress Credit Union, became a United States citi-
zen in ceremonies held in Baltimore, Md., on Friday,
June 9. Mrs. Curlett, whose excellent command of
English makes it difficult to believe her native lan-
guage is Spanish, came to the United States from
Cuba with her mother, grandmother, and sister in
1966, and has lived in the Washington area ever since.
Not long after her arrival here, she met and married
her husband, Lawrence, a native of Delaware who had
moved to Washington in 1965. She has been an
employee of the Credit Union since February 1969.
Mrs. Curlett, who began studying English in kinder-
garten, completed her high school education in
Havana in 1966. She has also had several years of
formal training in piano; hers is a musical family, she
says, and she would like to pursue her work in piano
again when time allows. Right now, however, in
addition to her job, she has a family to look after-
her husband and her two children. Edward, who is
five years old, and David, aged three. The Curletts
make their home in Hyattsville.
Although impressed by the naturalization cere-
monies, Mrs. Curlett's first reaction was one of glad-
ness that the long process was finally complete: a
two-year period before establishing residency,
another three years, if married to an American.
before being eligible to apply for citizenship, the oral

LC Information Bulletin

examination on American government, and then the
wait for the naturalization ceremony itself. Not at all
complacent about her new citizenship, Mrs. Curlett is
aware both of the problems that Americans must
solve as well as of the many benefits she will enjoy.
Recalling the unpleasant memories of economic
deprivation and loss of personal freedom in Cuba,
where her brother is still living, Mrs. Curlett is quick
to note, in the light of her own experiences, the irony
that so many native Americans think their lives are
unduly harsh; she wonders, after living six years
under a communist government, about their attitude
toward their social and economic condition. While
the communist revolution in Cuba may have brought
about some beneficial reforms, such as universal
education, Mrs. Curlett observes, "I'd rather have my
On Tuesday, June 13, the staff and board of the
Credit Union congratulated Mrs. Curlett on her new
citizenship and presented her with an American flag.


George Bunch, Study Facilities Assistant in the
Stack and Reader Division, was killed in an auto-
mobile accident on Sunday, June 11.
Mr. Bunch, who was born in Aulander, N.C., on
January 28, 1944, came to the Library of Congress as
a Deck Attendant in December 1970 and was
appointed to the position he held at the time of his
death in November 1971. He was a 1966 graduate of
Southwestern High School, Windsor, N.C.
Among his survivors-are his wife, Mildred, and his
two-year-old daughter, Lesly Ann. Burial services
were held in North Carolina on June 17.

Dorothy A. Linder, Assistant Chief of the Cata-
loging Division, Copyright Office, retired on May 12
after nearly 22 years of Federal service.
A native of Minneapolis. Minn., Mrs. Linder began
her library career in 1927 as a part-time employee at
the Minneapolis Public Library while she was attend-
ing college. She received her bachelor's degree in
music and library science from the University of
Minnesota in 1929.
In 1934, Mrs. Linder was appointed Head of the
Music Department of the Minneapolis Public Library,
where she also served as editor of Index to Folk
Dances and Singing Games, which was published by

the American Library Association in 1936. In 1947,
she became Music Librarian at the University of
Mrs. Linder moved to Washington, D.C., in 1950,
and joined the staff of the District of Columbia
Library, where she served as Assistant Chief and then
Chief of the Music Division. She joined the Copyright
Office Cataloging Division as Assistant Head of the
Music Section in November 1953 and was promoted
to Head of the section in 1957. In 1968, she assumed
the position she held at the time of her retirement.
Mrs. Linder has been an active member of the Music
Library Association.

On Friday, June 2, William J. Welsh, Director of
the Processing Department presented a 30-year
Federal Service Award pin to Brenda L. Maillard, a
Shelflister in the Subject Cataloging Division.
Born in Kingston, Jamaica, West Indies, Miss
Maillard resided in New York from 1923 to 1942
before coming to Washington, D.C. From June 1942
to September 1956, she worked as a Personnel Clerk
with the War Department, Office of the Surgeon
General, Military Personnel Branch, where she
received a letter of appreciation from her supervisor
for a job well done.
Miss Maillard joined the staff of the Library of Con-
gress in October 1956 as a Library Assistant in the
Cyrillic Bibliographical Project. a job she held until
September 1969, where she assumed her present posi-
tion. She attended Howard University from
1944-1947 and George Washington University from
Kate M. Stewart, Manuscript Historian in the Manu-
script Division. was presented a 20-year Federal
Service Award pin on June 1 by Roy P. Basler, Chief
of the division.
Miss Stewart began her career in the Library as a
Searcher in the Card Division in July 1952, and the
following year was promoted to the position of
Manuscripts Assistant in the Manuscript Division. On
January 15. 1959, she received a Meritorious Service
Award for devotion to duty and contribution to the
Library in connection with preparation of the
Theodore Roosevelt Centennial Exhibit, and for her
sound professional accomplishment. She has held in-
creasingly responsible positions in the division and
has served as Manuscript Historian since 1969.
Miss Stewart graduated from Flora Macdonald Col-
lege (now St. Andrews University), Red Springs. N.C.,
and took postgraduate courses at the University of

June 23, 1972

New Mexico and American University. Before coming
to the 1 of Cong Tes, s>.iff, she was a le.iching
assistant at Flora Ma 'donald College and the Univer-
sity of New Me\ico. researcher to the Attorney
General of Texas, and a free-lance researcher.
The author of several articles on historical figures
and their papers, her most recent is "Theodore
Roosevelt. Hunter-Naturalist on Safari," which
appeared in the July 1970 Quarterly Journal of the
Library of Congress.

In connection with his activities on Task Group 5
of the National Bureau of Standards (NBS) and on
the X3K5 Technical Committee of the American
National Standards Institute (ANSI), Theodore E.
Leach, Chief of the System Development and Stan-
dards Office in the Information Systems Office,
served as a United States delegate to the International
Standards Organization TC97/SCI Ninth Meeting on
"Computers and Information Processing Vocabulary"
in Paris on May 15-19. Mr. Leach is participating in
the development of an international standard vocabu-
lary for information processing. As a member of the
NBS and ANSI committees, he is also involved in the
development of both a Federal vocabulary and an
American national dictionary for information pro-
Rubens Medina, Chief of the Hispanic Law Division
in the Law Library, prepared a paper which was pre-
sented at the Inter-American Bar Association's 27th
Annual Conference in Quito, Equador, on April
24-28. The paper, written in both Spanish and Eng-
lish, was entitled, "Empirical Elements in the Study
of Legal Problems," and formed the basis for an
important resolution adopted at the conference.
Mr. Medina's paper recommended that law schools
include basic courses in such subjects as the social
sciences in their curriculum, and suggested that legal
scholars become more aware of social problems and
encourage desirable changes. He also recommended
that government stimulate those in the legal pro-
fession to undertake research in social problems by
providing the necessary means, including financial.

Appointments: David S. Ball, deck attendant trainee, GS-3,
Ser, 2805; F. Dean Brown, searcher-filer, GS-5, Cat Publ,
2730; Robert Charles, clerk-typist, GS-4, Cop Cat, 2748;
John T. Guidas, library technician, GS-8, GR&B, 2755; Helen
M. Houff, library technician, GS-5, Cat Publ, 2730; Guy A.
Lushin, reading room assistant, GS-2, S&R, 5-600; Katherine

K. Makari, descriptive cataloger, GS-9, Desc Cat, 2.aiI1; Los
Ann Movshin, clerk-typist, GS-4, Proc, 2839; Gerald E. Reid,
Jr., computer progl.inirnlr. GS-I 1, ISO. 2736.
Temporary Appointments: Donald C. Hoye, Jr., nuil clerk,
GS-3, CRS D, 2726; Karen Rinta, secretary trainee, GS-4, CS,
Reappointments: Geney E. Hall, publications clerk, GS-3,
Cop Cat. 2722; Larry C. Mangum, clerk, GS-3, DBPIl. 2622.
Promotions: JoE llen T. Calvin, to correspondence unit
supervisor, GS-6, Cop Exam, 2774; Jacquelyn B. Darden, to
senior copyright examiner, GS-12, Cop Exam, 2699; Judith
B. Frazier, to issue desk attendant, GS-5, S&R, 2819; Nancy
H. Lawrence, to senior copyright examiner, GS-12, Cop
Exam, 2699; Renetta McCoy, to proofsheet clerk, GS-5,
Card, 2812; Marvin Moses Pearsall, CRS-D, to warehouseman,
WG-5, Card, 2762; Patricia M. Pettigrew, to proofsheet clerk,
GS-5, Card, 2812; Leo J. Willette, to issue desk attendant,
GS-5, S&R, 2819.
Transfers: Michael J. Boland, S&R, to serials collection
assistant, GS-3, CRS L, 2770; Flora B. Dean, CRS EP, to
assistant division secretary, GS-5, CRS ED, 2807; Alfred J.
Freeman, Jr., CMO, to warehouseman, WG-5, Card, 2762;
Anna Limar, Cop Ref, to cataloger, GS-9, Share Cat, 2745;
Ruby W. Ragin, Loan, to fiscal records clerk trainee, GS-4,
FMO, 2838.
Resignations: Jennifer Bergeson, Desc Cat; Anne L.
Craffey, Cop Serv; Michael J. Foster, S&R; Robert L. Furr,
Jr., S&R; Audrey Greene, ISO; Robert N. Hough, Jr., Cat
Mgmt; Hugh C. Keenan, Jr., CRS A; Marilyn L. Liebrenz, LL
Eur; William F. McDonald, Cop Serv; Robert H. McGowan,
Mss; Patricia A. Moss, Place; Jared F. Ryker, LL 0; Laura J.
Squiers, Subj Cat; Lynn Perri Ulm, Cop Exam.


The Library will observe Tuesday, July 4, as a
holiday in accordance with the provisions of the law.
All offices and reading rooms will be closed; the
Library's exhibition halls will be open from 11 a.m.
until 9:30 p.m.

Ramona Camille Bowie and James H. Johnson were
married on Saturday, May 20, in Washington, D.C.
Mr. and Mrs. Johnson are both Library Technicians in
the Science and Technology Division.

The second child of Mr. and Mrs. Kimberly W.
Dobbs, a daughter, Erin Lorraine, was born on June
10 and weighed 8 lbs., 13 oz. The proud father, a
former Special Recruit, is the Executive Assistant in
the Office of the Law Librarian.

