Citation
Code of fair competition for the paper and pulp industry as approved on November 17, 1933 by President Roosevelt ..

Material Information

Title:
Code of fair competition for the paper and pulp industry as approved on November 17, 1933 by President Roosevelt ..
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington
Publisher:
U.S. Govt. Print. Off.
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
vi, 55 p. : ; 23 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Paper industry -- United States ( lcsh )
Paper products ( lcsh )
Wood-pulp ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
At head of title: Approved code no. 120 ... National recovery administration.
General Note:
Includes: 1. Executive order. 2. Letter of transmittal. 3. Code.
General Note:
"Registry No. 405-1-04."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004930577 ( ALEPH )
22357873 ( OCLC )
33026774 ( LCCN )

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Full Text






NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION



CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY


I' '
Pur slal by the Superintenrdent of Documents. Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents


proved Code No. 120


Registry No. 405--1--04


AS APPROVED ON NOVEMBER 17, 1933
BT
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT


WP DO QUR RARt


eutveOrder
2. Letter of Transmittal
& Code


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WALSHINGTON :1988


i pA



























This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of thle Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMIVERCE

Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Mass.: 1801 Custombouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 17106, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detroit, Mlich.: 2213 First National Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
K~ansas City, M~o.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, Ky.: Room 405, 421 W7~est Mlarket Street.
M~emphis. Tenn.: 266 South Water Street.
Minneapolis, M~inn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Custombouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street.
Philadelphia, Pa.: Room 812, 20 South Fifteenth Street.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 N'ew Post Offlee Building.
St. Louis. Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.
Battle, Wash.: 1406 Vance Building.















~EXECUTIVE ORDER

CODE OF IiAIR COMPETITION FOR THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

An application having been duly made, pursuant to andl in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for my appr~ov~l of a Codle of
Fair Competition of the Paper and Pulp Industry, andl hearings
having been held thereon and the A~dministrator having rendered his
report containing anl analysis of the said code of fair competition
together with his recommendations andi findlingrs with respect, thereto,
and the Administrator having found that the said code of' fair com-
petition complies in all respects writh thle per-tinent provisions of
title I of said act and~ that the requirements of clauses (1) and (2)
of subsection (a) of section 3 of the said act have been met:
Now, therefore, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the United
States, pursuant to the authority rested in me by title I of th~e
National Industrial Recovery Act approved June 16, 1933, annd other-
wise, do adopt and approve the report, recommendations andc findings
of the Administrator and do order that the said code of fair com-
petition be and it is hereby approved; however, feeling htth
minimum wage for this industryI should be not less than fry(0
cents per hour, my order of approval is subject to the following
condition :
That within 90 days from the effective date of this code thle Ad-
ministra~tor hold such further hearing upon such notice as he, in his
discretion, shall fix for the purpose of determining the adequacy of
the minimum wages established in said code, after which his report
and recommendation shall be submitted to me for further order
which order shall have the effect of a condition to my approval of
this Code.
FREANKCL'IN D. ROOSEVELT.
THE mHPPE HOUSE,
Nov~ember 17r, 19~33.
Approval recommended :
HUGH: S. JoHNSON,
Ad ministrator.


21753'---24433-- 38














The PRESIDENT,OrOE 9 8.
Thle White House.
Smr: This is a report of the hearing on the General Code of Fair
Compeition for the Paper and Pulp Indust~ry in the United States,
and Sbordinate Codes covering: divisions of such Industry, con-
ducted in Washington on Septemb~er 14, 1933, in accordance with the
provisions of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
WORKING HOURB

This Code provides for a standard 40-hour weekL for all but a small
portion of the employees in the IndustryT. In order to provide the
flexibility necessary t~o meet unusual conditions, such as variation
in water supply and peak demands, provision is made for a 40-hour
week averaged over a 13-week period, with a limitation on dlay
workers of 48 hours in a single week with time and one-third for
hours worked in excess of 8 in a single day.
No overtime provision is made for tour workers on continuous-
process operations who desire to be free to exchange shifts. Provi-
sion is also made for additional hours for them to meet situations
where thle work requires the help of men from an off-dutyv shift to
change wires and wash and clean the machines after a run. Such
wor~k is too small in amount and too irregular to justify employment
of an additional shift.
]Employe~es not e~ngaged directly in production, of whom there are
only a few in each plant, are on a 42-hour basis averaged over a,
4-week period. Watchmen may work 56 hours per weekr, and office
employees 40 hours per week averaged over a year, but, not more
than an average of 48 hours per week in any quarter. In emergency
cases restrictions are removed for employees engaged in repair and
maintenance work. Regular reports of hours wore are required.
W\AOES

For wa?,ge purposes the Country is divided into three zones:
Northern, Clentral, and Southern. The principal paper-pr~oducing
States in thle Southern zone are Florida, Alabama, Ml~ississippi, Lou-
isiana. Arkansas, and Texas; and in the Central zone, Virginia and
West tirginia, Tennessee, and North Carolina. All the remaining
important paper-producing States are in the. Northern zone. The
wagae differentials between the zones, prescribed by the Code, are
much less than those now prevailing and are necessary to avoid too
great a change in established competitive conditions.
The basic mmunmum wage rates prescribed for the three zones are
as folows:
NJorthern, 389! per hour
Cenltrlal, 354 per hour
Southern, 308 per hour









Provision Is also made for a 5$ lower wage for women in the
Northern and Central zones, but it is expressly provided that men
and women doing t~he same work shall receive thle same pay, and
that the Code Authority shall file with the Administrator a descrip-
tion of all occupations in which women are emp~loyed. A4n exception
is made of wor~k which onl July 15, 1929, paid less than the pre-
scribed rates. In such cases thle 1929 rate, or ninety percent of the
base rate, whichever is higher, is prescribedl. A report to the Admin-
istra~tor on the effect of this exception is required.
The minimum wages of office w-orkers range from $12.00 to $15.00
per weeek, as in the President's Reemnployment Agreemnent..
Conditions varyr greatly in different parts of the same zone and
between different divisions of the Industry as to the ability of thle
mills to increase w~ages. The wragres prescribed ar~e a fair co~mpro-
mise. They are in all cases a substantial increase over rates pre-
vailing in June of this year. They are also an increase over the
average wage rates prevailing* on Ocrtober 1st ,lt butare slightly less
than the rates now being paid by some of the better-situated mills.
No exceptions are made for learners or for office boys or girls.
State certificates of disability: are required in thle case of partly
disabled employees p~aidi lower rat~es.

ECONOMIOI EFFECT OF THE CODE

The normal number of employees in thle Industry is from 123,000
to 125,000. The number in 1929 was 123,000. Owing to technological
improvements, the number which would be required today to pro-
duce the 1929 output would be about 120,000. The effect of the
Code, however, will be to restore employment to 128,000, the 1929
figure, although the present rate of production is far belowf the
1929 rate.
The total pay roll of the Industry in M~ay 1933 was at a rate of
approximately 100 million dollars per year. The A~merican Paper
and Pulp Association estimates that, t~he effect of the Code will be
to increase the rate to approximately 170 million dollars per year.
The estimate is based on the production of June and July 1933,
and on such data as is available concerning action already taken
by many large employers t~o increase wage rates and reduce working
hours under the President's Reemployment Agreement.
The Industry represents an investment of over one and a half
billion dollars. The ratio of fixed investment to the value of annual
production is abnormally high. The value of t~he 1929 production
was about equal to the Investment in manufacturing facilities (ex-
clusive of material resources). The value of the 1932 production
was less than one half of the investment. Due to these conditions,
the overhead burden, always high, has increased to an abnormanl
figure. Prices have been depressed to a point which has not returned
cost. A group of companies representing 35%~ of the production
capacity of the Industry shows a loss of 19%; of their total working
capital in the year 1939. The increase costs which the Indlustry will
have assumed through the adoption of this Code are as great as it
can reasonably be expected to bear.









OPHER CODE PROVISTONSP

The Code contains provisions requiring the Code Authority to
make a survey of the Ilndus~try for the purpose of obtaining Idata
as to the feasibility of adopting a shorter man-hour week and to
submit a report of Its findings to the Administrator, together with
a plan for t~he stabilization of employment.
Thle General Code, together with the Subordinate Codes, provides
not only a divisional set-up for the Industry, but also complete
machinery for the administration of the General Code and the Divi-
sional Co~des in each Division. A General Code Authority, to con-
sist of the members of the Exe~cutive Committee of the American
Paper and Pulp Association, is the agency for the administration of
the General Code, and in each Division there is created a subordinate
Code Aut~hority to be selected by the members of such Division for
the administration of the Divisional Code.
Provision is made for establishing a uniform accounting and
costing system for the entire Industry and for the open publication
of prices andl adherence thereto.
This Code covers the manufacture of all paper except newsprint.
There is a1 continual controversy regarding the precise meaning of
the words standard newsprint as used in the Taritf Act, and
there has been some apprehension on the part of members of the
Industry and others that the definitions in this Code and the News-
print Code might have some bearing on this controversy. It is
pointed out that the sole purpose of these definitions is to establiqlt
a definite boundary line between the jurisdictional areas of the two
Codes and, that they have no bearing whatsoever on the question.
of dutiability of imported paper.
I am satisfied that this Code is a long step toward the goal set up
by the National Industrial Recovery Act.
FINDINGS

The Administrator finds that:
(a) The Code as recommended complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions of Title I of the Act, including, without limita-
tion, subsection (a) of Section 7I and su section (b) of Section 10
thereof ; and that
(b) The applicant group imposes no inequitable restrictions on
admission to membership therein and is truly representative of the
Paper and Pulp Industry; and that
(c) The Code as recommended is not designed to promote mo-
nopolies or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises and will not
operate to discriminate against them, and will tend to efectuate the
policy of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
It Is recommended, therefore, that this Code be approved.
Respectfully submitted.
HUSGH S. JoBNson,
Ad minis trator.














GENERAL CODE OF FAIR COM/PETITION FOR THE PAPER
AND PULP INDDUSTRY

To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act the following is hereby established as a Code of Fair
Competition for the Paper and Pulp Industry, and shall be binding
on every member thereof.
AnncLE. I--DmErwrrrows

1. WIhere used in this Code and in all codes subordinate hereto, the
following definitions shall apply :
Industry "'-The manufacture in the United States from pulp~-
wood, wvood pulp, or other stock or pulp, of all paper (except such
paper now; in regular use in the makirw of daily newspapers as is
specifically mentioned and described in Bchedlule "AX" hereof), such
pape rboar~d as is listed in Schedule "' B "' attached, and pulp; ,pro-"
vied, however, that if and when the provisions of hsCd hl
be extended to cover any products of converters of paper and ~paper-
board, then t~he word "' Industry shall include the manufacture of
same.
LSember "--A natural person, partnership, association, corpora-
tion, trust, trustee, trustee in bankruptcy, or receiver engaged in such
industry.
Division "--A division or section of the industry recognized as
such by this Code.
"'Act"--Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
"LAdministration "~-The National Industrial Recovery Adminis-
tration.
"'Administrator "'-The National Industrial Recovery Adminis-
trator.
ARECLE II--ORGANIZATION

1. The Executive Committee of the American Paper and Pulp
Association is hereby designated as the AgePncy for adrministering
the provisions of this Code and is hereby namedc and is hereinafter
referred to as "L The Paper Industry Authority." The Administrator
may~ desi nate three persons as additional advisory members thereof
the member or members so designated shall have no vote, but in all
other respects shall be members of the said Paper Industryr Au-
thorityv.
2. The Industry is hereby~ divided into divisions as set forth in
Schedule C hereto attached. Any question as to the dlivision into
which any particular grade, class, or kind of paper, pape~rboard, or
pulp or any product of conversion of any of them may fall shall be
determined by the Paper Industry Authority.





21


In the event that the jurisdiction of the Code shall be extended to
cover the manufacture of products which do not fall within a~np such
division, the Paper Industry Aulthority may create new divisions to
include such products, and the members of such divisions may then
adopt and submit divisional codes as provided in Article III hereof.
The Paper Industry Autoiymycet e iiin ytesb
division of any of such divisions or by the consolidation of any two
or more of such divisions, provided, however, that no such sub~divi-
sion or consolidation shall be made without the consent of the
divisional association of each division affected thereby.
3. In each division there may be one divisional association to
which every member of the industry engaged in the manufacture of
any product included in such division shall be eligible for memnber-
ship. Each such divisional association shall be eligible for member-
ship in the American Paper and Pulp Association.
4. The expenses of administering this Code shall be apportioned
among the various divisions in accordance with a formula to be
adopted by t.he Paper Industry Authority. The expenses of admin-
isteringa the subordinate Code of each Division, together with the
proportion of the expense of administering this Code, allocated to
sulch Division, shall be borne pro rata in accordance with a formula
to be adopted by the Executivle Authority of such Division by all
members of such Division who accept the benefits of the Paper
Industry Authority and /or the Executive Authority of such division
or otherwise assent to this Code. Divisional Associations shall be
responsible for the payment of all Code-administration expense.
ARTIcLE III--DrIVIIONAL CODES

1. Each such divisional association may adopt a divisional code
and may either submit the same as a supplement to this Code for the
app~rovlal of thle President of t-he United States or may submit the
same subsequently through the Paper Industry Authority to the
President for his approval. Such divisional codes, when so ap-
pr~oved, shall have the same force and effect as to the divisions of
the industry affected thereby as this Code.
2. Such divisional codes shall be subordinate to this Code and shall
specifically recognize this Ciode as applicable to all members of the
industry engaged in manufacturing products falling within the
division for which such divisional code is submitted.
3. Pending action by the Paper Industry A4uthority each division
shall include such grades, classes, and kinds of paper, paperboard, or
pulp us are generally recognized by custom as falling within the
classification indicated by the name of such division.
4. Each such divisional code shall designate an agency for the
p'urpose of administering such divisional code, which shall be denom-
inatedl The Executive Authority of such division.
.5. Such divisional codes may contain such provisions relating to
said division as m-ay be appropriate for inclusion in a Code of F~air
Competition under th~e A~ct, provided that no such code shall contain
any! provision contrary to or inconsistent with the provisions of
this Code.









AerlZCIE IVT-HOURS OF LABOR

1. Employees in the industry shall not be required or permitted
to workr hours in excess of the limits~ p~rescribed in theI following
schedule :
ISCHEEDULE OF WORKING HOURS

(a) Watchmen: Eight (8) hours in any one day and fifty-six (56)
hours in any one week.
(b) Chauffeurs, truck~men, swFitchinga crews, engineers, firemen,
and electric and hydroelectric operators, and filter-plant employees:
One hundred sixty-eight (168) hours in any period of four con-
secutive weeks, but no more than ten (10) hours in any one day
and forty-eight (48) hours in any one week.
(c) Tour workers in continuous process operations: Eight (8)
hours in any one daty and an average of forty (40) hour-s per wFeekt
in any period of thirteen (13) consecutive w-eeks; provided, how-
ever, that additional hours may be worked--
(1) To avoid a shut-down due to the temporary absence of a relief
worker -
(2) in changing wires and machine clothing; and
(3) In clean-ups, wash-ups, and ordinary repairs and2 adjustments
in cases where a machine is shut down for a period of not less than
eight consecutive hours.
(d) All other laborers, mechanical workers, or artisans employed
in any plant, mill, or factory or on work connected with the opera-
tion of any such plant, mill, or factory: An average of not more
than forty (40) hours per week in any period of thirteen (13) con-
secutive weeks, but not more than forty-eight (48) hours in any
one weekr; provided, however, that time worked in excess of eight
(8) hours in any one day shall be paid for at not less than time and
one third.
(e) Executives and their personal secretaries and other employees
regularly engaged in a supervisory capacity, receiving thirty-five
($35) dollars or more per week, and outside salesmen: No limlitations.
(f) All other employees: An average of forty (40) hours per
week in any calendar year and an average of not to exceed forty-
eight (48) hours per week in any period of thirteen (13) consecu-
tive weeks.
Provided, however, that no limitation on hours of work; contained
in said schedule shall apply to employees of any class when engag~ed
in emergency repairs or emergency maintenance work mnvolvnog
breakdowns or protection of life and property.
2. At such intervals as the Paper Industry Authority shalll pre-
scribe, every member shall report to the Paper Industry~ Authority--
(a) The number of man-hours worked under subdivisions c (1),
c (2), and c (3) of said schedule and the ratio which said man-hours
bear to the total number of man-hours of labor under subdivisions c;
and
(b) Shall furnish the Paper Industry Authority such information
as It may require in order to enable it to determine whether the limi-
tations contained in said schedule have been exce~ededl.
217153*---24133---3 3-2--









8. No employee shall be permitted to work for more than one me~m-
ber of thle Industry an aggregate number of hours in excess of the
number prescribed in said schedule.

ARTICLE V- WAGEs

1. The minimum rate of wage of any laborer, mechanical worker,
or artisan employed in any plant, mill, or factory, or on work con-
nected with the operation of any such plant, mill, or factory shall be
as follows -
(a) Northern Zone, which shall consist of all the territory of the
United States except the States named in subdivisions (b) and (c).
Manle.: Thirty-eight (38) cents per hour.
Female: Thirty-thre~e (33) cents per hour.
(b) Central Zone, which shall consist of the States of Da~laware,-
M~aryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and North
Car-olina., and the District of Columbia.
Male: Thirty-five (35) cents per hour.
Female: ThlirtyF (30) cents per hour.
(c) Southern Zone, which shall consist of the States of South
Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, lMississippi, Louisiana, Arkan-
FSs, and Texas.
ThirtyS (30) cents per hour.
Provided, however, that in case the ratte per hour for any class of
Inbor was, on July 15, 1929, less than the rnunmum rate above speci-
fied for the same class of labor, then the minimum rate for such class
of labor shall be the rate paid on July 15, 1929, but in no event less
than ninety percent of the rate above specified.
2. The Paper Industry Authority shall obtain statistical data con-
cerning the effect of the above pronlso on wage rates in the Industry,
and shall within ninety_ (90) days after the effective date of this Code
make a report thereon to the A~dministrator.
3. H17ere a Stat~e law provides a higher minimum wage than is
provided in this Clode, no person employed within such State shall
be paid a wage below that required by such State law.
4. Pieceworkers shall be paid at rates which will yield a worker
for an hour's wor~k not. less than the minimum rate prescribed.
5. The minir.mlm rates of wages for all other employees except
commission salesmen shall be as follows:
Not less than fifteen dollars ($15) per week in any exty of over:
500,00,0 population, nor less than fourteen dollnrs and fifty cents
($14.50) per week in any city between 850,000 and .500,000 ~popula'-
t~ion, nor less than fourteen dollars ($14) per week in any city
between 2,500 and 250,000 population, nor less than twelve dollars
($12) per week in towns of less than 2,500 population.
6. The minimum wages hereby prescribed shall not in any way b
considered as a discrimination by reason of sex, and where in any
case women do substantially the same work or perform substantially
thle same duties under the same conditions as men they shall receive
thle same rate of wages as men receive for doing such work or per
forming such duties. The Paper Industry Authority shall prepare
andl file with the Administrator, ninety (90) days after the effective









date of this Code, a description of all occupations in the industry
in which women are employed.
7. The wage rates of all employees receiving more than the mini-
mum rates herein prescribed shall be reviewed and such adjustments,
if any, made therein as are equitable in the light of all the circumu-
stances, and within ninety (90) days after the effective date hereof
the Paper Industry Authorit~y shall report to the Administ~rator
the action taken by all members of the industry under this Section.
8. A person whose earning capacity is limited because of physical
or mental defect, age, or other in~rmity may be employed on light
work at not less than eighty percent (80%0) of the minimum wage
prescribed in Section 1 hereof if the State Authorityv designated by
the United St~ates Department of Labor shall have issued a cer-
tificate authorizing the employment of such person on suich basis,
provided, however, that the total number of such employees in anly
one plant shall not exceed three (3) percent of the total employees
in such plant. So much of this Section as requires thle issuance of
such a certificate shall not take et~ect until sixty (00) days after the
effective date of this Code.

