Library of Congress information bulletin


Material Information

Library of Congress information bulletin
Portion of title:
L.C. information bulletin
Running title:
LC information bulletin
Abbreviated Title:
Libr. Congr. inf. bull.
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 26-28 cm.
Library of Congress
The Library
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


serial   ( sobekcm )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
bibliography   ( marcgt )
periodical   ( marcgt )


Art and archaeology technical abstracts
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Public Affairs Information Service bulletin
Library literature
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Vol. 31, no. 1 (Jan. 6, 1972)-
General Note:
Title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000484231
oclc - 02566556
notis - ACQ2099
lccn - 83-641631
issn - 0041-7904
lcc - Z733.U57 I6
ddc - 027.573
nlm - Z 733 L697
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Vol. 31, No. 10

Good news for General Schedule employees who
had within-grade increases held up during the freeze
The Comptroller General of the United States rules
in decision B-173976, February 23, 1972, that all
Federal employees paid under the General Schedule
who had within-grade increases held up during the
90-day freeze period from August 15 until November
14, 1971, are entitled to be paid retroactively for
those increases.
The Financial Management Office will compute the
amounts due employees and make payment in a
future regular payroll. Due to the complexity of the
computations it may be several months before the
payments are made-but they're coming.

At the Annual Meeting of the LC Credit Union on
February 24, Edward Knight, Congressional Research
Service, Economics Division, and Jack McDonald,
Reference Department Office, were elected to the
Board of Directors, and Hugh B. McNeil, Card Divi-
sion, was elected to the Credit Committee. Peter
Watters, also of the Reference Department Office,
was re-elected to the Board. Messrs. Knight and
McDonald replace Leon Seidner, Personnel Opera-
tions, and Elliott C. Finley, Central Services Division.

March 10, 1972

Mr. Seidner has served as Treasurer for the last seven
years and Mr. Finley has been a Board member for 17
Six door prized were awarded in a drawing held at
the meeting. The first prize-a television set-was won
by William R. Renders, Exchange and Gift Division;
Sigrid F. McCaskill of the Photoduplication Service
won second prize, a blender; Diann J. Gillispie of
Central Services a bottle of champagne-the third
prize; Barbara A. Sweet of the Congressional Re-
search Service Office the fourth prize, a radio; Mary
A. Coomer of the American Law Division, CRS, fifth
prize, a man's tie; and Duane M. Carter of the Serial
Division salt and pepper shakers, the sixth prize.
On February 28, the Board of Directors met to
elect executive officers. Elected were Arthur Lieb,
Subject Cataloging Division, President; Peter Watters,
Vice President; and Ralph Henderson, Loan Division,
Treasurer. Mrs. Beatrice Jones, Government and
General Research Division, CRS, was re-elected Sec-
retary. Other members of the Board are John
Kominiski, General Counsel, Mrs. Jennifer Magnus,
Order Division, and Glen Zimmerman, Descriptive
The Board of Directors meets monthly. Questions
about the Credit Union operations and policies
should be addressed to the Board and sent to Mr.
Lieb, Subject Cataloging Division, Rm. 2007-Annex.
The Credit Committee members, in addition to Mr.
McNeil, are Clarence Hubbard, Contracting and Pro-
curement, and Mrs. Patricia Hines, Catalog Manage-

LC Information Bulletin

(opyrigh and Photocopying . 101-102
Credit Union Holds Meeting . .97-98
Delayed Broadcasts Commended . 100-101
HARS Hoard Meets at Library . .101
Leave Adm station . ... 98-100
Library of Congress Pubhcations . 102-103
New Relerence Books .. . 106-107
New York Camerata . . .100
News in the Library World . .. 107-108
Retroactive increases Granted . ... 97
Space Requirements Reviewed . ... 98
Staff News . . ... 103-106
WGMS to Air Poetry Reading . .. .100

ment Division. The Credit Committee meets every
Monday and Thursday to review loan applications,
which must be submitted one day before the Com-
mittee meeting.
The Credit Union business hours are from 11 a.m.
to 3 p.m.. Monday thur Friday, and on Paydays from
9 a.m to 3 p.m.


Department and division space requirements until
the availability of the James Madison Memorial Build-
ing in 1975 were reviewed by the Library's Depart-
ment Directors and the Physical Facilities Committee
on February 7.
Gerald T. Garvey Chief of the Buildings Manage-
ment Office, Administrative Department, reported on
shifts that have been made in the space utilization
program during the past year and the limited possi-
bilities that remain for conversion of stack areas to
work space.
Following this discussion, a decision was made to
move the bound newspapers from Deck 6, north and
south. Annex, to Duke Street Annex. Alexandria.
This decision was based upon the availability of the



Duke Street space, its suitability for storage of this
type of material, and the facilities for service of the
newspapers from that location. The air conditioning
and humidity at Duke Street are satisfactory for the
newspapers, and new equipment has been located to
make it easier to service the newspapers from the
three tiers of shelves at the new location.
Study of the most efficient use of present space
will continue. The Library budget request for fiscal
1973 includes $100,000 for additional outside space,
preferably on Capitol Hill, until 1975.

LWOP, AWOL, and Tardiness

There are two types of leave in what is called a
"non-pay status"-a period of time for which the
employee receives no salary-that employees and
supervisors sometimes confuse and often misunder-
stand. These are LWOP (leave without pay) and
AWOL (absence without official leave). Leave with-
out pay is one way of accounting for an excused
absence; absence without official leave describes, as
the name implies, not being on the job when you are
supposed to be.
Leave without pay is permissive in nature-that is, a
form of leave requested by the employee which, if
granted, will permit him to be away from work for a
legitimate purpose. Absence without official leave,
however, is a non-pay status that occurs when Library
officials determine that no leave will be granted for
an employee's absence (including leave without pay)
and which results in a loss of pay that any employee
would surely want to avoid. LWOP, if approved,
would allow an employee to return to school, for
instance, without a break in his Federal service. On
the other hand, excessive unexcused absences for
which the employee was declared AWOL could lead
to an employee's being removed from his job.

