Citation
Service and regulatory announcements

Material Information

Title:
Service and regulatory announcements
Creator:
United States -- Bureau of Animal Industry
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C.
Publisher:
U.S. G.P.O.
Publication Date:
Frequency:
Monthly
Language:
English
Physical Description:
v. : ; 23 cm.

Subjects

Subjects / Keywords:
Meat inspection ( lcsh )
Genre:
serial ( sobekcm )
federal government publication ( marcgt )

Notes

Summary:
Contains Insecticide decisions and Notices of judgment under the Insecticide Act formerly issued only as a separate publication, now published in both forms.
Additional Physical Form:
Also available in electronic format
Additional Physical Form:
Also issued online.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
No. 81 (1914)-

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
This item is a work of the U.S. federal government and not subject to copyright pursuant to 17 U.S.C. §105.
Resource Identifier:
004884120 ( ALEPH )
17762165 ( OCLC )
AA00005308_00017 ( sobekcm )
Classification:
HD9000.9.U5 A14 ( lcc )
630.61 ( ddc )

Related Items

Preceded by:
Service announcements

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S. R A.-- A I 93. I.

t U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICU,

BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.
A. D. MELVIN, CHIEF OF BUREAU.



SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS.

JANUARY, 1915.


[This puhlicat ion is issued monthly for the dissemination of information, instructions, rulings, etc., con-
cerning the work of the Bureau of Animal Industry. Free distribution is limited to persons in the service
of the bureau, establishments at which the Federal meat inspection is conducted, public officers whose
duties make it desirable for them to have such information, and journals especially concerned. Others
desiring copies may obtain them from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office,
Washington, D. C., at 5 cents each, or 50 cents a year. A supply will be sent to each official in charge of a
station or branch of the bureau service, who should promptly distribute copies to members of his force.
A file should be kept at each station for reference.]



CONTENTS.
Page.
Changes in directory. ..-..................................-............... 2
Notices regarding meat inspection:
Pathological differences between hemorrhagic kidneys in hog cholera and
in glomerular nephritis........................... ................. 2
Shipments between official establishments............................. 3
Mineral oil for denaturing........................ ....................... 3
Making out reports ...... .....--.......-..-...................-.....-.. 3
Animals slaughtered under Federal meat inspection, December, 1914........ 4
Imports of food animals and of meats and meat food products................ 4
Foreign officials authorized to sign inspection certificates for meat and products
for importation into the United States......-.............................. 5
Inspection and testing of animals for Canada................................. 11
Texas-fever quarantine-List of places where southern cattle may be shipped
for immediate slaughter.. ........... .......... .................. .... 12
Convictions for violations of laws........................................... 12
Licenses and permits for veterinary biological products ........ ............. 14
Vehicles in foot-and-mouth disease.......................................... 16
The new fiscal regulations................................................ 17
Use of penalty envelopes....................................... .... ..... 18
Street-car fares ......................................................... 19
February pay rolls ........................................................ 19
Publications in JanuarV .............................................. 19
Organization of the Bureau of Animal Industry.............................. 20
802&S"-15--1


== ===I= = I== = v





2 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,

CHANGES IN DIRECTORY.
Meat Inspection Inaugurated.

975. Holland Pure Food Co., 324 Wall Street, Port Huron, Mich.
42-C. Jacob Dold Packing Co., Wallabout Market, Brooklyn, N. Y.
*960. Paul 0. Reymann Co., Wetzel and Warren Streets, Wheeling, W. Va.
980. Holcombe Provision Co. (Inc.), 74 North Canal Street, Newark, N. J. ?
*260. Miller & Hart, Forty-fifth Place and Packers Avenue, Chicago, Ill.
882. United States Chinese Food Co., 65 Park Street, New York, N. Y.
977. Wisconsin Butterine Co., 598 Clinton Street, Milwaukee, Wis.

Meat Inspection Discontinued.

435. Schonland Bros., 8 Union Street, Portland, Me.
544. Royal Specialty Co., 92 Reade Street, New York, N. Y.
912. C. Perceval (Inc.), 4 Ninth Avenue, New York, N. Y.
656-A. Workman Packing Co., 2626 Shields Avenue, Chicago, Ill.
876. Independent Provision Co., 5 North Water Street, Philadelphia, Pa.
260. Miller & Hart, Twenty-fifth and La Salle Streets, Chicago, Ill.
*260-A. Miller & Hart, Forty-fifth Place and Packers Avenue, Chicago, Ill.
307. Eastern Oil & Rendering Co., Portsmouth, N. H.

New Station,
Port Huron, Mich. (substation of Detroit, Mich.).

Station Discontinued.

Portsmouth, N. H. (substation of Boston, MaI.).

Changes in Firm Names.

*779. Watertown Packing Co., Watertown, S. Dak., instead of the Whonley Pack-
ing Co.
800. Bryan & Bruch, 301 Lafayette Street, Newark, N. J., instead of the Misses
Gregory.
*933. Home Packing Co., Sugar Land, Tex., instead of the Jones Bros. & Co.

Changes of Officials in Charge.

Dr. W. O. Trone, room 300, Federal Building, Wheeling, W; Va., instead of care of
F. Schenk & Sons Co.
Dr. M. T. Perry, instead of Dr. J. J. Smart, care of White, Pevey & Dexter Co.,
Worcester, Mass.
Note.

Meat inspection has been extended as follows: E.tabli:hlinint 800, to include the
Misses Gregory; establishment 882, to in! ludi (Ciin,-.r American Food Co.



NOTICES REGARDING MEAT INSPECTION.
PATHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN HEMORRHAGIC KIDNEYS IN HOG( CHOLERA
AND IN GLOMERULAR NEPHRITIS.
S[i.rl.-Tipi ri examinations of hemorrhagic hog-cholera kidneys by the Palhologicll
Division show that while vascular changes are constantly present, the capillaries of
the glomcruli are usually constricted, giving the Malpighian bodies an atrophic






SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS.


appearance, and allowing only a small space between the wall covering the surface
of the glomerulus and the outer wall, Bowman's capsule. The intertubular capil-
laries may be filled with blood, and occasional hemorrhages varying in size are found
in their course between the tubules in the cortical but not in the medullary portion
of the kidney.
In hemorrhagic kidneys due to glomerular nephritis, on the other hand, the capil-
laries of the glomeruli are distended and the intercapsular spaces are open, giving
the Malpighian body a hypertrophic appearance. The intertubular capillaries
usually show little alteration.
Interstitial changes are constantly prsienit and characteristic in hog cholera but
conspicuously absent in glomerular nephritis. In acute cases of hog cholera a gen-
eralized inflammatory cell proliferation is present between the tubules of the cortex,
while in subacute and chronic cases the cell proliferation is localized in clusters
varying in size, in addition to the generalized individual cell proliferations between
the tubules. In hog cholera epithelial changes are seldom pronounced, usually with
only slight degeneration, no disintegration, and no desquamation, while in glomerular
nephritis degeneration, desquamation, and disintegration are quite marked.

SHIPMENTS BETWEEN OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS.
In order to facilitate economy in shipment, rendered edible products such as
neutral lard and oleo oil in tight tierces may be shipped between official establish-
ments with "meat passed for sterilization" in sealed cars.

MINERAL OIL FOR DENATURING.
Mineral oil such as gas oil, power distillate, or an equivalent, having a boiling point
not lower than 2050 C. (4010 F.), a flash point (open cup) not lower than 750 C. (1670
F.), a specific gravity not lower than 0.819 (420 B.), and which may be easily recog-
nized by taste when present in fat in the proportion of 1 part of oil to 1,000 parts of
fat, may be permitted as a denaturing agent when added to carcasses and parts during
the process of renderiille, or to fats which are rerendered, provided the quantity of
the oil denaturant used is sufficient to make 1 part of oil in each 200 parts of the antici-
pated yield of rendered grease.
.A four-ounce sample should be taken by the bureau inspector from each lot of oil
which an official establishment dl-eiriv. to use as a denaturing agent and submitted
to the meat-inspection laboratory, Washington, D. C., to determine if its meets the
bureau requirements.
Inspectors will not permit the use of any oil at official establishments until it has
been examined and instructions have been received from the Washington office.

MAKING OUT REPORTS.
.1. I. Form 1,'-J.-In reporting on M. I. Form 109-J, the separate weights of the
various classes and cuts of meats should be given in each instance, and the report
should clearly show in all cases whether the products are fresh or cured.
M. I. Forms 140 and 140-A.--When carcasses and parts passed for sterilization are
placed in stock for canning (second class), without removing the portions which are to
be sterilized by rendering into lard or tallow, the gross weights of such carcasses or
parts shall be reported on M. I. Forms 140 and 140-A as placed in stock. When any
portion of such carcasses or parts is removed for render ng, an entry should be made
on the 140 and 140-A forms between the lines "Removed for canning" and Shippl'i
to other official establishments," thus: "Removed for renderirj," giving the class
and weights of the products removed for rendering or tanking.
Ina.s iuih as there is a varying shrinkage between the weights of fresh-meat products
when placed in refrigeration and the weights of the same products when removed


1915.1






BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.


from stock in a frozen condition, the amount of such discrepancy should be reported
at least bimonthly by letter or by a notation on M. I. Form 140, when ascertainable
through entire removal of stock by inventory or by other means.




ANIMALS SLAUGHTERED UNDER FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION,
DECEMBER, 19i4.


City. Castle Calves. Sheep. Goats. Swine.

Number. Number. Number. Number. Number.
Chicago.... ............................... 172,946 20 189 406,740 2 785 896,512
Fort Worth................................. 55,034 10,242 6,393 4,255 4,334
Kansas City ................................ 81,435 7,372 88,439 4,009 228,003
National Stock Yards............---......... 73,451 8,758 30,161 4,252 113,071
South Omaha............................... 43,856 2,155 131,882 335 178,848
South St. Joseph............................ 19, 764 2,246 41,858 61 197,263
All other establishments.........---- .......-----... 235,694 68,249 461,596 1,572 2,612,569
Total, December, 1914................. 682,180 119,211 1,167,069 17,269 4,270,600
Total, December, 1913 ....................... 590,482 121,509 1,283,869 7,861 3,918,686
Total, January-December, 1914..... ........ 6, 756, 737 1,696,962 14,229,343 175,906 32,531,840
Total, January-December, 1913........... 6, 978, 361 1,902,414 14,405,759 75,655 34, 198,585


IMPORTS OF FOOD ANIMALS AND OF MEATS AND MEAT FOOD
PRODUCTS.

The following statements show the imports of food animals and of meats and meat
food products inspected by the Bureau of Animal Industry during December, 1914,
together with totals for the calendar year 1914.

Imports of food animals.


Country of export. Cattle. Swine. Sheep. Goats.

Number. Number. Number. Number.
Mexico ........................................................ 37,303 170 12,693 4,383
Canada ........................................................ 17,864 36,557 6,226 .........
Total, December, 1914 .................................... 55,167 36,727 18,919 4,383
Total, January-December, 1914.................. --....-...... 756,345 211,005 179,706 174,284


Imports of meats and meat food products.


Fresh and refrigerated
meats. Canned Other
Country of export. and cured products Total.
meats.
Beef. Other.

Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds.
Argentina ................................. 6,059,811 786,035 ............ ............ 6,845,846
Australia.................................. 525 99,342 1,692 ............ 101,559
Canada...................-................ 3,028,160 1,109,851 1,036,029 500,663 5,674,703
Uruguay................................. 1,098,714 ................................... 1,098,714
Other countries............................ 359,087 366 44,508 71,810 475,771
Total, December, 1914.............. 10,546,297 1,995,594 1,082,229 572,473 14,196,593
Total, December, 1913........... .......... 13,295,027 471,140 1,077,313 1,231,040 16,074,520
Total, January-December, 1914............ 241,563,588 36,299,616 30,045,423 6,579,353 314,4S56,910

Rejected: Beef, 784,680 pounds; mutton, 273,340 pounds; pork, 1,135 pounds; total, 1,059,155 pounds.