AnrTICLE VI-GENERA~L Lanon Pnov'Islows

1. No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed
in the industry nor anyone under eighteen (18) years of age at
operations or occupations hazardous in nature or detrimental to
health. The Paper Industry Authority shall submit to the Ad-
ministrator within sixty (60) days after the effective date of this
Code a list of such occupations. In any State an employer shall be
deeed o hve ompiedwit t~is provision if hie shall have on
file a certificate or permit duly issued b h uhrt nsc tt
empowered to issue employment or age certificates or p~ermits show-
ing that the employee is of the required age.
2. Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain col-
lectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference., restraint, or coercion of employers ofE
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or
in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose
of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection. No emi-
ployee afd no one seekmg~ employment shall be required as a cond~i-
ton of employment to join any company union or to refrain fromn
joinmng, orgamizing, or assisting a labor organization of his own
choosing. Employers shall comply with the maximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of emp~loymnent
approved or prescribed by the President.
3. Labor agreements now in force between members and their
employees shall be affected only by such provisions of thlis Code. as
may prescribe higher wages and shorter hours than are provided
for mn such agreements.
4. Employers shall not reclassify employees or duties of occupa-
tions performed by employees so as to defeat the purpose of thle Act.
5. All employers shall post full copies of this Code in conspicuous
places accessible to employees.









6. Standards for safety and health shall be submitted by ~the Paper~
Industry Authority to the Administrator within six (6) months after
the effective date of this Code.
ARrlOLE VII--Accomorz No--SELLING

1. The Paper Industry Authority shall, as soon as practicable,
propose a standard method of accounting and costing for the indus--
try and submit the same to the Administrator.' When it shall have
been approved by the Administrator every member shall use an
accounting and costing system which conforms to the principles of,
and is at least as detailed and complete as, such standard method.
2. Each member shall, on or before thirty (30) days after t~he
effective date of this Code, file with the Exiecut~ive Authority of his
division, or divisions, complete schedules in such form as such
Executive Aut~hority shall prescribe of prices and terms and condi-
tions of sale for domestic consumption includingg aUl differentials,
discounts, trade allowances, and special charges) of all products
falling within the scope of the division offered for sale by such
member, and shall so file all subsequent changes therein or revisions
thereof at least twenty-four (24) hours prior to the effective date of
any such changes or revisions. When any member shall file any such
schedule of prices, or any revision thereof, ayohrmme a
also file a revision of its own schedules, and ifsuc other member a
shall so desire and state therein the same shall be effective as of the
same date as the schedule or revision thereof first in this sentence
referred to. Each such schedule of prices shall conform to all trade
practices and other provisions established in and by this Code or
any pertinent subordinate code or any amendment or supplement to
this Code or to such subordinate code. The Executive Aut~horityT
shall send to t~he Paper Industry Authority and to each member of
the division and to any others concerned requesting a. copy thereof, a
copy of such schedules and of all changes and revisions thereof so
filecl.
The Executive Authority of ainy division may, from time to time,
with the approval of the Paper Industry Authority, change in
respect to all or any of the products of such division the period of
time which shall elapse between the date of filing and the effective
date of any such schedule; provided, however, that such period shall
not be less than twenty-four (24) hours or more than five (5) days;
and provided further, that pending the holding of a meeting of the
Paper Industry Authority the chairman thereof may grant an
interim approval of such action. The Executive Authority shall
give immediate notice of such change to the members of the division.
The subordinate code of any division may contain a provision limi-
itingg the time within which future deliveries may be contracted for
at thie prices scheduled at the time of the contract and the Execu-
tive Authority of each division may require the fihing in such man-
nier as it shall prescribe of such data as it may require in respect of
contracts for future deliveries existing at the effective date of th2is
Code.
3. No suchh schedule of prices and terms and conditions of sale
filed by any member, or in effect at any time in any quarter of any









calendar year, shall be such as to permit the sale of any product at
less than the lower of the following:
(a) The cost of such product to sucrlh member during thle last
period of three consecutive months or three accounting periods of
four weeks each, ending not less than thirty (30) days prior to the
fist date of such quarter, which cost shall be determined pursuant
to the method of accounting and costing prescribed by thle Paper
Industry Authority under this Article as soon as that method is
prescribed and theretofore pursuant to the method emp2loyed by such
member subject to such preliminary rules as thle Pap~er IndustryT
Authoritysh~all from time to time prescribe.
~(b) Telowest price scheduled for such product under the pro-
visions of this Article by any other member and then in effect.
Each schedule filed under this Article shall state whether the
prices, terms, and conditions therein specified are justified under sub-
division (a) or under subdivision (b) of this Section, and in the
case of justification under subdivision (b) shall identify the schedule
or schedules of the other member or members of the industry
justifying such prices, terms, and conditions. A schedule justified
upon the basis of the schedule or schedules of another member or
members shall become void forthwith uplon the cancellations or
revisions upward of such justifying schedule or schedules.
In applying the provisions of this Section and of Sections 41 and 5
of this Article, all prices shall be calculated on a delivered basis, and
the cost of delivery shall be considered a part of the cost of the
product; provided, however, that in the case of eachl product th~e
Executive Authority of the division in which such product falls
may amplify, define, or modifyr this principle.
Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section, discontinued lines
or damaged goods or seconds of any product mnay be disposed of in
such manner and on such term21s and conditions as the Executive
Authority of the division into which such products fall mnay approve.
4. The Paper Industry~ Authority shall have power on its own
initiative or on the complaint of any member to investigate any
price for any product shown in noyf schedule filed hereunder by
any member, and for the purpose o thle inv-estigation thereof to
require such member to furnish such information concerning the
cost of manufacturing such product as the Paper Industry Au-
thority shall deem necessary or proper for such purpose. Pending
such investigation the Administrator may suspend any such price.
If the Paper Industry Authorityr after such investigation shall de-
termine that such price violates the provisions hereof, or would tendl
to render ineffective or seriously to endanger the maintenance of this
or any subordinate divisional code, the Paper Industry Authority
shall so notify such member and the Executiv-e Authority with wFhich
such price was filed, and thereupon such price shall become void and
of no effect. A notice of all decisions of the. Paper Industry Au-
thority under this SCection, together with the reasons therefore, shall
be fied with thle Administrator. All such decisions shall be subject
to suspension, cancellation, or modification by the Administrator.
5. Except in fulfillment of bona fide contracts existing on the
effective date of this Code, no member of the industry shall sell
any products of the industry for domestic consumlption at a price









or prices lower than or upon terms or conditions more feavorble' ii
than stated in his price schedule filed as hereinbefore provided
6. The Executive Authority of any division may, with, the ap-
proval of the Paper Industry Authority, suspend for any period -of
time and from time to time all or any of the provisions of Sectio~ns
2, 3, 4, and 5 of this Article in respect of any or all of the products
of such divisions; provided, however, that pending the holding
of a meeting of the Paper Industry Authority the Chairman thereof
may grant an interim approval of such action.
ARTICLE VIII-REPORTS--STATISTIO8

1. Each member shall prepare and file with the Executive Secro-
taryv of the Paper Industry Authority, at such times and in such
manner as it mary prescribe, statistics of plant capacity, volume of
production, volume of sales in units and dollars, orders received,
unfilled orders, stocks on hand, inventory both raw and finished,
numbr o emloyes, agerates, employee earnings, hours of work,
and such other data or inomtoashePprIdsyAtoit
or t~he Administrator may from time to time require. Any oral
information so furnished by any member shall, upon the approval of
t~he Administ~rator, be subject to checking for the purpose of verifi-
cation byr an examination of the books and accounts and records of
such member by~ any disinterested accountant or accountants; or other
qualified person or persons designated by the Paper I~ndustry
Authority.
2. Except as otherwise provided in the Act, or in this Code, all
statistics, da-ta, and information fied or required in accordance with
the provisions of this Code hlereof shall be confidential; and the ~sta-
tistics, data, and information of one member shall not be revealed to
another member. No suchl data or information shall be published
except in combination with other similar data and in such manner
as to avoid the disclosure of confidential information. The Paper
Industry Authority shall arrange in such manner as it may deter-
mine for thle publication currently to members of each division of
the divisional totals of orders received, unfilled orders, shipments,
stocks of finished goods on hand, and production.
3. The Paper Industry Authority shall make to the Administrator
such reports as the Administrator may from time to time require.
4. In addition to information required to be submitted to the
Paper Industry Authority there shall be furnished to Government
Agencies such statistical information as the Administrator may deem
necessary for the purposes recited in Section 3 (a) of the Act.
AerlICLE IX-i:GENERAL PROVISIONS

1. If any member is also a member of another industry, the pro-
visions of this Code shall applyS to and effect onlyta atof hiso
busiesswhih i inludd this industry, and i h rdcso
anyr member fall in more than one division of the industry the pro-
visions of any divisional code shall apply to and affect said mem-
ber only as to products falling in such division.









2. In the event that the dlivisional associations or Execcutivee Au-
thorities of any two or more divisions shall L'e unable to agree on
any matter or matters affecting such divisions, thle Paper Indlustr~y
Authority shall decide such matter, and its dlecisiojn, wheln ajpproved
by the Administrator, shall be bindingr on all conicernedl.
3. The Executiv-e Authiority of anyS dlivisioni anyn formulated a
complaint to thle President of~ the United States;, pursuant to the
provisions of Subdlivision (e) of Section 3 of thec Act, thant any
paper, paperboard, or pulp is being imported into the U~nited States
in substantial quantities or in increasing ratio to domiestic produe-
tion of any competitive paper, paperboardl, or piulp, on -uch terms
or under such conditions as to render ineffective or seriously to
endanger the maintenance of this Codle or of any divisional code
subordinate h~ereto and deliver the same to the Paper Industry
Authority, which shall transmit such complaint to the President.
4. The Paper Industry Authiority shall have powTer to investigate
alleged violations of this Code and acts or courses of conduct by
any member or divisiounl association which are or appear to be con-
traryto the policy of the Act or which tenid or miay tend to render
infetive this Code or any divisional code, and to report the samre
with recommendations to the Administ~a~tor.
5. The Paper Indust.ry A-uthiority may, on its own initiative. or
upon application from any Executive Authority shall, present to the
Administrator recommendations based on conditions in the industry
which will tend to effectuate the operation of this Code and the
policy of the Act and in particular along the following lines:
S(a) For the establishment of rules of Fa~ir Trade Practicee for the
industry and the codification of its trade ciustomns, and the enforce-
ment thereof.
S(b) For the establishment of a standard method for determining
the current cost of any product of the indlustry, and for a require-
ment that no member shall sell anly such product below such cost.
(c) For restrictions on the creation of new facilities for the manu-
facture of any product of the indlustry or on the acquisition by any
member of new equipment for suchi manufacture, and on the shift-
ing of equipment from the manufacture of one kind or type of such
product to another kind or type thereof.
(d) For the establishment of terms and conditions regardrin~r sales
to dealers and distributors by members of the industry.
(e) For the establishment of plans to bring about a reasonable
balance between the production and consumption of the products
of the industry.
(f) For the establishment of rules relative to workr on Su~ndays
and holidays and to a weekly day of rest and to overtime ~or~k
generally and rates of wages therefore.
Such recommendations, wvhen approved by the Admninistrator,
shall have the same force and effect as other provisions of this Clode.
6. Any work or process incidental to, and carried on by a member
at his plant as a part of the manufacture of any product of the
industry, shall be regarded as a part of the indlustry.
7. In order to maintain at all times an adequate domestic supply
of raw material for the use of the industry, it is the declared purpose
of the industry to conserve forest resources and bringa about thle







10

sustained production thereof. The Paper Industry Authority and
the executive authorities of thle respective divisions shall cooperate
with the Secretary of Agricultui-e and other National and State
officials and agencies and with the code authorities of other industries
in planning such practical measures as may be necessary to accom-
plish such declared purpose; and shall, upon the request of the
Secretary of Agriculture, join with the Lumber and Timber Prod-
ucts Industries in any conference which may be held pursuant to
the provisions of Art~icle X of the Code of Fair Competition of
Lumber and Timber Products Industries approved by the President
on August 19? 1933.
8. The Paper Industry Aulthority shall make a study of condi-
tions in the industry to determine the feasibility of t~he adoption of a
shorter workiinga day and shall, within three (3) months after the
effective date of this Code, make a, report of its findings to the
Administrator. The Paper Industry Authority shall also submit to
the Administrator within six (6) months after the effective date of
this Code a plan for the stabilization and regularization of employ--
ment.
9. Such of the provisions of this Code or of any divisional code
as are not required to be included therein by the Act may, with the
approval of the President of the United States, be modified or
eliminated as changes in circumstances or experience may indicate.
10. This Clode and each divisional code and all the provisions
thereof are expressly made subject to the right of the President, in
accordance with the provisions of Clause 10 (b) of the Act, from
time to time to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule,
or regulation issued under Title I of said Act, and specifically to
the right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of such
code or any conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof.
11. This Code shall become effective on the second Monday after
the date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the
United States.






















RCHIEDULE A


Paper, the manufacture of whieb is excluded from the industry:
(a) The product referred to as standard newsprint paper in paragraph
32672 of the Tarill Act of 1922 and in paragraph 177'2 of the TarilT Act of 1930.
(b) All other papers, except rotogoravure paper, when, but only when and
only to the extent thbat, such other papers are manufactured and sold for
regular use in the making of daily newspapers.


SCHEDULE B

Binders Board and all other WCet M~achine Boards.
Bristol Boards.
Cardboard and MillI Blanks, coated or surface-treated subsequent to initial
ma nu facture.
Lightweight Clhip Boards, Bogus Wrapping, Sheathing Paper, Judented, Ham
Wrapping.
Sulphate Boards and Sulphate Corrugating MaIterials.
Specialty Folding and Specialty N'on-F~olding Boards, including all boards made
from prime or fresh wood pulp, jute stock, and rope stock.


SCHEDULE O


I.eatherboard Division
Bogius WTrapping and Pack~ing Division
Paper Shipping Sacki Division
Puip Producers Division
Soda Pulp Division
Special@ Paper and Board Division
Sulphate Pulp and Board Division
8julphite Paper Division
Paper Tissue Paper Div~ision
vegetablee Parchment Division
Writing Paper Division


Binders Board Division
Blotting Paper Division
Book Paper Division
Bristol Board Division
Cardboard Division
Cellulose WTadding Division
Cover Paper Division
Fibreboard Division
Glassine and G rea seproof
Division
G~roundwood Paper Division
Kraft Paper Division


(11)


21753"--244~-333--33














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BINDERS
BOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

To effectuate t~he policies of Title I of the National Industrial.
Recovery Act, the following is hereby established as the Subordi-
nate Co~de of Fair Competition of the Binders Board Division of
the Paper and Pulp Industry.
ARTICLE I-DEFINTTIONS

WVords used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code "--the general code of the Paper and Pulp In-
dust ry.
This Division "-tbhe Binders Board Division of such industry
as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the Gxeneral Code.
Executiv-e Aut~hority "-the body created by Section 1 of Article
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.
AnIcLE II-SUBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the pr~ovisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-
skmn and on all members of the industry included within this
1ivisioD.
3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to
be inconsistent wFith~ the provisions of the General Code, the provi-
sions of the General Code shall prevail.
AnnICLI III ADMTINISTRATION

1. Thlere is hereby created a b~ody to be known as the "' Executive
Authority of the Blinders Board Division of the Paper Industry ",
whiich shall consist of the Executive Committee of the Binders Board
~itanufacturers Association and of one or more members of the Paper
Industry Authority designated by the Administrator pursuant to
Section 1 of Article II of the General Code. The members of t~he
Paper Industry Auithority so designated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the admin-
istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties
as are prescribed herein or in thle G~eneral Code.
3. The Execut~ive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Indulstryy Authority in administering the General Code and in
obtaining fromn members within this Division such reports, statistics,
and other data as the Paper Industry Authorit~y may require.
(12)








13

4. Subject to restrictions and safegruards similar to those provided
in Article VIII of the General C'ode, memlbers sh~all furnish suchi
additional information as may from time to time be requirecd by the
Executive Authority.

ARTICLE IV TRADE CUSTOMS

The Executive Auithority shall formulate the recogrnized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Prac~tices of this Division, andn may from
time to time submit any such Trade Cuistoms or Fair Trade Practices
through the Paper Industry Auth~ority to the Adminisitrator for
approval, and the same wFhen approved shall have the same force
and effect as if inicorporatedl in thiis Code.
ARTICLE V--EFFECTIV'E DserE

Thlis Code shall become effective on the second 1\fonday after the
date upon which it shall be approvedl by the President of the United
States.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BLOTTING
PAPER DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Blotting Paper Division of the Paper and
Pulp Industry.
Anazcuc I -DEFn~IMBONS

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
"' General Code "--The General Code of the Paper and Pulp In-
dustry.
"L This Division "-The Blotting Paper Division of such industry
as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code..
"L Executive Authority "'-The body created by Section 1 of Article
I[II hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.

