Citation
Proposed code of fair competition for the cleaning and dyeing industry as submitted on August 23, 1933

Material Information

Title:
Proposed code of fair competition for the cleaning and dyeing industry as submitted on August 23, 1933
Portion of title:
Cleaning and dyeing industry
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
7 p. : ; 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Cleaning and dyeing industry -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1714-9-14."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004931099 ( ALEPH )
645463657 ( OCLC )

Full Text





























;i. OFFLu




''J U13 'DEP~1OSTRYY


i ~~Code fr the Cleaning and Dyeing Industry
Apra sterely reflects. the proposal of the above-ntentioned
sai rhee of the prooisionsr contained therein are
fiarJePorledas' having rseciaed the approval of
M Na~Yti~Jeonidrecv Administration
Icc ; as agy~plyfrg at c this; industry







:iii ,,. i
.~i" Ip ~ r~%8, ;::Il; *= .


BL RECOVERYi ADMINISTRATION


i n ;"

CODE OF FAIR


i


SFORI THE


IND

8s ~BU~lvTTED


ON AUGUST 23, 1933


,L


I ;\




~I


C OMPETITION


ANING AND DYEING


USTRY



























?ff ;i ::~Ell:r~5i"~
; .;.;
; "'!i:";:'!i:;R
I..-..lii;;


"lr" I)~"""' ..;..~ r:...I


U;'i; M S


. -. ~ t F


*r


1.


SUBM6ITTED~ BTP


NATIONAL; ABSOCIATIO)N OF ~DIERS AND CLEAP~NERB~I

00' l~


l:n;;~;lil~;;




1..
u;
I' i
: .; ;liiral!!




.-:-~ ...
.o
.-;;

-,.;;..-i;--.ii.;. i!i;;
;:
:. ii

:,. :r I"'. j ~~,l~i;:l*~
:II

r





r .. '':

..;












i;
;' .. '-'*- ::r"'.
i.
i





*';
Ir.' :ii : :..~.i:i~i~~i~r;c


;:' I""'


sl.
,;t ;lrC

"' ri:;


'E
I

( i I I .I




r I

i


r!


I












~i~~1~ FARCOM\LPEnTITON FOR THE CLEANING AND
DYEING INDUSTRY
'NA liONA ~A~ssocIATION OF DYERS AND CLEANERS

e~tuae the policy-~and broad purposes of Title I of the Na-
Todust~rial Recovery Act, the following provisions are estab-
"~'ii'~as Ntional Industrial. Recovery Code for the Cleaning and
g Industry :
SEOTION I--DEFINITIONS

Co CleanfinLg a~nd dyeinlg indcus~try.--The term cleaning and
ag 'industry as used herein is defined to include any and all
and dyeing establishments.
.,9.~~ Cleaning1 anad dyein~g establiFshnunt.--The term cleaning
dye~ing establishment as used herein is defined to include any
too~ ~ ~ n whr n rile o earing apparel, household furnishings,
fbriafur, nd eaherofany kind whatsoever, are dry-
espotte~d, wetcleaned, dyed, processed, and,'or finished for
:an~3d/or such service is offered for sale or resale., Nothing in-
'harei nshall pre~vent. an indlividull frolm pulrsungln t~he voca-
ofd manual labor.
as~,~e~1. 3. Drycleaninilg.-Dryclean ing is the process of cleaning
,, .aipprel household furnishings, rugs, fabrics, furs, and
a ay kd whatsoever, by the immersion and agitation of
apt~lesin volatile solvents, such as those of the petroleum dis-
e:'t~ype, the coal-tar distillates type, or the chlorinated hydrocar-
typ~ea, .and processes incidental thereto, such as spotting, wet-
gfinishing, etc. Minimum standards will be set by a tech-
comm~itftee appointed as hereinafter specified.
4, Eptting.--Spotting is the operation of removing spots or
:whrjich may remain. in fabrics after any of the above-mentioned
'pingprocesses have been applied, except those chemically de-
Sdby the technical committee of the Nationa~l Association of
a and. zh&Cleaners as unremovable without injury to the fabric or

Au 5,Finihin.--inishin$ is the operation of pressing and/or
ashpin .an article of wearmg apparel, household furnishings,
su~gg fabbie~s, fut~s, and leather of any kind whatsoever, either by
Top&~ or by .machines through the use of heat, steam, air, or other
aps, with aj~ the shape, dimensions, and contour of the article re-
isred ias nearly .as possible to the condition in which the article was
IIIII' I:6X g. CTleanqing, lat A~.-a cleaning plant consists of equipment
pp cl~q meaning any~art cle' ofe wearing apparel, household furnishings,
Ir g,. dabrics~,.~~i~s fuyrs,~ and. leathier of any kind whatsoever, by immer-
ups~;and~ agitaton invodl~atile ol~vents, such as those of the petroleum


