Citation
Amendment to code of fair competition for the graphic arts industries, as approved on June 23, 1934

Material Information

Title:
Amendment to code of fair competition for the graphic arts industries, as approved on June 23, 1934
Portion of title:
Graphic arts industries
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
6 p. : ; 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Graphic arts -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 599-33."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 287--Amendment No. 5."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004931440 ( ALEPH )
63654751 ( OCLC )

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Full Text







NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




AMENDMENT TO

CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION

FOR THE


GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES


AS APPROVED ON JUNE 23, 1934


WE DO OUR PART


. ;. .- I ;.7











UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1934
WASHIINGTON: 1934


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents


Approved Code No. 287-Amendment No. 5


Registry No. 599-33

























This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE

Atlanta, Ga.: 50r- Post Office Building.
Biriilingmiiii, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Bo.stin. Mass.: 1801 Customhouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: C(li.anlieLr of Commerce Building.
Chi.ii.gr., Ill.: Suite 17,t6. 201 Nirth Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce..
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 801 First National Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: ( Imml-er of Conumerce Building.
Indiall;ip,1 i-. Ind.: CJhamrnl. of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kansas City, Mo.: 112S Baltimore Avenue.
Los Aligcels. Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, Ky.: -1i4t Felderal Building.
Mo.milji-, Tenn.: 229 Federal Builinig.
iMinii-o.Ij. lis. ..in. : 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 223-A., Custminli',ue.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Nwrfolk, Va.: 406 Ea:.t Plumin. Street.
PhIlil;ilellihin. Pa.: -122 Commercial Trust Building.
Pit-l-lurgli, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Porttland. Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Buillilg.
St. Louis, Mo.: .31i1 Olive Street.
San FrmlI-i-, u, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.
Seattle, Wai.li.: 809 Federal Ofih c Building.













Approved Code No. 387-Amendment No. 5


AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES

As Approved on June 23, 1934


ORDER

APPROVING MODIFICATIONS OF CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
An application having been duly made pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of modifications
to a Code of Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts Industries, and
hearings having been duly held thereon and the annexed report on
said modifications, containing findings with respect thereto, having
been made and directed to the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson, Administrator for Industrial Recovery,
pursuant to authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the
President, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December
30, 1933, and otherwise; do hereby incorporate, by reference, said
annexed report and do find that said modifications and the Code as
constituted after being modified comply in all respects with the
pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of
said Title of said Act, and do hereby order that said modifications be
and are hereby approved, and th at the previous approval of said Code
is hereby modified to include an approval of said Code in its entirety
as modified.
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Admin is.trator for Industrial Recovery.
Approval recommended:
GEORGE BUCKLEY,
Division Administrator.
WASHINGTON, D.C.,
J-un1e 23, 1934.
69509--657-138-34 (1










REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT


The PRESIDENT,
The White House.
SIR: This is a report on the proposed modifications of the Code of
Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts Industries as approved by
you on February 17, 1934. A Public Hearing was held on these
proposed modifications in the City of Washington on April 3, 1934
and full opportunity was given to all interested parties to appear.
The proposed modifications consist of wage and hour provisions,
provisions regaiirding apprentices and complement of men, and fair
trade practice provisions for the Steel and Copper Plate Engraving
and Printing Industry. The fair trade practice provisions are in
the form of an Appendix to the Code.
The Deputy Adniiitrator in his final report to me on said modifi-
cations to said Code having found as herein set forth and on the basis
of all the proceedings in this matter:
I find that:
(a) The modifirationil to said Code and the Code as modified are
well designed to promote the policies and plir'pse' of Title I of the
National Industrial Recovery Act including the removal of obstruc-
tions to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerce which tend
to diminish the amount thereof, and will provide for the general
welfare by prlomiting the organization of industry for the purpose
of cooperative action among trade groups, by inducing and main-
taining united action of labor and management. under adequate
governjmint;l sanction and supervision, by eliminating unfair com-
petitive practices, by promlting the fullest possible utilization of
the lcprent productive capacity of industries, by avoiding undue
restriction of production (except as may be temporarily required),
by increncing the consumption of indu-trial and agricultural pr(xd-
ucts thro gh i increii-ing puriha.-ing power, by reducing and relieving
unlle.iplnl, yrnrt, by imlproving st;,ini.1ards of labor, and by otherwise
rehabilitating indllustry.
(b) The Code ;- modified complies in all re-pl, t., with the perti-
nefOt provisions of said Title of said Act, including without limita-
tionr Siiub--ction (a) of Section 3, Subl1e:ction (a) of Section 7 and
Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof.
(c) The modifications and the Code as modified are not ,dohignd
to and will not permit monopolies or monop, litic pr;artivi-..
(d) The modifi( ationli and the Code as modified are miift designed
to and will not ,liiiinat,, or oppress small entcrpri.-e and will not
opri:it, to ,di,.riminat' againl-t them.
(e) Those emngi:-il1 in other -teps of the ec1'omiiCii process have
not been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said
m1110lifir'itions.
I Ihlieve the modifi;itio is to be fair to 1abir, to the conslmli-e, and
to the industry, and for these reasons, therefore, I approve tiis
amendment.
R'1pe't fully, HUGHI S. JIIINS)N,
JL'Ni: 23, 193-4. Adnmit;n srator.










AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR
THE GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES
SEC(TIOX 23 (CONTINUED)
MECHANICAL EMPLOYEES (CONTI NLED)
B. ENG.\GED IN THE Pr.OCESSES OF STE'L AND COPPER PLATE ENR.\VING AND
PRINTING.
The provisions of this Sub-Section 23-B shall govern all estab-
lishments engaged in any of the processes or partial processes of steel
and copper plate engraving and printing under this Code, and shall
be applicable to all the mechanical employees of such establishments
engaged in carrying on any of the operations of such processes.
The provisions of this Sub-Section 23-B shall not be applicable
to the employees of any establishment, within the Serurities and
Bank Note Engraving and Printing Industry, engaged in any of the
processes or partial proce.se of that type of engraving known as
bank note steel engraving.
(a) Michaniical tmplo/ees--mi8imum ,~,a7!./s. -Establisllnents
covered by this Sub-Section 23-B shall not pay any mechanical em-
ployee less than at the rate of 40 cents per hour, unless on July 15,
1929 the hourly rate for the same class of work was less than 40
cents per hour, in which latter case they shall be paid not less than
such hourly rate on July 15, 1929, in the same establishment (or in
the same locality in the case of a new establishment) and in no event
less than at the rate of 30 cents per hour.
(b) Sk;illfId mechanical c ply<'<.s-;; J;mln in. m 'uy/.'.-
PAI:AGR.PH 1. Each establishment, with the exception of those-
1. Which are operating under wage agreements arrived at by
collective bargaining; and
2. Which are paying not less than the wage rates which they
were paying on July 15, 1929,
shall make increases in its average hourly compensation for all
classes of skilled labor, within thirty (30) days after this Sub-Section
23-B becomes effective, on the following basis:
Each plant, shall increase, the hourly or piecework rates to a point
where (including increases made since July 1, 1933) they are ten
per cent (10%) higher than the rates in effect on July 1, 1933, with
this limitation that they need not increase rates above those paid on
July 15, 19-29 in the same plant or in plants producing similar work
in similar areas as determined by the Code Authority, with the
approval of the Administrator, coming within the above clauses
(1) or (2).
PARAGRAPH 2. Within thirty (30) days after this Sub-Section
23-B becomes effective, any rate increases under Paragraph 1 must
be further augmented if necessary to bring the average hourly or
piecework compensation paid in each establishment up to ninety
per cent (90%) of the rates prevailing on July 1, 1933 in the same
locality or competitive area for base classes of skilled labor employed
in this industry.








