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Proposed code of fair competition for the marking devices industry as revised for public hearing

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Title:
Proposed code of fair competition for the marking devices industry as revised for public hearing
Portion of title:
Marking devices industry
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
13 p. : ; 24 cm.

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Subjects / Keywords:
Marking devices industry -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

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Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1407-1-02."
General Note:
"659-B."

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Source Institution:
University of Florida
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This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004938117 ( ALEPH )
649469027 ( OCLC )

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NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION

FOR THE


MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY

AS REVISED FOR PUBLIC HEARING


WE DO OUR PART
UN/ J. O>


IC _
U.5. '' F ----T, V j



The Code for the Marking Devices Industry
in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned
industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are
to be regarded as having received the approval of
the National Recovery Administration
as applying to this industry




UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1933


For ale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. - Price 5 cents


659-B


Registry No. 1407-1--02






































SUBMITTED BY

INTERNATIONAL STAMP MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION
(II)















PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY
(As Revised 9,2,33)
ARTICLE I-PURPOSE OF THE CODE
To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, during the period of the emergency, by reducing and re-
lieving unemployment, improving the standards of labor, eliminating
competitive practices destructive of the interests of the public,
employees and employers, and otherwise rehabilitating the marking
devices industry and by increasing the consumption of industrial and
agricultural products by increasing purchasing power, and in other
respects, the following provisions are established as a code of fair
competition for the marking devices industry.

ARTICLE II- DEFINITIONS
As used herein the term "marking devices industry" is defined to
mean the manufacture and production of any or all of the general
classes of articles as listed in Schedule A annexed to this code, or any
part or parts of any one or more of such articles, and the distribution
of such articles and/or such parts by the manufacturer.
The term "employer" as used herein includes every person (whether
individual, partnership, association or corporation) who is engaged
in production of any or all of the articles as listed in Schedule A
annexed to this code, or any part or parts of any one or more of such
articles.
The term "employee" as used herein shall include all persons em-
ployed in the conduct of any phase of the Marking Devices Industry,
(except as hereinafter specifically excluded) and shall include all pro-
prietors, supervisors, and foremen, when doing productive or mechani-
cal work.
The term "association" as used herein shall mean the International
Stamp Manufacturers Association.
The term "member of the industry" includes any manufacturer,
wholesaling and/or retailing, who shall be subject, to this Code.
The term "member of the Code" includes any member of the Indus-
try who shall have expressly signified assent to this Code.
ARTICLE III-HOURS
SECTION 1. No employee shall work or be permitted to work in
excess of five hundred twenty (520 hours in any thirteen) (13) week
period (average forty (40) hours per week) nor in excess of forty-
eight (48) hours in any one week, nor in excess of eight (8) hours in
any one day.
SEC. 2. There shall be no limitation on the maximum number of
hours for which a watchman may be employed for a period of three










months after the effective date of this Code. On or before the end
of this period the Code Authority shall submit to the Administrator
for his approval a schedule of wages and hours to govern the employ-
ment of watchmen.
SEC. 3. The maximum hours fixed in the foregoing section (1) shall
not apply to-
(a) Emergency maintenance and repair shop crews, or outside sales
force;
(b) Engineers, electricians, firemen, designers, draftsmen, shipping
crews, and truck or delivery wagon employees; but provided further,
that all such employees shall be paid at the rate of time and one-third
for all hours per week over forty.
(c) Executives, and supervisory staff receiving more than $35.00
per week except when doing productive or mechanical work.
SEC. 4. No employee shall work or be permitted to work for a total
number of hours in excess of the number of hours prescribed, whether
employed by one or more employers.

ARTICLE IV-WAGES
SECTION 1. No employee shall be paid at less than the rate of
thirteen ($13.00) dollars per week of forty (40) hours, except as pro-
vided in Section 2 of this Article; provided, however, that where a
State law provides a higher minimum wage, no person employed
within that state shall be paid a wage lower than that required by such
State law.
SEC. 2. (a) Learners in either factory or office during the first
year's apprenticeship shall be paid not less than eighty (80) percent
of the minimum wage, and during the second year's apprenticeship
shall be paid not less than ninety (90) percent of the minimum wage.
In subsequent years they shall be paid not less than the full minimum
wage. Each plant and each office shall be entitled to at least one
learner, but learners shall not exceed in number one learner to each
six other employees.
(b) Foot or bicycle messengers needed to call for orders and/or to
deliver finished product shall be paid not less than eighty (80) percent
of the minimum wage, but no such employee shall engage in any
productive or mechanical work.
SEC. 3. The provisions for a minimum wage in this Code establish
a guaranteed minimum rate of pay per hour of employment regardless
of whether the employee's compensation is otherwise based on a time
rate or on a piecework performance.

ARTICLE V-CHILD LABOR
No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed in the
Marking Devices Industry except that persons between 14 and 16
years of age may be employed (but not in productive or mechanical
work) for not to exceed 3 houri per day and those hours shall be
between 7 a.m. and 7 p.m. and such as not to interfere with hours of
day school. Provided, however, that where State law provides a
higher minimum age, no person below the age specified by such State
Law shall be employed within that State.










ARTICLE VI-ADMINISTRATION
SECTION 1. DiiSsions of the Industry.-For the purpose of adminis-
tering this code, the Industry shall be divided into the divisions as
set forth below. Each division may be independent and self-govern-
ing with respect to all conditions and problems relating exclusively
to the said division, subject to the approval of the Code Authority
and the Administrator. Proposals in respect to matters affecting
more than one division may be initiated by any division affected, and
shall be submitted for consideration to the Code Authority of the
Industry hereinafter described; and, with the approval of the Admin-
istrator, its determination shall be binding upon the proposing
divisions and all other divisions affected thereby.
The following constitute the divisions of the Marking Devices
Industry:
Rubber Stamps. Rubber Printing Dies--Moulded
Seals. and Cut..
Pressed Metal Plates and Signs. Brass Stamps, Brass Dies, and
Steel Stamps, Steel Dies, and Milled Brass Signs.
Burning Brands. Stencils.
Checks, Badges, and Stamped Merchandise Sundries.
Plates.
SEC. 2. Division Committees.-Each of the above-named divisions,
and any others which may subsequently be formed within the Industry
may by a fair method of selection set up a Division Committee, sub-
ject to the approval of the Code Authority and the Administrator,
consisting of not more than five members, which committees shall,
subject to the approval of the Administrator, administer the provisions
of the general code of the Industry, secure adherence thereto, consider
proposals for amendments thereof and exceptions thereto, hear and
adjust complaints, and otherwise carry out within the division the
purposes of the National Industrial Recovery Act, as set forth in this
code.
SEC. 3. Code Authority.-The Code Authority for the Marking
Devices Industry shall consist of a National Committee for the Mark-
ing Devices Industry which is constituted herein as a planning and
fair practice agency to cooperate with the Administrator in the
administration of this Code.
(a) Members.-The National Committee of the Marking Devices
Industry shall be composed of not less than seven members, who shall
be nominated by the Board of Directors of the International Stamp
Manufacturers Association and appointed by the Administrator. This
Committee shall, in the same manner, be augmented from time to
time with due regard to full and true representation of the industry.
This National Committee shall meet and organize immediately after
appointment.
(b) Quorum.-Two-thirds of the National Committee, present after
due notice, and ample travel time, shall constitute a quorum, and a
majority of the members present shall constitute a vote on any mat-
ters before the Committee.
(c) Powers and Duties.-The National Committee of the Marking
Devices Industry shall be the general planning and coordinating
agency for the Industry. Subject to the approval of the Adminis-










trator, its members shall be empowered to act conclusively in all
matters before the Committee and within its jurisdiction.
Subject to the approval of the Administrator, the National.Com-
mittee shall have powers and duties as provided herein, subject to
the approval of the Administrator, the National Committee shall:
(1) From time to time require such reports from the members of
the Industry as in its judgment may be necessary to adequately pro-
vide for the administration of, and to enforce the provisions of, this
code;
(2) Upon complaint of interested parties or upon its own initiative,
make such inquiry or investigation of the operation of this code, as
may be necessary; and
(3) Make rules and regulations necessary for the administration
and enforcement of this Code. The Committee may delegate any of
its authority to Division Committees or other special committees or
such officers or agencies as it shall determine, and which are permit-
ted under the Act.
SEC. 4. ExecC tI're Committee.-An Executive Committee, consisting
of three members of the National Comnmittee, chosen by the National
Committee, shall carry out, under the provisions of this code, the
instructions of the National Committee.

ARTICLE VII-ADMINISTRATION AND PARTICIPATION
SECTION 1. The Code Authority of the International Stamp Manu-
facturers Association, now situated at 431 South Dearborn Street,
Chicago, Illinois, is hereby constituted the administrative agency
in cooperation with the Administrator in accordance with the pro-
visions of this Code.
SEC. 2. Any employer in the Marking Devices Industry may
participate in the endeavors of the Code Authority of the Inter-
national Stamp Manufacturers Association relative to the revisions
or additions to this Code by. accepting the proper pro rata share of
the cost and responsibility of creating and administering it, either
by becoming a member of said Association or by paying to it an
amount equal to the dues from time to time provided to be paid by
a member in like situation of the International Stamp Manufacturers
Association.