:i;li













which sells more than 23 pf~iiekeenE ;Jits pioduc t or service to r
at wholesale prices for:~t~re-ag~ tbyheretRailers to thea;tr
summer under the retailers' own names.
ART. ii. Red'aildO'':A 1.. Eqailr is .Rny reta i ..OU OLt,. '8,
orI stores or both, owpned,and Iperate~d by a yls~arpt, anB als~o
ent retail tatilors an~ prre~ss' shops not own~ed a lnt
chase cleaning an/dor ~dyemng service frma ps .~ant
it to the consumer under the retailer's own name.
AnIT. 8. Route salesaniI.-A route ishlkiinfin is any, prson emj
ployed, either on a salary or commission: basis or both,b.b a d
and dyeing estab~ilishmenit, to call for, solicit, abi~d deli~ver~~ itr
and,'or collect for sams. ;
Ana. 9. Soicitor, bobtail, or combia~~siohner.-AA soici~tok bo
or commissioner is anyg person who solicits cleaning, dye~ing, Q ing in any territory, byr any means, xmdler anyv name, whd~- it
regularly employed by any d'leani~ng ari~d dyreing esta~blI~ishidit.~. :;;
Any. 10. Tailor.--A tailor is anj7 retailer who makes' lothe
order, or repairs, alters, and`/or presses th~em, in addition tr PeeditiJ
garments for cleaning and dyeing.
SECTION I-AD1WIN ISTRATION

ARTICL~E i. Th6 Netistnal Association of 'Dyers andd
thereby diesignatedl as t'he agency for administering, su arjit~IE
promoting..., and enforcing the performance of th pI~rovanonsi~:s of ,i:
Code by t~he members of the cleaning a~ndl dyleinig mndistry.-'
Ana. 2. (a) The Boardl of Directors ,:of ~the Nif~tional As ocksta~E
of Dylers and Cleaner~s Ehall establish a Recove~ry Eiecutiv4" 'O
mittee, responsible to the Board of Directors of thh Na~t~ibhbY A
cia~tioln and to thre National Recovery ;Admizi~Bisati--oto foi~ thre *1
plete and proper administration, supe-v~ision, ~roniotish, jliltid
forcemuent of the provisions of this Code. This Rheovlfer; 1E~icidditv
Committee shall have authority (1) to d~efne, ifrtie3prd;, ~a~id rdil
unfair trade practices as outlinled in Seationl I~V of thiis Codie; (
to determine the basis for calculating and the form for rlepr
costs; (;3) to require the sub~missioil. of dbst; andl o~ther ststistibef
as provided for in Section 7 of this Codei; .(4) -to sliplybd:
any special regulations which may b~e inip osed upbn mnb
the cleaning and dyeing inditsticy by' the' Nktibnal Recti dry iny
tration; (5) to delegante power to au~thorize.cokhinitthe boFii
state, sectional, and/or local a'ssociliioris 'withift the! indit~~~st
to determine, publish, and enforce fair minimum prices; (T t
scribe fair ratios between wholesale and retail; Shhrges.
(b) As a protection to the consumer i'ad to nrs,whae'diiifkri~o ##
ards of workmanship, the Board of DI~irk~toreof~f!':theA ti
shall also appoint a. technical comini~t;tde, clotiposd8a i:6; Jhe'%
member of the National Association of Dyers and 'l~eanes atd










-~~ja~pda~rd of utlity .for cleaning, finishing, aixd other
pa:~idso: of ~the impossibility of knowingh nav rsat this timle
r r no~t `~this'Co~de will meet all situations wihmyaie
i~pil obaiton of. Dyers and Cleaners herrebY reserves the
isid~atejaplica~tion through the Recovery Executive Committ~e
i1 iciata~oxis, amendmdatts, or changes in it as may be advisable
vr;. his tode or any agreement made thereunder, or any
e tipproed', described, or connected therewith, is subject to
stnd or mo ~icati~on bly th~e President of the United States in
ice y~ith:S~ec~tion 10. o~f the Act. Subject to the arpproval
i ~ Presiaent,this Code may be amended by a vote of the majority
IJCR~ecoey Execu~tive Committee.
O IJie. Rdoovery Executive Committee shall have authoritY
Ticege~ary fees oil all those engaged in the cleaning and dyeing
tr or 'idzttnistering this Code 'and for carrying out. the intent
Reovef Act.
.S.Any- organization in the textile maintenance field may be-
aE ~te of t~he National As~sociation of Dyers and Cleaners
I! res to cqoo2eperte therewith, and bear a, pr;oportionat~e share
9."(i ~he effective date of this Code shall be one w~eek after its
a.?~~~l hep reid~ent'.
ii;~.I..SECTLON III---ABQR PROV'ISIONS

