Citation
Code of fair competition for the curtain cleaning industry as submitted on August 29, 1933

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Title:
Code of fair competition for the curtain cleaning industry as submitted on August 29, 1933
Portion of title:
Curtain cleaning industry
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
5 p. : ; 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Draperies -- Cleaning -- United States ( lcsh )
Cleaning and dyeing industry -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

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Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1714-33."

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004931104 ( ALEPH )
645463721 ( OCLC )

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1 NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE


CURTAIN CLEANING

INDUSTRY

AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 29, 1933



REGISTRY No. 1714---33



The Code for the Curtain Cleaning Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASIHINGTON: 1988


For sale by the Baperintendent of Doculments, Washington, D.C. ..




is ..i












CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION CURTAIN CLEANING~
INDUSTRY OF THE UNITED STATES

ArrICLE I -PURPOSE

In order to remove obstructions to the free flow of interstate and
foreign commerce, to provide for the general welfare by! promoting
the organization of industry through the cooperative action of trade
groups. to eliminate unfair competitive practices, to induce and
maintain united actions of labor andl management under adequate
Governmental sanctions and supervision, to aid in increasing the
consumption of industrial and agricultbural products through in-
creased purchasing power, to reduce andi relieve unempllo yment and
protect against unemployment, to imlprove t~he standards and other-
wise to rehabilitate our industry, this CodXe of Fair Comlpetition "
is hereby set up under and by virtue of the authority of Title I,
Section I, 73rdl Clongress, 1st Session, approved Junle 16ith, 193;3, and
known as the "' National Industr~ial Recovery Act."~
And the signatories hereto, members of the National Curtain
Cleaners Association of Amer~ica, in full and complete knowledlge
arid understanding of the purposes set fourth above, do hereby agrlee
that the prov.isionls of this Code, and all Rules and ~Regrulationls
herein, and all such Regulations as may be by! law issuedl relative
thereto, shall constitute. t~he Code of Fair Trade Pra~cties by whnic~h
this industry shall be guided in the conduct., mlanagrement, and oper-
ation of the industrial plants and businesses constituting this~ induxs-
try. It is further understood and agreed thlat. this Codle when ap-
proved by the President of t~he United States or his Admlinisttoratr
and all Rules herein, shall have the force and effect. of law; that
violations of this Codle are to be vigorously prosecuted under the
provisions of the Nation~al I~ndustrial Recovery? Act; and that th~e
signatories hereto pledge their aidl andl assistance in enforcing in this
industry the Rules, Regulations, Agreemnents? and Policies herein
set fort.h.

ARTICLE TT PARTICIPATION

It is hereby understood and agreed that any person! firmly, corporai-
tion, group, or association signing this Clode become a mnembe~r in
the National Curtain Cleaner~s Associat~ion of Almerica.; and it is
further understood and agreed that. nyv person, firmn, corporationl,
group, or association, not signatory hereto, upon application shall be
admitted to membership in t~he National Curtain Cleaners Associa-
tion of America: Provided,, Aiowcevler, That any person, firmu, corpora-
t~ion, group, or association engaged in the Curtain1 Cleaning indus-
try shall agree to accept his'or its share of the cost and responsibility
incidental to the operation of the said Association in like manner
and on such terms or basis as applied to all mnember~s thereof.
8911--33(1