LWOP is a temporary non-pay status-an absence
from duty granted by the Library at the employee's
request. Authorizing leave without pay is a matter of
administrative discretion, and an employee cannot
demand that he be granted LWOP as a matter of
right; neither may a supervisor impose leave without
pay as a penalty.
Several illustrations might clarify situations where
short periods of LWOP may be appropriate. A new
employee, or one with a break in Federal service of

service of

March 10. 1072

one or more workdays, serves a 90-day qualifying
period when he tirst comes to work at the Library,
and he may not take annual leave during this period.
11'. however, a new employee needs to be away from
work on business, such as buying a house or regis-
tering his automobile, then he ma\ request LWOP;
ttus leave may not be charged to annual leave at the
end of the 90-day period. An employee who has used
all his annual leave and chooses not to request or is
not granted advance annual leave may ask for LWOP
for a similar type of reason. An employee who has
been sick and has exhausted his sick leave may
request LWOP alter he has used his accumulated and
accrued annual leave, rather than ask for advance sick
leave. LWOP may not be granted simply to allow the
employees to avoid using his accrued annual leave. Ini
special circumstances, however, an employee with
accrued annual leave may take LWOP; these special
requests, numbering usually only one or two a year,
are generally granted when the employee's absence on
LWOP is in the interest of the Library or the Govern-
If a request for LWOP is for more than 30 calendar
days. then the leave status becomes "Extended Leave
without Pay." An employee might request such
extended leave if he wished to return to school and
his schooling would benefit his work at the Library
when he came back to work, which he is expected to
do whenever extended leave is requested. All requests
for LWOP must be submitted in advance to super-
visors. Requests for 80 or fewer hours of LWOP may
be approved by division chiefs; all other requests are
forwarded to the Director of Personnel for approval.
When an employee's LWOP or other non-pay status
adds up to as many as 80 hours during the leave year,.
he loses the hours of sick and annual leave that he
would have earned during the 80-hour pay period; the
same loss occurs for each multiple of 80 hours of
LWOP or non-pay status accrued during the leave
year. For any fractions of 80 hours, however, no
annual or sick leave is lost, and such fractions are not
carried over from one leave year to the next. Losing
hours ot annual leave because an employee has taken
a large amount of LWOP can result in an unusual
situation. Let us suppose that a worker earning four
hours of annual leave a pay period, or 13 days a leave
year, has taken all of his leave-the full 13 days for
the current leave year-in March. In September, how-
ever, a situation arises requiring the employee to
request two weeks of LWOP. If the request is granted,
taking 80 hours of LWOP means that he loses four.
hours of annual leave, and when he comes to the end

of the leave year he has actually taken 13 days of
annual leave and only earned 12 and 1/2 days.
Because the employee had failed to earn the amount
of leave he had used, the excess leave owed may be
carried over for charge against leave earned in the
next leave year or the employee may be required to
refund the amount paid for the period of such excess.
If the employee had requested fewer than 80 hours,
or 79 hours of LWOP, then he would still have his
original 13 days of annual leave and the 7O-hour frac-
tion would be dropped at the end of the leave year.
While LWOP may not be imposed as a penalty,
there are situations when an employee may be
charged leave without pay if he has used all his annual
leave. Being late for work without justifiable reason is
one such instance, although in cases of tardiness,
other forms of leave, including AWOL, may apply.
Requests for maternity leave beyond the usual
authorized period of 14 weeks of sick leave may be
charged to LWOP with the employee's consent if the
employee has exhausted her annual leave.
AWOL, absence without official leave, also puts the
employee into a non-pay status. According to Library
regulations, absence without prior approval is not per-
mitted and must be justified to the designated super-
visor who approves leave; both the absence and the
failure to seek prior approval for it must be ex-
plained. If it is later determined that the absence is
justified or that the employee is ill, the absence is
charged to the appropriate form of leave. If the rea-
sons for the absence are unacceptable, whether in the
case of tardiness or of an absence from work for all or
part of the workday, the supervisor may decide that
the absence should be recorded as AWOL or that the
employee be charged with annual leave (or leave with-
out pay if annual leave is not available).

The rules governing tardiness are spelled out in
LCR 2015-15. According to the regulation, all
employees are expected to report for work on time
and any employee who is late for work must report
the reasons for his tardiness to the designated super-
visor, who will determine whether the lateness is justi-
fiable or not. So long as the lateness does not become
a repeated practice, the supervisor may excuse
administratively occasional tardiness of one hour or
less for justifiable reasons. Once excused, these
periods of tardiness are not retroactively added to-
gether to result in a charge to leave; neither may
periods of tardiness on separate days be combined to
result in a charge to leave.

