Typescript of a "History of the University of Florida" by Klein Graham

Material Information

Typescript of a "History of the University of Florida" by Klein Graham
Graham, Klein


Subjects / Keywords:
Graham, Klein
University of Florida
Business Manager
Spatial Coverage:
North America -- United States of America -- Florida


Klein Harrison Graham was employed at the University of Florida from 1906 to 1948. He was auditor and purchasing agent for the University until the office of Business Manager was created in 1927 and retired as such in 1948. His History of the University of Florida Business Office provides his memories and comments on other aspects of UF history.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Holding Location:
University of Florida Archives
Rights Management:
Copyright Board of Trustees of the University of Florida

Full Text

The University of Florida came into being as a silll educational

institution at Ocala in 1852 when a private school called East Florida

Independent Institute was organized. This was taken'over by the State

of Florida several years later, and, under the name of East Florida

State Seminary, was moved to Gainesville in 1866. The name was then

changed to East Florida Seminary.

This was a coeducational institution with a curriculum on a par

with our present-day high schools. Courses were offered in military

and mechanic arts. There was one instructional building, which is at

present owned and occupied by the Methodist Church. Two.blocks west

of the instructional building was a resident barracks for boys, with a

drill field adjacent. The institution was strictly military in charac-

S ter, and both boys.and girls were in uniform After some years the

.. h 4 Si^F Housq!tlel. V purchased for use as a dormitory fof. 9 _Ih

t~ anothededucatillMjifttitu wasorganized, in Lake City.'"

Originally called Florida Agriculture College, its name was changed by

legislative enactment to Florid* Agricultural College. This institution

had several substantial brick buildings when the legislature of the State

of Florida ini iated the momentous educational program known as the

Buckman Adt. This act abolish the East Florida Seminary, the Florida

Agricultural College, State Normal at De Funiak Springs, the West Florida

Seminary at Tallahassee, and the Florida Military Academy at Bartow;, In

their place two educational institutions were provided for. A school
for boys was tobe established east of the Suwannee River, and one west

of the river for girls. The Board of Education decided on Tallahassee

as the location for the girls' school, which was given the name Florida

State College For Women. Gainesville was decided on as the location of

-2- ('x 1C..- <-

the school for boys, and the name selected was University of the State of

Florida. Two years later this name was changed to University of Florida,

and this it has remained.

Moving the equipment from Lake City to the new university at Gaines-

ville was hazardous. It was carried out, despite the(seriws objections

of the people of Lake City, by our own Professor W. S. Cawtho/n. This

gentleman was Librarian, and later became an instructor at the University,

as well as Superintendent of Public Instruction for the State.

Two buildings were constructed on the Gainesville campus for dormitory

and instructional use. These were named Buckman and Thomas Halls after

the legislator who presented the education act of 1905 and Major W. R.

Thomas, a realtor, educator, and outstanding citizen of Gainesville. A

small brick shop was also erected, which served for an engineering labo-

ratory; later it was used as a chemical laboratory and U.S. Post Office.

Buckman Hall was used for dormitory purpose exclusively. Thomas Hall

housed kitchen, dining room (which served as a place for meetings), con-

vocations, laboratories, classrooms, and the Agricultural Experiment

Station, jas well as the administrative offices of the University. Presi-

dent A. A. Sledd's office was the suite of rooms on the northwest site of

Thomas Hall, and the Auditor and Purchasing Agent (your writer) occupied


Uhen I began my duties, 3 December, A1906, the President and I had

one part-time student assistant between us. Mr. W. P. Jernigan had pre-

ceded me as Auditor and Bookkeeper, but had resigned and left the office

before I arrived to take over my duties on December 12, 1906. May I add

parenthetically that the football season was over-a successful one in

consideration of the light schedule and small squad. Lieutenant L. R. Ball


was the first coach. He received no sCi for this work, since he was

the regularly assigned Physical Science and Military Training Officer to

the Cadet Corps and there were no ailable with which to pay 1hi

additional salad. e Ca t Corps siste~ of two p

proximately twenty-five- men each.. Lieutenant Ball had served in a Negro

regiment as a cavalry officer. He had regular drills, including long

hikes for the cadet unit--he riding a horse while the students marched

(this did not tend to make him poplar) His term of office lasted only L

until 1909, when the government him' from this detail

&t He was a good officer, and eabkar didx

azr a job.e 'U Ki e

The Business Office had not only the responsibility for collecting all

student fees, but the duty of the making and disbursing of all bills cover-

ed in the budget funds. It supervised the operations of the dormitories,

kitchen, maintenance department, and all funds handled in these depart-

mentsl f'^-^A. i % ^t4 /^ (toE/^ 0^^

The job of collecting the small $5.00 registration and $5.00 damage

fees (the latter to provide against property loss) and several small labo-

ratory fees occurred only once a year. However, the payment of board and

room, not exceeding $15.00,was monthly, in advance. The cost
deat was $12.50 for board and $2.50 for room.

The kitchen and dining roo were in charge of Mrs. S. J. Swanson.

