Library of Congress information bulletin


Material Information

Library of Congress information bulletin
Portion of title:
L.C. information bulletin
Running title:
LC information bulletin
Abbreviated Title:
Libr. Congr. inf. bull.
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Library of Congress
The Library
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Art and archaeology technical abstracts
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Public Affairs Information Service bulletin
Library literature
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 31, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1972)-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000484231
oclc - 02566556
notis - ACQ2099
lccn - 83-641631
issn - 0041-7904
lcc - Z733.U57 I6
ddc - 027.573
nlm - Z 733 L697
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Vol. 31, No. 23


The Radio Liberty Committee of New York has
presented a collection of over 1,000 separate items of
samizdat materials to the Library of Congress.
Samizdat is a colloquial Russian word based on two
words meaning "privately published" and refers to a
body of letters, petitions, documents, reports of
trials, and works of literature which are circulated
from hand to hand in the Soviet Union outside the
official channels of publication. Many of these items
deal with subjects and points of view which find no
open expression in the Soviet press and they are in
many cases concerned with questions of freedom of
expression and the struggle for the rights of the citi-
A chronological listing of items received by the
Radio Liberty Committee during the period of
1968-1971 is provided by the Committee's Register
of Samizdal, with each entry being accompanied by a
short abstract and an indication as to its possible pub-
lication in Russian in the 6migr6 press or in transla-
tion in Western language newspapers and journals.
The Committee also intends to furnish the Library
with copies of those materials which it has acquired
subsequent to the compilation of the Register, thus
extending and completing this collection. The Slavic
and Central European Division of the Library of Con-
gress has organized these materials and will establish
broad bibliographic controls by author and subject, in
order to facilitate best possible use by scholars.

June 9, 1972

Photocopies of these documents may be ordered
from the Library's Photoduplication Service.
Information about the collection and its availability
may be obtained from the Slavic and Central Euro-
pean Division.

by Nancy Robbins

Some years ago a bright and enthusiastic high
school student joined the staff of the Copyright
Office of the Library of Congress and opened the
door for many like him who were to follow. Al-
though this student's appointment was a result of a
special arrangement between the Register of Copy-
rights and a local high school principal, it suggested a
concept that would develop into a program of mutual
benefit to both its participants and the Library of
Congress. Today it is known as the Work-Study Pro-
gram, and offers students on-the-job training while
they are completing their last year of high school.
Administered by the Placement Office, the program
has grown sufficiently to involve four departments in
LC and 13 students from area high schools.
The Work-Study Program was slow in evolving,
placement of students was limited to the Cop. right
Office and the Photoduplication Service in its first
years. It was not until John Beglin. Senior Staffing
Specialist. Placement Office, inherited the program
that it began to grow steadily. "I asked myself why



* -r;~"


t ;I 40 -
,' "* \ n '" /


Federal Librarians Meet . .. 255-256
foreignn Newspaper Microfilming ... .255
LC Officials Meet with Library Consortium Council .256
Library of Congress Publiation .. 257-258
MARC and DBPH Produce First Computer Catalog
of Talking Books . ... 256-257
News in the Library World . .. 261-264
Samizdat Materials Acquired ... ..... 253
Staff News. . ... 258-261
Students Receive Training at LC . 253-255
Appendix-ARL . ... A-71-A-75

this wouldn't work elsewhere in the Library if it was
working in Copyright and Photodup." Mr. Beglin
began laying the groundwork for additional positions
in other departments, recruiting Stack and Reader
Division and the Processing Department, and has suc-
ceeded in doubling the size of the program.
A student learns of the existence of the Library of
Congress Work-Study Program-and similar programs
in other Government agencies which are known as
Vocational Office Training (VOT)-through the coun-
seling office in his high school. The Library presently
works with Groveton High School in Alexandria,
Wakefield High School in Arlington, and Eastern High
School in the District of Columbia, recruiting partici-
pants for its program. Participants are selected from
seniors majoring in business courses and are judged on
the basis of past academic achievement and recom-
mendations from their teachers. The most successful
participants in the program in past years have been
conscientious and hard-working students who recog-
runed the value of the training and experience offered
by the program.
The program begins each year in September, and
individual participants' schedules are determined by
the needs of the division to which they are assigned.
Most attend classes during the morning, and work at
the Library for four hours in the afternoon as deck
attendants, clerk typists, or library aides. Early in the

LC Information Bulletin

development of the Work-Study Program, the Library
chose to adopt the Civil Service regulations governing
all VOT programs; participants are hired at the GS-1
level and cannot be promoted while in high school.
Their work is reviewed periodically by their super-
visors, and Mr. Beglin, acting as liaison officer
between the Library and the students' high schools,
receives and directs these evaluations. Students
receive one to two hours credit toward graduation for
their participation in the program and are expected to
maintain a high level of achievement in both their
school and office work.
On the job, participants are given a variety of duties
within their sections. "It is important for these stu-
dents not to become bored with their work," Mr.
Beglin noted. "Supervisors assign work which will not
only acquaint the students with the operation of their
particular section and division, but work which will
instruct and provide them with experience in general
office practices." Participants are enthusiastic about
the program, and feel that their work assignments
have provided valuable knowledge and experience.
The students' participation in the Work-Study Pro-
gram ends with graduation from high school. Conver-
sion to full-time status is not automatic, but
participants are encouraged to find positions within
LC through regular posting procedures. If hired on a
full-time basis, they are immediately promoted to the
GS-3 level. Mr. Beglin was pleased to announce
recently that all ten students completing the program
this year have been hired as full-time employees of
the Library.
Though well-established and operating smoothly,
the program continues to grow and improve. With
additional funding, Mr. Beglin is working to double
the number of participants in the year ahead. Copy-
right has requested eight additional participants, and
12 divisions not previously involved in the program-
Music, Order, Overseas Operations, MARC Develop-
ment, MARC Editorial, Catalog Management, Catalog
Publication, Descriptive Cataloging, Serial Record,
Personnel, ISO, and Central Services-have indicated
an interest. To acquire these additional students, the
program has been introduced at Coolidge and
Spingarn High Schools in the District of Columbia
and Bladensburg and Oxon Hill, Md. High Schools,
bringing the total number of schools participating to
A plan is currently under consideration whereby
the program would begin in the summer between the
participants' junior and senior years on a full-time

June 9, 1972

Participants completing the 1971-72 Work-Study Program are: back row, left to right: Eker Meadows,
S&R; Tim McKissick, Copyright; James Poole, Copyright; second row: Benjamin Stevens, S&R;
Emmanuel DeMesme, S&R; Brian Howerton, Photodup; front row: Carol Sutherland, Copyright; Paul
Frazier, E&G; Debbie Wright, Copyright; Linda Tusing, Copyright; and Mr. Beglin.

basis and convert to a part-time schedule in Septem-
ber, thus enabling students to become fully oriented
at the Library before their fall classwork begins.