ARTICLE III1DIVIsIows or INDUSTRY -

For th~e purpose of more perfect administration of this general
Code the Curtain Cleaning industry shall be divided into subdi-
visions as set forth below:
N~or~th, South~, East, Tl'est, andE Ce~ntral Divrisions.-Following arq
the states that constitute each division:
'or~thern1 Divisionl.--Oregon, WTashington, Idaho, Montana, Wyo-
ming, North Dakota, South Dakiota, Nebraska, and. Minnesota.
Southernl Divlision.-Kentucky, V~irginia, West Virginia, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, M~ississippi, Tennessee, Arkransas,
Louisiana., Alabama, Georgia, and Florida.
Eastern Division.--New York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Mfassa-
chusetts, District of Columbia, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsy~l-
vania, Rihode Island, Miaryland, Maine, and Delawfare.
If'esters)2 Di~vision.. Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada,
UTtah, and Clalifornia.
Centranl Division.--Ohio. Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Kan-
sas, M~ichiganl, Wlisconlsin, andl Oklahomia.
Each Division shall designate its own adtministrative agency to
cooperate with the Association executives in the working out of
plans andl policies, andl in the enforcement, of this Code, particularly
w~ith respect t~o those plans1, policies, and enforcement peculiar to
the particular division for whom said administrative agencies are
accepted. Ea~ch part~icular divisonn of the Cunrtain Cleaning indus-
try shall, without interference from the Association at large or from
any other drivisins of t~he Culrtainj Cleasning industry, have the right
to set up such Subsidiary Code of Ethics, Rules, and Regulations
as may be necessary to that particular division of the Curtain
Cleaning industry: Provlided, b.o2Loever, That nothing in Subsid-
iary Codes shall interfere with, obstruct, or contravene the gen-
eral Code herein set up, and more particularly shall not contravene,
obstruct, or impair the provisions of this Code as to minimum wages,
mnaximum hours, and other conditions of employment: A~nd Pro-
v~ided! fu~rthslr, That all such Subsidiary Codes for any division of
the Curtain Cleaning ind-usjtry shall contain such provisions as may
be required by law.
ARrTICLE I1.Y-ATANDATORY PRovisions

It is hereby undlerstoodl and agreed that in the Curtain Cleaning
industry, the following basic principles shall apply:
(1) Employees shall have the right to organize and bargain col-
lectively through rep~resentat.ives of their own choosing, and shall
be free fromt the interference, restraint, or coersion of employers
of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives
or in self-organization or mn other concerted activities for the pur-
pose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(2) No employee and no one seeking employment shall be re-
quired as a condition of employment to join any company umion
or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organiza-
tion of his own choosing.








(3) Employers shall comply with the mnaximum hours of Inbor,
minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, as
prescribed by this Code subsequent to the approval by the President
of the Unite~d States or his Administrator.
(4) Nothing in this Code shall be construed to authorize any
oppression or discrunination against small enterprises, except as
may be necessary, under the approval of the President of the United
States or his Administrator, to effectuate the purposes and policies
of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
(5) The President of the Unite'd States may from time to time
cancel or modify any Order, Approval, License, Rule, or Regulation
contained herein or issued in connection herewith, as provided by
law.
(6) Nothing inl this Code shall be construed to interfere with the
operation of the Act entitled "An Act to relieve the existing national
economic emergency by~ increasing agricultural purchasing power,
to raise revenue for extraordinary expenses incurred by reason of
such emergency, to provide emergency relief with respect to agri-
cultural indebtedness, to provide for the orderly liquidation of joint-
stock, landl banks, and for other purposes "!, approved M4ay 12, 193:3,
and known as the: "'Agricultural Adjustment Act."
When approved. this Code shall be the standards of fair competition
for the Cur~tain Cllenninlg industry or any subdivision of the Curtain
'Clea~ning indlustry?, except as hereinbefor~e provided for.
inRTICLE Y~-L non Pao\.ISIONS

Emnployees in the Curtain Cleaning industry shall be classifiedl as
follows :
(a) Apprentices.

(c ~b~ ) Seikilled orExperienced .
(d) Office Help.
But no labor provisions of this Code as set up for this industry shall
apply to executives, subordinate officials, departental heads, execu-
tive-office staffs and clerical forces, division foremen, superintendents,
or others, receiving $35.00 or more per week, not physically engaged
in the actual work of production, processing, or finishing.
The following maximum hours for all classes of labor, anid thne
exceptions thereto, a~re hereby set up and agreed to as a standard
for this industry: The maximum working hours per week shall be
forty (40) hours, excepting for a six weeks' period before the two
principal holiday rush periods, i.e., six weeks before New Year's and
six weeks before Easter. During these two periods, due to insufficient
experienced help in our industry, we ask for the privilege of fifty-six
(56) hours per week if we find ilt necessary in order to get production
out to the consumer. WC~e ask this only in the event it is impossible
to work otherwise-that is, with additional added operators andl
extra shifts in the actual work of production, processing, or finishing.
The miinimum wages for each class of labor is hereby fixed as a
standards for this industry:
(a) Apprentices, 254 per hour.
(b) Semiskilled, 30$ per hour.
(c') Skilled or experienced, 4104 per hour.
(dJ) Office help, $15.00 per week.