This lady was the mother of three great boys who were outstanding athletes,

musicians,"and, later on, graduates of the University of Florida. She was

a splendid person with considerable ability as a manager. She feti-te- .ag C .

w*ads the students, of whom not more than seventy-five lived on the campus,

as her boys. As might be expected, in trying to feed these boys family


style at $12.90 a month, she received numerous complaints about the feed

furnished and the variety offered. These complaints terminated from time

to time in uprisings of various kinds, such as throwing dishes, rolls, and

other foods. -,/
*^ -" < In the~ days we empoyed-Audent assets to ~gulate .he conb K

duct of the students in the dining room and to supervise the student wait-

ers f these men were destined to hold high places in government and

the life of the State: Spessard L. Holland, U.S. Senator; John B. Sutton,

prominent attorney, ag deceased; J. E. Yoljx Manager of the University
of Florida Minstrels In 1914, nli deceased- S. A. B. Wilkinson, Assistant

I Gashier of the University in 1916; Alex R. Johnson and Walter Yates, both

Sof whom worked in the mess hall in 1919. thestudet who

/ have assumed high positions as leaders in Florida are: Dr. Harry L.

Thompson, of Clearwater, lawyer and onetime Professor of Law at the Uni-

.versity; the late T. S. Tranthams .ho at the time of his death was *law

partner of Thomas W. Bryant, alumnus and for many years a member of the

Board of Control; Charles Puleston; L. C. Algee; and W. H. Taylor. These

students served lo t -n-i 'adTM a-wonderflU-ob-. However, the plan

where services we shared with the President, .A.. Sl ,

( p rve vy0 engaged "n v T"tg-n--book t-4he time, did

not prove very C t. .. /.

T. R. Bird served as the first Superintendent of the Maintenance De-

partment, in 1912. R. T. Irving followed him, having been promoted from

Head Plumber; at the time of his death he was Superintendent of Buildings
(q SI q(VP
and Grounds. (This department was reorganized and divided at a later

date.) Mr. L. R. Shoch was the next Superintendent of Buildings and

Grounds.; he had been employed as a superintendent for the Paul Smith Con-





struction Company. Mr. Shoch built, the P. K. Yonge School and campus

Federal projects FERA, BCA, and WP4A connection wit ht

projects, the University secured the first unit of the Student Union.

building by making use of $40,000 of 'MCA funds and $50,000 of the deposit

the official in charge of Federal projects had made available for a kitch-

en unit. Mr. Shoch remained as Serntendent of Buildings and Grounds -

until 1940, when he joined the Navy. Mr. E. N. Bell took

over as Superintendent of Maintenance and Repairs -Other changes have r

Ibe made, .r | rounds

ecentlyvacatedsjbyr. S. P. Goethe of the College of Engineering. The

dormiteries were operated by Mrs. L. R. Peeler, a sister of Mrs. Swanson.

In the early years, only the hallways were cleaned in the dormitories,

and the students were required to make their beds and sweep their rooms.

Later, maid service was provided. In the course of events, many improve-

ments were made in the housekeeping arrangements.

No time was allotted for vacations from the Business Office in those

early days. In consequence of this, Ehii a vacation was taken, a substi-

tute had to be paid out of the meager salary of $100 a month budgeted at

that time. The President of the University received $200 a month in ad-

dition to quarters. He lived in Buckman Hall and served as the officer

in charge. In 1912, Mr. T. S. Trantham was made full-time Secretary to

President Murphree, who had replaced Dr. Sledd in 1909. My first full-

time secretary or administrative assistant was Miss Lena Hunter, who

slaved from 1914 to 1920. She was a most efficient and exacting officer,

and it was with extreme regret on my part that she resigned on account of

illness in 1920. Miss Hunter returned to the University later, and has

3a0 been associated with the State Plant Board as Auditor and Chief Clerk.


With the completion ofScience Hall in 1912, the Business Office was

able to secure better and more commodious quarters. However, it was not

until 1926 that a traiped assistant was secured in the person of Huber

Hurst, pt Professor of Business Administration and Accounting at the

University. He remained until the appointment of Garland Hiatt in 1928.

The Commons, constructed the same year, enabled the boarding depart-

ment (or mess hall as it was called then) to move from Thomas Hall, with

S. J. Swanson continuing as Matron. This part of the Business Office's

work was a serious problem in administration, and was the subject of at-

tack by students from year to year. Considering the amount charged, the

food served was good; nevertheless, since there was no selection of foods,

there were always those who were not satisfied with the menu. This hap-

pened in spite of the fact that we employed student waiters, who received

board for their services, and saved wherever possible to the end that

costs be lowered. Frequent demonstrations took place.

One of these outbreaks had been planned very carefully; it was ar-

ranged that one of the boys would at a given signal cut the power wire to

the dining room. Later on the identity of the student was discovered (he

was in the College of Engineering and Editor of the Alligator); his pro-

cedure had been to clamp a sickle on the end of a pole and therewith sever

the electric line. Despite the danger involved in such an operation, no

one was hurt. However, since the management had learned in advance about

the plan, the lel er and assistant (J. E. Young, a prominent lawyer,

now deceased, ana Sessard Holland, now eni U.S. Senator from Florida)

equipped themselves with flashlights. Thus when the overhead lights went

off, the flashlights illuminated the mess hall before the students could

begin to throw dishes. In this way, the trouble was avoideddf,,gSig


The Commons continued to be called the mess hall until shortly after

World War I, at which time the service was converted to the cafeteria style.

Due to illness, it was necessary for the writer to be granted a tempo-

rary leave of absence in 1915. Mr. J. B. Howard, asq!qz( =r from Chicago

who had moved to Florida for his health, received a temporary appointment

and remained during the several months the writer was out of the office

without pay.