'Ci~ r.a Employees shall have the right t~o organize and bargain
t irly hrogh e resentat~ives of their own choosing, and shall
ee indiid to ''iziter erence, restraintn, intimidation, or coercion ofE
~jEon or persons, or their agents', in the designation of such
ntives or in self-organization or in other concerted activ-ities
~i~~~;ja rpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or pro-
n~i 'N emYployee aid. no oie~ seeking employment shall be re-
:;is si pfition of enpf;oyzrifent to jomn any company urnon or
refginfroh ocitgorgamizing, or assiisting a labor orgammzat~ion
Ihis bwd choosillg. mlyr hl opywt h aiu
ous f labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of em-
h~~~~S;jjilSht; ph proved or ~prescribed by "the President.
~;'A~i'~ .d 9 N. per~son shall be employed in any cleaning plant or retail

9.no (a}~ r~o Miinm a es d toplant employees in the clean-
li~!j ~ dying ixdus~y shall be 33 .per hour in cities of; over 500,000
tend ~eni theh*mnidit trade areas (as determined from the
Federal Census); 300C per hour in cities of between 100,000 and
800,000 ~popult~ion. and their immediate trade areas; and 274 per
thir: cP'~kities..ofbeEPsj ~tha~n. 00 000 popul~ationi and their inunediate
e:~~~~ areas; ,excpt in ~the Sout erxz territory, where minimum wa~ges
.,il;~jig ~ 80Q ,4C'iii and 2.: ie hisur~, reqgpectevel for the. thre~ea tore-
me:::ntjlidnd cLsss of e~it~ib nd thei~~r;' ~n(imedia tee tirade areast.











dyeing industry shall. be not' less. than $~1S4030 per. week;dij
tliDVi 500,000 population and. their indedae trade area~J
'than $13.50 per week in cities at fitom 100,000 populla,6idm~
population and their immediate Ltraide areas; not less thai~p
week in cities of less thaur.100,i000 popullat'ion; except: ~the~t
wages for office employees sha~illbe $1.00 less per week Orali~
quoted rates in the aforementioned, Southern section.-
For purposes .of this pr'ovialogy dS~t ice- ein~ployees are,,dns~j~
clude all clerical, accounting, anid service employees wi~~~E;t'i5~
office of any cleaning and dyei~ng establishment,; andi- zi rtaii~F
used as collection and del2ivery outlets. ?
SAny:, 4. Thte Recovery Exedig~~e Committee may, afe. t
and tabulating more complete. payjr-oll. statistics.frfoui the.;
large, and living cost statistics from governmental a encies,'~~
minimum percentages of net 'vilumne which shall b~ ~~e paid~
provided that in any case the rmmimum wage shall not be~ii~~i
amounts prescribed in Artic~le 3 above.
Asr 5. The maximum alterage number of working hoira re d
for productive labor and ofi~ce employees shall be 45,~but so
extended to 50 hours per week; to take care of seasonal!flu
vohume, provided that sugicient hour-credits have been
prior thereto by the emnployee. This ;claus~e requiring prir
lation of hour-credits shall not become effective until Dcm
1933.
The maximum average number of working hours per weeki~
engineers, firemen, and maintenance employees. shall be .51,, bu
can be extended to 56 hours per week, provided ;thiat,.suffleien
credits have been accumulated prior thereto by the emp~Flojee.:
clause requiring prior accumulation of hour-redi~ts shall not.B
effective until ~December 1, 1933. WJatchmen are notin
18i provision.
Ana. 6. All route salesmen, whether on stra~iglit salq~.a~ry 3 i n:
commission, or straight commission, shall: wor: -not .more the~~i.
maximnuml hours of business prescribed 'for retail ointlets.
ART. 7. Clerks employed in retail stores sh~a~ll be required ~,pbl
no more than 48 hours per week.
Ana. 8. Employees acting entirely or largely ma suprs
executive capacity and receiving $30.00 per~ week or more la
are exempt from the wage and hour provisions ofthis Code.f
Ana. 9. Employees shaUl not be coerced to purchase stod 11
employing company. ip
AnR. 10. Wages shall be paid promptly when .due, at .
and regular intervals.
SETI~rON IV--UNFAIR TRAdDE AND COMPETITIVE RAi~~SCti iL.
The following shall be considered unfair trade coii
practices in the cleaning and dyeing indulstryr '$;..~.15~







