Citation
Code of fair competition for the funeral service industry as approved on April 4, 1934

Material Information

Title:
Code of fair competition for the funeral service industry as approved on April 4, 1934
Portion of title:
Funeral service industry
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
United States Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
p. 155-164 : ; 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Funeral service -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Death care industry -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1749-04."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 384."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004921933 ( ALEPH )
639917625 ( OCLC )

Downloads

This item has the following downloads:


Full Text


Approved Code No. 384


For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. Price 5 cents


Registry No. 1749-04






















This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of Foreign
and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse.
Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Detroit, Mich.: 801 First National Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
Memphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.
Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Stre-ct.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Commercial Trust Building;
Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chambler of Commerce Building
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse.
Seattle, Wash.: 809 Federal Office Building.












Approved Code No. 384


CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

FUNERAL SERVICE INDUSTRY

As Approved on April 4, 1934


ORDER

APPROVING CODE OF FAIR Co3MIIETITItON FOR THE FUNERAL
SERVICE INDUSTRY

An application having been duly madi.e pursuant to and in full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Induistrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Funeral Service Industry, and hearings
having been duly held thereon and the annexed report on said Code,
containing findings with respect thereto, having been made and
directed to the President:
NOW. THEREFORE, on behalf of the President of the United
States. I, Hugh S. Johnson, Adminlistrator for Indiiwtrial Recovery,
pursuant to authority vested in me by Executive Orders of the Presi-
dent, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated December 30,
1933, and otherwise; do hereby incorporate by reference -aid annexed
report and do find that said Code complies in all respects with the
pertinent provisions an'] will promote the policy and purposes of
said Title of said Act; and do hereby order that said Code of Fair
Competition be and it is hereby approved, provided Section 13 of
Article VII be amended by changing the period to a comma after
the word service" in the ninth line thereof and adding the fol-
lowing:
provided, however, that nothing contained in this Section shall
supersede any state law which by its terms permits any of the prac-
tices described herein by members of the industry."
HUGH S. JOHNSON.
Admin 'istraor for Indu., triall Reco very.
Approval recommended:
GEo. L. BERRY,
Division A dmin i;strator.
WASHINGTON, D.C.,
April 4, 1934.


51243-- 482-16----34


(155)













REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT


The PRESIDENT,
The White House.
SIR: A Public Hearing on the Code of Fair Competition for the
Funeral Service Industry, submitted by the National Funeral Di-
rectors Association of the United States. Inc. and the National Se-
lected Morticians, was conducted in Washington on the 6th of
December, 1933, in accordance with the provisions of the National
Industrial Rtecovery Act. At the Public Hearing it was established
that the Code was further i'oncurred in by two otlhr associations,
namely, the Funeral Service Bureau and the Indepnendent Funeral
Directors Association. The. four associations represent approxi-
mately 87 percent of the Inidu.-try and they decided to submit the
Code as an Industry.
The maximum hours permitted under this Code are 40 per week,
except that cLbJalIner.-. lawfully engaged in embalming and those
conducting funerals, shall be limited to 84 hours per week.
The minimum wage- provided in this Code is $15.00 per week or
40 per hour on an hourly basis, except embalnieirs-, who shall be
paid $25.00 per week. Provisiuii is made for adjustment of all
wages above the minimum.
This Industry in general eimbrace.-. establishments engaged in su-
pervising funeral -ervices, prior to the burial or disposal of dead
human bodies. According to the Bureau of Census there were 34,132
licenses is.-nied to eminalmersl and funeral directors for the year 1930
and the approximate number of establihmeiinti n~aged in the Indus-
try for that vear was 25.r00. The average umlliber of funerals per
establishment for 1929 was 57 and for 1933 about 52. In practically
every large cotiiin iiity less than 10 percent of the estabdlishments
handle the gr,'ater share of the buszincss.
Emploviymnt is very low compared with the number of establish-
ments. A large per,'ent, of the es-tablislhnents are on a sole proprie-
torship or partnership bal.is and the owners cooperate with part-t.ime
employees in performing the services rendered by the Industry.
These establlishiments must remain open 24 hours a day, however, em-
1)pl(,ee.- are not kept on the job 24 hours a day but are sillject to call
when their services are required. Therefore, no regular hours are
worked in this Industry.
The propo.-,d Code provisions (ini hours will probaJbly increase the
number of employees in the larger e-tabli-hmnnts. iThe smaller es-
talhi~.hlltliits under iiorm;il pl)eration1 will mnt increase the number
of .emplohyee].h bIcIau. they average less than ,ne funeral per week.
The information availabtle is of very little use in trying to estal-
lish a pre-code wage rate. However, there is an undetermined num-
ber of employees who receive less tlian the proposed Code hourly
(156)






157


wage of 40. The additional wage burden to this Industry cannot be
determined due to the irregular hours worked.
FINDINGS

The Deputy Administrator in his final report to me on -aid Code
having found as herein set forth and on the baiis of all the proceed-
ings in this matter;
I find that:
(a) Said Code is well designed to promote the policies and pur-
poses of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, including
removal of obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign
commerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof and will pro-
vide for the general welfare by promoting the organization of indus-
try for the purpose of cooperative action among the trade groups,
by inducing and maintaining united action of labor and management
under adequate governmental sanctions and supervision, by eliminat-
ing unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest possible
utilization of the present productive capacity of industries, by avoid-
ing undue restriction of production (except as may be temporarily
required), by increasing the consumption of industrial and agricul-
tural products through increasing purchasing power, by reducing and
relieving unemployment, by improving standards of labor, and by
otherwise rehabilitating industry.
(b) Said Industry normally employs not more than 50.000
employees; and is not classified by me as a major industry.
(c) The Code as approved complies in all respects with the perti-
nent provisions of said Title of said Act, including without limita-
tion Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7, and
Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the applicant associ-
ation is an industrial a.s-'iciation truly representative of the afore-
said Indus'try; and that said Association impo-es no inequitable
restrictions on admission to membershipI therein.
(d) The Code is not designed to and will not permit monopolies
or monopolistic practices.
(e) The Code is not designed to and will not eliminate or oppress
small enterprises and will not operate to discriminate against them.
(f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have not
been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said Code.
This Industry has cooperated in a most satisfactory manner with
the Administrator in the preparation of this Code. From evidence
adduced during this hearing and from recommendations and reports
of the various Advisory Boards it is believed that this Code as now
proposed and revised represents an effective, practical, equitable solu-
tion for this industry and for these reasons this Code has been
approved.
Respect fully,
HUGH S. JOHNSON.
Adm ;ii.t rator.
APRIL 4, 1934.













CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE FUNERAL
SERVICE INDUSTRY

ARTICLE I-PURPOSES

To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, this Code is established as a Code of Fair Competition
for the Industry, and its provisions shall be the standard of fair
competition for such industry and binding upon every member
thereof.
ARTICLE II-DEFINITIONS

1. The term "Funeral Service Industry", a, used herein, shall
mean any person, firm, corporation or other form of enterprise,
engaged in the preparation of dead human bodies, for burial or
disposal by embalming or other sanitariy methods and/or directing
and supervising funeral services prior to burial or disposal, and/or
the sale of funern1 merchandise at retail, and shall include all persons,
firms, corporations, or other forms of enterprise, maintaining a mor-
tuiry, funeral home or other similar establishment and/or using in
connection with their name and business, the words "funeral direc-
tor ", "mortician ", "u ndertaker ", or ain other title or words of
similar meaning and import and such brnances or subdivisions as
may from time to time be included! under the provisions of this code.
2. The term iiimber of the industry" includes, but without
I]miitation any individual, partnership, association, corporation or
other form of enterprise engaged in the industry, either as an em-
ployer or on his or its own behalf.
3. The term "employee as u-er herein includes any and all per-
-sn, enra ged in the industry, however c mpln.-ated. except a member
of the industry.
4. The turn.is Act and Almini-tr;ator as used herein mean
respectively Title I of the Nationail Industrial Recovery Act, and
the Administrator for Industrial Recovery.

ARTICLE III-Hou'ns

1. No enlployee s,:hll be permitted to work in excess of forty (40)
hours in any one week; except that embialmers, lawfully engaged
in enmbalming, nand also those conducting funerals, shall be limited
to eighty-four (84) hours per week.
2. No employeee shall be permittedl to work for a total number of
hours in excess of the number of hours prescribed herein whether he
be employed by one or more employer>.
3. The above provisions as to houIrs do not apply to persons em-
ployed in a manangrial. executive or supervisory capacity receiving
thirty-five dollars ($i5r.0) per week or more.
(15S)





159


ARTICLE IV-WACES

1. No employee shall be lpaid less than at the rate of fifteen dollars
($15.00) per week, or forty cents (400) per hour, when employed on
an hourly basis, except lawful einmblmer,. who shall be paid not less
than at the rate of twenty-five dollars ($25.0.0) per week.
2. Female employees performing substantially the same work as
male employees shall receive the same rate of pay as male employees.
3. This article establishes a minimum rate of pay which shall apply
irrespective of whether an e ,lployee is actually compensated on time
rate. piece-work performance or other basis.
4. Wages above Minimum. If an adjustment of wnges above the
minimum fixed in this Code has not been made sincr July 1st, 1933,
there shall then be an adjustment nimad within ninety (90) days
from the date of approval of this Code. Such adjustment shall mean
that the differentials existing prior to the formulation of this Code
shall be maintained for employees other than persons engaged in a
managerial, executive or supervisory capacity who receive more
than thirty-five dollars ($T,5.)10) per week. provided, however, that
in no event shall hourly rates of pay be reduced. Each member of
the Industry shall make a report of such adjustments, whether made
prior to or subsleqient to the date of approval of this Code. to the
Code Authority.
ARTICLE V-GENERAL LABOR PROVISIONS
1. No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed
in the industry. No person under eighteen (18) years of age shall
be employed at operations or occupations which are hazardous in
nature or dangerous to health. In any State an employer shall be
deemed to have complied with this provision as to age if he shall
have on file a certificate or permit duly signed by the Authority in
such State empowered to issue employment or age certificates or
permits showing that the employee is of the required age.
2. In compliance with Section 7 (a) of the Act it is provided:
(a) That. employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall
be free from the interference, restraint, or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents in the designation of such representatives, or
in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose
of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection.
(b) That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union
or to refrain from joining, organizing or assisting a labor organiza-
tion of his own choosing, and
(c) That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of
labor. minimum rates of pay and other conditions of employment
approved or prescribed by the President.
3. No employer shall reclas.sify employees or duties of occupations
performed an they existed on October 1, 1933, or engage in any other
subterfuge. for the purpose of defeating the purposes of the Act or
of this Code.
4. No provision in this Code shall supler-ede any State or Federal
law which imposes on employers more strinient requirements as to





160


1ir(g of employee, ;wage,. hours of work, or as to safety, health, sani-
tary or gt-iielral working conditions, or insurance, or fire protection,
than are imposed by this Code.
5. Every employer shall make reasonable provision for the safety
and health of his employees at the place and during the hours of their
employment.
6. All employti-, shall post and keep posted coimIplete copies of this
Code in conspicuous places accessible to employees.