The bookstore, which has grown into considerable proportions over the

years, came into existence about 1914. At this time the University de-

cided to withdraw the privilege of a concession granted certain students

to furnish textbooks to the student body. This was done because of the

difficulty in getting the accounts paid promptly to the publisher and/or

textbook dealer by the students having the concession. Often the Uni-

versity was compelled to face criticism and assume responsibility for the

derelictions of the students. Consequently, a bookstore was opened in a

small room in Science Hall under University management, with W. H. Taylor,

Chemist at Mulberry Phosphate Mines, J. A. Houze, and other s-udent

assistants in change. The first full-time employee was Miss Nell McCarroll

in 1916. She later married a graduate law student, 0. E. Williams. Next

came Miss R. McQuarre in 1922. ThePlate Miss Hellice Rathbun was employed

Sai~ ef Clerk and Manager. V

While athletics were not directly tied into the Business Office, the

program was dependent on budget funds available and early assignments by

students of damage deposit fees. The first' football coach was Lieutenant

Ball, as mentioned~jw.- -u......;. T i I i.. However, the h

following year a part-time coach was appointed-J. A. Forsythe, who served

most efficiently for three years. There were not more than sixteen players


in the 'squad, and the schedule was very limited.

At the end of the season the students were solicited to turn over the

balance of the damage deposits to the Athletic Association in order to

help pay the bills outstanding at the time. They usually did this, and

then proceeded to run wild. They invariably did so much damage that there

was very little money available to the Athletic Association.

ttp; ti e Jhtb this is a

good example of students wanting to eat their cake and have it. After

1921 a student fee of $20.00 was charged, and the athletic department re-

ceived its pro rata share,.

Coach George E. Pyle, a graduate of King College, Tennessee, took

charge of the football team in 1910. He doubled in brass as Director of

the Gymnasium. Coach Pyle was a remarkable gymnast and developed some

great teams.

There was a great need for a baseball grandstand on Fleming Field,

and in order to raise necessary funds the writer organized the University

of Florida Greater Minstrels. This organization, with the help of the band,

orchestra, glee club, and gym team, put on a notable show in 1914. The

funds were raised by a raffle of a Ford automobile and by the profits from

admissions. The following year the Minstrels went on tour, leaving the

campus on March 17, 1915. This was an advertising venture, since the

University was little known outside of Gainesville and Jacksonville. The

itinerary included Orlando, Kissimmee, Lakeland, Tampa, St. Petersburg,

and Fruitland Park. In the afternoon a parade in new costumes was staged,

and in the evening a concert was given in front of the theater. A picture

book of the University campus was distributed as a program. Some fine per-

formances were given. The trip was a great hit with Floridians, but little


money for the Athletic Association resulted from it. The Minstrels, mak-

ing trips such as this, continued for six years until the Masqueraders

came into being in 1921. This organization later gave way to the Florida

Players, which nowadays is one of the principal extra-curricular activi-

ties on the campus.

Coach Pyle resigned in 1915 and was replaced by C. J. McCoy, of Miami,

Ohio, who served three years. Some of the football games were played on

a very poor field in Jacksonville. Neither stadium nor grandstand existed

at that time. Consequently, the automobiles lined up on both sides of the

field. Jacksonville's municipal stadium was not built until 1917.

Coach A. L. Buser, All-American, Wisconsin, took over at the Univer-

sity in 1917. A. G. Kline replaced him as Athletic Director in 1921.

. A. Van Fleet served as an assistant to Coach Kline. Athletics had

been pretty much an amateur affair up to this time, but with the coming

of Coach Kline (and heavy pressure from the alumni for a winning football

team) five players were brought in from the University of Oklahoma and

the western states, namely F. H. Duncan, Art Newton, Doty, Dixon, and

Hockenstadt. Duncan had the peculiar honor of*being team captain at both

the University of Oklahoma and the University of Florido a M or

Pt4-IaA 4ng g. In 1924 1 ab sistants were

Major TiptoXand Tom Sebring, who is at present a justice of the State

Supreme Court. Captain E. M. Yon was the official Assistant Coach.

Brady Cowell was brought in from Kansas as Freshman Coach. J. L.

White took over the athletic directorship in 1922. Dr. R. G. Manchester,

who practices osteopathy nowadays, served his second year as trainer in

1922. Since the University had very few scholarships and little in the way

of loan funds, the Rotarians of the State organized the Florida Educational

Loan Corporation. This corporation was chartered to help Florida boys and

girls secure an education by making loans to students. The group assumed

that such loans would be acceptable to athletes. However, this proved to

be a great fallacy and a bitter disappointment. Nevertheless, with the

appointment of White as Athletic Director, the University inaugurated a

greater athletic and football program on the basis of the idea that to

make:'money an institution must spend money.

Funds were borrowed from a bank upon the endorsement of the Alumni

Association which, at the time, was putting on a drive to erect a building

and make improvements to the football field by the addition of steel

bleachers. The State could not and would not finance this work. From the

private source the basketball court was built and bleachers installed on

the west side of Fleming Field (named in honor of Frank Fleming, a member

of the Board of Control), which was being used for baseball and football

games. Sufficient funds were secured from the alumni drive to handle a

'part of the expense of the program. This encouraged those who were think-

ing of the construction of a stadium and swimming pool. These structures

were added to the athletic plant at a later date, being constructed and

dedicated in 1930, when the University of Florida played the University of

Alabama at Ho ng. This took place during Dr. John Tigert's adminis-


The University of California team played here several years later.

