Citation
Amendment to code of fair competition for the needlework industry in Puerto Rico as approved on April 3, 1935

Material Information

Title:
Amendment to code of fair competition for the needlework industry in Puerto Rico as approved on April 3, 1935
Portion of title:
Needlework industry in Puerto Rico
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
7 p. : ; 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Needlework industry and trade -- Law and legislation -- Puerto Rico ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 231-16."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 474--Amendment No. 2."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
005024641 ( ALEPH )
701105589 ( OCLC )

Full Text



Approved Code No. 474-Amendment No. 2 Registry No. 231-16


NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




AMENDMENT TO
CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

NEEDLEWORK INDUSTRY

IN PUERTO RICO


AS APPROVED ON APRIL 3. 1935


WE DO OUR PART


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1935


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. Washington. D. C. - Price 5 cents


Approved Code No. 474-Amendment No. 2


Registry No. 231-16

























SThis publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D. C., and by the following N. R. A. offices:

Atlanta, Ga.: 625 Citizens & Southern National Bank Building.
Baltimore, Md.: 130 Customhouse.
Birmingham, Ala.: 201 Liberty National Life Building.
Boston, Mass.: Room 12090, 80 Federal Street.
Buffalo, N. Y.: 219 White Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Room 204, 400 North Michigan Avenue.
Cleveland, Ohio.: 520 Bulkley Building.
Dallas, Tex.: 1212 Republic Bank Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 415 New Federal Building.
Houston, Tex.: 403 Milam Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: 425 United States Courthouse and Post Office
Building.
Los Angeles, Calif.: 751 Figueroa Street, South.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
Minneapolis, Minn.: 900 Roanoke Building.
Nashville, Tenu.:.415 Cotton States Building.
Newark, N. J.: 434 Industrial Office Building, 1060 Broad Street
New Orleans, La.: 214 Customhouse.
New York, N. Y.: 45 Broadway.
Oklahoma City, Okla.: 427 Commerce Exchange Building.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 933 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: 401 Law and Finance Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 407 Park Building.
Providence, R. I.: National Exchange Bank Building, 17 Exchange
Street.
St. Louis, Mo.: Suite 1220, 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: Humbolt Bank Building, 785 Market Street
Seattle, Wash.: 1730 Exchange Building.












Approved Code No. 474--Amendment No. 2

AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

NEEDLEWORK INDUSTRY IN PUERTO RICO

As Approved on April 3, 1935


ORDER

APPROVING AMENDMENT OF CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
NEEDLDWORK INDUSTRY IN PUERTO RICO
An application having been duly made pursuant to, and in full
compliance with, the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of an amend-
ment to the Code of Fair Competition for the Needlework Industry
in Puerto Rico, and the Deputy Administrator for Puerto Rico
having made and submitted to the National Industrial Recovery
Board his report on said amendment, containing his findings with
respect thereto, and the annexed report of the National Industrial
Recovery Board on said amendment, containing findings with respect
thereto, having been made and directed to the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States, the National Industrial Recovery Board, pursuant to author-
ity vested in it by Executive Orders of the President, including
Executive Order go. 6859, Executive Order No. 6543-A and other-
wise; does hereby incorporate by reference said report of the Deputy
Administrator for Puerto Rico and the annexed report of the Na-
tional Industrial Recovery Board, and does hereby expressly concur
in and adopt the findings of fact made therein, and does find that the
said amendment and the Code as constituted after being amended
comply in all respects with the pertinent provisions and will promote
the policy and purposes of Title I of the National Industrial Recov-
ery Act; and does hereby order that said amendment to the Code
of Fair Competition for the Needlework Industry in Puerto Rico be
and it is hereby, approved and that the previous approval of said
Code is hereby modified to include an approval of said Code in its
entirety as amended, subject to the following condition:
1266180 -1749-18---35 (1 1






2

That this Order and Amendment shall become effective twenty
(20) days from the date hereof unless good cause to the contrary is
shown to the National Industrial Recovery Board before that time
and the National Industrial Recovery Board issues a subsequent
order staying or modifying this Order of Approval.
NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY BOARD,
By W. A. HIARRiTAN, Administrative Officer.
Approval recommended:
PRENTISS L. COONLEY,
Division Administrator.
WASHINGTON, D. C.,
April 3, 1935.












