Poultry and egg situation


Material Information

Poultry and egg situation
Physical Description:
v. : ; 26 cm.
United States -- Bureau of Agricultural Economics
United States -- Agricultural Marketing Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economic Research Service
United States -- Dept. of Agriculture. -- Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service
The Bureau
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Creation Date:
July 1942


Subjects / Keywords:
Poultry industry -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
Egg trade -- Statistics -- Periodicals -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
statistics   ( marcgt )
serial   ( sobekcm )


Bibliography of agriculture
American statistics index
Index to U.S. government periodicals
Statement of Responsibility:
Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture.
Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began with PES 1 (Jan. 1937); ceased with PES-308 (Dec. 1980).
Issuing Body:
Issued by: Agricultural Marketing Service, Dec. 1953-Mar. 1961; Economic Research Service, May 1961-Dec. 1977; and: Economics, Statistics, and Cooperatives Service, Mar. 1978-Dec. 1980.
General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
Description based on: PES-301 (Mar. 1979).
General Note:
Previously classed: A 93.20: and A 88.15/2:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 000502977
oclc - 04506769
notis - ACS2711
lccn - 79643440 //r81
issn - 0032-5708
sobekcm - AA00005304_00011
lcc - HD9437.U6 A33
ddc - 338.1/7/6500973
System ID:

Related Items

Succeeded by:
Poultry and egg outlook & situation

Full Text

eI olf'mto

04 194 1942.....
NM 449Ofu ricum
't 19 i k 0.VA RDCDP A Y 1 H P a

a!4 if.ied .-. 1. 194
P ly.vm b 19 -

M6.. cow 31-40 0,410
..u. .. Cen #914 13e* 18k
0.11. rl iteund 4 OW 1931. 4 too
parit .. #a t. 1h 3-4.,
*at ......... A964 272 12
Pisltjr dras peFo rimpouns NJ A. 1931-40 28.A
Nu PI es. (110 14r i 0) ne n 13a- 40 910 3 34
*toc, IIva (1910s- p1 r pla00 t 1. Ine Ao. t931Z 4X, t 4

Aas 1h.ozn .Cn 1931-40 168 22.3 25.4 11
vali $1) 1. 1936- 40 16. 14. 12011

ital ... ... MI. dol. 1957071 14.9 W a
Tukes. ... ... Mi A1.A.d 1036 40 2.1 30. 1 L44
M il. A.e 193&- 40 14.8 3.8L .
n*!a*ILd AUX fed fe 1934- 40 12.9 U80. 1.
Toalpulry..... .. AU .1.1904 .47 6.4 S.
kgjpr osn. .r polr ratio:: *CntDla 123-4 IL 3 *1. U0 23
Igs aiyprices p195-r Ca00. nte n. 193-4 2L3 2% 70. 22$.4 I
4 ~5 it. pecntg of0prit fInde no. 1931-4 962 8902 105.4
Of~ ~~~ ~ 100)o" pait prc pe pon Ce.nts o 1931-4 14. 488S0 1.
Micen, erentgeofpait ftrent 193 1- 4 00 94 Ia W 0
Tftkoymr pere pound Cant 19640 1.5 1.41. 4
At I. .. taIie,-I ndea.no. 19140 04 12i8 S
chl~koh and eg se. Mgg= ourete 1mo no.e 1eq 140 s 10ent.
l nclo des purics hiage or uuedeie
IFAd, fesh firtspr dozege n tibto. .. C t 13-0 1. 23 2. 01
1,1",uheav bonsuptr pound .y.a. .lCnts 1so4 16.3 1as by. 2tD.ct6
It roeiasters, lfrcits right.. ILpi on trc --d e9.3 1& 2 10
Casht foom turkeye, 7o sh. Ieas s si
Malre *67org Mi4. d*nd 194, 577 not strctl 9opaale iu
Putry dt and eggs. e Milrde. 03&r0 a

:q amuoesnai nave Been macn larger tfan last year, atnnoug- sales or young
.*to ave been about the same. Farmer may be taking advantage of more
oa dhicken prices by feeding birds to heavier weights. Storage

p, of poultry are about at the seasonal low, with stocks of fowl the

on record for this date and stocks of young chickens the smallest
-.I., I sc 1924.

