VOL. XXXI JANUARY AND APRIL M ;: I'aI
THE FLORIDA STATE '
Published Quarterly by the Society
OFFICE OF PUBLICATION
APPLICATION FOR ENTRY AS SECOND-CLASS MATTER AT THE POST-OFFICE AT DE LAND, FLORIDA, PENDING.
FLORIDA STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
ORGANIZED IN 1888
H. Harold Hume --- ------President W. J. Krome ------- -Vice-President
Glen St. Mary. Homestead.
L. B. Skinner ---------Vice-President Bayard F. Floyd -----------Secretary
S. F. Poole -----------Vice-President W. S. Hart --------------Treasurer
Winter Haven. Hawks Park.
P. H. Rolfs, Gainesville. H. Harold Hume (Ex Officio).
E. S. Hubbard, Federal Point. Bayard F. Floyd (Ex Officio).
Lloyd S. Tenny, Miami. W. S. Hart (Ex Officio).
Annual Membership, $I.oo.
Life Membership, $1o.oo.
The Florida State Horticultural Society Quarterly is published four times a
year in the months of January, April, July and October, by the Florida State Hor-
ticultural Society, from DeLand, Florida, and is distributed free of charge to its
members. Application for entrance as second-class matter at the postoffice at De-
Land, Florida, is pending.
Address all correspondence and make all remittances to the Secretary, at
THE FIRST DUTY OF EVERY MEMBER IS TO
BUY A LIBERTY BOND.
At a meeting held in Jacksonville on
February 7th, the Executive Committee
of the Society voted to publish a quarterly
publication which shall be issued in Jan-
uary, April, July and October of each
year. The July number is to contain the
complete report of the proceedings of the
annual meeting. The other three num-
bers are to contain original articles, re-
prints of articles published in the older
numbers of the Proceedings, and notices
concerning the Society.
In order to make the volume begin with
the January number, this issue of the
quarterly is published as a double number,
and consists entirely of notices concerning
The reason for issuing the publications
of the Society in a quarterly form is to
supply a means for holding the interest of
its members; and to further the advance-
ment of Horticulture in Florida. The
membership of the Society is much more
of a changing one than it should be. When
a meeting is held in a particular commu-
nity, a considerable number of people in
that community become members. The
next year, many of these fail to renew
their memberships. The same is true of
many of the members throughout the
In order that the Society may best ac-
complish the object for which it was es-
tablished, its members must be persuaded
to renew their memberships every year.
It is expected that the issuing of its pub-
lications more frequently will be a factor
in bringing this about.
The object of the Florida State Horti-
cultural Society is the advancement of
Horticulture. It is hoped that the publi-
cations of this Society may attain a place
in relation to Horticulture in Florida that
is somewhat comparable to that which the
National Geographic Magazine now holds
in relation to geographic knowledge in the
The Quarterly will not carry any ad-
vertising matter, and is to be supported
entirely by the membership fees.
THE JULY NUMBER OF THE
The Proceedings of the Thirty-First
Annual Meeting of the Society will be
published complete in the July number of
the Quarterly. It will consist of the ad-
dresses made, the papers read, and a steno-
graphic report of the discussions follow-
ing the papers and addresses. The form
of the publication will be very much the
same as that in which the Proceedings
have been published in the past.
This number of the Quarterly will be
mailed only to those who have paid their
annual dues for the year 1918. In order
to be sure of receiving this number, mail
your annual dues to the Secretary, at
Gainesville, Florida, at once.
THE WORK OF THE COM-
MITTEE ON HISTORY
F. M. O'BYRNE, Chairman
How did the sweet orange come. to
Florida? Where was the first orange
grove? By whom and when planted?
Who first propagated desirable varieties
of oranges by budding? Where did the
pineapple orange come from? What was
the climate in Florida previous to the
freeze of 1895? How did the diseases
and insect pests come. into the State?
Where did they come from? What were
the conditions as regards the picking,
packing, and handling of citrus fruits in
the early days? Who originated the pres-
ent style of orange box? What led to the
conclusion that it would be the most satis-
factory size? Who invented the first or-
These and a thousand other interesting
questions come to mind when one. thinks
of the work of the Committee on History.
Many of the pioneers of the orange indus-
try know the answer to one or more of
these questions. Many of our pioneers
have shipped off to another and happier
land, and more are leaving yearly; but no
adequate and co-ordinated effort has been
made to accumulate this very important
information in permanent form for the
use of the generations yet unborn.
Many of the older growers of the State
have a vast fund of most interesting and
useful information. Often they them-
selves do not realize how much they pos-
sess until they are drawn out in some
fashion. One has only to talk to some of
these keen, resourceful and successful
pioneers for a few minutes to realize that
in the many years of their experiences
they must have learned many things of
value. What richer heritage could they
bequeath than a record of their experi-
ences in horticulture for the information
and assistance of future horticulturists?
