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Planters' Punch

lion anui npii.tly ili'lighted. So.all that nut had It,
d'- was i iito ni[po ,.- oni-Belf iL a i-a king chair or .ill
a sofa lntil a.buiiir irinre I lock. which was Lb.- n-iual
h.ir r'ilr retiring all river t rle iilntry. A. t nine
o'..lo:k oine took o' P adl,-.- and r-paired o .onI-'s
Li-rl.l'niom there, if trie inosqlit-i: net ias in good clrn-
dillioln i "l(ch ii utollen was 1 not and it.it wre nt,,
1111Miin er' one tnmilit hople jt'f'r goo)' Bigilt's re.rt.
Illll<-trwSte y-ou i would share your bed with the i.nrs-
qltiiti.-s. an li perhaps a larie t.-a krritll-h 'or two would
a iawl in tlu see hl:'w you weie gettiug-'onl and to
listen tu iins what you I.h,'ught and said a'lixit
Jaiiiaii j.' leading viry Thie tCu. ki t ac-he-- iually got
lisetl t. lit-arin- had laneiage at aboh'it midnight.
Th- baths 'wre plai'el in I;iltl Lihtil:bouse- in
Ih.- \ard. r I the- rear of the mair luialldine. These
lialhs were Iuill rit if brik q- stoipe and r l mrtar, cold
to t.he tlnch, and filled yih fh watbr irawin h. a punlp
Iromn a well on thIe prenmist-s or from I ipes when
t.ltli se ." -r- e-ventuiill laid. tiinning hot \ater was
linknown jYou never alikedl for it. but if you
haul, it would have been stuplind in a tiny ket-
tle. the servant girl bolilly entering th-e bath-
lil'milse wiitlhoLt mnitih reward to : our mtate of IndirEss
at tihe Ilioneit. tor a little thing like that would not
-reially distirb her particular aense of the proprie-
tiee. One [act you realized. which was that you were
nor in Jamaica for pleasure but tor business and so
(lld not expect ixutiries. Those were not the days
of winter cruises and a perpetual movement of tour-
itre As likely as u,:o yol might inutra'rt 'soihe mal-
ignant f"ter and die. The kau sedge of that Wept'
y=-ii frill wvorryine about the little comforts you
night miss.
In tle i(otntry.v hen you stopped at an inn,
you found the accommodation even more primitive.
Tlhert. was reason for that. Not many persons ever
spent more than one night at these- places: it tas
chiefly for food and for liquid refreshment that the'e




inns were furnished Usually journeys were ac-
complished in sort stages before the advent of the
railway train and the motor car. and if you were
moving about for pleasure it was Jprobable -hat- ou
had planned to spend the night at some private
house. If you were a resident you ruigjt know..the
householder or have a letter of introduction to him.
If you were a stranger to the island and f'unishled
with letters of introduction, you would always find a
welcome if you called, and always you would be
offered-you and iyours-bed and board for as long
as you chose to accept them. Indeed, letters of in-
troduction were not considered actually necessary.
Hospitality was the colony's chief iirtue. it was what
you could always count upon. Drive up to any of
the Great Houses scattered about the countryside,
and you would be greeted as though an old and
valued triend and would bi- pressed to have dinnllli
and to pass the night. Next day ou would prob-
ably be asked t11 v.,u really must gu. or would y1ii
not find it mur,- ,Lont uient to stay a day or twio?
Nut was the invitation a mere formality. It was
meant, and freiqui-rtly it was at o-pted. 'I hi was the-
custom of the country, and tie inn-kept r.V knew it
and arranged accordingly
If you stopped at one'h i nn, well and good. it
you did not, wrll. God was still in his heaven and.
somehow, all would lie rieht with the earth. But
suppose you determined to pass the uignt say. at
the Moneaeure Inu. You have come friom St Anns
Bay. a town nt miii trian t(%etty mlies distant. lit
the ponie's hav keoIlC.uied some three or fourth hiur-'
in bringing .,u over ware.'thi-d rTclad and you do
not care to cross lMount Diablo .at ni-ght Tihat liiil
is only four nmilt, long: but the hlrse-, will walk
almost the whole way: you have to dint at Moneague.
so why not sl.ep there and continue the journey. tio-
morrnw! The landlad--thlere always wa, a land-
lady-is agreeable. Dinner? Certainly. What
does she have? Etcrything Everything turns out
to be ham and eggs it you are hungry, or a e.hicken
that can be caught. killed and cooked if you are
inclined t.) wait. If you de-cide upon the thicken,.
you shortly hear th- sharp cries of the creature
which is being chased round the yard; apparently
it guesses the fate in store for it. And later on, by
the dim light (if an oil lamp. you discuss your meal
and then retire to a dingy bed. quite content with
what is given, tor yolu knew what to expect bheiore-
Yet one of two of these inns were famous meet-
ing places and have won fame in story if not in
song. Joseph Conrad gives a description of the
Ferry Inn in his "Romance": his sketch of the build-
ing, his picture of the gathering there of gentlemen
going from Kingston to Spanish Town and Spanish
Town to Kingston. of the fight that occurred there,
and of the consequences of that right.'nr Flbe in the
remembrance of everyone who has.rji4 the novel.
Other writers hate celebrated the Fer4 Inn. The
distance from Kingston to Spanish Town is but
thirteen miles. and the Inn was about halfway be-
tween them. ,One travelled by coatch in those days.
and after a drve ot six or seven miles through
clouds of duit'and pitiless heat one ielt the need
of rest and retreshmnena..The entire journey from
Kingston to Spanish IAwn now is done in half nal
hour by rail or automobile, and even a good pair of
horses will.achieve it in an hour. I susipeit. indeed.
that it was not so mucl the length of time that the
passage took. which compelled travellers to stop at
the Ferry Inn: it Aaas the necesity, they felt to
have a drink nr several drinks within an hour or

so. You stopped almost automatically at some place
of refreshment in the old Jamaica days. You were
always dry and needed to be wet. So these rest
houses were reared and stood there, by the roadside.
invitingly: but the railways came and men ceased
to travel by coach as much as they were once com-
pelled to do. and then the motor I.ars made their ap-
pcaranie-, and the final doom of the inns was pro-
noiiunt dl
Speed instead of leisure became the order of the
dlay. anid after travelling for sixty instead of six
miles the traveller wanted something better than
the old iann. taverns ur Halls could afford. In 1891
Jamaica suddenly tiiund lihrself equipped with some
good hotels. the two finest being situated in Kings-
ton and in Lower St. Andrew. and everybody who
came to the < country naturally went to Myrtle Bank
or Constant Spring Not long ago the Constant /
Spring Hotel went up in flames. To-day the IMyrtle
Bank Ilotel'is nu iwn I\erywhere as one of the best
hostels in the western tropics.
This hoter has not been built merely, it has
evolved i it has grown Myrtle Bank was known and
famou-s years before a hotel ruse upon its site. It
appears that onu e upnu a linli myrtle grew there
plentifully. myrtle trees emblematic if sadness and
mourning and much utilised by masons at their
funeral cpremonies. Who originally owned the
place only re t-arch will discolver. hut smle forty
or fifty .\ears ago it passed inr., the hands of a
S ptgman whil e.t a a nl-wspaper proprietor. James
0..11 by name. and he built on it a number of cot-
tage-s whi, h became- a falourite rc.sorrt of Jamaica
people who wished for a holiday by the seaside Mr.


Gall was a man of \ersatile tastes. At one season
the Myrtle Bank would le given over to the holding
of a great lottery-the law was leni.-nt on lotteries
in those days. Then he would .-iffer a change of
heart or a change of head. and it was w idel ail-
nounced that the Salvation Arm) was prepared to
convert you at Myrtle Bank [or nothing, the trifl-
ing collection taken up not being considered as the
money and price of salvation. The same people
who flocked to the lotteries would go to Myrtle
Bank to listen to Salvation Army officers pointing
out the way to heaven: after these had done what
they could with a stiffnecked generation Mr. Gall
would think of something else, and Myrtle Bank
would thus retain its reputation for variety. A lot-
tery on a secular night and a pleasant Sunday after-
noon on Sunday would not be ronldered incongru-
ous. Then the Government purchased the site. erect-
ed a hotel for tourists, arranged that the conveni-
ences ffercd toi visitors should be different from
what had previously been given. and the first chap-
ter in the tourist history of Jamaica opened.
But another development was to take place. The
earthquake of 1907. which brielght aubut so many
needed reforms in Kingeton. and which must be re-
garded as one of the nist beneitcnt occurrences
for which a devout pwr.ple should never cease to
praise Providence-that earthquake shattered the
hotel and left ir a mass of ruins. It was shortly
after this that Mr. E. R. Grabow, an American hotel
man. appeared upon the scene in the form of an in-
novator Kingston had no hotel There were lodg-
ing hounss. there still were taverns, but the old
Halls had long ,inre been converted from hostels
into Government buildings, and the earthquake had
done for them also. Let us construct a modern hotel,
said Mr. Grabow to the people of Kingston:- let us
erect something that shall be hitter than anything
we had before. shall be earthquake proof, and shall
he an attraction to vi-itors. He forined a company,
and the present ,trctiture. California mission style
of artnitecture. rose rapidly on its foundations. It
linok., a,- if constructed out of concrete. As a matter
r'f fact it is of wood with a facing of imitation con-
crete. And in every room there is running water,
hbt. and c.old. and there are baths attached to the
roomni as well as common bathrooms on every floor,
aud when the buiildlng and grounds were sold to the
United Fruit Company in 1918 some further improve-
ments were effected. tile grounds wr-re made more
beautiful than before, an annex added, a sea-bath
built. a ballroom toustrucled. and the bar enlarged
for the particular convenience of American visitors
who, full of enthusiasm for prohibition', are never
tired of drinking to its su-eess.
In the hotel history of Jamaica. in the effort to
make of this island a touri.-t resort to rival Havana,
the Bahamas. 'Bermuda. Mr. Grabow must always be
remembered. He indircld the United Fruit Company
to erect a spacious hotel at Port Antonio, a hotel on
the top of a hill. lookitig down upon a wonderfully
picturesque harbour, with a garden clinging to the
sides of the eminence on which it stands. Thus the
United Fruit Company oiwns and operates, under the
general management of Mr. Grabow. and with Mr.
T. G. S. Hookt as resident manager, the two largest
hotels in Jamaica, which also rank among the finest
in all the West Indies and Central America. In the
South Camp Road Hotel. too, Kingston possesses
another fine, up-to-date hostel; built by local capital
and efficiently managed, it is as different as is the
Myrtle Bank from the old Halls of the city. It is



S1927 -PLAN-TERS' -PUN C-H 5

celebrated for its cooking and for its care of its
guests. Never has change been greater than that
I which has taken place in the city's hotels. And
with the-advent of them has -come also a distinct
Alteration in the city's and in the island's social life.
The retiring 'hour of Jamaica, it has been earlier
mentioned in this sketch, was nine o'clock at night.
It was considered to be hardly respectable to be out
' of bed much later, unless one was coming from the
Theatre, a church entertainment, or a priLate dance.
But the big hotels of Kingston and of Port Antonio,
the Myrtle Bank, the Constant Spring. the jitchfield
and the South Camp Road Hotels, began to give
balls, to cater for banquets, to arrange billiard con-
tests and the like: they provided fine orchestras,
they specialised in brilliant illumination, and then
society" began to sit up and take notice. Other
hotels also-two excellent ones in Montego Bay. the
Manor House in St. Andrew. and still others,
have adopted the practice of arranging for dances
and other forms of entertainment. Society had
confined itself largely hitherto to afternoon teas.
small private parties, and, naturally, for the men
anyhow, heavy drinking. Society did.not decide to
abandon drinking: too much Innovation must be
avoided if sane social health is to be maintained.
said society. But it resolved upon a more public
form of social recreation; the hotel dances have
therefore become far more popular than private en-
tertainments, the dinners at the hotels are constant
and appreciated events. And now. winter after win-
ter. thousands of visitors come to the island from
the United States, Canada and England, and night
after night the island's hotels are filled with strang-
ers and with local pleasure-seekers, and sometimes
the enjoyment is hectic.
Kingston and the adjacent Lower St. Andrew for
years were the centre of attraction for visitors, and
that they still are. A capital city possesses advant-
. ages which provincial towns do not. Yet, recently,
a diffusion of tourist patronage had been observable,
and now no visitor is content with spending all his
time in Kingston. He ranges the island in motor
cars; he wants to go to Titchfield in Port Antonio,
where the scenery of the surrounding country ap-
peals to him, he thinks of Moneague and Mandeville.
situated nearly two thousand feet above sea level
and in the heart of the island, and cool in summer
as well as in winter. He longs for the delightful
and far-famed sea-bathing of Montego Bay. There
Is said to be no better bathing in the world, and
the two hotels there are excellent. An English-
man, Sir Herbert Barker, came here some years
,ago, bathed at Montego Bay daily, burnt him-

self black In the sun, then returned to England to
preach the wonder's of the Jamaica sun-baths. "He
had won fame as a bone-setter, or manipulative sur-
geon; his name was known all' over the British
world. And whenever he could, by pen and tongue,
he praised Montego Bay. "So now .people travel-
thousands of miles to visit Mont;ego Bay, and new
hotels have sprung up there, and others will follow.
Jamaica, indeed, is but on the threshold of hotel
construction When the fashion of Florida has sub-
sided somewhat, that of Jamaica is certain to begin.
The country's scenery is its permanent asset.
The drives along its northern coast simply cannot
be surpassed. It offers many climates: there is the
heat of its lowlands, the cool of its uplands, the cold
of its mountain tops. Everywhere is easily access-
ible from everywhere else: its thousands of miles of
roads, its hundreds of motor cars, make travelling
easy in these days: and travelling is not dear; The
cost of living has risen in Jamaica as in every other
country since the war; it is true that this island is
no longer one of the cheapest places in the world.
as perhaps it was some twenty-five or thirty years
ago. But its cheapness then was largely a result
of poverty, existence in the island then was meagre.
the difference between then and now is the difference
between the tavern and the hotel. But, no matter
the date, travelling was never cheaper than it is
to-day.. Forty years ago a buggy and a pair of
horses may not have cost much for a journey of,
say, a hundred miles, but it took you three days to
make the journey, and that meant at least two nights
upon the rqad. Now the same distance is traversed
in five or six hours, and there need not be a stop
except for Punch. Still earlier-'eighty or ninety
years ago-travelling was very expensive as well as
disagreeable. To go from Kingston to Spanish Town
cost about one pound four shillings, and from Kings-
ton to Morant Bay (less than forty miles might cost
as much as five pounds ten shillings. In these days
a trip to Morant Bay and back is at the most three
guineas, and three or four persons can share a motor
car. Later on a regular motor car service will be
put in operation, and then travelling will become
much cheaper thau it is. This is a development
which is as certain as was the evolution of the inn
and tavern into the modern hotel.
Meantime the people of those parts of the island
which give abundant promise of becoming favourite
holiday resorts for tourists are busy thinking on bow
they may improve their towns and hill stations
In these days the visitor loves to find everywhere
the conveniences and accommodation he is accus-
tomed to in the best hotels of Europe and America.

Running water in his room he desiderates: if possi-
ble he would also like a bath attached to his room.
Tpe question of water, therefore, comes very promin-
ently, into the ccIsiderat4on of those who have hotel
construction or improvement in their minds, or of
towns which believe that in time they will cater for
hosts of visitors..
There is the town of Mandeville for instance:
Mandeville with its cool and bracing climate, its
upland, its pure air, its exquisite drives over well-
made mountain roads. This is almost the very
centre of the island: it stands nearly two thousand
feet above sea level, it is less than three hours run
by motor car from Kingston, and is but sixteen miles
from the nearest railway station. It lacks one im-
portant requisite-sufficient water for development.
But now the authorities of Mandeville are seriously
considering bringing an abundant extra supply of
water from the Peace River some eighteen miles dis-
tant, and they will certainly decide to do this. They
believe in the future of this delectable hill station,
and they will play their part in improving its for-
There is Moneague. A lovelier spot it would be'
hard to find in Jamaica. At nights it Is always cool
at the Moneague: one can have golf there, and tennis;
one can easily reach from there the celebrated bath-
ing place at Dunn's River and visit the beautiful
waterfalls of St. Ann. But. like Mandeville, Mon-
eague also needs more watcr if it is to develop
as a large tourist resort, and the talk there is of
constructing mammoth tanks or reservoirs. _Mon-
tego Bay, too, faces its water question. It is con-
sidering whether it shall obtain an extra supply
from a river running behind the hills at the foot of
which it is built. This means expenditure. but the
town has many energetic and farseeing leaders, they
are all devoted to its welfare, and they will face
the expenditure if they must. They are now trams-
forming Montego Bay from a dark and dismal settle-
ment-as it appears at nights-to a little centre of
life and civilization illuminated with electricity.
The Right Hon. J. H. Thomas, the well-known
English Labour Leader, said in a published inter-
view in England after his return from a visit to
Jamaica. that if the island were but about four days
distant from England English people would flock to
it instead of to the South of France in winter. Even
as it is, English visitors do come and will come to
Jamaica. America nod Canada. however, are not
much more than four.days' journey away. and with a
greater knowledge of Jamaice the people of Canada
and the United States will regard it as a favourite



MI'.- lll.I. Mi.L I.Lli
Thel r Ilntl liel-I d ualu 1iil. r ,. M3rl Tlirnm.l vil ll.-r Pr.~. id1,-ni 1 l
%lluntit* ril ( ..i. iti-. In .alnniiq a folr a, ilrlt l' na I 11' iii inllr.r
o*f '1111 h, p.*.rf. ru, r li-il .i Jadnulta .ilhurtli

Wire of Sir Alexander Bannerman. Bart.. nou rreide. partly in Jamaica and
pnrlil. in England. la.d.) Bannermann i- rertrd,-d an acgulbilion tl Jalinuica
.uilel.v. .'he ir much nllerNt il. in lireruLnit

Itntiful daughter of Mr. A. H. -liorkl..y, director of the Eller4.
unil lffir-. Shipping Coy.. i.t a fre'rint unIitor to Jamaica, and
a Hnlrnm I pirli'lpant in onr .roial funrtlon. In the ninler. MlEW
Sito(kler. ha). that one of her ranourile recreation& irs visitingg
.our beauriul island"

Wife of the Colonial Ieeretary of Jamai.a, it one of the island's leading hoslesses
and lakes an auliie Intert-ri in Social Hi lfare Work


C_ __ ___~~ I_~




I Jamaica Hostesses and En ritainers


L -HE Governor's wift is, of
course. the leading lhIdy and
hos.t'-.- of Jamnica It is on
re-'ort that some Governors' ..
ladii have rot been hos'esses. or
haid hb-ni .so as Ititle as they pos-
sibl- could le. Yet the position of
first ,,is.Lss h.a, been theirs by pr--
acripi ion jnd by right, and it is one
which requir-e, a great d.:.l of tact
anil energy to fill: it makes large de-
maniid'i ipo.i the time and disposition
or the lady who may be the helpmeet
of J A n.ilca' Governor.
L.-dy. Stubbs is admittedly a
thoughlriil .ndi charming hostess,
fulfilli.e h. ,* .orial duties with un-
wrrying paiil-iie and kindliness.
Her parties are considered by those
whii liha., hJl the pleasure of being
prc-nat at them as possessing a
qualitN of sufficient intinacry to make
the- g.',-ts f-el thoroughly at home;
the great b.Ill on the occasion of the
King'-, last 'birthday. over which she I
preiili-d, wa, voted by the hundreds
of persons wao attended it as being
tbr minst brilliant function of the The charming
kind which this generation has wil- D'Co('ol is
nes-'d at King's House. Dinners,
Tennis parties. "At Homes," and uth-r fornims of en
Urtainment are ons-tuntlv g!vi:n at King's House in
these days. andi bith r-sitd-nis in and visitors to the
island aur nt -r'- in their -ippreelation of a cordial
and ilguilli-t huspita.iil.
(.'.,nlin ;ailtr Lad. tiibhhs are manv ladip s w ",.
uphold the colony'ss lepuitZion for hospitality, and
a penlat .-roial lie.. un, of 'nb first of these is Mrs.
Jelf. the wife utf Jamai a's Colonial Sec.retary. For
sont seven mninths. immediately after his arrival
bert. Mr. Jelt acted at, Governor, and during his;
regime Kiiin'g H.-tusce nttrtained brinterimilv. N-I.
Jelf was then itr hostess. anrl she too most admir-
ably maintained the traditions of the position u ne
temporarily ut i'illri -d.
It was Mr W'ells-Durrant, the Attorney General.
S who. sonie year' aco.a at a \ry dismal and stodgy
"At lifnnic" nhert-e .-er.ioue wa as bored, was heard
ton expresss a desire to murder the man or woman
who first invented this particular for'n of entertain-
ment. Whether it the- irig!nal author ot ".At Homnt'"
had be-n prseit Mir. Wells Durrant would have doiin-
more than conpliniiet hii uni the bhillian:vv of hia
idea mav be. dliiibtrd, for l.niai.-d's Attorney General
is adnitt-dl.\ a man of most humane disposition whoi
endavours to make the best of everrynn and if
vpyry'hine H' i- o. awitl Iiis wide experience. woiild
be the first to admit. and has indeed admilied l' *I
there are "At Homes' and "'At Homes": it all de-
pends upon th' hnotess. the preiple gathered, ile
spirit of ilb.1 atertronn and. perhaps. the quality of
the whisky and cigars It has h-een asserted. indeed.
that more dependrl ron lth quality of the whisky
than on any other factor, hut we may take that to
be the ri-mark >if a misanthrope. After all, people
have het*- kin.in to grow happy upon tea. and
though tile possibility oif'this may he d.iobt-.d hb
Sthose- who Cran on1 l se'e in 1leta pernliouis beycra'-.i.
Sand in whliikv scrni-mtinti intendled tn iunpir-e i l
noble I h.. -lii" aril ; nCl rir- vi m:niry i y.juI h aind
maiden t ill fi-.d tea taste like rectair
Sof the gods if only tliey ran drink It
togeit'l.r. A: our J.imaica social r'.-
Suni,; '. hlov. e r. while theri is iusual-
ly te, there .;re also many-.nther r.e
treshmenta It is lerceiveil lhy all
wise hostet:..s that middle neecd men
de not -hare the raptureis of yvoui! I
and ma;dein--they .have not the
Ever:.thing passes, old risltcom m
give place to new. W.- entertain
miucl to-da.\, though perhaps. not
quite as lavishl as did our afne's-
tors: but th v \ entertained differently
and we preft-r our own nietlihods. AIl-
ways has t!." i ;i:vernor's residen':p-
be.-n the cenre ot the I-lind's so inl
life. but whbrt a different sort of :en-
tre and what a different sort of life
it was when, ray. a Lady Nugent pre-
sided over K:ng's House. The amus-
Ing thing ab >ut this differrene, too,
is that a Governor's wife like Lady
Nugent was a woman of refinement
Swho was sincerely shocked by the
gastronomical capabilities of her
guest- and thi' Gargantuan feasts pro-
vided for herself and her husband wife of Mr. 9
by those who entertained them. In Widcomb. 11.
our day the Governor gives a formal sion an

duughler of Mr. lrred H. D'Co.Ia. Ir here seen on her favon
a lerv keen anid expert horsewonutn. She was presented at C

I -

S J ;~

Wif,_--flf-CMlrTd Ilhillip-.. ttturn.,s mr "r. .,arn r-tihe III
the Parihim of Sf. C(therinne., i- il uni lihl ItiIn 'iuin ia nilly.
hlluillh birn in the I'ntted i lPra Mr.. Ih'illlp. nuw lii,--
in Jamnii i