%the effects on prices of the larger marketing of chickens this

yt" are likely to be slightly more than offset by stronger consumer and
Storage demand. Prices of some classes, particularly heavy roasters, may
.. ..e little different frdm a year earlier, however, during the period of peak

", marketing. In mid-Juno the average price received by farmers for chickens
L: in the Uhiited States was 13 percent higher than a year earlier and ihole-

sale prices for both live and dressed birds have continued higher than

Slast year. Turkey prices also have continued higher this year than last.

The demand for baby chicks for commercial broilers has strengthened

in response to the recent advance in prices of young chickens. On July 1,
S".aance orders for chicks in broiler areas were considerably larger than

a, l '-July 1 last year.

g.p reduction in June, as in the first half of the year, was 16 per-

en t larger than a year earlier, Numbers of layers on farms declined from

W;. to June by about the same percentage as in 1941, even though marketing

half of the year, however, was somevhat smaller than last year It i^

the number of layers was 14 percent larger than a year earlier and abet

1 percent more aggs were produced per bird. The gg-feeod price ratio Ia.

June was slightly less favorable than last year but considerably more

favorable than average. Wholesale prices of fresh firsts at Chicago n

mid-July were somewhat higher than in midwJune and wore about 23 percoat

higher than a year ago.

July 14 1911e


Jauary-jTne fg Pro&d l.-" on
16 PercoGrt Ov-er a T R.ur E'lier

The decline in numbers of layers in the United States from Mey to
June this year was about the same as in 1941. The 14.5 percent increase
over a ycnr earlier which existed in May was maintained into June. but
changes in regions were varied. In the East North Central and Western
States, numbers declined relative to a year earlier. In the West North
Central and South Atlantic States numbers increased. In the North
Atlantic and South Central regions the increases over 1941 in June werO
the same as in May.

With a little over 1 percent more eggs laid. per bird, total June
egg production was nearly 16 percent larger than last year, similar to
increases over 1941 for the first 6 months of 1942. Increases in egg
production by regions over the output in the first 6 months of 1941 were
as follows% North Atlantic, 8 percent; East :Tccth Central, 12 percent;
West North Central, 24 percent; South Atlantic, 16 percent; South Oentral,
20 percent; and Western, 9 percent.

ear 17. Million Cases of Shell ggCs Used
Breaking and n Plonts In, irst Half of 1942

In June about 133.4 million pounds of liquid eggs were produced by
commercial egg brocking and. drying plants in the United States. Of this
amount about 1.S million pounds were used for immediate consumption and
52.S million pounds were frozen. Yrom the remainder, about 21,9 million
pounds of dried product, mostly whole eggs, were obtained.

The rapid growth of the egg breaking and drying industries tXIe,
United States is portrayed in the chart on the cover page. In the first
half of this year about 630 million pounds of liquid egg wore produce. ,: 'J
by egg breaking and drying plants. Of this total quantity about 228 dUio&??,

Since a case of shell eggs yeilde about 37.5 pounds of liquid pro&-
no ut, about 17 million cases of eggs probably were used by egg breaking and
Sdrying plants in the first half of.1942. In addition, considerable quantis
ties were used by ftIrmnewhich break eggs for use in manufactured products.
K!, ,,*h qucnptities are not included in the regular egg-breaking and egg-drying
fu",^ .r .re. .

In late June it was announced that the Department of Agriculture
W l-a continueo to receive offers for the sale of dried eggs after Juno 30
..Ittil further notice. On the first two purchase days in July (through
: il11U) 6.7 million pounds of dried eggs were purchased0 raising the total
i.ty deliverable during the last half of 1942 to about 90 million pounds.
M haes by the Department of Agriculture for lend-leaso and by the Army
': +i Eavy now take most of the output o.:' dried eggs.

