Citation
Code of fair competition for the sewing machine industry as approved on April 21, 1934

Material Information

Title:
Code of fair competition for the sewing machine industry as approved on April 21, 1934
Portion of title:
Sewing machine industry
Creator:
United States -- National Recovery Administration
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publisher:
U.S. Government Printing Office
Publication Date:
Language:
English
Physical Description:
p. 408-422 : ; 24 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Sewing-machine industry -- Law and legislation -- United States ( lcsh )
Genre:
federal government publication ( marcgt )
non-fiction ( marcgt )

Notes

General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: National Recovery Administration.
General Note:
"Registry No. 1399-1-12."
General Note:
"Approved Code No. 402."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004922056 ( ALEPH )
639949830 ( OCLC )

Full Text



Registry No. 1899--1--12


NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION


~


FOR THE


~ISEWVING MACHINE INDUSTRY



AS APPROVED ON APRIL 21, 1984


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UNITED STATES
GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON: 1934


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CODE OF FAIR COMbPETITION












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This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government
Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of
Foreign and Domestic Commerce.
DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE
Atlanta, Ga.. 504 Post Office Building.
Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building.
Boston, Mlass.: 1801 Customhouse.
Buffaslo, N.Y'.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street.
Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Comnmerce.
Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Bulilding.
Detroit, Mlich: 801 First National Bank Building.
Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building.
Indianspolis, Ind.: Chamber of Comnmerce Building.
Jacksonville, Fla.: Chamber of commerce Building.
Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue.
Los A~ngeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadwany.
Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building.
MeImphiis, Tenn.: 229 Federal Building.
M~inneapolis, Mfinn.: 213 Federal Building.
New Orleans, La.: Room 225C-A, Customhouse.
New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse.
Norfolk, Va.; 406 East, Plulme Street.
Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Commnercial Trust Building.
Pittsburgh, Pa.1 Charther of Commerce Building.
Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Post Office Building.
St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street.
San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Custombouse.
Seattle. Wash.: 809 Federal Office Building.





Approved Code No. 402

CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION
FOR THE

SEWING MACHINE INDUSTRY

As Approved on April 21, 1934


ORDER

APPROVING CODE OF IFAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SEWING nZACHINE
INDUSTRY

An application having been duly made pursuant to and inl full
compliance with the provisions of Title I of the National Industrial
Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, for approval of a Code of
Fair Competition for the Sewing M~achine Industry, and hearings
having been duly held thereon and the annexed report on aid Codle,
containing findings with respect thereto, having be~en made andl
directed to the President:
NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the Preside~nt o~f the Unite~d
States, I, Hugh S. Johnson. Administrator for Indusitrial Recove~ry,
pursuant to authority rested in mne by Executive O1crders of the
President, including Executive Order No. 6543-A~, datedl Decemiber
30, 1933, and otherwise; do hereby incorporante by reference said
annexed report and do find that said C~ode complies in all respects
with the pertinent provisions and will promote the policy and pur-
poses of said Title of said Aict; and do hereby or~der that .said C'ode
of Fair Competition be and it is hereby approved;3 provided, hiow-
ever, that the continued participation of the Sewing M~achine Trande
Association and the Mutual Sewing M~achine Dealers and Mechanics
Cooperative, Incorpor~ated, in the: Code Authority after 30 dalys
fr~om the effective date of this Code shall be contingent upon their
amending their Constitution and By-lawFs to the satisfaction of the
Administrator.
HUGH S. JoHNSON,
Admsin2istratoro, for Ipndusfr~iall RecoLveriy.
Approval recommended:
A. R. GLANCY,
Di~visi'on Admn~inistrator.
WASlNCTONo, D.C.,


54891"-4-82-130-----34


(4(7)g













The PRESIDENT,
The W~hite House.
SmR: This is a report on the Codle of Fair C~ompet~ition for the
Sewing Machine Industryv in the United States as: revised after a
Public Hearing conducted thereon in Washington, D.C., on Thurs-
day, January 4, 1934, in accordance withl thle provisions of the
National Industrial Recovery Act.. This is a vertical code, contain-
ing provisions covering mnanufacturmng and retailing.
PROVISIONS OF THIE CODE AS TO WAGES AN'D HOURS FOR THE MANUSFACTUR-
INrG COMPANIES

The Clode provides for a 40-hour andc 6-day week with at normal
working day of 8 hours. There are certain exceptions to these hours ~
and provision is also mnade that employees mlay work overtime, but
that overtime shall not exceed 8 hours in any one week or 48 hours
in any 26-week period, providing t~imne and one-half is paid for all
time worked in excess of allowable hours.
The minimum r~te! of pay' is 400 per hour for males and females,
except that when females are performing light and repetitive opera-
tions they mnay be paid not less than 350 per houlr.
No one under 16 years of age may be emnployedl, and no one under
18 years of age in operations or occupations hazardous in nature or
dangerous to health.
Office and clerical employees are to receive a minimum of $15.00
per week, except that office boys and girls may be paid 80% of this
minimum, but. shall be limited to 5%0 of the total number of
employees.
Equitable adjulstmlentns in wage rates over the minimum are
provided for.
PROVISIONS OF THE: CODE AS TO WAGES AND HOURS FOR RETAIL 10BTABcLISH
MENTS

Hour and wage provisions conform to provisions of the Retail
Code.,
GENERAL. STATEMENT AND ECONOMIC E:FFEC'T OF THE CODE

The Sewing Machine Industr~y in the United States represerits
persons, firms, and corporations engaged in the manufacture and re-
pair and rebuilding of sewing machines and cabinets, stands, tables
(including power tables), motors, parts, needles, attachments, and
aces~sories for serving machines, and the selling, installing, dis-
mantling: servicing, and distributing thereof at wholesale or retail.
It embodies tw~o main groups, thme manufacturers and the rebuilders.
The Code was submitted by the Sewing Machine Trade Associa- i
tion, representing substantially 100C: of those engaged in the manu-
(408)


REPORT TO THE PRESIDENT






409

facture of sewing machines and more than 80%o of the wholesale and
retail distribution, and by the Rebuilders' Division of the Sewing
Machine Industry, estimated to represent at least 80%0 of the Re-
builders.
The "L Manufacturers ?' consist of eighteen plants. Trhe investment
in these plants is approximately $200,000,000, and the number of
wage earners in normal times about 15,000 persons, with an estimated
annual payroll of $21,000,000. No similar information concerning
the Rebuilders "' is available.
Pertinent data on employment, wages, and hours as submitted by
the "L Manufacturers mlay be summarized as follows:

A average Av~erage Average
number of wage per hours per
wage earners hour week

Year 1927.~.._.....-... ..~.~...~...~......~.~.........~.......... 15, 021 30. 624 44.0a
Year 18920~.-.......... ~~.~............ ............~.......... 15, 577 .635 45. 4
Year 1932..~............ -----~..~.. ...~~~...................... 10,340 .652 30. 7
6 months to June 30, 1933~.~~~~.. ...~.....~.-. ............... 9, 665 620 28. 7
Week ending Oct. 7, 1933..................................._.. 10,783 .629 36.71
Week ending Dec.9, 1933. ................... ....~.....~....... 11,000 .631 37. 5

The maximumi hours proposed in the Code are 11.9% below t~he
average hours worked per week in 1929. Since the adoption of 40
hours as the standard work week, employment has increased 15%0.
No further increase mnay be reasonably expected unless the volumle
of production increases. The mechanicall skill required of a large
percentage of the employees is reflected in the high average hourly
rate of pay which has prevailed throughout the depression for fac-
tory wage earners. A very small proportion of these employees
would be benefited by the p~roposedl minimum wage, but will gain
through the equitable adjustment clause for wages above the
iulnimum.
The Code Authority shall be the general agent for the administra-
tion of this Code and shall consist of nine members, six of whomn are
to be chosen by and fr~om among members of the Sewing Machine
Trade Association; t~wo of whom shall be chosen by and from among
members of the Divisional Code Authority established for the purposse
of administering this Code within the Rebuilders' Division; and one
of whom shall be chosen by and from among thle members of t~he
Industry who are not members of the Sewing Machine Trade Asso-
ciation and not members of the Rebuilders' Division of the Sewfing
Machine Industry. The Administrator has the authority to appoint
not to exceed three non-voting members of the Code Aut~horit~y who
shall also be members of each Divisional Code Authorityv.
The Code Authority provides machinery for obtaining statistics
and the administration of this Clode.