A PTICLE VI-ADMINISTRATION

OR:.\NIZ.VrION AND CONSTITUTION

1. A Code Autl),hrity is hereby established to cooperate; with the
Adt,iniiitrator in the ladini-tration of this code and shall consist
of fifteen (15) members to be chosen by the industry through a fair
method of selection, approved by the Administrator, to serve for a
period of one (1) year from the date of their selection. The Ad-
ministrator in his discretion may appoint not more than three (3)
additional members without vote, and without compensation from
the indu-t y, to serve for such period of time and to represent the
Administrator or such group or groups- as he may designate.
2. Eiachi trade or industrial a -ci;at ion directly or indirectly partic-
ipating in the selection or activities of the Code Authority shall
impose no il'tquital, e rev.trictions on membership. and shall '-nuliit
to the Administrator true copies of its articles of organization, by-
laws, regulations and any amendments when made thereto, together
with .sichl other information as to lmemberships, organization and
activities as the Administrator may deem necessary to effectuate the
purposes of the Act.
3. In order that the Code Authority shall at all times be truly
reprit-'ntative of the industry and in other respects comply with
the provi-ioin- of the Act, the Administrator may prescribe such
hearings as he may deem proper; and if he shall find that the Code
Authority is not truly rTprt-entative or does not in other respects
comply with the provisions of the Act, he may take such action as
he may dic-ii necessary under the circumstances.
4. No inequitable restrictions on admission to membership in any
triad(e ai--,ci;ition or organnized group, participating in the activities
of the Code Authority shall be imiiposed, and any member of the
industry :.1-hll be eligible for membrsll1ip in any such trade as-ocin-
tion or organized group, under the saiine conditions as are imposed
on any other member.
5. Nothing. contained in this Code shall constitute the members of
the Code Authority partners for any purpose. Nor shall any mem-
ber of the Code Au(thority be liable in any manner to anyone for any
act of any other mllilllr, ofice, agent or employee of the Code
Authority. Nor shall any i'imember of the Code Authlority, exercising
rcas-on:able diliiLicc in the conduct of his duties hereunder, be liable
to anyone for any action or omission to act under this Code, except
for his own willful jii i-fenaunce or non-feas.ance.






161


POWERS AND DUTIES
6. The Code Authority shall have the following further powers
and duties to the extent permitted by the Act:
(a) To administer the provisions of this Code and provide for
the compliance of the industry with the provisions of the Act, and
to propo,-e and submit amendments and/or exceptions, to or mdli-
fications of this Code for the alppruval of the Administrator, after
such notice and hearing as he may prescribe, said amendments or
modifications, when so approved, to become a part of this Code and
to have the same force and effect as any other provisiionl of this Code.
(b) To adopt by-laws and regulations for its procedure and for
the administration and enforcement of the Code under such rules
and regulation s amay be prescribed by the Admninistrator.
(c) To obtain from members of the industry such statistical in-
formation and reports as are required for the ;adininistrtion of the
Code. No individual reports shall be disclosed to any other member
of the industry or any other party except to isch governmental
agencies as may be directed by the Administrator.
(d) To make recommendations to the Administrator as to cash
discounts, and uniform cost accounting.
(e) Upon the request of the Administrator or upon complaint of
interested parties, or upon its own initiative, to nikte such inquiry
and investigation as to the operation of this Code as may be necessary
and proper under such rules and regulations a. may be prescribed.
by the Administrator and report the saie to the Adm inistrator.
(f) To use such trade associations and other agencies as it deems
proper for the carrying out of any of its activities provided for
herein, provided that nothing herein shall relieve the Code Authority
of its duties or responsibilities under this Code and that such trade
associations and agencies shall at all times be subject to and comply
with the provisions hereof.
(g) To secure from members of the industry who assent to this
Code and/or participate in the activities of the Code Authority such
proportionate payment of the reasonable expenses of maintaining
the Code Authority as nmay be determined by the Code Authority and
approved by the Administrator.
(h) To cooperate with the Administrator in regulating the use
of any N.R.A. insignia solely by those memberr, of the industry who
have assented to, and are complying with, this Code.
(i) To recommend to the Admnisii.trator further fair trade prac-
tice provisions to govern members of the industry in their relations
with each other or with other industries and to recommend to the
Administrator measures for industrial planning, including stabiliza-
tion of employment.
(j) To make recommendations to the Administrator for the coor-
dination of the administration of this Code with such other codes, if
any, as may be related to the industry.
i. If the Administrator shall determine that any action of a code
authority or any agency thereof may be unfair or unjust or contrary
to the public interest, the Administrator may require that such action






162


be suspendled to afford an opportunity for investigation of the merits
of such action and further consideration of such code authority or
agency pending final action which shall not be effective unless the
Administrator approves or unless he shall fail to disapprove after
thirty (30) days' notice to him of intention to proceed with such
action in its original or modified form.

ARTICLE VII-TRADE PRACTICES

1. No member of the industry shall brand or mark any service or
merchandise in any manner which deceives or misleads purchasers
with respect to the brand, grade, quality, quantity, origin, size, sub-
stance, charai:ter. nature, finish, material. content or prep:rattion of
such merchandise.
2. No member of the industry shall publish advertising (whether
printed, radio, display or of any other nature), which is misleading
or inaccurate in any material particular, nor shall any member in any
way misrepre.ent any goods (including but without limitation its
use, trade-mark, grade, quality, quantity, origin, size, substance, char-
acter, nature, finish, nmuterial, content or preparation) or credit terms,
values, policies, services or the nature or form of the business
conducted.
3. No imemberli' of the industry shall give, permit to be given, or
directly offer to give, anything of value for the purpose of influencing
or rewarding the action of any employee, agent or representative of
another in relation to the bIinlls of the employer of such employee,
the principal of such agent or the represented party, without the
knowledge of such employer, principal or party. Commercial brib-
ery provisions shall not be con(,strued to prohibit free and general
distribution of articles co(mll(only used for advertising except so far
as such articles are actually used for commercial bribery as herein-
above defined.
4. No nientber of the industry shall attempt to induce the breach of
an existing contract between a competitor and his customer or source
of supply; nor shall any such member interfere with or obstruct the
performance of such contractual duties or services.
5. No member of the industry shall secretly offer or make any pay-
ment or allowance of a rebate, refund, commission, credit, unearned
discount or excess allowance, whether in the form of money or other-
wise, nor shall a member of the industry for the purpose of influenc-
ing a sale secretly offer or extend to any purchaser any special service
or privilege not extended to all purchasers of like quantities under
like terms and conditions.
6. No member of the industry shall cause the defamation of com-
petitors by falsely imputing to them dishonorable conduct, inability
to perform contracts, questionable credit standing, poor equipment
or mortuary establishments, inferior merchandise, or by other false
representations, or by the false disparagement of their services or
their selling prices.
7. No member of the industry shall sell or publicly offer to sell
any merchandise, or directly or indirectly render any service below
his individual cost, except he may' sell below his own coIt to meet
bona fide competition. For this purpose cost is defined as the cost