In accordance with the recommendations of the
Foreign Newspaper Microfilm Committee of the
Association of Research Libraries, the Library of
Congress will carry out new responsibilities and activi-
ties in the area of foreign newspaper microfilming. In
a study prepared for the Committee in 1970, Norman
Shaffer of the University of Nebraska urged that an
office be created at the Library of Congress to coordi-
nate a national microfilming program for foreign
newspapers. The recommendations of the Shaffer
report were accepted by the Committee and now will
be implemented at the Library by two closely-related
but distinct organizational units: a newly-created post
of Foreign Newspaper Microfilming Coordinator in
the Office of the Assistant Director for Library Re-
sources in the Reference Department and the Micro-
form Publications Unit in the Catalog Publications
Division of the Processing Department. The office of
Foreign Newspaper Microfilming Coordinator will

serve as the national focal point in matters relating to
the selection, acquisition, and microfilming of foreign
newspapers, including cooperative microfilming
projects. Its activities will be advisory and informa-
tional in nature; for example, it will provide data to
institutions about various foreign newspaper acquisi-
tion and microfilming programs, sources of micro-
film, and technical and bibliographic standards in
newspaper microfilming. The Microform Publications
Unit, through its publication Newspapers on Micro-
film, will expand its efforts to inform libraries about
the availability and location of negative and positive
microfilm files of individual titles. The seventh
edition of Newspaper on Microfilm, now in prepara-
tion, will, in fact, contain over twice as many entries
as the previous edition. It is hoped that the expanded
foreign newspaper activity of the Library of Congress
'will eventually result in comprehensive coverage of
current and retrospective foreign newspaper titles
among American research libraries.


Librarians representing 25 Federal agencies re-
sponded to an invitation to meet in the Coolidge

LC Information Bulletin

Auditorium of the Library of Congress on May 25 to
express their views about the possibility of forming
an association of Federal librarians. The meeting,
which was held under the auspices of the Federal
Library Committee, was conducted by John Sherrod,
Chairman of the FLC Executive Advisory Committee,
and Frank Kurt Cylke, Executive Secretary of the
FLC. They reported the suggestions that existing
library associations did not fully represent Federal
librarians (librarians, technicians, and information
specialists) as individuals and that such an organiza-
tion could serve a useful purpose.
Questions from the audience concerned such
matters as the possible relationship of such an associa-
tion to the Federal Library Committee, its relation-
ship to other professional library associations, the
degree to which it would be helpful to librarians scat-
tered throughout the country, and how such an
association would operate.
Mr. Sherrod and Mr. Cylke explained that the
Federal Library Committee is an institutional activity
as its members represent the Federal agencies where
they work. The Committee is concerned primarily
with institutional policies, housing, funding, and pro-
gramming, rather than with the welfare of and oppor-
tunities for individual librarians within the agencies.
Mr. Sherrod added that at present there is no existing
organization in which all Federal librarians can come
together and promote their particular interests. Mr.
Cylke stated that FLC Task Forces on Recruitment
and Education, do, however, contribute to the wel-
fare of individual Federal librarians, even though
matters are approached from the agency point of
Comments included the possible need for a body
that would encourage more Federal librarians to par-
ticipate in professional association work. This associa-
tion would be open to anyone who works in a library
or information service in the Federal Government.
One participant expressed the view that the FLC
could benefit from more support from the Federal
library community, and this proposed association
might provide such a vehicle. Several persons hoped
that there could be an opportunity to work in a pro-
fessional association which would make a contribu-
tion to individual Federal librarians.


The Library Council of the Consortium of Universi-

ties of Washington, D.C., met with Library officials
on May 19 and were guests at a luncheon in the
Whittall Pavilion. The Council consists of William D.
Cunningham, Director of Libraries, Howard Univer-
sity (Chairman); Donald D. Dennis, University Librar-
ian, American University; Lloyd F. Wagner, Director
of Libraries, Catholic University; Rupert C. Wood-
ward, Director of Libraries, George Washington
University; Joseph E. Jeffs, University Librarian,
Georgetown University; and Darrell H. Lemke, Coor-
dinator of Library Programs of the Consortium.
Topics discussed included automation and building
plans of the five libraries, and areas of mutual con-
cern in reader service and interlibrary lending.
In greeting the group L. Quincy Mumford noted
the traditional closeness of the Library of Congress to
the local academic libraries and the desire of the
Library to work with various library and scholarly
groups to strengthen our resources and services.


Completion of the first computerized catalog of
talking books in the MARC format was announced on
May 11 by the Division for the Blind and Physically
Handicapped and the MARC Development Office.
Mary Jack Wintle, DBPH Assistant Chief for Acquisi-
tions and project coordinator, presented the first
copy of the catalog to Robert S. Bray, DBPH Chief,
in a ceremony in the DBPH Conference Room. Mrs.
Henriette D. Avram, Chief of the MARC Develop-
ment Office, and several staff members from both
divisions attended the ceremony.
Talking books numbered 1 through 3374 are
included in the computer-produced catalog, in four
parts: main entry, title, and subject indexes, and
shelflist. Input tapes for the computer record were
prepared by an outside firm under contract. The
tapes were then processed through the Library's com-
puter programs to produce the four book catalogs.
Completed in record time, two-and-one-half
months, the catalog represents extraordinary effort
by personnel in DBPH and the MARC Development
Office, as well as the Duplicating Unit in the Central
Services Division. DBPH personnel cited for their con-
tributions were Lucy Vash, Acting Head of the
Selection Section, DBPH, who supervised the editing,
and four DBPH staff members for editing copy:
Lillian Banks and Veronica Groom, National Collec-
tions Section; Rosa Smith, Selection Section; and

June 9, 1972

Gregory Christison, Publications Section.
Lucia Rather from the MARC Development Office
coordinated the technical activities of the project.
Maurice Casem handled the Library's processing pro-
grams and Edith Godberg corrected the data on the
tapes. Others from MDO who contributed to the
project were Lenore Maruyama and James Agen-
broad, who designed and produced the book catalogs.
Copies of the catalog were distributed to regional
librarians for the blind and physically handicapped at
their recent biennial conference in Louisville, Ky.


A la Carte: Selected Papers on Maps and Atlases.
Compiled by Walter W. Ristow, Geography and Map
Division, Library of Congress, Washington, 1972. (x,
232 p.) For sale by the Superintendent of Docu-
ments, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington,
D.C. 20402 for $4 a copy (LC 5.2:M32/3).
A la Carte is a collection of 20 essays on maps and
atlases found in the Library's Geography and Map
Division, which is currently celebrating its 75th anni-
versary. Divided into two groups, "Maps and Atlases
of the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries" and

JL- ';? 1

Some of the principals involved in preparation of the first comp
catalog of talking books are (l-r) Lucia Rather, Lillian Banks, Vei
Rosa Smith, Gregory Christison, Lucy Vash, and Mary Jack Wintle.