ARTICLE II--SUBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate t~o the General Code~ and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The Greneral Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Di-
vision and on all members of the industry included within this

3. In the event that any provision of this Cod~e shall be found to
be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the. pro-
visions of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE III ADMVINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be kinown as the Executive
Aut~horityv of t~he Blottingr Paper Division of the paper industry,
which shall consist of the Executive Committee and one or more
members of the Paper Industry Authority; designated by the Admin-
istrator pursuant t~o Sect~ion 1 of Article II of the General Code.
TIhe one or more members so designated shall have no vote.
2. Thle Executive Aut.hority is charged generally with the Admin-
istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties
as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authlority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industry Authorityr in administering the General Code, and
in obtainingQ fr~om members within this Division such reports, statis-
tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided
in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furmish such
additional information as may from time to time be required by the
Executive Authority.
(14)







15

ARTICLE IV--TRADIE CUSTOMS

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognizedi Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of thiis Division, and may from
time to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Practices
through the Paper Indust~ryp Authority to the Admninistrator for
approval, and the same when approved shall have the same force
and effect as if incorporated in this Code.
ARTICLE V--EFFECTIVE DATE

This Code shall become effective on the second l~Ionday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BOGUS
WRAPPING & PACKIING DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP
INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Bogus Wrapping & Packing Division of
the Paper and Pulp Industry.

AnnICE.E~ T- EFINITIONS

WYords used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code "--The general code of the Paper and Pulp In-
dustry.
This Division "--The Bogus W~ra.pping & Packing Division of
such industry as defined in Section II of Article II of the General
Code.
Executivle Authority "--The body created by Section I of Article
III hereof.
Thle definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this code.
ARTICLE II-SIJBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
'2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Di-
vision and on all members of the industry included within this
DIVISIOn.
3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to
be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Ciode, the provi-
sions of thec General Code shall prevail.

ARTICLE III-ADMIINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the "'Executive
Auth~ority of th~e Bogus W'rapping & Packing Division of the Paper
Industry ", which shl~~l consist of the Executive Committee of the
Bogus Wrappingi & Packing Association and of one to three members
of th~e Paper Indlustry Authority designated by the Administrator
pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the General Code. The person
or nprsons so deSigrnated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authiority is charged generally with the Admin-
istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties
as are prescribed herein or in the Gecneral Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industry Authority in administering the General Code and in
obtaining from members within this Division such reports, statistics,
and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
(10)









4. Subject to restrictions andr safeguards similar to those provided
in Article VI~II of the General Code, members shall furnish such
additional information as may from timie to time be required by the
Executive Authority.
ARTICLE. rV-TRADE CUSTOMS

The Executive Authlority shall formulate the r~ecognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Div'ision, and may from
time to time submit any such Trad~e Customs or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper Industr~y Authiority to thle Administrator
for approval, and the same whien approved shall have the same force
and effect as if incorporated in thlis code.
AnvICLE V-EFrCrcTvE DLerE

This code shall become effective on the second Mfonday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the Presidlent of the United
States.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BOOK PAPER
DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of :
Fair Competition of the Book Paper Division of the Paper and Pulp
Industry.
ARTICLE 1- DEFINITIONS

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Clode "--The general code of the Paper and Pulp In-
dustry.
This Division "--The B~ook Paper Division of such industry,
consisting of the manufacturers of the products of such division as
determined under Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.
Executive Authority "--The body created by Section I of Article
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
nlso to this code.
ARTICLE ~I I-Sunor)NmINo

1. This Code is subordinate to the Greneral Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Di-
vision and on all members of the industry included within this

3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to -
be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-
sions of thie General Code shall prevail.
AuRICLE TIIIADMZINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the Executive
Authority of the Book Paper Division of the Paper Industry which
shall consist of the Executive Committee of the Book Paper Manu-
factuzrers Association and of such members of the Paper Industry
Authority as may be designated by the Administrator pursuant to
Section fof Article II of the General Code. The members so desig-
nated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-
istrat.ion of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties
as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist t~he
Paper Industry Authority in administering the General Code, and
in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, stta-
tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided
in Article V'III of the General Code, members shall furnish such
(18)










additional information as may from time to time be required by the
Executive Authority.

ARTICLE IV--TRADE CUSTOMS

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division and may from
time to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator
for approval, and the same when approved shall have the same
force and effect as if incorplorated in this code.

AnnICLE VIT-PRODUTCTION

The Executive Authority shall, with a view to effectuating the
policy of the Act, make studies and in its discretion formulate plans
with a view to equa~lizingr production in the Division with demand
for its products, and, through the Paper Industry Authority, may
from time to time make recommendations in relation thereto and
may propose agreements or amendments to this Code desigrnedl to
carry such recommendations into effect.
AlRUCLE VI-EFFECTIVE DATE

This code shall become effective on the second M~onday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.


217153'-2344--33-- 33--4














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BRISTOL
BOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Bristol Board Division of the Paper and
Pulp Industry.
AnnIcLE I DEFINITIONSI

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code "-The general code of the Paper and Pulp In-
dustry.
This Division "-The Bristol Board Division of such industry
as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.
"L Executive Authorit~y "'-The body created by Section I, of Article
~II hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this code.

ARTICLE II-SUBORDINA ON

1. This Codfe is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-
socm and on all members of the industry included within this
lYvISIOn.
3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to
be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-
visions of the General Code shall prevail.

AnnICLE III ADMZINIISTRAHION

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the Executive
Authorityof the Bristol Board Division of the Paper Industry
which hllconsist of the Executive Committee and of three
members of the Paper Industry Authority designated by the Ad-
ministrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the General Code.
The three members so designated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Ad-pwr n
ministration of this Code, and shall have such ohrpwr n
duties as "are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Ilndustry Authority in administering the General Code, and
in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-
tistics and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-
vided in. Article VIII of the General Code, members shall fur-
nish such additional information as may from time to time be
required by the Executive Authority.
(20)








21

ARTICLE IV TRADE CUSTOMS

The Executive Authority shall formulaute the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may from
time to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator
for approval, and the same when approved shall have the same
force and effect as if incorporated in thiis code.
AnuIcra V--EFFECTIV'E DATE

This code shall become effective on t~he second Mlondlay after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the
United States.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THl! CARD.
BOARD MANUFACTURERS DIVISION OF THIE PAPER AND PULP
INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Ccardboard Division of the Paper and Pulp
Industry.
ARTICLE I DEFhINTHONS

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
GnealCode "-The general code of the Paper and Pulp
Industry.
This Division "--The Cardboard Division of such industry as
defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.
Executive Authorityv "-The body created by Section 1 of Article
III hereof.
The definitionls Tontained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this code.

ARTICLE I I--$UBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordlinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the prov-isions of Section 4i of Article III of the General
Code.
2. The General Code is thereby recognized as binding in this Divi-
sion and on all members of the industry included wiithin this Division.
3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to
be inconsistent, with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-
visions of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE III ADMINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be krnown as the Executive
Authority of the Cardboard Division of the Paper Industry which
shall consist of the Code Conunit~tee and of the three members of
the Paper Industry Aluthority designated by the Administrator pur-
suant to Section 1 of Art~icle II of the General Code. The three
members so designated shall have no vote..
2. The Executive Authorit~y is charged generally with the ad-
ministration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and
duties as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industry3 Authority in administering the General Code, and
in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-
tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may
require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro~-
vided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish
(22)









such additional information as may from time to time be required
by the Executive Authority.
ARrlCLE IV--TRADE CUSTOMS8

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and F~air Trade Practices of this Division, and, after op-
proved by thle Division, may from time, to time submit any such
Trade Customzs or Fair Trade Practices through the Paper Indus-
tyAssociation to the Adlministrator for approval, and t~he same
hen approved shall have the same force and effect as' if incor-
porated in this code.
AnTICLE Y'-EF~FECTIVE DerE

This Code shall become effective on the second Mfonday after
the date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the
United States.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE CELLULOSE
WADDING DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the subordinate Code of
Fair Competition for the Cellulose Wadding Division of the paper
and pulp industry:
AnnJCLE I DEFINITIONS

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code.--The General Code of the paper and pulp industry.
This Divisioz.--Cell ulose Wadding Divislon of such industry con-
seoiesting of the manufacturers of the product defined in ALrticle VI
EFcecutive Author~ity.--The body created by Section 1 of Article
III1 hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.

ARTICLE II--SUBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this
division and on all members of the Indfustry included wIthin this

3. In thle event that any provision of this Code shall be found to be
inconsistent with the provFisions of the General Code the provisions
of the General Code shall prevail.
AnnCLE III--ADMINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the Executive
Authrityof the C~ellulose WTadding Division of the Paper In-
duthts'try wichl shall consist of the Executive Committee of the Cellu-
lose Wandding Mannufacturers Associat~ion and such members of the
Paper Industry Aluthorit~y as may be designated by the Administra-
tor, pursuant to Sect~ion 1 of Article II of the General Code. The
members so designated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the admin-
istration of this Code and shall have such other powers and duties
as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Execut~ive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Indulstry Aut.hority in administermg the General Code and
in obtaining from members within this division such reports, sta~tis-
tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-
vided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish
(24)









such additional information as may from time to time be required
by the Executive Authority.
AaRICLs IVr-TRADnE CTTEOMS

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of thiis Division. and may, fromt
time to time, submit any such Trade Customis or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator
for approval, and the same when approved shall have the same force
and effect as if incorporated in this Code.
ARTICLE VT-PRODUCTION

WTith a view to effectuating the policy of the Act, the Executive
Authority shall make studies and, in its discretion, formulate plans
with a view to equalizing production in the Division with demand
for its products; and through the Paper Ind~ustry Authority may
from time to time make recommendations in relation ther~eto and
may propose agreements or amendments to this Code designed to
carry such recommendations into effect.
ARTICLE VI--APPLICATION OF CODE

This Code shall cover all Cellulose WVadding regardless of its form
or ultimate use. Cellulose WTadding shall be deemed to mean the
basic paper product chiefly used in the manufacture of sanitary
napkins and cleansinga tissues, but also used for many other purposes.
ARTICLE VII--EFFECTIVE DATE

This Code shall become effective on thle second Mionday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President, of the United
States.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE COVER
PAPER MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION DIVISION OF THE PAPER
AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Cover Paper Manufacturers Association
Division of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
ARTICLE DEFJINTIONS

WYords used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code" "the general code of the Paper and Pulp
Industry.
This Division "-The Cover Paper Manufacturers Association
Division of such industry as defined in Section 2 of Article II of
the General Code.
"L Executive Authority "-the body created by Section 4, of Article
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.

ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article II~I of the general Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this
Division and a~ll members of the industry included within this
Division.
3. In the event that any provision of this C~ode shall be found to
be inconsistent with thle provisions of the General Code, the pro-
visions of the General Code shall prevail.

ARTICLE III--ADMIlNISTRATION i

1. There is hereby created a body, to be known as the Executive ;
Authority of the Cover Paper Division of the Paper Industry, which
shall consist of the Executive Commnittee and Industrial C~onrol
Committee of the Cover Paper lIlanufactur~ers Association and of
three members of t~he Paper Industry Authority designated by the
Administrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the General
Code. The member so designated shall have no vote.
2. The Executivle Authority is charged generally with the Admin-
istration of this Ciode, and shall have such other powers and duties
3saepecie eeno nteGnrlCd.. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industryv Authority in administering the General Code and
in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, statis-
ties, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.









4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided
in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall formish such
additional information to the Secretary as may from timne to time
be required by the Executive Aut~hor~ity.
ARTICLE ZV-TRADE CUSTOMS

The Executive Authorityg shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may frorn
time to time submit any such Trade Customns or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper Industry AuthorityF to the Admiinistrator for
approval, and t~he same wFhen approved shall have the same force
and effect as if incorporated in this code.
ARTICLE VT-EFFECTIVTE DXTE

This code shall become effective on the second Mlonday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
Sta tes.
ARTICLE 17 -APPLICATION

This code in all its provisions shall inure to the benefit of and be
binding upon all producers of cover paper.













SUBORDINATE CODB OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE FIBRE
BOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY i

To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial Re- '
cover Act the following is hereby established as the Subordinate
Code of Fair Competition of the Fibre Board Division of the Paper
and Pulp Industry.
ARTICLE I--DEFINITIONS

The words ulsed herein are hereby defined as follows:
General C'ode.--The General Code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
This Div~lision.--The Fibre Board Division of such industry as de-
fined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.
Executive Authority ---The body created by Section 1, Article III
hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this code.

ARnTICLE II SUBORDINATION

1. This code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The G~eneral Code is hereby recognized ass binding on this divi-
sion and all members of the industry included in this division.
3. In the event that any provision of this code shall be found to be
inconsistent with thle provisions of the General Code, the provisions
of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE I[II-AmurNISTRnarro

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the Executive
Authority of thle fibre board division of the paper industry, which
shall consist of the Executive Committee of the Fibre B~oard Mlanu-
facturers Association, together with such person or persons as may
be designated byl the Administrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article
II of the: general code. The person or persons so designated by the
Administrator shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with admiinis-
tration of this code and shall have such other powers and duties as
are prescribed herein or in the general code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
paper industry authority in administrating the general code and
shall obtain from members within this division such reports, sta-
tistics, and other data as thle paper industry authority may require.
4. The Executive Authority shall have power to investigate alleged
violations of this code and acts or courses of conduct by any member
which are or appear to be contrary to thle policy of the Act or which
(28)









tend or may tend to render ineffective this code, and to report the
same w~ith recommendations to the paper industry authority.
5. The Executive Authority may formulate such plans as they
may determine to equalize production and demand in this division
and may from time to time present the same to the Administrator
through the paper industry authority for approval, and the same
when approved, shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated
in this code.
6. Subject to the same restrictions and safeguards as provided in
~Article VIII of t~he General Code, members shall furnish such in-
formation and statistics as many, from timne to time, be required by
the Executive Aut~horit~y.

AnnICLE IV

The Executive Authority shall formulate th~e recognized trade
customs and fair trade practices of this division and mnay from time
to time submit any such trade customs or fair trade practices through
the paper industry to the administrator for approval and t~he same
when approved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated
in this code.
AnnOCLE V

The provisions of this code may, with the approval of the achinin-
istrator,, be modified or eliminated a~s changes in circumstances
or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that from time to
time supplementary provisions to this code to prevent unfair compe-
tition in price and other unfair and destructive competitive prices
and to effectuate the other provisions and policies of the Act will
be submitted for the approval of the President.
ARTCLE VI

This code shall become eBFective on the second Ml~onday after t~he
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.








October 71, 1938.







SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THIE GLASSINE
AND GREASEPROOF DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP
INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
F~air Competition for the Glassine and Greaseproof Division of the
Paper and Pulp Industry.

ART,.IC -DEFINITIONS
Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code.-The General Code of the Paper and Pulp In-
dustry.
Thes Division.--The Glassine and Greaseproof Division of such
Industry as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.
Executive Authority.--The body created by Section 1, of Article
III1 hereof.
Secretary.--The Secretary of the Glassine and Greaseproof Manu-
facturers Ass'n.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.

ARTICLE II--SUBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. T'he General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-
sion and on all members of the industry included within this

3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found
to be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-
visions of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE III-ADnMINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as "L The Executive
Authority of the Glassine and Greaseproof Division of the Paper
Industry which shall consist of the Eecutive Committee of the
Glassine and Greaseproof Mlanufacturers Association and of one to
three members of the Paper I[ndustry Authority designated by the
Administrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the General
Code. The members of the Paper Industry Authority so designated
shall have no vote.
(so)










9. The Executive Authority is charged generally withl the Admin-
istration of this Code, and shall have such other powerss and duties
as are prescribed herein or in the Greneral Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist. the
Paper Industry Authority\ in admninistering the General Code, and
in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, statis-
tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Aut~hority mnay require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided
in Article VIII: of the General Code, members shall furnish such
additional information to the Secretary as mnay from time to time
be required by the Executive Authority.
ARTICLE I17-TRADE CUSrTOMSI

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may from
time to time submit any such Trade Customns or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator
for approval, and the same when appoeshlhaeheamfrc
and effect as if incorporated in this CoPde.Salhneti sm o
ARTICLE V--EFFECTIVE DATE

This code shall become effective on the second lifonday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of t~he United
States.
ARTICLE VI APPLICATION

This Code in all of its provisions shall inure to the benefit of and
be binding upon all producers of Glassine and Greaseproof.
ARTICLE VII GRADES

This Code shall cover all grades of Glassine and Greaseproof.
Respectfully submitted for:
THE GLA6SINE AND GREAS4EPROOF MANUFACTURERS Ass's.,
Tuoxs J.BURKE, 30 Lewxington Avenue, New Yorkr City.
Secretar~y-Treasuwrer.















SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE GROUND
WOOD PAPER DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of'
Fair Competition of the Ground Wood Paper Division of the Paper
and Pulp Industry.

ARTICLE I DEFINUITIONS

WTords used hlerein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code.--The General Code of Fair Competition for the
Paper and Pulp Industry
Th~is Division.--The G~round WC~ood Paper Division of such in-
dustry as defined in Section 2, Article II, of the General Code.
Ea'ecurtive A utho~rity.--The body created by Section 1 of Article
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.

ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III: of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-
sion and on all members of the industry included within this
Division.
3. In thle event that any provisions~ of this Clode shall be found to be
inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provisions
of the General Code shall prevail.