u~arateazOg averseng.-rnl'e use or, participation anni
shnor broadcasting ariy untrue, deceptive, or misleading
e, eprebentation or illustration, in an effort to sell cleaning
ser vice,
Thefaa~ir aompJetitive claims.--The use of superlatives in
ing~anchas to advertise one's cleaning or dyeing service as
t o the Oni~lest."
.,Deferk~ationr -or dispara~gemenrt of competitorsa.-Falsely
ntocompetitors dishonorable conduct, inability to perform
isque~stiona~ble creditastanding, or false representation con-
g the grade or quality of their pr~oduct.
rcli .95 i't adersellinlg claimu.--Adverti sing which lays claim to a2
:8r -continuing practice of generally undierselling competitors.
i~~~~. 5. Misleadinlg guaran~tees.-Guarantees when offered shall be'
ifit~its ~to the nature and extent of the guarantee, and shall be
We t~ing.
4.un6. It sharll be mandatory for all those engaaged in the clean-
and dyeing indu~stryr t~o carry at all times adequate Bailee In-
ijrtn ce covering fire, theft, explosion, or establish their ability to
t~I:iliid any claims t at may arise from causes covered by such
M~iiaes policy.!
Ana''f~R 17. MisleadEizg statements concerning insur~ance.-T~o adver-
tii:: se t the effect; that garments are insured, when full and adequate
projtection is not provided for the benefit of the customer.
10Altfi. 8.- Disolai~rrer. -To attempt to evade proper responsibility
for e~i~' kticlesr~e left for cleaning or dyeing, either by verbal agreement;
Ior by the use of any printed form of disclaimer other than those
G,: r~iioved~l by~ the courts.
-AM.*'ilQ. 9. Afierepr!esernta~tion of prices.-T~o represent certain prices
an;~d terms as special ", when they are in fact regular prices and
ri' regular terms. Also, to imply that quoted prices apply to comn-
I,::. pletely finished work, when in fact they apply only to partially
C. processed work.
e.:.-AnaT 10. T.Infair merchLandising devices.--a. Free work, including
-,f~tinhg, to- anyone except an approved charity.
~?; ,bl;Foupon~ books or discount coupons.
;l:at Premiums and: lotteries.
Ii:..:rld. 1Gomniissions to any person or organization not identified with
,k; th;~e in~dutstry for soliciting of cleaning or dyeing.
ed T;~srder~ storage.
?~!IPB~nn 11, Acdde~d chargse.-To offer to clean or dye work at a stated
*i;~~ite and then later to attempt to secure an additional charge for
eeradication of certain spots or stains.
An i~l~aT. 12. Secret: rebates, etc.--The secret payment or allowance to
anyji~ customer or their employees of rebates, refunds, commlissions, or
disieounts, whether in the form of money or other wise, or secretly
atte,::nding to certain purchasers special services or privileges. This
f:Einc~lxwudes also tr~j falsevoicilng. It further includes secret rebates un-
darthe'guise~uis of allowance for lost, misplaced, or damaged articles.
,flfBrrela. Interference wi~th competitors' em~ployees.--To entice
adhy.ro~~ erpiloyees of competitors with the purpose and effect of ham-
Siu ingp injuring, or embarrassing them. Further, to incite, aid, or
a,~~btet, ~directly or indirectly, singly or together with others, anything












governing samitary and.wporlung conattie~ps an,.ole~ana ang e
establishments and/or retail outlets and to fEail to provld6 a
eassities as will. protect the efliciency.~~~ sild te comf~~ort oft~.
ART. 15. Unfair telrms.--To accept ~cleaningf and/o dyxEi
orn a cash basis from alny customer whose, credit st~aning is nis
be poor, with the intent and/or eff~ecit of preventig or.hn
collection of optsta~ndig a~ccontsi ..sElurther, to .extend a long~e;
of credit to any customer than: reommended ,hy the.o el, co
based upon its credit investigations, r~l~
AnR. 16.. Unduly long~ howeosoN o plant, branch oilice,.or.rn~f
outlet may be open for business more than 12 hours on any
(Saturdays, 16 hours), or at any time whatsoever on Su~Jn~days
legal holidays. The time for opening and closing suchL outlets.
be reg~ulate~d by local committees. -,.
ART. 17. Imitation of compe~titore.-T~o simulate or copy a style:I
store front and signs or advertising of a competitor with the 1i4844
tion of deceiving customers of said compstitor.
Ana. 18. To do work for a solicitor, bobtail, or conunissionen
defined in Section I, Article;.O.. ..c
An., 19, Identif'eatio of sales ou~tletis.--Each retail-sales.he
shall be required to post in a conspicuous place the, namje and~Q awddeI'
of the owner or operator of the outlet. I v
Ana. 20. Dwnapings.-No cleaning plant or outlet shall 'sell 019i~I~
ing and/or dyeing service in any trade area at a price less th~a E~
established price in said area. il
ART. 21. Selling beloze east.--