Prevailing hourly or piecework rates shall be the average of the
rates paid to the employees constituting that fifty per cent (50%)
of each class of skilled employees in that locality or competitive area
which was receiving the higher wage rates on July 1, 1933.
For example, if in a locality, a total of thirty press operators were
employed, ten of whom were receiving 82 cents per hour and twenty
of whom were receiving 67 cents per hour, the prevailing rate would
be the weighted average of 82 cents for ten men and of 67 cents for
five men (making together fifty per cent (50%) of the total number)
or 77 cents, and ninety per cent (90%) thereof would be 69.3 cents.
NOTE.-For the purpose of Paragraphs 1 and 2 average in case
varying rates are paid for the same classification of labor, means
averages ascertaincd by dividing the total of hourly compensation
by the total llnuilber of employees whose wage rates are being
averaged.
PARAGRAPH 3. In applying the foregoing paragraphs, differentials
in wage rates for varying tasks within the same class shall be main-
tained as in effect D'ecembler 1, 1933, in the individual establishments.
PARAGRAPH 4. In no instance shall the foregoing be applied in a
manner to reduce the present rate paid to any employee, or to estab-
lish minimum wage rates in establishments where collective bargain-
ing is not practiced higher than the mniniimum for the same class of
employees in establishments in that locality where wage rates were
arrived at through collective bargaining.
PARAGRAPH 5. It should be specifically understood that the fore-
going provisions are intended to establish only minimum and not
maximum wage requirements.
(c) General wage provisions.-In connection with the foregoing
the following rules shall apply:
1. An employee performing duties coming within more than one
clnssifiction, shall be compensated on the basis of the rates applying
to such several classifications for the time employed.
2. The foregoing requirements as to mechanical wages do not
apply to apprentice., who are referred to in (e) of this section.
(d) Ho,', of labor.-1. Standard Working Hours.-Standard
working hours shall be forty (40) hours per week for all mechanical
employees, including proprietors, supervisors, foremen and/or others
for the time actually engaged in mechanical work. The work week
in the case of each individual employee shall be divided into not
more than six shifts, no one of which will be more than eight (8)
hours unless overtime be paid. When necessary overtime shall be
permitted; provided (1) that mechanical employees shall receive.
not less than the overtime rate (one and one-half times the hourly or
piece rate wage) for all work in excess of eight (8) hours within any
twenty-four (24) hour period, or forty (40) hours in any one week.
Double time shall be paid for Sundays and holidays. (2) That
no more than five hundred and twenty (520) hours shall be worked
by any ine'hnnical employee in any thirteen (13) weeks' period.
It is not intended that any of the foregoing provisions shall limit
the number of days per week or shifts per day an establishment mny
operate.
2. Maximum Hour Exceptions.-The maximum hours fixed by this
Sub-Section 23-B shall not apply to employees on emergency main-
tenance or emergency rcep;ir work, nor to employees in cases where







5

the restriction of hours of highly skilled artistic or mechanical work.
ers on continuous processes would unavoidably reduce production;
but in the case of such workers at least timo and one-half shall be
paid for the hours worked in excess of eight hours in any one day,
or forty (40) hours in any one week.
A tolerance of ten per cent (10%,) without overtime, over the
maximum hours herein prescribed, shall be allowed in the cases of
wash-up crews, shipping crews, material handlers, elevator operators
and other mechanical employees whose duties have no direct con-
nection with graphic arts processes, and a tolerance of twenty per
cent (20i-.) without overtime shall be allowed in the cases of outside
delivery men, porters, engineers, firemen, janitors and watchmen.
The maximum of six shifts per week shall not apply to -engiineers,
firemen, janitors or watchwen, nor the provision that double time be
paid for holiday-.
3. It should be specifically understood that the fore,-zoing provi-
sions are subject. to the provisions of the Executive Order of Feb-
ruary 17, 1934, approving this Code.
(e) Apprenft:cv.,.-
1. The National Code Authority for the Steel and Copper Plate
Engraving and Printing Industry, promptly after its organization,
shall appoint a committee composed of an equal number of repre-
sentatives of employers and employees, the reprle-entatives of the
employees to be nominated by the Labor Advi-sory Board, to study
carefully the apprenticeship situation and to make reconunendations
thereon within six months from the effective date of this Sub-Section
23-B to such Code Authority. In leaking its study the committee
shall not limit itself to existing data and information but shall
secure through the National Code Authority from establishnillts
within the industry such additional facts as it may deem neces-
sary. Its recommendation shall include apprenticeship ratios and
methods of applying them equitably for the industry. It shall a;l.
establish miniimi'nu rates of pay for apprentices subject to approval
by the Administrator. Upon receipt of the recommendations of the
committee, the National Code Authority shall adopt rillet and regu-
lations to govern all apprentices within the industry, such rules and
regulations being subject to approval by the Administrator.
2. Pending the approval of the rules and regulaticng referred to
in the above paragraph, no new apprentices. shall be indentured at
less than the minimum wage of skilled mechanical employee-.
The maxinmui tIrims of apprenticeships shall be: for engravers,
five years; plate printers and die staml)er-, four years.
These apprelticeship rules shall not prevent the c'intiintin of
the status of persons already at work under apprentices hip a'rriange-
ments made prior to June 1, 1034.
Upon completion of the terms of apprenticeship, journeymen's
minimum rates of pay shall apply.
(f) Com plenc)ir of Mlen.-A com ni.iion of three disinterested
engineers, selected by the American Society of Mechanieal Engi-
neers, may be employed by the National Code Authority to make a
comprehensive study, and to recomm nend rules covering complement
of men required on steel and copper plate engraving and printing
mechanical equipment, for addition to this Code by amendnuent as
elsewhere herein authorized.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