ARTICLE VIII-DURATION, MODIFICATION, AND CANCELLATION

SECTION 1. Efftccre date.-This Code of Fair Competition shall
become effective ten (10) days after it shall be approved by the
President of the United States.
SEC. 2. C1anclli',ton or 3,d rlJication of Gorcrnmen t Approral.-
This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made subject
to the right of the President, in ticrordance with the provisions of
Clause 10 (b) Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, from
time to time to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule, or
regulation, issued Ilnder Title I of said Act, and specifically to the
right of the President to cancel or modify his approval of this Code
or any conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof.










ARTICLE IX-LABOR PROVIrsONS
Employers in the Marking Devices Industry shall comply with the
requirements of the National Industrial Recovery Act as follows:
(1) That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives or in
self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of
collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection;
(2) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization
of his own choosing; and
(3) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment,
approved or prescribed by the President.

ARTICLE X-COSTS
SECTION 1. Prices of all products shall be based upon accurate and
known costs, as established by an adequate cost-finding system,
which shall be open to inspection at reasonable times by authorized
nonmember representatives of the International Stamp Manufac-
turers Association.
SEC. 2. No manufacturer in the Marking Devices Industry-shall,
except as provided in Section 3 of this Article, sell any products,
merchandise, or service at prices below a cost which shall include all
materials, labor, and all expenses in connection with procuring,
processing, producing, marketing, and distributing of such products,
merchandise, or service plus all other expenses incidental and neces-
sary to the continuous conduct of his business as determined in accord-
ance with the cost-finding system provided for in Section I of this
Article.
SEC. 3. Dropped lines, sometimes designated as "close-outs", may
be disposed of under such rules and regulations as may be recom-
mended by the Committee of each Division, and approved by the
National Committee and the Administrator.
SEC. 4. Each manufacturer in the Marldng Devices Industry shall,
ten (10) days prior to the effective date of his price list to the trade,
file with the Association net current price lists or price list and dis-
count sheets, as the case may be, for stock or merchandise sundry
products, and costing and pricing formulas for made-to-order goods
and services.
SEC. 5. Revised price lists of each and every item of stock or mer-
chandise sundry products with or without discounts thereon and/or
costing and pricing formulas for made-to-order goods shall, ten (10)
days prior to the effective date of the revised price list and/or for-
mula, be filed from time to time thereafter with the Association.
SEC. 6. No manufacturer shall sell directly or indirectly or through
his dealers, by any means whatsoever, any stock or merchandise
sundry product of the industry at a price lower or at a discount
greater, or on more favorable terms of payment that those provided
in his current net price list or price list and discount sheets on file,










nor sell any made-to-order product of this industry or services at a
price lower than that determined by the current costing and pricing
formula on file.
ARTICLE XI-STATISTICS
When and as determined by the National Committee of the In-
dustry, on written notice from the said committee, all members of the
Industry shall promptly forward to and file with the Executive
Secretary of the Association, or such agency as the National Commit-
tee may designate, such statistical data and information as may be
determined necessary to the preparation of the schedules listed under
this agreement or necessary to effectuate the declared policy and pro vi-
sions of this code and/or of the National Industrial Recovery Act.
In the same manner the said Committee shall decide as to what
schedules, lists, or studies shall be compiled for the purposes of the
Association and the Industry as a whole and how and when any of this
material and information shall be distributed to the members of the
Industry. And it shall be provided that the individual figures of
the re-spec tive members of the Industry shall not be disclosed and shall
be treated as strictly confidential by the Exectutive Secretary or other
agency of the Association.

ARTICLE XII--B-Li-NESS ETHICS
SECTION 1. Prices.-a. This industry, recognizing the manufactur-
er's right to safeguard his assets and protect the standing of his prod-
ucts, established through advertising and other promotional effort,
declares in favor of the resale price maintenance policy, such prices to
include a fair profit to manufacturer and dealers.
b. Offering merchandise for sale at a price reduced from a marked-
up or fictitious price constitutes a violation of this code.
c. The practice of giving special discounts, gratuities, or other
merchandise at a price below a scheduled sale price as an inducement
to purchase any commodity or commodities constitutes a violation
of this code.
d. The secret payment or allowance of rebates, refunds, com-
missions, credits, or luncarned discounts, whether in the form of
money or otherwise; or secretly extending to certain purchasers
special services or privileges not extended to all purchasers, under
like terms and conditions, constitutes a violation of this code.
e. No manufacturer shall discriminate as between purchasers of
the same quantity or the same class.
SEC. 2. Terms of Payiment.-a. The standard maximum cash
discount terms for payment of products bought from manufacturers,
jobbers, or retailers in the Marking Devices Industry are hereby
declared to be 2% 10 days, net 30 days, E.O.M. This shall be taken
to mean that for any products purchased and delivered during any
certain month (for example, January), payment shall be made for
same on or before the 10th of the following month (for example,
February), less two percent; and any greater cash discounts given or
taken by recognized members of this industry on or after the taking
effect of this agreement shall be considered a violation thereof;
provided, however, that nothing in this section shall be interpreted as









preventing any recognized member of the Marking Devices Industry
from giving or taking cash discounts of less than 2%, if he so desires.
SEC. 3. Unfair Sales Practices.-a. Directly or indirectly to give or
permit to be given or offer to give money or anything of value to
agents, employees, or representatives, or customers or prospective
customers, or to agents, employees, or representatives of competitors'
customers or prospective customers, or principals, to purchase or
contract to purchase industry products from the maker of such gift
or offer, or to influence such employers or principals to refrain from
dealing or contracting to deal with competitors, constitutes a viola-
tion of this code.
b. For any person, firm, or corporation to give anything of value
to those employed in any capacity involving special trust, upon the
condition or understanding, express or implied, that its goods be
recommended or used by such person in preference to the goods or
equipment of a competitor or competitors of that person, firm, or
corporation, constitutes a violation of this code.
c. This industry approves the "one-bid" policy on competitive
bidding, and any practice of fake, fictitious, or blind bids for the pur-
pose of deceiving competitors or purchasers, or any attempt through
connivance to have all bids rejected to the end that a more advanta-
geous position may be secured in new bidding, constitutes a violation
of this code.
d. The sale or offering for sale of any product of the industry by
any false means or device constitutes a violation of this code.
e. The practice of coercing the purchase of several, or a group of pro-
ducts, as a condition to the purchase of one or more products under
the exclusive control of the seller constitutes a violation of this code.
SEc. 4. Unfair Business Tactics.-a. The practice of shipping or
delivering products which do not conform to the samples submitted
or representations made prior to securing the orders constitutes a
violation of this code.
b. Maliciously ininducing or attempting to induce the breach of
existing contracts between competitors and their customers by any
false or deceptive means whatsoever, or interfering with or obstruct-
ing the performance of any such contractual duties or services by any
such means, with the purpose of unduly hampering, injuring, or em-
barrassing competitors in their business constitutes a violation of
this code.
c. The defamation of competitors by falsely imputing to them dis-
honorable conduct, inability to perform contracts, questionable credit
standing, or by other false representations constitutes a violation of
this code.
d. The false disparagement of the grade or quality of the goods of
competitors with the tendency to mislead or deceive purchasers or
prospective purchasers constitutes a violation of this code.
e. The making or causing or permitting to be made or published
any false, untrue, or deceptive statement by way of advertisement
or otherwise, concerning the grade, quality, quantity, substance,
character, nature, origin, size, or preparation of any product of the
industry constitutes a violation of this code.
f. Maliciously enticing away the employees of competitors with the
purpose and effect of unduly hampering, injuring, or embarrassing
competitors in their business, constitutes a violation of this code.
9715--33-2










g. The circularization of threats of suit for infringement of patent
or trade mark among customers of competitors, not made in good
faith but for the purpose and with the effect of harassing and intim-
idating customers constitutes a violation of this code.
h. Securing information from competitors concerning their business
by false or misleading statement or representations or by false imper-
sonations of one in authority, and the wrongful use thereof to unduly
hinder or stifle the competition of such competitors constitutes a
violation of this code.
SEC. 5. Sii ulationt-Design Piracy.-a. With due recognition to
initiative in business, the practice of usurping designs, styles, or
patterns originated by a competitor and appropriating them for one's
own use within a five-year period after such originations, constitutes
a violation of this code.
b. The imitation of the trade-marks, trade names, slogans, or other
marks of identification of competitors, constitutes a violation of this
code.
SEC. 6. Credit.-The purchase of, or subscription to an interest in,
capital stock or other obligation of a present or potential customer,
where the intent is to furnish goods in payment under conditions
which violate provisions of this code applying to credit extensions,
terms of payment, secret rebates and allowances, or under conditions
which are obviously designed to conceal the true nature of transactions
between seller and buyer, is a violation of this code.
SEC. 7. Modification of this Article.--Any and/or all provisions of
this article may be amended, altered, repealed, or added to by a
majority vote of the recognized members of the Marking Devices
Industry, through their duly elected representatives subject to ap-
proval of the Administrator.