FINDINGS
The Assistant Deputy Administrator in his final report to me on
said Code having found as herein set forth and on the basis of all
the proceedings in this matter :
I find that:
(a) Said Code is well designed to promote the policies and pur-
poses of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, including






410


removal of obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign
commerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof and will pro-
vide for the general welfare by promoting the organization of in-
dunt~ry for t~he purnpos of coonpeativeP a~t~ion among the trade groups,
by inducing and maintaining united action of labor and management
under adequate governmental sanctions and supervision, by elirninati
ing unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest possible
utilization of t~he present productive capacity of industries, by avoid-
ing undue restriction of production (except as may be temporarily
required), by increasing the consumption of industrial and agri-
cuiltuiral producllts through increasing pulrchasin power, by reducing
and relievi ng unem ploymenit, by imnprovmi g standards of labor, and
by otherwise;~ rehabilitating industry.
('b) Said Industryr normnally employs not more than 50,000 em-
ploy'ees; and is not classified by me as a major industry.
(c) The Code as approved compylies in all respects with the per-
tinent provisions of said Title of said Act, includling without limi-
tation Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7, and
Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; andl that the applicant group
is an industrial group truly r~epr~esentative of the aforesaid Indus-
try; and that said group imposes no inequitable restrictions on
admission to membership therein.
(d) The Code is not designed to and~ will not permit monopolies
or mionopolistic practice.
(e) The Code is not designed to andi will not. eliminate or oppress
small ente~pr~ises and wvill not operate t~o d~i~scrimninate against them.
(f) Those engraged in other steps of the economic process have
not been dleprivedl of thle right to be heard prior to approval of said
Code.
For these reasons, therefore, I have approved thlis C~ode; pro-
vided, hlowever, that the continued participation of the Sewing
Machine Trade Associationl and the Miutual Sewving M~achine Dealers
and Mfechanics Cooperativ-e, Incorporated in the Code Authzority
after 30 days from the effective date of this Code shall be contingent
upon their amending their Constitu~tion and By-lawsi to the satisfac-
tion of the Adlministrator.
Respectfully,
Hoon S. JoHNson,
Ad m ini~tra~tao~r.
APaRIL 21, 1984.













CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SEWING
MACHINE INDUSTRY

ARTICLE I -FURPOSES

To effectuate the policies of Title 1 of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, the following provisions are established as a. Code of
Fair Competition for the Sewing Machine~ Industry, and shall be
the standard of fair competition for the industry and shall be bind-
ing upon every member thereof.
ARTICLE II-DEFINITIONS

1. The term "L Sewing MCachine Industry "?, as used herein, is de-
fined to mean the manufacture and the repair and rebuilding of
Sewina Mlachines and Cabinets, Stands, Tables (including Power
Tables), Motors, Parts, Needl'es, Attachments and Accessor~ies for
~Sewing M/achines, and the selling, installing, dismantling, servicing
and distributing thereof at wholesale or retail.
2. The term "employee ", as used herein, is defined to mean any
person engaged in any phase of the industry in any capacity, irre-
spective of the method of payment of his compensation, except a
member of the industry.
3. The terml employer ", as used herein, is defined to mean any-
one by whom such an employee is so employed.
4. The term "' members of the industry ", as used herein includes,
but without limitation, anly individual, partnership, association, cor-
poration, or other form of enterprise engaged in the industry, either
as an employer or on his or its own behalf.
5. The term "L persons "), as used herein, is defined to mean natural
persons, partnerships, associations and cor~porations.
6. The term outside sal'esmen ", as used herein, shall mean n sales-
man who is engaged not less than sixuty (60) percent of his working
hours outside the establishment, or any branch thereof, by which he
is employed.
7. The term "' outside collector ", as used herein, shall mean a col-
lector of accounts who is engaged not less than sixty (60) percent
of his working hours outside the establishments, or any branch
thereof, by which he is employed.
8. The term outside buyer ", as used herein, shall mean anyone
wiho is engaged in buying and who is engaged not less than sixty (60)
percent of his working hours outside the establishment, or any branch
thereof, by which he is employed.
9. The term "' imitation parts and "L imitation attachments ", as
used herein, is defined to mean parts or attachments not made or
authorized by the manufacturer of the sewing machine for whlich
they are made or designed, and~ which have been made or designed
(4111)





412


for use in substitution for likre parts or attachments made or author-
izedl byr the original manufacturer of the sewing machine.
10. The term technical capacity "', as used herein, is defined to
mean design, experimlentation, research, development and manatge-
ment w~ork in whlic~h professional engineers and expert technicians
are engaged.
11. The terml .' Division of the industry ", as used herein, is defined
to mean and include a.ny part of the industry which is or mnay be
defined and established in a schedule of this Code.
12. The population for the purposes of this Code shall be deter-
minedl by referring to the 1930 Federal census.
13. The terml junior employee ", as used herein, shall mean an
em ployee under eight.een (18) years of agae? other than apprentices.
14. The termi Suth "', as used herein, shall mean VTirginia, West
Virginia, 111aryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Geor~gia,
Florida, Kentu~cky~, Tennessee, Alabama, DIlississippi, Arkansas,
Louisiana, Oklahoma, New Mlexico, Texas, andl the District of
Columbia.
AlRTIC'LE III-Hoons
1. No employee shall be permitted to work in excess of forty (40)
houirs in any' one week, or ei~ght. (8) hours inl any twventy-four (241)
hour period, except as herein otherwise provided.
2. A tolerance of ten (10) percent above the daily and weekly
miaximum hours may be allowed for firemen and engineers.
3. Watchmen shall not. be permitted to work in excess of forty-
eight. (48) hours per week.
41. Notwithstanding any other pr~roision of t~his Ar~ticle,_ employees
in retail stores and service stations, including clerical employees for
such stores, wshether or not they are on the same premises, may be
mprloye\d not to exceed- foltrty-igrht (48) h1ourIs per week at Ch'rist-
muas, inventory and anyi~ other peak times for a total not to exceed
two weeks in the first. six (6j) mlonlths of the calendar year, and not
to exceed three (3) weeks in the second six mnonthis, and any employee
in a. retail store, the principal trade in which is in merchandise other
than the products of this indlustry, may be permnitt~ed t.o work in
excess of the mlaxinlun hours specified in this Article if such excess
is permnittedl by provisions of the Greneral Clode of Fair Competition
for the retail trade or suchl other code for~ a division of the retail
trade as Sulch store may be olperatincr under. Executives in retail
operations of the Inldusjtry receiving 935 or more per week in cities
of over 500,000 population, or receiving $30 or moere per week in
cities of 100,000 to 500,000 population, or receiving $27.50 or more
per week in cities of 25,000 to 100,000 population, or receiving $25i
or mnor~e per week- in cities, townis, v-illagaes and other places under
25~,000 population, shall not be subject to any hourly limitation. In
the Soulth, Executives paid not less than ten (10) percent below the
wages juist specified~ shall not. be subject to any hourly limitation.
5. The provisions of this Article limiting hours of work shall not
aDpply to outside salesmen, outside sales promotion employees, outside
buyers, outside collectors, outside service mien and travelling auditors.
6. The provisions~ of thiis Article limiting hours of work shall not
apply to persons emnployed in an executive, managerial, technical or
supervisory enpacity who ear~n niot less ti~ran995. per week.







413

7. Delivery men may be permitted t~o workE not more than forty-
four (44) hours per week averaged over a period of three weeks, but
mn no case shall the hours exceed fifty-four (54) in any one wseek.
8. The maximum hours fixed in this Article shall not apply to any
employee on emergency maintenance or emergency repair work in-
volving breakdowns or protection of life or property, but in any such
special case, at least one and one-half (11/2~) times his normal rate
shall be paid for hours worked in excess of the maximum herein
provided.
9. The maximum hours fixed in this Article shall also not apply if
at least one and one-half (11/2) times the normal rate shall be paid
for hours worked in excess of the hours specified in this Article, but
such overtime shall not exceed for any emnployee eight (8) hours in
any one week, nor forty-eight (48) hours in any twenty-six (26)
week period begin~ninga January 1st or July 1st.
10. No employee shall be permitted to work more than six (6)
days in any seven (7) day period.
11. No employer shall permit any employee to work for any time
which, when totaled with that already performed for another em-
ployer or employers exceeds the maximum permitted herein.
12.e Enmpoersnia wo perstonall perform manual work or are en-
gage inmecanial pertios sall not exceed the prescribed maxw-
unum number of hours.
ARTICLE IV -WAGES
1. No employee shall be paid less than the rate of forty (40) cents
per hour, except as herein otherwise provided.
2. No employee engaged in clerical or office work shall be paid
less than the rate of Fifteen ($15.) dollars per w~eek,priddta
learners, for a period of not over sixty (60) days, anOfcebs
and girls may be pa.id not less than 80% o such minimum wage,
but the total number of Offce boys or girls and learners receiving
less than the minimum wage in anyl calendar month, shall not exceed
5%~ of the total employees of such employer in this class, or two
employees, whichever is higher.
3. Female employees engaged in light and repetitive operations
may be paid not less than thirty-five (35) cents per hour, provided,
however, that periodical reports of such light and repetitive opera-
tions are made to the Code Authority.
4. Female employees engaged in production of products of thie
Industry performing substantially the same work as male employees,
shall receive the same rate of pay as male employees.
5. This Article establishes a minimum compensation, irrespective
of! whether an employee is actually compensated on a time rate,
piece work or other basis.
6. An equitable adjustment shall be made within sixty (60) days
aftei- the effective date of this Code to the extent practicable in the
wage rates of all factory and office employees now compensated at
a rate in excess of the minimum but receiving less than thirty-five
($35.00) dollars for a. full week's work, by any employers who h~ave
not heretofore made such adjustment, or who have not. maintained
rates comparable with such equitable adljustmnents. The first report
54391 --- 82-13 8 -34 2