Hllll[lHHI Illl l II IHIH Blllll tlBlll HlB
3 1262 08582 8860



















APPENDIX OF INDUSTRY No. C-2
STEEL AND COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING AND PRINTING
MAINTENANCE OF FAIR COMPETITION
(c) No establishment shall advertise. offer for sale, or sell type printing
treated with substances that fuse and raise under heat treatment, simulating
engraviln, as cngrlvintg of any kind.
(d) No establishment shall advertise, offer for sale or sell as hand engraved,
any plate or die produced by an engraving machine.
Approved Code No. 287-Amendment No. 5.
Registry No. 599-33.
O




Full Text

PAGE 1

Appro ved Code No. 287-Amendme n t No. 5 Registr y No. 599 33 NATIONAL REC O VERY ADMINISTRATION AME ND MEN T TO CODE OF FAI R COMPET IT I ON FOR THE GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES AS APPROVED ON JUNE 23, 1934 WE DO OUR PART UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON: 1934 For s:ile by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. P r ice 5 ce nts

PAGE 2

This publication is for sale by the Superintend0J1t of D oc umen t , Government Printing Office, Wa hington, D.C. , and by district offices o f the Bureau o f Foreign and Dome tic Commerce. DI STRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT O F C OMMERCE Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Po t Office Building. Birmingham, Ala. : 2.57 Federal Building. B o t o n , l\Ia . . : 1 01 u tombou e. Buffa1 , N.Y . : Chamber of Commerce Building. Charle ton, S . C . : lin.mber of ommerce Building. Chicago, Ill.: Suit 1706, :.01 N orth W ells Street. Cl velaml, Ohio: ' b ambe r of ommerce .. Dalla , Tex. : hambe r of Commerce Building. D troit, Ii b . : 801 Fir t National Bank Building. H o u t o n , Tex. : hamber of Commerce Building. Indianapoli, Incl.: Chamber of ommerce Building. Jack 01wille, Fla. : Chambe r of Commerce Building. Kan~ a ity, ::\lo.: 102 Baltimore AYenue . Lo~ Angeles, Calif.: 1163 outh Broadway. Loui ville K y.: 40 Federal Building. l\lem1 ) lli ~ , Tenn.: 229 Federal Building. l\linneapoli. , l\linn. : 213 Fe
PAGE 3

Approved Code No. 387-Amendment No. 5 AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE GRAPHIC ARTS INDUSTRIES As Approved on June 23, 1934 ORDER APPROVING MoDIFICATIO s oF CoDE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE GRAPH! ARTS INDUSTRIES An application having been duly n1ade pursuant to and in full compliance with the provi ion of Title I of the National In lustrial R ecovery Act approved June 16 , 1933, for approval of modifications to a Code of Fair Competition for the Graphic Arts Indnstries, and hearings having been duly h eld thereon and the annexed report on said n1odifications, containing finding with re pect thereto, having been made and directed to the President: NOVV, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United State , I, Hugh S . Johnson, Administrator for Industrial R ecovery, pursuant t o authority , e tel in m e by Executiv-e Order of the President, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, elated D ecembe r 30 1933 , and otherwi e; do hereby incorporate, by reference, said annexed report and do find that aid modifications and the Code as constituted after being modified comp l y in all respects with the pertinent provisions an l will promote the policy and purposes of said Title of said Act, and do hereby order that said modifications be and are hereby approved, and that the previous approval of said Code jg hereby modified to include an approval of aid Code in its entirety as modified. HUGH 8. JOHNSON, Ad11iini.strator for I ndustrial R e cov ery. Approval recommended : GEORGE BucKLEY, D ivision Ad11iinistrator. WASHI TGTON, D.C., Jwn e 23, 1934. 69509--657-138-34 (1)