ARTICLE XIII-ENFORCEMENT-VIOLATION
The National Committee of the Marking Devices Industry shall
provide facilities and methods for the proper operation, supervision,
and enforcement of all of the provisions of this Code of Fair Competi-
tion. All regulations so adopted shall be in addition to and not in
lieu of any administrative or enforcement provision included within
the Recovery Act, or provided by the Administrator, government
regulations concerning same, or any amendment to said Act or Gov-
ernment regulations. The regulations so adopted by the Committee
shall be subject to approval by the President or his administrator and
shall be attached hereto and become a part hereof as Exhibit B,

ARTICLE XIV
Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be included
therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act may, with the ap-
proval of the President, be modified or eliminated as changes in cir-
cumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that from
time to time supplementary provisions to this Code or additional
codes will be submitted for the approval of the President to prevent
unfair competition in price and other unfair and destructive competi-
tive practices and to effectuate the other purposes and policies of
Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act consistent with the
provisions hereof.


















SCHEDULE A

LIST OF PRODUCTS FOR THE PURPOSE OF DEFINING DIVISIONS OF
THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY
SECTION I. The methods of manufacture, training of employees, cataloguing
and otherwise marketing the products developed through a long period of years
have resulted in the groupings listed in Section 3 of this schedule. For the pur-
pose of deciding upon the proper division for a product or the suitability of present
division designations for new incoming numbers or groups, the following listings
by division and product shall serve as index and definition.
SEC. II. The National Committee of the Marking Devices Industry shall
provide within three months (3) from the effective date of this Code, regulations
with respect to modifying present divisions or adding other divisions of the
Industry, and the manner in which other groups shall be included or refused
inclusion in this Code.
SEC. III. Divisions Indicated by Products.
A. Custom Made Products (made to order) to meet special and individual
requirements:
1. Rubber Stamps:
Wood-mounted Rubber (hand) stamps.
Metal-mounted Rubber (hand) Stamps.
Line daters and numberers, Special.
Die plate Daters, Time Stamps, Cancellers, Etc.
Self Inkers-plain, dating, etc.
Inks and Ink pads, Special.
Movable Rubber type and Outfits of Special or unusual kinds.
Printing presses for use with rubber dies and movable rubber type.
Printing Presses (amateur hand operated i for metal type.
Holders, Racks, Rules, Attachments, and Accessories for any of the above.
2. Rubber Printing Dies, Moulded and Cut:
These are commonly known as box-printing dies, used on printing presses
of many classes for imprinting such materials as wooden boards, cor-
rugated board, fibre board, and chip board; in fact any material from
which a box can be made, carrying advertisements, brand names, etc.,
and which are imprinted in one or more colors. These rubber printing
dies are made from rubber of varying degrees of hardness, and they may
be moulded or hand cut.
3. Steel Stamps, Steel Dies, and Burning Brands:
Steel Stamps.
Steel Letters and Figures.
Steel Type.
Embossing Type.
Male and Female Embossing Dies.
Steel Printing Dies for paper cartons and wood boxes.
Decorative tools for wood, paper, metal, etc.
Steel Matrices.
Metal Dies for branding by means of heat or ink.
Machinery built for marking with the above.
4. Brass Stamps, Brass Dies, and Milled Brass Signs:
Brass Stamps engraved for stamping letters or designs into wood, cloth,
leather, paper, meats, etc.
Brass Dies for embossing book covers, paper, leather, etc.
Brass Signs made by process of milling or engraving.
Complete Machines having brass wheels and dies for dating, numbering,
etc.











5. Checks, Badges, and Stamped Plates:
MTetal Checks, time, tool, trunk, trade, and etc., having raised or sunk
letters.
Badges, all shapes and forms of metal badges such as employees, police,
detective, sheriff, marshall, fireman, etc.
Stamped Plates, for identification, instruction, caution, brands, patent
dates, trade marks, etc., stamped in various metals with steel dies.
Medals and Pocket Pieces for advertising purposes, etc.
6. Pressed Metal Signs:
Embossed or Debossed sheet metal signs, finished or unfinished, made by
stamping with male and female dies or type.
7. Seals:
Notary, corporation, and official documental seal presses in all sizes
operated by hand or power.
Similar presses used for embossing letter heads, photographs, and cards.
Brass, steel and copper dies used in above presses with soft metal or plastic
counters.
8. Stencils:
For lettering or decorating with paint or ink by means of brush or spray
gun, made in thin sheetings of brass, copper, zinc, or paper.
For sand blasting letters and designs into glass, etc., made of thin
perforative steel.
NoTE.-The listings above are not intended to be altogether restrictive in
defining these Divisions of the Marking Devices Industry but rather that they
shall be suggestive of the Arts and facilities available for other products for
similar uses.
B. MAerchandise Sundries.-Manufactured on standard specifications as kindred
stock accessories to the above services and made-to-order products. Many of
these are altered or modified by the manufacturing dealer to order.


Line daters anl Numberers.
Self Inking Line Daters and numberers.
Alphabet stamps.
Cost and Selling Price stamps.
Express and Hotel daters.
Library dating stamps.
Movable rubber type sets.
Type holders.
Stock Rubber Hand stamps.
Marking Inks,


Numbering Machines (Hand) (not
typographic).
Price and sign Markers.
Stamp Racks and cases.
Adjustable stencils.
Machine Made Steel letters and figures.
Music Chart printers.
Stencil brushes and Pots.
Stencil cutting Machines.
Ink Pads.






















SCHEDULE B


LIST OF SIGNATORIES TO THE AGREEMENT AND CODE OF FAIR
COMPETITION OF THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY


Company


Acme Stamp Company ...........................
Acme Stamp Company, The.......-........-.....
American Seal & Stamp Company.--------------..
American Stamp Mfg Company.......-..-........
Art Novelty Mfg. Company......................
Atlantic Rubber Mfg. Company..................
Badger Engraving Company......................
Bankers & Merchants Stamp Wks-................
"Slue Dot" Stamp Company. ...................
Brakmeier Bros ...................................
Cadillac Stamp Co., Inc-.........-- ---------------
Columbia Stamp Work ...........................
Consolidated Stamp Mfg. Co.....................
Cooke Time Stamp Company -...-........-.......
Cooke Company, The J. P ........................
Dayton Stencil Works. The .......................
Des Moines Rubber Stamp Works_...... ..--
Detroit No. Machine Company.............-------
Detroit & Regal R. S. Company....-----....-----.
Dimond-Union Stamp Works........-............
Eagle Stamp Works ...............-............
Excelsior Stamp Works, The .....................
F. & S. Engraving Works, The------.. --.-.... --
Force & Co., Wm. A..............................
Fries, Anthony F.................................
Frost Office Appliance Co .............-....--......
Fulton Specialty Co -...........................
Gorton Machine Company, Geo.................
Hanson Company, C. H..........................
Hathaway Stamp Company.......................
Hay Rubber Stamp Company.. ..................
Hellesoe, Hans H............................
Hill-Independent Mfg. Company.................
Hiss Stamp Works, The............. ............
Hoff Rubber Stamp Company....................
Hudson, Gee. W ....... ..... ...... .........
Joslin Mfg. Company. A. D.. ............
Kauffman Inc., Geo. P...............-............
Los Angeles Rubber Stamp Co....................
Martin & Company .............................
Matthews & Company, Jas. H......................
Matthews & Company, Jas H.-...-....-......
Matthews & Company, Jss. H..................
Matthews & Company. Jas. H....................
Maibys & Co.. John W...........................
Mayer Company. Geo. J............................
Melind Company. Louis.........................
M essing, Ous. D ................... ............
Meyer & Wenthe ..............................
Morgan Stamp Works ...........................
Moss Company. Inc.. The ........................
National Stamp Works .......................
Nauert. F. C........... .. ................
Nobler Stamp & Seal Coimpany.................
Northwestern Stamp Works .....................
Pannier Bros. Stamp Company......... ........
Parker Stamp Works. Inc...................... ...
Patrick & Moise-Khliker Co...................
Progress Stamp Works............................
Quality Die Company...........................
Reliance Stamp & Slencil Co......................
Republic Eng. & Design Co.......................
Roberts Stamp & Ptg. Co., Osee.................
Safford Stamp Works..........................
St. Paul Stamp Works..........................
Scott Rice Com pany..............................
Schweizer Co., Chas. K..........................


City


Detroit............ .....
Cleveland.................
Chicago...------ ----------
New York --------.-----
Chicago.................
New York ...............
Chicago..................
New York...............
Milwaukee..............
Chicago...............
D etroit ..................
Louisville.................
Detroit............. ......
C hicago ..................
New York ...............
Om aha...................
Omaha..................
Dayton.............-....
Des Moines..............
Detroit ...............
Detroit ........ .. ......
Boston..................
Chicago .................
Cleveland................
C hicago .................
Chicago and New York.
Cincinnati... .........
Worcester. Mass .......
Elizabeth, N.J..........
Racine, W\is-............
Chicaio...............
C incinnati...............
W ashington ..............
Chicago.............-
Philadelphia............
Columbus...............
M inneapolls............
Springfield. Ill..........
Manistee. Mich.........
Denver, Colo ...........
Los Angeles............
Chicago..---------...----.......-----
Chicago ..................
New York..............
Boston................
Pittsburgh..............
Chicago ........... ......
Indianapolis ...........
C hicago ................
Minneapolis. ........
Chicago ...............
Chicago..-..............
New York..............
Chicago..............
Chicago ................
Chicago...............--
l inneapolis-... ... ---.
Pittsburgh..............
Hartford, Conn..........
San Francisco............
Chicago ....-............
Chicago..................
M ilwaukee..............
Chicago................
Birmingham.............
Chicagri..................
St. Paul...... ..-----. -..
Tulsa, Okla..............
St. Louis........--.-----.


