Federal careers for women


Material Information

Federal careers for women
Series Title:
Pamphlet / U.S. Civil Service Commission ;
Physical Description:
14 p. : ill. ; 21 cm.
United States Civil Service Commission
U.S. Civil Service Commission :
For sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Women in the civil service -- United States   ( lcsh )
Civil service -- Minority employment -- United States   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
"October 1967."

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
aleph - 004531198
oclc - 51099235
sobekcm - AA00005282_00001
System ID:

Full Text



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1. Because you'll have an interesting job and work with
stimulating people.-As a Government worker, you'll
do significant work in support of Federal programs
that affect the life of every citizen.
2. Because appointment and advancement depend on
ability.-All qualified applicants receive consideration
for appointment without regard to sex, race, religion,
color, national origin, politics, or any other nonmerit
factor. The same principles of equal employment op-
portunity apply after appointment.
3. Because skilled women are given a better chance to
prove themselves.-Women have the chance to work
in practically every occupation open to men in the
Federal service. Their skills in particular fields and
their aptitude for certain work mean that more women
than men are hired to fill some jobs.
4. Because there's room to grow.-The Government is
the largest employer in the United States. Its work
requires hundreds of different skills. The large number
of jobs and the opportunity to transfer from one agency
to another assure maximum opportunity for
5. Because the Government is a good boss.-Federal
career workers receive excellent "fringe" benefits, sick
leave, life insurance, health insurance and retirement
benefits, and opportunities for career advancement
through training.
6. Because the Federal merit system lets you enjoy "the
best of both worlds."-After 3 years of satisfactory
Government service, the Government worker has
career status. Should a woman find it necessary to
leave her job and devote herself to her home, her career
status will help her if she later decides to return to

Government work. She may usually qualify for a Fed-
eral assignment without competing again in an

*fl'fl 'Op y-l^ytT,


Anyone who still thinks that all Government career
women are girl-Friday types in Washington offices is in
for a big surprise. Women in Federal service have rung
the bell in every occupation from astrophysics to zoology.
From tropical shores to arctic snows, in all parts of our
country and in virtually all parts of the world, women
are distinguishing themselves-some providing indis-
pensable support to leaders of vital Government pro-
grams, others as experts in their own right. Some of them
work in occupations traditionally thought of as woman's
special fields, but a great many are in fields still generally
regarded as man's exclusive province.
About 674,000 women are employed by the Federal
Government. In 1966, women in full-time white-collar
occupations numbered 612,874. This represented a gain
of approximately 89,000 over 1964. More than 13,000
women were in jobs graded at GS-12 (entrance salary
approximately $11,000) and above.
Women outnumber men in four broad white-collar
occupational groups: general administration, clerical, and
office services; personnel administration and industrial
relations; mathematics and statistics; and library and


The history of women's progress in Government em-
ployment is a story of slow but steady advancement. Al-
though there were a few women postmasters appointed
before 1800, the employment of women by the Govern-
ment was generally looked upon with great disfavor until
after the Civil War. Not only was it rather widely as-
sumed that office work was beyond Delicate Woman's
physical or mental capacities, the mere presence of women
in public offices was regarded by many as a gross affront
to propriety.
Beginning in 1862 the Treasury Department pioneered
in the employment of women. "Female clerks," declared
their supervisor emphatically, "are more diligent and
efficient than males!" Following the success of the Treas-
ury experiment, a small number of "lady clerks" gained
a foothold in other departments. For a long time, how-
ever, women were hired primarily as an economy meas-
ure-they were usually paid about half as much as men
doing the same work.
The Civil Service Act of 1883 marked the real turning
point in Government careers for women. The merit
system established by that Act made it possible for them
to compete for appointment on equal terms with men-
and they did. A young woman, a graduate of Vassar,
was the second person to be appointed from a civil-serv-
ice examination. Prejudice against them was broken down
little by little, not by any theoretical considerations of
abstract justice but by the performance of the women
themselves on the job.

World War I greatly increased their numbers and gave
them a chance to prove their ability in a variety of occupa-
tions, although postwar reduction of the Government
work force showed that their permanent gains were
largely in clerical fields.
With the Classification Act of 1923, which established
the principle of equal pay for equal work, women at last
gained equality with men on the payroll.
The manpower demands of World War II finally
opened the doors of all professional, technical, and ad-
ministrative fields to women-and they have kept those
doors open ever since by their own efforts and achieve-
ments. They are now found in nine-tenths of all the white-
collar occupations in the Federal Government.