"American Maps of the Seventeenth to Nineteenth
Centuries," most of the essays appeared in the
Library of Congress Quarterhl Journal between 1944
and 1967. Of permanent reference value, they are
reprinted in this volume to make them available in a
convenient format to a wider audience. They were
written by nine present and former Library staff
members and compiled in this 232-page volume by
Walter W. Ristow, Chief of the Geography and Map
Division. The work is fully indexed and contains
information on ordering photoreproductions of the
volume's many illustrations.
The first group of essays includes "Peter Apian's
World Map of 1530" by Frederick R. Goff, Chief of
the Library's Rare Book Division: "The Oztoticpac
Lands Map of Texcoco, 1540" by Howard F. Cline.
the late Director of the Library's Hispanic Founda-
tion: "A Manuscript Atlas by Battista Agnese" by the
late Lawrence Martin, Chief of the Geography and
Map Division from 1924 to 1946: "Rosenwald Gift of
16th-Century Maps" by Mrs. Clara E. LeGear, a
former employee of the Geography and Map Division
for 46 years and currently Honorary Consultant in
Historical Cartography to the Library: "Gerardus
Mercator's Atlas of I595" by Mrs. LeGear: "Six-
teenth-Century Atlases Presented by Melville East-
ham" by Mrs. LeGear and Mr.
Ristow; and "America and Africa:
Two Seventeenth-Century Wall
Maps" by Mr. Ristow.
The 13 essays on American maps
are "Maps of Early America" by
Mrs. LeGear: "Captain John Smith's
$ Map of Virginia" by Mr. Ristow:
"Augustine Herrman's Map of Vir-
ginia and Maryland" by Mr. Ristow;
"John Mitchell's Map of the British
and French Dominions in North
America," compiled and edited by
Mr. Ristow from various published
works of Mr. Martin; "The Walker-
Washington Map" by Paul G. Sifton,
Specialist in American Cultural His-
tory in the Library's Manuscript
Division; "John Ballendine's Eight-
eenth-Century Map of Virginia" by
Arthur G. Burton, Assistant Exhibits
Officer, and Richard W. Stephenson,
Head of the Reference and Biblio-
uter-produced graphy Section of the Geography
onica Groom, and Map Division: "The Federal City
Depicted, 1612-1801" by Nelson R.


LC Information Bulletin

Burr, who retired from the Library of Congress in
1967; "The Federal City in 1793" by Mr. Goff;
"From an Actual Survey: Early Maps of Pennsylvania
and Virginia" by Mr. Ristow; "John Melish and His
Map of the United States" by Mr. Ristow; "The
Hotchkiss Collection of Confederate Maps" by Mrs.
LeGear; "South American Historical Maps" by Mr.
Martin; and "John Disturnell's Map of the United
Mexican States" by Mr. Martin. Mr. Ristow's article
on the John Smith map was initially published as a
leaflet accompanying a facsimile of the map, and Mr.
Martin's study of the Disturnell map was included in
the fifth volume of Hunter Miller's Treaties and Other
International Acts of the United States of America
All the papers, with the exception of those by Mr.
Martin, have been reviewed, edited, and brought up
to date by the original authors. Mr. Martin's contribu-
tions were edited and, in several instances, extensively
revised and expanded by the compiler.
Accessions List: Nepal Vol. 7, No. 1. April 1972.
(pp. 1-18.) Continuing subscriptions free to libraries
upon request to the Field Director, Library of Con-
gress Office, American Embassy, New Delhi, India.
Annual Report of the Librarian of Congress for the
Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1971. Washington, 1972.
(xiii, 160 p.) Clothbound. For sale by the Superin-
tendent of Documents for $3.25 a copy (LC 1.1:971).
Free to libraries upon request to the Central Services
Division, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
20540. On the basis of need, LC staff members may
obtain copies in person from the Publications Distri-
bution Unit in the north section of the Cellar in the
Main Building; telephone requests cannot be filled.

Press Releases: No. 72-40 (May 26) Library of Congress
will exhibit children's books from 38 countries in honor of
International Book Year; No. 72-41 (June 5) Creative writing
conference to be held at Library of Congress January 29-30,
1973; No. 72-42 (June 2) 1971 Annual Report of Librarian
of Congress documents improvements in services, growth.


23 Staffers Complete Training Course
Twenty-three Library staff members who recently
received certificates following successful completion
of the 12-hour Industrial Truck Operators training
and performance course at Potomac Industrial Truck
Co. (see LC Information Bulletin, April 7, p. 158)
have also received Industrial Truck Operators

Licenses. The licenses, issued by the Library of Con-
gress, were presented by S. E. Bush, Library Safety
Officer, on May 9.
According to Mr. Bush, it is now mandatory that
any person operating an industrial truck, such as a
fork lift, in the Library's facilities must possess a valid
LC Industrial Truck Operators License. All operators
who have met the physical fitness standards and
successfully completed the training and qualifications
testing were issued the wallet-sized licenses which
must be renewed each year. At that time physical
fitness will be reviewed and operators will be required
to take refresher training.
The Library has eight industrial trucks of various
types. Putting qualified operators in charge of these
vehicles can prevent much of the serious personal
injury or property damage that result from accidents
caused by the operator's lack of training or physical
disability. This new element of the Library's safety
program has been established to assure safe operation
of this equipment and is comparable to similar pro-
grams at the Government Printing Office, the General
Services Administration, and in private industry.

Charles A. Quattlebaum, Specialist in Education in
the Senior Specialist Division of the Congressional
Research Service, retired on May 31 after nearly 37
years of Federal service, most of it with the Library
of Congress.
A native of South Carolina, Mr. Quattlebaum
received his bachelor's degree from the University of
Georgia and his master's degree from George Washing-
ton University. He also did graduate work at North-
western University. Before beginning his career with
the Government in 1935 as a specialist with the
Treasury Department, he taught and served as a
school administrator in South Carolina and Georgia.
He joined the staff of what was then the Legislative
Reference Service of the Library of Congress in
March 1937, and in 1952 was appointed to the
position he held at the time of his retirement.
During his career in the Library of Congress, he
prepared numerous published reports, many of them
issued as congressional documents. Mr. Quattlebaum
has been a frequent contributor in the field of educa-
tion to professional educational journals and to
reference works such as the Encyclopedia Americana.
He also served as Editorial Advisor to the Macmillan
Co. in the preparation of the multiple-volume
Encyclopedia of Education.
In the Congressional Record of May 3, p. H4048,


June 9. 1972

LC staff members who recently completed a course in Industrial Truck Operators training are shown here with LC Safety Officer
S. E. Bush. They are (front row, left to right) John B. Carroll, DBPH; Alfred J. Freeman, Preservation; Jerry Faison, Card; James
C. Proctor, Card; and Mr. Bush. In the back row (left to right) are Frederick L. Jones, Preservation; Cornelius Drew, DBPH; Earl
A. Ross, DBPH; Frank Young, Buildings; Samuel Bryant, DBPH; Johnnie W. Brown, Preservation; Samuel E. House Buildings;
Sterling Myrtle III, Preservation; Harden Long, Preservation; Bobby B. Moore, Preservation; Cecil B. Dowdell, Preservation;
Dwight E. Moore, Preservation; Willie E. Newton, Preservation; Calvin Mason, Buildings; and Zander L. Ingram, Preservation. Not
shown are John Broadus, Buildings; Edward Jewell, DBPH; Willard P. McNeil, Preservation; Lonnie Taylor, Buildings; and March
K. Weathers, Preservation.