LC Information Bulletin

Justifiable reasons might include an emergency
such as a tralf'iL accident, a home emergency, or some
other unexpected development not of a routine
nature. In emergencies created by such conditions as
snow storms. the Library may excuse late arrivals for
all employees by designating an amount of time up to
which an employee will not be charged annual leave.
The employee who is tardy beyond that authorized
time is treated according to ihe procedures outlined
above. The regulations also allow the supervisor to
excuse an absence of up to one hour during the work-
day when there is an adequate reason for the
absence-typically an emergency.
In cases of an unjustifiable absence, the tardiness
may be charged, at the discretion of the division chief
or other appropriate official, to absence without offi-
cial leave and repeated instances of it may form the
basis for disciplinary action. In cases of justifiable
absences, the tardiness, if not excused, may be
charged to annual leave or, if the staff member has no
annual leave to his credit, to LWOP. As is true in all
other instances when leave is used, the employee is
charged for the full hour when he is absent for any
fraction of an hour. An employee is not required to
perform work for any of those hours of leave charged
against him.
There is nothing unclear about the Library's regula-
tions governing tardiness and leave, but problems
arise from the fact that each instance of tardiness is a
unique case and requires that the supervisor interpret
the regulations as they apply to the situation. The
more frequent ihe tardiness, the greater the task
becomes for the supervisor.
Conscientious employees will want to report for
work on time, and good supervisors will want to
encourage an employee to develop good attendance
habits. The fact that two employees with equally
poor records of tardiness might receive different
treatment does not in itself mean unfair treatment for
one of them. Although every instance of an unjusti-
fied or unexcused absence results in the employee's
being charged leave for the absence, the individual
situation must always be considered. And finally,
while it is clear that every instance of an employee's
absence from work. for whatever reason, is covered
by a Library regulation governing his status at the
time he is absent, any apparent abuses of leave are
not the result of the regulations themselves.
The Third and final article on "Leave Administra-
tion," which will describe other categories of leave
and instances in which they are used, will appear in
next week's Information Bulletin.


On Friday evening, March 17, the Gertrude Clarke
Whittall Foundaton in the Library of Congress will
sponsor a concert of instrumental chamber music by
the New York Camerata. This ensemble (Paula
Hatcher, flute, Charles Forbes, violoncello: and Glenn
Jacobson, piano) was formed in 1963. Vox Balaenae
by George Crumb will receive its world premiere in
this concert The work, composed in 1971 for the
New York Camerata, is scored for three masked
players using three amplified instruments. Other
works on the program will include Trio for flute,
violoncello, and piano by Bohuslav Martin6; Trio in F
major by Joseph Haydn; Sonatine (arranged by the
New York Camerata) by Maurice Ravel; and Adagio,
Variations and Rondo on "Schone Minka," Op. 78 by
Johann Nepomuk Hummel.
This concert will begin promptly at 8:30 p.m. in
the Coolidge Auditorium of the Library. It will be
broadcast in its entirely by Station WGMS of Wash-
ington, D.C., and tape recordings for delayed broad-
casts will be made available to stations in other cities
by the Katie and Walter Louchheim Fund in the
Library of Congress.
Tickets for this concert will be distributed by
Patrick Haves, 1300 G St., N.W., beginning at 8:30
a.m., Monday, March I3. A service charge of 25 cents
is placed on each ticket, and only two tickets are
distributed to an individual. Telephone reservations
may be made on Monday morning by calling
393-4463. Mail orders are not accepted.


On Saturday. March 18. Station WGMS, Washing-
ton. D.C., will present a delayed broadcast of the
literary program scheduled for March 13 Isee LC
Information Bulletin, March 3, p. 89]. The program
will present poets David Ray and Robert Watson in a
reading followed by a discussion. with Josephine
Jacobsen, the Library's Consultant in Poetry, as


National Public Radio of Washington. D.C., has
awarded to the Librar) of Congress and to radio sta-
tion WUOM a certificate of commendation for their
"contribution to public broadcasting" through the

March 10, 1972

Library of Congress Literary Series 1970-71. Station
WUOM, which is located at the University of Michi-
gan in Ann Arbor, is one of several radio stations
throughout the United States which use the tape
recordings of the Library's literary programs in de-
layed broadcast. A letter accompanying the certifi-
cate cited WUOM's continuing contributions to
National Public Radio programming.


The Advisory Board of the Historic American
Buildings Survey met in the Woodrow Wilson Room
at the Library of Congress on February 25-26. The
Library is one of the participants in the Survey, along

Members of the Advisory Board of HABS
are (seated I-r) Virginia Daiker, Specialist
in American Architecture in the Prints
and Photographs Division representing
the Librarian, Dr. Richard W. Hale, Acting
Chairman of the Massachusetts Historical
Commission, Boston, Mass.; F. Blair
Reeves, Retiring Secretary of the Board
ind Professor of Architecture, University
of Fl6rida; Dr. Barclay G. Jones, Profes-
sor, Poly, Planning, and Regional Devel-
opment at Cornell University, Ithaca,
N. Y.; (standing l.r) Nicholas H. Holmes,
Jr., Architect-Engineer, Mobile, Ala.; Dr.
George B. Tatum, Professor, Department
of Art History, University of Delaware; H.
Roll McLaughlin, Architect, Carmel, Ind.;
and Orin M. Bullock, Jr., Restoration
Architect, Baltimore, Md.

with the National Park Service and The American
Institute of Architects. Reports from each of the
groups were made to the members of the Board. It
was announced that James C. Massey was taking a
new position at the National Trust for Historic Preser-
vation, and that John Poppeliers had been appointed
to replace him as Chief of the HABS. Architect F.
Blair Reeves was elected Chairman of the Advisory
Board, succeeding George Tatum.
Before the meeting, the Board attended the open-
ing of the HABS exhibit on Spanish Tradition in
American Architecture at the Pan American Union.
The Librarian of Congress was host to the Board and
to officials of the National Park Service at a luncheon
in the Whittall Pavilion on Friday, February 25.
Members of the Board were presented copies of the

new publication, A Brief Bibliography for the Resto-
ration of Historic Buildings (1971), compiled by Paul
Goeldner. The six-page pamphlet is available without
charge from the Historic American Buildings Survey,
Office of Archeology and Historic Preservation,
National Park Service, U.S. Department of the
Interior, Washington, D.C. 20240.