163


determined by cost accounting methods recognized in the industry
and approved by the Code Authority and the Administrator.
8. No member of the industry shall distribute and/or sell any
funeral merchandise or supplies from which the label, serial number,
or other identifying mark of the manufacturer has been effaced
or removed.
9. No member of the industry sluill ship or deliver er merchanise or
supplies with the intent to deceive the purchlaer, which do not con-
form to the samples submitted or represent ition, made prior to secur-
ing the order therefore.
10. No member of the indutltry shall display or .how funeral mer-
chandise without sale prices marked in figure, that are legible and
capable of being understood by the aver~1g,- purchaser.
11. No member of the industry shall offer or give any prize or
premium in connection with or as an indl!i'-e. nt to the sale of ser-
vices or merchandise by any scheme which involves lottery, misrepre-
sentation or fraud.
12. No member of the industry shall organize or promote or par-
ticipate directly or indirectly in the organization, promotion or ;c-
tivities of any enterprise selling cemetery lots, grave space or other
interment, property, on a speculative basis or by the use of mis-
representation or fraud; nor shall any member accept, a conini-sion
from either seller or purchaser upon the sale of any s.uch interment
property sold under such an enterpri'-._-; nor shall any member, ex-
cept thowe actually and legally so en-,.:iged prior to the effective, date
of this Code, hereafter engage in p.ri1,,riiring any service of this
industry, as herein defined, within the confines of any tax exempt
cemetery or any other tax exempt property.
13. No member of the industry shall organize or promote or par-
ticipate, directly or indirectly, in the orgai izati,,n, lp.roimotion,or rop-
eration of any form of enterprise which dec.ives or defrauds mem-
bers, policy holder., or certificate holders as to the financial respon-
sibility of s-ich enterprise or the quality or value of fii.ural mer-
chandise or services offered by such enterpri-e or which limits or
restricts the freedom of choice, in the open market, of the person or
persons having the legal right of such choice, regarding coiitrn;,its,
purchases and arranglmeii ii with reference to any part of a funeral
service. It shall be the duty of every member of the industry
before participating, directly or indirectly, in any t.iah plan to
determine the solvency, integrity and legality thereof.'
14. No member of the ii:ndutry shall employ, retain or otherwise
engage agents to solicit busine-s.

ARTICLE VIII-3M 1,DIFICATION

1. This Code and all the provisiini- thereof are expressly imalde
subject to the right of the President, in accordance with the pro-
visions of Subsection (b) of Section 10 of the Act, from time to time
to cancel or modify any order, approval, license, rule or regulation
issued under said Act.
2. This Code, except as to provisions required by the Act, may
be modified or amended on the basis of experience or changes in
1 See paragraph 2 of order approving this Code.






164


circumstances, such modifications or amendments to be based upon
application to the Administrator and such notice and hearing as he
shall specify, and to become effective on approval of the President,
unless otherwise provided.
3. The Code Authority may make recommendations for modifi-
cations to this Code to the Administrator which shall become effective
as a part of this Code upon approval by the Administrator after
such notice and hearing as he may prescribe.

ARTICLE IX-MONOPOLIES, ETC.

No provision of this Code shall be so applied as to permit nionop-
olies or monopolistic practices, or to eliminate, oppress or discrim-
inate against small enterprises.

ARTICLE X-PRICE INCREASES

Whereas the policy of the Act to increase real purchasing power
will be made more difficult of consummation if prices of goods and
services increase as rapidly as wages, it is recognized that price
increases, except such as may be required to meet individual cost,
should be delayed, but when made such increases should, so far as
possible, be limited to actual additional increases in the seller's
costs.
ARTICLE XI-EFFECTIVE DATE

This Code shall become effective on the secondd Monday after its
approval by the President.
Approved Code. No. 384.
Registry No. 1749-04.




























/.//





UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA


3 1262 08336 680 6




Full Text

PAGE 1

Approved Code No. 384 Registry No. 1749-04 NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE FUNERAL SERVICE INDUSTRY AS APPROVED ON APRIL 4, 1934 WE DO OUR PART ' -0 -t A \.1 • ........ -UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON : 1934 For sale by the Supe rint:!nclent of rocume nts, Washington, D.C. -Price 5 c ents

PAGE 2

This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building. Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building. Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse. Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street. Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce. Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Detroit, Mich.: 01 First National Bank Building. Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Bui lding. Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue. Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway. Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building. Memphis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building. Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building. New Orleans, La.: Room 225 -A, Customhouse. New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse. Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street. Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Comme rcial Trust Building; Pittsburgh, Pa.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Portland, Oreg.: 215 _ New Post Office Building. St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive treet. San Francisco, Calif.: 310 ustomhouse. eattle, Wash.: 809 Federal Office Building.

