LC In formation Bulletin
will be responsible for major policy decisions on the
content, custody, and preservation of the Library's
collections. Mr. Finzi's
first task will be to prepare
the statement that describes the responsibilities and
functions of the office and to prepare all the neces-
he director will serve as chairman of
the Acquisitions and Preservation Committees.
A native of Campiglia Marittima, Italy, Mr. Finzi
the University of Rome and earned both
Credit Union Gets High Marks ,
First Cases to Be Prosecuted under
New Copyright Law
"Folk-Songs of America" Album
Marks Archive's 50th Year .
John Finzi Named Director of
Collections Development Office
Library of Congress Publications
New Publication Reproduces
Wright Brothers Photographs
Nigerian Petroleum Industry Is
bachelor and master of arts degrees from the Univer-
sity of California at Los Angeles, where he was
elected to membership in Phi Beta Kappa. While pur-
suing further graduate studies at the same institution
on a doctorate in English history and anthropology,
Mr. Finzi had five years of specialized work experi-
ence at the William Andrews Clark Memorial Library
of U.C.L.A., particularly in the field of rare books,
bibliographic work, and manuscript cataloging. He
subsequently completed a master's degree in library
science at the University of California at Berkeley.
Mr. Finzi came to the Library of Congress in 1957
as a participant in
worked as a bibliographer in the General Reference
and Bibliography Division, head of the Orientalia Ex-
Topic of Bibliography
change Section in the
Exchange and Gift Division,
Staff News ....
Walt Whitman Manuscript Found
and head of the European Exchange Section in the
same division. In
he was sent to India as di-
Appendix-The Star of Bethlehem, Part II:
A Selected List of References
The cover of this issue of the Information Bulletin is
adapted from Maxfield Parrish's drawing for the back
cover of the Christmas 1895 issue
of Harper's Weekly.
The illustration, created as an advertisement, is captioned
"Royal Baking Powder Makes Dainties for Christmas. "
JOHN FINZI NAMED DIRECTOR OF
COLLECTIONS DEVELOPMENT OFFICE
rector of the Library of Congress P.L. 480 programs
for South Asia. There he organized and directed the
first of the Library's programs for the acquisition and
distribution of Library materials to the Library of
Congress and other research libraries under a special
foreign currency acquisition program, a position he
held until the summer of 1964. He established three
offices in India and Pakistan-New Delhi, Karachi,
and Dacca-and developed procedures for the acquisi-
tion, distribution, and listing of a large number of
current publications representing a broad coverage of
the publishing activities of these countries. In 1964
became coordinator for the development
and organization of the collections,
John Finzi, assistant director for library resources,
Research Services, has been named director of the
apartment, and in 1971, because of his expanded re-
Collections Development Office,
Office of The
4. He reports to
Deputy Librarian in this new assignment.
The Collections Development Office, established as
part of the Library's reorganization announced last
March but not implemented at that time, will provide
director for library resources.
Under the auspices of the American Library Associ-
ation, Mr. Finzi served in 1967 as a consultant to the
director of the National Central Library of Florence,
Italy, undertaking a study of that library in order to
make recommendations for modernizing its organiza-
which led to an intensive study of automation feasi-
bility in the bibliographic activities in that library as
recommended in the Survey.
During the past two years, Mr. Finzi and his staff
have been engaged in planning and implementing the
establishment of the Performing Arts Library, a joint
project of the Library of Congress and the John F.
Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts.
of all the photographs
in the Wright
brothers collection may be purchased. Orders should
be addressed to the Library of Congress,
cation Service, Washington, D.C. 20540.
The use of photography by the Wrights to record
Mr. Finzi is a member of the
Association, the District of Columbia Library Associ-
ation, the Indian Library
Association, the American
Historical Association, the American Anthropological
Association, and the Association for Asian Studies.
He is also a member of Pi Gamma Mu.
NEW PUBLICATION REPRODUCES
WRIGHT BROTHERS PHOTOGRAPHS
The Library has announced the microfiche publica-
tion of Photographs by the Wright Brothers, available
1, 1979, from the
Printing Office. The 20-page publication, which com-
memorates the 75th anniversary of the first flight by
the Wright Brothers on December 17, 1903, includes
a checklist of the photographs and five microfiche
* C 'Ir
original glass-plate negatives that the Library of Con-
gress received in 1949 from the estate of Orville
Wright. Most of the views on the glass-plate negatives
t flight of December 17, 1903.
taken by th
Wright brothers themselves be-
1911 to document their successes
signed, constructed, and personally operated the first
and failures with their new flying machines.
In producing the master negative microfiche, the
controlled, and sustained flight, but they also
Library of Congress Photoduplication
Oid~ ~~~ V~CCpi
mpntpcrl ,itli nrlinvnrA nhntrmrinhir tirhnnlnmcr in
provided visual evidence of their spectacular achieve-
Greetings to our Friends from The Librarian of Congress
After another year of growth, Ruth and I want to thank all
our friends on the staff and among our readers for making the Library
of Congress a source of light and life for all. We look forward together
to making 1979 another year of hope and fulfillment.
A Happy New Year from Our House to Your House.
December 19. 1978
.-.-.. w~u~~ ~-Wyyr
LC Information Bulletin
planes, runways, flights, and
even their accidents. The collection also contains indi-
man was greatly
in the writings
opinions of Robert G. Ingersoll, lawyer, lecturer, and,
brothers and their family and friends, as well as many
shots of landscapes, buildings, and towns.
Wilbur and Orville
Wright were aware of the im-
portant relationship of photography to their work-
both scientifically and historically. They maintained a
notebook in which they listed the time of exposure,
stop setting, date, place, type of plate used, and sub-
ject matter for each photograph.
These notes show
of the period-
orthochromatic, nonhalation, and Stanley plates-and
that they occasionally employed flashlight techniques
for interior views.
by the Wright Brothers.
the first Li-
brary of Congress publication to reproduce graphic
material on microfiche, is available in person from the
Information Counter on the ground floor of the Li-
brary of Congress Building or by mail from the Super-
intendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
regarded Ingersoll as a prophet, "a chosen man," and
Ingersoll's regard for Whitman is indicated by his
having been a principal speaker at Whitman's 71st
birthday dinner in 1890. The two men were fitful
Ingersoll, dated "April 2  ," has been known to
be in a research collection, in the Ingersoll papers in
the Manuscript Division of the Library of Congress.