Joe E. Brown and a number of celebrities accompanied the team. They were

entertained at a banquet held in the old YMCA building. This relic of a

building had'been constructed during World War I as a dining room for the

more adequate and separate feeding of the men in military training.

Loan Corporation. This corporation was chartered to help Florida boys and

girls secure an education by making loans to students. The group assumed

that such loans would be acceptable to athletes. However, this proved to

be a great fallacy and a bitter disappointment. Nevertheless, with the

appointment of White as Athletic Director, the University inaugurated a

greater athletic and football program on the basis of the idea that to

make.amney an institution must spend money.

Funds were borrowed from a bank upon the endorsement of the Alumni

Association which, at the time, was putting on a drive to erect a building

and make improvements to the football field by the addition of steel

bleachers. .The State could not and would not finance this work. From the

private source the basketball court was built and bleachers installed on

the west side of Fleming Field (named in honor of Frank Fleming, a member

of the Board of Control), which was being used for baseball and football

games. Sufficient funds were secured from the alumni drive to handle a

hiRle U yFlorida Field was under construction, Dr. Tigert and th. businessI

manager, who was treasurer of the Athletic Association and nzmer of fa cty

caminttee on athletics spent some time :n inspecting the progre ework 0-

hazards encountered. One day Dr. Tigert came by the office and asked me f I did

not want to go over and check m the recent discovering of quicsand on LA

Iexcavations. I suggested we go in my car, a small Chevy coupe which the University

furnished the Business Manager in those days; he agreed and we made the trip in record

Time over good and ad roads. When we were ready to return, Dr. Tigert said, "If you

Sdon .mind, barney OQfield, I woula prefer to walk." Which may have been intended

R. WOal. reflection -oi fast driving.
more adequate and separate feeding of the men in military training.


I would like to call attention to the history of the Florida Stadium

site. In the'eariy days it was a pond, and was in use as part of a proj-

ect for raising ducks to augment the feeding the Commona.

The present road around the stadium area was the site of a dam. As ai

economy measure, poultry houses were built on the east bank of the pond;

chickens were raised for eggs and meat to be used in the Commons,

The original plans for the stadium did not include a track. Not until

1935, when a WPA project was authorized, was there any progress towards the

construction of such an athletic facility. In that year, MwLItoe direc-

tion of at Van Fleet and with the horss nd equipment furnished to the
A #
artillery unit at the Unlversity, work began on a running track. A cement

wall with seats was constructed on its perimeter. This field was designated

Graham Field in 1936 and dedicated the same year. Dean J. Ed Price gave

the dedication address on the occasion of a track meet with the University

of Georgia.

During World WarI there were roximately lSO students enrolled at

the University. num...eMMe same number of army trainees were tak-

ing vocational courses on the campus. A number of army officers were al-.

so taking training at the University. With this number of students on the

campus, the Business Office worked day and night.

The influenza epidemic was a major headache to the Business Office,

which had responsibility for the Commons. In one week 750 persons were

confined as bed patients. The infirmary occupied space on the second floor

of Thomas Hall. When this small area was filled with patients, it was

necessary to utilize the top floor of the College of Agriculture building.

Some sixty patients were placed in this area. There were many patients

who could not be moved from their dormitories and/or barracks. The task


of feeding the sick was tremendous. The kitchen was poorly manned, as the

cooks refused to come to work because of the seriousness of the epidemic.

Only by main strength and going after them with automobiles were the kitchen

employees enticed to do their work and furnish food for the sick. These

were trying times indeed.

Miss Leona Bramblett was in charge of the infirmary when it was es-

tablished in 1911. Dr. E. R. Flint served as University Physician in those

years. Miss McRobbie assumed charge in 1913, and Miss Ruth Dreher succeeded

her in 1920. Miss Rosa Grimes was appointed Head Nurse in 1923. Dr. G. B.

Tillman acted as University Physician in 1921. Dr. M. H. DePass was Acting

Physician during the World War I period.

Athletics were carried on in a limited way, and classes were continued,

as well as extra-curricular activities such as the student publications.

The Commons had the contract for feeding the army trainees, who had dining

facilities in a wooden addition to the cafeteria. The two dining rooms

received food from a central kitchen. Mrs. Swanson was Matron Auring iis

period, with the exception of the year 1917 when Mr. C. E. Heywood came

in as Steward and Mrs. Swanson was transferred to the dormitory aiu

In 1922, Mr. and Mrs. G. R. Knott assumed charge of the Commons. Mrs. B. G.

ScGarrahserved as Matron and Mrs Nora Sandler was an assistant in 1923.

This army dining r~ was used after the war as a YMCA social hall,

and served a good purpose along with two barracks that had been erected in

the area of the present infirmary. One of these barracks was not completed

until the close of the war, when it was taken over by the University and

converted into a sixty-bed infirmary. This was utilized until the new

infirmary building was completed. The other army barracks was used as an

additional dormitory. The cafeteria dietitians were housed in it until


1929.' In that year it was torn down and rebuilt at Camp Wauburg as a

Student Union recreational project.