Representative Joel T. Broyhill of Virginia
commended Mr. Quattlebaum as a "man who for
more than 35 years has performed unique service in
the field of education to Congress and thus to the
John L. Ulrich, Assistant Head of the Public
Reference Section of the General Reference and
Bibliography Division, retired on May 23 after more
than 27 years of Federal service.
A graduate of Johns Hopkins University, with a
B.S. in political science, Mr. Ulrich also earned a
Bachelor's degree in library science from Columbia
University and a Master's degree in political science
from the University of Michigan. Before coming to

the Library in 1948, Mr. Ulrich worked at the New
York Public Library, the Enoch Pratt Free Library,
and the Dearborn Public Library. He served as a 1st
Lieutenant with the U.S. Army from 1942 to 1946.
Mr. Ulrich's entire Library career has been devoted
to work in the Public Reference Section, where he
was appointed Assistant Section Head in October
He and Mrs. Ulrich's many plans for their retire-
ment include extensive travel and establishing resi-
dence in Florida.
Mrs. Isabel C. Cook, Clerical Assistant in the Trans-
lating Unit of the Government and General Research
Division, Congressional Research Service, retired on

LC Information Bulletin

May 31 after more than 15 years of Federal service
all of it with the Library.
Before coming to the Library in November 1956,
Mrs. Cook worked four years as a typist for an insur-
ance company in New York City, and eight years as
Administrative Assistant to the Winchester, Va.,
Recreation Commission. She joined the Library staff
as an Editorial Clerk-Typist assigned to the Office of
the Director, Legislative Reference Service. In Janu-
ary 1964, she transferred to the Translating Unit of
the Government and General Research Division
located in the Library Annex.
Mrs. Cook was well known for her remarkable
typing speed and production and her cheerful and
cooperative manner in working with other staff
members. She received outstanding performance
ratings each year between 1957 and 1963, and
received a Quality Increase Award in 1970.

John P. Balys of the Slavic and Central European
Division participated in the Third Conference on
Baltic Studies held at the University of Toronto,
Canada, on May 11 to 14. At a meeting of the Bibli-
ography Workshop, Mr. Balys outlined the activities
of Baltic bibliographers in exile. He was selected to
serve on a committee to organize the compilation of a
Union Catalog of Baltic Newspapers and Periodicals
in the Libraries of Canada and the U.S.
Edwin G. Beal, Jr., Assistant Chief of the Orientalia
Division, has been elected to membership on the
China and Inner Asia Regional Council of the Associ-
ation for Asian Studies. In this capacity, he will be
recommending the names of persons to prepare
"state-of-the-art" articles on studies pertaining to
China and Inner Asia for the Asian Studies Profes-
sional Review.
Norman Beckman, Deputy Director of the Congres-
sional Research Service, lectured before the Confer-
ence on Urban Affairs for Federal Officials conducted
by the National Institute of Public Affairs in coopera-
tion with the U.S. General Accounting Office on
April 24 in Philadelphia, Pa. He chaired the panel on
"Making National Urban Policy," a critical review of
the political forces and administrative processes
involved in developing national urban programs.
Resource persons on the panel included Barbara
Mikulski, Councilwoman, City of Baltimore, and
William Wilcox, Secretary, Department of Commu-
nity Affairs, State of Pennsylvania.
In Washington, D.C., on May 9, Mr. Beckman spoke
at the Legislative Roundtable for Executives spon-

scored by the U.S. Civil Service Commission on the
subject "Congressional Support Services: The Role of
the Congressional Research Service and GAO."
Sharing the platform was Roger Sperry, Legislative
Liaison for the General Accounting Office.
Benjamin A. Custer, Chief of the Decimal Classifi-
cation Division, is the author of the article on Dewey
Decimal Classification in volume seven of Kent and
Lancour's Encyclopedia of Library and Information
Science, published by Marcel Dekker, Inc., New
York, 1972.

John Y. Cole, Technical Officer in the Office of the
Assistant Director for Library Resources, Reference
Department, has been named Foreign Newspaper
Microfilming Coordinator, a new position recently
established in the same office. A graduate of the Uni-
versity of Washington with an M.L.S. from that
school, Mr. Cole came to the Library of Congress in
1966 under the special recruit program for outstand-
ing library school graduates. In addition to a library
science degree, he holds an M.L.A. from the Johns
Hopkins University and a Ph.D. in American Studies
from George Washington University.
Before becoming Technical Officer in the Refer-
ence Department, he served as Assistant Service
Librarian in the Congressional Research Service. As
Technical Officer he has been concerned primarll;
with preservation, acquisition, and related aspects of
collection development requiring coordination wiIl.
other departments of the Library.

Appointments: Pedro R. Alvarez, microphotographer
assistant, GT-3, Pholodup, 5-100; Norvell A. Brown,
technical assistant, GS-7, DBPH, 2523; Carolyn L. Hender-
son, clerk-typist, GS-2, Place, 2647; Ronald J. Jackson,
reading room assistant, GS-2, S&R, 6-600; Mrs. Lorraine H.
Jones, input typist, GS-4, MARC Ed, 2791; Paula J. Lewi;,
clerk- tN pist, GS-2, Cat Publ, 500-10; Elizabeth E. McBr. ,
clerk-[I pist, GS-2, Cat Publ, 500-10; Mrs. Ray F. McCowt,
clerk, GS-4, Mss, 2779; Patricia A. Menapace, clerk, GS-'
Cop Serv, 2757; Karl Rudder, supply clerk & messenger,
GT-3, Photodup, 9-100; Susan R. Thomas, assistant secret
tary, GS-5, G&M, 2777; Robert H. Voit, bindery & finish
worker, WVP-12, CS, 2759; James A. Zeigler, library aid, GS-3,
Loan, 600-7.
Temporary Appointments: Mark H. Etzel, clerical assistant
GS-3, CRS C, NP; Stephanie Kurz, clerical assistant, GS-3,
CRS C, NP; Edward R. Tittel, studio engineer, GT-5, .M:
Reappointments: Samuel Brylawski, clerk, GT-5, Mu-,


June 9, 1972

2822; Clair T. Connors, library technician, GS-4, Subj Cat,
NP; Patrick Sean Guilfoyle, inquiries record clerk, GS-3, CRS
D, NP; Annie Laurie Maier, employee relations clerk, GS-4,
Pers, NP; Mrs. Alison W. Schanhals, personnel & statistical
control clerk, GS-5, Proc, NP.
Promotions: Harvey A. Carlson, to copy camera photogra-
pher, GT-5, Photodup, 2740; Gary D. Evans, to optical char-
acter reading equipment operator, GS-5, Card, 2649; Frank J.
Evina, to library technician, GS-5, Cop Serv, 2792; James E.
Poole, to mail clerk, GS-3, Cop Serv, 10-200; Benjamin S.
Ramey, S&R, to fiscal & procurement assistant, GS-5, DBPH,
2734; Raymond Sanchez, Cop Cat, to optical character
reading equipment operator, GS-5, Card, 2649.
Transfers: Gwendolyn S. Nathan, ISO, to data collection &
input clerk, GS-5, Mgmt, NP; Mrs. Barbara A. Sweet, CRS-D
to clerk-typist, GS-4, Trng, 2714.
Resignations: Richard A. Carpenter, CRS EP; Jill T. Fraver,
Cop Serv; Leonard Dixon, Ser Rec; Mrs. Nancy F. Jones,
S&R; Mrs. Susan D. Kaseman, CRS SPR; Lucy M. McMorris,
Subj Cat.