LC Information Bulletin


LC Science Tracer Bullet: Sickle Cell Anemia (TB
72-2). May 19, 1972. (5 p.) Compiled by Leroy D.
Davis, Science Reference Librarian, to serve as a point
of departure and research guide for more extensive
research on this subject, this Tracer Bullet is the
second in a new series recently inaugurated by the
Science and Technology Division (see LC Information
Bulletin, May 19, pp. 219-20). Copies of Sickle Cell
Anemia are available free on request from the Refer-
ence Section, Science and Technology Division,
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540.
National Register of Microform Masters, 1970. (x,
1,148 p.) 1972. For sale by the Card Division,
Library of Congress, Building 159, Navy Yard Annex,
Washington, D.C. 20541, at $12.50 a copy to non-
subscribers; free to subscribers as part of the National
Union Catalog.
Now available in a new format, the 1970 issue of
the National Register of Microform Masters is the
largest to date, containing over 62,000 titles in 1,148
three-column pages. For the first time, all mono-
graphic and serial titles are listed in one alphabetical
sequence by main entry, enabling users to consult
listings directly without first looking up the LC cata-
log card number. As a consequence, this issue of the
Register will be useful as an independent reference
tool, apart from its value as a supplement to the
National Union Catalog. Entries are much fuller than
before and cover foreign and domestic books, pam-
phlets, serials, and foreign doctoral dissertations held
by 100 libraries and 35 commercial producers. News-
papers are listed in a separate publication, News-
papers on Microfilm.
Libraries and other producers wishing to report
microform masters for inclusion in this publication
should write to the Catalog Publication Division,
Library of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540.
Selected Sources of Information and Materials for
Environmental Education, recently compiled by the
National Referral Center of the Science and Tech-
nology Division is an informal 12-page listing of
organizations that will provide information, geared to
various age levels, on educational programs and mate-
rials on the environment. Included for each of the 35
organizations listed is its address, telephone number
(if appropriate), and a brief annotation usually indi-
cating the information services it is prepared to pro-
vide to the public or other categories of users, the
scope of its interests, activities, and publications,
holdings, and data collections. A list of 10 selected

publications relevant to environmental education is
Selected Sources of Information and Materials for
Environmental Education is one of a number of such
listings prepared on a variety of topics over the past
16 months by the National Referral Center. Earlier
topics relating to the environment include air, ther-
mal, oil, and noise pollution, solid wastes, pesticides,
hazardous materials, and the biological effects of radi-
ation. One list on social affairs covers welfare,
employment-unemployment, consumer affairs, juve-
nile delinquency, prisons and prison reform, and
public health. Related lists cover drug abuse and
alcoholism, urban affairs, population, law enforce-
ment, vocational rehabilitation, and vocational
guidance and education. Other miscellaneous topics
include wood products, aviation, and library automa-
tion. Copies of any of these lists may be obtained free
from the National Referral Center, Science and Tech-
nology Division, Library of Congress, Washington,
D.C. 20540.


The semiannual meeting of the Library of Congress
Advisory Committee on Selection of Children's
Books for the Blind and Physically Handicapped was
held on June 9 and 10 at The Free Library of Phila-
delphia, Pa.
Mrs. Carolyn W. Field, a committee member, and
Coordinator of the Office of Work with Children of
The Free Library of Philadelphia was hostess for the
session. The site of committee meetings is rotated
among the library locations of the members.
The committee recommended 44 new book titles
for production as talking books or in braille, and also
made general recommendations regarding titles for
selections at the elementary level in the sciences. At
its next meeting in November, the members will pre-
sent evaluations of some 80 additional new titles and
also will make recommendations for selections from
among the growing number of magazines for children.
All committee recommendations are considered by
the Division for the Blind and Physically Handi-
capped when selections are made of books for pro-
duction of braille and talking books.
Those attending the meeting were Mrs. Augusta
Baker, Office of Children's Services. New York Public
Library; Margaret Skiff, Coordinator of Children's


June 23. 1'T7

Services. Cuyahoga County Public 1 ibrar Clevel.and,
Ohio. a new member; and from the Libra.iN of Con-
gress, Virginia Haviland, Head of the Children's Book
Section. General Reference and Bibliographl Divi-
sion; Mary Jack Wintle. Assistant Chief for Acquisi-
tions. DBPH; Mrs. Catherine Wires, Selection
Assistant, DBPH: and Mrs. Linda Redmond. Chil-
dren's Librarian, also of DBPH. Miss Winile gave a
review of national program developments and
activities, including plans for producing some cassette
books for children.
At a luncheon, the committee was joined by a
group which included Keith Doms, Director of The
Free Library of Philadelphia and incumbent President
of the A.L.A.


The Information Systems Office sponsored two
automation seminars during the month of May.
The first seminar, held on May 11, dealt with
"SUMSTAT: Federal Summary Statistical Data Pro-
ject" and was conducted by Mitchell A. Krasny,
National Technical Information Service, who pre-
sented the objectives of SUMSTAT and the overall
system design concepts. Mr. Krasny also described
SUMSTAT products and services which will be avail-
able to users, including a catalog, scheduled for May
1973. describing the Government-wide summary data
bases which are available.
"MEDLINE: Medical Literature, and Re-
trieval System On-Line" was the topic of the second
automation seminar sponsored by ISO. The May 30
seminar was conducted by David B. McCarn of the
National Library of Medicine who presented the
history of the MEDLINE development and the
system objectives. Mr. McCarn discussed MEDLINE
system performance and operational experience with
the service utilizing a national data communications
network: and presented a live demonstration of the
service as it is currently operating at Lister Hill,
National Center for Biomedical Communications.


The Library of Congress has uncut bound volumes
of three newspapers which have been replaced in its
collections by microfilm. They are the Herald of

Calgary. Canad.i. 1931-1961 (2 vhliu's);,'il, New
York, June 18, 104ol-June 22, 1''4.N (73 ,lulii-ws).
and Spokesman Review, Spokane, Wjslliintn July
1804-1 elut.iiry 1957 (-4.S, ',lnIwis) These volumes
will be made available at no charge to U.S. Ilun,.r ics
which wish to have them and are willing to pay the
cost of p.aking and shipping. Requests will be
honored in order of receipt, and should be addressed
to the Chief. Exchange and Gilft Division, Library of
Congress, Washington. D.C. 20540.


The Advisory Board of the Handbook of Latin
American Studies held its first meeting since the
spring of 1968 on May 26 in the Library's Woodrow
Wilson Room. The major objective of the meeting
was to review the progress of the Handbook over the
past four years and to discuss trends, problems, and
prospects. The editor also informed the members of
the changes adopted by the Handbook in its con-
linuing effort to better serve the needs of the
academic and library communities.
Advisory Board members attending the sessions
were Charles Gihbiin. University of Michigan, Chair-
man; Cole Blsier, University of Pittsburgh; Frank N.
Dauster, Rutgers University; Joseph Grunwald,
Brookings Institution; Javier Malagon of the General
Secretlarial, Organidati,,n of American States. Betty J.
Meggers, Smithsonian Institution; Anibal Sinchez-
Reulet, University of California at Los Angeles; James
R. Scobie, Indiana University; Kempton Webb,
Columbia University; and Bryce Wood, Social Science
Research Council. Absent was George WI the of Wash-
ington. D.C.
Library of Congress participants included Paul L.
Berry, Director of the Reference Department. Earl J.
Pariseau, Acting Chief of the Latin American, Portu-
guese, and Spanish Division; Mary E. Kahler. Assis-
tant Chief of the Division. Donald E. J. Stewart,
Editor of the Handbook of Latin American Studic~.
Dolores M. Martin. Assistant Editor; and Maria Elena
Dubourt, Assistant to the Editor and Rapporteur.
Also ai ending the meeting was Francisco Aguilera,
former Editor of the Handbook and former Secretary
of the Advisr,,ry Board.
Following the morning session, the Advisory Board
members were guests at a luncheon in the WhNttall
Pavilion given in their honor by the Librarian of Con-
gress and attended by other Library officials. That

LC Information BulletL1

evening, a reception was held in the Whittall Pavilion
honoring the Advisory Board members and Con-
tributing Editors of the Handbook.


Since August 1971 R. R. Bowker Co. has been
using Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication

data in the Weekly Record section of Publishers
Weekly. The CIP data, which is printed on the verso
of the title page of a new publication, is used to
supply valuable information for entries appearing in
the weekly listing. If the LC catalog copy is not avail-
able at the time the CIP title is received by Publishers
Weekly, entries are prepared immediately from the
LC CIP data. These entries are identified by the
phrase, "Listing prepared from CIP."


Vol. 31, No. 25

June 23, 1972

JUNE 1972


LC Appropriations for Fiscal 1973
Funds for the Library of Congress for fiscal 1973
have not received final approval as of this writing.
The bill making appropriations for the Legislative
Branch is in Conference Committee.
The House approved a total of $78,161,450 for the
operation of the Library and the Senate has approved
the amount of $78,576,450.
Included in these totals is $4,000,000 for furniture
and equipment (primarily compact shelving) for the
Library of Congress James Madison Memorial Build-
ing. The House approved $36,040,000 for "LC
Salaries and Expenses," and the Senate approved
$36,455,000. The House amount would allow for 21
new positions and the Senate would allow for 25.
For the operation of the Copyright Office, both
Houses approved a total of $5,041,000. This recom-
mendation provides for 18 additional positions to
operate the new registration system for sound record-
ings pursuant to Public Law 92-140.
The Senate concurred in the House allowance of
$9,155,000 for the Congressional Research Service,
an increase of $1,989,000 over fiscal 1972 appropria-
tions. This increase will provide for 86 new positions
and for the establishment of an information center in
the Senate Office Building.
The House and Senate agreed on an appropriation
of $10,275,000 for the distribution of catalog cards,
an increase of $526,250 over fiscal 1972 appropria-
The Library's request for $1,118,650 for books for
the general collections, an increase of $145,650 over
appropriations for fiscal year 1972, was approved.
For books for the Law Library, $181,500, an increase
of $25,000 from the previous year, was allowed.
The National Program for Books for the Blind and
Physically Handicapped was allowed the request of
$8,892,000, an increase of $337,000 over fiscal 1972.
This increase will provide for additional reading
materials and four new positions.
The Senate and House approved an appropriation
of $2,903,000 for the P.L. 480 Program. Of this

amount, $276,000 is hard-dollar support and
$2,627,000 is in U.S.-owned foreign currencies.
In addition to funds for furniture and equipment
for the Madison Memorial Building, $435,300 was
recommended for recurring needs for furniture and
Under funds appropriated to the Architect of the
Capitol, the House approved $1,516,400 for Library
Buildings and Grounds and the Senate approved
$1,531,400. The Senate figure would provide for
funds for an architectural and engineering study pro-
posed for modifications to the Coolidge Auditorium.

The Equal Employment Opportunity Act of 1972
On March 24, 1972, the President signed into
Public Law (PL. 92-261) the Equal Employment
Opportunity Act of 1972. The Library of Congress
was included in the Act by an amendment offered in
the Senate by Senators Alan Cranston and Peter H.
Dominick. This amendment had the support of the
Librarian of Congress and the Chairman of the Joint
Committee on the Library.
The pertinent portion of the Act that will affect LC
staff follows:

Sec. 717. (a) All personnel actions affecting employees or
applicants for employment (except with regard to aliens
employed outside the limits of the United States) in military
departments as defined in section 102 of title 5, United
States Code, in executive agencies (other than the General
Accounting Office) as defined in section 105 of title 5,
United States Code (including employees and applicants for
employment who are paid from nonappropriated funds), in
the United States Postal Service and the Postal Rate Commis-
sion, in those units of the Government of the District of
Columbia having positions in the competitive service, and in
those units of the legislative and judicial branches of the
Federal Government having positions in the competitive serv-
ice, and in the Library of Congress shall be made free from
any discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, or
national origin.
(b) Except as otherwise provided in this subsection, the
Civil Service Commission shall have authority to enforce the
provisions of subsection (a) through appropriate remedies,
including reinstatement or hiring of employees with or with-

LC Information Bulletin

out back pay, as will effectuate the policies of this section,
and shall issue such rules, regulations, orders and instructions
as it deems necessary and appropriate to carry out its respon-
sibilities under this section. The Civil Service Commission
(1) be responsible for the annual review and approval of a
national and regional equal employment opportunity plan
which each department and agency and each appropriate unit
referred to in subsection (a) of this section shall submit in
order to maintain an affirmative program of equal employ-
ment opportunity for all such employees and applicants for
(2) be responsible for the review and evaluation of the
operation of all agency equal employment opportunity pro-
grams, periodically obtaining and publishing (on at least a
semiannual basis) progress reports from each such depart-
ment, agency, or unit; and
(3) consult with and solicit the recommendations of inter-
ested individuals, groups, and organizations relating to equal
employment opportunity.
The head of each such department, agency, or unit shall
comply with such rules, regulations, orders, and instructions
which shall include a provision that an employee or applicant
for employment shall be notified of any final action taken on
any complaint of discrimination filed by him thereunder. The
plan submitted by each department, agency, and unit shall
include, but not be limited to-
(1) provision for the establishment of training and educa-
tion programs designed to provide a maximum opportunity
for employees to advance so as to perform at their highest
potential; and
(2) a description of the qualifications in terms of training
and experience relating to equal employment opportunity for
the principal and operating officials of each such department,
agency, or unit responsible for carrying out the equal
employment opportunity program and of the allocation of
personnel and resources proposed by such department,
agency, or unit to carry out its equal employment oppor-
tunity program. With respect to employment in the Library
of Congress, authorities granted in this subsection to the Civil
Service Commission shall be exercised by the Librarian of

In addition, the law places jurisdiction in the
United States District Courts for legal actions brought
by Federal employees who have exhausted their
administrative procedures with respect to charges of
discrimination. The Library, as is the Civil Service
Commission, is currently drawing up an expanded
Equal Employment Opportunity Program in order to
implement the various provisions of the Act.