PAGE 4

REPORT TO THE PRE IDE T The PRE IDENT The White House. m: Thi i a report on the propo ed modifi ation of the Code of Fair ompetition for the Graphic Arts Indu trie a approved by you on February 17 1934. A Public Hearinp wa held on the e propo ed modification in the City of Wa hington on pril 3 1934 and full opportunit:5 was given to all intere ted partie to appear. The propo ed modification con i t of wag and hour pro isions, provi ion regarding apprentices and complem nt of men, and fair trade practic provi ion for the Steel and opper Plate Engraving and PrintinO' Indu t r3. The fair trade practice provi ion are in the form of an Appen li:x to the Code . Th D eput, dmini trator in his final r port to me on aid modifi-cation to aid Code having found a hereir1 et forth and on the ba is of all th pr ceedino-in thi matter: I find that: (a) The 1nodifi ation to aid Code and the Code a modified are well de igned t pron10te th policie and purpo e of Title I of the ational Indu trial Reco,er Act inclndinO' the removal of ob tru -tion to the free fl.ow of inter tate and foreign ommerce which t nd to dimini_ h the amount thereo f and will provide for the general elfare by promoting the o rganization of indu. try for the purpose of cooperativ e a tion among trade group_ by inducing and maintaining united action :f labor an l manaoement under adequate ermLentnl an tion and upervi ion, by e liminating unfair com p titive practic by promoting the full t po s ible utilization of the pr en t pro luc ive capacit., of indu trie , by avoiding undne restri ti n of production ( except a may b temporaril. r quired) b incr a ing th con umptio n of indu. trial and aoTicultural product through in rea ino-pur ha ing power b. r ch1cin0' and r lieving unem 1 l oy m en t by improYing standard f labor and b. oth rwi e rehabilitatino-indu try. (b) Th Code a m o lifi cl complies in all r ~ P t with the pertinent pro,i. i n._ f aid Titl of aid Act, inclu ling with ut limitati n ub ection (a) o f e tion 3 Sub ectio n (a) f e tion 7 and ub . ctio n b) of tion 10 thereof. ( ) The modifi ation. antl ihe Code a modifi cl arc n t cle ign cl to a11fl will not p rmit monopolie.-or rnon opol i ti pra ti ( cl) Th mo 1ifi ati n an l the rle a modifi l ar 11 t lle i n ,(1 t an 1 "-ill no limina e r oppre . . mall nterpr.i , and will not I rat to li riminat again th m. ( ) Tho. ngao-l in ot h r . t p of th e onomi 1 r ce h n t b e n c1 prfrec l of th ri ht t b h ard 1 rior t < 1 pr val of aid m clifi ation.. I b Ii vc th mo lifi t th in 1u.-try, , ncl r a on an n lmeut. Re. p tfully, II T u J E 2 1. 3-:t. (2)

