Citation
Proposed code of fair competition for the American jeweled watch manufacturing industry as submitted on August 31, 1933

Material Information

Title:
Proposed code of fair competition for the American jeweled watch manufacturing industry as submitted on August 31, 1933
Portion of title:
American jeweled watch manufacturing industry
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
3 p. : ; 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Clock and watch industry -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1215-1-03."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004931399 ( ALEPH )
646133868 ( OCLC )

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Full Text

Registry No. 1215--1-03


NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION



PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

AMIERICAN JEWELED WATCH


The Code for the American Jeweled Watch Manufacturing Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry



UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1933

For sale by the Sulperintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. Price 5 cents


MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY
AS SUBMIITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933





MsEBER




WE DO OUR PART C L:I ~ ,..


~~_ __Y5





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SUBMITTED BY

THIE AM~ERICA~N J]EWIELfED WTCH MA\6NUFACTURERS ASSOCIATON











PROPOSED CODE O1F FA~IR COMPETITION FOR THIE .AMERT-
CAN JEWiiELED) WATCH M ANUIFACTUJRERS OF THE:
UNITED STATES

To effectuate~ the policy of TPitle 1 of the N~ationnI~l Indulstr~ial
Recover~y Act, the follow\ing provisions are catablrishetd as a codce of
fa i r compete itiln :
I. Thle term L" Jeweled W~atch Mov\emlenlt me~tans a high-grade
wantchl movemnt~lt continingll seven or more jewe-tli; each of wh-liclh
serv.e a me~l;nchanie purpo e(,~ as frictional beraings. as distinguished
fIromn the lowter-grande type of wa:tchles.
The termn Indlustry "' is dtefined~ to mean the manufacture of
jewe~llld watch movements with labor within the United States.
Th~e term "' Ia nulfa ctuI~rer "" is dlefined to mecan any personl~l, partner-
shi,, association. andl corploraltion engaged in .suchl Industry."
The term "' Empiloyee "' is definedl to meani any perso(-n employed
in such "' Industry ", exep anyone e~ngag~ed in executive and super-
visory positions and outside nes mel'll~rt n.
Th;e term Learner is definedl to mean any p~er.-ln doing p,1roduc-
tive work while being instructed in a particular type of factory w~orkl,
the value of whose pr~od-uctivity does not equall the minimum wage.
Th~e term student '" is defined to mean any per~sonl receiving part
or full time insitrulctio: n in1 factory, township, city, or private vc~ca-
tional schools, the valllue of whose prod~c~tiv-ity?, if any~, does not equal
the cost of instruction.
The term "A~ssociation "" is defined to mean the American Jeweled
Wa~tchl Manulfacturer~ls Assc~ciation of thet United States.
The term "C Commissioner '" is definedl to mean a d~isint~r~ested per-
son, or age~ncy. appolntedl by the Association inr conniectio~n with the
admlinistra~tion of this code.
II. Thle minimtuln wage for all employees (exLceplt errand b~oys,
learners and students) shall be at the rante of 3@is per hone.1'
Thle mlinimnum wee~c for errand boys and let nersl shall not be less
than 80%'r of the mninimlum..
Wages and hours of students in public schools shall be govTE~erne
by regulations mande by the respective school authorities. Students
r~ceivinga instruc~tionrs mn private schools at the expeinse of thej
employer need nort be paid. Eac~h employ,!er shall make a monthly
report to the Assintioiiti n (a~nd to the Admlinistratorr if required) as:
to the number of studients usanc~iated with th~e employerrl hours of
wForkI, and hoursl~' of study1 and, if any thile amount of compllenlsation!.
III. No mlanufnllt~letue shall empyloy any per~son in. excess of an
average of 40 hours per'nweek during seach six mlonth~s period, start-
ing April 1st and October 1st in. each year and not, to exceed 48 hours
in any one wPeek.
Learners anid ~r~rand~ boys shall not be em~ployedl more than 40
hours p'er weekl. TIhe per cent of. learners to employees and the length
of timne they enn be classed as learners shall be agreed upon by the
9935-3~3 /11







