Citation
Amendment to code of fair competition for the automobile manufacturing industry

Material Information

Title:
Amendment to code of fair competition for the automobile manufacturing industry as approved on January 8, 1934
Portion of title:
Automobile manufacturing industry
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publisher:
U.S. G.P.O.
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
vi p. : ; 23 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Automobile industry and trade -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Approved Code no. 17--Amendment no. 2."
General Note:
"Registry no. 1403-1-04."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004938023 ( ALEPH )
23738385 ( OCLC )

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Full Text






NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION




AMENDMENT TO

CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION

FOR THE


AUTOMOBILE

MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

AS APPROVED ON JANUARY 8, 1934


WE DO OUR PART
WE DO OUR PART


J. -



U. m' '. '


UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1934


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. Price 5 cents


<::
fi!
\ A~pe-oyed Code No. 17-Admendment No. 2


Registry No. 1403---04 -






















This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Chicago, 111.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 801 First National Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
Memphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.
Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Commercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.
Seattle, Wash.: 809 Federal Building.
(II)













Approved Code No. 17-Amendment No. 2


AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

As Approved on January 8, 1934




ORDER AMENDING CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE
AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

An application having been duly made in behalf of the Automo-
bile Manufacturing Industry, pursuant to and in full compliance
with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery
Act, approved June 16, 1933, and the provisions of the Code of Fair
Competition for the Automobile Manufacturing Industry duly
approved on August 26, 1933, and amended on December 18, 1933,
for approval of a further amendment to said Code of Fair Competi-
tion for the Automobile Manufacturing Industry; and an analysis,
report, recommendation, and findings on said proposed amendment
by the Administrator directed to the President having been made,
which are incorporated herein by reference; and it being found that
said proposed amendment complies in all respects with the pertinent
provisions and will promote the policy and purposes of Title I of said
Act and specifically that the requirements of Clauses (1) and (2)
of subsection (a) of Section 3 of said Act have been met; and
It being likewise found that said proposed amendment complies
with the terms of an understanding reached pending approval of
the original Code of Fair Competition for said Industry, between
the duly authorized representatives of said Industry and the Admin-
istrator, to the effect that in the event that the expiration date of
said original Code as approved should be deferred to one year from
the effective date thereof, the provisions of said original Code in
regard to hours of employment would be subjected to reconsid-
eration;
NOW, THEREFORE, pursuant to the authority vested in the
President by Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, ap-
proved June 16, 1933, and otherwise; and pursuant to authority
vested in the undersigned Administrator by Executive Order, includ-
ing Order dated December 30, 1933, and otherwise, it is ordered that
the said application be and it hereby is approved, and that, effective
immediately, the said Cede of Fair Competition for the Automobile


29829"- 290-212- 34


(III)






IV

Manufacturing Industry, as amended on December 18, 1933, be and
it hereby is further amended in the name of the President in the
following particulars:
1. In article III, the fifth paragraph, which has heretofore read
as follows:
"For this purpose it is made a provision of this Code that
employers shall so operate their plants that the average em-
ployment of all factory employees (with exceptions stated be-
low) shall not exceed thirty-five hours per week for the period
from the effective date to the expiration date, and the hours
of each individual employee shall so far as practicable conform
with this average and shall in no case exceed the same by more
than three percent.",
shall be modified to read as follows:
For this purpose it is made a provision of this Code that
employers shall so operate their plants that the average em-
ployment of each factory employee (with exceptions stated
below) shall not exceed forty hours per week for the period from
the effective date to the expiration date."
2. In Article III, the sixth paragraph, which has heretofore read
as follows:
In order to give to employees such average of thirty-five
hours per week, it will be necessary at times to operate for
substantially longer hours, but no employee shall be employed
for more than six days or 48 hours in any one week, and all
such peaks shall be absorbed in such average."
shall be modified to read as follows:
"In order to give to employees such average of forty hours
per week, it will be necessary at times to operate for substan-
tially longer hours, but no employee shall be employed for more
than six days or 48 hours in any one week, and all such peaks
shall be absorbed in such average."

THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA,
By HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Administrator for Industrial Recovery.
Approval recommended:
K. M. SIMPSON,
Division Admrainistrator.
WASHNGTON, D.C.
January 8, 1934.













