Citation
Code of fair competition for the graphic arts industries as approved on February 17, 1934 by President Roosevelt

Material Information

Title:
Code of fair competition for the graphic arts industries as approved on February 17, 1934 by President Roosevelt
Portion of title:
Graphic arts industries
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publisher:
U.S. G.P.O.
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
68 p. : ; 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Graphic arts -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

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Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 287."
General Note:
"Registry No. 599-33."

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004931140 ( ALEPH )
63654745 ( OCLC )

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Full Text







NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION

FOR THE


GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES


AS APPROVED ON FEBRUARY 17, 1934
BY
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT


WE DO OUR PART


UNIV. OF r'L L .




1 ~-!0-_


I II


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1934


oI
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents


Approved Code No. 287


Registry No. 599-33

























This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Chicago, ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tes.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 801 First Natioual Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
Memphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.
Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.
Seattle, Wash.: 809 Federal Office Building.












Approved Code No. 287


CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE
GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES

As Approved on February 17, 1934
BY
PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT


EXECUTIVE ORDER

An application having been duly made, pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933 for my approval of a Code
of Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts Industries, and hearings
having been held thereon and the Administrator having rendered his
report containing an analysis of the said Code of Fair Competition
together with his recommendations and findings with respect thereto,
and the Administrator having found that the said Code of Fair
Competition complies in all respects with the pertinent provisions
of Title I of said Act and that the requirements of clauses (1) and
(2) of subsection (a) of Section 3 of the said Act have been met:
NOW, THEREFORE, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President of
the United States, pursuant to the authority vested in me by
Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, approved June 16,
1933, and otherwise, do hereby adopt and approve the report, recom-
mendations and findings of the Administrator and do order that the
said Code of Fair Competition be and it is hereby approved, subject
to the following conditions:
1. That the provisions of Section 24 of Part I of the Code be and
same are hereby deleted from the Code; and that all powers and
duties delegated in the said section to Labor Boards and/or Commit-
tees are hereby transferred to the appropriate Code Authorities and
Compliance Boards;
PROVIDED, however, that the Administrator is authorized to
appoint a National Graphic Arts Labor Board to consist of five (5)
members truly representative of employers, to be appointed by the
Administrator on nomination of the National Graphic Arts Co-
ordinating Committee, if it desires the appointment of such Board,
and five (5) members truly representative of employees in the
industry to be appointed by the Administrator on nomination of the
Labor Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration,
if it desires the appointment of.such Board; and one (1) disin-









terested member to act as chairman. The Administrator may
appoint alternate members and the Board may designate such
regional Boards or temporary labor committees as it deems neces-
sary. Any and all disputes between employers and employees with
respect to wages, hours, and other conditions of employment may be
referred to this Board. When the dispute arises in. any industry or
group of industries as determined by the Administrator under the
Graphic Arts Code, the employer members shall be nominated from
the employers of that industry or group, and the employee members
shall be nominated from the employees in that industry or group.
2. That the maximum hours of work specified in Sections 21 (d);
Clause (c) of Paragraph A of Section 22; Clause (b) of Paragraph
B of Section 22; clause (d) of Paragraph A of Section 23, and/or
any other provisions of the Code concerning hours of work, shall
not be construed as a minimum work day or work week;
PROVIDED, that if at any time in any establishment a majority
of the mechanical employees actually employed in any trade,
expresses by written request to their employer a desire to share
available work with bona fide resident unemployed competent
mechanics in their particular trade, the number of hours of work
may be adjusted by mutual agreement, and the parties are hereby
authorized to proceed in conformity with the principles established
in clause (6) of Paragraph 2 of Section 21 (d) of the Code and to
seek the good offices of any agency established by the Code, and/or
the National Graphic Arts Labor Board hereinbefore established
by this order.
3. That the Administrator is hereby authorized to hold such fur-
ther hearings three months after the effective date hereof, as he
may prescribe, to determine whether the definitions of any of the
industries included in the Code shall be modified or eliminated,
and/or whether such industries or any of them shall continue to be
included in the Code.
4. That the provisions of this Code relating to hours, wages, and
employment, as well as full and complete copies of this Order, shall be
posted in a prominent place in the work room of each establish-
ment subject to this Code.
5. That no Trade Association or group shall be entitled to continue
to participate in the administration of the Code one month after the
effective date unless and until it shall have satisfied the Adminis-
trator that it has amended or modified its Constitution and/or By-
laws to conform to the requirements of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act and of the Code.
6. That pending the formulation of a compact or code between
the several states of the United States to insure the sale of prison-
made products on a fair competitive basis with products not so
made the provisions of Paragraph (g) of Section 26 of the Code
applicable to institutions of states or political subdivisions thereof,
be and they are hereby stayed for ninety (90) days, or further at
the discretion of the Administrator.
Approval recommended:
HUGH S. JOHNBON,
A drnistrator.









The following statement shall be published with my Executive
Order approving a Code of Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts
Industries.
I understand that there is some disagreement in the industries on
the provisions of Section 2 of my Executive Order. The terms of
the aforesaid condition were strenuously contended for by certain
members of the industries; they have been inserted. On the other
hand these terms were opposed by the Labor Advisory Board and
by certain of the groups of employees of the Graphic Arts
Industries.
In view of the disagreement concerning the application of the
condition it appears to me desirable to state here that my afore-
said condition is not to be construed or interpreted in such manner
as to conflict with Section 7 (a) of the National Industrial Recovery
Act, nor shall such condition interfere with the right of the
employees of any locality to express their desire to share regular
work with bona fide resident unemployed competent mechanics in
their particular trade or craft and to appeal to all agencies of the
Government to assist them in the exercise of this right.
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.
THE WHITE HOUSE,
February 17, 1934.













LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL


THE PRESIDENT,
The White House.
Sir: I submit herewith and recommend for your approval, with
the reservations noted below, a Code of Fair Competition for the
Graphic Arts Industries. This code is the most detailed and com-
plicated which has thus far been presented to the National Recov-
ery Administration. In its present form, the Code will cover nearly
fifty separate and subdivisional industries which presented their
own codes of fair competition. With two exceptions-Photo-
Engraving and Electrotyping and Stereotyping-practically every
branch of the Graphic Arts Industries which is competitive with
another branch has been brought under this basic code.
The amalgamation of the fifty odd codes into one basic code is, to
my mind, a unique achievement. The Graphic Arts Industries,
hitherto divided into, at worst, hostile, and at best, malevolently
neutral groups, will now have an opportunity to show what they
can do in respect of industrial self-government. On the manufac-
turing side of the industry, four major groups-relief printing
(with five constituent industries) ; lithographic printing; intaglio
printing (with four constituent industries); service groups (with
six constituent industries)-are under joint administrative control.
Within the provisions of the code are also seventeen product groups
which will govern themselves in respect of fair trade practices,
leaving to the industries previously mentioned, the task of adminis-
tering the code in respect of its provisions relating to labor. Be-
cause of the number of groups covered by the Code it has been im-
possible in every case to insert the minimum wage rates and the
fair trade practice provisions. The Code is complete, however, so
far as the major portions of the Graphic Arts Industries are con-
cerned, and machinery is provided to fill in the gaps of the Code
with no further delay.
IMPORTANCE OF THE INDUSTRY

Only four other industries exceed the Graphic Arts Industries in
the value added to the product by manufacturing. This value in
normal times is $2,400,000,000 annually. The statistics for the
Graphic Arts Industries are difficult to break down. The wage bill
of the industries is in excess of $300,000,000 annually; there are over
300,000 employees and the periodicals which are published have an
annual circulation of approximately 180,000,000 copies. These fig-
ures, chosen almost at random, show the major character of the in-
dustry and indicate what an achievement it will be if the industrial
self-government, of which I have spoken, proves to be successful as
the industry confidently hopes. Further statistics appear in the sev-
eral reports of the Division of Research and Planning.









In respect of industrial self-government the Code is excellent. So
far as the hours and wage provisions are concerned, however, the
Code is by no means so admirable. The reasons for this are dealt
with at some length in the report which Deputy Administrator
Lindsay Rogers has made to me and which I append to this letter
as an appendix.
SETTLEMENT OF LABOR DISPUTES

The Labor Advisory Board objects strenuously to the setup of the
National Labor Boards. So long as these provisions remain in the
Code, the Labor Advisory Board will withhold its approval. The
specific provisions particularly objected to are the requirement that
the Administrator shall nominate to the Board groups 'to be equally
and truly representative of the two leading types of employer-em-
ployee relationships and the minute circumscription of the powers
of the Board so that employers have easier access to it than have em-
ployees. The Labor Advisory Board recommends that these sec-
tions be stricken from the Code. The Deputy Administrator ap-
proves. I concur in their recommendation and suggest that your
order of approval set up a National Labor Board and offer its good
offices to the industry for the settlement of all disputes.
HoRns

The Code provides for a standard work week of forty hours.
This will, in many sections of the country, mean a reduction of the
maximum work week now prevailing but the forty hours are in
excess of the hours now being worked in many sections of the
country. Unemployment in this industry is extremely acute, as
the reports from the Division of Research and Planning clearly
set forth. It is desirable that the available employment be spread
so far as possible without undue hardship to either employers or
employees. One method of doing this has been agreed to by the
American Newspaper Publishers' Association and appears in the
Code for the Daily Newspaper Publishing Business. The present
Graphic Arts Code contains substantially identical provisions as
applying to the daily newspapers which, by reason of their mem-
bership in the National Editorial Association, may come under the
present Code. There seems to me to be no reason why other
branches of the printing industry under the Graphic Arts Code,
if they so desire, should not use the same method of sharing the
work and I recommend that appropriate provision for this be made
in your Order of Approval.

OTHER CONDITIONS OF APPROVAL
I recommend specifically that the Order of Approval make two
other stipulations:
(1) The Code omits the provision to be found in many codes re-
quiring employers to post in their plants the provisions on hours
and wages. It seems to me particularly important that this be done
in the present case because of the very complexity of these provisions.
(2) The coordination of nearly fifty codes into one basic code is









frankly experimental. As I have said above, two industries which
are properly part of the Graphic Arts-Photo-Engraving and Elec-
trotyping and Stereotyping-have been left out and I am recom-
mending that in respect of the basic Code and in respect of these two
separate codes, the Orders of Approval stipulate that the separate-
ness of jurisdiction is to continue for three months and then is to be
reconsidered. This does not mean that at the end of three months
any changes of the Code will be proposed. It simply means that at
the end of three months Photo-Engraving and Electrotyping and
Stereotyping may be put under the basic code or that, conversely,
certain subdivisional industries now under the basic code may be
given a separate status.
FINDINGS
The Administrator finds that:
(a) The Code complies in all respects with the pertinent provi-
sions of Title I of the Act, including without limitation subsec-
tion (a) of Section 7 and subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof;
and that
(b) The proposing associations impose no inequitable restrictions
on admission to membership therein and are truly representative of
the Graphic Arts Industries; and that
(c) The Code is not designed to promote monopolies or to elimi-
nate or oppress small enterprises and will not operate to discrimi-
nate against them, and will tend to effectuate the policy of Title I
of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
I recommend that the Code be approved, with the conditions in
the order of approval as specified above.
Respectfully,
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Administrator.
FEBRUARY 16, 1934.

















CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION

FOR THE

GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES



CONTENTS

PART I

Article I-Administration
Section 1. Definitions.
Section 2. General Administrative Provisions.
Section 3. National and Regional Code Authorities.
Section 4. National and Regional Compliance Boards.
Section 5. National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.
Section 6. National Product Groups.
Section 7. Extra-Code Competition.
Section 8. Executory Contracts.
Section 9. Penalties for Violation.
Section 10. Complaints.
Section 11. Appeals.
Section 12. Amendments.
Section 13. Presidential Powers.
Section 14. Participation and Membership Restrictions.
Section 15. Monopolies.
Section 16. Liabilities.
Section 17. Reservations.
Section 18. Effective Date and Expiration.
Article II-Employment, Wages, Hours, etc.
Section 19. General Provisions.
Section 20. Non-mechanical Employees.
Section 21. Mechanical Employees.
Section 22. Mechanical Employees (continued).
Section 23. Mechanical Employees (continued).
Section 24. Labor Boards.
Section 25. Temporary Releases.
Article III-Maintenance of Fair Competition
Section 26. Accounting and Cost Finding.
Section 27. Unfair Practices.
Schedules-
Schedule A.
Schedule B.
PART II
Appendices.

To effect the policies of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery
Act, the following provisions are established as a Code of Fair Com-
petition for the Graphic Arts Industries and shall be binding upon
every person engaged therein.
29220--296-117- 34-- 2 (71








8

ARTICLE I-ADMINISTRATION
SECTION 1-DEFINITIONS 1
(a) The term Graphic Arts Industries," as used herein, includes
all persons who are engaged in publishing or printing, or who use any
of the processes or partial processes used in printing, or who produce
any printed matter of whatsoever description, or who sell any printed
matter of whatsoever description in competition with persons who
produce such printed matter; excepting, however, persons to the ex-
tent that they are engaged in publishing and printing daily news-
papers and who subscribe or assent to the Code of the Daily News-
paper Publishing Business, submitted December 11, 1933, or persons
who are engaged in publishing books, or persons who are engaged
in producing photo-engraved plates, electrotypes, stereotypes or other
kinds of relief printing plates for sale to others.
(b) The term Industry," as used herein, is a recognized major
section of establishments, or group of establishments carrying on
similar or closely allied businesses, which are to be administered as
a unit.
(c) The term "Service Industry," as used herein, is applied to in-
dicate a group of establishments supplying similar or closely allied
products or services to or for use by other Graphic Arts Industries.
(d) The term National Product Group," as used herein, is de-
fined to mean an association of establishments organized to promote
the mutual interests of member establishments in the distribution
of any particular product or products of the Graphic Arts Industries.
(e) The term person or persons," as used herein, is defined
to include, but without limitation, any individual, partnership, asso-
ciation, corporation, establishment or other form of enterprise.
(f) The term printing," as used herein, is defined to mean the
act or process of printing, impressing, stamping, or transferring
upon paper or paper-like substances, of any ink, color, pigment,
mark, character, or delineation, including any and all partial proc-
esses and services used in printing.
(g) The term printed matter," as used herein, is defined to mean
the finished products of printing, and the products of any and all
partial processes and services used in printing.
(h) The term "product," as used herein, is defined to include
production, product, merchandise, and service.
(i) The term "employer or employers," as used herein, is de-
fined to include all persons engaged in conducting business in any
of the Graphic Arts Industries.
(j) The term employee" or "employees," as used herein, is
defined to include all individuals hired or employed by any employer,
as above defined, and the members of the family of any employer
who are engaged in carrying on any operations within the Graphic
Arts Industries, whether employed or not; excepting those indi-
viduals who serve in executive, administrative, supervisory, and sales
capacities.
(k) The term apprentice or "apprentices," as used herein, is
defined to mean a learner who is employed or promoted with the view
of learning an art or trade, and who is to be advanced to the status
of journeyman within an accumulated period of learning time.
SBSee paragraph 3 of Executive Order approving tbis Code.









(1) The term establishment," as used herein, is defined to mean
any person or persons, as above defined, engaged in conducting any
business, or using any of the processes, or producing any of the prod-
ucts referred to in the definition of the "Graphic Arts Industries,"
including private plants wherein any such business is conducted, or
any such processes are used, or any such products are produced,
which are owned or operated by a person or persons not otherwise
subject to this Code.
(m) The term "metropolitan-area and nonmetropolitan-area,"
as used herein, shall have the same meaning as those terms in use
by the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census
publication entitled Metropolitan Districts," based on the 15th Cen-
sus of the United States: 1930.
(n) The terms "region" and "regional," as used herein, are
defined to mean or refer to such geographical divisions as the
National Compliance Boards or the National Code Authorities may
set up for local government. Such division may be by zones, states,
counties, cities, towns, villages, districts or localities, or any com-
bination or part thereof.
(o) The term locality," as used herein, is defined to mean a vil-
lage, town or city and its immediately surrounding local trade area
as determined by the National Code Authority concerned.
(p) The term National Code Authority," as used herein, is de-
fined to mean the administrative agency of an Industry, or a Service
Industry.
(q) The term National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee,"
as used herein, is defined to mean the coordinating agency of the
Graphic Arts Industries.
(r) The term "Commercial Relief Printing Establishments," as
used herein, is defined to mean establishments engaged in letterpress
relief printing and,'or partial processes commonly used in the pro-
duction of letteqrress relief printing (including such part of the
production and products of those establishments which publish daily
newspapers and subscribe or assent to the Code of the Daily News-
paper Publishing Business, and whose daily newspaper publishing
business is therefore exempt from the provisions of this Code, and
such part of the production and products of those establishments,
not otherwise subject to the provisions of this Code, which do not
assent to the provisions of this Code governing the Daily Newspaper
Publishing and Printing Industry, as is represented by the business
of all such establishments other than the publishing of daily news-
papers), excepting those establishments publishing and printing all
other newspapers, advertising newspapers, or periodicals, and book
manufacturing establishments.
(s) The term Newspaper," as used herein, is defined to mean a
publication issued at regular intervals at least as frequently as once
a week, devoted mainly to current local news events, and from which
the publisher derives circulation and/or advertising revenue.
(t) The term Periodical," as used herein, is defined to mean a
publication (other than a newspaper or advertising newspaper) is-
sued at regular intervals but not less frequently than four times
per year, and from which the publisher derives circulation and/or
advertising revenue.









(u) The term "Advertising Newspaper," as used herein, is defined
to mean a publication of newspaper format and size, devoted in
whole or in part to retail news in the form of display advertising
of one or more advertisers, delivered by carrier without cost to the
reader, and not published by or in conjunction with any newspaper
as defined in paragraph (s) of this Section.
(v) The terms Governing Body and "Administrative Body,"
as used herein, are defined to mean the National Graphic Arts Co-
ordinating Committee, a National or Regional Compliance Board,
a National or Regional Code Authority, a joint cooperative regional
organization, or the administrative agency of a National Product
Group.
(w) The term "Administrator," as used herein, refers to the Ad-
ministrator for Industrial Recovery.
(x) The term President," as used herein, refers to the President
of the United States of America.
(y) Population for the purposes of this Code shall be determined
by reference to the last Federal Census.

SECTION 2--GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS 2

(a) The Graphic Arts Industries, each of which is administered,
for the purposes of the National Industrial Recovery Act and this
Code. by a National Code Authority, are as follows:

A. Relief Printing Process Group of Industries.
A-1. Commercial Relief Printing Industry.
A-2. Non-Metropolitan Newspaper Publishing and Print-
ing Industry.
A-3. Periodical Publishing and Printing Industry.
A-4. Book Manufacturing Industry.
A-5. Daily Newspaper Publishing and Printing Industry.

B. Lithographic Printing Process Group of Industries.
B-1. Lithographic Printing Industry.
C. Intaglio Printing Process Group of Industries.
C-1. Gravure Printing Industry.
C-2. Steel and Copperplate Engraving and Printing In-
dustry.
C-3. Securities Engraving and Printing Industry.
C-4. Bank Note Engraving and Printing Industry.
D. Service Group of Industries.
D-1. Trade Typesetting Industry.
D-2. Trade Lithographic Plate Making Industry.
D-3. Advertising Typography Industry.
D-4. Trade Mounting and Finishing Industry.
D-5. Trade Binding and Paper Ruling Industry.
Definitions of the several Industries, and the National Code
Authorities by which they shall be administered, are set forth in
Schedule A, hereto attached, and hereby made a part hereof.
See par. 5 of Executive Order approving this Code.









(b) Provisions of this Code basically applicable to all establish-
ments within the Graphic Arts Industries are contained in the main
body of the Code, exceptions which are applicable only to certain
Industries being made to such provisions.
(c) Provisions of this Code applicable only to establishments
within a particular Industry or members of a particular National
Product Group are contained in appendices hereto attached, and
are hereby made a part hereof with the same effect as if the pro-
visions therein contained were set out in the main body of the Code.
(d) Where the nature of the business in which an establishment
is engaged, or the product or products it produces, might under the
definitions set forth in Schedule A subject such an establishment
to administration under two or more National Code Authorities,
the largest annual sales volume of such an establishment's product
shall determine under which National Code Authority such an
establishment is subject to administration;
Provided, however, that it shall be the duty of such National Code
Authority to enforce all the provisions of this Code regulating or
affecting establishments which might be so subject to administration
under one or more other National Code Authorities. In any such
case an establishment shall be subject to assessment (for code ad-
ministration purposes) by only one National Code Authority;
Provided, further, that an establishment that might, as above de-
scribed, be so subject to administration under two or more National
Code Authorities, may, if it desires, upon agreement by the different
National Code Authorities concerned, be deemed to be subject to the
administration of the two or more National Code Authorities and in
any such latter case it shall be given equitable representation on each
such National Code Authority, and bear its equitable share of the
costs of administering this Code by each such National Code Au-
thority, the share as between National Code Authorities being de-
termined by agreement of the National Code Authorities concerned,
and so assessed as to prevent duplication of assessment. Each
National Code Authority shall adopt any necessary provisions to
make this paragraph effective.
(e) In the event that any proceeding comes on for hearing be-
fore a governing body, in which proceeding the establishment, with
which a member of such governing body is identified or connected
in any way, is a party or has a peculiar financial interest, such mem-
ber shall be disqualified from acting with relation to such proceed-
ing. In case of any such disqualification, the body designating such
member shall be entitled to designate a substitute to sit as a mem-
ber of such governing body temporarily during the consideration
and determination of any such proceeding.
SECTION 3-NATIONAL AND REGIONAL CODE AUTHORITIES
(a) There shall be designated for each Industry subject to this
Code and which is listed in Section 2 hereof an administrative body
which shall act as National Code Authority for the Industry.
(b) It shall be the function and duty of each National Code
Authority to administer all of the provisions of the Code relating to
its Industry, except as otherwise specifically in this Code provided;
and all powers, authority, and duties relating to the administration








and enforcement of this Code, except to the extent that they have
been by the provisions hereof otherwise conferred and imposed, are
reserved to the National Code Authorities. In such enforcement a
National Code Authority may interpret the provisions hereof and
the same shall be binding upon all parties unless and until reviewed
and changed on appeal; provided, that a National Code Authority
shall, within its jurisdiction, enforce, observe and give due effect
to the decisions of the Graphic Arts National Labor Boards.
The autonomy of the respective National Code Authorities, except
as limited by the provisions of this Code, shall not be infringed nor
curtailed.
(c) Each National Code Authority may designate the local organ-
ization in each region, whether now existing or to be organized,
within the Industry, which shall administer this Code locally; and
the National Code Authority may delegate to any such designated
local organization, to be known as a Regional Code Authority, such
of its duties as it may find advisable, except such as it is prohibited
from delegating. The duties of such Regional Code Authority and
its powers to incur assessable expenses shall be those prescribed by
its National Code Authority. Appeals from any decision, ruling,
regulation, order or finding of a Regional Code Authority shall lie to
its National Code Authority.
Where the necessity for economy and coordination of administra-
tion seems to require some form of regional cooperative operation of
two or more Regional Code Authorities, any such joint cooperative
regional organization may be formed with the permission of the
respective National Code Authorities concerned and may carry out
the code administration functions delegated to it. The expenses of
such joint cooperative regional organization shall be apportioned as
between Industries and assessed in such manner as the Regional Code
Authorities may agree and determine. Appeals from any decision,
ruling, regulation, order, or finding of such joint cooperative re-
gional organization shall lie to the National Code Authority to whose
jurisdiction the appellant is subject. Any such joint cooperative
regional organization, if formed, may provide procedure for the
arbitration of disputes between establishments under its jurisdiction
when such procedure has been agreed to by the establishments con-
cerned.
(d) Each National Code Authority shall cooperate with the
National Product Groups in the administering and enforcement of
trade practice and other provisions of this Code, and shall develop
the methods necessary to accomplish this result. It shall be the
duty of each National Code Authority to enforce all the provisions
of this Code regulating or affecting establishments within its juris-
diction which are not members of a particular National Product
Group but which produce the product or products with which such
National Product Group is identified.
(e) Each National Code Authority shall be responsible for the
payment of its share of the expense of administering this Code, and
shall have the power to collect the amount of its share of said









expenses from the establishments within its jurisdiction by assess-
ment in such proper and equitable manner as it may determine.
The share of each National Code Authority of said expenses shall
include the total operating expenses, both national and regional,
of its own organization and its share, as apportioned by the pro-
visions of Sections 4 and 5, of the operating expenses of the National
Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee and of its National and
Regional Compliance Boards, and its share, as allocated under the
provisions of Section 24, of the expenses of the Graphic Arts Labor
Boards and Temporary Labor Committees with which it is
concerned.
(f) Each National Code Authority shall have the power to require
any establishment within its jurisdiction to submit, through a confi-
dential agency designated by the National Code Authority, any
statistics, data, or information reasonably necessary to enable it
to prescribe accounting methods, cost finding methods, or cost de-
termination schedules, or to supply the National Graphic Arts
Coordinating Committee with the data and statistics required by
the President or reasonably pertinent to the effectuation of Title I
of the National Industrial Recovery Act, or otherwise to administer
the provisions of this Code, or to determine any issue coming before
it for adjudication. Such statistics, data, or information shall be
certified by a certified public accountant, if so required by the
National Code Authority. In case any such establishment shall
fail or refuse to furnish such statistics, data, or information, or
to have same certified if required, the National Code Authority may
cause the books and records of such establishment to be examined
by a certified public accountant for the purpose of obtaining such
statistics, data, or information. The powers contained in this para-
graph shall not be delegated by the National Code Authority. All
such statistics, data, or information so submitted or obtained shall
be kept confidential and shall not. be revealed except to a govern-
mental agency entitled thereto, provided that summaries and com-
pilations thereof, which do not disclose the identity of any estab-
lishment, may be prepared and furnished to the National Compli-
ance Board within whose jurisdiction such National Code Authority
falls, and to the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.
(g) Each National Code Authority shall have the power to adopt
such by-laws, rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the pro-
visions of this Code, as may be deemed advisable for the conduct
of its proceedings and the administration and enforcement of this
Code.

SECTION 4-NATIONAL AND REGIONAL COMPLIANCE BOARDS

(a) There shall be set up for each of the groups ofNational Code
Authorities of the Industries subject to this Code and listed in Sec-
tion 2 hereof a National Compliance Board consisting of not less
than three members and chosen by the National Code Authorities of
the Industries concerned.









(b) For the first year the membership of the National Compliance
Boards and the Industry representation thereon shall be as follows:


National
A-1.
A-2.

A-3.
A-4.
A-5.



National
B-1.
National
C-1.
C-2.

C-3.
C-4.


National
D-1.
D-2.
D-3.
D-4.
D-5.


Relief Printing Compliance Board: M
Commercial Relief Printing Industry--
Non-Metropolitan Newspaper Publishing and
Printing Industry--------______--__
Periodical Publishing and Printing Industry --
Book Manufacturing Industry -- __
Daily Newspaper Publishing and Printing
Industry_---------- ___--___

Total
Lithographic Printing Compliance Board:
Lithographic Printing Industry-----
Intaglio Priinting Compliance Board:
Gravure Printing Industry---_____
Steel and Copperplate Engraving and Print-
ing Industry-------------- _--_
Securities Engraving and Printing Industry__
Bank Note Engraving and Printing Industry-_

Total--------------
Service Compliance Board:
Trade Typesetting Industry-____--
Trade Lithographic Plate Making Industry---.
Advertising Typography Industry---__
Trade Mounting and Finishing Industry--
Trade Binding and Paper Ruling Industry--..

Total -


The members of National Compliance Boards shall be designated
within 30 days after the effective date of this Code, and annually
thereafter.
Each National Code Authority shall designate alternate members,
and in the absence of any member his designated alternate shall be
entitled to sit upon said Board. In the event of the resignation of
any member or alternate, or in the event that any member or alter-
nate can not act for any reason, the National Code Authority orig-
inally designating such member or alternate shall designate his
successor.
If at any time the proportionate representation of the Industries
on any National Compliance Board appears inequitable, such propor-
tionate representation may be changed by agreement of all the Na-
tional Code Authorities concerned, or in the event such National Code
Authorities do not agree, by the National Graphic Arts Coordinat-
ing Committee; provided, that at no time shall the representation of
any Industry on a National Compliance Board be less than one mem-
ber, nor (where more than two industries are concerned) more than
one-half of the total membership of such Board.
The members of any National Compliance Board shall be subject
to recall and replacement at any time by the respective National Code
Authorities designating such members.


embers
7

4
8
1

2


2
2
2









Each National Product Group shall be entitled to designate one
special member of each National Compliance Board, who shall sit
upon any such Board as a full member thereof with one vote when-
ever any issue affecting the particular interests of said National
Product Group, or any controversy or appeal involving the distribu-
tion of the product or products with which such Group is identified
and to which said National Product Group or a member thereof is a
party, is being considered and determined by such Board.
(c) Each member of a National Compliance Board shall have an
equal vote upon all questions, motions, resolutions, or issues coming
before said Board.
The National Compliance Boards shall not be enlarged to include
members designated otherwise than as above provided, except by the
unanimous approval of all the National Code Authorities concerned.
There shall be no non-voting or observer members.
(d) Each National Compliance Board, as to the National Code
Authorities and establishments, including members of National Prod-
uct Groups, under its jurisdiction, shall have the power and duty:
1. To require any National Code Authority or any establishment,
within the jurisdiction of said Board to submit through a confiden-
tial agency designated by the National Compliance Board, any sta-
tistics, data, or information reasonably necessary to enable it to
determine any issue coming before it for adjudication. Such sta-
tistics, data, or information shall be certified by a certified public
accountant, if so required by the National Compliance Board. In
case any such National Code Authority or establishment shall fail
or refuse to furnish such statistics, data, or information, or to have
same certified if required, the National Compliance Board may cause
the books and records of such National Code Authority or establish-
ment to be examined by a certified public accountant for the purpose
of obtaining such statistics, data, or information. The powers con-
tained in this paragraph shall not be delegated by the National Com-
pliance Board. All such statistics, data, or information so submitted
or obtained shall be kept confidential and shall not be revealed ex-
cept to a governmental agency entitled thereto, provided that sum-
maries and compilations thereof which do not disclose the identity
of any establishment may be prepared and furnished to the National
Code Authority concerned and to the National Graphic Arts Coordi-
nating Committee.
2. To adjust differences that may arise between-
(a) National Code Authorities,
(b) A National Code Authority and an establishment
under another National Code Authority,
(c) Establishments under two or more different National
Code Authorities,
(d) A National Product Group and a National Code Au-
thority or an establishment under a National Code
Authority,
and to hear and determine appeals from National Code Authorities
within its jurisdiction, and from Regional Compliance Boards des-
ignated by it; it being understood that all problems of newspaper
and periodical editorial, circulation and advertising matters arising
29220"-206-117--34-3









in the application of this Code are to be handled exclusively by the
National Code Authorities concerned, subject only to the rights of
appeal to the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee and
the National Recovery Administration. The National Compliance
Boards shall meet at least once a month.
3. To designate or cause to be designated locally such Regional
Compliance Boards as in its judgment may be necessary, and to dele-
gate to such Regional Compliance Boards such of its duties and powers
as it finds advisable, except such as it is prohibited from delegating.
Each such Regional Compliance Board shall consist solely of repre-
sentatives of the several National Code Authorities, or of regional
organizations of such National Code Authorities, of the Industries
concerned and shall be set up so as to insure equitable representation
of the Industries concerned; provided, that where more than two
Industries are concerned no Industry shall be represented on any
Regional Compliance Board by more than one half the membership
thereof, except with the consent of all regional organizations con-
cerned. Appeals from any decision, ruling, regulation, order, or
finding of a Regional Compliance Board shall lie to its National
Compliance Board.
Where the necessity for economy and coordination of administra-
tion seems to require some form of regional cooperative operation of
two or more Regional Compliance Boards any such joint coopera-
tive regional organization may be formed with permission of the
respective National Compliance Boards concerned and may carry
out the Code administration functions delegated to it. The expenses
of such joint cooperative regional organization shall be apportioned
as between Industries and assessed in such manner as the Regional
Code Authorities concerned may agree and determine. Appeals
from any decision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of such joint
cooperative regional organization shall lie to the National Com-
pliance Board to whose jurisdiction the appellant is subject.
4. To determine and collect its costs of administration, as herein
provided, from the National Code Authorities, within its jurisdic-
tion, or in default thereof from the respective establishments within
the particular jurisdiction of any National Code Authority so
defaulting.
Each National Compliance Board shall prepare or have prepared
an annual budget, which budget and any revision thereof must be
submitted in writing to its members at least two weeks before the date
of the meeting at which action on such budget or revision thereof
is to be taken. Any such annual budget exceeding in amount the
sum of $20,000 shall be subject to the approval of a majority of the
National Code Authorities concerned. Members of National Com-
pliance Boards and Regional Compliance Boards shall serve with-
out compensation.
The necessary individual traveling expenses of members of a Na-
tional Compliance Board shall be paid by the National Code Author-
ity which they respectively represent. Any other necessary expenses
of each National Compliance Board shall be assessed against the
National Code Authorities of the Industries represented on such
Board in proportion to the member representation of such National
Code Authorities on such Board.









Any necessary expenses of each Regional Compliance Board shall
be paid by the regional organizations represented on such Board in
proportion to the member representation.
5. To adopt such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the
provisions of this Code, as may be deemed advisable for the govern-
ment of such National Compliance Board and the conduct of its
proceedings.
(e) The powers, authority, and duties of National and Regional
Compliance Boards relating to the administration and enforcement
of this Code shall be strictly limited to those hereinabove specifically
granted or imposed.

SECTION 5--NATIONAL GRAPHIC ARTS COORDINATING COMMITTEE
(a) There is hereby created a self-governing national coordinating
committee to be known as the National Graphic Arts Coordinating
Committee.
(b) The National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee shall
consist of twenty members designated by the respective National
Compliance Boards as follows:
Members
National Relief Printing Compliance Board ---- 10
National Lithographic Printing Compliance Board -- 4
National Intaglio Printing Compliance Board----- 4
National Service Compliance Board ---_ -------- 2
and in addition thereto, there shall be one member without vote
to be appointed by the Administrator to serve without expense to
the Industries. The Administrator may appoint alternates for said
member.
The member appointed by the Administrator may sit upon any
National Code Authority as a member thereof without vote when-
ever requested by such National Code Authority or by the National
Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.
The members of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-
mittee shall be designated within 35 days after the effective date
of this Code, and annually thereafter.
Each National Compliance Board in designating members of the
National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee shall designate only
persons from among those that have been nominated for such mem-
bership by the National Code Authorities under its jurisdiction (for
this purpose National Code Authorities A-2 and A-5 shall be con-
sidered as though they are one National Code Authority; provided,
however, that National Code Authorities A-2 and A-5 shall have
at least one member each on the National Graphic Arts Coordinat-
ing Committee); when the number of members to be designated by
a National Compliance Board is less than the number of National
Code Authorities, not more than one norhinee of any one such Code
Authority shall be designated; when the number of members equals
or exceeds the number of National Code Authorities, the National
Compliance Board shall designate an equal number of members
from the nominees of each National Code Authority, any extra
member or members being designated from the nominees of the
Code Authority or Code Authorities of the Industries concerned









having respectively the largest payrolls (for this purpose National
Code Authorities A-2 and A-5 shall be considered as though they
are one National Code Authority).
Each National Code Authority shall nominate alternate members,
and each National Compliance Board in designating alternate mem-
bers of the National Graphic Arts -Coordinating Committee shall
designate only persons from among those that have been nominated
by the National Code Authorities within its jurisdiction. In the
absence of any member his designated alternate shall be entitled to
sit upon said committee.
In the event of the resignation of any member or alternate, or
in the event that any member or alternate can not act for any reason,
the National Code Authority originally nominating such member
or alternate shall nominate his successor and the National Compli-
ance Board shall designate the nominee so selected.
The members of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-
mittee shall be subject to recall and replacement at any time by the
respective National Code Authorities nominating such members.
Each National Product Group shall be entitled to designate one
special member of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-
mittee who shall sit upon said Committee as a full member thereof
with one vote whenever any issue affecting the interests of said Na-
tional Product Group, or any controversy or appeal involving the
distribution of the product or products with which such Group is
identified, and to which said National Product Group or a member
thereof is a party, is being considered and determined by said Com-
mittee. Similarly, any National Code Authority not directly rep-
resented on the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee by a
nominee of such National Code Authority shall be entitled to desig-
nate one special member of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating
Committee who shall sit upon said Committee as a full member there-
of with one vote whenever any issue affecting the interests of such
National Code Authority, or of an establishment within its jurisdic-
tion, is being considered and determined by said Committee.
(c) Each member of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating
Committee shall have an equal vote upon all questions, motions, reso-
lutions, or issues coming before said Committee.
The National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee shall not be
enlarged to include members designated otherwise than as above
provided, except by the unanimous consent of all National Code
Authorities.
(d) The National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee shall
have the power and duty:
1. To collect, through a confidential agency of its designation, from
the National Code Authorities and the National Product Groups all
needed data and statistics called for by this Code or required by the
President, or reasonably pertinent to the effectuation of Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act, and to file same with the President
or the National Recovery Administration; and to enforce the sub-
mission of such data and statistics by establishments to their respec-
tive National Code Authorities and by members of National Product
Groups to their respective National Product Groups in case such
National Code Authority or National Product Group shall fail or









refuse to collect such data and statistics, or enforce such submission.
All such data and statistics so submitted or obtained shall be kept
confidential and shall not be revealed except to a governmental
agency entitled thereto, provided that summaries and compilations
thereof which do not disclose the identity of any establishment may
be prepared and furnished to the National Compliance Board con-
cerned or to the National Code Authority concerned or the National
Product Group concerned.
2. To coordinate the rules and regulations of National Code Au-
thorities and of National Product Groups concerning the adminis-
tration of this Code, and to review and coordinate accounting prin-
ciples and methods, cost finding principles and methods, departmental
economic hourly cost rates and production standards, cost determina-
tion schedules, and stabilization and trade practices, but only to the
extent that will insure fair competition.
3. To adjust differences that may arise between-
(a) National Compliance Boards,
(b) A National Compliance Board and a National Code
Authority under another National Compliance Board
or an establishment under such a National Code
Authority,
(c) National Code Authorities or establishments thereof
under two or more different National Compliance
Boards,
(d) National Product Groups,
(e) A National Product Group and a National Compliance
Board,
and to hear and determine appeals from National Compliance
Boards, National Code Authorities, and National Product Groups.
4. To represent any National Compliance Board, National Code
Authority, National Product Group and/or establishment before the
National Recovery Administration, when called upon by such
National Compliance Board, National Code Authority, National
Product Group, and/or establishment.
5. To require each National Code Authority and the administra-
tive agency of each National Product Group to furnish at least once
a year evidence showing that. it is truly representative of its Industry
or Product Group, and to change any National Code Authority or
the administrative agency of any National Products Group whenever
after a proper hearing the National Graphic Arts Coordinating
Committee shall determine that any such National Code Authority
and any such administrative agency is no longer representative of
its Industry or Group. No such action shall be taken except upon the
affirmative vote of two-thirds of the members of the National Graphic
Arts Coordinating Committee.
6. To incur and authorize the payment of its necessary salaries
of employees and expenses of administration, including the employ-
ment of an executive secretary and such clerical help or services,
which are to be prescribed in an annual budget, which shall not ex-
ceed the total of $50,000 unless any larger budget shall have first
been referred to and approved by three-fourths of the National Code
Authorities.