Higher Education Act
The omnibus education bill (S. 659), which pro-
vides for the continued authorization of Higher
Education Act programs, was reported out of con-
ference on May 17, 1972. This Act will be known as
the "Education Amendments of 1972." The confer-
ence committee recommended the following funding
authorizations for the National Program for Acquisi-
tions and Cataloging (NPAC):
FY 1972 $ 9,000,000;
FY 1973 12,000,000;
FY 1974 15,000,000;
FY 1975 9,000,000.
Another provision states that no later than March
31 of each calendar year the Librarian of Congress is
to transmit to the respective committees of the Con-
gress having legislative jurisdiction over this part of
the program and over the Library of Congress and to
the respective Committees on Appropriations of the
Congress a report evaluating the results and effective-
ness of acquisition and cataloging work done under
this part, based to the maximum extent practicable
on objective measurements, including costs, together
with recommendations as to proposed legislative
action. The first such report is due in March 1973.
From fiscal 1966 to fiscal 1971 NPAC funds were
appropriated to the Commissioner of Education for
transfer to the Library of Congress for this program.
For fiscal 1972, however, NPAC funds were appropri-
ated directly to the Library in the Legislative Branch
Appropriations bill and hearings for fiscal 1973 funds
have already been held by the Legislative Branch
Appropriations Subcommittee. The Senate amend-
ment in S. 659 proposed elimination of the HEW
transfer authority, with the result that funds would
have continued to be appropriated directly to the
Librarian of Congress for carrying out the purposes of
part C. There was no comparable House provision,
however, and the Senate acceded to the House on this
matter in the final Conference recommendations for
the Education Amendments of 1972.

Copyright Legislation
At the beginning of the year it had been indicated
that action by the Senate Judiciary Committee on the
copyright revision bill, S. 644, was awaiting the
issuance by the Federal Communications Commission
of rules governing the carriage of broadcast signals by
cable television systems. The rules were issued by the
FCC and became effective March 31, 1972, but no
action by the Senate committee has ensued and none


June 23, 1972

is now expected during the present session of Con-
The new act extending copyright to sound record-
ings, P.L. 92-140, approved October 15, 1971,
became effective on February 15, 1972. It provides
protection against the unauthorized reproduction and
distribution to the public of sound recordings fixed,
published, and copyrighted between February 15,
1972 and December 31, 1974. Copyright registrations
for sound recordings are now being made in the
Copyright Office in steadily increasing numbers and
are presenting novel problems.


On March 15, 1972. the President transmitted to
the Senate, for its advice and consent to ratification,
the Universal Copyright Convention as revised at Paris
on July 24, 1971. The President's message to the
Senate was accompanied by a report of the Depart-
ment of State which recommended approval of the
revised Convention, as did the President's message
itself (Senate document Executive G,92nd Congress,
2nd Session). A number of national organizations
have endorsed the revised Convention.
A second meeting of Governmental Experts on
Problems in the Field of Copyright and of the Protec-
tion of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and
Broadcasting Organizations Raised by Transmissions
Via Space Satellites was held in Paris on May 9-17,
1972 under the joint sponsorship of Unesco and the
World Intellectual Property Organization. The Regis-
ter of Copyrights, George D. Cary, was a member of
the United States delegation. An amended draft con-
vention was worked out for further consideration at a
third meeting of Governmental Experts to be held in
1973, with a view toward completion of the conven-
tion at a diplomatic conference in 1974.


For reasons of economy and convenience in the
award of contracts the construction of the James
Madison Memorial Building has been divided into
four phases: Phase I-excavation and foundation
work; Phase II-exterior marble and granite; Phase III
-the basic shell of the superstructure; and Phase IV-
completion of the interior, including mechanical
work, electrical work, etc.
Excavation and foundation work was begun in May

1971 and is now expected to be completed during the
Fall of 1972. The contract for the exterior marble
and granite was awarded in December 1971, and the
work of quarrying the stone is now underway.
Working drawings for Phase III construction (the
basic shell) have been completed and are now being
reviewed by the Office of the Architect of the
Capitol. It is expected that the contract for this phase
will be awarded during the fall of 1972. Final draw-
ings for Phase IV should be completed during the Fall
of 1972 and it is expected that contracts for Phase IV
will be awarded early in 1973.
Meanwhile, LC's Building Planning Office is prepar-
ing budget figures for the cost of the furniture and
equipment in the new building. Preliminary furniture
and equipment layouts have been prepared and the
detailed work of selecting the furnishings, designing
special items of furniture, and preparing purchase
specifications will begin in the coming months.
The latest official schedule issued by the Office of
the Architect of the Capitol indicates that the Library
may expect to begin occupancy of the new building
about mid-1975.


At a 6-month review in March 1972 of the Equal
Opportunity Program, LC's Equal Opportunity Offi-
cers and Counselors reaffirmed the importance of
breaking down barriers to communication in all
aspects of work programs, including day-to-day con-
tacts and work relationships in the Library of Con-
The Counselors and Officers received and are con-
tinuing to receive training for their role in the pro-
gram, including a series of sessions on LC's Personnel
Functions and courses given at the Civil Service Com-
mission in Equal Opportunity Counseling and on the
Investigation of Complaints of Discrimination.
During the first 6 months of operation 63 com-
plaints were resolved by the Counselors, Officers, and
Coordinator and one case was resolved through a
Hearing Examiner.
The Officers and Counselors have met with many
staff members, individually and in groups, to inform
them of the program and to describe how the Equal
Opportunity Program coordinates cases with the
Employee Relations Office so that both offices do
not consider essentially the same complaint at any
one time.
Through their regular meetings with the Deputy


LC Information Bulletin

Librarian, the Officers have provided the administra-
tion with suggestions for planning and development
of the Equal Employment Opportunity Program,
described above.


National Program for Acquisitions and Cataloging
NPAC shared cataloging programs now cover 24
countries. NPAC regional acquisitions offices cover an
additional 18 countries in Africa, Asia, and Latin
America. Accessions lists are published by the NPAC
Southeast Asia and Eastern Africa programs. Despite
continuing inflationary pressures and the adverse
effect of dollar devaluation, programs established in
the previous year were annualized and all existing
programs were maintained. It is anticipated that
NPAC appropriations for fiscal 1972 will be
$7,282,000 when the supplemental appropriations
bill is enacted. The Spanish and Romanian NPAC
shared cataloging programs and the NPAC regional
acquisitions effort in Malaysia, Singapore, and Brunei,
all initiated during fiscal 1971, were fully annualized
this year. Economies were made where possible, and
further clarification of the precise scope of NPAC
acquisitions and cataloging coverage helped to ease
the fiscal strain.
The Association of Asian Studies meeting during
March afforded an opportunity for 10 of the partici-
pating institutions in the NPAC Southeast Asia
Cooperative Acquisitions Program to confer with the
Chief of the Library's Overseas Operations Division
on current problems and future developments of
acquisitions from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and
Brunei. It was agreed that coverage of Indonesia is
now excellent, although gaps were noted in receipts
of Malaysian publications particularly from Kota
Bharu and East Malaysia. In the future the NPAC
office in Djakarta will acquire whatever is available
from East Malaysia and Brunei without regard to
usual blanket-order exclusions. Selection criteria for
various categories of materials were further defined.
The African Studies Association has expressed
interest in possibly purchasing a second copy (either
in hard copy or microform) of everything currently
being acquired by the NPAC East African regional
acquisition program. This second copy would be
deposited by the ASA in the Center for Research
Libraries in Chicago.
In January, at the request of the National Library
of Medicine, the Library of Congress began to give

NPAC shared cataloging treatment to medical publi-
cations from Spain destined for NLM.
By April 1972, the Shared Cataloging Division had
cataloged more than half a million new titles under
shared cataloging procedures since the beginning of
NPAC. This count includes titles selected both by the
Library of Congress and by other research libraries.
The total number of books fully cataloged for printed
cards through all Library of Congress cataloging pro-
grams has increased, with the assistance of NPAC,
from 109,787 titles in fiscal 1965 (before NPAC) to a
projected 240,000 titles in fiscal 1972.

Public Law 480 Program
The chief development under Public Law 480 was
the addition of Poland to the Program as of January
1, 1972. Lengthy negotiations were successfully con-
cluded in December, followed shortly by orders for
uniform sets of monographs and serials for distribu-
tion to 12 participating libraries as well as to the
Library of Congress to be paid for with Polish zlotys
owned by the U.S. Government. The impossibility of
establishing a local office under the administration of
an American Field Director will result in certain
important differences between the program for
Poland and those for other PJL. 480 countries. As in
the case of Yugoslavia, an Accessions List will not be
issued. Funds were requested in the fiscal 1973
budget for an NPAC shared cataloging program to be
coupled with the P.L. 480 program. This would
ensure rapid cataloging of receipts.
Creation of an independent Bangladesh in January
has resulted in removal of that area from the list of
countries where PL. 480 funds are available.
Although it is no longer possible to acquire publica-
tions from that region with P-L. 480 funds, 16
libraries have contributed U.S. dollars to continue a
multiplecopy acquisitions office in Dacca. That office
is staffed by three local employees, working under
the direction of the LC P.L. 480 Field Director in
New Delhi. The New Delhi office is also providing
logistical support as part of the P.L. 480 Program.
Following a recent survey of participants, the New
Delhi office has reduced its selection of published
legal commentaries and has eliminated from the sets
of monographs distributed to seven participants cer-
tain categories of publications not retained by those
libraries. The Karachi office is investigating the possi-
bility of adopting the same procedures.


June 23, 1972


Vienna Exchange Conference
The Chief of the Exchange and Gift Division, as an
invited observer, attended the European Conference
on the International Exchange of Publications, held
in Vienna April 24-29, 1972. The conference was
planned by the National Library of Austria, with the
assistance and cooperation of Unesco and IFLA, as a
regional European meeting to examine exchange
problems arising since the last general meeting on
exchange in Budapest in 1960. Mr. Einhorn presented
a paper on the experience of the Library of Congress
in the exchange of publications with Latin America.

Non-GPO Imprints
Copy for Non-GPO Imprints Received in the
Library of Congress in 1971: A Selective Checklist
will be sent to the printer before the end of June.
Efforts will be made to determine the reaction of
recipients and users of the three issues of this publica-
tion, which cover the periods July 1967-December
1969; 1970; and 1971. If it is decided that the list
serves no further useful purpose, it will be recom-
mended that no additional issues be published.
Readers are urged to send their opinion on this
matter to the Chief, Exchange and Gift Division.

Documents Expediting Project
Since 1946 the Documents Expediting Project (Doc
Ex) has provided to its subscribers a centralized serv-
ice for acquiring non-depository U.S. Government
publications which are not available by purchase
either at the Government Printing Office or at the
issuing agency.
In fiscal 1971, the Project fulfilled 65 percent of
the participants' requests. In fiscal 1972 (from July
1971 to the end of May 1972) the Project staff filled
74 percent of such requests, or 3,198 of the 4,389
requests handled.
By the close of May of this year, 94,410 more
pieces had been sent out by Doc Ex than were sent
out during the same period last year; 1,043 more
titles were distributed for the same period. This repre-
sents an increase of 72 percent in .the number of
pieces distributed to date and 65 percent increase in
the number of titles distributed.