ARTICLE VI C1osT Accour~TINo PRovLIzoNs

UEnder the direction of Association executives, each division of
t.he Curtain Cleaning industry shall proceed at once to set up for
that division a standard method of Minimum cost accounting, which
shall be used by all curtain cleaners within that division for the pur-
pose of this section of this Code.
And it shall be an unfair method of competition for any curtain
cleaner in any such division to cut below the minimum cost as deter-
mined for that division by the said cost-accounting system. In any
cost-accounting system set up for any division the following basic
principles must be adhered to:
The total overhead expenses, which includes everything, i.e., rent,
wages, supplies, advertising, bad accounts, losses, taxes, deprecia-
tions, delivery service, office expenses, g~as, light, beat, telephone, in-
terest on investment, and any other nmior items, adding thereto a
reasonable profit, and then dividing this by the actual production
of cleaning, you find a basic minimum cost of cleaning per pair of
curtai ns.
ARTICLE VII INDUSTRY REGULATIONS

(A) Marketing Code.--The following Marketing Code, applying
to all divisions of this industry and to which any division supple-
mental Code must correspond basically, is hereby agreed to as the
standard for this industry:
Three standard classifications of curtain cleaning are hereto set
up, viz, Standard Size, Standard Mlaterials, and Standard Styles, and
in order to be fair to the users of our service in all divisions of this
industry, the minimum cost prices of rclaningr must be regulated ac-
cor~dinga to the three above classifications, to be figured on the cost-
accounting system in Article VI of th~is Code.
(B) Eth~ical Prlovisions.--The following Ethic~al Provrisions a.re
hereby set up and agreed to as the standard, for this industry, and
failure to comply with those things herein required or the practice
of those things condemned, shall be construed as a violation of this
Code.
1. No Cleaner shall in any way speaks of his competitors in a way
as to cause a defamation of his characters or that of his work.
2. No Cleaner shaall make any price discrimination, whatsoever,
from the standard schedule as set forth by his division, by allow-
ing discounts, free work, no charge, unfair allowances, wrong classi-
fications, false invoicing, or contracts that would not represent an
actual basic cost a~s per schedule.
3. No Cleaner shall mazke misleading statements or misrepresenta-
tion in advertising.
4. No Cleaner shall make false, untrue, or deceptive classifica-
tions concerning sizes, materials, or styles.
5. No Cleaner shall make allowances of secret rebates, refunds,
credits, or commissions, whether in the form of money or otherwise,
in order to obtain work.
6. No C'leaner shall entice employees froml the employ of com-
petitors.







7~. No Cleaner shall miake any contracts that w~ill inl any way
grant protection to the customer against price increases.
8. Every Cleaner mnust endeavor to render, to the best of his
ability, a quality of work andi service that will be a credit to his
business as well as thatf of the entire curtain-eleaning industry.
Each division of the industryS mnay in its Supplemental Code
adopt such additional Trade Practice Rules as may be necessary to
the proper conduct of that particular dlivisionl: Providedrl, how'eve'r,
That nothing herein, or in any Subdivision Code, shall be construled
to promote monopolies or monopolistic practices.
ARTICLE~ Y111--FRODUCTION CONTROL.

Recognizing the inaldequacy of this Code to effectuate for this
industry the policy and purpose of the National Industrial Recovery
Act. andl for the purpose of more effectively carrying ouit the pur-
poses of that Act, there is hereby set up, for this industry the
following Cont~rol-of-Produc~tion Provisionsi:
The Administrative Agencies of each of the lie divisions of the
curtain-cleaning indcustry shall have~ the right to~ decide the necessity
for additional pla nts or r~eta il out lets i n the curta~lin-c~lean ing i industry.

ARTICLE IX-S~PECIA-L PROVISIONS

In this industry it is hereby agreed that, in order more perfectly
to effectuate. the policy of the Nat~ional Industrial Recovery Act,
the following Special P~rovisions shall app~ly t~co all persons, firms, or
corporations engaged in the curtain-cleaning industry .
1. No Child Labor, under 16 years of age, to be used.
2. If anyone is foundi to be guilty of violating anly p1ovisionis of
this Code, the charge shall be made in writingr, set.tingr forth the true
facts of the case, to the Administrative Agenicy of that. particular di-
vision, who will hold a fair and just hearing and r~epor~t the ouitcomne
to the National Admninistrator of the Association, who will then act
according to the prescribed rules and regulations of the National
Industrial Recovery Act..