management and the representatives of the local factory employee
organization in each factory. The~ir agreement shall be s-ubject to,
approval by the Administrator, and in the event that. thEey are unable
to agree, the issue shall be referr1edl to the adlministr~ator for decision.
IV. No manufacturer shall employ- any employee under the age of
sixteen yetn rs.
V. All1 manufacturers shall comply with the requirements of th~e
Act as follows: "(1) That employees shall have the right to organize
and bargain collectively through repr~esellnttives of their own choos-
ing, and shall be fr~ee from the inter~fer~ence, restraint, or coercion of
emiploy3ers of labor, or their agn~cts, in the designation of such r~epre-
sentatives or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for
the purpose of collective bar~guinin~g or other mutual aid or protec-
tion; (2) that no emplloyee and no one seeking employment shall
be requl~iredl as a cond-itio:n of employment to join any company union
or to reframn from jolming, ol~rgnizing, or assisting a labor or~ganiza-
tion of his own choosing; and (3) that empl~lo~ye~rs shall complyc 1 with
the maximulm hours of labor, mljlininnonl rates of pay, and other cont-
ditions of employment, alpprovedl or prle.crib.edl by the Pres;idenlt."
VI. Each manufacturer will furnish the Commiss;ionerI (and thEe
Aldministrantor if r~equir~ed) with such information. and reporIts as
he may require from time to time retlat ivce to the! adinisti~ ration anld
enfor~cemenlt of this code.
VII. The following sha~ll c~onstitulte unfair compe~ttit'ionl and a
violation of this code:
1. Selling or offering to sell jewerled wcsatch movements or wavthes
containing themI1 below the standardt co~st. or if par~tly made in
foreign. countries, below the r~easonable: dlomestic? cost of production.
2. Unrfair~ly discrimninatinga between customers as to m~erchandis-
ing terms or penect'ces" by not giving equal terms, prices, and
advantages to all wholesale buyers.
3. GIiving or pe1rm~itting to be given or offering to give muoney
or anyth~ing E of value to agentlts. employees, or re~presenttativs o
culstomller8 or pr-sp'ec~tiv-e customers, without the knowledge of their
employers or principals, as an inducement to influence their emp~loy*-
ers or principals to purchase products from the mak~er of such~ gift;
or offers, or influenccing in any malnner such emnployer~s or principals
to refrain from dealing or contracting with compe~tfitors.
4. Fallsely markinga or bra~cnding of the products of the industry
in any way that tends to mni leadl or drc~eive pu~rchasers with :respect
to the quantity, quality, gradel. or subs~tance of the goods purlchased.
5. Making or causing or permlittingr to be? made or published any
false, untrue, or deceptive statement by advertisement or otherwise
concerningr the grade, quantity, quality, substance, character, nature,
origin, size, or prep "'aration of any product of the industry,. having
thIe tendency to mislead or lec~eive; purchasers or pr~ospective pur-
chanser~s or to affect injuriously the business of competitors.
6. Failure to adhere to prices, terms, and discounts listed and filed
as hlereinafter set forth.
VIII[3. Eac~h manufacturer shall, within ten days after the effective
datte of this code, file with the Association (and with the Adminis-
trator if required) a list of sales prices, discounts, and terms; and
thereafter revisions thereof as he may elect. Each such list and re-
viion thereof shall state the effective date, which shall not be less