The PRESIDENT,
The White House.
Sin: The National Automobile Chamber of Commerce has made
application in behalf of the Automobile Manufacturing Industry
that the Code of Fair Competition for said Industry be amended in
the following particulars:
1. In Article III, the fifth paragraph, which has heretofore read
as follows:
For this purpose it is made a provision of this Code that
employers shall so operate their plants that the average employ-
ment of all factory employees (with exceptions stated below)
shall not exceed thirty-five hours per week for the period from
the effective date to the expiration date, and the hours of each
individual employee shall so far as practicable conform with
this average and shall in no case exceed the same by more than
three percent.".
be modified to read as follows:
For this purpose it is made a provision of this Code that
employers shall so operate their plants that the average employ-
ment of each factory employee (with exceptions stated below)
shall not exceed forty hours per week for the period from the
effective date to the expiration date."
2. In Article III, the sixth paragraph, which has heretofore read
as follows:
In order to give to employees such average of thirty-five
hours per week, it will be necessary at times to operate for sub-
stantially longer hours, but no employee shall be employed for
more than six days or 48 hours in any one week, and all such
peaks shall be absorbed in such average.",
be modified to read as follows:
In order to give to employees such average of forty hours
per week, it will be necessary at times to operate for substantially
longer hours, but no employee shall be employed for more than
six days or 48 hours in any one week, and all such peaks shall
be absorbed in such average."
The reports received from the manufacturers operating under this
Code indicate that for those manufacturers who are members of the
National Automobile Chamber of Commerce, the resulting reem-
ployment in the month of September of this year has brought the
total of employees above the number of employees attached to the
Industry for the same month in any year since 1929.





VI

The following table shows the number of factory employees of
these members from the year 1929 to 1933 inclusive:
September-Year
1929 ----__------__------------------- 194, 274
1930------------------------------------ 111,996
1931 ------------------------------------ 113,183
1932_-------------------------------- 73,411
1933 -------------------------------- 150, 756
This table indicates that there were 77,345 more workers em-
ployed in September of this year than in September of 1932, or an
increase of approximately 105%, and an increase of 38,760 workers
over the same month in 1930, or an increase of approximately 34%.
While the employment level of 1929 has not been reached, it is my
opinion that satisfactory absorption of labor should not be measured
by employment in that year as there was a substantial percentage
of floating workers brought to this Industry from their normal pur-
suits, many, if not most of whom, it is my understanding, have since
returned to their former homes.
In addition the decrease in production must be considered as in-
dicated by the fact that the production in September 1929 was
257,517 vehicles as compared with 144,367 in September of this year,
a decrease of 43%, while employment in September of this year is
only 22% below that of September 1929.
The contemplated increase in automobile purchases in the Spring
of 1934 would, under the present average of thirty-five hours per
week, probably result in again attracting a considerable number of
men to Detroit and other automobile manufacturing centers, who
would be without jobs after the Spring period of large production
had passed.
The above figures cover only factory employees of manufacturers
who are members of the National Automobile Chamber of Com-
merce, since complete figures are not available for the entire Indus-
try prior to the Code. The National Automobile Chamber of Com-
merce represents approximately 78% of the production capacity and
approximately 95% of the manufacturing units in the Industry.
For these reasons the amendment has been approved.
Respectfully,
HUGH S. JOHNSON,
Administrator.
WASHINGTON, D.C.,
January 8, 1934.
Approved Code No. 17-Amendment No. 2
Registry No. 1403-1-04.















V.




UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

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PAGE 1

Approved Code No. 17-Amendment No. 2 Registry No. 1403-1-04 NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY AS APPROVED ON JANUARY 8, 1934 WE DO OUR PART u r~.. _. o_=-_.,_..,.j l I r .. UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON: 1934 For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washin~ton, D.C. Price 5 cent8

PAGE 2

This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building. Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building. Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse. Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street. Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce. Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Detroit, Mich.: 801 First National Bank Building. Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue. Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway. Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building. Memphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building. Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building. New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse. New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse. Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street. Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Commercial Trust Building. Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building. St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street. San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse. Seattle, Wash.: 809 Federal Building. (II)

PAGE 3

Approved Code No. 17-Amendment No. 2 AMENDMENT TO CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY As Approved on January 8, 1934 ORDER AMENDING CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE AUTOMOBILE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY An application havinobeen duly made in behalf of the Automo bile Manufacturing Industry, pur uant to and in full comp liance with the provisions of Title I of the National Indu trial Re covery Act, approved June 16, 1933, and the proYisions of the Code of Fair Competition for the Automobile :Manufacturing Indu try duly approved on August 26, 1933, and amended on December 18 1933, for approval of a further amendment to aid Code of Fair Competition for the Automobile :Manufacturing Indu try; and an analysis, report, recommendation, and finding s on aid proposed amendment by the Administrator directed to the President having been made, which are incorporated h erein by reference; and it being found that said proposed amendment. complies in all re pects with the pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and purpo e of Title I of said Act and specifically that the requirement s of Clan es (1) and (2) of subsection (a) of Section 3 of said Act have been met; and It being likewise found that said proposed amendment complies with the terms of an understanding reached pending approval of the original Code of Fair Competition for said IndtLtry, between the duly authorized representatives of. aid Industry and the Administrator, to the effect that in the event that the expiration date 0 said original Code as approved should be deferred to one year from the effective date thereof the provision of said original Code in regard to hours of employment would be sub jected to reconsideration ' NO"\V, THEREFORE, pursuant to the authority Ye. ted in the President by Title I of the National Industrial R ecove r y Act, approved June 16, 1933, and otherwi e; anll pur uant to authority vested in the undersigned Administrator by Executive Order, including Order dated Dec e mb er 30, 1933 , and othenYise, it is ordered that the said application be and it h ere by i s appro-ved, and that, e ffective immediately, the said Cede of Fair Competition for the Automobile 29829-296-212-34 (III)