414


to t.he Code Authlorityg on wages shall show the adjustments made
subsequent to M~ay 1, 1933.
'7. Ai person whose earning capacity is limited because of ae
physical or mental handicap, or other infirmity, may be employed
on light wvork; at a wage below the muinimnum established by a code,
if the employer obtains from the State authorityT, designated by the
U.S. Department of Labor, a certificate authorizing such person's
employment at. such~ wages and for such hours as shall be stated in
the certifiente. Such authority shall be guided by the instructions
of the U.S. Department of Labor in issuing certificates to such per-
sons. Each employer shall file monthly with the Code Autho~rity a
list of all such persons emuployedl by him, showing the wages paid to,
and the maximum hours of work f~or such employee.
8. Thle minimnuml wrekly rate of wages that. shall be paid to any
em ployee in a retail store or service st.ation (including clerical em-
ployees for suchl stores, whether or not they are on the same
prenuises') shall be as follows:
a. Within cities of 500),000 population or over-at the rate of not
less than $14.00 per weetk;
b. Within cities from 100,000 to 500,000 population-at the rate of
not less tha~n $13.00 per week;
e. Within cities fr~om 25,000 to 1.00,000) population-at the rate of
not. less than $12.00) per week;
d. Within cities, towns, and villages from 2,1500 to 25,000 popula-
tion-at. the rate of not. less than $11.00 per week;
e. WVith~in towns and villages and other places with less than 2,500
population-at the rate of not less than $10.00) per week;
f. Junior em~ploy'ees may be paid for the first six months of their
emnployment at the rate of $2.00 less per weekz than the minimum
wage otherwise applicable; learners miay be paid, for a period of
not over sixty (60) daysvv at the rate o~f $1.00 less per week than
the miinimm wage othlerwTis applicable; it is provided, however,
that t.he number of empyloyees classified as junior employees and
learners~, combined. shall not exceed a. ratio of one such employee to
every fiv'e employees or fraction thereof tip to twenty, and one such
employee to every ten employees above twenty.
g. In the South all minimum wages specified in the foregoing
sections of Art~icle IV-8 may be at the r~ate of $1.00 less per week.
hI. The full-time weekly wages of all classes of employees receiv-
ing m'ore than the minimumn wages referred to above shall not be
reduced from the full-time weekly wages existing upon July 15,
1933, notwithstandingr any reduction in the number of working hours
of such emnployeess to conformn with the provisions of this Code.
9. Co-mmiission salespeople and collectors, including salespeople
and collectors who receive a base salary or guaranteed compensa-
tion, but. whose principal earnings are intended to be paid on com-
mission basis, shall be excepted from the minimum wage provisions
of this Article.
10. Par~t-time employees shall be paid not less t.han at an hourly
rate proportionate to the rate specified in the applicable foregomng
sections of this Article IV.





415

.- -. -AzrnricL V- ~ENERAL LABJOP 1ROVISIONSB

1. ~No person under sixteen (16) years of age shall be employed in
the industryJ.. No person under eighteen (18) years of a.ge shall be
employed inl operations or occupations which are hazardous in nature
or Tdhiigerous to health. The Code Authority shall submit to the
Administrator within ninety (90) days after the effect.ive date of
this Code, a! list of such operations or occupations. In any State
an employer shall be deemed to have compiled with this provision
as to age if h-e shall have onl file a certifleate or permit duly signed
by the Authority in such State empoweredi to issue employment or
age. certificates or permits showing that, the employee Is of the
required age.
2. Pursuant to Section 7 (a) of the Act it is provided:
(1) "L That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain
collectively through representative of their own choosing, a~nd shall
be free from the interference, restraint or coercion of employers of
labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives, or
in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose
of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection;
(2) "L That no employee and nio one seeking employment shall be
required as a condition of employment to join any company union,
or to reframn from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organiza-
tion orf his own choosing; and.
(3) That employers shall comply with the maximumn hours of
labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment,
approved or prescribed by the Presidenlt."
3. Apprentices shall be regularly indentured for a sufficient period
of time ton be systpematically advancedr through the various operations
in any one of the various trades or occupations. Such apprentices
shall not exceed the ratio of one (1) apprentice to ten (10) com-
petently skilled journeymen emlploySees, and~ shall be paid for a period
not. exppcdngr six (6) months a starting rate not less than 8051 of the
minimum hourly rate of pay prescribed in this Code.
4. No employer shall reclassify employees or duties of occupations
performed or engage In any oter subhterfuge for t.he purpose of
defeating t~he purpose or provisions of the Act or of this Code.
5. No provisions in this Code shall supersede any State or Fedleral
law, which imposes more stringent requirements on employers as to
age of employees, wages, hours of work, or as to salfety, health,
sanitary or ge~nerl working condi~tions, or insurance~ or fire protec-
tion, than are imposed by this Ciode.
6. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Code, all wFhole-
slalers (als defined inI the C'ode of F'air Compet~ition for the Whole~sal-
ing or Distributing Tirade) in this trade shall comply with all of the
provisions contained in Articles II[I, IV, and Y of the Code of Fair
Competition for the WClholesaling or Distributing Trade as approved
on January 18, 1934.
ARTICLE VI I--ADMINISTRATION
1. The Codle Authority is hereby established for the administra-
tion of this Clode and shall consist of nine members, six of whomu
r see paragraph 2 of order approving this Code.







416 :

are to be chosen by and from among members of the Sewing Machine
Trade Anssoc~iation, and t~wo of whom are to be chosen by and from
amlong members of t~he Divisional Clode Authority established under
Schedule "A"~ of this Code, and one of whom may be chosen by and
from among the members of the industry who are not members of
the Sewing Machine Trade Association and not members of the
division of the industry established under said Schedule "'A". The
term of office of mlemlbers of the Code Authority shall be one year
or until their successors are chosen, thle annual date for expiration
of such t~ermus to be fixed by the Code Authority. If the non-mem-
bers do not elect the member of the Code Authority above provided
for writ~hin two months of the effective date of this Code or fail,
within a similar time, to elect a successor on the expiration of a
termn, or to fill any vacancy, he shall be appointed by the remaining
members of the Code Authority. The Administrator may also, if
he so elects, appoint not to exceed three non-voting members of the
Code Authority who shall also be members of each Divisional Code
Authority.
2. Eachi division of the Industry may establish a Divisional Code
Authority to admninister this Code within such Division subject to
the: r~iht of the Code Authority, on review, to disapprove any action
taken by a Divisional Code Authority.
3. In order that. t~he Clode Aut~hority shall at all times be truly
representative of the industry and in other respects comply with the
provisions of the Act! the Admlinistrator may provide such hearings
as he ma~y deemi proper ; and thereafter if he shall 6nd that the Code
Authiorit~y is not truly representative or does not in other respects
comply with the provisions of the Act, miay require an appropriate
modification in the method of selection of the Code Authority. The
provisions of this paragiraph also shall be applicable to any Divi-
sionial Code Authority.
4. Members of the Industry who are complying with the require-
ments of the Code, and who pay their reasonable share of the
expenses of the administration thereof, including t~he cost of assembly
and analysis of such reports and data as may be required under the
Code, andi the cost of t~he maintenance of the ~Code Authority and its
activities, shall be entitled to participate in the Code Activities and
to the bene~ts of the activities of the Code Authority and to make
use of any National Recovery Act Code insignia which mayb
adopted. The method of allocation and collection of expenseshl
be determined by t.he Codle Authorit~y subject to approval by the
Adminristrator; participation in the election of members of the Code
Authority or of anly Divisional Code Authority subsequent to the
first election shall be open only to those who pay their reasonable
share of expense as allocated.
5. With a view of providing information for the purpose of keep-
ing the Presidlent of the United Sae n h diitao
ifrmed as to the observance or nion-observance of this Code, and
as to whleth~er the industry is t.ukinga appropriate steps to effectuate
in all respects the declared policy of the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, the Code Authority shall makze such reports as the
Administrators may direct, periodically or as of ten as requested.






421

Each member of the Indusry shall prepare, and file with such person
or organization as may be prescribed by the Codle Authority reports,
statistics and such other data or information as the Code Authority
may from time to time require for the purposes of this paragraph or
for the enforcement of this Code.
6. Exrcept as otherwise provided in the National Industrial Re-
covery Act, all statistics, data and information filed in accordance
wrjith the provisions of this Article shall be confidential and the sta-
titcsF, data and information of one employer shall not be revealed
~to any other employer, except that fEor the purpose of administering
or enforcing: the provisions of this Code, the Code Auth~or~ity, by it~s
duly authorized representatives (who shall not be employees of any
employer affected by this Code, but may be a fiml of accountants,
even though doing auditing or accounting work for any member of
the industry), shall have access to any and all statistics, data and
information that maty be furnished in accordance with the provisions
of thi~s Code.
7i. In addition to the information required to be submitted to the
Code Authority, there shall be submitted such statistical information
ase the Administrator may deem necessary for the purposes recited in
Section 3 (a) of the Act to such Federal and State Agencies as the
Administrator may designate; nor shall anything in this Code relieve
any person of any existing obligation to furnish reports to Gov-
ernment agencies.
8. If complaint is made to the Code Authority or to any Divisional
Codie A~uthority that the provisions of this Cod~e have been violated
by any employer, the Code Authority, or the appropriate Divisional
Code Aut~hority, shall, subject to such rules and regulations as the
Admlinist~rator may prescribe, make such investigation of thle facts as
may be deemed necessary and shall take such action as mnay be
appropriate.
9. If the Administrator shall determine that any action of a Clode
Authority or any agency thereof may be unfair or unjust or contrary
to the public interest, the Administrator may require that such action
be suspended to afford an opportunity for investigation of the merits
of' such action and further consideration by such Code AuthorityS or
agency pending final action which shall not be effective unless the
Administrator approves or unless he shall fail to disapprove after
thirty .(30) days' notice to him of intention to proceed with such
action in its original or modified form.
10. The Code ~Authority shall continue its study of trade practices
of the industry and make any recommendations, from time to time,
to the Administrator, which it deems desirable for modification of or
addiionto hisCod, wich upn approval by the President after
such hearing as he may prescribhlleomaprtfthsCd
and have full force and effect as the provisions hereof.
11. Each trade or industrial association directly or indirectly par-
ticipating in the selection of activities of the Code Authorit shall
(1) xmpose no inequitable restrictions on membership, and(2 sub-
mit to the Administrator true copies of its articles of association,
byJ-la~ws, regulations, and any amendments when made thereto, to-
gether with such other information as to membership, organization