than ten days after filing. Each list and revision thereof shall be
open to inspection at all reasonable times to anyg person in th
industry. .
In the evPent any member of the Association shall object to any
item so filed as contrary to the provisions of this code, the items so
objected to shall not be put into effect, for thirty days durlringr which
time the person filing said prices shall (within fifteen days after
being requested by the Association so to do) furnish a sworn state-
ment of costs and all other material information as and whenl called
for, or, at the option of the A~ssociation, permit an, inspection and
investigation of all books and documents by the Commissioner."
IXS. The Association or its successor, or successors, shall be em-
powered to administer the provisions of this code to secure adlher~ence
thereto, to hear and adjust complaints, to consider proposals for
amendments thereof, to determine standard and comnparable costs,
and otherwise to carry out within the industry the purposes of the
Act. The Associationl, with. the approval of the Admi nln Istrnt~or, shall
prescribe suchn rules and regulations as may be necessary for the
administration and enforcement of this code.
XZ. In order to supply the Administr~ator and the Assoc~iation
with data and information necessary for the enforcement. of this
code, the Association may appoint a neutral agaency, and/or a firm
of public accountants, as a Co~mmissioner to formulate a comparable
method for determining costs and to compile statistical and other
information.
XI1. This code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made
subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provi-
sion of Clause 10 (b) of the National I~ndustrial RecoveryT Act, from
time to time, to cancel, or modify any order, approval, license, rule,
or regulation, issued under Tlitle I of said Act, and specifically to
the right of the. President to cancel or modify his approval of
this code, or anly conditions imposed by him upon his approval
thereof.
XII. T'he Association mlay, byr a majority vote of the members
of the Association, submit to the Admninistr~ator amendments for this-
code, and said amendments when appl~roed by the Administrator
will have the same force and effect as if originally a part hereof.
XIII. This code shall become effective on the first Mo~-nday fol-
lowing its approval by the Admninistrator.
ELG;IN A~rTIONAL V~ATCH CO.,
By T'ano STRawlv (signed),

WTarm:n WABTomB Coura r,
Byi F. C. DU~MAINE (Signed),
Pres,.
IEAMILTON WATCH CIOMPANSY,
By C M. 1I. E~NMGr (Signed),
V~ice Presidenrt and Treasur~er-










































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Full Text

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Registry No. 1215-1-03 NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE AMERICAN JEWELED WATCH MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY AS SUBMITTED ON AUGUST 31, 1933 WE DO OUR PART The Code for the American Jeweled Watch Manufacturing Industry in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are to be regarded as having received the approval of the National Recovery Administration as applying to this industry UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 1933 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. • I 7 - • --Price 5 cents

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SUBMITTED BY THE AMERICAN JEWELED WATCH MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION cm

PAGE 3

PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE AMERI CAN JEWELED WATCH MANUFACTURERS OF THE UNITED STATES T ffectuat the poli y f Tjtle 1 of the National In lu trial Rec Y ry Act, the follo"ing provi ion ar e tablished a a code of fair competi6on: I. The term ' J " led , atch IoYem ent mean a high-grade watch n1ovement ontaining even or more j e\\'el , each of which erve a me chanical purpo a frictional bearing a di tingui hed from the l oi\er-oTa le type of 11at c h e . The term 'Indu tr ' i defined to rn.ean the manufacture of jeweled wat h movement with labor 11ithin the nitecl States. Th term 'J\Ianufacturer i l fined to n1ean any per on partnerhip a ociation an l corporation engaged in u c h Indu try. The term " Employee i defined to mean any per on employed in such "Indu try ', except anyone engaaed in execut ive and upervi or. r positions and outside ale men. The term "Learner" is defin e d to mean any per on doing producti, e work while being in tructed jn a particular ype of factory work, the value of whose productivity doe not equal the minimum "age. The term tudent" i defined to mean any person receiving part or full time in truction in factory, town hip, city, or private voca tional choo l , th '\'alu e of who productiYit y, if any, doe not equal the cost of instruction. The t rn1 ' sociation ' i defined to mean the American Jeweled Watch ~Ianufacturer As ociation of the nited tate . Th term " Commi ioner n is defined to mean a disinterested person or agency appointed by the s ociabon in connection with the admini tration of thi code. II. The minimum wage for all employee ( except errand boys, learner and tud nt ) hall be at the rate of 35c per hour. The minimum "ag for errand boy and learner hall not be le . s than 80 of the minimum. ,Vage and hour of tu lent in public schools shall be governed by regulation made by the respective school authoritie . Students receiving in truction in private school at the expen e of the emplo er need not b paid. Ea h employer hall make a monthly report to the As ociation (and to the Admini trator if required) as to the number of . tudent a ociated with the employer, hour of work, and hour of tudy and if any, the amount of c om pen ation. III. o manufa turer hall employ any per on in exce of an average of -!O hour per'i\eek during ea h ix month period, starting April 1 t and O tober 1 tin each year and not to exceed 48 hours in any one 11eek. Learner and err an l boys hall not be em ployed more than 40 hou~ ' per i\eek. The per cent of learner to emplo, ee and the length of tune they an be cla ed as learners hall be agreed upon by the 9935 33 (1)