Phyllis A. Kidd and Anthony R. Biondolilo were
married on Saturday, May 6, at the Main Chapel at
Fort Belvoir, Va. Mrs. Biondolillo is an Administra-
tive Assistant with Western Union and Mr. Biondolillo
is a Library Technician in the Records Section of the
Copyright Service Division. They live in Arlington,

Carol Schwab, a Subject Cataloger in the Subject
Cataloging Division, has been granted a court order
giving her the legal use of her maiden name, Carol
Joiner. In private life she is the wife of Charles

The Library's sickle cell testing results reveal that
of the 705 employees tested, 7.2 percent had a
positive sickle cell trait. The Health Services Section
of the Employee Relations Office has advised
employees with a positive test to contact a private
physician or community clinic for further tests and

Retired Library staff members, or those planning to
retire before June 30, will receive a cost-of-living
annuity increase of 4.8 percent effective July 1, based
on Section 8450 of Title 5 USC.
The increase is a result of a rise in the Consumer
Price Index (CPI). When the CPI exceeded by three
percent the base CPI established in March 1971
(119.8 percent) and held for three consecutive

months-February (123.8), March (124.0), and April
(124.3)-retired employees were entitled to receive an
annuity increase based, under a 1965 law, on the
highest percentage increase over the base CPI during
the consecutive three-month period plus an additional
one percent authorized by law in 1969. Some
1,075,000 retired Federal employees and survivors
are affected by the increase.
Former and present Library staff members should
refer their questions on retirement to the Personnel
Operations Office, ext. 5630.


Industry/Library Relations Group to Form
Walter A. Kee, Librarian, Division of Headquarters
Services, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, will
organize the Federal Library Committee's Subcom-
mittee on Industry/Library Relations for the Procure-
ment Task Force.
The subcommittee will provide a forum for the
discussion of problems affecting the relationship
between the commercial information industry and
Federal libraries. Efforts will be made to improve the
methods and procedures by which the commercial
sector serves the Federal community and Federal
libraries utilize commercial information products and
The subcommittee will study procurement of com-
mercial information products and services in all
formats. Initally emphasis, will be on monographs,
serials, and abstracting and indexing services, regard-
less of format-printed material, microforms, or
computer-related services. The group will not cover
activities of the commercial sector in contracting for
the publication of Government-generated information
products and services.
Members of the subcommittee will be drawn from
the commercial and Federal sectors. Observers will
represent interested library and information organiza-
tions and associations.
Paul G. Zurkowski, Executive Director, Informa-
tion Industry Association, has agreed to assist in orga-
nizing the effort. Those interested in working with
the subcommittee are urged to write to Mr. Kee,
Chief, Library Branch, Division of Headquarters
Services, U.S. Atomic Energy Commission, Washing-
ton, D.C. 20545 or call (202) 973-4301.

LC Information Bulletin

Florida Bicentennial Group Holds Symposium
The American Bicentennial Commission of Florida
in cooperation with the University of Florida held a
symposium May 19-20 on the university campus in
Gainesville. The theme of the program was
"Eighteenth-Century Florida and its Borderlands." At
the Friday morning session, John TePaske, Professor
at Duke University, presented a paper on Spanish
policy toward fugitive slaves fleeing to St. Augustine
from Carolina and Georgia as an aspect of Anglo-
Spanish rivalry on the southern frontier prior to
Britain's acquisition of Florida. Helen Tanner of Ann
Arbor, Mich., spoke on Indian activities on the south-
ern frontier during the Revolutionary era. William
Sturtevant, Curator of North American Anthropology
at the Smithsonian Institution, delivered a prepared
commentary on the TePaske and Tanner papers.
At Friday's luncheon, Michael Kammen of Cornell
University spoke on "universal" and "particular"
elements in colonizing movements throughout
history. Ranging widely for comparisons and con-
trasts, Professor Kammen focused on several aspects
of colonization in the southern North American
colonies and found 18th-century Florida unique only
in the degree to which it could be considered "the
child or step-child of several international marriages
and divorces."
Later that day, Robert Rea, Alumni Professor of
History at Auburn University, delivered a paper on
British West Florida as a factor in the diplomacy of
the Revolutionary era, emphasizing factors leading to
Britain's acquisition of Florida in 1763 and the retro-
cession to Spain in 1783. Louis DeVorsey, Chairman
of the Geography Department of the University of
Georgia, examined the cartography of the Florida
peninsula on the eve of the Revolution as represented
in the maps and charts of William Gerard DeBrahm,
the brilliant and eccentric Surveyor General of the
Southern District of British North America. Paul H.
Smith of the Library of Congress American Revolu-
tion Bicentennial Office commented on the papers of
Professors Rea and DeVorsey.
On Saturday morning Samuel Wilson, Jr., Fellow of
the American Institute of Architects and Lecturer at
Tulane University, gave an illustrated lecture at the
University Art Gallery on the subject of "Architec-
ture in Eighteenth-Century Florida." Jessie Poesch of
Newcomb College, Tulane University, presented a
paper on colonial painting and furniture, emphasizing
the cultural life of the southern colonies. Charles van
Ravenswaay, Director of the Henry Francis duPont
Winterthur Museum, presented a commentary on

architectural and artistic themes discussed by Pro-
fessors Wilson and Poesch.
Saturday afternoon symposium registrants were
taken on a tour of historic St. Augustine and the
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, and were
entertained at a reception held in the oldest house in
the United States and sponsored by the National
Parks Service, the Division of Cultural Affairs of the
State of Florida, and the St. Augustine Historical

Bibliotheque Nationale Issues New Publication
The Bibliothbque Nationale in Paris has issued a
new edition of the Repertoire des Bibliothbques et
Organismes de Documentation in a large 733-page
volume (Z797.A1P35 1971). Compiled by Mlle.
Mireille Olivier, with the assistance of Miles. Marie-
Bernadette Jullien and Jacqueline Mallet of the
Bibliotheque Nationale, it is the fourth guide of this
type issued in the past 30 years, and supersedes the
publication in 1963 of Repertoire des Bibliothbques
dEtude et Organismes de Documentation, also
issued, but not prepared, by the Bibliotheque
The new edition lists 3,210 organizations in the
field of library and documentation work in France
and Monaco. The first section covers the region of
Paris, with about 1,300 organizations listed alphabet-
ically by name; the second section covers the other
d6partements of France (including the d6partements
and territories overseas and also Monaco) by place
and within each place by name. The listing is 33 per-
cent larger and the number of new organizations is 39
percent greater than the previous R&pertoire. The
difference between 33 and 39 percent is explained by
the dissolution of some organizations. The coverage,
previously emphasizing the field of humanities, has
been expanded particularly to the fields of economics
and pure and applied sciences. Each organization
entry provides the address, telephone number,
opening hours, lending services, the functions, special
collections, size of holdings, catalogs, documentation
activities, reproduction facilities, a brief history of
the organization, and often bibliographical references
to informative literature.
The index includes references from variant forms of
organization names, especially from abbreviations,
and, most important, from subjects collected and
from special names of collections.