ARTICLE TIIIADMINISTRATION

1. There is hereb6y created a body to be known as the Executive
Authority of the Ground Wood Paper Division of the Paper In-
dustry which shall consist of the Board of Governors of the Ground
WVood Paper A~ssociation together with such person or persons as
may be designatepd by the Administrator pursuant to Section 1, Ar-
ticle II of the General Code. The person or persons so designated
by the Administrator shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-
ist~ration of this Code and shall have such other powers and duties as
are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Indurst~ry Acuthorit~y in administering the General Code and in
obtainingr from membersm within t~his Division such reports, statistics,
and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
(32)







i 33

i ~4. Subject to the same restrictions and safeguardls as provided in
Article V III of the General Code, members shall furnish such addi-
tional information as may from time to time be required by the
Executive Authority.
ARTICLE IV--FAIR TRADE PRACTICES AND TRADE CUSTO1US

1. Trade practice rules.--The Executive A~uthority~ shall from time
to time submit Fair Trade Practices through the Paper Industry
Authorityv to the Administrator for approval, and the same when
approved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated in
this Code.
2. Trade customs.--The Executive Authority shall formulate the
recognized Trade Customs of this Division, and may aprIdsfrom time to
time. submit. any such TradeP Customs through the PprIdsr
Authority t~o the Administrator for approval and the same when
, approved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated in
this Code.
AtRTICLE V EFFECTIVE DATE

This Code shall become effective on the second Mlonday after the
i: date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE KRAF"T
PAPER DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Kraft Paper Division of the Paper and
Pulp Industry.
AnuICL I-D\EFINTIUONS

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code.-The general code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
This Divisionz.--The Kraft Paper Division of such industry as
defined in Section 2 of Article ILI of the General Code.
Executive Authority.--The body created by Section 1 of Article
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.
AnIcLE II-SumoRDNmwTon

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-
sion and on all members of the industry included within this Division.
3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to
be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-
sions of the General Code shall prevail.
AnaIcu TIII-ADMINI E'STRAH~ON

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the Executive
Authority of the Kiraft Paper Division of the Paper Industryv which
shall consist of the Executive Committee of the K~raft Papeer Associa-
tion, and such advisory member or members of the Paper Industry
Authority as may be designated by the Administrator, pursuant to
Section 2 of Article II of the General Code. The person or persons
so designated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-
istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties
as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Exrecutive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industry Authority in administermg the General Code, and
in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-
tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided
in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish such
additional information as may from time to time be required by the
Executive Authority.
(34)









ARTICLE ITT-TRADE CUSTOMS

The Executive Authority shall formulate th~e recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and m~ay from
time to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper I~ndustry Authority to the A~dministrator
for approval, and the same when~ approved shall have the same force
and effect as if incorporated in this code.
ARTICLE VI-AI\ENDM\ENTS

Such of the provisions of this code as are not required to be in-
cluded therein by the Act, may. wvith the approval of thle President
of the United States, be modified or elimiinated as changes in cir-
cumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that
from time to time supplementary provisions to this code to prevent
unfair competition in price and other unfair and destructive com-
petitive practices, and to effectuate the other purposes and policies
of the Act, wrill be submitted for the approval of the President.

AuRICLE VTI-EFFECTI12E DATE

This code shall become effective on the, second Mionday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.













SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE LEATHER-E
BOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, the followinga is hereby established as the Subordinate
Code of Fair Competition of the Leatherboard Division of the Paper
and Pulp Industry.
ARTICLE I--DEFINITIONS

The words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
"' General Code "--t.he general code of the Paper and Pulp
Industry.
"' This division "--the Leatherboard Division of such industry as
defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code. '
Executive Authority "-the body created by Section 1, A8rticle
III, hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this code.

ARTICLE ~II-SBORDINATION

1. This code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The General Code is herebsy recognized as binding on this divi-
sion and all members of the industry included in this division.
3. In the event that any provision of this code shall be found to
be inconsistent withl the provisions of the General Code, the provi-
sions of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the Executive
Authority of the leatherboard division of the paper industry, which
shall consist of the Executive Committee of the Eastern Leather-
board Conference, together with such person or persons as may be
designated by the Administrantor pursuant to Section 1 of Article
II of the general code. The person or persons so designated by the
Administrator shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with administra-
tion of this code and shall have such other powers and duties as are
prescribed herein or in the general code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
paper industry authority in administrating the general code and
shall obtain fromt members within this division such reports,
statistics, and other data as the paper industry authority may require.
4. The Executive Authority shall have power to investigate alleged
violations of this code and acts or courses of conduct by any mem-
(30)







37

ber which are or appear to be contrary to the policy of the Act or
which tend or may tend to render ineffective this code, and to report
I the same with recommendations to the paper industry authority.
5. The Executive Authority may formulate such plans as they may
determine to equalize production and demand in this division and
may from time to time present the same to the Adcministrator through
the paper industry authority for approval, and the same, when ap-
proved, shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated in
this code.
: ~6. Subject to thle same restrictions and safeguards as provided in
Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish such in-
formation and statistics as may from time to time be required by
the Exiecutive Authority..

ARTICLE ITr
The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized trade
customs and fair trade practices of this division and miay from time
to time submit any such trade customs or fair trade practices through
the paper industryp to the administrator for approval and the same
when approved shall have the sam~e force and effect as if incorporated
in this code.
ARTICLE V

The provisions of this code may with the approval of the: ad-
ministrator be modified or eliminated as channges in circumstances
or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that fromt time to
time supplementary provisions to this code to prevent unfair comi-
petition in price and other unfair andi destructive competitive prices
and to effectuate the other provisions and policies of the Act will be
submitted for the approval of the President.
ARTICLE T71

This code shall become effective on thne second Mlonday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.













SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE PAPER
SHIPPING SACK MANUFACTURERS DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND
PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Paper Shipping Sack Manufacturers Divi-
sion of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
AnTrOLE I--DEFINTHIONS

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General Code.-The General Code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
Thris Div~ision.--The Paper Shipping Sack M;anufacturers Divl-
sion of the Paper and Pulp Industry, comprising the manufacture
from paper of the following classes of sacks:
1. All Paper VTalve Sacks;
2. All sewn open-mouth paper sacks;
3. All pasted open-mouth sacks constructed of coated rope and/or
raft paper, or of solid white kraft paper;
4. All pasted open-mouth sacks constructed of rope or combina-
tion rope and/or jute and kraft paper;
5. All pasted open-mouth paper sacks constructed of three or more
walls and having a sack surface area of more than 850 square inches;
6. All pasted open-mouth sacks~, constructed of one or two walls
and being made of kraft paper and having a sack surface area of
more thann 850 square inches, forp~ackaging mill feed, flour. gypsum,
lime, plaster, cemnent, and all ohr rockz products, fertilizer, pig-
ments, dry colors, clay, talc, chemical products, sand, metallic ores,
graphite, slag, rosin size, sulphur, and salt.
Executive Authority "--The body created by Section 1 of Ar-
ticle III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this code.

AuRicLE II-SUBWORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-
sion and all members of the industry included within this Division.
3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found
to be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the
provisions of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE III ADMIIN ISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the Executive
Authority of the Paper Shipping Sack Manufacturers Division of
(38)










the Paper Industry which shall consist of the B3oard of Governors
of the Pnper Schipping Sack 1Unnufacture r~s Alssociationi andt of
one or more members designated by the A~dministrator pursunnt to
Section 1 of Article II of the G~eneral Code. Th~e mlembers so des-
ignated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Auth~ority is charged generallyl with the Ad-
ministration of this Code, and shall hav\e such other p~owers and
duties as are prescribed herein or in the G~eneral Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate writh and assist the
Paper Industry Authlority in administering the Generanl Code, and
in obtaining from members within this Div'ision such reports, sta-
tistics, and other <}ata as the Pap~er Indtustry Authority mayS require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-
vided in Article VITII of the Greneral Code, members shall furnish
such additional information as mny from time to time be required
by the Executive Authority.
ARTICLE ITY-TRADE CU~STOMR S

The Executive Authority shanll formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Pjractices of this Division. and, when ap-
proved the Division, miay from time to time submlit any su~ch Trade
Customs or Fair Trade Practices through the Paper Industry Au-
thority to the Administrator for approval, and the same wthen ap-
proved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated in
this Code.
ARrrlCLE V- EFFECTIVE DATE

This Code shall become effective onl t~he second 1\londany after the
date upon which~ it shall be approved byv the President of thee United
States.














SUB~ORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE -PULP
DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, the following is hereby established as the Subordinate
Code of Fair Competition of the Pulp Division of the Paper and
Pulp Industry.
ARTICLE I- DEFINITIONS

The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
to this Code also, writh the following additions:
General Code.--The Gener~al Codle of Fair Competition for the
Paper and Pulp Industry.
This Division.--The Pulp Division of such industry as defined in
Section 1 of Article II: of the General Code, comprising all producers
of pulp in the ULnited States.
Subd~ivision.--A section of this Divrision as provided for by Section
2 of Article II of this Code.
Pulp Excecutive Author-ity.--The agency charged with responsi-
bility for the administration of this Code as created by Section 1 of
Article II her~eof.

ARTICLE II--ORGANIZATION

1. The Execurtive Commlittee of the United States Pulp Producers'
Association is hereby designated as the Agency for administering
the provisions of this Code, and is hereby named and is hereinafter
referred to as The Pulp Executivle Authority. The Administrator
may designate one or more persons as additional advisory members
thereof.
2. The Pulp Division of the Industry is one of thie Divisions recog-
nized by the General Code. Subdivisions of the Pulp Division may
be set up to facilitate the administration of this Code.
3. Every Mecmber of the Industry manufacturing pulp either for
his ow~n use or for sale is eligible to membership in th~is Division.

ARTICLE ZIII SUBORDINATION

1. The General Code is hereby recognized as bindingf in this Divi-
sion and on all members of the Iindustry included in this Division.
2. This Code has been adopted by the United States Pulp Pro-
ducers' Association.
3. This Code is subordinate to the General Code, and in all of its
provisions shall inure to thie benefit of and be binding upon all pro-
dlucer~s of pulp.
4. Inl the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to
be inconsistent withl the provisions of the General Code, the provi-
sions of the General Code shall prevail.
(40)









AnnICLE 'IV-ADMLINIISTRATION

1. The Pulp Executive Authority is charged generally with the
administration of this Codle and shall have such other powers and
duties as are prescribed herein or in the Genernl' Code.
2. Any and all disputes arising under the operation of thiis Code
and/or any questions of interpretation thereof shall be referred to
the Pulp -Executive Authority whose diecisioni shall be final and
binding upon all parties involved.
AnnOLE V'-Accon uns-S ELLING

1. The Pulp Executiv-e Author~ity shanll adv\ise andl cooperate with
the Paper Industry Authority in calrryinlg out the provisions of
Article VII of the GCeneral Codle.
2. The Pulp Executive Authority shall formulate Trade C'ustoms
and recognized Fair Trade Practices for this Division, and mayv from
timie to time submit any such Tradle Customns or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper Industry Aulthorityr to thle Adm~ninisitrator for
approval, and the samie w~hen approvedl shall have the same~ forlce and
effect as if incorporated in this C'ode.

ARTICLE \VI--TATISTICS

1. The Pulp Executive Authority shall cooperate withl andl assist
the Paper Indlustry Authority and- or thle Admiiinistr~ator in admiin-
istering the G~eneral Code, and2 in obtaining fr~omi mnembersi within
this Divisioni such reports, statistics, and other dlata as the Paper
Industry Authority and 'or the Adlministra~tor may r~equire.
2. Subject to the restrictions and safegauardcs as p~rovidedl in Ar-
ticle VIII of the General Code, all pr~oducers~ of p~ulp shall furnish
promptly and completely such information and data as may be
required by the: Pulp Executive Authoity.i!
ARTICLE VII--CONTROL OF TIMPORTS

1. The Pulp Executive Authority shall mak!e a conitinuing~ study
of the relationship between the productiv-e enpneity of the pulp mills
in the United States and~ the demand of the dlomestic~ market, andl if
it shall at any time appear that pulp is being imiportedl into the
United States in such quantities or at such prices as to cause cur-
tailment of production in the Unitedl States so that employmcntt is
reduced and the effectuation of thle purposes of thle N\ational Indus.1-
trial Recovery Act interfered with, the Pulp Executive Aurthority
shall formulate a complaint and recommendations to the President
of the United States pursuant to the provisions of Subdlivision (e)
of Section 3 of the Act, andl shall deliver the same to t~he Paper
Industry Authority for transmnitta~l to the President.

A ARTICLE VTI II-Abl3EN DM\IE TS

Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be in-
cluded therein by the Act, may, w~ith the approval of the Presidlent
of the United States, be modified or eliminated as changes in cir-










cumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that
from time to time supplementary provisions to this Code to prevent
unfair competition in price and other unfair and destructive com-
petitive practices, and to effectuate the other purposes and policies
of the Act, wvill be submitted for the approval of the President.
ARTICLE IX--EFFECTIVE DATE

This Code shall become effective on the second Monday after the
date upon which it shnUl be approved by the President of the United
States.
AnccsT 17, 1933.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SODA-PULP
DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the subordinate Code of
'Fair Competition for the Soda-Pulp Division of the paper and pulp
industry :

ARTICLE I DEFINITIONS

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
Geae~ral Code.--The General Code of thle paper and pulp in-
d ustry.
This Division.--Soda Pulp Division of such Industry as defined
in Article VI hereof.
Executive Au~thority.--The body created by Section 1 of Article
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.

ARTICLE II-SCUBORDINATION

1. This Cod~e is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2.The Ge~nePIrral Co is Iyhereby reconized as bindling in this divi-
sion and on all members of the Industry included within this division.
8. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to be
inconsistent wit~h the provisions of the General Codle the prov~cisions
of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE III -ADMINhISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a, body to be known as the Executive
Authority of the Soda Pulp Division of the Paper Industryr which
shall consist of the Executive Committee of the Soda Pulp Mlanu-
facturers Association and of such members of the Paper Industry
Authority as may be designated by\ the Administrator, pursuant to
Section 1 of Article II of the General Code. The members so desig-
nated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the admlin-
istration of this C'ode and shall have such other powers arnd duties
as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industry Authority in administering thie General Code and
in obtaining from members within this division such reports, statis-
tics, and other data as the Paper Industryr Authority may require.
4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-
vided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shanll furnish
(43)









such additional information as may from time to time be required
by the Executive Authority.
A~nncLE 17-TRADE CUSTOMSe

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and F~air Trade Practices of this Division, and may from
time to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-
tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator for
approval and the same wrhen approved shall have the same force and
effect as Is incorporated in this Code.

AlRTCLE V--FRODUCTION

WVith a view to effectuating the policy of the Act, the Executive
Authority shall make studies and in its discretion formulate plans
with a viewv to equalizing production in the Division with demand
for its product; andl thru the Paper Industry Authority may from
time to time make recommnendations in relation thereto and may
propose agreements or amendments to this Code designed to carry
such recommendations into effect.

ARTICLE VI-APPLICATION OF CODE

This Code shall cover all wood pulp made by the so-called caustic
sodla process. :
AnnTcLE V~II EFFECTIVE DATE

This Code shall become effective on t~he second Monday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SPECIALTY
PAPER AND BOARD AFFILIATES DIVISION OF THE PAPER &
PULP INDUSTRY

The following is herebyV established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Specialty Paper and Board Affiliates Divi-
pion of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
ARTICLE I-DsEr wrrIONs

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
Generlal Code.-The general code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
This Div~isi~ors.-The Specialty Paper & Board Afliliat.es Division
of such industry as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General
Code.
Ewecutivle Authority.--The body created by Section I of Article
III hereof. A subordinate group elected by the members of this
Association.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this code.
ARTICLE TII-SIRORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article TII of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this
Division and on all members of the industry included within this

8. In t~he event that any provision of this Code shall be found to
be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-
sions of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE III iADMIzN ISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the Execu~tive
Authority of the Specialty Paper &~ Boardl Affiliates Division of the
Paper Industry which shall consist of the Executive Commnittee of the
Specialty Paper & Board Afliliates and the three members ofi th~e
Paper Industry Authority designated by the Adlministrator pursuant
to Section 1 of Article II of the: General Code. The three memnbers
so designated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the admin-
istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers andi duties
a~s are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive AuthorityI shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industry Authority in administering the Generail Code. and
in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-
tistics and other data as the Paper Industry Author~ity mlay requir~e.
(45)







46

4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided
in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furmish such
additional information to the Secretary of the Specialty Paper &b
Board Affiliates as may from time to time be required by the E~xecu-
tive Authority.
AnnonL IV-TnARDE CUB'TOMSB

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division after adoption by I
the members thereof, and may from time to time submit any such
Trade Cust~oms of Fair Trade Practices through the Paper In~dustry
Authority to the Administrator for approval, and the same when
approved shalll have the same force and effect as if incorporated in

AnaIcL V--EFFECrYE D~r

This Codie shall become elective on the second Mlonday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of t~he United
States.
AnaIcL VI

This Code shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon all
producers of the grades nowv represented in this Association, and such
other affiliates an~d grades as will from time to time be added by the
Paper Industry Authority or this Association.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SULPHATE
PULP AND BOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP
INDUSTRY

SThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate. Code of
Fair Competition of the Sulphiate Pulp and Board Division of the
Paper and Pulp Industry.
ARTICLE I--DEFINITIONS

Words used herein are hereby defined as follows:
General C'ode.--The general codle of the Paper and Pulp Inldustry.
This Division..-The Sulphate Pulp and Boar~d Division of such
industry as defined in Section 2 of A~rticle II of the Gener~al Code.
Ea~ecuti~ve Autlhority.--The body? created bry Section I of Article
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Ar~ticle I of the G~eneral Colde apply
also to this code.

ARTICLE ~II-SUBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Codeland is submiitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. Te Gnerl Coe i heebyrecognized as binding in this
SDivision and on all members ofthinsryncud tinhs

3. In the event t~hat. any provision of this Code shall be found to
be inconsistent with the provisions of thle General Code, the provi-
sions of the General Code shall prevail.

ARTICLE III -ADMINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a body t~o be known as thie Executive
Authority of the Sulphate Pulbp andi Board Division of the Paper
Industry which shall consist o the Executiv-e Conmmittee of the
American Sulphate Pulp and Board Association, and such advisory
member or members of the Paper Industry Authority as may be
designated by the Administrator, pursuant to Section 2 of Article
II obf the General Code. The person or persons so designated shall
have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally w~ith the Abdmin-
istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties
as are prescribed herein or in the Greneral Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate. with and assist the
Paper Industryv Authority in Administering the General Code, and
in obtaining froml members within this Division suchi reports, sta-
tbistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority. may, require.