Highlighting gift acquisitions from January to the
present date was the receipt from Cowles Communi-

cations of the LOOK Maga/ine Photo Library, a vast
collection of historic photographic and related mate-
rials which made up the working library of that now
defunct national periodical. The collection contains
approximately 19,500,000 items.
Much publicized was the gift from the heirs of Pres-
ident Warren G. Harding of a series of unpublished
love letters between the President and Carrie Phillips.
The letters were presented to the Library of Congress
as part of the settlement of a suit brought by the
heirs against author Francis Russell and his publisher,
the McGraw-Hill Publishing Company, the American
Heritage Publishing Company, and three other
defendants over alleged damage to the family from
the publicity at the time of the discovery of the
letters. They were presented to the Library with the
stipulation that they remain closed to the public until
the year 2014.
Several additions to existing manuscript collections
were presented, notably papers of naturalist Joseph
W. Krutch; those of Dr. Gregory Pincus, the devel-
oper of the birth-control pill; papers of Sigmund
Freud, Harold L. Ickes, Henry Luce, and Arnold
Schoenberg. The Library also received a small collec-
tion of Chester A. Arthur papers, and a "love" letter
written by Abraham Lincoln in his youth.
Among the music manuscripts received during this
period were original manuscripts of Jerome Kern,
Victor Hugo, Douglas Moore, and a collection of
Fritz Kreisler manuscripts.
Joan Crawford presented eight films in which she
starred during her early career.
An oil portrait painted by the New York artist
Bayard H. Tyler of Librarian of Congress Ainsworth
Rand Spofford, which was received as a gift from
John S. Morgan, now hangs in the Librarian's recep-
tion room.

Order Division Activities
The Order Division established new blanket-order
arrangements with the Bibliotheque Nationale in
Algiers for Algerian publications, with the LC office
in Dacca for Bangladesh publications, and transferred
the blanket orders for Lebanese publications to
another book dealer in Beirut. Approximately 2,000
cancellations and changes in subscription orders were
processed as a result of a comprehensive review of the
master list of subscription orders by the Library's
recommending officers in the Reference Department
and the Law Library. Procedures for the purchase of
Russian publications, the processing of recommenda-
tions for the purchase of new serial titles and for


LC Information Bulletin

acquiring non-current materials at auctions have also
been refined.


Cataloging output continues at a high level as noted
above. A new development of special significance has
been the upsurge in the cataloging of serials. The
descriptive cataloging of African books on hand was
completed and subject cataloging is underway.

Card Printing
The program for getting final camera copy for Japa-
nese cards printed in Japan, saving much time by
simplifying operations at LC, is now in full gear and
its effect is becoming noticeable to libraries using
these cards. For example, the Harvard-Yenching
Library reports that the availability of Japanese
printed cards, which was at two percent for the past
three years, has jumped to 53.57 percent in 1972.
The possibility of overseas printing of cards in
Amharic, the languages of the Indian subcontinent,
Tibetan, Burmese, and Thai is currently being investi-
gated. Further application to Chinese will also be

Cataloging in Publication
The number of participating publishers and their
divisions has grown to over 200. All publishers who
have indicated their desire to participate have been
brought into the CIP program according to the begin-
ning date they specified. In early June packets of CIP
information were sent to over 800 publishers who
were not yet participating in the program. It is ex-
pected that the response to this mailing will substan-
tially increase the number of participating publishers.
Although it is expected that between July 1971
and June 1972, the CIP program will have processed
6,500 titles, it is more revealing to note that by May
the level of the operation had risen to more than
10,000 titles per annum.
MARC users are utilizing CIP pre-publication data
which, on the tapes, is complete except for collation.
Publishers' Weekly quotes CIP as source for some of
its entries in the "Weekly Record," and the Informa-
tion Dynamics Corporation has incorporated the
early CIP data in MARC form into its Micrographic
Catalog Retrieval System.
The Library of Congress and the National Library
of Medicine (NLM) have signed an agreement to
extend their present cooperative cataloging efforts to

CIP. The LC CIP data for biomedical and other
selected titles will also contain the subject headings
and classification numbers provided by NLM. Repre-
sentatives from LC and NLM will urge medical book
publishers who are not yet participating in CIP to join
the CIP Program. An effort will also be made to
insure comprehensive coverage of the medical titles
from publishers who are already CIP participants.

Romanization tables for Amharic and for Sindhi in
Arabic script, as well as a revision of the table for
Greek which provides certain variant romanizations
for modern Greek, were published in Cataloging Serv-
ice, Bulletin 104, May 1972. The table proposed for
Georgian has been approved by the ALA Descriptive
Cataloging Committee and awaits publication.

Revision of the Anglo-American Cataloging Rules
In May, the Library, with the approval of the
Descriptive Cataloging Committee, abandoned the use
of rules 98 and 99 in the North American text of the
Anglo-American Cataloging Rules. The result is that
all headings for new corporate bodies which, under
these rules, would have been established under the
name of the jurisdiction in which they are located,
will be established directly under their names. Under
the policy of superimposition, of course, this change
will apply only to headings established after May 1,
1972. Formal rule changes will be published in a
Cataloging Service Bulletin later.
With the Descriptive Cataloging Committee's
approval in principle of the International Standard
Bibliographic Description (ISBD), the necessary revi-
sions of Chapter 6 of the Anglo-American Cataloging
Rules to bring them into conformity with the provi-
sions of the ISBD have been undertaken. A draft
revision of the chapter has been completed and is
now being reviewed by the LC descriptive cataloging

LC's commitment to centralized cataloging was
extended by several decisions to provide alternative
class numbers for material which it does not shelve in
the location thus designated. As an addendum to the
decision to analyze all monographs in monographic
series in toto instead of selectively as in the past, the
Subject Cataloging Division is now providing mono-
graphic class numbers for all analytics belonging to a
series which LC shelves as a collected set. Within its
coverage, the Decimal Classification Division similarly


June 23, 1972

provides alternative DC numbers. These numbers
appear in brackets on printed LC cards. Bracketed LC
numbers are also being provided on entries for
motion pictures, filmstrips, and phonorecords for the
convenience of libraries desirous of shelving material
in various media according to the LC classification.
During the past 6 months the program of revising
the classification schedules has advanced on a broad
scale. Class Q has undergone considerable expansion
in certain areas and is ready for publication. Subclass
BQ, Buddhism, and subclass KD, Law of Great
Britain and Ireland, have been newly developed and
are ready for application on a trial basis pending pub-
lication. The Law Classification Project is now work-
ing on the development of Subclass K, Law, General,
and KKC, Law of Germany. Class H is being revised
by the Social Sciences Cataloging Section. Work on
B-BJ has been suspended temporarily in favor of a
limited revision of Class A, which has been out of

Subject Headings
A tentative time schedule for the publication of
future editions of Subject Headings Used in the Dic-
tionary Catalogs of the Library of Congress has been
established. Due for publication in the fall of 1973 is
the eighth edition which will consist of a merger of
the seventh edition and all supplements appearing
through 1972. Immediately thereafter a close reexam-
ination is contemplated of the entire subject heading
system from the point of view of adopting more
modern terminology, correcting antiquated spellings,
reconciling patterns which have diverged over the
years, and making other changes which would require
major shifts in the card catalogs. It is expected that a
greatly revised ninth edition will be published during
the course of 1976.

Juvenile Materials
Striking changes in the subject analysis of juvenile
material were put into effect during the past 6
months. Most important has been the decision hence-
forth to class all topical material at the juvenile level
alongside adult material in the regular classes B-Z.
Only fiction for juveniles will continue to be classed
in PZ. Also, for the convenience of libraries that wish
to set apart subject cards representing juvenile phono-
records and films in their general card catalog, the
subdivision-Juvenile films and-Juvenile phono-
records will be added where appropriate, paralleling
the existing usage of-Juvenile literature.

Decimal Classification Activities
The eighteenth edition of Dewey, which appeared
in January, has not been out long enough for a great
many reactions to be received, but those that have
appeared make it clear that it is liked better than was
the seventeenth edition. The same may be said of the
tenth abridged edition, which was published in Feb-
ruary, in comparison with the ninth. An issue of
Decimal Classification Additions, Notes and Deci-
sions, v. 3, no. 1, was sent to press with corrections,
clarifications, additions, and new provisions found
necessary for the eighteenth edition during the 15
months that the Library had been applying this edi-
tion to specific works. During this fiscal year, more
Dewey numbers were assigned than ever before, or
approximately 80,000. These covered nearly all titles
in English cataloged by the Library, as well as a
selection in other languages.


Cataloging of Serials
The serials cataloging staff, augmented in July
1971, is now trained in the new procedures initiated
at that time and is able to keep current with new
receipts. As a result, new serials in most languages are
cataloged promptly from the first issue received and
changes in serial titles or name of corporate body are
handled as soon as they are identified.
Serials cataloging production has shown a dramatic
growth, increasing from about 3,000 titles in fiscal
1971 to about 10,000 in fiscal 1972. Since the cata-
loging information for a serial is used to generate
checking records, a New Serial Titles report of serials
retained in LC, and a printed card, the increased cata-
loging production has had a great effect in ensuring
better serial records and control throughout the
Library, plus faster service on serial entries for card

Survey of Serials Handling
Work has begun on an intensive survey of serials
handling operations in the Library. This survey will
determine the extent to which computer technology
can be applied to the Library's internal serials proc-
essing procedures and to the production of biblio-
graphic products for distribution to the library
community. The survey is a joint activity of the Serial
Record Division and the MARC Development Office.

LC Information Bulletin

At the start of the fiscal year, approximately 75
percent of the orders received were for titles regularly
kept in stock. A turn-around time of 7-10 working
days, from date of receipt of order to shipment of
cards, for in-stock titles was the normal schedule. In
October 1971, however, a temporary slowdown
occurred during testing of the automatic packaging
system and it was later compounded by the conver-
sion from the "7" series to the 72 series (see item re
conversion). Many hours of overtime in several areas
has finally brought the schedule back into focus, back
orders have been filled and mailed, and the Card Divi-
sion is once again filling orders on a current basis.

Volume of Orders Received and Card Prices
The number of orders received continues to
decline. Present projections indicate that about
9,000,000 orders will be received during the fiscal
year ending June 30, 1972. This represents a decline
of 10 percent from the previous fiscal year. The
decline in volume of individual card sales is attribut-
able to the same reasons mentioned in previous
reports-the present level of economic activity in the
United States as it affects the publishing industry and
library budgets, the growth of commercial and coop-
erative processing centers, and the impact of
improved technology for reproducing multiple copies
of catalog cards by photographic and electrostatic
methods. A reduction in sales generally causes a
higher per unit cost; prices have been maintained at
the same level since August 1969. Although a review
of these prices was scheduled for early in the calendar
year 1972, it was postponed until later in the year to
evaluate the patterns and trends of fiscal year 1972
and to determine whether an increase in the price for
sets ordered by card number can be avoided.
Phase II of the Mechanization Project
With the arrival of the slitting and collating portion
of the system in July 1971, the final stages of the
project were begun. Since September 27, 1971, the
Card Division has photocomposed, printed, and cut
more than 6,000,000 cards. In conjunction with the
Phase I optical character reading equipment, the
Phase II system has been interfaced with the cards
supplied from inventory and copyflo, thus permitting
orders filled by photocomposition to be shipped to
the customer along with cards produced by other
means. Only the automatic packaging part of the
system is not yet in use because testing revealed tech-
nical difficulties that will require further research.