(11)


By


Verne E. Sorge.
M. C. Lederer.
Jos. A. Pardi.
Harry Jonas.
F. H. Eyman.
Al. Oerlich.
J. J Handlos.
F. F. Crawford.
H. \. Boetticher.
Ous. W. Brakmeier.
Wm. A. Neville.
Mark Davis.
B. F. Schmidt.
J. P. Cooke.
A. 0. Fales.
C. G. Jauch.
Frank Child.
Jos. F. Foerg.
L. J. Reilly.
Jos. Levy.
W. Rueffers.
H. R Seefried.
August C Froiman.
Wim. A. Force, 3rd.
F. E. Frost.
E. R. Underwood.
Geo. Oorton.
Henry J. Hanson.
U. R Schmick.
Robert H. Hay.
B. A. Stewart.
Herman A Bloom.
Henry Hoff.
Geo. Hludsou.
M. H. Sheras.
Geo. P Kauffman.
F. T. Rinehart.
C. W. Martin.
E. F. Skeppstrom.
Win. Jenkins.
Wm. Jenkins.
Wm. Jenkins.
August Sanke.
Walter P. Mayer.
Louis Melind.

0. Meyer
O. T. Blaul.
Franklin Moss.
E. H. Hanson.
F C. Nauert.
Harry M. Nobler.
Geo. Rousopolous.
R. F. Hershey.
Herman L. Alter.
J M Patrick.
W. W. House.
T. Hoffman.
O. H. Schumann.
P. L. Duncan.
Naldo Roberts.
Chas. L. Safford.
Ed. Mellpren.
11. J. Scott.
H. L. Schweizer.










12

LIST OF SIGNATORIES TO THE AGREEMENT AND CODE OF FAIR
COMPETITION OF THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY-Con.

Company City By

E. C. Shaw Company --------------------------- Cincinnati------..------ C. A. Grome.
Sheridan & Nichol, Inc ----- --------------- New York.....--..... ---Philip V. Sheridan.
Sigwalt Mfg. Co -------- ------------- Detroit-------...-------Chas. W. Taylor.
Spencer Mfg. Co --------------------------- Boston -------------....- R. E. Beckert.
Stewart & Company, R. A--- -------------- New York ------------- R. R. Roe.
Superb Stamp Pad Company ------------------ Auburn, N.Y----...--- -A. Woodruff.
Superior Seal & Stamp Co --------------- Detroit--------------..-. Chas. O. Lee.
Superior Type Company, The-----------------. Chicago---------------- J. R. Swift.
Taylor Bros. Co., The__ ------------------- Cleveland------------. W. J. Taylor.
Time & Energy Company -------------------- Chicago--------- ---- I H. W. Fogelsong.
Toledo Stamp & Stencil Co., The ----------- Toledo --.---------. H. E. Willard.
Victor Stamp Company ----------------------- Detroit----------.----- R. E. Smith.
Volger Company, B. G ----------------------- Passaic, N.J------- Roger Brett.
Volk Stamp & Stencil Co -------- -------- Detroit-- .-------.---- H. L. Volk.
Wand Rubber Stamp Works.-- .----.-------- New Orleans..----------- H. A. Wand.
Winona Stamp Works_ ----------------------- Winona, Minn .------ 0. L. Taylor.


To ALL MEMBERS OF THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY:
The regular Annual Convention of the International Stamp Manufacturers
Association (The Marking Devices Industry) was held at the Edgewater Beach
Hotel, June 19, 20, and 21. Action of the greatest importance to this Inudstry
was taken by the members present, in preparing the Agreement and Code of Fair
Competition to file with the President's Administrator in Washington, D.C.,
under the National Industrial Recovery Act.
The Convention was well attended and the Agreement and Code of Fair
Competition, together with a Code of Business -Ethics, received unanimous
approval of those present, who later signed the Agreement which was passed
around in the meeting.
It is the belief of our Convention that President Roosevelt is a square shooter,
sincere, honest, and conscientious in his desire to see American business and
industry in a position to make enough money to employ all available workers who
want to work. It is also our belief that it was up to us to be cooperative and just
as sincere as the President. We all feel that we have at last been given an oppor-
tunity to do something constructive for the health and continuance of our industry,
collectively and separately, and that we should all go into it whole-heartedly
and so far as possible, without reservations.
As time is the very essence of the Emergency Act and as the Federal authorities
are calling upon us to file all required information at the earliest possible moment,
we ask every member of the industry to put himself to work earnestly and help-
fully for a few days, until we have the information necessary to complete schedules
that will put us all in line to secure the benefits which should come to us through
the Recovery Act. Copies of agreement, codes, and questionnaire with instructions
and explanations will be sent to each member of the industry for his consideration
and action. Will you be kind enough to give them your immediate attention?
Sincerely yours,
J. R. SWIFT,
President, International Stamp Manufacturers Association.













EXHIBIT B


REGULATIONS FOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE PROVISIONS OF
THE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION

PART OF AGREEMENT AND CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION OF THE MARKING
DEVICES INDUSTRY
Any subscriber to this Code, any employee of any member of the Industry, or
any purchaser of any of the products of the Industry, may enter a complaint (or
complaints) of violation of this Code, providing such complaint is presented in
writing to the Executive Secretary of the Association, giving the nature of the
complaint in detail, supported by all the available evidence thereon.
The Executive Secretary shall, on receipt of such complaint, notify the alleged
violator, and request his answer. Whenever, in the judgment of the Board of
Directors or the Emergency National Committee, it shall be deemed necessary, the
Executive Secretary shall refer such report of violation to the Chairman of the
Committee having jurisdiction over the particular branch of the Industry in
which the alleged violator operates.
Copies of the complaint, of the evidence, and of the answer, shall be furnished
to the Chairman of the Committee having jurisdiction, to the complainant, and to
the alleged violator, in identical form and manner.
The Chairman shall set a date for a hearing on the case, to be held not later than
two weeks after the receipt by him of the complaint, and he shall immediately
endeavor to adjust a settlement thereof, either alone of in consultation with the
members of the Committee.
In case such procedure fails to settle the matter to the satisfaction of both
parties, all papers relating to the case with recommendations by the Committee
of the Branch, shall be placed before the Emergency National Committee, either
because of their desire so to do or on request from either party to the controversy
and the Emergency National Committee shall consider the case.
It. is presumed that all members of the industry having subscribed to the Agree-
ment and Code of Fair Competition under the Recovery Act, desire to comply with
all of its provisions, including Exhibit D, the Code of Business Ethics of the
Industry. It is also presumed that violations will be due to misunderstanding
or misinterpretation or perhaps to circumstances beyond the control of the
alleged violator. Hence it is the desire of this Industry to give each seeming
offender full notice and fair opportunity to defend himself, without resorting to
the more expensive and devious recourses of law.
With this in mind it is proposed that we shall first resort, to moral suasion, then
to arbitration, and then to the exactment of full penalties under the law.
In those cases where we resort to arbitration, the complainant shall choose an
arbitrator, the defendant shall choose an arbitrator, and these two arbitrators so
named shall choose a third.
These three arbitrators then shall receive and consider all the facts of the case
and their decision shall be final or at least a consideration precedent to any further
action taken.
If the Emergency National Committee should be called upon to consider a case
of violation and its decision upholds the complaint, the violator shall be notified
to cease and desist such or similar violations. If the violator fails to comply with
such orders the Association may notify all subscribers to this Code as to the com-
plaint, the decision rendered, and the facts in connection with any continuing
violation. In case such publicity should fail to stop the violation, the Association
may refuse all further Associational services to the violator and notify all mem-
bers of the Industry of such action.
Violators shall be notified that a second violation will subject them to having
both the first and second violations referred to the proper authorities, for prosecu-
tion by the Administrator under the Provisions of the Recovery Act.
Should there be any expense involved in ascertaining the justice of the com-
plaint, such as an audit of the violator's records, etc., such expense must be borne
by the violator, if the complaint is found justified and an actual violation found,
and such expense must be borne by the complainant if the violation be found not
to exist.
(13)




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
3 1262 08584 34971111111111
3 1262 08584 3497




Full Text

PAGE 1

659-B Regi s tr y No. 1407-1-02 NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY AS REVISED FOR PUBLIC HEARING WE DO OUR PART • A f O V The Code for the Marking Devices Industry in its present form merely reflects the proposal of the above-mentioned industry, and none of the provisions contained therein are to be regarded as having received the approval of the National Recovery Administration as applying to this industry UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 1933 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. ---Price 5 c ents