PAGE 3

Approved Code No. 384 CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION F O R THE FUN ERAL SERVICE INDUSTRY As Approved on April 4, 1934 ORDER APPROVI T G ConE OF FAIR Co :MFETITION FOR THE F"GKERAL SERVICE INDU TRY An application having been duly made pur uant to and in full compliance with the provi ion. of Title I of the National Indu trial Recovery Act approved June 16, 1933 for appro-val of a Cod e of Fair Competition for the Funeral S e n-ice Indu try, and hearings haYing been dul; held thereon and the annexed report on said Code, containing finding with re pect thereto, having been m a d e and directed to the Pre i lent: NOW, THEREFORE on behalf of the President o f the United State , I Hugh S. John on , Administrator for Indu tria l Recovery, pur uant to authorit ve ted in me by Executive Orde r o f the Pre i dent, including Executi\e Or ler K o . 6543-A d a t e l D ece mb e r 30, 1933 and otherwi e do hereb3 incorporate by reference . aid anne xed report and do find that aid Code complie s in all re pect with the pertinent. provi ion an l will promote the policy and purpo e of Title of aid Act and do hereby order that ai 1 ode of Fair Competition be and it i h ereby appro,ed provide d Section 13 of Article \ II be amended by changing the period to a omma after the word " en ice in the ninth line thereof and adding the fol lowing: provided however . that nothing contained in thi e ction hall uper ede any state law which by it term permit any of th prac tice d cribed herein by m ember of the indu try. H GH S. J oHx Ad1 n inistrator fo?' lndHstJia l Recov ery. Approval recommended : GEo. L . BERRY, Division Adn'dnist1ator . "\V .ASHINGTON, D.C. April 4, 1 934 . 5 1 243 ----482-16----34 ( 155)

PAGE 4

REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT The The 1 V lzi t c House . Sm: A Publi H earing on the Code of Fair Competition for the Funeral S errice Industry submitted by the National Funeral Directo r A ociatio n of the United States , Inc. and the National Se lect e d l\1orti cia n s , wa conducted in \V a shington on the 6th of Decemb e r , 19 3 3 , in a ccordance with the provi ions of the National Inclu trial Recov e r y A ct. A t the Public H earing it was established that the Code wa s further con curred in o y two other a ociations, 11amely , the Fune r a l S2rvice Bureau and t h e Independent Funeral Director A sociatio n. Thes four a ociat i ons r epresent approximately 8 7 p rcen t o f the Industry and t h e y d ecide d to submit the Code a s an InJ.n . try. The maxi mum h ours permitte d under this Code are 40 per week, ex ept that em balm e r s . l awfully ngage d in embalming and those conducting f u ne r a l , s h all b e limited to 84 h our per week. The minimu m w a ge provided in this Code i s $15.00 per week or p e r hour o n an h ourly bas i s , except embalme r , who hall be 1 aid $25.00 p e r w ee k. Provision is made f o r adjustment of all wao e a bov e the minimum. This Industry in g e n eral embraces e s t abli hments enga g e d in u p erYi ing funeral , e rYic e s , prior to the burial o r clis p o al of dead human bod.i e . Ac c ordincr to the Bureau o f C e n u there w r e 34,132 licen ses i s n e d t o embalme r and funeral director for the year 1930 and the appr oxima+e n Imb e r of e tabli hments noag din the Industry for that yea r wa 2 5 500. The aYeragc num ber of funerals per t abli hmcnt for 19 2 9 w a 5 7 and f r 1933 about u2. In practically eYery large c ommunity l e than 10 p e r c nt of the t a bli shment handle the area t e r ...:har-of the bn ]ne ss . Employmen t i. Y ery lo w comr ared with the numb r o f e.._tabli hm ent . A l a r p e p e rc.ent of the e tabli hment are on a ol e proprietor hip or partne r . hip ba i a n d t h own e r s coop erate with part-time employees in performino the . erYi e ren lere l by th In lustr . Th se e t a bli hment mu t remain o r n 24 h ur a Jay how ver, em plo. e ar not kept o n the job 24-h ur a day bu arc .ubj c t to all wh n thei r e r Y i ces arc r equire 1. The r e f o r n r e oular hours are worke d i n thi Indu trv . Th p ro 1 o e l Co d r"ro v i ion. on h our will 1 r bally in rea e the number o f mploye in th laro r c tabli hm nt . Th , m •:tll r c -tabli hment unde r normal op ra i n will n o t increa e th 1umb r of mplo ee b catFe h y av rag le. than one funeral per \Ye k. The inf rma tion a vaila lc i f very littl n : in trying t tab-li.-h a pr od e waa rate . How v r , th r ]:::; an und t rmin cl numb r of empl y c e "ho 1' lY 1 than the propo e l ocl hourly (lGG)

PAGE 5

157 wage of 40 . Th additi nal waa burd n to thi In 1 ll tr cannot be letermined due to the irr 5ular hour worked. FINDING The eputy Ad.mini trator in hi final r port t m e on aid Code ha\ing found a s herein c;et forth and on the ba i . of all the proc e ding, in thi matter; I find that: (a) aid de i. "ell le ign c1 to 1 romote the po l ici and pnr-p e f Title I of th National Indu trial RecoY ry A t, including removal of ob tructi on to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerc whi h tend to dimini h the amount thereof and will provide for the aeneral welfare by promotino-the oraanization of indu -try for the purpo e of cooperative action among the trad group , by inducing ani maintaining united action of labor and management under adequate governmental anction and upervi ion by eliminating unfair competitive practice by promoting the fullest po ible utilization of the pre ent produc tiYe capacity of indu trie . by avoiding undue restriction of production (except a may be temporarily required), by increasing the con umption of indu trial and agricultural product throuah increa ing purcha ino power by reducing and relieving unemr loyment by impro' ing tandard of labor. and by therwi rehabilitating indu try. (b) Said Indu tr normally employ not more than 50.000 employees an l i not cla : ifiecl by me a a major (c) The ode a approved complie in a ll respect with the pertinent provision of aiel Title of aid Act, includina without limitati n Sub ection (a) of 3 Sub ection (a) of Section 7 and Sub ection (b) of Section 10 thereof ; and that the applicant a ociation is an indu trial as ociation truly representative of the afore-aid Indu. try and that ail A ociation impo e no inequitable re tri tion on admi ion to membership therein. (d) The Cod e i not de ianed to and wi ll not permit monopolies or monopoli tic practice . (e) The Code i not de igned to and will not eliminate or oppre mall enterpri e and will not operate to di criminate aaain t them. (f) Tho e engaged in other steps of the conomic proce s have not been depri' eel of the ri ht to be heard prior to appro al of aid Code . Thi Indu try ha cooperated in a m o t ati factory manner with the Admini trator in the preparation of thi Code. From evidence adduced during t h i hearing and from recommendations and reports of the variou Advisory Boards it is believed that this Code as now propo ed an l revised repre ent an effective practical equitable olution for hi industry and for these rea on thi Code ha been approved. Re pectfully , APRIL 4, 1934. HuGHS. JoHN oN Administr ator .