It is on this platform that the Commit-
tee on History appeals to the older grow-
ers of the State for help. The. committee
will record the material given it, and safe-
guard its loss from fire by making several
copies, to be kept in different places. But
it is absolutely dependent for material on
those of many years of horticultural ex-
Many are deplorably unappreciative of
themselves. They think that their experi-
ences are of no interest, or that every one
knows as much as they do. On more than
one occasion such men have told the writer
that they didn't know of anything of in-
terest. And yet, in the twilight, or over
a good cigar, they talked most instruct-
ively about the "early days," and some, of
their "peculiar experiences" with this or
that pest or obstacle.
One of the finest of our pioneers out-
lines the matter splendidly in the opening
paragraph of a paper which he has con-
"Mr. O'Byrne of the Historical Com-
mittee has asked me to prepare a brief ac-
count of my experiences in the early days
of the citrus industry. In complying with
his request, I make no claim to any ex-
pert knowledge or to speak with authority,
for I realize that there are others far more
competent to depict those good old times
than I am. But I feel it incumbent upon
me to do my little bit toward passing on
to future generations the. lessons gained in
the hard school of experience. And I sin-
cerely hope that my humble effort may be
the means of influencing some mightier
pen than mine to set down the story of
the childhood of our industry ere it be too
What splendid spirit this shows! With
such support from others the work of this
committee will be invaluable. And as he
says, we must do it quickly "ere it be too
The body of the. paper is replete with
valuable and interesting information. The
following paragraph is an example:
"One day Mr. Bishop asked me to try
an orange from a tree near which we were
standing. Then he asked me if I noticed
anything peculiar about its flavor. I told
him no, but I had for some time consid-
ered it the best orange in the grove, and I
could tell it as soon as my hand touched
it, by the smooth, firm feeling of the rind.
He then told me that when he was looking
around for desirable wood with which to
bud the sour trees, he arranged with Dr.
James B. Owens, who lived about six
miles south of Citra, to let him have the
tops of nine large seedling trees that he
intended to move anyway. Mr. Bishop
paid him $2oo for the privilege of taking
them as needed. When he was getting
these buds, one. of Dr. Owens' daughters
told him that they called one of the trees
their "pineapple orange," because they
thought it had the flavor of pineapple. I
said that I could not detect that flavor, but
that it had a decided flavor of its own
and a very moreishh" taste. After that I
took pains to bud all I could of that vari-
ety, and when we had enough of the fruit
to pack by itself I asked Mr. Bishop to
have a stencil made with a picture of a
pineapple, on it and the words "Bishop,
Hoyt & Co." above the cut, and "Or-
anges" below. Then I packed under that
brand only the very best oranges of that
variety. Some of the other growers rid-
iculed the idea that we had any different
orange from theirs and laughed at the idea
of a "pineapple" orange. But the public
seemed to think differently and were glad
to pay an extra price for it. As a matter
of fact, it leads the market today."
In the letter that transmitted this paper
to the chairman, the writer has the fol-
lowing to say concerning the manner in
which the present style, of orange box was
"I would like to know if you have
ever succeeded in getting in touch with
Mrs. L. J. P. Bishop, and whether she
wrote you anything about her father's ex-
perience, or not. I could have told you
more about him only I thought she would
tell it. He and E. Bean were. the ones
that originated the present style or shape
of orange box. They reached the conclu-
sion that it would be about right to pile
the oranges up in different shapes, while
they were waiting for the boat to take
them to Jacksonville to a meeting of Cit-
rus Growers, in the fall of 1875, I think it
was. The old style of box was about o1
by 14 by 36 and was very unwieldy."
Will not other orange growers of many
years of experience come forward, each
with his contribution from his particular
section or sections of the State? The in-
formation that each of you may have is
important. We are anxious to give it its
proper place in our reports. Will not you
write a paper on the subject and forward
it to the chairman of this committee? If
you do not feel that you have time to work
it over carefully, or to polish up the rhet-
oric, send it along anyhow. If it is easier
for you to use abbreviations in writing,
do it. The important point is for you to
give us the information. If you wish us
to, we will edit your paper and re-submit
it to you for your approval. Any infor-
mation that is of interest or is instructive
is of value. Don't make the mistake of
thinking that your experiences are not in-
teresting or instructive. Send them along
and you will then have the feeling of hav-
ing done the right thing, and can join the
writer of the paper mentioned above in
"I have told my little story, and trust
that now others of the old pioneers will
come forward and contribute each his
quota to the fund of human knowledge on
this subject, which our Society is trying
to store up for future generations."
FLORIDA STATE HORTICULTURAL SOCIETY
APRIL 23, 24, 25 and 26, 1918
Ft. Myers, Fla.
TUESDAY, APRIL 23, 7:45 P. M.
I. Call to Order, Pres. H. Harold Hume.
2. Opening Prayer, Rev. G. W. Rexford, Ft. Myers.
3. Address of Welcome on Behalf of Ft. Myers, Mayor W. P. Franklin.
4. Response. for the Society, Dr. J. H. Ross, Winter Haven.
5. President's Annual Address.
6. Address, Dr. Calvin H. French, President of Rollins College, Winter
7. Introduction of the Question Box.
8. Social Hour.
WEDNESDAY, APRIL 24, 9:00 A. M.