I would like to give honorable mention to some of those who rendered

efficient service in the Business Office during the early days. Mrs. Dilly

Truby and Miss Libby Mazo were assistants in the cashier's office in 1916.

Mr. and Mrs. E. M. Knight were employed as Bookkeeper and Cashier, respec-

tively,' 1920; Mr. Knight was studying the College of Law.

At this point I would like to say a word about the early days of the

Registrar's Office and the appointment of Miss Willie Ellis as full-time

employee from 1916 to 1920. Miss Ellis later married Bill Cates, a gradu-

ate of the University, and now lives at Tallahassee. Miss McQuarre was

promoted to Assistant Auditor in charge of the Agricultural Experiment

Station accounts in 1920. Miss Madge Baker was appointed secretary in 1926,

and that very year the switchboard was installed, with Mrs. Lucille Davis

as the first operator. Mr. T. J. Price was appointed Head Bookkeeper in

1927 when the writer was promoted to Business Manager and Purchasing Agent.

Mr. Price was appointed Comptroller of the University at a later date.

During the Sledd-Murphree dynasty much progress was made in laying the

foundation and building the University. This was accomplished in spite of

the fact that the State was most frugal in supporting this educational pro-

gram. The frugality was not due so much to lack of appreciation of fine

work being done, as to a simple lack of money. The State of Florida was


It was 1922 before the Alumni Association was strong enough to organize

a drive for sufficient funds to meet the needs of this growing institution.

While the results were not immediately manifest, the efforts of the alumni

were recognized and the drive was not unproductive of good results. Thus

(~ c-Y

the appropriations from the State for operating expenses soared from

$78,000 annually in the period 1919-1921 to a high of $70L,000 in the 1927-

28 period. Appropriations for buildings in the 1927-28 period were

$350,000 as compared with $18,000 to take care of the enrollment of 2,075

in the 1919-21 period.

Dr. Sledd had been a at scholar, though not ap efSS ~t ecutive;

Dr. Murphree was a scholar, and a great administrator with

tact and ability. His accomplishments were recognized to the extent that

his name was placed before the Democratic nominating convention in Chicago

for President of the United States. Wi iam Jennings Bryan, great American
anl four times Presidential nominee, ws rpo sible for this Dr.

Murphree, who could have been elected to the governorship uinst chose

to remain with the growing educational institution. His death was a great

shock to his co-workers, friends, and fellow citizens of Florida and the

nation. He was at the peak of a successful career, and his loss was a blow

to higher education in Florida. Only a few months before, he had been

elected President of the Land Grant Colleges Association of the United

States-a distinct honor attained by only a few great educators.

Dr. Murphree followed the University of Florida football teams in

their many contests. From his own pocket he entertained the squad, coaches,

and representatives of the State at the completion of each football sea-

on. He continued to do this until his death in 1927. His administration

from 1909 to 1927 could be considered as a one-man project in which most

of the progressive measures and programs were recommended, dominated, and

carried out by him personally with very few boards and committees and

little regard for bureaucracy as we know it ,

Huber Hurst, a graduate of the University and pi fessorof Business

g, was appointed assistant m rdior.
S. --, -

"W" '. ...*,-. .-j "_ :

The permanent buildings of brick constructed during Dr. Murphree yers
of service, in addition to Buckman and Thomas Halls and onstructed
in 1905 while Dr. Sledd was President, were as follows:
Science Hall 1911
Commons Building 1912
Experiment Station Building (Newell Hall) 1912
Language Hall 1912
Engineering Building and Laboratory 1912-26
Agricultural Building 1913
Gymnasium 1913
George Peabody Hall 19i3
Law Building 1915
Library 4(first uit) 1927
S* Auditorium and C pel 1922
(I -: Chemistry Pharama (1st unit 1927
.J A
It would not be amiss fo me to n e here the completion of a drive started
in 1928 for funds to build a m umen to the memory of one of Florida' s great
educators, Dr. A. A. Murphree. drive fled- p during the depression of
1933. Notwithstanding, the Legisi ture in 1929 passed a bill presented by alumnus
William B rms of Hills ro Co y g available $10,000 for the project.
Ijeehd arranged wit Mr. orgum, the great sculptor, the
S-/ design in miniature. This h did i working on Stone Mountain near Atlanta.
lPttpis price for the actua monument s $15,000. Since we had less than
$3,000 collected, the agree@nt was ot nsumma many years later"
when a group of alumni led by Raymerf Aaguire of Orlando and Phil May of Jack-
sonville completed the task of raising an additional $11,000. This with the
$10,000 from the state, was enough to cover a contract with the sculptor Paul
Manship for $22,000. The monument was completed and dedicated October 10, 1946.
A balance of $1,059.80 remained, earmarked for andscaping. But Mr.
Nelson of the University con ted this work to the project, and the money
was set up as a loan-fund- for needy student
For additional information on President Murphree, I suggest you read his
biography, The Life and Work of r. ,A. A. Murphree, compiled and printed by


air~"" ,~g~-
'Qs~ et:~~

il~af~T.e c

0. K. Armstrong of the Department of J urnalism in 1928. "1 /

Much was accomplished during the, of Dr. Murphree. The foundation

was laid for a great university in Florida, the beauty spot of our great 3

democracy, that would some day vie with California for attracting visitors

and permanent residents.