418

and activities as the Administrator may deem necessary to effectuate
the purposes of the Act. :
12. Nothing contained in this Code shall constitute the members
of te Cde Athoitypartners for any purpose. Nor shall any
member of the CodeAuhrybelblinaym nrtonoe
foranyact of any other member, offcer, agent or employee of the
Code A~"uthority. Nor shall any member of the Code Authority,
exercising reasonable diligence in the conduct of his duties hereupder,
be liable to anyone for a.ny action or omission to act under this
Code, except for his own willful misfeasance or non-feasance.
AnrTICLE VII--TRADE PRACTICES
The following acts as described shall constitute unfair methods
of competition:
1. The removal of the manufacturer's serial or identification.num-
ber from any sewing machine or the mutilation or alteratiori of any
such serial or identification number; the purchase, for the purpose
of selling or offering for sale, of any sewing machine with kn~owled~ge
that the manufacturer's serial or identification number thereof has
been removed, mutilated or altered; the sale of any sewmng machine
with knowledge that the manufacturer's serial or identification num-
ber has been removed, mutilated or altered unless the vendor of said
machine has reportedly to the Code Authorityv t.he circumstances of the
acquisition, but this provision shall not apply so as to forbid the sale
of machines in stock on the effective date of this Code if the member
of the Industry owning said machines on said date shall file within
60 da~ys from t'he said date, wit~h the Code Authority, an inventory of
all such machines in his possession or under his: control on the effec-
tive date of this Code. The term manufacturer's serial or identifi-
cation number "' as used in this Code shall mean the serial or identi-
fication numlber which the sewing machine bears at the time of the
original sale thereof by a manufacturer to a user, and refers to the
number identifying the individual sewing machine, and not to any;
number indicating the class or type of machine.
2. Thle sale or offering for salei except for export, of a household
sewing machine under the tradle namue or trade mark of the manu-
facturer thereof when such household sewing machine is sold in
conjunction w~ithl table, stand or motor not manufactured or supplied
or authorized by the manufacture of such household sewing ma-
chine, the advertising or representing of suchl combined product as
the product, of the manufacturer of the sewing machine, the use of
the trade name or any trade mark of the manu acturer of) the sewing
machine in any advertisement of t~he combined product in such a
manner as would be likely to lead the purchaser to believe that such
combined product was the product. of or approved or sanctioned by
the manufacturer of the sewing machine.
3. The sale for use: in anly leased industrial sewing machine, the
lease of which does not contemplate transfer of title to the lessee,
of any parts or attachmients niot supplied by the lessor of such ma-
chine or by persons authorized by himn, to be placed in such sewing
machine ktnowing that this is; a violation of any provision of the
lease of saidl sewing machine.







419

4~. The manunfaicture, importationl, sale, advertising for sale or the
use,. in repairing! or rebuildingf of sewmng machines, of imitation
parts or imitation att achments bearing identifying; numbers, letters
or marks w1hich~ are the same as the identifying numbers, letters or
marks or material portions thereof used on the genuine parts or
attachments thus imitated, unless such imitation parts or imitation
attachments have plainly stamped thereon the name of the mianu-
.facttirer or distributor thereof (or such reasonable abbreviation
(194reot as is a~pprovedt by the Code Authority) as pr~omirrm..ly as
the marking of said numbers, letters or other identifying marks.
The sale of repaired or rebuilt sewing machines when the vendor
of such sewing machines has inserted or used or caused to be inserted
or used therein in the repairing or rebuiilding thereof any imitation.
parts or imitation attachments which were marked with identifying
numbers in violation of t~he foregoing provision. The provisions of
this Wib>-section 4 shall not apply so as to forbid the sale of parts
which are in stock or sewing machines contininiig such parts, onl the
effective date of this Code.
5.'; The sale of imported ewming machiines, imported imitation parts
and imported imitation attachments which, whether or not other-
wise marked, do not carry 'the name of the country of oriinon
spicuously, legibly: and indelibly marked upon them or if such ril
is incapable of being so marked then with the namie of the country
of origin conspicuously marked upon any package in which suchi
article is sold.
6. The use of adv-ertising, whether printed, radio or displayr, or
of any other nature which is inaiccuratee in anly material particular
or misrepresents merchandise (including its use, trade mark, grade,
quality, quantity, size, origin, material, content or preparation) or
credit terms, values, policies, or services; the use of advertising
and/or selling methods which tend to deceive or misled the cus-
tomer; the transaction of business under a namne hilch is misleading
or imitative of that of a previously established member of the
Industry, without authorization from such member, so as to deceive
the public into believing that they w~ere dealing with such member
of the Industry or an established representative thereof, or the use
of such misleading names in telephone or other directories so as to
deceive the public As aforesaidl.
AnIcLE: VIII-GCENERAL

1. After due notice and hearing, this Code may be amended upon.
the recommendation of the C~ode Authlority or anly interested party
or group or upon the Administrator's own notice, and any mnodi-
fication so arriv-ed at shall be effective when approved by the
President.
2. As required by Section 10 (b) of Title 1 of the National Indus-
Strial Recovery Act, the following provision is contained in this
Code: The President may from time to time cancel or modify any
order, approval, license, rule or regulation issued under said Title.
3. Violation by any member of thiis Industry of an~y provision of
this Code is an act o~f unfair competition, and the offender shall be
subject to the penalties imposed by the Act.







420

4. No provision of this Code shall be so applied as to permit
monopolies or monopolistic practices, or to chiminate, oppress, or
discriminate against small enterprises.
5. This Code shall become effective on the second Monday follow-
ing its approval by the President.
Appr'oved Code No. 40)2.
Registry No. 1390-1-12.















SCHEDULE "A"'-REBUILDERB' DIVISION

ARTICLE I--DirITrrows

1. The term "L Rebuilders' Division ", as used herein, is defined to mean that
division of the sewing machine industry in which the employers are primarily
engaged in the business of buying and/or selling and/or rebuilding and/or
repairing and/'or installing in factories and/'or dismantling in factories used
industrial type sewing machines, or have a separate department for the conduct
of such business in uIsed industrial type sewing mnachines.
2. The term member of the Rebuilders' Division ", as used herein, is de-
fined to mean any member of the industry engaged in the abov-e defined
division of the industry, either as hris principal business or as a separate
department and inl the latter case, only ns to the activities of that department.

AR'rICuc II--ADMINISTRATION

1. A Rebuildlers' D~ivisional Code Authority is herebyv established. It shall
be composed of ten members, each of whom shall b~e a member of the Re-
builders' Division. The members shall serve without compensation and shall
be elected for one year or until their successor's are chosen. Five of the
members shall be elected by the memblers of the M~utual Sewing Mlachine
Dealers and Mechlanies Cloop~erative, Inc., and five, not members of said asso-
ciation, shall be elected by members of the Rebuilders' Division who are not
members of said association. The first election of the members to be elected
at large shall be held under thle direction of the M~utual Sewing Miachine
Dealers and lec~hanies Cooperative, Inc.. w~ho shall send by registered mail a
ballot to all voters, who shall have ten days after receipt w~ithin whlich to
return the same, and the said Mlutual Sewing Mlachine Dealers and Mlechanice
Cooperative, Inc., shall report and certify the results of thlis election to the
Code Authority. Subsequent elections shall be held under such rules and regn-
lations as the Divisional Code Authority may prescribe.
2. The Divisional Code Authority shall administer this Code within the
Rebuilders' Division subject to the provisions of Article V'I of this Code.
3. Members of the Rebuilders' Division whio are entitled to participate in
Code activities as defined in Article VI of this Code and who pay their reason-
able share of the expenses of the Rebuilders' Divisional Code Authority shaHl
be entitled to participate in the election of the membllers of the Rebuilders'
Divisional Code Authority (subject to the first election) and in its activities.