The 1960's have brought about a significant change of
climate in the United States with respect to women's
rights, including rights of employment. The change be-
gan in 1961 with President John F. Kennedy's appoint-
ment of the President's Commission on the Status of
Women, and has moved forward under the stimulus of
later organizations: The Interdepartmental Committee,
the Citizens' Advisory Council, the State or Governors'
Commissions on the Status of Women, and the Federal
Woman's Award Study Group.
In 1962, the Civil Service Commission, acting under
new authority, put an end to the traditional practice of
barring women from consideration for many positions.
In a new rule it directed that no training opportunity or

position shall be denied any person on the basis of sex,
except in unusual situations found justified by the Com-
mission. Evaluation of a person's experience, skills, and
physical requirements is recognized as the only valid yard-
stick in determining a person's fitness for appointment
and advancement.
In December 1966 an Assistant to the Chairman of the
Civil Service Commission for Federal Women's Programs
was appointed. She will coordinate activities to improve
employment, training, and advancement opportunities for
women throughout the Government and will identify
areas and activities needing special attention to ensure
equal opportunity for women.
Upon recommendation of the Federal Woman's Award
Study Group, President Johnson issued an Executive order
in October 1967 reinforcing prevention of discrimination
because of sex. The President has also approved Study
Group recommendations for compilation of data for full
appraisal of the position of women in Government, possible
changes in examination and qualification requirements,
recruitment of women for part-time work, and an annual
assessment of each agency's program for the more effective
use of qualified women.
In approving the recommendations, the President said:
"As a nation we cannot continue to afford through out-
moded custom or attitude the senseless waste of the capa-
bility potential of American women. It is my firm intent,
and I have expressed this many times since I became Pres-
ident, to have the Federal service truly exemplify equal
opportunity for all in employment and advancement re-
gardless of race, color, creed, national origin, or sex."
President Johnson has also said, "I am insisting that
women play a larger role in this Government's plans and
With this long-range goal of having women participate
more in the important work of the Government, the Fed-
eral Government is engaged in an intensive talent search
for womanpower. It is urging women to make their quali-

fications known so that they may be considered when
filling Government positions of all kinds.
Because of the distinguished work of the President's
Commission, the stimulus of later organizations, and
active leadership in the executive branch, there are signs
that the customs preventing women from realizing their
full potential are gradually disappearing. Above all,
women themselves are proving by their day-to-day achieve-
ments that equal ability must be rewarded by equal op-
portunity to succeed-". because it is sound."
Progress has been made in the higher levels of the
Federal service. President Johnson has given the talent
search a tremendous lift by his appointment of women
to important top-level positions; he made 120 such ap-
pointments between January 1964 and October 1965.


The achievements of women in Government have
helped to make the Federal career service what it is to-
day--a fine example of people working together for the
Nation's progress. Their contributions have been felt since
those first "lady clerks" appeared on the Federal scene
in the 1800's. The distinction with which they have served
has made possible many of the advances by which modern
America defends itself and guards its welfare. Yet, public
recognition has been slow in developing, and the tributes
due women in Government have frequently failed to

To spotlight the accomplishments of top-caliber career
women in the Federal service, a special award for them
was established in 1960.
The Federal Woman's Award has three major pur-
poses: To provide well-deserved public recognition to the
recipients and new incentive to others, to highlight the
important work that women are doing in executive, pro-
fessional, scientific, and technical positions, and to stimu-
late the recruitment of talented and ambitious young
women who might not otherwise know of the many fine
career opportunities offered by the Federal service
throughout the United States and abroad.
From the thousands of women in professional, admin-
istrative, and technical positions who serve with distinc-
tion, Federal administrators each year make up to three
nominations, from their agencies, for the Federal
Woman's Award.
From those nominated, a panel of distinguished citi-
zens, on behalf of the Board of Trustees for the Award,
selects six outstanding women to receive the award at
public ceremonies.

Among the women named by agencies for considera-
tion for the award have been representatives from an
impressive range of occupational fields. They include doc-
tors, lawyers, scientists, and engineers; high-ranking
executives, foreign service officers, commercial and in-
dustrial experts; and distinguished specialists in aviation,
space research, and nuclear-age weapons. Also well repre-
sented are the traditional women's occupations such as
social welfare, nursing, nutrition, and library science.

The 1967 awards went to women in six different career
fields-foreign service, medicine, housing and urban de-
velopment, research chemistry, education, and pathology.