7. To determine and collect its costs of administration, as provided
herein, from the various National Code Authorities, or in default
thereof, from the respective establishments within their particular
jurisdiction. Said costs of administration shall be assessed against
the respective National Code Authorities in the proportion which
the total annual payroll of establishments included in such National
Code Authorities bears to the total annual payroll of establishments
included in all National Code Authorities.
8. To collect and disburse funds necessary to defray expenses of
Graphic Arts National and Regional Labor Boards and Temporary
Labor Committees as provided in Paragraph 3 of Section 24.
9. Upon the application of any National Code Authority, to grant
exemption from, or to provide for variation in application of, any of
the provisions of this Code which, in the judgment of the National
Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, work an unintended or un-
justifiable hardship upon an establishment or group of establish-
ments because of peculiar circumstances to which it or they are
uniquely subject. Any action taken in this respect shall be subject
to review by the Administrator.
10. To bring to the attention of the Administrator provisions of
other codes which apparently conflict with the provisions of this
Code, or which create unfair competitive conditions, and to make
recommendations with respect thereto.
11. To inform the President whenever it is found that importa-
tion of any product affects adversely the maintenance of standards
under this Code and to request such action as may be necessary to
remedy such conditions.
12. To bring to the attention of the proper National Code Author-
ities and/or National Product Groups questions arising as to juris-
diction out of the definitions set forth in Schedules A and B, or
discrepancies appearing in the provisions contained in the Appen-
dices and to recommend to such National Code Authorities and/or
National Product Groups the action to be taken with respect there-
td; provided, that for a period of 120 days after the effective date of
this Code the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee may
recommend to the Administrator any amendments to, additions to,
or eliminations from this Code necessary to correct any such ques-
tions of jurisdiction or discrepancies, any such amendment, addition
or elimination to become effective upon approval by the Adminis-
trator after such notice and hearing as he may deem advisable.
13. To adopt such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the
provisions of this Code, as may be deemed advisable for the govern-
ment of said National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee and
the conduct of its proceedings.
(e) The duties of said National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-
mittee may be delegated by it to such agent or agents as it may from
time to time deem advisable.
(f) The powers, authority, and duties of the National Graphic
Arts Coordinating Committee relating to the administration and
enforcement of this Code shall be strictly limited to those herein-
above specifically granted or imposed.









SECTION G-NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUPS
(a) A National Product Group shall be truly representative of
the sales volume of the particular product or products with which
the Group is identified.
(b) National Product Groups are set forth in Schedule B, hereto
attached and hereby made a part hereof, and said Groups as to all
matters within their jurisdiction shall be administered by the ad-
ministrative agencies mentioned in said Schedule.
(c) Each National Product Group shall have jurisdiction over
all matters relating to distribution of the particular product or
products with which the Group is identified, so far as the members
of the association are concerned, and so far as.persons engaged in
the distribution of such product or products in competition with the
members of such Group and not otherwise subject to this Code are
concerned. Each National Product Group shall have the power
to adjust any differences arising between those within its jurisdiction
relating to such matters.
(d) Each National Product Group shall have the power to submit
to the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, for inclusion
in the Code, such trade practice provisions as are applicable to the
particular product or products with which the Group is identified.
Such provisions, if not inconsistent with the provisions of this Code,
shall be submitted to the Administrator for approval and when ap-
proved after such public hearing as he may prescribe shall be
included in a special appendix to the Code for the National Product
Group concerned. Trade practice provisions applicable to the par-
ticular product or products with which a National Product Group
is identified shall be binding upon all establishments producing such
product or products and all persons distributing such product or
products in competition with the producers thereof, whether any
such establishment or person is a member of such National Product
Group or not.
(e) National Product Groups shall have such administrative
powers in the promotion of the interests of those within its juris-
diction as are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Code.
Specifically, they shall have the right to bring to the attention of the
National Compliance Board concerned any violation of trade prac-
tices by any establishment subject thereto.
(f) Each National Product Group shall have the right to require
those within its jurisdiction to submit, through a confidential agency
designated by it, any statistics, data, or information regarding the
sale or distribution of the product or products with which the Group
is identified reasonably necessary to enable it to administer the mat-
ters within its jurisdiction or to determine any issue coming before
it for adjudication. All such statistics, data, or information shall
be kept confidential and shall not be revealed except to a govern-
mental agency entitled thereto; provided, that summaries and com-
pilations thereof, which do not disclose the identity of any member,
may be prepared and furnished to those within its jurisdiction and
to the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.









(g) Expenses of administration of a National Product Group
shall be equitably assessed against its members by the designated
administrative agency of such Group.

SECTION 7-EXTRA-CODE COMPETITION
No establishment subject to the provisions of this Code when in
competition in the sale of printed matter or other products, or in
publishing, with an establishment not subject to the provisions of
this Code need comply with the provisions hereof relating to pub-
lishing, sale or distribution, if such provisions are more onerous than
those to which such competitor is subject; provided, in any such case
it shall comply with the provisions of any Code to which such com-
petitor may be subject and shall furnish to its National Code
Authority full particulars thereof, which particulars shall be trans-
mitted to the National Graphic Arts. Coordinating Committee for
action thereon as provided in Section 5 (d) 1.

SECTION 8-EXECUTORY CONTRACTS
Where the costs under executory contracts entered into prior to
the effective date of this Code are increased or decreased by the appli-
cations of the provisions of this Code, appropriate adjustments of
such contracts to reflect such increased or decreased costs shall be
left to the negotiation of the establishment and the customer; and
it shall be the duty of the National Code Authority concerned to
promote such equitable adjustments.

SECTION 9-PENALTIES FOR VIOLATION
(a) The penalties for the violation of any of the provisions of this
Code shall be as provided in the National Industrial Recovery Act,
and the cost of any investigation may be assessed against any estab-
lishment found guilty of a violation.
(b) In case a governing body determines that an establishment
has filed a complaint frivolously or maliciously, it may assess the
cost of the investigation and the defendant's reasonable cost against
the complainant.
SECTION 10--COMPLAINTS
(a) All complaints, whether involving a controversy or a charge
of violation, shall be in writing signed by an establishment, and three
copies thereof shall be filed with the governing body having juris-
diction. Copies of such complaint shall be served upon the de-
fendant or alleged violator and upon his National Code Authority
by the governing body receiving such complaint at least three days
before any action is taken thereon by such governing body.
(b) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are estab-
lishments within the jurisdiction of the same National Code Author-
ity, the proceeding shall be instituted before its Regional Code
Authority (or before the joint cooperative organization authorized
by its National Code Authority), if such a governing body exists,
and all such parties are within the territorial jurisdiction of such









regional governing body, and if not before the National Code
Authority.
(c) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are estab-
lishments within the jurisdiction of two or more different National
Code Authorities, under the jurisdiction of the same National Com-
pliance Board, the proceedings shall be instituted before its Re-
gional Compliance Board (or before the joint cooperative regional
organization authorized by such National Compliance Board), if
such a governing body exists, and all such parties are within the
territorial jurisdiction of such regional governing body, and if not
before such National Compliance Board.
(d) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are estab-
lishments within the jurisdiction of two or more different National
Code Authorities, within the jurisdiction of different National Com-
pliance Boards, the proceeding shall be instituted before the joint
cooperative regional organization authorized by all the National
Compliance Boards concerned, if any such governing body exists,
and all such parties are within the territorial jurisdiction of such
regional governing body, and if not before the National Graphic
Arts Coordinating Committee.
(e) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are members
of the same National Product Group, and the matter is one over
which the Group has jurisdiction as defined in Section 6 (c), the
proceeding shall be instituted before the administrative agency of
such National Product Group.
(f) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are a mem-
ber of a National Product Group and an establishment not a mem-
ber of such a National Product Group, both being under the juris-
diction of the same National Compliance Board, the proceeding shall
be instituted before its Regional Compliance Board (or before the
joint cooperative regional organization authorized by such National
Compliance Board), if such a governing body exists, and all such
parties are within the territorial jurisdiction of such regional gov-
erning body, and if not before such National Compliance Board.
(g) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are a mem-
ber of a National Product Group and an establishment not a mem-
ber of such National Product Group, the parties being under the
jurisdiction of different National Compliance Boards, the proceed-
ing shall be instituted before the joint cooperative regional organi-
zation authorized by all the National Compliance Boards concerned,
if any such governing body exists, and all such parties are within
the territorial jurisdiction of such regional governing body, and if
not before the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.
(h) No proceeding shall be instituted before the National Graphic
Arts Coordinating Committee by any establishment or by any mem-
ber of a National Product Group, except through the National Com-
pliance Board having jurisdiction over such establishment or
member.
(i) No action, suit or other proceeding based upon an alleged
violation of the provisions of this Code, or involving a controversy
arising under the provisions of this Code, shall be commenced by
any establishment or governing body against any establishment as-
29220 --296-117-34-4









senting to the provisions of this Code, in any court, state or Federal
until such alleged violation or controversy shall have been submitted
for determination in the manner provided for by this Code, and in
the event that appeals are prosecuted in accordance with the pro-
visions of this Code, until the National Graphic Arts Coordinating
Committee shall have determined such issue.
(j) A person not subject to the provisions of this Code may make
a complaint of violation of any provision of this Code by filing
such complaint in writing, together with all available pertinent in-
formation, with the National Code Authority or National Product
Group having jurisdiction over the alleged violator.
(k) Any governing body having jurisdiction to hear any com-
plaint may adopt such rules of procedure governing the filing and
hearing of complaints, not inconsistent with the provisions of this
Code, as it may deem advisable.
SECTION 11-APPEALS
(a) An establishment shall have the right of appeal from any de-
cision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of its Regional Code Au-
thority (or of any joint cooperative regional organization authorized
by its National Code Authority) to its National Code Authority.
(b) An establishment shall have the right of appeal from any
decision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of its Regional Com-
pliance Board (or of any joint cooperative regional organization
authorized by its National Compliance Board) to its National Com-
pliance Board.
(c) An establishment shall have the right of appeal from any
decision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of its National
Code Authority to its National Compliance Board and of its Na-
tional Compliance Board to the National Graphic Arts Coordinating
Committee.
(d) A member of a National Product Group shall have the right
of appeal from any decision ruling, regulation, order, or finding of
the administrative agency of its National Product Group to the Na-
tional Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, unless all necessary
parties are establishments under the jurisdiction of the same Na-
tional Compliance Board, in which case such appeal shall lie to such
National Compliance Board.
(e) National Compliance Boards, National Code Authorities, Na-
tional Product Groups, establishments, and members of National
Product Groups shall have the right of appeal from any decision,
ruling, regulation, order, or finding of the National Graphic Arts
Coordinating Committee to the National Recovery Administration
or the President.
(f) The governing body determining any issue shall notify the
parties thereto in writing of its decision, ruling, regulation, order, or
finding, and no person shall be entitled to appeal from the action of
such governing body unless he takes an appeal within 20 days after
he shall have received such notification.
(g) All appeals shall be in writing and a copy of each appeal
shall be filed with the governing body whose action is appealed from









at least one day before it is filed with the governing body to which
such appeal is taken.
(h) An appellant shall comply with the decision, ruling, regula-
tion, order, or finding of a National Product Group, a National Code
Authority, a National Compliance Board, or the National Graphic
Arts Coordinating Committee, unless the governing body to which
his appeal is taken shall grant a stay. An appeal from the ruling,
regulation, order, or finding of regional governing body shall act as
a stay.
(i) Any governing body having jurisdiction to hear any appeal
may adopt such rules of procedure governing appeals taken to it,
not inconsistent with the provisions of this Code, as it may deem
advisable.
SECTION 12-A AMENDMENTS
(a) This Code, except as to provisions required by the Act, may
be amended on the basis of experience or changes in circumstances,
such amendments to be based upon application to the Administrator
and such notice and hearing as he shall specify, and to become effec-
tive on approval of the President.
(b) Except as herein otherwise provided, any amendment, supple-
ment, or addition to this Code may be submitted to the National
Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee by any National Code Au-
thority or any National Product Group. If it affects only the Na-
tional Code Authority or National Product Group submitting it and
is not inconsistent with other provisions of this Code it shall be sub-
mitted by the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee to the
Administrator for approval; if it affects any National Code Author-
ity or Authorities other than a National Code Authority submitting
it, it shall first be submitted to all such National Code Authorities
affected and if approved by them, shall then be submitted by the
National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee to the President for
approval.
SECTION 13-PRESIDENTIAL POWERS
The President may from time to time cancel or modify any order,
approval, license, rule, or regulation issued with respect to this Code.

SECTION 14-PARTICIPATION AND MEMBERSHIP RESTRICTIONS
Each establishment shall be entitled to make use of the NRA
insignia and may participate in the activities of its National Code
Authority and of this Code by assenting thereto and complying with
the provisions thereof, and paying the share of the expense of admin-
istration thereof assessed against it, as herein provided. The use of
such NRA insignia by any establishment, or the participation by any
establishment in the activities of its National Code Authority or of
this Code, or the continuing in effect by any establishment of its
membership in any association which has assented to this Code, shall
be construed as an assent by such establishment to this Code.
The National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, each Na-
tional Compliance Board, each National Code Authority, the admin-










istrative agency of each National Product Group, and any associa-
tion directly or indirectly participating in the activities of this Code
shall (1) impose no inequitable restrictions upon admission to mem-
bership, and (2) submit to the Administrator for review true copies
of its articles of association, constitution, by-laws, rules and regula-
tions, and any amendments when made thereto.

SECTION 15-MONOPOLIES
No provision in this Code shall be interpreted or applied in such
a manner as to promote monopolies, eliminate or oppress small enter-
prises, or discriminate against them.

SECTION 16-LIABILITIES
Nothing contained in this Code shall constitute the persons par-
ticipating in any manner whatsoever in the activities of this Code
partners for any purpose. Nor shall any person so participating
e liable in any manner to anyone for any act of any other person,
agent or employee. Nor shall any person so participating, who ex-
ercises reasonable care and diligence in the performance of his duties
hereunder or in the exercising of his powers or discretion, be liable
to any one for any action or omission to act, excepting only for his
own willfully wrong or fraudulent act.

SECTION 17-RESERVATIONS
(a) No person assenting to this Code shall be held to have thereby
assented to any amendment thereof, nor to any particular interpre-
tation if invalid.
(b) Those submitting this Code recognize that pursuant to Section
10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act the President may,
from time to time, cancel or modify any order approving this Code,
but in submitting or assenting to this Code the establishments do
not thereby consent to any modification thereof, except as each may
thereto subsequently agree, nor do they thereby waive any constitu-
tional rights, or consent to the imposition of any requirements that
might restrict or interfere with the constitutional guarantee of the
freedom of the press.

SECTION 18-EFFECTIVE DATE AND EXPIRATION
This Code shall be effective on the second Monday after its ap-
proval by the President and continue in effect concurrently with
the National Industrial Recovery Act, and any extension thereof,
unless sooner terminated by action or approval of the President.

ARTICLE II-EMPLOYMENT, WAGES, HOURS, ETC.
SECTION 10--GENERAL PROVISIONS
(a) Em.ploynent.-As required by Section 7 (a) of Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act, the following provisions are con-
ditions of this Code:









(1) That employees shall have the right to organize and bar-
gain collectively through representatives of their own choosing,
and shall be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of
employers of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such
representatives or in self-organization or in other concerted
activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other
mutual protection;
(2) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall
be required as a condition of employment to join any company
union or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a
labor organization of his own choosing, and
(3) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours
of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employ-
ment, approved or prescribed by the President.
(b) Child labor.-Establishments covered by this Code shall not
employ any person under the age of 16 years except that those be-
tween 14 and 16 years of age may be employed (but not in mechan-
ical or manufacturing duties) not to exceed three hours a day, such
hours to be between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m., in such work as will not inter-
fere with the hours of day school.
Establishments covered by Industries A-i, A-2, A-3 aid A-5 as
provided in this Code, where there are newspapers or periodicals or
advertising newspapers published and/or printed, may also employ
persons 14 years of age or over who are able, without impairment of
health, to sell newspapers or periodicals between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m.
from October 1st to March 31st, inclusive, and between 7 a.m. and
8 p.m. from April 1st to September 30th, inclusive, where such work
does not interfere with the hours of day school; and may also employ
persons under 16 years of age, who are able, without impairment of
health, to deliver newspapers or periodicals or advertising news-
papers, where such work does not interfere with the hours of day
school.
(c) Piecework conLpensation.--The provisions in this Article II
as to minimum wages shall apply irrespective of whether an em-
ployee is actually compensated on a time-rate, piece-work, or other
basis.
(d) Employment by se veral establishments.-Establishments shall
not knowingly employ any employee who works for two or more es-
tablishments for a greater number of hours in any day or week than
is specified in this Code for a single establishment.
(e) Complement of men.-A commission of three disinterested
engineers, selected by the American Society of Mechanical Engi-
neers, shall be employed by the National Graphic Arts Coordinat-
ing Committee to make a comprehensive study, and to recommend
rules, covering complement of men required on relief printing me-
chanical equipment, for addition to Section 21 of this Code by
amendment as elsewhere herein authorized.
(f) Handicapped persons.-A person whose earning capacity is
limited because of age or physical handicap may be continued on
light work unless, and until, otherwise ordered at a wage below the
minimum fixed in this Code. Each establishment shall file with
its National Code Authority n list of all such persons employed,
including the hours worked and wages paid, and such other infor-









mation as such National Code Authority may require. Further
employment under this clause must be authorized by such National
Code Authority. Each National Code Authority may adopt regula-
tions and rulings governing the application of this clause (f).

SECTION 20-NONMECHANICAL EMPLOYEES
(a) Nonm ch an ical employees-Minimunw wages.-Establish ments
covered by this Code shall not pay any nonmechanical employee
less than $15.00 per week in any city over 500,000 population or in
the immediate trade area of such city; nor less than $14.00 per
week in any city between 250,000 and 500,000 population, or in the
immediate trade area of such city; nor less than $13.00 per week
in any city between 50,000 and 250,000 population, or in the imme-
diate trade area of such city; nor less than $.2.00 per week in any
city between 25,000 and 50,000 population, or in the immediate trade
area of such city. In places of less than 25,000 population (1930
Census), wages in effect July 1, 1933, shall be increased by not
less than 20 per cent, provided, that this shall not require wages
in excess of $11.00 per week.
Excepting (1) that persons (other than apprentices) learning the
business during the first 12 months of service in the Industry, office
boys or girls, and/or errand boys or girls, comprising in all not
more than one for each five employees, or fraction thereof, shall
receive not less than 20 cents per hour; and (2) that no establish-
ment in a city over 50,000 population shall pay any nonmechanical
employee, other than those excepted, less than the amount set forth
in the foregoing paragraph, unless the wage for the same class of
work in the same locality on July 15, 1929, was less than the amount
set forth, in which case it shall pay not less than the wage for the
same class of work in such locality on July 15, 1929, with a minimum
of $12.00 per week.
Wages to such nonmechanical employees for part-time shall be
computed and paid at proportional rates for the time actually
employed.
Nonmechanical employees shall include copy-holders and em-
ployees checking directory proofs which are independently and
completely read by qualified proofreaders.

SECTION 21-MECHANICAL EMPLOYEES
ENGAGED IN THE PROCESSES OF RELIEF PRINTING
The provisions of this Section shall govern all establishments en-
gaged in any of the processes or partial processes of relief printing
and shall be applicable to all the mechanical employees of such
establishments engaged in carrying on any of the operations of such
processes.
(a) Unskilled mechanical employees-min.imum wagec..-Estab-
lishments covered by this Section shall not pay any unskilled me-
chanical employee less than 40 cents per hour, unless, on July 15,
1929, the hourly rate for the same class of work was less than 40
cents per hour, in which latter case they shall be paid not less than
such hourly rate on July 15. 1929. in the same establishment (or in











the same locality in the case of a new establishment) and in no event
less than 30 cents per hour.
(b) Skilled mechanical employees-Mi nim t um wages.-PARAGRAPH
1. Minimum hourly compensation for various classes of skilled
workers and/or artisans shall be established for classes of establish-
ments coming under this Section, as follows:
Class 1. This class shall consist of all library binders where-
ever situated, and all other establishments in places of less than
25,010 population (1930 Census) in which the total job and
contract printing output (except circulation and advertising
receipts of newspapers and periodicals) for the preceding calen-
dar year was less than $50,000.
Class 2. This class includes all establishments (other than
library binders) coming within this Section in cities (or similar
localities) having more than 25,000 population (1930 Census)
and each such establishment, in a place of smaller population,
which had a total job and contract printing output (except cir-
culation and advertising receipts of newspapers and periodicals)
for the preceding calendar year in excess of $50,000.
The minimum hourly wages for Class 1 are set forth in Column
1; and the minimum hourly wages for Class 2 are set forth in Col-
umn 2 of the following schedule:

SCHEDULE

Column Column
1 2

Compositors.-.....- ..-- ----- .......---- -----------. ----------------........ $0. 60 $0. 82
Typesetting Machine Operators--....... --------------------.......-------.----. 6 .82
Proofreaders----...................................................----- .....--------- .45 .71
Job Pressmen, including pressmen employed on special ticket and coupon presses... .48 .66
Job Feeders-.....--------- ---------.---....--------.------.----------. .34 .44
Cylinder and Sheet-fed Rotary Pressmen...----- ---------------- ----------- 60 .82
Cylinder Feeders....----------------------...-----------..-------... .35 .55
Web Rotary Pressmen-------.--------......---------.---------------------- .67 .91
Web Rotary First Assistant Pressmen..---....---. ...-...-..---. .........-----....- .35 .55
Flat Casters................................-..-------- .......-- ..... ..............------3 44
Paper Cutting and Binding Machine Operators (except as classified for Edition
Binding).---...-........--------.... ---..-...-...--------- ......---------...- .4 .66
Pamphlet Binding Machine Assistants, skilled.--......- .... ... ----------- ------- .36 .49
Pamphlet and Edition Bindery Girls, skilled, also Bunchers and Feeders------..... .30 .37
Ruling Machine Operators, skilled............-..-.......--......-....--------- -..-- 0 .82
Ruling Machine Operating Assistants....--......---- .... ..--- ...------ -- ....-.-- .. .35 .45
Ruling M machine Feeders............................................ ............ 30 .37
Edition Binding (Machine Operators), including Case Makers, Stampers. Cutters,
Rounders and Backers, Lining Machine, Casing-in Machine, Folding-Machine,
and Gathering Machine ..................----- ------ .------.----- --- -- .60 .77
Edition Binding-Assistant Machine Operators......-....--..-- ..----- --- ... 48 .60
Edition Binding-Hand Workers, skilled (Men).--..---------------------.------. .0 .66
Library Binders (Men), skilled ......................---- .. ...... ...---- ..---- ----- .5 .......--
Library Binders (Women), skilled..-------------- -...-- -- ..-------------------- .32 .....
Electrotypers-
Molders and Finishers......-------......--.......---..---------........ .....-----. 60 .82
Branchmen---...-----------------------.-----...-------------...----. .48 .66
Helpers--..-- .. ..-.. ...-- .----........---.. ..----......--------.-------. .40 .50
Stereotypers..........------ --............................ .....-------. ....-- 60 .82
Stereotypers' Helpers....- ---........................---.- -.... ................----- .40 .50
Photo-Engravers.-....--....... ..------- ..----......--------............--. .-----.. 1.00 1.00


Exception 1: An establishment whose gross business (not includ-
ing circulation and advertising receipts of newspapers and periodi-
cals) is under $100,000 per year, located in a place of less than
25,000 population, which might otherwise come under Class 2, may
obtain a terminable permit from its National (ode Authority to









come under Class 1 if and so long as that part of such gross business
which originates in places of more than 25,000 population and/or
with firms whose headquarters are in such places (hereinafter re-
ferred to as foreign business) was less than $6,000 for the preceding
quarter of the calendar year-under the following conditions:
(1) A terminable permit shall be issued upon the filing of a sworn
application stating that the applicant's foreign business for the last
preceding quarter of the calendar year was less than $6,000 (listing
the items comprising the same).
(2) Such permit shall continue for successive quarters upon its
filing reports with corresponding information within 15 days after
the expiration of each quarter.
(3) A permit shall expire 15 days after the expiration of a quarter
upon the permitted's failure to file a report thereon, or upon such
report showing over $6,000 of foreign business in the preceding
quarter of the calendar year.
(4) The National Code Authority may revoke a permit and/or
refuse further permits to any establishment which it finds to have
made a materially false statement hereunder.
Exception 2: In establishments located in places of less than
10,000 population (1930 Census) which had gross receipts of $12,000
or less in the preceding calendar year from job and contract printing
(not including circulation and advertising receipts of newspapers
and periodicals), the requirements of Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall not
apply; but mechanical employees shall receive not less than eighty
(80) per cent of the minima set forth in Column 1 of the fore-
going schedule; provided, however, that when an employee in such
an establishment performs tasks coming within several of the classi-
fications set forth in Paragraph 1, his minimum hourly rate of com-
pensation shall be determined by averaging the minimum rates for
such various classifications.
PARAGRAPH 2. Each establishment, with the exception of those-
(1) Which are operating under wage agreements arrived at
by collective bargaining; and
(2) Those which are paying not less than the wage rates
which they were paying on July 15, 1929,
shall make increases in its average hourly compensation for all
classes of skilled labor, within 30 days after this Code becomes
effective, on the following basis:
Including increases made under Paragraph 1 of this Section
each plant shall increase the hourly rates to a point where (in-
cluding increases made since July 1, 1933) they are 10 per cent
higher than the hourly rates in effect on July 1, 1933, with this
limitation, that they need not increase rates above those paid on
July 15, 1929, in the same plant, or above those paid in similar
plants in the same locality coming within the above clauses (1)
or (2).
PARAGRAPII 3. Within 30 days after this Code becomes effective
any rate increases under Paragraphs 1 and 2 must be further aug-
mented, if necessary, to bring the average hourly compensation paid
in each establishment up to 90 per cent of the hourly rates prevail-
ing on July 1, 1933, in the same locality, for those base classes of
skilled labor named in the schedule set forth in Paragraph 1 hereof.









Prevailing rates shall be the average of the hourly rates paid to
the employees constituting that 50 per cent of each class of skilled
employees coming under this Code in that locality which was re-
ceiving the higher hourly wage rates on July 1, 1933. For example,
if in a locality of Class 1, a total of thirty comnlpositors were em-
ployed, ten of whom were receiving 82 cents per hour and twenty
of whom were receiving 67 cents per hour, the prevailing rate would
be the weighted average of 82 cents for ten compo-itors and of 67
cents for five compositors (making together 50 per cent of the total
number) or 77 cents, and 90 per cent thereof would be 69.3 cents.
It is provided, however, that in a locality where one establishment
employs 50 per cent or more of the total skilled employee.- of a
particular class in that locality, and the rate paid by said estab-
lishment is higher than the average rate paid by the other estab-
lishments in that locality, the employees of that class in said es-
tablishment so employing 50 per cent or more of that class shall be
omitted in computing the average hourly wage rates for that locality.
[NOTE.-For the purposes of Paragraphs 2 and 3 "Averaire ", in case varying
,ates are paid for the same classitication of laulor, means average ;scertained
by dividing the total of hourly compensations hy tlh total numlier ft' employees
whose wage rates are being averaged.]
PARAGRAPH 4. In applying the foregoing paragraphs. differentials
in wage rates from basic rates for varying tasks within the same
class shall be maintained as in effect December 1, 1933, in the
individual establishments.
PARAGRAPH 5. In no instance shall the foregoing be applied in a
manner to reduce the present hourly rate paid to any class of em-
ployees, or to establish minimum wage rates in establishments where
collective bargaining is not practiced higher than the minimum for
the same class of employees in establishments in that locality where
wage rates were arrived at through collective bargaining.
PARAGRAPH 6. It should be specifically understood that the fore-
going provisions are intended to establish only minimum and not
maximum wage requirements.
(c) General wage prov'i'ions.-In connection with the foregoing,
the following rules shall apply:
(1) No establishment shall pay to any employee coinig
within any of the classifications enumerated in the schedule in
(b) Paragraph 1 an hourly rate lower than the minimum estab-
lished for unskilled mechanical employees in that locality by this
Section.
(2) Except as provided in Exception 2 of Paagrgaph 1 an
employee performing duties coming within more than one of the
classifications in the foregoing schedule shall be compensated on
the basis of the rates applying to such several classifications for
the time employed.
(3) The foregoing requirements as to mechanical wage- do
not apply to apprentices, who are referred to in (e) of this
Section.
(4) In establishments where newspapers are printed the pro-
visions of clause (b) and the preceding subclauses of (c) of
Section 21 need not apply for skilled mechanics while engaged
29220--296-117-- -34 -5







32

in the production of newspapers; provided, that in such etab-
lishments the minimum wage rate for such mechanics shall be 40
cents per hour, and provided further, that the differentials exist-
ing December 1, 1933, in the hourly wage rates of such employees
shall be maintained.
(d) Hours of labor-1. Standard working hours.-Standard wvrk-
ing hours shall be 40 hours per week for all mechanical employees,
including proprietors, supervisors, foremen and/or others for. the
time actually engaged in mechanical work. The work week in the
case of each individual employee shall be divided into not more than
six shifts, no one of which will be more than 8 hours unless overtiime
be paid. When necessary, overtime shall be permitted; provided (1)
that a mechanical employee shall receive not less than the local over-
time rate (one and one-third times or one and one-half times his
hourly wage) for all work in excess of 8 hours within any 24-hour
period; and (2) that no more than 520 hours shall be worked by
any mechanical employee in any 13 weeks period.
It is not intended that any of the foregoing provisions shall limit
the number of days per week or shifts per day an establishment may
operate.3
2. Ma.irm um. hour exceptions.-(1) The maximum hours fixed by
this Section shall not apply to professional persons employed in their
profession, technical employees, or employees on emergency main-
tenance, or repair work, nor to employees in cases where the restric-
tion of hours of highly skilled artistic or mechanical workers on
continuous processes would unavoidably reduce production; but in
the case of such a highly skilled artistic or mechanical worker the
local overtime rate (one and one-third times or one and one-half
times his hourly wage) shall be paid for the hours worked in excess
of the maximum.
(2) A tolerance of 10 per cent, without overtime pay, over the maxi-
mum hours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases of wash-
up crews, shipping crews, material handlers, elevator operators, and
other mechanical employees whose duties have no direct connection
with Graphic Arts processes, and a tolerance of 20 per cent without
overtime pay shall be allowed in the cases of outside delivery men,
porters, engineers, firemen, janitors and watchmen. The maximum
of six shifts per week shall not apply to engineers, firemen, janitors
or watchmen.
A toleren'e of 10 per cent, without overtime pay, shall also be al-
lowed establishments engaged in the service of library binding, such
tolerance to be averaged over six months' periods, provided no em-
ployee shall lie allowed to work over 48 hours in any one week.
(3) In establishments having periods of regular variations or sea-
sonal swells rising from the publication of newspapers (other than
cdilics) or t11( production of special editions, employees may work
more than eight hours in any one day without overtime pay.
(4) In est:ablishnints where a daily newspaper is printed, in
cities or townis whi-rt t(ire aire no available surplus mechanics com-
petent for the (a.ks to be performed, employers may work their ine-
cihanicirl m ploIiyees more tialn eight hoilus per dayi during periods of
rglil"lir var11ttionJ, Siisoll SWell, aind 'or during the production of
bt.'' piar. 2 7nr Ex:.'util''t vi ir r ipinrji ivling Ihli ('l.1..









special editions, provided that time and one-third shall be paid for
all Work in excess of eight hours per day.
(5') In establishments in Industry A-5 of this Code where news-
papers are printed, the maximum unit of hours to constitute a day's
or night's work for mechanical employees engaged in the production
of newspapers shall be S continuous hours, exclusive of lunch time.
The foregoing maximum hours of work .shall not be construed as
a minimum either for a day or a week, and if at any time in any
locality newspaper mechanics of a given trade, through their chosen
representatives, express by written request to the employer or
employers a desire to share available work with bona fide resident
unemployed competent newspaper mechanics in their particular
trade or craft, the number of hours of work may be adjusted by
mutual agreement.
If local agreement proves impossible within 15 days, the question
may be appealed by either party to a local Fact Finding Board made
up of two representatives of the employer or employers and two
representatives of the employees.
The local Board as thus formed shall endeavor to agree upon1 the
facts with regard to the number of resident unemployed competent
newspaper mechanics in the locality for the purpose of reducing the
number of such unemployed newspaper mechanics so far as is pos-
sible without undue hardship to either the employer or employers or
his or their employees.
If a majority agreement cannot be arrived at, the four members
shall choose a fifth and impartial member of the Board who shall
act as chairman.
The Board shall proceed diligently to complete its findings of fact
and make its recommendations.
Should either the employer or employers or his or their employees
disagree with the findings and recommendations of the local Fact
Finding Board, appeal may be made to the National Relief Printing
Labor Board provided for in this Code, which, after notice and
opportunity for the parties to be heard, shall make a finding which
shall be binding upon all parties of interest.
These provisions as to sharing of work shall not apply to any
newspaper having ten or less journeymen mechanical department
employees.
If in any locality there are not available competent journeymen
newspaper mechanics to permit the operation of any newspaper in
such locality on a 40 hour week, then the work week may be ex-
tended to not more than six times the maximum unit of hours here-
inbefore set forth as constituting a normal day's or night's work,
without overtime; provided that in any locality where less than 8
hours normally constitutes a day's or night's work, then the work
week may not be extended beyond six times that unit of hours
unless overtime be paid.
An employer may divide an employee's work week into as many
as six shifts, each of such length, not exceeding 8 hours, as the
employer may determine, and shall have the right to designate the
shifts, schedule of hours, and starting time of each employee. Over-
time shall be worked when necessary.









(6) In establishments in Industry A-2 of this Code where'i ews-
papers are printed, the maximum unit of hours to constitute a day's
or night's work for mechanical employees engaged in the produc-
tion of newspapers shall be 8 continuous hours, exclusive of'lunch
time.
The foregoing maximum hours of work shall not be construed as
a minimum either for a day or a week, and if at any time in any
establishment a majority of the newspaper mechanics of a given
trade express by written request to the employer a desire to share
available work with bona fide resident unemployed competent news-
paper mechanics in their particular trade or craft, the number of
hours of work may be adjusted by mutual agreement.
If local agreement proves impossible within 15 days, the question
may be appealed by either party to a local Fact Fninding Board made
up of two representatives of the employer and two representatives
of the employees.
The local Board as thus formed shall endeavor to agree upon the
facts with regard to the number of resident unemployed competent
newspaper mechanics in the locality for the purpose of reducing the
number of such unemployed newspaper mechanics so far as is pos-
sible without undue hardship to either the employer or his employees.
If a majority agreement cannot be arrived at, the four members
shall choose a fifth and impartial member of the Board who shall
act as chairman.
The Board shall proceed diligently to complete its findings of fact
and make its recommendations.
Should either the employer or his employees disagree with the
findings and recommendations of the local Fact Finding Board,
appeal may be made to the National Relief Printing Labor Board
provided for in this Code, which, after notice and opportunity for
the parties to be heard, shall make a finding which shall be binding
upon all parties of interest.
These provisions as to sharing of work shall not apply to any
newspaper having ten or less journeymen mechanical department
employees.
If in any locality there are not available competent journeymen
newspaper mechanics to permit the operation of any newspaper in
such locality on a 40 hour week, then the work week may be extended
to not more than six times the maximum unit of hours hereinbefore
set forth as constituting a normal day's or night's work, without
overtime; provided that in any locality where less than 8 hours
normally constitutes a day's or niglit's work, then the work week
may not be extended beyond six times that unit of hours unless
overtime be paid.
An employer may divide an employee's work week into as many
as six shifts, each of such length, not exceeding 8 hours, as the em-
plvyer may determine, and shall have the right to designate the
shi ftsi schedlleh of hours, and starting time of each employee. Over-
time shall lie wciirked when necessary.
(e) lAppr/tl, er/, s.-The ratio for apprentices under Section 21 of
this ('od1 slhall Ib not more than one apprentice to five or a major
Se puar. 2 of Lixe'l ivi ord ilr iapruvling LIhl Cudie.









fraction thereof of journeymen of the respective skilled classifica-
tions. However, any plant may have at least one apprentice in each
or any classification of skilled labor in which a journeyman is em-
ployed. The minimum base rates of pay for an apprentice shall
represent the percentages shown below of the minimum wage of a
journeyman of the skilled classification under which such apprentice-
ship is being served:
Per cent Per cent
First Year .--30 Fourth Year --- -----60
Second Year---..----- 40 Fifth and Sixth Years ----- 75
Third Year------ 50
Boys under eighteen, not high-school graduates, may be started as
apprentices and serve up to one year at 50 per cent of the wage of
unskilled labor.
The maximum terms of apprenticeships shall be: For compositors,
five years; for pressmen, four years if (1) over twenty years of age
at the start, or (2) advanced from feeder or rotary assistanceship,
otherwise six years.
These apprenticeship rules shall not prevent the continuation of
the status of persons already at work under apprenticeship arrange-
ments made prior to July 1, 1933.
Upon the completion of the term of apprenticeship, journeymen's
minimum rates of pay shall apply.