REPORT TO THE NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY
BOARD

NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY BOARD,
National Recovery A ndinifration,
Washington, D. C.
GENTLEMEN: This is a report on the proposed Amendment to
Article II, Section 1, of the (ode of Fair Competition for the Needle-
work Industry in Puerto Rico, which section defines the Industry em-
braced by the Code. At the time the Code was originally proposed,
it was the intention of its proponents that all articles of needlework
produced or processed in Puerto Rico should be included under the
Code. The present definition contained in this Section reads as
follows:
The term Industry as used herein includes the manufacturing
and/or processing, including sewing, wholly or part, within the Terri-
tory of Puerto Rico, of articles having drawn work and/or em-
broidery done upon them by machine and/or by hand, including the
business of contracting with reference thereto."
This definition fails to include needlework done on any articles
which did not have on them drawn work and/or embroidery. There
is a considerable quantity of needlework in Puerto Rico consisting of
the manufacturing and/or processing of hand-made hems on piece
goods, to convert such articles into handkerchiefs. In order to carry
out the original desire of the Industry to embrace all needlework pro-
duced in Puerto Rico in this Code, it is proposed that this Section be
amended to read as follows:
"The term 'Industry' as used herein includes the manufacturing
and processing, including sewing, wholly or in part, within the Terri-
tory of Puerto Rico, of articles having drawn work and/or embroidery
done upon them by machine and/or by hand and/or the manufactur-
ing and/or processing of hand-made hems on piece goods to convert
such piece goods into handkerchiefs and/or decorative articles for the
home, such as (but without limitation) luncheon sets, pillow cases,
bedspreads, towels, including the business of contracting with refer-
ence thereto."
This change in the definition will enable that section of the In-
dustry which is engaged in manufacturing and 'or processing articles
that do not have drawn work and, or embroidery thereon to receive
the benefits already bestowed upon the remainder of the Industry
as a result of the Code.
Article VII, Section 8 (f), authorizes the Code Authority to pro-
pose amendments to the Code. Pursuant to the said Section, the
Code Authority proposed this Amendment.
The Code was originally sponsored by the Puerto Rico Needlework
Association. This association represented in excess of ninety per
cent. of the volume of the business and of the membership of the








Puerto Rico Needlework Industry. Therefore, I find that it was
truly representative of said Industry.
The By-Laws of the Association allowed all members of the In-
dustry to join its membership, and I find that it imposed no inequi-
table restriction on membership.
There are about seven thousand factory workers, and approxi-
mately seventy thousand home-workers engaged in the Needlework
Industry in Puerto Rico, a considerable number of whom are not
included under the present definition of the Industry, but will be
embraced by the proposed Amendment. The standards of labor in
this Industry prior to the approval of the Code were very low.
In the factories the average working week was approximately forty-
eight hours. The home-workers were engaged in the needlework
occupation from sixty to seventy hours a week. Article III, Section
1, prohibits the working of employees in excess of forty hours in any
one week, or eight hours in any day, with the exception that em-
ployees may be permitted to work seventy-two hours overtime in any
calendar year, provided twice the normal wage rate is paid for such
overtime. The approval of the Amendment and the Code as amended
will thus result in a substantial increase in the number of people
employed in the Industry, and I so find.
The wages paid in this Industry have always been exceptionally
low. Prior to the Code, factory machine-workers were paid an
average of $3.32 per week of forty-eight hours, with many receiving
even less. Under the Code they receive a minimum of $5.00 for
a forty hour week. Factory hand-sewing and hand-embroidery
workers averaging from $2.00 to $2.10 per week prior to the Code
now receive a minimum of $3.00 per week under the Code. Before
the Code was approved three home-workers would work on the same
product in one home, and the aggregate earnings per week of the
three would be about $1.00. The piece-rates established under the
Code by the Piece Rates Commission result in a very marked in-
crease to these home-workers. The increase in wages and employees
resulting from the approval of the Amendment and the Code as
amended, will effect a considerable addition to the mass purchasing
power of the Island. When this increase is added to that which will
be effected by the approval of codes for other industries in the
Island, there will result a marked increase in the amount of goods
consumed in Puerto Rico, which goods will be imported principally
from the Mainland; consequently, one of the principal obstructions
which diminished the amount of commerce between Puerto' Rico and
the mainland and, indirectly, among the various States will be
removed, and I so find.
The increase in wages will remove a part of the burden from labor,
which has been carrying more than its share, but will not add an
unreasonable expense to the employer's cost, and I so find.
Further improvements will be brought about in the standards of
labor by the Code provision eliminating child labor. This abuse
was especially prevalent in Puerto Rico, and its elimination will be
one of the biggest accomplishments of the Code. No person under
sixteen years of age is allowed to be employed in the Industry under
the Code. Labor standards are likewise raised by the requirement
that employers should provide for the safety and health of em-