4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided
in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish such
additional information as may from time to time be required by the
Executiv~e Authority.
AuRICLE IV--TRADE CUSTOMS

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may from
time to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-
t.ices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator
for approval, and the samne when approved shall have the same ~force
and effect as if incorporated in this code.
ARTICLE V--AMENDMENTS

Such of the provisions of this code as are not required to be in-
cluded therein by the Act, may, with the approval of the President
of the Unit~ed States, be modified or eliminated as chances in circum-
stances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that from
time to time supplementary provisions to this code to prevent unfair
competition in price and other unfair and destructive competitive
practices, and to effectuate the other purposes and policies of the
Act, will be submitted for the approval of the President.
ARTICLE VI-EFFECTIVE ABTE

This code shall become effective on the second Monday after tbo
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
St~ates.
OCTOBER 9. 1933.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SULPHITE
PAPERS DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The followinga is hereby established as the Subordinate Clode of
Fair Competition for the Sulphite Papers Division of the Paper
and Pulp Industry.
AnnIcis I--DEFINITIONS

W7ords used herein are hereby defined as follows:
Gefleral Code.--The General Clode of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
Thi~s Divisi'on..-The Sulphite Papers Division of such industry
as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the Generanl C'ode.
Frlecuctive Au~th~ority.--The body created by Section 1, of AQrticle
III hereof.
Secr~etary.--The Secretary o~f the Sulphite Paper Rlanufactuxrers
Association.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Cod~e apply
also to this Code.

ARTICLE I I-S~UnoORD W arrow~

1. This Code is subordinate to the Generanl Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Codle.
2. The G~eneral Code is hereby recognized as binding in this D~ivi-
sion and on all members of the industry included within this Division.
3. In the event that any provision of th~is Code shall be flunld to
be inconsistent writh the provisions of the Gener~al Code, the provi-
sions of the Generaol Code shall prevail.

A ARTICLE TIII-ADR NnsismanloS

1. There is hereby created a body to be known as The Executivre
Authority of the Sulphite Papers Division of the Paper Industry
which shall consist of the Board of Governlors of, or any! special Comm-
mitteee appointed for the purpose by, t~he Sulphite Pape~cr 1\Innufac-
turers Association and of one to three members of the Pap~er Indus-
try uthoitydesignated by the Administrator pursunnt to section
1 of Article II of the General Code. The miemrbers of the Paper
Industry Authority so designated shall have no v.ote.
2. The Executive Authorit~y shall be charged generally with th~e
Administration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and
duties as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authorityv shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industry Authority in adxuinistering the Generanl Cod~e, and
in obtaining from members within this division such reports, sta-
tistics, and other data as the. Paper Industry Authority may re< uire.
(49)









4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided
in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furmsh such
additional information to the Secretary as may from time to time be
required by the Executive Authority.
ARTICLE IV--TRADE CUSTOMS

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division and may from
time to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Pra~c-
tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator
for approval, and the same wvhen approved shall have the same force
and effect as if incorporated in this Code.
AnnICLE V EFFE~CTDT DATE

This Code shall become effective on the second Monday after the
date upon w-hich it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.
Respectfully submitted for:
THE SULPHITE PAPER ANUFACTURERS Ass0IBToNo,
370 Lezington Avenue, Newe YPorle City.
Two-ars J. BURKE,
BecretaLry-Treaszurer.














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE MANUFAC-
TURERS AND CONVERTERS OF TISSUE DIVISION OF THE PAPER
AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Mianufacturers and Converters of Tissue
Division of the Paper and Pulp Industryv.
ARTICLE I--DEFINITIONS
Words used herein are h~ereby Cde fne FasrCmett follows:
Genleral Code.-The GeneralodofFiCmpttnfrth
Paper and Pulp Industry.
This Division. The Mfanufact~urer~s and C~onverters of Tissue Di-
vision of such industry comprising the manufacture and converting
in the United States of tissue paper and allied products as specifically
mentioned in Schedule A hereof.
Subdivision.--A division or section of this division specifically
mentioned in Schedule A hereof, recognized as such by this Code.
Eaxecultive Auth~ority.--The body created by Section 1 of Art~icle
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this Code.
ARTICLE II--SBORDINATION
1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. Thle General Code is hereby recognized its binding in this
Division and on all members of the industry engaged in manufac-
turing products falling within this Division.
3. In the event, that any provision of this Code shall be found to be
inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provisions
of the General Code shall prevail.
ARTICLE III-AmIUNIISnunowO
1. There is hereby created a body to brer nown as the Executive
Authority of the Mfanufacturers and ovreso iseDvso
of the Paper Industry, which shall consist of the Executive Com-
mittee of this Division together with suchl person or persons as mayv
be designated by the Administrator pursuant to Sect~ion I, Article
II of the General Code. The person or persons so designated by the
Administrator shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generallyy with adminiis-
tration of this Code and shall have such other powers and duties as
are prescribed herein, or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate wvit.h and assist the
Paper Industry Authority in administering the Generanl Code and
(51)









in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, statis-
tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
4. The Executive Authority shall have power to investigate al-
leged violation of this Code and acts or courses of conduct by any
member or subdivisional association which are, or appear to be, con-
trary to the policy of the Act, or which tend, or may tend, to render
ineffective this Code, and to report the same with recommendations
to the Paper Ind~ustry Authority.
5. The Executive A~uthorityl may formulate such plans as they
may determine to equalize production and demand in this Division,
or any Suibdivision, and may from time to time present the same to
the Administrator through the Paper Industry Aut~hority for ap-
provanl, and the same, when approved, shall have the same force and ;
effect as if incorporated in this Code.
6. Subject to the same restrictions and safeguards as provided in
Article VI[II: of the General Code, members shall furnish such in-
formation and statistics as may, from time to time, be required by
the Executive Authority.
ARTICLE IV--FAIR TRADE PRACTICES AND TRADE CUSTOMSr

1. The Execuitive Authority shall confer with the members of the
industry, the consumers of its product., in respect to the stabilization
of the industry and the elimination of unfair competitive practices
and shall formulate the recognized fair trade practices and trade
customs of this Division and shall, from time to time, submit fair
trade practices and any such trade customs through the Paper In-
dustryr Authority to t~he Administrator for approval, and the same,
when approved, shall have the same force and effect as if incor-
porated in this Code.
ARTICLE V--SETDIVSIONAL AssocurrToNs

1. The subdivisions listed in Schedule A may, if they so desire,
create subdivisional associations, which associations, however, are
included in and subject t~o t~he provisions of the Code of this

2. In the event that subdivisions or subdivisional associations of
any two (2) or more subdivisions shall be unable to agree on any
matter or matters affecting such subdivisions, the Executive Au-
thority shall decide such matters and its decision, when approved
by the Administrator, shall be binding on all concerned.
ARTICLE VI EFFECTnmE DATE

This Code shall become effective on the second M~onday after the
dtate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.


























SCHEDULE) A

L. The manufacture and converting of interfolded toilet paper.
2. The manufacture and converting of roll toilet paper.
8. The manufacture and converting of folded, interfolded and roll towels.
4. The manufacture and converting of paper napkins.
5. The manufacture and converting of creped tissue.
6. The manufacture and converting of fruit and vegetable wrapping paper,
exclusive of waxed pap~er~s.
T. The manufacture and converting of wrapping tissues and tissue specialties
(including waxed papers) including all tissue paper and light weight papers up
to and including 17# basi F-24 x 8080 count, with t~he following exceptions:
.(a) Facial Tissue.
(b) Cellulose WFCadding.
8. The manufacture of jumbo rolls for sale to converters (including waxing
tissue) of all papers listed in items 1 to 7 above.
AUGUnsT 31, 1933.
(fi3)














SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE WYRITING
PAPER MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION DIVISION OF THE
PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRY

The following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code of
Fair Competition of the Writing Paper Alanufacturers Association
Division of the Paper and Pulp Industry.

AnTICLE I DEFINITIONS

WSords used herein are hereby defined as follows:
Genzeral Code.--The general code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.
This Division.--The Writing Paper Manufacturers Association
Division of such industry as defined in Section 2 of Article II of
the General Code.
Ex~cutv!e Aulthority.--The body created by Section 4 of Article
III hereof.
The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code apply
also to this code.

ARTICLE 'II-SUBORDINATION

1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submitted
pursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.
2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding nti
Division and all members of the industry included withi~$n this
Division.
3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found
to be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-
visions of the General Code shall prevail.

ARTICLE III ADMZINISTRATION

1. There is hereby created a bodyv to be knowfn as the Executive
Auth horitynis of the WiigPaper Diviision of the Paper Industry
whic shll onsst f te Eecutive Committee andl Industrial Con-
trol Committee of the Writing Paper M~anufacturers Association,
and of three members of the Paper Industry Authoritydigte
bythe Administrator pursuant to Section 1 of Articl e II ofthe
General Code. The members so designated shall have no vote.
2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-
istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties as
are prescribed herein or in the General Code.
3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the
Paper Industry Authority in adm~inistering the General Code, and
in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-
tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.
(54)










4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those~ provided
in Article VIII of the General Codle, mem~lbers shall furnish suc~h
additional information to the Secretary as many from time to time
be re uired by\ the Executive A~uthority..
ARTICLE ITY-TRADE CTSTOMS

The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized Trade
Customs and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and mlay from
time, to time submit any such trade Customls or F~air Trade Practices
through the Poper Industry Aut~hority to th~e Administrator for
approval, and the same when approved shall have the same force
and effect as if incorporated in this code.

ARTICLE V- EFFECTIVE DATE

This code shall become effective on the second M~onday after the
date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United
States.
ARTICLE }TI-APPLICATION

This code in all of its provisions shall inure to the benefit of and
be binding upon all producers of writing paper.




UNIIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


3 1262 08728 6018












/1:!




Full Text

PAGE 1

Approved Code No. 120 Registry No. 405-1-04NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATIONCODE OF FAIR COMPETITIONFOR THEPAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYAS APPROVED ON NOVEMBER 17, 1933BYPRESIDENT ROOSEVELTRU21609RWI DO OUR PARt1. Fecutive Order2. Letter of Transmittal3. CodeUNITED STATESGOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICEWASHINGTON: 1933For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. ---------Price 5 cents

PAGE 2

This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, GovernmentPrinting Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau ofForeign and Domestic Commerce.DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCEAtlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse.Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Detroit, Mich.: 2213 First National Bank Building.Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.Louisville, Ky.: Room 405, 421 West Market Street.Memphis, Tenn.: 266 South Water Street.Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building.New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street.Philadelphia, Pa.: Room 812, 20 South Fifteenth Street.Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.Seattle, Wash.: 1406 Vance Building.(II)

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EXECUTIVE ORDERCODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYAn application having been duly made, pursuant to and in fullcompliance with the provisions of Title I of the National IndustrialRecovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for my approval of a Code ofFair Competition of the Paper and Pulp Industry, and hearingshaving been held thereon and the Administrator having rendered hisreport containing an analysis of the said code of fair competitiontogether with his recommendations and findings with respect thereto, and the Administrator having found that the said code of fair com-petition complies in all respects with the pertinent provisions oftitle I of said act and that the requirements of clauses (1) and (2)of subsection (a) of section 3 of the said act have been met:Now, therefore, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of the UnitedStates, pursuant to the authority vested in me by title I of theNational Industrial Recovery Act approved June 16, 1933, and other-wise, do adopt and approve the report, recommendations and findingsof the Administrator and do order that the said code of fair com-petition be and it is hereby approved; however, feeling that theminimum wage for this industry should be not less than forty (40)cents per hour, my order of approval is subject to the followingcondition:That within 90 days from the effective date of this code the Ad-ministrator hold such further hearing upon such notice as he, in hisdiscretion, shall fix for the purpose of determining the adequacy ofthe minimum wages established in said code, after which his reportand recommendation shall be submitted to me for further orderwhich order shall have the effect of a condition to my approval ofthis Code.FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.THE WHrrE HousE,November 17, 1933.Approval recommended:HUGH S. JOHNSON,Administrator.21T53'---244-33--3.3

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OCTOBER 19, 1933.The PREsIDENT,The White House.SnI: This is a report of the hearing on the General Code of FairCompetition for the Paper and Pulp Industry in the United States,and Subordinate Codes covering divisions of such Industry, con-ducted in Washington on September 14, 1933, in accordance with theprovisions of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act.WORKING HOURSThis Code provides for a standard 40-hour week for all but a smallportion of the employees in the Industry. In order to provide theflexibility necessary to meet unusual conditions, such as variationin water supply and peak demands, provision is made for a 40-hourweek averaged over a 13-week period, with a limitation on day workers of 48 hours in a single week with time and one-third forhours worked in excess of 8 in a single day.No overtime provision is made for tour workers on continuous-process operations who desire to be free to exchange shifts. Provi-sion is also made for additional hours for them to meet situationswhere the work requires the help of men from an off-duty shift tochange wires and wash and clean the machines after a run. Suchwork is too small in amount and too irregular to justify employmentof an additional shift.Employees not engaged directly in production, of whom there areonly a few in each plant, are on a 42-hour basis averaged over a4-week period. Watchmen may work 56 hours per week, and officeemployees 40 hours per week averaged over a year, but not morethan an average of 48 hours per week in any quarter. In emergencycases restrictions are removed for employees engaged in repair and maintenance work. Regular reports of hours worked are required.WAGESFor wage purposes the Country is divided into three zones:Northern, Central, and Southern. The principal paper-producingStates in the Southern zone are Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Lou-isiana, Arkansas, and Texas; and in the Central zone, Virginia andWest Virginia, Tennessee, and North Carolina. All the remainingimportant paper-producing States are in the Northern zone. Thewage differentials between the zones, prescribed by the Code, aremuch less than those now prevailing and are necessary to avoid toogreat a change in established competitive conditions. The basic minimum wage rates prescribed for the three zones areas follows:Northern, 38# per hourCentral, 35# per hourSouthern, 300 per hour

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VProvision is also made for a 50 lower wage for women in theNorthern and Central zones, but it is expressly provided that menand women doing the same work shall receive the same pay, andthat the Code Authority shall file with the Administrator a descrip-tion of all occupations in which women are employed. An exceptionis made of work which on July 15, 1929, paid less than the pre-scribed rates. In such cases the 1929 rate, or ninety percent of thebase rate, whichever is higher, is prescribed. A report to the Admin-istrator on the effect of this exception is required.The minimum wages of office workers range from $12.00 to $15.00per week, as in the President's Reemnployment Agreement. Conditions vary greatly in different parts of the same zone andbetween different divisions of the Industry as to the ability of themills to increase wages. The wages prescribed are a fair compro-mise. They are in all cases a substantial increase over rates prevailing in June of this year. They are also an increase over theaverage wage rates prevailing on October 1st, but are slightly lessthan the rates now being paid by some of the better-situated mills.No exceptions are made for learners or for office boys or girls.State certificates of disability are required in the case of partlydisabled employees paid lower rates.ECONOMIC EFFECT OF THE CODEThe normal number of employees in the Industry is from 123,000to 125,000. The number in 1929 was 128,000. Owing to technological improvements, the number which would be required today to pro-duce the 1929 output would be about 120,000. The effect of theCode, however, will be to restore employment to 128,000, the 1929figure, although the present rate of production is far below the1929 rate.The total pay roll of the Industry in May 1933 was at a rate ofapproximately 100 million dollars per year. The American Paperand Pulp Association estimates that the effect of the Code will beto increase the rate to approximately 170 million dollars per year.The estimate is based on the production of June and July 1933,and on such data as is available concerning action already takenby many large employers to increase wage rates and reduce workinghours under the President's Reemployment Agreement. The Industry represents an investment of over one and a halfbillion dollars. The ratio of fixed investment to the value of annualproduction is abnormally high. The value of the 1929 productionwas about equal to the Investment in manufacturing facilities (ex-clusive of material resources). The value of the 1932 productionwas less than one half of the investment. Due to these conditions,the overhead burden, always high, has increased to an abnormalfigure. Prices have been depressed to a point which has not returnedcost. A group of companies representing 35% of the productioncapacity of the Industry shows a loss of 19% of their total workingcapital in the year 1932. The increase costs which the Industry willhave assumed through the adoption of this Code are as great as itcan reasonably be expected to bear.

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VIOTHER CODE PROVISIONSThe Code contains provisions requiring the Code Authority tomake a survey of the -Industry for the purpose of obtaining dataas to the feasibility of adopting a shorter man-hour week and tosubmit a report of its findings to the Administrator, together witha plan for the stabilization of employment.The General Code, together with the Subordinate Codes, providesnot only a divisional set-up for the Industry, but also completemachinery for the administration of the General Code and the Divi-sional Codes in each Division. A General Code Authority, to con-sist of the members of the Executive Committee of the AmericanPaper and Pulp Association, is the agency for the administration ofthe General Code, and in each Division there is created a subordinateCode Authority to be selected by the members of such Division forthe. administration of the Divisional Code.Provision is made for establishing a uniform accounting andcosting system for the entire Industry and for the open publicationof prices and adherence thereto.This Code covers the manufacture of all paper except newsprint.There is a continual controversy regarding the precise meaning ofthe words " standard newsprint " as used in the Tariff Act, andthere has been some apprehension on the part of members of theIndustry and others that the definitions in this Code and the News-print Code might have some bearing on this controversy. It ispointed out that the sole purpose of these definitions is to establisha definite boundary line between the jurisdictional areas of the twoCodes and, that they have no bearing whatsoever on the questionof dutiability of imported paper.I am satisfied that this Code is a long step toward the goal set upby the National Industrial Recovery Act.FINDINGSThe Administrator finds that:(a) The Code as recommended complies in all respects with thepertinent provisions of Title I of the Act including, without limita-tion, subsection (a) of Section 7 and subsection (b) of Section 10thereof; and that(b) The applicant group imposes no inequitable restrictions onadmission to membership therein and is truly representative of thePaper and Pulp Industry; and that(c) The Code as recommended is not designed to promote mo-nopolies or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises and will notoperate to discriminate against them, and will tend to effectuate thepolicy of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act.It is recommended, therefore, that this Code be approved.Respectfully submitted.HUGH S. JOHNSON,Administrator.