SECTION 22-MECHANICAL EMPLOYEES (continued)
A. ENGAGED IN THE PROCESSES or LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING
The provisions of this Sub-Section 22-A, shall govern all, estab-
lishments engaged in any of the processes or partial processes of lith-
ographic printing and shall be applicable to all the mechanical em-
ployees of such establishments engaged in carrying on any of the
operations of such processes; excepting those establishments and the
employees of those establishments, included in the Trade Mounting
and Finishing Industry.
(a) 7Unskilled mechanical employees-Mininm.um wages.-Estab-
lishinents covered by this Sub-Section 22-A shall not pay any un-
skilled mechanical employee less than 40 cents per hour, unless, on
July 15, 1929, the hourly rate for the same class of work was less
than 40 cents per hour, in which latter case establishments shall not
pay less than such hourly rate on July 15, 1929, and in no event less
than 30 cents per hour.
(b) Skilled mccha.ical employees-AMinimum wages.-(1) Each
establishment which operated on July 1, 1933, on a basic work week of
40 hours or more shall put into effect, as of the effective date of this
Code, hourly rates for all its skilled mechanical employees at least
10% higher than were the hourly rates in effect on July 1, 1933; pro-
vided, that no such hourly rate shall be less than the minimum hourly
rate established by this Sub-Section 22-A for unskilled mechanical
employees, and provided further, that no establishment shall be re-
quired under this paragraph to pay any employee a weekly wage
for 40 hours greater than the weekly wage paid for the same class
of work for the basic work week in operation in such establishment
on July 1, 1929.









(2) If. after the increase in hourly rate provided for in the pre-
ceding paragraph is effective, the hourly rate paid by an establish-
ment to any skilled mechanical employee is less than 90% of the pre-
vailing hourly rate on July 1, 1933, the hourly rate of such employee
within 30 days from the effective date of this Code shall be increased
to not less than 90% of such prevailing hourly rate. For thd pur-
pose of this paragraph, prevailing hourly rate is defined to-be the
average rate paid that class of skilled mechanical employees by a
group of other establishments doing a comparable class of work
and or of comparable size in that locality or competitive area.-
(c) Hours of labor-(1) Standard working hours.-Standard
working hours for all mechanical employees, including proprietors,
supervisors, foremen and, or others for the time actually engaged
in mechanical work shall be 40 hours per week, and not over 8 hours
per day from Monday to Friday inclusive and not over 4 hours on
Saturday mornings before 1 p.m.
Overtime shall be permitted when necessary, provided, (1) that in
any establishment for each of the first 3 hours worked in excess of
the standard work day for such establishment on any day from
Monday to Friday inclusive a mechanical employee shall receive
one and one-half times his hourly wage, (2) that for the fourth
and each additional hour worked in excess of such standard work
day from Monday to Friday inclusive a mechanical employee shall
receive two times his hourly wage, (3) that for each hour worked
on Saturday in excess of 4 hours worked on Saturday mornings
and for each hour worked on Sundays or legal holidays a mechanical
employee shall receive two times his hourly wage.
If the number of hours worked by a mechanical employee from
Monday to Friday inclusive in any week without overtime is 36 or
less, he shall be permitted to work for 4 hours on Saturday morning
at. his regular hourly wage; if the number of hours so workedfrom
Monday to Friday is more than 36, he shall be permitted to work
on Saturday morning at his regular hourly wage for such number of
hours as will bring the total hours worked in the week without over-
time to 40 hours. For those hours worked on Saturday morning by a
mechanical employee by which the total hours worked by him in
that week without overtime exceeds'40 hours lie shall receive one
and one-half tinies his regular hourly wage.
No more than 520 hours including overtime shall be worked by
any mechanical employee in any 13 weeks period.
None of the foregoing provisions shall limit the number of days
per week or shifts per day an establishment may operate."
(2) .la.I,'ium hours exceptions.-The maximum hours fixed by
this Sub-Section 22-A shall not apply to professional persons em-
ploved in their profession, technical employees, or employees on
emergency ii, aintinieain'e, or repair work.
A tolerance of ten per cent, without overtime pay, over the maxi-
1nunl hours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases of ship-
ping crews, nIlat(rial Ihandlers, elevator operators, and other mechani-
cal employees whose duties have no direct connection with Graphic
Arts processes., nal a tolerance of twenty per cent, without overtime
* See par. 2 of Executive murder approving tbli Code.









pay, shall be allowed in the cases of outside delivery men, porters,
engineers, firemen, janitors and watchmen.
A tolerance of ten per cent, over the maxitmumi hours herein pre-
scribed, shall be allowed in the case of wash-up crews, provided that
for any.such work done by employees in excess of the standard work
day, overtime at the rates hereinabove specified shall be paid in those
establishments where it has been customary to pay overtime for such
work.6
(d) Apprentices.-(1) The National Lithographic Printing La-
bor Board, hereinafter provided for, promptly after its organization
shall appoint a committee composed of an equal number of repre-
sentatives of employers and employees to study carefully the ap-
prenticeship situation and to make recommendations thereon to the
National Lithographic Code Authority. In making its study the
committee shall not limit itself to existing data and information but
shall secure through the National Code Authority from establish-
ments within the Industry such additional facts as it may deem
necessary. Its recommendations shall include apprenticeship ratios
and methods of applying them equitably for the Industry. Upon
receipt of the recommendations of the committee, the National Lith-
ographic Printing Code Authority shall adopt rules and regulations
to govern all apprentices within the Industry, such rules and regu-
lations being subject to the review of the Administrator.
(2) Until the rules and regulations governing apprentices are
adopted as above provided, the ratio of apprentices in the press
department shall be not more than one apprentice to four journey-
men; the ratio in each of the other departments shall be not more
than one apprentice to five journeymen employed in each such de-
partment; and in smaller establishments in which the above ratios
are not applicable not more than one apprentice shall be permitted
for each five journeymen employed in all departments. Existing
wage arrangements for apprentices shall continue until or unless
changed as above provided.
B. ENGAGED IN THE TRADE MOUNTING AND FINISHING INDUSTRY
Thq provisions of this Sub-Section 22-B shall govern all establish-
ments included in the Trade Mounting and Finishing Industry and
shall be applicable to all the mechanical employees of such estab-
lishments.
(a) illechanical employees-Minimum. wages.- (1) Establish-
ments covered by this Sub-Section 22-B shall not pay any mechanical
employee less than 40 cents per hour for male employees and 35
cents per hour for female employees; provided, where female em-
ployees do substantially the same work or perform substantially the
same duties as male employees, they shall be paid the same rate of
pay as male employees are paid for doing such work or performing
such duties.
(2) As soon as practicable, a job classification for the Industry
shall be set up by the National Trade Mounting and Finishing Code
Authority and minimum rates for each job classification shall be
fixed. Such job classification, when approved by the Administrator,
shall be binding on each establishment within the Industry.
*See par. 2 of Exes utive order approving this Code.









(b) Hours of Labor-(1) Standard working hours.-The stand-
ard working hours for all mechanical employees, including propri-
etors, supervisors, foremen and or others, for the time actually en-
gaged in mechanical work, shall be forty (40) hours per week and
eight (8) hours per day on any day from Monday to Saturday,
inclusive; provided, however, that if the Code Authority having
jurisdiction so decides, the standard work week in any defined area
shall be eight (8) hours per day from Monday to Friday, inclusive.
In any such case if one of the clays from Monday to Friday be a
legal holiday, or a holiday recognized by the Code Authority having
jurisdiction, in such week Saturday may be substituted as part of
the standard work week.
When necessary, overtime shall be permitted, provided:
(a) That a mechanical employee shall receive not less than
one and one-half times his hourly wage for all work in excess
of 8 hours in any standard work day, and for all work in excess
of 40 hours within any week, and for all work on other than a
standard work day,
(b) That no more than 48 hours, including overtime, shall be
worked by any mechanical employee in any one week2 and,
(c) That no more than 520 hours, including overtime, shall
be worked by any mechanical employee in any 13 week period.
(2) Max.imum hours exceptions.-The maximum hours fixed by
this Sub-Section 22-B shall not apply to professional persons em-
ployed in their profession, technical employees, employees on emer-
gency maintenance, or repair work, nor to employees in cases where
the restriction of hours of highly skilled artistic or mechanical work-
ers on continuous processes would unavoidably reduce production;
but in the case of such highly skilled artistic or mechanical workers,
at least time and a half shall be paid for the hours worked in excess
of the maximum.
A tolerance of 10%, without overtime pay, over the maximum
hours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases of shipping
crews, elevator operators and other mechanical employees whose
duties have no direct connection with Graphic Arts processes, and
a tolerance of 20%, without overtime pay, shall be allowed in the
cases of outside delivery men, porters, engineers, firemen, janitors
and watchmen. The maximum of five shifts per week shall not
apply to engineers, firemen, janitors or watchmen.7
(c) Prohibition of home work.-All labor shall be performed in
the establishment's plant and no home work shall be allowed.

SECTION 23
MECHANICAL EMPLOYEES (continued)
A. ENfAl;ED IN TnrH PROCESS OF GRAVUnm INTAGLIO PRINTING
The provisions of this Sub-Section 23A shall govern all establish-
lmeint eng(iged in any of the processes or partial processes of gravure
printing and shall be applicable to all the mechanical employees of
such c.stablishments engaged in carrying on any of the operations of
such processes.
I S'e par. 2 of Executive order approving this Code.









(a) Unskilled mechanical employcs-mi;nn i u wages.-Estab-
lishments covered by this Sub-Section 23A shall not pay any un-
skilled mechanical employee less than 40 cents per hour, unless, on
July 15, 1929, the hourly rate for the same class of work was less
than 40 cents per hour, in which latter case they shall be paid not
less than such hourly rate on July 15, 1929, in the same establish-
ment (or in the same locality in the case of a new establishment)
and in no event less than 30 cents per hour.
(b) Skilled mechanical employees-minimum wages.-PARA-
GRAPH 1. Minimum hourly compensation for various classes of
I skilled workers and/or artisans shall be established for establish-
ments coming under this Sub-Section 23A, as follows:
Rotogravure Pressmen----------------------------_ $0.91
SRotogravure Assistants (or brakemen) -------------- .55
Photo-Engravers ----------------------------- 1.00
PARAGRAPH 2. Each establishment, with the exception of those-
(1) Which are operating under wage agreements arrived at
by collective bargaining; and
(2) Those which are paying not less than the wage rates which
they were paying on July 15, 1929,
shall make increases in its average hourly compensation for all classes
of skilled labor, within 30 days after this Code becomes effective, on
the following basis:
Including increases made under Paragraph 1 of this Sub-Section
23A each plant shall increase the hourly rates to a point where (in-
cluding increases made since July 1, 1922) they are 10 per cent higher
than the hourly rates in effect on July 1, 1933, with this limitation,
that they need not increase rates above those paid on July 15, 1929,
in the same plant, or above those paid in similar plants in the same
locality coming within the above clauses (1) or (2).
PARAGRAPH 3. Within 30 days after this Code becomes effective any
rate increases under Paragraphs 1 and 2 must be further augmented,
if necessary, to bring the average hourly compensation paid in each
establishment up to 90 per cent of the hourly rates prevailing on
July 1, 1933, in the same locality, for those base classes of skilled
labor named in the schedule set forth in Paragraph 1 hereof.
Prevailing rates shall be the average of the hourly rates paid to
the employees constituting that 50 per cent of each class of skilled
employees coming under this Code in that locality which was re-
ceiving the higher hourly wage rates on July 1, 1933. For example,
if in a locality a total of thirty rotogravure pressmen were employed,
ten of whom were receiving 96 cents per hour and twenty of whom
were receiving 90 cents per hour, the prevailing rate would be the
weighted average of 96 cents for ten pressmen and of 90 cents for
five pressmen (making together 50 per cent of the total number) or
94 cents, and 90 per cent thereof would be 84.6 cents.
[NOTE.-For the purposes of Paragraphs 2 and 3 "Average," in case varying
rates are paid for the same classification of labor, means average ascertained
by dividing the total of hourly compensations by the total number of employees
whose wage rates are being averaged.]
PARAGRAPH 4. In applying the foregoing paragraphs, differentials
in wage rates from basic rates for varying tasks within the same class









shall be maintained as in effect December 1, 1933, in the individual
establishments.
PARAGRAPH 5. In no instance shall the foregoing be applied in a
manner to reduce the present hourly rate paid to any class of em-
ployees, or to establish minimum wage rates in establishments where
collective bargaining is not practiced higher than the minimum
for the same class of employees in establishments in that locality
where wage rates were arrived at through collective bargaining.
PARAGRAPH 6. It should be specifically understood that the fore-
going provisions are intended to establish only minimum and not
maximum wage requirements.
(c) General wage provisions.-In connection with the foregoing,
the following rules shall apply:
(1) No establishment shall pay to any employee coming
within any of the classifications enumerated in the schedule
in (b) Paragraph 1 an hourly rate lower than the minimum
established for unskilled mechanical employees in that locality
by this Sub-Section 23A.
(2) An employee performing duties coming within more than
one of the classifications in the foregoing schedule shall be com-
pensated on the basis of the rates applying to such several classi-
fications for the time employed.
(3) The foregoing requirements as to mechanical wages do
not apply to apprentices, who are referred to in (e) of this
Sub-Section 23A.
(d) Hours of labor-1. Standard working hours.-Standard
working hours shall be 40 hours per week for all mechanical em-
ployees, including proprietors, supervisors, foremen and/or others
for the time actually engaged in mechanical work. The work week
in the case of each individual employee shall be divided into not
more than six shifts, no one of which will be more than 8 hours
unless overtime be paid. When necessary, overtime shall be per-
mitted; provided (1) that a mechanical employee shall receive not
less than the local overtime rate (one and one-third times or one
and one-half times his hourly wage) for all work in excess of 8 hours
within any 24-hour period; and (2) that no more than 520 hours
shall be worked by any mechanical employee in any 13 weeks period.
It is not intended that any of the foregoing provisions shall limit
the number of days per week or shifts per day an establishment
may operate.
2. Maximum. hour exceptions.-(1) The maximum hours fixed by
this Sub-Section 23A shall not apply to professional persons em-
ployed in their profession, technical employees, or employees on
emergency maintenance, or repair work nor to employees In cases
where the restriction of hours of highly skilled artistic or mechanical
workers on continuous processes would unavoidably reduce produc-
tion; but in the case of such a highly skilled artistic or mechanical
worker the local overtime rate (one and one-third times or one and
one-half times his hourly wage) shall be paid for the hours worked
in excess of the maximum.
(2) A tolerance of 10 per cent, without overtime pay, over the
maximum hours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases of
wash-up crews, shipping crews, material handlers, elevator opera-









tors, and other mechanical employees whose duties have no direct
connection with Graphic Arts processes, and a tolerance of 20 per
cent without overtime pay shall be allowed in the cases of outside
delivery men, porters, engineers, firemen, janitors and watchmen.
The maximum of six shifts per week shall not apply to engineers,
firemen, janitors or watchmen.
(3) In establishments having periods of regular variations or sea-
sonal swells arising from the publication of newspapers (or of parts
thereof) or the production of special editions, employees may work
more than eight hours in any one day without overtime pay.8
(e) Apprentices.-The ratio for apprentices under Sub-Section
23A of this Code shall be not more than one apprentice to three or a
major fraction thereof of journeymen of the respective skilled classi-
fications. However, any plant may have at least one apprentice in
each or any classification of skilled labor in which a journeyman is
employed. The minimum base rates of pay for an apprentice shall
represent the percentages shown below of the minimum wage of a
journeyman of the skilled classification under which such apprentice-
ship is being served:
Per cent Per cent
First Year----------------- 30 Fourth Year ---_------__ -- 60
Second Year 4------__----- 0 Fifth and Sixth Years ------- 75
Third Year----------------- 50
The maximum terms of apprenticeship shall be: For rotogravure
pressmen, four years if (1) over twenty years of age at the start, or
(2) advanced from rotary assistanceship, otherwise six years.
These apprenticeship rules shall not prevent the continuation of the
status of persons already at work under apprenticeship arrangements
made prior to July 1, 1933.
Upon the completion of the term of apprenticeship, journeymen's
minimum rates of pay shall apply.

SECTION 24-LABOR BOARDS9
PARAGRAPH 1. ORGANIZATION.-A. National Board: There shall be
established three National Graphic Arts Labor Boards, as follows:
(1) National Lithographic Printing Labor Board: This shall con-
sist of four members appointed by the Administrator of the National
Recovery Administration upon nomination by the Labor Advisory
Board of said Administration, four members appointed by the Na-
tional Lithographic Printing Compliance Board (each of said groups
of four members to be equally and truly representative respectively
of the two leading types of employer-employee relationships), and
of an impartial Chairman selected by the members of the Board so
appointed, or, in case of their failure to agree, by the President,
upon nomination by the Administrator of the National Recovery
Administration.
This Board shall have jurisdiction over the following Industries:
B-l. Lithographic Printing Industry.
D-2. Trade Lithographic Plate Making Industry.
D-4. Trade Mounting and Finishing Industry.
8 See par. 2 of Executive order approving thi- CndlP.
See par. 1 of Exprutive order approving this Code.







42

(2) National Intaglio Printing Labor Board: This shall consist of
two groups of four members each, appointed on the same principle
as provided in A (1), excepting that the appointment of the second
group of four shall be by the National Intaglio Printing Compliance
board. The Chairman shall be appointed as provided in A (1).
This Board shall have jurisdiction over the following Industries:
C-1. Gravure Printing Industry.
C-2. Steel and Copperplate Engraving and Printing Industry.
C-3. Securities Engraving and Printing Industry.
C-4. Bank Note Engraving and Printing Industry.
(3) National Relief Printing Labor Board: This shall consist of
two groups of six members each, appointed on the same principle as
provided in A (1), excepting that the second group of six shall be
appointed by the National Relief Printing Compliance Board with
the concurrence of the National Code Authorities of the Service
Industries coming within the jurisdiction of said National Relief
Printing Labor Board. The Chairman shall be appointed as pro-
vided in A (1).
This Board shall have jurisdiction over all Industries coming
within this Code, with the exception of those above specified in A
(1) and A (2) of this Section.
[NOTE.-In case any National Compliance Board shall fail to appoint mem-
bers for a National Labor Board within 30 days after written notice from the
National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee that such appointment is in
order, the members of said committee representing the Industries concerned
may by majority vote appoint such members for such National Labor Board.]
B. Regional Labor Boards and Temporary Labor Committees:
Regional Labor Boards and/or Temporary Labor Committees may
be appointed, within the jurisdictions of the respective National
Labor Boards above specified, in the following manner:
Any National Labor Board shall establish a Regional Labor.
Board (or a Temporary Labor Committee to deal only with a
particular labor problem) upon written request from a National
Compliance Board stating that in an area specified in such re-
quest there exists a sufficient demand to justify the same. In
such case such National Labor Board shall establish:
(a) A Regional Labor Board for such area, with such num-
ber of members as it finds advisable and so selected that equal
numbers of its members shall represent employers and em-
ployees; and its membership shall be truly representative respec-
tively, of the types of employer-employee relationships in such
area. The Chairman shall be selected on the principle set forth
in A (1). The existence of any such Regional Labor Board
shall be terminated by such National Labor Board at any time
upon request of the appropriate National Compliance Board; or
(b) A Temporary Labor Committee truly representative of
the parties to the problem, with a Chairman selected on the prin-
ciple set forth in A (1), which shall dissolve when such problem
has been disposed of.
C. All Graphic Arts Labor Boards and Temporary Labor Com-
mittees shall be limited to dealing exclusively with such matters and
in such manner as is provided for in Paragraph 2 of this Section.









PARAGRAPH 2. PROCEDURE.-(1) The procedure for the settlement
of claims of alleged violations of the provisions of Sections 20 to
23, inclusive, of this Code shall be as follows:
(a) Such claims shall first be taken up through such arrange-
ments or procedure as exists within the establishment involved,
provided that such arrangements or procedures are definite and
equitable and are properly posted in the establishment. If no
such arrangements are posted, any complaining employee shall
deliver to the manager or proprietor a specific written complaint
and allow at least 10 days for its adjustment.
(b) A claim not settled under the provision of Clause (a)
may be taken before the appropriate Graphic Arts Regional
Labor Board, if any exists covering the territory where such es-
tablishment is located, or before a Temporary Labor Committee
appointed to deal with the particular labor problem involved.
Where no such Regional Labor Board exists, or no such Tempo-
rary Labor Committee has been appointed, such a claim may be
taken directly to the appropriate National Graphic Arts Labor
Board.
(c) Except where they act under Sub-clause (d) or under
Clause (2) below, National and Regional Labor Boards and
Temporary Labor Committees shall act only upon written peti-
tion accompanied by an affidavit showing that Clause (1) (a) of
Paragraph 2 hereof has been complied with, setting forth the
result of action taken thereunder, and making proof of service
of the petition personally or by registered mail upon each estab-
lishment concerned, its National Code Authority, and its Na-
tional Compliance Board. The Labor Board or Temporary
Labor Committee concerned shall thereupon defer action for
twenty (20) days after the filing of such petition (unless the
National Code Authority concerned shall consent to earlier
action), in order to permit such National Code Authority to
investigate the facts, endeavor to remedy the same, and to re-
port its action thereon to such Labor Board or Temporary Labor
Committee.
(d) Each decision of a Regional Labor Board or a Tempo-
rary Labor Committee under (1) of Paragraph 2 shall be re-
ported in writing within 20 days to the appropriate Natiunal
Labor Board and shall be final, except when reviewed and mod-
ified or reversed by such National Labor Board on its own mo-
tion. Each decision of a National Labor Board shall be final.
(2) Any National or Regional Labor Board or Temporary Labor
Committee may act with respect to, or assist in the solution of, spe-
cific questions relating to wages, hours, or other conditions of labor,
upon the written request or consent of the National Code Authorities
concerned, made or given at the suggestion of some establishment or
establishments affected thereby. In each case, such Board or Com-
mittee shall determine its own procedure.
(3) During the consideration of any controversy, neither party
shall change the conditions existing at the time the controversy
arose, or utilize any coercive or retaliatory measures to compel the
other party to accede to its demands.









PARAGRAPH 3. EXPENSE.-Members of National and Regional
Labor Boards and Temporary Labor Committees shall serve without
compensation but shall be reimbursed for ordinary expenses; pro-
vided, that Chairmen may be compensated on a basis approved by
the National Compliance Boards concerned.
The shares of the expenses of the Graphic Arts National and Re-
gional Labor Boards and Temporary Labor Committees, to be borne
by the Industries concerned, and their allocation among the various
Industries, shall be determined by agreement among the National
Code Authorities within the jurisdiction of the respective Graphic
Arts Labor Boards, such allocation to be made as nearly as possible
upon the basis of the amount of time devoted to the affairs of the
respective National Code Authorities by each such Graphic Arts
Labor Board or Temporary Labor Committee. In case such agree-
ment cannot be reached by the National Code Authorities con-
cerned, the matter shall be determined by the National Graphic Arts
Coordinating Committee. The National Graphic Arts Coordinat-
ing Committee shall have charge of the collection and disbursement
of such funds.'0

SECTION 25-TEMPORARY RELEASES

After the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee has
submitted to and secured the approval of the Administrator of a
procedure to cover the granting of temporary releases from any
provision of Article II of this Code, upon the application of an
establishment, because of an emergency existing therein, to its Re-
gional or National Code Authority, such a temporary release may
be granted by such Code Authority. Any such temporary release
must be specific as to its duration and must immediately be reported
by the body granting it to the appropriate National Compliance
Board and National Labor Board, and, if granted by a Regional
.Code Authority, to its National Code Authority. Permanent re-
leases or exemptions may be granted only as in Section 5 (d) 9
provided.

ARTICLE III-MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION
SECTION 20--ACCOUNTING AND COST FINDING
(a) Maintenance of systems.-Each National Code Authority,
within thirty (30) days after the effective date of this Code, shall
declare for its Industry uniform principles of accounting and cost
finding, which shall be subject to the review of the National Graphic
Arts Coordinating Committee and the Administrator, and shall pre-
scribe a method of accounting and a method of cost finding each in
conformity with such principles and readily adaptable, and each of
which shall be subject to the review of the National Graphic Arts
Coordinating Committee; and each establishment shall use a method
of accounting and a method of cost finding each of which shall con-
form to the principles declared and be at least as detailed and com-
10 Deleted as per par. 1 of Executive order approving this Code.



it









S plete as the method prescribed, with such variations of application
and exceptions as may upon proper showing be approved by such
National Code Authority.
S (b) Economic costs, production standards and cost determination
schedules.-Each National Code Authority, within thirty (30) days
after the effective date of this Code, shall compile cost and produc-
S tion records from comparable and representative establishments to
determine departmental economic hourly cost rates and production
standards and cost determination schedules, and, subject to the re-
view of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee and
the Administrator, shall declare and from time to time revise and
declare such cost rates, standards, and schedules.
(c) Cost determination.-After the principles and methods of
accounting and cost finding and, or the departmental economic hourly
cost rates and production standards and or cost determination sched-
ules for an Industry have been declared and prescribed as provided
in paragraphs (a) and (b), each establishment therein shall deter-
mine the costs of its products:
1. In conformity with the principles and methods of account-
ing and cost finding as provided in paragraph (a) ; or
2. Upon departmental economic hourly cost rates and pro-
duction standards as provided in paragraph (b), including the
cost of all materials used; or
3. Upon cost determination schedules as provided in para-
graph (b);
it being understood that an establishment may use the method, herein
provided, resulting in the lowest costs of its products. Until the
methods for determining costs as above set forth are prescribed, it is
intended that each establishment will use such a method as has been
prescribed; except that until the cost finding method provided in
paragraph (a) has been prescribed by its National Code Authority,
an establishment having an adequate cost finding system may use
such system, subject to the review of its National Code Authority.
(d) Selling below cost prohibited.-After the costs of its products
can be determined as provided in paragraph (c) of this Section, no
establishment shall sell or offer to sell any product at a price or upon
any terms or conditions that will result in a sale of such product for
less than the cost thereof as so determined; provided, however, that
for a period of twelve (12) months after the effective date of this
Code and thereafter until revoked by the National Code Authority
concerned with the approval of the Administrator, an establishment
may in defense of its business meet a bona fide known competitive
bid of any other establishment provided that the facts of a bid so
made shall be immediately reported to its National Code Authority
anrd to any other National Code Authority concerned; and provided,
further, that any issue of any newspaper or periodical may be sold
or delivered by the publishers at less than the cost thereof as defined
in paragraph (c) of this Section, and any bona fide issue of any
advertising newspaper may be delivered by the publishers without
cost to the reader.
Any National Code Authority may establish departmental eco-
nomic hourly cost rates and production standards or cost determina-
tion schedules, and when such costs have been so established they









may be declared by the National Code Authority or by the National
Product Group with which any such product is identified. Such
declaration by a National Code Authority or a National Product
Group shall be binding only after it has been communicated to the
Consumers Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administra-
tion and approved by the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-
mittee and by the Administrator after such notice and hearing as he
may prescribe. After the approval of any such declaration no estab-
lishment shall sell or offer to sell any such product at less than such
costs.
(e) Open price plans.-A National Product Group, a National
Code Authority, or any specialized or regional group of establish-
ments within the jurisdiction of a. National Code Authority, may
adopt an Open Price Plan, which shall become effective not less than
ten (10) days after adoption, provided any such plan substantially
conforms to the provisions hereinafter set forth, does not permit
selling below cost as cost is defined in paragraph (c) of this Section,
and, further, conforms to such rules and regulations as the National
Product Group or National Code Authority concerned may from
time to time prescribe subject to the review of the National Graphic
Arts Coordinating Committee.
1. Within ten (10) days after the effective date of any Open
Price Plan, each establishment, unless excepted by the provisions
of such Plan, shall file with the National Product Group or
National Code Authority concerned a list giving the complete
schedules of prices and/or departmental hourly rates and pro-
duction standards used and/or cost determination schedules
and/or catalogues as such plan may require together with terms
and conditions of sale of all products included in such Open
Price Plan and offered for sale by such establishment, which list
shall become effective in not less than seven (7) days after the
date so filed and shall remain effective until revised as herein-
after provided.
2. An establishment having filed a list with a National Prod-
uct Group or a National Code Authority may revise, change or
modify such list by filing with the National Product Group or
National Code Authority concerned a revision of such list, which
revision shall become effective in not less than seven (7) nor
more than ten (10) days after the date so filed.
3. An establishment filing a list or a revision of a list shall at
the same time furnish the National Product Group or National
Code Authority concerned such copies thereof as may be re-
quired, and the National Product Group or National Code Au-
thority shall within five (5) days after the filing of the list or
revision thereof make same available to all interested persons
in such manner as may seem most practicable.
4. No establishment shall sell or offer to sell any product cov-
ered by such Open Price Plan to which it is subject at a price or
prices lower or upon terms and conditions more favorable than
stated in the list or revision thereof filed by it as hereinabove
provided. However, for a period not exceeding ten (10) days
after the effective date of any revised list, any establishment may
sell as low as any price specified in such revised list.









Any such Open Price Plan may be modified, discontinued or dis-
solved at any time by the group or body originally adopting same,
written notice of which action shall be filed with and made avail-
able by the National Product Group or National Code Authority
concerned.
All rules and regulations governing an adopted Open Price Plan
and all lists filed thereunder shall- be subject to the review of the
Administrator.
; (f) Guides of fair value.-Based on such accurate records and
statistics as it may compile and, or other acceptable data and in-
formation and subject to the review or approval thereof of the
National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, a National Code
Authority may publish or approve for its Industry or for any defined
geographical area price determination schedules for as many kinds
and classes of products of its establishments as may be desirable and
practicable, and a National Product Group may publish or approve
price determination schedules for any product or products with
which it is identified. Such schedules when approved shall serve
as guides of fair value.
(g) Special competition.-Any state (including political sub-
divisions thereof), ecclesiastical, religious, educational, charitable,
welfare, penal, or any institution which is publicly endowed or sup-
ported in whole or in part by contributions, or which is exempt from
the payment of any local, state or Federal taxes whatsoever, when
competing with any other establishment not so endowed, supported
or exempted, shall determine its costs upon departmental economic
hourly cost rates or upon cost determination schedules established for
the Industry in its region as defined in Section 26 paragraph (c) of
this Code, excepting as to books not published for profit, and its own
newspapers and periodicals; provided, however, that any such in-
stitution which shall first satisfy the National Code Authority as to
the competitive fairness and adequacy of its accounting and cost-
finding system may, if it so desires, determine its costs on the basis
\, of such system."
SECTION 27-UNFAIR PRACTICES
(a) Inaccurate records.-No establishment shall keep records of
facts (pertinent to this Code) which are inaccurate in any material
particular or use misleading or deceptive methods of determining
costs in general or of a specific job, or withhold from or insert in any
quotation or invoice any statement which makes it inaccurate in any
material particular.
(b) Inaccurate representation.-No establishment shall use ad-
vertising or other representation which is inaccurate in any material
particular as to its product, production facilities, merchandise, serv-
ices or terms, or in any way misrepresent the origin, preparation,
process, quality, kind, weight, substance, grade, brand, or quantity
S of its product or printed matter or the circulation or distribution
S thereof.
u See par. 6 of Executive order approving this Code.









(c) Inaccurate references to a competitor.-No establishment shall,
in its own advertising or other representation, refer inaccurately in
any material particular to any competitor or his product, production
facilities, merchandise, values, services, or terms.
(d) Deliveries on consign-ment.-No establishment shall deliver
any product on consignment except under a signed contract or under
regulations prescribed by its National Code Authority or the Na-
tional Product Group of which it may be a member.
(e) Discrimination.-No establishment shall secretly or otherwise
give or offer to give any rebate, allowance, premium, free goods",
refund, commission, term of credit, unearned discount, special serv-
ice or other valuable consideration which is discriminating as be-
tween customers of the same class or which will result in selling below
cost as prohibited in Section 26, paragraph (d) (in the event of any
controversy, the definition of "class ", as herein used, shall be de-
termined by the National Code Authority concerned).
(f) Commercial bribery.-No establishment of this Industry shall
give, permit to be given or directly offer to give, anything of value
or the purpose of influencing or rewarding the action of any em-
ployee, agent or representative of another in relation to the business
of the employer of such employee, the principal of such agent or the
represented party, without the knowledge of such employer, prin-
cipal or party. Commercial bribery provisions shall not be con-
strued to prohibit free and general distribution of articles commonly
used for advertising except so far as such articles are actually used
for commercial bribery as hereinabove defined.
(g) Threats of lawt suits.-No establishment shall publish or cir-
culate unjustified or unwarranted threats of legal proceedings which
tend to have the effect of harassing or intimidating competitors or
their customers.
(h) Interference with contracts.-No establishment shall induce
or attempt to induce the breach of an existing contract between an
establishment and its employee or customer or source of supply; nor
shall any establishment interfere with or obstruct the performance
of such contractual duties or services.
(i) Appropriation of design.-No establishment shall usurp or
make use of any design, plan, drawing, sketch, dummy or copy
which has been submitted to a prospective customer by a competing
establishment and is rightfully and plainly marked as having been
originated or devised by and being the property of such competing
establishment and which has not been purchased by such prospective
customer.
(j) Submitting bids..-No establishment shall make a fictitious
bid for the purpose of misleading or deceiving a customer or com-
petitor, or attempt thereby to cause any bid already submitted or
a specific proposal to be rejected for the purpose of securing an
advantage over other bidders in a subsequent proposal.
(k) Partial shipments.-No establishment shall accept an order
for a large quantity of any of its products or merchandise and make
delivery thereof in small amounts at quantity prices that will have
the effect of extending to any customer any special service or privi-
lege not extended to all customers of the same class.







49

(1) Uniform sales contract form.-A National Code Authority or
a National Product Group may adopt a uniform sales contract form
for the use of its Industry or Group or for any product or for a
defined geographical area, and when so adopted no establishment
therein shall sell or offer to sell any product upon terms and condi-
tions more favorable to the customer than those contained in such
uniform sales contract form. Such uniform sales contract form shall
be subject to review by the Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee
and the Administrator.
(m) Acts of employees and agents.-No establishment shall know-
ingly suffer its employee or agent to commit an act which is pro-
hibited in this Section.
Approved Code No. 287.
Registry No. 599-33.














SCHEDULES


SCHEDULE A

The Graphic Arts Industries and their respective National Code Authorities
are as follows:
No. A-1. Commercial Relief Printing.-This Industry shall include all Com-
mercial Relief Printing Establishments which were on September 18, 1933,
members of the United Typothetae of America or any trade organization then
cooperating with the National Executive Committee of the Printing Industry,
appointed at the Chicago Conference, held on July 13 and 14, 1933, or with
any organization then cooperating with said Executive Committee; and all
Commercial Relief Printing Establishments located within any metropolitan-
area and all Commercial Relief Printing Establishments having an annual sales
volume of $25,000 or more located in any non-metropolitan-area which were
not, on September 18, 1933, members of an organization designated as a Na-
tional Code Authority or any trade organization then cooperating with such
National Code Authority or with any organization then cooperating with such
National Code Authority. Any Commercial Relief Printing Establishment
which was, on September 18, 1933, a member of the United Typothetae of
America or of any trade organization then cooperating with the said National
Executive Committee of the Printing Industry, or with any organization then
cooperating with said Executive Committee, and also was a member of the
National Editorial Association or of any trade organization then cooperating
with the National Editorial Association, or with any organization then coop-
erating with said National Editorial Association, shall be included in this
Industry.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the United Typothetae of
America.
No. A-2. Non-Metropolitan Newspaper Publishing and Printing.-This Indus-
try shall include all Newspaper and Advertising Newspaper Publishing and
Newspaper Printing, and Commercial Relief Printing Establishments which
were, on September 18, 1933, members of the National Editorial Association, or
any trade organization then cooperating with the National Editorial Associa-
tion, or with any organization then cooperating with said National Editorial
Association; and all other establishments engaged in publishing and/or print-
ing newspapers or advertising newspapers (except those establishments in
which one or more daily newspapers are published and/or printed) ; all Com-
mercial Relief Printing Establishments having an annual sales volume of less
than $25,000, located outside of the metropolitan-areas, as herein defined, which
establishments were not, on September 18, 1933, members of an organization
designated as a National Code Authority, or any trade organization then coop-
erating with such National Code Authority, or with any organization then co-
operating with such National Code Authority. Any Newspaper and/or Adver-
tising Newspaper Publishing, and/or Newspaper Printing Establishment which
was, on September 18, 1933, a member of the United Typothetae of America,
or of any trade organization then cooperating with the National Executive
Committee of the Printing Industry, or with any organization then cooperating
with said Executive Committee, and also was a member of the National Edi-
torial Association or of any trade organization then cooperating with the
National Editorial Association, or with any organization then cooperating with
said National Editorial Association, shall be included in this Industry.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors of
the National Editorial Association augmented as provided in Appendix A-2.
No. A-S. Periodlral PablishIng and Printing.-This Industry shall include all
establilshments publishing but not printing periodicals and those establishments
publishing and printing periodicals Issued at regular intervals, but not less
frequently than four times per year and from which the publisher derives circu-
lation annd/or advertising revenue.
The Natirnal Clode Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors of
thp Periodical Puilllishrs Ins 11ute.
No. A-4.. Ilonlk ,lnufalctuin.---Thls Industry shall include all establishments
engaged In one or mire of 1he plro'rcxses of look manufacturing; book composi-
(50)











tion, book plate making, book relief printing, book lithography, edition binding,
library binding, book pamphlet binding, deluxe (extra) binding; mechanical
departments of publisher owned plants engaged in textbfok, subscription, refer-
ence, and general book publishing; and producers of specialties involving book
binding processes, such as superfinished covers, loose-leaf covers, and similar
products requiring binding processes.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Bo: rd of Directors of
the Book Manufacturers Institute.
No. A-5. Daily Newspaper Publishing anrl Printing.-This Industry shall
include all establishments publishing and/or prinitig daily newspapers, ex-
cept those which subscribe or assent to the Code of the Daily Newspaper
Publishing Business, and except those, not otherwise subject to the provisions
of this Code, which do not assent or subscribe to the provisions of this Code
governing the Daily Newspaper Publishing aud Printing Industry; and this
Industry shall also include all Commercial Relief Printing Establishments whi-h
print daily newspapers and which would otherwise be included in Industry A-2.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors of
the National Editorial Association augmented as provided in Appendix A-5.
No. B-I. Lithographic Printing.-This Industry shall include all establish-
ments using lithographic, planographic, or photo-lithographic printing processes,
and those producing transfers.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors of
the Lithographers National Association.
No. C-I. Gravure Printing.-This Industry shall include all establishments
engaged in intaglio process engraving and printing of gravure, rotogravure
and rotary photogravure except those producing transfers.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors of
the National Gravure Printers Association.
No. C-2. Steel and Copperplate Engraving and Printing.-This Industry shall
include all establishments engaged in intaglio engraving and printing, including
flat plate photogravure; and excepting those engaged in the intaglio process en-
graving and printing of gravure, rotogravure and rotary photogravure and
those engaged in engraving bank notes and securities acceptable to all stock
exchanges of the country and those producing transfers.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Executive Committee of
the Engraved Stationery Manufacturers Association.
No. C-S. Securities Engraving and Printing.-This Industry shall include all
establishments engaged in producing securities acceptable to all stock exchanges
of the country, and which do not produce bank notes.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Executive Committee of
the Association of Bank Note Companies.
No. C-4. Bank Note Engraving and Printing.-This Industry shall include all
establishments engaged in producing securities acceptable to all stock exchanges
of the country and which produce bank notes.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is (to be determined).
No. D-1. Trade Typesetting.-This Industry shall include all establishments
engaged in the production or partial production and sale to others of type-
setting; and all establishments engaged in the production or partial produc-
tion of typesetting; excepting those establishments included in other Industries
subject to this Code; and all establishments which purchase such typesetting
for purposes of resale.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Executive Committee
of the International Trade Composition Association.
No. D-2. Trade Lithographic Plate Making.-This Industry shall include all
establishments engaged in the production or partial production and sale to
others of lithographic plates irrespective of whether such plates are to be
used for offset or straight methods of lithography; and all establishments en-
gaged in the production or partial production of such plates. excepting those
establishments included in other Industries subject to this Code; and all estab-
lishments which purchase such plates for purposes of resale.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors of
the Lithographic Allied Trade Service Association, Inc.
No. D-3. Advertising Typography.-This Industry shall include all estab-
lishments engaged in the production and sale to others of typesetting of adver-
S tisements which are intended to appear in newspapers, magazines, periodicals
and other publications; and all establishments engaged in the production of
the typesetting of such advertisements, excepting those establishments in-








52

eluded in other Industries subject to this Code; and all establishments which
purchase such typesetting of such advertisements for purposes of resale.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Executive Committee
of the Advertising Typographers of America.
No. D-4. Trade Mounting and Finishing.-This Industry shall include all
establishments engaged in the production or partial production and sale to
others of mounting and finishing services, die cutting, straight cutting, varnish-
ing, gumming, embossing, roller embossing, tinedging, map mounting, punching,
perforating, eyeletting, or other similar operations upon cardboard, paper, or
paper-like substances, either printed or imprinted; and all establishments en-
gaged in the production or partial production of such mounting and finishing,
excepting those establishments included in other industries subject to this Code;
and all establishments which purchase such mounting and finishing for purposes
of resale.
The National Code Authority of this Industry shall consist of seven (7) indi-
viduals, two (2) of whom shall be chosen by the Board of Directors of the Asso-
ciation of Mounters and Finishers, Inc. from their own number, two (2) by the
Board of Directors of the Lithographers and Printers Finishers Association
from their own number, and two (2) by the Board of Directors of the Graphic
Arts Finishing Association from their own number, and one (1) of whom shall
be elected by the six (6) so chosen.
No. D-5. Trade Binding and Paper Ruling.-This Industry shall Include all
establishments engaged in the production or partial production and sale to
others of binding or paper ruling services; and all establishments engaged in
the production or partial production of such binding or paper ruling, excepting
those establishments included in other Industries subject to this Code; and all
establishments which purchase such binding or paper ruling for purposes of
resale.
The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors of
the Book Manufacturers Institute.