[January,





SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS.


FOREIGN OFFICIALS AUTHORIZED TO SIGN INSPECTION CERTIFI-
CATES FOR MEAT AND PRODUCTS FOR IMPORTATION INTO THE
UNITED STATES.
In Service and Regulatory Announcements for December, 1914, there was given a
list of names, with fac-simile signatures, of foreign national Government officials
authorized to sign and issue certificates of inspection for meat and meat food prod-
ucts offered for importation into the United States. This list was revised to January
1, 1915, and superseded previous lists. Only certificates signed by illiiials shown
in that or subsequent lists will be accepted. The following additions are now made:


Country, name, and address.


Australia.
D. Joyce, Brisbane, Queensland...

Canada.
C. S. Anderson, Ottawa..........
F. R. Armstrong, Montreal........


M. Barker. Calgary..............


A. W. Beach, Stratford..........

W. R. Bell, London.............

Olaf Bernsten, Toronto..........


F. C. Bishop, Winnipeg..........


S. G. Bright, Moose Jaw.........


C. Brind, Winnipeg.............

C. S. Cain, Hamilton...........


Signature.


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1915.1


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BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.


Country, name, and address.


Canada-Continued.
A. A. H. Carley, Chatham........



I. Christian, Edmonton...........

G. C. Cockerton, Toronto........

J. G. Davidson, Brantford........


R. B. Dellert, Winnipeg........


J. Dickinson, Vancouver.........


A. R. Douglas, Montreal.........

J. E. A. Duhamel, Hamilton....


J. R. English, Winnipeg.........

H. R. Estes, Winnipeg..........

T. E. H. Fisher, Toronto.........


H. Garrett, Hamilton............


Signature.




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SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS.


Country, name, and address.


Canada-Continued.

J. 0. Guertin, Ingersoll..........



J. R. N. Harrison, Winnipeg- ....


E. E. Howe, Montreal...........



James G. Jervis, Vancouver. ....




C. J. Johannes, Hamilton.......




F. C. Jones, Winnipeg ..........



W. Kime, Brantford.............

William B. R. Knowles, Edmon-
ton...........................


G. A. Ledgerwood, Montreal......



F. Lefebvre, Edmonton.........


J. E. M. LfelIvre, Toronto.......


Signature.


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BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.


Country, name, and address.


Canada-Continued.
J. G. MacDonald, Winnipeg.....


J. A. McLeish, Calgary..........


W. B. MacFadzean, Toronto....

G. M. Manning, Toronto........

C. A. Mitchell, Toronto..........


William A. Morrin, Hamilton.. .


George A. Nichol, Winnipeg. ...

R. D. Orr, Ingersoll.............


J. H. Part, Edmonton...........



T. M. Pine, Stratford............


H. Pomfret, Winnipeg...........


Signature.


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SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCED ENTS.


Canada-Continued.


J. W. Purdy, Moose Jaw.........


A. C. Ramsay, Hamilton........


'nipn i tlure.


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James D. Ross, Winnipeg........


William Seymour, Calgary ......

J. H. Shonyo, Winnipeg........

George W. Starnaman, Montreal..


J. Steen, Montreal..............


H. C. Storey, Calgary...........

J. M. Stuart, Toronto ..........

L. H. Swail, Edmonton.........


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BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.


Country, name, and address.


Canada-Continued.
J. A. Theoret, Moose Jaw.......




J. R. Thompson, Chatham........




J. L. Trudeau, Winnipeg.........


Denis Erskine-Tullock, Calgary...


R. G. Tupling, Edmonton........



S. L. Wall, Toronto...............


C. L. Wallace, Toronto..........



A. R. Walsh, Winnipeg.........



George Whitehead, Edmonton ....

Denmark.
George Broderson, Copenhagen...

B. Hasselbalch, Copenhagen.....


L. Moller, Copenhagen ..........


Signature.


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SERVICE AND REG U LATORY ANNOUNCEME NTS.


Country, name, and address.


Denmark-Continued.
H. P. Nielsen, Copenhagen ......


Marius Nielson, Copenhagen....


P. C. Rasmussen, Slagelse ......



C. Stub .......................


Japan.


Yasufumi Naganuma,
Prefecture.


Hiroshima


Mexico.
0. E. Troy, Ciudad Juarez.......


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NAMES REMOVED FROM LIST.
GREAT BRITAIN.
R. Sydney Marsden, Birkenhead, Cheshire, England.
John F. Little, Harrow, England.


INSPECTION AND TESTING OF ANIMALS FOR CANADA.
The following changes have been made in the list of practicing veterinarians regis-
tered by the Bureau and authorized to inspect and test with mallein horses, mules,
and asses intended for export to Canada:
NAMES ADDED TO LIST.
Dr. Otis A. Longly, Fresno, Cal.
Dr. John F. McKenna, Fresno, Cal.
CHANGE OF ADDRESS.
Dr. E. J. Drake, from Toledo, Wash., to Glendive, Mont.


1915.]






12 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,

TEXAS-FEVER QUARANTINE-LIST OF PLACES WHERE SOUTHERN
CATTLE MAY BE SHIPPED FOR IMMEDIATE SLAUGHTER.

Referring to section 4 of regulation 2 of the revised regulations governing the inter-
state movement of live stock (B. A. I. Order 210), there is given below a list of places
in the State of Ohio to which cattle of the area quarantined on account of splenetic,
southern, or Texas fever may be shipped for immediate slaughter:
Cleveland.-The Theurer-Norton Provision Co., Henry Walcher, Tuefel Bros., Nick
Davis, Long Dressed Beef Co., The Lake Erie Provision Co., The Ohio Provision Co.
(C. S. Schneider), The Hartman Provision Co., The Blumenstock & Reid Co., The
Hughes Provision Co. (care of Retail Butcher's Protective Association), Webb Bro.
(care of Retail Butchers' Protective Association), The Retail Butchers' Protective
Association, Cleveland Provision Co.
West .l, dr,,.--N. Rassel Sons Co.


CONVICTIONS FOR VIOLATIONS OF LAWS.
MEAT-INSPECTION LAW.
In cases against the following-named persons, charged with violating the meat-
inspection law in shipping in interstate trade unsound meat or meat food products
the defendants were fined the amounts shown:

Name and address. Fine.

L. H. Lang Co., New York, N. Y......................................................... $10
Do... ... .... ... .. ........................................... 10
C. B. S.:hw.irtz. T iiiey, town, Md ... ......................................................... 15
M. Srhlei.Fero, Stony Ford. N. Y .......................................................... 25
Ka* ,:. th,.John.rn-, N. Y ................. ....................................... ....... 5
L. Sturz & Son, I Brooklyn, N. Y .............................................................. 11,000
C. B. Fitch, Walton, N. Y............ ...................... ........................... 25
R. R. Strohschein, Hawket.,e Iowa......................................................... 110
F. C. M miller, Clayton, M j.. .................................................................. 50
L. F. Hennema, Deansboro N. Y...................................................... .... 25
Tarbell Farms, Greene, N. Y ........................................................... ... 25
G. W. Nutter, Sidney, N. Y.................................................................. 25
Max Bane, Durham, N. C.................................................................... 110
Herman Brochtrup, Forest Junction, Wis.................................................... 10
John Telakowicz, Bayonne, N. J............................................................. 25
Erskine Wilkins, Stony Ford, N. Y. (3 cases) ................................................ 45
George Carpenter, Stony Ford, N. Y......................................................... 25
Ambrose Carmody, Stony Ford, N. Y....................................................... 5
H. Rohr, Burlington Wis................................................................. 10
W. F. Drake, Columbia Cross Roads, Pa...................................................... 110

1 And costs.

In the case against J. J. Kelly, Middletown, N. Y., charged with violating the
meat-inspection law in shipping unsound meat in interstate trade the defendant
pleaded guilty and was sentenced to 30 days in the New York County penitentiary.
In the case against Joe Cook, Bellaire, Ohio, charged with violating the meat-inspec-
tion law in shipping uninspected meat food products in interstate trade, the defend-
ant pleaded guilty and a fine of $15 and costs was assessed, but the defendant
having failed to pay the fine and costs was committed to jail.
In cases against the following-named persons, charged with violating the meat-
inspection law in shipping uninspected meat and meat food products in interstate
trade, the defendants were fined the amounts shown:

Name and address. Fine.

Iceland & Katz, New York, N. Y. (6 cases)................................................. $120
Penn Beef Co., Phil I*.-lpli i. Pa.............................................................. 150
E. S. \11...h & Co., New York, N. Y. (5 cases)......................................... 75
Rohe & Iro., New York, N. Y................... ................................ 25
K night & Co., l -k. tori M ass.................. ..... ... ...................... ............... 50
1 And costs.







1915.1 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 13

TWENTY-EIGHT-HOUR LAW.

The following results of prosecutions for violations of the 28-hour law were reported
to the bureau during the month of January, 1915:


Num-
ber of
cases.


Defendant.


1 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R. R. Co............................................
6 Boston & Maine R. R. Co...........................................................
1 St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern Ry. Co.......................................
1 W abash R. R. Co.................................................................
2 Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe Ry. Co...........................................
5 Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Ry. Co .............. ..............................
1 Southern Ry. Co .................................................................
2 Chicago Milwaukee & St. Paul Ry. Co.............................................
4 Illinois Central R. R. Co...........................................................
5 Oregon Short Line R. R. Co ......................................................
1 Chicago & North.Western Ry. Co.................................................
1 Union Pacific Ry. Co......................... ..... ..............................
1 Chicago & Erie R. R. Co.........................................................
2 St. Louis Southwestern Ry. Co............. .............. ...............
Total (33 cases) ............................... .. ................


Fine.


$120.48
400.00
116.10
1100.00
1200.00
533.75
1 100.00
1200.00
400.00
1664.70
1100.00
299.42
1100.00
1200.00
13,534.45


1 And costs.


QUARANTINE LAW.

The following results of prosecutions for violations of the live-stock quarantine law
were reported to the bureau during the month of January, 1915:

Num-
ber of Defendant. Nature of violation. Fine.
cases.

5 Great Northern Ry. Co............................... Shipment of cattle affected 1 $500.00
with scabies.
4 Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis Ry. Co.... Shipment of ticky cattle-.... 11,000.00
1 Louisville & Nashville R. R. Co................... ......do.................. 100.00
10 Southern Ry. Co...........................................do.................. 11,000.0
13 Illinois Central R. R. Co.................................... do.................. 1 1,300.00
1 Central of Georgia Ry. Co........................... .....do .................... 10100.00
1 A. Greenberg ............................... ...... .....do..................... 110.00
2 Seaboard Air Line Ry. Co.................................do..................... 200.00
2 Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potomac R. R. Co...... .....do..................... 200.00
2 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Ry. Co................. Shipment of sheep and cat- 1200.00
tie affected with scabies.
1 Missouri, Kansas & Texas Ry. Co................... Shipment of ticky cattle.... 1100.00
1 Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Ry. Co.............. ....do..................... 1100.00
1 O. E. Cobb........................................... ....do...................... 100.0
1 Texas & Pacific Ry. Co...................................do..................... 100.00
Total (45 cases) ........ ............ ............................. 15,010.00

And costs.

SERUM LAW.

In a case against the Missouri Valley Serum Co., Kansas City, Kans., for violation
of the law governing the manufacture, etc., of viruses, serums, etc., for the treatment
of domestic animals, the defendant pleaded guilty to the charge of shipping anti-hog-
cholera serum interstate before a Federal license was issued, and was fined $50 and
costs.
Ed Wiglesworth and S. E. Wiglesworth, trading under the firm name of Interstate
Vaccine Co., Kansas City, Mo., in two cases pleaded guilty to the charge of violating
the serum law by the interstate shipment of anti-hog-cholera serum and hog-cholera
virus without a license, and were fined $50 and costs in each case.







BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.


LICENSES AND PERMITS FOR VETERINARY BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS.

Licenses for the manufacture and permits for the importation of veterinary biological
products have been issued as follows for the calendar year 1915, under the act of Con-
gress of March 4, 1913 (37 Stat., 832) and the regulations made thereunder (B. A. I.
Order 196):
Licensesfor the manufacture of veterinary biological products.


License Name and address of firm. Products.
No.


National Vact ij.anll.n Antitox in Insti-
tute 1513-1,5 i Strret, \\V hmgton,
D.c.
Eagle Serum Co., Third Street and
Central Avenue, Kansas City, Kans.
H. K. Mulford Co., office, 428 South
Thirteenth Street, Philadelphia, Pa.;
plant, Glenolden, Pa.




The Abbott Laboratories, 4735-39
Ravenswood Avenue, Chicago, Ill.



Parke, Davis & Co., Atwater and
McDougall Streets Detroit, Mich.,
and Rochester, N. Y.







Pitman-Moore Co., plant, Zionsville
Ind.; office, 111-117 North Capitol
Avenue, Indianapolis, Ind.
Clyde W. Hevner, Franklin, Nebr.
Lederle Antitoxin Laboratories, Pearl
River, N. Y.


Wichita & Oklahoma Serum Co.,
Stock Yards, Wichita, Kans.
Sioux Falls Serum Co., Stock Yards,
Sioux Falls, S. Dak.
Royal Serum Co., Osage and Adams
Streets, Kansas City, Kans.
Imperial Serum Co., Twenty-second
and Genesee Streets, Kansas City,
Mo.
Tri-State Serum Co. 311 Central Ave-
nue, Kansas City, Kans.
StiandJrd Serum Co., Prospect and
Dolg.J Streets, Sioux City, Iowa.
Stock Yards Serum Co. 211 Central
Avenue, Kansas City, Kans.
Sheldon Serum Co., 610 West Thirty-
fifth Street Kansas City, Mo.
Continental Serum Laboratories, 1228
North First Street, East St. Louis,
Ill.
Accuracy Laboratories, 1714 West
Madison Street, Chicago, Ill.


Missouri Valley Serum Co., 50 North
Second Street, KansasCity, Kans.
Sihler Hog Cholera Serum Co., Central
Avenue and Water Street, Kansas
City, Kans.
Kaw Valley Serum Co., Gr.v',tone
Avenue and Perry Street, Kansas
City, Kans.


Tuberculin.

Ant i-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Blackleg vaccine; anthrax vaccine; abortion solution;
pneumo-strepto mixed bacterin; polyvalent mixed
bacteria; strepto bacterin; coli bacterin; staphylo-
coccus bacteria; tetanus antitoxin; antistreptoc-occic
serum; rabiesvaccine; abortusbacterin; tuberculin;
mallein; white scours serum; white scours sero-
bacterin; canine distemper serum; canine distemper
sero-vaccine.
Poly-bacterins (staphylococci, streptococci, and Bacillus
coli); staphylo bacterins (mixed staphylococci);
strepto bacterins (anti-influenza bacterins); blackleg
vaccine; canine distemper bacterin (BacillUts bronchi-
septicus, staphylococci, and streptococci); canine dis-
temper serum.
Antistreptococcic serum; antitetanic serum; antitetanic
serum, dry; antitetanic serum, veterinary (globulin);
blacklegoids for sheep; blacklegoids, singles; blackleg-
oids, doubles; colon vaccine; canine distemper vac-
cine (prophylactic); canine distemper vaccine (cura-
tive); equineinfluenza vaccine (prophylactic); equine
influenza vaccine (curative); infuenza antitoxin;
mallein; mixed-infection phylacogen; pneumonia
phylacogen; staphylococcus vaccine combined (veter-
mary); streptococcus vaccine; streptococcus and
staphyloccus vaccine combineded; tuberculin; white
scours serum.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.

Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog cholera virus.
Tetanus antitoxin; antistreptococcus serum; rabies
vaccine; equine influenza vaccine; colon vaccine;
streptococcus vaccine; staphylococcus vaccine; pneu-
monia vaccine; mixed bacterial vaccine; tuberculin;
mallein; blackleg vaccine.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Do.
Do.
Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.

Pneumococcus vaccine; combined staphylococcus vac-
cine; polyvalent bacterin; coli communis bacterin;
influenza bacterin; streptococcus vaccine; combined
streptococcus, staphyloccus, coli, and pneumococcus
vaccine.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Do.

Do.


[January, a







SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS.


Licensesfor the manufacture of veterinary biological products-Cont' in ued.


License
No.


Name and address of firm.


28 North Portland Serum Co. post office
box 39, North Portland, (ir v. (Pl. tt
on property of Peninsula Inidu.triil
Co.)
29 Ames Vaccine Co., Fort Dodge, Iowa...
31 Comparative Vaccine Laboratories
(Inc.) 214 Livingston Street, Brook-
lyn, N. Y.
32 Standard Serum Co., 11 South Second
Street, Kansas City, Kans.
34 N: ioual Serum Co., Second Street
and Myers Avenue, Kansas City,
Kans.
35 H. M. Alexander & Co. (Inc.), Mari-
etta, Pa. '
37 Sioux City Serum Co., 221 Exchange
Building, Stock Yards, Sioux City,
Iowa.
38 Hueben Serum Co., First Street and
Wa.W\riy Avenue, Kansas City,
Kans.
40 Cedar Rapids Serum Co., Twent;-
third and Mallory Streets, Cedar
Rapids, Iowa.
41 A.T. Kinsley Laboratories, 1426 Lydia
Avenue (office, 1336 East Fifteenth
Street), Kansas City, Mo.
42 Northwestern Hog Cholera Serum
Manufacturing Co., Stock Yards,
South St. Paul, Minn.
43 American Serum Co., 210 Central Ave-
nue, Kansas City Kans.
46 St. Joseph Live Stock Serum Co.,
Stock Yards, St. Joseph, Mo.
48 Kansas City Serum Co., Second Street
and Myers Avenue, Kansas City,
Kans.
49 Slee Laboratories, Swiftwater, Pa......
52 Cutter Laboratory, Sixth and Grayson
Streets, Berkeley, Cal.



53 Nodaway Valley Serum Co., Skidmore,
Mo.
54 Kansas Agricultural College, Veteri-
nary Depart men t.M.ii a.ha t t.-1 Ka is.
56 Southwestern Sririn 'o., T weinry-
first Street and Lawrence Avenue,
Wichita, Kans.
57 Mason S. Peters United Serum Co.,
St. Joseph, Mo.
61 Guilfoil Serum Co., 18-22 North Sec-
ond Street, Kansas City, Kans.
62 O K Serum Co., Thirty-third and L
Streets, South Omaha, Nebr.
65 Hawkeye Serum Co., South Thirty-
sixth Street, South Omaha, Nebr.
66 National Serum Co., Union Stock
Yards, South St. Paul, Minn.
68 Dr. James Mcl. I-hllips, 2057 North
High Street, Columbus, Ohio.
69 Southern Serum Co., West Plains,
Mo.
70 St. Joseph Veterinary Laboratory,
1502 Garfield Avenue, St. Joseph,
Mo.
71 Big 0 Serum Co. Central Avenue and
Water Street, Kansas City, Kans.
72 Central Missouri Serum Co., Marshall,
Saline County, Mo.
77 Corn Belt Serum Co., National Stock
Yards, Ill.
79 Iowa Serum Co., Stock Yards, Sioux
C.it-., Iowa.
80 Tri-Sitare Serum Co., Leech Street and
Floyd River, Sioux City Iowa.
81 Superior Serum Co. Second Street and
Myers avenuee, Kansas City, Kans.
82 x.tell Serum Co Gilmore Station,
South Omaha, Nebr.


Products.


Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.


Do.
Aggressin vaccine, mixed; canine distemper vaccine;
autogenous vaccine; equine vaccine, Bulgar-Lac.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Do.

Tetanus antitoxin; antirabic vaccine; tuberculin;
mallein.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus. -

Do.

Do.

P.ol?'."..l.rit bacteria; streptococci bacterin; staphy-
lococcic bacterin; colon bacteria; pneumo bacterin;
autogenous bacterin; bacteria for pasteurelloses.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.

Do.
Do.
Do.

Tetanus antitoxin.
Blackleg vaccine; anthrax vaccine; tuberculin; mallein;
tetanus antitoxin; antistreptococcic serum; distemper
and influenza serum; antisuppurine (a polyvalent
bacterial vaccine); antiinfluenza vaccine; mixed
pneumonia vaccine; streptococcic vaccine; dog dis-
temper vaccine.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Blackleg vaccine.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Rabies vaccine.

Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.


1915.]


I







tBUREA1U OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.


Licenses for the manufacture of veterinary biological products-Continued.

License Name and address of firm. Products.
No.


83 E. R. Squibb & Sons; office, 80 Beek-
`man Street, New York, N.Y.; plant,
George Road, New Brunswick N. J.
84 Grain Belt Supply Co., 3215 L Street,
South Omaha, Nebr.
85 The Western Laboratories, Twenty-
fourth Street and Broadway, Oak-
land, Cal.
88 Farmers' Serum Co., National Stock
Yards. Ill.
89 United States Serum Co., Central Ave-
nue and Water Street, Kansas City,
Kans.
90 Sunflower Serum Co., 322 North First
Street, Kansas City, Kans.
91 Gregory Farm Laboratory, White
'Hall, Greene County, Ill.
93 Slater Serum Co., Ewing Street and
Myers Avenue, Kansas City, Kans.
95 Jacob E. Decker & Sons, Henderson
Street, Mason City, Iowa.
98 Grand Kapids Serum Co., 154 Louis
Street, Grand Rapids, Mich.; labo-
ratory, Barendsenville, Mich.
99 Corn State Serum Co., Forty-fourth
Avenue and U Street, South Omaha,
Nebr.
101 Copeland Serum Co., Forty-eighth
Avenue and Z Street, South Omaha,
Nebr.
102 Lathrop Serum Co., Lathrop, Mo.....
103 Fowler Serum Co., 335 North James
Street and Second Street and Split-
log Avenue, Kansas City, Kans.
104 Swan-Myers Co., 219 North Senate
Street, Indianapolis, Ind.
105 Canton Serum Co., Canton, S. Dak....
106 Waterloo Serum Laboratories, Ans-
borough and Upton Streets, Water-
loo, Iowa.


Pasteur antirabic vaccine; tetanus antitoxin; mallein;
anti-hog-cholera serum; and hog-cholera virus.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Leucocytic extract; autogenic bacterins.

Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Do.

Do.
Do.
Do.
Do.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus; mixed infec-
tion bacterins; streptococcus infection bacterins; sta-
phylococcus infection bacterins.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.

Do.

Do.
Do.

Bacterins.
Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.
Do.


Permit for the importation of veterinary biological products.


Name and address of firm.


Products.


2 Pasteur Laboratories of America, New
York, N. Y.


Tuberculin; antitetanic serum; anthrax vaccine; fowl-
cholera vaccine; antianthrax serum; antistreptococcic
serum; mallein; septic pneumonia germ-free extract;
dysentery germ-free extract'; fowl-cholera serum;
abortoform; polyvalent strepto bacterin; antistrangles
serum; canine-distemper serum; blackleg vaccine and
serum.
Foreign manufacturers: Labpasteur (Service des Vac-
cins de 1'Institut Pasteur), Paris, France; Laboratoire
des Vaccins Pasteur pour l'Etranger, Paris, France;
Pharmaceutisches Institut Ludwig Wilhelm Gans,
Frankfort on the Main, Germany; Sdrum Anti-
Gourmeux Boulogne, France; O. Thomas Labora-
tory, Ver un France; Ed. Lua, Paris, France; Le-
clamche & Valle, Paris and Toulouse, France.