PAGE 6

CODE OF FAIR COl\fPETITION FOR THE FUNERAL SERVICE INDUSTRY ARTICLE I-PURPO ES To effectuate the policies of Title I of the National Industrial Re coYery Act, this Code is establi heel as a Code of Fair Competition for the Indu try, and its provi ions shall be the standard of fair competition for uch industry and binding upon every member thereof. ARTICLE II-DEFINITION 1. The term " Funeral Service Industry ", a used herein, hall mean an} person fir m, corporation or other form of enterprise, engaged in the pr paration of dead human bodie for burial or eli po al by embalming or other anitary method and/or directing and superv-i ing funeral ervices prior to burial or di posal and/or the sale of fm1eral n1erchandi eat retail and hall include all per on , firm corporation or other form of enterprise, maintaining a mortuary funeral home or other imilar e tabli hment and/or u ing in connection with their name and bu ine s, the words " ftmeral director ' , mortician " " undertaker i , or any other title or words of imilar meaning an l import and uch branches or subdivi ions as may from time to time be included under the pro\i ions of thi code. 2. The term membe r of the indu include but without lin1itation any individual partner hip a ociation corporation or other form of enterpri e engaged in the indu try either a an employer or on his or it O\Vll behalf. 3. The term : emplo ee a u eel herein includes any and all per onengaged in the inclu try, however compe n at d, except a m e mber of the indu try. 4. The term Act ' and • Administrator a u eel herein m ea n respectively Ti le I of the National In lu trial Recovery Act, and the Admini trator for Indu trial Reco\ery. ARTICLE III-Ho ns 1. No emplo e hall be pormitte l to work in cxce of forty (40) hour in any on week xcept that mbalmer , lawfully enoag l in embalmino, an al tho nductino fun rals hall be limit d to eio-ht -four ( 4) hour per 'eek. 2. No employee shall be permitted to w rk f r a to al number of hour. in x es of th number of h ur I r . crib d her in wheth r h be emplo r d 1 r n I' mor mploy r . 3. The above 1 rov.i. i n as to hour lo not apply to 1 r on lllployed in a manao r.ial x utiv r ur rvi ry apacit r cciving thirty-five dollar ( r; .0 I er w k r m r . (lG )

PAGE 7

159 AnTI LE IV-\Y A ,E 1. No employe hall b pai lle : than at the rat of fifteen d llars ( '15.00) p r '' ek, or forty cen ( 4 p r hour ''hen emplo ed on an hourly ba i , except lawful embalm r . who hall be paid not l e s than at the rate of twen y fiv d liar ( 25.00) per week. Female emp l oyee perfonning ub tantially the ame work a male mpl yee . hall receive the am rat of pay a male emp l oyee . 3. Thi article e tabli he a minimum rate of pay which . hall apply irre cti ve of whether an emplo. e i actually com pen a ted on time rate, piece-' ork performanc or other basi . 4 . ab ove : Minimum. If an adju tment of wage above the minimum fixe l in thi Code ha not been made since July 1 t. 1933 there hall then be an ma lc within ninety (90) da ;; from the date of approval of this '1o le. Such adju tment hall mean that the differential ex i ting prior to the formulation of thi ode hall be maintained for emp loyee other than per on ngaged in a managerial executive or upen-i ory capacity who receive more than thirty-five dollar (:3w.OO) per week, provi led however, that in no event hall hourl of p a be reduced. Each memb er of the Indu try hall make a report of uch adju tm nt whether male prior to or ub equent to the date of approval of this ode. to the Code Authority .. AnTI LE V -GE -EHAL L ABOR Pno rsroNs 1. No per on under ixteen ( 16) ear of aoe hall be em played in the indu trv. No per on under eightee n (1 8) rear of age hall be mployed at operation or occupations which are hazardous in nature or dangerou to health. In any State an employer hall be deemed to have omplied with thi provi ion as to age if h e shall haYe on file a certifica te or permit duly signed by the Authority in uch State empowered to i u e emplo ment or age certificate or permit hawing that thE-employee i of the required age. 2. In compliance with Section I (a) o f the Act it i provided: a) That emplo yee hall have the right t{) organize and bargain coll ective l } through repre entative of their own c h ao ing and hall be free from the interfe r e nce. re traint or oercion of employ er. of labor, or their agent in the de ignation of uch repre entative 1 or in elf-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection. (b) That no employee and no one eeking employment shall be required as a condition of employment to j oin an. company union or to refrain from joining, organizing or a isting a labor organization of hi own chao inO', and (c) That employ e r hall comp l y with the maximum hours of labor. minimum rate of pay an l other condition of employment approYed or pre cribed by the Pre ident. 3 . No employer hall recla ify e mployee or lutie of occupations performed a they on O ctober 1. 1933, or engage in any othe r ubterfuge . for the puq)o. e of d efeating the purpo e of the Act or of thi Code. 4. No pro vi ion in thi.. ole shall upe r . e l e an y State or Federal law which on employers more . tringent r a to