PAGE 4

2 manao-e1nent and the representatives of the local factory employee organization in each factory. Their agreement shall be subject to approval by the Administrator, and in the event that they are unable to agree the issue shall be referred to the admini tr a tor for decision. 1, . No manufacurer shall mploy any employee under the age of sixteen year . \ . All manufacture rs hall compl with the requirements of the Act a follows:' (1) That emplo ee hall have the right to organize and bargain collecti vel through rep re entati ves of their own choo -ing, and shall be free from the interference, re traint, or coercion of employers of labor or their agent in the de ignation of uch representative or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpo e of collecti e bargaining or other mutual aid or protection; (2) that no employee and no one seeking employment shall be required as a condition of employment to join any company union or to refrain from joining organizing or a si tinoa labor organization of hi own choo ing; and (3) that employer shall comp l y with the maximum hour of labor 1ninimum rate of pay and other condition of employment appro ed or pre cribed by th Pre ident. VI. Each manufacturer will furni h the ommis ioner ( and the .A.dmini trator if required) with such information and report as he 1na require from time to time rela ti ,e to the adm..ini tration and enforcement of hi code. VII. The following hall con titute unfair competition and a violation of this code : 1. elling or offering to ell jeweled watch movement or watches containing them below the standard co t or if partl made-in foreign countries below the rea onable domestic co .... t of production. 2. nfairly di criminating between cu tomer a to n1erchandi -ing terms or practices b3 not giving equal term , prices, and advantage to all whole ale bu er . 3. Giving or permitting to be given or offering to give money or anythin
PAGE 5

3 than t n days after filing. Each list and revision thereof shall be open to in pection at all reasonable times to any person in the industry. In the e ent any member of the Association shall object to any item o filed as contrary to the provisions of this code, the item o objected to shall not be put into effect for thirty days during whic h tim the per on filing said prices shall ( within fifteen days after being reque t d by the Association so to do) furnish a sworn tatement of costs and all other material information as and when called for or at the option of the A sociation, permit an inspection and inve tigation of all books and documents by the "Commissioner.',. IX. The A ociation or it successor, or successors, shall be empowered to administer the provisions of this code to secure adherence thereto, to hear and adjust complaints, to consider proposals for amendments thereof, to determine standard and comparable costs,. and otherwise to carry out within the industry the purposes of the Act. The Association, with the approval of the Admini trator, shall prescribe such rules and regulations as may be neces ary for the adn1inistration and enforcement of this code. X. In order to supply the Admini trator and the Association with data and information necessary for the enforcement of this code, the Association may appoint a neutral agency, and/or a firm of public accountants, as a Commissioner to formulate a comparablemethod for determining costs and to co ,mpile statistical and other information. XI. This code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provision of Clause 10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act, from time to time, to cancel, or modify any order, approval, license, rule,or regulation, issued under Title I of said Act, and pecifically to the right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of this code, or any conditions impo ed by him upon his approval thereof. XII. The As ociation may, by a majority vote of the members of the Association, submit to the Administrator amendments for this code, and said amendments when approved by the Administratorwill have the same force and effect as if originally a part hereof. XIII. This code shall become effective on the first Monday following its approval by the Administrator. ELGIN .ATIONAL "\VATCH Co., By TAYLOR STRAWN (signed), Vice Pres. w .ALTHAM w ATCH COMPANY, By F. C. D1Jl\,IAINE (signed) Pres. HAMILTON WATCH COMP.ANY, By C. M. KENDIG (signed), Vice President and Treasurer .. 0

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA II I II IIIIII Ill Ill lllll lllll II IIIIII II IIIII Ill llll llllll II IIIII I I 3 1262 08582 8613 •