The standard edition of Whitman's Correspondence
prints two other letters from transcripts of originals
in private hands, and identifies a few "lost" Whitman
letters, that is, letters known to have been written but
apparently not extant. Most of Ingersoll's letters to
Whitman are also in the Library of Congress, in
action of Walt
The publication sells for $4 plus
The Library acqu
ired the Ingersoll papers in install-
Other Library of Congress publication
Wright brothers include Wilbur and Orville
Bibliography Commemorating the Hundre
s on the
versary of the Birth of Wilbur Wright, April 16, 1867.
Hundredth Anniversary of the Birth of Orville Wright.
August 19, 1871, also by Mr. Renstrom. The Bibliog-
raphy may be ordered free from the Library of Con-
gress, Central Services Division, Washington, D.C. The
Chronology is available from the Superintendent of
Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Wash-
authored by Marvin
W. McFarland and
Mr. Renstrom appeared in the August 1950 issue
ments, the particular installment containing the Whit-
man post card having been acquired in 1945. It was
identified as item 255 in the Library's publication,
Walt Whitman: A Catalog Based Upon the Collections
of the Library of Congress (Washington, 1955). The
text was printed in Edwin H. Miller's edition of Whit-
1964) (vol. 3,
p. 175). Meanwhile, the Library had reorganized the
Ingersoll papers in 1963, placing the Whitman post
card in Box 3.
15 years to late November of this
year, Charles E. Feinberg, an honorary consultant to
the Library and well-known collector of Walt Whit-
man manuscripts, was offered the opportunity to pur-
chase a Whitman post card to Robert Ingersoll, dated
April 2, no year. The offer came from David J.
Bromer of Bromer Booksellers, Watertown, Mass. Mr.
the Library of
WALT WHITMAN MANUSCRIPT FOUND
Feinberg quickly ascertained
that the offered item
was in fact identical with the card which had long
been known to be part of the Library's collections
and was not known to be missing. He notified Mr.
Bromer of his findings and alerted the chief of the
The Library of Congress has recovered a Walt Whit-
a matter of
item missing from its collections,
thanks to the sharp eye of its honorary consultant in
;ui d thle
tIPl s.. *4 I.I
days the item was restored to the Ingersoll papers,
through the cooperation of Mr. Bromer and Busnagi
Rajannan, who had purchased the item from a mid-
I 1 1 I1 It...
$1 postage if mailed ove
Chronology Commemorating the
"FOLK-SONGS OF AMERICA" ALBUM
MARKS ARCHIVE'S 50TH YEAR
Old Granny Hare, a-what you doing' there?
Running' through the cotton patch as hard
as I can tear. .
Guide presents a selection of governmental and quasi-
governmental publications, books, periodical articles,
and dissertations on the Nigerian petroleum industry
from the early 1900s through 1976.
Compiled by Beverly
Ann Gray, head of the Afri-
the songs in
"Folk-Songs of America":
can Section, African and Middle Eastern Division, the
Winslow Gordon Collection,
Neil V. Rosenberg and Debora G. Kodish.
In 1928, Robert Winslow Gordon (1888-1961) be-
came the first head of the Library of Congress Archive
of Folk Song. Gordon's active career as a folklorist
began in 1917 and ended during the Depression in
1933 when the donations which had sustained his
position were terminated. Gordon pioneered folksong
documentation at a time when the subject was appre-
ciated by only a handful of specialists and aficio-
nados. Carrying his heavy cylinder, he traveled to the
San Francisco waterfront, the Appalachian moun-
tains, and the Georgia coast in order to record the
diverse singing traditions of this country.
of this recording dedicated to
memory of its first director was one in a series of
events marking the 50th anniversary of the Archive of
Folk Song, along with a symposium and an exhibit on
the archive's history, a special folk music concert, and
an article in the October issue of the Quarterly
The Robert Winslow Gordon Collection comprises
the nucleus of the Archive of Folk Song, which now
contains 230,000 pages of manuscript and 300,000
recorded songs, stories,
and instrumental perform-
In one of the folk songs, Ben Harney sings his own
composition of 1894, "The Wagon," considered to be
the first ragtime song written. Other songs on the
recording range in styles from sea shanties and spiri-
tuals to blues and southern fiddle tunes. The album
also includes a booklet with an illustrated biography
of Gordon as well as the lyrics of and stories behind
each song. Priced at $10, plus 50 cents postage if
the recording (AFS L68) may be ordered
from the Recording Laboratory, Library of Congress,
Washington, D.C. 20540, or purchased in person at
the Information Counter on the ground floor of the
Library of Congress Building.
topics: General, Civil
pact, Government Oil Policies, and Natural Gas. The
400 entries are arranged within each subject division,
or subdivision, alphabetically by author or title.
The bibliography is based primarily on the holdings
of the Library of Congress and of other libraries re-
porting to the National Union Catalog and to New
Serial Titles. The Nigerian Petroleum Industry is avail-
able free upon request from the African Section, Li-
brary of Congress, Washington, D.C. 20540.
FIRST CASES TO BE PROSECUTED
UNDER NEW COPYRIGHT LAW
For the first time under the new copyright law, two
cases were forwarded on October 25 to the Justice
Department to be prosecuted for noncompliance with
Preparations for sending four more cases are now in
The new copyright law gave the Copyright Office
increased authority to enforce compliance. If the De-
copies have been deposited for a work published in
the United States with a copyright notice, an initial
demand and two follow-up letters are sent during a
three-month period. If the deposits are not received
by the end of that period and the Library of Congress
wants copies for its collections, the cases are sent
with a cover letter to the Justice Department, which
usually handles courtroom work for the Copyright
The Deposits and
works not complying with
Seven acquisitions specialists in the sec-
NIGERIAN PETROLEUM INDUSTRY
IS TOPIC OF NEW BIBLIOGRAPHY
tion specialize in various subject areas, monitoring
trade journals and other lists of new publications, and
compiling lists of works they know the Library of
Congress wants. Recommending officers with subject
LC Information Bulletin
new works to their divisions, thereby drawing atten-
tion to cases of noncompliance.
The two case
the four cases
now at the Justice Department and
to be sent are all
Eighty percent of the demands are for serial publica-
Acquisitions Section, however, is beginning to watch
other creative industries more carefully.