SCHEDULE B
The National Products Groups are as follows:
No. E-1. Advertising Newspapers.-This group shall include all member
establishments which are engaged in the publication, distribution or sale of a
publication of newspaper format and size, devoted in whole or in part to retail
news in the form of display advertising of one or more advertisers, delivered
by carrier without cost to the reader, and not published by or in conjunction
with any newspaper.
The administrative agency for this Product Group is the Board of Trustees
of the American Shopping News Publishers' Association, Inc.
No. E-2. Bank and Commercial Stationery.-This group shall include all
member establishments which are engaged in the production and/or distribu-
tion of bank pass books; lithographed bank and commercial stationery and
forms; lithographed checks, notes and drafts, including the imprinting and
binding thereof; and lithographed or printed bank bookkeeping forms.
The administrative agency for this Product Group is the Board of Directors
of the American Institute of Bank and Commercial Stationers.
No. E-3. Decalcomania and Transparency.-This group shall include all mem-
ber establishments which are engaged in manufacturing their products either
by the lithographic process, or by stencil or other processes, on paper covered
with a decalcomania coating; and those engaged in manufacturing their prod-
ucts by the lithographic process, using a translucent paper, varnished on either
or both sides.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Director of the
Decalcomania Association of America.
No. E-i. Greeting Cards.-This group shall include all member establishments
which are engaged in the manufacture, jobbing, wholesaling, direct selling, and
distributing of greeting cards.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directors
of the National Greeting Card Association.
No. E-5. Labcls.-This group shall include all member establishments which
are engaged in the commercial production and/or sale of labels, either sepa-
rately or in combination with other articles, except those specifically included
in National Product Group No. E-12.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directors
of the Label Manufacturers Association.









53

No. E-6. Music Printing.-This group shall include all member establishments
which are engaged in music relief printing, music lithographing, music engrav-
ing, and music autographing.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directors
of the National Music Printers and Allied Trades As-i.n:-iations, Inc.
No. E-7. Photo-lithographing.--This group shall include all member establish-
ments engaged in the sale and distribution of photo-lithographic products and
services. '
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directors
of the National Association of Photo-lithographers.
No. E-8. Picture Publishers and Picture Imnporter.x.-This group shall include
all member establishments which publish or represent publishers, ant import
or represent importers, or are engaged in the publication or importation of
" Pictures for Resale."
The expression Pictures for Resale" is understood to mean: Pictures in the
form of the pictorial and of the graphic arts for resale through art dealers
as distinguished from pictures in any form gratuitously distributed.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Com-
mittee of the Picture Publishers and Importers Association.
No. E-9. Playing Cards.-This group shall include ;all member establishments
which are engaged in the manufacture and distribution of playing cards.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is (to be determined.
No. E-10. Posters.-This group shall include all member establishments spe-
cializing in the production of posters, cards, cloth and fiber banners, etc.. by
relief printing for advertising or display purposes.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Com-
mittee of the Poster Printers Association of the United States and Canada.
No. E-11. Standardized Stationery and Business Fornq.-This group shall in-
clude all member establishments which print by any process stationery and
business forms, except as included in National Product Group No. E-2.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is (to be determined).
No. E-12. Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers.-This group shall in-
clude all member establishments which are engaged in the manufacture anl.'nr
distribution of textile and hosiery packing products, whether they be directly or
indirectly engaged in the production of textile and hosiery packing either for
general commercial use and/or specific purposes such as box wraps, tops. over-
wraps, bands, labels, rider tickets, sample tickets, stickers, seals, tags, inserts,
fly sheets.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Board of
the National Association of Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers.
No. E-13. Ticket and Coupon.-This group shall include all member estab-
lishments which are engaged in the manufacture of tickets, identification checks
and coupons and those engaged in the manufacture and/or distribution of thrift
systems and supplies.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Ticket and Coupon
Manufacturers' Council.
No. E-1.4. Dry Transfer Man.ufacturers.-This group shall include all member
establishments which produce dry transfers for general commercial use and for
embroidery, decorative or like special purposes.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Com-
mittee of the National Association of Dry Transfer Manufacturers.
No. E-15. Church Envelope Systems.-This group shall include all member
establishments producing and selling church envelope systems.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Committee
of the Association of Producers of Church Envelope Systems.
No. E-16. Law Printers.-This group shall include all member establishments
producing and selling law printing of the characters commonly produced in
law printers plants, such as pleadings, transcripts, records, reports and briefs,
prepared for filing in proceedings pending before courts, commissions and other
similar judicial and administrative bodies.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the National Executive
Committee of the National Law Printers Institute.
No. E-17. Map Publishers.-This group shall include all member establish-
ments creating and publishing maps, atlases, charts and globes.
The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directors
of the Map Publishers Association of the United States.

















APPENDICES


APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-1

COMMERCIAL RELIEF PRINTING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-1.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Commercial Relief Industry
shall be under the jurisdiction of the United Typothetae of America, which is
designated as the National Code Authority for this Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the Charter and By-Laws of the United Typothetae of
America and with the provisions of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) From the effective date of this Code and until the National Code Author-
ity of this Industry shall have declared departmental economic hourly cost rates
and production standards and cost determination schedules as provided in
Section 26 (b), no establishment in any region shall sell or offer to sell any
product listed in an approved and available catalog already in general use in
such region on any other basis or at a price lower than contained in such
catalog, provided (1) that such catalog shall first have been submitted to the
Consumers Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration and ap-
proved by the Administrator, and (2) that such prohibition shall not apply to
any individual order exceeding five hundred dollars ($500) in amount, nor to
any combined or contract order exceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000) in
amount per year.
(d) After the National Code Authority of this Industry shall have declared
the costs of any products as provided in Section 26 (d), no establishment shall
sell or offer to sell any such products at less than such costs, provided that any
such prohibition shall not apply to any individual order exceeding five hundred
dollars ($500) in amount nor to any combined or contract order exceeding five
thousand dollars ($5,000) in amount per year.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-2

NON-MIETROPOLITAN NEWSPAPER PUBLISHING AND PRINTING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-2.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Non-Metropolitan Newspaper
Publishing and Printing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Na-
tional Editorial Association, the Board of Directors of which is designated as
the National Code Authority for this Industry, with the further provision that
state, regional and/or local administration under this Code shall be carried on
through state, regional, and/or local organizations now cooperating and/or affili-
ated, or to be affiliated, with the National Editorial Association; provided,
that the Board of Directors of the National Editorial Association be augmented
for the purpose of administering this Code only, by at least four members of
the Newspaper Association Managers, Inc., one of whom shall be from the
Pacific Slope, one from the Middle-west, one from the South, and one from the
(54)










East. The selection of the representatives from the Newspaper Association
S Managers, Inc., and the allocation of the section troin which each shall be
selected, shall be made by Newspaper Association Malnagers, Inc.; provided
further, that no member of Newspaper Association Managers, Inc., shall be
eligible to membership on this administering body who resides in a state in
which there resides a regular member of the Board of Directors of the National
Editorial Association.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Editorial
Association and with the provisions of this Code.
(c) The National Code Authority shall publish and distribute at regular
stated intervals a bulletin and/or service letter which shall contain rules and
information pertaining to the administration of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(d) Official Notices of Publication.-In each state where a rate is estab-
lished by law for the giving of official notice by newspaper publications, the
price to be charged for all notices required to be published by state or Federal
laws shall not be less than such statutory rate. Failure to comply with this
provision shall constitute a violation of this Code.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-3

PERIODICAL PUBLISHING AND PRINTING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-3.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Periodical Publishing and Print-
ing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Periodical Publishers In-
stitute, the Board of Directors of which is designated as the National Code
Authority for this Industry.
(b) All the proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conform-
ity with the provisions of the articles of organization, regulations and by-laws
of the Periodical Publishers Institute and with the provisions of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) Editorial independence by publishers must be kept inviolate.
(d) No establishment shall violate any regulation adopted by the National
Code Authority designed to prevent the publication of misleading and/or un-
truthful advertising.
(e) Circulation Practices.-The circulation records of every publisher shall
be open freely for inspection by the United States Post Office Department and
by authorized representatives of the National Code Authority, and all reason-
able auditable information which they request shall be furnished. After one
year from the effective date of this Code, the publisher of each periodical
shall publish in the first issue of such periodical after April 30th and October
30th of each year a sworn statement showing the circulation figures covering the
issues of the preceding calendar six months' period ending December 31st and
June 30th, respectively, which he has stated to his advertisers was the basis
upon which he sold his advertising. In addition each publisher shall file
with the Secretary of the Institute, on blanks furnished by the Institute, a
sworn statement of such circulation figures divided between copies actually
sold and copies distributed free. Such information shall be made available for
Inspection at the office of the secretary of the National Code Authority. Failure
to comply with the requirements of this paragraph shall constitute a violation
of this Code.
(f) Advertising Rates.-It is a requirement of this Code that publishers must
file with the Secretary of the Institute a true and complete schedule of all ad-
vertising rates. Failure to do so shall constitute a violation of this Code.
(g) Main'tenance of Rates.-Publishers shall make no deviation from their
published rate schedules on file with the Secretary of the Institute either in the
form of money or otherwise, or secretly extend to certain advertisers special




.1




56

privileges not extended to all advertisers under like terms or conditions. Where
terms provide for time or space discounts and they are not actually earned,
settlement must be made on short term basis. Any deviation shall constitute
a violation of this Code.
(h) Records.-Failure to maintain records or willfully maintaining or issu-
ing an inaccurate or false record of circulation or of advertising shall constitute
a violation of this Code.
It will not be required that full circulation records be maintained by publica-
tions where the advertising content does not exceed 5 per cent of the total
space.
APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-4

BOOK MANUFACTURING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-4.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Book Manufacturing Industry
shall be under the jurisdiction of the Book Manufacturers Institute, the Board
of Directors of which is designated as the National Code Authority for this
Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the by-laws of the Book Manufacturers Institute and
with the provisions of this Code.
(c) The National Code Authority shall set up such bureaus as it may deem
necessary to guide its members in the granting of credit. Such bureaus shall
secure reliable information as to the financial responsibility and credit stand-
ing of customers of the Industry, and, in addition, it shall be the duty of every
establishment operating under the provisions of this Code to transmit to such
credit bureaus such information regarding the credit standing of any of its
customers as the said credit bureau may request, including therein all open
accounts overdue for 60 days or more.
(d) The National Code Authority may make a survey of the equipment and
productive capacity of each establishment operating under the provisions of this
Code. In determining the total productive capacity of each such establish-
ment all mechanical equipment which may be already installed and available
for service on the effective date of this Code (or under purchase contract on
that date) shall be included and all such equipment registered with the National
Code Authority; thereafter, all proposed replacements and purchases of new
equipment shall be registered with the National Code Authority prior to
purchase.
(e) After such survey of productive capacity and registration of equipment,
it shall be the duty of the National Code Authority to advise members of the
Industry contemplating the purchase of additional equipment, if in its opinion
such purchase would have a harmful effect upon existing conditions of employ-
ment or if such purchase would contribute to over-equipment in the Industry.
(f) The National Code Authority may arrange for the scrapping or other
disposal of equipment displaced by new equipment, in cooperation with the
establishment disposing of it and/or the manufacturer or dealer receiving it.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(g) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms and
conditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adopted
by the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifi-
cation shall be a violation of this Code.
(h) Any establishment may, for its own convenience, accept quantity orders
on a deferred billing hasis, provided that the terms and conditions meet with
the approval of the Nntiinall ('lde Authority.
(1) After the effective dlale of this Code no establishment shall grant terms
in excess of Ihose herein estihli-ihed.
(j) 1. Ililling.---(',lmpsiti'n, plate making, paper and printing shall be
billed when conipletell; billing shliil he billed upon completion of a specific
order, or at the iptlirin #f the hliidlr. as the hooks are shipped; provided, that
all unshipped trade bli'oks shliall ie billed within six months after completion











and all unshipped suhscript'on and text books shall be billed within one year
after completion.
2. Payment.-Msxinumn discount 2 per cent for payment in cash not later
than the 15th of the month following billing; net end of month following
billing; interest to be charged thereafter at the legal rate per annum.
(k) When cash payments are not made by end of month following billing,
only legal interest bearing trade acceptance may be taken, no discount allowed,
and such trade acceptance must be given not later than the end of the month
following date of billing.
(1) The folding, plating, gathering and/or sewing of all unordered sheets,
when such work is performed by the binder, shall be billed within one year
after completion.
LIBRARY BINDING

The provisions of this Section are applicable only to the Library Binders'
Group of Industry No. A-4.
(1) Specifications.-The standard to govern a Class "A" library book bind-
ing shall be the specifications of the Book Manufacturers' Institute when
approved by the American Library Association.
(2) Credit and Terms.-Sales and service and/or library binding shall be
invoiced net, payable ten (10) days E.O.M. Sales of supplies may be made
subject to a discount of 24 ten days E.O.M. at the option of the seller. It is
considered that library binders may extend longer than usual commercial credit
to public and quasi-public institutions.
(3) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms and
conditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adopted
by the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifica-
tion shall be a violation of this Code.

SUPERFINISH COVER MANUFACTURING

The provisions of this Section are applicable only to the Superfinish Cover
Manufacturing Group of Industry No. A-4.
(1) Appropriation of Designs.-No establishment shall usurp or make use
of any design, plan, drawing, sketch, dummy or copy, originated by a com-
peting establishment and submitted to a prospective customer which is plainly
marked as being the property of the competing establishment or which has not
been paid for by such prospective customer. This is not to be considered as
prohibiting duplication of existing stock designs.
(2) Use of Trade-Alarks.-The manufacturer's trade-mark or other means of
identification shall appear in the lower right-hand corner of the back-lid on all
classes of school annual covers.
(3) Advertising in Annuals.-Cover manufacturers shall not take advertising
space in school annuals in excess of 21'2% of the total cover contract price as
billed by such manufacturers.
(4) Terms and Discounts.-Shipment of all covers shall be f.o.b. the plant of
manufacturer.
Cash Discount: 2% ten days from date of invoice, 30 days net.
C.O.D. Orders: 50% deposit with order, balance on delivery of covers.
Time Discount: No discount shall be allowed for advance order placement
but delivery date may be specified to regulate billing.
Deferred Dating: No deferred payment dating. All payments uniformly
due in 30 days from date of invoice. Interest shall be charged at legal
rate after 30 days from date of invoice.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-5

DAILY NEWSPAPER PUBLISHING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-5.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Daily Newspaper Publishing
and Printing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Editorial
Association, the Board of Directors of which is designated as the National Code
Authority for this Industry, with the further provision that state, regional









58

and/or local administration under this Code shall be carried on through state,
regional and/or local organizations now cooperating and/or affiliated, or to be
affiliated, with the National Editorial Association, provided that the Board
of Directors of the National Editorial Association shall be augmented for the
purpose of administering this Code only, by at least four members of the News-
paper Association Managers, Inc., which number may include, or be further
augmented by the Board of Directors of the National Editorial Association
to include, members of regional daily newspaper associations.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Editorial
Association and with the provisions of this Code.
(c) The National Code Authority shall publish and distribute at regular
stated intervals a bulletin and/or service letter which shall contain rules and
information pertaining to the administration of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(d) Official Notices of Publication.-In each state where a rate is estab-
lished by law for the giving of official notice by newspaper publications, the
price to be charged for all notices required to be published by state or Federal
laws shall not be less than such statutory rate. Failure to comply with this
provision shall constitute a violation of this Code.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. B-1

LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. B-1.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Lithographic Printing Industry
shall be under the jurisdiction of the Lithographers National Association, the
Board of Directors of which is designated as the National Code Authority for
this Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the constitution of the Lithographers National Associa-
tion and with the provisions of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) No establishment shall imitate the exclusive trade marks, trade names,
slogans or other marks of identification of any competitor.
Id) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms and
conditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adopted
by the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifica-
tion shall be a violation of this Code.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. C-1

GRAVUBE PRINTING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. C-1.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Gravure Printing Industry
shall be under the jurisdiction of the National Gravure Printers Association,
the Board of Directors of which is designated as the National Code Authority
for this Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the Nnllonal Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the ccinstitution and by-laws of the National Gravure
Printers Association and with the provisions of this Code.











APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. C-2

STEEL AND COPPERPLATE ENGRAVING AND PRINTING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. C-2.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Steel and Copperplate Engrav-
ing and Printing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Engraved
Stationery Manufacturers Association, the Executive Committee of which is
designated as the National Code Authority for this Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the by-laws of the Engraved Stationery Manufacturers
Association and with the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY No. D-1

TRADE TYPESETTING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-1.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Trade Typesetting Industry shall
be under the jurisdiction of the International Trade Composition Association,
the Executive Committee of which is designated as the National Code Authority
for this Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the International Trade
Composition Association and with the provilinus of this Code, provided that
regional and/or local administration under this Code shall be carried on through
regional and'or local organizations now operating and/or affiliated or to be
affiliated with the International Trade Composition Association.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms and
conditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adopted
by the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifica-
tion shall be a violation of this Code.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. D-2

TRADE LITHOGRAPHIC PLATE MAKING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-2.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Trade Lithographic Plate Mak-
ing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Lithographic Allied Trade
Service Association. Inc., the Board of Directors of which is designated as the
National (Code Authority for this Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the by-laws of the Lithographic Allied Trade Service
Association, Inc., and with the provisions of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) The National Code Authority may require the mechanical and technical
equipment of all establishments to be registered, and may require that all new
additions to equipment shall be registered as acquired.









60

(d) All products shall be produced exclusively on the premises and in the
plants or shops of establishments and no part of such work shall be done in
the homes of employers or employees; provided, one establishment may perform
work for another establishment.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. D-3

ADVERTISING TYPOGRAPHY

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-3.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Advertising Typography Indus-
try shall be under the jurisdiction of the Executive Committee of the Adver-
tising Typographers of America which shall be enlarged to include representa-
tion from each of the four zones as designated in the constitution and by-laws
of the Advertising Typographers of America, and which is designated as the
National Code Authority for this Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity
with the constitution and by-laws of the Advertising Typographers of America
with the provisions of this Code.
(c) For the proper equitable administration of this Code in accordance with
the number of plants in the Industry, and their geographic location, and for the
establishment of uniform practices as may be required in accordance with con-
ditions in each district, the United States of America shall be divided into four
zones as follows:
Zone No. 1. Eastern Division, Headquarters, New York: Connecticut, Dela-
ware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,
New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, West
Virginia.
Zone No. 2. Western Division, Headquarters, Chicago: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa,
Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota,
Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin.
Zone No. 3. Pacific Division, Headquarters, Los Angeles: California, Colorado,
Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming.
Zone No. 4. Southern Division, Headquarters, Dallas: Alabama, Arizona,
Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Caro-
lina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(d) Chance Orders.-Advertising typography shall not be solicited or pro
duced on a chance or speculative basis.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. D-4

TRADE MOUNTING AND FINISHING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-4.

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administration of this Code for the Trade Mounting and Finishing
Industry shall be by the National Code Authority for this Industry, consisting
of seven (7) individuals, two (2) of whom shall be chosen by the Board of
Directors of the Association of Mounters and Finishers, Inc. from their own
number, two (2) by the Board of Directors of the Lithographers and Printers J.
Finishers Association from their own number, and two (2) by the Board of
Directors of the Graphic Arts Finishing Association from their own number,
and one (1) of whom shall be elected by the six (6) so chosen.
(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be In conformity
with its by-laws, rules and regulations, adopted as provided in Section 3 (g),
and with the provisions of tils Code.




'lb









61

MAINTENANCE OF FAIB COMPETITION

(c) The National Code Authority may, subject to tIhe review of the Admin-
istrator, formulate uniform standniid- for muteri.als to be used by all or any
defined group of e-tablishments within the inllluitry, and for any such estab-
lishment to submit bids or make sales except iln ;ccrdai)ce with the uniform
material standards thereby prescribed shall be a violation of this Code.

APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. D-5
TRADE BINDING AND PAPER IEU.ING
The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-5.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
(a) The administration of this Code for the Trade Binding and Paper Ruling
Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Book Manufacturers' Institute,
the Board of Directors of which is designated as the National Code Authority
for this Industry.
(b) All proceedings of the National (ode Authority shall be in conformity
with the by-laws, rules and regulations of the Book Manufacturers' Institute
and with the provisions of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION
(c) The terms of credit extended to customers shall be Net 20 days E. 0. M."
There shall be no discount allowed to any customer for an earlier payment.
(d) No establishment within the Industry shall absorb carrying charges for
any material furnished to the trade binder and/or paper ruler by the customer
or his authorized agent, such as printed sheets, unprinted paper, jackets, dies,
plates, etc., and, if carrying charges have not been prepaid, shall make a charge
for pickup.
(e) Upon request by one or more unsuccessful bidders, the National Code
Authority may require the successful bidder to submit to such National Code
Authority its specification and prices.
(f) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms and
conditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adopted
by the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifi-
cation shall be a violation of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-1
ADVERTISING NEWSPAPERS
The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-l.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
(a) The administrative agency for the Advertising Newspapers National
Product Group shall be the Board of Trustees of the American Shopping News
Publishers Association.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the Code of Regulations of the American Shopping News
Publishers Association and with the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-2
BANK AND COMMERCIAL. STATIONERY
The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-2.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
(a) The administrative agency for the Bank and Commercial Stationery
National Product Group shall be the Board of Directors of the American Insti-
tute of Bank and Commercial Stationers.











(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the American Institute
of Bank and Commercial Stationers and with the provisions of this Code.
MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) From the effective date of this Code and until the departmental economic
hourly cost rates and production standards and cost determination schedules
shall have been declared as provided in Section 26 (b), no establishment in any
region shall sell or offer to sell any product listed in an approved and available
catalog already in general use in such region on any other basis or at a price
lower than contained in such catalog provided (1) that such catalog shall first
have been submitted to the Consumers Advisory Board of the National Recovery
Administration and approved by the Administrator, and (2) that such prohibi-
tion shall not apply to any individual order exceeding five hundred dollars
($500) in amount, nor to any combined or contract order exceeding five thousand
dollars ($5,000) in amount per year.
(d) After the Administrative Agency of this Group shall have declared
the costs of any products as provided in Section 26 (d), no establishment shall
sell or offer to sell any such products at less than such costs, provided that
any such prohibition shall not apply to any individual order exceeding five
hundred dollars ($500) in amount nor to any combined or contract order ex-
ceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000) in amount per year.
(e) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms and
conditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adopted
by the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modi-
fication shall be a violation of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-3

DECALCOMANIA AND TRANSPARENCY

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-3.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Decalcomania and Transparency
National Product Group shall be the Director of the Decalcomania Association
of America.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the Articles of Association, Rules and Regulations of the
Decalcomania Association of America and with the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-4

GREETING CARDS

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-4.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS
(a) The administrativee agency for the Greeting Cards National Product
Group shall be the Board of Directors of the National Greeting Card Asso-
ciation.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Greeting
Card Association and of the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-5

LABELS
The provisions of this Appendlx are applicable only to National Product
Uroup No. E-5.








63

ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Labels National Product Group shall
be the Board of Directors of the Label Manufacturers Association.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the by-laws of the Label Manufacturers Association
and with the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-6

Music PRINTING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-6.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Music Printing National Product
Group shall be the Board of Directors of the National Music Printers and
Allied Trades Association.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the by-laws of the National Music Printers and Allied Trades
Association and with the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-7

PHOTO-LITHOGRAPH ING

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-7.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Photo-Lithographing National Product
Group shall be the Board of Directors of the National Association of Photo-
Lithographers.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the by-laws of the National Association of Photo-Lithographers
and with the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-8

PICTURE PUBLISHERS AND PICTURE IMPORTERS

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-8.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Picture Publishers and Picture Import-
ers National Product Group shall be the Executive Committee of the Picture
Publishers and Importers Association.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the by-laws of the Picture Publishers atd Importers Associa-
tion and with the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-10

POSTERS

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-10.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Posters National Product Group shall
be the Executive Committee of the Poster Printers Association of the United
States and Canada.








64

(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the constitution of the Poster Printers Association of the
United States and Canada and with the provisions of this Code.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-12

TEXTILE AND HOSIERY PACKING .MANUFACTURERS

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-12.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Textile and Hosiery Packing Manu-
facturers National Product Group shall be the Executive Board of the National
Association of Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Association of
Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers and with the provisions of this
Code.
MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) No member of this Product Group shall produce any quantity of packing
without a duly signed order or contract for said packing from the owner of the
design or from some responsibly authorized mill. In no case shall there be spec-
ulative manufacturing of branded packing.
(d) Overruns shall not be permitted in excess of ten per cent (10%) on orders
for branded packing and labels for deferred deliveries-neutral labels or pack-
ings are excepted.
(e) The National Association of Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers
shall approve and adopt a uniform contract form in accordance with Paragraph
(1), Section 27, hereof; thereafter no member of this Product Group shall ac-
cept an order or contract unless it substantially conforms with said uniform con-
tract form.
(f) No member of this Product Group shall accept an order or contract to
cover deliveries for a period of longer than one year from date of order or
contract.
(g) Extension of order or contract beyond the specified period shall be per-
mitted only when eighty per cent (80%) of the quantity ordered has been with-
drawn, and then only upon a charge of not less than one per cent (1%) per
month being made upon the remaining balance.
(h) Supplemental to Section 26 (d) of this Basic Code, entitled "Selling
Below Cost Prohibited," such items as box wraps, labels, bands, riders, seals,
stickers, etc., shall each bear the proper proportion of cost which shall be re-
flected and itemized in the per-thousand price. Obsolete or discontinued pack-
ings, only, are excepted from this clause.
(i) No member of this Product Group shall accept an order or contract from
any person or organization for a quantity of packing or labels wherein the
material shall be billed by the packing manufacturer at any other price than
that covered for each item in the contract.
(j) Supplemental to Section 27 (e) of this Basic Code, the sole exception to
rebates and refunds in any form may be that where a brand owner has paid
for packing or labels remaining in stock of the manufacturer, he shall be en-
titled to reimbursement for the amount due when payments are made by other
than him against withdrawals.
(k) Terms.-
(1) No member of this Product Group shall sell its products on any other
terms than net cash ten days E. O. M. or thirty days net.
(2) No such member shall ship other than f. o. b. manufacturing point.
(8) Any such member may allow freight if and only when included in
cost.
(1) Originanl.-
(1) No mmbher if this P'rinlul't Grouip shall make engravings or originals
(excepting sketches), or sulimiit proofs of a design to a prospect or cus-
tomer under any clr.-unii-t:tnvs, iil, sa the making of engravings or origi-
nals be covered by a dlrlinite orler Ii ] Ihii prisliict or customer. In case











of such order a reasonable charge shall be made for the engravings or
originals, and such charge shall not be at less than cost.
(2) This charge may be remitted should order for quantity of packing
be placed within 120 days from date of order for proofs.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-13

TICKrr AND COUPON

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-13.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Ticket and Coupon National Product
Group shall be the Ticket and Coupon Manufacturers Council.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the by-laws of the Ticket and Coupon Manufacturers Council.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms
and conditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be
adopted by the National Code Authority, or National Product Group, and any
such alteration, omission, or modification shall be a violation of this Code.
(d) No member of this Product Group shall print the imprint of non-manu-
facturers on any class or type of tickets, checks or coupons except when such
non-manufacturer is a recognized affiliate or subsidiary of a ticket, check or
coupon manufacturer.
(e) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to members of
the Licensed Railroad Ticket Manufacturers Association:
(1) No member shall sell products of the industry to persons not con-
sumers of such products and/or not manufacturers of such products.
(2) Terms:
(a) Net 30 days, no cash discount.
(b) All sales shall be made f.o.b. point of shipment.
(f) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to members of the
Electric Railway and Bus Ticket Manufacturers Association:
(1) No member shall sell products of the industry to persons not con-
sumers of such products and/or not manufacturers of such products.
(2) Terms:
(a) Net 30 days, no cash discount.
(b) All sales shall be made f.o.b. point of shipment.
(g) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to the members
of the Amusement Ticket Manufacturers Association:
(1) All circuits consisting of a group of theaters, under one general
management, with a total seating capacity of not less thai ten thousand,
shall be entitled to wholesale prices.
(2) Members shall recognize as a dealer, jobber or distributor only a
definitely established business organization that sells tickets, checks, cou-
pons, and other supplies to individual theatres, all of whose orders In
general are billed by the manufacturer to the dealer, jobber or distributor.
(h) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to the members
of the Clothing Ticket and Numbered Production Systems Manufacturers
Association:
Terms of sale and delivery:
(1) To customers direct: Thirty days net, no cash discount.
(2) Prices shall be f.o.b. point of shipment.
(1) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to members of the
Restaurant Check Manufacturers Association:
(1) The standard sizes of paper used for guest checks shall be, Group
No. 1, maximum size 131,' square inches; Group No. 2, maximum size,
18% square inches; Group No. 3, maximum size, 24 square inches.
(2) Members shall recognize as a dealer, jobber or distributor only a
definitely established business organization that sells tickets, checks,
coupons, etc., to restaurants, cafes, hotels, etc., in general, all of whose
orders are billed by the manufacturer to the dealer, jobber or distributor.











(3) The advertisement of a jobber, dealer or distributor of restaurant
checks shall only appear on such checks provided the name of the manu-
facturer also appears on the checks and further provided that all res-
taurant checks so printed shall be classified as specially printed
restaurant checks.
(4) Maximum credit terms shall be:
(a) Open accounts: Two per cent 10 days; 30 days net.
(b) C. O. D. accounts: Net, no discount.
(c) Money-with-order accounts: Three per cent discounts.
(5) Members may assume delivery charges on shipments to users within
a distance of twenty-five miles of corporate limits of any city in which a
recognized restaurant check manufacturer's plant is located. Members
may allow users located outside of such area the difference in the freight
charges from point of shipment and what such charges would have been
if shipment had been made from the nearest point at which a recognized
restaurant check manufacturer's plant is located.
(j) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to members of
the Coupon Book Manufacturers Association:
Terms of sale and delivery:
(1) To customers direct: Two per cent cash discount for payment with-
in 10 days from date of shipment, 30 days net.
(2) Parcel post or express charges shall not be assumed by manufac-
turer.
(k) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to the members
of the Thrift Systems Distributors Association:
(1) No member of this industry shall appropriate or imitate in whole
or in part, any exclusive plans, products, ideas, services, forms, designs
or systems originated or developed by a competitor.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-14

DRY TRANSFER MANUFACTURERS

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Product
Group No. E-14.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Dry Transfer Manufacturers National
Product Group shall be the Executive Committee of the National Association
of Dry Transfer Manufacturers.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Association of
Dry Transfer Manufacturers and with the provisions of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) Terms.-No establishment shall sell its products, except embroidery
designs, on any but the uniform terms adopted by the Association, which are,
namely, f.o.b. Factory, Net thirty days (30), no discount for anticipation, or
on terms of net cash.
(d) Minimum Quantities.-
(1) No establishment shall accept for manufacture an order of less than
5,000 transfers of a design.
(2) No establishment shall ship transfers from manufactured stock in
quantities of less than 1,000.
(e) Special Paccking.-No establishment shall accept for manufacture an
order in other than the established uniform methods, without a special charge
for this special packing being made. These variations from uniform methods
shall consist of sheeting of transfers and for rolls containing less than 2,500
transfers.
(f) Order i'orms.-No estlhilis.hnlent shall use an order form for the taking
of orders on a defl'erred delivery oisi., on any but the uniform order forms as
accepted nnd adopted by tlie group.
(g) Orders.-No e':stillilimiirni sli ,ll produce for stock any quantity of
transfers without n duly signall lrder., or rnl tr:ict, for said transfers from the
owner of the design or froni srne o'lchr rc.I'monsible lparlty or mill. It is further











stipulated that under no circumstances are owners' designs to be stocked by
transfer manufacturers on a speculative basis. This, however, does not include
the transfer manufacturer's own stock of descriptive transfers.
(h) Blanket Contracts.-No establishment shall accept a blanket contract,
placed to protect customers on a minimum price basis, unless same shall be
written and subject to the order form prescribed by the group. All such con-
tracts shall be subject to all other fair practice methods herein contained. No
blanket contract shall be written for a quantity of less than 1,000,000 transfers,
to be consumed within a period of twelve months from date of contract, and
only then when customer agrees to accept an invoice at the end of the year
for an additional charge representing the difference, if any, in price on the
quantity consumed at such price schedule and the price contained in the
contract.
(1) Contract Enforcem.ent.-No establishment shall continue to carry in their
stock any quantity of transfers on order or contract beyond a period of one
year from the date of order unless a storage charge of 1% per month on the
remaining balance be made.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-15

CHURCH ENVELOPE SYSTEMS

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Products
Group No. E-15.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Church Envelope Systems National
Product Group shall be the Executive Committee of the Association of Pro-
ducers of Church Envelope Systems.
(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the Association of Pro-
ducers of Church Envelope Systems.

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCTS GROUP NO. E-16

LAw PRINTERS

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Products
Group No. E-16.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Law Printing National Products
Group shall be the National Executive Committee of the National Law Printers
Institute.
(b) All proceedings of the Administrative Agency shall be in conformity
with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Law Printers
Institute and with the provisions of this Code.

MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION

(c) No establishment shall quote a lump sum bid on law work, based upon
a guess or estimate as to volume of the finished work, but will be required to
quote a price per page of standard measurement, plus a rate per hour for
author's alterations, for a particular number of copies, plus specific charges
per unit for blank pages, extra proofs, reprints, inserts and other extra charges
above standards to which page rates apply.
(d) No establishment shall hold standing matter beyond thirty days follow-
ing end of month during which a job is completed, without making a monthly
charge to the customer in accordance with methods incorporated in the cost
system approved for this industry.
(e) No establishment shall deliver any quantity of copies beyond that speci-
fied by the original order without making a proper charge for additional copies.
(f) No establishment shall furnish a higher grade of paper or materials than
is prescribed as standard for law work without making a proper additional
charge therefore.








68

APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCTS GROUP NO. E-17
MlAP PUBLISHERS

The provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National Products
Group No. E-17.
ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS

(a) The administrative agency for the Map Publishers National Group shall
be the Board of Directors of the Map Publishers Association of the United
States.
(b) All proceedings of the Administrative Agency shall be in conformity with
the provisions of the constitution of the Map Publishers Association of the
United States.
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PAGE 1

Approved Code No. 287 Registry No. 599-33NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATIONCODE OF FAIR COMPETITIONFOR THEGRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIESAS APPROVED ON FEBRUARY 17, 1934BYPRESIDENT ROOSEVELTRMEMSERWE DO OUR PART|.|.!............UNITED STATESGOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON: 1934For &do by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. --------Price 5 cents

PAGE 2

This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, GovernmentPrinting Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of Foreignand Domestic Commerce.DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCEAtlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse.Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Detroit, Mich.: 801 First National Bank Building.Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.Memphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building.New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street.Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Commercial Trust Building.Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.Seattle. Wash. : 809 Federnl Office Building.