I. C. Blark. Is a Canadian lady nnw resident in Jamaica. Mr
Andrew. her mountain home. which command. H namagnlncen
id St. Andrew. Mrs. Black is here seen with one of her h Iou

.* dinner to mr-mbers of the Legislative
Council on the otaslin of'its first
assembling for business; one din-
'ner' a year is the general" rule. In
Lady'Ntitenr's lday these formal ex-
I. ises in. gastronomvy were tar more
I reiluent- a Wekly affair. A6 she
wrote in her Diary one day when she
feared that tlir baby" might.get ill:
"Kept all my anxiety fthom my dear
N, who is obliged to remain'at King's
S House as it is !Wednesdav. and 'hi
.dinn-,r day tV. the A. semgly. Forty or'
friftl dine wilt him on this day every
'week." It must have been a terrible
thing for a G.uviernor to have to enter-'
tain forty or fifty va'maica politicians
Ir':iier ev.. iy.wepk; the chanrrging
of this cutLtoml to once a year must
ha1-A been regarded as a most impor-
tint politic al reform by the Gover-
nor who iarr'ed it through. bne ha4
an idea that this change took plaen
as one of the many results of the
Morant Bay Rebellion of li65. Those
Srehcl', wre-'the most beneficent of
social ri former.
S- Laly Nigent givf-sUps a brief.
rile honre. Mi.m glimpse .of : Christmas Dinner at
'ourtln-I2 tht1 r )ld Kinsg House a huidred and.
-twe;,iatfirve yards ago. "Dided in the
ball-room. everything in confusion. A had dinner:rno,
servants to attend: and' I am sorry;to say. niore than
hilf our family tipsy." But Christman has,always
been considered in Jainaica .Is a time of 'gitimate
tipsyfiration-not that other occasions are 4oasidere'd
illegitimate. of course. At Christmastide in'this coun-
liy to be tipsy Is almost to be virtuous. And why, in
I.1ll, should a Giim ernor s t olIli nU.t set the ei' ',
example? The only question if. was sch an example'
really required? ..
Lrnfortanately, in Itaiy. Nugant's lime, Governors
did not always set a gnod example in rpany matters
tiiii'h in odr more fattidiots lay we should cnnsid-r
imperative. r us illustrate The ex-Oovernor,
Lord Ralcarres.,-horn General Nueent succeeded.
was still in the isntand when the Nug'en(s arrived,
and of course they saw a ,ioiud deal of him. One
fiels sure they always receirLvdr him warmly and
made him teel welcome. but we ktnow what Lady
Nugent really thought of him. "I wish." she wrote
in her Diary. Lord B. mild waali his hands, and
use a nail-brush. for the black edges of lhii nails
ri.ally make me si:ki. lHe has. beside- an extra-
ordinary propfnsity Lit dip hih fine2ire inrl 1 every
d:sh. Yesterday he absolitel\ helped himself to
i-me 'rica..,see with his ~iirr Mii.e:r. .ial thumb One
s'ipposes Lord Baltaires would have said: -what is
the use of having been a Gove!-rnor it vimi are not frr-'
to pilt your fingers in a dish? He must have done
it pretty often. seeing that it was a lal'iit with him.
Yet in none of tie histories of Jamaita is the fart
eve-n hinted at. Lady Nugent indee-d is the to-ly per-
,on who mention it At entertainm-tits at the old
Kini's H1irsge iwhichi ka ttion sitLuafe- 4n Spanish
Townli i was rI-garded:as nothing that th.- Gowriior
-hliould '-.t will his Rnogers and huave dirt riails.
\\-i,'. acrt priiie the great inan's hospkali-ty. would
alle for a little rting:like that?
Such a dinner an,- demonstration woiiid be im-
po- Esibl at the Kinc's H'iis,- w'- **-. isirde, Sir
Edlaid .and Lady Stihb).: buit other
lini-s. other manners. The crowds
that assemble to-da.. when the Gov-
irnyr and his wife entertain on a con-
i,':ltrt b[i -,ralt-.. re et. orlus:'-siber--
in pl...rari e at any rate-?refined,
.uint none tihe less atinimated and gay.
At ar \ ,f the gereit social ftnetions
orli .i] l-d on-tl given bh\ rluts oiety
le.alcrs. Mrs Vickers. Mrs. .Telf. and
itl i-zrs. or by oreanisations ascmh as
the iJamai'a Imperial association the
J.rpaJ,a. Li..!:aneu and St. Andrew
Cluhs. the Green Howards' Offiiers,
uid so on. tliere is nevi-t la-k of re-
nenshinents. nr -vr stint of any kind,
biLt always a.4tanllard nf conduct t is
maintauineq .'whi:h would probably
havu Iep'el1 consideredd innecessaary
Sanid etlrioi4 in the days of our fore-
.fathers. Ybt there can he no dlouilt
S l'bit" It-r.tt we enjoy ourselves
nmre than did the Jamaicans of a
ecuttury agn; we enjoy nirsehtes bet-
ter than did the JamaitCapa of twenty
years ago. In the winter season.
from the beginning of December to
the end of Anril. sorirtv here lives in
.. Black Ilven at a whirl of caiety. Its chief orna-
t view of King- mlcats are the women, many of them
irile dogs. lov\'ly and young.



Reminiscences if the Earthquake of20 Years Ago


JANUARY4-127 is the twentietfh anniversary of
Sthe, Lt great Jamaica Earthquake:' As it is
the fashton to celebrate all sorts,-of iniver--
sarles it should not' be out of place to say, In
Planters"a itch a few words n, coitmemoratlbar
of what was grtan.ly an interesting if not precisely
a welcome event.
One may dot this all the nmpe lighthearted be-
cause earthquake l of any ii6portance 'are *-o~ very
rare occurrence. 'Thbgaiw0d outside the earthquake
zone Imagineetbat.. Jpjnds within it are terribly
shaken at' frequent intervalss, but that is not the
r'Je. So far as the available records sh wa'#Jamt~ca
has had. only about three earthqutake"of real*
respectable proportions during four hutlid years,
and only two of these accomplished'ani damage to
speak of.
Those living In what they considerop be safety
often wonder how 'it is thal people wl1 continue
to inhabit a country where earthquakes: or volcanic
eruptions take place.'But who would willingLy pull up
his stakes because of such a little thing as. an eartin.
quake? If you kew it was coming it.-might be
different; bat wh* once it has come and is over
you are pretty Certain that you have nothing more
to fear from it for the term of your natural life.
it is so different with the, ordinary dangers of ex-
istence. There Is the possibility of ptomaine poison-
ing in every mouthful of canned foods, there are
potentialities of typhoid fever
in drinking water, the fly we .._. ...
have always with us, and the t .
scientists have nhw depicted -
the fly as one of tpe menaces
of life. The death rate from ,
influenza and pneumonia' is .
high iu temperate climates,
death from automobile acci- .
dents might %well make one ..
hesitate to drive a car or cross
a street in a populous Ameri-
can city. Yet pebflle continue
to eat canned foods, drink.
water, drive cars, walk about
streets, and do a number of
other risky and dangerous
things In spite of the death-
rate statistics And they don't
seem to be conscious of ie
fact that they are playing wit
fate far more recklessly than
if they lived at the base of
a well established v o ld no
which does its little eruption at
long intervals, or resided in a
so-called earthqltake country
where a first clagt sick is
only experienced once i ry
hun4red-years or s.. ;
Then think of the Pny ad-
vantages.ota really. ap cablee
earthquake. The small ones
don't count, they* do, othig
save g ere-ot .P u4 thrill,.
It is i&tfetent twhKsuch a
'quake h that whh'i sugh .oldt I.r BABTHI-A
Port al or ihiook~ dow n iUTON. ONE OF T
Kingstob .on a bri. Mvpnda% .' i
afternoon ih Jang 190-".
catastrophe of sucbdi.raeusiodi is calculated t evoke
the very finmc..hnma naemnotions for at last tventy-
four hoars, to say nothing of drawing the world's at-
tentiop to a city cqfntry perhaps hardly thought of
before. .
It may4pe'of idtereattto recall something of what
took place.:j. Kingston 0in Japuary, 1907; that at
any rate. should show. that tlhre is an excellent*
aide to earthquakes.
The thing began, with a slrp sudden wind
which blep I papers off desks: and ent the duit of
the thoroaabfares- u tirllag along ia a dense cloud
for tmjles. rsnyjay after camde a sound as
though a. thousI ch.idta- were bting driven at'
full speed aver rough tteven groidJ and then
buildings began- to datice:.fh.jazzy fashon and. to
topple over in every.diretion.Thif see d to last
half an houtr. As a :mattel-,JMfact its d9l tion was
not quite thirty seconds:.,: d ilted a silece so in-
tense that .it-seemed pas. tbt(UA no h tnan "being
were left alive in the city, and theAtst persons who
rushed out of wrecked stores and offices into the
streets gazed terror-stricken upbn piles of debris
and gaunt skeletons of edifices, above which still
hung the dust of the fallen capital.
Then, piercingly, came from here, there, the next
place-everywhere--- universal cry of "Lord have
mercy!" This Is the slogan Invariably raised when
an earthquake has taken place and all danger is
past. It is regarded as a sort of talisman against
personal injury, but has never been known to be
uttered by anyone who has been wounded. S9'ch a
person, one regrets to say, exhibits a marked ten-

Sdency to indulge in strong language; mercy not
having been shown to him, he declines now to solicit
it- or to render thanks that his hurt is not more
serious. On January 14th, 1907, the uninjured sur-
vivors shrieked out their prayers while the suffer-
ers expressed uncomplimentary opinions about earth-
quakes and those who did not at once hasten to their
assistance. This, as it were, established a proper
balance between prayer and profanity, and helped to
bring those who prayed to a practical reallsation of
the necessity for action'.
The wounded were rescued from perilous posi-
tions, and a general exodus to the upper part of the
city immediately began. One well known agnostic
was beard to declare that btis was the time to turn
one's thoughts to higher things: an unexpected
conversion had evidently taken place. Already the
sound of singing was to be heard in different quar-
ters of the town: the hymns all expressed the view
that the Day "' Judgment had arrived and tiat the
sheep were r t to be separated from tht- roats.
On the whole, the idea of separattlp seemed distaste-
tul; apparently the shep pref area bad comoanv
for the present. They were willing tafremain on
iarth a little longer. The'goats did not seem to mind I
what might happen to them or to thesheep While
bhe latter sang lustily and marchqg towards the
bills and safety, the goats lingered behind in thel
Truined streets te' see if anything In the way of loot '

S. -.... ..



might be had, and for their faith in material things
they were abundantly rewarded.
In the upper part of the city almost every house
had been wrecked, but there was no fire to fear in
. .those quarters, and the yards were big enough to
permit of camping out without dread of being hit
by falling buildings. ..A whole population camped
South that night, many thousands of them in the huge
open space of ground, about a mile and'a half from
the seashore, which was usually dedicated to horse
racing and known as the Kingston Race Course. At
tliat time a circus was giving exhibitioma in Kingston,
and in the circus were three lions and one great
elephant. Startled by the quivering of the earth
Which did not cease for several boonrs the lions
roared lugubriously and the elephant shrilly trumpet-
ed all during the night of the fateful ifth Jauajry.
and these sounds, joined to the nose oT multitudin-
ous voices proclaiming in song that "Days and mo-
ments quickly "ying, blend the living with the
dead; soon-shall you and I be lying, each within
his narrow bed." did not tenu exactly to encourage
a spirit of liveliness. It did not seem at all neces-
sary that anyone should just then raise the re-
port that the lions had escaped from the circus:
yet, presumably in the interests of varying the ter-
ror, this was precisely what someone did. And then
it was astonishing to find how many nersons dis-
covered lions lurking where no lion could have been.
The three beasts were seen simultaneously in a
hundred different impossible places.
But while fear reigned, friendliness was also -
manifested as It never had been before. Men who

_I ~~


had not spOken to one another for years embrace#
each other as they met and professed .the utmost
joy at each other's escape. It is pleasing to be
able to relate that a couple of weeks later normal
relations were resumed between these, and tt'at they
passed one another looking in the opposite direction,
and inade the cusmrmary libellous remarks about
one another's chaatcier. The barriers of social
difference were broken down. Young men, who had
vainly tried to know young ladies in a higher social
circle, now addressed the latter with the greatest
ease and famlyarity, and were answered as though
they were old and dear friends. Thus was joy
brought out of sadness, but it did not endure. In a
week the young ladies, now no' Fniger faced with
the prospect of horrific death, were busy.-4mploying
the cut and the boycott with additional emphasis
because of the temporary suspension of class dis-
tinctions' and social enmities, and the youin' teen
were reduced to wishing for a great earthquake
three times a week for the next year or two.
Human nature rose superior to mundane con-
:iderations during the twenty-four hours Immediate-
ly following the'earthquake. You could then have
had almost anything you wanted; only it did not
seem to be there. It was without money and with-
out price. After that, when stocks and goods were
discovered intact, every article was raised to two or
three times its former price and the reign of the pro-
*fte.-r began. Charity having
.- been indulged in lavishly,
':'.' ., -particularly in the way of pro-
S* miser. thee Read -to be compen-
a. i ion. Men who at first be-
lieved they had lost everything,
and h id magnanimtonlsiv offered
e tc everything possible for
persons understood to be in a
similar condition, remembered
when knowledge came to cor-
rect thi false impression, that
busineF. was business, and that
there was no reason why an
earthquake should interfere
with the ordinary course
of proft-making. It was of
course unfortunate that one or
two Chinamen commenced to
put thi- principle into practice
it a time when the policemen ol
the vicinity were busy else-
where. For it only resulted in
a crowd marching solemnly up
to their shops and looting
them, as a sort of lesson to
those who would improve the
shining earthquake hb ou r.
The Chinaman, it seems, is al-
ways mad# an object lesson.
During the firt week of
the earthquake per(l the -min-
isters of the various denomina-
tions were worked to death
marryiagtpeople ta previous-
ly bad tjioughtz r er lightly of
R sTrale NR~ti-" the mari'lgee btid. The rcer .
OF TE BUI cal fraternity, it may here be
remark d, had the time of their
Jives. during the four or five
weeks following the earthquake. They wete Joining
together in holy matrimony hundreds oe. peroina
who would afterwards refuse to remain joined. and
it was generally.conceded that theit presence was,
in some sort, an insurance against, y more dis-
astrous shocks. Warning sermIuno.$Were preached,
in some of:which it was mee "than'linted that if
the inhabitats of -Jimqica. diM. not reform and
watch their Steps there wouldd be another visitation
rather wrse' than this one;. and the frightened
folk determined to. reform, and meant .IL oo. But
the weaknlag: of the hun.aLchpraefl was too much
discounted- jut tiop: lthe forces ot I elong habit was
not taken ullclitly .into conkidqratlon. You can-
not resmaln Wrtale..all the tikne, or even for a very
tong tlm.r'' Teri ,*el'e hunIdreds who hastened. to
be maif.ed. But.lhere worebliousaads who, oi the
point of hastening, pajsaid and resolved to wait to
see if there Was prospect of more earthquakes. A
second great upheaval would have sent them flying
to the marriage officers. None occurring, they post-
poned the evil day of reformation. They felt hap-
pier as they were.
The outside world, if one may judge by the
articles written In the English and American Press,
imagined Kingston as plunged in grief and con-
sternation, stunned by the catastrophe that had be-
fallen It. Nothing could have been farther from the
reality. People did not go about crying after the
first few hours. Those who did not sing-and it
must be admitted that the number of hymn-singers
was extraordinary-went about laughing. The dead
(Continued on Page 16.)


Five Men

of Jamaica

Each Prominent in His Sphere

In Mr. Eugene Finzi we see a Jamaica merchant
the finest type; in him we have a lover of music
i of literature, who has never sought public re-
pition. who has never been in the political arena.
t who has nevertheless, by sheer force of
acter and personality, won the high regard and
Ifect of his fellow-countrymen.
Ur. Finzi belongs to an old Jamaica family
iS connected with the Jamaica spirit trade. The
biees house of which he is the head was es-
Ifshed over ninety years ago. but even before
in the name was well-known in colonial business.
the spirit trade of Jamaica there is no other es-
lishment that has continued for the same length
IttIe n the same family. and in Mr. Eugene Finzi
Shave a man in whom business aptitude and a
b regard for aesthetic values are united.
SWidely travelled, he is a most Interesting con-
nuationalist: a lover of music and literature, and
l skill in the expression of the former, it is a
iasure to talk with him. One feels that if a man
his intellect had devoted himself to any other
eear he would have been quite as successful in
AiS he has been in business. He is of the type
Ich is essentially intellectual, and there is an
World flavour about his manner that is distinctly

T.bhe on. Altamont E. DaCosta's public career
Sbe regarded as illustrating the triumph of
ijlith and a genuine love of political activities.
was brought up to commerce. He is to-day the
|rietor of one of the leading clothing establish-
tie of Kingston. But as soon as he was able
Ii that was many years ago), he began to indulge
Vrtrdlection for public life, while givipg timed
IattMtion to his business he also gave time and
titeo to the affairs of the city of Kingston as,
4, a member of Its City Council, and then as Vice-
Irman ao that body. In those capacities he won
marked popularity.

Sir Alexander Bannermon. the seventh baronet
of that name, came to Jamaica some three
years ago and decided to settle in the is-
land. Sir Alexander was and is connected with
a great English wholesale firm. the Alexander Ban-
nerman Company, the headquarters of which are in
Manchester. Sir Alexander Bannerman perceived
possibilities in Jamaica. Being in business, he
takes business seriously and resides here with the
determination to build up a flourishing connection
for his house.
He was not originally trained as a businessman.
As a young man, after the usual educational course
of the English gentleman, he entered the army and
for twenty-one years served as an officer in different
parts of the British Enmipre. Retiring with the rank
of Major, he was read for service again when the
great war broke out. and for three years he held
a command as C4onel at the front, being fortunate
to escape with his life, though not without being
wounded. "
- It is generally -admitted that he is an acquisi-
tion to Jamaica... He is a genal). bright and interpst-
Ing personalty 1with a very keen mind and unflag-
ging energy. He fi versatile also: from his pen has
come two novels, and other literary work.


Mr. Allan Samuel represents one of the most
vigorous of the younger generation of Jamaica busi-
nessmen, and could boast of a business mind, keen,
acute. far-seeing. if he were at all inclined to boast.
But boasting is alien to his nature. Rather, a quieL
modesty is characteristic of him, and this perhaps
tends to keep down the envy which.might other-
wise be created by so distinctly successful a career.
Mr. Samuel is the head of one of the largest
wholesale dry goods houses in the island: in a few
years he haa built up one of the most successful
businesses of its kind in the Britsh West Indies, and
this in the teeth of a competition which never
relaxes and which grows severer every day.
He has interests so varied that some of them
are not even suspected by those outside of the busi-
ness world. His appreciation of fine qualities and
character in others-displayed more than once in a
practical manner, as his acquaintances well know-
evidences, the possession of fine qualities by him-
self. That a still brighter business future awaits
him if he choose to continue in the line he selected
as his career is beyond dispute. "Nothing succeeds
like success." And this representative of our
younger businessmen has already fully demonstrat-
ed that he knows'-how to succeed.

Then came I dramatic change in his political
fortunes. Within three or four months, from Vice-
Ohairman of the new Corporation's Council of King-
ston and St.-Andrew. he became Mayor of the Muni-
cipality and member in the Legislative Council for
Kingston. As Mayor of the Municipality he also
fulfils the functions of Custos of Kingston; thus
he is, as it were, three important functionaries in
Mr. DaCosta is a very approachable. pleasant-
mannered gentleman, and Is liked by many of his
polltfal opponents. As a director and share-
holder in several important business enterprises of
Jamaica he is largely identified with the colony's
business interests. He gives far more of his time
today to public than to private affairs; his political
work is exigent, but because he loves it he devotes
himself to It without complaint L" stint.

The Hon. Hugh Clarke is one of the best known
public men of the colony. The Custos of his parish,
the head of its Parochial Board, he is justly proud
of being the son of one of the strongest and most
fearless Englishmen that ever came to Jamaica.
He is a born fighter, and in spite of impulsiveness
he is also a persistent fighter. As he grows o oer the
impulsiveness becomes less apparent, the bersist-
ency more perceptible. But when you have got be-
neath the armour of the fighting man you find a
very genial and pleasant companion. He Is the dia.
tinguished son of a distinguished father.




The Splendid

Homes of


Since 1914 new residences have been
erected in Jamaica which in size rival those
built during the palmiest days of Jamaica's
prosperity "when sugar was King."
Our illustrations on this and the oppo-
site page show two of these houses.
Agualta Vale in the parish of St. Mary,
was built by the late Sir John Pringle and
is one of the largest country houses in
Jamaica. Begun in 1914, it was completed
in 1918. It was sold with Sir John Pringle's i
properties in St. Mary to the Atlantic Fruit
Company. its present owners.
Visitors to Jamaica are often enter-
tained by the representatives of the Atlantic
Fruit Company at Agualta Vale.

S. -..
.. .

Agualta Vale look
out on the tennis court
Built upon high ground
it commands a beautif
view of the surroundii

Agualta Vale, showing main entrance to the
building. Inset shows view of the river
from the Library Porch


The White House,
in the parish of Kings-
ton, was built by Mr.
William Wilson in 1918.
There Mr. and Mrs. Wil-
son reside, and the house
with its grounds is ad-
mittedly one of the most
beautiful in Jamaica. It
looks out on magnificent
views of the sea and the
hills; it stands in spa-
cious grounds, and in
front of it has been laid
out a garden of luxuri-
ant tropical shrubs and
The White House is
constructed of rein-
forced concrete, as is
also Agualta Vale. On
the grounds, with the
kind permission of Mr.
and Mrs. Wilson, are
sometimes held fetes for
charitable purposes.
The White House is
two storeys high,
Agualta Vale is three.

Entrance Hall, looking towards the West.
It leads into the drawing-room which opens
on a wide verandah overlooking the sea

*{ ': '*' .'* ..
^ ,':<*..-' .. ..

,, .", .
:::" : ...... ,. '


-a- 1-s

.. .-.... ,t ..