SECTION V--REPORTS AND STBTarrsa los.f^~

ARTICLE 1. The National Association, through its Becovery 6t~~~f
tive Committee, shall have authority.to require any'.cleaning plazt
or outlet to submit reports of costs and. production at lany tinurti
covering any period, in. ordei to insure against violations iif Roi~'
provision of this Code regarding th'e selling of product brel~ow cog~e~~'j~
or for t~he pulrpose of fulrnishingr desired information tio.th~e aid
Reecovery Admlinistration. Among other things, these repoirts th
include data, on:
a. WTages.
b. Hours of labor. i?; .!
c. Rates of Pay.
d. Costs and prices.
e. Dollar-volume of sales.
f. Productive capacity.
Ana. 2. The National Associattion of Dyers. and Cleaners, tr
its Recovery Executive Committee, shall. have authority top
yenerral plans and methods to be followed. by cleaning plantsr
keeping records of and preparing reports on costs and.other nd
data. ;:-~


.L:i










~~i~iHlain WnlEU COnrMITuUUBs cosU 18 Rny tr(le area.
4a. For the term of the National Industrial Recovery Act
Natsbionasl ABssociation of Dyers and Cleaners, through its Recov-
ilIExecutive Committee, shall have authority to decide the need
addi~jt~ional production capacity and additional retail outlets.
SECTION Jrl-ARBITRATION

ThiF~Se Recovery Executive Committee shall arbitrate all disputes be-
wi~holesalers, retailers, and retail outlets, which cannot be settled
land the decision of the Committee shall be binding, subject
th~We National Recovery Administration.
Th'~iile Ex:Iecutive; Committee of the National Association of Dyers
Adr'Cleaners shall appoint a Board of Arbitration in each trading
sea for the final settlement of all unsettled claims arising from the
Un~sumers, the cleaning and dyeing industry, or the retail merchants
St~he trading area. The Board of Arbitration shall be composed
# twao retail merchants, two members of cleaning and dyeing indus-
r and: one representative of the Better Business Bureau, Chamber
5 Commerce, or some similar consumer organization.
SECTION VII -MonoroLr

No ~provision in this Code shall be interpreted or applied in such a
mannerr as to promote mzonopolies, permit or increase unfair compe-
ECi~on, or to discriminate against small enterprises.





P1O




.I I


UIERSITY OF FLORIDA




all ag Ilula ulMB~11
3 1262 08582 8241


'F+ -':i"bijl"


r::?II~:~~Pi~'riiiii; ''liiF:i~'"ii'
;; .. ~ L;f:
*i i, *
.I:
I" .~;
:''" :l'i
1 '

'"'


"!

i-y x


irlrLi_
;;e
Ii;:!iZ




r ;..~..

""i:;"~i
"'1



.~ ;;;.ii:*I;
i.v:i


; ':'


:. ;I



;il ; ;i.
i .
ilL.
~;iI;:
:,;~..;
I:

"''

il.;I

il~.;
;ibd;".l

1;
r
....:.
.;II
Iri


~


..;i
.+'
;II( I li:ii

:J;il*


s i"'7Yiiii




Full Text

PAGE 1

Registry No. 1714-914 NATIONAL RECO VE R Y A D M I NISTRATION PROPOSED CODE OF FAI R COMPETITION FOR THE CLEANING AND DYEING INDUSTRY AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 23, 1933 ,. TORY The Code for the Cleaning and Dyeing Industry in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are to be regarded as having received the approval of the National Recovery Administration as applying lo this industry UNITED STATES GOVER MENT PRINTING OFFICE W ASHI GTON : 1933 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. -- • ----• Price 5 cents V

PAGE 2

SUBMITTED BY NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF DYERS AND CLEANERS (II) ..

PAGE 3

CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE CLEANING AND DYEING INDUSTRY NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF DYERS AND CLEANERS To effectuate the policy and broad purposes of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the following provisions are estab lished as a National Industrial Recovery Code for the Cleaning and Dyeing Industry: SECTION I-DEFINITIONS ARTICLE 1. Cleaning and dyeing industry.-The term cleaning and dyeing industry as u se d herein is defined to include any and all cleaning and dyeing establishments. ART. 2. Gleaning and dyeing e stablishment.-The term cleaning and dyeing establishment as u sed herein is defined to include any place where any article of wearing apparel, hous ehold furnishings, rugs, fabrics, furs, and leather of any kind whatsoever, are drycleaned, spotted, wetcleaned, dyed, processed, and/or finished for hire, and/or such service is offered for sale or resale. Nothing in cluded herein shall prevent an individual from pursuing the voca tion of manual labor. ART. 3. D rycleavning.-Drycleaning is the process of cleaning wearing apparel, household furnishings, rugs, fabrics, furs, and leather of any kind whatsoever, by the immersion and agitation of these articles in volatile solvents, such as those of the petroleum distillate type, the coal-tar distillate type, or the chlorinated hydrocarbon type, and processes incidental thereto, such as spotting, wet cleaning, fini shing, etc. Minimum standards will be set by a tech nical committee appointed as hereinafter specified. ART. 4. Spotting.-Spotting is the operation of removing spots or stain which may remain in fabrics after any of the above-mentioned deaning processes have been applied, except those chemically determined by the technical committee of the National Association of Dyer..; and C lean ers as unremovable without injury to the fabric or color. ART. 5. Finishing.-Finishing is the operation of pressing and/or reshaping any article of wearing apparel, household furnishings, rug., fabrics, furs, and leather of any kind whatsoever, either by hand or by machines through the use of heat, s team, air, or other mean , with the shape, dimensions, and contour of the article re-tored a nearly as pos s ible to the condition in which the article was received. ART. 6 .. Cleaning flant.-A cl~aning plant consists of equipment for clea1111;g any article of wearing appa_rel, household furnishings, rugs, fabric , furs, and leather of any lnncl whatsoever, by immer sion and agitation in volatile solvents, such as those of the petroleum 10224-33 (1)