PAGE 3

Approved Code No. 287CODE OF FAIR COMPETITIONFOR THEGRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIESAs Approved on February 17, 1934BYPRESIDENT ROOSEVELTEXECUTIVE ORDERAn application having been duly made, pursuant to and in fullcompliance with the provisions of Title I of the National IndustrialRecovery Act, approved June 16, 1933 for my approval of a Codeof Fair Competition for the Graphic Irts Industries, and hearingshaving been held thereon and the Administrator having rendered hisreport containing an analysis of the said Code of Fair Competitiontogether with his recommendations and findings with respect thereto,and the Administrator having found that the said Code of FairCompetition complies in all respects with the pertinent provisionsof Title I of said Act and that the requirements of clauses (1) and(2) of subsection (a) of Section 3 of the said Act have been met:NOW, THEREFORE, I, Franklin D. Roosevelt, President ofthe United States, pursuant to the authority vested in me byTitle I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, approved June 16,1933, and otherwise, do hereby adopt and approve the report, recom-mendations and findings of the Administrator and do order that thesaid Code of Fair Competition be and it is hereby approved, subjectto the following conditions:1. That the provisions of Section 24 of Part I of the Code be andsame are hereby deleted from the Code; and that all powers and duties delegated in the said section to Labor Boards and/or Commit-tees are hereby transferred to the appropriate Code Authorities andCompliance Boards;PROVIDED, however, that the Administrator is authorized toappoint a National Graphic Arts Labor Board to consist of five (5)members truly representative of employers, to be appointed by theAdministrator on nomination of the National Graphic Arts Co-ordinating Committee, if it desires the appointment of such Board,and five (5) members truly representative of employees in theindustry to be appointed by the Administrator on nomination of theLabor Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration,if it desires the appointment of such Board; and one (1) disin-(1)

PAGE 4

2terested member to act as chairman. The Administrator mayappoint alternate members and the Board may designate suchregional Boards or temporary labor committees as it deems neces-sary. Any and all disputes between employers and employees withrespect to wages, hours, and other conditions of employment may bereferred to this Board. When the dispute arises in any industry orgroup of industries as determined by the Administrator under theGraphic Arts Code, the employer members shall be nominated fromthe employers of that industry or group, and the employee membersshall be nominated from the employees in that industry or group.2. That the maximum hours of work specified in Sections 21 (d);Clause (c) of Paragraph A of Section 22; Clause (b) of ParagraphB of Section 22; clause (d) of Paragraph A of Section 23, and/orany other provisions of the Code concerning hours of work, shallnot be construed as a minimum work day or work week;PROVIDED, that if at any time in any establishment a majorityof the mechanical employees actually employed in any trade,expresses by written request to their employer a desire to shareavailable work with bona fide resident unemployed competentmechanics in their particular trade, the number of hours of workmay be adjusted by mutual agreement, and the parties are herebyauthorized to proceed in conformity with the principles establishedin clause (6) of Paragraph 2 of Section 21 (d) of the Code and toseek the good offices of any agency established by the Code, and/orthe National Graphic Arts Labor Board hereinbefore establishedby this order.3. That the Administrator is hereby authorized to hold such fur-ther hearings three months after the effective date hereof, as hemay prescribe, to determine whether the definitions of any of theindustries included in the Code shall be modified or eliminated,and/or whether such industries or any of them shall continue to beincluded in the Code.4. That the provisions of this Code relating to hours, wages, andemployment, as well as full and complete copies of this Order, shall beposted in a prominent place in the work room of each establish-ment subject to this Code.5. That no Trade Association or group shall be entitled to continueto participate in the administration of the Code one month after theeffective date unless and until it shall have satisfied the Adminis-trator that it has amended or modified its Constitution and/or By-laws to conform to the requirements of the National Industrial Re-covery Act and of the Code.6. That pending the formulation of a compact or code betweenthe several states of the United States to insure the sale of prison-made products on a fair competitive basis with products not somade the provisions of Paragraph (g) of Section 26 of the Codeapplicable to institutions of states or political subdivisions thereof,be and they are hereby stayed for ninety (90) days, or further atthe discretion of the Administrator.Approval] recommended:I I oII S. JOJINSON,Administrator.

PAGE 5

3The following statement shall be published with my ExecutiveOrder approving a Code of Fair Competition for the Graphic ArtsIndustries.I understand that there is some disagreement in the industries onthe provisions of Section 2 of my Executive Order. The terms ofthe aforesaid condition were strenuously contended for by certainmembers of the industries; they have been inserted. On the otherhand these terms were opposed by the Labor Advisory Board andby certain of the groups of employees of the Graphic ArtsIndustries.In view of the disagreement concerning the application of thecondition it appears to me desirable to state here that my afore-said condition is not to be construed or interpreted in such manneras to conflict with Section 7 (a) of the National Industrial RecoveryAct, nor shall such condition interfere with the right of theemployees of any locality to express their desire to share regularwork with bona fide resident unemployed competent mechanics intheir particular trade or craft and to appeal to all agencies of theGovernment to assist them in the exercise of this right.FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT.THE WHITE HouSE,February 17, 1934.

PAGE 6

LETTER OF TRANSMITTALTHE PRESIDENT,The White House.Sir: I submit herewith and recommend for your approval, withthe reservations noted below, a Code of Fair Competition for theGraphic Arts Industries. This code is the most detailed and com-plicated which has thus far been presented to the National Recov-ery Administration. In its present form, the Code will cover nearlyfifty separate and subdivisional industries which presented theirown codes of fair competition. With two exceptions-Photo-Engraving and Electrotyping and Stereotyping-practically everybranch of the Graphic Arts Industries which is competitive with another branch has been brought under this basic code.The amalgamation of the fifty odd codes into one basic code is, tomy mind, a unique achievement. The Graphic Arts Industries,hitherto divided into, at worst, hostile, and at best, malevolentlyneutral groups, will now have an opportunity to show what theycan do in respect of industrial self-government. On the manufac-turing side of the industry, four major groups-relief printing(with five constituent industries) ; lithographic printing; intaglioprinting (with four constituent industries) ; service groups (withsix constituent industries)-are under joint administrative control.Within the provisions of the code are also seventeen product groupswhich will govern themselves in respect of fair trade practices,leaving to the industries previously mentioned, the task of adminis-tering the code in respect of its provisions relating to labor. Be-cause of the number of groups covered by the Code it has been impossible in every case to insert the minimum wage rates and thefair trade practice provisions. The Code is complete, however, sofar as the major portions of the Graphic Arts Industries are con-cerned, and machinery is provided to fill in the gaps of the Codewith no further delay.IMPORTANCE OF THE INDUSTRYOnly four other industries exceed the Graphic Arts Industries inthe value added to the product by manufacturing. This value innormal times is $2,400,000,000 annually. The statistics for theGraphic Arts Industries are difficult to break down. The wage billof the indiUstries is in excess of $300,000,000 annually; there are over300,000 employees and the periodicals which are published have anann al circillation of approximately 180,000,000 copies. These fig-uires, chosen ahinost at random, show the major character of the in-d ustry a 11(d in Iieate what an achieveinent it will be if the industrialself-government, of whm ich I have spoken, proves to be successful asthe indiuS ry confidently i hopes. Furiither statistics appear in the sev-cral reports of the I)ivision of Research and Planning.(4)

PAGE 7

0In respect of industrial self-government the Code is excellent. Sofar as the hours and wage provisions are concerned, however, theCode is by no means so admirable. The reasons for this are dealt with at some length in the report which Deputy AdministratorLindsay Rogers has made to me and which I append to this letteras an appendix.SETTLEMENT OF LABOR DIsPUTESThe Labor Advisory Board objects strenuously to the setup of theNational Labor Boards. So long as these provisions remain in theCode, the Labor Advisory Board will withhold its approval. Thespecific provisions particularly objected to are the requireient thatthe Administrator shall nominate to the Board groups ' to be equallyand truly representative of the two leading types of employer-em-ployee relationships " and the minute circumscription of the powers of the Board so that employers have easier access to it than have em-ployees. The Labor Advisory Board recommends that these sec-tions be stricken from the Code. The Deputy Administrator approves. I concur in their recommendation and suggest that yourorder of approval set up a National Labor Board and offer its goodoffices to the industry for the settlement of all disputes.HOURSThe Code provides for a standard work week of forty hours.This will, in many sections of the country, mean a reduction of the maximum work week now prevailing but the forty hours are inexcess of the hours now being worked in many sections of thecountry. Unemployment in this industry is extremely acute, asthe reports from the Division of Research and Planning clearlyset forth. It is desirable that the available employment be spreadso far as possible without undue hardship to either employers oremployees. One method of doing this has been agreed to by theAmerican Newspaper Publishers' Association and appears in theCode for the Daily Newspaper Publishing Business. The presentGraphic Arts Code contains substantially identical provisions asapplying to the daily newspapers which, by reason of their mem-bership in the National Editorial Association, may come under thepresent Code. There seems to me to be no reason why otherbranches of the printing industry under the Graphic Arts Code,if they so desire, should not use the same method of sharing thework and I recommend that appropriate provision for this be madein your Order of Approval.OTHER CONDITIONS OF APPROVALI recommend specifically that the Order of Approval make twoother stipulations:(1) The Code omits the provision to be found in many codes re-quiring employers to post in their plants the provisions on hoursand wages. It seems to me particularly important that this be donein the present case because of the very complexity of these provisions.(2) The coordination of nearly fifty codes into one basic code is

PAGE 8

6frankly experimental. As I have said above, two industries whichare properly part of the Graphic Arts-Photo-Engraving and Elec-trotyping and Stereotyping-have been left out and I am recom-mending that in respect of the basic Code and in respect of these twoseparate codes, the Orders of Approval stipulate that the separate-ness of jurisdiction is to continue for three months and then is to bereconsidered. This does not mean that at the end of three monthsany changes of the Code will be proposed. It simply means that atthe end of three months Photo-Engraving and Electrotyping andStereotyping may be put under the basic code or that, conversely,certain subdivisional industries now under the basic code may begiven a separate status.FINDINGSThe Administrator finds that:(a) The Code complies in all respects with the pertinent provi-sions of Title I of the Act, including without limitation subsec-tion (a) of Section 7 and subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof;and that(b) The proposing associations impose no inequitable restrictionson admission to membership therein and are truly representative ofthe Graphic Arts Industries; and that(c) The Code is not designed to promote monopolies or to elimi-nate or oppress small enterprises and will not operate to discrimi-nate against them, and will tend to effectuate the policy of Title Iof the National Industrial Recovery Act.I recommend that the Code be approved, with the conditions inthe order of approval as specified above.Respectfully,HUGH S. JOHNSON,Administrator.FEBRUARY 16, 1934.

PAGE 9

CODE OF FAIR COMPETITIONFOR THEGRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIESCONTENTSPART IArticle I-AdministrationSection 1. Definitions.Section 2. General Administrative Provisions.Section 3. National and Regional Code Authorities.Section 4. National and Regional Compliance Boards.Section 5. National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.Section 6. National Product Groups.Section 7. Extra-Code Competition.Section 8. Executory Contracts.Section 9. Penalties for Violation.Section 10. Complaints.Section 11. Appeals.Section 12. Amendments.Section 13. Presidential Powers.Section 14. Participation and Membership Restrictions.Section 15. Monopolies.Section 16. Liabilities.Section 17. Reservations.Section 18. Effective Date and Expiration.Article II-Employment, Wages, Hours, etc. Section 19. General Provisions.Section 20. Non-mechanical Employees.Section 21. Mechanical Employees.Section 22. Mechanical Employees (continued).Section 23. Mechanical Employees (continued).Section 24. Labor Boards.Section 25. Temporary Releases.Article III-Maintenance of Fair CompetitionSection 26. Accounting and Cost Finding.Section 27. Unfair Practices.SchedulesSchedule A.Schedule B.PART IIAppendices.To effect the policies of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, the following provisions are established as a Code of Fair Com-petition for the Graphic Arts Industries and shall be binding uponevery person engaged therein.29220'-296-11734-2 (7)

PAGE 10

8ARTICLE I-ADINISTRATIONSECTION 1--DEFINITIONS 1(a) The term " Grxphic Arts Industries," as used herein, includesall persons who are engaged in publishing or printing, or who use anyof the processes or partial processes used in printing, or who produceany printed matter of whatsoever description, or who sell any printed matter of whatsoever description in competition with persons whoproduce such printed matter; excepting, however, persons to the ex-tent that they are engaged in publishing and printing daily news-papers and who subscribe or assent to the Code of the Daily News-paper Publishing Business, submitted December 11, 1933, or personswho are engaged in publishing books, or persons who are engagedin producing photo-engraved plates, electrotypes, stereotypes or otherkinds of relief printing plates for sale to others.(b) The term " Industry," as used herein, is a recognized majorsection of establishments, or group of establishments carrying onsimilar or closely allied businesses, which are to be administered asa unit.(c) The term " Service Industry," as used herein, is applied to in-dicate a group of establishments supplying similar or closely alliedproducts or services to or for use by other Graphic Arts Industries.(d) The term " National Product Group," as used herein, is de-fined to mean an association of establishments organized to promote the mutual interests of member establishments in the distributionof any particular product or products of the Graphic Arts Industries.(e) The term " person " or " persons," as used herein, is definedto include, but without limitation, any individual, partnership, asso-ciation, corporation, establishment or other form of enterprise.(f) The term " printing," as used herein, is defined to mean theact or process of printing, impressing, stamping, or transferringupon paper or paper-like substances, of any ink, color, pigment,mark, character, or delineation, including any and all partial proc-esses and services used in printing.(g) The term " printed matter," as used herein, is defined to meanthe finished products of printing, and the products of any and allpartial processes and services used in printing.(h) The term " product," as used herein, is defined to includeproduction, product, merchandise, and service.(i) The term " employer " or " employers," as used herein, is de-fined to include all persons engaged in conducting business in anyof the Graphic Arts Industries.(J) The termi " employee " or "employees," as used herein, isdefined to inclhide all individuals hired or employed by any employer,as mb ove defined, and the members of the family of any employerwho are engaged in carrying on any operations within the GraphicArts 'Iti1(n series, whether' emiployed or -not; excepting those indi-vidnals who serve ill executive, adin iiistrative, sUpervisory, and salescapacities.(k) The term " ap)rontice " or " apprentices," as used herein, isdefined to mea i a learner who is employed or piomIoted with the viewof learning all art oIr trade, and who is to be advanced to the statusof jo irne viinn within ain acenintiiated period of learning time.i See paragraph 3 of Excentive Order approving this Code.

PAGE 11

9(1) The term " establishment," as used herein, is defined to meanany person or persons, as above defined, engaged in conducting anybusiness, or using any of the processes, or producing any of the prod-ucts referred to in the definition of the " Graphic Arts Industries,"including private plants wherein any such business is conducted, orany such processes are used, or any such products are produced,which are owned or operated by a person or persons not otherwisesubject to this Code.(in) The term "metropolitan-area " and "nonmetropolitan-area,"as used herein, shall have the same meaning as those terms in useby the United States Department of Commerce, Bureau of Censuspublication entitled " Metropolitan Districts," based on the 15th Cen-sus of the United States: 1930.(n) The terms " region " and " regional," as used herein, aredefined to mean or refer to such geographical divisions as theNational Compliance Boards or the National Code Authorities mayset up for local government. Such division may be by zones, states,counties, cities, towns, villages, districts or localities, or any com-bination or part thereof.(o) The term "locality," as used herein, is defined to mean a vil-lage, town or city and its immediately surrounding local trade areaas determined by the National Code Authority concerned.(p) The term " National Code Authority," as used herein, is de-fined to mean the administrative agency of an Industry, or a ServiceIndustry.(q) The term " National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee,"as used herein, is defined to mean the coordinating agency of theGraphic Arts Industries.(r) The term " Commercial Relief Printing Establishments," asused herein, is defined to mean establishments engaged in letterpressrelief printing and/or partial processes commonly used in the pro-duction of letterpress relief printing (including such part of theproduction and products of those establishments which publish dailynewspapers and subscribe or assent to the Code of the Daily News-paper Publishing Business, and whose daily newspaper publishingbusiness is therefore exempt from the provisions of this Code, andsuch part of the production and products of those establishments,not otherwise subject to the provisions of this Code, which do notassent to the provisions of this Code governing the Daily NewspaperPublishing and Printing Industry, as is represented by the businessof all such establishments other than the publishing of daily news-papers), excepting those establishments publishing and printing allother newspapers, advertising newspapers, or periodicals, and tookmanufacturing establishments.(s) The term " Newspaper," as used herein, is defined to mean apublication issued at regular intervals at least as frequently as oncea week, devoted mainly to current local news events, and from whichthe publisher derives circulation and/or advertising revenue.(t) The term " Periodical," as used herein, is defined to mean apublication (other than a newspaper or advertising newspaper) is-sued at regular intervals but not less frequently than four timesper year, and from which the publisher derives circulation and/oradvertising revenue.

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10(u) The term "Advertising Newspaper," as used herein, is definedto mean a publication of newspaper format and size, devoted inwhole or in part to retail news in the form of display advertisingof one or more advertisers, delivered by carrier without cost to thereader, and not published by or in conjunction with any newspaperas defined in paragraph (s) of this Section.(v) The terms " Governing Body " and "Administrative Body,"as used herein, are defined to mean the National Graphic Arts Co-ordinating Committee, a National or Regional Compliance Board,a National or Regional Code Authority, a joint cooperative regionalorganization, or the administrative agency of a National ProductGroup.(w) The term "Administrator," as used herein, refers to the Ad-ministrator for Industrial Recovery.(x) The term " President," as used herein, refers to the Presidentof the United States of America.(y) Population for the purposes of this Code shall be determinedby reference to the last Federal Census.SECTION 2-GENERAL ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS 2(a) The Graphic Arts Industries, each of which is administered,for the purposes of the National Industrial Recovery Act and thisCode. by a National Code Authority, are as follows:A. Relief Printing Process Group of Industries.A-1. Commercial Relief Printing Industry.A-2. Non-Metropolitan Newspaper Publishing and Print-ing Industry.A-3. Periodical Publishing and Printing Industry.A-4. Book Manufacturing Industry.A-5. Daily Newspaper Publishing and Printing Industry.B. Lithographic Pin tin g Process Group of Industries.B-1. Lithographic Printing Industry.C. Intaglio Printing Process Group of Industries.C-1. Graviire Printing Industry.C-2. Steel and Copperplate Engraving and Printing In-dtistry.C-3. Securities Engraving and Printing Industry.C-4. Bank Note Engraving and Printing Industry.D. Service Group of Industries.D-i. Trade Typesetting Indistry.D-2. Trade Lithogr-aphice Plate Making Industry.D-3. Advertising Typography Indiustry.D-4. Trade Mountirig and Finishing Industry.D-5. Trade Hinudiung and Paper Riiling Industry.Definitions of the several Industries, and the National CodeAuthorities by which they shall be administered, are set forth inSchedule A, Iie(reto attached, and hereby made a part hereof.Se par. 5 of ExvutfIve Order approving this Code.

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11(b) Provisions of this Code basically applicable to all establish-ments within the Graphic Arts Industries are contained in the mainbody of the Code, exceptions which are applicable only to certainIndustries being made to such provisions.(c) Provisions of this Code applicable only to establishmentswithin a particular Industry or members of a particular NationalProduct Group are contained in appendices hereto attached, andare hereby made a part hereof with the same effect as if the pro-visions therein contained were set out in the main body of the ode.(d) Where the nature of the business in which an establishmentis engaged, or the product or products it produces, might under thedefinitions set forth in Schedule A subject such an establishmentto administration under two or more National Code Authorities,the largest annual sales volume of such an establishment's productshall determine under which National Code Authority such anestablishment is subject to administration;Provided, however, that it shall be the duty of such National CodeAuthority to enforce all the provisions of this Code regulating oraffecting establishments which might be so subject to administrationunder one or more other National Code Authorities. In any suchcase an establishment shall be subject to assessment (for code ad-ministration purposes) by only one National Code Authority;Provided, further, that an establishment that might, as above de-scribed, be so subject to administration under two or more NationalCode Authorities, may, if it desires, upon agreement by the differentNational Code Authorities concerned, be deemed to be subject to theadministration of the two or more National Code Authorities and in any such latter case it shall be given equitable representation on each such National Code Authority, and bear its equitable share of thecosts of administering this Code by each such National Code Au-thority, the share as between National Code Authorities being de-termined by agreement of the National Code Authorities concerned,and so assessed as to prevent duplication of assessment. EachNational Code Authority shall adopt any necessary provisions tomake this paragraph effective.(e) In the event that any proceeding comes on for hearing be-fore a governing body, in which proceeding the establishment, withwhich a member of such governing body is identified or connectedin any way, is a party or has a peculiar financial interest, such mem-ber shall be disqualified from acting with relation to such proceed-ing. In case of any such disqualification, the body designating suchmember shall be entitled to designate a substitute to sit as a mem-ber of such governing body temporarily during the consideration and determination of any such proceeding.SECTION 3-NATIONAL AND REGIONAL CODE AUTHORITIES(a) There shall be designated for each Industry subject to thisCode and which is listed in Section 2 hereof an administrative bodywhich shall act as National Code Authority for the Industry.(b) It shall be the function and duty of each National CodeAuthority to administer all of the provisions of the Code relating toits Industry, except as otherwise specifically in this Code provided;and all powers, authority, and duties relating to the administration

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12and enforcement of this Code, except to the extent that they havebeen by the provisions hereof otherwise conferred and imposed, arereserved to the National Code Authorities. In such enforcement aNational Code Authority may interpret the provisions hereof andthe same shall be binding upon all parties unless and until reviewedand changed on appeal; provided, that a National Code Authorityshall, within its jurisdiction, enforce, observe and give due effectto the decisions of the Graphic Arts National Labor Boards.The autonomy of the respective National. Code Authorities, exceptas limited by the provisions of this Code, shall not be infringed nor curtailed.(c) Each National Code Authority may designate the local organ-ization in each region, whether now existing or to be organized,within the Industry, which shall administer this Code locally; andthe National Code Authority may delegate to any such designatedlocal organization, to be known as a Regional Code Authority, suchof its duties as it may find advisable, except such as it is prohibitedfrom delegating. The duties of such Regional Code Authority andits powers to incur assessable expenses shall be those prescribed byits National Code Authority. Appeals from any decision, ruling,regulation, order or finding of a Regional Code Authority shall lie toits National Code Authority.Where the necessity for economy and coordination of administra-,tion seems to require some form of regional cooperative operation of two or more Regional Code Authorities, any such joint cooperativeregional organization may be formed with the permission of therespective National Code Authorities concerned and may carry outthe code administration functions delegated to it. The expenses ofsuch joint cooperative regional organization shall be apportioned asbetween Industries and assessed in such manner as the Regional CodeAuthorities may agree and determine. Appeals from any decision,ruling, regulation, order, or finding of such joint cooperative re-gional organization shall lie to the National Code Authority to whosejurisdiction the appellant is subject. Any such joint cooperativeregional organization, if formed, may provide procedure for thearbitration of disputes between establishments under its jurisdictionwhen such procedure has been agreed to by the establishments con-cerned.(d) Each National Code Authority shall cooperate with the National Product Groups in the administering and enforcement oftrade practice and other provisions of this Code, and shall developthe methods necessary to accomplish this result. It shall be theduty of each National Code Authority to enforce all the provisionsof this Code regulating or affecting establishments within its juris-dictioni which are not members of a particular National ProductGroup) but which pro(hice the produict or products with which suchNational Product Group is identified.(e) Etch Natiovial Code Authority shall be responsible for thepayieit of its share of the expense of administering this Code, andshall have tle power to collect the amount of its share of said

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13expenses from the establishments within its jurisdiction by assess-ment in such proper and equitable manner as it may determine.The share of each National Code Authority of said expenses shallinclude the total operating expenses, both national and regional,of its own organization and its share, as apportioned by the pro-visions of Sections 4 and 5, of the operating expenses of the NationalGraphic Arts Coordinating Committee and of its National and Regional Compliance Boards, and its share, as allocated under theprovisions of Section 24, of the expenses of the Graphic Arts LaborBoards and Temporary Labor Committees with which it isconcerned. (f) Each National Code Authority shall have the power to requireany establishment within its jurisdiction to submit, through a confi-dential agency designated by the National Code Authority, anystatistics, data, or information reasonably necessary to enable itto prescribe accounting methods, cost finding methods, or cost de-termination schedules, or to supply the National Graphic ArtsCoordinating Committee with the data and statistics required bythe President or reasonably pertinent to the effectuation of Title Iof the National Industrial Recovery Act, or otherwise to administer the provisions of this Code, or to determine any issue coming beforeit for adjudication. Such statistics, data, or information shall becertified by a certified public accountant, if so required by theNational Code Authority. In case any such establishment shallfail or refuse to furnish such statistics, data, or information, orto have same certified if required, the National Code Authority maycause the books and records of such establishment to be examinedby a certified public accountant for the purpose of obtaining suchstatistics, data, or information. The powers contained in this para-graph shall not be delegated by the National Code Authority. Allsuch statistics, data, or information so submitted or obtained shallbe kept confidential and shall not be revealed except to a govern-mental agency entitled thereto, provided that summaries and com-pilations thereof, which do not disclose the identity of any estab-lishment, may be prepared and furnished to the National 'Compli-ance Board within whose jurisdiction such National Code Authorityfalls, and to the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.(g) Each National Code Authority shall have the power to adoptsuch by-laws, rules and regulations, not inconsistent with the pro-visions of this Code, as may be deemed advisable for the conductof its proceedings and the administration and enforcement of thisCode.SECTION 4-NATIONAL AND REGIONAL COMPLIANCE BOARDS(a) There shall be set up for each of the groups of National CodeAuthorities of the Industries subject to this Code and listed in Sec-tion 2 hereof a National Compliance Board consisting of not lessthan three members and chosen by the National Code Authorities ofthe Industries concerned.

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14(b) For the first year the membership of the National ComplianceBoards and the Industry representation thereon shall be as follows:National Relief Printing Compliance Board: MembersA-1. Commercial Relief Printing Industry--------7A-2. Non-Metropolitan Newspaper Publishing andPrinting Industry------------------------4A-3. Periodical Publishing and Printing Industry_-aA-4. Book Manufacturing Industry---------------1A-5. Daily Newspaper Publishing and PrintingIndustry---------------------------------2Total ----------------------------17National Lithographic Printing Compliance Board:B-1. Lithographic Printing Industry_-------------5National Intaglio Printing Compliance Board:C-1. Gravure Printing Industry--------------------2C-2. Steel and Copperplate Engraving and Print-ing Industry----------------------------2C-3. Securities Engraving and Printing Industry--2C-4. Bank Note Engraving and Printing Industry-_ 2Total ---------------------------------8National Service Compliance Board:D-1. Trade Typesetting Industry-----------------1D-2. Trade Lithographic Plate Making Industry---1D-3. Advertising Typography Industry_-----------1D-4. Trade Mounting and Finishing Industry_-_--1D-5. Trade Binding and Paper Ruling Industry---1Total --------------------------------5The members of National Compliance Boards shall be designatedwithin 30 days after the effective date of this Code, and annuallythereafter.Each National Code Authority shall designate alternate members,and in the absence of any member his designated alternate shall beentitled to sit upon said Board. In the event of the resignation of any member or alternate, or in the event that any member or alter-nate can not act for any reason, the National Code Authority orig-inally designating such member or alternate shall designate hissuccessor.If at any time the proportionate representation of the Industrieson :ny National Compliance Board appears inequitable, such propor-tionate replresentation may be changed by agreement of all the Na-tional Code Authorities concerned, or in the event such National CodeAutliorities do not agree, by the National Graphic Arts Coordinat-ing Coninittee; provide(], that at no time shall the representation ofany Industry on a National Compliance Board be less than one mem-b'r, nor (where more than two iiidustries are concerned) more thanome-ialf of the totai iembeirship of such Board.'Hie members of mia*y Natjioiul ('ompliance Boaid shall be subjectto reci Inrd rep1hceliiwtit it aii*y t ime by the respective National CodeAutihorities de.iguiting sitch inmbers.

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15Each National Product Group shall be entitled to designate onespecial member of each National Compliance Board, who shall situpon any such Board as a full member thereof with one vote when-ever any issue affecting the particular interests of said NationalProduct Group, or any controversy or appeal involving the distribu-tion of the product or products with which such Group is identifiedand to which said National Product Group or a member thereof is aparty, is being considered and determined by such Board.(c) Each member of a National Compliance Board shall have anequal vote upon all questions, motions, resolutions, or issues comingbefore said Board.The National Compliance Boards shall not be enlarged to includemembers designated otherwise than as above provided, except by theunanimous approval of all the National Code Authorities concerned.There shall be no non-voting or observer members.(d) Each National Compliance Board, as to the National CodeAuthorities and establishments, including members of National Prod-uct Groups, under its jurisdiction, shall have the power and duty:1. To require any National Code Authority or any establishment,within the jurisdiction of said Board to submit through a confiden-tial agency designated by the National Compliance Board, any sta-tistics, data, or information reasonably necessary to enable it todetermine any issue coming before it for adjudication. Such sta-tistics, data, or information shall be certified by a certified publicaccountant, if so required by the National Compliance Board. Incase any such National Code Authority or establishment shall failor refuse to furnish such statistics, data, or information, or to havesame certified if required, the National Compliance Board may causethe books and records of such National Code Authority or establish-ment to be examined by a certified public accountant for the purposeof obtaining such statistics, data, or information. The powers con-tained in this paragraph shall not be delegated by the National Com-pliance Board. All such statistics, data, or information so submittedor obtained shall be kept confidential and shall not be revealed ex-cept to a governmental agency entitled thereto, provided that sum-maries and compilations thereof which do not disclose the identityof any establishment may be prepared and furnished to the NationalCode Authority concerned and to the National Graphic Arts Coordi-nating Committee.2. To adjust differences that may arise between-(a) National Code Authorities,(b) A National Code Authority and an establishmentunder another National Code Authority,(c) Establishments under two or more different NationalCode Authorities,(d) A National Product Group and a National Code Au-thority or an establishment under a National CodeAuthority,and to hear and determine appeals from National Code Authorities within its jurisdiction, and from Regional Compliance Boards des-ignated by it; it being understood that all problems of newspaperand periodical editorial, circulation and advertising matters arising29220*-206-117-34-3

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16in the application of this Code are to be handled exclusively by theNational Code Authorities concerned, subject only to the rights ofappeal to the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee andthe National Recovery Administration. The National ComplianceBoards shall meet at least once a month.3. To designate or cause to be designated locally such RegionalCompliance Boards as in its judgment may be necessary, and to dele-gate to such Regional Compliance Boards such of its duties and powersas it finds advisable, except such as it is prohibited from delegating. Each such Regional Compliance Board shall consist solely of repre-sentatives of the several National Code Authorities, or of regionalorganizations of such National Code Authorities, of the Industriesconcerned and shall be set up so as to insure equitable representationof the Industries concerned; provided, that where more than twoIndustries are concerned no Industry shall be represented on any Regional Compliance Board by more than one half the membershipthereof, except with the consent of all regional organizations con-cerned. Appeals from any decision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of a Regional Compliance Board shall lie to its NationalCompliance Board.Where the necessity for economy and coordination of administra-tion seems to require some form of regional cooperative operation oftwo or more Regional Compliance Boards any such joint coopera-tive regional organization may be formed with permission of therespective National Compliance Boards concerned and may carryout the Code administration functions delegated to it. The expensesof such joint cooperative regional organization shall be apportionedas between Industries and assessed in such manner as the RegionalCode Authorities concerned may agree and determine. Appealsfrom any decision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of such jointcooperative regional organization shall lie to the National Com-pliance Board to whose jurisdiction the appellant is subject.4. To determine and collect its costs of administration, as hereinprovided, from the National Code Authorities, within its jurisdic-tion, or in default thereof from the respective establishments within the particular jurisdiction of any National Code Authority sodefaulting.Each National Compliance Board shall prepare or have preparedan annual budget, which budget and any revision thereof must besubmitted in writing to its members at least two weeks before the dateof the meeting at which action on such budget or revision thereofis to be taken. Any such annual budget exceeding in amount thesim of $20,000 shall be subject to the approval of a majority of theNational Code Authorities concerned. Members of National Com-pliance Boards and Regional Compliance Boards shall serve with-out conIpensation.Ihe necessary individual traveling expenses of menibers of a Na-tional Compliance Board shall be paid by the National Code Author-ity which they respectively represent. Any other necessary expensesof each National Compliance Board shall be assessed against theNational Code A itiorities of the Industries represented on suchBoard in proposition to the miewiher representation of such NationalCode Autli(orities on stich Board.

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17Any necessary expenses of each Regional Compliance Board shallbe paid by the regional organizations represented on such Board inproportion to the member representation.5. To adopt such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with theprovisions of this Code, as may be deemed advisable for the govern-ment of such National Compliance Board and the conduct of itsproceedings.(e) The powers, authority, and duties of National and RegionalCompliance Boards relating to the administration and enforcementof this Code shall be strictly limited to those hereinabove specificallygranted or imposed.SECTION 5-NATIONAL GRAPHIC ARTS COORDINATING COMMITTEE(a) There is hereby created a self-governing national coordinatingcommittee to be known as the National Graphic Arts CoordinatingCommittee.(b) The National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee shallconsist of twenty members designated by the respective NationalCompliance Boards as follows:MembersNational Relief Printing Compliance Board_---------10National Lithographic Printing Compliance Board__-4National Intaglio Printing Compliance Board_-------4National Service Compliance Board---_------------2and in addition thereto, there shall be one member without voteto be appointed by the Administrator to serve without expense tothe Industries. The Administrator may appoint alternates for saidmember.The member appointed by the Administrator may sit upon anyNational Code Authority as a member thereof without vote when-ever requested by such National Code Authority or by the NationalGraphic Arts Coordinating Committee.The members of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-mittee shall be designated within 35 days after the effective dateof this Code, and annually thereafter.Each National Compliance Board in designating members of theNational Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee shall designate onlypersons from among those that have been nominated for such mem-bership by the National Code Authorities under its jurisdiction (forthis purpose National Code Authorities A-2 and A-5 shall be con-sidered as though they are one National Code Authority; provided,however, that National Code Authorities A-2 and A-5 shall haveat least one member each on the National Graphic Arts Coordinat-ing Committee) ; when the number of members to be designated bya National Compliance Board is less than the number of NationalCode Authorities, not more than one nominee of any one such CodeAuthority shall be designated; when the number of members equalsor exceeds the number of National Code Authorities, the NationalCompliance Board shall designate an equal number of membersfrom the nominees of each National Code Authority, any extramember or members being designated from the nominees of theCode Authority or Code Authorities of the Industries concerned

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18having respectively the largest payrolls (for this purpose NationalCode Authorities A-2 and A-5 shall be considered as though theyare one National Code Authority).Each National Code Authority shall nominate alternate members,and each National Compliance Board in designating alternate mem-bers of the National Graphic Arts -Coordinating Committee shalldesignate only persons from among those that have been nominatedby the National Code Authorities within its jurisdiction. In theabsence of any member his designated alternate shall be entitled tosit upon said committee.In the event of the resignation of any member or alternate, orin the event that any member or alternate can not act for any reason,the National Code Authority originally nominating such memberor alternate shall nominate his successor and the National Compli-ance Board shall designate the nominee so selected.The members of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-mittee shall be subject to recall and replacement at any time by therespective National Code Authorities nominating such members.Each National Product Group shall be entitled to designate onespecial member of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-mittee who shall sit upon said Committee as a full member thereofwith one vote whenever any issue affecting the interests of said Na-tional Product Group, or any controversy or appeal involving thedistribution of the product or products with which such Group isidentified, and to which said National Product Group or a memberthereof is a party, is being considered and determined by said Com-mittee. Similarly, any National Code Authority not directly rep-resented on the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee by anominee of such National Code Authority shall be entitled to desig-nate one special member of the National Graphic Arts CoordinatingCommittee who shall sit upon said Committee as a full member there-of with one vote whenever any issue affecting the interests of suchNational Code Authority. or of an establishment within its jurisdic-tion, is being considered and determined by said Committee.(c) Each member of the National Graphic Arts CoordinatingCommittee shall have an equal vote upon all questions, motions, reso-lutions, or issues coming before said Committee.The National Grapliic Arts Coordinating Committee shall not beenlarged to include members designated otherwise than as aboveprovide(, except by the unanimous consent of all National CodeAuthorities.(d) The National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee shallhave the power and duty:1. To collect, through a confidential agency of its designation, fromthe National Code Authorities and the National Product Groups allnce(ed data and statistics called for by this Code or required by thePresident, or reasonably pertinent to the effectuation of Title I of theNational Idustrial Recovery Act, and to file same with the Presidentor the Nationil Recovery Administration; and to enforce the sub-mission of such data an(d statistics by establishments to their respec-ti Nationtal ("ode Authorities and by members of National ProductGroup s to their respective National Product Groups in case suchNational (,ode Authority or National Product Group shall fail or

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19refuse to collect such data and statistics, or enforce such submission.All such data and statistics so submitted or obtained shall be keptconfidential and shall not be revealed except to a governmentalagency entitled thereto, provided that summaries and compilationsthereof which do not disclose the identity of any establishment maybe prepared and furnished to the National Compliance Board con-cerned or to the National Code Authority concerned or the NationalProduct Group concerned.2. To coordinate the rules and regulations of National Code Au-thorities and of National Product Groups concerning the adminis-tration of this Code, and to review and coordinate accounting prin-ciples and methods, cost finding principles and methods, departmentaleconomic hourly cost rates and production standards, cost determination schedules, and stabilization and trade practices, but only to theextent that will insure fair competition.3. To adjust differences that may arise between(a) National Compliance Boards,(b) A National Compliance Board and a National CodeAuthority under another National Compliance Boardor an establishment under such a National CodeAuthority,(c) National Code Authorities or establishments thereof under two or more different National ComplianceBoards,(d) National Product Groups,(e) A National Product Group and a National ComplianceBoard,and to hear and determine appeals from National ComplianceBoards, National Code Authorities, and National Product Groups.4. To represent any National Compliance Board, National Code-Authority, National Product Group and/or establishment before theNational Recovery Admiiistration, when called upon by suchNational Compliance Board, National Code Authority, NationalProduct Group, and/or establishment.5. To require each National Code Authority and the administra-tive agency of each National Product Group to furnish at least oncea year evidence showing that it is truly representative of its Industryor Product Group, and to change any National Code Authority or the administrative agency of any National Products Group wheneverafter a proper hearing the National Graphic Arts CoordinatingCommittee shall determine that any such National Code Authorityand any such administrative agency is no longer representative ofits Industry or Group. No such action shall be taken except upon theaffirmative vote of two-thirds of the members of the National GraphicArts Coordinating Committee.6. To incur and authorize the payment of its necessary salariesof employees and expenses of administration, including the employ-ment of an executive secretary and such clerical help or services,which are to be prescribed in an annual budget, which shall not exceed the total of $50,000 unless any larger budget shall have firstbeen referred to and approved by three-f ourths of the National CodeAuthorities.