Ninety percent of Federal positions in the United States
today are filled through the competitive merit system
established by the Civil Service Act of 1883. Nine-tenths
of Federal positions are outside Washington, D.C.-in
towns and cities all over the country-so it is often pos-
sible for a woman to secure a Government job near
People without experience usually take a written test.
The examination for people with experience or with some
kind of technical training may simply require submitting
applications, which are all rated under the same stand-
ards on the basis of the information in them, subject to
verification. Applicants with the highest ratings are given
first consideration in filling positions.
Gateway to career opportunities in Government for
college-caliber people is the Federal-Service Entrance
Examination. Open to college seniors and graduates re-
gardless of major, as well as to persons with experience
comparable to college graduation, the FSEE is used to
fill trainee-level positions in all but a few highly technical
occupations. The objective of the examination, given
throughout the year, is to bring into Government
highly qualified, career-minded men and women who
have the potential to grow and develop and become the

Government's career managers, technicians, and profes-
sional leaders of tomorrow. Annually the Government
makes more than 10,000 appointments from this examina-
tion to fill its requirements for a continuing supply of able
men and women interested in challenging and respon-
sible positions with a future. Appointments of women
from this examination have been increasing. They ac-
counted for 17 percent of the appointments in 1963. By
1966, the percentage had increased to 33. More than 50
agencies fill positions from this examination. Thus one
application can open the way for consideration in many
Scientists and engineers entering the Federal service
have unprecedented opportunity to participate in research
and development work of vital importance. Appointments
to these positions are usually made, not from the FSEE,
but from separate examinations. For most of them, no
written test is required.
Other examinations for specific professions, such as ac-
counting, auditing, dietetics, illustration, library science,
medical technology, nursing, and teaching, are also an-
nounced from time to time.
The two-year college graduate can enter the Federal
service through the Junior Federal Assistant Examina-
tion or the Junior Engineer and Science Assistant Exam-
ination. Persons appointed to these positions will provide
support and technical assistance in the economics, admin-
istrative, writing, data processing, finance, accounting,
law, contracts, library science, statistics, supply, transpor-
tation, biological, medical, engineering, and physical
science fields.
Less education and experience are required for many
positions such as stenographer, typist, office machine op-
erator, technical aid in the physical and biological sciences,
post office clerk, telephone operator, nursing assistant, and
library assistant. Most of them call for a written or per-
formance test.
The positions of typist and stenographer provide an
open door for women with those skills. Many women

enter Federal service in these positions, complete their
education after hours, and progress to more responsible,
specialized positions.
No competitive examinations are required for Federal
jobs not. under civil service, which are scattered through
the various agencies. All positions in a few agencies-
the Foreign Service of the Department of State, the Fed-
eral Bureau of Investigation, the Atomic Energy Commis-
sion, and the Tennessee Valley Authority-and physi-
cians, dentists, and nurses in the Department of Medicine
and Surgery of the Veterans Administration-are not
under civil service. For information about such jobs, you
should get in touch with the employing agency.


* Prepare yourself well for the occupation of your choice.
* Get in touch with a nearby Federal Job Information
Center, or one of the offices listed on the back of this
pamphlet, to find out whether the Government is cur-
rently accepting applications for your occupation. Some
examinations are open all the time, others periodically,
according to the vacancies Federal agencies anticipate.
* If you are a college student, get in touch with your col-
lege placement officer. He has information about open
examinations and a reference copy of the Federal Career
Directory-A Guide for College Students, which
matches college majors with different kinds of Federal
* Apply for the examination that interests you and for
which you believe you are qualified.

Men and women should remember that civil service
examinations are open to every American citizen regard-
less of sex, race, creed, or politics. Appointments are made
on merit, and advancement is on the same basis.
Thousands of employees-men and women alike-are
making successful careers in the Federal service. They
work in programs of national and even worldwide im-
portance. Many of them feel that sharing in work that
is of such vital importance to so many millions of people
is the most attractive and exciting feature of Government


Information about Federal civil service examinations
can be obtained from any of the following Federal Job
Information Centers. Address the Executive Officer, Inter-
agency Board of U.S. Civil Service Examiners at:

Sutherland Building
Room 1802
806 Governors Drive SW.
Huntsville, Ala. 35801
167 St. Louis Street
Mobile, Ala. 36602
Hill Building
632 Sixth Avenue
Anchorage, Alaska 99501