ARTIOLE III--TRAD)E PRACTICES AND nLULES OF FAIR COMZPETTHONO

1. Every member of the Rebuilders' Division shall observe the federal, state
and local laws andi regulations controlling the members of the Rebuilders'
Division, in the operation of this Industry.
2. No member of the Rebuilders' Division shall purchase industrial type
sewing machines without obtaining from the vendor an invoice bearing the
serial number, if any ( whichl refers to the number identifying the individual
sewing maebine rather than the class or type) of the machine purchased.
3. No member of the Rebuilders' Division shall sell used industrial type
sewing machines, rebuilt or otherwise, or any mechanical or electrical equip-
ment which is part of the equipment used in connection with said machines,
with a free service guaranty for a period exceeding 90 days from the date
of sale.
4. No member of the Rebuilders' Division shall sell, transfer or exchange a
used industrial type sewing machine, without advertising and/or invoicing
and/or billing the same as
(a) a used industrial type sewing machine, or
(b) a used industrial type sewing machine with attachments added, or
(c) a rebuilt industrial type sewing machine, or
(421)






422

(d) a rebuilt industrial type sewing machine with attachments added,
as the case may be, under the original tradename, with the statement of the
classification as set forth in this section, and, if rebuilt, the name of the
member of the Rebuilders' Division rebuilding the same.
,5. No member of the Rebuilders' Division shall conduct his business either
inside or outside of such member's business establishment for more than sixty
bours; per week and dlurinig any hours earlier than 8 A.M~. or later than 6 P.Ml..
on any six days o~f the week, provided, however, that the Rebuilders' Divisional
Code Authority, with the approval of the Administrator may, upon application
of anly local group, waive the provisions of this sub-section insofar as the
same are applicable to said local group.
O







UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA
I ll il ll I lllli II111II
3I 126 0833 658 2it:




Full Text

PAGE 1

v Approved Code No. 402 Registry No. 1399-1-12 NATIONAL RECOVERY ADMINISTRATION CODE OF FAIR C O MPETITION FOR THE SEWING MACHINE INDUSTRY AS APPROVED ON APRIL 21, 1934 UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE WASHINGTON: 193 1 Fo r sale b y t h e Supe rintendent of Documents, Washington, D.C. -----Price 5 cents

PAGE 2

This publication is for sale by the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C., and by district offices of the Bureau of Foreign and Domestic Commerce. DISTRICT OFFICES OF THE DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE Atlanta, Ga.: 504 Post Office Building. Birmingham, Ala.: 257 Federal Building. Boston, Mass.: 1801 Customhouse. Buffalo, N.Y.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Charleston, S.C.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Chicago, Ill.: Suite 1706, 201 North Wells Street. Cleveland, Ohio: Chamber of Commerce. Dallas, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Detroit, Mich: 801 First National Bank Building. Houston, Tex.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Indianapolis, Ind.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Jacksonv ille, Fla.: Chamber of Commerce Building. Kansas City, Mo.: 1028 Baltimore Avenue. Los Angeles, Calif.: 1163 South Broadway. Louisville, Ky.: 408 Federal Building. Memphis, T enn. : 229 Federal Building. Minneapolis, Minn.: 213 Federal Building. New Orleans, La.: Room 225-A, Customhouse. New York, N.Y.: 734 Customhouse. Norfolk, Va.: 406 East Plume Street. Philadelphia, Pa.: 422 Commercia l Trust Building. Pittsburgh, P a .: Chamber of C ommerce Building. Portland, Oreg.: 215 New Po t Office Building. St. Louis, Mo.: 506 Olive Street. San Francisco, Calif.: 310 Customhouse. Seattle. Wash.: 809 Federal Office Building.

PAGE 3

Approved Code No. 402 CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SEWING MACHINE INDUSTRY As Approved on April 21, 1934 ORDER APPROVING ConE OF FAIR CoMPETITION FOR THE SEWING MACHINE INDUSTRY An application having been duly made pursuant to and in full compliance with the provis ions of Title I of the National Industrial Recovery Act, approved June 16, 1933, :for approval of a Code o:f Fair Competition :for the Sewing Machine Industry, and hearings having been duly held thereon and the annexed report on said Code, containing findings with respect thereto, having been male and directed to the President: NOW, THEREFORE, on behalf of the Presid{'nt of the United States, I , Hugh S. Johnson Administrator :for Industrial Recovery, pursuant to authority vested in me by ExecutiYc Orders of the President, including Executive Order No. 6543-A, dated Decembe r 30, 1933 , and otherwise; do hereby incorporate by reference aid annexed report and do find that said Code complies in all respects with the pertinent provisions and will promote th" policy and purpose s of said Title of said Act; and do hereby order that said Code of Fair Competition be and it i s h ereby approved; provided, how ever: that the continue d participation of the Sewing Machine Trade Association and the Mutual Sewing Machine Dealers and Mechanics Cooperative, Incorporated, in the Code Authority after 30 days :from the effec tive date of this Code shall be contingent upon their amending their Constitution and B y -laws to the sati s faction of the Administrator. Approval recommended: A. R. GLANCY, HuGH S. JoHNSON, 'Adnl.inistrator for Ind u s trial R e cov e ry. Division WASHINGTON, D.C., April 21, 19.3.?.. 543!)1 -482-130--34 ( 407)

PAGE 4

REPORT TO THE PRE IDENT The PRE IDE.r TT The lVhite HowH ; . SIR: Thi i a report on th Cod of Fair Corn petition for the Sewino l\Iachine Indu try in the United a revised after a Public H aring on lnctecl thereon in \\a hingt n, D.C. on Thursday. January 4 1934, in ac ordan e with th pro vi ion. of the National Indu trial Recovery Act. Thi i: a \erti al code, containing provi ion covering manufacturing and retailino. PROYI IO T OF THE CODE AS TO W.d.GE .A -D HO FOR THE :\IA ... T FA T RIX9 CO:l\IPANIE The ode provide for a 40-hour and 6-day week with a normal working lay of hour . There are certain exception to the e hours and provi ion is also made that emplo:ee may "ork overtime but that overtime hall not exceed 8 hour in any one week or 4 hours in any 26-week period, providing time and one-half is paid for all time worked in exce s of allowable hour" . The minimum rate of pay i 40 per hour for males and female, except that when females are performing light and repetitive opera tions they may be paid not less than 35 per hour. No one under lG year of age may be employed and no one under 18 years of age in operations or occupations hazardous in nature or dangerou to health. Office and clerical employee are to receiP=-a minimum of $15.00 per week, except that office boys and girls ma. r be paid 80% of thi minimum, but shall be limited to 5% of the total num.ber of employees. Equitable adju tment in wage rates over the minimum are provided for. PROYI IOXS OF THE CODE A TO WAGES AND HO'CR FOR RETAIL E TABLI H-1\fENTS Hour and wage provi ion conform to provi ions of the Retail Code. GEXERAL TATE lENT AXD E ONOl\IIC EFFECT OF THE CODE The Sewing l\1achine Indu try in the Unite l States repre ents persons, firms, and corporations engaged in the manufacture and repair and rebuilding of ewing machines and cabinets stand , tables (including power tables), motor , part , n ell s attachment and acces orie for ewing machine and the . elling, in tailing dismantling, . ervicing and eli tributing ther of at whole ale or retail. It embodi tw main group the manufa turer and the rebuilder . The Cod wa ubmitt d by the Sewing l\Ia hine Trad As ocia tion, repre enting ub tantially of tho:; en aged in the manu-(408)

PAGE 5

409 facture of sewing machines and more than 80% of the wholesale and retail distribution, a n d by the Rebui lders' Division of the Sewing J\1achine Industry, estimated to represent at least 80% of the Re builders. The "Manufacturers" of eighteen plants. The investment i n these p lants is approximately $2005000,000, and the number of wage earner. in normal times a bout 15,000 persons, with an estimated annual payroll of $21,000,000. No similar information concerning the " Rebuilders " is avai l able . Pertinent data on emp l oyment, wages, and hours as submitted by the "Manufacturers ' may be summarized as follows: )'ear 1927----------------------------------------------------)'ear 1929 ____________________________________________________ _ 1rear 1932-----------------------------------------------------6 months to June 30, 1933------------------------------------Week ending Oct. 7, 1933 ____________________________________ _ Week ending Dec. 9, 1933-------------------------------------Average number of wage earners 15,021 15,577 10,349 9,665 10, 783 11,099 Average wage per hour $0.624 . 635 . 652 . 620 . 629 . 631 Average hours per week 44.0 45.4 30. 7 28. 7 36. 7 37.5 The maximum hours proposed in the Code are 11.9 % below the average hours worked per week in 1929. Since the adoption of 40 hours as the standard work week, emp l oyment has increased 15 % . No further increase may be reasonably expected unless the volume of p r oduction increase s . The mechanical skill required of a large percentage of the employees is reflected in the high average hourly rate of pay which has prevailed throughout the depres s ion for factory wage earners. A very small proportion of these employees would be benefited by the proposed minimum wage, but wiil gain th!o.ugh the equitable adjustment clau e for wages above the ll11nlD1Ul11. The Code Authority shall b e the general agent for the administration of this Code and shall consist of nine members, six of whom are to be chosen by and from among members of the Sewing Machine Trude Association; two of whom shall be chosen by and from among members of the Divis ional Code Authority established for the purpose of administering this Code within the Rebuilders' Division; and one of whom shall be chosen by and from among the members of the Industry who are not members of the Sewing Machine Trade Asso ciation and not members of the Rebuilders' Division of the Sewing Machine Industry. The Administrator has the authority to appoint not to exceed three non-voting members of the Code Authority who shall also be members of each Divisional Code Authority. The Code Authority provides machinery for obtaining statistics and the administration of this Code. FINDINGS The Assistant Deputy Administrator in his final report to me on said Code having found as herein se t forth and on the basis of all the proceedings in this matter : I find that: (a) Said Code i s well de igned to promote the policies and purposes of Title I of the National Industrial R ecovery Act, including

