C3C. I TUR T A 991NDUST L
CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS
U.S. Department of Commerce JU
BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
The statistics in this publication are based on a s
manufacturers and represent total U.S. shipments of titan
mill products, ingot, and castings. Estimates are included for
im Mill Products, Ingot,
Do and Castings
FIRST QUARTER 1987
S Issued June 1987
ies whose reports were not received in time for tabula-
A description of the survey methodology and related in-
formation appears on page 3.
Table 1. NET SHIPMENTS AND INVENTORIES OF TITANIUM MILL PRODUCTS
(Thousands of pounds)
First quarter 1987 Fourth quarter 1986
Product description Net Net
shipments Inventories shipments Inventories
Net shipments ...............r............. 11,007 896 9,871 1,029
Sheet and strip ................................ (2 2
Forging and extrusion billet..................... 6,051 344 4,930 278
Rod and bar...................................... 1,489 359 1,564 567
Fastener stock and wire..........................
Extrulon................................ ... ....
Pipe and tubing.................................. 3,467 193 3,376 184
Net shipments is the sum of mill product shipments plus mill products consumed In the
manufacture of fabricated products, Less total receipts.
2Data for sheet and strip, plate, extrusion (other than tubing), pipe and tubing, and other
have been combined to avoid disclosing individual company data.
Table 2. TITANIUM INGOT. HILL PRODUCTS, AND CASTINGS: 1981 AND 1986
(Thousands of pounds)
Ingot Mill products Castings
Quarter and year Pro- Ship- Con- Ending Pro- Net ship- Pro- Ship-
duction Receipts ments sumption inventories ductlon Receipts ments duction ments
First quarter..................... 17,759 4,134 4,241 17,906 7,901 12,631 2,571 11,007 632 211
Total........................ 10,186 15,286 18,033 67,603 (X) 49,219 10,635 *1,683 2,210 8.9
Fourth quarter.................... 16,685 3,281 a,075 15,910 8,197 11,968 2,452 9,871 600 205
Third quarter..................... 16,342 3,458 4.140 16,550 8,229 12,410 2,528 10,391 489 194
Second quarter.................. 18,097 3,872 4,203 17,090 9,171 12,.85 2,804 10,291 5x9 209
First quarter..................... 19,062 4,655 5,615 18,053 8,601 12,356 2,851 11,130 572 1 243
(X) Not applicable.
'See footnote 1, table 1.
Inventories for the year are those shown for the fourth quarter.
Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration. Materials Division. Washington,
D.C. 20230, or the Bureau of the Census, Industry Division, Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Mary Ellickson, (301) 763-5440.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office. Washington. D.C. 20402.
Table 3. WUAITIT UF NET SHIPMENTS. EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM HILL PRODUCTS: FOURTH QUARTER 1986
(Thousands of pounds)
exports to Percent
uarr and ear Manufac- Exports of manufac- Apparent Imports to
yuartcr und year
turers' net domestic turers' net Imports or consump- apparent
shipments merchandise shipments consumption tIon consumption
Total........................................... 13,946 1.4 9 I1 536 13,002
Titanium ingot and forging and extrusion billet ..... 9,006 904 10 37 8,138 0.5
Titanium mill products.............. ................ .940 515 12 .99 1 .864 10
For comparison of Standard Industrial Classification (SiCj codes. Schedule B expert numbers, and TSUSA Import numbers, see table 4.
2Source: Bureau of the Census report EM 5-6, U.S. Exports.
4Source. Bureau of the Ce1nsus report IM 1I6, U.S. Imports for Consumption.
,Apparent consumption is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus imports.
Comparabillty of output, export, and Import classifications for ingot and billet assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported
as Ingot or billet in the output numbers. Figures for Imports of Ingot and billet also include powder, crystal, and slmIllar forms which
are excluded from the output and export numbers.
Table 4. COMPARISON OF STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SIC) CODES, SCHEDULE B EXPORT NUMBERS AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS: 1986
Product Product description Export Product description Import Product description
code number number
33562 7 1 Titanium Ingots and forgings and 2
extrusion billet................... 630.6520 Titanium ingots, billets, blooms, 629.1460 Unwrought tItanium
sheet bar and slabs
33562 19 Titanlum mill products.............. 630.6510 Wrought titanium metal, Including 629.2000 Wrought titanium metal, including
alloys (excludes sponge, Ingots. alloys (excludes waste, scrap,
billets, blooms, sheet bars, and unwrought metal)
slabs, uaste, and scrap)
For comparability of output, export, and import classification for ingot and billet, assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported as Ingot
or billet in the output codes.
2Figures for imports of ingot and billet also include powder, crystals, and similar primary forms which are excluded from the output and export
DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY
Scope of Survey. This survey covers companies engaged in pro-
ducing titanium ingot, mill products, and castings.
Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication are col-
lected by mail on Bureau of the Census quarterly Form ITA991,
Titanium Metal. The panel for this survey includes all known pro-
ducers of titanium ingot, mill products, and castings,
approximately 48 companies.