ISBD Cataloging Standards Available from ALA
The International Standard Bibliographic Descrip-


June 9, 1972

tion (for Single Volume and Multi-Volume Mono-
graphic Publications), recommended by the Working
Group on the International Standard Bibliographic
Description (ISBD) set up at the International
Meeting of Cataloguing Experts in Copenhagen in
1969 and published by the IFLA Committee on Cata-
loguing (London, 1971), may now be purchased from
the Order Department of ALA, 50 E. Huron St.,
Chicago, 11. 60611 for $2.50 a copy.
The purpose of the standards, according to com-
mittee chairman A. H. Chaplin, is to facilitate "inter-
national communication of bibliographical informa-
tion. By specifying the elements which should
comprise a bibliographical description and by
prescribing the order in which they should be
presented and the punctuation by which they should
be demarcated, it aims at three objectives: to make
records from different sources interchangeable; to
facilitate their interpretation across language barriers;
and to facilitate conversion of such records to
machine-readable form."
The Descriptive Cataloging Committee of ALA and
the Cataloguing Rules Committee of the Library
Association have accepted the International Standard
Bibliographic Description in principle. The modifica-
tions the ISBD will necessitate in the Anglo-American
Cataloging Rules are currently being studied by both
organizations and by the Library of Congress.
Mrs. Henriette Avram, Chief of the MARC Develop-
ment Office, Library of Congress, is a member of the
Working Group.

New ALA Publications Available
Two new publications from the American Library
Association are now available.
North American Library Education Directory and
Statistics 1969-1971 (96 p., $4.50) presents statistical
data gathered from a survey of departments or
schools of library and information science in 447
academic institutions in the United States and
Canada. The study includes data from 1969-70 gradu-
ate, undergraduate, and technician programs, projects
the findings to 1970-71, and compares the results
with the previous study published in 1968. The
survey was cosponsored by the University of
Wisconsin-Milwaukee School of Library and Informa-
tion Science and the Library Administration and
Library Education Divisions of ALA. It was funded
by the US. Office of Education.
The third supplement to Constance M. Winchell's
Guide to Reference Books, Eighth Edition (208 p.,
$4.50) contains annotated descriptions of some 1,200

reference works published during 1969-70, including
new editions of works previously noted, and new
parts of continuations. Titles from the basic volume
are included only if they incorporate new material,
textual changes, or title changes. Other features of
the listings are inclusion of Library of Congress card
numbers and references to reviews in selected ALA
periodicals. Prices are given for most items.
Both new publications are available from Order
Department, American Library Association, 50 East
Huron Street, Chicago, Il. 60611.

Interlibrary Loan Study Is Published
A study of interlibrary loans undertaken for the
Association of Research Libraries and supported by a
grant from the National Science Foundation has been
published by Greenwood Press, Westport, Conn.
Entitled A Study of the Characteristics, Costs, and
Magnitude of Interlibrary Loans in Academic Librar-
ies ($8.50, clothbound), the publication is intended
to be a first step in the gathering of factual informa-
tion needed to aid in developing and improving
adequate and more equitable systems of library loans.

Roundup of Library Activities
LeRoy J. Gaertner has resigned as Associate
Executive Director for Fiscal Services and Comp-
troller of the American Library Association, effective
August 1. Mr. Gaertner joined ALA as Chief Account-
ant in 1953 and before his 1968 promotion to his
present position had served as Assistant to the
Deputy Executive Director for Management and as
Comptroller and Director of the Fiscal Services
The Associates of the National Agricultural
Library, Inc. have presented to the National Agricul-
tural Library the permanent exhibit. "Abraham
Lincoln and His Legacy to American Agriculture."
The display which will be placed in the lobby of NAL
includes a bronze bust of Lincoln sculpted by Leo
Cherne, and framed facsimile copies of An Act Estab-
lishing the Department of Agriculture. 18o2, the
Homestead Act of 1862, and the Land Grant Colleges
Act, 1862.
The British National Bibliography has announced
that it plans to apply the Geographic Area Code
(GAC) to the BNB/MARC records later this year. The
GAC was developed at the Library of Congress by the
Reference Department with the cooperation of ,he
MARC Development Office and the Subject Cata-
loging Division. It is intended as an aid to area special-
ists. The list of codes is available on request from the

LC Information Bulletin

Library's Card Division.
An article about the Library of Congress has been
published in Biuletyn Informacyjny Biblioteki
Narodowej (No. 2, 1971), a publication of the Polish
National Library. The article was written by Danuta
Wojtczak, a staff member of the Polish National
Library in Warsaw, and reports her visit to the
Library of Congress in the summer of 1970 when she
toured the Main and Annex Buildings, including the
Slavic Division.
Bernard McNamee has been appointed Executive
Director of the Canadian Library Association effe-
ctive May 1. A native of Kingston, Ontario, Mr.
McNamee received a B. Comm. from the University
of Ottawa, a BA. degree from Sir George Williams
University, and a ML.S. degree from McGill Univer-
sity. He was formerly Director of Library Services at
Dawson College in Montreal. Before entering the
library profession, Mr. McNamee was employed in
the fields of public relations and personnel selection
and training.

Grants for Library Education Training Awarded
The US. Office of Education has awarded some
$258,000 in grants to 14 colleges and universities in
12 States to train continuing fellows in library and
information science education. The grants will
support 43 graduate fellowships for preparing person-

nel to staff the nation's two- and four-year colleges
and universities. Fellowships include 40 at the doc-
toral and three at the post-master's level.
The program is limited to those fellows who re-
ceived training in fiscal year 1971 under this program
at the doctoral and post-master's degree level, and
who will enroll as a continuing fellow in the 1972-73
academic year.

St. John's to Sponsor Special Workshop
How the physically handicapped may utilize the
library and its many services will be the subject of a
special workshop to be held at St. John's University's
Jamaica Campus on June 16-17. "The Handicapped:
Materials and Services" will focus upon touch, listen-
ing, and sight media and will feature talks by leading
experts and exhibits of materials and equipment.
Robert J. Smithdas, Director of Community Educa-
tion of the National Center for Deaf-Blind Youths
and Adults, will be the keynote speaker and Margaret
C. Hannigan, Coordinator of Library Services to State
Institutions and the Handicapped, Department of
Health, Education, and Welfare, will give a special
A registration fee of $10 covers the cost of the
workshop, including two luncheons. Reservations
may be made with Mary Y. Parr, Department of
Library Science, St. John's University, Jamaica, N.Y.


Vol. 31, No. 23

June 9, 1972

Atlanta, Georgia, May 12-13, 1972

John P. MacDonald, University of Connecticut,
presided at the 80th meeting of the Association of
Research Libraries (ARL) held in Atlanta, Ga., on
May 12-13. Following his introduction of alternates
and guests, Mr. MacDonald noted that the theme of
the meeting, "New Opportunities for Research Li-
braries," would be treated in six substantive sessions.
A luncheon program and a business meeting were also

In the first session, Russell Shank, Smithsonian
Institution, and Frank Norwood, Joint Council on
Educational Telecommunications, discussed "Tele-
communications: Prospects for Research Libraries."
Mr. Shank stated that libraries which are considering
sharing resources should break with tradition and
take advantage of existing telecommunications tech-
nology to develop new delivery systems. He noted
that many ARL libraries were already involved in new
technologies such as facsimile transmission,
computer-to-computer operations, and teletype ex-
periments. Turning to CATV and communications
satellite opportunities, Mr. Shank described CATV as
not only a system that will bring additional popular
television shows into American homes, but also one
able to accept hardware and software tailored to user
needs and available on demand.
Mr. Norwood commented on satellites, special pur-
pose common carriers, and the recording of informa-
tion on tape. He mentioned two important Federal
Communications Commission decisions-to grant
permission to attach "foreign" devices to telephone
lines and to build a microwave network from Chicago
to St. Louis, thus opening the entire field of network-
ing. The implications of the decisions are that, in the
first instance, competition with the telephone com-
pany is permissible, and, in the second, changes in
rates and regulations may be effected. In discussing
special service common carriers, Mr. Norwood men-
tioned that "distance insensitive" communication, at
a low cost, is possible. Video tape systems are
"moving along" and are expected in 1974-75. Of
special importance to librarians is the fact, in Mr.
Norwood's judgment, that education is expanding in
three ways-in access, in years (lifelong learning), and
in diversity-and that the expansion will place great

demands on libraries and will require sophisticated
communications technologies.
In closing, Mr. Shank emphasized that libraries
should investigate their legal, financial, and manipula-
tive requirements. Paraphrasing Ralph Lee Smith
("The Wired Nation," Nation, May 18, 1970) that
there is still flexibility to create applicable telecom-
munications technology if planning comes soon, Mr.
Shank challenged librarians to grasp the opportunity
to plan.