ployees, and that standards of safety and health should be submitted
by the Code Authority. Likewise, the prohibiting of stamping, cut-
ting, washing, pressing, folding, ribboning, and ticketing in the
home of employees is another most exemplary improvement in the
standards of labor.
The Executive Order approving the Code provides for a Needle-
work Commission to study and to make recommendations concern-
ing the question of competition between the Needlework Industry
on the mainland and in Puerto Rico. The purpose of the appoint-
ment of this Commission was to effect a better mutual understanding
of their problems between the members of the related mainland
industries and the Puerto Rico Industry. Likewise, the activities
of the Code Authority and the cooperative action in the Trade Asso-
ciation sponsoring the Code tend to promote the organization of
the Industry for the purpose of cooperative action among trade
groups, and I so find.
The provisions of Article IX as to price filing tend to prevent the
destructive price cutting which formerly existed in the Industry,
with the resulting inability to pay living wages. These provisions
contain sufficient safeguards to protect the small employers and
consumers from improper price fixing, and I so find.
There are no provisions in the Code which would tend to promote
monopolies or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises or that dis-
criminate against them, or that will permit monopolies or monopo-
listic practices.
The increased purchasing power resulting from the approval of
the Code will create additional demand for goods and commodities
of all sorts and kinds. In order to meet these demands, the produc-
tive capacity of industries will be promoted and utilized. This
increase in production will have the effect of beneficially encourag-
ing interstate commerce, both in the movement of raw material used
in the process of production and in the production of finished goods
and commodities. Thus, theoAmendment and the Code as amended
tend to promote the fullest possible utilization of the present pro-
ductive capacity of Industry, and I so find.
There exists at the present time an undue restriction of production
due to the r.bsence of demand for goods produced, which in turn is
caused by the depressed purchasing power. The increased pur-
chasing power effected by the approval of the Amendment and the
Code as amended will tend to avoid this undue restriction of produc-
tion, and I so find.
In addition to the findings above set forth and for the reasons
adduced above, I hereby find that:
(a) The amendment and the Code as amended comply in all
respects with the pertinent provisions of Title I of the Act, includ-
ing without limitation. Sub-Section (a) of Section 3, Sub-section (a)
of Section 7, and Sub-Section (b) of Section 10 thereof;
(b) The Association sponsoring the Code imposed no inequitable
restriction or admission to membership therein;
(c) The group sponsoring the Code was truly representative of
the Industry;
(d) The Amendment and the Code as amended are not designed
to promote monopoly or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises







and will not operate to discriminate against them and will not
permit monopolies or monopolistic practices;
(e) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to remove
obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerce which
tend to diminish the amount thereof;
(f) The Amendment and the Code as amended will promote the
organization of Industry for the purpose of cooperative action among
trade groups;
(g) The Amendment and the Code as amended will induce and
maintain united action of labor and management under adequate
governmental sanctions and supervision;
(h) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to
eliminate unfair competitive practices;
(i) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to pro-
mote the fullest possible utilization of the present productive capacity
of Industries;
(j) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to avoid
undue restriction of production;
(k) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to in-
crease the consumption of industrial and agricultural products by
increasing purchasing power;
(1) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to reduce
and relieve unemployment;
(m) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to im-
prove the standards of labor;
(n) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend otherwise
to rehabilitate Industry;
(e) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process were
not denied the right to be heard prior to the approval of this
Amendment and Code as amended.
It is recommended, therefore, that this Amendment and Code as
Amended be approved as submitted.
Respect fully,
BOAZ LONG,
Deputy Administrator.
MARCH 30, 1935.




















AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR
THE NEEDLEWORK INDUSTRY IN PUERTO RICO

Amend Article II, Section 1 to read as follows:
1. The term "Industry" as used herein includes the manufactur-
ing and processing, including sewing, wholly or in part, within the
Territory of Puerto Rico, of articles having drawn work and/or
embroidery done upon them by machine and/or by hand and/or the
manufacturing and or processing of hand-made hems on piece goods
to convert such piece goods into handkerchiefs and/or decorative
articles for the home, such as (but without limitation) luncheon
sets, pillow cases, bedspreads, towels, including the business of con-
tracting with reference thereto.
Approved Code No. 474-Ainmudment No. 2.
Registry No. 231-16.
(7)











































Digitized by the Internel Archive
in 2011 with funding from
University of Florida, George A. Smaihers Libraries with support from LYRASIS and the Sloan Foundation


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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
S126112 08482 81271111111
3 1262 08482 8127




Full Text

PAGE 1

Approved Code No. 474-Amendment No. 2 Registry No. 231-16 NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE NEEDLEWORK INDUSTRY IN PUERTO RICO AS APPROVED ON APRIL 3, 1935 WE DO OUR PAR'f UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON: 1935 For s:ile by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D. C. -------Price 5 cents

PAGE 2

This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D. C., and by the following N. R. A. offices: Atlanta, Ga.: 625 Citizens & Southern National Bank Building. Baltimore, Mu.: 130 Customhouse. Birmingham, Ala.: 201 Liberty National Life Building. Boston, Mass. : Room 1200, 80 Federal Street. Buffalo, N. Y.: 219 White Building. Chicago, Ill.: Room 204, 400 North Michigan Avenue. Cleveland, Ohio. : 520 Bulkley Building. Dallas, Tex.: 1212 Republic Bank Building. Detroit, Mich.: 415 New Federal Building. Houston, Tex. : 403 Milam Building. Jacksonville, Fla.: 425 United States Courthouse and Post Office Building. Los Angeles, Calif.: 751 Figueroa Street, South. Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building. Minneapolis, Minn. : 900 Roanoke Building. Nashville, Tenn. : .415 Cotton States Building. Newark, N. J. : 434 Industrial Office Building, 1060 Broad Street. New Orleans, La.: 214 Customhouse. New York, N. Y.: 45 Broadway. Oklahoma City, Okla. : 427 Commerce Exchange Building. Philadelphia, Pa. : 933 Commercial Trust Building. Pittsburgh, Pa.:. 401 Law and Finance Building. Portland, Oreg. : 407 Park Building. Providence, R. I.: National Exchange Bunk Building, 17 Exchange Street. St. Louis, Mo. : Suite 1220, 506 Olive Street. San Francisco, Calif.: Humbolt Bank Building, 785 Market Street. Seattle, Wash.: 1730 Exchange Building.

PAGE 3

Approved Code No. 474-Amendment No. 2 AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE NEEDLE,VOR , K INDUSTRY IN PUERTO RI'CO As Approved on April 3, 1935 ORDER APPROVING AMENDMENT OF CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE N EEDLDWORK INDUSTRY IN PUERTO Ric o An application having be e n duly made pursuant to, and in full compliance with, the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of an amendment to the Code of Fair Competition for the Needlework Industry in Puerto Rico, and the Deputy Administrator for Puerto Rico having made and submitted to the National Industrial Recovery Boa.rd his r eport on said amendment, containing his findings with respect the r e to, and the anne xe d report of the National Industrial Recovery Board on said am endment, containing findings with respect thereto, having been made and directed to the President: NOW, THEREFORE, on b e h alf of the President of the United States, the National Industrial Recovery Board, pursuant to authority vested in it by Exe cutive Orders of the President, including Executive Order No. 6859, Executive Order No. 6543-A and other wise; does hereby incorporate by reference said report of the Deputy Administrator for Puerto Rico and the annexed report of the National Industrial Recovery Board, and does here by expressly concur in and adopt the findings of fact made therein, and does find that the said am~ndment and the Code as constituted after being amended comply in all respects with the pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act; and does hereby order that said amendment to the Code of Fair Competition for the Needlework Industry in Puerto Rico be-1 and it is hereby, approved and that the previous apl?roval of said Code is hereby modified to include an approval of said Code in its entirety a s amended, subject to the following condition: 126618-1740-18-35 (1)

PAGE 4

2 That this Order and Amendment shall b ecome effective twenty (20) days from the date her~of unless good cause to the contrary is shown to the National Industrial Recovery Board before that time and the National Indu trial Recovery Board i ss u es a subsequent order staying or modifying this Orde r of Approval. NATION AL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY BOARD, By vV. A. IIARRIMAN, Administrative Officer. Approval recommended : PRENTISS L. COONLEY' Division Adm, inistrator . WASHINGTON, D. c., April 3, 19 35 .