Survey Error. Figures for the current quarter include estimates
for panel members for which reports were not received in time
for tabulation. Such missing figures are "imputed" based on
quarter-to-quarter movements shown by reporting firms. Imputa-
tion generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for any one
data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10 percent
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the potential
error in published figures due to nonresponse because the actual
quarterly movements for nonrespondents may or may not closely
agree with the imputed movements. The probable range of dif-
ference between the actual and imputed figures is not precisely
known but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncertainty
regarding the accuracy of the published data, however, increases
as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with imputa-
tion rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.
Revisions to Previous Period Data. Statistics for previous quarter
may be revised due to receipt of corrected data from respondents,
including the receipt of late reports for which estimates were
previously made as described above, and other corrections
Figures which have been revised by more than 5 percent from
previously published figures are indicated by footnotes.
EXPLANATION OF TERMS
Gross Shipments of Mill Products. Represents mill shapes
shipped between producers plus mill shapes consumed in the
production of fabricated products such as forgings.
Net Shipments of Mill Products. Represents gross shipments
less receipts. For detail categories, net shipments also include
consumption in the manufacture of other mill shapes.
Ingot. Includes direct castings of extrusion billet and other
Sheet and Strip. Flat roll mill products with thickness less than
or equal to .187 inch.
Plate. Flat roll mill products with thickness exceeding .187 inch
and greater than 10 inches wide.
Forging and Extrusion Billet. Rounds, squares, and rectangles
with a cross-sectional area greater than or equal to 16 square
inches and width less than 5 times thickness.
Rod and Bar. Rounds greater than \i inch diameter and less
than or equal to 4',' inches in diameter. Squares with cross-
sections less than 16 square inches. Rectangles with widths less
than or equal to 10 inches and thickness less than 3/16 and cross-
sectional area less than 16 inches square.
Fastener Stock and Wire. Rounds with diameter less than or
equal to!2 inch.
Extrusions (Other Than Tubing). Any product of any shape,
except pipe and tubing, produced by forcing heated metal through
Pipe and Tubing. All seamless and welded pipe and tubing.
COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA
The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statistical export and import commodity
classifications were developed independently. This results in con-
siderable difficulty in comparing the three types of data for many
commodity areas. The domestic output classification is based
on type of industry; on the other hand, the export and import
classification system is more materials oriented. Also. there are
a substantial number of imported commodities which have no
comparable domestic output classification. The relationships
shown in this report should be considered only as approxima-
tions, since, in addition to the problems mentioned above, there
are also the following problems affecting the comparability of
the three sets of data.
Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for the three
types of data:
* Domestic Output. Valued at the point of production. It includes
the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and allowances,
exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.
* Exports. Valued at the point of exportation. It includes the sell-
ing price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight, insurance and
other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight.
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing plant
to the export point.
* Imports. Valued at the first port of entry in the United States.
It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty, and other
charges to the import point.
Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because producers'
shipments of some commodities may be used as materials for
incorporation into other commodities, combinations of data for
such commodities may contain a certain amount of duplication.
Thus, percentages of exports to output or imports to apparent
consumption (output plus imports minus exports) at four-digit
or broader levels may be understated. Where duplication is known
to be substantial, the output data are appropriately noted in the
Low-Value Export and Import Transactions. Detailed commodity
information is not included for individual export shipments valued
at not more than $1,000. Generally, detailed commodity infor-
mation is not included for individual import shipments valued at
not more than $1,000. For textiles and textile products, gloves,
footwear, and miscellaneous rubber and plastics products.
detailed commodity information is not included for individual
import shipments valued at not more than $250. This is believed
to have only negligible effects on the statistics for the bulk of
Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind. The value of
manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level often
includes a small amount which is not distributed among the
individual five-digit product classes. Export and import
percentages at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be
Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the
producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports. Export and
import data do not include materials which are incorporated into
other more finished products and exported or imported in finished
form. Thus, by showing only direct exports and imports, the rela-
tion of exports to output and imports to apparent consumption
for intermediate products is considerably understated.
Used Commodities With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt com-
modities are classified in the same import or export codes as is
new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the extent
that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.
Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data reflect the
movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory (in-
cludes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto Rico).
An annual Current Industrial Report also is published in this
series. The annual report summarizes quarterly figures and incor-
porates known revisions for both the current and previous year.
It also provides a single reference copy to replace the quarterly
The Bureau of the Census publishes the following related
Current Industrial Reports
Other Industrial Reports
Foreign Trade Reports
EM 546 Monthly
FT 446 Annually
Aluminum Ingot and Mill
Iron and Steel Castings
Steel Mill Products
Inventories, and Orders
Annual Survey of Manufac-
Census of Manufactures
U.S. Exports Schedule B-
Commodity by Country
U.S. Imports for
Consumption -TSUSA -
Commodity by Country
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