The second and third programs were presented con-
currently. Warren J. Haas, Columbia University,
moderated "The Library Management Review and
Analysis Program," assisted by Duane Webster of
ARL and Lawrence Wilsey and Douglas Beaver of
Booz, Allen, and Hamilton, Inc. In a prepared paper,
Duane Webster stated that the ARL Management
Review and Analysis Program provides a research
library with guidelines for performing an internal
study and evaluation of management policies, activi-
ties, and results. This systematic investigation of the
functions of library management pinpoints the causes
of operational problems and then guides the library in
making necessary changes to improve the library's
service to users and development of resources. The
study focuses on the top management responsibilities
and decision-making processes of the library.
Libraries participating in this program will receive a
manual from ARL that provides a framework for con-
ducting the self-study. The manual will include sug-
gestions for study team composition, step-by-step
procedures, schedules of work activity, analytical
tables for use in probing the several management
areas, and a description of expected results. Com-
pletion of the entire effort will require a period of six

The third session, on "The Interlibrary Loan Sys-
tems," was moderated by Arthur McAnally. Mr.
McAnally commented on the "ARL Westat Study,"
which examined the magnitude and growth of inter-
library loan. He described the need for access to
scholarly information at the national level, noting
that requests to the national libraries have been
heavy; in 1970, more than 3,385,000 individual trans-

LC Information Bulletin

actions were recorded, with 60 percent of all requests
coming from academic institutions. Approximately
75 percent of all lending was effected by 113 large
libraries with collections in excess of 500,000
volumes, which lent five times more than they bor-
rowed. One interesting statistic was that 64.6 percent
of requests from public libraries were by teletype.
Costs were cited per loan, and per search when the
item was not located. The average cost per loan
totaled $4.67, which, however, did not include amor-
tized collection costs, institutional costs, photo-
copying costs, verification costs, and miscellaneous
costs. Causes for the variation in cost figures were
tied to policies regarding standards of service, loca-
tion of the interlibrary loan activity within the
library, centralization or dispersal of library re-
sources, salary scales, size of collections, and effi-
ciency of the loan unit.
It was estimated that current interlibrary loan costs
are approximately $16,000,000-with the 113 librar-
ies carrying $11 to $12 million of the burden.
Richard Chapin, Michigan State University, in
"Continued Free Access," stated that interlibrary
loan should be considered a free service because of
subsidized government funding, existing agreements,
cooperative acquisition programs, and the lifelong
education concept. He urged that a method be de-
veloped to spread the request pattern, not to change
from a free to a charge program.
William Dix, Princeton University, discussed the
need for borrowing fees. He indicated that shared re-
sources implied shared costs, if only through taxes,
and recommended development of a program that
would permit open participation, the possibility of
fee waivers, uniform fee structure, and a large enough
fee to cover all costs. A voucher system sponsored by
the Federal Government was postulated. A spirited
question-and-answer period followed.

At the luncheon, Frederick Burkhardt, Chairman of
the National Commission on Libraries and Informa-
tion Science (NCLIS), described the commission's
work. He said that a full staff of five had been
appointed and that the $200,000 authorized for use
during the current fiscal year will probably be
doubled next year. The commission, Mr. Burkhardt
said, would remain small and active and work would
be directed toward the development of a national
plan-not a blueprint for a national system-but a
plan for national needs. With regard to the many
questions about the relationship of NCLIS to the
advisory commission which preceded it, Mr. Burk-

hardt said there is no commitment to follow through
on areas previously noted as important. After the
planning effort has been completed, small task forces
will be asked to find answers to specific questions.
The focus will be on user groups and their needs,
stressing user access.
At the present time, the small amount of money
available is being used for two specific projects, the
first phase of an outline of what will have to be done
to draft a plan, and a feasibility study of the lending
library concept.
Stressing that it was his personal view of appropri-
ate NCLIS action, Mr. Burkhardt believed that the
commission might arrange to serve in some sort of
advisory capacity to the Library of Congress, push for
funding of Federal legislation not fully funded to
authorized levels, and encourage legislation spelling
out fair use, as discussed in recent copyright actions.
He stated that the problems, as he sees them, are not
technological, but rather economic. The cost of infor-
mation, he said, is pushing librarians to cooperative
Questions from the floor were answered by both
Mr. Burkhardt and Charles Stevens, Executive Direc-
tor of NCLIS.

In the fourth session, "The Evolving Status of
Librarians in American Universities" was discussed by
David Kaser of Cornell University, Edward G. Holley
of the University of North Carolina, and Robert Van
Waes, American Association of University Professors.
Mr. Van Waes found librarians the forgotten part of
the education equation, and saw faculty status as the
"big rock candy mountain" for academic librarians.
He stated that administrators, faculty, and librarians
must move together toward implementation of fac-
ulty status for librarians.
Mr. Van Waes presented a statement which had
been drafted by the Joint Committee on College
Library Problems of the Association of College and
Research Libraries, the Association of American Col-
leges, and the American Association of University
Professors, and which is being referred to the three
organizations for consideration and possible joint
adoption. The paper, which focuses on a rationale but
does not suggest specific procedures, in effect opens a
new era for academic librarianship. The statement

As the primary means through which students and faculty
gain access to the storehouse of organized knowledge, the
college and university library performs a unique and ndispen-


June 9, 1972

sable function in the educational process. This function will
grow in importance as students assume greater responsibility
for their own intellectual and social development. Indeed all
members of the academic community are likely to become
increasingly dependent on skilled professional guidance in the
acquisition and use of library resources as the forms and
numbers of these resources multiply, scholarly materials
appear in more languages, bibliographical systems become
more complicated, and library technology grows increasingly
sophisticated. The librarian who provides such guidance plays
a major role in the learning process.
The character and quality of an institution of higher learn-
ing are shaped in large measure by the nature of its library
holdings and the ease and imagination with which those re-
sources are made accessible to members of the academic com-
munity. Consequently, all members of the faculty should
take an active interest in the operation and development of
the library. Because the scope and character of library re-
sources should be taken into account in such important aca-
demic decisions as curricular planning and faculty appoint-
ments, librarians should have a voice in the development of
the institutions's educational policy.
Librarians perform a teaching and research role inasmuch
as they instruct students formally and informally and advise
and assist faculty in their scholarly pursuits. Librarians are
also themselves involved in the research function; many con-
duct research in their own professional interests and in the
discharge of their duties.
Where the role of college and university librarians, as
described in the preceding paragraph, requires them to func-
tion essentially as part of the faculty, this functional identity
should be recognized by granting of faculty status. Neither
administrative responsibilities nor professional degrees, titles,
or skills, per se, qualify members of the academic community
for faculty status. The function of the librarian as participant
in the processes of teaching and research is the essential crite-
rion of faculty status.
College and university librarians share the professional con-
cerns of faculty members. Academic freedom, for example, is
indispensable to librarians, because they are trustees of
knowledge with the responsibility of insuring the availability
of information and ideas, no matter how controversial, so
that teachers may freely teach and students may freely learn.
Moreover, as members of the academic community, librarians
should have latitude in the exercise of their professional judg-
ment within the library, a share in shaping policy within the
institution, and adequate opportunities for professional
development and appropriate reward.
Faculty status entails for librarians the same rights and
responsibilities as for other members of the faculty. They
should have corresponding entitlement to rank, promotion,
tenure, compensation, leaves, and research funds. They must