PAGE 4

IV Manufacturing Industry, as amended on December 18 1933, be and it hereby is further amended in the name of the President in the following particulars : 1. In article III, the fifth paragraph, which ha heretofore read as follows: "For this purpose it is made a provision of this Code that employers shall so operate their plants that the average em ployment of all factory employees ( with exceptions stated be low) shall not exceed thirty-five hours per week for the period from the effecti, e date to the expiration date, and the hours of each individual employee shall so far as practicable conform with this average and shall in no case exceed the same by more than three percent.", shall be modified to read as fallows : "For this purpose it is made a provision of this Code that employers shall so operate their plants that the average employment of each factory employee ( with exceptions stated below) shall not exceed forty hours per week for the period from the effective date to the expiration date." 2. In Article III the sixth paragraph which has heretofore read as follows: "In order to give to employees such average of thirty-five hours per week, it will be necessary at times to operate for substantially longer hours, but no employee shall be employed for more than six days or 48 hours in any one week, and all such peaks shall be absorbed in such average." shall be modified to read as follows : "In order to give to employees such average of forty hours per week, it will be necessary at times to operate for substantially longer hours, but no employee shall be employed for more than six days or 48 hours in any one week, and all such peaks shall be absorbed in such average." THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF Al\IERICA, By HuGH S. JOHNSON, Acbninist1ator fo1 Industrial Recove1y. Approval recommended : I{. M. SIMPSON, Division Ad1ninistra.tor. WASIDNGTON, D.C. Janumy 8, 1934.

PAGE 5

The PRESIDENT, The White House. Sm: The National Automobile Chamber of Commerce has made application in behalf of the Automobile Manufacturing Industry that the Code of Fair Competition for aid Industry be amended in the following particulars: 1. In Article III, the fifth paragraph, which ha heretofore read a follows: " For this purpo e it is made a provision of this Code that emploj ers shall o operate their plants that the average employment of all factory employee . ( with exceptions stat~d below) shall not exceed thirty-five hour per week for the period fron1 the e:ffectiYe date t o the expiration date, and the hour of each individual employee shall so far as practicable conform with this average and hall in no ca e exceed the s ame by more than three percent.", be modified to read as follow : "For this purpose it is made a prons10n of this Code that employers hall so operate their plants that the average employment of each factory emplo yee (with exception tated below) shall not exceed forty hour per week for the period from the effective date to the expiration date." 2. In Article III, the sixth paragraph which has heretofore read as :folJows: " In order to give t.o employees such average of thirty-five hour. per week, it will be necessary at time to operate for su bstantially longer hours but no employee shall be employed for more than six day. or 48 hours in any one week , and all u c h peaks .shall be ab orbed in such aYerage.', be modified to read as follows: ' In order to give to employee such average of forty hours per week, it will be ne ce sary at times to operate for sub -tantially longer hours, but no employee shall be employed for more than six days or 48 hours in any one week, and all such peaks shall b e absorbed in such aYerage." The reports re ceived from the manufacturers operating under this Code indicate that for tho e manufacturers who are members of the National Automobile Chamber of Commerce, the resulting reemployment in the month of September of this year has brought the total of employees aboYe the number of emplo yee . attached to the Industry for the same month in any year since 1929. ( V)

PAGE 6

VI The following table shows the number of factory employees of these members from the year 1929 to 1933 inclusive: S eptember-Year 1929 _______________________________________________ 194,974 1930 _______________________________________________ 111,n96 1931 _______________________________________________ 113,183 1939 _______________________________________________ 73,411 1933 _______________________________________________ 150,756 This table indicates that there were 77,345 more workers em ployed in September of this year than in September of 1932, or an increase of approximately 105%, and an increase of 38,760 workers over the same month in 1930, or an increase of approximately 34%. While the employment level of 1929 has not been reached, it is my opinion that satisfactory absorption of labor should not be measured by employment in that year as there was a substantial percentage of floating workers brought to this Industry from their normal pursuits, many, if not most of whom, it is my understanding, have since returned to their former homes. In addition the decrease in production must be considered as in dicated by the fact that the production in September 1929 was 257,517 vehicles as compared with 144,367 in September of this year, a decrease of 43% , while employment in September of this year is only 22 % below that of September 1929. The contemplated increase in automobile purchases in the Spring of 1934 would, under the present average of thirty-five hours per week, probably result in again attracting a considerable number of men to Detroit and other automobile manufacturing centers, who would be without job s after the Spring period of large production had passed. The aboYe figures cover only factory employees of manufacturers who are members of the National Automobile Chamber of Com merce, since complete figures are not available for the entire Industry prior to the Code. The National Automobile Chamber of Com merce represents approximately 78% of the production capacity and approximately 95% of the manufacturing units in the Industry. For these reasons the amendment has been approved. Respect ull y, vv AsHrNaToN, n.c., J amtary 8, 1934. ApproYed Code No. 17-Amendmf nt No. 2' Registry No. 1403-1-04. 0 HUGH s. JOHNSON' A dm , inistrator.

PAGE 8

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