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GENERAL CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE PAPERAND PULP INDUSTRYTo effectuate the policies of Title I of the National IndustrialRecovery Act the following is hereby established as a Code of FairCompetition for the Paper and Pulp Industry, and shall be bindingon every member thereof.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIoNS1. Where used in this Code and in all codes subordinate hereto, the following definitions shall apply:" Industry "-The manufacture in the United States from pulp-wood, wood pulp, or other stock or pulp, of all paper (except suchpaper now in regular use in the making of daily newspapers as isspecifically mentioned and described in Schedule "A" hereof), suchpaperboard as is listed in Schedule " B " attached, and pulp; pro-vided, however, that if and when the provisions of this Code shallbe extended to cover any products of converters of paper and paper-board, then the word " Industry " shall include the manufacture ofsame." Member "-A natural person, partnership, association, corporation, trust, trustee, trustee in bankruptcy, or receiver engaged in suchindustry."Division "-A division or section of the industry recognized assuch by this Code."Act"-Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act. "Administration "-The National Industrial Recovery Adminis-tration."Administrator "-The National Industrial Recovery Adminis-trator.ARTICLE II-ORGANIZATION1. The Executive Committee of the American Paper and PulpAssociation is hereby designated as the Agency for administeringthe provisions of this Code and is hereby named and is hereinafterreferred to as " The Paper Industry Authority." The Administratormay desigate three persons as additional advisory members thereof -the member or members so designated shall have no vote, but in alIother respects shall be members of the said Paper Industry Au-thority.2. The Industry is hereby divided into divisions as set forth inSchedule C hereto attached. Any question as to the division intowhich any particular grade, class, or kind of paper, paperboard, orpulp or any product of conversion of any of them may fall shall bedetermined by the Paper Industry Authority.(1)

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2In the event that the jurisdiction of the Code shall be extended tocover the manufacture of products which do not fall within any suchdivision, the Paper Industry Authority may create new divisions toinclude such products, and the members of such divisions may thenadopt and submit divisional codes as provided in Article III hereof.The Paper Industry Authority may create new divisions by the sub-division of any of such divisions or by the consolidation of any twoor more of such divisions, provided, however, that no such subdivi-sion or consolidation shall be made without the consent of thedivisional association of each division affected thereby.3. In each division there may be one divisional association towhich every member of the industry engaged in the manufacture ofany product included in such division shall be eligible for member-ship. Each such divisional association shall be eligible for member-ship in the American Paper and Pulp Association.4. The expenses of administering this Code shall be apportionedamong the various divisions in accordance with a formula to beadopted by the Paper Industry Authority. The expenses of admin-istering the subordinate Code of each Division, together with theproportion of the expense of administering this Code, allocated tosuch Division, shall be borne pro rata in accordance with a formulato be adopted by the Executive Authority of such Division by allmembers of such Division who accept the benefits of the PaperIndustry Authority and/or the Executive Authority of such divisionor otherwise assent to this Code. Divisional Associations shall beresponsible for the payment of all Code-administration expense.ARTICLE III-DIvISIONAL CODES1. Each such divisional association may adopt a divisional codeand may either submit the same as a supplement to this Code for theapproval of the President of the United States or may submit thesame subsequently through the Paper Industry Authority to thePresident for his approval. Such divisional codes when so ap-proved, shall have the same force and effect as to the divisions ofthe industry affected thereby as this Code.2. Such divisional codes shall be subordinate to this Code and shallspecifically recognize this Code as applicable to all members of theindustry engaged in manufacturing products falling within thedivision for which such divisional code is submitted.3. Pending action by the Paper Industry Authority each divisionshall include such grades, classes, and kinds of paper, paperboard, orpulp as are generally recognized by custom as falling within theclassification indicated by the name of such division.4. Each such divisional code shall designate an agency for thepurpose of administering such divisional code, which shall be denom-inated " The Executive Authority " of such division.5. Such divisional codes may contain such provisions relating tosaid division as may be appropriate for inclusion in a Code of flairCompetition under the Act, provided that no such code shall containany provision contrary to or inconsistent with the provisions ofthis Code.

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3ARTICLE IV-HURS OF LABOR1. Employees in the industry shall not be required or permittedto work hours in excess of the limits prescribed in the followingschedule:SCHEDULE OF WORKING HOURS(a) Watchmen: Eight (8) hours in any one day and fifty-six (56)hours in any one week.(b) Chauffeurs, truckmen, switching crews, engineers, firemen,and electric and hydroelectric operators, and filter-plant employees:One hundred sixty-eight (168) hours in any period of four con-secutive weeks, but no more than ten (10) hours in any one dayand forty-eight (48) hours in any one week.(c) Tour workers in continuous process operations: Eight (8)hours in any one day and an average of forty (40) hours per weekin any period of thirteen (13) consecutive weeks; provided, how-ever, that additional hours may be worked-(1) To avoid a shut-down due to the temporary absence of a reliefworker;(2) In changing wires and machine clothing; and(3) In clean-ups, wash-ups, and ordinary repairs and adjustmentsin cases where a machine is shut down for a period of not less thaneight consecutive hours.(d) All other laborers, mechanical workers, or artisans employedin any plant, mill, or factory or on work connected with the opera-tion of any such plant, mill, or factory: An average of not morethan forty (40) hours per week in any period of thirteen (13) con-secutive weeks, but not more than forty-eight (48) hours in anyone week; provided, however, that time worked in excess of eight(8) hours in any one day shall be paid for at not less than time andone third.(e) Executives and their personal secretaries and other employeesregularly engaged in a supervisory capacity, receiving thirty-five($35) dollars or more per week, and outside salesmen: No limitations.(f) All other employees: An average of forty (40) hours perweek in any calendar year and an average of not to exceed forty-eight (48) hours per week in any period of thirteen (13) consecu-tive weeks.Provided, however, that no limitation on hours of work containedin said schedule shall apply to employees of any class when engagedin emergency repairs or emergency maintenance work involvingbreakdowns or protection of life and property.2. At such intervals as the Paper Industry Authority shall pre-scribe, every member shall report to the Paper Industry Authority-(a) The number of man-hours worked under subdivisions c (1),c (2), and c (3) of said schedule and the ratio which said man-hours bear to the total number of man-hours of labor under subdivisions c;and(b) Shall furnish the Paper Industry Authority such informationas it may require in order to enable it to determine whether the limi-tations contained in said schedule have been exceeded.21753*-244-3--33-2

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43. No employee shall be permitted to work for more than one mem-ber of the Industry an aggregate number of hours in excess of thenumber prescribed in said schedule.ARTICLE V-WAGES1. The minimum rate of wage of any laborer, mechanical worker,or artisan employed in any plant, mill, or factory, or on work con-nected with the operation of any such plant, mill, or factory shall beas follows:(a) Northern Zone, which shall consist of all the territory of theUnited States except the States named in subdivisions (b) and (c).Male: Thirty-eight (38) cents per hour.Female: Thirty-three (33) cents per hour.(b) Central Zone, which shall consist of the States of Delaware,Maryland, Virginia, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and NorthCarolina, and the District of Columbia.Male: Thirty-five (35) cents per hour.Female: Thirty (30) cents per hour.(c) Southern Zone, which shall consist of the States of SouthCarolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, Arkan-sas, and Texas.Thirty (30) cents per hour.Provided, however, that in case the rate per hour for any class oflabor was, on July 15, 1929, less than the minimum rate above speci-fied for the same class of labor, then the minimum rate for such classof labor shall be the rate paid on July 15, 1929, but in no event lessthan ninety percent of the rate above specified.2. The Paper Industry Authority shall obtain statistical data con-cerning the effect of the above proviso on wage rates in the Industry,and shall within ninety (90) days after the effective date of this Codemake a report thereon to the Administrator.3. Where a State law provides a higher minimum wage than isprovided in this Code, no person employed within such State shallbe paid a wage below that required by such State law.4. Pieceworkers shall be paid at rates which will yield a workerfor an hour's work not less than the minimum rate prescribed.5. The minimum rates of wages for all other employees exceptcommission salesmen shall be as follows:Not less than fifteen dollars ($15) per week in any city of over500,090 population, nor less than fourteen dollars and fifty cents($14.50) per week in any city between 250,000 and 500,000 popula-tion, nor less than fourteen dollars ($14) per week in any citybetween 2,500 and 250,000 population, nor less than twelve dollars($12) per week in towns of less than 2,500 population.6. The minimum wages hereby prescribed shall not in any waybeconsidered as a discrimination by reason of sex, and where in anycase women do substantially the same work or perform substantiallythe same duties under the same conditions as men they shall receivethe same rate of wages as men receive for doing such work or per-forming such duties. The Paper Industry Authority shall prepareand file with the Administrator, ninety (90) days after the effective

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5date of this Code, a description of all occupations in the industryin which women are employed.7. The wage rates of all employees receiving more than the mini-mum rates herein prescribed shall be reviewed and such adjustments,if any, made therein as are equitable in the light of all the circum-stances, and within ninety (90) days after the effective date hereofthe Paper Industry Authority shall report to the Administratorthe action taken by all members of the industry under this Section.8. A person whose earning capacity is limited because of physicalor mental defect, age, or other infirmity may be employed on lightwork at not less than eighty percent (80%) of the minimum wageprescribed in Section 1 hereof if the State Authority designated bythe United States Department of Labor shall have issued a cer-tificate authorizing the employment of such person on such basis,provided, however, that the total number of such employees in anyone plant shall not exceed three (3) percent of the total employeesin such plant. So much of this Section as requires the issuance ofsuch a certificate shall not take effect until sixty (0) days after theeffective date of this Code.ARTICLE VI-GENERAL LABOR PROvISIONs1. No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employedin the industry nor anyone under eighteen (18) years of age atoperations or occupations hazardous in nature or detrimental to health. The Paper Industry Authority shall submit to the Ad-ministrator within sixty (60) days after the effective date of thisCode a list of such occupations. In any State an employer shall bedeemed to have complied with this provision if he shall have on file a certificate or permit duly issued by the authority in such Stateempowered to issue employment or age certificates or permits show-ing that the employee is of the required age.2. Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain col-lectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shallbe free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers oflabor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives orin self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purposeof collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection. No em-ployee afid no one seeking employment shall be required as a condi-tion of employment to join any company union or to refrain fromjoining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his ownchoosing. Employers shall comply with the maximum hours oflabor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employmentapproved or prescribed by the President.3. Labor agreements now in force between members and theiremployees shall be affected only by such provisions of this Code asmay prescribe higher wages and shorter hours than are providedfor in such agreements.4. Employers shall not reclassify employees or duties of occupa-tions performed by employees so as to defeat the purpose of the Act.5. All employers shall post full copies of this Code in conspicuousplaces accessible to employees.

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66. Standards for safety and health shall be submitted by the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator within six (6) months afTrthe effective date of this Code.ARTIoLE VII-ACOUNTING--SELLNG1. The Paper Industry Authority shall, as soon as practicable,propose a standard method of accounting and costing for the indus-try and submit the same to the Administrator. 'When it shall havebeen approved by the Administrator every member shall use anaccounting and costing system which conforms to the principles of,and is at least as detailed and complete as, such standard method.2. Each member shall, on or before thirty (30) days after theeffective date of this Code, file with the Executive Authority of hisdivision, or divisions, complete schedules in such form as suchExecutive Authority shall prescribe of prices and terms and condi-tions of sale for domestic consumption (including all differentials,discounts, trade allowances, and special charges) of all productsfalling within the scope of the division offered for sale by suchmember, and shall so file all subsequent changes therein or revisionsthereof at least twenty-four (24) hours prior to the effective date ofany such changes or revisions. When any member shall file any suchschelule of prices, or any revision thereof, any other member mayalso file a revision of its own schedules, and if such other membershall so desire and state therein the same shall be effective as of thesame date as the schedule or revision thereof first in this sentencereferred to. Each such schedule of prices shall conform to all tradepractices and other provisions established in and by this Code or any pertinent subordinate code or any amendment or supplement tothis Code or to such subordinate code. The Executive Authorityshall send to the Paper Industry Authority and to each member ofthe division and to any others concerned requesting a copy thereof, acopy of such schedules and of all changes and revisions thereof sofiled.The Executive Authority of any division may, from time to time,with the approval of the Paper Industry Authority, change inrespect to all or any of the products of such division the period oftime which shall elapse between the date of filing and the effectivedate of any such schedule; provided, however, that such period shallnot be less than twenty-four (24) hours or more than five (5) days;and provided further, that pending the holding of a meeting of thePaper Industry Authority the chairman thereof may grant aninterim approval of such action. The Executive Authority shallgive immediate notice of such change to the members of the division.The subordinate code of any division may contain a provision lim-iting the time within which future deliveries may be contracted forat tTie prices scheduled at the time of the contract; and the Execu-tive Authority of each division may require the filing in such man-ner as it shall prescribe of such data as it may require in respect ofcontracts for future deliveries existing at the effective date of thisCode.3. No such schedule of prices and terms and conditions of salefiled by any member, or in effect at any time in any quarter of any

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7calendar year, shall be such as to permit the sale of any product atless than the lower of the following:(a) The cost of such product to such member during the lastperiod of three consecutive months or three accounting periods offour weeks each ending not less than thirty (30) days prior to thefirst date of such quarter, which cost shall be determined pursuantto the method of accounting and costing prescribed by the PaperIndustry Authority under this Article as soon as that method isprescribed and theretofore pursuant to the method employed by suchmember subject to such preliminary rules as the Paper IndustryAuthority shall from time to time prescribe.(b) The lowest price scheduled for such product under the pro-visions of this Article by any other member and then in effect.Each schedule filed under this Article shall state whether theprices, terms, and conditions therein specified are justified under sub-ivision (a) or under subdivision (b) of this Section, and in thecase of justification under subdivision (b) shall identify the scheduleor schedules of the other member or members of the industryjustifying such prices, terms, and conditions. A schedule justifiedupon the basis of the schedule or schedules of another member ormembers shall become void forthwith upon the cancellations orrevisions upward of such justifying schedule or schedules.In applying the provisions of this Section and of Sections 4 and 5of this Article, all prices shall be calculated on a delivered basis, andthe cost of delivery shall be considered a part of the cost of theproduct; provided, however, that in the case of each product theExecutive Authority of the division in which such product fallsmay amplify, define, or modify this principle.Notwithstanding the provisions of this Section, discontinued linesor damaged goods or seconds of any product may be disposed of insuch manner and on such terms and conditions as the ExecutiveAuthority of the division into which such products fall may approve.4. The Paper Industry Authority shall have power on its owninitiative or on the complaint of any member to investigate anyprice for any product shown in any schedule filed hereunder byany member, and for the purpose of the investigation thereof torequire such member to furnish such information concerning thecost of manufacturing such product as the Paper Industry Au-thority shall deem necessary or proper for such purpose. Pendingsuch investigation the Administrator may suspend any such price.If the Paper Industry Authority after such investigation shall de-termine that such price violates the provisions hereof, or would tendto render ineffective or seriously to endanger the maintenance of thisor any subordinate divisional code, the Paper Industry Authorityshall so notify such member and the Executive Authority with whichsuch price was filed, and thereupon such price shall become void andof no effect. A notice of all decisions of the Paper Industry Au-thority under this Section, together with the reasons therefor, shallbe filed with the Administrator. All such decisions shall be subjectto suspension, cancellation, or modification by the Administrator.5. Except in fulfillment of bona fide contracts existing on theeffective date of this Code, no member of the industry shall sellany products of the industry for domestic consumption at a price

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8or prices lower than or upon terms or conditions more favorablethan stated in his price schedule filed as hereinbefore provided.6. The Executive Authority of any division may, with the ap-proval of the Paper Industry Authority, suspend for any period oftime and from time to time all or any of the provisions of Sections2, 3, 4, and 5 of this Article in respect of any or all of the products of such divisions; provided, however, that pending the holding of a meeting of the Paper Industry Authority the Chairman thereofmay grant an interim approval of such action.ARTICLE VIII-REPORTS-STATISTICS1. Each member shall prepare and file with the Executive Secre-tary of the Paper Industry Authority, at such times and in suchmanner as it may prescribe, statistics of plant capacity, volume ofproduction, volume of sales in units and dollars, orders received,unfilled orders, stocks on hand, inventory both raw and finished,number of employees, wage rates, employee earnings, hours of work,and such other data or information as the Paper Industry Authorityor the Administrator may from time to time require. Any or allinformation so furnished by any member shall, upon the approval ofthe Administrator, be subject to checking for the purpose of verifi-cation by an examination of the books and accounts and records ofsuch member by any disinterested accountant or accountants or otherqualified person or persons designated by the Paper IndustryAuthority.2. Except as otherwise provided in the Act, or in this Code, all statistics, data, and information filed or required in accordance withthe provisions of this Code hereof shall be confidential; and the sta-tistics, data, and information of one member shall not be revealed to another member. No such data or information shall be publishedexcept in combination with other similar data and in such manneras to avoid the disclosure of confidential information. The PaperIndustry Authority shall arrange in such manner as it may deter-mine for the publication currently to members of each division ofthe divisional totals of orders received, unfilled orders, shipments,stocks of finished goods on hand, and production.3. The Paper Industry Authority shall make to the Administratorsuch reports as the Administrator may from time to time require.4. In addition to information required to be submitted to thePaper Industry Authority there shall be furnished to GovernmentAgencies such statistical information as the Administrator may deemnecessary for the purposes recited in Section 3 (a) of the Act.ArTIcLE IX-GENERAL PROVISIONS1. If any member is also a member of another industry, the pro-visions of this Code shall apply to and effect only that part of hisbusiness which is included in this industry, and if the products ofany member fall in more than one division of the industry the pro-visions of any divisional code shall apply to and affect said mem-ber only as to products falling in such division.