PAGE 4

2 distillate type, coa l tar distillate type, or chlorinated hydrocarbon type. a . R eta.il cleaning plant.-A retail cleaning plant is one which sells at least 75 percent of its product or service to the ultimate consume r through sale s outlets directly controlled by the plant. b. TVholesa l e o 7 eaning plant.-A wholesale cleaning plant i s one which ells more than 25 percent of its product or se rvice to retailers at wholesale prices for resa l e by the retailers to the ultimate consumer under the retailers' own names . ART. 7. R e tail e,.-A retaile r is any r etail outlet, including trucks or stores or both, owned and operated by a plant, and also independent retail tailors and press shops not owned by a plant, which pur chase cleaning and/or dyeing service from a plant and di. tribute i t to the consumer under the retailers own name. ART. 8. Route salesman.-A route sal e man is any. person em ployed, either on a salar y or commission basis or both, by a cleaning and dyeing estab lishment, to call for, so l ici t , and delive r its service and/or collect for same. ART. 9. Solicitor, bobtail, OJ' com ,missi011er.A so li citor, bobtail, or commiss ion e r is any person who solicits cleaning, dyeing, or tailoring in any territory, by any means , under any name, who i not regularly employed by any cleaning and dyeing e tablishment. ART. 10. TailoJ.A tailor is any retailer ,,ho makes clothe to order, or repairs, alters, anc1/or presses them, in addition to receiving garments for cleaning and dyeing. SECTION II-Am,nNISTRATION ARTICLE 1. The National As ocia tion of Dyer and Cleaners is hereby designated as the agency for administering, supervi sing, promoting, and enforcing the performance of the provisions of this Code by the members of the cleaning and dyeing indu try. ART. 2. (a) The Board of Directors of the National As sociation of Dyers and Cleaners shall establi h a R ecoYery Executive Com mittee) responsible to the Board of Directors of the National Association and to the National Recovery Administration for the com plete and proper administration, supervision, promotion, and en forcement of the proYi ions of this Code . Thi RecoYery ExecutiYe Committee shall have authority (1) to define, interpret, and regulate unfair trade practices as outlined in Section IV of thi Code; (2) to determine the ba is for calculating and the form for reporting co. ts; (3) to require the s ubmi ion of cost and other . tatistical data as provided for in Section V of this Code; ( 4) to apply and enforc e an:v special regulations which may be imposed upon members of the cleaning and dyeing industry by the National Recovery Admini -tration; ( 5) to delegate power to authorize committee of affiliated state, sectional, and/or local as ociations within the industry ( 6) to determine, publish, and enforce fair minimum prices; (7) to prescribe fair ratios between wholesale and retail charges. (b) As a protection to the consume r and t o assure uniform s tan
PAGE 5

3 n1cian, who may be selected from without the industry, preferably from the U.S. Bureau of Standards, and one representative of the American Home Economic Association. This committee shall have the power, under the Recovery Executive Committee, to prescribe minimum standards of quality for cleaning, finishing, an l other processing. ART. 3. Because of the impossibility of knowino-at this tim~ whether or not this Code will meet all situations "vb.ich may arise, the National Association of Dyers and Cleaners hereby rese1:ves the right to make application through the Recovery Executive Committee for such alterations, am.endments, or changes in it as may be advisable or necessary. ART. 4. This Code or any agreement made thereunder, or any license approved, prescribed, or connected therewith, is subject to cancellation or modification by the President of the United States in accordance )Vith Section lOB of the Act. Subject to the approval of the Presiaent, this Code may be amended by a vote of the majority of the Recovery Executive Committee. ART. 5. The Recovery Executive Committee shall have authority to levy necessary fees on all those engaged in the cleaning and dyeing industry for administering this Code and for carrying out the intent of the Recovery Act. ART. 6. Any organization in the textile maintenance field may be come an affiliate of the National Association of Dyers and Cleaners which desires to cooperate therewith, and bear a proportionate share of the costs. ART. 7. The effective date of this Code shall be one week after its approval by the President. SECTION III-LABOR PROVISIONS ARTICLE 1. Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be free from the interference, restraint, intimidation, or coercion of any person or persons, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection. No employee and no one seeking employment shall be required as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his own choosing. Employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of em ployment, apprcwed or prescribed by the President. ART. 2. No per on shall be employed in any cleaning plant or retail outlet, who is le than 17 years of age. ART. 3. (a) :Minimum wages paid to plant employees in the cleaning an 1 dyeing industry hall be 33 per hour in cities of over 500 , 000 population and their immediate trade areas ( as determined from the 1930 Federal Censu ); 30 per hour in cities of between 100,000 and 500,000 population and their immediate trade areas; and 27 per hour in cities of les than 100,000 population and their immediate tra le area ; except in the Southern territory, where minimum wages shall be 25, 22, and 20 per hour, respectively, for the three afore mentioned cla ses of cities and their immediate trade areas.