On February 16 Commissioner James F. Davis filed
a 63-page report to the United States Court of Claims
in the case of Williams & Wilkins Company v. United
States (Ct. Cl., No. 73-68) in which he held that
defendant had infringed plaintiffs copyrights for

which plaintiff was entitled to recover "reasonable
and entire compensation" as provided by title 28, sec.
1498(b) of the United States Code.
The plaintiff had alleged that the defendant's
Department of Health, Education and Welfare
(HEW), through its agencies, the National Institutes
of Health (NIH) and the National Library of Medicine
(NLM), had in eight instances infringed by supplying
to its patrons and others unauthorized photocopies of
articles from four medical journals published and
copyrighted by plaintiff.
The facts were not in dispute. The defendant raised
a number of arguments in defense, principally, (1)
noninfringement. (2) fair use, and (3) license.
The "noninfringement" argument was "that with
respect to books and periodicals, the act of making

LC Information Bulletin

single copies (ie.. one copy at a time) is not. in itself,
sulficient to incur liability ; that the 'copying.' to be
actionable, must include 'printing' for 'reprinting')
and 'publishing' of multiple copies of the copyrighted
work." The Commissioner rejected this argument,
holding that "there is nothing in the copyright statute
or case law to distinguish, in principle, the making of
a single copy of a copyrighted work from the making
of multiple copies."
The "fair use" defense was also rejected by a hold-
ing that "defendant's photocopying is wholesale
copying and meets none of the criteria of fair use."
And, the defendant's contention "that plaintiff had
failed to show that it has been harmed by unauthor-
ized photocopying," was found unpersuasive on two
grounds. First, section 1498 of title 28 of the United
States Code provided, among other things, for pay-
ment of minimum statutory damages without proof
of actual damages, as set forth in the Copyright Law.
Secondly, "damage may be inferred in this case from
the fact that the photocopies are intended to sup-
plant the original articles."
The "license" defense was based on the fact that
the research work was supported, at least in part, by
grants from defendant's Public Health Service. But
the evidence disclosed that prior to July 1, 1965, it
was "the express policy of the Public Health Service
not to reserve to the Government any rights in copy-
righted publications stemming from grant-funded
research." The Commissioner noted, however, "that
resolution of this issue in plaintiffs favor should be
of minor practical consequence to the Government's
future copying of articles stemming from Public
Health Service-funded research," because prospective
copying would in all probability be of articles which
resulted from grants awarded subsequent to July 1,
1965, and would therefore be royalty free under rules
issued by the Government agency pertaining to grants
made after that date. Incidentally, none of the arti-
cles which were the subject of this litigation fell into
that category.
Two of a number of other points raised deserve
mention. Defendant noted that NLM had a statutory
duty to make available "through loans, photographic
or other copying procedures" such materials in the
Library as the Secretary of Health, Education, and
Welfare deems appropriate. Also noted were statutory
grants to medical libraries for the acquisition of dupli-
cating devices. Defendant suggested "that by those
statutory provisions Congress intended to exempt
NLM and other grantee libraries from the copyright
laws." under the fair use doctrine. The Commissioner

found no merit to this, stating that "nothing in the
statutes or their legislative histories says anything
about the copyright laws, and it cannot be inferred
that Congress intended the statutes to be in deroga-
tion of the copyright laws, absent an express indica-
tion to the contrary No court has ever held that
'fair use' applies to library wholesale photocopying;
nor has there been a umnform and unchallenged policy
among hbraries and other institutionalized photo-
copiers on the bounds of 'fair use."'
Finally, the defendant maintained that "to con-
strue the copyright law so as to proscribe library
photocopying of scientific or technical writings"
would be unconstitutional "because such photocopy-
ing is consonant with the constitutional purpose of
copyright 'to promote the progress of science."' The
Commissioner refuted this argument, saying that
"Congress has exercised its constitutional power by
enacting, and revising from time to time, copyright
statutes which are the method of, and provide a sys-
tem for, achieving the constitutional purpose. The
system 'promotes progress' by encouraging authors to
write and publicly disclose their writings; by inducing
publishers and entrepreneurs to invest risk capital in
the dissemination of authors' writings; and by requir-
ing other authors to create new writings, rather than
plagiarize the old, all of which is in the public inter-
est .... What defendant really appears to be arguing
is that the copyright law should excuse libraries from
liability for the kind of copying here in suit. That, of
course is a matter for Congress, not the courts, to
consider for it involves questions of public policy
aptly suited to the legislative process."
[This summary of the Commissioner's report was
prepared by Benjamin W. Rudd, Librarian in the
Office of the Register of Copyrights- Editor.]


Accessions List: Israel. Vol. 8, Author Index 1971.
(pp. i-(xxviii.) Continuing subscriptions free to librar-
ies upon request to the Field Director, Library of
Congress Office, American Embassy, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Accessions List: Israel Vol. 9, No. 1. January 1972.
(pp. 1-21.) Continuing subscriptions free to libraries
upon request to the Field Director, Library of Con-
gress Office, American Embassy, Tel-Aviv, Israel.
Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series, Vol. 25,
Part 6, No. I: Maps and Atlases. January-June 1971.
(ix, pp. 1-97.) For sale by the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Wash-