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207. To determine and collect its costs of administration, as providedherein, from the various National Code Authorities, or in defaultthereof, from the respective establishments within their particularjurisdiction. Said costs of administration shall be assessed againstthe respective National Code Authorities in the proportion whichthe total annual payroll of establishments included in such NationalCode Authorities bears to the total annual payroll of establishments included in all National Code Authorities.8. To collect and disburse funds necessary to defray expenses ofGraphic Arts National and Regional Labor Boards and Temporary Labor Committees as provided in Paragraph 3 of Section 24.9. Upon the application of any National Code Authority, to grantexemption from, or to provide for variation in application of, any ofthe provisions of this Code which, in the judgment of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, work an unintended or unjustifiable hardship upon an establishment or group of establishments because of peculiar circumstances to which it or they areuniquely subject. Any action taken in this respect shall be subjectto review by the Administrator.10. To brino to the attention of the Administrator provisions ofother codes which apparently conflict with the provisions of thisCode, or which create unfair competitive conditions, and to makerecommendations with respect thereto.11. To inform the President whenever it is found that importa-tion of any product affects adversely the maintenance of standardsunder this Code and to request such action as may be necessary toremedy such conditions.12. To bring to the attention of the proper National Code Author-ities and/or National Product Groups questions arising as to juris-diction out of the definitions set forth in Schedules A and B, ordiscrepancies appearing in the provisions contained in the Appendices and to recommend to such National Code Authorities and/orNational Product Groups the action to be taken with respect there-to; provided, that for a period of 120 days after the effective date ofthis Code the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee mayrecommend to the Administrator any amendments to, additions to,or eliminations from this Code necessary to correct any such ques-tions of jurisdiction or discrepancies, any such amendment, additionor elimination to become effective upon approval by the Adminis-trator after such notice and hearing as he may deem advisable.13. To adopt such rules and regulations, not inconsistent with theprovisions of this Code, as may be deemed advisable for the govern-inent of said National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee andthe conduct of its proceedings.(e) The duties of said National Graphic Arts Coordinating Corn-mittee may be delegated by it to such gentt or agents as it may fromtime to time deem advisable.(f) The powers, aut hority, and duties of the National GraphicArts Coordinating Committee relating to the administration andenforcement of this Code shall be strictly limited to those herein-above specifically granted or imposed.

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21SECTION G-NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUPS(a) A National Product Group shall be truly represeitative ofthe sales volume of the particular product or products with whichthe Group is identified.(b) National Product Groups are set forth in Schedule B, heretoattached and hereby made a part hereof, and said Groups as to allmatters within their jurisdiction shall be administered by the ad-ministrative agencies mentioned in said Schedule.(c) Each National Product Group shall have jurisdiction overall matters relating to distribution of the particular product orproducts with which the Group is identified, so far as the membersof the association are concerned, and so far as persons engaged inthe distribution of such product or products in competition with themembers of such Group and not otherwise subject to this Code areconcerned. Each National Product Group shall have the powerto adjust any differences arising between those within its jurisdiction relating to such matters.(d) Each National Product Group shall have the power to submitto the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, for inclusionin the Code, such trade practice provisions as are applicable to theparticular product or products with which the Group is identified.Such provisions, if not inconsistent with the provisions of this Code,shall be submitted to the Administrator for approval and when ap-proved after such public hearing as lie may prescribe shall beincluded in a special appendix to the Code for the National ProductGroup concerned. Trade practice provisions applicable to the par-ticular product or products with which a National Product Groupis identified shall be binding upon all establishments producing suchproduct or products and all persons distributing such product orproducts in competition with the producers thereof, whether anysuch establishment or person is a member of such National ProductGroup or not.(e) National Product Groups shall have such administrativepowers in the promotion of the interests of those within its juris-diction as are not inconsistent with the provisions of this Code.Specifically, they shall have the right to bring to the attention of theNational Compliance Board concerned any violation of trade prac-tices by any establishment subject thereto.(f) Each National Product Group shall have the right to requirethose within its jurisdiction to submit, through a confidential agencydesignated by it, any statistics, data, or information regarding thesale or distribution of the product or products with which the Groupis identified reasonably necessary to enable it to administer the mat-ters within its jurisdiction or to determine any issue coming beforeit for adjudication. All such statistics, data, or information shallbe kept confidential and shall not be revealed except to a govern-mental agency entitled thereto; provided, that sumniaries and com-pilations thereof, which do not disclose the identity of any member,may be prepared and furnished to those within its jurisdiction andto the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.

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22(g) Expenses of administration of a National Product Groupshall be equitably assessed against its members by the designatedadministrative agency of such Group.SECTION 7-EXTRA-CODE COMPETITIONNo establishment subject to the provisions of this Code when incompetition in the sale of printed matter or other products, or inpublishing, with an establishment not subject to the provisions ofthis Code need comply with the provisions hereof relating to pub-lishing, sale or distribution, if such provisions are more onerous thanthose to which such competitor is subject; provided, in any such caseit shall comply with the provisions of any Code to which such com-petitor may be subject and shall furnish to its National CodeAuthority full particulars thereof, which particulars shall be trans-mitted to the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee foraction thereon as provided in Section 5 (d) 1.SECTION 8-EXECUTORY CONTRACTSWhere the costs under executory contracts entered into prior tothe effective date of this Code are increased or decreased by the appli-cations of the provisions of this Code, appropriate adjustments ofsuch contracts to reflect such increased or decreased costs shall beleft to the negotiation of the establishment and the customer; andit shall be the duty of the National Code Authority concerned topromote such equitable adjustments.SECTION 9-PENALTIES FOR VIOLATION(a) The penalties for the violation of any of the provisions of thisCode shall be as provided in the National Industrial Recovery Act, and the cost of any investigation may be assessed against any estab-lishment found guilty of a violation.(b) In case a governing body determines that an establishmenthas filed a complaint frivolously or maliciously, it may assess thecost of the investigation and the defendant's reasonable cost againstthe complainant.SECTION 10--COMPLAINTS(a) All complaints, whether involving a controversy or a chargeof violation, shall be in writing signed by an establishment, and threecopies thereof shall be filed with the governing body having juris-diction. Copies of such complaint shall be served upon the de-fendant or alleged violator and upon his National Code Authorityby the governing body receiving such complaint at least three daysbefore any action is taken thereon by such governing body.(b) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are estab-lish inents within the jurisdiction of the same National Code Author-itv, the proceeding shall be instituted before its Regional CodeAtitiority (or before the joint cooperative organization authorizedby its National C(ode Authority), if such a governing body exists,andI all suchI parties are within the territorial jurisdiction of such

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23regional governing body, and if not before the National CodeAuthority.(c) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are estab-lishments within the jurisdiction of two or more different NationalCode Authorities, under the jurisdiction of the same National Com-pliance Board, the proceedings shall be instituted before its Re-gional Compliance Board (or before the joint cooperative regionalorganization authorized by such National Compliance Board), ifsuch a governing body exists, and all such parties are within theterritorial jurisdiction of such regional governing body, and if notbefore such National Compliance Board.(d) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are estab-lishments within the jurisdiction of two or more different NationalCode Authorities, within the jurisdiction of different National Com-pliance Boards, the proceeding shall be instituted before the jointcooperative regional organization authorized by all the NationalCompliance Boards concerned, if any such governing body exists,and all such parties are within the territorial jurisdiction of suchregional governing body, and if not before the National GraphicArts Coordinating Committee.(e) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are membersof the same National Product Group, and the matter is one overwhich the Group has jurisdiction as defined in Section 6 (c), theproceeding shall be instituted before the administrative agency ofsuch National Product Group.(f) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are a mem-ber of a National Product Group and an establishment not a mem-ber of such a National Product Group, both being under the juris-diction of the same National Compliance Board, the proceeding shallbe instituted before its Regional Compliance Board (or before thejoint cooperative regional organization authorized by such NationalCompliance Board), if such a governing body exists, and all suchparties are within the territorial jurisdiction of such regional gov-erning body, and if not before such National Compliance Board.(g) Where the necessary parties to such a complaint are a mem-ber of a National Product Group and an establishment not a mem-ber of such National Product Group, the parties being under thejurisdiction of different National Compliance Boards, the proceed-ing shall be instituted before the joint cooperative regional organization authorized by all the National Compliance Boards concerned,if any such governing body exists, and all such parties are withinthe territorial jurisdiction of such regional governing body, and ifnot before the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee.(h) No proceeding shall be instituted before the National GraphicArts Coordinating Committee by any establishment or by any mem-ber of a National Product Group, except through the National Com-pliance Board having jurisdiction over such establishment ormember.(i) No action, suit or other proceeding based upon an allegedviolation of the provisions of this Code, or involving a controversyarising under the provisions of this Code, shall be commenced byany establishment or governing body against any establishment as-29220 0-296-117-34-4

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24senting to the provisions of this Code, in any court, state or Federaluntil such alleged violation or controversy shall have been submittedfor determination in the manner provided for by this Code, and in the event that appeals are prosecuted in accordance with the pro-visions of this Code, until the National Graphic Arts CoordinatingCommittee shall have determined such issue.(j) A person not subject to the provisions of this Code may makea complaint of violation of any provision of this Code by filingsuch complaint in writing, together with all available pertinent in-formation, with the National Code Authority or National ProductGroup having jurisdiction over the alleged violator.(k) Any governing body having jurisdiction to hear any com-plaint may adopt such rules of procedure governing the filing andhearing of complaints, not inconsistent with the provisions of thisCode, as it may deem advisable.SECTION 11-APPEALS(a) An establishment shall have the right of appeal from any de-cision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of its Regional Code Au-thority (or of any joint cooperative regional organization authorizedby its National Code Authority) to its National Code Authority.(b) An establishment shall have the right of appeal from anydecision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of its Regional Com-pliance Board (or of any joint cooperative regional organizationauthorized by its National Compliance Board) to its National Com-pliance Board.(c) An establishment shall have the right of appeal from anydecision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding of its NationalCode Authority to its National Compliance Board and of its Na-tional Compliance Board to the National Graphic Arts CoordinatingCommittee.(d) A member of a National Product Group shall have the rightof appeal from any decision, ruling, regulation, order, or finding ofthe administrative agency of its National Product Group to the _a-tional Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, unless all necessaryparties are establishments under the jurisdiction of the same Na-tional Compliance Board, in which case such appeal shall lie to suchNational Compliance Board.(e) National Compliance Boards, National Code Authorities, Na-tional Product Groups, establishments, and members of NationalProduct Groups shall have the right of appeal from any decision,ruling, regulation, order, or finding of the National Graphic ArtsCoorinating Committee to the National Recovery Administrationor the President.(f) The governing body determining any issue shall notify thepart es thereto in writing of its decision, ruling, regulation, order, orfinding, and no person shall be entitled to appeal rom the action ofsuich gmverli ilig body uriless he takes an appeal within 20 days afterhe shall h e received sueh notification.(g) All appeals shall be ii writing 'g aw a copy of each appealshall be filed with the governitig body whose action is appealed from

PAGE 27

25at least one day before it is filed with the governing body to whichsuch appeal is taken.(h) An appellant shall comply with the decision, ruling, regula-tion, order, or finding of a National Product Group, a National CodeAuthority, a National Compliance Board, or the National GraphicArts Coordinating Committee, unless the governing body to' whichhis appeal is taken shall grant a stay. An appeal from the ruling,regulation, order, or finding of regional governing body shall act asa stay.(i) Any governing body having jurisdiction to hear any appealmay adopt such rules of procedure governing appeals taken to it,not inconsistent with the provisions of this Code, as it may deemadvisable.SECTION 12-AMENDMENTS(a) This Code, except as to provisions required by the Act, maybe amended on the basis of experience or changes in circumstances,such amendments to be based upon application to the Administratorand such notice and hearing as he shall specify, and to become effec-tive on approval of the President.(b) Except as herein otherwise provided, any amendment, supple-ment, or addition to this Code may be submitted to the NationalGraphic Arts Coordinating Committee by any National Code Au-thority or any National Product Group. If it affects only the Na-tional Code Authority or National Product Group submitting it andis not inconsistent with other provisions of this Code it shall be sub-mitted by the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee to theAdministrator for approval; if it affects any National Code Author-ity or Authorities other than a National Code Authority submittingit, it shall first be submitted to all such National Code Authoritiesaffected and if approved by them, shall then be submitted by theNational Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee to the President for approval.SECTION 13-PRESIDENTIAL POWERSThe President may from time to time cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule, or regulation issued with respect to this Code.SECTION 14-PARTICIPATION AND MEMBERSHIP RESTRICTIONSEach establishment shall be entitled to make use of the NRAinsignia and may participate in the activities of its National CodeAuthority and of this Code by assenting thereto and complying withthe provisions thereof, and paying the share of the expense of admin-istration thereof assessed against it, as herein provided. The use ofsuch NRA insignia by any establishment, or the participation by anyestablishment in the activities of its National Code Authority or ofthis Code, or the continuing in effect by any establishment of itsmembership in any association which has assented to this Code, shallbe construed as an assent by such establishment to this Code.The National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, each Na-tional Compliance Board, each National Code Authority, the admin-

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26istrative agency of each National Product Group, and any associa-tion directly or indirectly participating in the activities of this Codeshall (1) impose no inequitable restrictions upon admission to mem-bership, and (2) submit to the Administrator for review true copiesof its articles of association, constitution, by-laws, rules and regula-tions, and any amendments when made thereto.SECTION 15--MONOPOLIESNo provision in this Code shall be interpreted or applied in sucha manner as to promote monopolies, eliminate or oppress small enter-prises, or discriminate against them.SECTION 16-LIABILITIESNothing contained in this Code shall constitute the persons par-ticipating in any manner whatsoever in the activities of this Codepartners for any purpose. Nor shall any person so participatingbe liable in any manner to anyone for any act of any other person,agent or employee. Nor shall any person so participating, who ex-ercises reasonable care and diligence in the performance of his dutieshereunder or in the exercising of his powers or discretions, be liableto any one for any action or omission to act, excepting only for hisown willfully wrong or fraudulent act.SECTION 17-RESERVATIONS(a) No person assenting to this Code shall be held to have therebyassented to any amendment thereof, nor to any particular interpretation if invalid.(b) Those submitting this Code recognize that pursuant to Section10 (b) of the National Industrial Recovery Act the President may,from time to time, cancel or modify any order approving this Code,but in submitting or assenting to this Code the establishments donot thereby consent to any modification thereof, except as each maythereto subsequently agree, nor do they thereby waive any constitu-tional rights, or consent to the imposition of any requirements thatmight restrict or interfere with the constitutional guarantee of thefreedom of the press.SECTION 1--EFFECTiVE DATE AND EXPIRATIONThis Code shall be effective on the second Monday after its ap-proval by the President and continue in effect concurrently withtie National Industrial Recovery Act, and any extension thereof,umi less sooier terminiated by action or approval of the President.A Rri(LE 11--EMIPYMENT', WAGE;s, IlOURs, ETC.SE'TioN 1 9-E;NERAL PRoVISIONS(a) Eiltp/oyiwwt.-As required by Section 7 (a) of Title I of theNatioia Inldtistrial Recovery Act, the following provisions are con-ditionis of this Codo:

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27(1) That employees shall have the right to organize and bar-gain collectively through representatives of their own choosingand shall be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion ofemployers of labor, or their agents, in the designation of suchrepresentatives or in self-organization or in other concertedactivities for the purpose of collective bargaining or othermutual protection;(2) That no employee and no one seeking employment shallbe required as a condition of employment to join any companyunion or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting alabor organization of his own choosing; and(3) That employers shall comply with the maximiun hoursof labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employ-ment, approved or prescribed by the President.(b) Child labor.-Establishments covered by this Code shall notemploy any person under the age of 16 years except that those be-tween 14 and 16 years of age may be employed (but not in mechan-ical or manufacturing duties) not to exceed three hours a day, suchhours to be between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m., in such work as will not inter-fere with the hours of day school.Establishments covered by Industries A-1, A-2, A-3 ard A-5 asprovided in this Code, where there are newspapers or periodicals oradvertising newspapers published and/or printed, may also employ persons 14 years of age or over who are able, without impairment ofhealth, to sell newspapers or periodicals between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m.from October 1st to March 31st, inclusive, and between 7 a.m. and8 p.m. from April 1st to September 30th, inclusive, where such workdoes not interfere with the hours of day school; and may also employpersons under 16 years of age, who are able, without impairment ofhealth, to deliver newspapers or periodicals or advertising news-papers, where such work does not interfere with the hours of dayschool.(c) Piecework compensatio.-The provisions in this Article IIas to minimum wages shall apply irrespective of whether an em-ployee is actually compensated on a time-rate, piece-work, or otherbasis.(d) Employment by several establishment ts.-Establi shments shallnot knowingly employ any employee who works for two or more es-tablishments for a greater number of hours in any day or week thanis specified in this Code for a single establishment.(e) Conmplement of men.-A commission of three disinterestedengineers, selected by the American Society of Mechanical Engi-neers, shall be employed by the National Graphic Arts Coordinat-ing Committee to make a comprehensive study, and to recommendrules, covering complement of men required on relief printing me-chanical equipment, for addition to Section 21 of this Code byamendment as elsewhere herein authorized.(f) Handicapped persons.-A person whose earning capacity islimited because of age or physical handicap may be continued onlight work unless, and until, otherwise ordered at a wage below theminimum fixed in this Code. Each establishment shall file withits National Code Authority a list of all such persons employed,including the hours worked and wages paid, and sueh other infor-

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28mation as such National Code Authority may require. Furtheremployment under this clause must be authorized by such NationalCode Authority. Each National Code Authority may adopt regula-tions and rulings governing the application of this clause (f).SECTION 20-NONMECHANICAL EMPLOYEES(a) Nonminech anical employees-Min;lmw wages.-Establishmentscovered by this Code shall not pay any nonmechanical employeeless than $15.00 per week in any city over 500,000 population or inthe immediate trade area of such city; nor less than $14.00 perweek in any city between 250,000 and 500,000 population, or in theimmediate trade area of such city; nor less than $13.00 per weekin any city between 50,000 and 250,000 population, or in the imme-diate trade area of such city; nor less than $12.00 per week in anycity between 25,000 and 50,000 population, or in the immediate tradearea of such city. In places of less than 25,000 population (1930Census), wages in effect July 1, 1933, shall be increased by notless than 20 per cent, provided, that this shall not require wagesin excess of $11.00 per week.Excepting (1) that persons (other than apprentices) learning thebusiness during the first 12 months of service in the Industry, officeboys or girls, and/or errand boys or girls, comprising in all notmore than one for each five employees, or fraction thereof, shallreceive not less than 20 cents per hour; and (2) that no establish-ment in a city over 50,000 population shall pay any nonmechanicalemployee, other than those excepted, less than the amount set forthin the foregoing paragraph, unless the wage for the same class ofwork in the same locality on July 15, 1929, was less than the amountset forth, in which case it shall pay not less than the wage for thesame class of work in such locality on July 15, 1929, with a minimumof $12.00 per week.Wages to such nonmechanical employees for part-time shall becomputed and paid at proportional rates for the time actuallyemployed.Nonmechanical employees shall include copy-holders and em-ployees checking directory proofs which are independently andcompletely read by qualified proofreaders.SECTION 21-MEChANICAL EMPLOYEESENGAGED IN THE PROCESSES OF RELIEF PRINTINGThe provisions of this Section shall govern all establishments en-gaged in any of the processes or partial processes of relief printingamd shall be applicable to all the mechanical employees of suchestablishients PageI ini arin ig oti a nv of the operations of such(a) Uvnski!!
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29the same locality in the case of a new establishment) and in no eventless than 30 cents per hour.(b) Skilled mechanical em ployccs-Mini iun wages.-PARII AIP1. Minimum hourly compensation for various classes of skilledworkers and/or artisans shall be established for classes of establish-ments coming under this Section, as follows:Class 1. This class shall consist of all library binders where-ever situated, and all other establishments in places of less than25,000 population (1930 Census) in which the total job andcontract printing output (except circulation and advertisingreceipts of newspapers and periodicals) for the preceding calen-dar year was less than $50,000.Class 2. This class includes all establishments (other thanlibrary binders) coming within this Section in cities (or similarlocalities) having more than 25,000 population (1930 Census)and each such establishment, in a place of smaller population,which had a total job and contract printing output (except cir-culation and advertising receipts of newspapers and periodicals)for the preceding calendar year in excess of $50,000.The minimum hourly wages for Class 1 are set forth in Column1; and the minimum hourly wages for Class 2 are set forth in Col-umn 2 of the following schedule:S'CIEDULEColumn Column1 2Compositors.----------------------------------------------------------$0.60 $0.82Typesetting Machine Operators---.--------------------------------------.60 .82Proofreaders -----------------------------------------------------------.45 .71Job Pressmen, including pressmen employed on special ticket and coupon presses___ .48 .66Job Feeders.------------_----------------------------------------------.---.34 .44Cylinder and Sheet-fed Rotary Pressmen -------------------------------------.60 .82Cylinder Feeders----------------------------------------------------------.35 .55Web Rotary Pressmen --------------------.----------------------------------.67 .91Web Rotary First Assistant Pressmen-------------------------------------------.35 .55Flat Casters---.------------------------------------------------------------.34 .44Paper Cutting and Binding Machine Operators (except as classified for EditionBinding)-.-------------------------------------------------------------.48 .66Pamphlet Binding Machine Assistants, skilled -_---------------------------------.36 .49Pamphlet and Edition Bindery Girls, skilled, also Bunchers and Feeders----------.30 .37Ruling Machine Operators, skilled .....-------------------------------------------.60 .82Ruling Machine Operating Assistants--.------------------------------------.35 .45Ruling Machine Feeders .... ..------------------------------------------...------.30 .37Edition Binding (Machine Operators), including Case Makers, stampers, Cutters,Rounders and Backers, Lining Machine, Casing-in Machine, Folding-Machine,and Gathering Machine.----------..._. -----.-----------------------------------.60 .77Edition Binding-Assistant Machine Operators. ....--------------------------------.48 .60Edition Binding-Hand Workers, skilled (Men)..---------------------------------.00 .66Library Binders (Men), skilled ---------------------------------------------------.45 -._-.-..-_Library Binders (Women), skilled .. ....-------------------------------------------.32 --------..Electrotypers-Molders and Finishers .----------------------------------------------------.60 .82Branchmen---------------------------------------------------------.48 .66Helpers--------.------------------------------------------------------------.40 .50Stereotypes .------------------------------------------------------------.60 .82Stereotypers' Helpers_ _-----------------------------------------------------.40 .50Photo-Engravers --------------------------------------------------------1.00 1.00Exception 1: An establishment whose gross business (not includ-ing circulation and advertising receipts of newspapers and periodi-cals) is under $100,000 per year, located in a place of less than25,000 population, which might otherwise come uinder Class 2, mayobtain a terminable permit from its National Code Authority to

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30come under Class 1 if and so long as that part of such gross business which originates in places of more than 25,000 population and/orwith firms whose headquarters are in such places (hereinafter re-ferred to as foreign business) was less than $6,000 for the precedingquarter of the calendar year-under the following conditions:(1) A terminable permit shall be issued upon the filing of a swornapplication stating that the applicant's foreign business for the lastpreceding quarter of the calendar year was less than $6,000 (listingthe items comprising the same).(2) Such permit shall continue for successive quarters upon itsfiling reports with corresponding information within 15 days afterthe expiration of each quarter.(3) A permit shall expire 15 days after the expiration of a quarterupon the permittee's failure to file a report thereon, or upon suchreport showing over $6,000 of foreign business in the precedingquarter of the calendar year.(4) The National Code Authority may revoke a permit and/orrefuse further permits to any establishment which it finds to have made a materially false statement hereunder.Exception 2: In establishments located in places of less than10,000 population (1930 Census) which had gross receipts of $12,000or less in the preceding calendar year from job and contract printing(not including circulation and advertising receipts of newspapers and periodicals), the requirements of Paragraphs 1 and 2 shall notapply; but mechanical employees shall receive not less than eighty(80) per cent of the minima set forth in Column 1 of the fore-going schedule; provided, however, that when an employee in suchan establishment performs tasks coming within several of the classi-fications set forth in Paragraph 1, his minimum hourly rate of com-pensation shall be determined by averaging the minimum rates forsuch various classifications.PARAGRAPH 2. Each establishment, with the exception of those-(1) Which are operating under wage agreements arrived atby collective bargaining; and(2) Those which are paying not less than the wage rateswhich they were paying on July 15, 1929,shall make increases in its average hourly compensation for allclasses of skilled labor, within 30 days after this Code becomeseffective, on the following basis:Inclu(ling increases made under Paragraph 1 of this Sectioneach plant shall increase the hourly rates to a point where (in-cluding increases ma(de since July 1, 1933) they are 10 per centhigher than the hourly rates in effect on July 1, 1933, with thislimitation, that they need not increase rates above those paid onJuly 15, 1929, in the same plant, or above those paid in similarplants in the same locality coming within the above clauses (1)or (2).PlATAGA I'll 3. Within 30 dvs after this Code becomes effectiveany rate increas(s 1der Partgra ps I and 2 Imist be further aug-flent (s(, if necessary, to brii, the average hourly compensation paidill each establishment ii to PO per cent of the hou rly rates prevail-ing on July 1, 1933, in the same locality, for those base classes ofskilled labor mnaied in the schedule set forth in Paragraph 1 hereof.

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31Prevailing rates shall be the average of the hourly rates paid tothe employees constituting that 50 per cent of each class of skilledemployees coming under this Code in that locality which was re-ceiving the higher hourly wage rates on July 1, 1983. For examnpie,if in a locality of Class 1, a total of thirty compositors were em-ployed, ten of whom were receiving 82 cents per hour and twentyof whom were receiving 67 cents per hour, the prevailing rate wouldbe the weighted average of 82 cents for ten compositors and of G7cents for five compositors (making together 50 per cent of the totalnumber) or 77 cents, and 90 per cent thereof would be 69.3 cents.It is provided, however, that in a locality where one establishmentemploys 50 per cent or more of the total skilled employees of a,particular class in that locality, and the rate paid by said estob-lishment is higher than the average rate paid by the other e0tab-lishments in that locality, the employees of that class in said es-tablishinent so employing 50 per cent or more of that class shall )eomitted in comiputinfg the average hourly wage rates for that locality.[NOTE.-For the purposes of Paragraphs 2 and 3 "Average ". ii case varying,ates are paid for the same classification of labor, means average ascertainedby dividing the total of hourly compensations by the total iiumber of milDoyeeswhose wage rates are being averaged.]PARAGRAPH 4. In applying the foregoing paragraphs, differentialsin wage rates from basic rates for varying tasks within the sameclass shall be maintained as in effect December 1, 1933, in theindividual establishments.PARAGRAPH 5. In no instance shall the foregoing be applied in amanner to reduce the present hourly rate paid to any class of en-ployees, or to establish minimum wage rates in establishments wherecollective bargaining is not practiced higher than the minimum forthe same class of employees in establishments in that locality wherewage rates were arrived at through collective bargaining.PARAGRAPH 6. It should be specifically understood that the fore-going provisions are intended to establish only minimum and notmaximum wage requirements.(c) General wage provi&dons.-In connection with the foregoing,the following rules shall apply:(1) No establishment shall pay to any employee coiningwithin any of the classifications enumerated in the schedule in(b) Paragraph 1 an hourly rate lower than the minimumn etab-lished for unskilled mechanical employees in that locality by thisSection.(2) Except as provided in Exception 2 of Paragraph 1 auemployee performing duties coming within more than one of theclassifications in the foregoing schedule shall be compensated onthe basis of the rates applying to such several classifications forthe time employed.(3) The foregoing requirements as to mechanical wages donot apply to apprentices, who are referred to in (e) of thisSection.(4) In establishments where newspapers are printed the pro-visions of clause (b) and the preceding subelauses of (c) ofSection 21 need not apply for skilled mechanics while engaged29220 *-296-117---0 --5

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32in the production of newspapers; provided, that in such estab-lishments the minimum wage rate for such mechanics shall be 40cents per hour, and provided further, that the differentials exist-ing December 1, 1933, in the hourly wage rates of such employeesshall be maintained.(d) Hours of labor-1. Standard working hours.-Standard work-ing hours shall be 40 hours per week for all mechanical employees,including proprietors, supervisors, foremen and/or others for thetime actually engaged in mechanical work. The work week in thecase of each individual employee shall be divided into not more thansix shifts, no one of which will be more than 8 hours unless overtimebe paid. When necessary, overtime shall be permitted; provided (1)that a mechanical employee shall receive not less than the local over-time rate (one and one-third times or one and one-half times hishourly wage) for all work in excess of 8 hours within any 24-hourperiod; and (2) that no more than 520 hours shall be worked byany mechanical employee in any 13 weeks period.It is not intended that any of the foregoing provisions shall limitthe number of days per week or shifts per day an establishment mayoperate.32. Maunum?. hour exception .-(1) The maximum hours fixed bythis Section shall not apply to professional persons employed in theirprofession, technical employees, or employees on emergency main-tenance, or repair work, nor to employees in cases where the restriction of hours of highly skilled artistic or mechanical workers oncontinuous processes would unavoidably reduce production; but inthe case of such a highly skilled artistic or mechanical worker thelocal overtime rate (one and one-third times or one and one-halftimes his hourly wage) shall be paid for the hours worked in excessof the maximum.(2) A tolerance of 10 per cent, without overtime pay, over the maxi-mum hours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases of wash-II) crews, shipping crews, material handlers, elevator operators, andother mechanical employees whose duties have no direct connectionwith Graphic Arts processes, and a tolerance of 20 per cent withoutovertime pay shall be allowed in the cases of outside delivery men,porters, engineers, firemen, janitors and watchmen. The maximumof six shifts per week shall not apply to engineers, firemen, janitorsor wntclimei.A tolerenece of 10 per cent, without overtime pay, shall also be al-( wi1 nbt vlihments engaged in the service of library binding, suchtolea ('(' to be average(l over six nionths' periods, provided mo emI-pA yee shi he IL wet to work over 48 hours in any one week.(3) In e il is1I n icts I having periods of regular variations or sea-5 inal swe ' ri inlg f rlom fhi putbliction of newspapers (other thanh Hil ) oi, hPrI tnt iou o special edit ions, emiloyees n1ay workmore t1:111 eiht h s in Ily one or (h.-I, wh'r th e ' 11 0 i : ii:lble SIur)Iils ile li:Ilics comn-pJeJttbr the h to 1w p'rformI, employers my work their me-(1I iI ,O 1(' I ini (;i1t holir> p1er + during periods ofre'1Lr Xvrition. -eiwn:I '0ell, ,nd or Wiring the product ion of* ~ r 2 AJ Fx#-Wt Ihi C 1'

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33special editions, provided that time and one-third shall be paid forall work in excess of eight hours per day.(5) In establishments in Industry A-1 of this Code where news-papers are printed, the maxinumn unit of hours to constitute a (1Iy'sor nioht's work for mechanical employees el"a"ed in the productionof newspapers shall be 8 continuiois hours, exclusive of h1miw.h time.The foregoing maximum hours of work shall not be construed asa minimum either for a day or a week, and if at any time in anylocality newspaper meclianics of a given trade, through their chosenrepresentatives, express by written request to the employer oremployers a desire to share available work with bona fide residentunemployed competent newspaper mechanics in their particulartrade or craft, the number of hours of work may be adjusted bymutual agreement.If local agreement proves impossible within 15 days, the questionmay be appealed by either party to a local Fact Finding Board madeup of two representatives of the employer or employers and tworepresentatives of the employees.The local Board as thus formed shall endeavor to agree upon thefacts with regard to the number of resident unemployed competentnewspaper mechanics in the locality for the purpose of reducing thenumber of such unemployed newspaper mechanics so far as is pos-sible without undue hardship to either the employer or employers orhis or their employees.If a majority agreement cannot be arrived at, the four membersshall choose a fifth and impartial member of the Board who shallact as chairman.The Board shall proceed diligently to complete its findings of factand make its recommendations.Should either the employer or employers or his or their employeesdisagree with the findings and recommendations of the local FactFinding Board, appeal may be made to the National Relief PrintingLabor Board provided for in this Code, which, after notice andopportunity for the parties to be heard, shall make a finding whichshall be binding upon all parties of interest.These provisions as to sharing of work shall not apply to any newspaper having ten or less journeymen mechanical departmentemployees.If in any locality there are not available competent journeymennewspaper mechanics to permit the operation of any newspaper insuch locality on a 40 hour week, then the work week may be ex-tended to not more than six times the maximum unit of hours here-inbefore set forth as constituting a normal day's or night's workwithout overtime; provided that in any locality where less than 8hours normally constitutes a day's or eight's work, then the workweek may not be extended beyond six times that unit of hoursunless overtime be paid.An employer may divide an employee's work week into as manyas six shifts, each of such length, not exceeding 8 hours. as theemployer inay determine, and shall have the right to designate theshifts, schedule of hours. and starting time of each employee. Overtime shall be worked when necessary.

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34(6) In establishments in Industry A-2 of this Code where news-papers are printed, the maximum unit of hours to constitute a day'sor night's work for mechanical employees engaged in the produc-tion of newspapers shall be 8 continuous hours, exclusive of lunchtime.The foregoing maximum hours of work shall not be construed asa minimum either for a day or a week, and if at any time in anyestablishment a majority of the newspaper mechanics of a giventrade express by written request to the employer a desire to shareavailable work with bona fide resident unemployed competent news-paper mechanics in their particular trade or craft, the number ofhours of work may be adjusted by mutual agreement.If local agreement proves impossible within 15 days, the questionmay be appealed by either party to a local Fact Finding Board madeup of two representatives of the employer and two representativesof the employees.The local Board as thus formed shall endeavor to agree upon thefacts with regard to the number of resident unemployed competentnewspaper mechanics in the locality for the purpose of reducing thenumber of such unemployed newspaper mechanics so far as is pos-sible without undue hardship to either the employer or his employees.If a majority agreement cannot be arrived at, the four membersshall choose a fifth and impartial member of the Board who shallact as chairman.The Board shall proceed diligently to complete its findings of factand make its recommendations.Should either the employer or his employees disagree with thefindings and recommendations of the local Fact Finding Boardappeal may be made to the National Relief Printing Labor Boardprovided for in this Code, which, after notice and opportunity forthe parties to be heard, shall make a finding which shall be bindingupon all parties of interest.These provisions as to sharing of work shall not apply to anynewspper having ten or less journeymen mechanical departmentemployees.If in any locality there are not available competent journeymen newspaper mechanics to permit the operation of any newspaper insuch locality on a 40 hour week, then the work week may be extendedto not more than six times the maximum unit of hours hereinbeforeset forth as constituting a normal dWy's or night's work, withoutovertiIne; Iprovided that in any locality where less than 8 hoursnoruly I constitutes a day's or nighits work, then the work weekImilav 10t be extended beyond six times that unit of hours unlessovert ime hbe pa id.Al emii pldoyer Iny v i ivide ,An eiployve's work week into as manyas six sin Iof s51e lengti, not xc(eodinlgy 8 hours, as the Cm-ploylr mv (etlne, .11d shall h1vo thlo rigrh1t to designate thesli il l' I o f h urs. (4 an d sI:(I-t ir t ue ofI vacI (11mployee. )ver-tiio , wo l ' -(I iI NvI 141j Jj(W( S~l1 V.e ) .rn u / IThe rai fur qp)ieniices iiider Section 21 ofGI ( 1e ::I 1w 11 netore thtn ne ppqehtt iee to live or a major

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35fraction thereof of journeymen of the respective skilled classifica-tions. However, any plant may have at least one apprentice in eachor any classification of skilled labor in which a journeyman is NII-ployed. The minimum base rates of pay for an apprentice shallrepresent the percentages shown below of the ininmum wage of ajourneyman of the skilled classification under which such apprenticeship is being served:Per cent Per centFirst Ye __ 30 Fourth Year---------------G0Second Year------------_40 Fifth and Sixth Years----------'7Third Year__--_--50Boys under eighteen, not high-school graduates, may be started asapprentices and serve up to one year at 50 per cent of the wage ofunskilled labor.The maximum terms of apprenticeships shall be: For compositors,five years; for pressmen, four years if (1) over twenty years of ageat the start, or (2) advanced from feeder or rotary assistanceship,otherwise six years.These apprenticeship rules shall not prevent the continuation ofthe status of persons already at work under apprenticeship arrange-ments made prior to July 1, 1933.Upon the completion of the term of apprenticeship, journeymen'sminimum rates of pay shall apply.SECTION 22-MECHANICAL EMPLOYEES (continued)A. ENGAGED IN THD PROCESSES OF LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTINGThe provisions of this Sub-Section 22-A, shall govern all, estab-lishments engaged in any of the processes or partial processes of lith-ographic printing and shall be applicable to all the mechanical em-ployees of such establishments engaged in carrying on any of theoperations of such processes; excepting those establishments and theemployees of those establishments, included in the Trade Mountingand Finishing Industry.(a) Unskilled mechanical employees-Minim mn wages.-Estab-lishments covered by this Sub-Section 22-A shall not pay any un-skilled mechanical employee less than 40 cents per hour, unless, onJuly 15, 1929, the hourly rate for the same class of work was lessthan 40 cents per hour, in which latter case establishments shall notpay less than such hourly rate on July 15, 1929, and in no event lessthan 30 cents per hour.(b) Skilled mechanical cmployees-inm''mA wages.-(1) Eachestablishment which operated on July 1, 1933, on a basic work week of40 hours or more shall put into effect, as of the effective date of thisCode, hourly rates for all its skilled mechanical employees at least10% higher than were the hourly rates in effect on July 1, 1933; pro-vided, that no such hourly rate shall be less than the minimum hourly rate established by this Sub-Section 22-A for unskilled mechanicalemployees, and provided further, that no establishment shall be re-quired under this paragraph to pay any employee a weekly wagiefor 40 hours greater than the weekly wage paid for the same classof work for the basic work week in operation in such estAblishienton July 1, 1929.