ARTICLE X-8IGNATORIES

To all which the undersigned, representatives of the curtain clean-
ing industry in the United States, her~eby agree as the Standard
Code of Trade Practice anid Comnpet~it~ion for this indlustry.
THE NATIONAL CURTAIN CLEANERS
A.ssoCT.S row or AMERICA,
GEORGE R,. MABTHIEU, PrFCsiden1t.
Cuas. F. KnNzz, nd Vice Pres.
1CIRS. F. A. BENNE'IT, T1rC1UtITCT.
FRED. J. MIAYBACH,
let V'ice Pres.
A~fus. B. O. HIGBEE,
Secretary.




11 111111111|111111 111111111111111111 1111111111111111111 1111 i




Full Text

PAGE 1

J NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE CURTAIN CLEANING INDUSTRY AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 29, 1933 REGISTRY No. 1714-33 The Code for the Curtain Cleaning Industry in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned industry and none of the provisions contained therein are to be regarded as having received the approval of the National Recovery Administration as applying to this industry u I"• [ DO~• .. O-:: ........,1: li--_u_.s_. --~-=--~..:.,r:_ .. __ c.,,.,,_.:,__v _____ j W DO quR PART UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON: 1933 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. --------Price 5 cents V

PAGE 3

CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION-CURTAIN CLEANING INDUSTRY OF THE UNITED STATES ARTICLE I-PURPOSE In order to remove obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerce, to provide for the general welfare by promoting the organization of industry through the cooperative action of trade groups, to eliminate unfair competitive practices, to induce and maintain united action of labor and management under adequate Governmental sanctions and supervision, to aid in increasing the consumption of industrial and agricultural products through increased purchasing power, to reduce and relieve unemployment and protect against unemployment, to improve the standards and other wise to rehabilitate our industry, this "Code of Fair Competition" is hereby set up under and by virtue of the authority of Title I, Section I, 73rd Congress, 1st Session, approved June 16th, 1933, and known as the " National Industrial Recovery Act." And the signatories hereto, 1nembers of the National Curtain C~eane_rs Association of America, in full and complete knowledge and understanding of the purposes set forth above, do hereby agree that the provisions of this Code, and all Rules and Regulations herein, and all such Regulations as may be by law issued relative thereto, shall constitute the Code of Fair Trade Practices by which this industry shall be guided in the conduct, management, and operation of the industrial plants and businesses constituting this industry. It is further understood and agreed that this Code when approved by the President of the United States or his Administrator, and all Rules herein, shall have the force and effect of law; that violations of this Code are to be vigorously prosecuted under the provisions of the National Industrial Recovery Act; and that the signatories hereto pledge their aid and assistance in enforcing in this industry the Rules, Regulations, AgTeements, and Policies herein set forth. ARTICLE II-PARTICIPATION It is hereby understood and agreed that any person, firm, corporation, group, or association signing this Code become a member in the National Curtain Cleaners Association of America; and it i s further understood and agreed that any person, firm, corporation, group, or association, not signatory hereto, upon application shall be admitted to membership in the National Curtain Cleaners Association of America: Provided, howev er , That any person, firm, corporation, group, or association engaged in the Curtain Cleaning industry shall agree to accept his 'or its share of the cost and responsibility jncidental to the operation of the said Association in like manner and on such terms or basis as applied to all members thereof. 8911-33 (1)