The White House: View of the building
facing West. Seen from the sea it is of
shining white, and it is now one of the lapd-
marks of Kingston


i' ~~
:' B




A STORY OF JAMAICA soon all three splashing and swimming and laughing
FIFTY YEARS AGO amidst the cool and crystal water.
FITY YEARS A O rs. Durham of Prospect Gardens was the
widow of a high official in the colony. Her husband
1. had been Attorney General of Jamaica at a time when
pERCHED on the lofty watch-tower of the Comrn- that oice was een of more importance and influ-
pany's wharf Kingston Jamaica,Sir Lord Nl- ence than it is now. Herself a Creole-a person born
son Esquire' had been occupied since day-light in look- in than wt no reference to what are
ing out for the English steamer. The owner of this in the WestJaica W without reference to what are
called in Ja mica 'complexional' distinctions-and
self bestowed and pLtrician appellative was an old belonging to one of the oldest families in the colony,
negro of uncertain age, with leathery skin, grizzled be still retai ned much of the pride, perhaps more
wool, bandy legs and bare feet, and whose powers of of the prejudices of the old plantocracy; the haugh-
vision verged on the miraculous. Long before the test, the most conservative, and the least pliable of
steamer was visible to the most experienced nauti- aristocracies, yet, notwithstanding all its faults and
cal eye armed with one of Dollond's best glasses shortcomings, one of the most generous and the most
Lord Nelson had seen the tips of her masts rising ill-used. But the influence of her husband-an Eng-
above the horizon. Nay, it was popularly supposed lisbman-had toned down some of the more con-
that before she was actually visible even to him, he si s ts prejudices: at any rate. it had
was able to prognosticate her approach by certain ericuod from her mind that jealousy of imperial
eradicated from her mind that jealousy of imperial
signs in te sk itself, whose secret he guarded as influence and imperial institutions, which was, and
if it had been hidden treasure. perhaps still is, one of the most obstinate obstacles to
'Coming, boy?' inquired the clerk at the foot of the prosperity of the colony. She had frankly ac-
the scaffolding. cepted the new constitution, when in 1866 that 'un-
'Yes, massa; him coming, fe true. Him pass utterable abomination,' the House of Assembly, had
Morant Point now, an' de passengers dey land at decreed its own extinction. She had sided with the
nine-thirty'. adherents of Governor Eyre during all the long and
'All right, then. Hoist the flag!' bitter struggle which had succeeded the suppression
And up went the red flag on the top of the Ga6 of the so-called Jamaica rebellion. She had ex-
zebo, giving notice to all Kingston that the anxiously tended the hand of hospitality to the succession of
expected Rhone was in the offing. governors, colonial secretaries, judges, and officials
'Cho! dese steps is mos' distressful,' said the old of all grades who had been imported into the colony
negro, descending the ladder backwards. from England, with the happy result that she had
*It's you that's getting old, Nelson!' said the consolidated her social influence and established her
clerk, shaking his head. 'A man can't live for ever, social position upon a basis which preserved for her
even an old sinner like you. Come down quickly, the respect of all but the most irreconcilable Creoles,
and go and tell Captain Roberts. You'll find the while it procured for her the esteem and the friend-
superintendent in his office.' ship of all the inner circle of the administrators of
'Dat bery true, what you say, Massa De Souza,' the new rCgime. Hence an introduction to Prospect
retorted the negro with a grunt. 'But if you tink I Gardens not only secured to the favoured stranger
is gwine to die to oblige you. sa, you is bery much the entrde to the best society in the colony, but
mistaken. Hi! after my fader lib till he couldn't opened 'to him the door of one of the pleasantest
lib any longer, do you think me is gwine to die, jus' houses in new Jamaica.
becausing you say I is getting old. Cho! it 'tan too The late Attorney-General bad been a man of
'tupid.' And the old man, having thus clenched the very considerable means. He was also well connect-
argument, retired with many a sniff and snigger and ed. His elder brother Sir George Durham of Deep-
chuckle of satisfaction to obey Mr. De Souza's com- dale. was one of the largest proprietors in the west
mands. of England. But the baronet had died within a year
Seven miles away, in the upper piazza of one of his brother; and the title was now held by his
of the largest 'penns' in the Liguanea plains, a group son and only child, whose arrival it was that the
of fair girls were seated over their morning coffee. family at Prospect Gardens were now expecting with
Clad in loose white muslin dressing-gowns, with long such noisy demonstrations of delight. He had come
dark hair floating over their shoulders, and sprigs out to spend Christmas with his cousins, and to
ot myrtle or oleander in their bosoms-chattering, make the acquaintance of his aunt, whom he had
yawning, indolent, and altogether delightful-they never seen. To Evelyn he was already known; for
formed a charming picture of tropical grace and Evelyn had been at school in England, and her holi-
beauty. days had been spent at Deepdale. But two years
'The flag's up!' cried Evelyn, suddenly starting to had elapsed since she had returned to Jamaica; and
her feet. 'Mother!' she called to a lady extended on within these two years, the thin. delicate slip of a
an Indian wicker-work chair in the inner apartment girl, whom George was accustomed to tease and tor-
-'mother' the steamer's signalled. George will be ment all through the summer days had expanded into
here in about a couple of hours.' a lovely and elegant woman, whose powers of inflict-
There was an instant rush to the jalousies. The ing torture on the other sex were at least egq ob -
shutters were thrown open; glasses were produced; his own.
and the whole family, struggling, shouting, leaping, As for Eleanor and Sybil, th!i 'tred their sis-
.dancing in the wild frenzy of their excitement ter's beauty, itthi.: "perhaps sharing her peculiar
craned their necks to catch the first glimpse of the. fniness of disposition. They were at that objec-
eagerly-looked-for mail. "- tionable age when the child has not yet become a
'Yes:there she is! exclaimed-E lyn. woman. Eleanor was fourteen, Sybil was nearly
'Where?' cried Sybil.hB-'youngest of the trio, twelve. They had all the inconvenient outspoken-
peering on tiptoe over her sister's shoulder. ness of children, and all the coquetry of more ad-
'There-- 66T! passing the Palisadoes. You can vanced years. They were adepts in the theory,
jusLt Ser smoke over the tops of the coconuts at though not in the practice of flirtation. But they were
'h lighthousee' full of promise, and made fair to be in due time.
'No; it's only the mist,' said Eleanor. like other true and charming women, at once the de-
'Mist? Nonsense! It's the steamer's smoke.- light and the torment of the opposite sex.
There! I told you so, Eleanor.' added Evelyn trium- e o, s
phantly, as the flash and the smoke of the signal-gun Certainly. when the three fair girls, in the be-
announced her arrival at Port Royal. witching light attire of tropical climes, armed with
'You've no time to lose, girls.' said Mrs. Durham, fans and parasols and green veils to protect them from
the vertical sun, had been packed into the family
approaching her daughters. 'Go and bathe and dress the erotica smotherun, be pak ed io the sfmi o
I'll tell Tonm to get the carriage, and you can all drive coach, their mother aight be pardoned the sigh of
down and meet your cousin. I'll stay at home to wel- satisfaction with which she regarded her children
come him to Prospect Gardens. You will make my as they drove down the long avenue of mango and
excuses for not coming to meet him. But the drive tamarind trees on their way to the town. 'They
in the sun would knock me up for a week; and be- would be thought beauties even in England,' she said
sides, you know there would not be room- for all of to herself, 'and they're as good as they are
u,. Now. Evelyn, you are the eldest. Try and keep pretty. Now, if George'-But she did not finish her
these riotous sisters of yours in order. And, child- sentence. She smiled, and shook her head sadly, and
ren, mind your cousin has no sisters of his own, and returned to the house to give orders for the prepare.
is not accustomed to the madcap ways of three wit- tion of her nephew's breakfast.
less pickles of girls.' 'I wonder if George will recognize us?' said
'All right, mother!' said Evelyn, with a saucy Eleanor, as the carriage rolled into the grimy court-
toss of her head. 'I won't disgrace the family, never yard of the Company's wharf.
fear. I'll be dignity and discretion itself. I'll be 'Recognize us!' said Evelyn. 'Recognize me. you
stately as Lady Longton when she's receiving com- mean. I'm the only one of the family he has ever
pany at a Queen's House Ball; and if he offers to kiss seen; and besides, you don't suppose he would take
me, I'll hold up my fan and say: "0 fle! you naughty the trouble to notice such chits as you! But keep
man"'' your eyes about you, girls! Look out for the hand-
'But she'll let him do It, all the same,' added somest young man you ever saw-even in your
Eleanor. dreams; with blue eyes and a fair moustache. I
'Go along with you, you silly girls! You'll be hope we're in time. The passengers have begun to
too late. If you don't be off to your bath at once;' leave the ship already. Look! there's some of them
and acting on their mother's admonition, the three having their luggage examined at the custom-house
bright maidens flew down the marble steps and shed.'
across the courtyard to the bathing house, and were Down they came from the landing-stage, one


,- By Charles Rampini

after another, in a continuous stream-passengers
male and female, young and old, white, black, brown,
and yellow-English and Creoles, Cubans and Yan-
kees, 'true Barbadians born,' Jews and Gentiles-a
variegated and cosmopolitan crowd. Grinning negroes
shoulderilig portmanteaus: Englishwomen laden with
handbags and flower-pots; one or two coloured
clergymen tricked out after the latest fashion of
High-Churchman-millinery; Cuban ladies with lace
mantillas on their heads, clamping along on shoes
whose high heels clattered like pattens; half-a-dozen
planters or so with black alpaca coats and bearded
faces: a few young men of the Howell and James
type, come out to be 'assistants' in some Kingston
store: a couple or more stolid, square-faced, sandy-
haired Scotch book-keepers, consigned to sugar es-
tates in Trelawny or St. Ann's; and the ubiquitous,
travelling English member of Parliament, spectacled
and aggressive, determined to investigate to its hid-
den depths the whole bearings of the Intricate Colo-
nial question. But no George, nor any one that look-
ed like George.
Already the work of coaling the steamer had be-
gun; and a long line of men and women, coal-'boys'
and coal-'girls'-black as the coal they carried,
chanting a wild recitative, and walking with that
peculiar swin4 which is characteristic of the black
race all over the world-were trooping up the gang-
way, to empty their baskets into the hold.
Still no George, nor any one that looked like

At last when the patience of the girls was all
but exhausted, and their spirits had mast to zero,
there appeared on the landing-stage an unmistakable
Englishman. He was young-about four or five and
twenty. He was dressed in light tweeds. He had
a pair of tan-coloured gloves on his hands. He wore
a short trim beard, of a shade between gold and
auburn; and in defiance of all the Company's regu-
Ilotions, he was smoking a cigarette. A bedroom
steward at his heels carried a portmanteau and a
travelling bag. He sauntered slowly down the stage
and across the courtyard to the shed where the cus-
t in-house officers were at work upon the passengers'
luggage. As he passed the Durhams' carriage with-
out even so much as a glance at its fair occupants,
Evelyn muttered a timid 'George!' but he took no
notice, and held on his leisurely way.
'If that isn't George, I'll eat him!' cried Evelyn
in her vexation.
'Look. sissy!' 'there's the steward with his lug-
gage! and see. it is George! There are his initials,
G.D., on his handbag! '0 please!' said Evelyn to a
white-coated constable who happened to be standing
near her, 'run after that gentleman and tell him to
come here. I want to speak to him. Look! be is
just going out through the gateway'. '
'Yes, miss.' said the constable, saluting, and
starting off .at the double.-'You, sa! Hi! you sa!
Lor' him don't hear me. Hi! you, sa!'
The gentleman turned, and waited till the con-
stable made up to him.
'Well, what is it?' he inquired.
'You see dem missy in dat buggy, ya!' he said
pointing to the Durhams' carriage.
'Dey want speak wid you; dat's all!'
Sir George turned sharply round, and throwing
away his cigarette, approached the carriage. 'By
Jove! it can't bE-Evelyn!' he said.
'Yes: it is I. George-And here's Eleanor; and
this is Sybil.'
And then handshakings commenced all round,
and a series of cousinly salutes, which the girls sub-
mitted to with equanimity.
'But -he kissed Evelyn twice for our once,' said
Sibyl to Eleanor afterwards.
'I told you she wouldn't object,' remarked her sis-
'And as for me, I had never any intention of ob-
jecting,' remarked Sibyl.
'0 you; you're a child; it doesn't matter from
you. But Evelyn-humph! I'll have to keep my eye
upon her'!
'Tom has engaged a dray for your luggage,
George.' said Evelyn, after these preliminaries had
been adjusted. 'Here's one of the clerks coming with
your keys. Mannie-that's one of our boys, George:
that whity-brown nigger over there with a white
puggaree round his wide-awake-will come out with
it. It will be at the penn almost as soon as we are.-
Tom!' she added, addressing the coachman, 'have you
got the ice from the ice-house?'
'Yes, missis.'
'And the pine-apple and the naseberries?'
'Hi! yes, missis. Dem dll in dere;' pointing to
the boot of the carriage.
'Very well. Tell Mannie to call at the post-office
for the letters. And that's all, I think. Let us go
Never bad George enjoyed a merrier or a more
interesting drive. Everything was new to him,
everything was strange to him. He did not know
which interested him most, his winsome companions,

t 4927



i. '

" Wife of Mr. Jose de Ollvares, American Consul
American Squadron la in the harbour Is among
:wore to a Bachel
S ith their ceaseless flow of musical chatter, and all
itl r bright, happy, girlish, cousinly ways; the
:lieaty of the crumpled verdure-covered hills; the
i:.;4 fteul forms of the tropical vegetation: the quaint-
:mes S of the gaily-painted, jalousied, toy-like wooden
.onuses; the street scenes; the broad grins, merry
s.le, and marvellous get-up of the peasantry. He
i :o Evelyn it made him think he was looking
!-.!J rough a kaleidoscope, so sudden were the changes.
brilliant the combinations of colour which met his
"tise" at every moment.
S. 'I did not believe there were so many niggers in
World, hbe remarked, as the carriage drove slowly
t the entrance to the Sollas market, and looking
...through the open gateway, he saw the busy. noisy,
O utteringg crowd, packed as close as herrings in a

S'What! does the heathen Chinee live in Ja-
,eal he exclaimed, as a blue-jacketed. pigtailed,
Mye, and ginger-coloured Celestial elbowed his way
'i-the throng.
.'Lots!" sa id Evelyn. 'They keep all the little
in this part o( the town; and when they have
.. up money enough they die; and their friends
E .them up in boxes, and send them home to China
be buried.'
And Coolies too, I see!'
S'-Tes, any number. The estates couldn't do with-
:iakem; and as for us, we should have no gardens,
p." had not them to rely on as gardeners. But
m e are at the Race course at last. What a relief
nont of that hot, nasty, dusty town.'
'Ip there anything going on to-day?' asked Sir
astonished at the number of vehicles he met
the road.
i is market-day. That accounts for our meet-
tg many of the country-people.'
aut all these carriages,'
'Oh, It's only our swells-officials and judges and
and-shopkeepers-going down to Kingston
their country-houses to their work. No one
tan. m afford it, lives in town you know. We all
at penns--that is, country-houses, in the hills or
,the plains at the foot. Look! that Is Queen's
you can Just see through the trees. That big
to. house, that looks as if it were right at the
Sof the hills, though it's a long way off, Is Long-
where the Colonial Secretary lives; and that
liht: little to the right, standing on a slight eleva-
..As Prospect Gardens'-
!'Anld that's our house,' interjected Sibyl.
G- orge here diverted the conversation by inquir-

in Jamaica. is one of the most popular figures in Jamaica society. Her official "at Home" when an
I the livellim and nmort appreeiated of such functions. Mrs. Oliveres is here seen In a costume which she
ors' Ball at the Liguanes Club during the winter reclivities or January, 1926

ing who was the swell with the red liveries, whose
carriage, enveloped in an accompanying cloud of dust,
was rapidly approaching them.
'Oh, that is the Governor.' said Evelyn: 'and
Lady Longton i- with him. He's not popular; neither
is she. But Lady Longton is very nice to her friends.
and dresses beautifully; only some days you know
she has no backbone, and does not seem as if she
tould be bothered with callers or company. But
Captain Hillyard. the aide-de-camp, is a dear man,
aud so good-looltr4--t-,. then he's so clever too.
He sings beautifully. and cart -arof conjur-
ing tricks: and he draws the funniest caricatiues
.ou ever saw. He did one the other day of Sir Wil-
liam drawing a cork. It made Lady Longton laugh
till I thought she was going to take a fit. Oh, speak
of angels-there he is' see!-riding down after the
Governor's carriage with little Maud Longton. There
must' be a Council or something going on to-day;
that accounts for our meeting so many swells all to-
gether. You'll have to leave your card at Queen's
House. George. You ought to do it this afternoon:
that's the etiquette, you know. But if you're very
tired. I daresay it will do on Monday.'
They had branched off from the main-road now,
and were driving long a shady lane. edged with a
hedge of prickly-pear, over which trailed wreaths
of graceful creepers-convolvuli and ipomaes, the
liquorice vine, and the Circassian bean. Negro huts
lined the road; and at the doors, amongst the pigs
and the goats and the poultry, gambolled the little
black obese picknies, sucking huge joints of sugar-
cane. and saluting the occupants of the carriage with
the broadest of grins upon their ebony faces.
'Look here, Cousin George,' said Sibyl. pointing
out a low one-storied building with an open piazza.
and a great guinep-tree covering it like a huge um-
billa-'that is one of our grog-shops. You can buy
rum there and bitter beer, and soap and paraffin oil
and salt fish. You see that group of draymen at its
side; they are playing nine-holes, and the man that
loses will have to stand quattie drinks all round.'
*What is a quattie drink?" inquired her cousin.
'Not know what a quatlie drink Is, George?' sa'd
Sibyl. 'A quattie is a penny-half-penny.'
'And the smallest coin the negroes acknowledge,'
added Evelyn. 'They won't use the new nickel pen-
nies and halfpennies at all; so the shopkeepers sell
them a half-penny-worth of soap, and charge them
three-half-pence for it; and that's very convenient
for the shopkeepers.-Look, George; that Is a qual-

ti,.' she added, taking a tiny silver coin from her
purse; 'and a very pretty little thing it is too.'
*It must be a very expensive country to live in,"
replied George if everything is paid for in the same
'Well, not exactly. Of course, you pay a dollar
for things you could get at home for one or two shil-
lings. But then you get lots of things so cheap--
meat and fish and turtle and poultry and vegetables;
and that makes up for it, you know. But see! here
we are at the foot of the avenue and there's Pros-
pect Gardens. You can just see the shingled roof of
---hbe house through the trees.'
If Yo-Tr6-ti--ajpd up, you can see one of the win-
dows: and that's rPyc.rom, George!' added Sibyl
'W HAT a charming hosee' said George inv-fi'
Starily. to the undisguised delight of bl----
cousins, as the carriage drew up at the door of Pros.
pect Gardens.
It really was one of the finest houses in all the
Liguanea plains. It was two stories high. and square
in shape. But its somewhat inelegant form passed
unobserved, so occupied was the eye in regard-
ing the beauty of its site, its environment of gigan-
tic trees, the grateful coolness of its luxurious ver-
andahs, and their lavish adornment of plants and
flowers and creepers. The upper and lower piazuas
were closed in with jalousies, to fend off the tropi-
cal sun. A square porch, paved with white marble,
with two broad flights of steps of the same matryal
projected in front: whilst its roof. supported by
wooden pillars, and surrounded with a graceful iron
railing, formed a terrace from which a magnificent
prospect could be obtained of all the flat, well-wood-
ed. Liguanea plains, with Kingston and the Coral
reef of the Palisadoes in the middle distance, and the
waveless Caribbean Sea-golden or peach-coloured
or rose-red or silver, according to the hour of the
day-for a background. The pillars of the porch were
wreathed with jasmine and the wax-plant. Orchids
of brilliant hue and uncouth shape, crimson and
white, orange and chocolate-brown, hung In wire-
baskets from the roof; and on each of the strides of
its marble steps stood a couple of gigantic Sower-
pots of blue Indian china, filled with eucharis or ble-
tia, maiden-hair ferns or dwarf-palms, myrtles or
sweet scented lilies. The terraced drive in front of
the house was edged with stephanotis; whilst a belt
(Continued on Page 21.)







What Faith, Capital and Brains Have Done For It

OU come into Vere
by the main road
leading south from
the town of Old
Harbour; to your right are
mountains. to your left the
slow-flowing waters of the
Salt River, and beyond
these are stretches of flat
land covered with green,
under a pale blue sky.
It was in the early
summer of 1926 that I paid
my second visit to this sec-
lion of the island, cele-
brated now for its develop-
ment in sugar.
There are some parts
of Jamaica much talked
about but rarely visited.
and of these the district of
Vere is one.
I was acquainted, of
course, with its former his-
tory. That history, the
most verbose of writers
could easily dismiss in a
couple of paragraphs. Vere
had always had a remark-
able soil, but so scanty
was its rainfall that those
who settled in it in the
early days of British colo-
nisation soon gave up the


attempt to cultivate it.
For a long time Vere was hardly much more than a gallon system of its own to augment the water ob-
name. stained from the Cockpit Irrigation System laid out
Periodically it enjoyed a copious rainfall, and some time before and brought into existence by the
then its soil produced in such abundant quantity energy and perseverance of Mr. A. W. Farquharson,
'hat visions of great wealth delighted the imagina- In addition to this extended cultivation of canes
(ion of its planters. But there succeeded a period on Moneymusk. the neighboring property of Sprine-
of scanty showers, and for some time your planter field had also been acquired by the Lindos in 1923.
was lucky if he just managed to make both ends I was Informed that when they bought Springfield
meet. This refers, naturally, to those who bad no it had about 35o acres under cultivation in canes
Irrigation; and in the olden days no one thought and a rather debilitated system of Irrigation. But
of irrigating the wonderful soil of Vere. So though the cultivated area was more than doubled in less
it wag known to be one of the most fertile districts than three years and the irrigation of the land was
in all the West Indies, though at one time it was brought to an excellent pitch of development. All
celebrated as having more carriages than any other this was a matter of general knowledge. I wanted
district of a similar size in Jamaica, and also for to see this irrigation, and also the other works on
producing the best mutton, turkey and chickens to Moneymusk and Springfield. hence my suggestion to
be found anywhere in the colony, it fell into poverty, Mr. Percy Lindo and my visit to Vere in the early
was deserted by the propretorial classes, and had summer of 1926. It was a trip well worth the taking.
not one carriage to boat of at the date when Long I was accompanied by Mr. Roy Nelson, the
wrote his voluminous "History of Jamaica." chief electrician of the Public Service Company in
But now we hear of Vere as producing larger Jamaica. Mr. Nelson's company provides electrical
and larger quantities of sugar. Reports about its power for pumping som I ed at 1' -
steady development are discussed wherever plant- Bernard L a actor for irrigation pur-
ers meet in Jamaica. The reason of the change another of the great enterprises started and
be put in three words, EhLppweic- ita rriga- operated by the Lindos; like myself, he was in-
lion. and of these, in the&.ircanmstances of Vere, the terested to see what had been done in the way of
greatest is Irrlatlon. irrigation in the other group of the Lindo sugar en-
en rst I drove through the district in 1917, terprises. and so we arranged to go to Vare together.
1W#I .1reen plain, its blue skies dotted with float- We got to Springfield at about ten In the forenoon
I_~A LIte clouds, its distant line of low gray-blue and were there met by Mr. Percy Lindo and his
ls, and the tall chimneys of its sugar works dom- brother Mr. Rupert Lindo. First we drove on to the
inating the landscape, reminded me strikingly of power house of the Springfield irrigation works, or
similar scenes in Cuba. For Vere is more like the rather to the power houses, for there are two of them.
eastern and central sections of Cuba than is any At this spot the Milk River flows at a volume of about
other part of Jamaica. But that there are good 4.000 cubic yards of water per hour, and the two power
rcads leading through this district, and that its plants erected here are each capable of 1.000 cubic
little villages are quite unlike what one sees in the yards of water per hour. pouring it into the solid
neighboring Republic, one might have imagined concrete canal which extends for three and a half
that one was in Cuba: for even in 1917 sugar was miles through Springfield and the interlying estates.
beinc. developed in Vere, and the work of irrigating of the Moneymusk group to Moneymusk itself. Every
Its lands had commenced some time before. The yard of this canal is lied with cement; consequently
secret of its exploitation had been discovered. The no water is lost through seepage. This-is the great
extended application of the knowledge then gained failing of the Government Irrigation system in St.
was and is to do for Vere what. for over two cen- Catherine, namely. that all the canals are of earth
turfls previously, the Jamaica planter had not and that in consequence about one-third of the
thought of attempting in that part of the island, water is lost through seepage. Messrs. Lindo Bro-
Early in 1926 I suggested to Mr. Percy Lindo others have avoided this extraordinary waste of pre-
that I should like to go down to Vere if he would cious fluid. Both the main and the subsidiary canals
undertake to show me over the properties which the are admirably constructed. and therefore the vol-
Linde Brothers had for some time been busy de- ume of water pumped into the canal at its head is
veloping. The Lindos had acquired Moneymusk in almost the volume that is emptied into the fields
1916, this name being generally applied to the four many miles away.
estates or cane farms comprising Moneymusk. Car- Night and day the pumps at Springfield are kept
lisle, Knights and Exeter. This group had a total working. Night and day the water is poured upon
area oi over 8,000 acres. A factory on the first- the land, now here, now there, wherever it may
named estate was equipped for manufacturing about happen to be needed at the time. This, of course,
1,000,tons of sugar and 250 puncheons of rum from renders tie property independent of rainfall. When
canes grown on. some g00 acres of land: the rest the rains descend they are welcomed; if there is no
of the land was lying fallow, its possibilities had rain. that makes no appreciable difference to the
remalped unexploited for generations. But the properties. The Milk River never fails, and care is
latest statistics I saw in 1926 showed that since taken that the pumps shall be in working order all
1916 the Moneymusk group had about doubled the the time. The supervision is constant; the efficien-
former acreage in cultivation and had now an irri- cy is maintained at its maximum. Since Vere has

