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U.S. Department of Commerce
'BUREAU OF THE CENSUS
The statistics in this publication are based on a survey
manufacturers and represent total U.S. shipments of titanium
mill products, ingot, and castings. Estimates are included for
WZNeX hose reports were not received in time for tabula-
tion. Ardescription of the survey methodology and related in-
formation appears on page 3.
Beginning with 1985, this survey has been converted from a monthly survey to a quarterly survey.
Table I. NET SHIPMENTS *'i TITANTUM MILL P iDOi. T
(Thoi.sar-d ,If p.iund
Fir-r F.,urt t rl;
Product oe criptior quarter H qr
Net sripme nt . . .I I I. I -
FNat ti, p nnt. ......................................I,',' r
Sheet and ;i rip........................ .. ..... .. I 2
Plate.............................. ........ .. J
Forglr.n and extrualuor blliet ..................... .Ro r l. l ..
Rod and bar.............. ...... ............. ..... 1,b 0 1.h I,
Fastener stock and wire........................ ...
Extrusion ................................ -,
Pipe and tubin ..................................
Or the r............................................
Net ;hip.aeiats Is i the 7'.i. c'f -il prod:u t r.ip..nt- ols Il l Pro-.,Lr-- : -,aure.i i n cr.
manrufacturc oi ait.rlcated product :, IeS cotal rea I t=t,.
OData ior sheet 3an strip. plate, tro-r l'otrer tlhr, t utino' lP ar ,. tah I,,. ain ,ther
have beer, co.,bied L ) aed id .It.cLo.jin iooiLviual c ,t.aD. B.rc .
Table 2. TiTANl.ti ItJ3T, MILL PfrlOlii'T -aN ,.Ac' iJIN
,sii WIUs lIin-
\Thousa rdi pOundi,
Inoet Miii prcj.-: :t Lrl C
Quarter and year Pro- Cnn- Shp Erlire Pr.- Nl ;-h.r- ,- .I
duct ior, suipt lon .,e-t Pr ece i r.c irvent rla e= ,1J t : lot .C t -' ., r ,, L=t
FiLr t quarter...................... 21.117 Ii,. .. Hi .ill 1 ., r-r I ..'"-i : i .-:' ,.. i"-
Total2...................... 82,602 I,'2R -., J .1 ] --." i.
Fourth quarter.................... 20,881 21,0i 2. 12 3 i 1 1-. I ?.I II .'' .. .
Third quarter..................... 19.5-.9 Id,3i' -.'12 l I".21; i' I .
Second quarter.................... .8." 2. 0, 3 -,. e 3,i' ,. I .1 .1i .-" -
First quarter..................... lr. ,8 5 21,12 I i ,'1 3,90 f,, 11 .111 I, I II'
(X) Not applicable.
1See footnote 1, table I.
'Inventories for the year are cho e shown fior the fourth quarter.
Address inquiries concerning these figures to U.S. Department of Commerce. International Trade Administration. Materials Division. Washington.
D.C. 20230, or to the Bureau of the Census, Industry Division. Washington, D.C. 20233, or call Don Burgess, (301) 763-7492.
For sale by the Superintendent of Documents. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D C. 20402.
CURRENT INDUSTRIAL REPORTS
ill Products, Ingot,X
FIRST QUARTER 1985
/ N Issued July 1985
Table 1. QUANTITY OF NET SHIPMENTS, EXPORTS, IMPORTS, AND APPARENT CONSUMPTION OF TITANIUM MILL PRODUCTS: 1985 AND 1984
Quarter and year
(Thousands of pounds)
T T i t
Manufac- Exports of
turers' net domestic
shipments merchandise 2
FIRST QUARTER 1985
Total ......................................... In.70B 1.780 11 633 15,561 4
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet5..... 10,653 1,392 13 101 9,62
Titanium mill products ............................... 6.055 388 6 532 6,209 9
Total....... ................................... 1I-,25d 1. 11108 373 11.169
Titanium Ingot and forging and extrusion billet' ... 8,895 1,073 12 106 7,928 1
Titanium mill products................................ 5.363 -09 8 267 5.221 5
For a comparison of Standard Industrial Classification ISIC) codes. Schedule B export numbers, and TSuSA Import numbers, see table L.