PAGE 6

410 removal of obstructions to the free flow of interstate and foreign commerce which tend to diminish the amount thereof and "ill pro vide for the general welfare by promoting the organization of industry for the purpose of cooperative action among the trade groups, by inducing and maintaining united action of labor and management under adequate governmental sanctions and supervision, by eliminating unfair competitive practices, by promoting the fullest possib l e utilization of the pre ent productive capacity of industries, by avoid ing undue restriction of production (except as may be temporarily required), by increasing the consumption of indu trial and agricultural products through increasing purchasing power, by reducing and relieving unemployment, by improving standards of labor, and by otherwise rehabilitating industry. ('b) Said Industry normally emp loys not more than 50 000 em ployee s ; and is not cla s ified by me as a major industry. (c) The Code as approved complies in all respects with the per t_inent pro,Tisions of said Title of said Act, including without l imitation Subsection (a) of Section 3, Subsection (a) of Section 7, and Subsection (b) of Section 10 thereof; and that the applicant group is an industrial group truly repre entative of the aforesaid Industry; and that said group impo es no inequitable on admi s ion to m embership therein. (d) The Code i s not designed to and will not permit monopolies or monopolistic practices. (e) The Code is not designed to and will not eliminate or oppress small enterprises and will not operate to niscriminate against them. (f) Those engaged in other steps of the economic process have not been deprived of the right to be heard prior to approval of said Code. For these reasons, there fore , I have approved this Code; pro vided , however, that the continued participation of the Sewing Machine Trade Association and the Mutual Sewing Machine Deal ers and Mechanics Cooperative, Incorporated in the Code Authority after 30 days from the effective date of this Code shall be contingent upon their amending their Constitution and By-laws to the satisfaction of the Administrator. Re spectfully, APRIL 21, 1934. HUGH s. JOHNSON' AdministTataor.

PAGE 7

CODE OF FAIR COMPETITION FOR THE SEWING MACHINE INDUSTRY ARTICLE I-PURPOSES To effectuate the policies of Title 1 of the National Industrial Re covery Act, the following provisions are established as a Code of Fair Competition for the Sewing Machine Industry, and shall be the standard of fair competition for the industry and shall be binding upon every member thereof. ARTICLE II-DEFINITIONS 1. The term "Sewing Machine Industry", as used herein, is de fined to mean the manufacture and the repair and rebuilding of Sewing Machines and Cabinets , Stands, Tables (including Power Table s ) , Motors , Parts, N eedl1es, Attachments and Accessories for Sewing Machine s, and the selling, installing, dismantling, servicing and distributing thereof at wholesale or retail. 2. The term "employee", as used herein, is defined to mean any person engaged in any phase of the industry in any capacity, irrespective of the method of payment of his compensation, except a member of the industry. 3. The term "employer", as used herein , is defined to mean any one by whom such an employee i s so employed. 4. The term "member of the industry", as used herein includes, but without limitation, any individual, partnership, association, corporation, or other form of enterprise engaged in the industry, eithe r as an employer or on his or its own behalf. 5. The term "persons", as used h erei n, is defined to mean natural persons , partnerships, associations and corporations. 6. The term "outside sa l1esmen ", as used herein, shall mean a sales man who is engaged not le ss than sixty (60) percent of his working hours outside the establishment, or any branch thereof, by which he is employed. 7. The term "outside collector", as used herein, shall mean a col lector of account who i engaged not les s than sixty (60) percent of working hours outside the establishment, or any branch thereof, by which he i s employed. 8. The t .erm "outside buyer", as used h erein, shall mean anyone who is engaged in buying and who is engaged not le ss than sixty (60) percent of his working hours outside the establishment, Qr any branch thereof, by which he is employed. 9. The term "imitation parts" and "imitation attachments", as u sed herein , is d e fined to mean parts or attachments not made or authorized by the mannfactnrer of the sewing machine for which they are made or designed , and which have bee n made or designed ( -!11)

PAGE 8

412 for u e in substitution for like parts or attachments made or authorized by the original manufacturer of the sewing machine. 10. The term ' technical capacity", as used herein, i s defined t o mean de ig1:, researc!1, development and ment work 1n winch professwnal eng1neers and expert techn1c1ans are engaged. 11. The term'' Division of the industry", as use l herein is defined to mean and include any part of the industry which is or may be defined and establi heel in a schedule of this Code . 12. The for the purposes of this Code shall be deter mined by referring to the 1930 Federal census . 13. The term " junior employee", as used herein, shall mean an employee under eighteen (18) years of age, other than apprenti ces . 14. The term" South", as u eel herein, shall mean Virginia, Wes t Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, l(entucky, Tennessee, Alabama, Mississippi, Arkansas, Louisiana, Oklahoma, New Mexico, Texas, and the D istrict o f Columbia. ARTICLE III-Houns 1. No employee shall be permitted to work in excess of forty ( 40) hours in any one week, or eight (8) hours in any twenty-four (24 ) hour period, except as herein otherwise provided. 2. A tolerance of ten (10) percent above the daily and weekly maximum hours may be allowed for firemen and engineers. 3. Watchmen shall not be permitted to work in excess of fortyeight ( 48) hours per week. 4. Notwithstanding any other provi sion of this Article, employees in retail stores and service stations, including clerical employees f o r such stores, whether or not they are on the same premises, may be employed not to exceed forty-eight ( 48) hours per week at Christinventory and any other peak times for a total not to exceed two weeks in the first six ( 6) months of the calendar year, and not to exceed three (3) weeks in the second six months, and any emp l oyee in a retail store, the principal trade in which is in merc handi se other than the products of this industry, may be permitted to wor k in excess of the maximum hours specified i n this Article if such excess is permitted by provisions of the Genera l Code o f Fair Competition for the retail trade or such other code for a d i vision of the retail trade as such store may be operatina under. Executives in retail operations of the Industry receiving $35 or more per week in cities of over 500,000 population, or receiving $30 or more per week in cities of 100,000 to 500,000 population, or receiving $27 . 5 0 or mo re per week in cities of 25,000 to 100,000 population, or rece iving $2 5 or more per week in citie , towns, villages and other places u nde r 25,000 population, shall not be subject to any hourly limitation. In the South, Exec,1tives paid not les than ten (10) percent be l ow the wages ju t specified shall not be subject to any hourly limitati on . 5. The provisions of this Article limiting hours of work shall no t apply to outside sale men, outside sa l es promotion employees, outside buyers, outside collectors, outside service men and t r ave lling auditor s . 6. The provisions of this Article limiting h ours of work shall not apply to persons employed in an executive, managerial , techni ca l or supervisory capacity who earn not l ess per wee k.

PAGE 9

413 7. Delivery men may be permitted to work not more than fortyfour ( 44) hours per week averaged over a period of three weeks but in no case shall the hours exceed fifty-four (54) in any one week. 8. The maximum hours fixed in this Article shall not appl y to any employee on emergency maintenance or emergency repair work involving breakdown or protection of life or property, but in any such special case, at least one and one-half (11/2 ) times his normal rate shall be paid for hours worked in exces of the maximum herein provided. 9. The maximum hours fixed in this Article shall also not apply if at least one and one-half (llj2 ) times the normal rate shall be paid for hours worked in excess of the hours specified in this Article, but such overtime hall not exceed for any employee eight (8) hours i.n any one week, nor forty-eight ( 48) hours in any twenty-six (26) week period beginning January 1st or July 1st. 10. No employee shall be permitted to work more than six (6) days in any even (7) day period. 11. No employer shall permit any eri1ployee to work for any time which, when totaled with that already performed for another employer or employers exceeds the maximum permitted herein. 12. Employers who personally perform manual work or are engaged in mechani c al operations shall not exceed the presc rib ed maximum number of hours. ARTICLE IV-WAGES 1. No employee shall be paid less than the rate of forty ( 40) cents per hour, except as herein otherwise provided. 2. No employee engaged in clerical . or office work shall be paid less than the rate of Fifteen ($15.) dollars per week, provided that learners, for a period of not over sixty (60) days, and Office boys and girls may be paid not less than 80% of such minimum wage, but the total number of Office boys or girls and learners receiving less than the minimum wage in any calendar month, shall not exceed 5% of the total employees of such employer in this class, or two employees, whichever is higher. 3. Female employees engaged in light and repetitive operations may be paid not less than thirty-five (35) cents per hour, provided, however, that periodical reports of such light and repetitive operations are made to the Code Authority. 4. Female employees engaged in production of products of the Industry performing substantially the same work as male employees, shall receive the same rate of pay as male employees. 5. This Article establishes a minimum compensation, irrespective of whether an employee is actually compensated on a time rate, piece work or other basis. 6. An equitable adjustment shall be made within sixty ( 60) days after the effective date of this Code to the extent practicable in the wage rates of all factory and office employees now compen ated at a rate in exce s of the minimum but rec eiving les s than thirty-five ($35.00) dollar for a full weeks work, by any employers who have not heretofore made suc h adju tment, or who have not maintained rates comparable with such equitable adjustments. The fir t report 54391----482-136----34----2