-- '--. such splendid soil but must
j: depend for its moisture
mainly on irrigation.
-i ".', ,.> Y Messrs. Lindo Brothers
.v. have determined that not
f or one moment of the
S .night or day shall their
properties lack what is
necessary in this respect
to ensure their successful
Mr. Roy Nelson, who
has forgotten more about
engineering works than I
am tver likely to hear of
in my life, was favourab-
ly impressed with these
w rks; impressed also
were both of us when we
came to the power house
station at Springfield,
which pumps an addition-
al 000 cubic yards of water
per hour from a stream ris-
Ing on the property. lifts
it an appreciable height,
Sand pour it into a canal,
in the form of a steel
aqueduct 363 feet long,
erected over a deep ravine
that at this spot divides
the property. This aque-
du t is a striking piece of
work. My photographer
was fortunate enough to
obtain of it a very good
ND CO. picture, though unfortuna-
tely from this picture the
depth of the ravine cannot
be appreciated. I have been told that when, in
former days. the question arose as to whether water
from this little Springfield river could be conveyed
in some way to the lands on the other side of the
iavine, that chasm caused those who wanted the
water to conclude sadly that it was impossible for
them to have it. The lands on the other side must
remain arid. There was an obstacle and it could
not be overcome.
Messrs. Lindo Brothers saw the obstacle also,
but determined that it should be overcome. They
needed that additional water. And when they had
installed a power plant to lift it they decided upon
a further extension of their scheme. The steam
plant could do much more than pump the water
from the river into the canal. Therefore they in-
stalled in the power house an electric dynamo, ran
the conducting lines for some distance to another
part of the Springfield estate, where they constructed
a small electrical power house, and, with the power
thus generated, they are now pumping 600 cubic
yards of water into a flume a mile long and are thus
i.h!e to irrigate cane farms on Beecham estate. On
this thentral Factory therefore both steam and elec-
trical power are used for irrigation purposes. There
are really four power houses.
The many miles of concreted canals do not in-
clude the flume which I have mentioned and which 1
should like to have had photographed if a good plc-
Lure of it had been at all possible. I believe it is the
only thing of the kind in Jamaica.
Turning from my inspection of this iile-long
irrigation flame, I watched for a while the busy scene
stretched out before me. In the far distance rolled
away hundreds of acres of lapd all covered with the
glistening green of the cane plant. In the middle
dista,.we to the left. came a huge drove of half-
bred Indian cattle. used for draft purposes, on their
way to some paddock or pasture, their day's work
already accomplished. To the right some men were
loading a train of cane cars by means of a steel
winch, while, to the spot at which these cars were
loaded, cart after cart drawn by bullocks creaked
and pounded their way over the rough, uneven
ground, loaded to their utmost capacity with canes.
Everything seemed done according to schedule.
There was no exhibition of hurry. yet I noticed that
there was not a moment's waste of time. When
the proper complement of cars was loaded the train
started out for Moneymusk, and a little later on
I was to see it on its way to the factory. The
narrow guage track on which it runs extends from
Springfield right down to Mone.mmusk and thence
into Carlisle Bay. the port from which the sugar
of the Lindos& Vere Factory and the Amity Hall
Factory are shipped. The factory at Moneymusk
grinds all the canes grown on Springfield, Money-
musk, Carlisle. Knights and Exeter: its original
thousand-ton capacity has now become one of
5.i000 tons. and later will be of 6.,110 tons. When
I mention that the "going about" of this group of
estates is completed in one hundred and twenty
working days, or, to put it differently, that the fac-