PAGE 6

4 For purposes of this provision, the Southern territory is defined to include the states of Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia. (b) Minimum wages paid to office employees in the cleaning _and dyeing industry shall be not less than $14.00 per week in cities of .,over 500,000 population and their immediate trade areas; not less than $13.50 per week in cities of from 100,000 population to 500,000 population and their immediate trade areas; not le s than $13.00 per week in cities of less than 100,000 population; except that minimum wages for office employees shall be $1.00 less per week than the above quoted rates in the aforementioned Southern section. For purposes of this provision, office employees are defined to in clude all clerical, accounting, and service employees working in the office of any cleaning and dyeing establi hment, and in retail stores used as collection and delivery outlets. ART. 4. The Recovery Executive Committee may, after gathering and tabulating more complete pay-roll statistics from the industry at large, and living cost statistics from governmental agencies, prescribe minimum percentages of net volume which shall be paid to labor, provided that in any case the minimum wage shall not be below the amounts prescribed in Article 3 above. ART. 5. The maximum average number of working hours per week for productive labor and office employees shall be 45, but this can be extended to 50 hours per week to take care of seasonal fluctuations in volume, provided that sufficient hour-credits have been accumulated prior thereto by the employee. This clause requiring prior accumulation of hour-credits shall not become eff ectj ve until December 1, 1933. The maximum average number of working hours per week for engineers, firemen, and maintenance employees shall be 51, but this can be extended to 56 hours per week, provided that sufficient hourcredits have been accmnulated prior thereto by the employee. This clause requiring prior accumulation of hour-credits shall not become effective until December 1, 1933. Watchmen are not included in this provision. ART. 6. All route salesmen, whether on straight salary, salary and commission, or straight commission, shall work not more than the maximum hours of business prescribed 'for retail outlets. ART. 7. Clerks employed in retail stores shall be required to work no more than 48 hours per week. ART. 8. Employees acting entirely or largely in a supervisory or executive capacity and receiving $30.00 per week or more in salary, are exempt from the wage and hour provisions of this Code. ART. 9. Employees shall not be coerced to purchase stock in the employing company. ART. 10. Wages shall be paid promptly when due, at reasonable and regular intervals. SECTION IV-UNFAIR TRADE AND COMPETITIVE PRACTICES The following shall be considered unfair trade and competitive practices in the cleaning and dyeing industry:

PAGE 7

5 ARTICLE 1. Misleading adve1tising.-The use of, participation in, or publishing, or broadcasting any untrue, deceptive, or misleading statement, representation or illustration, in an effort to sell cleaning or dyeing service. ART. 2. Unfair c01npetitive clai11is.-The use of uperlatives in advertising, such as to advertise one's cleaning or dyeing service as the " best " O"' the " finest." ART. 3. Defannation or dispa1 aq e11ient of co1nve tito rs.-Falsely imputing to competitor di honorable conduct, inability to perform contracts, questionable credit . tanding, or false representation concerning the grade or quality of their product. ART. 4. Und e rs e lling claim ,~.-Advertising whic h lays claim to a policy or continuing practice of generally underselling competitors. ART. 5. Alisl eadin.c; guarant ees.-Guarantees when otfered shall be specific as to ~ .he nature and extent of the guarantee, and shall be in writing. ART. 6. It shall be mandatory for all those engaged in the cleaning and dyeing industry to carry at all times adequate Bailee Insurance covering fire, theft, explosion, or establish their ability to satisfy any claims that may arise from causes covered by such Bailee policy. ART. 7. Misleading state11ients conc erning insuranc e.-To a~vertise to the effect that garments are insured, when full and adequate protection is not provided for the benefit of the customer. ART. 8. Disclaimers.-To attempt to evade proper responsibility for articles left for cleaning or dyein~, either by verbal agreement or by the use of any printed form or disclaimer other than those a pp roved by the courts. ART. 9. Misrepresentat-ion of prices.-To represent certain prices and terms as "special", when they are in fact regular prices and regular terms. Also, to imply that quoted prices apply to c01npletely finished work, when in fact they apply only to partially processed work. ART. 10. Unfair merchandising devices.-a. Free work, including finishing, to anyone except an approved charity. b . Coupon books or discount coupons. c. Premi urns and lotteries. d. Commissions to any person or organization not identified with the industry, for soliciting of cleaning or dyeing. e. Free storage. ART. 11. Added charg es.-To offer to clean or dye work at a stated price and then later to attempt to s ecure an additional charge for the eradication of certain spots or stains. ART. 12. Secret r e bates, etc.-The secret payment or allo\\ ~ ance to any customer or their employees of rebates, refunds, com1nissions, or discounts, whether in the form of money or otherwise, or secretly extending to certain purchasers special services or privileges. This includes also false invoicing. It further includes secret rebates under the guise of allowance for lost, n1isplaced, or damaged articles. ART. 13. Inte rference with c01npe tito n ' employees.-To entice away employees of competitors with the purpose and effect of hampering, injuring, or embarrassing them. Further, to incite, aid, or abet, directly or indirectly, singly or together with others, anything