PAGE 5

.AME D IE T TO CODE OF F IR COMPETITIO FOR THE GR PHI RT I D TRIES E TION 23 ( ONTI ED) IECH \XICAL E:i\IPLOYEES ( OXTIN D ) B. ENGAGED IN THE PRO E E OF STEEL AND OPPER PL.iTE E . GRAVI:'.\'G A.ND PRINTING. The provi ion of this Subecti n 23-B hall govern all e tab Ii hm nt eno-ao-ed in an of the proce e or partial proce e of steel and copper plate engraving and printing unrler thi ode and shall be applicable to all the me chanical employee of uch e tablishm nts engaoed in carryino on any of the operations of uch pro e e . The provi ion of thi Subection 23-B hall not b e applicable to the employee of an} e tabli hment within the ecuritie and Bank ote Engraving and Printing Industry engao-e d in any of the proce or partial proce e of that t pe of engraving known as bank note tee l engra"ing. (a) Jfechanical employ ee -minim. um, wage .-E tabli hments covered b thi ub ection 23-B hall not pa any mechanica l m plo ee le than at the rate of 40 cent per hour, unle on July 15, 192 9 the hourly rate for the same cla . of work wa le than 40 cents per hour u in which latter ca e they shall be laid not l e than such hourl rate on July 15, 1929 in the ame e tabli hment ( or in the same locality in the ca e of a new e tabli hment) and in no event le than at the rate of 30 cent p e r hour. (b) killecl 1nechani cal 1nployees --rnini1num , wag .-p .IBAGR,\PH 1. Each establi hment, with the exception of tho e l. 1Vhi c h are operating under wage agreement arrived at by collecti "e bargaining and 2 . ,Vhic h are payino not le than the wao-e rate which they w re pa ing on July 15 1929 hall make inc rea e in it average hourly compen ation for all cla e of kill ed lab o r , -n-ithin thirt 30) da s after this SubSection 23-B become effective on the followino-ba i : Each plant hall increa e the hourl or pie cework rate to a point where (including increa es made ince July 1 1 933) they are ten per cent ( 1 ) higher than the rate in effect on July 1 1933 with thi limitabon that th y need not increa e rate aboYe tho e paid on July 1 19 9 in the ame plant or in plant producing imilar work in imilar urea a d etermined by the Code Authority, with the approval of the \.dmini ~trator coming within the above clau es (1) or (2) . PARAGRAPH 2. "\'Vithin thirty (30) da3 s aft-er thi Subection 23-B becomes effective, any rate increa e under Paragraph 1 mu t be further augmented if nece ary to bring the average hourly or piecework compen ation paid in each e tabli hment up to ninety per cent (90 ) of the rate prevailing on July 1 1933 in the ame locality or competitive area for base classes of killed labor employed in this indu try. (3)

PAGE 6

4 Prevailing hourly or piecework rates shall be the average of the rates paid to the employe es constituting that fifty per cent ( 50%) of each class of ski lled employees in that locality or competitive area which wa receiving the higher wage rates on July 1, 1933. For example, if in a locality, a total of thirty press operators were employ ed, ten of whom were receiving 82 cents per hour and twenty of whom were receiving 67 cents per hour, the prevailing rate would be the weighted average of 82 cents for ten rn.en and of 67 cents for five men (making together fifty per cent ( 50%) of the total number) or 77 cents, and ninety per cent (90 % ) thereof would be 69.3 cents. NoTE.-For the purpo e of Paragraphs 1 and 2 "average" in ca e varying rates a.re paid for the same, classification of labor, means averag ascertained by dividing the total of hourly compensation by the total number of emp loy ees whose wage rates are being averaged. PARAGRAPH 3. In applying the foregoing paragraphs, differentials in wage rates for varying tasks within the same cla s shall be maintained as in effect December 1, 1933 , in the individual establishments. PARA GRAPH 4. In no instance shall the foregoing be applied in a manner to reduce the pre ent rate paid to any employee, or to establi h minimum wage rates in establishmen t s where collective bargaining is not practice l higher than the minimum for the same class of empl oyee in e stabli hments in that lo cality where wage rates were arrived at through co lle ctive bargaining. PARAGRAPH 5 . It shou l l be spec ifically unde r . tood that the foregoing provisions are intended to establish only minimum and not maximum wage requirements. ( c) G e n ral wag e provision.'5.-In connection with the foregoing the following rules shall apply: 1. An employee performing duties coming within more than one classification, hall be compensate l on the ba i s of the rates applying to such several classification for the time employed. 2. The foregoing requirement as to mechanical wages do not apply to apprentices, who are referred to in ( e) of this ection. (cl) Hour of labor.-1. Standard Working Hours.-Standard working hour shall be forty ( 40) hours per week for all mechanical empl oyees, including proprietors, upervisors, foremen and/or others for the time actually engaged in mechanical work. The work week in the ca e of each individual employee shall be divided into not more than ix hifts, no one of which will be more than eight ( ) hours unle. overtime be paid. ,vhen nec e sary overtime shall be permitted; provided (1) that mechanical employee shall re eive not l e than the overtime rate ( one an l ne-half times th hourly or piece rate wa~e) for all work in exc s of ight ( 8 ) hours within any twenty-four ~24) hour period, or forty ( 40) hour in any one week. Double time shall be paid for Sun lays and h li lay . (2) That no mor than five hun lred an l tw nty (520) hour hall b work cl by any m hanical 1111 loy e in any thirteen (13) w k 'period. It is n t int n l d that any of the f r o-oing provi ions hall limit the numb r of clay . per w k or hifts per day an tabli hment may op rat . 2. Al aximu11i II our E x eptions.-Th maximum hour fix l by thi Subction 23-B hall not apply t mploy on emeron y main-t nan e or em rg n y r pair work, n r to mploy