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92. In the event that the divisional associations or Executive Au-thorities of any two or more divisions shall Le unable to agree onany matter or matters affecting such divisions, the Paper IndustryAuthority shall decide such matter, and its de ision, when approvedby the Administrator, shall be binding on all concerned.3. The Executive Authority of any division nay formulate acomplaint to the President o! the United States, pursuant to theprovisions of Subdivision (e) of Section 3 of the Act, that anypaper, paperboard, or pulp is being imported into the United Statesin substantial quantities or in increasing ratio to donietic produc-tion of any competitive paper, paperboard, or pulp, on such termsor under such conditions as to render ineffective or seriously to endanger the maintenance of this Code or of any divisional codesubordinate hereto and deliver the same to the Paper IndustryAuthority, which shall transmit such complaint to the President.4. The Paper Industry Authority shall have power to investigatealleged violations of this Code and acts or courses of conduct byany member or divisional association which are or appear to be con-trary to the policy of the Act or which tend or mlay tend to renderineffective this Code or any divisional code, and to'report the samewith recommendations to the Administrator.5. The Paper Industry Authority may, on its own initiative. orupon application from any Executive Authority shall, present to theAdministrator recommendations based on conditions in the industrywhich will tend to effectuate the operation of this Code and thepolicy of the Act and in particular along the following lines:(a) For the establishment of rules of Fair Trade Practice for theindustry and the codification of its trade customs, and the enforce-ment thereof., (b) For the establishment of a standard method for determiningthe current cost of any product of the industry, and for a require-ment that no member shall sell any such product below such cost.(c) For restrictions on the creation of new facilities for the manu-facture of any product of the industry or on the acquisition by anymember of new equipment for such manufacture, and on the 'shift-ing of equipment from the manufacture of one kind or type of suchproduct to another kind or type thereof.(d) For the establishment of terms and conditions regarding salesto dealers and distributors by members of the industry.(e) For the establishment of plans to bring about a reasonablebalance between the production and consumption of the productsof the industry.(f) For the establishment of rules relative to work on Sundaysand holidays and to a weekly day of rest and to overtime workgenerally and rates of wages therefor.Such recommendations, when approved by the Administrator,shall have the same force and effect as other provisions of this Code.6. Any work or process incidental to, and carried on by a memberat his plant as a part of the manufacture of any product of theindustry, shall be regarded as a part of the industry.7. In order to maintain at all times an adequate domestic supply of raw material for the use of the industry, it is the declared purposeof the industry to conserve forest resources and bring about the

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10sustained production thereof. The Paper Industry Authority andthe executive authorities of the respective divisions shall cooperatewith the Secretary of Agriculture and other National and Stateofficials and agencies and with the code authorities of other industriesin planning such practical measures as may be necessary to accon-plish such declared purpose; and shall, upon the request of theSecretary of Agriculture, join with the Lumber and Timber Prod-ucts Industries in any conference which may be held pursuant to the provisions of Article X of the Code of Fair Competition of Lumber and Timber Products Industries approved by the Presidenton Aurust 19, 19A3.8. The Paper Industry Authority shall make a study of condi-tions in the industry to determine the feasibility of the adoption of ashorter working day and shall, within three (3) months after theeffective date of this Code, make a report of its findings to theAdministrator. The Paper Industry Authority shall also submit tothe Administrator within six (6) months after the effective date ofthis Code a plan for the stabilization and regularization of employ-ment.9. Such of the provisions of this Code or of any divisional codeas are not required to be included therein by the Act may, with theapproval of the President of the United States, be modified oreliminated as changes in circumstances or experience may indicate.10. This Code and each divisional code and all the provisionsthereof are expressly made subject to the right of the President, inaccordance with the provisions of Clause 10 (b) of the Act, fromtime to time to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule,or regulation issued under Title I of said Act, and specifically tothe right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of suchcode or any conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof.11. This Code shall become effective on the second Monday afterthe date upon which it shall be approved by the President of theUnited States.

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SCHEDULE APaper, the manufacture of which is excluded from the Industry:(a) The product referred to as " standard newsprint paper " In paragraph1672 of the Tariff Act of 1922 and in paragraph 1772 of the Tariff Act of 1930.(b) All other papers, except rotogravure paper, when, but only when andonly to the extent that, such other papers are manufactured and sold forregular use in the making of daily newspapers.SCHEDULE BBinders Board and all other Wet Machine Boards.Bristol Boards. Cardboard and Mill Blanks, coated or surface-treated subsequent to Initialmanufacture.Lightweight Chip Boards, Bogus Wrapping, Sheathing Paper, Indented, HamWrapping.Sulphate Boards and Sulphate Corrugating Materials.Specialty Folding and Specialty Non-Folding Boards, including all boards madefrom prime or fresh wood pulp, jute stock, and rope stock.SCHEDULE CBinders Board Division Leatherboard DivisionBlotting Paper Division Bogus Wrapping and Packing DivisionBook Paper Division Paper Shipping Sack DivisionBristol Board Division Pulp Producers DivisionCardboard Division Soda Pulp DivisionCellulose Wadding Division Specialty Paper and Board DivisionCover Paper Division Sulphate Pulp and Board DivisionFibreboard Division Sulphite Paper Division Glassine and Greaseproof Paper Tissue Paper Division Division Vegetable Parchment DivisionGroundwood Paper Division Writing Paper DivisionKraft Paper Division(11)21753* 244-33 33 3

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BINDERSBOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYTo effectuate the policies of Title I of the National IndustrialRecovery Act, the following is hereby established as the Subordi-nate Code of Fair Competition of the Binders Board Division ofthe Paper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:" General Code "-the general code of the Paper and Pulp In-dustrv." This Division "-the Binders Board Division of such industryas defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code." Executive Authority "-the body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the " ExecutiveAuthority of the Binders Board Division of the Paper Industry ",which shall consist of the Executive Committee of the Binders BoardManufacturers Association and of one or more members of the PaperIndustry Authority designated by the Administrator pursuant toSection 1 of Article II of the General Code. The members of thePaper Industry Authority so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code and inobtaining from members within this Division such reports, statistics,and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.(12)

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134. Subject to restrictions and safegnards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information as may from time to time be required by theExecutive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Practicesthrough the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator forapproval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this Code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIVE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BLOTTINGPAPER DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Blotting Paper Division of the Paper andPulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINInoNsWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:" General Code "-The General Code of the Paper and Pulp In-dustry." This Division "-The Blotting Paper Division of such industryas defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code." Executive Authority "-The body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Di-vision and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-visions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE IlI-ADMINiSTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Blotting Paper Division of the paper industry,which shall consist of the Executive Committee and one or moremembers of the Paper Industry Authority designated by the Admin-istrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the General Code.The one or more members so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code, andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports, statis-tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information as may from time to time be required by theExecutive Authority.(14)

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15ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUsTOMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Practicesthrough the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator forapproval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this Code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIVE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after the date upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BOGUSWRAPPING & PACKING DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULPINDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Bogus Wrapping & Packing Division ofthe Paper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONsWords used herein are hereby defined as follows: "General Code "-The general code of the Paper and Pulp In-dustry." This Division "-The Bogus Wrapping & Packing Division ofsuch industry as defined in Section II of Article II of the GeneralCode." Executive Authority "-The body created by Section I of ArticleIII hereof. The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Di-vision and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE 111-ADINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the "'ExecutiveAuthority of the Bogus Wrapping & Packing Division of the PaperIndustry ", which shall consist of the Executive Committee of theBogus Wrapping & Packing Association and of one to three membersof the Paper Industry Authority designated by the Administratorpursuant to Section 1 of Article 11 of the General Code. The personor persons so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code and inobtaining from members within this Division such reports, statistics,and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.(10)

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174. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information as may from time to time be required by theExecutive Authority.ARTICLE IV -TRADE CUSTOMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administratorfor approval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIVE DATEThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BOOK PAPERDIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Book Paper Division of the Paper and PulpIndustry.ARTICLE I-DEINITIONsWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:" General Code "-The general code of the Paper and Pulp In-dustry." This Division "-The Book Paper Division of such industry,consisting of the manufacturers of the products of such division asdetermined under Section 2 of Article II of the General Code." Executive Authority "-The body created by Section I of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE II-SUBODINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Di-vision and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Book Paper Division of the Paper Industry whichshall consist of the Executive Committee of the Book Paper Manu-facturers Association and of such members of the Paper IndustryAuthority as may be designated by the Administrator pursuant toSection I of Article II of the General Code. The members so desig-nated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code, andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to rest rict ions and safeguards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish such(18)

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19additional information as may from time to time be required by theExecutive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division and may from time to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administratorfor approval, and the same when approved shall have the sameforce and effect as if incorporated in this code.ARTICLE V-PRODUCTIONThe Executive Authority shall, with a view to effectuating thepolicy of the Act, make studies and in its discretion formulate plans with a view to equalizing production in the Division with demandfor its products, and, through the Paper Industry Authority, mayfrom time to time make recommendations in relation thereto andmay propose agreements or amendments to this Code designed to carry such recommendations into effect.ARTICLE VI-EFFECTIVE DATEThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.21753-244-33---33-4

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE BRISTOLBOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Bristol Board Division of the Paper andPulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:" General Code "-The general code of the Paper and Pulp In-dustry." This Division "-The Bristol Board Division of such industryas defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code." Executive Authority "-The body created by Section I, of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-visions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Bristol Board Division of the Paper Industrywhich shall consist of the Executive Committee and of threemembers of the Paper Industry Authority designated by the Ad-ministrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the General Code.The three members so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Ad-ministration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code, andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-tistics and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-vided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall fur-nish such additional information as may from time to time berequired by the Executive Authority.(20)

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21ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOM SThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administratorfor approval, and the same when approved shall have the sameforce and effect as if incorporated in this code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIVE DATEThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United States.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE CARD.BOARD MANUFACTURERS DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULPINDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Cardboard Division of the Paper and PulpIndustry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:"General Code"-The general code of the Paper and PulpIndustry."This Division "-The Cardboard Division of such industry as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code." Executive Authority "-The body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof. The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE I1-SUORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpiirsuant to the provisions of Section 4 of Article III of the GeneralCode.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and on all members of the industry included within this Division.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-visions of the General Code shall prevail.ARELE III-ADMIN ISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Cardboard Division of the Paper Industry whichshall consist of the Code Conuittee and of the three members ofthe Paper Industry Authority designated by the Administrator pur-suant to Section 1 of Article II of the General Code. The threemembers so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the ad-ministration of this Code, and shall have such other powers andduties as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code, andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports, statistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-vided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish(22)

PAGE 29

23such additional information as may from time to time be requiredby the Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOMISThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and, after ap-proved by the Division, may from time to time submit any suchTrade Customs or Fair Trade Practices through the Paper Indus-try Association to the Administrator for approval, and the same when approved shall have the same force and effect as if incor-porated in this code.ARTICLE V--EFFECTIVE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday afterthe date upon which it shall be approved by the President of theUnited States.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE CELLULOSEWADDING DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the subordinate Code ofFair Competition for the Cellulose Wadding Division of the paperand pulp industry:ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The General Code of the paper and pulp industry.This Division.-Cellulose Wadding Division of such industry con-sisting of the manufacturers of the product defined in Article VIhereof.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in thisdivision and on all members of the Industry included within thisdivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to beinconsistent with the provisions of the General Code the provisionsof the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATIoN1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Cellulose Wadding Division of the Paper In-dustry which shall consist of the Executive Committee of the Cellu-lose Wadding Manufacturers Association and such members of thePaper Industry Authority as may be designated by the Administra-tor, pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the General Code. Themembers so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the admin-istration of this Code and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code andin obtaining from members within this division such reports, statis-tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-vided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish(24)

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25such additional information as may from time to time be requiredby the Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUs'rou SThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may, fromtime to time, submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator for approval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this Code.ARTICLE --PRODUCTIONWith a view to effectuating the policy of the Act, the ExecutiveAuthority shall make studies and, in its discretion, formulate planswith a view to equalizing production in the Division with demandfor its products; and through the Paper Industry Authority mayfrom time to time make recommendations in relation thereto andmay propose agreements or amendments to this Code designed tocarry such recommendations into effect.ARTICLE VI-APPLICATION OF CODEThis Code shall cover all Cellulose Wadding regardless of its formor ultimate use. Cellulose Wadding shall be deemed to mean thebasic paper product chiefly used in the manufacture of sanitarynapkins and cleansing tissues, but also used for many other purposes.ARTICLE VII-EFFECTIvE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE COVERPAPER MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION DIVISION OF THE PAPERAND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Cover Paper Manufacturers AssociationDivision of the Paper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONsWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:"General Code "-the general code of the Paper and PulpIndustry." This Division "-The Cover Paper Manufacturers AssociationDivision of such industry as defined in Section 2 of Article II ofthe General Code." Executive Authority "-the body created by Section 4, of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the general Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in thisDivision and all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-visions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE II--ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body, to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Cover Paper Division of the Paper Industry, whichshall consist of the Executive Committee and Industrial ControlCommittee of the Cover Paper Manufacturers Association and ofthree members of the Paper Industry Authority designated by theAdministrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the GeneralCode. The member so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authorit v shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code andin obtaining from members, within this Division such reports, statis-tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.(26)

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274. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information to the Secretary as may from time to timebe required by the Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSToMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator forapproval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIVE DATEThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.ARTICLE VI-APPLICATIONThis code in all its provisions shall inure to the benefit of and bebinding upon all producers of cover paper.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE FIBREBOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYTo effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial Re-covery Act the following is hereby established as the SubordinateCode of Fair Competition of the Fibre Board Division of the Paperand Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSThe words used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The General Code o~f the Paper and Pulp Industry. This Division.-The Fibre Board Division of such industry as de-fined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 1, Article IIIhereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE Il-SUBORDINATION1. This code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding on this divi-sion and all members of the industry included in this division.3. In the event that any provision of this code shall be found to beinconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provisions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the "ExecutiveAuthority " of the fibre board division of the paper industry, whichshall consist of the Executive Committee of the Fibre Board Manu-facturers Association, together with such person or persons as maybe designated by the Administrator pursuant to Section 1 of ArticleII of the general code. The person or persons so designated by theAdministrator shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with adminis-tration of this code and shall have such other powers and duties asare prescribed herein or in the general code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thepaper industry authority in administrating the general code andshall obtain from members within this division such reports, sta-tistics, and other data as the paper industry authority may require.4. The Executive Authority shall have power to investigate allegedviolations of this code and acts or courses of conduct by any memberwhich are or appear to be contrary to the policy of the Act or which(28)

PAGE 35

29tend or may tend to render ineffective this code, and to report thesame with recommendations to the paper industry authority.5. The Executive Authority may formulate such plans as theymay determine to equalize production and demand in this division and may from time to time present the same to the Administrator through the paper industry authority for approval, and the same,when approved, shall have the same force and effect as if incorporatedin this code.6. Subject to the same restrictions and safeguards as provided inArticle VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish such information and statistics as may, from time to time, be required bythe Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV The Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized tradecustoms and fair trade practices of this division and may from timeto time submit any such trade customs or fair trade practices throughthe paper industry to the administrator for approval and the samewhen approved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporatedin this code.ARTICLE VThe provisions of this code may, with the approval of the admin-istrator, be modified or eliminated as changes in circumstancesor experience may indicate. It is contemplated that from time to time supplementary provisions to this code to prevent unfair compe-tition in price and other unfair and destructive competitive pricesand to effectuate the other provisions and policies of the Act willbe submitted for the approval of the President.ARTICLE VIThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the United States.

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October 7, 1933.SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE GLASSINEAND GREASEPROOF DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULPINDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition for the Glassine and Greaseproof Division of thePaper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The General Code of the Paper and Pulp In-dustry.This Division.-The Glassine and Greaseproof Division of suchIndustry as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 1, of ArticleIII hereof.Secretary.-The Secretary of the Glassine and Greaseproof Manu-facturers Ass'n.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be foundto be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-visions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINIsTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as " The ExecutiveAuthority " of the Glassine and Greaseproof Division of the Paper Industry which shall consist of the Executive Committee of theGlassine and Greaseproof Manufacturers Association and of one to three members of the Paper Industry Authority designated by theAdministrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of the GeneralCode. The members of the Paper Industry Authority so designatedshall have no vote.(30)

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312. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code, andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports, statis-tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information to the Secretary as may from time to timebe required by the Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administratorfor approval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this Code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIVE DATEThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.ARTICLE VI-APPLICATIONThis Code in all of its provisions shall inure to the benefit of andbe binding upon all producers of Glassine and Greaseproof.ARTICLE VII-GRADESThis Code shall cover all grades of Glassine and Greaseproof.Respectfully submitted for:THE GLASSINE AND GREASEPROOF MANUFACTURERS Ass'N.,370 Lexington Avenue, New York City.THOMASJ. BURE, rSecretary-Treasurer.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE GROUNDWOOD PAPER DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereb y established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Ground Wood Paper Division of the Paperand Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The General Code of Fair Competition for thePaper and Pulp Industry.T7is Division.-The Ground Wood Paper Division of such in-dustry as defined in Section 2, Article II, of the General Code.Executive Author-ity.-The body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to beinconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provisionsof the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Ground Wood Paper Division of the Paper In-dustry which shall consist of the Board of Governors of the GroundWood Paper Association together with such person or persons asmay be designated by the Administrator pursuant to Section 1, Ar-ticle II of the General Code. The person or persons so designatedby the Administrator shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code and shall have such other powers and duties asare prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the Paper Industry Authority in administering the General Code and inobtaining from members within this Division such reports, statistics,and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.(32)

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334. Subject to the same restrictions and safeguards as provided inArticle VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish such addi-tional information as may from time to time be required by theExecutive Authority.ARTICLE IV-FAR TRADE PRACTICES AND TRADE CUsToNIS1. Trade practice rules.-The Executive Authority shall from timeto time submit Fair Trade Practices through the Paper IndustryAuthority to the Administrator for approval, and the same whenapproved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated inthis Code.2. Trade customs.-The Executive Authority shall formulate therecognized Trade Customs of this Division, and may from time totime submit any such Trade Customs through the Paper IndustryAuthority to the Administrator for approval and the same whenapproved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated inthis Code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIVE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE KRAFTPAPER DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Kraft Paper Division of the Paper andPulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The general code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.This Division.-The Kraft Paper Division of such industry asdefined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof. The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and on all members of the industry included within this Division.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Kraft Paper Division of the Paper Industry whichshall consist of the Executive Committee of the Kraft Paper Associa-tion, and such advisory member or members of the Paper IndustryAuthority as may be designated by the Administrator, pursuant toSection 2 of Article II of the General Code. The person or personsso designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code, andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information as may from time to time be required by theExecutive Authority.(34)

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35ARTICLE IY-TRADE CUSTOMsThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administratorfor approval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this code.ARTICLE --AMENDMENTSSuch of the provisions of this code as are not required to be in-cluded therein by the Act, may, with the approval of the Presidentof the United States, be modified or eliminated as changes in cir-cumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated thatfrom time to time supplementary provisions to this code to preventunfair competition in price and other unfair and destructive com-petitive practices, and to effectuate the other purposes and policiesof the Act, will be submitted for the approval of the President.ARTICLE VI-EFFECTIVE DATEThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE LEATHER-BOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYTo effectuate the policies of Title I of the National IndustrialRecovery Act, the following is hereby established as the SubordinateCode of Fair Competition of the Leatherboard Division of the Paperand Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSThe words used herein are hereby defined as follows: "General Code "-the general code of the Paper and PulpIndustry." This division "-the Leatherboard Division of such industry asdefined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code." Executive Authority "-the body created by Section 1, ArticleIII, hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding on this divi-sion and all members of the industry included in this division.3. In the event that any provision of this code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the " ExecutiveAuthority " of the leatherboard division of the paper industry, whichshall consist of the Executive Committee of the Eastern Leather-board Conference, together with such person or persons as may bedesignated by the Administrator pursuant to Section 1 of ArticleII of the general code. The person or persons so designated by theAdministrator shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with administra-tion of this code and shall have such other powers and duties as are prescribed herein or in the general code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist the paper industry authority in administrating the general code and shall obtain from members within this division such reports,statistics, and other data as the paper industry authority may require.4. The Executive Authority shall have power to investigate allegedviolations of this code and acts or courses of conduct by any mem-(3G)