PAGE 5

REPORT TO THE NATIONAL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY BOARD NATION AL INDUSTRIAL RECOVERY BOARD, National Recov ery Administration, Washington, D. 0. GENTLEMEN : This is a report on the proposed Amendment to Article II, Section 1, of the Code of Fair Competition for the Needlework Industry in Puerto Rico, which section defines the Industry em braced by the Code. At the time the Code was originally proposed, it was the intention of its proponents that all articles of needlework produced or proce ssed in Puerto Rico should be included under the Code. The present definition contained in this Section reads as follows: "The term 'Industry' as used herein includes the manufacturing and/or processin&.t including sewing, wholly or part, within the Territory of Puerto ti.ico, of articles having drawn work and/or embroidery done upon them by machine and/or by hand, including the business of contracting with reference thereto." This definition fails to include needlework done on any articles which did not have on them drawn work and/or embroidery. There is a considerable quantity of needlework in Puerto Rico consisting of the manufacturing and/or processing of hand-made hems on piece goods, to convert such articles into handkerchiefs. In order to carry out the original desire of the Industry to embrace all needlework produced in Puerto Rico in this Code, it is proposed that this Section be amended to read as follows : " The term ' Industry ' as used herein includes the manufacturing and processing, including sewing, wholly or in part, within the Territory of Puerto Rico, of articles having drawn work and/or embroidery done upon them by machine and/or by hand and/or the manufacturing and/or processing of hand-made hems on piece goods to convert such piece goods into handkerchiefs and/or decorative articles for the home, such as (but without limitation) luncheon sets, pillow cases, bedspreads, towels, including the business of contracting with reference thereto." This change in the definition will enable that section of the Industry which is engaged in manufacturing and/or proce ssing articles that do not have drawn work and/or embroidery thereon to receive the benefits already bestowed upon the remainder of the Industry as a result of the Code. Article VII, Section 8 (f), authorizes the Code Authority to propose amendments to the Code. Pursuant to the said Section, the Code Authority proposed this Amendment. The Code was originally sponsored by the Puerto Rico Needlework Association. This association represented in excess of ninety per cent. of the volume of the busine ss and of the membership of the (3)

PAGE 6

4 Puerto Rico Needlework Industry. Therefore, I find that it was truly representative of said Industry. The By-Laws of the Association allowed all members of the Industry to join its membership, and I find that it imposed no inequitable restriction on membership. There are about seven thousand factory workers, and approximately seventy thousand hom e -workers engaged in the Needlework Industry in Puerto Rico, a considerable number of whom are not included under the present definition of the Industry, but will be embraced by the proposed Amendment. The standards of labor in this Industry prior to the approval of the Code were very low. In the factories the average working week was approximately fortyeight hours. The home-workers were engaged in the needlework occupation from sixty to seventy hours a week. Article III, Section 1 , prohibits the working of employees in excess of forty hours in any one week, or eight hours in any day, with the exception that em ployees may be permitted to work seventy-two hours overtime in any calendar year, provided twice the normal wage rate is paid for such overtime. The approval of the Amendment and the Code as amended will thus result in a substantial increa se in the number of people employed in the Industry, and I so find. The wages paid in this Industry have always been exceptionally low. Prior to the Code, factory machine-workers were paid an average of $3.32 per week of forty-eight hours, with man; receiving even less. Under the Code they receive a minimum o $5.00 for a forty hour week. Factory hand-sewing and hand-embroidery workers averaging from $2.00 to $2.10 per week prior to the Code now receive a minimum of $3.00 per week under the Code. Before the Code was approved three home-workers would work on the same product in one home, and the aggregate earnings per week of the three would be about $1.00. The piece-rates established under the Code by the Piece Rates Commission result in a very marked in crease to these home-workers. The increase in wages and employees resulting from the approval of the Amendment and the Code as amended, will effect a considerable addition to the mass purchasing power of the I s land. When this increase is added to that which will be effected by the approval of codes for other industries in the Island, there will result a marked increase in the amount of goods consumed in Pm~rto Rico, which goods will be imported principally from the Mainland; consequently, one of the principal obstructions which diminished the amount of commerce between PuertoRico and the mainland and, indirectly, among the various States will be removed, and I so find. The increase in wages will remove a part of the burden from labor, which has been carrying more than its share, but will not add an unreasonable expense to the employer's cost, and I so find. Further improvem ents will be brought about in the standards of labor by the Code provision eliminating child labor. This abuse was especially prevalent in Puerto Rico, and its elimination will be one of the biggest accomplishments of the Code. No person under sixteen years of age is allowed to be employed in the Industry under the Code. Labor standards are likewise raised by the requirement that employers should provide for the safety and health of em-