PAGE 4

2 ARTICLE III-DrvrsroNs OF INDUSTRY For the purpose of more perfect administration of this general Code the Curtain Cleaning industry shall be divided into subdi visions as set forth below : North, South, East, We8t, and Oent?-al Divisions.-Followino-are the states that constitute each division: b Northern Division.-Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, Wyo ming, North Dakota, South Dakota, Nebraska, and Minnesota. Southern Division.-Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Texas, Mississippi, Tennessee, Arkansas, Louisiana, Alabama, Georgia, and Florida. Eastern Division.-N ew York, New Hampshire, Vermont, Massa chusetts, District of Columbia, Connecticut, New Jersey, Pennsy 1-vania, Rhode Island, Maryland, Maine, and Delaware. Wes tern Division.-Colorado, New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Utah, and California. Oenfral Division.-Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Iowa, Kansas, Michigan, Wisconsin, and Oklahoma. Each Division shall designate its own administrative agency to cooperate with the Association executives in the working out of plans and policies, and in the enforcement of this Code, particularly with respect to those plans, policies, and enforcements peculiar to the particular division for whom said administrative agencies are accepted. Each particular division of the Curtain Cleaning industry shall, without interference from the Association at large or from any other divisions of the Curtain Cleaning industry, have the right to set up such Subsidiary Code of Ethics, Rules, and Regulations as may be necessary to that particular division of the Curtain Cleaning industry: Provide d, however, That nothing in Subsidiary Codes shall interfere with, obstruct, or contravene the general Code herein set up, and 1nore particularly shall not contravene, obstruct, or impair the provisions of this Code as to minin1um wages, maximum hours, and other conditions of employment: And' Provided further, That all such Subsidiary Codes for any division of the Curtain Cleaning industry shall contain such provisions as may be required by law. ARTICLE IV-1fANDATORY PROVISION It is hereby understood and agreed that in the Curtain Cleaning industry, the following basic principles shall apply: (1) Employees shall have the right to oroanize and bargain col lectively through repr entatives of their own hoo ing, and shall be free from the interferenc , r . traint, or o r ion of employers of labor, or their agents, in the desio-nation of u h representatives or in self-organiza 10n or in oth r concerted a tiviti for the purp . e of 11 tiv bargainino-or th r mutual aid or pr t tion. (2) mploy e and no on s ekino-mpl ym nt shall b re-quir. l as a nditi n of empl yment to j in any mpany union or to r frain from j jning, organizing, r a si ting a labor organizati n of his wn choosincr.

PAGE 5

3 (3) Employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, as prescribed by this Code subsequent to the approval by the President of the United States or his Administrator. (4) Nothing in this Code shall be construed to authorize any oppression or discrimination against small enterprises, except as may be necessary, under the approval of the President of the United States or his Administrator, to effectuate the purposes and policies of the National Industrial Recovery Act. ( 5) The President of the United States 1nay from time to time cancel or modify any Order, Approval, License, Rule, or Regulation contained herein or issued in connection herewith, as provided by law. ( 6) Nothing in this Code shall be construed to interfere with the operation of the Act entitled "An Act to relieve the existing national -economic e1nergency by increasing agricultural purchasing power, to raise revenue for extraordinary expenses incurred by reason of such emergency, to provide emergency relief with respect to agricultural indebtedness, to provide for the orderly liquidation of jointstock land banks, and for other purposes", approved May 12, 1933, and known as the "Agricultural Adjustment Act." When approved, this Code shall be the standard of fair competition for the Curtain Cleaning industry or any subdivision of the Curtain 'Cleaning industry, except as hereinbefore provided for. ARTICLE V-LABOR PROVISIONS Employees in the Curtain Cleaning industry shall be classified as follows: (a) Apprentices. (b) Semiskilled. ( c) Skilled or Experienced. ( d) Office Help. But no labor provisions of this Code as set up for this industry shall apply to executives, subordinate officials, departental heads, execu tive-office staffs and clerical forces, division foremen, superintendents, or others, receiving $35.00 or more per week, not physically engaged in the actual work of production, processing, or finishing. The following maximum hours for all classes of labor, and the exceptions thereto, are hereby set up and agreed to as a standard for this industry: The maximum working hours per week shall be forty ( 40) hours, excepting for a six weeks' period before the two principal holiday rush periods, i.e., six weeks before New Year's and six weeks before Easter. During these two periods, due to insufficient experienced help in our industry, we ask for the privilege of fifty-six ( 56) hours per week if we find it necessary in order to get production out to the consumer. We ask this only in the event it is impossible to work otherwise-that is, with additional added operators and extra shifts in the actual work of production, processing, or finishing. The minimum wages for each class of labor is hereby fixed as a standard for this industry: (a) Apprentices, 25 per hour. (b) Semiskilled, 30 per hour. (c) Skilled or experienced, 40 per hour. ( d) Office help, $15.00 per week.