CREDIT UNION GETS HIGH MARKS
of other types of
The Deposits and
tions; 20 percent are
for a mix
For the seventh
Congress Federal Credit
consecutive year, the Library of
Union received a problem-
Receiving the 19 78 National Credit Union Administration
Thrift Award from NCUA examiner William Brooks (right) is
J. Lieb (center)
examiner for the National Credit Union Administra-
Mitchell, Credit Union
Each year NCUA visits each Federally
chartered credit union to determine the credit union's
to 3 p.m. on paydays.
The Credit Union is located in
and its compliance
Room SB 1008
of the Thomas Jefferson Building.
Federal laws and regulations, and reviews its manage-
of October, Mr. Brooks
examined the Credit Union's financial records, loan
Committee meeting records, and
minutes of the Board of Directors.
At a meeting with the Board of Directors and per-
the Credit and Supervisory Committees,
Mr. Brooks commended the board on the perform-
ance of the Credit Union. He observed that the Credit
Union was one of
... five or six in the area" that
was paying the maximum seven percent dividends in
share accounts while maintaining low interest rates on
Mr. Brooks announced to the board that the Credit
Union earned the National Credit Union Administra-
tion Thrift Award for its success in stimulating sav-
ings among small savers. The Credit Union attained a
rate of 4.24
)ver a 12-month
percent in members'
d ending September
Gushee to Head CRS Division
David Gushee has been appointed senior specialist
in environmental policy and chief of the Environment
and Natural Resources Policy Division in the Congres-
sional Research Service.
A chemical engineering graduate of the Massachu-
setts Institute of Technology, Mr. Gushee was em-
ployed by the American Chemical Society from 1956
to 1972. While with the society, he was instrumental
in designing and implementing a number of programs
of technical policy research including the launching
of a major journal. Mr. Gushee served as manager of
all ACS technical publications for four years and, dur-
ing his last two years with the society, as assistant to
the executive director for planning.
1978, a rate of growth
Federal credit unions of a similar
well above the average for
Mr. Gushee joined
Research Service in
the staff of the Congressional
1972 as an analyst in environ-
At its December 12 meeting, the Board of Directors
declared a seven percent dividend (6
/4 percent regu-
environmental policy in
and received an addi-
lar and 3/4 percent special) for shares on deposit as of
December 31 of this year. Dividends, estimated to be
over $81,000, will be deposited in members' accounts
on January 1, 1979.
The Library of Congress Federal Credit Union has a
tional promotion in 1976.
Mr. Gushee has become widely recognized as an
expert in the energy field with significant contribu-
tions to national policy in such areas as coal utiliza-
tion, energy reorganization in the Executive Branch,
December 22, 1978
Engineers, Mr. Gushee has held a number of offices in
each and is the author of an impressive list of publica-
tions in the field.
DEATH OF A FORMER STAFF MEMBER
Jessie Hendrick Hardie Bartlett, a music examiner
in the Examining Division and later a general attorney
in the Register's Office during her term of employ-
ment at the Copyright Office between 1962 and
1964, died of cancer on November 29 at the age of
Born in Philadelphia, Pa., Mrs. Bartlett graduated
from Bryn Mawr College and received her law degree
with second honors from Oxford University in
England. She and her sister, Lady Hitchman, together
became the first American women to be admitted as
barristers in England. After practicing law in London,
Mrs. Bartlett returned to the United States and ob-
tained a doctorate of law from New York University.
She then practiced law in New York City with her
sister and father.
In 1933, she married William H. Hardie, who died
in 1959. After his death, she taught constitutional
law and government at the University of Rhode
She moved to Washington, D.C., in 1962, joined
the Copyright Office, and married Frederick P. Bart-
lett, a former U.S. Ambassador to the Malagasy
Republic. When her husband retired in 1964, Mrs.
Bartlett resigned. After his death in 1970, she became
active in the Foreign Service Women's Association.
Survivors include two children, Robin Hardie
Griffiths of Arlington, Va., and William H. Hardie,
Jr., of Mobile, Ala.; her sister, Lady Hitchman of
London; and four grandchildren.
Funeral services were held December 1 in the sanc-
tuary of St. Albans School for Boys in Washington,
Robert L. Bostick, visual information specialist
with the Congressional Research Service, retired from
the Library in October.
A native of Atlanta, Ga., Mr. Bostick earned certifi-
cates from Howard University's School of Engineering
and Architecture, The American University, and the
U.S.D.A. Graduate School in statistics and public
administration. He was employed with the Office of
Price Administration before coming to the Library in
"1 -\ .- 91 1 1. 1 ..- A .- -.... _-*-
has aided nearly every committee of Congress and has
appeared in a number of committee prints and other
congressional publications. In recognition of his out-
standing achievements, Mr. Bostick earned a Superior
Accomplishment Award in 1951.
Throughout the years, Mr. Bostick has been ac-
tively involved in work on behalf of retarded children
and has served on the Board of Directors of the D.C.
Association for Retarded Citizens, Inc. and as a mem-
ber of the National Association for Retarded Chil-
dren's Governmental Affairs Committee. He has also
been a member of the Mayor's Coordinating Commit-
tee for Mental Retardation. In 1971, Mr. Bostick was
the recipient of a plaque and certificate for his "out-
standing service to exceptional children" from the
D.C. Federation No. 524, Council for Exceptional
As a token of their affection and esteem, his friends
and colleagues made a contribution in Mr. Bostick's
name to the D.C. Association for Retarded Citizens,
William H. Underdue, Jr., assistant chief, Binding
Office, received a Federal Service Award pin on Oc-
tober 4 in recognition of 30 years of service.
Appointed to the Library staff in 1948, Mr. Under-
due served in the Serial Division until 1953 when he
was promoted and transferred to the Binding Office.
Mr. Underdue has served the Binding Office as a
bindery assistant, serials reviser, head of the Mono-
graph Preparation Section, assistant to the bindery
officer, and, since 1971, assistant chief of the
Stephen A. Langone was named assistant chief of
the Government Division in the Congressional Re-
search Service in October of this year.