PAGE 8

160 age of employe , wage , hour of "-ork or as to safety, hea lth, san itary or general working conditions, or in urance, or fire protection, than are im po eel by this Code. 5. Every employ e r shall make reasonab l e provi ion for the safety and health of hi employ e at the place and durino the hour of their employment. 6. All employers hall poc:t and keep po ted complete copies of this Code in pia e s accessible to employee . ARTICLE VI-\.n1\IINISTRATION ORGA.r TIZATION A m CON TITUTION 1. A Cod Authori y i hereby establi.._hecl to cooperate with the Administrator in the administration of this code and sh all con is t of fifteen (15) nle mbers to be chosen by the industry t hrough a fair method of election approved by the Admini trator, to erve for a period of one (1) } ear from the date of their e l ection . The Administrator in hi di cretion may appoint not more than three ( 3) additional members without vote and without compensat i on f r o m the indu try, to erve for uch period of time and to represent the Admini trato r or uch group or groups as he n'lay designate . 2. Each tracl or indu trial association directly or indirectly participating in the sel e ction or acti' itie of the Code Authority hall impo e no inequitable restrictions on and hall submit to the Admini trator true copies of its articles of organization by regulations and any amendments when made t h ereto, together with uch other information as to member. hips, organization and activitie a . the Administrator may lcem neces ary to effectuate the purpo es of the Act. 3 . In orde r that the Cole Authority hall at all times be trul y repr entatiY e of the indu try and in other resr ect comp l y with the provi ion of the Act, the Admini trator may prescribe such hearing. a : h e may deem proper; and if he shall find that the Code Authority j not truly repre entative or does not in other respects comply with the pro vi . ion of the Act. he may take such action as he m a y de m nece ary un ler the circum tances . 4. X o inequitable r e trictions on admis ion to member hip in any trade a . ociation or organiz d group, participating in the activiti of the Cod Authority shall be impo eel, and any member of the indu.try :-hall l e eli g ibl for membor hip in any uch trade a tion or organiz d oTonr : under the am ondition as ar impo eel on any other m e mber. 5. othing contain cl in thi Code hall con titute th members of the od e Authority I artn r s for any I urpo e . Nor hall an. mem ber of the l e Auth rit l liable in any manner to anyon for any a t of any oth r memb r offi r, ag nt or emplo of the Code Authority . N r . hall any member of th 1 Auth rity exerci ino r a onabl lili g n c in th on lu t f hi dnti s hereun i er, b liabl to anyon f r any action or omi ion to a t un ler hi od x pt for hi own IYiJlful asan or non-f a ance.

PAGE 9

161 POWEll A D TIES 6. The Co e Au J h rity hall hav the followino-furthe r pow ers an l duti to the ext nt l )ermitte d by the A ct: (a) T administ r the proYi ion of thi Co l e and p r ovide for the c mplianc e of the inclu try w ith t h e provi.ion of the A c t , and to and submit am e n lments an l j or xception to o r m od ification of thi Cole f o r the approval of the A dministr ator afte r s uch notic e and h earing a h e ma y pre cribe aid am endments or modification when o appro v e d, to becom e a part of this C o d e and to have the am e forc e and effect a an) other 1 roYi ion of thi Co de. (b) To a lopt by-law s and r egulation fo r it procedur and for the a lmini tration and enforc e m e n t of the Cod e under s u c h rules and regulations a may b pre _ c rib e d b ) the Admini trato r. (c) To obtain from m e mb e r of the industry s u c h tatisti c al information and report as ar require d for the admin i stra tion of t he Code. No individual reports hall b e lis clo sed to any ot h e r m e mb e r of the indu try or any other party exc ept to uch ag ncie as may be directed by the Administrator. (d) To make recomm endations to the Admini trator a to ca h di count , and uniform co t accountin g . (e) Upon the reque s t o f the Administrator or up o n complaint of intere t e d partie or upon its own initi ati"n \ to make u c h inquiry and inve stigation a to the op eration o f thi C o de a may b ne c e s ary and proper under u c h rules and reoulation a may b e prescribe d by the Admini trator and report the sa me to the Admini tr ator. (f) To use su c h trade a s o ciatio n and othe r agencie s a s it d e ems proper for the carrying out of any of its ac t ivities l rovide d for herein, provided that nothing herein shall relieve the Cod e Authority of it duties or re pon ibilities unde r this Co de and that s u c h trade a ociation s and age ncie s shall at all times b e ubject to and comply with the pro' ision s hereof. (g) To s ecure from member s of the industry who a Snt to this Code and/ or participate in the a ctivitie of the Cod e Authority uch proportionate payment of the r e a onable expenses of maintaining the Code Authority a may be determined by the Cod e Authority and approved by the Administrator. (h) To cooperat e with the Admini trator in regulating the u se of any N .R.A. insignia olely L y tho e m e mber. of the inclu try who have a en ted to, and are complyin g with, thi Cod e . (i) To recommend to th Admini trator further fair trade practice provi. ions to gov ern memho r of the indu try in their relations with each other or with other industries and to recommend to the Admin.i. trator measure for indu trial planning, i ncluding stabilization of emplo3 ment. (j) To make re ommendation to the Administrator for the coordination of the aclmi 1 i tration of thi Code with such other codes if any, as may be related to the industry. '7. If the Admini tlator shall det e rmine that any action of a code authority or any agency thereof may be unfair or unjust or contrary to the public interest, the Administrator may require that such action