2Source: Bureau of the Census report EM 5-1, U.S. Exports.
Source: Bureau of the Census report IM 1-5-U, U.S. Imports for Consumption and General Impiors.
Apparent consumption Is derived by subtracting exports from the total of net shipments plus Imports.
Comparability of output, export, and Import classifications for Ingot and billet assume that bloom, shree bar, and slab are reported
as Ingot or billet in the output numbers. Figures for imports of ingot and billet also Include powder, crystal, and simlltar forms which
are excluded from the output and export numbers.
Table 4. COMPARISON OF STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION (SIC) CODES, SCHEDULE i EXPORT NUMBERS AND TSUSA IMPORT NUMBERS: 1985
Product Product description Export Product description Import Product description
code number nur.ber
33562 741 Titanium Ingots and forging and
extrusion billet................... ,30.6520 Titantln, ingots, billetg, blooms, b29.1460 Unurought titanium
sheet bar and slabs
33562 79 Iltanlum mill products.............. 630.6570 Wrought titanium metal. Including 629.2000 Wrought titanium metal. including
alloys (excludes sponge, ingots. alloys (excludes waste, scrap,
bllletz, blooms, sheet bars, and unwrouRht metal)
slabs, waste, and scrap)
For comparability of output, export, and import classification for ingot and billet, assume that bloom, sheet bar, and slab are reported as ingot
or billet in the output codes.
PFigures for imports of ingot and billet also include powder, crystals, and similar primary forms which are excluded from the output and export
DESCRIPTION OF SURVEY
Scope of Survey. This survey covers companies engaged in pro-
ducing titanium ingot, mill products, and castings.
Survey Methodology. The statistics in this publication are col-
lected by mail on Bureau of the Census quarterly Form ITA991,
Titanium Metal. The panel for this survey includes all known pro-
ducers of titanium ingot, mill products, and castings, approx-
imately 30 companies.
Survey Error. Figures for the current quarter include estimates
for panel members for which reports were not received in time
for tabulation. Such missing figures are "imputed" based on
quarter-to-quarter movements shown by reporting firms. Imputa-
tion generally is limited to a maximum of 10 percent for any one
data cell. Figures with imputation rates greater than 10 percent
The imputation rate is not an explicit indicator of the poten-
tial error in published figures due to nonresponse because the
actual quarterly movements for nonrespondents may or may not
closely agree with the imputed movements. The probable range
of difference between the actual and imputed figures is not
precisely known but is assumed to be small. The degree of uncer-
tainty regarding the accuracy of the published data, however,
increases as the percentage of imputation increases. Figures with
imputation rates above 10 percent should be used with caution.
Revisions to Previous Period Data. Statistics for previous quarter
may be revised due to receipt of corrected data from
respondents, including the receipt of late reports for which
estimates were previously made as described above, and other
corrections. Figures which have been revised by more than 5
percent from previously published figures are indicated by
EXPLANATION OF TERMS
Gross Shipments of Mill Products. Represents mill shapes
shipped between producers plus mill shapes consumed in the
production of fabricated products such as forgings.
Net Shipments of Mill Products. Represents gross shipments
less receipts. For detail categories, net shipments also include
consumption in the manufacture of other mill shapes.
Ingot. Includes direct castings of extrusion billet and other
Sheet and strip. Flat roll mill products with thickness less than
or equal to .187 inch.
Plate. Flat roll mil products with thickness exceeding .187 inch
and greater than 10 inches wide.
Forging and extrusion billet. Rounds, squares, and rectangles
with a cross-sectional area greater than or equal to 16 square
inches and width less than 5 times thickness.
Rod and bar. Rounds greater than % inch diameter and less
than or equal to 4% inches in diameter. Squares with cross-
sections less than 16 square inches. Rectangles with widths less
than or equal to 10 inches and thickness less than 3/16 and
cross-sectional area less than 16 inches square.
Fastener stock and wire. Rounds with diameter less than or
equal to% inch.
Extrusions (other than tubing). Any product of any shape, ex-
cept pipe and tubing, produced by forcing heated metal through
Pipe and tubing. All seamless and welded pipe and tubing.