PAGE 8

6 unlawful in connection with any strike, ,dispute or labor trouble bet ween any competitor and his einployees. ART. 14. Unsanitary conditions.-To house and/or board em ployees within a cleaning plant and/or retail outlet. Further, to fail to comply with all federal, state, or local laws or regulation governing sanitary and working conditions in cleaning and dyeing establishments and/or retail outlets and to f.ail to proYide such nec essities as will protect the efficiency and the comfort of workers. ART. 15. Unfair t ernis.-To accept cleaning and/or dyeing except on a cash basis from any customer whose credit standing is known to be poor with the intent and/or effect of preventing or hindering collection of outstanding accounts. Further, to extend a longer term of credit to any cust01ner than recom111ended by the local committee based upon its credit investigations. ART. 16. Unduly long howrs.-N o plant, branch office, or any other outlet m .ay be open for business n1ore than 12 hours on any week day (Saturdays, 16 hour ) , or at any time whatsoever on Sundays and legal holidays. The time for opening and closing such outlets shall be regulated by local committees. ART. 17. Imitation of com ,petitors.-To simulate or copy a style of store front and sign or advertising of a competitor with the intention of deceiving customers of said comipe.titor. ART. 18. To do work for a solicitor, bobtail, or commissioner as defined in Section I, Article 9. ART. 19. I dent-ification of soles outlets.-Each retail-sales outlet shall be required to post in a conspicuous place the name and address of the owner or operator of the outlet. ART. 20. Dwmping.-No cleaning plant or outlet shall sell cleaning and/or dyeing service in any trade area at a price less than the established price in said area. ART. 21. Selling below cost.-SECTION V-REPORTS .AND STATISTICS ARTICLE 1. The National Association, through its Recovery Executive Committee, shall have authority to require any cleaning plant or outlet to submit reports of costs and production at any time, covering any period, in order to insure against violations of the provision of this Code regarding the selling of product below cost or for the purpo e of furnishing desired information to the N ationai Recovery Administration. Among other things, these reports may include data on: a. ,vages. b. Hours of labor. c. Rates of Pay. d. Costs and prices. e. Dollar-volume of sales. f. Productive capacity. ART. 2. The National Association of Dyers and Cleaners, through its Recovery Executive Committee, shall have authority to prescribe general plans and methods to be followed by cleaning plants for keeping records of and preparing reports on costs and other financial data.

PAGE 9

7 ART. 3. The National Association of Dyers and Cleaners through its Recovery Executive Committee, shall ha, e authority to determine and prescribe all the elements which shall be taken into con ideration in determining what constitutes cost in any trade area. ART. 4. For the term of the National Indu trial Recovery Act the National A sociation of Dyers and Cleaner through it }{ covery Executive Committee, shall have authority to lecide the need for additional production capacity and additional retail outlet . SECTION VI-ARBITRATION The Recovery Executive Comrn .ittee shall arbitrate all di. putes between wholesalers, retailer , and retail outlets, which cannot be settled locally, and the deci ion of the Committee shall be binding, ubject to the National Recovery Administration. The Executive Committee of the National Association of Dyers and Cleaners shall appoint a Board of Arbitration in each trading area or the final settlement of all unsettled claims arising from the consumers the cleaning and dyeing industry, or the retail merchants in the trading area. The Boai;d of Arbitration shall be compo ed of two retail merchants, two members of cleaning and dyeing industry, and one representative of the Better Business Bureau, Chamber of Commerce, or ome similar consumer organization. SECTION VII-MONOPOLY No provision in this Code shall be interpreted or applied in such a manner as to promote monopolies, permit or increase unfair competition, or to discriminate against small enterprises. 0

PAGE 11

•

PAGE 12

•

PAGE 15

. •

PAGE 16

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA II I II IIIIII Ill Ill lllll lllll II IIIIII II IIIII Ill 1111111111111111111 3 1262 08582 8241