To meet the needs of carrying on this great educational plant, the Board

of Control, headed by the Honorable P. K. Yonge, a patriarch in the educational

field with many years of service on the Board, Lwhik4-ap-o- tth i t ime had been

ScnaYntivply 'free of QLics, t~ia-teDaredecided to take time in selecting

the new head and to survey carefully the entire field in order to secure the

best man available; so the acting Vice-President, Dr. J. M. Farr, and the

Business Manager were given the responsibility, whTch I believe was. dne

y to-a.1-co ncerned, of ho lu-i in in !r1r dngt
" inter i.

The man finally selected au;iBdn e.istading ma ~.f

was Dr. John J. Tigert, an experienced teacher and administrator. He was .

then Commissioner of Education of the United States. He ccepte the position t

and took over September 1, 1928. No great demonstration was made at his com-

ing because of lack of funds; however, a fitting and simple program of in-

\ action was carried out the following year.

Dr. Tigert's coming and the results of his work proved the wisdom of

Board's selection. After becoming acquainted with our problems and needs, with-

out any great amount of money he set about making tbi the.great educational

institution -i-teeday. His salary was set at ten thousand with the promise

of a home. The depression, coming in full strengththe year 1932 only four

S years after his taking over the rins-of office, set back his hopes and

aspirations to a great extent, but did not deter him from beginning the con-

struction of a great stadium for a great football team; and a swimming pool,

both needed additions to the physical plant. The pool was financed by student

fees, while the stadium was paid for by funds borrowed on the questionable

collateral of guaranteed gate receipts in the face of heretofore small at-

tendance at all games.

Since the Business Manager was Treasurer of the Athletic Association,

it is fitting that these facts be set down as a part of the history of the

Business Office. No football stadium was ever constructed as economically

as Florida Field. Not one cent was paid from the state exchequer. The Board

of Education leased the ground to the University Athletic Association, Inc.,

and the project was financed through personally endorsed notes renewed from

year to year as funds were needed to pay for the construction. This is a

great monument to the energy and perseverance of Dr. Tigert. Then followed

the construction of the swimming pool, additions and cover for the Andrew

Anderson Memorial organ, a"d the basketball court erroneously referred to

as the "Old Gym", and finally the great Student Union Building. This later

structure, as a CWA-FERA-WPA project, came with relatively no financial help

from the state. Even the furniture to equip the Student Center was paid for

from funds donated by an unselfish and loyal citizenry, like the funds col-

lected in previous years for the )MCA building.

The budget for operations, which had reached a great peak (for those

days) of $850,000 in 1929-30, began to diminish until, with the election of

Governor Dave Sholtz in 1932-34, the amount allowed from state funds was cut

to $562,000, This was done in the face of continually increasing enrollments

and the need for greater facilities and buildings. A moratorium was placed ( v

on buildingM However, the funds made available from Federal sources proved

a godsend in this period of depression, and, with General Education Board

funds supplemented by sufficient state appropriations *eeqwr'f' as offset, .

construction was begun on a College of Education building, which later took

the name of the honored Board of Control Chairman, P. K. Yonge. The President

and Business Office had the problem of getting money from the state treasurer,

and only through the help of the governor and the goodness of the contractor

in accepting small payments on the job and holding his labor by advanced per-

sonal funding, were we able to keep the construction active. This was the

largest building yet to be constructed on the University campus. The City

of Gainesville made available the playground portion of the site on a ninety=

nine-year lease to the Board of Education, and the University purchased the

rest of the land outright. The hard-surface road was city-built.

Mr. L. R. Schoch was superintendent of construction for the contractor.

He later accepted full-time employment with the Federal government and super-

vised construction of the Student Union. He took a position as full-time

University employee in 193 and has added his part to the greatness of the

present plant.

Athletics had been successfully speeded up in the later years of Dr.

Murphree's tenure as president, with such great football leaders as General ?

Van Fleet, the Honorable Tom Sebring, E. M. Yon, L and

Major A. C. Tipton making a great record of games won. But football got a

strong shot in the arm from Dr. Tigert and the before-mentioned improvements

to the athletic plant made in his early years, and from the appointment of

C. W. Bacan as head coach. Perhaps the great highlight in this athletic

program came with the completion and dedication of Florida Field to the boys

of this state who lost their lives in World War I. This inspiring event oc-

curred in 1930 with a football game between our team and Alabama's great

Rose Bowl specialists. We were decidedly outplayed by a squad of three teams,

every one as good as the best. From this beginning our schedule was enlarged,

and in 1931 we played U.C.L.A. here, with the inimitable Joe E. Brown present

to add lustre and fun to the occasion.

Music appreciation was speeded up with the coming of Mr. John DeBruyn as

Glee Club Director in 1927, and with the new Alma Mater song written by Hon-
,.c.ic I/qi
orable Milton Yates, now a prominent lawyer in Tampa. The band, under the

direction of Mr. R. D. BrownsAam\~: precedded by A. R. Marks J Opa a

Miller and student leader A. R. "Pug" Hamilton, alumnus and mrw a valued

high officer in the Navy achieved recognition. Claude Murphree came as

organist when the gift of the Andrew Anderson Memorial was accepted and in- /

stalled in the auditorium. He is responsible for the early foundation of the

organ and piano department. Out of his own luments, he purchased a fine

pipe organ which was installed in the Student Union auditorium shortly after

this building was completed in 1934. This constituted the Music Department

as handled by the President and Business Manager, until the coming of Dr.