go through the same process of evaluation and meet the same
standards as other faculty members.
On some campuses, adequate procedures for extending fac-
ulty status to librarians have already been worked out. These
procedures vary from campus to campus because of institu-
tional differences. In the development of such procedures, it
is essential that the general faculty or its delegated agent
determine the specific steps by which any professional posi-
tion is to be accorded faculty rank and status. In any case,
academic positions which are to be accorded faculty rank and
status should be approved by the senate or the faculty at
large before submission to the president and to the governing
board for approval
With respect to library governance, it is to be presumed
that the governing board, the administrative officers, the
library faculty, and representatives of the general faculty will
share in the determination of library policies that affect the
general interests of the institution and its educational pro-
gram. In matters of internal governance, the library will oper-
ate like other academic units with respect to decisions
relating to appointments, promotions, tenure, and conditions
of service.

In the fifth session, Duane Webster led a group dis-
cussion of "The Study of the Organization and
Staffing of the Columbia University Libraries." Law-
rence Wilsey and Douglas Beaver of Booz, Allen, and
Hamilton, Inc., the group that performed the work in
cooperation with ARL, also participated. Six specific
problem areas were examined-how to organize the
resources and services of a research library, how to
treat specialized staff, the value of a management and
planning staff, a new role for the personnel office,
new management approaches, and staff participation
in decision making. Warren J. Haas commented on
the relationship between the study and the changing
role of the library within the university.

In the final program, on May 13, "The Ohio Col-
lege Library Center System and Regional Library Net-
work" was considered. Richard DeGennaro,
University of Pennsylvania, moderated a panel presen-
tation which included Frederick Kilgour, Ohio Col-
lege Library Center, Ronald Miller, New England
Library and Information Network, and Lawrence
Livingstone, Council on Library Resources, Inc.
The Ohio College Library Center (OCLC) is an
operational on-line shared cataloging system pro-
viding 50 libraries with on-line search capability and
an off-line card production system. Operational since
1971, OCLC was commended by Mr. DeGennaro as
"far and away the best of its kind today."


LC Information Bulletin

Mr. Kilgour believed that in the next 10 years, all
libraries will be involved in computerized cooperation
for three reasons, primarily economic: the establish-
ment of objectives that individual libraries cannot
establish, the sharing of resources, and the pooling of
human and financial resources to achieve a common
goal. Two computer contributions to cooperation
were listed, the ability of the computer to treat indi-
viduals as individuals, and the ability to supply the
user with information when and where he needs it.
In pursuing his discussion of computerized coopera-
tion, Mr. Kilgour said there was no model organiza-
tion to emulate, that cooperatives must spread the
word, and that standards must be developed and com-
pliance sought. He commented on telephonic prob-
lems, the lack of stability in equipment, software
problems, and the lack of qualified computer-
oriented personnel.
He then described OCLC in detail, with attention
to the shared cataloging system, interlibrary loan
capabilities, serial central possibilities, the technical
processing system, circulation system, and access
points. He noted that 2,000 catalog records are gener-
ated each day and 14,000 to 17,000 cards produced
each night. Cards are issued in packs, not sets. Mr.
Kilgour stressed that the system is incomplete and
"not the answer, but rather an early answer. ... We
have turned the corner and are going down the road."
Mr. Miller spoke on the results of a simulation of
OCLC in the New England library community. He
touched on such areas as message response time, and
described work with the OCLC system at Dartmouth
Mr. Livingstone began his presentation with a state-
ment that the printed page will remain with us and
followed by stressing that librarians must learn more
about technology.
In order to copy a system, according to OCLC,
there are financial, legal, political, and technical prob-
lems to be faced. Mr. Livingstone noted finally the
need for national attention to a central or at least
coordinated name authority file.

In the business meeting that followed, Mr. Mac-
Donald called for and received a vote on new mem-
bership requirements. The statement addressed
member institutions, qualifications, termination of
membership, and transfer of membership. Next, the
president accepted the report of the Committee on
Statistics. If their recommendations are accepted, the
committee members feel they will result in holding
the ARL statistics questionnaire to one page, utilizing

the HEGIS Report as a readily available and practical
means for reporting on doctoral fields, considering
the adoption of the Unesco-recommended definition
of periodicals to account for serials and journals, con-
tinuing the practice of accounting for differences,
variations, and exceptions by footnoting pending
establishment of acceptable standards, and, with the
general acceptance of its recommendations, meeting
the deadline for ARL statistics reporting and setting a
basis for subsequent refinement and for the two-year
review of admission criteria by the membership now
required in the by-laws.
Douglas Bryant, Harvard University, next spoke as
chairman of the ARL Commission on the Develop-
ment of Resources. He discussed the activities of the
Committee on Preservation and the foreign news-
paper problem. He recommended that a committee
be formed to study the data bank situation-material
in computer readable form. The Farmington Plan was
considered in detail, and the results of a questionnaire
survey were presented. It was noted that there was
confusion regarding the assignment of responsibility,
that decisions to abandon commitments had been
made without notifying ARL, and that there was
widespread dissatisfaction with both operations and
results. Mr. Bryant suggested a nationally based
scheme with the purposes of the Farmington Plan-
but outside the current framework-should be con-
The Commission on the Organization of Resources
was addressed by David Kaser, chairman, who had
circulated a list of 21 possible activities and, based
upon the response, identified serials, a machine-based
cataloging system for monographs, and standards for
bibliographic data bases for immediate attention.
Edward Latham, Dartmouth College, reported the
Commission on Access to Resources. Three recom-
mendations were made: to establish a new inter-
library loan committee, to consider access to
manuscripts, and to make library service to external
scholars and commercial users a priority.
The Commission on the Management of Research
Libraries position was presented by Warren Haas and
Duane Webster. Their work completed, two com-
mittees have been dissolved, the Committee on
Training and the Committee on Security. Duane
Webster talked of the ARL Library Management Re-
view and Analysis Program, discussed fully the day
before, and of the relationship with the American
Council on Education. ARL University Library
Management Studies Office accomplishments were
noted in the areas of research and development, pub-


June 9, 1972

locations, workshops, and consultative activities.
The Commission on External Affairs will be led by
Roy Kidman, University of Southern California. Mr.
MacDonald indicated that ARL would direct atten-

tion to the status of women, and also encouraged
broadened participation in IFLA affairs. The execu-
tive director's report by Stephen McCarthy concluded
the meeting. [Frank Kurt Cylke]




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