Mr. Langone has been employed by the Federal
Government for more than 36 years and, with the
exception of nearly three years with the U.S. Army
during World War II, has been with the Library
throughout the entire period. He joined the Library
in 1942 as a laborer and later became a clerk in the
Legislative Reference Service, a library assistant in
1947, and a reference librarian in the Congressional
Reading Room in 1948. Mr. Langone transferred in
1949 to the History and General Research Division
1- A I \ r ^r .. 1- ..- -. ... -. .. .. .. 1t re / .t
LC Information Bulletin
of the Translating Unit in the Government and
General Research Division while continuing his re-
search work in the field of Indian affairs. He has
served in progressively responsible positions within
the Government Division and was promoted to the
position of specialist in Indian affairs in May of 1971.
In addition to his regular assignments, Mr. Langone
has served as a fair employment practices officer and
as an equal opportunity officer for the Library's
Equal Opportunity Program. In recognition of his
fine achievements in the field of equal employment
opportunity over the years, Mr. Langone was the re-
cipient of a Superior Service Award in November of
Myri D. Powell became assistant chief
ject Cataloging Division, effective Novel
Powell holds a bachelor of arts degree
from the University of Kansas, where
postgraduate work toward a master's de
completed graduate work beyond the requirements of
a master of library science degree from Catholic Uni-
Mr. Powell served with the U.S. Army from 1952
to 1955. Before coming to the Library, he taught
Russian and German as a teaching assistant at the
University of Kansas. He was subsequently employed
by the National Security Agency.
After joining the Library staff, Mr. Powell served as
the assistant editor of the Monthly Index of Russian
Accessions, and in 1963 joined the Subject Cataloging
Division, where he has held a number of increasingly
responsible positions, including head of the Life
Sciences Section. In 1971 Mr. Powell was named
assistant to the principal subject cataloger, the posi-
tion he has held until recently.
He was made a deputy member in 1975 of the
United States Board on Geographic Names and also
serves as the Library's active member on the Do-
mestic Names Committee of the board.
Mr. Powell received a 25-year Federal Service
Award pin on October 30 from Joseph H. Howard,
Assistant Librarian for Processing Services.
Appointments: Martin Friess, cataloging support specialist,
GS-5, Cop Cat, 6107; Julie Gronouski, research assistant,
GS-7, CRS Ed, 5987; Jacqueline Peele, research analyst,
GS-9, FRD, 5741; Marianne Roos, manuscript reference li-
brarian trainee, GS-7, Mss, 6152; Stafford Toliver, book
preparation assistant, GS-3, Preserv, 6108.
Temporary Appointments: Pamela Binford, worker trainee,
---- < --- tS 4-- fc f W- 4
Reappointment: Gwynn Wilhelm, secretary to assistant
chief for reference and referral services, GS-5, Sci, 6176.
Promotions: Brian Cashell, CRS L, to reference assistant,
GS-5, CRS E, 5975; Timothy Monn, to clerk-messenger,
GS-2, FRD, 6050; Timothy Schoepke, Subj Cat, to gift ex-
change accessioner, GS-5, E&G, 6121.
Transfer: Margaret Fianagan, Inf, to certifications spe-
cialist, GS-6, Cop Inf& Ref, 6157.
Resignations: Rod Nelson, Desc Cat; Carmen Solomon,
Ranjan Borra, Southern Asia Section, Asian Divi-
sion, chaired a panel session entitled "Caste and Class
in Contemporary South Asia" at the Seventh Wiscon-
sin Conference on South Asia held at Madison on
November 3-4. Panelists in the session were Franklin
Presler of Kalamazoo College, Manindra Mohapatra of
Old Dominion University, and John MacDougall of
University of Lowell. James Silverberg of the Univer-
sity of Wisconsin at Milwaukee acted as the dis-
cussant. The two-day conference included a total of
35 panels concentrating on politics, sociology,
anthropology, language and literature, history, eco-
nomics and planning, art and religion, philosophy and
other disciplines. The two distinguished guests
speakers were W. S. Karunaratne, Ambassador from
Sri Lanka, and Ravi Shankar, renowned sitarist. Ved
Mehta, Indian contributor to New Yorker magazine,
addressed a special plenary session at the end of the
Reuben Gist, supervisor in the Mail Processing Unit,
Materials Control Section, Acquisitions and Process-
flying for the
race 187th ou
,n on November 5, in 2:51:50, q
Boston Marathon. He completed
it of 5,833 long-distance runners
will enter the Boston Marathon to be held in April
1979. Eugene Lehr, a bibliographer in the Reference
Search Section, completed the race 3,089th out of
5,833, in 4:10. A high contender for the Boston
Marathon, he experienced difficulty in maintaining a
speed that would have qualified him because he ran
on an injured leg which was later diagnosed as
William R. Nugent, assistant director for systems
engineering and operations, Automated Systems
Office, addressed the Western Carolina Chapter of the
Data Processing Management Association on Novem-
U.Ar 10 n A mli it I' II.- Mi t.-ah -"T.
December 22, 1978
Charlotte N. Bostick, attorney-adviser in the Per-
forming Arts Section of the Examining Division, was
joined in marriage with Emory N. Givens on Novem-
ber 24 at Plymouth Congressional Church in Washing-
ton, D.C. Mr. Givens is a hospital administrator with
the Department of Health, Education and Welfare.
Their home is located on 8th St., N.E., on Capitol
LIBRARY OF CONGRESS PUBLICATIONS
New Segment of "K" Shelflist Issued
The 1 th segment of the Class K shelflist, resulting
from the retrospective classification of holdings of
the Library of Congress Law Library in the field of
United States law (that is, publications cataloged be-
fore March 1967), is now available to libraries
desiring to assign Library of Congress call numbers to
their collections. This segment contains chiefly state
and local material in subclass KFA-KFZ that was shelf-
listed between July 1, 1976, and October 31 of this
All segments of the K shelflist consist of electro-
static positive prints on three-by-five-inch cards with
call numbers indicated in the upper left corner. Elec-
trostatic prints on 28-pound ledger stock or high
quality durable card stock of the 1 th and of all
earlier segments can be supplied as listed below.
Orders should specify "K shelflist," set numberss,
type of card stock, and price.
ceeds. Orders and inquiries should be addressed to the
Library of Congress, Photoduplication Service, De-
partment C-132, Washington, D.C. 20540.
Catalog of Copyright Entries Third Series. Vol. 31,
Parts 3-4, No. 1: Dramas and Works Prepared for Oral
Delivery. January-June 1977. For sale by the Super-
intendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402, at $3 a year, do-
mestic, and $3.75 a year, foreign, for this part of the
catalog (LC 3.6/5:31/3-4, No. 1).