PAGE 2

• SUBMITTED BY INTERNATIONAL STAMP MANUFACTURERS ASSOCIATION {II) ,

PAGE 3

PROPOSED CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY (As Revised 9/ 2/33) ARTICLE I-PURPOSE OF THE CODE To effectuate the policy of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, during the period of the emergency, by reducing and relieving unemployment, improving the standards of labor, eliminating competitive practices destructive of the interests of the public, employees and employers, and otherwise rehabilitating the marking devices industry and by increasing the consumption of industrial and agricultural products by increasing purchasing power, and in other respects, the following provisions are established as a code of fair competition for the marking devices industry. ARTICLE II--DEFINITIONS As used herein the term "marking devices industry" is defined to mean the manufacture and production of any or all of the general classes of articles as listed in Schedule A annexed to this code, or any part or parts of any one or more of such articles, and the distributi~n of such articles and/or such parts by the manufacturer. The term" employer" as used herein includes every person (whether individual, partnership, association or corporation) who is engaged in production of any or all of the articles as listed in Schedule A annexed to this code, or any part or parts of any one or more of such articles. The term "employee" as used herein shall include all persons employed in the conduct of any phase of the Marking Devices Industry, (except as hereinafter specifically excluded) and shall include all proprietors, supervisors, and foremen, when doing productive or mechani cal work. The term "association" as used herein shall mean the International Stamp Manufacturers Association. • The term "member of the industry" includes any manufacturer, wholesaling and/or retailing, who shall be subject to this Code. The term "member of the Code" includes any member of the Industry who shall have expressly signified assent to this Code. ARTICLE III-Houns SECTION 1. No employee shall work or be permitted to work in excess of five hundred twenty (520 hours in any thirteen) (13) w ek period (average forty (40) hours per week) nor in '-'Xcess of fortyeight (48) hours in any one week, nor in excess of eight (8) hours in any one day. EC. 2. There shall be no limitation on the maximum number of hours for which a watchman may be employed for a period of three (1)

PAGE 4

2 months after the effective date of this Code. On or before the end of this period the Code Authority shall submit to the Administrator for his approval a schedule of wages and hours to govern the empl oyment of watchmen. SEc. 3. The maximum hours fixed in the foregoing section (1) shall not apply to(a) E1nergency maintenance and repair shop crews, or outside sales force; (b) Engineers, ele trician , firemen, designers, draftsmen, shipping crews, and truck or delivery wagon employees; but provided further, that all such e1nployees shall be paid at the rate of time and one-third for all hours per week over forty. (c) Executives, and supervisory staff receiving more than $35.00 per week except when doing prod uctive or mechanical work. SEc. 4. No employee hall work or be permitted to work for a total number of hours in excess of the number of hours prescribed, whether employed by one or more employers. ARTICLE IV-WAGES SECTION 1. No employee shall be paid at les s than the rate of thirteen ($13.00) dollars per week of forty (40) hours, except as provided in Section 2 of this Article; provided, how eve r, that where a State law provides a higher 1ninimum wage, no person employed within that state shall be paid a wage lower than that required by such State law. SEc. 2. (a) Learners in either factory or office during the first year's apprenticeship shall be paid not less than eighty (80) percent of the minimum wage, and during the second year's apprenticeship shall be paid not le ss than ninety (90) percent of the minimum wage. In subsequent years they shall be paid not less than the full minimum wage. Each plant and each office shall be entitled to at least one learner, but learners shall not exceed in number one learner to each six other emp lo yees. (b) Foot or bicycle mess0ngers needed to call for orders and/or to deliver finished product, hall be paid not less than eighty (80) percent of the minimum wage, but no such employee shall engage in any productive or mechanical work. SEc. 3. The provisions for a minimum wage in this Code establish a g\laranteed minimum rate of pay per hour of employment regardless of whether the employee's compensation is otherwise based on a time rate or on a piecework performance. ARTICLE V-CHILD LABOR No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed in the Marking Devices Industry except that persons between 14 and 16 years of age may be employed (but not in productive o r mechanical work) for not to exceed 3 hours per day and those hours shall be between 7 a .m. and 7 p.m. and such as not to interfere with hours of day school. Provided, h o wever, that where State law provides a higher minimum age, no person b e low the age spec ified by such State Law shall be employed within that State.

PAGE 5

3 ARTI LE VI-ADMI ISTRATION ECTIO 1. Dim ions of the Industry. For the purpose of administ ring thi code, th Industry hall be divided into the divisions as et forth below. Each division may be ind pend nt and self-govern ing , ith re pect to all onditions and problems relating exclusively to th aid division, subject to the approval of the Code Authority and the Admini trator. Proposals in respect to matters affecting more than one divi ion may be initiated by any division affected, and shall be submitted for consideration to the Code Authority of the Industry her inafter described; and, with the approval of the Admin i tra . tor, its determination shall be binding upon the proposing di isions and all other divisions affected thereby. The following constitute the divisions of the 11arking Devices Indu try: Rubber Stamps. Seals. Press d 11:etal Plates and Signs. Steel Stamps, Steel Dies, and Burning Brand . Checks, Badges, and Stamped Plates. Rubber Printing Dies-Moulded and Cut. Brass Stamps, Brass Dies, and Milled Brass Signs. Stencils. Merchandise Sundries. SEc. 2. Division Committees.-Each of the above-named divisions, and any others which n1ay subsequently be formed within the Industry may by a fair n1ethod of selection set up a Division Committee, subject to the approval of the Code Authority and the Administrator, consisting of not more than five members, which committees shall, subject to the approval of the Administrator, administer the provisions of the general code of the Industry, secure adherence thereto, con ider proposals for amendments thereof and exceptions thereto, hear and adjust complaints, and otherwise carry out within the division the purposes of the National Industrial RecQvery Act, as set forth in this code. SEc. 3. Code Authority.-The Code Authority for the Marking Devices Industry shall consist of a National Committee for the Marking Devices Industry which is constituted herein as a planning and fair practice agency to cooperate with the Administrator in the administration of this Code. (a) Members.-The National Committee of the Marking Devices Industry shall be composed of not less than seven members, who shall be nominated by the Board of Directors of the International Stamp Manufacturers Association and appointed by the Administrator. This ommittee shall, in the same manner, be augmented from time to time with due regard to full and true representation of the industry. This ational Committee shall meet and organize immediately after appointment. (b) Quorum.-Two-thirds of the ational Committee, present after due notice, and ample travel time, shall constitute a quorum, and a majori y of the members present shall onstitute a vote on any matter b fore the ommittee. (c) Power . and Duties.-The ational Committee of the Marking Device Indu tr ~ hall be the general planning and coordinating agency for the Industry. ubject to the approval of the Adminis-

PAGE 6

4 trator, its members shall be empowered to act conclusively in all matters before the Committee and within its jurisdiction. Subject to the approval of the Administrator, the National Committee shall have powers and duties as provided h ere in, subject to the approval of the Administrator, the National Committee shall: (1) From time to time require such r eports from the members of the Industry as in its judgment may be necessary to adequately pro vide for the administratio n of, and to enforce the provisions of, this code; (2) Upon comp laint of inte rested parties or upon its own initiative, make such inquiry or investigation of the operation of this code, as may be necessary; and (3) Make rules and r eg ulations nec essary for the administration and enforcement of this Code. The Committee may de l egate any of its authority to Division Committees or other special committees or such officers or agencies as it shall determine, and which are permitted under the Act. SEc. 4. Executive Committee.-An Executive Committee, consisting of three members of the National Committee, chosen by the National Committee, shall carry out, under the provisions of this code , the instructions of the National Committee. ARTICLE VII-ADMINISTRATION AND PARTICIPATION SECTION 1. The Code Authority of the Internati ona l Stamp Manufacturers Association, now situated at 431 South Dearborn Street, Chicago, Illinois, is hereby constituted the administrati ve agency in cooperation with the Administrator in accordance with the pro visions of this Code. SEc. 2 . Any employer in the Marking Devices Industry may participate in the endeavors of the Code Authority of the International Stamp Manufacturers Association relative to the revisions or additions to thjs Code by, accepting the proper pro rata share of the cost and re sponsibility of creating and udministering it, eithe r by becoming a member of said Association or by paying to it an amount equal to the dues from time to time provided to be paid by a nrnmber in like situation of the International Stamp Manufacturers A ssoc iation. ARTICLE VIII-DURATION, MODIFICATION, AND CANCELLATION SECTION 1. E.-fl'ectite date.-This Code of Fair Competition shall become effective ten (10) days after it shall be approved by the rresident of the United States. SEc . 2. Cancellation or Modification of Government Approval. This Code and all the provisions thereof are expressly made subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the provis i ons of Clause 10 (b) Title I of the Nati onal Industrial Recovery Act, fron1 time to time to cance l or modify any order, approval, licen e, rule, or regulation, issued under Title I of said Act, and specifically to the right of the Pre ident to cancel or modify his approval of this Cod e or any conditions imposed by him upon his approval thereof .