Conversion from the "7" Series to the 72 Series
During the latter half of 1971 it became apparent
that a new direction must be taken in the assigning of
card numbers because the available "7" series num-
bers had been almost exhausted. Various alternatives
were studied and a decision was reached in December
to return to the card numbering system formerly
used, beginning with a 72 series. Cataloging Service,
Bulletin 102, January 1972, provides detailed infor-
mation about this change.
The largest problem associated with the change
early in the calendar year from the "7" to the 72
series was the realignment of inventory that it necessi-
tated. Specifically, the cards with a check digit of
"0", "1", or "2" had to be removed from the "7"
series section of the stock (which is arranged by the
serial portion of the "7" series number) and placed in
another location. If this had not been done, a card
drawer searching for stock to fill a "72" card number
would not know if the order was associated with a
"7" series number, and thus located in one area of
the file, or a 72 series number, and thus located in a
separate section. Therefore, to avoid unnecessary
searching and confusion, it was essential that the
stock be shifted. A similar shift of stock must be
made for the "73" titles in 1973, the "74" titles in
1974, etc., through 1979. However, these shifts will
not be as difficult, because only 1 year at a time will
be involved, and the shift will be started prior to the
onset of the calendar year. Consequently, any inter-
ruption in future service to subscribers should be
To gain more space in the Card Drawing Unit for
the new 72 series titles, the stock on hand was
adjusted. Titles which had not been ordered more
than three times in a period of 2 years were elimi-
nated from inventory, and are now available on
demand through a copyflo process. Other titles,
which had not been maintained in inventory but
which were ordered more than four times in a period
of 1 year, were added to inventory.

Cards for Motion Pictures, Films, and Filmstrips
In July 1971 it was determined that cards for
motion pictures, films, and filmstrips would be pro-
duced by the Phase II system. The development of
specifications began immediately and programming
was completed on February 1, 1972. As of May 22,
1972, weekly machine-readable tapes containing new
or newly revised motion-picture, film, and filmstrip
titles produced by the MARC Development Office
began to be sent to the Card Division, where the


,\% ,5

June 23. 1972

following types of cards are formatted and printed
through the Phase 11 equipment: (1) cards in the
stock format, sorted into alphabetical sequence
iLcorkling to main entry for NPAC depository librar-
ies; (2) cards in the stock format, for internal distri-
bution within the Library of Congreh: (3) cards in
the overprint format, for inclusion in the Library of
Congress card catalogs: and (4) main entry, added
entry reference and subject heading/subdivision cards
in the book catalog format, for inclusion in the NUC
Motion Picture and Filmstrip book catalog.
A MARC distribution service for motion picture,
film, and filmstrip records will be announced in the
LC hIf ormnation Bulletin as soon as the computer pro-
grams needed for operation of the service have been
written and tested. A subscription rate of $400 for
the first year of the service has been established. This
rate is based on estimates of 8,000 to 9,000 records
expected to be cataloged and converted to machine-
readable form during this period.

MARC Distribution Service
On November 2, 1971, the Card Division became
responsible for the duplication and distribution of
9-track MARC tapes. This was expanded to include
7-track tapes, commencing with the volume 3, num-
ber 3, quarterly issue of the tapes, distributed in
January 1972. The overall part of the Card Division
in the MARC Distribution Service now entails the
setting up of each subscriber's service, monitoring its
execution, producing print indexes that are repro-
duced for each week's tape, and the actual duplica-
tion and shipment of the tapes. In addition, it is
anticipated that in the near future the Card Division
will also become responsible for converting the
weekly tape from the LC internal format to the com-
munications format prior to duplication and distri-

Phase II Data Base
Final loading of the Phase II data base with MARC
and RECON records began on July 13, 1971. Work-
ing 16-hour days for approximately 280 man hours,
175,311 records were formatted and stored in this
composed form as of August 19, 1971. Some 2,161
records were not stored, because the complete biblio-
graphic information was not available in machine-
readable form. The full version of these records will
be set and reprinted, as needed, by the Library's
branch of the Government Printing Office.
Since March 8, 1972, this composed data base has
been maintained on a daily rather than a weekly

basis. Any errors in the records detected by the I'lhi.
11 progrjiam are referred to the MARC Editorial
Office for correction. Corrections are often com-
pleted within 2 to 3 da-,. thus insuring a better
record for the Card Division files and MARC subscrib-
ers in a minimum of time. Currently, there are more
than 260,000 titles available in a composed form.
In cooperation with the Libr.ry's change in catalai
ing policy, all records containing the abbreviation
"U.S." or "Gt. Brit." were updated to their expanded
form in April 1972. This included 34,671 MARC
records and 6,309 RECON records stored on the
Phase II Data Base.


The National Union Catalog, 1971
Preparation of the 1971 annual edition of the
National Union Catalog, consisting of 16 volumes
containing approximately 16,200 pages, is now
underway. Page copy for the first two volumes has
been forwarded to the Government Printing Office.
As in the case of the 1970 annual, partial shipments
will be made to subscribers as the work progresses.

The National Union Catalog, 1968-1972
The 1968-72 quinquennial, the largest publication
ever undertaken by the Catalog Publication Division,
is now being compiled. It will consist of approx-
imately 128 volumes when completed. The first phase
of the operation is the interfiling of cards that are
represented in the annual volumes for the 5-year
period. Of the 2 million cards to be filed in the
author list, more than 350,000 cards have been filed.
The quinquennial will be published by Edwards
Brothers of Ann Arbor, Michigan. The pre-
publication price is $1,265.

The National Union Catalog-Register of
Additional Locations
The 1971 annual edition of the Register of Addi-
tional Locations consists of two volumes. It has been
completed and distribution to subscribers has begun.

The Library of Congress Catalog-Books: Subjects
The Books: Subjects Catalog continues to grow at
an increasing rate. The 1971 annual, now in the pro-
cess of publication, will contain an estimated 11,500
pages, a 26 percent increase over the 9,099 pages that
made up the nine volumes of the 1970 annual. It is
expected that the first four volumes of the 1971

LC Information Bulletin

annual will be ready for the printer by June 23; the
remaining eight volumes will be completed during
July and August. Apparently this growth will con-
tinue, for the January-March 1972 quarterly contain-
ed 1,783 pages, an increase of 47 percent over the
1,213 pages that appeared in the same quarterly in
On May 4 it was decided that future issues of the
Books: Subjects catalog will include pre-1945 im-
prints, which previously had been excluded. While
these do not constitute a great number of cards, and
will be added only when new cards are produced for
such imprints, they will give the catalog complete
coverage of all currently printed LC catalog cards.
The Books: Subjects catalog has also responded to
a long-felt need by replacing its former style of card,
especially printed for this catalog to exclude the trac-
ings, with the full-entry ("cumulative") card used by
the National Union Catalog. While the new cards
require more space on the printed page, it is expected
that this cost will be more than recovered by the
discontinuance of the special printing and handling
that were required to produce the earlier type of
card. The new cards will appear for the first time in
the April-June 1972 quarterly.

The Library of Congress Catalog-Music and
The 1971 annual edition of the Music and Phono-
records catalog, containing 797 pages, was published
in March 1972. The preparation of entries for inclu-
sion in the forthcoming 1968-1972 quinquennial
edition of the National Union Catalog has begun.

The Library of Congress Catalog-Motion Pictures
and Filmstrips
The 1971 edition of the Motion Pictures and Film-
strips catalog is now being produced and its 700 pages
will be ready for the printer about June 16.

National Register of Microform Masters
The 1970 edition of the National Register of Micro-
form Masters was mailed to subscribers at the end of
May 1972. This long-delayed publication, which
underwent a complete revision, perhaps atones for its
tardiness by presenting 62,250 entries and 10,350
added entries and cross references in its 1,148 pages,
as compared with the 183 pages that appeared in the
1969 edition. More than 12,000 entries have already
been prepared for the 1971 annual and publication of
this volume is planned for late October 1972.

Newspapers on Microfilm
With the formation of an adequate staff during the
spring of 1972, intensive work began on the seventh
edition of Newspapers on Microfilm. By May 20,
some 26,080 entries, representing the newspapers of
27 States and the District of Columbia, had been
edited. Reports for the remaining States and for for-
eign countries contain some 37,600 cards. It is hoped
that these can be edited for publication by the end of

Publication of the Pre-1956 National Union Catalog
Since its inauguration in 1967 the National Union
Catalog Publication Project has forwarded 4,154,000
edited cards to the publishers of the Pre-1956 NUC,
Mansell Information/Publishing Ltd., London, Eng-
land. To date 200 volumes have been published
(through Goldsmith, Oliver), the pages for an addi-
tional 20 volumes have been photographed and are
now being printed, and copy for another nine vol-
umes (through Hawthorne, Nathaniel) has been
shipped to the publishers. All the other volumes to
date have been produced in a standard green buckram
binding but volume 200 appears in a distinctive
brown binding for easy identification because the
final 70 pages are devoted to an exposition of all the
symbols used throughout the catalog. The publishers
plan to repeat this section on symbols at suitable
intervals in two later volumes, with the intention of
placing this important key within convenient reach of
users of the catalog.

Pre-1956 Imprints Supplemental Card Catalog
New cards and reports of added locations, received
after publication of the pertinent volumes of the
National Union Catalog Pre-1956 Imprints, are being
arranged and maintained as a working file. This sup-
plemental card catalog now includes over 640,000
cards in the letters A-H. The catalog is located in the
Catalog Publication Division and is not open to the
public. However, reference inquiries can be made of
this file through the Library's Union Catalog and
International Organizations Reference Section of the
General Reference and Bibliography Division.

Far Eastern Languages Catalog
The photographing of the Far Eastern Languages
Catalog was completed in May. G. K. Hall and Com-
pany expects to publish the catalog in 22 volumes
late in 1972. The price will be $ 1,995, with a prepub-
lication rate of $ 1,600.


June 23, 1972


MARC Editorial Office
On January 11, the MARC Editorial Office began
to apply format recognition techniques to current
monographic records. Format recognition, a sophisti-
cated input technique that was tested and developed
on retrospective records, is a programming capability
that allows a computer to tag and delimit fields and
subfields based on the location and content of each
data string in the record. Thus the need for initial
manual editing has been almost completely elimi-
In addition to English-language monographs, the
MARC Editorial Office is now processing, as men-
tioned above, audiovisual records representing motion
pictures, filmstrips, slide sets, etc.

MARC Development Office
The MARC Development Office has continued its
work in the area of automation in technical pro-
cessing and coordination of activities concerning
machine-readable cataloging. Guidelines for an auto-
mated core bibliographic system have been developed
to insure that components of the system will fit
together as further expansion in automation takes
place. Analysis has begun to incorporate serials pro-
cessing into the guidelines for the core bibliographic
An essential component in the automation of tech-
nical processing is the development of the Multiple
Use MARC System (MUMS), a system with the capa-
bility of using either disk or tapes as peripheral stor-
age and with on-line and off-line (or batch processing)
capabilities. MUMS consists of three major parts: task
control, to provide executive control of the system;
message control, consisting of two compatible sets of
input/output programs called terminal support and
batch support; and data management, to handle files
on disks. Design and implementation are proceeding
under a multiphase development plan with the
following results: portions of task control are opera-
tional; terminal support is being implemented, with
the installation of a first terminal, a Spiras Irascope,
taking place; batch support is in the preliminary
design stage; and data management is in the final
stages of research and definition.
The first application scheduled to operate under
the Multiple Use MARC System is the MARC
redesign of the input system. This will result in an
increased capacity for the production of machine-

readable bibliographic records by providing an on-line
capability for correcting MARC records and updating
Cataloging in Publication records. Implementation of
MUMS and of the new input procedures is proLtecding
in close coordination, and both are expected to be in
operation in fiscal 1974. The automated Process
Information File and the authority files will also be
applications of MUMS.