It was also announced in late June that the Deprrtment would continue
Sto purchase shell eggs in lots of 10 cases or more in the States of
Vat Virginia, Georgia, South Carolina and Florida, Purchase programs for
the.l eggs in all other States ended on June 30. ITew announcements will be
ma40e when additional offers for the sale of shell eggs are desired,

Sfto-storage M govent of Frozen ggs in June
MEe ea1 Earjier; Shell &gC Srmller

The net into-storage movement of frozen eggs in June was by far the
hrgest on record and holdings on Jul- 1 woro 55 percent, or 2.56 million
cases, more then on July 1 last year. The equivalent of 1.9 million cases
WWl indicated to have been ear-narked for drying later in the year.

Although the into-storage movement of shell eggs in June was the
smallest since 1932, total net accuunlatior.s up to July 1 were relatively
large and stocks on that date were 24 percent, or about 1.5 million cases,
larger than on July 1 last ycnr. Of the 7,948,000 cases of shell eggs in
storage on July 1, about 3,265,000 cases were indicated to have boon aer-
marked for drying. Holdings of shell eggs by the Department of Agriculture
.. increased about 150,000 cases during June but were considerably smaller
than on July 1 of either of the 2 previous years.

g a Picea jAdvnced Somewhat
tom ~Mid.e Junto a ut

Receipts of eggs at terminal narkets have been declining for several
weefk and egg prices have advanced somew.,,hat. The price of fresh firsts in
earlots at Chicago in mid-July was 33-1/4 cents compared with 30-3/1 cents
a nonth earlier and about 26 cents a year earlier. Prices received by

Although numbers of layers decreased in about the asi
a year ago from May to June, receipts- of fowl at Midest priia
June were materially larger. In some recent weeks receipts of 4:Q
west primary markets have been the largest on rweofrd Large
marketed thi u maner with a less than seasonal decline in total

Despite the large increase' in numbers of young chickens
year, especially early season chicks, receipts of young stocks "
primary markets have been little different from a year ago.. Ap
farmers are responding to more favorable chicken prices by fe
birds to heavier weights, thus delaying marketing somewhat. i.
marketing of young chickens begin much earlier than in other r
numbers of young birds'decreased somewhat during -June, as in all
of record. In all other regions numbers increased during that m=1

Storage Holding of Poultry
&.out t SeasonalTw Point .

Net withdrawals of frozen poultry this June were smaller tb*
largely because of the larger into-storage movement of fowl. AlthdW'.:3
marketing of young chickens have been about as large as a year aaosji
withdrawals of these birds were nrbout twice those of June last year; 14
ings of fowl on July 1 were the largest on record but stocks of young14"
ens were about half as large as a year earlier and the smallest since I.92Si

giccs Durig Past Months Powl Prices Steady; ,
Lidgt Chickens Advanced: Heavy Chickens Down

Despite the heavy markotings of fowl, wholesale prices of live: he"
at Chicago advanced slightly from mid-June to mid-July and were 'abft6i ::
same as in July last year. Prices of dressed fowl at New York were. 03htl
higher than in nid-July 1941.

Wholesale prices of light young chickens (live) at Chicago con-0 am"
Mnch higher than a year earlier. Heavy young chickens (4 pounds dano.: ::
at that nar-ket declined slightly but continued 20 to 25 percent high eft:'
last year. Wholesale prices of ice-packed chickens at New York advfaied., '
further during the past fow weeks and are materially higher than a y4
Prices of borx-packed chickens wore steady. At San Franciso prices of;,!i,
hens declined moderately but prices of young chickens advanced fre.
June to the first part of July. ..

N NI'*




Aio tor," 'ME i(yft ihjg-"
IS reclirlid qt 4 10
J 1*O&

NO iv

2 1 -effo4f.,,114
311 q,(;bast, gtattm.', 5 peve V:rl oul"
pLr d
st balf,

ap 0
Par MIW -Ml 111-
q's, t4E;il A&;,

op'.4 1011-

Ine 'O"o, 4"


r 'pi-460 *,,si;d th, "qgoo".,

Of; 4

'%i i bAM ot this year than last, and 'considerably less than average. Egg
i.. ...the "Norrth Central States have been supported directly by the dried
am feed supplies have been large, and the egg-feed price ratio has
il ely more favorable than the average for the entire country. The
Favorable price situation has encouraged continued high rates of
ll as lighter culling, and egg production in this area continues
-larger increases over a year earlier than in other areas.