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5 the restriction of hours of highly kill d arti tic or mechanical work~ r on continuou I roce e would unavoidably r educe production; but in the ca e of uch work r at l ea t timo and one-half hall be paid for the hour work cl in exce of ight h ur in any one day, or forty ( 40) hour in any one wee k. A tolerance f t n p e r cent ( 10 % ) without overtime, ov r the maximum hour her in I re cribe d , hall be allowed in the ca e of wa sh-up rew , hipping e r ws, material han ller , el vator op rators and other 1nechani ca l employe-e whose duties have no direct con necti o n with graphic arts proce ses, and a tolerance of twenty per cent (20 % ) with ut oYertim e hall be allowed in the case of out ide delivery men porter., nginee r , firem e n, j anitors and watchmen. The maximum of 'ix shift per week hall not apply to enoi neer , firemen, janitors or ,,atchme n, nor the provi ion that double time be paid for holidays . 3. It houlcl b e s pecificall y un ler toocl that the foreo-oing provi ion are s ubject to the provi ion of the Executive Or ler of February 17 , 1934, a pp roving thi Code . ( e) Apprentices.-1. The J ational Cod e Authority for the teel and Copper Pla t e Engravino-and Printino Indu try, promptly after it organization, shall appoint a committee compo eel of an equal number of repre sentatives of emp l oyer and emplo yee , the r epre entative of the employee to be nominated by the Labor Advi ory Board, to tudy carefully the apprentice hip ituation and to make re commendatio n s thereon within six months from the c:ffectiYe date of thi Sub-Secti o n 23-B to uch Cod e Authority. In m a ltin g it tudy the committee shall not limit it elf to exiting data and information but hall secur~ throug h the K ational Code Authority fro m e tabli h ments within the indu try s u c h a lditional facts a it may deem nece s ary. Its recommendation hall include apprentice hip ratios and methods of applying them equitably for the indu try. It shall also e tabli h minimum rate of pay for apprentice ubject to approYal by the A lministrator. Upon rec ipt of the rec mmenclations of the committee, the ational ode Authority shall adopt rul . a n d r egu lation to govern all apprenti es w ithin the indu. t r y: uch rule and regulations being sub j ect to appr Y al by the Admini trator. 2. P e ndino t h e approval of the rule s and r egulation referred to in the abov e paragraph, no n ew apprentices hall be indentured a t l ss t h an the minimnm wage of ~ kill ed mechanical employee . The maximum term of apprenti ceship hall be: for engravers, five year plate printe r and die tamper , four y ar . The ~ e apprenti e hip rules s h a ll not pre,ent the ontinuation of the tatu o f per on already at work under appr entice hip arrange men ma le prior t o June 1 , 1934. pon completion of the t erm of apprentic . hip journ ,ymen's minimum rate of pay shall apply. (f) C01npl e m , ent o f M en.-\.. commi . ion of three d i intere ted engineer sel ected by h e Am rican oci ety of : Mech anica l Eno-i neer may b e employed by the ational Cod Authority to make n. comprehen ive study and to recommend rul e covering complemen t of m e n required on teel and copper plate engravin g and printing mechani c al equipment for a ldition to this od e by amendment as elsewhere h erein author1zed.

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA II I II IIIIII Ill Ill lllll lllll II IIIIII II IIIII Ill llll 111111111111111 3 1262 08582 8860 APPE_ mx oF INDUSTRY No. C-2 STEEL AND COPPER PLATE ENGRAVING AND PRINTING MAINTEN A CE OF FAIR COMPETITION ( c) No establishment shall advertise, offer for sale, or sell type p r i ntin g treated with substances that fuse and raise under heat treatment, s i mulating engraving, as engraving of any kind. ( d) No establi hment shall adYertise, offer for sal e o r sell a s hand e n graved , any plate or die produ ed by an engraving machi ne. Approved Code No. 287-Amendment No . 5 . Registry J o. 599-33. 0 (6)