Balke Building
44 West Adams Street
Phoenix, Ariz. 85003
923 West Fourth Street
Little Rock, Ark. 72201
851 South Broadway
Los Angeles, Calif. 90014
Suite 125
425 Capitol Mall
Sacramento, Calif. 95814

380 West Court Street
San Bernardino, Calif.

1400 Fifth Street
Suite 100
San Diego, Calif. 92101

450 Golden Gate Avenue
San Francisco, Calif. 94102

Main U.S. Post Office
Building, Room 203
18th and Stout Streets
Denver, Colo. 80202

Room 716, Federal Building
450 Main Street
Hartford, Conn. 06103
U.S. Post Office and
11th and King Streets
Wilmington, Del. 19801
123 South Court Avenue
Orlando, Fla. 32801

230 Peachtree Street NE.
Atlanta, Ga. 30303
Federal Building
451 College Street
Macon, Ga. 31201

Federal Building
Honolulu, Hawaii 96813
Room 107, Federal Building
Boise, Idaho 83702
Room 1322
219 S. Dearborn Street
Chicago, III. 60604

Room 102
36 South Pennsylvania St.
Indianapolis, Ind. 46204

Old Federal Office Building
Fifth and Court Streets
Des Moines, Iowa 50309

Beacon Building
114 South Main Street
Wichita, Kans. 67202

Heyburn Building
721 South Fourth Street
Louisville, Ky. 40202

Federal Building South
600 South Street
New Orleans, La. 70130
Federal Building
Augusta, Maine 04330

Federal Office Building
Lombard Street and
Hopkins Place
Baltimore, Md. 21201
P.O. and Courthouse Bldg.
Boston, Mass. 02109

144 West Lafayette Street
First Floor Lobby
Detroit, Mich. 48226

Building 57
Ft. Snelling
Minneapolis-St. Paul,
Minn. 55111

802 North State Street
Jackson, Miss. 39201

Federal Building
601 East 12th Street
Kansas City, Mo. 64106
Federal Building
1520 Market Street
St. Louis, Mo. 63103

I.B.M. Building
130 Neill Avenue
Helena, Mont. 59601

Courthouse and P.O.
215 North 17th Street
Omaha, Nebr. 68102
Federal Building
300 Booth Street
Reno, Nev. 89502
Fed. Bldg.-U.S. Post Office
Daniel and Penhallow Sts.
Portsmouth, N.H. 03803

Post Office Building
Federal Square
Newark, N.J. 07102
Federal Building
421 Gold Avenue SW.
Albuquerque, N. Mex.
News Building
220 East 42d Street
New York, N.Y. 10017
O'Donnell Building
301 Erie Boulevard West
Syracuse, N.Y. 13202
415 W. Hillsborough Street
Raleigh, N.C. 27603
Room 206, Manchester
112 University Drive
Fargo, N. Dak. 58102
1240 East 9th Street
Cleveland, Ohio 44199
Knott Building
21 East Fourth Street
Dayton, Ohio 45402
American General Building
210 NW. Sixth Street
Oklahoma City, Okla.
319 SW. Pine Street
Portland, Oreg. 97204
128 North Broad Street
Philadelphia, Pa. 19102
Federal Building
1000 Liberty Avenue
Pittsburgh, Pa. 15222
Federal Building and
Post Office
Kennedy Plaza
Providence, R.I. 02903
Federal Office Building
334 Meeting Street
Charleston, S.C. 29403
Dusek Building
919 Main Street
Rapid City, S. Dak. 57701

Federal Office Building
167 North Main Street
Memphis, Tenn. 38103
1114 Commerce Street
Dallas, Tex. 75202
El Paso National Bank
411 North Stanton Street
El Paso, Tex. 79901
702 Caroline Street
Houston, Tex. 77002
U.S. Post Office and
615 East Houston Street
San Antonio, Tex. 78205
Federal Building Annex
135 South State Street
Salt Lake City, Utah 84111
Federal Building
Elmwood Avenue and
Pearl Street
Burlington, Vt. 05401
Rotunda Building
415 St. Paul Boulevard
Norfolk, Va. 23510
Federal Office Building
First Avenue and
Madison Street
Seattle, Wash. 98104
Federal Building
500 Quarrier Street
Charleston, W. Va. 25301
161 West Wisconsin Avenue
Room 215
Milwaukee, Wis 53203
2005 Warren Avenue
Cheyenne, Wyo. 82001
255 Ponce de Leon Avenue
San Juan, P.R. 00917
Civil Service Commission
1900 E Street NW.
Washington, D. C. 20415

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing
Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 Price 10 cents


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