Machine-Readable Cataloging and Related Activities
The data base for the MARC Distribution Service
contains approximately 275,000 records for English-
language monographs cataloged at LC since 1968 and
records created by the Cataloging in Publication pro-
gram. French-language monographs will be distrib-
uted in fiscal 1973, provided the necessary funding is
available. Approximately 49,000 records in the 1968
card series that were converted as part of the RECON
Pilot Project will be available for purchase during the
summer of 1972.
The format recognition programs, which allow the
computer to process unedited cataloging data to pro-
duce a complete MARC record, have been used for
input of MARC records for books since January
1972. Current statistics show that format recognition
has significantly reduced the amount of time required
to create a machine-readable record. Changes are in
progress so that format recognition can process rec-
ords cataloged under the new International Standard
Bibliographic Description (ISBD). It is expected that
the use of the ISBD in the transcription of cataloging
information will facilitate the conversion of foreign
language records by format recognition when the
coverage of the MARC Distribution Service is ex-
panded to certain languages.
One of the primary uses of machine-readable rec-
ords in the Library is in the production of book cata-
logs by computer printer. The book catalog for the
Science Reading Room, which contains approxi-
mately 4,300 monographic titles, is arranged by call
number, main entry, and title. Approximately 10,500
monograph records in the Main Reading Room refer-
ence collection are being sorted and printed for a
catalog. Serials in both collections are being input in
the MARC serials format and will be merged with the
monograph records to produce combined catalog. for
the respective collections. A catalog of talking books
was printed for the Division for the Blind and Physi-
cally Handicapped for distribution at the Conference
of Regional Librarians in May 1972. Approximately
4,000 records, representing the division's collections
of talking books on 16 rpm discs, were converted to


LC Information Bulletin

machine-readable form by the format recognition
Work is proceeding on a project to produce book
catalogs from machine-readable records and to print
them using the GPO Linotron. As a prototype of a
catalog produced by photocomposition, the Library
of Congress Catalog-Motion Pictures and Filmstrips
will be printed on the Linotron beginning in 1973.
Entries in book catalogs produced from machine-
readable records are arranged according to a new set
of rules compiled by the Technical Processes
Research Office (TPR). The MARC Development
Office and TPR have worked closely in the design and
implementation of the machine filing program to
achieve the arrangement indicated by the new rules.
This program, Library Sort Key Edit (LIBSKED),has
already been used to sort the entries in the book
catalogs for the Main Reading Room and Science
Reading Room, the catalog of talking books, and the
film catalog. Modifications are still being made to the
program in order to handle more complex filing
Use of the MARC data base has continued to in-
crease in other areas. Several new current awareness
listings were begun for subjects on Mainland China,
population. Africa, and Afro-Americans. A new juve-
nile data base, consisting of children's books on
MARC tapes, was established to produce varied list-
ings for the Children's Book Section. This data base
will be updated on a regular basis. Cards for new
records on the map data base continue to be supplied
for the Geography and Map Division, as well as spe-
cial printouts for railroads maps, rare maps, and maps
relating to the American Revolution.
Preliminary analysis has begun to automate the pro-
duction of the Register of Additional Locations, a
supplement to the National Union Catalog. Although
initial efforts will be directed toward the compilation
of a quinquennial issue for 1968-72, the design will
also provide an ongoing system for future annual and
quinquennial cumulations.
The MARC Development Office has continued its
work in providing formats for machine-readable cata-
loging data. The fifth edition of Books: A MARC
Format was published in the spring of 1972 and is
available from the GPO. Work on formats for manu-
scripts. music, and sound recordings is in progress. A
MARC serials manual, containing a full editing
manual, an editing guide in chart form, and keying
instructions for typists, is being prepared for publica-
tion. The MARC data base has also been updated to
reflect changes in cataloging policy. These correction

records were also sold to MARC subscribers. A few
other changes in the book format will be necessary
with the adoption of the International Standard
Bibliographic Description by the Library.
Other Bibliographic Applications
Other activities in the MARC Development Office
include the application of automated techniques to
acquisitions and to the Library's authority files and
Process Information File. In May 1972, Task 2 (file
management control) of the Order Division automa-
tion project was implemented. The system can per-
form the following tasks: preparation and printing of
regular and new continuation orders; creation of vari-
ous computer files containing data to assist in order
preparation and order placement, as well as to pro-
vide supplemental information for Order Division
reports and a permanent computer file of all orders
placed; monitoring of orders by means of status
codes; and retrieval of management information on a
regular basis from the order records. Work is pro-
ceeding on Task 3, the fiscal control subsystem.
Preliminary analysis is being done to design a pro-
cessing system which will integrate machine-readable
authority files into an on-line environment to aid in
book-catalog production and in cataloging. Further
investigation into file design and maintenance of a
name authority file will begin in the summer of 1972.
Programming for the subject headings processing
system is close to completion. The maintenance sub-
system has been implemented, and preliminary cor-
rections have been made to 70 percent of the
headings in the seventh edition master file and all the
headings in the supplements, with the aid of the Edi-
torial Section of the Subject Cataloging Division. The
files should be ready to be merged early in 1973.
Programming for the publication subsystem is in pro-
gress, and work on a program to convert the MARC
subject headings format to a format that can be pro-
cessed by the master typography program for the
GPO Linotron will begin in the summer of 1972.
Work on the design of an automated Process Infor-
mation File is in progress. On-line input and access to
the file will be provided. Project staff members are
also coordinating their efforts with the various cata-
loging divisions and other offices in the Processing
Department to determine what demands will be made
on the automated file.

The new rules for filing arrangement developed in


June 23, 1972

the Technical Processes Research Office have been
approved for all computer-generated bibliographic
products prepared by the Processing Department.
They will be applied to compuler-produced book
catalogs for motion pictures and filmstrips. and the
Main Reading Room and the Science and Technology
reference collections. The rules will also be used in a
file maintenance system for the LC subject heading
The provisional version of the new rules is being
edited and expanded for general publication. Certain
changes in present cataloging practices are also being
considered to facilitate the task of human filers and
to lessen the need for manually supplied filing fields
in MARC records. Typical changes will include
making dates explicit in period subdivisions of subject
headings and minimizing the use of initial articles in
certain situations. Such changes will be announced in
an appropriate manner if they are approved and
As a contribution to the Processing Department's
continuing study of the Library's catalog controls,
TPR submitted a statement in September 1971
describing and analyzing problems of the card catalog
and suggesting alternative solutions. A revision of the
statement, dated April 1972, is undergoing further
internal review. The effects of possible changes in the
catalog's organization are being studied in relation to
the Library's needs and those of the users of its
bibliograplucal services. The general nature of major
alternatives has been discussed with professional
groups to obtain the benefit of the experience of
other research libraries in the technical and opera-
tional problems of constructing and maintaining large
catalogs and this consultation will continue.


During the past 6 months, the Information Systems
Office (ISO) emphasized activities which highlighted
improvements in the operations of the Library's
central computer facility, the application of common
techniques to automation projects within the Library
and the Congress, and responsive service to all users
of the Library's computer complex.

Centralized Computer Operations
The operation of the Computer Service Center was
enhanced by the installation of an IBM System/370
Model 155 computer, in place of an IBM System/360
Model 40, to improve the speed at which data can be

processed and to handle a greater workload of
Requests for competitive proposals were issued by
the Library to provide additional core memory for
the new computer and to give all vendors ihe oppor-
tunity to bid on magnetic tape units, disk drives, and
computer terminals required for the expanding
Library teleprocessing network. A Display Manage-
ment System (DMS) was installed to support the
Customer Information Control System (CICS). This
software package will facilitate the preparation of
messages for display on a CRT display terminal.

Congressional Research Service (CRS) Applications
Computer support to CRS and to the Congress con-
tinued to grow during the past 6 months. The Com-
puter Applications Office aided CRS in providing
information to Congress, with emphasis on achieving
faster turnaround time to satisfy user needs and on
producing more precise and timely reports.
Technical consultation with staffs of the House and
Senate continued. Technical assistance is being pro-
vided to the Senate by ISO staff. Computer support
for the processing of the Digest of Public General
Bills has been further developed to speed up avail-
ability of copy for printing and to enhance the Bill
Digest Display System, which is now available to CRS

Communications, Standards, and Training
The program of achieving efficiency and economies
by emphasizing use of standard software and standard
methods continued. Added training classes were held
for automation personnel and added standards and
procedures with emphasis on technical documenta-
tion were issued by the System Development and
Standards Office.
The automation seminar program continued to be
successful. It emphasized the dissemination of new
concepts in data processing as well as reporting by LC
staff members on conferences and courses attended in
order that others working on automation within LC
could benefit from information thereby obtained.

Reference Applications
An automated Order Control System for the Divi-
sion for the Blind and Physically Handicapped was
designed. Testing the production of the LC Statement
of Earnings and Leave in Braille for blind staff mem-
bers was also begun during the past 6 months.
The pilot project in the Loan Division to test the
feasibility of central charge file automation, with data

. .t L

LC Information Bulletin

on loans to Federal Agencies, was completed success-
fully. An on-line system to expand the scope of auto-
mation within the Loan Division entered the design
phase. The programming routines will be generalized
and available for use in on-line application systems
other than that in the Loan Division.
Programming support supplied to the Manuscript
Division assisted in production of indexes to the
papers of President William Howard Taft and of
Nelson W. Aldrich.
The generalized bibliographic system (BIBSYS)
underwent modifications and enhancements to pro-
vide improved automated service to its users, which
include many divisions of the Reference Department.
As a result, copies of the systems programs are being
utilized by the other national libraries as well as two
university libraries.

Copyright Office Applications
Assistance to the Copyright Office was highlighted
by initiation of support for the on-line cataloging and
for registrations for sound recordings. The Computer
Applications Office of ISO began to develop the func-
tional specifications required to support the system in
the Music Section of the Copyright Cataloging Divi-
sion. To satisfy immediate data capture requirements,
an interim system was designed and is being imple-
mented on a small scale using an on-line typewriter
terminal in the Copyright Office and adaptable soft-
ware already installed in the Computer Services


The National Serials Data Program (NSDP) entered
Phase III on April 17, 1972. Supported jointly by the
Library of Congress, the National Agricultural
Library, and the National Library of Medicine, NSDP,
which will be headed by Paul Vassallo of LC, will
continue the development of a central machine-
readable source of serial cataloging information and
of an economically feasible system of handling serials
that will eliminate the costly duplicative input and
conversion projects that would otherwise be
In the first phase of the Program, LC developed a
format for recording bibliographic data about serials
in machine-readable form. In 1969 the Association of
Research Libraries with a grant from the National
Agricultural Library, began the administration of a
2-year National Serials Pdot Project. Support for the

program came thereafter from the three national
libraries and the Council on Library Resources, Inc.
Using the scientific and technical serials held by the
three national libraries, the pilot project began the
development of a union list and provided data about
the characteristics of serials and the effectiveness of
various techniques for handling serial information.
The third phase of the Program will provide the
three national libraries, other research libraries, as
well as others in the national user community, with
an authoritative automated bibliographic resource
upon which serials processing systems can be built, a
base record of serial titles to which the International
Standard Serial Number (ISSN) can be permanently
affixed, a machine-readable bibliographic resource for
serials that will supply important cataloging informa-
tion to libraries and at the same time permit the uni-
form transfer of data on serials among libraries, a base
from which several kinds of library tools can be devel-
oped, and a serial system which will constitute the
US. segment of the developing International Serials
Data System (ISDS).
The International Center (IC) of the ISDS, with
headquarters in the Bibliotheque Nationale, Paris, is
responsible for the administration of the assigning of
the ISSN to the national or regional centers. The IC
also serves as the international registry for the ISSN
and for the coordination of efforts of the national
and regional centers to develop and maintain a uni-
form international system of control over serial publi-
As the US. national center, the NSDP is the sole
agency responsible for the control and assignment of
ISSN in the United States. The concept has been
established that a national center is authorized the
use of ISSN from the IC solely for those publications
emanating from the respective nation. An exception
has been made to this concept in providing limited
authorization for the R. R. Bowker Company to pro-
vide coverage of all titles in the Bowker Serial Biblio-
graphy represented by Vols. I and II entitled Ulrich's
International Periodicals Directory and Vol. III
entitled Irregular Serials and Annuals: An Inter-
national Directory. The latter contains a combined
alpha index with ISSN for every entry in Volumes I,
II, and III. The USNC is currently negotiating with
the International Center to acquire a block of ISSN
to permit the numbering of the Cumulation of New
Serial Titles 1950-70, in preparation by the Bowker
A meeting of the International Organization for
Standardization Technical Committee 46 (ISO/TC46)


June 23, 1972

Experts on ISSN was held in Vienna, Austria. in late
April. The prime item on the agenda was the discus-
sion of various drafts of the standard "International
Standard Serial Numbering (ISSN)." The meeting
arrived at a consensus on a final draft of the ISSN,
which, after formal reactions from the participants.
will be presented for ratification to the ISO/TC46
Plenary Session in The Hague in late September.