PAGE 6

4 ARTICLE VI-CosT Accou NTING PRon IONS Under the direction of Association executives, each division of the Curtain Cleaning industry shall proceed at once to set up for that division a standard method of Minimum cost accounting, which s h a ll be used by all curtain cleaners within that di vision for the purpose of this section of this Code. And it shall be an unfair method of competition for any curtain cleaner in any such division to cut below the minimum cost as determined for that division by the said cost-accounting system. In any cos t-accounting systein set up for any division the following basic principles must be adhered to: The total overhead e . xpenses, which includes everything, i.e., rent, wages, supplies, advertising, bad accounts, losses, taxes, deprecia tions, delivery service, office expenses, gas, light, heat, telephone, interest on investment, and any other minor items, adding thereto a reasonable profit, and then dividing this by the actual production of cleaning, you find a basic minimum cost of cleaning per pair of curtains. ARTICLE VII-INDUSTRY REGULATIONS (A) Mark e ting Oode.-The following Marketing Code, applying to all divisions of this industry and to which any division supplemental Code must correspond basically, is hereby agreed to as the standard for this industry: Three standard classifications of curtain cleaning are hereto set up, viz, Standard Size, Standard Materials, and Standard Styles, and in order to be fair to the users of our service in all di visions of this industry, the minimum cost prices of cleaning must be regulated a c cording to the three above classifications, to be figured on the cost accounting system in Article VI of this Code. (B) Ethical Prov isions.-The following Ethica l Provisions are hereby set up and agreed to as the standard for this industry, and f ailure to comply with those things herein required or the practice of those thing condem ned, shall be construed as a violation of this Code. 1. No C leaner shall in any way spea k of his competitors in a way as to cause a defamation of his character or that of his wo rk. 2. No Cleaner shall make any price discrimination, whatsoever, from the standard schedule as set forth by his division, b y allowing discounts, free work, no charge, unfair allowances, wrong classi fications, false invoicing, or contracts that would not r epre en t an actual ba ic cost as per chedu l e . 3. o Cleaner hall make misleading tatem nts or mi representa tion in a lv rti ino-. 4. o Cl aner hall make false, untrue, or deceptive cla ifica tion oncerninoize , mat rials, or styles . 5. 1 aner hall make all wan of r t r bat r fund er dit., or mmi ,.ion , whether in the form of mon y or oth r i , in or
PAGE 7

5 7. No Cleaner . hall make any contracts that will in any way grant protection to the cu tomer against price increa es . . Every leaner mu t endeavor to render, to the best of his ability, a quality of work and service that will be a credit to his bu ines as well as that of the entire curtain-cleaning indu try. Each divi ion of the indu. try may in its Supplemental Code adopt such additional Trade Practice Rules a may be nece ssary to the proper conduct of that particular division: P rovided, however, That nothing herein, or in any Subdivision Code, hall be co n trued to promote monopolie s or monopolistic practices . ARTICLE "\TIII-PRoorrcTION Co TROL Recognizing the inadequacy of this Code to effectuat e for this industry the policy and purpose of the National Indu trial Recovery Act, and for the purpo e of more effectively carrying out the purposes of that Act, there is hereby set up for this industry the following Control-of-Production Provisions: The Administrative Agencies of each of the five divisions of the curtain-cleaning industry shall have the right to decide the nece ssity for additional plants or retail outlets in the curtain-cleaning industry. ARTICLE IX-SPECIAL PROVISION ..) In this industry it is hereby agreed that, in order more perfectly to effectuate the policy of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the following Special Provisions shall apply to all persons, firms , or corporations engaged in the curtain-cleaning industry: 1. No Child Labor, under 16 years of age, to be used. 2. If anyone is found to be guilty of violating any provisions of this Code, the charge shall be made in writing, setting forth the true facts of the case, to the Ad1ninistrative Agency of that particular division, who will hold a fair and just hearing and report the outcome to the National Administrator of the Association, who will then act according to the prescribed rules and regulations of the National Industrial Recovery Act. ARTICLE X-SIGN ATORIES To all which the undersigned, representatives of the curtain cleaning industry in the United States, hereby agree as the Standard Code of Trade Practice and Competition for this industry. FRED. J. MAYBACH, THE NATION AL CURTAIN CLEANERS AssocIATION OF AMERICA, GEORGE R. MATHIEU, President. CHAS. F. KuNTz, 2nd V ice Pres. MRs. F. A. BENNETT, T reaswrer. 1st Vice Pres. MRS. B. 0. HIGBEE, Secretary. 0

PAGE 8

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