VESICLES IN FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE.

Communications from members of the bureau and others on the subject of lesions
of foot-and-mouth disease have contained from time to time inaccuracies of statement
that reveal a hazy understanding of certain terms describing conditions of significance
in the diagnosis of that disease.
The most important feature in connection with the diagnosis of foot-and-mouth dis-
ease is the vesicle, and this is one concerning which many loose statements have been


Permit
No.


[January, *






SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS.


made in correspondence. Attention is directed to the meaning of this term as defined
in medical dictionaries:
Vesicle (Latin vesicula, diminutive of vesica, bladder): 1. A small bladder, or
sac, containing liquid. 2. A small blister; a small circumscribed elevation
of the epidermis containing a serious liquid.
The second meaning in the above definition is the one applied to the pathological
condition occurring in foot-and-mouth disease. The significance of vesicle, a word of
Latin origin, becomes more familiar when described as being synonymous with blister,
a word of English origin. Thus the definition of this latter term is as follows:
Blister (Middle English, blister, a vesicle): A vesicle, resulting from the
exudation of serious fluid between the epidermis and the true skin.
In foot-and-mouth disease the initial stages in the development of the vesicle are
described as consisting of a hyperemia (sometimes erroneously called a pimple) and
serious infiltration of the papillae of the skin or mucous membranes. This exudate
loosens the more resistant superficial layer of cells, which rises and constitutes the
outer structure, restraining the collection of serum. If, in the absence of abundant
lesions, doubt exists as to the existence of a vesicle, the same may be demonstrated by
palpation or by aspirating the serious contents with a hypodermic syringe. The fluid
may be clear, watery, colorless, amber, or yellowish in early stages and later may be
cloudy or grayish white in color. The extruded layer of cells constituting a thin mem-
brane is fragile and bursts within a few days, leaving a surface which is highly red-
dened, moist with the exuding serum, and very sensitive.
SThe raw area left by the rupture of the blister and removal of the membrane is
described as an erosion, literally an area eaten away.
In the absence of infection erosions rapidly heal by the development of a new epi-
thelial layer, but often bacterial contamination occurs. In this case the area is ex-
tended deeper and to the sides, with the formation of purulent matter and exudate,
the whole constituting the pathological condition best described as an ulcer, which
eventually heals by cicitrization. It is defined as follows:
Ulcer (Latin ulcus): An open sore, other than a wound; a loss of substance on
a cutaneous or mucous surface, and causing gradual disintegration and necrosis
of the tissues.
The foregoing by no means includes the definition of the various pathological condi-
tions occurring in foot-and-mouth disease and its complications, but merely covers
some of the more important conditions of diagnostic importance about which confusion
seems to exist.

THE NEW FISCAL REGULATIONS.
The attention of all employees concerned is called to the new fiscal regulations of
the department effective February 1, 1915. Each station has been furnished with a
copy, and where a largersupply is required additional copies may be obtained by
making requisition for them on Form P-1.
To obviate disallowances, correspondence, and delay in the payment of accounts,
employees are urged to make a careful study of these regulations in order to familiarize
themselves with the many new requirements. If there be any doubt as to the meaning
of any particular paragraph, it should be brought to the attention of the Washington
office at once and the matter will be fully explained.
The attention of employees whose duties may require them to travel is particularly
invited to the following with regard to certain paragraphs of the regulations:
Paragraph 78 (h). "Customary charges for subsistence expenses not to exceed .5 for
any one day may be allowed and will include all expenses incurred for meals, lodging,


1915.1






BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.


bath, personal use of room at hotel during the daytime, waiter fees not exceeding 30
cents in any one day, fees for checking and porterage of baggage upon arrival at and
departure from hotels not to exceed 10 cents for portage of and 10 cents for checking
each piece, telegrams reserving hotel accommodations, laundry not exceeding 20
cents a day, and all other subsistence expenses."
It will be noted that laundry, hotel porter fees, checking of baggage in hotels, and
telegrams reserving hotel accommodations which formerly were excluded are now
included in "subsistence."
It will also be noted that paragraph 78 (h) differs from the wording of the paragraph
as it appears in the new Fiscal Regulations, particularly in that part wherein it is pro-
vided that laundry charges are "to be prorated at 20 cents a day." This difference
is due to a recent decision by the Comptroller of the Treasury, in which he ruled that
laundry can not be prorated so as to charge to each day of the period covered by a
payment its proportionate share thereof, and that a payment for laundry expense for
any period must ordinarily be charged as subsistence for the day on which the pay-
ment is made, founded on the theory that laundry charges are usually paid on the day
when they accrue. For example, when an employee who is authorized to expend
not to exceed $3.50 per day for subsistence makes a charge of $1.35 in his account on
the 7th day of the month for a laundry period of seven days, this $1.35 must be added
to all other subsistence charges on the 7th and the total thereof, including laundry,
must not exceed $3.50. But when several accrued charges (each supported by a
laundry ticket, bill, or subvoucher) are paid on one day, they may be regarded as
expense of the days on which they severally accrue. In such cases, each laundry
ticket, bill, or subvoucher must indicate the period covered, otherwise the charges
will be disallowed.
Paragruat h 78 (r).-A departmental bill of lading must be used to cover the shipment
of the household goods of an employee when such expense is formally authorized by
the bureau in connection with the transfer from one official station to another for
permanent duty. No action should be taken for the transfer of the household goods
until the matter has been formally approved by the bureau and a departmental bill
of lading issued therefore. Failure to observe these provisions may result in the dis-
allowance of all charges incidental to the transfer of the goods, thus requiring the
employee to defray such charges from his own personal funds.
Paragraph 90.-Subvouchers must be submitted for berth and seat fares on sleeping
and parlor cars paid for in cash. The usual berth or seat check will be considered a
subvoucher. To guard against berth and seat checks becoming lost, it is suggested
that they be pinned to the reimbursement account or placed in an envelope bearing
the employees's name and securely fastened to the account.
Paragraph 93.-In all cases where payment for livery or automobile hire or other
special transportation is made on Form 5 voucher from Washington direct to the owner
who furnished the service, a report must accompany the reimbursement account, show-
ing the name of the person furnishing the livery, automobile, etc., the dates on which
they were used, and the points visited. The bureau's present Form T-55 report is
partially suitable for this purpose, but it lacks a column for showing the points visited.
Until a revised form is furnished for this purpose employees will continue to use the
Form T-55 report and show on the back the names of the places visited when such
equipment was used.

USE OF PENALTY ENVELOPES.
By memorandum No. 117, issued January 5, 1915, the Secretary of Agriculture
has amended paragraph 104 of the administrative regulations of the department to
read as follows:
104. Use of penalty envelopes.-Official mail matter in penalty envelopes must
bear the words "Official business" to entitle it to free transportation in the mails.
The use of penalty envelopes to avoid the payment of postage on other than strictly
uthcial business is absolutely prohibited.


[January. *






SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOLUNCEIIENTS.


When an officer of the department writes to a private party on official business for
information of value to the department, he may inclose with his letter an official
envelope properly addressed to himself to cover the reply.
Penalty envelopes or penalty labels must not be furnished merchants or others
from whom articles are purchased for the delivery of such articles by transmission
through the mails. Penalty envelopes furnished by the department to persons not
in the employ thereof, or who are not officers of the Government, must not be used
by them for the transmission in the mails, free of postage, of any matter other than
official information (correspondence) and indorsements r.-lalini thereto. But pen-
alty envelopes addressed to the department may be furnished to publishers to be
used by them in transmitting copies of their publications for which no charge is
made when such publications contain official information necessary to the depart-
ment. Penalty envelopes bearing a return address may also be supplied to persons
in possession of public documents for use by them in returning such documents to
the department.

STREET-CAR FARES.

Hereafter employees of the Bureau of Animal Industry, whether statutory employ-
ees or not, may receive reimbursement for street-car fares expended at their official
stations in the transaction of official business, provided that they, or the station to
which they belong, have been previously authorized to incur such street-car expense.



FEBRUARY PAY ROLLS.

Pay rolls and salary vouchers for the month of February should be submitted at the
close of February 21.
Attention is invited to instructions on page 183 of Service Announcements for
December, 1914, relating to the method to be employed in computing salary for frac-
tional parts of the month of February.


PUBLICATIONS IN JANUARY.
(The Bureau keeps no mailing list for sending publications to individual employees, but publications
are sent in bulk to inspectors in charge for distribution to members of their forces. The number of copies
varies with lie sllj.,. t or nature of the publication and the riimln.,r and class of -.n plo:,,.-. For example,
in the case of a publication on a veterinary subject, .tlIIL ii'nt copies are sent for the veterinarians. Inspec-
tors in charge will use their ji;.i-n rni and distribute publications to best advantage. Additional copies
will be furnished on request so far as possible.]
Department Bulletin 147. The Effect of the Cattle Tick upon the Milk Production
of Dairy Cows. By T. E. Woodward and W. F. Turner, Dairy Division, and Cooper
Curtice, Zoological Division. Pp. 22, figs. 6.
Department, Bulletin 163. A Field T.-tL for Lime-Sulphur Dipping Baths. By
Robert M. Chapin, senior biochemist, Biochemic Division. Pp. 7.
Department Bulletin 166. Ophthalmic Mallein for the Diagnosis of Glanders. By
John R. Mohler, assistant chief of bureau, and Adolph Eichhorn, senior bacteriologist,
Pathological Division. Pp. 11, pl. 1.
Farmers' Bulletin 612. Breeds of Beef Cattle. By W. F. Ward, senior animal hus-
bandman in 1)eef-(at ll investigations. Animal Husbandry Division. Pp. 23, figs. 18.
Farmers' Bulletin 623. Ice Houses and the Use of Ice on the Dairy Farm. By John
T. Bowen, technologist, and Guy M. Lambert, dairyman, Dairy Division. Pp. 24,
figs. 17.
Hints to Poultry Raisers. Pp. 4, figs. 2.
Amendment 1 to B. A. I. Order 231. To Prevent the Spread of Foot-and-Mouth
Disease in Qattle, Shoeep, Other Ruminants, and Swine. ,.Ml~difit- quarantine relat-
ing to ludiana, Kentucky, Maryland, Michigan, New Hampshire, and Ohio.)


1915.1






20 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January, 1915.] 1

Amendment 2 to B. A. I. Order 231. (Modifies quarantine relating to Delaware,
Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, New York, and Ohio.)
Amendment 3 to B. A. I. Order 231. (Modifies quarantine relating to Connecticut,
Indiana, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin.)
Amendment 4 to B. A. I. Order 231. (Modifies quarantine relating to Indiana,
Iowa, Michigan, and Ohio.)
B. A. I. Order 232. To Prevent the Spread of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Cattle,
Sheep, Other Ruminants, and Swine. (Supersedes Order 231 and amendments, and
specifies new quarantined area.)
Moldiness in Butter. By Charles Thom and R. H. Shaw. Pp. 301-310. (Reprint
from the Journal of Agricultural Research.)


ORGANIZATION OF THE BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.
Chief: A. D. MELVIN.
Assistant Chief: JOHN R. MOHLER.
Chief Clerk: CHARLES C. CARROLL.
Animal Husbandry Division: GEORGE M. ROMMEL, chief.
Biochemic Division: M. DORSET, chief.
Dairy Division: B. H. RAWL, chief.
Field Inspection Division: R. A. RAMSAY, chief.
Meat Inspection Division: R. P. STEDDOM, chief.
Miscellaneous Division: A. M. FARRINGTON, chief.
Pathological Division: A. R. WARD, chief.
Quarantine Division: RICHARD W. HICKMAN, chief.
Zoological Division: B. H. RANSOM, chief.
E.rperinmew7 Station: E. C. SCHROEDER, superintendent.
Editor: JAMES M. PICKENS.
Office of Accounts: E. J. NEWMYER, in charge.
Appointment Section: IRVING W. PEw, in charge.

UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA

II HI I Ullll HI IU III 111 l IDI lllllIlllllll
3 1262 09054 5491

















WASHINGTON : GOVERNMENT PRI NOTING OFFICE : 1915



4.' .




Full Text

PAGE 1

t U. S. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE,BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.A. I). MELVIN, CHIEF OF BUREAU.SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS.JANUARY, 1915.[This publication is issued monthly for the dissemination of information, instructions, rulings, etc., con-cerning the work of the Bureau of Animal Industry. Free dist ribut ion is limited to persons in the serviceof the bureau, establishments at which the Federal meat inspect ion is conducted, public officers whoseduties make it desirable for them to have such information, and journals especially concerned. Othersdesiring copies may obtain them from the Superintendent of Documents, Government Printing Office,Washington, D. C., at 5 cents each, or 59 cents a year. A supply will he sent to each official in charge of astation or branch of the bureau service, who should promptly distribute copies to members of his force.A file should be kept at each station for reference.]CONTENTS.Page.Changes in directory . . .2Notices regarding meat inspection:Pathological differences between hemorrhagie kidneys in hog cholera andin glomerular nephritis-. 2Shipments between official establishments. . .3M ineral oil for denaturing. ..3M aking out reports .-. -. 3Animals slaughtered under Federal meat inspection, December, 1914. 4Imports of food animals and of meats and meat food products. .4Foreign officials authorized to sign inspect ion certificates for meat and productsfor importation into the United States. -. 5Inspection and testing of animals for Canada. 11Texas-fever quarantine-List of places where southern cattle may be shippedfor im m ediate slaughter.:.I. 12Convictions for violations of laws. 12Licenses and permits for veterinary biological products .14Vesicles in foot-and-mouth disease-------------.16The new fiscal regulations .---------------------.--. 17Use of penalty envelopes .-. isStreet-car fares. 19February pay rolls. .19Publications in January. .19Organization of the Bureau of Animal Industry. 2080288*-LS----1

PAGE 2

BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,CHANGES IN DIRECTORY.Meat Inspection Inaugurated.975. Ilolland Pure Food Co., 324 Wall Street, Port Huron, Mich.42-C. Jacob D Il Packing Co., Wallabout Market, Erooklyn, N. Y.*960. Paul (). IReymlann Cu., Wetzel and Warren Streets, Wheeling, W. Va.980. IfoLomibe PrOVision Co. (Inc.), 74 North Canal Street, Newark, N. J.*2(0. Miller & Hart, Forty-fifth Plaee and Packers Avenue, Chicago, Ill.8-2. United States Chinese Food ('(., 65 Park Street, New York, N. Y.977. Wiscinsin 8utterine Co. 598 Clinton Street, Milwaukee, Wis.Meat Inspection Discontinued.4:1. Schonland Bris. 8 Union Street, Portland, Me.544. Royal Specialty Co., 92 Reade Street, New York, N. Y.912. C. Perceval (hic.), 4 Ninth Avenue, New York, N. Y.656-A. Worknan Packing Co., 2626 Shields Avenue, Chirago, Ill.876. Independent Pnvision Co., 5 Norilh Water Street, Philadelphia, Pa.260. Miller & flart, Twenly-ifth and La Salle Streets, Chicago, Ill.*260-A. Miller & hart, Fortv-fifth Place and Packers Avenue, Chicago, Ill.307. Eastern Oil & Rendering Co., Portsnmouth, N. If.New Station,Port Huron, Mich. (substation if Detroit, Mich.).Station Discontinued.Portsmouth, N. 11. (substation of Boston, Mass.).Changes in Firm Names.*779. Watertowii Packing C4. Watertown, S. Dak., instead of the Whooley Pack-ing Co.800. Bryan & Bruch, 30.', Lafayette Street, Newark, N. J., instead of the MissesG'regorv.*933. Home Packing Co., Sugar Land. Tex., instead of the Jones Bros. & Co.Changes of Officials in Charge.Dr. W. (). Trone, room 300, Federal Building, Wheeling, W. Va., instead of care ofF. Schenk & Sons Co.Dr. M. T. Perry, instead of Dr. J. J. Smart, (*ar(,f( of White, Pevev & Dexter Co.,Worcester, Mass.Note._a __nspe ion has be1ien end-d as foliuwj: LIabllijhment 800 to include theMisses (G'regory; cstablishment 8S2. to include Chinese Arnerican Food Co.NOTICES REGARDING MEAT INSPECTION.PATIHOLOGICAL DIFFERENCES BETWEEN IIEMORRIIAGIC KIDNEYS IN HOG CHOLERAAND IN ULOMERULAR NEPHRITIS.M 44r401pi A xOmin)1 ions 14 of ]hemlorrhagic log-(ih(ultra k\idleys by the PathologicalDivision 1:owU Qht whifl vasul:r 1hange ale coInstan: present, the capillaries( ofthe glomieruli ar(' uually constricted, giving the Malpighian bodies an atrophic

PAGE 3

1915.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 3appearance, and allowing only a small space between the wall covering the surfaceof the glomerulus and the otier wall, owmiai's capsule. The in tertiubular capil-laries may be filled with blood, and occasional heiiiorrhages varying in size are foundill their cuirse betweell the tubules ill the cortical but not inl the iie(lillary portionof the kidney.In hemorrhagic kidneys due to glomerilar iiephritis, on the other hand, the capil-laries of lie glomerili are distended and the int ercapsuiar qSaces are ope Ngivingthe Malpighian body a hyprtrophic appearance. le iiterubl iular capillarIesusually show little alteration.Interstitial changes are conistantly present and characteristic in ho g cholera but conspicuously absent in gloierular nephritis. li acute cases of hog cholera a gen-eralized inflaimmatory cell proliferation is present between the tubules of t he cortex, while in subacute and chronic cases the cell proliferatioll is localized iii clustersvarying in size, in addition to the generalized individ hal (ell proliferationis bet weenthe hibules. In hog cholera epithelial changes are seldom proiiouniced, usually withonly slight degeneration, no disintegration, and no desquaniation, while in glomerularnephrit is degeneration, desquamation, and disintegration are quite marked.SHIPMENTS BETWEEN OFFICIAL ESTABLISHMENTS.In order to facilitate economy in shipmient, rendered edible products such asneutral lard and oleo oil in light tierees may be shipped between official establish-ments with "meat passed for sterilization " in sealed cars.MINERAL OIL FOR DENATURING.Mineral oil such as gas oil, power distillate, or an equivalent, having a boiling pointnot lower than 205' C. (40 1' F.), a flash point (open cup) not lower than 750 C. (1670F.), a specific gravity not lower than 0.819 (12 B.), and which may be easily recog-nizedI by taste when present, in fat in the proportion of 1 part of oil to 1,000 parts offat, may be permitted as a denaturing arent when added to carcasses and parts duringthe process of renldering, or to fats which are rerendered, provided the quantity ofthe oil denaturant used is sufficient to make 1 part of oil in each 200 parts of the antici-pated yield of rendered grease.A four-ounce sample should be taken by the bureau inspector from each lot of oilwhich an official establish mont dosirtes to use as a denatturing agent and submittedto the meat-inspection laboratory, Wash ington, 1). C., to determine if its meets thebureau requireielts.Inspectors will not permit the use of any oil at official establishments until it hasbeen examined and instructions have been received from the Washington office.MAKING OUT REPORTS.J1. .Form lo9-J.--In reporting on M 1. Forin 109-J, the separate weights of thevarious classes and cuts uf meats should be given in each instance, and the reportshould clearly show in all cazse whether the produ( ts are fresh or cured.i. .Forms 140 and 14-A.-When carcasses and parts passed for sterilization areplaced in stock for canning (second class), without removing the portions which are to]w sterilized by rendering into lard or tallow, the gross weights of such carcasses orparts shall be reported on A. I. Forms 110 and 110-A as pla( ed in stock. When anyportion of such carcasses or par>s is removed for renderinlg, an entry should be madeon the 140 and 140-A forms between I te lines Removed for canning " and "Shippedto other official establishments " thus: "Retmoved for rendering," g'ivi1,, the classand weights of the pr-odlc.ts removed for ri'eni12rin or Ianking.inasmuch as there i a varying shrinkage bt-,twcen the wcig'hts of fresh-meat productswhen placed in refrigeration and the weights of the same product; when removed

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4 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,from stock in a frozen condition, the amount of such discrepancy should be reportedat least binionthly by letter or by a notation on M. I. Form 140, when ascertainablethrough entire removal of stock by inventory or by other means.ANIMALS SLAUGHTERED UNDER FEDERAL MEAT INSPECTION,DECEMBER, 1914.City. Cattle. Calves. Sheep. Goats. Swine.Number. Number. Number. Number. Number.Chicago. 172,946 20 189 406,740 2 785 896,512Fort Worth.-. 55, 034 10, 242 6,393 4,255 4,334Kansas City .81,435 7,372 88,439 4,009 228,003National Stock Yards. 73,451 8, 758 30,161 4,252 113,071South Omaha. 43, 856 2,155 131,882 335 178,848South St. Joseph. 19, 764 2,246 41,858 61 197,263All other establishments. 235,694 68,249 461, 596 1,572 2,612,569Total, December, 1914. 682, ISO 119,211 1,167,069 17,269 4,270,600Total, December, 1913. ;90, 4S2 121,509 1,283,869 7,861 3,918,686Total, Januarye-Deember, 1914.------6,756,717 1,696,962 14,229,343 175,906 32,531,840Total, January-Decem ber, 1913 .6, 978, 361 1, 902, 414 14, 405, 759 75,655 34, 198,585IMPORTS OF FOOD ANIMALS AND OF MEATS AND MEAT FOOD PRODUCTS.The following statements show the imports of food animals and of meats and meatfood products inspected by the Bureau of Animal Industry during December, 1914,together with totals for the calendar year 1914.Imports cJ food animals.Country of export. Cattle. Swine. Sheep. Goats.Number. Number. Number. Number.Mexico. 37,303 170 12,693 4,383Canada. . .17,864 36,557 6,226 .Total, December, 1914---------------. ..55,17 36,727 18,919 4,383Total, January-Decenber, 1911 ..-. 756,345 211,005 179,706 174,284Imports of meats and meat food products.Fresh and refrigerated meats. CannedCountry of export. and cured products. Total.meats.Beef. Other.Pounds Pounds. Pounds. Pounds. Pounds.Argentina.--. 6,059,811 786,035 ..6,845,846Australia-----------------. 525 99,342 1,692 .101,559Canada. . .3,028,160 1,109,851 1, 036, 029 500,663 5,674,703Uruguay. .1,098,714 ..1,098,714Other countries---. ---------359,087 366 44,508 71,810 475,771Total, December, 1914 .-10,546,297 1,995,594 1,082,229 572,473 14,196,593Total, December, 1913---. .-13,295,027 471,140 1,077,313 1,231,040 16,074,520Total, January-December, 1914 .211,56:3,588 36,299,616 30,045,423 6,579,353 314, 486,980Rejected: Beef, 784,680 pounds; mutton, 273,340 pounds; pork, 1,135 pounds; total, 1,059,155 pounds.