~ 4, 4: ... ..
S ... .. ,. 5, .
.--' -'
~~~~- :. ,..,,... ... ,;. .1.;* .... ,":..."'
:..; ,. .. ., ;. ...: .... ..:... .... .,,. .. '!. :. :-..

j / / '?/:.: : ., : .. ,.... :. ~ ,. ... i
.... ....o .; .. .- .. ,:' ...:: .. ,."
.... ,, ~ .. ,,Z:: .%...":". "5. '
,. .. .. .. ...,.. ,/ ,, .. : .. ,. .. -:. ., .: .
.:.,. ~ ....... :.. .. :.: ..i : '.

The Suspension Bridge erected across the Rio Minho. on Money Musk Estate, one of
the Vere group of sugar properties owned by Messrs. Lindo Brothers. This bridge
was constructed by Messrs. Henriques Brothers

,'- *i*,,
4 ., C,.

*. *' t *'

*... .

The Aqueduct bridging the Chasm known as Hillard's Gully, dividing the Springfield
Estate, of the Lindo group of properties in Vere. This aqueduct is built of sheet steet
and concrete

. /' -
t.1 *





ory's average manufacturing capacity is from eigh-
teen to thirty tons of canes per hour. the improve-
ments that have taken place in this part of Vere
during the last few years will readily be grasped
by the reader who may never even have seen a
Central Factory in his life.
"Now what about the suspension bridge which
I have heard of?" I asked Mr. Percy Lindo. I had
been told that the Lindos had erected on their Vere
properties a bridge to span the Rio Minho which.
not many years ago, was the terror of the owners of
the sugar properties through which it passed. To
bring the cane to the Moneymusk factory this river
had to be crossed, and to facilitate that process a
wooden bridge had been built. But though the
rainfall in Vere is ordinarily scanty, the Rio Minho
is sometimes in flood. Fed by streams in Upper
Clarendon, the river waxes until at times it be-
comes a raging torrent, and again and again it
'*came down" and swept the old wooden bridge be-
tween Springfield and Moneymusk away. On these
occasions, the planters bemoaned their unhappy
fate and waited until the waters should subside. But
with a factory at Moneymusk waiting to be fed con-
tinually with canes during the manufacturing pe-
riod, and with sugar to be produced by the thousands
of tons. and cultivations to be maintained at the prop-
er level of efficiency all the year round, no modern
conductors of a considerable enterprise could face
the risk of being paralysed, perhaps for weeks, by
a river in furious spate.
There was but one thing to do: the Rio Minho
must be spanned by a bridge that would mock at
the efforts of the biggest flood that could occur in
Clarendon and its lower-lying district of Vere. That
bridge was erected at the order of the Lindo Bro-
thers, the constructors being Messrs. Henriques of
the Kingston Industrial Works. It is, I think, the
finest piece of construction work of its kind, done en-
tirely by private effort and capital, in this island of
Jamaica. As we came up to it in the motor car I saw
the cane train from Springfield passing over it on
the way to Moneymusk. It passed so quickly that my
photographer had no time to take it as it moved.
But we got the picture which is shown on the
second page of this sketch, a picture which gives
some idea of the river's width, and of the bridge
spanning it. The photographer and his assistant
had to walk some distance up and down the river
bank to find a suitable spot from which to take
this photograph, and perhaps it was just as well
for them they did not know that just here the Milk
River is infested with crocodiles, or perhaps their
minds might have been given more to "Safety First"
than to the photographing of a privately built and
privately owned suspension bridge.
I can imagine Messrs. Lindo Brothers sleeping
In peace o'nights in these days when stories of a
heavy rainfall or of floods in Clarendon are being
told. They have discounted that danger. Just as
their sugar factory will never want for canes be-
cause of lack of rainfall, so will it never want for
canes because of a stoppage of transportation.
And now I began to think of the factory and
of lunch. We had done a good deal of walking in
the sun, and I had seen what had been accomplish-
ed in a very few years to bring arid. semi-barren
estates into cultivation. Much work yet remains to
do; hundreds and hundreds of acres of new lands
are yet to be put under the plough, are ,-of to
be made to flourish verdantly under the brilliant
blue sky of Vere. All this work is already planned;
It has indeed already begun. But before we should
have lunch and should visit the Moneymusk Factory
we must go to Carlisle Bay whence the sugar made
In Vere is shipped. For I wanted to see this little
port-I had never been there before-not only on
account of its local commercial importance, but be-
cause also of its historic significance.

It was in 1694 that Carlisle Bay was the scene
of the only battle fought on Jamaica's soil between
French invaders of the island and its English mas-
ters. Here came a French fleet in that year: it
landed an attacking force of several hundreds strong
and attacked the two or three hundred defenders
hastily sent to the scene by Sir William Beeston.
then Governor of Jamaica. The French had about
1,5u0 men. the English not above half that number:
and for days the fighting continued. When the
French withdrew, they had lost some 700 men-
according to our account of the engagement. They
themselves put their casualties at about 10)0. On our
side 100 were killed or wounded, and we claimed
the victory inasmuch as the enemy had to with-
draw. But when we remember that. in addition to
our killed and wounded, some fifty sugar estates in
Vere were destroyed, many plantations burnt, and
1.300 negro slaves captured and taken off by the
French Iprobably to work on their plantations in
Haiti), it is doubtful if the victory was really on
our side. The French Commander could never have
expected to seize and hold the island with the force
at his command. He proposed to inflict damage and
to obtain booty, which he did. The French Com-
mander, du Casse. was given a pension for this feat
by his Government. This indicates how the matter
was regarded in France.
Today. though one's mind may go back to these
events in a desultory sort of fashion when visiting
Carlisle Bay. one's attention will immediately be
concentrated on the large warehouse in which is
stored thousands of bags of sugar for exportation,
the property of the Moneymusk and Springfield Fac-
tory, and of the Vere and Amity Hall Estates, Limit-
ed. This warehouse has been twice enlarged since
1916. Originally. the single store of which it was
then composed was more than sufficient for its pur-
pose; now with three times its former capacity it
is yet not large enough but will very shortly have
to be extended. This is another illustration of the
progress made in Vere in sugar making during the
last few years.
As one leaves Carlisle Bay and turns northwards,
to the right one sees the sugar works of the Amity
Hall Factory. to the left the works at Moneymusk.
their chimneys belching forth a thin diaphanous
smoke into the sunlit air. In the cane fields are
men and women reaping the canes, each one armed
with a chopper which experience has taught him
and her to use swiftly. It is all hand-labour this.
for no successful machine for cane cutting has ever
been invented. Along the road come wag ns
drawn by long teams of oxen, their drivers ned
with whips some six feet long, whips with fongs
perhaps of even twice that length, these drivers
hallooing and screaming at their cattle and cracking
their great whip, m.*nacingly as they move. Borne
on the wind is the smell of boiling sugar; in the
distance coconut palms tower up towards the sky.
Here is the old staple industry of Jamaica in a
stale of revival, and destined perhaps to become
again the chief staple of Jamaica. Here one sees
what faith and perseverance, capital and brains.
have done for a part of the colony not so long
ago abandoned, and foresees what the same qualities
and requisities will do for other parts of Jamaica in
Some years before this I had visited the Bern-
ard Lodge Factory with Mr. Cecil Lindo. That was
the first Sugar Central Factory established in Ja-
maica. and its Inception and creation were the work
of the Lindo Brothers. Having established the Bern-
ard Lodge Factory, which they are still in process of
bringing to its full capacity for production-for the
Government's new Irrigation Scheme In St. Cather-
ine is to supply the Bernard Lodge group of farms
with additional water-they turned their attention
to Vere, with the determination to make their ven-

ture there a substantial success. They will do it.
For they have the qualities that make for success.
They have abundantly shown these qualities else-
where, and what they have done in a foreign coun-
try they can and assuredly will do In their native

Reminiscences of the Earth-

quake of 20 Years Ago

(Continued from Page 8.)
were quickly buried, and when hundreds have been
killed at one time the general sorrow seems to can-
cel out the particular. You had no time to mourn
and weep; you had to get busy about erecting a shed
or a booth to sleep in. about getting some food to
carry you on till tomorrow, about persuading your
servant that there was no necessity for her to leave
her employment at once. with the purpose of es-
caping the vengeance of the Lord. since, presum-
ably. the Lord's wrath could be exhibited as effect-
ively in a country district as in Kingston. This
argument, it is true. did not usually have much
effect, for your servant had developed very fixed
ideas as to the particular wickedness of the metrop-
olis. to the volume of which, quite probably, she
herself had contributed in liberal measure. But all
this activity and business kept one from dwelling
too much upon one's vital losses; it constituted an
anodyne for grief. Those ou the other hand who
had lost no friend or relative felt as though they
were assisting at a huge picnic; they lived the pic-
nic life and showed the picnic spirit. In a word,
they enjoyed themselves immensely.
That is the sober truth. The earthquake period
was a gloriously enjoyable one for most people. It
was only after the hard task of reconstruction was
begun that the weariness and tediousness of the
thing were experitenccd. From the 15th of January
to the end of the month, and even after, everybody
enjoyed himself and was happy. Everybody's ma-
terial loss seemed much the same, so a healthy
sense of equality prevailed. If you were not better
off than I before, and are not better off now, I can
tolerate your existence and even like you. It is
inequalities of fortune, especially when these are
the result of superior intelligence and energy on your
part. that arouse the devils of envy and jealousy in
my breast: but just after the earthquake I could
not feel jealous of you. for if I had had my house
wrecked, so had you; if my store had been reduced to
as-hes, so had yours. Men came near to being angels
ia January, 1907. They made up for that afterwa#ds.
But even a lively picnic on the most colossal
scale has to come to an end. Even the delights of
a danger passed and the friendly communion of
souls evoked by living in the open a life of primitive
simplicity have to give place to the sterner civic
virtues of business competition and the like. There
was a call to duty and action all too soon: work was
resumed, to the great disgust of the working class-
es: the Governor made It known that taxes would
still be collected. Yet even if all good things come
to an end. it is only just to admit that they were
good. Kingston enjoyed its great earthquake, and
perhaps enjoyed it all the more because it was con-
scious that this generation would not. according to
all earthquake authorities, witness another.

Dare to make mistakes, for there is no way to
be always right. The people who make mistakes boss
the world. The perfect people work for them, run-
ning errands and counting columns of figures.

PUNCH 1927
P U N C H 1927


An AdHA YTIenure in

NE HA YTIAN NIGHT.The Black Republic


HE Maggie May was six hours out from Galves-
ton, and Captain Daugherty was in the little
rt room, staring at the floor in an effort to frmly
In his mind the three typewritten sheets of in-
actions he had been handed by the manager of
fruit company just before he left port. A long
*row shadow fell across the captain's line of
On. He looked up to see "Slim," the Portygee,
Oding in the doorway.
"Captain. sir." Slim explained in his slow pre-
* English. "I have come to request the honour of
"All right. Slim," the captain agreed heartily.
ow is as good a time as any. Speak right out.
tat is It?"
"[ hear, sir. that the Maggie May goes not to
rto Cortez this trip, but touches at Havana for
Car and then is to make Haiti."
"That's what these here orders say," agreed the
ptain, secretly wondering for the hundredth time
W a captain's cabin news gels diffused so quickly
tr a ship. "But our sailin' time's just about the
ee. I bigger on making' Galveston on the return
p in just about the same number of days. Is there
y special reason why you want to get back to
ilveston or something? "
"No. sir. Captain. I can't say there is. but-"
Slim hesitated, looking down at the deck, turning
I cap in his hand.
"Go on, Slim. What is it?" the captain urged
He was not irritated by Slim's diffident slowness.
e. rather liked it. It was a sore point with him
at the modern A.B. seems born without the old-
ee bump of reverence for the skipper, which Cap-
ln Daugherty believed was his due. Having ac-
ired that idea from his father, an old forty-niner
lad-jammer despot, who argued with a marlin-
ilke and regarded disrespect as justifiable homi-
? "Come on. Slim. spit it out! I ain't going' to
ie you."
SThus encouraged. Slim stepped inside the chart
ia and closed the door.
"Captain, sir, 1 will impart a great secret-if-
--you will oblige me with-if-"
"All right, Slim! Full steam ahead! Mum's
Ne word with me. I know enough about you boys
Sang half the crew, but I don't never talk. What
p say will be safe with me."
: "Captain, sir. If we make Haiti. I know-or
other I can gain access to the place where is con-
ltled the gold of Christophe. Would you join me in
I.; g to secure same?"
.i'?llm's voice had gradually lost power until it
Eame only a husky whisper as the captain looked
ghim reproachfully.
S"Slim, I thought better of you than that. I did
Thought you had some sense-more brains than
be took in by them old, worm-eaten yarns about
ted pirate gold and Cap'n Kid's treasure an' slch
e trash, an' then have you come, fresh fim:m Hill
jI? Ed an' Big Un with some tale that blamed boy
Ihas dug up out of one of them dime novels be
lus reading' instead of doin' his work. Which one
htem man-eatin' pirates of the Spanish Main was
here Christophe? I ain't never heard of him
".'But, Captain. sir, Christophe was not a pirate
wa. a.Haitlan king called Henri the First. He
In a great stone castle on top of a mountain.
.this citadel, which took many years to build,
tophe stored cannon, guns, powder and ball-
sorts of weapons against his day of need. Here
lived fiercely, administering his kingdom.
"He was quick to anger and cruel, a monster
order, hurling his enemies from the ramparts
Hl. castle. His Lust for gold was greater. ho's-
than even his lust for murder. He was always
llating it-the gold of England, of France and
erica. This he hid cunningly in a very secret
And of those who built this secret place
.iim, or had knowledge of it, he slew one
#B, either by his own hand or by the poisons
witch doctors, called in Haiti papalois if
be men or manalois if they be women. So at
Jt came about that Christophe himself and one
itch doctor, the greatest mamaloi of them all,
'the only ones left who knew.
'"And neither of these trusted the other, for
of them kept a key to the place where the
lay. And to open this place, both keys were
Then Christophe began to secretly plot
this old witch woman who had demanded
the keys as her price for helping the king
aueelf of his enemies. He dared not kill her
Her cult was strong, and she had bound
to her by most fearful oaths and by the
of the sacred snake from which came all
he's power.
,ea,." Slim corrected himself quickly, "Chris-

tophe-the snake had brought him good luck-made
him king.

"T HEREFORE. the king thought secretly to slay
her. But .the old mancaloi won as she had
always. One, night when Christophe was deep in
his cups, eating and drinking with his officers, he
rose up and swore that on the morrow he would
drag the nmamaloi from her cave and hurl her from
the ramparts irto the mile-deep ravine below. But
even as he spoke he fell forward with a dreadful cry
among the dishes, writhing in a fearful fit. Some-
how. the old witch had Caused to be mixed in his
food or drink, a deadly brew. for she could touch with
ease the hidden springs of life. But the heart of Chris-
tophe was strong, so strong that this poison which
would have wrenched away the life of another man,
only killed the half of him. He lay paralysed for two
days. Then he rose from his bed. but not to walk.
only to straddle along the wall like a sand-crab,
never to walk again. Never to speak again, only
mowling and mumbling like an ape-half of him
dead, half of him alive, and suffering. And then in
fury and despair he shot himself.
"But the manialoi could not get at the gold. She
possessed but one key. The u.her was wrenched
from Christophe's dead breast by-by-my kinswo-
man, and so at last has descended to me. Therefore
when we reach Haiti I would seek this gold. first
seeking out the other kev which I know is yet in
the possession of the witch woman. And I would
have you, and those of the ship's crew who are my
friends, go with me if you are so minded "
It was a long speech. Slim had made it hurried-
ly with scarcely a pause for breath, fearful all the
time of being interrupted by the mate or some one
else requiring the captain's attention. And now he
stood eyeing him wistfully. What would the cap-
tain say?
Captain Daugherty stared out at the tumbling
billows of the Gulf of Mexico in a quandary how to
answer. Ordinarily he would have dismissed the
subject with a wave of his hand as-
"Old A. B. dope."
But there was an earnestness about Slim, an
honesty in his dog-like brown eyes that made him
hesitate. He did not want to hurt Slim by scouting
him as a spinner of old sailor's yarns. Yet his tale
had all the earmarks of the same old buried treas-
ure narrative that was common water-front talk
when the Ancient Mariner was a cabin boy.
"Slim. is this here a straight tale you've been
tellin' me? No hearsay stuff Do you honestly know
where this here treasure is buried?"
"Captain. sir. I swear it." answered Slim fer-
vently. "The gold is there for sure. It must be
there. No one knows of its hiding place but myself
and-one other."
"Who else knows about you goin' on this treas-
ure hunt?"
"No one, my Captain. And noue shall know
until we reach Haiti but thyself. Then I shall tell
Big 'Un and Joe whom I count as my friends, and
you also. my Captain. if you will so honour me.
"If we rind the gold. we will share it among our-
selves. No one else need know. And if we do not
fnd it or do not return-pauf!" Slim made an ex-
pressive gesture. "No one need know in that case
"What's making it dangerous. Slim?"
"That I can not so well explain, my Captain. I
am not so well versed in English."
"Tut! Tut! You speak English lots better than
what I do!" exclaimed the captain in an outburst
of honesty. "Don't let English hold you back none."
"Well, Captain, for one thing, to reach the place
where the treasure is hidden we must travel through
a wild semi-barbarous country. We must ascend
to Christophe's citadel which stands upon the top
of a great mountain. It is said, too. that a spell has
been cast upon the hiding place of the treasure.
that sudden and speedy death comes to him who
seeks it. Therefore it is my plan to-well, seek
the aid of those who hold strange power over life
and death. Who can, if they will, hold back this
death-dealing power that is possessed by the ghost
of Christophe who stalks among the ruins of this
citadel and guards his gold In death as in life."
At these words the captain's gorge rose.
"Slim. don't expect me to take stock in them
witch doin's an' haunt huntin'. It's all blamed bosh,
Slim, an' if you are depending' on one of them fake for-
tune-tellers or buried treasure hounds to locate
money a dead nigger planted over a hundred years
ago, count me out. I won't have no truck with
heathen doin's an' that's straight. If they know so
well where it is at why don't they go git it them-
selves? No, they had rather charge you ten dollars
to show you where ten thousand Is hid. They are
all fakes, Slim, all fakes."
Slim held up a soothing hand.
"Do not worry, my Captain. All I ask is that

you partake of the adventure. As for the power of
the voodoo, let that be established at the proper
time. It is but biting, certainly, that a white man
and-a good Christian like yourself should doubt
heathen rites and question their power over the
Not one of Captain Daugherty's friends, nor
members of his own family, even in their moments
of wildest enthusiasm. had ever referred to him as a
good Christian. Maybe, therefore, this descriptive
title as used by Slim was a subtle flattery that won
him over.
At any rate, Slim left the chart room with the
captain's promise to go on the hunt for Christophe's
hidden hoard.
"But. Slim. don't you dare let none of this get
to the mate's ears. He'd think I had gone dotty."
In due time the VMaggie May loafed into the spa-
cious curving hay in front of Cap Haitien. and an-
chored close in shore. Captain Daugherty spent two
busy days with the fruit company's agents before
he could announce to Slim that he was ready for
the treasure hunt.
It was no easy matter to set away from the
Maggie May with Slim. Joe and Big 'Un in his wake
for two or three days' mysterious visit into the
interior, without drawing the mate's fire.
SHANNON was a chronic skeptic of the pessimistic
variety, being also frank and outspoken.
"I don't see no reason why you should take my,
two best men an' the cabin bo) too in this here wild-'
goose chase of yourn to Grand Riviere or Grand
Creek air or whatever heathenish nigger name that
town has got."
The captain, not having logical reason ready.
did not reply but went on making his prepara-
"An' that ain't all," continued the mate, en-
couraged by the captain's silence. "A captain of a
fruit boat hadn't orter be gallivantin' around over
every blessed island in the West Indies trying' to
locate coffee and sugar-cane land. You are setting'
a bad example for fruit boats in general. an' it ain't
right. Purry soon the fruit companies will be ask-
in' the fruitboat crews to go ashore, raise the cane,
cut it. refine the sugar, and bring it home. Or we
will be raisin' bananas an' apples between trips.
Why don't you leave all this here to the shoremen?
They are a lazy lot as it is, an' this will make 'em
worse. You've got a-plenty to do looking' after the
Maggie May instead of running' around on shore chas-
in' coffee beans."
"Mr. Shannon. sir," sputtered the captain as
soon as he was able to speak, "air you the captain
or air you the mate on this here boat?"
"I'm the mate, of course, but I thought a little
friendly advice-"
"In the old days," continued the captain as if
the mate had not spoken, "many a mate has been
put In irons fer less jaw than you have just give me."
"I didn't mean no harm." said the mate a little
contritely. "I just thought-"
"But nobody don't pay you to think, Mr. Shan-
non. You are paid, an' big wages too, I'll say, to
run this here boat under captain's orders. I kin do
all the thinking' that's needed without your help. But
just to ease your pain, I'll tell you that I'm takin'
Slim along because he can talk this here lingo, an'
you cao't. It ain't Spanish." he added triumphantly,
as he thought of the many times the mate had used
his knowledge of Spanish to humiliate him. "An'
Big 'Un'goes because he can run the Ford, an' mend
it, too. if it breaks down. An' Joe-"
"I don't give a darn about Joe," the mate in-
terrupted. "take him or leave him."
"I'm takin' Joe," continued the captain sweetly,
"just because I blame please. An' I'll take the rest
of the crew if I want'er. Now is that plain?"
The mate was too furious to reply, so he con-
tented himself by staring across the town to the
wooded mountains beyond and thinking what he
could have said, had not discretion curbed him.
Through his glasses half an hour later, he saw
the captain depart from the wharf in state in a
Ford borrowed from the obliging marine officer on
duty in Cap Haitien. Beside Big 'Ln who was act-
ing as chauffeur sat Slim to show the road. On
the back seat were the captain and Joe.
"That old bird has got something' else up his
sleeve besides trying' to lease coffee and cine land
for the company," the mate muttered. "He's as sly
an' secret about this trip as a guinea-hen trying' to
steal a nest. I'll bet a year's wages he'll git into
a jam that'll take a full corps of marines an' half
the U.S. Navy to untangle him from. I never did
trust that there Slim. He's too perlite an' oily. It
ain't natural for no sailor man to be so. An' as
for Joe an' Big 'Un, why a good sized Texas red ant
could tote their brains ten mile an' never have to
stop to wipe the sweat off his face. But I should
worry. It ain't none of my funeral," and the mate


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up his glasses and went below to his solitary
SAfter they were well out on thg purple plain,
turned to Captain Daugherty and pointing to-
the saw-toothed mountain outlined in the
then sky. said:
"Look, my Captain! See that high peak? It is
I named 'The Bishop's Bonnet.' Well, the top
it is Christophe's citadel."
"Bosh! that ain't no fort." snorted the captain
redulously. staring at the mountain. "that's just
top of the mountain. You couldn't build no fort
Slim smiled.
"All strangers say that, when they see it for
first time. Yet that is really the fort built by
ristophe. over a hundred years ago."
SSay, Slim, how is it that you know so much
at this nigger country?" asked the captain sus-
lously. "You can talk their lingo an' appear to
w all about 'em. I thought you was a Portygee."
Slim moved uneasily. and his dark face flushed.
"Many years ago, my Captain, when I was a
I lived here for a time with my people. And
language our learns in his youth remains. Is
iot so?" Then he went on quickly, "This treasure
at we are seeking lies buried deep somewhere in
It old citadel that cost so many lives, so much
Sand tears to build.
"There is a Haitian saying that each stone repre-
ts a human life-every stone. every piece of irou.
great cannon, all were carried to the mountain
by the groaning subjects of Christophe. driven
h whips and blows, but greater than the whips
Sblows was the dreadful fear of Christophe him-
Swho, like death itself. lurked a dark shadow
ve them on the mountain, to command his fierce
diers to swoop down on the workmen at any
ment and slay those who idled at their task of
ing the massive stones upward toward the great
ase he was building. It is said one day he came
elf upon such a group that strained in vain at
great stone they were pushing upward. "What is
ong?' asked the king.
"'Oh King, we cannot move the stone, try as
will,' the slaves gasped.
"'Stand out in line!' ordered the king. "Shoot
ry fourth man.' he commanded his guard. 'Now.'
said to those who stood trembling, gazing at the
dt men. 'you will. no doubt, find your strength
lwed. On with the stone!'"
"And then what happened, Slim?" prompted Joe
lo had been listening open-mouthed.
"I have never heard." replied Slim dryly. "that
Stone was missing when the citadel was com-
ed. So without doubt the remaining workmen
B.have their strength increased, and succeeded in
trying the stone to its place.
"And now here we are at Grand Riviere. I will
Aip out and go forward to make arrangements ror
Night's lodging."
ROM Grand Riviere the treasure hunters set out
.next day at dawn. Ostensibly they were bound
-the village of Milot at the outskirts of which
Sthe ruins of Christophe's palace. Sans Souci.
.above Sans Souci towered the mountain that
las its summit his citadel. La Ferriere.
j4 However. as soon as they were well out of
d Riviere, Slim left the main road. turning into
i-ail that was hard going, even for a Ford.
SFinally they arrived at a small village far up
.the hills, almost hidden in the jungle. You were
rdy aware of its existence until an abrupt turn
lie brush brought you suddenly upon it.
.-'The Ford at once created a sensation in the
e. The half-wild naked children ran screaming
heir mothers, and then the entire population
out and surrounded it chattering in their
French, half-African dialect that a profound
ledge of French will not help you to under-

iaddenly Slim stood up in the car, waved his
and swore at them in their own tongue. which
t very effective one for that purpose. Having
this means attracted their attention. he enjoin-
sIlience and proceeded to harangue the gaping
d with pronounced effect.
:.;:Durtng this speech, as he understood nothing
was said. Captain Daugherty sat quietly in the
SHe did catch the word "papa" .-veeral line-s
'wadered at it. He would have been more dumb-
than was the mob of jostling awestruck
,ifh he had known what Slim was saying.
l.8m was telling them that the dignified old
tman-blanc-with the fierce look. who sat in
f ar of the devil-wagon, was none other than the
SPapa of all the United States Marines. Ac-
to Slim, the Marine Papa had journeyed to
for the purpose of Inspecting the old citadel
rtophe, with the idea of restoring it to its
glory. He would rest in their village until
w and then go up to the citadel. During his
t he devil-wagon would be left in their vil-
It it chanced to he molested by any of the
while the Marine Papa was absent he would
lten the Marines would be instantly summoned.
Marine Papa could call them at once over
h.e that all had seen strung on poles along the
~ ay. The village would be burned and the in-


habitants thereof hurled from Christophe's throw-
ing-off place on the ramparts of the citadel, as was
the playful custom of that mild monarch in Ihe old
Perhaps they were curious to know about the
giant of a black, sitting in the front seat of the
devil wagon. Well, he aas none other than a canni-
bal king, imported directly from the river lands of
Africa to serve as the personal bodyguard of the
Marine Papa. Unfortunately. civilized food palled
on the palate of this wild potentate. At times be
turned away from all food and sighed for the flesh-
pots of his native land. On these occasions he was
That very morning he had reached out and grab-
bed up a fat child who bad inadvertently strayed
within reach of his great arms. Then, heedless of
the cries of the little victim, le tore it limb from
limb and ate it raw. Because of this unfortunate
accident the Marine Papa had brought along the
red-headed youth as emergency rations in case food
became scarce. Nevertheless, the speaker hoped that
none of the young children of the village would
approach too near. because the cannibal king pre-
ferred dark meat to white, and you could never tell
by looking at him just how hungry he might be.
With these few words of explanation and warn-
ing he would now ask the citizens of the village
for a lodging for the night; also a shelter for the
devil-wagon until such time as his master, the Mar-
ine Papa. finished his investigations in that com-
Then Slim sat down. He was not cheered. The
band did not play. Nor did any of the crowd of
citizens show symptoms of being overcome by joy at
the prospect of having these distinguished guests so-
journ among them. They promptly moved back a
considerable distance from the car. however, es-
pecially on Big "Un's side. They then resumed their
steadfast gaze. For over ten minutes no one spuke.
and to remain speechless for ten minutes strains