Catalog of Copyright Entries. Third Series. Vol. 31,
Parts 7-11A, No. 1: Works of Art: Reproductions of
Works of Art; Scientific and Technical Drawings;
Photographic Works; Prints and Pictorial Illustrations.
January-June 1977. For sale by the Superintendent
of Documents at $3 a year, domestic, and $3.75 a
year, foreign, for this part of the catalog (LC
3.6/5:31/7-11A, No. 1). The complete Catalog of
Copyright Entries (all parts) sells for $75 a year, do-
mestic, and $93.75 a year, foreign.
Library Resources for the Blind and Physically
Handicapped: A Directory ofNLS Network Libraries
and Machine-Lending Agencies, 1978. ISSN
0364-1236. (92 p.) Free upon request from the Na-
tional Library Service for the Blind and Physically
Handicapped, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.
Monthly Checklist of State Publications. ISSN
0027-0288. Vol. 69, No. 11 November 1978. (pp.
919-1021) For sale by the Superintendent of Docu-
ments for $1.50 for single monthly issues, except
June and December for $2.45, or $21.90 a year, do-
mestic, and $27.40, foreign (LC 30.9:69/11).
Music and Musicians: Instructional Cassette Re-
cordings Catalog, 1978. ISSN 0145-2525. (40 p.)
Free on request from the National Library Service for
the Blind and Physically Handicapped.
National Union Catalog. ISSN 0028-0348. July
1978. (xxxv, 928 p) August 1978. (xxv, 668 p.) Com-
piled by the Library of Congress with the cooperation
of the Resources and Technical Services Division,
American Library Association. For sale by the Cata-
loging Distribution Service, for $1,100 for the nine
monthly issues, three quarterly cumulations, and an
New Serial Titles-Classed Subject Arrangement.
ISSN 0028-6699. November 1978. (33 p.) Prepared
under the sponsorship of the Joint Committee on the
TTA:;^- I Za* atr C'n..4ln -.aA -..tlt1..tn-A _~.Al...1.. L-. *L-
LC Information Bulletin
THE STAR OF BETHLEHEM
Ruth S. Freitag
Office of Bibliography
L. Vidimus stellam ejus in oriented. Clergy
v 23 Dec. 1959: 377-384. DCU
-y4' -- ----
"The 'star' has nothing to do with astronomical
Lukas, Rainer. Der Weihnachtstern und seine Deu-
tung. Orion, Bd. 13, Dez. 1968: 141-142.
References (4): p. 142.
Lesetre, Henri. Etoile des Mages. In Vigouroux, Ful-
cran G. Dictionnaire de la Bible. t. 2. Paris,
Letouzey et And, 1910. columns 2038-2039.
BS440.V7, v. 2
Lundmark, Knut. The messianic ideas and their astro-
nomical background. In International Congress on
Actes. Paris, Academie international d'histoire des
sciences [1956?] (Collection des travaux de l'Aca-
d6mie international d'histoire des sciences, no. 8)
Lewis, Isabel E.
"Lo, the star which they saw in
" What was the star of Bethlehem that
Wise Men? Nature magazine, v. 31, Dec.
scheinung des Jahres 7 vor Christi
Discusses the rarity of
QH1.N52, v. 31
ahrg., 1. Heft,
triple conjunction of
Jupiter and Saturn in Pisces.
Little, Edward S. Interpretations of the star of Beth-
lehem. San Francisco, Astronomical Society of the
1968. 8 p. (Astronomical Society of the
Pacific. Leaflet, no. 474)
Examines the star from astronomical and theo-
Observatory, v. 32, Feb. 1909: 104.
QB1.02, v. 32
A letter suggesting that the star which stood over
Bethlehem at the time of Herod might have been
Pollux, both of which culminated
near the zenith at Bethlehem about the beginning
of the Christian era. A letter from W. H.
setting forth objections to this idea, was published
as "The Star of Bethlehem" in the Mar. 1910 issue,
Luther published a longer letter elaborating his
suggestion, under the title "Der Stern von Bethle-
hem," in the Geographischer Anzeiger, 12. Jahrg.,
Heft 6, 1911, p. 136 (G1.G39, v. 12), adding that
a bright nova might have appeared be-
tween Castor and Pollux.
McClintock, John, and James Strong. Star in the East.
Lockwood, Marian. The Christmas star. Sky and tele-
scope, v. 4, Dec. 1944: 12-13. illus.
Lockwood, Marian. That Christmas star. Sky and tele-
In their Cyclopaedia of biblical, theological, and
ecclesiastical literature, v. 9. New York, Harper,
1880. p. 991-993.
Includes bibliographic references.
BR95.M3, v. 9
scope, v. 2, Dec. 1942: 3-4. illus.
QB1.S536, v. 2
...no one can say with any certainty what it
The date of the Nativity deter-
mined by the star in the East. In his The Magi: how
they recognized Christ's star. London, Hodder and
-m -- t.
t' *.i *A, SA,. 1Clrrl ir LIE)" I & S1
-1- 1 _
rF1~. 1111~. Fl...
~ I ~\rr+ rrr r*
of Bethlehem: astro-
nomical enquiries. Tablet, v. 206, Dec. 24, 1955:
629. AP4.T17, v. 206
Marshall, Roy K. Star of Bethlehem? Sky and tele-
Miinter, Freidrich C. C. H., Bp. Der Stern der Weisen.
Kopenhagen, J. H. Schubothe, 1827. 119 p.
scope, v. 3, Dec. 1943: 15.
Includes discussion of Kepler's views.
star of Bethlehem.
digest, v. 80, Dec. 1976: 61-65. illus.
Marshall, Roy K. The star of Bethlehem. Chapel Hill, Q1.S383,v.
Morehead Planetarium, 1949. 23 p.
Marshall, Roy K.
of Bethlehem in the plane-
tarium. [n.p., 196-] 11 leaves. illus.
Reprinted from Planetarium International,
distributed by Carl Zeiss.
On recreating the sky of 7 and 6 B.C.
Nellessen, Ernst. Der Stern von Bethlehem. In his Das
Kind und seine Mutter. Struktur und Verkiindigung
des 2. Kapitels im Matthausevangelium. Stuttgart,
Verlag Katholisches Bibelwerk [1969
Bibelstudien, 39) p. 117-119.
Believes the star to have been a miracle.