March 10, 1972

ington, D.C. 20402, at $2.50 an issue or $5 a year,
domestic, and $6.25 a year, foreign.
Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series, Vol. 24,
Part 5, No. 2, Section 1: Music; Current and Renewal
Registrations. July-December 1970. (x, pp.
1667-2585.) Section 2: Music; Name Index July-
December 1970. (pp. 2587-3209.) For sale by. the
Superintendent of Documents at $7.50 an issue (in
two sections) or $15 a year, domestic, and $18.75 a
year, foreign.
Lincoln's Gettysburg Address in Translation. Com-
piled by Roy P. Basler. Library of Congress, Wash-
ington, 1972.
This new publication contains translations of Lin-
coln's speech into 29 languages as well as the English
version. The translations represent languages spoken
in all corners of the globe; 11 are printed in non-
roman alphabets. Serbo-Croatian, Slovak, Persian,
Urdu, Hindi, and Tagalog are included together with
the major European, Middle Eastern, and Asian lan-
The project was conceived and the translations
compiled by Mr. Basler, Chief of the Library's Manu-
script Division. Mr. Basler has had a distinguished
career devoted to both literature and history. A
recognized poet, he taught literature at several univer-
sities and, since joining the Library staff in 1952, has
developed the literary programs sponsored by the
Whittall Poetry and Literature Fund. He is an author-
ity on Lincoln and has written several books on Lin-
coln and the Civil War. As Executive Secretary and
Editor-in-Chief of the Abraham Lincoln Association
in Springfield, Ill., he edited The Collected Works of
Abraham Lincoln (8 volumes, 1953). Mr. Basler's two
fields of expertise converge in the project of making
the Gettysburg Address, a notable literary work and
an important historical document, available in the
world's major languages.
The idea of gathering these translations was sparked
when Mr. Basler saw Andr6 Maurois' French transla-
tion of the address (the Maurois translation, previ-
ously published, appears in this compilation by
permission). He began correspondence throughout
the world, inviting authors to undertake translations
into their native languages. More than literal transla-
tions, the versions compiled here capture the poetic
imagery and rhythms of Lincoln's words. Among the
well-known authors contributing to the project is
Vladimir Nabokov, who translated the speech into
Linguists, students of history, and literary scholars
will find this compilation of translations of interest as

a convenient means of comparing expressions and
idioms of different languages. In his introduction, Mr.
Basler suggests that, "such a booklet might serve
foreign visitors to the several Lincoln shrines with an
opportunity to come to grips with Lincoln's expres-
sion of the essence of American democracy rendered
beautifully into their mother tongues."
The 32-page booklet published through the Verner
W. Clapp Fund at the Library, can be purchased by
mail from the Information Office, Library of Con-
gress, Washington, D.C. 20540, or in person at the
Information Counter in the Main Building, for $1.25
a copy. All orders must be paid in advance; checks or
money orders should be made payable to the "Li-
brary of Congress."

Press Releases: No. 72-15 (February 22) Harold Spivacke,
former Music Division Chief, named Honorary consultant in
Music at the Library of Congress; No. 72-16 (February 25)
David Ray and Robert Watson to read their poems at the
Library of Congress on Monday, March 13.


Celebration Overseas
The PL-480 Office in Cairo, Arab Republic of
Egypt, recently celebrated its 10th anniversary. Pre-
sent at the festivities were a number of guests from
the U.S. Interests Section, including the Charge, Mar-
shall Wiley; the Administrative Officer; and the Cul-
tural Affairs Officer. Also present were John Dorman,
Head of the American Research Center in Cairo, and
Everitt L. Moore, Librarian at the American Univer-
sity of Cairo. Alvin Moore, Jr., Acting Field Director
of the Cairo Office, spoke on the occasion and read a
letter from William J. Welsh, Director of the Process-
ing Department, which drew much applause. Other
speakers were Mr. Wiley, and Mr. Dorman who spoke
from the point of view of a user of the Cairo Office's
services. Ten-year Cairo Office members are pictured
on page 105.

Joseph A. Lancaster, Senior Photostat Operator in
the Photoduplication Service, retired on February 6
after 30 years of Federal service, most of it with the
Library of Congress. A large group of co-workers
honored him on two occasions during his last week,
at a luncheon and at a presentation of a gift. On
February 15, F. E. Croxton, Director of the Adminis-
trative Department, presented Mr. Lancaster with a
30-year Federal Service Award pin.

LC Information Bulletin

Mr. Lancaster began his Government career at the
Mt. Alto Veterans Hospital in February 1941, and
was also employed at the Naval Gun Factory for two
years before entering the US. Army in 1943. He
came to the Library in December 1946 as a Photostat
Operator in the Photoduplication Laboratory,
became a Photostat and Blueprint Operator in 1964,
and was promoted to Senior Photostat Operator in
1969. Mr. Lancaster's Library service was marked by
his significant contribution to the Congress, to the
library community, and to the public which the
Library serves.
But Mr. Lancaster is not alone in his outstanding
record of Government service; a review of his family's
employment discloses a remarkable record of Govern-
ment service. Mr. Lancaster notes that 19 of his close
relatives have served either the Federal or the District
of Columbia Government. His grandfather, James
Lancaster, was employed by the D.C. Government.
His father, John F. Lancaster, Sr., who is 95 years
old, worked at the Government Printing Office for 32
years, for part of that time at the Library of Con-
gress, and his mother, Mrs. Mary Lancaster, was an
employee of the then Buildings and Grounds of the
Library for 12 years. He has three brothers and a
sister in Government service. Including his own 30
years, the total length of known Federal employment
in the family is 184 years. He also has 12 nieces and
nephews who are or have been in Government work,
and their employment represents an additional 103
years of service.

Donald R. Reines, Special Assistant in the Refer-
ence Division of the Copyright Office, was presented
a 25-year Federal Service Award pin on February 25
by Waldo H. Moore, Chief of the Reference Division.
Mr. Reines began his Government service in 1948 in
New York City, where he was employed as an office
manager for the Allied High Commission Permit
Office for Germany. In 1951 he came to the Library's
Supply Unit, but transferred after a few months to
the Copyright Office, where he progressed from a
Clerk-Typist in the Examining Division to a Senior
Searcher in the Reference Division, to a Revisor in
the Examining Division, to his present position in the
Reference Division.
His knowledge of copyright records and reference
sources have been valuable to the Copyright Office;
the 1970 exhibit, "Centennial of Copyright in the
Library of Congress," reflected this knowledge. He
currently serves as liaison with the Bureau of Customs

John F. Lancaster, Sr. (left), an employee of GPO
from 1909 to 1941, with his son Joseph A. Lancs-
ter, an LC employee 1946-69.

on copyright problems.
Mr. Reines served with the U.S. Army Air Corps
during 1942-46.