J. Hillis Miller in 1947, when a reorganized Department of Music was established

as a part of the College of Architecture and Fine Arts.

One of the outstanding moments of Florida music came when Thornton W.

Allen, head of the Allen Music Company, who had taken over the publishing of

all University of Florida songs written and printed up to that date, was in-

troduced as special guest at the Florida Field stadium in 1940.

After the depression, when the university under Dr. Tigert was beginning

to show signs of great progress in its wonderful building program -with very

little funds from the state came World War II. In that memorable December,

1941, the Administration and Business Office faced trying times. The students

were called to service, and the Army and Navy had a big job in preparation for

the contest, so the University facilities were needed to assist in their pro-

gram. The University offered its plant to help win the war, and President

Tigert and the Business Manager made several trips to Atlanta for conferences

with Army officers, with the result that contracts were secured to train some

of the Air Corps. This meant quarterly re-negotiations on a cost basis for

five hundred men, the personnel changing each quarter, and estimated figures

changing with actual cost data. We also secured an Officers Training School

here with all Army personnel and Lieutenant Colonel L. T. Barco, a graduate,
in command.

The University furnished building space, laboratories, and other facilities

including housing and food. This was all in addition to and separate from our

student p which had fallen off to approximately 700.

In order to hold down the per capital cost within our budget appropriation,

it was necessary to use many of our faculty, when qualified, to assist in the

Army Program. The contract permitted us to use them for Army teaching on time

paid for by their salaries, provided their full time was figured on a fifteen=

hours-per-week basis; if less time was used they could give part time to the

University. Thus, with only seven men registered in the College of Law and

not many more in education, we were able to use these surplus teachers and

continue to keep all schools operating with small enrollment.

These were times when the University was under tremendous pressure to hold

its civilian students and train Army inductees on a cost basis. Unfortunately,

due to a misunderstanding of the problems at hand and a personal consideration,

the Legislature of 1945 aoawmd the University of waste and extravagance. A

special committee was appointed to investigate the matter and for three days

and nights this committee met and heard members of the Administration and others

defend University policies. The findings are a matter of record and speak for


" Much praise shouldt'e given to Chairman Hal Adair of Jacksonville and also
the Honorable Raymer Maguire, a past chairman of the Board, for their time and

ability in refuting the fourteen charges, including those against the infirmary.

Registrar R. S. Johnson and his staff, Miss Pitts, secretary to President Tigert

and his staff, and the staff of the Business Office worked night and day pre-

paring information to refuteithe charges, which for the most part were without

any basis of fact. The University then, as in World War I, had operated on

the most meager appropriations and with some Federal help in their Army Training

Programs, which were run on equitable and sound economic principles of fair

deal to the government.

The University was commended highly for its cooperation in these two

World War Training Programs, and especially for the integrity maintained in

all governmental relations. In settlement of the World War I account the

University secured two barracks buildings in addition to payment for wear

and tear on permanent structures and equipment. On the other hand, valuable

research benefits accrued to the Army and Navy from the College of Engineering,

as was evidenced in the appreciation resolutions received from those depart-


Listed below are a number of loyal employees who served the Business

Office during one or both War periods.

Mrs. F. M. Madden Switchboard Operators
Miss Helen Watson Mrs. Willie Knott
MMiss Madge Baker Mrs. C. H. Davies
Mrs. Lillian 01 Patterson
Mr. Leroy Schoch (16 years) --
H. D. Wingate auditor Superintendent construction (time
T. J. Price comptroller out to serve in Navy)
J. B. Goodson cashier
OC-R.-Shepherd bookkeeper Mr. R. T. Irving. buildings and
janitors (27 years)
John Wincey
W. H. Steckert* Mr. A. J. Burnham marshal and
C. D. Aldeman custodian of military property
Miss Mattie Petit Overbloom (11 years) (retired)
Mrs. Willie McCarroll Johnson ,
n a.. Mr. C. E. Nelson1erintendent
'ec B of grounds (16 years)-twrhJ, 1h

Mr. C. H. Lancaster super-- Hellice Rathburnt- bookstore
intendent of heating (15 years) (21 years)

Mr. T. A. Ahite assistant Rachel McQuarrie*- accountant
superintendent of heating
Pauline Collins assistant cashier
Mr. E. B. Godwin electrical
maintenance Mrs. Margaret Peeler* housekeeper

Mr. E. M. Bell assistant Dietitians
superintendent of buildings Mrs. Ellen Toph
Mrs. S. J. Swanson*
*deceased Mrs. B. G. McGarrah.11fn 4 A

There are numerous other clerks, student assistants, employees in the auxiliary

activities, and janitors whom I would like to compliment for the magnificent

and loyal service at small salaries given to the University and state. Many

have passed on and others have retired. All should have gold stars for the

years of faithful service. This list does not begin to name those who in the

early years had a hand in the building of this great institution when Florida

was poor in worldly goods and could not pay them adequately.