the constitution of the average Haitian to its veiy
After this long, awkward pause, a tall lean man,
whose long Prince Albert coat. with gold braid on
the sleeves. proclaimed him as a local celebrity.
stepped forward. and with a flourish of his tall hat
bent his back in a Chesterfieldian bow. He was of
a light saddle tan colour known in Haiti as a pens de
couleur, if a man of means or physical prowess, but
if poor financially and physically is called a griffe
or mule nigger.
He introduced himself as the village schoolmas-
ter, Ulysses St. Raisin by name, and begged the
Marine Papa and his retinue to accept the hospitality
of his poor house. He asked, however, that the
cannibal king be requested to restrain his appetite
until a savoury young pig could be prepared for him.
The pig would be much tatter, and therefore more
nutritious, than either of the teacher's young sons.
His sons' ribs could easily be counted at twenty
paces, they were so lean. Then. too, as his family
was of a mixed breed, their flesh would no doubt
lack that "gamey" taste the king was accustomed
to in his African feasts on "the goat without horns."
As to the devil-wagon, it would be perfectly safe
under a shed at his house. After -what had been said
no one in the village would come within touching
distance of it.
After these negotiations had terminated satis-
factorily. Slim informed the captain that he had ar-
ranged for lodgings at a satisfactory figure. They
would abide in this hill village until morning, and
then go after the treasure in earnest
Captain Daugherty retired early and went
promptly to sleep. During the night, tired as he
was, he was awakened, vaguely disturbed by the
muffled throbbing beat of tom-toms and the faint
far-away sound of weird songs and wild howls.
PERHAPS his sleep would have been more dis-
turbed if he had known that as soon as he had
gone to bed. Slim, on the invitation of Ulysses St.
Raisin, had induced Big 'Un and Joe to accompany
him to the village sing-song held that night to pla-
cate evil spirits in general, and to secure their aid to
Increase the yield of the meagre crops. With the
native hill Haitian. a sing-song, combined with the
native dance known as the Bamboula. takes prece-
dence every time over careful cultivation of the soil
as a crop stimulator. Why work all day in the hot
sun. he argues, when an enjoyable dance in the cool
of the evening with congenial companions does just
as well as commercial fertilizer and elbow grease.
Slim smeared Joe's face and hands with walnut
juice. giving him the regulation "griffe" colour so that
he would escape being taken for a blanc, white, at
the dance. Big 'Un. who was blisMully ignorant -f
his role of cannibal king. was prevailed upo'i to
carry a large Cocomcaque club as a sort of weapon
of ceremony.
Slim then dressed himself in a frock-coat and
a high hat, borrowed from Ulysses St. Raisin. who
was similarly attired. Thus arrayed, the four of
them set out for the scene of festivities. This was
in a dense grove of trees beyond the town. where a
stockade had been built around a large cleared
space, whose dirt floor was well packed down by
the dancing feet of a thousand such occasions.
Under the glare of the noonday sun or while
in the company of les blancs, cultured negroes or


gens de colour, the bill Haitian masquerades as a
happy-go-lucky type of negro of the vintage of
Uncle Tom of southern plantation days. But give
him a full moon. a tropical forest, native rum, the
company of his peers, together with the muttering
roll of tom-toms, and he harks back to the river
lands of Africa, mind and soul.
Soon after Ulysses St. Raisin had secured seats
of honour for his guests, the dance began with the
barking muttering roll of the tom-toms and the
rythmic clapping of bands. The local dancers of
the village and surrounding country were put upon
their mettle, so to speak, by the presence of a real
imported cannibal king. Naturally he would be
an authority on Bamboula and voodoo dancing, and
therefore critical of their performance. Being thus
challenged, the village dancers rose to the occasion
and each and every spectator got an eyeful.
It was a dance that went down in the annals
of the village to be talked about for years to come.
As the night wore on the dance grew wilder,
the songs more weird, the jokes and sallies beyond
the civilised pale. If Joe's mother in Galveston had
even dreamed of his witnessing ,such orgies, she
would have had a fit in her sleep.
Slim sat watching the dancers with a glassy-
eyed stare. as they whirled, pranced, retreated and



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advanced with capering feet. Or, as with wild yells
and screams they broke ranks and scampered away,
only to reform and advance again with gestures,
flexions, shimmies and contortions that are indes-
cribable and would be censored if they were. And
as he watched, Slim's face muscles began to twitcu.
He jerked his arms and snapped his fingers with an
odd nervous movement, rythmic with the steps of
the dance. He joined hands in the songs.
As to Big 'Un, the muttering throb of the tom-
toms stirred his bloqd. quickened his pulse and
tightened his throat as nothing else had ever done.
He did not know it, but his mind was harking back
along the road that man has travelled from bar-
barism to civilization. It has been a long, long,
weary road. Yet. on occasion the return journey
can be made along a very snort road, so short that
one arrives back to barbarism before he is aware
that the journey has begun. And the road back to
the river lands of Africa is the shortest of them all.
Gradually Big "'n felt himself slipping. His
mouth was dry, his skin was wet with the perbpira-
tion of nervouisness. He was hardly aware of it,
but his body began to jerk and sway in prriec. time
with the tom-toms. He had to resist with all his
strength the wild impulse to leap up with a yell and

join the dancers, to give himself up wholly to this
devil's music, the swaying rhythm of black bodies,
and the scents of Africa.
Fortunately for Big 'Un's reputation, a free-for-
all row occurred just at this juncture, among tile
ladies engaged in the dance. In jealousy-engendered
lage they screamed, clinched, bit, scratcned and tore
at each other's wool until finally forcibly separated
by mutual male friends. They were then hurriedly
dragged away foaming at the mouth, hurling ob-
scene epithets at each other, and the great Bam-
boula dance was over.
The three treasure hunters, together with their
host, sneaked back to the latter's house just as the
sun was rising over the jagged mountains. They
brewed themselves some coffee and waited for St.
Raisin's slatternly wife to prepare breakfast. Cap-
tain Daugherty soon joined them. and after they had
eaten they set out once more on the jungle trail,
mounted on shaggy Haitian ponies thbi time, to-
ward the mnuntan front whose crest frowned the
cloud-hung citadel of Christophe. Slim led the way
along a narrow. muddy. vine-entangled path that
was a wide well-kept road in Christophe's day.
Flanking the mountain on the right, they rode on
slowly until noon. By that time, the captain, to

^11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111 11111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111111



Born.Jan. 11th. lS15 .


The growth of The Manufacturers Life
Insurance Company has been one of un-

interrupted progress. Tear by year an in-

creasing volume of new assurance is writ-
Sten. Coupled gwi t this there has been a -
Born, Jan. Ilth, 1815
Died, June 6th, 1891 corresponding increase in business from ex-
isting policyholders.
THE MANUFACTURERS LIFE Established in Jamaica in 1893, Jamai-

PRDIE MINISTER cans have always favoured The Manufac-N

DOMINI OF C NADA, turers Life because its policies represent
167 to I1873 IS78 to 1891
the best in life insurance contracts. Its

wBonderful growth is in keeping with its =

H. P. COLENAN-Actirg Manager,
service to policyholders, and it stands Four

Square on the principles of sound Life In-

E,'.' BLISHED 1S. 4




Branch Office, 16 Duke Street. Kiingston, Jamaica. -
H. P. COLEMAN-Acting Manager,

T. EL LEVY, Agent, Black River
J. A. FINZI, ,, Monlego Buy -
A. S. LYONS, ,, St. Ann's Bay
F. V. GROSETT Port Antonio
C. L. DAVIS, Watmoreland.
llllllll lllllllllllllllllllllllll11111111111111111111111I1111111Hillllllllllll.


whom a horse was a strange craft, had collapsed
into that condition so graphically described as "sad-
dle-weary." The saddle had galled him at all vul-
nerable points. His knees ached. His legs were sore
and stiff, and his feet had gone to sleep. In addi-
lion, the sun had for hours poured down enthusiast-
ically on the top of his head. But now, with the
coming of the afternoon, it had settled down to
steady work on the back of his neck, wasting in the
effort enough heat calories to operate an eighty-ton
blast furnace.
However. the captain shifted his weight in the
saddle and rode grimly on. He would not say halt
until the others did.
"Maybe this here is just a fake, after all," he
muttered to himself, as he thought of the Maggie
.l r,'i cool awning-protected, wind-swept deck. "An'
it would serve me right if it is. Me. at my age,
going' off on a wild goose chase like this here. I had
orter git sunstroke fer bein' such a fool."
AT LAST, Slim came to a halt in the shade of a
caimite tree and waited for the others to join
"My Captain.' he said. after the captain, stifling
a groan, had eased himself off his pony and was
rubbing his cramped legs and aching knees. "be-
low us there, in a sort of cave. in that little ravine,
dwells a great voodoo or witch doctor manmaloi, as
the Hatians call her. She is old. so very old that
she claims to have known Christophe himself. And
Christophe has been dead these hundred years."
Slim paused, drew a deep breath, looked at the
captain furtively, and began again, hesitatingly:
"Captain-1 wish to say-to explain that in a white
man's presence this mamaloi would be, what you say
in English, not herself. She would be ill at ease,
suspicious and afraid. Therefore she could not then
be.induced to properly exercise her art. It is necess-
ary, I deem it, that she lend us her aid in this
treasure hunt. Therefore-"
"I thought you already knowed where this here
treasure was at." interrupted the captain. "but now
y(ou -ay you need tlbi nerc witch iji inw ri i h'lp you.
"H' ld. my Cap:air'" Slim iniicriipt -i in his
turn. "I do know just where is the biding place of
the gold. I can go to it at once. But the amaaloi
-I would have her send her-her spirit to first
spy out the secret place. To make assurance that
the gold has not been disturbed in all these years
that I have been away. I-I mean since I have
first known of.itashiding.place," Slim corrected him-
self hastily. "Butit before all, I would have her. by
ithe. power-of her witchcraft ward off the devils of
the mountain that dwell in the old citadel. And in
this way prevent the ill luck that follows after hid-
den gold. It is mainly for thi, that I would con-
suit her."
"Bosh!" exploded the captain, "do you mean to
tell me, Slim. that you believe in such mumble-
jumble as that? Why that old nigger wnian can't
keep no bad luck off us! As to finding that money,
if she's all the help we have got to depend on, we
might just as well go on back to the Maggie May.
I had just as soon go anyway I'm just about all
in on this here treasure hunt. I was a blame fool
to come in the first place. I'd trade my share right
now for a long, tall glass of iced lemonade with a
dash of rum in it.'
"As I have said before, my Captain." Slim re-
sumed soothingly. "I beg to be allowed to proceed
in this matter as I have already carefully planned.
If all of us cooperate I absolutely guarantee suc-
cess There shall be money for us all; lots of It.
As to the power of this old mamaloi, I beg the cap-
tain to believe that I have the same faith and trust
in her as you hare in the faith taught to you by
your mother.
"Therefore. as I started out to say. I am sure
the nnmaailoi will refuse to perform the voodoo rites
in the presence of a white man, and so-and so-"
Slim was fumbling in the saddle-bags on his saddle
-"and so I bought this masquerade in Cap Haltten
so that you might esaily disguise yourself."
Slim triumphantly held up to the captain's as-
tonished gaze a woolly negro wig and a box of burnt
cork grease.
"With the aid of these, my Captain, we can soon
make you tp into a real gentleman of colour, or a
grns de r outlPr as the Haitians say it. Disguised in
this way. after the fashion of the cabin or Uncle
Tom, as shown in the movies at Galveston. the
manmrloi will never suspect that you are a white
"What!" sputtered the captain as soon as he
realized that it was Slim's intention to disguise him
as a negro. "Do you mean for me to put on them
there minstrel show things? I'll be dingbusted if I
do! Why. I would feel like a fool! What do you
think I am?"
Slim wisely refrained from answering this
question. Smiling diplomatically, he replied in a
conciliatory tone:
"But. my Captain, reflect! You have the op-
portunity to see that which other white men have
offered me-I-I-should say." he corrected himself
hastily. "other white men who were curious have
offered the papalois many dollars to be allowed to
witness voodoo ceremonies. Invariably they have
(Continued on Page 35.)


Poor Little Life ?,
(Continued from Page 13.) i
aweetlsmelling trees and shrubs-the frangipani, w
Tree mignonette, the lime, the orange, and the n
itinique rose-with a couple of fountains placed e
.the midst of its umbrageous greenery, shut it off n
mthe extensive pastures and fields of Guinea grass, b
tout which no Jamaica penn would be complete. h
SEntering from the porch, the visitor found him-
Sin a spacious piazza, fitted up with hat racks and a
iaes, something after the fashion of an English n
-. s
Underneath the porch, holding a large, white, o
I-edged farasol. above her head, was Mrs. Durham, o
dy to receive her nephew. She looked like a pic- t
r, as she stood waiting there, in the midst of the w
tWers and the creepers. Although she was nearly 1
t years of age, she mieht easily have passed for g
Irty. Time and fortune had dealt very gently with t
, Her figure was still as lithe and willowy as a
I's. Her feature: were regular and refined. Her h
were dark and of unwonted brilliancy. She was a
tased in some sort of cream-coloured Indian stuff.
h bows of cardinal at neck and wrist.
S'Welcome to Prospect Gardens, George!' she said,
-that clear low voice which was one of her chiefest
rms; and then she kissed him, just as his mother
[ have done. t
SHe thanked her, still retaining her hand. 'I
~ld have known you anywhere, aunt.' he remark-
You're just like Evelyn's elder sister.'
Sibyl clapped her hands. Eleanor made him a
ely courtesy. Evelyn blushed, for her mother had
Sa famous toast amongst the planters in her
ager days: and George, as he entered the house
these four fair women clustering around him.
he had gained the hearts of the whole family by
simple and unpremeditated remark.
'Now George.' said Mrs. Durham. after she had
Wn him his room, "breakfast is ready, and I dare-
you are hungry. But if you would like a bath
we could keep it back for twenty minutes,
h' she added, laying her hand upon his. 'I would
advise it, I think you had better wait till after
when you're cool. You must wait till you're
lmatised, before you take liberties with your-

'George said he would wait for his bath.
'In a few minutes they were seated at one of
e bountifully spread tables which make a West
lan breakfast a thing much to be remembered by
.traveller in after-days. The long square maho-
7 table, with its snowy cloth, its flowers, its
ts, and its antique silver, groaned under a pro-
on of dishes all new to George, who failed not to
ample justice to the inviting repast. In addition
Uch ordinary fare as spatchcock. salmon cutlets,
the regulation ham and egg, there was a fricassee
chickens, with tomatoes which George declared
was worth while coming to JamaiLa to taste.
was calipiver roe-the salmon of the tropics
1ch melted in one's mouth as if it had been some
ions sweetmeat. There was a prawn curry. to
George insisted upon helping himself twice.
e was a dish of soft-skinned turtle eggs, nest-
;in a bed of the greenest parsley. There were
dozen different sorts of 'bread-kind'-roasted
gains, bread-fruit, the purple Indian yam, the de-
chestnut-tasted sweet.potato. There was a
Id of lettuce and water-cress, fresh and crisp as
ecked that morning from some shady garden in
England. There was the avocado or alligator
the only known vegetable substitute for, and in
W Olion of some. superior to, butter. For the
rse there was a dish of sapadillas. just lift-
m the ice-chest, a Ripley pine. than which the
ouges of an English millionaire could produce
or. Grapes tt:ere were, and oranges with the
leaves on their stems just as they came from
e. Iced claret was principally used to wash
this plenteous repast. But tea and coffee wer.?
table; and chocolate made by Cubans in Ja-

ad now. George,' said Mrs. Durham, leading
i4ay to the verandah, when breakfast was over,
own on that rocking.chair, light your cigar, and
e about your mother.'
day passed like a dream. About the hour of
:ou---1r, callers commenced to arrive-the Colonial
tary. his wife and daughters; half-a dozen offi-
from Up Park Camp; the Commodore from Port
SCaptain Hillyard and little laud Longton:
of departments with their womenkind-the
.Rnd pleasantest society ot which the colony
fit five, came afternoon tea: and then about six,
marriage was ordered round, and Mrs. Durham
er daughters started with George for their even-
rive. They got back just in time to bathe and
for their eight o'clock dinner, which was a
on, on a still more lavish scale, of the bounti-
t of the morning. After dinner the ladies
the terrace, George smoked his cigar, and
sang in the dark drawing-room beyond. By
l at ten, the whole family were in bed; and by

even all but George were asleep. But for him slum-
.r was out of the question. Despite all the instruct
ons which he had received, he had not succeeded
I managing his mosquito net. One bloodthirsty tor-
sentor bad entered with him inside the curtains,
hen he had made his quick and crafty plunge; and
ow. exulting in its triumph, it was determined to
sact from him the full fruits of its victory. It was
ot every day that it got a feast of fresh English
lood. Whirring, booming. buzzing, 'pinging' around
im, now settling on his forehead, and darting its
maddening fangs into his flesh; now rotating wildly
bout his head in search of a still more juicy morsel;
ow tauntingly humming behind his ear: now deri-
ivel. careering throughout the length and breadth
t the bed; now resting, though not yet satisfied, far
ut of reach of his handkerchief, on the very top of
he curtains-it goaded him almost into frenzy. It
was his own fault-'hat was the worst of it: for
Irs. Durham, anxious to secure for her nephew a
good night's rest. had offered to send the butler to
uck him in, and to brush out the curtains after he
vas himself in ben. But with English self-confidence,
ie had scornfully refused it. It was not the loss of
actual sleep that he so much begrudged, though to a
young and healthy man of his age this was an un-
wonted and disagreeable position. He would have
been content to lie still, outside his single sheet, and
:almly review the events of the day. He would have
gone over again in memory his merry drive from
the wharf, his warm reception at Prospect Gardens;
have thought over all his aunt's quaint negro stories.
all the children's odd remarks: oftener than all, he
would have conjured up Evelyn's fair face. and re-
produced to its veriest jot and little every word of
iis conversation with her during the day. But
even this resource was denied him. More cruelly
tormented than a prisoner under sentence of death,
he was not permitted to indulge in the luxury of re-
flection. Surely the tortures of a captive in the dun-
geons of the inquisition, with a single drop of water
failing at regular intervals on his shaven head, were
nothing compared with the malignity of his unseen
Fortunately for him. the heat was not excessive.
All thie windows of his chamber r ere open; and
through the chinks of the closed jalousies the night
winds came rushing down from the hills, filling the
room with their cool, balmy, refreshing breezes. To-
wards four o'clock. he rose, threw open the jalousies,
and gazed out upon the scene. The sky was cloud-
less. clear, and lit up with an infinity of stars The
Southern Cross was right above his Lead The full
fair moon poured down a flood of silver light upon
the sea. He could see the black hulls of the ships-
of war at Port Royal. The outlines of their mists
and rigging were distinctly visible against the lumin-
ous background of the water. The coconut trees
on the Palisadoes stood our like Corinthian columns
against the glistening sky. The lighthouse. like the
eye of a cyclops, cast a lurid glare over the harbour.
As he gazed. a stillness as of death seemed to
fall upon the saene Not a sound was heard: not a
leaf stirred; even the myriad voices of the tropical
night were for the moment hushed Suddenly a faint
li-tht appeared on the eastern sky: then a rosy flush,
like the sudden outbreak of a great iontlagration.
illumined the landscape The moon paled-one soli-
tarv star re-tained its brillian,:y long after that of
the others had gone. A gentle twittering of birds
was heard. A white screech-owl planned heavily
across the pastures on its way to its hiding-place in
a neighbouring cotton tree. And then. like an exiled
monarch returning to his kingdom, uproie the glori
ous sun. and it was day once more
He bathed his face and his hands, returned t,
his couch, and had an hour or two of refreshing
sleep. When he awoke the torrid sun was pouring
into his apartment; and by his bedside, looking the
very incarnation of coolness in his white jacket and
white trousers. stood John the butler, with a cup ol
fragrant coffee and a plate of crisp cassava cakes or
o silver salver in his hand.
*Missis hope you hab slep' well. Sa Garge! an
if %ou will please to get up. you will find de young_
ladies in de piazza.'
There was considerable excitement in the church
of Halfway Tree. when the party from Prospect Gar
dens, aifli the young English baronet in its train
put in an appearance at service that morning. Thb
news of his arrival had spread abroad: and from thi
rector in the reading-desk, to the smallest negro gir
with bare feet and starched petticoats who sat roun
the steps of the font. the eyes of the congregatiol
were fixed on the stranger. As for George, the quain
little church and its occupants were objects of inter
est as attractive to him as he was, without known
it. to the remainder of the congregation. Never bc
fore, he thought, had he said his prayers in suc
a heterogeneous company. All official Jamaica wa
there, from the Governor to the humblest clerk i
the Colonial Secretary's office-official Jamaica. cla
in white hats and black frock-coats, with blue c
scarlet or bird's-eye neckties, patent-leather shoe
and white umbrellas. All the Christian beauty of th
plains was there, dressed after the latest Englis
fashions, with green veils to shade its charms fro!
the sun, and palm-leaf fans to protect its somewhi
mixed complexion from the heat. And all the negi

population of the district was there. every man look-
ing, to Sir George's unaccustomed eyes, the counter-
part of the other; and all, males and females alike,
displaying an unction and a fervour of devotion,
conjoined-to judge by appearance-to an absorbing
love of dress.
The service was short, plain, and impressive.
The briefest of rectors, in the briefest of surplices,
gave the briefest of sermons. The music was good,
and would indeed have been excellent, had the choir
not been drowned by the strident votes of the neg-
roes. One feature of part of the service particular-
ly attracted the baronet's attention, and that was
when the rector amplified the well-known petition In
the litany into "from lightning, earthquake, and tem-
pest.' This. coupled with the many references to
fever, pestilence, and hurricanes on the mural tablets
on the walls, far more than the differences of colour
and feature which he saw around him. convinced
George that at last he was really in Jamaica.
When the service was over, the most of the ne-
groes collected in the Churchyard to see the gentry
drive away. The square in front of the church was
crowded with buggies and carriages; and whilst
their vehicles were being brought up. the gentry
themselves, clustering in groups under the shade of
the trecs, exchanged salutations with one another,
discussed the sermon or their neighbours, or made

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ointments for Badminton and lawn-tennis parties to
'the remainder of the week. det
'It puts me in mind of the vestibule of Her Maj- Isl
p'k Theatre on an opera-night,' said George to 1It
ilyn. 'Do you remember, Evelyn, when my mother sto
k you and me to our first opera?' Lur
'Yes. It was Faust. I thought I had never seen (ot
heard anything so beautiful.'
'Oh. there's the Governor got mother in tow!' fou
lalmed Eleanor, breaking in upon their conversa- rat
i. 'They're talking about you. Cousin George.- ind
ik! there's mother beckoning to you. You'll have bsh
go. I would not like to be you; he's such a cross an
Sting, is the Governor' oft
But His Excellency was all complacency in the
jsence of the young English baronet. He introdue- ing
]im to Lady Longton: and her ladyship ,- an thi
Pelal mark of favour. let the tips of her lemon- we
cured glove rest for a moment in his band. say
'I was sorry Lady Longton and I were out when do(
I called yesterday. Sir George. It was not a visit- ho
(day as perhaps Mrs. Durham may have told you: or
twe should have been glad to have seen you. I
e,, however, to do myself the pleasure of return- pec
,your call in person at an early date; and I trust gre
.t during your stay in Jamaica. we may have the
Ouure of seeing a good deal of you. I had thl Ca
iour of your father's acquaintance-the late Sir sp,
thur Durham-I hardly like to say how many years of
P. We were boys at Eton together: and though Do
hr uncle had ceased to he Attorney General before sw
same to the colony. I have had occasion, more than coE
he. to express publicly my sense of the invaluable w
'rice he rendered to the island. I hope Mrs. Dur-
1a or some of your charming cousins will often ne
jag you over to Queen's House. I shall tell Hill-
Il that we shall always be at home to you.' 'B
'Aunt.' said Sir George. as they drove off from of
a churchyard gdte. 'what am I to do? I have not Ge
iught a court-suit with me; I had no notion it ha
auld be required.'
Mrs. Durham laughed. ea
S'I told you Sir William was not popular.' said
vblyn. 'You can understand the reason now to
. ut whatever exception George might be dispos-
lto take to His Excellency's high sense of his own ba
portance. he had no reason to complain of Sir Wll-
il's want of civility. la
` The next day the Governor called on Sir George. di
|:had scarcely gone, when an orderly arrived with th
Invitation to dinner for the following evening.
S*It is not a "command" this time. George,' said es
g. Durham. 'I think we had better go. The
Bn's House little dinners are always pleasant. as
igh I can't say the same for the official ones. w
it'll meet some of the nicest people in the island. gl
Chief Justice and Lady French are sure to he a
,lre: and General Short. the Director of Roads; and ta
Vy likely the Commodore.' ha
SIt turned out as Mrs. Durham had predicted, a ,-
pleasant little party. All the persons whom she w
mentioned were present. and in addition, a Q
le of rich planters-non-official members of the h
isative Council. and as such entitled to the colo- h
distinction of being styled the Honourable-one or
niom, a. Mr. Da Costa, was accompanied by two S
pretty young jewesses, his daughters, to whom h
Commodore paid assiduous attention f(
When dinner was announced. Sir William give <
arm to Lady French: Ladv Longton followed with
George: and then the rest of the company in
ttrlt order of precedence. Captain Hillyard and
in brought up the rear.
'.! hope. Sir George.' said the Governor, addres-
him across the table. 'you intend to make the
of the island. You cannot say you have seen
lca, if you don't. Kingston is no more Jamaica
London is England. Every parish in the island
parish with us. you know, is the same a4 a
ty in England-has its own distinguishing ch-ir-
Altic. Even the patois of the peasantry is dif-
at in Westmoreland from what it is in Portland,
'::? should like to do so very muc-h, Sir William.
.:my stay is limited I must leave for home the
mail after Christmas; and I believe November
ilfttime for travelling in Jamaica.'
T-~; we have our autumnal rains-our "sea-
V as we call them-then Still, this is only Oc-
', .You might do it all before the rains com-
it you starred at once.'
'But that,' said Mrs. Durham, joining In.the con-
tion, 'we cannot allow my nephew to do. He
.One out to make the acquaintance of his reln-
SSir William. and he has not had time to do

rAh! my de-ir Mrs. Durham.' replied the Gover-
tllantly, 'that alters the case entirely. Inter-
.aa an extended study, of our social peculiarities
undoubtedly be to Sir George. be has an infi-
more charming study nearer home;' and he
Sto Mrs. Durham with the grace of a courtier.
vNevertTheless. your Excellency,' oroke in Mr.
II, the Custos or Loid Lieutenant of St. Ann's
shrewd Scotchman, who prided himself in keep-
up the old Jamaica traditions of hospitality--
eless, if Sir George Durham could spare time
a run over to the, North. Side, I'm sure e
be both delighted aad4 amused. We. have.-the
states, sir,' he continued, addressing himself



the baronet. in our parish. It's called the Gar-
n of Jamaica-and the best lot of negroes in the
and. If you want to know what Quashie is really
e, you must go to the sugar estates. Your King-
n nigger is a poor creature-a poor feckless crea-
*e. But for the real article, you'll have to go to the
'I always thought the finest peasantry were to he
ind in Manchester,' said the Governor. 'At any-
e, they are the most money-making and the most
dependent. When I was in Manchester last. I was
own a negro who had saved two thousand pounds,
d had bought a large coffee-piece besides. It is not
en one meets with a thrifty negro.'
'It's because they distrust your government say-
gs-banks. Sir William." replied the planter. "They
nk their money can be seized for taxes. If you
>uld get that idea out of their heads, they'd be as
ring as the Coolies The negro hoards, though he
es not save. The Coolie saves, but he does not
ard. But the truth is, the one is quite as fond
money as the other.'
'I should not have thought they were a saving
ople.' interposed Sir George. 'They must spend a
eat deal on their dress.'
*So they do-so they do. Sir George,' replied Mr.
mpbell: "tar more than they have any business to
end. And no negro would condescend to take care
his clothes: he would think that niggardly.
n't you see the way the women go about the streets,
keeping up the dust with their long starched petti-
ats? If any of them was to hold up her dress, she
would be sneered at as a "mean somebody."'
'I wonder.' interposed the Commodore, 'what a
.gro's ideas of beauty are?'
'I am sure I don't know,' laughed the planter.
ut I do know that no one in the world is vainer
her appearance than a negress. If you notice, Sir
sorge. you'll see that every second girl you meet
.s one or two of her front teeth out.'
*I have; and have wondered whether it was from
ting bugar-cane or anything of the sort.'
*Nothing of the kind. She's had them pulled out
improve her looks.'