The LC Caps team ended the basketball season with
three of the last four games played to a one point
score difference. Against OMB on January 24, the
Caps lost by a score of 50 to 49. Another one point
loss, but extending into overtime, struck down the
Caps on January 31 against the Kerlips, with a score
of 62 to 61. A one point victory, 52 to 51, over the
Sheraton Park team, on February 7, again demon-
strated the closely matched competition which LC
battled during the 10 game season. The last season
game, against Wilmack on February 14, ended with a
loss of 61 to 49.
The team wishes to convey its thanks to the staff
members who followed the team and who helped give
it support. Next year the squad plans to work toward
an even more successful season of basketball.

March 10, 1972

Elemer Bako, Finno-Ugrian Area Specialist in the
Slavic and Central European Division, lectured on the
subject "Saint Stephen, the Military Leader," in the
monthly meeting of the Washington Chapter of the
American Hungarian Federation, held on February 24
at Kossuth House, 3216 New Mexico Avenue, N.W.
The lecture was part of the Federation's program
commemorating the millennium of the birth of Hun-
gary's first Christian king, Stephen I, the Saint
(969-1038 A.D.).
Robert L. Chartrand, Specialist in Information
Sciences for the Congressional Research Service, was
interviewed by WAMU-FM Public Radio on February
14. While the focus of the "Timepiece" dialogue was
on the two books recently published by Mr. Chart-
rand, Hope for the Cities and Systems Technology
Applied to Social and Community Problems, modera-
tor John Merli addressed- many aspects of the
information services provided the Members and Com-
mittees of the Congress by the Congressional Re-
search Service.
Alan Fern, Assistant Chief of the Prints and Photo-
graphs Division, was moderator of the Poster Forum
sponsored by the Drawing and Print Club at the
Detroit Institute of Arts on February 15. The other
speakers were designer Lance Wyman, publisher and
dealer Evelyn Farland (of Posters Original Ltd., in
New York City), and local collector Richard L.
On February 14-17 Alan Jabbour, Head of the
Archive of Folk Song, served as a consultant to the
public school system of Ridgefield, Conn., meeting
with teachers in a series of sessions designed to con-
vey the importance of understanding folklore and

folk music for shaping their social studies curricula.
The visit was part of a project sponsored by the
National Humanities Faculty.
Samuel Lazerow, Chief of the Serial Record Divi-
sion and Chairman of the U.S. National Libraries
Task Force on Automation and Other Cooperative
Services, attended the first meeting of the Advisory
Committee to the International Serials Data System
held in Paris on February 17-19. Other members of
the committee are L. G. Livingston, Council on
Library Resources, Washington, D.C.; J. L. Wood,
Chemical Abstracts Service, Columbus, Ohio; G.
Franzmeier, Staatsbibliothek, Berlin; L. N. Sumaro-
kov, International Centre of Scientific and Technical
Information, Moscow; M. D. Martin, Institution for
Electrical Engineers, London; and R. A. Wall, Univer-
sity of Technology, Loughborough.
The International Serials Data System (ISDS) is
operated by the Biblioth6que Nationale with financial
support supplied jointly by the French Government
and Unesco. The basic objective of the ISDS is the
development and maintenance of a machine-readable
register of serial titles, containing internationally
acceptable identification codes and as much biblio-
graphic data as possible. A further objective is the
establishment of a network of communications
among publishers of serial literature, major libraries,
secondary information services, and national and
international organizations in the information field.
Miss Schrader Appointed Assistant Chief
of Copyright Examining Division
Dorothy M. Schrader was appointed Assistant Chief

Cairo Office staff members who have worked in the office since its inception are (I-r) Adel A ntoun, A hmed Ramadan,
Dr. Saad M. Hagrassy, Nagat Habashy, Shawky Mostafa, and George Cowogenis. See story on page 103.

LC Information Bulletin

of the Examining Division of the Copyright Office on
February 21. She succeeds Arthur J. Levine who
resigned on October 1, 1971 to enter private law
Miss Schrader joined the Copyright Office in
August 1963 as a Copyright Examiner. She has served
as an Examiner in the Book, Music, and Arts Sections
and was Assistant Head and Head of the Arts Section
for approximately four years. For the past two and
one half years, Miss Schrader has been on the Exam-
ining Division Legal Staff in the position of Senior
Attorney for Examining.
In 1970 she was a member of the United States
Delegation to the Extraordinary Session of the Inter-
governmental Copyright Committee of the Universal
Copyright Convention held in Paris. Miss Schrader
was also a member of the U.S. Delegation to the
Diplomatic Conference for Revision of the Universal
Copyright Convention held in Paris last summer. The
author of many papers, Miss Schrader has published a
number of articles in legal periodicals including "Ad
Interim Copyright and the Manufacturing Clause: An-
other View of the CANDY Case," which was pub-
lished in the Villanova Law Review.
Miss Schrader holds an A.B. degree, summa cum
laude, from the University of Southern California,
and a J.D. from Harvard Law School. She is a mem-
ber of the District of Columbia and U.S. Supreme
Court bars.
Appointments: Juanita Brannan, editorial assistant, GS-4,
CRS-SPR. PA2493; Donald L Byrd, clerk-typist, GS-4, Card,
PA2481; Tatiana B. Evtushenko, librarian, GS-9, Share Cat,
PA2417; Barbara M. Hanley, librarian, GS-9, Share Cat,
PA2417; John W. Ott, clerk, GS-3, CRS-C, PA2577; Thomas
E. Ryan, clerk, GS-3, CRS-C, PA2577; Russell C. Smith,
clerk, GS-4, Cop Serv, PB2471; Kathleen A. Stypula, execu-
tive office clerk, GS-4, Cop Serv, PB2471; Robert B. Young,
library aid, GS-2, Cat Publ, OP500-9.
Temporary Appointments: Joan B. Herring, library tech-
nician, GS4, CRS-ED, PA2531; Elizabeth A. Madden, edi-
torial assistant, GS-4, CRS-D, PA2493; Kathleen A. McClena-
hen, library technician, GS-5, Order, PA2467; Samuel
Crockett Oglesby, analyst in international relations, GS-9,
CRS-F, PA2511.
Reappointment: Bert H. Cooper, Jr., analyst in national
defense, GS- 11, CRS-F, PA2513.
Promotions: Eleonora S. Alsop, to assistant supervisor for
correspondence and production control, GT-7, Photodup,
PC2422; Jenney Gjolstad, to supervisory library technician,
GS-10, Share Cat, PB2560; Kathryn E. Kirsch, to clerical
assistant, GT-3, Photodup, PC2433; Robert Leyshion, to
library technician, GS-4, Ser, PA2473; Lula G. McMurray, to