PAGE 7

5 ployees, and that standards of safety and health should be submitted by the Code Authority. Likewise, the prohibiting of tamping, cutting, washing, pressing, folding, ribboning, and ticketing in the home of employees is another most exemplary improvement in the standards of labor. The Executive Order approving the Code provide s for a Needle work Commission to study and to make recommendations concerning the question of competition between the Needlework Industry on the mainland and in Puerto Rico. The purpose of the appointment of this Commission was to effect a better mutual understanding of their problems between the members of the related mainland industries and the Puerto Rico Industry. Likewise, the activities of the Code Authority and the cooperative action in the Trade Asso ciation sponsoring the Code tend to promote the organization of the Industry :for the purpose of cooperative action among trade groups, and I so find. The provisions of Article IX as to price filing tend to prevent the destructiYe price cutting which :formerly exi ted in the Industry, with the resulting inability to pay living wages. These provjsions contain sufficient safeguards to protect the small employers and consumers :from improper price fixing, and I so find. There are no provisions in the Code which would tend to promote monopolies or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises or that discriminate against them, or that will permit monopolies or monopo listic practices. The increased purchasing power resulting from the approval of the Code will create additional demand for goods and commodities of all sorts and kinds. In order to meet these demands, the productive capacity of industries will be promoted and utilized. This increase in production will have the effect of beneficially encourag ing interstate commerce, both in the movement of raw material used in the process of production and in the production of finished goods and commodities . Thus, the Amendment and the Code as amended tend to promote the :fullest possible utilization of the present productive capacity of Industry, and I so find. There exists at the present time an undue restriction of production due to the r.bsence of demand for goods produced, which in turn is caused by the depressed purchasing power. The increased purchasing power effected by the approval of the Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to avoid this undue restriction of produc tion, and I so find. In addition to the findings above se t forth and for the reasons adduced above, I hereby find that: (a) The amendment and the Code as amended comp ly in all respects with the pertinent provisions of Title I of the Act, including without limitation, Sub-Section (a) of Section 3, Sub-section (a) of Section 7, and Sub-Section (b) of Section 10 thereof; (b) The Association sponsoring the Code imposed no inequitable restriction or admission to membership therein; ( c) The group sponsoring the Code was truly representative of the Industry; ( d) The Amendment and the Code as amended are not designed to promote monopoly or to eliminate or oppress small enterprises

PAGE 8

6 and will not operate to discriminate against them and will not permit monopolies or monopolistic practices; ( e) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to remove obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof; ( f) The Amendment and the Code as amended will promote the organization of Industry for the purpose of cooperative action among trade groups; (g) The Amendment and the Code as amended will induce and n1aintain united action of labor and management under adequate . governmental sanctions and supervision; (h) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to eliminate unfair competitive practices; ( i) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to promote the fullest possible utilization of the present productive capacity of Industries; (j) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to avoid undue restriction of production; (k) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to in crease the consumption of industrial and agricultural products by increasing purchasing power; (1) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to reduce and relieve unemployment; (m) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend to improve the standards of labor; (n) The Amendment and the Code as amended will tend otherwise to rehabilitate Industry; ( e) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process were not denied the right to be heard prior to the approval of this Amendment and Code as amended. It is recommended, therefore, that this Amendment and Code as Amended be approved as submitted. Respectfully, MARCH 30, 1935. BoAz LoNG, Deputy Administrator.

PAGE 9

AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE NEEDLEWORK INDUSTRY IN PUERTO RICO Amend Article II, Section 1 to read as follows : 1. The term "Industry" as used herein includes the manufactur jng and processing, including sewing, wholly or in part, within the Territory of Puerto Rico, of articles having drawn work and/or embroidery done upon them by machine and/or by hand and/or the manufacturing and/or processing of hand-made hems on piece goods to convert such piece goods into handkerchiefs and/or decorative articles for the home, such as (but without limitation) luncheon sets, pillow cases, bedspreads, to"'els, including the business of contracting with reference thereto. Approved Code No. 474-Ame m1ment No. 2. Registry No. 231-16. (7) 0

PAGE 10

Digitized by the Internet Archive in 2011 with funding from University of Florida , George A. Smathers Libraries with support from LYRASIS and the Sloan Foundation http: // www.archive.org / details / amendmenttocodeo8127unit

PAGE 13

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PAGE 16

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA 111111111111111111111111111 II 1111111111111111111111111111111111 I 3 1262 08482 8127