Christ's birth. Christianity today,
1976: 16-18, 21-22. B
v. 21, Dec. 3,
R1.C6418, v. 21
Suggests that the year of Christ's birth may have
been as late as 3 or 2 B.C. and that Jupiter may
have been the star of Bethlehem.
Maunder, Edward Walter.
The star of Bethlehem. In
his The astronomy of the Bible. 2d ed. London, T.
Sealey Clark  p. 393-400.
of the Magi,"
appears in The International Standard Bible Ency-
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1915. BS440.16, v. 5), p. 2848-2849.
William. The star of Bethlehem and the Magi.
Oefele, Felix, Freiherr von. Die Angaben der Berliner
Planetentafel P 8279 verglichen mit der Geburts-
geschichte Christi im Berichte des Matthaus. Berlin,
W. Peiser, 1903. 45 p. illus. (Mitteilungen der
8. Jahrg., 2)
Eugene D. The Christmas star. Bibliotheca
, v. 93, Oct./Dec. 1936: 473-478.
Mertens, Heinrich A.
Der Stern der Weisen. In his
Verlag  p. 703-706. illus.
Meyer, Earl R.
The Christmas star. Physics teacher,
Patrizi, Francesco S. De stella a Magis visa. In his De
evangeliis. Liber tertius qui est Exegetikos. Friburgi
Brisgoviae, Libraria Herderiana, MDCCCLIII.
p. 331-339. DCU
v. 15, Dec. 1977:
,549. illus., port.
QC30.P48, v. 15
Bibliography: p. 549.
9. Bd. Freiburg,
Herold 11964] column 1058.
BR95.L48, v. 9
Includes bibliographic references.
Morrison, J. The star of Bethlehem. Popular astron-
W. The star of Bethlehem. Sidereal
messenger, v. 4, May 1885: 100-114.
QBl.A8, v. 4
Discusses various proposed explanations, includ-
ing the suggestion (attributed to Cardano) that it
was an earlier appearance of Tycho's star (the
supernova of 1572). A similar article appears in
v. 6, Sept./Oct. 1887, p.
265-269, and a letter from
James T. Ellis commenting on it, in the Dec. 1887
issue, p. 360-361.
11, Feb.-Mar. 1903: 88-91, 122-123.
QBl.P8, v. 11
Peattie, Donald C. The star of stars. Good housekeep-
ing, v. 137, Dec. 1953: 30-3 1. TX1.G7, v. 137
Mnrricnn Planpt rium .an frnnrTihe
LC Information Bulletin
Abhandlung tuber Planeten-Conjunctionen und den
Stern der drey Weisen. Bamberg. In der Kunz'schen
Buchhlandlung, 1811. p. 166-182.
imity of the planets as given by Ideler are not cor-
Pritchard. Charles. Star of the Wise Men. In Smith. Sir
S. What was the star of Bethlehem?
1001 questions answered about astronomy.
New York. Dodd. Mead,
1966. p. 99-102.
Bible. Rev. and edited by H. B. Hackett. v. 4. Bos-
ton. Houghton, Mifflin.
Linton, and Phvllis Pitluga.
srar. Chicago, Ill.. Cygnus Pub.
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v., Dec. 29,
88 2: 49 1-4 92 .
PLa ki des,
kai PethikI enkvklopaideia.
Includes bibliographic references.
Argues against the planetary conjunction hypoth-
Reprinted in his The Universe of Suns and Other
Pohl, Eckhard. Der Stern von Bethlehem. Sterne und
Jahrg.. Dez. 1968:
On the triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn
in 7 B.C.
s, and John A.
ar of the Magi. In Hastings,
Selbie, eds. Dictionary of the
Carl P. The star of Bethlehem. Sky and
Porter. Jermain G. The star of Bethlehem
v. 12, Jan.
QBI.A8. v. 1
Concludes that. since no heavenly
. the star of Bethlehem. like
was a messenger directly from
the realm of the supernatura
Prat. Ferdinand. The Magi from the East. In his Jesus
Christ; His life, His teaching, and His work. v. 1.
Translated from the sixteenth French ed. [by]
John J. Heenan. Milwaukee, Bruce Pub. Co. 
(Science and culture series) p. 94-103.
The star is discussed on p. 97-98 and 101.
Pritchard, Charles. On the conjunctions of the planets
Jupiter and Saturn in the years B.C. 7, B.C. 66, and
A.D. 54. In Royal Astronomical Society. Memoirs.
telescope, v. 16, Dec. 1956
: 66-67. illus.
Expresses a personal preference for the nova or
supernova explanation, after considering the vari-
ous possibilities that have been suggested. In a let-
ter to the editor published in the Apr. 1957 issue.
p. 259. Alfonso Fresa comments on this article and
Richardson, Robert S.
New York, M
Finsler (1924 c) as vet another
What was the star of Bethle-
The fascinating world of astronomy.
lcGraw-Hill Book Co.  p. 232-
Also published in Popular Science,
1960, p. 128-1 29
232. and 234
v. 177, Dec.
an article entitled "The Star of
Bethlehem--Fact or Myth?"
published in the Grif-
. 1958, p. 162-164
(QB1.G7, v. 22).
v. 25. London, 1857. p. 119-123.
A paper read June 13, 1856. A
in the Society's Monthly Noices
p. 215-216 (QBl.R7, v. 16).
,v. 16, July 1856.
Rodman, Robert. A linguistic note on the Christmas
star. Griffith observer, v. 40, Dec. 1976: 8-9.
In checking the accuracy of Ideler's assertions,
On the Greek word aster and objections to the
1 I r r
The star of Bethlehem. In her
On the text first published by Paul Schnabel as
Mazzoroth; or, The constellations. pt. 2. New ed.
1876. p. 104-106.
DN-Ob; ICU; NN; PPL
Zeitschrift fdir Assvriologie und verwandte Gebicte,
36. Bd., Okt. 1924, p. 66-70 (PJ3104.Z5, v. 36), an
Rosenberg, Roy A. The "star of the Messiah"
sidered. Biblica, v.
53, fasc. 1,
motions, the triple conjunction of Jupiter and Sat-
urn in Pisces in 7 B.C.
BS410.B7, v. 53
Discusses the "Jewish astrological tradition link-
ing the appearance of the Messiah, and other great
events, with the conjunction of the planets Jupiter
Roth, Laurenz M. De stella a Magis conspecta. Com-
mentatio exegetica in Matth. II. 9. Mainz, Kirch-
heim, 1865. 26 p.