standing orders clerk, GS-4, Card, PC2382; Margaret Rober-
son, to personnel assistant, GS-5, Place, PA2551; Marguerite
V. Stone, to supervisory library technician, GS-7, Cop Serv,
Transfers: Frances Callan, E&G, to subject cataloger, GS-9,
Sub Cat, PB2479; Anna Mac Carpenter, CRSGGR, to edi-
torial assistant, GS-4, CRS-F, NP; Gene Teach, LL, to clerk,
GS-4, Cop Serv, PB2471.
Resignations: Charles Bendit, CRS-C; Robert E Bolden,
Cat Publ; Earl W. Burdette, ISO; Carol L. Bylsma, Subj Cat;
Pearl O. Hunt, Share Cat; George E. Leighty, E&G; Donnell
Mitchell, Bldgs Mgmt; Robert R. Outis, CRS-A; Jean B.
Patitucci, CRS-F; George E. Pitts, S&R; Barbara A. Redding-
ton, Photodup; Kay B. Souza, NUCPP; Bonny L Specker,
Cop Cat; Patricia P. Spengler, Subj Cat; Alcide White, S&R.

The monthly meeting of the American Federation
of Government Employees, Local 1826 will be held
on Wednesday, March 15, at 11:30 a.m. in the back
of the cafeteria.

Mr. and Mrs. Richard F. Young are the parents of a
son, Robert Frederick, born February 17 at the Wash-
ington Hospital Center. Mr. Young is the Assistant
Restoration Officer.

... ., ,6 '- *
Introduction to the Anglo-American Cataloguing
Rules by P. K. Escreet (London, Andre Deutsch,
1.25), which was recently published, is a work of
major importance not only in explaining to student
catalogers the rules for entry and heading and the
rules for description of monographs and serials, but
also in providing their theoretical and historical back-
ground. Although this work deals with the British
text of the rules, it explains most of the differences
between that text and the North American text. Few
writers could come to such a work with qualifications
equal to Mr. Escreet's. He served the Library Associa-
tion's Cataloguing Rules Subcommittee during the
entire period of the evolution of the present text of
the rules, first as the committee's editorial assistant
and later as a committee member, he was a member
of the committee's delegation to several joint meet-
ings with the American committee, and he is now
Chairman of the Library Association's Cataloguing
Rules Committee. After processing, Introduction to
the Anglo-American Cataloguing Rules will be avail-
able from the general collections. [C. SumnerSpalding]

March 10, 1972

A recent biographical handbook which will be of
interest to students of Soviet affairs is Who Was Who
in the Soviet Union, compiled by the Institute for the
Study of the USSR in Munich and published by the
Scarecrow Press of Metuchen, N.J. Among the 5,015
biographies which this volume contains are entries for
many persons whose names are not easily found in
reference works issued in the Soviet Union. Included
are such people as major leaders of the White, or
anti-Soviet, armies of the Russian civil war, eminent
scholars, prelates of the Russian Orthodox Church,
and others who have shaped the course of events in
the Soviet Union. A copy of this volume is being
processed for addition to the Slavic Room reference
collection. [Robert V. Allen]


ERIC to Offer Data Base in MARC II Format
The Office of Education's Educational Resources
Information Center (ERIC) will soon offer its data
base to field users in the Library of Congress' MARC
11 communications format. At the present time, ERIC
data base purchasers receive tapes in ERIC's own Mas-
ter File format. The Research in Education portion of
the base is available in two tapes at 1600 BPI; the
Current Index to Journals in Education portion of
the base is available on a single reel. Quarterly up-
dates are available. ERIC is an unusually economical
data base and currently sells for $80 a tape reel (or
$50 a reel if the user provides his own tapes). There
will probably be an extra charge associated with the
additional processing to arrive at MARC format tapes.
The conversion effort was prompted by a signifi-
cant number of inquiries from potential users already
having programs that will accept tapes in MARC II
format. It is anticipated that making the ERIC data
base available in MARC format will lead to an in-
crease in the number of field users and better achieve-
ment of ERIC's dissemination objectives. In addition,
the move puts ERIC in the forefront of data base
suppliers conforming to the new American National
Standard for Bibliographic Information Interchange
on Magnetic Tape (ANSI Z39.2-1971).
For further information write to W. T. Brandhorst,
Director, ERIC Processing and Reference Facility,
4833 Rugby Ave., Suite 303, Bethesda, Md. 20014.

ARBC Meets
The American Revolution Bicentennial Commis-
sion, at its meeting in Washington February 21,

approved designs for commemorative medals-one is
to be produced by the U.S. Mint in 1972-and Bicen-
tennial postage stamps. It also heard a report on the
status of the proposed Philadelphia Exposition and
decided that a site and a plan would have to be sub-
mitted by March 15 if the Exposition were to go
ahead. (Recent news stories indicate that the Philadel-
phia Exposition backers will meet this deadline.)
Announced at the meeting and at a press confer-
ence on February 22 was a Bicentennial Parks Pro-
gram, a plan for a Federally funded system of parks,
one in each of the 50 States, which will include facili-
ties for the performing arts, ecology centers, and
other buildings.
James H. Hutson, LC's Coordinator for Bicenten-
nial Programs, attended the Commission meeting.