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36(2) If. after the increase in hourly rate provided for in the pre-ceding paragraph is effective, the hourly rate paid by an establish-mient to any skilled mechanical employee is less than 90% of the pre-vailing hourly rate on July 1, 1933, the hourly rate of such employeewithin 30 days from the effective date of this Code shall be increasedto not less than 90% of such prevailing hourly rate. For the pur-pose of this paragraph, " prevailing hourly rate " is defined to be theaverage rate paid that class of skilled mechanical employees by agroup of other establishments doing a comparable class of workand or of comparable size in that locality or competitive area.(c) Hours of labor-(1) Standard working hours.-Standardworking' hours for all mechanical employees, including proprietors,supervisors. foremen and /or others for the time actually engagedin mechanical work shall be 40 hours per week, and not over 8 hoursper day from Monday to Friday inclusive and not over 4 hours onSaturday mornings before 1 p.m.Overtime shall be permitted when necessary, provided, (1) that inany establishment for each of the first 3 hours worked in excess ofthe standard work day for such establishment on any day fromMonday to Friday inclusive a mechanical employee shall receiveone and one-half times his hourly wage, (2) that for the fourthand each additional hour worked in excess of such standard workday from Monday to Friday inclusive a mechanical employee shallreceive two times his hourly wage, (3) that for each hour workedon Satlrdavs in excess of 4 hours worked on Saturday morningsand for each hour worked on Sundays or legal holidays a mechanicalemployee shall receive two times his hourly wage.If the number of hours worked by a mechanical employee fromMonday to Friday inclusive in any week without overtime is 36 orless, he shall be permitted to work for 4 hours on Saturday morningat his regular hourly wage; if the number of hours so worked fromMonday to Friday is more than 36, he shall be permitted to workon Saturday imornilig at his regular hourly wage for such number ofhours as will bring the total hours worked in the week without over-time to 40 hours. " For those hours worked on Saturday morning by aiimchaical enmplovee by which the total hours worked by him inthat week without overtime exceeds 40 hours he shall receive oneamd omie-lialf times his regular hourly wage.No imiore than 520 hours including overtime shall be worked byaIIv ilehilnInicali employee in ally 13 weeks period.I(Ie of tle foregoing provisionss shall limit the number of daysper week or siifts per day an establishimient may operate.(2) Abix~mium /H'rr crc( '(/)oni.Th-lhe maximum hours fixed bytlii, Sob Sectii 22-A siall not apply to professional persons; emi-plyedI III 111(1r' 1 fd'esII)In, technical eiplOhyees, or emI1lployees onenlerge 11\ 1111telln1ce. , (Te ail. o.\ tII(I' a ce (J tell pe (-( t, with t I (rtime pay, over the mWaxIi-iton bon, l4ilt j'prscr-ib'd, shall be allowed ill tihe cases of ship-rping 1r1w. mtvi1:1 hcdhr w ator (qperlators, and other mlechani-cal eplioy)s uIo.ie dotls have 110 direct coniuectioin with GraphicArt! pro .ad a tolea ce (If t wenty per celit, witholit overtimieI St* liar. 2 tit Ext ii-cn~tiv* ordc apprint g tis Code14.

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37pay, shall be allowed in the cases of outside delivery men, porters,engineers, firemen, janitors and watchmen.A tolerance of ten per cent, over the miaxiniini hours herein pre-scribed, shall be allowed in the case of wash-1! p crows, provided thatfor any such work done by employees in excess of the standard workday, overtime at the rates hereinabove specified shall be paid in thoseestablishments where it has been customary to pay overtime for suchwork 6(d) Apprentices.(1) The National Lithographic Printing La-bor Board, hereinafter provided for, promptly afier its organizationshall appoint a committee composed of an equal numinbr of repre-sentatives of employers and employees to study carefully the ap-prenticeship situation and to make recommendations thereon to theNational Lithographic Code Authority. In making its study thecommittee shall not limit itself to existing data and information butshall secure through the National Code Authority from establish-ments within the Industry such additional facts as it may deemnecessary. Its recommendations shall include apprenticeship ratiosand methods of applying them equitably for the Induistry. Uponreceipt of the recommendations of the committee, the National Lith-ographic Printing Code Authority shall adopt rules and regulationsto govern all apprentices within the Industry, such rules and regu-lations being subject to the review of the Administrator.(2) Until the rules and regulations governing apprentices areadopted as above provided, the ratio of apprentices in the pressdepartment shall be not more than one apprentice to four journey-men; the ratio in each of the other departments shall be not morethan one apprentice to five journeymen employed in each such de-partment; and in smaller establishments in which the above ratiosare not applicable not more than one apprentice shall be permittedfor each five journeymen employed in all departments. Existing.wage arrangements for apprentices shall continue until or unlesschanged as above provided.B. ENGAGED IN THP TRADE MOUNTING AND FINISHING INDUSTRYThe provisions of this Sub-Section 22-B shall govern all establish-ments included in the Trade Mounting and Finishing Industry andshall be applicable to all the mechanical employees of such estab-lishments.(a) Mechanical em ployces-Mininumn wages. -(1) Establish-ments covered by this Sub-Section 22-B shall not pay any nimechanicalemployee less than 40 cents per hour for male employees and 35cents per hour for female employees; provided, where fem iale em-ployees do substantially the same work or perform substantially thesame duties as male employees, they shall be paid the same rate ofpay as male employees are paid for doing such work or performingcsuch duties.(2) As soon as practicable, a job classification for the Industryshall be set up by the National Trade Mouintin' and Finiiihling CodeAuthority and minimum rates for each job classification shall befixed. Such job classification, when approved by the Administrator,shall be binding on each establishment within the Itidimistry.see par. 2 of Executive order zipproving thki Code.

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38(b) Hoirs of Labor-(1) Stanadard working hours.-The stand-ard working hours for all mechanical employees, including propri-etors, supervisors, foremen and/or others, for the time actually en-gaged in inechanical work, shall be forty (40) hours per week andeight (8) hours per day on any day from Monday to Saturday,incisive: provide(l. however, that if the Code Authority havingjurisdiction so decides, the standard work week in any defined areashall be eight (8) hours per day from Monday to Friday, inclusive.In any such case if one of the days from Monday to Friday be alegal holiday, or a holiday recognized by the Code Authority havingjurisdiction. in such week Saturday may be substituted as part ofthe standard work week.When necessary, overtime shall be permitted, provided:(a) That a mechanical employee shall receive not less thanone and one-half times his hourly wage for all work in excessof 8 hours in any standard work day, and for all work in excessof 40 hours within any week, and for all work on other than astandard work day,(b) That no more than 48 hours, including overtime, shall beworked by any mechanical employee in any one week, and,(c) That no more than 520 hours, including overtime, shallbe worked by any mechanical employee in any 13 week period.(2) Macximnin hours exceptions.-The maximum hours fixed bythis Sub-Section 22-B shall not apply to professional persons em-ployed in their profession, technical employees, employees on emergency maintenance, or repair work, nor to employees in cases wherethe restriction of hours of highly skilled artistic or mechanical work-ers on continuous processes would unavoidably reduce production;but in the case of such highly skilled artistic or mechanical workers,at least time and a half shall be paid for the hours worked in excessof the maximum.A tolerance of 10%, without overtime pay, over the maximumhours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases of shippingcrews, elevator operators and other mechanical employees whoseduties have no direct connection with Graphic Arts processes, anda tolerance of 20%, without overtime pay, shall be allowed in thecases of outside delivery men, porters, engineers, firemen, janitorsand watchmen. The maximum of five shifts per week shall notapply to engineers, firemen, janitors or watchmen.'(c) Pioh ibition of home work.-All labor shall be performed inthe e,,.St tbl ishiieiit's plant and no home work shall be allowed.SECTION 23MECHANICAL EMPLOYEES (cOntiINued)A. ENi;AGE IN TRI PROCiSS OF (IIAVU1RcF1 I NTAGLIi PalTINOThe prn viomi of this Sub-Section 23A shall govern all establish-fllwtii enlglRge( I II ill Ny of the processes or partial processes of gravurepriitiig '111( sll .be "p)I(licable to all the mechanical employees ofsicl ei-A t hbiiiieiots eiigaged in carrying on any of the operations of8pa i~r. 2 (iri Execu tive order appiirov ing th Ix. code.

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39(a) Unskilled mechanical employees s-in;.minimf ?ages.-Estab-lishments covered by this Sub-Section 23A shall not pay any un-skilled mechanical employee less than 40 cents per hour, unIess onJuly 15, 1929, the hourly rate for the same class of work was lessthan 40 cents per hour, in which latter case they shall be paid notless than such hourly rate on July 15, 1929, in the same establish-ment (or in the same locality in the case of a new establishment)and in no event less than 30 cents per hour.(b) Skilled mechanical employees-minimum wages.-PARA-GRAPH 1. Minimum hourly compensation for various classes ofskilled workers and/or artisans shall be established for establish-ments coming under this Sub-Section 23A, as follows:Rotogravure Pressmen---------------------------$0.91Rotogravure Assistants (or brakemen)---------------.55Photo-Engravers --------------------.------------1.00PARAGRAPH 2. Each establishment, with the exception of those-(1) Which are operating under wage agreements arrived atby collective bargaining; and(2) Those which are paying not less than the wage rates whichthey were paying on July 15, 1929,shall make increases in its average hourly compensation for all classesof skilled labor, within 30 days after this Code becomes effective, onthe following basis:Including increases made under Paragraph 1 of this Sub-Section23A each plant shall increase the hourly rates to a point where (in-cluding increases made since July 1, 1922) they are 10 per cent higherthan the hourly rates in effect on July 1 1933, with this limitation,that they need not increase rates above those paid on July 15, 1929,in the same plant, or above those paid in similar plants in the samelocality coming within the above clauses (1) or (2).PARAGRAPH 3. Within 30 days after this Code becomes effective anyrate increases under Paragraphs 1 and 2 must be further augmented,if necessary, to bring the average hourly compensation paid in eachestablishment up to 90 per cent of the hourly rates prevailing onJuly 1, 1933, in the same locality, for those base classes of sklledlabor named in the schedule set forth in Paragraph 1 hereof.Prevailing rates shall be the average of the hourly rates paid tothe employees constituting that 50 per cent of each class of skilledemployees coming under this Code in that locality which was re-ceiving the higher hourly wage rates on July 1, 1933. For example,if in a locality a total of thirty rotogravure pressmen were employed,ten of whom were receiving 96 cents per hour and twenty of whomwere receiving 90 cents per hour, the prevailing rate would be the weighted average of 96 cents for ten pressmen and of 90 cents forfive pressmen (making together 50 per cent of the total number) or94 cents, and 90 per cent thereof would be 84.6 cents.[NOTE.-For the purposes of Paragraphs 2 and 3 "Average," in case varyingrates are paid for the same classification of labor, means average ascertaiiiedby dividing the total of hourly compensations by the total number of employeeswhose wage rates are being averaged.]PARAGRAPiH 4. In applying the foregoing paragraphs. differentialsin wage rates from basic rates for varying tasks within the same class

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40shall be maintained as in effect December 1, 1933, in the individualestablishments.PARAGRAPH 5. In no instance shall the foregoing be applied in amanner to reduce the present hourly rate paid to any class of em-ployees, or to establish minimum wage rates in establishments wherecollective bargaining is not practiced higher than the minimumfor the same class of employees in establishments in that localitywhere wage rates were arrived at through collective bargaining.PARAGRAPH 6. It should be specifically understood that the foregoing provisions are intended to establish only minimum and notmaximum wage requirements.(c) General wage provisions.-In connection with the foregoing,the following rules shall apply:(1) No establishment shall pay to any employee comingwithin any of the classifications enumerated in the schedulein (b) Paragraph 1 an hourly rate lower than the minimumestablished for unskilled mechanical employees in that localityby this Sub-Section 23A.(2) An employee performing duties coming within more thanone of the classifications in the foregoing schedule shall be com-pensated on the basis of the rates applying to such several classifications for the time employed.(3) The foregoing requirements as to mechanical wages donot apply to apprentices, who are referred to in (e) of thisSub-Section 23A.(d) Hours of labor-1. Standard working hours.-Standardworking hours shall be 40 hours per week for all mechanical em-ployees, including proprietors, supervisors, foremen and/or othersfor the time actually engaged in mechanical work. The work weekin the case of each individual employee shall be divided into notmore than six shifts, no one of which will be more than 8 hoursunless overtime be paid. When necessary, overtime shall be per-mitted; provided (1) that a mechanical employee shall receive notless than the local overtime rate (one and one-third times or oneand one-half times his hourly wage) for all work in excess of 8 hourswithin any 24-hour period; and (2) that no more than 520 hoursshall be worked by any mechanical employee in any 13 weeks period.It is not intended that any of the foregoing provisions shall limitthe number of days per week or shifts per day an establishmentmay operate.2. Jifa,.nvvb hour exceptions.-(1) The maximum hours fixed bythis Sub-Section 23.A shall not apply to professional persons em-ployed in their profession, technical employees, or employees onemergency maintenance, or repair work, nor to employees in caseswhere the restriction of hours of highly skilled artistic or mechanicalworkers on coiitin ions proceeds would unavoidably reduce produc-tion; but in the case of such a highly skilled artistic or mechanicalworker the local overtiiie rate (otne andI one-third times or one andone-hialf times his hon rlv wage) shall be paid for the hours workedin excecof the miaxinniui.(2) A tolerance of 10 per cent, witlhoiit overtime pay, over themaxiiiIn I ii hours herein preswribed, shall be allowed in the cases ofwaS11-Il p crc w.-, sipijpiniJg crws, inatri al hiandlers, elevator opera-

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41tors, and other mechanical employees whose duties have no directconnection with Graphic Arts processes, and a tolerance of 20 percent without overtime pay shall be allowed in the cases of outsidedelivery men, porters, engineers, firemen, janitors and watchmen.The maximum of six shifts per week shall not apply to engineers,firemen, janitors or watchmen.(3) In establishments having periods of regular variations or sea-sonal swells arising from the publication of newspapers (or of partsthereof) or the production of special editions, employees may workmore than eight hours in any one day without overtime pay."(e) Apprentices.-The ratio for apprentices under Sub-Section23A of this Code shall be not more than one apprentice to three or amajor fraction thereof of journeymen of the respective skilled classi-fications. However, any plant may have at least one apprentice ineach or any classification of skilled labor in which a journeyman isemployed. The minimum base rates of pay for an apprentice shallrepresent the percentages shown below of the minimum wage of ajourneyman of the skilled classification under which such apprentice-ship is being served:Per cent Per centFirst Year---------------------30 Fourth Year------------------60Second Year------------------40 Fifth and Sixth Years ----------75Third Year-------------------50 1The maximum terms of apprenticeship shall be: For rotogravurepressmen, four years if (1) over twenty years of age at the start, or(2) advanced from rotary assistanceship, otherwise six years.These apprenticeship rules shall not prevent the continuation of thestatus of persons already at work under apprenticeship arrangementsmade prior to July 1, 1933.Upon the completion of the term of apprenticeship, journeymen'sminimum rates of pay shall apply.SECTION 24-LABOR BOARDS9PARAGRAPH 1. ORGANIZATION.-A. National Board: There shall beestablished three National Graphic Arts Labor Boards, as follows:(1) National Lithographic Printing Labor Board: This shall con-sist of four members appointed by the Administrator of the NationalRecovery Administration upon nomination by the Labor AdvisoryBoard of said Administration, four members appointed by the Na-tional Lithographic Printing Compliance Board (each of said groupsof four members to be equally and truly representative respectivelyof the two leading types of employer-employee relationships), andof an impartial Chairman selected by the members of the Board soappointed, or, in case of their failure to agree. by the President,upon nomination by the Administrator of the National RecoveryAdministration.This Board shall have jurisdiction over the following Industries:B-1. Lithographic Printing Industry.D-2. Trade Lithographic Plate Making Industry.D-4. Trade Mounting and Finishing Induistry.8 See par. 2 of Exvcutive order ipprovinthik Codo.9 See par. 1 of Expeutive onler approving this Code.

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42(2) National Intaglio Printing Labor Board: This shall consist oftwo groups of four members each, appointed on the same principleas provided in A (1), excepting that the appointment of the secondgroup of four shall be by the National Intaglio Printing ComplianceBoard. The Chairman shall be appointed as provided in A (1).This Board shall have jurisdiction over the following Industries:C-1. Gravure Printing Industry.C-2. Steel and Copperplate Engraving and Printing Industry.C-3. Securities Engraving and Printing Industry.C-4. Bank Note Engraving and Printing Industry.(3) National Relief Printing Labor Board: This shall consist oftwo groups of six members each, appointed on the same principle asprovided in A (1), excepting that the second group of six shall beappointed by the National Relief Printing Compliance Board with the concurrence of the National Code Authorities of the ServiceIndustries coming within the jurisdiction of said National ReliefPrinting Labor Board. The Chairman shall be appointed as pro-vided in A (1).This Board shall have jurisdiction over all Industries comingwithin this Code, with the exception of those above specified in(1) and A (2) of this Section.[NOTE.-In case any National Compliance Board shall fail to appoint mem-bers for a National Labor Board within 30 days after written notice from the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee that such appointment is inorder, the members of said committee representing the Industries concernedmay by majority vote appoint such members for such National Labor Board.]B. Regional Labor Boards and Temporary Labor Committees: Regional Labor Boards and/or Temporary Labor Committees maybe appointed, within the jurisdictions of the respective National Labor Boards above specified, in the following manner:Any National Labor Board shall establish a Regional LaborBoard (or a Temporary Labor Committee to deal only with aparticular labor problem) upon written request from a NationalCompliance Board stating that in an area specified in such re-quest there exists a sufficient demand to justify the same. Insuch case such National Labor Board shall establish:(a) A Regional Labor Board for such area, with such num-ber of members as it finds advisable and so selected that equal numbers of its members shall represent employers and em-ployees; and its membership shall be truly representative respec-tively, of the types of employer-employee relationships in sucharea. The Chairman shall be selected on the principle set forthin A (1). The existence of any such Regional Labor Boardshall be terminated by such National Labor Board at any timeupon request of the appropriate National Compliance Board; or(b) A Temporary Labor Committee truly representative ofthe parties to the problem, with a Chairman selected on the prin-ciple set forti in A (1), which shall dissolve when such problemhas l)PPi disposed of,C. Alt G lrahit Aits Ioal)or Bouirds aid Temporary Labor Com-mittees shall be limited to Ieh1 iig exclusively with such matteis andin such imaiier ,is is provided for iii I aragi'aph 2 of this Section.

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43PARAGRAPH 2. PROCEDUE.-(1) The procedure foi' the settlementof claims of alleged violations of the provisions of Sections 20 to23, inclusive, of this Code shall be as follows:(a) Such claims shall first be taken up thiough such arrange-ments or procedure as exists within the establish nment involved,provided that such arrangements or procedures are definite andequitable and are properly posted in the establishment. If nosuch arrangements are posted, any complaining employee shalldeliver to the manager or proprietor a specific written complaintand allow at least 10 days for its adjustment.(b) A claim not settled under the provision of Clause (a)may be taken before the appropriate Graphic Arts RegionalLabor Board, if any exists covering the territory where such es-tablishment is located, or before a Temporary Labor Committeeappointed to deal with the particular labor problem involved.Where no such Regional Labor Board exists, or no such Tempo-rary Labor Committee has been appointed, such a claim may betaken directly to the appropriate National Graphic Arts LaborBoard.(c) Except where they act under Sub-clause (d) or underClause (2) below, National and Regional Labor Boards andTemporary Labor Committees shall act only upon written peti-tion accompanied by an affidavit showing that Clause (1) (a) ofParagraph 2 hereof has been complied with, setting forth theresult of action taken thereunder, and making proof of service of the petition personally or by registered mail upon each estab-lishment concerned, its National Code Authority, and its Na-tional Compliance Board. The Labor Board or Temporary Labor Committee concerned shall thereupon defer action fortwenty (20) days after the filing of such petition (unless theNational Code Authority concerned shall consent to earlieraction), in order to permit such National Code Authority toinvestigate the facts, endeavor to remedy the same, and to re-port its action thereon to such Labor Board or Temporary LaborCommittee.(d) Each decision of a Regional Labor Board or a Teimipo-rary Labor Committee under (1) of Paragraph 2 shall be re-ported in writing within 20 days to the appropriate NationalLabor Board and shall be final, except when reviewed and mod-ified or reversed by such National Labor Board on its own no-tion. Each decision of a National Labor Board shall be final.(2) Any National or Regional Labor Board or Temporary LaborCommittee may act with respect to, or assist in the solution of, sp-cific questions relating to wages, hours, or other conditions of labor,upon the written request or consent of the National Code Authoritiesconcerned, made or given at the suggestion of some establishment orestablishments affected thereby. In each case, such Board or Com-mittee shall determine its own procedure.(3) During the consideration of any controversy, neither partyshall change the conditions existing at the time the controversyarose, or utilize any coercive or retaliatory measures to compel theother party to accede to its demands.

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44PARAGRAPH 3. EXPENsE.-Members of National and RegionalLabor Boards and Temporary Labor Committees shall serve withoutcompensation but shall be reimbursed for ordinary expenses; pro-vided, that Chairmen may be compensated on a basis approved bythe National Compliance Boards concerned.The shares of the expenses of the Graphic Arts National and Re-gional Labor Boards and Temporary Labor Committees, to be borneby the Industries concerned, and their allocation among the variousIndustries, shall be determined by agreement among the NationalCode Authorities within the jurisdiction of the respective GraphicArts Labor Boards, such allocation to be made as nearly as possibleupon the basis of the amount of time devoted to the affairs of therespective National Code Authorities by each such Graphic ArtsLabor Board or Temporary Labor Committee. In case such agree-ment cannot be reached by the National Code Authorities con-cerned, the matter shall be determined by the National Graphic ArtsCoordinating Committee. The National Graphic Arts Coordinat-ing Committee shall have charge of the collection and disbursementof such funds.10SECTION 25-TEMPORARY RELEASESAfter the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee hassubmitted to and secured the approval of the Administrator of aprocedure to cover the granting of temporary releases from anyprovision of Article II of this Code, upon the application of anestablishment, because of an emergency existing therein, to its Re-gional or National Code Authority, such a temporary release maybe granted by such Code Authority. Any such temporary releasemust be specific as to its duration and must immediately be reportedby the body granting it to the appropriate National ComplianceBoard and National Labor Board, and, if granted by a Regional.Code Authority, to its National Code Authority. Permanent re-leases or exemptions may be granted only as in Section 5 (d) 9provided.ARTICLE III-MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITIONSECTION 26-ACCOUNTING AND COST FINDING(a) Ma;ntenacc of systems.-Each National Code Authority,within thirty (30) (lays after the effective date of this Code, shalldeclare for its Industry uniform principles of accounting and costfinding, which shall be subject to the review of the National GraphicArts Coordinating Conmittee and the Administrator, and shall pre-scribe a tiethod of accounting and a method of cost finding each inconforimity with such principles and readily adaptable, and each ofwhich shall be subject to the review of the National Graphic ArtsCoordinating Conjinittee; and each establishment shall use a methodof accomiting and a method of cost finding each of which shall con-fori to the principles declared and be at least as detailed and com-10IJ )ef 'id am per par. 1 of Execifllve order approving this Code.

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45plete as the method prescribed, with such variations of applicationand exceptions as may upon proper showing be approved by suchNational Code Authority.(b) Economic costs, production stan dapds and cost deterin ationschedules.-Each National Code Authority, within thirty (30) daysafter the effective date of this Code, shall compile cost and produc-tion records from comparable and representative establishments todetermine departmental economic hourly cost rates and productionstandards and cost determination schedules, and, subject to the re-view of the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee andthe Administrator, shall declare and from time to time revise anddeclare such cost rates, standards, and schedules.(c) Cost determination.-After the principles and methods ofaccounting and cost finding and/or the departmental economic hourlycost rates and production standards and/or cost determination sched-ules for an Industry have been declared and prescribed as providedin paragraphs (a) and (b), each establishment therein shall deter-mine the costs of its products:1. In conformity with the principles and methods of account-ing and cost finding as provided in paragraph (a) ; or2. Upon departmental economic hourly cost rates and pro-duction standards as provided in paragraph (b), including thecost of all materials used; or3. Upon cost determination schedules as provided in para-graph (b);it being understood that an establishment may use the method, hereinprovided, resulting in the lowest costs of its products. Until themethods for determining costs as above set forth are prescribed, it isintended that each establishment will use such a method as has beenprescribed; except that until the cost finding method provided inparagraph (a) has been prescribed by its National Code Authority,an establishment having an adequate cost finding system may usesuch system, subject to the review of its National Code Authority.(d) Selling below cost prohibited.-After the costs of its productscan be determined as provided in paragraph (c) of this Section, noestablishment shall sell or offer to sell any product at a price or uponany terms or conditions that will result in a sale of such product forless than the cost thereof as so determined; provided, however, thatfor a period of twelve (12) months after the effective date of thisCode and thereafter until revoked by the National Code Authorityconcerned with the approval of the Administrator, an establishmentmay in defense of its business meet a bona fide known competitivebid of any other establishment provided that the facts of a bid somade shall be immediately reported to its National Code Authorityand to any other National Code Authority concerned; and provided,further, that any issue of any newspaper or periodical may be soldor delivered by the publishers at less than the cost thereof as definedin paragraph (c) of this Section, and any bona fide issue of anyadvertising newspaper may be delivered by the publishers withoutcost to the reader.Any National Code Authority may establish departmental eco-nomic hourly cost rates and production standards or cost deterinma-tion schedules, and when such costs have been so established they

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46may be declared by the National Code Authority or by the NationalProduct Group with which any such product is identified. Suchdeclaration by a National Code Authority or a National ProductGroup shall be binding only after it has been communicated to theConsumers Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administra-tion and approved by the National Graphic Arts Coordinating Com-mittee and by the Administrator after such notice and hearing as hemay prescribe. After the approval of any such declaration no estab-lishment shall sell or offer to sell any such product at less than suchcosts.(e) Open price plans.-A National Product Group, a NationalCode Authority, or any specialized or regional group of establish-ments within the jurisdiction of a National Code Authority, mayadopt an Open Price Plan, which shall become effective not less thanten (10) days after adoption, provided any such plan substantiallyconforms to the provisions hereinafter set forth, does not permitselling below cost as cost is defined in paragraph (c) of this Section,and, further, conforms to such rules and regulations as the NationalProduct Group or National Code Authority concerned may fromtime to time prescribe subject to the review of the National GraphicArts Coordinating Committee.1. Within ten (10) days after the effective date of any OpenPrice Plan, each establishment, unless excepted by the provisions of such Plan, shall file with the National Product Group orNational Code Authority concerned a list giving the completeschedules of prices and/or departmental hourly rates and pro-duction standards used and/or cost determination schedulesand/or catalogues as such plan may require together with termsand conditions of sale of all products included in such OpenPrice Plan and offered for sale by such establishment, which listshall become effective in not less than seven (7) days after thedate so filed and shall remain effective until revised as herein-after provided.2. An establishment having filed a list with a National Prod-uct Group or a National Code Authority may revise, change ormodify such list by filing with the National Product Group orNational Code Authority concerned a revision of such list, which revision shall become effective in not less than seven (7) normore than ten (10) days after the date so filed.3. An establishment filing a list or a revision of a list shall atthe same time furnish the National Product Group or NationalCode Authority concerned such copies thereof as may be re-quired, and the National Product Group or National Code Au-thority shall within five (5) days after the filing of the list orrevision thereof make same available to all interested personsin such manner as may seem most practicable.4. No establishnnt shall sell or offer to sell any product cov-ered by such Open Price Plan to which it is subject at a price orprices lower or upon terms and conditions more favorable thanstate(] in the list or revision t hereof filed by it as hereinaboveprovi(led. I however, for a period not exceeding ten (10) daysafter the effect ive date of any revised list, any establishment maysell as low as ay price specified in such revised list.

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47Any such Open Price Plan may be modified, discontinued or dis-solved at any time by the group or body originally adopting same,written notice of which action shall be filed with and made avail-able by the National Product Group or National Code Authorityconcerned.All rules and regulations governing an adopted Open Price Planand all lists filed thereunder shall be subject to the review of theAdministrator.(f) Guides of fair value.-Based on such accurate records andstatistics as it may compile and/or other acceptable data and in-formation and subject to the review or approval thereof of theNational Graphic Arts Coordinating Committee, a National CodeAuthority may publish or approve for its Industry or for any definedgeographical area price determination schedules for as many kindsand classes of products of its establishments as may be desirable andpracticable, and a National Product Group may publish or approveprice determination schedules for any product or products withwhich it is identified. Such schedules when approved shall serveas guides of fair value.(g) Special competition .-Any state (including political sub-divisions thereof), ecclesiastical, religious, educational, charitable,welfare, penal, or any institution which is publicly endowed or sup-ported in whole or in part by contributions, or which is exempt fromthe payment of any local, state or Federal taxes whatsoever, whencompeting with any other establishment not so endowed, supportedor exempted, shall determine its costs upon departmental economichourly cost rates or upon cost determination schedules established forthe Industry in its region as defined in Section 26 paragraph (c) ofthis Code, excepting as to books not published for profit, and its ownnewspapers and periodicals; provided, however, that any such in-stitution which shall first satisfy the National Code Authority as tothe competitive fairness and adequacy of its accounting and cost-finding system may, if it so desires, determine its costs on the basisof such system."SECTION 27-UNFAIR PRACTICES(a) Inaccurate records.-No establishment shall keep records offacts (pertinent to this Code) which are inaccurate in any materialparticular or use misleading or deceptive methods of determiningcosts in general or of a specific job, or withhold from or insert in anyquotation or invoice any statement which makes it inaccurate in anymaterial particular.(b) Inaccurate representation.-No establishment shall use ad-vertising or other representation which is inaccurate in any materialparticular as to its product, production facilities, merchandise, serv-ices or terms, or in any way misrepresent the origin, preparation,process, quality, kind, weight, substance. grade, brand, or quantityof its product or printed matter or the circulation or distributionthereof.see par. 6 of Executive order approving this Code.

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48(c) Inaccurate references to a competitor.-No establishment shall,in its own advertising or other representation, refer inaccurately inany material particular to any competitor or his product, productionfacilities, merchandise, values, services, or terms.(d) Deliveries on consignment.-No establishment shall deliverany product on consignment except under a signed contract or underregulations prescribed by its National Code Authority or the Na-tional Product Group of which it may be a member.(e) Discrimination.-No establishment shall secretly or otherwisegive or offer to give any rebate, allowance, premium, " free goods ",refund, commission, term of credit, unearned discount, special serv-ice or other valuable consideration which is discriminating as be-tween customers of the same class or which will result in selling belowcost as prohibited in Section 26, paragraph (d) (in the event of anycontroversy, the definition of " class ", as herein used, shall be de-termined by the National Code Authority concerned).(f) Commercial bribery.-No establishment of this Industry shallgive, permit to be given or directly offer to give, anything of valuefor the purpose of influencing or rewarding the action of any em-ployee, agent or representative of another in relation to the businessof the employer of such employee, the principal of such agent or the represented party, without the knowledge of such employer, prin-cipal or party. Commercial bribery provisions shall not be con-strued to prohibit free and general distribution of articles commonly used for advertising except so far as such articles are actually usedfor commercial bribery as hereinabove defined. (g) Threats of law suits.-No establishment shall publish or cir-culate unjustified or unwarranted threats of legal proceedings whichtend to have the effect of harassing or intimidating competitors ortheir customers.(h) Interference with contracts.-No establishment shall induceor attempt to induce the breach of an existing contract between anestablishment and its employee or customer or source of supply; norshall any establishment interfere with or obstruct the performanceof such contractual duties or services.(i) Appropriation of design.-No establishment shall usurp ormake use of any design, plan, drawing, sketch, duinuny or copy which has been submitted to a prospective customer by a competing establishment and is rightfully and plainly marked as having beenoriginated or devised by and being the property of such competingestablishment and which has not been purchased by such prospectivecustoier.(j ) '/>m/ting bids.-No establishment shall make a fictitiousbid for the purl)ose of misleading or deceiving a customer or com-petitor, or att enipt thereby to cause any bid already submitted ona specific proposal to be rejected for the iurpose of securing ana lvantage over other bidders in a sibseqolent proposal.(k) PraI~a'uu/ Jlipmen./S.-No est blishinent shall accept an orderfor a large quantity of any of its products or mercliandise and makedelivery thereof if) smll amounts at quantity prices that will haveOle effect of extefi(ing to :iny clistoimer, any special service or privi-legre iiot extend~edl to1 all ('listuiiiPI$ of thle saiuie class.

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49(1) Uniform sales contract for.-A National Code Authority ora National Product Group may adopt a uniform sales contract formfor the use of its Industry or Group or for any product or for adefined geographical area, and when so adopted no establishmenttherein shall sell or offer to sell any product upon terms and condi-tions more favorable to the customer than those contained in sichuniform sales contract form. Such uniform sales contract form shallbe subject to review by the Graphic Arts Coordinating Comnitteeand the Administrator.(m) Acts of employees and agents.-No establishment shall know-ingly suffer its employee or agent to commit an act which is pro-hibited in this Section.Approved Code No. 287.Registry No. 599-33.