Schiaparelli, Giovanni V. La stella dell'Epifania. Ras-
segna nazionale, v. 177, 1. genn. 1911: 3-10.
Three previously unpublished letters.
Paul W. Neueste astronomische Feststel-
lungen iiber den Stern der Weisen und den Todestag
c. 33. (5.).
Schoch, Carl. Der Stern des Messias. Sirius, 59. Bd.,
Juli 1926: 140.
Schaumberger, Johann B. Iterum textus cuneiformis
BS410.B7, v. 7
Includes, on p. 295-296, a letter to the author
from Carl Schoch, entitled "Der Stern des Messias."
Schaumberger, Johann B. Der jiingste datierbare Keil-
Pontificio istituto biblico,
talia, 12) p. 279-287.
1935. (Analecta orien-
PJ25.A65, v. 12
Comments on Gerhardt's statements about the
of a conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn in
Pisces. Gerhardt's reply appears in Dez. 1926 issue,
Schreiber, Christian, Bp. Die Weisen aus dem Morgen-
lande. Theologie und Glaube, 1. Jahrg., 3. Heft,
1909: 184-196. DCU
Most of the article deals with the
problem of the
star. The author favors the solution offered by the
triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn in 7 B.C.
Text of Sp II 142, containing predictions of plan-
etary motions for the year 7/6 B.C.
Searle, George M.
world, v. 47, Apr.
The star of Bethlehem. Catholic
1888: 59-66. AP2.C3. v. 47
Schaumberger, Johann B. Ein neues Keilschriftfrag-
ment iiber den angeblichen Stern der Weisen. Bibli-
ca, v. 24, fasc. 1/2, 1943: 162-169.
BS410.B7, v. 24
Text of Sp II 795, which proved to be a contin-
uation of Sp II 142 extending to the spring of 6
Schaumberger, Johann B. Stella Magorum et coniunc-
tio Satumi cum Jove annis
Concludes that the star was a supernatural phe-
Semler, Christian G.
M. Christian Gottlieb Semlers
Vollstaindige Beschreibung von dem neuen Cometen
Wiederlegung das [sic]
der Stern der Weisen kein
Comet gewesen wie der Herrn Rector HAynen und
alle diejenigen, welche solches jemahls behauptet
haben. Halle, Renger, 1742. [xiv], 182 p. front.
7 a. Chr. et 1940/1.
Verbum Domini, v. 20, Dec. 1940: 333-339.
Schaumberger, Johann B. Textus cuneiformis de stel-
t_^ ___..-. .- flL- -. TIn.. rtfltj. At A A A Arn
Semler, Christian G. Vollstlindige Beschreibung des
Sterns der Weisen. Halle, In der Rengerischen Buch-
handlung, 1743. [xii], 203 p. OkU
n iir pm rl r n ii
LC Information Bulletin
Considering the very uncertain date of Christ's
birth, the author investigates
"the possibility that a
Supports the identification with the triple con-
junction of Jupiter and Saturn in 7 B.C.
taken place in the two decades beginning 12 B.C."
Conjunctions of Jupiter and Venus in Leo in 3 and
2 B.C. are singled out.
Steinmetzer, Franz X. Ein neuer Weg zur Bestimmung
des Geburtsdatums Christi? Theologische Quartal-
schrift, 94. Jahrg., Heft 4, 1912: 497-511. DCU
W. H. De ster der Wijzen. Bussum, P.
Brand, 1920. 128 p. fold. chart.
MH; NN; NjPT
X. The star of the Wise Men. Irish
theological quarterly, v. 7, Jan. 1912: 51-63.
S. The star of Magi. Church quarterly
review, v. 114, July 1932: 212-227.
Supports the nova theory.
Spadafora, Francesco. La stella dei Magi nella "Vita
Steinmetzer, Franz X. Der Stern der Weisen. In his
Die Geschichte der Geburt und Kindheit Christi
und ihr Verhiltnis zur babylonischen Mythe. Eine
religionsgeschichtliche Untersuchung. Miinster i.W.,
Verlag der Aschendorffschen Buchhandlung, 1910.
di un illustre scienziato.
romano, anno 100, 25 dic. 1960: 4.
Reprinted under the title
his Attualita bibliche ([Rom;
"Una vita di Gesh" in
al Citta nuova editrice
Bd., 1.-2. Heft)
 BS515.2.S6),p. 349-354.
After considering six possibilities, concludes that
the star was miraculous.
The Star of Bethlehem. Nature, v.
Argues in favor of Venus. 1
Steinmetzer, Franz X. Der Stern von Bethlehem. 1.
und 2. Aufl. Miinster in Westf., Aschendorffsche
fragen, 6. Folge, Heft 3)
Three letters (from
John T. Nicolson, Wm. Pengelly, and E. Coatham)
commenting on this article appear in the Jan. 5,
1888, issue, p. 221. Another, from
40 p. (Biblische Zeit-
Believes that the journey of the Magi took place
at the time of the triple conjunction of Jupiter and
Saturn in 7 B.C. but that the star of Bethlehem was
was published in the Observatory, v. 11, Mar. 1888,
p. 156 (QB1.02, v. 11).
Stern der Weisen. Das Weltall,
Das Alter Jesu und der
Jahrg., 15. Jan.
QB .W4,v. 7
Star of Bethlehem.
Time, v. 26, Dec. 16, 1935: 36.
AP2.T37, v. 26
Argues that the star of Bethlehem was Halley's
Brief note on a show at the Hayden Planetarium
Mars in 8 (6?) B.C., which may have been the star
Stentzel, Arthur C. A. M. Der Stern der Weisen. In his
Jesus Christus und sein Stern. Eine chronologische
Untersuchung. 2. Aufl. Mit einem Nachtrag und 22
Tafeln. Hamburg, H. Christian, 1928.
The Star of the Magi.
English mechanic and world of
science, v. 20, Dec. 11, 1874: 322.
T1.ES, v. 20
Letter signed J.
E. G., suggesting that the star
Copies of the first edition (Hamburg,
may have been
"an appearance of Tycho Brahe
star of 1572, supposing it to be a variable with a
period of about 314 years, and that it was identical
Astronomischen Korrespondenz, 1913. 240 p.) are
ascribed to CU and MII.