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1915.1 SERVICE AND REOULATORN' AN NOUNCEMENTS. 5FOREIGN OFFICIALS AUTHORIZED TO SIGN INSPECTION CERTIFI-CATES FOR MEAT AND PRODUCTS FOR IMPORTATION INTO THEUNITED STATES.In Service and Regulatory Announcements for December, 1911, liere was given alist of names, with fac-sinile signatures, of fnreign 1,atii1,l (fverlrnimwit officialsauthorized to sign and issue ceriificates of inlspertmiuonI'()]' Hiweat aid miial f14ml prod-ucts offered for impnirtatitn ilnt the United States. T[his list was rOvisPd 14 January1, 1915, and superseded provimus lists. 0Inly certificatfes si'rned byv gdlicialls shtowniii that or subsequent lists will be accepted. The f4llwinr addi1i1ns ar4 n1wcountry, mle, an i addres. l ure.I). Joyce, Brisbane, Queensland.Canada.C. S. Anderson, Ottawa.F. R. Aristroing, Montreal .M. Barker. Calgary.A. W. Beach, Stratford.W. R. Bell, London-.Olaf Bernsten, Toronto.F. C. Bishop, WinnipegS. G. Bright, Moose Jaw.C. Brind, Winnipeg.C. S. Cain, Hamilton.

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6 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,Country, name, and address. Signature.C'anada-Con tinued.A. A. 11. Carley, Chathani.I. Christian, Edmonton.G. C. Cockerton, Toronto .J. G. Davidson, Brantford 9R. B. Dellert, Winnipeg.J. Dickinson, Vancouver.A. R. Douglas, Montreal.J. E. A. Duhamel, Hamilton-J. R. English, Winnipeg.H. R. Estes, Winnipeg. ---T .E .1 .F i s h e r , T o r o u t o . .........211. Garrett, Ilaniltlon.

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1915.] SERVICE AND REGULATE( R A N.NoUV N CEM EN S. 7Country, nanie, aind addro.es S n r(Anada-onlt inlued.J. 0. Guertin, hugersoll.J. R. N. Harrison, WinipeE. E. Howe, Montreal.James G. Jervis, VancouverC. J. Johannes, hamiltonF. C. Jones, Winni-peg.W. Kime, Brantford-------William B. R. Knowles, Edmion-ton .-G. A. Ledgerwood, Montreal ---F. Lefebvre, Edmonton .J. E. M. Lefebvre, Toronto.

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8 BTREAU7 OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,country, iini , and ad(ldress. Signature.Canada -Cmntinued.J. G. MacDonald, WininIipe.J. A. Mc eish, Calgary. -------\V. B. MaadzeaI, T 9o onito.G .Pfaig, Toonto.C. A. Mitchlell, TForolti)----William A. Mforrin, Hamilton .George A. Nichol, Winnil)perR. 1). Orr, Ingersoll ..J. 11. Part, Edmonton----T. M. Pine, StratfordIf. Pomnfret, Winnipeg.--

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915.1 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANN(I,'NCE ENTS. 9country, name, :d address. Signal uro.J. \ rdy, MoosL ..Jaw.A. C. Rams y, amilton. .James D). Ross, Winnipeg.William Seymour, Caigary .J. If. SIonyo, Winnipeg.George W. Starnaan, M1onlreal .J. -teen, Montreal ...-. .LJ. C. Stwrey, Eamr .JJ. .St u art. Toronito ...L. IT xil. iEdointono. .

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10 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,Country, name, and address. Signature.Canada-Co nut i tined .J. A. Thieoret, Moose Jaw .J. R. Thompson, Chatham ./J. L. Trudeau, Winnipeg.Denis Erskine-Tullock, Calgary.R. G. Tupling, Edmonton .S. L. Wall, Toronto .C.L. Wallace, Toronto .A. R. Walsh, Winnipeg .George Whitehead, Edmonton .Denmark.George Broderson, Copenhagen.B. Hasselbalch, Copenhagen .L. M1ler, Copenhagen .

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1915.j SERVICE AND RE ULATORY ANNOU NC EM E NTS.Country, name, and address. Sign:I uro.DJ'niarkA(ontinued.ff. 1. ,Nielsen, Copenhagloenl.AIarius Nielson, Copenhagen .1'. C. Rasmussen, Slagelse .C. Stub .Japan.Yasufumi Naganuima, Ilirosiiim (-.Prefect ure.-1exico.. r. roy, Ciudad Juarez.NAMES REMOVED FROM LIST.GREAT BRITAIN.R. Sydney Marsden, Birkenhead, Cheshire, England.John F. Little, Harrow, England.INSPECTION AND TESTING OF ANIMALS FOR CANADA.The following changes have beeni made in the list of practicing veterinarians rtered by the Bureau and authorized to inspect and test with miallein horses, mules,and asses intended for export to Canada:NAMES ADDED TO LIST.Dr. Otis A. Longly, Fresno, Cal.Dr. John F. McKenna, Fresno, Cal.CHANGE OF ADDRESS.Dr. E. J. Drake, from Toledo, Wash., to (Ilendive, Mont.

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1 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,TEXAS-FEVER QUARANTINE-LIST OF PLACES WHERE SOUTHERNCATTLE MAY BE SHIPPED FOR IMMEDIATE SLAUGHTER.Referri Ig t0 section 4 of regulation 2 of the revised regulations governing the inter-ate Im vemiient If live stm k (1. A. I. (rder 210), there is given below a list of placesin ihe S ale f ()hi to which cattle of the area quarantined on acc(o unt of splenetic,Foutlherit, or Texas fever may be shipped for immediate slaughter:(7 /mland. ---The Lheurer-N irt(on Privision Co., Henry Valcher, Tuefel Bros., NickD)avis, Lwi ng Dressed Beef Co., The Lake Erie Provision o., The Ohio Provision Co.(C. S. Schleider), Tle Hartman Prvision Co., The fllumnenstock & Reid Co., TheIuighes P'r(vision C(o. (care rf Retail Butcher's Protective Association), Webb Bro.care Of Retail But chers' Prot(ective Association), The Retail Butchers' ProtectiveAssociation, Cleveland Prm vision ('4o.Ilst Tolb/. --N. a'.lse1 Sons (0.CONVICTIONS FOR VIOLATIONS OF LAWS.MEAT-INSPECTION LAW.In cases against the followiw-nuamd pers ms, charged with violating the meat-inspect oll law in shipping in interstate trade unsound meat or meat food productsthe defendants were filed the almounis showni:Name and Findrese.L. 11. Lang Co., New York, N. Y. ------.$10Do. .-----------..10.chwarz, Taneown, Md. ..15.m. shclosierg, Stonv Ford, N. Y. .. ..25Kate Smnith,.Johnsoiis, N. Y. .5L. , tuIz & Sons Brooklyn, N. Y. 1 1 000C. B. Fit'h, Wailton, N. Y. 25.H. 8trohsehein, Iawkeve, low ..F. V .Miller, Clayti.on, Mass. . 50L. F. I linnema, i)eansboro, N. Y 25'arieli Farm , reene, N. Y. 25G. W. Nul ter, Sidney, N. Y._. 25Max Bane, 1)urham, N. C. 11. .-0lerman B rwlhirup, Forest Junction, Wis --John Teakowwiz, Bayonne,. N J. . 25E'rskine Wilkins, Stony F orci N. Y. (3 cases 45eorge Carpenter, Ston\ Ford, N. Y 25A mbrose Carmodty, Ston Ford, N. Y 51I. Nohr, Burliin'ton, Wk-. ..10W. F. Drake, Columbia 0oss Roads. Pa. .0And costs.In he case against J. J. Kelly, I\I iddletown, N. Y., charge(l with violating the llewat-ilpection law in shipping unsound meat in interstate trade the defendatpdeadled guilty anm d was sent em ed tIo 30 (lays in the New York C unt penitentiary.Ili the case against Joe CImk, Bellaire, Ohio, charged with violaiig the meat-inspec-libo law ill sh ippinig uil1)specled meat food products in interest ate trade, the defend-allt plealed guilty and a fine o s15 and costs was assessed, but the defendantlhavitiv failed to pay the fine and iosls was committed to jail.In lase against 1he fmolili vi nog-named persons, charged with violating the meat-inspemion law ill shipping unin mespected meat an meal. fmod products in iiterstateI ral lie ilent'dats were filed the amounts shown:Name and aduress. F n~e.Teovlird & Na'z, New York, N. Y. (6 eases. Si2Pen I ef I )., 1 hiladelphili P a. ..50E. S. Aliali & Co., Niw York, N. Y. (5 cas(e ) -_------.75 l' .-., N: York, 'K. ..2K l-\.11i fb C. o., Buo~uri, M a;-.IAndl costs.

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1915.1 SERVICE AND REGULATOIl) AN NOUNCEMENTS. 13TWENTY-EIGHT-HOUR LAW.The following results of prosecutions for v-iolafions of the 28-hoHur lw were reportedto the bureau during the month of Janufry, 115:Nuni-ber of Defendantcases.1 Chicago, Burlington & Quincy R. R. Co . .2 .G Boston & Maine It. R. Co ...1 St. Louis, Iron Mountain & Southern Ky. C 1; .10I Wabash R. Il. Co.1 , o2 Atchison Topeka & Santa Fe fy. C('. ..1 .5 Chicago, -ock Island & --aci-ic --. Co 53:,. 75I Southern Ry. Co. .2 Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul Ev. Co -2o. Off4 Illinois Cent ral R. R. Co. 400.1)05 Oregon Short Line It. .Co. . -(;G. 70I Chicago & North-Western Ry. Co. 1 100. 00I Union Pacilic RV. Co. 219. 121 Chicago & Erie R. I. Co. . ..100. 0)2 St. Louis Southwestern Rly. Co1 2--.). 0Total (33 cases). .. . ,---. ..5 ..5I And cost.QUARANTINE LAW.The following results of prosecutions for violations of the live-stock quarantine lawwere reported to the bureau during the month of January, 1915:ber of Defendant. Nat ure of violat ion. Fine.cases.5 Great Norl hern RCo. C. Shipment of cattle atected I R500. 00with scabies.4 Cleveland, Cincinnati, Chicago & St. Louis fy. Co.Shipment of t icky cattle. 1,000.00I Louisville & Nashville I. R. Co. .1100010 Southern fly. Co. .do. -----.1 1, 000.0013 Illinois Central RI. R. Co .1,300. 001 Central of Georgia Ey. Co. .1 1 0.of1 A. Greenberg. --. (i--2 Seaboard Air Line Ry. Co.do .1 200. 002 Richmond, Fredericksburg & Potoinac R. 1. C . .do. 200.002 Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Rfy. Co.Shipment of sheep and cat12.0tlie aliected with scabies.I Missouri, Kansas & Texas Ry. Co. Shipment of t icky cattle. 1100. 001 Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Ry. Co. .(10 .1100. 001 0. E. Cobb. . .do. . .d. 100.001 Texas & Pacific Ry. Co. . .0. 0. 00Total (45cases). .15,11o.00I And costs.SERUM LAW.In a case against the Missouri Valley Serum Co., Kansas City, Kans., for violationof the law governing the manufacture, etc., of viruses, serums, etc., for the treatmentof domestic animals, the defendant pleaded guilty to the charge of shipping anti-hogcholera serum interstate before a Federal license was issued, and was fined $50 andcosts.Ed Wiglesworth and S. E. Wiglesworth, trading under the firm name of InterstateVaccine Co., Kansas City, Mo., in two cases pleaded guilty to the charge of violatingthe serum law by the interstate shipment of anti-hog-cholera serum and hog-choleravirus without a license, and were fined $50 and costs in each case.