The number of chicks hatched in this area was 13 percent smaller this
."than last, but total numbers raised on farms thi s year will be materi-
f:larger than in 1941. During the first half of this year 12 percent
,1lsehict were hatched than a year earlier and on July 1, the average num-
of young birds per farm flock in the North Central States was about 7
& urt' larger.

4 Ku:!t.....8 !h Atlantio States

S rom January. to June in the South Atlantic States, numbers of layers
! e jlined considerablyy less this year than 3ast. Although egg prices were
9i%'atively low in some localities in the heaviest season of production, the
ieggs-feed ratio it general, was almost as favorable for egg production as
last year. The rate of lay in June was slightly higher then in June 1941.
:: n.:L recent weeks egg prices in this area have advanced along with prices in
O..ther regions. Relatively few eggs have been purchased by the Department of
IIAgrioulture under the small-lot purchase program as extended through August
for the States of Virginia, West Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina,
:ootgia. Arkansas, and Florida.

During the first half of this year about 10 percent more chicks were
>ip'.tbduced int the South Atlantic States than in the corresponding 6 months of
\J'941. On July 1, the average number of young chickens in farm flocks was 6
iapo cent larger than on July 1 last year. Broiler production has been increas-
t eonasid*ably in this area in recent years, and a further material increase
a yntfly will take place in coming months* As on July 1, orders for baby
ME k6. for future delivery were 28 percent larger than on July 1, 1941.

During the January-June period this year, numbers of layers on
in the South Central States declined less than a year earlier, and ons
ably less than average. In June, 20 percent more .layers were an farms .. .l.f..
in June 1941, whereas in January the increase was only about 15 percent. "i
The average rate of lay per bird Was about the same as in June last year. ,*
The South Central region is the only group of States for which the..
average number of young chickens per flock declined from June 1 to July .!
This is a usual occurence for this region, since the average hatching date
is earlier, and birds are marketed at somewhat lighter weights than a. moast
other states. The decline during June this year was smaller than ustal and
on July 1, the average number of birds per flock was 13 percent larger than
a year-ago--the largest increase shovni for any region* Advance order. for i
baby chicks in this area on July 1 were 38 percent smaller than a year ::arli

Western States

Numbers of layers usually decline less in the Western States darIk
the first half of the year than in any other region. The decline in the
period January-June this year was even less than in 1941. In June, 9 perfWi.e
more layers were on farms than in June last year, whereas in January the in-
crease was only 6 percent. This is the only region in which the egg-feed I
ratio in June was more favorable than a year earlier. Supplies of oats sad ::n:i
barley in these states are likely to be much larger this year than last,
and the reduction in supplies of copra cake and meal and fish meal will .be:
made up in part, at least, by shipment of soybeans to the West for crushing-
Egg prices in this area are likely to continue favorable even though ship-
ments to Eastern markets may not be as large as in some recent years. .

A strong demand for broiler chicks apparently has developed in response
to the advance in prices of chickens in Pacific Coast markets. On July 1,
advance orders for baby chicks in this area were 5 percent larger than last


Although production of the four principal feed grains this year will
be almost as large as the near record output of 1941, supplies per animal
unit in 1942-43 may be 10 percent smaller than in 1941-42. Numbers of live-
stock, especially hogs, have increased considerably. Disappearance of all
feed grains is expected to continue heavy in 1942-43 and the corn carry-over
October 1, 1943 probably will be near or below the 1928-37 average of 185
million bushels.

Prices of most by-product feeds have advanced during the past month. 8
withAthe._greatest advance in prices of soybean meal. Prices of wheat mill
feeds are somewhat below the maximum prices recently established by the Oft.6Eo
of Price Administration,-but are considerably higher than they were in July, .:':j
1941. The average price paid by farmers for laying mash in the United StatW
in mid-June was $2.88, an increase of 26 percent over July last year. s

0 m C in
to ni Nl *


to ~ c~ 0

o o

S ~





- U


0 0 0 0 0 0
In 0 o 0
N (M -

Ul C

.-.. .. *" .. .......

aXOD SanS saanmll bt



3 1262 08904 0660


:..: ..