'You do not mean that seriously?" replied the
'Indeed I do'. responded the planter: 'in Eng-
nd the loss of even one front tooth fills a girl with
we alarm: but here, the loss of two is quite the
ing! There's no accounting for taste.'
'Do you employ Coolies as well as negroes on your
state, Mr. Campbell?' inquired the -oiing baronet.
'We're obliged to,' was the reply. 'we use them
s a sort of decoy-ducks to induce the negroes to
ork. If we could dispense with them, we would
adly do so: for they're very expensive, and need
lot of cuddling and looking after: and all that
ikes up both time and money. Besides they're not
alf so strong as the negroes. They can't do axe-
ork. and they're alwrns in iiospital. But we can't do
without them. Siaie the abol'ton of slavery in 183P ,
uashie has herome so lazy and independent that
e's not to be relied on. He works only when and
ow he pleases. Still, we're glad to get him almost
n his ov u terms. It's a sort of secret of the trade,
ir George. and you mustn: betray us if I tell you-
uit the beet-paying work on every estate is reserved
or the negro. If he did not get that, Quashie wouldn't
rime near us at all.'

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'But I thought your Coolies were physically a
fine body of men,' replied the baronet.
'The scum of the earth, sir-the scum of the
earth. The women come home from the bazaars;
the men are fellows who have committed some offence
against the laws or the caste prejudices of their
countrymen. Many of our coolies were sepoys dur-
ing the rebellion. I don't believe it is entirely the
fault of our immigration agents in India. They
would get us better if they could. But respectable
Indians can't be got to cross "the black water," and
hence our estates are recruited from the off-scourings
of our Indian population. However. if you're inter-
ested in the subject, you've a fine opportunity for
studying it. The HamLpshire has just arrived with a
fresh consignment of Coolies on board. It's that that
has brought me to town. I'm going aboard her to-
morrow with the Agent-general of Immigration; and
if you would like to go over a Coolie. ship, I'll get
you permission to go with us.'
'Pray do, Mr. Campbell: I shall be very much
obliged: there is nothing I should like better,' said
Sir George.
*Very well: that's agreed then. We'll meet at
ten to-morrow at the Agent-general's office.'
PUNCTUALLY at the appointed time next morning,
the Durham's carriage drove up to the door or
the Immigratiou Officer.
"You're exact to the minute, Sir George,' said
Mr. Carupbell looking at his watch. after having in-
troduced him to Mr. Buchauan, the Agent-general, a
rair-haired youngish-looking man dressed in a light
alpaca jacket and a pith helmet.
Driving down to the Victoria Market, the party
hailed a canoe, and under the skilful paddling of two
sable boatmen, were soon under the Hampshire's
bows There she lay. like a weary creature, resting
after her long and tedious voyage through the track-
less seas.
'Never had a chance of sailing.' said the cap.
tain grumpily, when they had got on board; 'never
got a wind the whole blessed time.'
The main hatch was open. and looking down
through it. a strange sight met the visitors' eyes.
A mass of naked limbs, thighs, and torsos, gleaming
ivory teeth, soft jetty eyes-men. women, and child-
ren all salaaming together to the while faces peer-
ing through the hatches. The men were almost en-
tirely nude; their sole garment was a white babia
v. und round their loins. The women were more de-
tently draped in a couple of pieces of calico, the one
surrounding the limbs, the other the head and chest.
'Before I call the roll, Sir George.' said the
Agent-general, 'would you like to go below and get a
nearer view of this human menagerie?'
The baronet acquiesced.
'Captain Grimsby and I have some papers to
look over, bti the second-mate will go with you, and
you'll find me on the quarter-deck when you come
'Many deaths this voyage"' asked Mr. Campbell,
as they descended the rickety ladder.
'Fifteen all told.'
'A considerable number.'
'Yes, sir. But I never saw such a set as them
Coolies When they think they're sick, they die of
just like a pack of monkeys.'


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'Any births?'
'Plenty, air,' replied the mate, cheering up.
'Five in all. We had one the very night before
we came into Kingston Harbour. Take care of your
heads gentlemen. One step more. Here you are!
Plenty light you see when your eyes get accustomed
to the darkness.'
And when their eyes did get accustomed to the
twilight gloom, a very curious scene met their view.
They could see from one end of the ship to the other.
The main-deck had been entirely given up to the
accommodation of its living freight.
Following their guide, Sir George and Mr. Camp-
bell proceeded to thread their way amongst the
crowd. Children gambolled around them, came and
touched their hands, their clothes, their umbrellas.
Women held up their babies to be admired, then
salaamed to the ground, touching their feet, and then
their own heads, with every token of courteous orien-
tal abasement. Many of the men were models for
the sculptor, and one or two of the children were
really pretty. But the women, with the exception of
a few young girls of sixteen or seventeen, were
squat and ungainly, and both in figure and feature
formed a striking contrast to the men. Both sexes.
however-from motives either of vanity or religion
-appeared to have done their best to disfigure them-
sieves. Many of the women had the half of their
brows and the partings of their hair stained with
vermilion: whilst the majority of the men had
shaved either the whole or a portion of their heads.
Each man, woman, and child wore suspended
from the neck a tin medal, on which his or her num-
ber was stamped. Several of the women were gor-
geously adorned with bangles and anklets, neck-
laces. nose and ear rings. One woman had sixteen
silver bracelets on her arm, which had been fas-
tened on when she was a child, and had now eaten
into her flesh. Two fair-skiined bright little sis-
ters of thirteen or fourteen wore round their fat arms
what looked like silver napkin rings, on either side
of which the plump flesh protruded painfully.
On the beams and pillars of their saloon were
suspended their pipes and their drums-their hubble-
babbles and their tumntums. Mugs, old tins. and plat-
ters were rolling about on the ground. A tall sirdar
in red jacket was distributing chupatties-thii flour
scones-which the children, true to their instincts.
greedily snatched and devoured. The men, crouched
in idle attitudes, and the women stretched on the
ground in every variety of easy and graceful pose,
were less active in appropriating their share of the
Amidst these motley groups were one or two sick
people. A man who had fallen from deck and brok-
en his leg. was stretched out, bandaged up with
splints; and on a filthy blanket lay another poor fel-
low, whose emaciated frame, and bones protruding
through the skin, showed only too distinctly that
he never would cross the kala panic (black water)
again. No one seemed to trouble himself with him,
or pay him the least attention. And indeed, he look-
ed as if he were even now heedless of human care.
Suddenly the boatswain's pipe was heard sum-
moning a general muster. In an instant the whole
.saloon was alive. Mothers and sisters seized hold of
naked boys and girls, draped the one with bal.a and
the other in sheets like grave clothes Then nrn-
ceeding to make their own toilets, they swathed
themselves in folds of pink muslin, bought for them
in Calcutta, against this
the day of their going
ashore. Each man seized -
his hubble-bubble and his
turn-turn. Each woman =-" '- '
made up her little bundle
of every-day attire. Then'
with her naked pickan-
inuy astride on her hip,
and perhaps a couple
more hanging on by the
skirts of her garments,
she ascended the ladder
to present herself and her
offspring before the in-
specting officer.
In the meantime, the
dock had been roped off,
and chairs and a table
brought out for the use
of Mr. Buchanan and his
clerks. Round the Agent-
general's table clustered
several planters, who,
like Mr. Campbell, had
-come on board to receive
the Coolies allotted to
them. As each man or
woman came forward
they criticised his or her
muscular development in
very much the same man-
ner as of old they used
to do their slaves.
'On the whole, a
goodish lot.' said Mr.
Campbell to the baronet,
when his quota was made
ap. 'There are one or MYRTLE BANK HOTEL


Mr. T. G. S. Hooke, the resident manager of the
Myrtle Bank and Titchfleld Hotels, has now been
some eight years in Jamaica. Mr. Hooke has been
a hotel man for about one-halt of his life; he acquired
his training and experience in some of the best hotels
in England and the United States He is a man
of genial, equable disposition, with a marked cipi-
city for organisation and administration. It is little
to say that be has been a success.

two not much worth. Look at that second fellow
from the end. He don't look strong enough to
handle a hoe. But that's a sturdy wench next to him.
look at her arms. I hope they'll behave themselves.
I'm sure. They need a deal of humouring when they
are landed first, they're just like bairns, Sir George.
and have to be treated accordingly. It's hard work.
I can assure you, keeping your temper when you see
these great men and women, who ought to be attend-
ing to their work, throwing wooden Images of Lukki,
the goddess of Fortune. into the river, or wreathing
a white goat with flowers, and then cutting off its
head in honour of Kali. the goddess of Destruction.-
Well, I think we've seen all there is to be seen, so
we'd better he off, and leave Mr. Buchanan to his
work. I'll send my overseer for the lot,' added tile
Scolchman. addressing the Agent-general, 'in the
A DAY or two afterwards, as the young baronet
was leaving his room to join his cousins over
their early coffee, he heard the girls laughing in the
piazza above him.



'Here's Cousin George!' cried Sibyl, rushing to
the top of the staircase to meet him, and holding up
her rosy mouth for her morning kiss. 'Let's ask his
'Come along, George!' cried Evelyn, flourishing
a letter in her band. 'We want your opinion.-
Eleanor, pour out his coffee for him; he likes it
sweet with plenty of hot milk.-Here's old Nana-
our old nurse, you know-has got a letter from her
grand-daughter, who lives in another part of the
island called Manchester, asking her to go and stay
with her; and the old lady can't make up her mind,
and wants us to make it up for her. Please take the
letter and read it for yourself, and then you can tell
us what you think.'
George did so. and read as follows:
'"Your having resided in Kingston has hindered
me from writing to you as often as I could wish.
However. I now embrace this opportunity trusting
what I have to say may approbate your aged mind.
1 have considered your diminishing age has render-
ed )ou the greatest inconvenience of life, although
your manners of situation would no doubt arise di-
versify of an opinion in mind. I am sorry to say."
continued George, "your ever anxious to see your only
Charlotte are ever deferred." 'The grammar's a lit-
tle mixed at this passage. However, to proceed:
"And as I cannot t-ll when it will be in this respect,
i: is my earnest endeavour to promote myself in the
branches of usefulness, while it is the greatest joy
of my father to see me wise and happy."
'Pon my word,' remarked George. 'this young
lady seems to have a very good conceit of herself.'
"Our lives so uncertain," continued the missive,
"that I cannot lost the present. Although he has
not the means, yet he is willing to see me as already
stated. I will not leave to say that I was baptised
on the first sabbath in June; so now I am a mem-
I)er of the church whose pastor is Rev. Isaac Parker,
of which I trust it won't be little joy in your hope
and felicity are centred. My dear mother, if your
wish are still so great, do. my dear. come up to live
and die with me. Look not on what you possess.
Care not for house and home. but remember you are
decreasing every day, and disadvantage is before
you. Therefore I beseech you, answer to my request.
BP tv my desire: hoping when this reach your lovely
hands" '-
'Nana's lovely hands!' shouted Sibyl. 'Oh, you
should see them Cousin George; they're like the
claws of some old monkey!'
Hush, Sib; let me finish:
"When this reach your lovely hands, it may
find you and all friends in health, as it leaves me at
present. I am your unfeigned and affectionate
'Well.' said George, handing the letter back to
Evelyn. 'all I can -ay is, that it I were Nana, I
should think twice before I went to live and die with
such a superior young person. She'd soon be the
death of me. with her long words and her learning.'
'That's what education has done for the negroes,"
said Evelyn. I don't think Nana appreciates all her
grand-daughter's accomplishments. You see she is
what the negroes call an "old-time somebody." She
was an old slave of my father's. But she would not
leave the family at abolition, and she still retains
all the feelings of her class. Her son, however, is
different. He belongs to
the new school, and the
:'"~.,"7 -. 7' result is-his precious
Daughter Charlotte. But
S. .' '., I don't think Charlotte's
S education will advance
much further; she's en-
gaged to be married to a
.. .., young drayman in Man-
c hester; and I daresay.
a after marriage, she'll give
,'e up all her learning, just
as ladies give up the
p Diano.'
'Ask Evelyn to show
you some of Captain Hill-
yard's letters to her," ad-
ded Sibyl maliciously. It
would be good fun com-
paring them.-wouldn't
it, Cousin George?'
'Sibyl!' said Evelyn
threateningly, but blush-
ing all the while.
'Well, he does write
to you, Evelyn,' pursued
the child. 'You know he
does; and you know you
like plm too,' she added.
'Oh, there can be no
doubt she is very fond of
him,' said Eleanor, with
an air of the most aggra-
vating candour.
'Captain Hillyard is
certainly very amusing,'
said Evelyn, partially re-
s OF THE WEST INDIEe covering her composure,


Is more than can be said of all the Governor's

was a trifling incident, but it set George a-think-
1g. The subject occupied his thoughts during the
le of the morning. He was conscious that this
lent of Captain Hillyard's letters possessed an
rest for him, for which his cousinship to Evelyn
no sufficient justification. He could not conceal
i, himself that the children's malicious remarks
caused him infinite annoyance. He was forced
idmit that when Sibyl had spoken of Evelyn's
espondence with Captain Hillyard, she hid sent
nd of stab through his heart. But, after all, why
id she not correspond with Captain Hillyard?
if, as Eleanor had added, she liked him-what
?T What was Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba?
as her cousin, to be sure, her nearest male re-
n, and as such, and also as head of her family,
]y concerned in her happiness. He was certain-
ond of her too-in a brotherly, consinly, family
':of way, of course. She was one of the nicest
k.he knew-bright, happy, guileless, unsophisti-
and very pretty too; there could be no doubt
t. All that assuredly made him deeply inter-
' In her fortune. But could it account for those
igs of irritation-to call them by the mildest
I-with which he had received his impish little
n's mischievous intelligence? Clearly, it could
SFor, after all, he repeated, why should she not
eapond with Captain Hillyard? He had not seen
.of him; but the little he had, had.impressed
saot unfavourably. He was amusing enough in
way. For a soldier he was certainly clever-bet-
sducated. too, on the whole, than men of his
sreon sometimes were. He was the nephew, or
iPousin-at any rate some near relation of the
Snor's. His prospects were good. He would pro-
be a governor himself some day. He would be
asnuitable match for Evelyn. 'I'll disouvnr
ier she really likes him; because, if she's on!.
lher fun out of the fellow, that's right enough.
In certain these chits meant to imply that there
Something more serious between them. And it
rIB, I suppose, as Evelyn's cousin, I'd have some-
*ito say to the match.' And then he fell a-dream-
young men with plenty of money and no par-
Soccupation are liable, perhaps even entitled,
dreaming of Deepdale and the Castle, and
other, and his future, and a wife-who, some-
.always bore an extraordinary resemblance to
l--who looked with her eyes, spoke with her
,and went about the panelled halls and wide
terraces of his ancestral home with her pecu-
ce and gesture.
le plague's in the girl!' he said angrily, as the
bell rang forth from the piazza, warning
.bring his ablutions to a close. 'She's some-
,other got into my head, and I can't get her
iLt. remember one of the last things my
said to me-it was the last night before I
pdale, I recollect-was to be sure not to
Aiwife of the daughters of Heth. It was her
supposes, of warning me not to marry a nig-
:in't say, so far as I've gone, that I have been
to any temptation. These two Jewish girls
the Governor's the other night were pretty
,By-the-by, I thought Hillyard showed that
t one a good deal of attention. But I have
ML;a girl in Jamaica yet-and very few out of
at could hold a candle to Evelyn in point of
She certainly is uncommonly pretty-twice
ty as when she used to come down to us at
SI know my mother used to admire her
aBd like her too! Yes; she used to be very
little Evie; and so was my father. I won-
i.n. mother pwuld consider Evelyn one of the
rs of feth!'

jome days past, there had--been a talk of
e and Evelyn riding up to 'the hills,'to
same friends who lived at Belvidere, and to
eairge an opportunity of seeing some of the
scenery for which the parish of St.
:is so justly famed. Something. however,
way occurred to prevent the retaliation of the
But time was fleeting; the November 'sea-
at hand. Already the light cirrus clouds,
Snegfes designate.'rain-seeds,' were to be
the morning sky. Already, towards evening,
was growing thick with vapour; and at
e:swarms of mosquitoes and flies were, as
pressedsd it, 'more than human nature could
i,'b the trip to 'the hills' was to take place :'t
i .Incumbent that it should be got over be-
gullles were down.' When the mountain
had become raging torrents, when the dry
loLurDes hadcbecome broad and swiftly-flowirg
When the daily rains were falling like solid
l water, travelling was difficult even in the
| :.:Amongst the hills, it was not to be thought
uld not delay another day, if I were you
b:'said Mrs. Durham at breakfast that morn-
e'll start Mannie with the ponies to the Gar-
You and Evelyn can follow in the car-
Once you get in among "the bush," you

won't need to fear the sun. You will be at Belvidere
in time for afternoon tea; and you can ride home
again in the cool of the evening.'
They started, therefore, after lunch; Evelyn in
her gray riding-habit and black hat; George equipped
with spurs and gaiters, and carrying a heavy-hunt-
Ing crop in his hand. A little above the village of
Gardens, they left the carriage. Evelyn mounted
her fat old pony Jack: George bestrode old Blunder-
bore, a famous hill-pony, that after having been own-
ed by a succession of governors, judges, and other
high officials, had become now the property of Mrs.
Durham of Prospect Gardens. It was a steep though
lovely ride. A road there could scarcely be said to
ba. But a mountain track, paved by the hard soles
of many generations of negroes, and the hoofs of the
horses and mules of the country-people who daily
brought down their coffee and breadkind to sell at
Kingston market, slowed the route. And if, at times.
there were great travelling boulders in the path to
be circumvented, and tiny trickling rivulets to be
crossed: or a fallen branch of bamboo to be stepped
across; or bits of the rock, worn by much traffic into
the semblance of miniature staircases, to be climbed:
or a rustic bridge, spanning the scene of some recent
land-slip, to be gingerly traversed-these and such-
like obstacles only added a zest to the journey,
whilst they heightened a thousandfold the pictur-
esqueness of the scene. And then, toe marvellous
setting of the picture!-the arching fringe of bam-
boos that bordered the path, the checkered shadows
Falling across the roadway, the banks of maiden-
hair fern and begonia growing by its sides, the tree-
ferns at intervals on its margin-was there ever a
wood-walk more like a poet's dream, more meet for
lovers' talk, more adapted for the free thrust and
parry, the mutual interchange of youthful joys and
It was the influence of the scenery that provoked
the conversation which ensued-there could be no
doubt of that. Nothing but it could have induced
George to lay bare the secret recesses of his heart.
And if any middle-aged reader haply doubts the as-
sertion. let him appeal to his own memory for its
corroboration. Let him ask himself looking across
the table to her who sits opposite to him, whether
he would ever have been able to summon up courage
to put the momentous question, if nature, that wise
counsellor. that sympathetic ally. had not come to his
aid on that eventful day? It was that quiet wood-
shaded nook on the Thames, that solitary crevice be-
tween two over-shadowing rocks by the seashore.
the gentle murmur of the waves on that sandy beach,
that lovehi hill-top. the ruins of that deserted castle
by the Rhine. the placid music of that mountain
brook, the splash of that moss-grown fountain in
those unfrequented gardens. that armed his voice
with strength to make the fateful demand. And
when he had obtained the answer that he sought-
that answer that he hoped for, yet scarcely ventured
to expect-was it not kind nature that congratulated
him the first, and with its thousand voices spread
abroad the joyful intelligence, till rock and shore.
river and mountain, wood and forest, seemed to
echo and reverberate with his joy!
It was not, indeed, till their return journey that
George yielded to the powerful promptings of the
voice of nature; and when at length his lips were
unlocked, the result was scarcely such as to justify
the expectation of even a qualified success. Indeed,
the conversation began with something very like
a quarrel.
'I say, Evelyn,' said George abruptly, 'is there
anything between you and Captain Hillyard?'
'Between me and Captain Hillyard!' she re-
peated with surprise. 'I don't understand you,
'I thought I was plain enough,' he replied with
ill-concealed bitterness.
'Perhaps you were, George. But I fail to see
either why you should ask me this, or what gives
you the right to put the question.'
'Oh, if that Is the way you wish to take it, I
have no difficulty in giving you an answer. T asked
because I thought you seemed put out when the child-
ien mentioned his name this morning; and as for my
right to ask, I'm your cousin, and I think that's title
'I was put out, I admit,' replied Evelyn; 'though
why, I'm sure I don't know. Children are constant-
ly saying disagreeable things; they do it to torment.
Of course, it is very silly to be annoyed by them, but
one can't help it always.'
'But is it true, Evelyn?'
'Is what true?'
'That you correspond with him?'
'Of course, it is true. Why shouldn't I? He is
one of our most intimate friends. I have a whole draw-
erful of his letters, she added with a young girl's:
innocent malice.
'You keep his letters, then?'
'I keep yours too, George,' she said smiling upon
'But that's different. I'm your cousin.'
'Oh. no doubt. it's different; but for the matter
of that I keep all letters.'
'I wish you'd burn mine then,' he answered cynt-
(Continued on Page 29.)




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KING STREET Is the principal thoroughfare of
Kingston, and therefore of Jamaica. In that
street is to be found Metropolitan House; and that
building, with its colonnades, its splendid display of
plate glass windows, and its general appearance of
spaciousness, cannot fall to attract immediate notice.
It is the largest haberdashery and dry goods es-
tablishment in the is-
land. It is one of the.
largest establishments
of its kind to be found
anywhere in the West
Indies. British, Spanish
or French. It was built
with an eye to the fu-
ture; it is conducted
with regard to the re-
quirements of the mo-
ment; it has grown
since the day when it
was thought that so ex-
tensive a business em-
porium was out of place
in the city of King-
ston. Expansion has
marked the career of
Metropolitan House, and
so it still retains its
pride of place in this
The aim and policy
of the present Perman-
ent Director and Chair-
man of Messrs. Nathan
and Company, Limited,
Mr. A. A. Nathan, is to
make Met ropolitan
House a store to which
residents and visitors
alike will go for every-
thing that they may re-
quire from an establish-
ment of this description.
He intends that it shall
be a sort of centre ot
the haberdashery and
dry goods trade in Ja-
maica, and that with
courtesy and efficiency
of service there shall be A CORNBE OF METROP
an extraordinary Var-
lety of goods of high quality. Messrs. Nathan and
Company, Limited, are, of course, the owners of more
than one store In Jamaica: for example, the Bee Hive,
at the corner of King and Harbour Streets, is theirs,
and there are branches in some of the country towns.
Each of these businesses Is under its own manager,
and he concentrates upon making his particular
charge as up-to-date and
successful as possible.
That is the policy per-
sued in Metropolitan
House. It is a policy
which has made Metro-
politan House a name
amongst tourists who
visit Jamaica, as well as
amongst the island's
Continually one ob-
serves groups of people
standing in front of the
great show windows of
Metropolitan H o u se,
gazing at the display of
goods behind the glass.
Shop-window dressing
Is an art elsewhere, and
in Metropolitan House
it is carried to a point
of perfection which can
bear the most favour-
able comparison with
similar dressing In the
shop-windows of larger
and more prosperous
cities than Kingston.
Sometimes the two rows
of these windows look-
ing out upon King and
Barry Streets flower
into gorgeous colours.
Silk.stuffs of every des-
cription and of every
hue meet the eye; artis-
tically arranged, they
malj an Intimate and
moving appeal to the
hearty e.the gentle sex
ani ft t be confess-. -
E- ipopeal to the GIIMPSE A
,- *V

hearts of men also. On other occasions every variety
of headwear for women and men may be seen in these
windows, and then again the daintiest shoes for
dainty feet, and yet again sporting goods for the
sportsman; and so on through the whole gamut of
necessaries and luxuries which modern civilization
places at our disposal.


The interior of the store is so arranged that its
several departments are easily reached by those en-
tering by any of its main entrances in King and
Barry Streets. The sheen of silver advertises that
wedding presents and other gifts may be obtained
at Metropolitan House. Delicate lingerie attracts
the attention of ladles. Numberless rolls of tweeds




of every description advise the men that here is a
store which caters for men. And, of course, there
is a tailoring department attached to Metropolitan
House. with some of the best cutters and fitters to be
found in Jamaica.
Metropolitan House does an extensive business
In the making of light tropical wear for tourists.
During the tourist sea-
ron the orders received
keep a large staff of
tailors busy from morn
till eve. Silk suits,
drill suits, linen suits--
these are ordered day
after day, and each of
these orders is promptly
attended to, whether it
be for one suit only or
for a dozen.
The same activity
is observable, and obser-
vable all the year round,
in the dressmaking de-
partment of Metro-
politan House. So is it
likewise in the millinery
department. In these
two departments dresses
and hats, in the latest
styles, are turned out li
large numbers. Hats
ready-trimmed and
gowns in the latest
fashions are also imi
ported by Metropolitan
House; thus the pur.
chaser's choice is prac-
tidally unlimited, and
the newest styles of
Paris and London are
obtainable in Kingston
as soon as they have ap-
peared in the world's
leading cities.
A great deal of
time is spent by the
chief men of Metropoli-
tan House in thinking
ahead. Not only what
IN KINGSTON, JAMAICA the public wants at the
moment but what the
public is likely to want to-morrow is constantly be-
ing studied. When, for instance, Luvisca Shirts were
all the rage in London, they were also on sale at
Metropolitan House, and the varieties that people
could buy In this line in such an emporium as Har-
rod's or the Army and Navy Stores In London they
could purchase at the same moment at Metropolitan
House-there had been
thinking ahead, and the
goods were on the spot
in the capital of Jam.
alca as soon as they
were in the capital of
Thus is it also with
regard to other arlclees
so numerous that it
would simply be impos-
sible to catalogue one-
half of them; and, In
accordance with the
policy which has been
inaugurated in Metro-
politan House by Mr.
Nathan, it is certain
that at the same time
that new fashions in
men's and women's
wearing apparel begin
to attract attention else-
where they will also be
displayed at Metropoll-
tan House.
This institution has
behind it the prestige of
a great reputation. The
present generation of
Jamaican residents can-
not remember the day
when Metropolitan
House did not exist. At
the head of it has al-
ways been a member of
the same family, a
family which regards
the carrying on of that
business on the best ap-
proved lines in the light
of a duty and a per-
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Reincorporated By Act of
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Authorised Capital 10,000,000
Capital Subscribed 6,975,500
Paid-up Capital 4,975,500
Reserve Fund 1,000,000
Uncalled Capital 2,000,000

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Operating on Mutual Principles there are no Shareholder Profits to be first taken
out of the Bonus to the Policyholder with the result that the Policyholder receives
as liberal a Bonus as is possible.

Recognizing that a death claim paid quickly is of the greatest assistance to a
family at a time when money is most needed the Society has established an
unequalled lengthened record for this important feature.

Infortnation Pronaptly and Cheerfully Furnished by
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Poor Little Life

(Continued from Page 25.)
I ''ve no particular desire to have my letters
up along with those of that fellow.'
Why, George, how cross you are! What has poor
nt Hillyard done to offend you? I thought you
to wasn't half a bad fellow, after you had met
tAs other night at the Governor's; and I was
lased to hear you say so, because we are all so
ot him at Prospect Gardens.'
orge flicked his pony testily with his riding-
.'I don't sec anything F, particularly attractive
t him. He's pleasant enough for a soldier, I
l~yi and no doubt,' he added. 'he's no end of
donis among the ladies. I'd like to see what
apf a figure he'd cut in London, though; he'd
ijfnd his level there.'
lnd his level would be?'
orge shrugged his shoulders.
;;think you are very unjust to Captain Hill-
L George,' said Evelyn with rising colour. 'A
an Is always recognized as a gentleman
er he goes, and Captain Hillyard is quite a
man. Besides, I don't think you should speak
O in this way about him. I have told you that
ione of our most intimate friends.'
olnd likely, no doubt, to be still more intimate
e is,' said George.
Z.hope so,' replied Evelyn calmly.
Tey rode on in silence for a space, and then
g returned to the charge. 'All the same,
9n,' he said, 'you have not answered my ques-

What question?' she asked coldly.
It.asked if there was anything between you
captain Hillyard.'