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414 to the Code Authority on wages shall show the adjustments made subsequent to :May 1, 1933. 7. A person 'Those earning capacity is limited because of age, physical or mental handicap, or other infirmity, may be employed on light \York at a wage below the minimum established by a code, if the employer obtains from the State authority, designated by the U.S. Department of Labor, a certificate authorizing such person's employment at such wages and for such hours as shall be stated in the certificate. Such authority shall be guided by the instructions of the U.S. Department of Labor in issuing certificates to such persons. Each employer shall file monthly with the Code Authority a list of all such persons e1nployed by him, showing the wages paid to, and the maximum hours of work for such employee. 8. The minimum weekly rate of wages that shall be paid to any employee in a retail store or service station (including clerical em ployees for such stores, whether or not they are on the same premises) shall be as follows : a. Within cities of 500,000 population or over-at the rate of not less than $14.00 per week; b. vVithin cities from 100,000 to 500,000 population-at the rate of not less than $13.00 per 'veek; c. Within cities from 25,000 to 100,000 population-at the rate of not less than $12.00 per week; d. vVithin cities, towns, and villages from 2,500 to 25,000 population-at the rate of not less than $11.00 per week; e. vVithin towns and villages and other places with less than 2,500 population-at the rate of not less than $10.00 per week; f. Junior employees may be paid for the first six months of their employment at the rate of $2.00 less per week than the minimum wage otherwise applicable; learners may be paid, for a period of not over sixty (60) days at the rate of $1.00 less per week than the minimum wage otherwise applicable; it is provided, however, that the number of employees classified as junior employees and learners, combined, shall not exceed a ratio cf one such employee to every five employees or fraction thereof tip to twenty, and one such employee to every ten employees above twenty. g. In the South all minimum wages specified in the foregoing sections of Article IV -8 may be at the rate of $1.00 less per week. h. The full-time weekly wages of all classes of employees receiving more than the minimum wages referred to above shall not be reduced from the full-time weekly wages existing upon July 15, 1933, notwithstanding any reduction in the number of working hours of such employees to conform with the provisions of this Code. 9. Commission salespeople and collectors, including salespeople and collectors who receive a base salary or guaranteed compensa tion, but whose principal earnings are intended to be paid on com mission basis, shall be excepted from the minimum wage provisions of this Article. 10. Part-time employees shall be paid not less than at an hourly rate proportionate to the rate specified in the applicable foregoing sections of this Article IV.

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415 ARTICLE V-GENERAL LAEo n PnoviSIONS 1. No person under sixteen ( 16) years of age shall be employed in the industry. No person under eighteen (18) years of age shall be employed in operations or occupations which are hazardous in nature or dangerous to health. The Code Authority shall submit to the Administrator within ninety (90) days after the effective date of this Code, a list of s uch operations or occupations. In any State an employer shall be deemed to have comphed with this provision as to age if he shall have on file a certificate or permit duly signed by the Authority in such State empowered to issue employment or age certificates or permits showing that the employee is of the required age. Pursuant to Section 7 (a) of the Act it is provided: (1) "That employees shall have the right to organize and bargain collectively through representatives of their own choosing, and shall be free from the interference, restraint or coercion of employers of labor, or their agents, in the designation of such representatives, or in self-organization or in other concerted activities for the purpose of collective bargaining or other mutual aid or protection; (2) "That no employee and no one seeking employment shall be required as a condition of employment to join any company union, or to refrain from joining, organizing, or assisting a labor organization of his own choosing; and (3) "That employers shall comply with the maximum hours of labor, minimum rates of pay, and other conditions of employment, approved or prescribed by the President." o. Apprentices shall be regularly indentured for a sufficient period of time to be systematically advanced through the various operations in any one of the various trades or occupations. Such apprentices shall not exceed the ratio of one (1) apprentice to ten (10) competently skilled journeymen employees, and shall be paid for a period not exceeding six (6) months a starting rate not le ss than 80% of the minimum hourly rate of pay prescribed in this Code. 4. No employer shall reclassify employees or duties of occupations performed or engage in any other subterfuge for the purpose of defeating the purpose or provisions of the Act or of this Code. 5. No provisions in this Code shall supersede any State or Federal law, which imposes more stringent requirements on employers as to age of employees, wages, hours of work, or as to safety, health, sanitary or general working conditions, or insurance, or fire protection, than are imposed by this Code. 6. Notwithstanding any other provision of this Code, all whole salers (as defined in the Code of Fair Competition for the \Vholesaling or Distributing Trade) in this trade shall comply with all of the provisions contained in Articles III, IV, and V of the Code of Fair Competition for the vVholesaling or Distributing Trade as approved on January 12, 1934. ARTICLE VI 1-ADl\IINISTRATION 1. The Code Authority is hereby e stablis h e d for the administration of this Code and shall consist of nine members, si x of whom 1 See paragraph 2 of order appro.-ing this Code.

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416 are to be cho en by and from among membe r of the Sewing Machine Trade \..s ociation, and two of \ hom are to be cho en by and from among member of the Divi ional Code Authority establi heel under Sche lul A" of thi Code, and one of whom may be cho en by and from among the m.embers of the industry who are not members of the Sew in o l\1achine Trade As ociation and not members of the di' i ion of the in lu try establi heel under aid Schedule 'A . The term of office of member of the Code Authority hall be one year or until their ucc.e sor are chosen, the annual date for expiration of uch terms to be fixed by the Code Authority. If the non-mem ber do not elect the member of the Code Authority above provided for within two months of the effective date of this Code or fa . il, within a similar time, to elect a successor on the expiration of a term, or to fill any vacancy he shall be appointed by the remaining members of the Code Authority. The Administrator may also, if he o elec.ts, appoint not to exceed three non-voting members of the Code Authority who hall also be members of each Divi ional Code Authority. 2. Each division of the Industry may e tabli h a Divi ional Code Authority to admini ter this Code within uch Divi ion ubject to the right of the Code Authority, on re iew to eli approve any action taken by a Divi ional Code Authority. 3. In order that the Code Authority shall at all times be truly repre entative of the indu try and in other respects comply with the provi ions of the Act the Administrator may provide such hearings as he may deem proper; and thereafter if he shall find that the Code Authority is not truly representative or does not in other respects comply with the provisions of the Act, may require an appropriate modification in the method of selection of the Code Authority. The provision of this paragraph also shall be applicable to anv Divi-sional Code Authority. " 4. Members of the Industry who are complying with the require ments of the Code, and who pay their reasonable share of the expen es of the administration thereof, including the co t of assembly and analysis of such reports and data as may be required under the Cod-e, and the co t of the maintenance of the Code Authority and its activities, hall be entitled to participate in the Code Activities and to the benefits of the activities of the Code Authority and to make use of any National Recovery Act Code insignia which may be adopted. The method of allocation and collection of expen e shall be determined by the Code Authority ubject to approval by the Administrator participation in the election of members of the Code Authority or of any Divi ional Code Authority subsequent to the first election hall be open only to those who pay their rea onable share of expense as allocated. 5. With a 'iew of providing information for the purpo e of keeping the Pre ident of the United States and the Aclmini tratQr informed a to the ob ervance or non-observance of thi Code, and as to whether the industry is taking appropriate step to effectuate in all respects the declared policy of the National Indu trial Re covery Act, the Code Authority shall make uch report a the Admini tra tor may direct, periodically or as often as reque ted.

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417 Each member of the Indu try hall prepare and file with uch per on or organization as may be prescribed by the Code Authority reports, stati tics and such other data or information as the Code Authority may from time to time require for the purpo es of thjs paragraph or for the enforcement of this Code. 6. Except as other\\ise provided in the National Indu trial Re cm . -ery Act, all tatistic , data and information filed in accordance with the provisions of thi Article shall be confidential and the ta tistics, data and information of one employer shall not be revealed to any other employer, except that for the purpose of administering or enforcing the provisions of this Code, the Code Authority, by its duly authorized representatives (who shall not be employe-es of any employer affected by this Code, but may be a firm of accountant , even though doing auditing or accounting work for any member of the industry), shall have acces to any and all statistic data and jnformation that may be furnished in accordance \\ith the provisions of this Code. 7. In addition to the information required to b-e submitted to the Code Authority, there shall be ubmitted such tatistical information as the Administrator may deem nece sary for the purpo es recited in Section 3 (a) of the Act to such Federal and State Agencies as the Administrator may designate; nor shall anything in this Code relieve any person of any existing obligation to furnish reports to Government agencies. 8. If complaint is made to the Code Authority or to any Divisional Code Authority that the provisions of this Code have been violated by any employer the Code Authority, or the appropriate Divi ional Code Authority shall, subject to such rules and regulation as the Administrator 1nay prescribe, make such investigation of the facts as Inay be deemed necessary and shall take such action as may be appropriate. 9. If the Administrator shall determine that any action of a Code Authority or any agency thereof may be unfair or unjust or contrary to the public interest, the Administrator may require that such action be suspended to afford an opportunity for investigation of the merits of such action and further con ideration by such Code Authority or agency pending final action which shall not be effective unle s the Administrator approves or unless he shall fail to disapprove after thirty (30) days' notice to him of intention to proceed with such action in its original or modified form. 10. The Code Authority shall continue its study of trade practices of the industry and make any recomn'lendations, from time to time, to the Administrator, it deems desirable for n'lodification of or addition to this Code, which, upon approval by the Pre ident after such hearing as he may prescribe, shall become a part of this Code and have full force and effect as the provisions hereof. 11. Each trade or industrial association directly or indirectly participating in the selection of activities of the Code Authority shall (1) impose no inequitable restriction on membership, and (2) submit to the Administrator true copies of its articles of association, by-la"-s regulations, and any amendments when made thereto, together with such other information as to membership, organization