PAGE 7

5 ARTICLE IX-LABOR PROVISIONS Employers in the Marking D vices Industry shn,ll comply with the requir m nts of th ationul Industrial Recovery A t a follow s : (1) That employ es hall have the right to organize and bargain ollectively through representatives of their own hoo ing, and shall be free from the interference, restraint, or coer ion of employers of labor, or their agents, in the de ignation of such representatives or in s If-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of colle tive bargaining or other mutual aid or protection; (2) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be r quired as a condition of employment to join any ompany union or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his own choosing; and (3) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved or prescribed by the President . . ARTICLE X-CosTs SECTION 1. Prices of all products shall be based upon accurate and known costs, as established by an adequate cost-finding system, which shall be open to inspection at reasonable times by authorized nonmember representatives of the International Stamp Manufacturers Association. SEc. 2. No manufacturer in the Marking Devices Industry shall, except as provided in Section 3 of this Article, sell any products, merchandise, or service at prices below a cost which shall include all materials, labor, and all expenses in connection with procuring, processing, producing, marketing, and distrbuting of such products, merchandise, or service plus all other expenses incidental and necessary to the continuous conduct of his business as determined in accord ance with the cost-finding system provided for in Section 1 of this Article. SEc. 3. Dropped lines, sometimes designated as "close-ou-ts ", may be disposed of under such rules and regulations as may be recommended by the Committee of each Division, and approved by the National Committee and the Administrator. SEc. 4. Each manufacturer in the Marking Devices Industry shall, ten (10) days prior to the effective date of his price list to the trade, file with the Association net current price lists or price list and discount sheets, as the case may be, for stock or merchandise sundry produ ts, and costing and pricing formulas for made-to-order goods and service . EC. 5. Revised price lists of each and every item of stock or merchandise sundry products with or without discounts thereon and/or costing and pricing formulas for made-to-order goods shall, ten (10) da s prior to the effective date of the revised price li t and/or for mula, be filed from time to time thereafter with the As ociation. SEc. 6. o manufacturer hall sell directly or indirectly or through hi dealer , by any means whatsoever, any stock or m r handis e sundr product of the industry at a pri e lower or at a dis count gr ater, or on more favorable terms of payment that tho e provided in his urr nt net price list or price li t and discount sheet on file,

PAGE 8

6 nor sell any made-to-order product of this industry or services at a price lower than that determi..11.ed by the current costing and pricing formula on file. ARTICLE XI-STATISTICS When and as determined by the National Committee of the Industry, on written notice from the said committee, all members of the Industry shall promptly forward to and file with the Executive Secretary of the Association, or such agency as the National Committee may designate, such statistical data and information as may be determined necessary to the preparation of the schedules listed under this ag reement or necessary to effectuate the declared policy and provi sions o f this code and/or of the National Industrial Recovery Act. In the same manner the said Committee shall dec ide as to what schedules, lists, or studies shall be compiled for the purposes of the Association and the Industry as a whole and how and when any of this 1nat er ial and information shall be distributed to the members of the Industry. And it shall b e provided that the individual figures of the respective me1nbers of the Industry s hall not be dis c losed and shall be treated as strictly confidential by the Exectutive Secretary or other agency of the Association. ARTICLE XII-BusINESS ETHICS SECTION 1. Prices.-a. This industry, recog nizing the manufacturer's right to safeguard his assets and protect the standing of his pro d ucts, established through advertising and other promotional effort, declares in favor of the resale price maintenance policy, such prices to include a fair profit to manufacturer and dealers. b. Offering merchandise for sale at a price reduced from a marked up or fictitious price constitutes a violation o f this c . ode. c. The practice o f giving special discounts, gratuities, or other merchandise at a price below a sched uled sale price as an induQement to purchase any commodity or commodities constitutes a violation of this code. d. The secret payment or allowance of rebates, refunds, com missions, credits, or unearned discounts, whether in the form of m . oney OT otherw ise; or secretly extending to certain purchasers special services or privileges not extended to all purchasers, under lik e terms and .conditions, constitutes a violation of this code. e. No n1anufacturer shall discriminate as between purchasers of the san1.e quantity or tbe same class. SEc. 2. Terms of Payment.-a. The standard maximum cash discount terms for payment of products bought from manufacturers, jobbers, or retailers in the Marking Devices Industry are hereby declared to be 2% 10 days, net 30 days, E.O.M. This shall be taken to mean that for any products purchased and delivered during any certain month (fo r example1 January), payment shall be made for same on OT before the 10th of the following month (for example, February), less two percent; and any greater cash discounts given or taken by recognized members of this industry on or after the taking effect of this agreement shall be considered a violation thereof; provided, however, that nothing in this section shall be interpreted as

PAGE 9

7 pr venting any rec o-nized m mber f the 1v1arking Devices Industry from oiving or takino a h di counts of les than 2% if he o desires. SEc. 3. nfair Sale Practi ,ce . . -a. Directly or indirectly to give or permit to be giv n or offer to give money or anything of value to agent , employees, or representatives, or customers or prospe ctive ustom rs, or to agents, employee , or r presentatives of competitors' u tomers or prospective customers, or prin ipals, to purchase or contra t to purchase industry products from the maker of such gift or offer, or to influence such employers or principals to refrain from dealing or contracting to deal. with competitors, constitutes a viola tion of this code. b. For any person, firm, or corporation to give anything of value to those employed in any capacity involving special trust, upon the condition or understanding, express or implied, that its goods be recommended or used by such person in preference to the goods or equipment of a competitor or competitors of that person, firm, or corporation, constitutes a violation of this code. c. This industry approves the "one-bid" policy on competitive bidding, and any practice of fake, fictitious, or blind bids for the purpose of deceiving con1petitors or purchasers, or any attempt through connivance to have all bids reje cted to the end that a more advantageous position may be secured in new bidding, constitutes a violation of this code. d. The sale or offering for sale of any product of the industry by any false means or device constitutes a violation of this code. e. The practice of coercing the purchase of several, or a group of pro ducts, as a condition to the purchase of one or more products under the exclusive control of the seller constitutes a violation of this code. SEC. 4. Urifair Bus iness Tact ics.-a. The practice of shipping or delivering products which do not conform to the samples submitted or representations made prior to securing the orders constitutes a violation of this code. b. Maliciously inducing or attempting to induce the breach of existing contracts between competitors and their customers by any false or deceptive mea ns whatsoever, or interfering with or obstructing the performance of any such contractual duties or services by any such m ea ns, with the purpose of unduly han1pering, injuring, .or em barrassing competitors in their business constitutes a violation of this code. c. The defamation of competitors by falsely imputing to them dis honorable conduct, inability to perform ontracts, questionable credit standing, or by other f a lse representations constitutes a violation of this code. d. The false disparagement of the grade or quality of the goods of competitors with the tendency to mislead or deceive purchasers or pro pecti e purcha e rs constitutes a vio lation of this code. e. The making or causing or permitting to bo 1nade or published any fol e, untru , or deceptive statement by way of advertisement or othcrwi e, concerning the grade, quality, quantity, sub tance, hara ter, nature, origin, siz , or pr paration of any product of the indu try constitute a v iolation of this code. f. 1uliciou l y enticing away the emplo. e of competitors with the purpose and effect of unduly hampering, injuring, or mbarrassing competitor in their bu ine ', con titnte a Yiolation f thi code. 9715-33-2

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8 g. The circu larization of threats of suit for infringement of patent or trade mark among ustomcrs of competitors, not made in good faith but for the purpose and with the effect of harassing and intimidating custome rs constitutes n, vio l a tion of this code. h. Securing information fro111 competitors c oncerning their business by false or 1nisleading statement or representations or by false imper sonations of one in authority, and the wrongfu l use thereof to unduly hinder or stifle the competition of such competitors constitutes a violation of this code. SEc . 5. Simulation-Design Piracy.-a. With due recognition to initiative in business, the practice of usurping designs, styles, or patterns originated by a competitor and appropriating them foT one's own use within a five-year period after such originations, constitutes a vio lation of this code. b. The imitation of the trade-marks, trade names, slogans, or other marks of identification of competitors, constitutes a violation of this code. SEc. 6. Cre d it.-The purchase of, or subscription to an interest in, capital stock or other obligation of a present or potential customer, where the intent is to furnish goods in payment under cond itions which violate provisions of this code applying to credit extensions, terms of payment, secret rebates and allowances, or under conditions which are obviously designed to conceal the true nature of transactions between seller and buyer, is a violation of this code. SEc. 7. Modification of this Arti cle.--Any and/ or all provisions of this article may be an1ended, altered, repealed, or added to by a majority vote of the recognized members of the Marking Devices Industry, through their duly elected representatives subject to ap proval of the Administrator. ARTICLE XIII-ENFORCEMENT-VIOLATION The National Committee of the Marking Devices Industry shall provide facilities and methods for the proper operation, supervision, and enforcement of all of the provisions of this Code of Fair Competi tion. All regulations so adopted shall be in addition to and not in lieu of any administrative or enforcement provision included within the Reco v ery Act, or provided by the Administrator, government regulations concerning same, or any amendment to said Act or Government regulations. The regulations so adopted by the Committee shall be subject to approval by the President or his administrator and shall be attached hereto and become a part hereof as Exhibit B ... ARTICLE XIV Such of the provisions of this Code as are not required to be included therein by the National Industrial Recovery Act may, with the ap proval of the President, be n1odified or eliminated as changes in circumstances or experience may indicate. It is contemplated that from time to time supplen1entary provisions to this Code or additional codes will be submitted for the approYal of the President to prevent unfair competition in price and other unfair and destructive competi tive practices and to effectuate the other purposes nnd policies of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act consistent with the provisions hereof.