COMPARISON OF EXPORT, IMPORT, AND
DOMESTIC OUTPUT DATA
The Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) system used for
domestic output and the statisticalexport and import commodity
classifications were developed independently. This results in con-
siderable difficulty in comparing the three types of data for many
commodity areas. The domestic output classification is based
on type of industry; on the other hand, the export and import
classification system is more materials oriented. Aside from the
differences in the basic commodity classifications, there are addi-
tional problems involving import data, since there are a substan-
tial number of imported commodities which are not produced
in the United States or which are produced only in very small
quantities and which, therefore, have no comparable domestic
output classification. The relationships shown in this report
should be considered only as aoproximations, since, in addition
to the problems mentioned above, there are also the following
problems affecting the comparability of the three sets of data.
Valuation. There are different methods of valuation for the three
types of data:
* Domestic Output. Valued at the point of production. It in-
cludes the net sales price, f.o.b. plant, after discounts and
allowances, exclusive of freight charges and excise taxes.
* Exports. Valued at the point of exportation. It includes the
selling price, or cost if not sold, and inland freight, insurance
and other charges to the export point.
Estimated producers' values of exports have also been
developed. These values more closely approximate the values
reported for domestic output because they exclude freight,
insurance, and other charges applied from the producing plant
to the export point.
* Imports. Valued at the first port of entry in the United States.
It includes c.i.f. (cost, insurance, and freight), duty. and other
charges to the import point.
Duplication in Quantity and Value of Output. Because producers'
shipments of some commodities may be used as materials for
incorporation into other commodities, combinations of data for
such commodities may contain a certain amount of duplication.
Thus, percentages of exports to output or imports to apparent
consumption (output plus imports minus exports) at four-digit
or broader levels may be understated. Where duplication is
known to be substantial, the output data are appropriately noted
in the table.
Low-Value Export and Import Transactions. Detailed commodity
information is not included for individual export shipments valued
at not more than $1,000. Generally, detailed commodity infor-
mation is not included for individual import shipments valued at
not more than $1,000. For textiles and textile products, gloves,
footwear, and miscellaneous rubber and plastics products,
detailed commodity information is not included for individual
import shipments valued at not more than $250. This is believed
to have only negligible effects on the statistics for the bulk of
Manufacturers' Shipments, Not Specified by Kind. The value of
manufacturers' shipments at the four-digit industry level often
includes a small amount which is not distributed among the indi-
idual five-digit product classes. Export and import percentages
at the more detailed levels might, therefore, be slightly
Time Lag Between Output and Exports. There will be a lag
between the time a commodity is produced or shipped by the
producer and the time it is actually exported, especially when
intermediaries (wholesalers, exporters, etc.) are involved.
Ordinarily, this type of discrepancy is insignificant in annual
"Direct" vs "Total" Commodity Exports and Imports. Export
and import data do not include materials which are incorporated
into other more finished products and exported or imported in
finished form. Thus, by showing only direct exports and imports,
the relation of exports to output and imports to apparent con-
sumption for intermediate products is considerably understated.
Used Commodities. With a few exceptions, used or rebuilt com-
modities are classified in the same import or export codes as
is new merchandise. Percentages are thus overstated to the ex-
tent that used or rebuilt products are significant in trade.
Geographic Area of Coverage. Import and export data reflect the
movement of merchandise into and out of U.S. foreign trade
zones, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the U.S. customs territory
(includes the 50 States, the District of Columbia, and Puerto
An annual Current Industrial Report also is published in this
series. The annual report summarizes quarterly figures and incor-
porates known revisions for both the current and previous year.
It also provides a single reference copy to replace the quarterly
The Bureau of the Census publishes the following related
Current Industrial Reports
Aluminum Ingot and Mill
Iron and Steel Castings
Steel Mill Products
Magnesium Mill Products
Other Industrial Reports
Foreign Trade Reports
EX 546 Monthly
IM 145 X Monthly
Inventories, and Orders
Annual Survey of Manufac-
Census of Manufactures
U.S. Imports for Consump-
tion and General Imports
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1980 Edition of U.S.
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edition of the Correlations of Selected Export and Import Classifications Used in Compiling U.S. Foreign Trade
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commodity and geographic trade statistics in summary reports in the current program.
Unless otherwise noted, the classifications in this book are those in effect January through December 1980.
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