The Librarian of Congress, the Director of the
National Library of Medicine, and the Director of the
National Agricultural Library joined in announcing
that the U.S. National Libraries Task Force on Auto-
mation and Other Cooperative Services will function
as a cooperative activity in parallel to the program of
the Federal Library Committee. Frank Kurt Cylke,
FLC Executive Secretary, will serve also as Chairman
of the US. National Libraries Task Force.
The US. National Libraries Task Force was estab-
lished in 1967 by the heads of the three national
libraries to "improve access to the world's literature
in all areas of human concern and scholarship, so that
comprehensive access to the materials of learning can
be afforded to all citizens of the United States." The
Task Force has worked actively in the fields of acqui-
sition, descriptive and subject cataloging, and various
phases of automation toward the ultimate goal of
"development of a national data bank of machine-
readable cataloging information ... as a central
resource for all libraries." During this period the Task
Force has submitted recommendations to the three
head librarians on the adoption of the MARC II
Format for the communication of bibliographic infor-
mation, measures to assure compatibility in descrip-
tive cataloging practices, adoption of standard
calendar data and standard language codes, adoption
of standard character sets for roman alphabets and
romanized non-roman alphabets, and plans for
national serials controls and for further cooperation
in acquisitions among the three national libraries.
The Task Force's development of the National
Serials Data Project through the pilot stage made
possible the recent announcement of the on-going
National Serials Data Program under the sponsorship
of the three national libraries (see above). This step
and the placement of the Task Force in close associa-
tion with the Federal Library Committee will extend
the benefits of these cooperative programs, both tech-
nical and non-technical, to the widest possible library
and information science community.


In accordance with ilie recommendations of ilie
Foreign Newspaper Microfilm Committee of the
Association of Research Libraries, the Library of
Congress has assumed new in thie area
of foreign newspaper miLrfihiling. In a ltu.J pre-
pared for the Committee in 1970, Norman Shaffer ot
the University of Nebraska urged that an office be
created at the Library of Congress to coordinate a
national microfilming program for foreign news-
papers. The recommendations of the Shaffer report
were accepted by the Committee and now will be
implemented at LC by two closely related but dis-
tinct organizational units: a newly created post of
Foreign Newspaper Microfilming Coordinator in the
Office of the Assistant Director for Library Resources
in the Reference Department and the Microform Pub.
locations Unit in the Catalog Publications Division of
the Processing Department.
The office of Foreign Newspaper Mi rofilminr
Coordinator will serve as the national focal point in
matters relating to the selection, acquisition, and
microfilming of foreign newspapers, including cooper-
ative microfilming projects. Its activities will be
advisory and informational in nature; for example, it
will provide data to institutions about various foreign
newspaper acquisition- and microfilming programs.
sources of microfilm, and technical and bblhiographic
standards in newspaper microfilming. The Microform
Publications Unit, through its publication Newspapers
on Microfilm, will expand its efforts to inform
libraries about the availability and location of ncgj.
tive and positive microfilm files of individual titles. It
is hoped that the expanded foreign newspaper
activity of the Library of Congre, will eventually
result in comprehensive coverage of current and retro-
spective foreign newspaper titles among American
research libraries. John Y. Cole has been named For-
eign Newspaper Microfilming Coordinator.


Three projects of the Federal Library Committee
(FLC) show potential benefits for the i- rar com-
In February 1972, FLC received financial support
from the US. Office of Education to undertake a
Survey of Federal Libraries. The increasing grow th of
Federal library holdings and the complexity of h.hnt
ing Federal agency structure and programming under-


LC Information Bulletin

score the need for a standard reporting system that
will serve the purposes of the individual Federal
library and at the same time present an accurate over-
all view of the Federal library resources, staff,
budgets, and activities.
Edwin Olson, University of Maryland, will direct
the project designed to survey all Federal libraries,
regardless of size or location, in the Continental US.
and overseas. The project will be closely coordinated
with the broad objectives and procedures set forth in
the recently issued publication Planning for a Nation-
wide System of Library Statistics, and with the devel-
opment of model forms for the USOE statistical
system, now under way. It will, in the development
of its implementation procedures, also be coordinated
with the Herner and Company study of library and
information center statistics and data practices at the
Federal level.
FLC's Task Force on Recruitment completed the
development of a qualifications rating scale for pro-
fessional librarians applying for positions at the GS-9
level in the Federal Government. The scale is based
on a nationwide survey of the relative values assigned
by librarians to various factors such as the M.LS.,
categories of experience, and special training. The
project was undertaken in response to the suggestion
made by the Civil Service Commission in a letter to
the Chairman of the FLC. The rating scale will be
implemented in September 1972.
In accordance with Public Law 91-216, Job Evalua-
tion Policy Act of 1970, Philip Oliver, Director, Task
Force on Job Evaluation and Pay Review, has issued a
plan for the establishment of a coordinated system of
job evaluation and ranking for civilian positions in the
Executive Branch. The plan provides for a factor
rating system based on "benchmark" (i.e. broadly
representative) jobs.
Library positions are to be included in the adminis-
trative, professional, and technological category; how-
ever, "benchmark" jobs for these positions were not
prepared for the Evaluation System for Adminis-
trative, Professional, and Technological Positions,
developed by the Pay Review Task Force. An ad hoc
group was established in the Executive. Advisory
Committee of the FLC to study the proposed system
and to make recommendations that will help the Civil
Service Commission is establishing adequate "bench-
mark" jobs for librarians. Members of the group are
Logan Cowgill. Mary Huffer, and Lillian A. Hamrick,
Chairman. It is expected that the "benchmark" posi-
tion will have applicability in the state and municipal
governmental environment.


Foremost among the accomplishments of the Pres-
ervation Office during the past 6 months has been the
development of the preservation research program
now underway in the laboratory. Among the most
significant projects and the problems to be under-
taken during the next year are investigations of: (1)
all presently known deacidification processes, (2) new
vapor phase methods of deacidification, (3) mainte-
nance of strength in new paper and restrengthening of
old paper by vapor phase graft polymerization, (4)
thermo plastic impregnance for thermo lamination of
deteriorated paper, (5) differences in the aging of
paper in single leaves versus multiple leaves, (6) effect
of pH on the rate of aging of paper in dry and humid
ovens, (7) effect of atmospheric pollutants on paper
deterioration, (8) stabilization of photographic print
emulsions, (9) freeze drying in the restoration of
water-damaged books and documents, (10) stain iden-
tification and removal, (11) standardization of
adhesives, and (12) quality control testing of mate-
rials used in the preservation of library artifacts.
Although some essential testing equipment is not
yet available, the laboratory has enough equipment to
undertake the projects mentioned. An environmental
chamber, a necessity for the proper conditioning of
paper during physical testing, was to have been in-
stalled by the end of April but has been delayed and
now is expected to be finished and in use about the
end of June.
In other areas, the Restoration Workshop was in-
volved in investigating improved methods for lamina-
tion and the physical protection of documents of all
types. In addition to the development of improved
procedures in the preservation and restoration of the
Library's collections, Mr. Waters and his staff devel-
oped a control system aimed at providing better
control and immediate access for all materials coming
into the workshop for treatment. Progress was also
made in the development of the Library's proposed
training program for conservators and it is expected
that this program will go into operation sometime
during the next 6 months.


Specifications for the Microfilming of Newspapers
in the Library of Congress, an analysis of biblio-
graphical and technical procedures regularly
employed by the Service became available from the


June 23. 1972

Government Printing Office for 30 cents in March
1972. This publication includes changes in routines
and methods instituted since 1964. when Specifica-
tions for Library of Congress Microfilming was
published. Specifications are also being prepared and
will be published separately for other major types of
materials, such as manuscripts, monographs, and
Early in January, public sale began of a series of
color scenes of Library exteriors and interiors. This
first set of six 2" x 2" slides has already proved to be
a welcome souvenir for those visiting the Library and
as a visual aid for educational institutions. This set of
LC color slides is available from the Photoduplication
Service, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
20540, for $2.75, postage included.
As noted in the January report on LC, the Photo-
duplication Service continues to sustain an operating
loss, largely due to increasing labor costs. With assis-
tance from the Library's Internal Auditor, a standard
cost methodology has been helpful in the formation
of a new rate structure, now under final study.


Reorganization Act Implementation
The first steps toward implementing the new
responsibilities conferred on CRS by the Legislative
Reorganization Act of 1970 were taken during the
current fiscal year. Plans for fiscal 1973, aimed at
second-year implementation as part of an orderly pro-
gression toward achieving fully the objectives of the
Act over a 5-year period, are now being made. This
will require a gradual buildup of resources. Mean-
while, during much of this developmental period, the
Service will be able to fulfill its new responsibilities
only on a pilot basis.
The Act contemplates that CRS shall expand in-
depth research work for committees of Congress. A
recent tabulation of more significant analytical re-
search projects underway for committees through
March 10 of this year indicated that as of that date
there were over 185 major research assignments in
process for some 28 of the approximately 60 stand-
ing, joint, and select committees of the House and
The Reorganization Act requires CRS to maintain
continuous liaison with all committees. Among other
advantages, this is intended to support the com-
mittees in advance planning of their research activi-
ties. Because resources were limited in fiscal 1972,

the liaison function was begun only on a pilot basis
with a limited number of committees.
The development of the CRS legislative issue track-
ing system has continued. This will lay the ground-
work for CRS to meet its obligation under the
Reorganization Act to pinpoint emerging issues and
to provide each committee at the beginning of the
93rd Congress with a "list of subjects and policy areas
which the committee might profitably analyze in

Oversight Committee Responsibilities
The Reorganization Act provides that the Director
of the Service shall file a detailed annual report on all
phases of CRS activities with the Joint Committee on
the Library. The first such report was filed on Jan-
uary 31, 1972. Because it was the first, the report was
designed to present CRS in the context of its history
before the 1970 Reorganization Act. It is consider-
ably more detailed than the account included in the
Annual Report of the Librarian of Congress; it was
intended to serve both as a record of work accom-
plished during fiscal 1971 and as a basic, although
brief, description of the structure and operations of
the Service. The Joint Committee published the
report as a committee print.