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SCHEDULE A i ; JI LIST OF PRODUCTS FOR THE PURPOSE OF DEFINING DIVISIONS OF THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY SECTION I. The methods of manufacture, training of employees, cataloguing and otherwise marketing the products developed through a long period of years have resulted in the groupings listed in Section 3 of this schedule. For the purpose of deciding upon the proper division for a product or the suitability of present divi ion designations for new incoming numbers or groups, the following listings by division and product shall serve as index and definition: SEc. II. The National Committee of the Marking Devices Industry shall provide within three months (3) from the effec,tive date of this Code, regulations with respect to modifying present divisions or adding other divisions of the Industry, and the manner in which other groups shall be included or refused inclusion in this Code. SEc. III. D ivisions Indicated by Products. A. Custom Made Products (made to order) to meet special and individual requirements: 1. Rubber Stamps: Wood-mounted Rubber (hand) stamps. Metal-mounted Rubber (hand) Stamps. Line daters and numberers, Special. Die plate Daters, Time Stamps, Cancellers, Etc. Self Inkers-plain, dating, etc. Inks and Ink pads, Special. Movable Rubber type and Outfits of Special or unusual kinds. Printing presses for use with rubber dies and movable rubber type. Printing Presses (amateur hand operated) for metal type. Holders, Racks, Rules, Attachments, and Accessories for any of the above. 2. Rubber Printing Dies, Moulded and Cut: These are commonly known as box-printing dies, used on printing presses of many clas se s for imprinting such materials as wooden boards, corrugated board, fibre board_, and chip board; in fact any material from which a box can be made, carrying advertisements, brand names, etc., and which arc imprinted in one or more colors. These rubber printing dies are made from rubber of varying degrees of hardness, and they may be moulded or hand cut. 3. Steel Stamps, Steel Dies, and Burning Brands: Steel Stamps. Steel Letters and Figures. Steel Type. Embossing Type. Male and Female Embossing Dies. Steel Printing Dies for paper cartons and "ood boxes. Decorative tools for wood, paper, metal, etc. Steel Matrice . Metal Dies for branding by means of heat or ink. 1achinery built for marking with the above. 4. Brass Stamps, Brass Die , and 1\1illed Bra s Signs: Brass Stamps engraved for stamping letters or designs into wood, cloth, leather, paper, meats, etc. Brass Dies for embo sing book covers, paper, leather, etc. Brass Sign made by process of milling or engraving. Complete Machines having brass "'heels and dies for dating, numbering, etc. (9) /

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10 5. Checks, Badges, and Stamped Plates : Metal Checks, time, tool, trunk, trade, and etc., having raised or sunk letters. Badges, a ll shapes and forms of metal badges such as empl oyees, police, detective, sheriff , marshall, fireman, etc. Stamped Plates, for identification, instruction, caution, brands, patent dates, trade marks, etc. , stamped in various metal s with steel dies. Medals and Pocket Pieces for advertising purposes, etc. 6. Pressed Metal S i gns: Embossed o r Debossed sheet metal signs, finished or unfinished, made by stamping with male and female dies or type. 7 . Seals: Notary, corporation, and officia l documental seal presses in all sizes operated by hand or power. Similar presses used for embossing l ette r heads, photographs, and cards. B rass, steel and copper dies u se d in above presses with soft metal or plastic counter s. 8. Stencils: For lettering or decorating with paint or ink by means of brush or spray gun, made in thin sheetings of brass, copper, zinc, or paper. For sand blasting letters and designs into g l ass, etc., made of thin perforati ve steel. N OTE.-The listings above are not intended to be altogether restrictive in d efining these Divisions of the Marking Devices Industry but rather that they shall be suggestive of the Arts and facilities available for other products for similar uses. B. Merchandi s e Sundries.-Manufactured on standard specifications as kindred stock accessori es to the above se r v i ces and made-to-order products. Many of these are a ltered or modified by the manufacturing dealer to order. Line daters anfal Numberers. Numbering Machines (Hand) (no t Self Inking Line Daters and numberers. typographi c). Alphabet stamps. Price and sign Markers. Cost and Selling Price stamps. Stamp Racks and cases. Express and Hotel daters. Adju table stencils. Library dating stamps. Machine Made Steel letters and figures. Movable rubber type sets. Music Chart printers. Type holders. Stencil brushes and Pots. Stock Rubber Hand stamps. Stencil cutting Machines. Marking Inks. Ink Pads .

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S CHE D U L E B LIST • , OF SI G NA T ORIES TO THE A GREEMENT AND C OD E OF FAIR OMPETITION OF THE MAR KING DEVICES INDUSTR Y Company City Acme tamp ompany ___________________________ _ Acme tamp ompany, The ______________________ _ American ea ! & tamp Company ________________ _ Detroit_. ___ , _____ . _ ... __ _ Clevel and __________ ______ _ Chicago _________________ _ American Stamp 1fg . Company __ ________________ _ A r t Nove lty lfg. Company ______________________ _ New Yo r k _______ ______ _ Chicago_. _______________ _ Atlantic Rubber Mfg. Company ________ _ _________ _ Badger Engraving ompany ______________________ _ New York ______________ _ Milwaukee ______________ _ Bankers & l\lerchants Stamp Wks ______ _ _________ _ 'B1ue Dot" tamp Company ____________________ _ Chicago __ . ________ . ___ ... Detroit __________________ _ Brakmeier B ros ___________________________________ _ Louisv ill e _______________ _ adiJlac tamp Co., Inc __________________________ _ Detroi t __________________ _ olumbia tamp Works __ -----------------------Chicago _________________ _ on olidated 'tamp Mfg. Co _____________________ _ New York ______________ _ ooke Time Stamp Company __ . _________________ _ Omah a __________________ _ ooke Company, The J. p ________________________ _ Omaha ______ . ____ .. __ .. __ Dayton tencil Wo r ks, The _______________________ _ Dayton __________ .. _____ _ De : Moines Rubber tamp Works ________________ _ Des Moines _____________ _ Detroit o. 1achine ompa n y ___________________ _ Detr oit __________________ _ Detroi t & Regal R . . Company __________________ _ Dimondnioo Stamp Works _____________________ _ Detroit.~----------------Boston. ___________ _ . ____ _ Eagl e Stamp Wo r ks _______________________________ _ C h icago _____________ -----Excel s ior Stamp Works, The ______________________ _ C l eve land _______________ _ F . & . Engravi ng Wo r ks, T h e ___________________ _ Poree & Co., Wm. A ______________________________ _ Fries, Anthony F . ________________________________ _ Chi cago . ________________ _ C~ic~go ai:id New York __ CmcmnatL _____________ _ Frost Office Appliance Co _________________________ _ \Vor cester, Mass ________ _ Fulton Specialty o _____ . _. ______________________ _ Elizabeth, N.L _________ _ Gorton Machine Company, Geo __________________ _ Han on Company, C. H __________________________ _ Hathaway Stamp Company ______________________ _ R aci ne, W i s _____________ _ Chicago ___________ O i nc innatL _________ . ___ _ Hay Rubbe r tamp Company ____________________ _ Hellesoe, Han H _________________________________ _ Hill-Independent M fg. Company _________________ _ Bis tamp Wo r ks, The __________________________ _ Wash in gto n _____________ _ Chicago _________________ _ Philadelphi a __________ . __ olumbus _______________ _ Hoff Rubber tamp Company ____________________ _ Hudon, Geo. w __________________________________ _ Jo Jin Mfg. ornpany, A. D ______________________ _ Kauffman Inc., Geo. p ___________________________ _ Los Angeles Rubber Stamp Co ___________________ _ Martin & ompany ______________________________ _ !atthews & ompany, Jas. ]l ____________________ _ Matthews & ompany, Jas. H ____________________ _ Minneapolis ____________ _ Springfield, IJ1 __________ _ Manistee, Mich _________ _ Denver, Colo ___________ _ Los Ange les _____________ _ hicago _________________ _ Chicago_. _______________ _ ew York ______________ _ Iatthews & Company, J as . H ____________________ _ Boston __________________ _ Iattbews & ompany, Jas. H ____________________ _ ?-Iatbys & o., John w ___________________________ _ layer ompany, Geo. J_ _________________________ _ Ielind Company, Louis _________________ _________ _ lessing, Ou . n __________________________________ _ 1\Ieyer & Wenthe _________________________________ _ Morgan tamp Work ____________________________ _ Mos omp ny. Inc., The ________________________ _ Pittsburgh ______________ _ Chicago ________________ _ _ Indianapolis ____________ _ hicago _________________ _ Minneapolis ____________ _ hic ag o _________________ _ bic ag o _________________ _ New York ______________ _ ratio n a l tamp \\orks ___________________________ _ 'auert. F. C ______________________________________ _ -ob ler Stamp , cal ompany ___________________ _ • orthwcstern tamp \York s ______________________ _ Pannier Bro . t amp Company ___________________ _ Parker tamp Work , Inc _________________________ _ Patrick & :\Ioi se-Klinker Co _______________________ _ Cb icago _____________ ----hica g o _________________ _ hi ago _________________ _ Iinncapo lis . ___________ _ Pittsburgh_. ________ .. __ . Ilartrord, onn. ________ . San Francisco ___________ _ Proj?ress tamp \\' orks. ___________________________ _ Quality Die ompany ____________________________ _ Reliance Stamp 'tencil Co _____________________ _ bicago _________________ _ hicago _________________ _ Milwaukee ______________ _ Republic Eng. De i"'n. Co ______________________ _ Rohert • tamp & Ptg. o . , Osce __________________ _ , alTord 'tamp \\'orks _____________________________ _ , t. Paul tamp \Yorks _ _______________________ ____ _ , cott Ric e omp:my ______________________________ _ chweize r o., Chi . K ___________________________ _ hicago _________________ _ Birmingham ____________ _ Chicago _ ____ ._ --_ ---t . P a ul. ________________ _ ' I'ul sa, Okla _____________ _ t. Louis ________________ _ (11) By Verne E. Sorge. M. . Lederer . Jos. A. Pardi. Harry J onas. F. B. Eyman. A l. Gerlich. J . J. Bandlos. F. F. Crawfo r d . H. W . Bocttiche r . Gus. W. Brakmei e r. Wm. A. Nev-ille. Mark Davis. B. F. Sc hmidt. J.P. Cooke. A.G. Fal es. C. G. Jauch. Frank Child. Jos. F. Foerg. L. J. Reilly_ Jos. Levy. W. Ruefl'e rs. H. R. Seefried. August C. Froi m a n . Wm. A . Force, 3 rd. F . E. Frost. E. R . Underwo o d . Geo. Gorton. Henry J. Hanson. U. R. Schmic k . Robert H. Bay. B. A. Stewart. Herman A . Bloom,, Henry Hoff. Geo. Huds on. M . H . Sheras. Geo . P . Kauffman. F. T . R i neh art. 0. W. Martin. E. F. Skeppstro m . Wm. Jenkins. Wm. J enkins. Wm. Jenkins. August Sanke . Wal ter P. Mayer . Louis Mel ind. G. Meyer. G. T. Bl a u!. Franklin Moss. E. H . Hanson. F . . Tau ert. Barry M. Nobler. Geo. Rousopolous. R. F. Hershey. Herman L. A l ter . J . :r-.r. Patrick. W.W. House . T . Hoffman. 0. II. chumann. P. L . Duncan. Naldo Roberts. h as. L. affo rd. Ed. M ellg ren. II. J. Scott.. H. L. Schweize r .