Seven Appointed to Council on the Humanities
Seven persons have been appointed by President
Nixon to the National Council on the Humanities.
The new members, appointed for six-year terms,
replace former Council members whose terms have
They are Jeffrey Hart, Professor of English, Dart-
mouth College, who succeeds Kenneth B. Clark;
Martin Luther Kilson, Jr., Professor of Government,
Harvard University, who succeeds Gerald F. Else;
Sidney Hook, Professor of Philosophy (Emeritus) at
New York University, who succeeds Robert T.
Bower; Irving Kristol, co-founder and co-editor of
Public interest and Henry R. Luce Professor of Urban
Values, New York University, who succeeds Paul G.
Horgan; Richard R. St. Johns, president of Filmways,
Inc., who succeeds Albert W. Levi; Sheldon H. Solow,
owner and builder of Sheldon H. Solow, New York,
who succeeds Soia Mentschikoff; and Frank Everson
Vandiver, Provost, Rice University, who succeeds
Charles E. Odegaard. Announcement of an eighth
appointment is expected shortly.
The National Council on the Humanities consists of
the Chairman of the National Endowment for the
Humanities, Ronald S. Berman, and 26 members
appointed by the President for six-year terms. The
Council advises the Chairman with respect to policies,
programs, and procedures; reviews applications for
financial support; and makes recommendations there-
on to the Chairman.

"Youthgrants in the Humanities" Program Set
The National Endowment for the Humanities
(NEH) has begun a program of grants for support of


3 1262 08492 9875

humanities projects initiated and conducted by young
Created in line with a recommendation made last
year by the National Council on the Humanities, the
new program-called "Youthgrants in the Humani-
ties"-will consider applications from both students
and young persons out of school.
The deadline for applications for projects scheduled
to begin during this summer or fall is March 17. Pro-
posals will be evaluated comparatively by a panel of
young people prior to submission to the National
Council on the Humamties, which makes final recom-
mendations on all applications for Endowment
A free brochure describing the program is available
from Youthgrants in the Humanities, National
Endowment for the Humanities, Washington, D.C.

Law Librarians to Hold Dinner Meeting
The Law Librarians' Society of Washington, D.C.
will hold a dinner meeting at 6 p.m. on Wednesday,
March 15, at Blackie's House of Beef, 22nd at M St.,
N.W., Washington, D.C. The speaker for the meeting
will be R. Michael McReynolds of the Legislative,
Judicial and Fiscal Branch, Civil Archives Division,
National Archives and Records Service, whose topic is
"The Legal Records & Federal Records Center." The
deadline for reservations is Friday, March 10, and the
assessment is $6. Reservations should be addressed to
Joan Marx, Librarian, FDIC, 550 17th St., N.W.,
Washington, D.C. 20429.

"Update 72" Workshop Is Set for March 25
"Update 72," a continuing education workshop on
libraries and information science, will be held on
Saturday, March 25, from 9 a.m. to 2 p.m. in the East
Room of the Mayflower Hotel, 1127 Connecticut
Ave. N.W. The workshop will be sponsored by the
Special Libraries Association, the District of Colum-
bia Library Association, the Law Librarians Society
of Washington, D.C., the American Society for Infor-
mation Science, and the Society of Library and Infor-
mation Technicians.
Attendees may chose one of six concurrent panels:
(1) "The Role of Library Technicians" with Pauline

LC information Bulletin

Thompson, Isaac Barfield, and Carl Whisenton as the
panelists; (2) "Current Report on Continuing Educa-
tion for Librarianship" with Father Kortendick,
Joseph Jeffs, Dorothy Kaufman, and Ann Conlan; (3)
"Pros and Constraints of Micro Media" with Thomas
Lee, Ruth Smith, Cathryn Lyon, and Phillip Rochlin;
(4) "The Library Manpower Situation, Present and
Projected" with Frank Schick, Sarah Rebecca Reed,
Myrl Ricking, and Bill Crislip; (5) "Reaching In-
Library Service to the Institutionalized" with Mrs.
Marilyn Gell as moderator (a followup to the Febru-
ary 17 All-Day Workshop sponsored by DCLA's
Social Responsibilities Round Table), and (6) "Con-
cepts and Findings in Current Indexing" with Patricia
Feeney, Willis Foster, Paul Klingbiel, and John
Schneider (sponsored by ASIS Special Interest Group
on Classification Research).
Charles H. Stevens, Executive Director, National
Commission on Libraries and Information Science,
will be the luncheon speaker. The cost, which in-
cludes a table d'hote luncheon, is $6.50. Checks
should be made payable to the Joint Spring Work-
shop and mailed to Mrs. Elaine Kurtz, 6640 Adrian
St., New Carrollton, Md. 20784, by March 15. For
reservation information call LA 9-2555 from 9 amn.
to 4 p.m. Parking will be available at the National
Geographic Society parking lot on M St. between
16th and 17th, with entrance from 17th St.

Unesco Plans Paris Symposium for Editor
Unesco will organize a symposium for editors of
documentation, library and archives journals at its
Paris headquarters May 16-18. Purpose of the meeting
will be to discuss ways and means of reaching closer
cooperation and coordination between editors of pro-
fessional journals, with a view toward improving the
exchange of information, achieving more unified
methods of presentation, and encouraging greater use
of authors' abstracts.
As a basis for discussion, a working document, pre-
pared by H. Coblans, Editor of the Journ of Docu-
mentation, will soon be available on request.
Applications for invitations for editors wishing to
attend the symposium at their own expense should
reach the Unesco Department of Documentation,
Libraries and Archives, Place de Fontenoy, 75 Paris
7e, by March 15.

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