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14 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,LICENSES AND PERMITS FOR VETERINARY BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS.Licen ses for the inanufacture and perinits for the importation of veterinary biologicalproducts have b&(n issued as follows for the calendar year 1915, under the act of Con-gress of March 1, 1913 (37 Stat., 832) and the regulations nade thereunder (B. A. I.Order 196):Liceflssfor the lanufaclure of reterinary biological products.License Name and address of firm. Products.1 National Vaccine an Ant it xin Instiubereun.tute, 1513-15 ( Street , Washington,1). C.2 Eagle Serum Co., Third Street and Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.Central A venue, Kansas City, Kans.3 11. K. Mulford Co , oltice, l28 South Blackleg vaccine; anthrax vaccine; abortin solution;Th irteent h Strt, Phladelpihia, Pa.; pneumo-strepto mixed bacteria; polyvalent mixedplant, Glenolden, Pa. bacterin; strepto bacterin; coli bacterin; staphylo-coccus bacterin; tetanus antitoxin; antistreptococcicserum; rabies vaccine; abortus bacterin; tuberculin;nallein; white scours serum; white scours sero-bacterin; canine distemper serum; canine distempersero-vacclne.4 The Abbott Labolratories, 1735-39 Poly-bacterins (staphylococci,streptococci, and BacillusRavenswood Avenue, Chicago, Ill. coli); staphylo bacterins (mixed staphylococci);strepto bacterins (anti-influenza bacterins); blacklegvaccine; canine distemper Ibacterin (Bacillits bronchi-septicus, staphylococci, and streptococci); canine dis-temper serum.5 Parke, Davis & Co., Atwater and Antistreptococcicserum; antitetanic serum; antitetanicMc Iongall Streets Detroit, Mich., serum, dry; antitetanic serum, veterinary (globulin);and Rochester, N. Y. blacklegoids for sheep; blacklegoids, singles; blacklegoids, doubles; colon vaccine; canine distemper vaccine (prophylactic); canine distemper vaccine (cura-tive); equine influenza vaccine (prop ,hylactic); equineinfluenza vaccine (curative); influenza antitoxin;mallein; mixed-infection phylacogen; pneumoniaphylawogen; staphylococcus vaccine combined (veter-inary); streptococcus vaccine; streptococcus andst-aphyloccus vaccine (coribined); tuberculin; whitescours serum.c Pitman-Moore Co., plant, Zionsville Ant i-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.Ind.; ollice 111-117 North CapitoiA venue, indianapolis, Ind.S Clyde WV. llevner, Franklin, Nebr. Ant i-hog-cholera serum; hog cholera virus.9 Lederle Antitoxiu Laboratories, Pearl Tetanus antitoxin; antistreptococcus serum; rabiesRiver, N. Y. vaccine; equine influenza vaccine; colon vaccine;streptococcus vaccine: staphylococcus vaccine; pneu-monia vaccine; mixed bacterial vaccine; tuberculin;millein; blackleg vaccine.10 Wichita & Oklahoma Serum Co., Ant i-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.Stock Yards, Wichita, Kans.11 Sioux Falls Serum Co., Stock Yards, 1)Sioux Falls, S. Dak.12 Royal Serum a Co., (,)sage and AdamsStreets, Kansas City, Kans.14 Imperial Serum Co., Twenty-socond Do.and Genesee Streets, Kansas City,Mo.15 Tri-State Serum Co., 311 Central Ave' Do.nue, Kansas City, Kans.16 Standard Serum Co., Prospect and Do.Dodge Streets, Sioux City, Iowa.18 Stock Yaros Serum Co., 211 Central Do.A ven ue, Kansas City, Kans.19 Sheldon Sertin Co., 610 West ThirtyDo.fifth Street , Kansas Cit v, Mo.21 Con tinent Ai Serum Laiboratories, 1228 Do,North First Street, East St. Louis,Ill.22 Accuracy Laboratories, 1714 West Pneumococcus vaccine; combined staphylococcus vac-Madison Street, Chicago, Ill. cine; polyvalent bacteria; coli conniunis bacterin;influenza bacteria: streptococctis vaccine; coribiledstreptococcus, staphyloccus, coli, and pneumococcusvaccine.23 Missouri Valley Serum Co., 50 North Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.Second Street, Kans;sCjty, hans.24 Sililer Itog Cholera Serum Co., Central Do.Ave in e and Water Streel, KanvasCity, Kans.26 Kaw Valley Serum Co., Grcvstone Do.Avenue and Perry Street, KansasCity, Kans.

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1915.1 SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 15Licenses for 1i/a mauwiactare of eterianary biological produ t&'ntinudLicNs Name and address of firim. 'rmiclwt2S NotIl Portland Sertum Co., post oimie Antli-ho--lholera selrIum; hog-chAlera virlumboxNo, Nort. Potl :d, Phinloil property y of 'eii iisula Itdlist rioICo.)29 A mes Vaccine Co., Fort Dodge, Iowa. Do.31 Comparative Vaccine Laboratories Aggressin vaccine. mixed; canine dist liper \ accine;(In.), 214 Livingston Street, Brookautogenous xaccine; equine vaccine, Bilgar-La:.lyn, N. Y.32 Standard Serum Co., 11 South Second .ntiog-cholera >erum; hog-cholera virus.Street. Kansas Cit v, Kans.34 Natioinal Serum Co., Second Street Do.and Myers Avenue, Kansas City,Kans.35 I. M. Alexander & Co. (Inc.), MariTetanus anlitoxin; antirabic vaccine; 1ulerciiin;etta, Pa. i malIein.27 i Sioux Citv Serum Co. 221 Exchange Anti-hog-choleraserum; hog-cholera virus.Building, Stock Yards, Sioux Cit.Iowa.3s' Hueben Serum Co., First Street and Do.Waverly Avenue, Kansas City,Kans.40 Cedar Rapids Serum Co., TwentyDo,third and Mallory Streets, CedarRapids, Iowa.41 A. T. Kinslev Laboratories, 1426 Lydia Pohyvalen hacterin; streptococcic bad erin: saphy-Avenue (otlice, 13T6 East Fifteenth lococcic hacterin colon hoacterin; pieuimo bacterin;Street), Kansas City, Mo. :utogenous hacterin: bacteria for pasteurelloses.42 Northiwestern hog Cholera Serum Ant i-hog-choleraserum: hog-cholera virus.Manufacturing Co., Stock Yards,South St. Paul, MiNn.43 A merican Serum io., 210 Central A veDo.nue, Kansas Cit y, Kans.4; St. Joseph Live' Stock Serum Co., Do.Stock Yards, St. Joseph, Mo.45 Kansas City Serum Co., Second Street Do.and Myers Avenue, Kansas City,Kan s.49 Slee Laboratories, Swift water, Pa. Tetanus antitoxin.52 Cut t er Laboratory, Sixth and Gravson Blackieg vaccine: anthrax vaccine: tuberculin: mallein:Streets, Berkeley, Cal. telanus ait itoxin; ant istreptococcic serum; dist emperand influenza serum; aniti uippurine (a polyvalentbacterial vacciie); antiiinfluenza vaccine; mixedpneumonia vaccine; strepiococcic vaccine; dog dis-temper vaccine.53 Nodaway Valley Serum Co., Skidmiore, Aliti-hog-cholera serum: hog-cholera virus.Mo.54 Kansas Agricultural College, VeteriIllackleg vxaccinle.nary Department, Manhattain, Kas.56 Soulthwestern Ser-1unm( Co., TwentyAnti-hug-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.first Street and Lawrence Avenue,Wichita, Kans.57 Mason S. Peters United Serum Co., Do.S1 .Joseph, Mo.61 Guilfoil Serum Co., IS-22 North SeeDo.ond Street, Kansas City, Kans.62 0 K Serum Co., 'T'hiirt y-third and L Do.Streets, Solith Omaha, Nebr.65 Hawkeye Serum Co., South Thirt VDo.sixth Street, South Omaha, Net r.66 National Serum Co. Union Stock Do.Yards, South St. Paul, Minn.6S Dr. James Mcl. Phillips, 2057 Norn ]I babies vaccine.H igh Street, Colmnbus, Ohio.69 Southern Serum Co., West Plains, Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.Mo.70 St. Joseph Veterinary Laboratory, IDo.1502 Garfield Avenue, St. Joseph,Mo.71 Big (I Serum Co., Centril Avenue and DO.Water Street, Kansas 'ity, Kan .72 Central Missouri Serum Co., Marshall, Do.Saline County, Mo.77 Corn Belt Serum Co., National Stock Do.Yards, Ill.79 Iowa Serum Co., Stock Yards, Sioux 1).CiI V, Iowa.Si Tri-State Serum Co., Leech Street and Do.Floyd River, Sioux City, Iowa.81 Superior Serunm Co., Second Street and Do.Myers Avenue, Kansas City, Kans.82 Axtell Serum Co., Gilmore Station, Do.South Omaha, Nebr.

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16 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January,Licenses for the manufacture of i eterinary biological products-Continued.Llicel'sel Name and address of firm. Products.No.\3 E. R. Squibb & Sons; office, SO BeekPasteur antirabic vaccine; tetanus antitoxin; mallein;man Street, New York, N. Y.; plant, anti-hog-cholera serum; and hog-cholera virus.George Road, New Brunswick, N. J.4 Grain Belt Supply Co., 3215 L Street, Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.South Omaha, Nebr.so The Western Laboratories, TwentyLeucocytic extract; autogenic bacterins.fourth Street and Broadway, Oak-land, Cal.ss Farmers' Serum Co., National Stock Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.Yards, Ill.s9 United States Serum Co., Central AveDo.nue and Water Street, Kansas City,Kans.9t Sunflower Serum Co., 322 North First Do.Street, Kansas City, Kans.91 Gregory Farm Laboratory, White Do.11a1, Greene County, Il1.93 Slater Serum Co., Ewing Street and Do.Myers Avenue, Kansas City, Kans.95 Jaiob E. Decker & Sons, Henderson Do.Street, Mason City, Iowa.9s Grand Rapids Serum Co., 154 Louis Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus; mixed infec-Street, Grand Rapids, Mich.; labotion bacterins; streptococcus infection bacterins; sta-ratory, Barendsenville, Mich. phylococcus infection bacterins.99 Corn State Serum Co., Forty-fourth Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.Avenue and U Street, South Omaha,Nebr.101 Copeland Serum Co., Forty-eighth Do.Avenue and Z Street, South Omaha,Nebr.102 Lathrop Serum Co., Lathrop, Mo. Do.103 Fowler Serum Co., 325 North James Do.Street and Second Street and Split-log Avenue, Kansas City, Kans.104 Swan-Myers Co., 219 North Senate Bacterins.Street, Indianapolis, Ind.105 Cal on Serum Co., Canion, S. Dak. Anti-hog-cholera serum; hog-cholera virus.106 Waterloo Serum Laboratories, AnsDo.borough and Upton Strets, Water-loo, Iowa.Permit for the importation of veterinary biological products.Permit Name and address of firm. Products.No.2 Pasteur Laboratories of America, New Tuberculin; antitetanic serum; anthrax vaccine; fowl-York, N. Y. cholera vaccine; antianthrax serum; antistreptococcicserum; mallein; septic pneumonia germ-free extract;dysentary germ-free extract; fowl-cholera serum:abortoform; polyvalent strepto bacterin; antistranglesserum; canine-distemper serum; blackleg vaccine andserum.Foreign manufacturers: Labpasteur (Service des Vac-cins de l'Institut Pasteur), Paris, France; Laboratoiredes Vaccins Pasteur pour l'Etranger, Paris, France;Pharmaceutisches Institut Ludwig Wilhelm Gans,Frankfort on the Main, Germany; S6rum Anti-Gourmeux Boulogne, France; 0. Thomas Laboratory, Verdun France; Ed. Lua, Paris France; Le-clainche & ValJde, Paris and Toulouse, Vrance.VESICLES IN FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE.Communications from members of the bureau and others on the subject of lesionsof foot-and-mouth disease have contained from time to time inaccuracies of statementthat reveal a hazy understanding of certain terms describing conditions of significancein the diagnosis of that disease.The most important feature in connection with the diagnosis of foot-and-mouth dis-ease is the vesicle, and this is one concerning which many loose statements have been