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12 LIST OF SIGNATORIES TO THE AGREEMENT AND CODE OF FAIR COMPET ITION OF THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY-Con. Company C ity By E. C. Shaw Company _____________________________ _ Cincinnati_ ______________ C. A. Grome . Sheridan & Nichol, Inc ___________________________ _ ~Vri. %~--= = = = = == = = = ==== = = = === = ===== = = = = == = = Stewart & Company, R . A ________________________ _ New York _______________ Philip V. Sheridan. Detroit ___________________ Chas. W. Tayl or. Bosto n___________________ R. E. Beckert. New York _______________ R . R. Ro e . Superb Stamp Pad Company _____________________ _ Superior Seal & Stamp Co ________________________ _ Superior Type Company, The ____________________ _ Taylor Bros. Co., The_----------------------------Time & Energy Company ________________________ _ Toledo Stamp & Stencil Co., The _________________ _ Auburn, N . Y ____________ A . Woodrufl. Detroit_ __________________ Chas. 0. Lee. Chicago ________________ _ _ J . R. Sw ift. Cleveland _____________ ___ W. J . Tnylor. Chicago _________ ~-------H. W. Fogelsor.g. Toledo ___________________ H. E. Will a rd. Victor Stamp Company ___________________________ _ Detroit__ _________________ R. E. Smith. Vol g er Company, B. G ___________________________ _ Volk Stamp & Stencil Co _________________________ _ Passaic, N.L _____________ Roger Brett. Detroit__ _________________ H. L. Volk . wand Rubber Stamp 'l\ ' orks ______________________ _ New Or le ans _____________ H. A. W fmd. Winona Stamp Works ____________________________ _ Winona, Minn ___________ 0. L. Taylor. To ALL MEMBERS OF THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY: The regular Annual Convention of the International Stamp Manufacturers Association (The Marking Devices Industry) was held at the Edgewater Beach Hotel, June 19 , 20 , and 21. Action of the greatest importance to this Inudstry was taken by the members present, in preparing the Agreement and Code of Fai r Competition to file with the President's Administrator in Washington, D.C., under the National Industrial Recovery Act. The Convention was well attended and the Agreement and Code of Fair Competition, together with a Code of Business Ethi cs, received unanimous approval of those present, who late r signed the Agreement which was passed around in the meeting. It is . the belief of our Convention that President Roosevelt is a square shoot e r, sincere, honest, and conscientious in his desire to see American business and industry in a position to make enough mone y to employ all avilable workers who want to work. It is also our belief that it was up to us to be cooperative and just as sincere as the President. We all feel that we have at last been given an opportunity to do something constructive for the health and continuance o f our industry, collectively and separately, and that we should a ll go into it whole-heartedl y and so far as possible, without reservations. As time is the very essence of the Emergency Act and as the Federal authorities are calling upon us to file all required information at the earliest possible moment, we a s k ever y member of the industry to put himself to work earnestly and helpfully for a few days, until we have the information necessary to complete schedules that will put us a ll in line to secur e the benefits which should come to us through the Recovery Act. Copies of agreement, codes, and questionnaire with instructions and explanations will be sent to each member of the industry for his consideration and action. Will you be kind enough to give them your immediate attention? Sincerely yours, J. R. SWIFT, Presi dent, International Stamp Manufacturers Association .

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EXHIBIT B REGULATIONS FOR THE ENFORCEMENT OF THE PROVISIONS OF THE CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION PART OF AcREEMEr T A D CODE OF F :\IR COMPETITION OF THE MARKING DEVICES INDUSTRY ny subscriber to this Code, any employee of any member of the Industry, or any purchaser of any of the products of the Industry, may enter a complaint (o r complaints) of violation of this Code, providing such complaint is pre ented in writinoto the Executive Secretary of the Association, giving the nature of the complaint in detail, supported by all the available evidence thereon. The Executive Secretary shn. ll, on receipt of such complaint, notify the alleged violator, and request his ans,ver. Whenever, in the judgment of the Board of Directors or the Emergency ational Committee, it shall be deemed necessary, the Executive Secretary shall refer such report of violation to the Chairman of the Committee having jurisdiction over the particular branch of the Industry in which the alleged violator operates. Copies of the complaint, of the evidence, and of the answer, shall be furnished to the Chairman of the Committee having jurisdiction, to the complainant, and to the alleged violator, in identical form and manner. The Chairman shall set a date for a hearing on the case, to be held not later than two weeks after the receipt by him of the cornpln.int, and he shall immediately endeavor to adjust a settlement thereof, eithe r alone of in consultation with the members of the Committee. In case such procedure fails to settle the matter to the satisfaction of both pn.rties, all papers relating to the case with recommendations by the Committee of the Branch shall be placed before the Emergency National Committee, either becau e of their desire so to do or on request from e ither party to the controversy and the Eme rg ency ational Committee shall consider the case. It is pre urned that all members of the industry hn.ving subscribed to the ment and Code of Fair Competition under the Recovery Act, desire to comply with all of its proyisions, including Exhibit D, the Code of Business Ethics of the Industry. It i s also presumed that violations will be due to misunderstanding or misinterpretation or perhaps to circumstances beyond the control of the alleged violator. Hence it is the desire of this Industry to give each seeming offender full notice and fair opportunity to defend himself, without resortin g to the more expensiYe and devious recourses of law. With this in mind it is proposed that we shall first resort to moral suasion, then to arbitration and then to the exn.ctment of full penalties under the l aw. In those cases where we resort to arbitration, the complainant shall choo e an arbitrator, the defendant shall choose an arbitrator, and these two arbitrator so named hall choose a third. These three arbitrators then shall receive and con ider a ll the facts of the case and their decision shall be final or at least a consideration precedent to ahy further action taken. If the Emergency ational Committee should be called upon to consi~er a case of violation and its decision upholds the complaint, the violator shall be notified to cea e and desist such or similar violations. If the violator fails to comply with such ord rs the Association may notify all subscribers to this Code as to the plaint the decision rendered, and the facts in connection with any continuing violation. In case such publicity should fail to stop the violation, the A ociation may refu e all further A sociational senices to the Yiolator and notify all ber of the Industry of such action. iolator hall be notified that n, second Yiolation will subject them to having both the first and second violations referred to the proper authoritie s, for pro tion by the Administrator under the Provi ions of the Recovery Act. hould there be any expense involved in ascertaining the justice of the plaint, such as an audit of th violators record,, etc., uch expen emu t be borne by the violator, if the complaint is found ju tifiecl and an actual violation found, and uch expen e mu t be borne by the complainant if the violation be found not to exi t. (13) 0

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UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA II I II IIIIII Ill Ill lllll lllll II IIIIII II IIIIII II 1111111111111111111 3 1262 08584 3497