An exhaustive presentation of the
case for Hal-
with the stars of the
1264 and 945."
as the star of Bethlehem in 12 B.C.
In his Jesus and his
Stockwell, John N. Supplement to recent contribu-
I ~~ I I 1
m r r f r~ t 1 r I I I
Computations of various planetary conjunctions
that took place about the beginning of the Chris-
tian era are presented on p. 124-125. The author
St. Matthew. Rev. from the London ed. New York,
Lane & Scott, 1851. 171 p.
ICRL; ICU; 00
Union Catalog ascribes copies of
occurred on May
of Venus and Jupiter that
in the year 6 B.C. as the likeliest
the London edition to 16 U.S. libraries.
Believes the star to have been a nova.
explanation of the star of Bethlehem. This part of
the article was reprinted, with a short introduction,
under the title "The Star of Bethlehem" in Nature,
v. 47. Dec.
22, 1892, p. 177-178 (Q1.N2, v. 47).
Strauch, AEgidius. Von der Weisen aus Morgen-Lande
und dem ietzigen
The star of the Magi. English mechanic
and world of science, v. 20, Dec. 18, 1874: 348.
T1.E5, v. 20
On the triple conjunction of Jupiter and Saturn
in Pisces that took place in the year A.U.C. 747.
genanten Heiligen drey Kbnig-Tage, dess Jahrs 1681
seine Christliche Zuhirer D. E. S. [Dantzig, 1681]
. The star the Magi saw. Catholic digest,
v. 24, Dec. 1959: 43-48. illus.
"It is only one of many mysteries in the story of
the mysterious Wise Men."
date of the Savior's
weekly, Apr. 28, 1935: 5. illus. N&CPR
"Calculations of an Italian astronomer [Argen-
tieri] who asserts this is not the year 1935 but
the star the three Wise Men followed
was Halley's Comet and that the star of Bethlehem
was a meteor."
Upham, Francis W. Star of Our Lord; or, Christ Jesus,
king of all worlds, both of time or space. New
York, Nelson & Phillips, 1873. xlii, 370 p.
Swift, Lewis. The star of Bethlehem. Astronomy and
astro-physics, v. 12, Feb. 1893: 105-106.
QB1.A8, v. 12
Comments on Stockwell's findings and concludes
seen of the
of Divine origin, the phenomenon
Wise Men was wholly terrestrial and
A news note on
this article, published in the
English Mechanic and World of Science, v. 57, Feb.
24, 1893, p. 9, provoked a lengthy correspondence
in which various interpretations of the star were
argued (see the issues of Mar. 10-Apr. 21, p. 57, 84,
106, 132, 153-154, 177, and 199).
Prof. Swift urged the same views, imperiously
and at length, in two later controversies published
in the same periodical: v. 66, Nov.
Vaart Smit, H. W. van der. The Magi. In his Born in
Christmas as it really was.
from the German by
Thomas R. Milligan. Balti-
more, Helicon  p. 79-113.
Narrative and interpretation regarding the star of
Pisces a convincing explanation for the star.
Valier, Max. Der Stem der Heiligen drei Kbnige.
Jahrg., Dez. 1925: 37-41
Tries to show that
QB1.W4, v. 25
the 12 B.C. appearance of
318-319 and 339-340), and v. 71, June 1-22 and
Halley's Comet could have been the star of Bethle-
Vezin, August. Der Magierstern. In Bible. N.T.
Thiess, Johann 0. Uber die Magier und ihren Stern.
Zur Rechtfertigung des Matthbius, zur Beurteilung
seiner Ausleger, und zur Beruhigung fur denkende
Bibelleser. Hamburg, Bei den Gebr. Herold, 1790.
Jesu Christi; Zusammenschau und Erliiuterung. 2.,
verb. Aufl. Freiburg im Breisgau, Herder 
p. 242-249. BS2561.G3V4 1938
Considers that the triple conjunction of Jupiter
ii. 1-12)... am
UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
1ii I 1 IIIII I I I II I I
3 1262 08493 7670
LC Information Bulletin
Vezin, August. Das Messiasgestirn
Hefte, 16. Jahrg., Sept. 1940: 360-
und die Jupiter-
7 v. Chr. Gelbe
described in Chinese records as visible for 70 days
in an area of the sky corresponding to the head of
Winer, Georg B. Stern der Weisen. In his Biblisches
G. Die Geschichte
Jesu und die
Astrologie. Eine religionsgeschichtliche und chro-
nologische Untersuchung zu der Erzihlung von den
Weisen aus dem Morgenlande. Leipzig, J. C. Hin-
richs, 1911. 225 p. illus.
rende, Candidaten, Gymnasiallehrer und Prediger.
2. Bd. 3., sehr verb. und verm. Aufl. Leipzig, Bei C.
H. Reclam, 1848. p.
U: MB: NN: NjPT; PU
Includes bibliographic references.
Wright, Julia M.
The real star of Bethlehem.
havn, I hovedkommission hos
8 p. illus.
J. Frimodts Forlag,
cott's magazine, v. 64, Dec. 1899: 894-900.
Favors the nova theory.
Was star of Bethlehem three bright planets? Science
news letter, v. 30, Dec. 19, 1936: 393.
Q1.S76, v. 30
On the conjunction of Jupiter, Saturn, and Mars
Wylie, C. C. A proposal for the Christmas star. Sky
and telescope, v. 10, Dec.
QB1.S536, v. 10
that occurred about Feb. 25 in
the year 6 B.C.
Argues in favor of Venus.
What was the star of Bethlehem?
1923: 40. illus.
Wieseler, Karl G. Second datum,
Mentor, v. 11, Dec.
AP2.M417, v. 11
or "the Star of the
wise men." In his A chronological synopsis of the
four Gospels. Translated by the Rev. Edmund
Venables. 2d ed., rev. and corr. London, G. Bell,
Xmas star. Sky, v.
,Dec. 1938: 4-5,
Zahn, Theodor. Die Huldigung der Magier 2, 1-12.In
his Das Evangelium des Matthaius ausgelegt. 4. Aufl.
Leipzig, A. Deichertsche Verlagsbuchhandlung Dr.
W. Scholl, 1922. (Kommentar zum Neuen Testa-
1877. p. 57-71.
Identifies the star with the
ment, Bd. 1) p. 89-105.
DCU; MH; NcU
The star is discussed chiefly on p.101-103.