PAGE 10

162 be su s p ende d to afford a n opportunity for investigation of the merits of s u c h action and furthe r con sideration of such code authority or agen c y pending final action which shall not b e effectiv e unles . the Administrator approves or unles he shall fail to disapprove after thirty (30) clay ' notic e to him of intention to pr ceed with such action in it orig i nal or modifi e d form. ARTICLE VII-TRADE PRACTICE 1. No memb e r of the inclu try shall brand or mark a . ny serviee or merchandi e in any manner which deceive. or mislead purcha ers with r es pect to th brand, oTade, quality, quantity, origin, ize, ub stance, charac ter. nature, fini h, material, content or preparation of su c h m e r c h andi e . 2. No member of the shall publish advertising (whether printe d , radio, di play or of an y other nature), whic h i mis l eading or inaccurate in any material pa.rticular, nor hall any member in any way mi represent any goods (including but without limitation its u e, trade-mark grade quality, quantity, origin, size sub s tance , character, nature, fini . h, material. content or preparation) or credit terms, value s polici es, s e rvice or the nature or form of the bu iness conducted. 3. No n1embe r of the industry shall give, p ermit to be given, or directly offer to give , an:ything of value for the purpose of influencing or r ewarding the action of any employee, agent or representative of anothe r in r elation to the bu in e of the employer of uch employee, the principal of s u c h aoent or the represented party without the knowledge of uch employe r , principal or party. Commercial bribery provi ions shall not b e c on strued to prohibit free and general di tribution of article commonly used for adverti ing except o far as uch article are a ctually used for commercial bribery a s herein above defined. 4. No m embe r of the indu try shall attempt to induce the bre ach of an existing contrac t betw ee n a ompetitor and hi cu tomer or ource of supply; nor shall any s u c h memb e r interfer with or ob. truct the performance of su c h ontractual duties or service . 5. No member of the industry shall s ecr etly offer or make any paym ent or allowance of a r ebate, refund, comm _ i ion reclit , unearned discount or e xce allow a n e, whethe r in the form of money or otherwi e nor hall a m embe r f the industry for the purpo of influencing a ale s e c r etly off e r or ext n l to any purcha er any special service or privilege not xte n l e d to all purchas ers of like quantitie under like t erm an l condition . 6. No memb e r of th indu -try hall can e th defamation of ompetitor by fal. ely im1 utino to them eli honorable ondu t inability to p erform ontra t. qu e tionabl redit tan lin poor qui I 111 nt or mortuary e tabli hm nt , inf rior m r handi e r b. other fal c repre entatio n , r b y the fal e di parag m nt of their rvice or the.ir selling ric e . 7. No memb r f th indu try . hall ell or publi 1 off e r to any m r haucli , o r lir ctl y r in lire tly r nd r any . r i c b lo hi individual o t x pt. ma. . ll b low hi. O\Vll c t m et bona fid c omp etition. F o r t hi. 1 uq)O.-e c o t i d fin d a th t

PAGE 11

163 determined by co t ac ounting method r ogniz d in the industry and apr ro ed by the ode Authority and th Admini trat r. 8. No member of th indu try shall eli tribute and/or sell any funeral merchandi e or supplie from whi h the labe l, erial number, or other identifying mark of h e manufc cturer ha b en effaced or r emov d. 9 . No member of the indu try hall hip or cl liver m erchandi e or suppli s with the intent to deceive th purcha er, which do not conform to the samples submitted or r presentation made prior to ecuring the order there r. 10. No member of the indn try shall eli. play or show funeral merchandise without sal prices marked in figures that arc legible and capable of being un lerstood by the aver.ng purchaser. 11. No m ember of the inclu try hall offe r or give any prize or premium in connection with or a an inducem ent to the s ale of service or merchancli e by any s h me which invohe lottery, mi representation or fraud. 12. No member of th indu try hall organize or promote or participate directly or inclirectl} in the organization, promotion o r ac tivities of any enterpri e elling cemetery lot , gra v s pace or other interment property, on a s peculativ e L a i or by the us e of mi -repre entation or fraud; nor shall any memb e r accept a commL ion from either sell r or purcha e r upon the s ale of any s u c h interment property sold under uch an enterpri e; nor shall an} m ember ex cept tho e actually and legally s o enong 'cl prior to the effective date of this Code , hereafter engage in performing any service of this industry, as herein d efined within the o nfin es of any tax exempt cemetery or any othe r tax exempt pro1 el'ty . 13. No member of the indu try shall organize or promote or pc.r ticipate, dir ctly or indirectly, in the organizatio n, promotion, o r op eration of an. form of ent rprisc which deceive. o r defraud m e m bers, pol.icy holde r or certificate h older;:, as to the fin aiYial responsibility of s u c h enterpri e or the quality o r v alue of funeral m rchandise o r ser-vices o ffered by c::u c h enterprise or which limit o r re stricts the freed m f choice in the open market, of the per on o r persons havino th legal right of . ..:u ch choice reganling contracts, purchases and arrangements with reference to any part of a funerc l erYice. It hall be t h e duty of eYerv m embe r of the industry before participating, directly or indirectl y, in any uch plan to determine the so l vency integrity and legality t h c r cof.1 14. No member of t he indu.__try shall employ, rc ain or otherwi e engage agents to olicit bu ine s. ARTICLE VIII-l\IomFrCATION 1. This Code and all the provisions thereof are expres. ly made s ubject to the riaht of the Pre iclen t in accordance with the provision of Subsection (b) of Section 10 of the Act, from time to time to cancel or modify any order, approval, rule or regnlation is ued under said Act. 2. This Code, except a to provi ion s required by the Act, may be modified or amended on the ba sis of experie nce or changes in 1 See paragraph 2 of order approving this Code.

PAGE 12

164 circumstances, such modifications or amendments to be based upon application to the Administrator and such notice and hearing as he shall specify, and to become effective on approval of the President, unless otherwise provided. 3. The Code Authority may make recmnmendations for modifi cations to this Code to the Administrator which shall become effective as a part of this Code upon approval by the Administrator after such notice and hearing as he may prescribe. ARTICLE IX-MONOPOLIES, ETC. No provisio n of this Code shall be so applied a to permit monop olies or monopolistic practices, or to eliminate, oppress or discriminate against small enterprises. ARTICLE X-PRICE INCREASES Whereas the policy of the Act to increase real purchasing power will be made more difficult of consununation if prices of goods and services increase as rapidly as wages, it is recognized that price increases, except such as may be required to meet individual cost, should be delayed , but when made such increases should, s o far as possible , be limited to actual additional increases in the seller's costs . ARTICLE XI-EFFECTIVE DATE This Code shall become effective on the second Monday after its approval by the Pres ident. Approved Co d e . No. 384. Registry No. 1749'-04. 0

PAGE 13

/ _

PAGE 16

3 1262 08336 680 6