9. Machinery in the Citrus Grove, Its Use and Care, H. E. Cornell, Win-
ter Haven; R. C. Ricker, Bradentown.
io. Address, The Care of Spraying Machinery, W. W. Others, Orlando.
11. Address, Labor for the Grove and Packing House During the Season of
1918-1919, W. A. Dopson, Washington, D. C.
12. Labor in the Grove and Packing House, E. J. Kaufmann, Lakeland;
Ed. Scott, Arcadia; Hugh Matheson, Cocoanut Grove.
13. Protection of the Grove from Cold, A. B. O'Hara, Rockledge; A. M.
Tilden, Winter Haven.
2:00 P. M.
14. Address, Canning and Why Can? Mrs. Dora R. Barnes, Bartow.
15. Canning and Preserving, Mrs Lloyd S. Tenny, Miami; Mrs. C. H.
Thompson, Winter Haven; Mrs. Dora R. Barnes, Bartow.
16. Address, New and Rare Plants for Florida Gardens, Dr. H. Nehrling,
17. The Flower Garden, Mrs. T. Ralph Robinson, Terra Ceia; Mrs. R. D.
Hoyt, Clearwater; Dr. H. Nehrling, Gotha; Theodore L. Meade,
8:oo P. M.
18. Address, The Black Fly, A Menace to Florida Horticulture, Wilmon
19. Address, A Performance Record Bud Supply Department of the Cali-
fornia Fruit Growers' Exchange, Leo B. Scott, Pomologist, Wash-
ington, D. C.
20. Rebuilding the Grove Injured by Cold, G. W. Wakelin, Tavares; John
Bukoutz, Labelle; Wm. Edwards, Zellwood; H. B. Stevens, DeLand.
THURSDAY, APRIL 25, 9:00 A. M.
21. Address, The Work of the State Council of Defense, P. H. Rolfs.
22. Address, The Season's Development in the Fertilizer Situation, W. J.
23. Address, The Fertilizer Situation from the Citrus Growers' Viewpoint,
A. L. White, Ft. Myers.
24. Fertilizers, W. J. Schubert, Jacksonville; John A. Snively, Winter Ha-
ven; A. L. White, Ft. Myers.
25. Address, Community Spraying, Max Waldron, Lake Alfred.
26. Insects and Diseases, R. N. Wilson, West Palm Beach; C. D. Kime,
Titusville; Max Waldron, Lake Alfred.
27. Address, System in the Nursery, F. M. O'Byrne, Gainesville.
28. Pruning in the Citrus Grove, W. L. Drew, Winter Haven; C. W.
2 :00 P. M.
29. Avocados, Lloyd S.Tenny, Miami; L. D. Niles, Winter Haven; W. F.
30. Address, Avocado Varieties, Leo B. Scott, Pomologist, Washington,
31. Address, Avocado Diseases, H. E. Stevens, Gainesville.
32. Development of Drained Lands, Jules Burguieres, West Palm Beach; J.
E. Ingraham, St. Augustine; R. A. Conkling, Fellsmere.
33. Address, Surface Irrigation for Florida Farms, F. W. Stanley, Irriga-
tion Engineer, Washington, D. C.
7:45 P. M.
34. Markets and Marketing, Geo. Koplin, Winter Haven; S. C. Kelly, Ft.
35. Address, The U. S. Department of Agriculture Market News Service
in Florida, F. W. Read, Jacksonville.
36. Plums, Peaches and Pecans, C. A. Carter, Dade City; B. E. Stall,
37. Address, The Home Fruit Garden, H. Harold Hume, Glen St. Mary.
38. Report of Secretary, B. F. Floyd.
39. Report of Treasurer, W. S. Hart.
40. Report of Executive Committee, P. H. Rolfs.
41. Report of Membership Committee, Russel Kay.
42. Report of Committee, on History, F. M. O'Byrne.
43. Election of Officers.
44. Selection of Next Place of Meeting.
45. Necrology Report.
46. Report of Committee on Legislation.
FRIDAY, APRIL 26, 9:00 A. M.
47. Sapodillas, Guavas and Pineapples, Edward Simmonds, Miami; E. C.
Brown, Punta Gorda; Alfred Warren, Ft. Pierce.
48. Figs and Persimmons, D. R. McQuarrie, Bee Ridge.
49. Tomatoes, Peppers and Egg Plants, John Boring, Ft. Myers; E. B.
Rood, Bradentown; C. D. Sherbakoff, Gainesville.
50. Chayotes, Dasheens and Potatoes, F. N. Holmes, St. Augustine; F. E.
Bugbee, Hastings; Nathan Menderson, Brooksville.
51. Address, The Use of Chayotes and Dasheens and Their Culture, J. E.
Morrow, Plant Introduction Station, U. S. Dept. of Agriculture,
Washington, D. C.