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1915.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 17made in correspondence. Attention is directed to the meaning of this term as definedin medical dictionaries:Vesicle (Latin vesicula, diminutive of vesica, bladder): 1. A small bladder, orsac, containing liquid. 2. A small blister; a small circumscribed VI(vationof the epidermis containing a serious liquid.The second meaning in the above definitioii is the one applied to t 1e paithiologicalcondition occurring in foot-and-mouth disease. The significance 14 Vtesicle, :1 w ird I ofLatin origin, becomes inore familiar when described as beinr svionVm1ous with blister,a word of English origin. Thus the definition of this latter term is as follows:Blister (Middle English, blister, a vesicle): A vesicle, resulting from the exudation of serous fluid between the epidermis and the true skin.In foot-and-mouth disease the initial stages in the development, of the vesicle aredescribed as consisting of a hyperemia (sometimes erroneously called a pimple) andserous infiltration of the papilhe of the skin or mucous membranes. This exudateloosens the more resistant superficial layer of cells, which rises and constitutes theouter structure, restraining the collection of serum. If, in the absence of abundantlesions, doubt exists as to the existence of a vesicle, the same may be demonstrated bypalpation or by aspirating the serous contents with a hypodermic syringe. The fluidmay be clear, watery, colorless, amber, or yellowish in early stages and later may becloudy or grayish white in color. The extruded layer of cells constituting a thin mem-brane is fragile and bursts within a few days, leaving a surface which is highly red-dened, moist with the exuding serum, and very sensitive.The raw area left by the rupture of the blister and removal of the membrane isdescribed as an erosion, literally an area eaten away.In the absence of infection erosions rapidly heal by the development of a new epi-thelial layer, but often bacterial contamination occurs. In this case the area is ex-tended deeper and to the sides, with the formation of purulent matter and exudate,the whole constituting the pathological condition best described as an ulcer, whicheventually heals by cicitrization. It is defined as follows:Ulcer (Latin idens): An open sore, other than a wound; a loss of substance ona cutaneous or mucous surface, and causing gradual disintegration and necrosisof the tissues.The foregoing by no means includes the definition of the various pathological condi-tions occurring in foot-and-mouth disease and its complications, but merely coverssome of the more important conditions of diagnostic importance about which confusionseems to exist.THE NEW FISCAL REGULATIONS.The attention of all employees concerned is called to the new fiscal regulations ofthe department effective February 1, 1915. Each station has been furnished with acopy, and where a larger supply is required additional copies may be obtained bymaking requisition for them on Form P-1.To obviate disallowances, correspondence, and delay in the payment of accounts,employees are urged to make a careful study of these regulations in order to familiarizethemselves with the many new requirements. If there be any doubt as to the meaningof any particular paragraph, it should be brought to the attention of the Washingtonoffice at once and the matter will be fully explained.The attention of employees whose duties may require them to travel is particularlyinvited to the following with regard to certain paragraphs of the regulations:Paragraph 78 (h). "Customary charges for subsistence expenses not to exceed 85 forany one day may be allowed and will include all expenses incurred for meals, lodging,

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18 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January.bath, personal use of room at hotel during the daytime, waiter fees not exceeding 30cents in any one day, fees for checking and porterage of baggage upon arrival at anddeparture from hotels not to exceed 10 cents for portage of and 10 cents for checkingeach piece, telerams reserving hotel accommodations, laundry not exceedinty 20cents a dlay, and all other subsistence expenses."It will be noted that laundry, hotel porter fees, checking of bagrage in hotels, andteens reserving hotel accomnimodtions which forierlv were excluded are nowin-Cludd in subsistencece"It will also be noted that paragraph 78 (h) differs from the wording (f the paragraphas it a ppears in the new Fiscal Regula tions, particularly inI that part wherein it is pro-vided that laundry charges are "to be prorated at 20 cents a day." This differenceis due to a recent decision by the Compiroller of the Treasury, in which he ruled thatlaundry can not beI prorated so as to charge to each day of the period covered by apayment its proportionate share thereof, and that a payment for laundry expense fororiarl ecortelivoany period must ordinarily be charged as subsistence for the day on which the pay-ment is made, founded on the theory that laundry charges are usually paid on the daywhen t hey accrue. For example, when an employee who is authorized to expendnot to exceed $3.50 per day for subsistence makes a charge of $1.35 in his account onthe 7th day of the month for a laundry period of seven days, this $1.35 must be addedto all other subsistence charges on the 7th and the total thereof, including laundry,must not exceed S3.50. But when several accrued charges (each supported by alaundry ticket, bill, or sulbvoucher) are paid on one day, they may be regarded asexpense of the days on which they severally accrue. In such cases, each laundryticket, bill, or subvoucher must indicate the period covered, otherwise the chargeswill be disallowed.Paraqrap vi8 (r).-A departmental bill of lading must be used to cover the shipmentof the hoiuselhold go(ds of an empl( yee when such expense is formally authorized bythe bureau in coinnectit n with the transfer from one official station to another forpermanent duty. No action should be taken for the transfer of the household goodsuntil the matter has been fornially approved by the bureau and a departmental billof lading issued t herefor. Failure it observe these provisions may result in the dis-allowance if all charges incidental to the transfer of the goods, thus requiring theemployee tO defray such charges from his own personal funds.Paragraph !m.---Subvouchlers must be submitted for berth and seat fares on sleeping and parlor cars paid for in cash. The usual berth or seat check will be considered asubvoucher. To guard against berth and seat checks becoming lost, it is suggestedthat they be pinned to the reimbursement account or placed in an envelope bearingthe employees's name and securely fastened to the account.Paragraph 9.-In all cases where payment for livery or automobile hire or otherspecial transportat ion is made ()n Forin voucher from Washington direct to the ownerwho furnished the service, a report must accompany the reiilbursenent account, show-ing the name of the person furnishing the livery, automobile, etc., the dates on whichthey were us.ed, and the points visited. The bureau',s present Form T-55 report ispartially suitablee for thi purpose but it lacks a column'fPr showing the points visited.Until a revised form is furnished t' r this purpose employees will continue to usC theForm T-95 report and show on the back the namt.! o4 the places visited when suchequipment was used.USE OF PENALTY ENVELOPES.By memorandum No. 117, issued January 5, 1915, the Secretary of Agricultturehas amended paragraph 104 of the administrative reguIations of the department toread as follows:104. Usc u, penaltyi cnelopes.-Official mail matter io penalty (nvelopes mustbear the woids ()fhicial business' to entitle it to free transportation in the mails.The use of penalty envelopes to avoid the payment of postage on o4her than strictlyofficial 1)lsiniess is absolutely prohibited.

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1915.] SERVICE AND REGULATORY ANNOUNCEMENTS. 19When an officer of the department writes to a private part oi official Iisi ness forinformation of value Io the department, he may intelose wi ihi his letter an officialenvelope properly addressed to hiimself to c ver I he rejly. Penalty envelopes or penalty labels niust not be f11riished ]wrehants or othersfrom whom articles are purchased for lie delivery of sutich arti cl s Iby tralislssinIthrough the mails. Penialtv envelbpes fntirhed 1b 11 dcl 1ep1rti1 10 1 pirslons 11()tin the emiploy thereof, or who are not ofllicers of tlhi G( viy'ti114e 1t , m11si nit be usedby them for the lransmiissin Mi the mails, free of poslare, of any matter oiher thanofficial inform ion (corresp Indeice) and imli rsemn(s )elti Sg IIhIreti 1 Sut IIel-alty envelopes addressed to the departinetit iay be furnislwd i( piubilishers to beused by them in transmitting copies of their publications fbr which no charge imade when such publications contain official iiflormuation necessarv to the depart-mont. Penalty envelopes bearing a ret urn address may als b supp jlied ti personsin possession of public documents for use by their in returning such docilmeills 1()the department.STREET-CAR FARES.Hereafter employees of the Bureau of Animinal Industry, whether statutory employ-ees or not, mav receive reimbuirsem(ent for streel-car faros expended at their officialstations in the transaction of oflicial business, provided that they, or the station towhich they belong, have been previously authorized to incur such street-car expense.FEBRUARY PAY ROLLS.Pay rolls and salary vouchers for the month of February should be submitted at theclose of February 21.Attention is invited to instructions on page lS3 of Service Announcements forDecember, 1914, relating to the method to be employed in computing salary for frac-tional parts of the month of February.PUBLICATIONS IN JANUARY.iThe Butreav keeps no mailing li for sen ing pablifations to indivi idal employees, but publicationsare sent in bul1k t o in spect ors in ch cirge f1 r idIisi bu t ion 1o m ki Iers of their Torees. Th le i nmber (if I iplieSvaries \ijh The Sucbjct or naT tire of 1ie uIblicat ion an]d te number anild cass of emiployees. For VNmilpte,in the ease of a publicat ion on a veterial v subject , stiflioient copies are sent for the ieterinarians. Inspec-tors in charge will itse their judgment and disi Ijlbte publications to best advantage. Additional copies will be furnished on requst so far as possible IDepartment Bulletin 147. The Effect of the Cattle Tick upon the Milk Productionof Dairy Cows. By T. E. Woodward and W. F. Turner, Dairy Division, and CooperCurtice, Zoological Division. Pp. 22. figs. C).Department Bulletin 1613. A Field Test for Lime-Sulphur Dipping Baths. Byrobert M. Chapin, seiiior biochemist, Biocheinic Division. Pp. 7.Department Bulletin 166. Ophthalmic Mallein for the Diagnosis o Glanders byJohn R. Mohler, assistant chief of bureau, and Adolph Eichhorn, senior bacteriologiI,Pathological Division. Pp. 11, pl. .Farmers' Bulletin 612. Breeds of Beef Cattle. By XV. F. Ward, senior aninal hus-bandman in beef-cattle investigations, Animal I usbandrv Division. Pp. 23, figs. L.Farmers' Bulletin 623. Ice Houses and the Use of Ice on the Dairy Farm. By JohnT. Bowen, technologist, and Guy 'M. Lambert, dairyman, Dairy Division. Pp. 24,figs. 17.hints to Poultry Raisers. Pp. 4, figs. 2.Amelmdment 1 to B. A. I. Order 231. To Prevent it h Spread of 1'ot -and-MouthDisease in Cattle, Sheep, Other Ruminants, and Swum Modiflie quarantine relat-ing to Indiana, Kentucky, Maryland, :ichigani, New Hampshire. and Ohio.)

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20 BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY. [January, 1915.1Amendment 2 to B. A. I. Order 231. (Modifies quarantine relating to Delaware,Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, New York, and Ohio.)Amendment 3 to B. A. I. Order 231. (Modifies quarantine relating to Connecticut,Indiana, Iowa, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Rhode Island, and Wisconsin.)Amendment 4 to B. A. I. Order 231. (Modifies quarantine relating to Indiana,Iowa, Michigan, and )hio.)B. A. 1. Order 232. To Prevent the Spread of Foot-and-Mouth Disease in Cattle,Sheep, Qther Ruminants, and Swine. (Supersedes Order 231 and amendments, andspecifies new quarantined area.)Moldiness in Butter. By Charles Thon and R. H. Shaw. Pp. 301-310. (Reprintfrom the Journal of Agricultural Research.)ORGANIZATION OF THE BUREAU OF ANIMAL INDUSTRY.Chief: A. D. MELVIN.Assistant Chief: JOHN R. MOHLER.C(ief Clerk-: CHARLES C. CARROLL.Animal Husbandry Division: GEORGE M. ROMMEL, chief.Biochemic Division: M. DORSET, chief.Dairy Division: B. 11. RAWL, chief.Fild Inspection Division: R. A. RAMSAY, chief.heat Inspection Division: It. P. STEDDOM, chief.Miscellanco us Division: A. M. FARRINGTON, chief.Pathological Division: A. R. WARD, chief.Quarantine Division: RICHARD W. HICKMAN, chief.Zoological Division: B. H. RANSOM, chief.Experinent Station: E. C. SCHROEDER, superintendent.Editor: JAMES M. PICKENS.Office oj Accounts: E. J. NEWMYER, in charge.Appointment Section: IRVING W. PEw, in charge.UNIVERSITY OF FLORIDA$1111 11119101111 13 1262 09054 5491WASHINGTON: GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE : 1915


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