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37ber which are or appear to be contrary to the policy of the Act orwhich tend or may tend to render ineffective this code, and to reportthe same with recommendations to the paper industry authority.5. The Executive Authority may formulate such plans as they maydetermine to equalize production and demand in this division andmay from time to time present the same to the Administrator throughthe paper industry authority for approval, and the same, when ap-proved, shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated inthis code.6. Subject to the same restrictions and safeguards as provided inArticle VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish such in-formation and statistics as may from time to time be required bythe Executive Authority.ARTICLE IVThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized tradecustoms and fair trade practices of this division and may from timeto time submit any such trade customs or fair trade practices throughthe paper industry to the administrator for approval and the same when approved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporatedin this code.ARTICLE VThe provisions of this code may with the approval of the ad-ministrator be modified or eliminated as changes in circumstancesor experience may indicate. It is contemplated that from time totime supplementary provisions to this code to prevent unfair com-petition in price and other unfair and destructive competitive pricesand to effectuate the other provisions and policies of the Act will besubmitted for the approval of the President.ARTICLE VIThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE PAPERSHIPPING SACK MANUFACTURERS DIVISION OF THE PAPER ANDPULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Paper Shipping Sack Manufacturers Divi-sion of the Paper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The General Code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.This Divsion.-The Paper Shipping Sack Manufacturers Divi-sion of the Paper and Pulp Industry, comprising the manufacturefrom paper of the following classes of sacks:1. All Paper Valve Sacks;2. All sewn open-mouth paper sacks;3. All pasted open-mouth sacks constructed of coated rope and/orkraft paper, or of solid white kraft paper;4. All pasted open-mouth sacks constructed of rope or combina-tion rope and/or jute and kraft paper;5. All pasted open-mouth paper sacks constructed of three or morewalls and having a sack surface area of more than 850 square inches;6. All pasted open-mouth sacks, constructed of one or two wallsand being made of kraft paper and having a sack surface area ofmore than 850 square inches, for packaging mill feed, flour, gypsum,lime, plaster, cement, and all other rock products, fertilizer, pig-ments, dry colors, clay, tale, chemical products, sand, metallic ores,graphite, slag, rosin size, sulphur, and salt."Executive Authority "-The body created by Section 1 of Ar-ticle III hereof. The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and all members of the industry included within this Division.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be foundto be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, theprovisions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE II-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Paper Shipping Sack Manufacturers Division of(38)

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39the Paper Industry which shall consist of the Board of Governorsof the Paper Shipping Sack Manufacturers Association and ofone or more members designated by the Administrator pursuant toSection 1 of Article II of the General Code. The members so des-ignated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Ad-ministration of this Code, and shall have such other powers andduties as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code, andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-vided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnishsuch additional information as may from time to time be requiredby the Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOTNsThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and, when ap-proved the Division, may from time to time submit any such TradeCustoms or Fair Trade Practices through the Paper Industry Au-thority to the Administrator for approval, and the same when ap-proved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated inthis Code.ARTICLE V--EFFECTIVE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE PULPDIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYTo effectuate the policies of Title I of the National IndustrialRecovery Act, the following is hereby established as the SubordinateCode of Fair Competition of the Pulp Division of the Paper andPulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSThe definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyto this Code also, with the following additions: General Code.-The General Code of Fair Competition for thePaper and Pulp Industry.This Division.-The Pulp Division of such industry as defined inSection 1 of Article II of the General Code, comprising all producersof pulp in the United States.Subdivision.-A section of this Division as provided for by Section2 of Article II of this Code.Pulp Executive Authiority.-The agency charged with responsi-bility for the administration of this Code as created by Section 1 ofArticle II hereof.ARTICLE II-ORGANIZATION1. The Executive Committee of the United States Pulp Producers'Association is hereby designated as the Agency for administeringthe provisions of this Code, and is hereby named and is hereinafterreferred to as The Pulp Executive Authority. The Administratormay designate one or more persons as additional advisory membersthereof.2. The Pulp Division of the Industry is one of the Divisions recognized by the General Code. Subdivisions of the Pulp Division maybe set up to facilitate the administration of this Code.3. Every Member of the Industry manufacturing pulp either forhis own use or for sale is eligible to membership in this Division.ARTICLE III-SUBORDINATION1. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and on all members of the Industry included in this Division.2. This Code has been adopted by the United States Pulp Pro-ducers' Association.3. This Code is subordinate to the General Code, and in all of itsprovisions shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon all pro-ducers of pulp.4. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.(40)

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41ARTICLE IV-ANIINISTRATION1. The Pulp Executive Authority is charged generally with theadministration of this Code and shall have such other powers and duties as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.2. Any and all disputes arising under the operation of this Codeand/or any questions of interpretation thereof shall be referred tothe Pulp Executive Authority whose decision shall be final andbinding upon all parties involved.ARTICLE V-ACCOUNTING-SELLING1. The Pulp Executive Authority shall advise and cooperate withthe Paper Industry Authority in carrying out the provisions ofArticle VII of the General Code.2. The Pulp Executive Authority shall formulate Trade Customsand recognized Fair Trade Practices for this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator forapproval, and the same when approved shill have the same force andeffect as if incorporated in this Code.ARTICLE VI-STATISTICS1. The Pulp Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assistthe Paper Industry Authority and/or the Administrator in admnin-istering the General Code, and in obtaining from members withinthis Division such reports, statistics, and other data as the PaperIndustry Authority and/or the Administrator may require.2. Subject to the restrictions and safeguards as provided in Ar-ticle VIII of the General Code, all producers of pulp shall furnishpromptly and completely such information and data as may barequired by the Pulp Executive Authority.ARTICLE VII-CONTROL OF I SPORTS1. The Pulp Executive Authority shall make a continuing studyof the relationship between the productive capacity of the pulp millsin the United States and the demand of the domestic market, and if it shall at any time appear that pulp is being imported into theUnited States in such quantities or at such prices as to cause cur-tailment of production in the United States so that employment isreduced and the effectuation of the purposes of the National Indus-trial Recovery Act interfered with, the Pulp Executive Authorityshall formulate a complaint and recommendations to the Presidentof the United States pursuant to the provisions of Subdivision (e)of Section 3 of the Act, and shall deliver the same to the Paper Industry Authority for transmittal to the President.ARTICLE VIII-AMENDMENTSSuch of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be in-cluded therein by the Act, may, with the approval of the Presidentof the United States, be modified or eliminated as changes in cir-

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42cumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated thatfrom time to time supplementary provisions to this Code to preventunfair competition in price and other unfair and destructive com-petitive practices, and to effectuate the other purposes and policiesof the Act, will be submitted for the approval of the President.ARTICLE IX-EFFECTIVE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.AuUST 17, 1933.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SODA-PULPDIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the subordinate Code ofFair Competition for the Soda-Pulp Division of the paper and pulpindustry:ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The General Code of the paper and pulp in-dustry.This Divisio.-Soda Pulp Division of such Industry as definedin Article VI hereof.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBoRDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this divi-sion and on all members of the Industry included within this division.3. In the event that any provision oW this Code shall be found to beinconsistent with the provisions of the General Code the provisionsof the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Soda Pulp Division of the Paper Industry whichshall consist of the Executive Committee of the Soda Pulp Manu-facturers Association and of such members of the Paper IndustryAuthority as may be designated by the Administrator, pursuant toSection 1 of Article II of the General Code. The members so desig"-nated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the admin-istration of this Code and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code andin obtaining from members within this division such reports, statis-tics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those pro-vided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish(43)

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44such additional information as may from time to time be requiredby the Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator forapproval2 and the same when approved shall have the same force andeffect as is incorporated in this Code.ARTICLE V-PRODUCTIONWith a view to effectuating the policy of the Act, the ExecutiveAuthority shall make studies and in its discretion formulate planswith a view to equalizing production in the Division with demandfor its product; and thru the Paper Industry Authority may fromtime to time make recommendations in relation thereto and may propose agreements or amendments to this Code designed to carrysuch recommendations into effect.ARTICLE VI-APPLICATION OF CODEThis Code shall cover all wood pulp made by the so-called causticsoda process.ARTICLE VII-EFFECTIVE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SPECIALTYPAPER AND BOARD AFFILIATES DIVISION OF THE PAPER &PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Specialty Paper and Board Affiliates Divi-sion of the Paper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The general code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.This Division.-The Specialty Paper & Board Affiliates Divisionof such industry as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the GeneralCode.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section I of ArticleIII hereof. A subordinate group elected by the members of thisAssociation.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in thisDivision and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Specialty Paper & Board Affiliates Division of thePaper Industry which shall consist of the Executive Conunittee of theSpecialty Paper & Board Affiliates and the three members of thePaper Industry Authority designated by the Administrator pursuantto Section 1 of Article II of the General Code. The three membersso designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code. andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-tistics and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.(45)

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464. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information to the Secretary of the Specialty Paper &Board Affiliates as may from time to time be required by the Execu-tive Authority.ARTctF IV-TRADE CUSTOMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division after adoption ythe members thereof, and may from time to time submit any sucTrade Customs of Fair Trade Practices through the Paper IndustryAuthority to the Administrator for aroval, and the same whenapproved shall have the same force and effect as if incorporated inthis Code.ARTicLE V-EFFEcrivE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.ARncLE VIThis Code shall inure to the benefit of and be binding upon allproducers of the grades now represented in this Association and suchother affiliates and grades as will from time to time be added by thePaper Industry Authority or this Association.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SULPHATEPULP AND BOARD DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULPINDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Sulphate Pulp and Board Division of thePaper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The general code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.This Division.-The Sulphate Pulp and Board Division of suchindustry as defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE IJ-SUBRDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in thisDivision and on all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINITRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Sulphate Pulp and Board Division of the PaperIndustry which shall consist of the Executive Committee of the American Sulphate Pulp and Board Association, and such advisorymember or members of the Paper Industry Authority as may bedesignated by the Administrator, pursuant to Section 2 of ArticleII of the General Code. The person or persons so designated shallhave no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code, and ,shall have such other powers and dutiesas are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in Administeringr the General Code. andin obtaining from members within this Division such reports. sta-tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.(47)

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484. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those providedin Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information as may from time to time be required by theExecutive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOMSThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices o.f this Divitsion, and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administratorfor approval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this code.ARTICLE --AMENDMIENTSSuch of the provisions of this code as are not required to be included therein by the Act, may, with the approval of the Presidentof the United States, be modified or eliminated as changes in circum-stances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that fromtime to time supplementary provisions to this code to prevent unfaircompetition in price and other unfair and destructive competitive practices, and to effectuate the other purposes and policies of theAct, will be submitted for the approval of the President.ARTICLE VI-EFCTIvE DATEThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.OCTOBER 9. 1933.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SULPHITEPAPERS DIVISION OF THE PAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition for the Sulphite Papers Division of the Paperand Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The General Code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.This Division.-The Sulphite Papers Division of such industryas defined in Section 2 of Article II of the General Code.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 1, of ArticleIII hereof.Secretary.-The Secretary of the Sulphite Paper ManufacturersAssociation.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in this Divi-sion and on all members of the industry included within this Division.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found tobe inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provi-sions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as " The ExecutiveAuthority " of the Sulphite Papers Division of the Paper Industrywhich shall consist of the Board of Governors of, or any special Com-mittee appointed for the purpose by, the Sulphite Paper Manufac-turers Association and of one to three members of the Paper Indus-try Authority designated by the Administrator pursuant to section1 of Article II of the General Code. The members of the PaperIndustry Authority so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority shall be charged generally with theAdministration of this Code, and shall have such other powers andduties as are prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code. andin obtaining from members within this division such reports. sta-tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.(49)

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504. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information to the Secretary as may from time to time berequired by the Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUsTOMISThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division and may fromtime to time submit any such Trade Customs or Fair Trade Prac-tices through the Paper Industry Authority to the Administratorfor approval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this Code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIVE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.Respectfully submitted for:THE SULPHITE PAPER MANUFACTURERS AssoCAnON,370 Lexington Avenue, New York City.THO1AS J. BURKE,Sec-retary-Treasurer.

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE MANUFAC-TURERS AND CONVERTERS OF TISSUE DIVISION OF THE PAPERAND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Manufacturers and Converters of TissueDivision of the Paper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The General Code of Fair Competition for thePaper and Pulp Industry.This Division.-The Manufacturers and Converters of Tissue Di-vision of such industry comprising the manufacture and converting in the United States of tissue paper and allied products as specificallymentioned in Schedule A hereof.Subdivision.-A division or section of this division specificallymentioned in Schedule A hereof, recognized as such by this Code.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 1 of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this Code.ARTICLE II-SUBORDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized 's binding in thisDivision and on all members of the industry engaged in ianufac-turing products falling within this Division.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be found to beinconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the provisionsof the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINITRATION1. There is hereby created a, body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Manufacturers and Converters of Tissue Divisionof the Paper Industry, which shall consist of the Executive Com-mittee of this Division together with such person or persons as maybe designated by the Administrator pursuant to Section L ArticleII of the General Code. The person or persons so designated by theAdministrator shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with adminis-tration of this Code and shall have such other powers and duties asare prescribed herein, or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in administering the General Code and(51)

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52in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, statis-ties, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.4. The Executive Authority shall have power to investigate al-leged violation of this Code and acts or courses of conduct by anymember or subdivisional association which are, or appear to be, con-trary to the policy of the Act, or which tend, or may tend, to renderineffective this Code, and to report the same with recommendationsto the Paper Industry Authority.5. The Executive Authority may formulate such plans as theymay determine to equalize production and demand in this Division,or any Subdivision, and may from time to time present the same tothe Administrator through the Paper Industry Authority for ap-proval, and the same, when approved, shall have the same force andeffect as if incorporated in this Code.6. Subject to the same restrictions and safeguards as provided inArticle VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish such in-formation and statistics as may, from time to time, be required bythe Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-FAIR TRADE PRACTICES AND TRADE CUSTOMS1. The Executive Authority shall confer with the members of theindustry, the consumers of its product, in respect to the stabilizationof the industry and the elimination of unfair competitive practicesand shall formulate the recognized fair trade practices and tradecustoms of this Division and shall, from time to time, submit fairtrade practices and any such trade customs through the Paper In-dustry Authority to the Administrator for approval, and the same,when approved, shall have the same force and effect as if incor-porated in this Code.ARTICLE V-SUBDIVISIONAL ASSOCIATIONs1. The subdivisions listed in Schedule A may, if they so desire,create subdivisional associations, which associations, however, areincluded in and subject to the provisions of the Code of thisDivision.2. In the event that subdivisions or subdivisional associations of any two (2) or more subdivisions shall be unable to agree on anymatter or matters affecting such subdivisions, the Executive Au-thority shall decide such matters and its decision, when approvedby the Administrator, shall be binding on all concerned.ARTICLE VI-EFTECTIvE DATEThis Code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.

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SCHEDULE A1. The manufacture and converting of interfolded toilet paper.2. The manufacture and converting of roll toilet paper.8. The manufacture and converting of folded, interfolded and roll towels.4. The manufacture and converting of paper napkins.5. The manufacture and converting of creped tissue.6. The manufacture and converting of fruit and vegetable wrapping paper,exclusive of waxed papers.7. The manufacture and converting of wrapping tissues and tissue specialties(including waxed pars) including all tissue paper and light weight papers upto and including 17 basis-24 x 36-480 count, with the following exceptions:(a) Facial Tissue.(b) Cellulose Wadding.8. The manufacture of jumbo rolls for sale to converters (including waxingtissue) of all papers listed in items 1 to 7 above.AUGUST 31, 1933.(53)

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SUBORDINATE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE WRITINGPAPER MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION DIVISION OF THEPAPER AND PULP INDUSTRYThe following is hereby established as the Subordinate Code ofFair Competition of the Writing Paper Manufacturers Association Division of the Paper and Pulp Industry.ARTICLE I-DEFINITIONSWords used herein are hereby defined as follows:General Code.-The general code of the Paper and Pulp Industry.This Di'ision.-The Writing Pa per Manufacturers Association Division of such industry as defined in Section 2 of Article II ofthe General Code.Executive Authority.-The body created by Section 4 of ArticleIII hereof.The definitions contained in Article I of the General Code applyalso to this code.ARTICLE II-SUBRDINATION1. This Code is subordinate to the General Code and is submittedpursuant to the provisions of Article III of the General Code.2. The General Code is hereby recognized as binding in thisDivision and all members of the industry included within thisDivision.3. In the event that any provision of this Code shall be foundto be inconsistent with the provisions of the General Code, the pro-visions of the General Code shall prevail.ARTICLE III-ADMINISTRATION1. There is hereby created a body to be known as the ExecutiveAuthority of the Writing Paper Division of the Paper Industrywhich shall consist of the Executive Committee and Industrial Con-trol Committee of the Writing Paper Manufacturers Association and of three members of the Paper Industry Authority designatesby the Administrator pursuant to Section 1 of Article II of theGeneral Code. The members so designated shall have no vote.2. The Executive Authority is charged generally with the Admin-istration of this Code, and shall have such other powers and duties asare prescribed herein or in the General Code.3. The Executive Authority shall cooperate with and assist thePaper Industry Authority in adlministering the General Code, and in obtaining from members within this Division such reports, sta-tistics, and other data as the Paper Industry Authority may require.(54)

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4. Subject to restrictions and safeguards similar to those provided in Article VIII of the General Code, members shall furnish suchadditional information to the Secretary as may from time to timebe required by the Executive Authority.ARTICLE IV-TRADE CUSTOMISThe Executive Authority shall formulate the recognized TradeCustoms and Fair Trade Practices of this Division, and may fromtime to time submit any such trade Customs or Fair Trade Practicesthrough the Paper Industry Authority to the Administrator forapproval, and the same when approved shall have the same forceand effect as if incorporated in this code.ARTICLE V-EFFECTIvE DATEThis code shall become effective on the second Monday after thedate upon which it shall be approved by the President of the UnitedStates.ARTICLE VI-APPLICATIONThis code in all of its provisions shall inure to the benefit of andbe binding upon all producers of writing paper.0

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA3 1262 08728 6018