Other CRS Activities
A program of conferences, roundtables, and other
programs of varying lengths is being planned for
Members of Congress and senior Congressional staff.
The focus of the program would be to consider the
challenges and opportunities for Congress in a demo-
cratic society and to examine specific policy prob-
lems. From time to time CRS divisions have
conducted informal or formal seminars for specific
legislative developments. These have included brief-
ings on such subjects as Earth Day, Urban Informa-
tion Resources, Energy, and the Environment.
Under P.L. 91-589, approved December 24, 1970,
the Service was directed to prepare a revised and
updated edition of the 1,700-page Constitution of the
United States of America-Analysis and Interpreta-
tion (1964). Under that Act, CRS is also directed to
prepare cumulative pocket-part supplements every 2
years thereafter. The manuscript for the revised
edition is being prepared and is scheduled for comple-
tion by the end of calendar 1972. It will be printed at
the GPO. Work will then begin on preparation of the
first biennial cumulative pocket-part supplement.


LC Information Bulletin


The number of inquiries for bibliographic informa-
tion and for locations received by the Union Catalog
Reference Unit (UCRU) continues at a high level-
29,689 for the 6-month period December 1971-May
1972. Because of a prolonged staff vacancy and the
large number of requests, overtime work was author-
ized in February 1972 to help reduce the time
necessary to process these requests, an increasing pro-
portion of which require lengthy searches.
Revised and more specific instructions for sub-
mitting inquiries by mail and by TWX have been
develQped and will be distributed for regular use after
they/have been discussed at the Interlibrary Loan
Cotrmittee meeting of the 1972 annual ALA confer-
ence. A new form for submitting requests by mail and
a new format for TWX requests are included in the
new instructions. Use of the standard interlibrary
loan form to request information from the NUC
apparatus has proved unsatisfactory and will be dis-
continued. UCRU will supply free upon request pads
of the new form.


It is anticipated that the 6-hour requisite course,
"Research Orientation Seminar: Americana in the
Library of Congress," for the LC-The George Wash-
ington University joint doctoral program in American
thought and culture with emphasis upon library re-
search and collections, will be given every other year.
In the academic year 1971-72, nine students success-
fully completed this course which, like others in the
affiliated program, is offered by LC staff members.


The William Howard Taft Papers index is in press
and the Woodrow Wilson, James A. Garfield, and
Thomas Jefferson indexes and microfilm publications
are expected to be available in the latter part of 1972.


The division continued to fulfill its broad range of

responsibilities for acquisitions-recommending, and
for reference, bibliographic, and referral services to
the scientific community, Government agencies, and
the public. Two informal publication series were
launched with good results. The Selected List of
Information Resources series, compiled by the
Referral Services Section, is apparently reaching
hitherto untapped segments of the public, judging
from the increased number of new requesters, many
of whom are becoming "'repeat" users of the referral
service. The LC Science Tracer Bullet series, compiled
by the Reference Section, while still too new to elicit
much user reaction, is already credited with having
focused staff attention on reference works basic to
topics of current public interest, thereby causing
previously overlooked titles to be added to the
Science Reading Room reference collection. A
number of division publications are in different stages
of completion. The Antarctic Bibliography, vol. 5, is
in press, with publication expected in June. Tapes for
the Biological Sciences volume in the NRC series A
Directory of Information Resources in the United
States went to GPO for photocomposition in mid-
April. Entries for the revised Social Sciences volume
have been mailed out for validation, and returns are
being put on tape; photocomposition by GPO is
expected around the end of June. Capping the cur-
rent round of revisions in the series, a Federal
Government volume is well on its way to completion,
most of its entries having already been written,
approved, and put on tape for earlier volumes. The
manuscript for Wilbur & Orville Wright: A Chrono-
logy is being readied for submission to LC's Publica-
tions Office early in June. The division also continued
providing text for publications issued by other
agencies, notably, the Bibliography on Cold Regions
Science and Technology, published by the Army's
Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory
(CRREL), and Astronautics and Aeronautics:
Chronology on Science, Technology, and Policy,
published by the National Aeronautics and Space
Administration. In a new project, the division is also
verifying entries for a revision of A Guide to the
World's Abstracting and Indexing Services in Science
and Technology, which is being compiled jointly by
the National Federation of Science Abstracting and
Indexing Services and the International Federation
for Documentation.
The division's automation activities are expanding,
the National Science Foundation having approved a
proposal to "develop an automated Polar Prototype
Bibliography system" similar to the MARC-based


June 23, 1972

CRREL system and designed to absorb the Antarctic
Bibliography; input will be through ATS. Linotron
photocomposing capability is being added to the
CRREL system and will be part of the new Polar
Prototype as well. The computer support system for
the NRC directories has been formally turned over to
the division as a production (rather than develop-
mental) system by the Information Systems Office.


Blind and Physically Handicapped readers of record
in the Nation reached an all-time high of 272,289 in
calendar 1971, compared with 255,000 readers in
fiscal year 1971. Data for the months intervening
indicate continued increases.
The official opening in April of the Maine Regional
Library for the Blind and Physically Handicapped
brought the national total of regional libraries to 51.
Thirteen subregional libraries also were opened in six
States: Maine, Alabama, Illinois, Maryland, Michigan,
and Virginia, bringing the total to 55.
Forty-five regional libraries and 13 subregional
libraries were represented at the Eighth National Con-
ference of Librarians for the Blind and Physically
Handicapped sponsored by the Division and held May
15-17, 1972, in Louisville, Kentucky. "Coping with
Growth" was the theme selected for the conference.
Among the highlights in the distribution of maga-
zines was the production of Sports Illustrated on a
less expensive, flexible disc (soundsheet) and in larger
quantities, thus lessening the time-lag from date of
print publication to the date the recorded edition
reaches the reader; and the introduction, in April, of
Encore, a bimonthly talking book compilation of arti-
cles from selected magazines in the field of disability
and rehabilitation, provided in response to numerous
requests from handicapped readers.
Developments relating to braille included the
appointment of the Braille Music Advisor; publication
of a revised Instruction Manual for Braille Tran-
scribing; and review of a draft instruction manual for
transcribers of braille mathematics which, when com-
pleted and published by 1973, will enable the Divi-
sion to initiate a new volunteer instruction program.
Volunteers are preparing the manual at no cost to the
The services of a half-time volunteer studio director
have made it possible for the Division to begin
recruiting a corps of volunteer narrators of talking

books, utilizing its sound recording studio, com-
parable to the large volunteer corps of narrators dvail
able in other urban areas.
Continuing its efforts to reach all potential readers,
the Division was host to a session of the 50th anniver-
sary convention of the Council for Exceptional
Children and scheduled 28 exhibits at as many volun-
tary or professional association conventions. The
Division cooperated with the American Optometric
Association to produce a popular pamphlet about the
Division program directed especially at individuals
with low vision and worked with Lions International
on magazine and other publicity.


The first in a series of five symposia on the Ameri-
can Revolution, made possible by a grant from the
Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation, was held
at the Library on May 5 and 6. An audience of over
500 scholars and amateur historians from across the
nation heard papers on the theme, "The Development
of a Revolutionary Mentality." Participants included
Caroline Robbins, Professor Emeritus, Bryn Mawr
College; Richard Bushman, Boston University; Pau-
line Maier, University of Massachusetts; and Mary
Beth Norton, Cornell University. Professor Henry S.
Commager, Professor Emeritus, Amherst College,
delivered the opening address. Commenting on the
principal papers were J. H. Plumb, Christ's College,
Cambridge; Edmund S. Morgan, Yale University; Jack
P. Greene, The Johns Hopkins University; and
Esmond Wright, University of London. Both the
papers and the remarks of the commentators will be
published by the Library late in calendar 1972.
The American Revolution Bicentennial Office con-
tinued work on its major project, the collection and
editing for eventual publication of the Letters of
Delegates to Congress, 1774-1789, a project made
possible by a Ford Foundation grant. Progress was
made on other publications.
A volume of six English pamphlets, selected and
reprinted with introductions by Paul Smith, a
member of LC's Bicentennial staff, is now available
from the GPO under the title, English Defenders of
American Freedoms, 1774-1778. Ready for the press
are a guide to manuscripts in LC of the period of the
American Revolution and a checklist of prints, car-
toons, and other graphics of Revolutionary origin.
Some work has been done and final plans are being

A .S


LC Information Bulletin

made, in cooperation with the Geography and Map
Division, for an annotated checklist of manuscript
and printed maps contemporary to the Revolutionary


At the Federal Editors Association annual awards
luncheon in mid-June four prizes for outstanding
Government publications produced in 1971 were
awarded to LC's Publications Office. Two LC exhibit
catalogs were cited-Missouri; The Sesquicentennial
of Statehood and Contemporary Photographs from
Sweden, the latter financed by a gift from the
Swedish Embassy. Another award went to the four-
page folder Talking Books and Multiple Sclerosis, one
of a series of flyers on services of the Division for the
Blind and Physically Handicapped. The Quarterly
Journal of the Library of Congress for October 1971
also received an award, adding to a series of citations
it has received from the FEA. In 1965, 1967, and
1969, the QJ won first place in its category, an
honorable mention in 1968, and a second place in
1970. In addition to first place in 1967, it was rated
the best of show. Since 1964 other LC publications
have received seven FEA awards, including another
best of show.
The Quarterly Journal for April centered on Lafay-
ette, carrying an article on Adrienne and the Lafay-
ette papers at La Grange, by Count Ren6 de
Chambrun, one on the papers at Cornell, by Mary F.
Daniels, and one on the papers at the Library of Con-
gress, by John Sellers, Acting Coordinator of the LC
American Revolution Bicentennial Programs. In addi-
tion to the annual article on acquisitions of the Rare
Book Division, the July issue will include articles on
Owen Wister, by Julian Mason of the University of
North Carolina, on Frederick Douglass, by Benjamin
Quarles, professor of history at Morgan State College
in Baltimore and an LC honorary consultant in
American history, and on depictions of the lengths of
rivers and heights of mountains by John Wolter, assis-
tant chief of the Library's Geography and Map
Appearing in a cover bearing a design drawn from
the binding of a 1538 edition of Boccaccio's

Decameron, the Librarian's annual report for the fis-
cal year ending June 30, 1971, contains 160 pages of
information about the Library of Congress programs
and activities during fiscal 1971. Cold-type composi-
tion of the report was done in the Library's Central
Services Division on an MTST/C. The report is free to
libraries upon request to the Library of Congress,
Central Services Division, Washington, D.C. 20540.
Copies may be purchased from the Superintendent of
Documents or in person from the Library's Informa-
tion Counter for $3.25.
Coinciding with the 75th anniversary of the Geo-
graphy and Map Division is the publication of A la
Carte, a collection of articles about maps in the
Library's collections, drawn for the most part from
the Quarterly Journal The articles have been revised
and updated to include the results of later research. A
second edition of the National Directory of Latin
Americanists lists 2,695 specialists, and the Latin
American, Portuguese, and Spanish Division's biblio-
graphy of paperback books has been expanded and
now bears the title Latin America, Spain, and
Portugal; an Annotated Bibliography of Paperback
Lincoln's dedication of the cemetery at Gettysburg
has taken on a new dimension with the publication of
the Gettysburg Address in Translation, a compilation
by Roy P. Basler, Chief of the Manuscript Division.
The translations are in 29 languages ranging from
French, German, Spanish, Portuguese and Italian to
Greek, Burmese, Hindi, and Tagalog, written in most
cases by well-known literary figures. The book is
available from the Library of Congress, Information
Office, for $1.25.
An annotated, illustrated exhibit catalog, The Wide
World of Children's Books, was compiled in the
Children's Book Section for its exhibition of items
from 38 countries mounted June 1972 in the
Library's Great Hall in observance of International
Book Year.
The African Section's bibliographic study, Spanish-
Speaking Africa; a Guide to Official Publications, has
been forwarded to the Publications Office.
The new edition of Library of Congress Publi-
cations in Print for 1972 is just off the press and
copies are available at the LC booth at the con-


Full Text
xml version 1.0 encoding UTF-8
REPORT xmlns http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitss xmlns:xsi http:www.w3.org2001XMLSchema-instance xsi:schemaLocation http:www.fcla.edudlsmddaitssdaitssReport.xsd