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SCHEDULESSCHEDuLE AThe Graphic Arts Industries and their respective National Code Authoritiesare as follows:No. A-1. Commercial Relief Printing.-This Industry shall include all Com-mercial Relief Printing Establishments which were on September 18, 1933,members of the United Typothetae of America or any trade organization thencooperating with the National Executive Committee of the Printing Industry,appointed at the Chicago Conference, held on July 13 and 14, 1933, or withany organization then cooperating with said Executive Committee; and allCommercial Relief Printing Establishments located within any metropolitan-area and all Commercial Relief Printing Establishments having an annual salesvolume of $25,000 or more located in any non-metropolitan-area which werenot, on September 18, 1933, members of an organization designated as a Na-tional Code Authority or any trade organization then cooperating with suchNational Code Authority or with any organization then cooperating with suchNational Code Authority. Any Commercial Relief Printing Establishmentwhich was, on September 18, 1933, a member of the United Typothetae ofAmerica or of any trade organization then cooperating with the said NationalExecutive Committee of the Printing Industry, or with any organization thencooperating with said Executive Committee, and also was a member of theNational Editorial Association or of any trade organization then cooperatingwith the National Editorial Association, or with any organization then coop-erating with said National Editorial Association, shall be included in thisIndustry.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the United Typothetae ofAmerica.No. A-2. Non-Metropolitan Newspaper Publishing and Printing.-This Indus-try shall include all Newspaper and Advertising Newspaper Publishing andNewspaper Printing, and Commercial Relief Printing Establishments whichwere, on September 18, 1933, members of the National Editorial Association, orany trade organization then cooperating with the National Editorial Association, or with any organization then cooperating with said National EditorialAssociation; and all other establishments engaged in publishing and/or print-Ing newspapers or advertising newspapers (except those establishments inwhich one or more daily newspapers are published and/or printed) ; all Com-mercial Relief Printing Establishments having an annual sales volume of lessthan $25,000, located outside of the metropolitan-areas, as herein defined, whichestablishments were not, on September 18, 1933, members of an organizationdesignated as a National Code Authority, or any trade organization then coop-erating with such National Code Authority, or with any organization then co-operating with such National Code Authority. Any Newspaper and/or Adver-tising Newspaper Publishing, and/or Newspaper Printing Establishment which was, on September 18, 1933, a member of the United Typothetae of America,or of any trade organization then cooperating with the National ExecutiveCommittee of the Printing Industry, or with any organization then cooperatingwith said Executive Committee, and also was a member of the National Edi-torhil Association or of any trade organization then cooperating with theNational Editorial Association, or with any organization then cooperating withsaid National Editorial Association, shall be included in this Industry.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors ofthe National Editorial Association augmented as providedl in Appendix A-2.No. A-3. Pcriodical Pablishing and Printing.-This Industry shall include illesialiinhmtS piilisl)ig but not printing periodicals and those establishmentspuiblislhi tig :ai printing periodicals issued at regular intervals, but not lessfroiuerIt ly tha i1 four Ii tes ile'r yeair nand from which the publisher derives circu-lation an/or advertising revenue.TI'he Nat itma I' m Ant rity of this Industry is the Board of D directors ofthe l'otrim ieal P'blish rs l11tiitffe.No. -1,. /o ifti /on iohitun. 'Ti0s llidt I ry sli:ill include all establishments(ii in (4,1 or mrP f tit ' rwC4esvs of biok imanfacttiring; book Comnposi-(.0)

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51tion, book plate making, book relief printing, bhok lithograply, ediPion binding,library binding, book pniamphlet binding, deluxe (extra) ldiidi ng ; mechanicaldepartments of publisher owned plants engaged in textbook, subscription, refer-ence, and general book publishing; and producers of specialties involving bookbinding processes, such as supertinished covers, loose-lea f covers, and similarproducts requiring binding processes.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the 1o, rd of D )ireciors ofthe Book Manufacturers Institute.No. A-5. Daily Ncicspaper Publishing and Printing.-This Industry shallinclude all establishments publishing and/or printgig (1:aily newspapers, ex-cept those which subscribe or assent to the Code of the Daily NewspaperPublishing Business, and except those, not otherwise subject to the provisionsof this Code, which do not assent or subscribe to the provisions of this Codegoverning the Daily Newspaper Publishing and Printing Industry ; and thisIndustry shall also include all Commercial Relief Printing Establishments whichprint daily newspapers and which would otherwise be included in Industry A-2.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors ofthe National Editorial Association augmented as provided in Appendix A-5.No. B-1. Lithographic Printing.-This Industry shall include all establish-ments using lithographic, planographic, or photo-lithographic printing processes,and those producing transfers.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors ofthe Lithographers National Association.No. C-1. Gravure Printing.-This Industry shall include all establishmentsengaged in intaglio process engraving and printing of gravure, rotogravureand rotary photogravure except those producing transfers.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors ofthe National Gravure Printers Association.No. C-2. Steel and Copperplate Engraving and Printing.-This Industry shallinclude all establishments engaged in intaglio engraving and printing, includingflat plate photogravure; and excepting those engaged in the intaglio process en-graving and printing of gravure, rotogravure and rotary photogravure andthose engaged in engraving bank notes and securities acceptable to all stockexchanges of the country and those producing transfers.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Executive Committee ofthe Engraved Stationery Manufacturers Association.No. C-3. Securities Engraving and Printing.-This Industry shall include allestablishments engaged in producing securities acceptable to all stock exchangesof the country, and which do not produce bank notes.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Executive Committee ofthe Association of Bank Note Companies.No. C-4. Bank Note Engraving and Printing.-This Industry shall include allestablishments engaged in producing securities acceptable to all stock exchangesof the country and which produce bank notes.The National Code Authority of this Industry is (to be determined).No. D-1. Trade Typesetting.-This Industry shall include all establishmentsengaged in the production or partial production and sale to others of type-setting; and all establishments engaged in the production or partial produc-tion of typesetting; excepting those establishments included in other Industriessubject to this Code; and all establishments which purchase such typesettingfor purposes of resale.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Executive Committeeof the International Trade Composition Association.No. D-2. Trade Lithographic Plate Making.-This Industry shall include allestablishments engaged in the production or partial production and sale toothers of lithographic plates irrespective of whether such plates are to beused for offset or straight methods of lithography ; and all establishments en-gaged in the production or partial production of such plates, excepting thoseestablishments included in other Industries subject to this Code; and all estab-lishments which purchase such plates for purposes of resale.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors ofthe Lithographic Allied Trade Service Association, Inc.No. D-3. Advertising Typography.-This Industry shall include all estab-lishments engaged in the production and sale to others of typesetting of adver-tisements which are intended to appear in newspapers, magazines, periodicalsand other publications; and all establishments engaged in the production ofthe typesetting of such advertisements, excepting those establishments in-

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52eluded in other Industries subject to this Code; and all establishments whichpurchase such typesetting of such advertisements for purposes of resale.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Executive Committeeof the Advertising Typographers of America.No. D-4. Trade Mounting and Finishing.-This Industry shall include allestablishments engaged in the production or partial production and sale to others of mounting and finishing services, die cutting, straight cutting, varnish-ing, gumming, embossing, roller embossing, tinedging, map mounting, punching,perforating, eyeletting, or other similar operations upon cardboard, paper, orpaper-like substances, either printed or imprinted; and all establishments en-gaged in the production or partial production of such mounting and finishing,excepting those establishments included in other Industries subject to this Code;and all establishments which purchase such mounting and finishing for purposesof resale.The National Code Authority of this Industry shall consist of seven (7) indi-viduals, two (2) of whom shall be chosen by the Board of Directors of the Asso-ciation of Mounters and Finishers, Inc. from their own number, two (2) by theBoard of Directors of the Lithographers and Printers Finishers Associationfrom their own number, and two (2) by the Board of Directors of the GraphicArts Finishing Association from their own number, and one (1) of whom shallbe elected by the six (6) so chosen.No. D-5. Trade Binding and Paper Ruling.-This Industry shall include allestablishments engaged in the production or partial production and sale toothers of binding or paper ruling services; and all establishments engaged inthe production or partial production of such binding or paper ruling, exceptingthose establishments included in other Industries subject to this Code; and allestablishments which purchase such binding or paper ruling for purposes ofresale.The National Code Authority of this Industry is the Board of Directors ofthe Book Manufacturers Institute.SCHEDULE BThe National Products Groups are as follows:No. E-1. Advertising Newspapers.-This group shall Include all memberestablishments which are engaged in the publication, distribution or sale of apublication of newspaper format and size, devoted in whole or in part to retailnews in the form of display advertising of one or more advertisers, deliveredby carrier without cost to the reader, and not published by or in conjunctionwith any newspaper.The administrative agency for this Product Group is the Board of Trusteesof the American Shopping News Publishers' Association, Inc.No. E-2. Bank and Commercial Stationery.-This group shall include allmember establishments which are engaged in the production and/or distribu-tion of bank pass books; lithographed bank and commercial stationery andforms; lithographed checks, notes and drafts, including the imprinting andbinding thereof; and lithographed or printed bank bookkeeping forms.The administrative agency for this Product Group is the Board of Directorsof the American Institute of Bank and Commercial Stationers.No. E-3. Decalcomania and Transparenc.-This group shall include all mem-ber establishments which are engaged in manufacturing their products eitherby the lithographic process, or by stencil or other processes, on paper coveredwith a decalcomania coating; and those engaged in manufacturing their prod-ucts by the lithographic process, using a translucent paper, varnished on eitheror both sides.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Director of theDecnlcomania Association of America.No. E-/J. Grueling Cards.-This group shall Include all member establishmentswhich are enga-ed in the manufacture, jobbing, wholesaling, direct selling, anddistribntig of greeting cards.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directorsof the National Grect ing Card Association.No. E-J. Labels.-This group shall include all member establishments whichtre engaged in the commercial production and/or sale of labels, either sepa-rately or In combination with other articles, except those specillcally includedIn National Product Group No. E-2.Tfhe administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directorsof the Label Manufacturers Association.

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53No. E-6. Music Printing.-This group shall include all member estallishmentswhich are engaged in music relief printing, music lithographing, music engrav-ing, and music autographing.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directorsof the National Music Printers and Allied Trades A5ssowiations, Inc.No. E-7. Plioto-lithographing.-This group shall include all member establish-ments engaged in the sale and distribution of photo-lithographic products andservices.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Board of Directorsof the National Association of Photo-lithoguraphers.No. E-8. Picture Publishers and Picture Inporter.-This group shall include all member establishments which publish or represent publishers, and importor represent importers, or are engaged in the publication or importation of"Pictures for Resale."The expression " Pictures for Resale " is understood to moan: Pictures in theform of the pictorial and of the graphic arts for resale through art dealersas distinguished from pictures in any form gratuitously distributed.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Com-mittee of the Picture Publishers and Importers Associntion.No. E-9. Playing Cards.-This group shall include nll member establishmentswhich are engaged in the manufacture and distribution of playing cards.The administrative agency of this Product Group is (to be determined).No. E-10. Posters.-This group shall include all member establishments spe-cializing in the production of posters, cards, cloth and fiber banners, etc., byrelief printing for advertising or display purposes.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Com-mittee of the Poster Printers Association of the United States and Canada.No. E-11. Standardized Stationery and Business Fornms.-This group shall include all member establishments which print by any process stationery andbusiness forms, except as included in National Product Group No. E-2.The administrative agency of this Product Group is (to be determined).No. E-12. Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers.-This group shall in-clude all member establishments which are engaged in the manufacture and/ordistribution of textile and hosiery packing products, whether they be directly orindirectly engaged in the production of textile and hosiery packings either forgeneral commercial use and/or specific purposes such as box wraps, tops, over-wraps, bands, labels, rider tickets, sample tickets, stickers, seals, tags, inserts,fly sheets.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Board ofthe National Association of Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers.No. E-13. Ticket and Coupon.-This group shall include all member estab-lishments which are engaged in the manufacture of tickets, identification cheeksand coupons and those engaged in the manufacture and/or distribution of thriftsystems and supplies.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Ticket and CouponManufacturers' Council.No. E-14. Dry Transfer Manufacturers.-This group shall include all memberestablishments which produce dry transfers for general commercial use and for embroidery, decorative or like special purposes.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Com-mittee of the National Association of Dry Transfer Manufacturers.No. E-15. Church Envelope Systems.-This group shall include all memberestablishments producing and selling church envelope systems.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the Executive Committeeof the Association of Producers of Church Envelope Systems.No. E-16. Law Printers.-This group shall include all member establishmentsproducing and selling law printing of the characters commonly produced inlaw printers plants, such as pleadings, transcripts, records, reports and briefs,prepared for filing in proceedings pending before courts, commissions and othersimilar judicial and administrative bodies.The administrative agency of this Product Group is the National ExecutiveCommittee of the National Law Printers Institute.No. E-17. Map Publishers.-This group shall include all member establish-ments creating and publishing maps, atlases, charts and globes.The administrative agency of this Product Group is Uie Board of Directorsof the Map Publishers Association of the United States.

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APPENDICESAPPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-1COMMERCIAL RELIEF PRINTINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-1.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Commercial Relief Industryshall be under the jurisdiction of the United Typothetae of America, which isdesignated as the National Code Authority for this Industry.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the Charter and By-Laws of the United Typothetae ofAmerica and with the provisions of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) From the effective date of this Code and until the National Code Author-ity of this Industry shall have declared departmental economic hourly cost ratesand production standards and cost determination schedules as provided inSection 26 (b), no establishment in any region shall sell or offer to sell anyproduct listed in an approved and available catalog already in general use insuch region on any other basis or at a price lower than contained in such catalog, provided (1) that such catalog shall first have been submitted to theConsumers Advisory Board of the National Recovery Administration and approved by the Administrator, and (2) that such prohibition shall not apply toany individual order exceeding five hundred dollars ($500) in amount, nor toany combined or contract order exceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000) inamount per year.(d) After the National Code Authority of this Industry shall have declaredthe costs of any products as provided in Section 26 (d), no establishment shallsell or offer to sell any such products at less than such costs, provided that anysuch prohibition shall not apply to any individual order exceeding five hundreddollars ($500) in amount nor to any combined or contract order exceeding fivethousand dollars ($5,000) in amount per year. APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-2NON-METROPOLITAN NEw SPAPER PUBLISHING AND PRINTINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-2.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Non-Metropolitan NewspaperPublishing and Printing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Na-tional Editorial Association, the Board of I)irectors of which is designated asthe National ('ode Authority for this Industry, with the further provision thatstate, regional and/or local administration under this Code shall be carried onthrough state, regional, and/or local organizations now cooperating and/or aflull-ated, or to be afliliated, with the National Editorial Association; provided,that the Board of D directors of the National Editorial Association be augmentedfor the purpose of adninistering this ('ode only, by at least four members ofthe Newspaper Association Alainagers, Inc., one of whom shall be from thePacific Slope, one from the Middle-west, one from the South, and one from the(54)

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55East. The selection of the representatives from the Newspaper Association Managers, Inc., and the allocation of the section from which each shall beselected, shall be made by Newspaper Association Managers, Inc.; providedfurther, that no member of Newspaper Association Managers, Inc., shall beeligible to membership on this administering body who resides in a state inwhich there resides a regular member of the Board of Directors of the NationalEditorial Association.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National EditorialAssociation and with the provisions of this Code.(c) The National Code Authority shall publish and distribute at regularstated intervals a bulletin and/or service letter which shall contain rules andinformation pertaining to the administration of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(d) Official Notices of Publication.-In each state where a rate is estab-lished by law for the giving of official notice by newspaper publications, theprice to be charged for all notices required to be published by state or Federallaws shall not be less than such statutory rate. Failure to comply with thisprovision shall constitute a violation of this Code.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-3PERIODICAL PUBLISHING AND PRINTINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-3.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Periodical Publishing and Print-Ing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Periodical Publishers In-stitute, the Board of Directors of which is designated as the National CodeAuthority for this Industry.(b) All the proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conform-ity with the provisions of the articles of organization, regulations and by-lawsof the Periodical Publishers Institute and with the provisions of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) Editorial independence by publishers must be kept inviolate.(d) No establishment shall violate any regulation adopted by the NationalCode Authority designed to prevent the publication of misleading and/or un-truthful advertising.(e) Circulation Practices.-The circulation records of every publisher shallbe open freely for inspection by the United States Post Office Department andby authorized representatives of the National Code Authority, and all reasonable auditable information which they request shall be furnished. After oneyear from the effective date of this Code, the publisher of each periodicalshall publish in the first issue of such periodical after April 30th and October30th of each year a sworn statement showing the circulation figures covering the issues of the preceding calendar six months' period ending December 31st andJune 30th, respectively, which he has stated to his advertisers was the basisupon which he sold his advertising. In addition each publisher shall filewith the Secretary of the Institute, on blanks furnished by the Institute, asworn statement of such circulation figures divided between copies actuallysold and copies distributed free. Such information shall be made available forinspection at the office of the secretary of the National ('ode Authority. Failureto comply with the requirements of this paragraph shall constitute a violationof this Code.(f) Advertising Rates.-It is a requirement of this Code that publishers mustfile with the Secretary of the Institute a true and complete schedule of all ad-vertising rates. Failure to do so shall constitute a violation of this Code.(g) Maisftenanre of Rates.-Publishers shall make no deviation from theirpublished rate schedules on file with the Secretary of the Institute either in theform of money or otherwise, or secretly extend to certain advertisers special

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56privileges not extended to all advertisers under like terms or conditions. Whereterms provide for time or space d:scounts and they are not actually earned,settlement must be made on short term basis. Any deviation shall constitutea violation of this Code.(h) Records.-Failure to maintain records or willfully maintaining or issu-ing an inaccurate or false record of circulation or of advertising shall constitutea violation of this Code.It will not be required that full circulation records be maintained by publica-tions where the advertising content does not exceed 5 per cent of the totalspace.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-4BooK MANUFACTURINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-4.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Book Manufacturing Industryshall be under the jurisdiction of the Book Manufacturers Institute, the Boardof Directors of which is designated as the National Code Authority for thisIndustry.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the by-laws of the Book Manufacturers Institute and with the provisions of this Code.(c) The National Code Authority shall set up such bureaus as it may deemnecessary to guide its members in the granting of credit. Such bureaus shallsecure reliable information as to the financial responsibility and credit stand-Ing of customers of the Industry, and, in addition, it shall be the duty of everyestablishment operating under the provisions of this Code to transmit to suchcredit bureaus such information regarding the credit standing of any of Its customers as the said credit bureau may request, including therein all openaccounts overdue for 60 days or more.(d) The National Code Authority may make a survey of the equipment andproductive capacity of each establishment operating under the provisions of thisCode. In determining the total productive capacity of each such establish-ment all mechanical equipment which may be already installed and availablefor service on the effective date of this Code (or under purchase contract onthat date) shall be included and all such equipment registered with the NationalCode Authority; thereafter, all proposed replacements and purchases of newequipment shall be registered with the National Code Authority prior topurchase.(e) After such survey of productive capacity and registration of equipment,it shall be the duty of the National Code Authority to advise members of theIndustry contemplating the purchase of additional equipment, if in its opinionsuch purchase would have a harmful effect upon existing conditions of employ-ment or if such purchase would contribute to over-equipment in the Industry.(f) The National Code Authority may arrange for the scrapping or otherdisposal of equipment displaced by new equipment, in cooperation with theestablishment disposing of it and/or the manufacturer or dealer receiving it.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COIMPETITION(g) No esIablishlment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms andcoulditilons coat'ai ned in the uniform sales contract form which may be adoptedby the Naz1ional Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifl-cation shall be a violation of this Code.(it) Any esi hlishiment miy, for its own conven ence, accept quantity orderson a deferred killing basis, provided that the terms and conditions meet with the approval of I le Nat ioinal ('ode A authority.() After the effeclive date of this Code 0no estahishment shall grant termsIn excess of those ierein itlihed.(J) 1. /li/in -'omoposit ', plate making, paper and printing shall bebilled whle completed ; hi :u(iing sh:ill bo billed upon completion of a specificorder, or at lie (1ptio of t ie hinidr, as lhe hooks are shipped; provided, thatJll nnsihipped trade bowls sill le hilld w ihin six months after completion

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and all unshipped subscript on and text books shall be billed within one yearafter completion.2. Pay/mnt.---Mnxinui discount 2 per cent for payment in cash not laterthan the 15th of the month following billing ; net end of month followingbilling; interest to be charged thereafter at the legal rate per annum.(k) When cash payments are not made by end of month following billing,only legal interest bearing trade acceptances may be taken, no discount allowed,and such trade acceptances must be given not later than the end of the monthfollowing date of billing.(1) The folding, plating, gathering and/or sewing of all unordered sheets,when such work is performed by the binder, shall be billed within one yearafter completion.LIBRARY BINDINGThe provisions of this Section are applicable only to the Library Binders'Group of Industry No. A-4. (1) Specifications.-The standard to govern a Class "A" library book binding shall be the specifications of the Book Manufacturers' Institute whenalpproved by the American Library Association.(2) Credit and Terms.-Sales and service and/or library binding shall beinvoices net, payable ten (10) days E.O.M. Sales of supplies may be madesubject to a discount of 2% ten days E.O.M. at the option of the seller. It isconsidered that library binders may extend longer than usual commercial creditto public and quasi-public institutions.(3) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms andconditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adoptedby the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modiflca-tion shall be a violation of this Code.SUPERFINISH COVER MANUFACTURINGThe provisions of this Section are applicable only to the Superfinish CoverManufacturing Group of Industry No. A-4.(1) Appropriation of Designs.-No establishment shall usurp or make use of any design, plan, drawing, sketch, dummy or copy, originated by a com-peting establishment and submitted to a prospective customer which is plainlymarked as being the property of the competing establishment or which has notbeen paid for by such prospective customer. This is not to be considered asprohibiting duplication of existing stock designs.(2) Use of Trade-Marks.-The manufacturer's trade-mark or other means ofidentification shall appear in the lower right-hand corner of the back-lid on allclasses of school annual covers.(3) Advertising in Annuals.-Cover manufacturers shall not take advertisingspace in school annuals in excess of 21/% of the total cover contract price asbilled by such manufacturers.(4) Terms and Discounts.-Shipment of all covers shall be f.o.b. the plant ofmanufacturer.Cash Discount: 2% ten days from date of Invoice, 30 days net.C.O.D. Orders: 50% deposit with order, balance on delivery of covers.Time Discount: No discount shall be allowed for advance order placementbut delivery date may be specified to regulate billing.Deferred Dating: No deferred payment dating. All payments uniformlydue in 30 days from date of invoice. Interest shall be charged at legalrate after 30 days from date of invoice.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. A-5DAILY NEWSPAPER PUBLISHINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. A-5.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this ('ode for the Daily Newspaper Publishingand Printing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the National EditorialAssociation, the Board of Directors of vhich is designated as the National CodeAuthority for this Industry, with the further provision that state, regional

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58and/or local administration under this Code shall be carried on through state,regional and/or local organizations now cooperating and/or affiliated, or to beaffiliated, with the National Editorial Association, provided that the Boardof Directors of the National Editorial Association shall be augmented for thepurpose of administering this Code only, by at least four members of the News-paper Association Managers, Inc., which number may include, or be furtheraugmented by the Board of Directors of the National Editorial Associationto include, members of regional daily newspaper associations.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National EditorialAssociation and with the provisions of this Code.(c) The National Code Authority shall publish and distribute at regularstated intervals a bulletin and/or service letter which shall contain rules and information pertaining to the administration of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(d) Official Notices of Publication.-In each state where a rate Is estab-lished by law for the giving of official notice by newspaper publications, theprice to be charged for all notices required to be published by state or Federallaws shall not be less than such statutory rate. Failure to comply with thisprovision shall constitute a violation of this Code.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. B-1LITHOGRAPHIC PRINTINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. B-1.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Lithographic Printing Industryshall be under the jurisdiction of the Lithographers National Association, theBoard of Directors of which is designated as the National Code Authority forthis Industry.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the constitution of the Lithographers National Associa-tion and with the provisions of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) No establishment shall Imitate the exclusive trade marks, trade names, slogans or other marks of identification of any competitor.(d) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms andconditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adoptedby the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifica-tion shall be a violation of this Code.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. C-1GRAVURE PRINTINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. C-1.ADMINIs'rRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this ('ode for the Gravnre Printing Industryshall be under tile ju risdiction of tile National ( ravure Printers Association,the Bloard of D directors of whi h is designated as tlie National Code Ant horityfor this Industry.(h) All proceeilins of tHie Naiinal ('ode Authority shall be in conformitywith the provisions of He clstit ution mnd hy-laws of the National GravurePrinters Associatiin :mnl willh lie provisions of this Code.

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59APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. C-2STEEL AND COPPERPLATE ENGRAVING AND PRINTINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable oniy to Industry No. C-2.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Steel and Copperplate Engrav-ing and Printing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the EngravedStationery Manufacturers Association, the Executive Committee of which Isdesignated as the National Code Authority for this Industry.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the by-laws of the Engraved Stationery ManufacturersAssociation and with the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY No. D-1TRADE TYPESETTINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-1.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Trade Typesetting Industry shallbe under the jurisdiction of the International Trade Composition Association,the Executive Committee of which is designated as the National Code Authorityfor this Industry.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity with the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the International TradeComposition Association and with the provisions of this Code, provided thatregional and/or local administration under this Code shall be carried on throughregional and/or local organizations now operating and/or affiliated or to beaffiliated with the International Trade Composition Association.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms andconditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adoptedby the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifica-tion shall be a violation of this Code.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. D-2TRADE LITHOGRAPHIC PLATE MAKINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-2.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Trade Lithographic Plate Mak-ing Industry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Lithographic Allied TradeService Association, Inc., the Board of Directors of which is designated as theNational Code Authority for this Industry.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the by-laws of the Lithographic Allied Trade ServiceAssociation, Inc., and with the provisions of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) The National Code Authority may require the mechanical and technicalequipment of all establishments to be registered, and may require that all newadditions to equipment shall be registered as acquired.

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60(d) All products shall be produced exclusively on the premises and in theplants or shops of establishments and no part of such work shall be done inthe homes of employers or employees; provided, one establishment may performwork for another establishment.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. D-3ADVERTISING TYPOGRAPHYThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-3.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Advertising Typography Indus-try shall be under the jurisdiction of the Executive Committee of the Adver-tising Typographers of America which shall be enlarged to include representa-tion from each of the four zones as designated in the constitution and by-lawsof the Advertising Typographers of Amerca, and which is designated as theNational Code Authority for this Industry.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity with the constitution and by-laws of the Advertising Typographers of Americawith the provisions of this Code.(c) For the proper equitable administration of this Code in accordance withthe number of plants in the Industry, and their geographic location, and for theestablishment of uniform practices as may be required in accordance with con-ditions in each district, the United States of America shall be divided into fourzones as follows:Zone No. 1. Eastern Division, Headquarters, New York: Connecticut, Dela-ware, District of Columbia, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Hampshire,New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, Virginia, WestVirginia.Zone No. 2. Western Division, Headquarters, Chicago: Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota,Ohio, South Dakota, Wisconsin.Zone No. 3. Pacific Division, Headquarters, Los Angeles: California, Colorado,Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, Washington, Wyoming.Zone No. 4. Southern Division, Headquarters, Dallas: Alabama, Arizona,Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(d) Chance Orders.-Advertising typography shall not be solicited or pro,duced on a chance or speculative basis.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. D-4TRADE MOUNTING AND FINISHINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-4.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Trade Mounting and FinishingIndustry shall be by the National Code Authority for this Industry, consistingof seven (7) individuals, two (2) of whom shall be chosen by the Board ofDirect nrs of the Association of Mounters and Finishers, Inc. from their ownnumber, two (2) by the Board of Directors of the Lithographers and PrintersFinishers Associat on from their own number, and two (2) by the Board ofDirectors ()f the Griphie Arts Finishing Association from their own number,and one (1) of whtpm shall be elected by the six (6) so chosen.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Atuthority shall be in conformitywit h its by-laws, riles and regulate ions, adopted as provided in Section 3 (g),and with the provisions of this ('ode.

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61MAlINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) The National Code Authority may, subject tc the review of the Admin-istrator, formulate uniform standal Ur fOr wateriils to Ie used by all or anydefined group of e.,Axlblishments within the industry, and for amy such estab-lishment to submit hids or make sales except in accordance with the uniformmaterial standards thereby prescribed shall be a violation of this Code.APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY NO. D-5TRADE BINDING AND PAPER RlINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to Industry No. D-5.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administration of this Code for the Trade Binding and Paper RulingIndustry shall be under the jurisdiction of the Book Manufacturers' Institute,the Board of Directors of which is designated as the National Code Authorityfor this Industry.(b) All proceedings of the National Code Authority shall be in conformity with the by-laws, rules and regulations of the Book Manufacturers' Instituteand with the provisions of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) The terms of credit extended to customers shall be " Net 20 days E. 0. M."There shall be no discount allowed to any customer for an earlier payment.(d) No establishment within the Industry shall absorb carrying charges forany material furnished to the trade binder and/or paper ruler by the customeror his authorized agent, such as printed sheets, unprinted paper, jackets, dies,plates, etc., and, if carrying charges have not been prepaid, shall make a chargefor pickup.(e) Upon request by one or more unsuccessful bidders, the National CodeAuthority may require the successful bidder to submit to such National CodeAuthority its specification and prices.(f) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms andconditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adoptedby the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modifi-cation shall be a violation of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-1ADVERTISING NEwSPAPERSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-1.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Advertising Newspapers NationalProduct Group shall be the Board of Trustees of the American Shopping NewsPublishers Association.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity withthe provisions of the Code of Regulations of the American Shopping NewsPublishers Association and with the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-2BANK AND COMMERCIAL. STATIONERYThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-2.ADMINISTRATIVE PROvISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Bank and Commercial StationeryNational Product Group shall be the Board of Directors of the American Insti-tute of Bank and Commercial Stationers.

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62(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the American Instituteof Bank and Commercial Stationers and with the provisions of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) From the effective date of this Code and until the departmental economichourly cost rates and production standards and cost determination schedulesshall have been declared as provided in Section 26 (b), no establishment in anyregion shall sell or offer to sell any product listed in an approved and availablecatalog already in general use in such region on any other basis or at a pricelower than contained in such catalog provided (1) that such catalog shall firsthave been submitted to the Consumers Advisory Board of the National RecoveryAdministration and approved by the Administrator, and (2) that such prohibi-tion shall not apply to any individual order exceeding five hundred dollars($500) in amount, nor to any combined or contract order exceeding five thousanddollars ($5,000) in amount per year.(d) After the Administrative Agency of this Group shall have declaredthe costs of any products as provided in Section 26 (d), no establishment shallsell or offer to sell any such products at less than such costs, provided thatany such prohibition shall not apply to any individual order exceeding fivehundred dollars ($500) in amount nor to any combined or contract order ex-ceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000) in amount per year.(e) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the terms andconditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may be adoptedby the National Code Authority, and any such alteration, omission, or modi-fication shall be a violation of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-3DECALCOMANIA AND TRANSPARENCYThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-3.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Decalcomania and TransparencyNational Product Group shall be the Director of the Decalcomania Associationof America.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity withthe provisions of the Articles of Association, Rules and Regulations of theDecalcomania Association of America and with the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-4GREETING CARDSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-4.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The adminstrative agency for the Greeting Cards National ProductGroup shiall he the Board of Directors of the National Greeting Card Asso-ciation.(b) All p)roceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National GreetingCard Association and of the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OP NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-5LA nELsThe provills of this Aplwnidix are appli:cable only to National ProductGroup No. E-5.

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63ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Labels National Product Group shallbe the Board of Directors of the Label Manufacturers Association.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the by-laws of the Label Manufacturers Associationand with the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-6MUsIc PRINTINGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-6.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Music Printing National ProductGroup shall be the Board of Directors of the National Music Printers andAllied Trades Association.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity with the provisions of the by-laws of the National Music Printers and Allied TradesAssociation and with the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-7PHOTO-LITHOGRAPHI NGThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-7.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Photo-Lithographing National ProductGroup shall be the Board of Directors of the National Association of Photo-Lithographers.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity withthe provisions of the by-laws of the National Association of Photo-Lithographersand with the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-8PICTURE PUBLISHERS AND PICTURE IMPORTERSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-8.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Picture Publishers and Picture Import-ers National Product Group shall be the Executive Committee of the PicturePublishers and Importers Association.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be In conformity withthe provisions of the by-laws of the Picture Publishers and Importers Associa-tion and with the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-10POSTERSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-10.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Posters National Product Group shallbe the Executive Committee of the Poster Printers Association of the UnitedStates and Canada.

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64(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity withthe provisions of the constitution of the Poster Printers Association of theUnited States and Canada and with the provisions of this Code.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-12TEXTILE AND HOSIERY PACKING MANUFACTURERSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-12.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Textile and Hosiery Packing Manu-facturers National Product Group shall be the Executive Board of the NationalAssociation of Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity withthe provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Association ofTextile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturers and with the provisions of thisCode.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) No member of this Product Group shall produce any quantity of packingwithout a duly signed order or contract for said packing from the owner of thedesign or from some responsibly authorized mill. In no case shall there be spec-ulative manufacturing of branded packings.(d) Overruns shall not be permitted in excess of ten per cent (10%) on ordersfor branded packings and labels for deferred deliveries-neutral labels or pack-ings are excepted.(e) The National Association of Textile and Hosiery Packing Manufacturersshall approve and adopt a uniform contract form in accordance with Paragraph(1), Section 27, hereof; thereafter no member of this Product Group shall ac-cept an order or contract unless it substantially conforms with said uniform con-tract form.(f) No member of this Product Group shall accept an order or contract tocover deliveries for a period of longer than one year from date of order orcontract.(g) Extension of order or contract beyond the specified period shall be permitted only when eighty per cent (80%) of the quantity ordered has been with-drawn, and then only upon a charge of not less than one per cent (1%) permonth being made upon the remaining balance.(h) Supplemental to Section 26 (d) of this Basic Code, entitled " SellingBelow Cost Prohibited," such items as box wraps, labels, bands, riders, seals, stickers, etc., shall each bear the proper proportion of cost which shall be re-flected and itemized in the per-thousand price. Obsolete or discontinued pack-ings, only, are excepted from this clause.(i) No member of this Product Group shall accept an order or contract fromany person or organization for a quantity of packing or labels wherein thematerial shall be billed by the packing manufacturer at any other price thanthat covered for each item in the contract. (j) Supplemental to Section 27 (e) of this Basic Code, the sole exception torebates and refunds in any form may be that where a brand owner has paidfor picking or labels remaining in stock of the manufacturer, he shall be en-titled to reimbursement for the amount due when payments are imade by otherthan him against withdrawals.(k) Terms.-(I) No member of this Product Group shall sell its products on any otherterms than net raish ten days 14 0. M. or thirty days net.(2) No such meniber shill ship other tlian f. o. 1. manufacturing point.(3) Any such membr may allow freight if and only when included Incost.()Originmls.(1) No m11embiher of this Pnr4 dut (Grwui) slihll nmaike engravings or originals(exceplitiag sketches), 4))r suilmil prwofs of a desi-n to a prospect or cuS-tom4r ui'hr any 1'r t4mt Iaces, oi! s the imalig of engravings or origi-nals be cov re! by a definite order I iiim the J4oIspert or customer. In case

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65of such order a reasonable charge shall be made for the engravings ororiginals, and such charge shall not be at less than cost.(2) This charge may be remitted should order for quantity of packingbe placed within 120 days from date of order for proofs.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-13TIcKEr AND COUPONThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-13.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Ticket and Coupon National ProductGroup shall be the Ticket and Coupon Manufacturers Council.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity withthe provisions of the by-laws of the Ticket and Coupon Manufacturers Council.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) No establishment shall alter, omit, or in any way modify the termsand conditions contained in the uniform sales contract form which may beadopted by the National Code Authority, or National Product Group, and anysuch alteration, omission, or modification shall be a violation of this Code.(d) No member of this Product Group shall print the imprint of non-manu-facturers on any class or type of tickets, checks or coupons except when suchnon-manufacturer is a recognized affiliate or subsidiary of a ticket, check orcoupon manufacturer.(e) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to members ofthe Licensed Railroad Ticket Manufacturers Association:(1) No member shall sell products of the industry to persons not con-sumers of such products and/or not manufacturers of such products.(2) Terms:(a) Net 30 days, no cash discount.(b) All sales shall be made f.o.b. point of shipment.(f) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to members of theElectric Railway and Bus Ticket Manufacturers Association:(1) No member shall sell products of the industry to persons not con-sumers of such products and/or not manufacturers of such products.(2) Terms:(a) Net 30 days, no cash discount.(b) All sales shall be made f.o.b. point of shipment.(g) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to the members of the Amusement Ticket Manufacturers Association:(1) All circuits consisting of a group of theaters, under one generalmanagement, with a total seating capacity of not less than ten thousand,shall be entitled to wholesale prices.(2) Members shall recognize as a dealer, jobber or distributor only adefinitely established business organization that sells tickets, checks, cou-pons, and other supplies to individual theatres, all of whose orders Ingeneral are billed by the manufacturer to the dealer, jobber or distributor.(h) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to the membersof the Clothing Ticket and Numbered Production Systems ManufacturersAssociation:Terms of sale and delivery:(1) To customers direct: Thirty days net, no cash discount.(2) Prices shall be f.o.b. point of shipment.(I) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to members of theRestaurant Check Manufacturers Association:(1) The standard sizes of paper used for guest checks shall be, GroupNo. 1, maximum size 13 square inches; Group No. 2, maximum size,18% square inches; Group No. 3, maximum size, 24 square inches.(2) Members shall recognize as a dealer, jobber or distributor only adefinitely established business organization that sells tickets, checks,coupons, etc., to restaurants, cafes, hotels, etc., in general, all of whoseorders are billed by the manufacturer to the dealer, jobber or distributor.

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66(3) The advertisement of a jobber, dealer or distributor of restaurantchecks shall only appear on such checks provided the name of the manu-facturer also appears on the checks and further provided that all res-taurant checks so printed shall be classified as specially printedrestaurant checks.(4) Maximum credit terms shall be:(a) Open accounts: Two per cent 10 days.; 30 days net.(b) C. 0. D. accounts: Net, no discount.(c) Money-with-order accounts: Three per cent discounts.(5) Members may assume delivery charges on shipments to users withina distance of twenty-five miles of corporate limits of any city in which arecognized restaurant check manufacturer's plant is located. Membersmay allow users located outside of such area the difference in the freightcharges from point of shipment and what such charges would have beenif shipment had been made from the nearest point at which a recognizedrestaurant check manufacturer's plant is located.(J) The following fair trade practices are appTicable only to members ofthe Coupon Book Manufacturers Association:Terms of sale and delivery:(1) To customers direct: Two per cent cash discount for payment with-in 10 days from date of shipment, 30 days net.(2) Parcel post or express charges shall not be assumed by manufac-turer.(k) The following fair trade practices are applicable only to the membersof the Thrift Systems Distributors Association:(1) No member of this industry shall appropriate or Imitate in wholeor in part, any exclusive plans, products, ideas, services, forms, designsor systems originated or developed by a competitor.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-14DRY TRANSFER MANUJFACrURERSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductGroup No. E-14.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Dry Transfer Manufacturers National Product Group shall be the Executive Committee of the National Associationof Dry Transfer Manufacturers.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformity withthe provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Association ofDry Transfer Manufacturers and with the provisions of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) Term s.-No establishment shall sell its products, except embroiderydesigns, on any but the uniform terms adopted by the Association, which are,namely, f.o.b. Factory, Net thirty days (30), no discount for anticipation, oron terms of net cash.(d) 11inmum Quantitics.-(1) No establishment shall accept for manufacture an order of less than5,000 transfers of a design.(2) No establishment shall ship transfers from manufactured stock Inquantities of less than 1,000.(e) Sp(ciUil I'eking.-No establishment shall accept for manufacture an order ii other tiha the established uniform methods, without a special chargefor this sjecial lwcking being made. These variations from uniform methods shall oflsist of sheeting of Iraasters and for rolls contaiinig less than 2,500transfers.(f) Ordr /orms. No esi ablislhment shiall use an order form for the takingof orders on a deferred qtlivery bosis, oil ay btvut tile uniform order forms asacept ed at d a doI I t( I I he Ir Iy II).(g) Or dcrs No 4taId ishI[t'll
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67stipulated that under no circumstances are owners* designs to be stocked bytransfer manufacturers on a speculative basis. This, however, does not includethe transfer manufacturer's own stock of descriptive transfers.(h) Blanket Contracts.-No establishment shall accept a blanket contract,placed to protect customers on a minimum price basis, unless same shall bewritten and subject to the order form prescribed by the group. All such con-tracts shall be subject to all other fair practice methods herein contained. Noblanket contract shall be written for a quantity of less than 1,000,000 transfers,to be consumed within a period of twelve months from date of contract, andonly then when customer agrees to accept an invoice at the end of the yearfor an additional charge representing the difference, if any, in price on the quantity consumed at such price schedule and the price contained IL thecontract.(i) Contract Enforcement.-No establishment shall continue to carry in theirstock any quantity of transfers on order or contract beyond a period of oneyear from the date of order unless a storage charge of 1% per month on theremaining balance be made. APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCT GROUP NO. E-15CHURCH ENVELOPE SYSTEMSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductsGroup No. E-15.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Church Envelope Systems NationalProduct Group shall be the Executive Committee of the Association of Pro-ducers of Church Envelope Systems.(b) All proceedings of the administrative agency shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the Association of Pro-ducers of Church Envelope Systems.APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCTS GROUP NO. E-16LAW PRINTERSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductsGroup No. E-16.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Law Printing National ProductsGroup shall be the National Executive Committee of the National Law PrintersInstitute.(b) All proceedings of the Administrative Agency shall be in conformitywith the provisions of the constitution and by-laws of the National Law PrintersInstitute and with the provisions of this Code.MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION(c) No establishment shall quote a lump sum bid on law work, based upona guess or estimate as to volume of the finished work, but will be required toquote a price per page of standard measurement, plus a rate per hour forauthor's alterations, for a particular number of copies, plus specific chargesper unit for blank pages, extra proofs, reprints, Inserts and other extra chargesabove standards to which page rates apply.(d) No establishment shall hold standing matter beyond thirty days follow-ing end of month during which a job is completed, without making a monthlycharge to the customer in accordance with methods incorporated in the costsystem approved for this industry.(e) No establishment shall deliver any quantity of copies beyond that speci-fled by the original order without making a proper charge for additional copies.(f) No establishment shall furnish a higher grade of paper or materials thanIs prescribed as standard for law work without making a proper additionalcharge therefor.

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68APPENDIX OF NATIONAL PRODUCTS GROUP NO. E-17MAP PUBLISHERSThe provisions of this Appendix are applicable only to National ProductsGroup No. E-17.ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS(a) The administrative agency for the Map Publishers National Group shallbe the Board of Directors of the Map Publishers Association of the UnitedStates.(b) All proceedings of the Administrative Agency shall be in conformity withthe provisions of the constitution of the Map Publishers Association of theUnited States.0

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA3 1262 08582 8050