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418 and activitie as the Administrator may deem necessary to effectuate the purposes of the Act. 12. Nothing contained in this Code shall constitute the members of the Code Authority partners for any purpose. Nor shall any member of the Code Authority be liable in any manner to anyone for any act of any other member, officer, agent or employee of the Code Authority. Nor shall any member of the Code Authority, exer cising reasonable diligence in the conduct of his dutie s hereunder, be liabl e to anyone for any action or omission to act under this Code, except for his own willful misfeasance or non-feasance. ARTICLE VII-TRADE PRACTICES The following acts as described shall constitute unfair methods of competition: 1. The removal of the manufacturer's serial or identification number from any sewing machine or the mutilation or alteration of any such serial or identification number; the purchase, for the purpose of selling or offering for sale, of any sewing machine with lrnowledge that the manufacturer's serial or identification number thereof has been removed, mutilated or altered; the sale of any sewing machine with knowledge that the manufacturer's serial or identification number has been removed, mutilated or altered unless the vendor of said mac hine has reported to the Code Authority the circumstances of the a c quisition , but this provi ion shall not apply so as to forbid the sale of machines in stock on the effective date of this Code if the member of the Industry owning said machines on said date shall file within 60 days from the said date, with the Code Authority, an inventory of all such machines in his possession or under his control on the effec tive date of this Code. The term "manufacturer's serial or identifi cation number" as used in this Code shall mean the serial or identi ficatjon number which the sewing machine b ea rs at the time of the original sa le thereof by a manufacturer to a u ser, and refers to the number id entifying the individual sewing machine, and not to any number indicating the class or type of machine. 2. The sale or offering for sale, except for export, of a household sewing machine under the trade name or trade mark of the manufacturer thereof when such household sewing machine is sold in conjunction with table, stand or motor not manufactured or supplied or authorized by the manufacture of such household sewing ma chine, the advertising or representing of such combined product as the product of the manufacturer of the sewing machine, the use of the trade name or any trade mark of the manufacturer of the sewing machine in any adverti ement of the combined product in such a manner as would be likely to lead the purchaser to believe that such combined product was the product of or approved or sanctioned by the manufacturer of the sewing machine. 3. The .... ale for use in any leased industrial sewing machine, the lease of which does not contemplate transfer of title to the lessee, of any part or attachments not supplied by the le s or of such ma. chine or by person authorized by him, to be placed in such sewing manhine knowing that this is a violation of any provision of the Jease of said sewing machine.

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419 4. The manufacture, importation, .'ale, adverti ino for sale or the use, in repairing or rebuilding of sewing machine , of imitation parts or imitation attachment bearing identifying numbers, letters or marks which are the same as the identifying numbers, letter or marks or material portions thereof u eel on the genuine parts or attachments thus imitated, unless su h imitation parts or imitation attachments have plainly stamped thereon the name of the manufacturer or distributor thereof (or uch rea . onable riation thereof as is approved by the Code Authority) as as the marking of said numbers, letters or other identifying marks. The ale of repaired or rebuilt sewing machines when the vendor of such sewing machines has inserted or used or caused to be inserted or nsecl therein in the repairing or rebuilding thereof any imitatjon parts or imitation attachments which were marked -with identifying numbers in violation of the foregoing provision. The provisions of this Sub-section 4 shall not apply o as to forbid the sale of parts which are in stock or sewing machine containing such parts, on the effective elate of this Code. 5. The sale of imported sewing machines, imported imitation parts and imported imitation attachment which, whether or not other wise marked, do not carry the name of the country of origin conlegibly and indelibly marked upon thorn or if such article is incapable of being so marked then with the name of the country of origin conspicuously marked upon any package in which such article is sold. 6. The use of advertising, whether printed, radio or display, or of any other nature which is inaccurate in any material particular or misrepresents merchandise (including its use, trade mark, grade, quality, quantity, size, origin, material, content or prep:uation) or credit terms, values, po l icies, or services; the use of aclYerti ing and/or selling methods which tend to deceive or mislead the cus tomer ; the tran. acti on of business under a name which is misleading or imitative of that of a previously established member of the Jndu try, without authorization from such member, so as to deceive the public into believing that they were dealing with such member of the Industry or an established representative thereof, or the use of such misleading names in telephone or other directories so as to deceive the public as aforesaid. ARTICLE VIII-GENETIAL 1. After due notice and hearing, this Code may be amended upon the recommendation of the Code Authority or any interested party or group or upon the Administrator's own notice, and any modi fication so arrived at shall be effective when approved by the President. 2. As required by Section 10 (b) of Title 1 of the National Indus-• trial Recovery Act, the following proYision is contained in this Code: The Pre iclent n1ay from time to time cancel or modify any order, approval license, rule or regnlation i sued under said Title. 3. Violation by any member of thi In ln try of any proYision of this Code is an act of unfair competition , and the offender shall be subject to the pena l ties impo ed by the Ad.

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420 4. No prov1s10n of this Code shall be so applied as to permit monopolie or monopolistic practices, or to eliminate, oppress or discriminate against small ente rprises. 5. This Code shall become effect ive on the second Monday following it approval by the President. Appl'OYed Code No. 402. Regi try No. 1399-1-12. •

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SCHEDULE "A"-REBUILDERS' DIVISION ARTICLE I-DEFI "lTIONS 1. The term "Rebuilclers' Division ", as used herein, is defined to mean that division of the sewing machine industry in which the employers are primarily engaged in the business of buying and/or selling and/or rebuilding and/or' repairing and/or installing in factories .and/or dismantling in fact01ies used industrial type sewing machines, or have a separate department for the conduct of such busines in use d industrial type sewing machines. 2. The term "member of the Rebuiluers' Divi ion", as used herein, is de fined to mean any member of the industry engaged in the abo\e defined division of the industry, either as his p1incipal bu iness or as a separate department and in the latter case, only as to the activities of that department. AnncLE II-ADMINISTRATION 1. A Rebuihlers' Did ional Code Authority is hereby e. tabli heel. It shall be campo ed of ten members, each of whom shall be a member of the Hebuilders' Did ion. The members ball seHe without compensation and shall be elected for one year or until their . uccessors are chosen. Fi\e of the members shall be elected by the members of the Mutual Sewing Machine Dealers and Mechanics CooperatiV'e, Inc., and five, not members of said association, shall be elected by members of the Rebuilders' Division who are not members of said association. The first election of the members to be elected at large shall be held under the direction of the Mutual SewinO' l\Iachine Dealers and Mechanics Cooperative, Inc., who shall send by registered mail a ballot to all voters, who shall have ten days after receipt within which to return the same, and the said Mutual Sewing Machine Dealers and Mechanics Cooperati\e, Inc., Rhall report and certify the results of this election to the Code Authority. Subsequent elections shall be held under such rules and regulation. as the Divisional Code Authority may prescribe. 2. The Divisional Code Authority shall administer this Code "\\ithin the Rebuilclers' Division subject to the provisions of Article VI of this Code. 3. Members of the Rebuilders' Division who are entitled to participate in Code actiYities as defined in Article VI of this Code and who pay their reasonable share of the expenses of the Rebuilders' Divisional Code Authority shall be entitled to participate in the election of the members of the Rebuilders' Divisional Code Authority (subject to the first election) and in its actiYities. AP.TIC'LE III-TRADE PRACTICES AND RULES OF FAIR COMPETITION 1. Every member of the Rebuilders' Di>ision shall observe the federal. state and local laws and regulations controlling the members of the Rebuilders' Division, in the opemtion of this Industry. 2. No member of the R eb uilclers' Division shall purchase industrial type sewing machines without obtaining from the vendor an invoice bearing the serial number, if any (nhich refers to the number identifying the incli"Vidual sewing machine rather than the clas or type) of the machine purchased. 3. No member of the Rebuilders' Division shall sell used industrial type sewing machine, rebuilt or otherwise, or any mechanical or electrical equipment which is part of the equipment u . eel in connection with said machines, with a free service guaranty for a perio<). exceeding 90 clays from the date of sale. 4. No member of the Rebuilders' Di>is ion shall sell, tran fer or exchange a used industrial type ewino machine, without advertising and/or invoicing and/Or billing the same as (a) a used inclu. trial type sewing machine, or (b) a used inclu trial type sewing machine with attachments added, or (c) a rebuilt industrial type . e\\ing machine, or (421)

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422 (d) a rebuilt indu trial type sewing machine with attachments added, as the case may be, under the original tradename, with the statement of the classification a s et forth in this section, and, if rebuilt, the name of the member of the Rebuilders' Divis ion rebuilding the s ame. 5. No memb e r of the Rebuilders' Division shall conduct his business either inside or outside of such member's business establishment for more than sixty hours per week and during any hours earlier than 8 A.l\I. or later than 6 P. I. on any :ix days of the week, provided, however, that the Rebuilders' Divisional Code Authority, with the approval of the Admiui tiator may, upon application of any l oca l group, waive the provi sions of this s ub-section insofar as the same are applicable to said local group. 0

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3 1262 08336 658 2