S Some of the major buildings constructed or contracted for during Dr. ,--

Tigert's two decades of service are as follows: /5

Building Source of Funds
1930-35 Florida Field stadium and Graham Field, Paid from Athletic Ass'n. l ,A
floodlighting system, toilets, dressing fund, gifts, and WPA
rooms and swimming pool -

1932 P. K. Yonge Educational Bldg. State and Gen. Ed. Board
J. F. Seagle Bldg. State and county gifts

1931 Cafeteria commons kitchens State and Federal
Infirmary unit Welaka conservation -. ,
project -Lmprovements to Lake .--..--. .. -----
Wauburg project = ^ ift

19jl- N. P. Bryan Law Library project WPA and state
Austin Carey forest improvements
Central storage warehouses

1935-48 S. A. L, Railroad spur track state
Central heating plant bldg. state and WPA
Heating tunnel lines (new) state and WPA
Electric distribution system,
organization of roads, walks, etc.
A. A. Murphree statue gift

1939 Albert A. Murphree and Duncan U. Fletcher PWA projects

1929 Andrew Sledd Hall state

1942 Wood products laboratory state
Remodeling of old dormitories
to fireproof construction student income from rent
(Buckman and Thomas Halls)

1932 First hard roads by State
Road Department through help of ,
Senator W. A. Shands state road department

Building Source of Funds
1946 1st unit Flavets, 26 bldgs.
2nd unit Flavets, 20 bldgs. Federal

also numerous classrooms buildings

Total cost approximately $5,000,000. Paid from state funds: less than

Complete information on finances for this period may be found in the

biennial reports of the Business Manager as printed in the Board of Control

records and files of the state auditor.

One important incidental improvement came with the completion of a spur

track from the S. A. L. Railroad into the campus at the south. The cost of

$15,000 was paid from the savings on drayage over a period of ten years. This
opened up the campus and helped athletics in making it possible to bring ex- 5

cursions to the stadium. Dr. Tigert was very proud of this small addition to

our maintenance department and took some time in watching its progress under

the supervision of Mr. Powell and Mr. McKay, contractors and Seaboard engineer.

As early as 1906 I prognosticated that the University would be one of the

great educational institutions of this country. This was called to my at-

tention in a letter from an educator at the time of my retirement.

It is also of note that in the efforts of the Business Office to advertise

the University in those early years we printed our stationery and envelopes

with a cut of the University's future plans as visualized by our architects,

Edwards and Sayward of Atlanta, which were most modest; and I coined and used "

the phrase "The South's most progressive educational institution," which has j

proved true, -r

A small but helpful action occurred on May 3, 1928, when the Honorable -

Ernest Amos, state comptroller, said "that he had finally gotten an opinion .

of the attorney general whereby salary warrants could be issued to faculty

and employees of the University the first of each monthti Up until then they

had not been issued until the middle or end of the next month.

i ..... :

With the close of World War II and the adjustments to provide

for the additional back-to-college rush of G.I. soldiers, it was necessary

to take on additional employees. The new Board coming into the administration

with Governor Caldwell's appointments in 1945 approved the nomination of Mr.

G. F. Baughman as Assistant Business Manager. He was a graduate of the Uni-

veristy Law School, had taught in the College of Business Administration for

several years, and had served with distinction in Washington banking circles

before entering the Navy for four years. He seemed most fitted to carry on

the task of securing from the government the additional temporary buildings

now used as instructional and housing units, as well as the other responsibilities

of this important office.

In 1946 the first unit of 26 buildings (100 apartments) for housing

G.I. students was secured from the Panama City camp and moved to the campus.

Later other units were made available, and through the cooperation and help

of the City of Gainesville the Alachua Air Base constructed during the war

period to provide facilities for the Air Corps was secured and operated by

the University to provide additional housing and feeding accommodations for

the great number of students registering at the University. Also many fine

buildings from the Naval Station at Lake City were brought to the campus and


At the same time a large building program was approved by Governor

Caldwell and the Boardof otrol for greatly needed permanent buildings at

the University. Work began on the costly gymnasium, the new Administration

Building, the Chemistry and Pharmacy Building, the Student Center Building,

and on rehabilitation of older buildings badly needing repairs and improve-


In all, some twenty million dollars were spent- much more than in all

the previous forty-one years at Gainesville. The enrollment of students was

larger than ever visualized in the early days of the century when the University I

-- q

had not more than one hundred students, most of whom were of sub-freshman

rating. Today this great University stands twenty-sixth in the nation. The

athletic program has had phenomenal growth, with challenging records in all

branches of sport.

In July, 1947, Dr. Tigert retired after 9 years of efficient service.
His place was filled by Dr. J. Hillis Miller, a great educator with 'a back-

ground of wonderful achievements. His accomplishments during his five years

as executive head of the University speak for themselves. He has increased

the faculty and continued building additions and improvements.

W The writer retired as Business Manager February 15, 1948, after forty-
one years and two months contir us service having shared the administrative

responsibilities with President Andrew Sledd (1906-1909), A. A. Murphree

I (1909-1927), John J. Tigert (1928-1947), and finally J. Hillis Miller-all

A men of great character and distinct abilities.

Also Dr. J. M. Farr acting president in 1927-28 and Dr. H. H. Hume

acting president in several months interim between Dr. Tigert's retirement

and Dr. Miller's taking over the presidency.

It was a great challenge and one that I tried to meet with all the

energy and ability I could command. I am happy and honored to have had a

part in the making of this great educational institution and in the contacts

over the years with some of the nation's great educators and with the finest

students, whom I am happy to call my friends.

It is a great satisfaction to realize that the finances of the University

are at their peak, and that the state has finally reached the stage of ap-

preciation where it will make sufficient appropriations for the great growth

we are now passing through.