Since for all, George,' she replied with warmth,
3.is not a question that I think you have any
to ask me.'
ad once for all, Evelyn,' he answered, 'I have
qou I have that right. I'm your cousin-your
male relation, Evelyn.'
hen you are presuming on your relationship,
o' she answered hotly.
1 don't think I am. I do care for you, Evelyn,'
Oe4d In a somewhat lower tone; 'and you know, it
Sdo anything to promote your happiness, I
.d gladly do so.'
houu take a curious way of showing your interest
i: then. Do you think you are promoting my
the. by saying all sorts of disagreeable things?'
L I have done so, I am sorry for it, and I beg
pardon. But I don't think the question I asked
se which I was not entitled to ask.'
Iit indeed it was,' she said, still in anger. 'No
f~depting my own mother, had a right to ask
such thing.'
9.told you, Evelyn,' he said earnestly, 'if I
l.it, I meant no impertinence.'
0ou say so now; but'-
aut it is true, Evelyn. If I did not care for
More even than a cousin-I should not have
a word on the subject. I asked you, and I ask
Aill, Evelyn. because'-He hesitated for a mo-
s.and then he added: 'Because I love you!'
%telyn's face became pale, but she did not

Because I love you, Evelyn,' he continued; and
yile-Evelyn, my darling!' he said with passion,
.[you be my wife?' He drew his horse's head
iar to her; but she moved hers away from him.
No, no!' he cried seizing hold of her horse's
lb. 'Answer me, Evelyn.'
Out she only shook her head.
'Rvelyn, say you love me! I know you love me!'
fded with all a lover's impetuosity. 'Say you
ibe my wife.'
,:don't know,' she murmured. '0 George,,don't
ai:i ~eak about such things! We have been so
I.'lnce you came. Why should we change-'
.0"uid not let her complete her sentence. 'Yes,
,' he said, interrupting; 'just so happy, that
B tst never, never part! 'Evelyn!' he cried, lay-
Oild of her hand, 'say you will be my wife.'
il cannot, I cannot!' she answered. '0 George,
:*ask me!'
,he--truggled to release her hand; but he held
Within his own as in a vice. 'Evelyn,' he replied,
:must answer me' Why should it not be? Why
Syou not marry me? Can you not love me,
Mra little?' he said.
: do; you know I do, George. I have always lov-
ton-loved you dearly-as a cousin.'
ieA a cousin!' he sneered.
'There is no one I love better-no one,' she said
td there never will be! But, O George, spare
'Be generous! Le~us continue as we are. Why
ld. we change?'
*oN!' he said bitterly; 'that can never be. You
iyou love me, and yet yon-refuse to be my wife!'
:I have never thought -about marriage; I have
i- thought of you except at a cousin. I am too
ag to think about anythiTg else. I shall not
Eighteen till Christmas Day.'
oeur own mother was married younger than
SEvelyn, If you refuse me now, we can never
e same to each other again!'

A Local Society and Its Growth'


ONE likes to think of a business meeting in the
Jamaica of forty or fifty years ago: of some
dingy room in a street of Kingston, which was then
crowded with dingy buildings, intersected with
wretched streets, and inhabited' by a population with
lower standards of comfort than now obtain, and
with very few luxuries. In one of these rooms we
can imagine a number of meu meeting to discuss a
scheme to establish a Mutual Building Society. You
see them sitting round a table, perhaps of mahogany,
the chairs with hardwood seats, dust everywhere,

,' "r ..' .'.' -" :.:. ....-'.
., .. -. "
':-. "**- '-.-- *s^ ^ T^? '^:-.'' "

* -p4,'-
H- --

~ :.., ..o ..}l
,; .;, ::;
: :-. ,
-- ; '... : -

F_ ': -:' 2" .' .
t .. .. ...

..' : ^CT m N.- .
.... :
The able Chairman of the Vicoria Mutual Building

and the men themselves clothed in the heavy gar-
ments which were worn in those uncomfortable days.
The idea has occurred to one of them that this Build-
ing Society should be established and they are all
enthusiastic about the scheme. It makes them as
happy as possible, but they are very serious as they
proceed to the drawing up of rules and the appoint-
ment of officers. They believe that there is a fu-
ture for their new Society; they are full of hope and
faith. They say amongst themselves that this Build-
ing Society should greatly assist the people of King-
ston to own their own homes, and they feel that they
are philanthropists. But they lay their plans in a
businesslike fashion, for they are businessmen first of
We read over to-day the names of those father-
founders of the Victoria Mutual Building Society.
John Murray Auld, Emanuel L. Cohen. Rev. G. W.
Downer, John MacDonald, Jnr., W. R. MacPherson,
William Malabre, Archibald Munro, James Ogilvie,
G. E. Parks. George Stiebel, S. H. Watson. and the
Secretary Is the Rev. Abraham Hiam Nieto, a priest
of the Jewish persuasion. It is decided that this So-
ciety shall issue shares at 26 each. such shares to
mature in ten years. The Directors' fees are care.
fully provided for, for the labourer is worthy of his
hire. The Secretary shall receive 70 per annum, and
out of this amount be shall provide a room in which
the governing body shall meet twice a month. The
Secretary is a friend of the Directors, but, business
being business, if he shall neglect to attend any meet-
ings of the Society at the time named for the com-
mencement of such meeting, without showing suffi-
cient reason to the members present, he shall be
fined 5 and on one occasion Mr. Neito was actually
fined 5 for having employed a servant without con-
sent of the Board and without fully satisfying the
Board that the services of this person were really
A small matter this, the reader will think, and
almost childish. But there is a certain significance

The girl dropped her veil-her tears were fall-
ing fast now.
'Never the same again!' h? repeated.
They were fast nearing the end of their ride. At
their feet lay the Hope River, basking in the pale
light of the setting sun. Through the breaks in 'the
bush,' they could discover the shingled roots of the
houses. The heat of the day was over; the dove's
twilight had begun. Already the decreasing light
was assuming the duskier shades of the raven's wing.

about it. It shows that from the first it was Inten-
ded that the Victoria Mutual Building Society should
be conducted on strictly business lines in the interests
of its shareholders. These fathers of the institution
understood only too well bow through negligence.
easy-going methods, non-attendance to detail, a prom-
ising financial institution might be ruined. And they
wished this Society to succeed. They were going to
handle the money of the poorer classes of the people.
the struggling middle class mainly, and they were
determined to be as careful with it as they woulbt
be with their own-indeed, even more so-hence thiz
line of 5 and the like. That spirit of responsibility
and of attention to detail has never ceased to ani-
mate the Directors of the Victoria Mutual Building
Society, and thus we ind that an organisation whoso
total funds amounted on the 30th of November, 1879.
(the end of its first year of existence), to 2,391 19/9d.
amount to-day to 378,056 14. 2d.-a remarkable record
of progress.
Two of the original founders of the Victorit
Mutual Building Society are still with us, Mr. Archi-
bald Munro and Mr. John MacDonald. The other
have passed away. The younger generation of to-
day knows them not, have perhaps not even heard
of some of them; yet as one goes about Kingston and
St. Andrew one can see in many a comfortable home.
completely owned by its inhabitants, something of th %
work these men hoped to accomplish and succeede*-
in accomplishing even beyond their expectations.
It would be interesting to find out how nman
houses in this island have been built through tbp
agency of the Victoria Mutual Building Society,
bow many have been bought through loans aavanS~ .
by this Society, but that would entail a vast monot%
of research. The number must be extraordinarily
large, for from the very beginning the Society beaf
to lend out money, and its shareholders' list grewv
steadily. Curiously enough, the first two loans thit
it advanced were on agricultural properties in two of
our rural parishes. Our agriculturists have always
been in difficulties and the Victoria Mutual was a
money lending as well as a building institution. It
took mortgages on properties and thus helped the.
embarrassed landowner over some difficult times. It
still does this, but the main purpose of its existentu
has never been forgotten, and so we find from its last
report (that for 1925) that it had up to the end of
the year some 5,134 accounts, this representing an la-
crease over the previous year of 578 accounts.
It was established in 1878. When it met in 190.8
Ithe year of the great Jamaica hurricane) the net
profit reported was only 151 10 -, after careful pro
vision had been made for all of the Society's obligp-
tions. That was a year of depression, and more de-
pression was to come. No bonus could be declared
in 19013. When we go forward a few years, however.
we find the profits declared in 1907 were 1,187, and
this in spite of the earthquake which had occurred in
January of that year.
This was twenty years ago. Twenty years age
the Society's total assets amounted to 78,171. The
increase since then has been over 300 per cent.
which Is certainly a record of which any such So-
ciety must be proud.
There were people who thought, immediately
after the earthquake and fire of 1907, that the S,-
ciety must go under. But its profits in 1925 were
over 28.000. Its reserve fund is over 20,000; it has
increased its bonus; it does business outside of King-
ston and St. Andrew to-day as it did in the very first
year of its existence, and Building Society authori-
ties in England and elsewhere regard it as one of the
soundest of such institutions. So much for the peseal
mists and for the Society's history.
The Victoria Mutual Building Society is a credit
to Jamaica, a credit to its successive Boards of Direc-
tors, a credit to the men who at present direct and
control it. In its Secretary. Mr. Sydney C. McCutchin
M.B.E., it has a "live wire," a man who knows Ja-
maica conditions thoroughly and whose energy and
interest in his work have won for him the appre-
ciation of his chiefs and of the shareholders of the
Society. In another three years the Victoria Mutual
will celebrate its Jubilee, and a part of the gratif-
cation that it will feel on that occasion will be due
to the circumstance that it has been instrumental In
assisting thousands of people in Jamaica to own their

In a few minutes more the night would be upon
'And if it can never be, Evelyn,' he went on. 'the
sooner we part the better!'
Still on they rode side by side without exchang-
ing a word. It was quite dark now, and the path
was scarcely distinguishable. The first stars war
'sprinkling the sky;' the first fireflies were flitting
out and in amongst the black foliage of the bambcoi
that bordered the side 6f the road. A thick '"


was falling too; the horses' manes were wet with
It. As for George, he felt chilled through and
through to the bone.
'Ah!' he said, with a sigh, as they emerged upon
the high-road at length, 'I am glad we are out of the
wood; L can see the carriage lamps on the road be-
fore us. But'-
'Gedrgel' said Evelyn, suddenly bringing her
horse over beside his and slipping her hand into her
'How late you are, children!' said Mrs. Durham,
coming out to the porch to meet them. 'Have you en-
joyed your ride?'
'I have never had a more dellghtful-and if I
live to be a thousand, I shall never forget (his day!'
replied her nephew.
'That's right" she said kissing her daughter as
she alighted from her horse. 'And Evelyn I've a
piece of news for you. Captain Hillyard has been
here, and tells me that he Is engaged to Miriam Da-
Costa.-Now, run both of you, and dress. Dinner
will be ready in less than half an hour.'

N THE lives of all men, and of all women also,
there are tracts of time, of greater or less ex-
tent, that have no history. Some are happy, some

r. I

rWona Great House



IL B. AUSTIN (late of Park Lodge and Knnts-
ford Park Hotels), Proprietor.

This Hotel is situated 5j miles out of
Kingston on the Hope Road, and
within walking distance of Hope

The Scenery and Climate are Unsur-

Most Delightful Walks in its Own

The Cuisine and General Appointments

are thoroughly first class and will
appeal to the most fastidious tastes.

The Open Air Dining Room -

is immensely appreciated by visitors,
the large trees around it protecting
it from the glare of the sun.

Tennis Courts, Swimming Pool.

Hot & Cold Running Water in Rooms.

Hotel Porter meets all Trains and

Write or Wire Manager.


are unhappy. Most of them are Indifferent. Like
low-lying valleys between two mountain peaks, they
serve to accentuate the events which precede and
succeed them. On one of these, George was now
about to enter. It lasted till the week before Christ-
mas. It was the happiest period of his life. It was the
flowery crown of Evelyn's. Their days glided by as
the days were wont to glide.
When Man was young, and Life was epic, Ja-
maica became, for the nonce. an Arcadia: George and
Evelyn were Daphnis and Chloe. Longus himself
might have found a subject for his pen in the pure,
the faithful, and the cloudless loves of the cousins.
But for his diary-a diary kept negligently and irre-
gularly, as the diaries of happy lovers generally are.
but which, in long after-years came to be regarded
by him as the most precious of all his earthly pos-
sessions-George could never have told how this
time was passed. Day succeeded day, week follow-
ed week, and each was brighter and happier and
more pleasure-fr:,ught than its predecessor. One
night there was a great ball at Queen's House, given
in George's honour, at which Evelyn, dressed in
white, with eucharis in her hair, and pearls round
her neck, was the belle and the queen. One day
there was a garden-party at the Chief Justices and
dancing in a Ia .rquee to the stirring strains of the
band of the Second West; and here again Evelyn
bore off the palm from all competitors. Another day
the excitement yas the arrival of a telegram from
Lady Durham. In which she congratulated her sun
on the excellence of his choice. There were entries
of dinner-parties innumerable; for all the plains had
deigned to approve the engagement, and were
anxious to show their approval in the orthodox
Then came 'the seasons,' when all festivities per-
force ceased, and George, almost entirely confined to
the house, was fain to confess to his journal that
he ate too much. slept too much, could get no t.:-
ercise, and was feeling bilious and out of sorts. Hut
the rains passed away, and amusements of all kinds
began again-dinner-parties, dances, and at-homes.
kettledrums, luncheons and balls. Every day had
its function. It almost seemed as if the plains had
taken it into their head that Jamaica hospitality was
on its trial, and that they were determined to vin-
dicate its claim to be socially as well as physically
the Queen of the Antilles.
'It's as bad as London in the season.' wrote
George in his journal. 'It is a never-ceasing round
of gaiety and dissipation. Evelyn says It is all
meant out of civility to me. But sometimes I would
gladly dispense with the compliment. I am feeling
the heat a good deal. All the blood in my body seems
collected in my head. I have not got over my thirst
yet. I drink all day-anything I can lay my hands
on. But lemonade-the juice of two or three limes
squeezed into a tumbler of water, sweetened. dnd
with a big lump of ice In it-is the best of all.'
It had been decided, after numberless family coun-
cils and much communication both by telegraph and
by letter with Lady Durham at Deepdale, that
George and Evelyn were to be married in England:
and as there was really no reason why the happiness
of the lovers should be delayed, Mrs. Durham had
determined that she and her daughters should go
home with George; and that as soon as Evelyn's
trousseau could be got ready, the marriage should
take place. But his aunt was resolved that George
should adhere to his original intention, and spend
his Christmas in Jamaica. Christmas Day was Eve-
lyn's birthday; and Mrs. Durham designed to cele-
brate the double event with a dinner and a dance,
which should not only be a return for all the at-
Lention shown to George by "the dwellers in the
plains.' but a sort of official announcement of her
daughter's approaching marriage.
As Christmas-tide approached, Mrs. Durham's
time was much occupied. Not only were there the
preparations for her ball to be made; but the ar-
rangements for her contemplated 'trip off' necessitat-
ed many visits to Kingston and much consultation
with attorneys and solicitors. The cousins were
consequently left very much to themselves.
It happened that Mrs. Durham had occasion to
visit a small property of hers called Blairadani
Castle, about eleven or twelve miles from Kingstou;
and as the Falls of the Mammee River had to be
passed on the way, it was determined to make a
picnic of the excursion, to give George the chance
of seeing the only waterfall in Jamaica. The morn-
ing of the expedition broke bright and clear. The
heat was great; but a fresh 'Rock' wind-locally
known by the name of 'the Doctor'-was blowing,
and prevented it from being oppressive. The cav-
alcade started, shortly after breakfast, in two
'machines.' In the first were Mrs. Durham and her
two younger daughters. In the other-a single
buggy, drawn by two stubborn mules, with Mannie,
the undergroom, hanging on to the knifeboard be-
hind-a regular "planter's turn-out,' as Mrs. Dur-
ham called it-were George and Evelyn.
For the first seven miles of the journey, follow-
ing the course of the Windward Road and passing
Rock Fort, where the convicts from the Penitentiary,
under charge of boatswains armed with loaded rifles,
were at work os the limestone quarries, they emerg-
ed upon a shingly beach, bordered with bulrushes
and the broad-leaved seaside grape. Then came a



MESSRS. Sherlock and Smith have won a name
for the exLellence and variety of the goods that
they offer to the purchasing public of Jamaica. An
extremely popular firm, their establishment is one
of the most patronised in Jamaica. The building is
much larger than it appears to be from the outside,
the upper door being nearly twice the area of the
lower. Like all up-tu-date place ot its kind, the store
is divided into compartments, and the aim of its
proprietors is to give excellent value tor money, and
satisactory attention.
Messrs. Sherlock and Smith specialise in boots
and sua)F. tan and black. The Saxone boots and
snoes are known all over England, and for these
Messrs. Sherlock and Smith are the sole agents in
Jamaica. You see Saxone stioeshops all over Eng-
land. They are amongst the most attractive of this
kind of establishment. The" are extensively patro-
nised in England. It was a happy idea of Messrs.
Sherlock and Smith to obtain mte Jamaica agency for
these shoes, and also for the Cable boots and shoes,
for in spite of the belief hela a few years ago that
British shoe-ware would not be popular in Jamaica,
the Cable and Saxone boots and shoes have gained a
great amount ol custom in Jamaica and are rapidly
increasing their already considerable popularity. By
special arrangements with the manufacturers Messrs.
Sherlock and Smith are able to sell this footwear at
extremely reasonable prices.
Then there is what is known as the "Manchester
Department" of Messrs. Sherlock and Smith. The
goods in this department ara manufactured and im-
ported directly from Manchester and consist of a
choice assortment of tableware, bedware, tapestries
and other household requisites. In Manchester are
manufactured some of the finest dry goods in the
world. The tame of that centre of English industry
has spread everywhere, and even in those countries
where goods similar to those made in Manchester are
manufactured. Manchester gooos are imported because
of their special excellence. Knowing this, and wish-
ing to provide Jamaica with Manchester manufac-
tures at reasonable prices, Messrs. Sherlock and Smith
established their Manchester Department, and this
department is one of the most popular in their em-
The Millinery Department of Messrs. Sherlock and
Smith, which is situated on the upper floor of their
building, is one of the finest and best equipped of its
kind to be seen in the West Indies.
All the requirements of ladies, gentlemen and
children, in the way of clothing, may be had at
Messrs. Sherlock and Smith. Silks and satins, crepe
de chines and georgedres. laces of every description-
they are all there. No one ever enters this store
to find it empty. However dull business may be dur-
ing the duller times of the year, there are always
customers in this enterprising establishment. The
heads of the firm enjoy a wide personal popularity.
They are liked for themselves, and that is a great
asset in any business. This firm never complains
of hard times or of dull times; it has no reason to
do so. It has not only maintained the position it won
years ago with the purchasing public in Jamaica, but
it has strengthened that position. It is one of the
Jamaica public's favourite shopping places.

stretch of white road, hedged with gigantic cactus
and prickly-pears; then a dry river to be traversed;
then another stretch of dazzling road; then another
dry river, and so on, till they reached the little
roadside tavern where their mountain ponies await-
ed them. Entering upon a mountain gorge, through
which flowed the impetuous Mammee River, they
rodesin for a couple of miles farther. The road, or
rather track, crossed and recrossed the stream no
less than seven times in the most eccentric manner,
according as the one side or the other of the bank
had been least eaten away by the late November
floods. At one time, the travellers had actually to
wade their way through the rough bed of the moun-
tain torrent, picking their steps between blocks of
limestone as large as boulders on some wild High-
land moor.
For ahe first mile or so, there was nothing very
particular either in the scenery or the vegetation. The
fan-like ttf lch palm was common. The corate or
aloe, with .ts spike of sweet-scented flowers-from
which, tradition relates, the idea of the candlesticks
in the Jewish tabernacle was derived-flourished
luxuriantly. A few llianas hung down from the
cliffs; and maiden-hair and the flowering fern show-
ed fresh and green In shady nooks amongst the
rocks. But as they advanced farther into the heart
of the mountains, they flet as if getting into the
grip of a vice. The walls of the gorge narrowed, and
became sheer-down-precipices, almost bare of ver-
dure, and rising to an enormous height. The boulders
in the bed of the stream grew larger. Then, all of
a sudden, they found themselves at the foot of the
Falls, looking up at a rope of water some two hun-
dred and fifty feet high, tearing down over the cliffs,
and making the whole gorge resound with its rush



tof roar and its shiver. Crossing the stream
again, they came upon the Staircase, a partially
ed ascending passage, tunnelled out of the
tone rock, which led by a winding and devious
I to the top of the Falls. It did not require an
rlenced geological eye to explain the course of
curiouss roadway. It was the old bed of the
,.or rather the outlet by which it had forced a
trough the rock, before it found its present
in the Falls. There were portions of it almost
kits' Coty House in Cornwall; and the craggy
Pm which formed its roof were as distinctly sep-
from the parent mass as if they had been
|d down upon it by a glacier. But the round-
tlines of the inner surface of this roof disclosed
etion of water, not of ice. The spaces and
pa between the stones were only the result of
~equal texture of the limestone of which the
Was composed.
iulng from the Staircase, the travellers found
aHlves on a flat plateau, shaded with magnifl-
.ees, through the midst of which ran the little
Lee River, with its affluent the Cane River.
streams unite just before they fall over the
' At the point where the two conjoined, the
an and the servants were left behind to pre-
Jfacheon; whilst Mrs. Durham, George and
continued their ride to the old dower-house,
was the goal of their expedition. At every
he scenery became wilder and less civilised.
d negro huts, bedaubed with mud, with child-
Iporting themselves before them in all the
*Implicity of nature, at least so far as their
sivas concerned; provision grounds, where the
.and the plantains and the cocos and the cas-
ltppeared to be growing out of the barren rock;
patch of virgin forest; there the grass-grown
f a 'thrown-up' road. And elevated though
(iere more than a thousand feet above the
~ the sea, above them rose the eternal hills,
th verdure even to their summits, looking not
Clt. the nearer than they did, when, two hours
they were standing at the foot of the gorge.
ht the heat was sickening. They had not gone
ibftore George was obliged to succumb. His
t.said, felt as if it would split; he was so
t he could scarcely sit his horse: there was
before his eyes; if he went on for five
i0longer, he was certain he should have sun-
IHe returned, therefore, with Evelyn to the
lere he had left the children. On a fiat rock,
flwith a snowy tablecloth, were spread all the
It for an elaborate luncheon. The mules and
vee browsing peacefully by the waterside.
rrants, some distance farther off, were smok-
..cutty pipes underneath a clump of mango
George,' said Evelyn, when they had dis-
hi from their horses, 'we shall sit down here
A11 mother returns.-One of you' she said,
Sthe servants, 'run and fetch me a cool
S::leat' And when it came she bound it
Iobrge's forehead with a handkerchief; and
in him eat a morsel of turkey, and drink
i'of champagne, which she poured out for him
lhe bade him light his cigar and seat him-
Srock by her side.
be better soon, dear George,' she said.
leaf will put your headache away.'
i est and the shade and the refreshment did
Ai. But he could not get rid of his head-
Ftithte contrary as the day went on. it seemed
be. He felt languid and good for nothing.
hpJalned of the hardness of the saddle, the
i his horse. Once or twice, Mannie. who
rihim on foot, holding on by his horse's tall,
t out his hand to prevent him from falling.
riage on the way home-for Mrs. Durham
d upon his letting the children take his
I's place In the buggy-he was restless and
:i. Long before they reached Prospect Gar-
Durham and her daughter had comrluni-
k other, by gleams, the suspicions which
seously crossed the minds ot both.
iu for a touch of fever,' said Mrs. Durham
when they had reached their destination.
Ijte olf to Kingston for Dr. Samuelson, Eve-
o ce, It's a great comfort we have such a
~ aNna to attend to him.'
tS nurse him myself, mother,' said Evelyn
'It is my duty. But if he gets very bad,
.I shall be thankful for Nana's help.'

f. wft much sympathy shown Mrs. Durham
9'all 'the dwellers in the plains.' when it
na that her nephew was 'down With fever.'
baronet was popular with all that pleas-
Smoreover, he was the hero of a little
ance. Above all, he was a baronet, and
always had their.value in the colonies.
hmaor sent daily to squiree for him; so also
lie.Jnstice and the Colonial Secretary, and
4;1tiFbody who either hid made or hoped
p to make his acquaintance. At first, there
appearance of its being only a slight

r ltkes to prophesy unless one's sure.'
uli on after he had paid two or three
i r it's Just his acclimatising touch

of country fever. I hope it mayn't turn into any-
thing worse; I don't think it will. There's no yel-
low-fever going about-to speak of. All the same,
I don't think it is wise of Miss Durham to be so
much in her cousin's room. She sits by his bedside
for hours. I think, Mrs. Durham, you should per-
suade her to let old Nana do a good deal for him,
that she insists upon doing herself. The atmosphere
of a sick room is not the best for a young and deli-
cate girl.'
But Evelyn would listen to no such counsels.
'You need not be afraid for me, doctor,' she replied;
'I'm not a fever subject. I've been two years in
Jamaica without having had a day's illness. You
remember, mother, the year before last, when yellow
fever was so bad all over the plains, and even the
negroes were taking it, I never had so much as a
headache. I'm a true Creole, doctor; I'm perfectly
climate-proof. Don't be afraid.'
'All the same, Miss Durham, don't rush recklessly
into danger,' he answered.
'No, indeed; I shan't. But Sir George is a bad
patient. I don't believe he would take the medicines
you order him, if it were not for me. It needs all
my coaxing and influence to get him to swallow all
the horrible things you give him. And he feels the




heat so much, he requires constant watching, to
prevent him from catching cold.'
'Ah well,' said the doctor; 'since it must be so, I
shall say no more.'
'Dr. Samuelson says you are getting on nicely,
George,' she said, when she had returned to her
post at her cousin's bedside. 'He does not think it
is going to be a bad attack. There's no fever going
about just now. What do you think he told me?
The Kingston papers are publishing daily bulletins
about your illness! Whenever he gets back to his
surgery, he finds a reporter waiting to hear the latest
intelligence. See what it is to be a favourite and
a baronet, George!'
He put his hand within hers.
'No; put your hand within the clothes immediate-
ly,' she said 'or I'll go away and leave you. The
doctor is trying to get your skin to act, and there
you go doing your best to keep yourself from getting
He drew in his hand at once. 'No; don't go!* he
said. 'I'll do anything you want me; only don't go
and leave me. 0 Evelyn!' he continued, 'I don't
think I could ever get better without you. You don't
know how I dread the nights, when Nana takes your




The function of the State is to encourage everything that
THRIFT is the foundation on which to build a strong
in its power to encourage THRIFT.
75 BRANCHES now operating throughout the ISLAND.

HELP THE STATE (Yourselves) by supporting

and Registration.


Smith Village
Port Royal
Half-way Trbe
Cross Roads.
Stony Hill
Gordon Town
Lawrence Tavern
Morant Bay
Golden Grove
Trinity Ville
Port Morant
Port Antonio
Buff Bay
Hope Bay
Hector's River
Priestman's River
Spanish Town

Old Harbour
Point Hill
Pear Tree Grove

Port Maria
Annotto Bay
Guy's Hill
May Pen
Crooked River
St. Ann's Bay
Brown's Town
Ocho Rios
Mile Gully

Black River
Santa Cruz
Stewart Town
Ulster Spring
Montego Bay
Bethel Town

Green Island

EdiHilllHHHnHI~lHHInlllnIngll$1gli .]
















place, and how I long for the daylight to see you
'Don't be foolish, George,' she said. 'Of course I
can't be with you always. But'-and then she blush-
wRi a rosy blush. But she left her sentence unfinish-
'But it's quite true, Evelyn,' said George, not
miticing her confusion. 'I really don't think I could
get better if you were to go and leave me. And
even with your nursing my darling, I feel so ill
aumetimes, that I fear I may never recover. Evelyn
if I die'--
'O hush!' she said. Don't talk nonsense, George.
You're no more going to die than I am. We're both
of us going to be married in spring, and live a hun-
dred years at the very least. We're very near the
eud of the third volume now. You know all novels
end with a marriage and "they lived happily ever
afterwards."-And when we're married,' she continu-
ed, still trying to amuse him, '0 George, think how
delightful it will be when we're married! We'll come
eat to Jamaica every year, won't we dear? and
spend our Christmas at Prospect Gardens! And
mother will give us a ball'-She stopped. 'Ah! that
reminds me. I wonder if mother has sent out notices
putting off the one we were to have had on ChMet-
mas Day? Let me see. This is the 19th. If she has
mot, there's no time to be lost. If you'll spare tne
for a moment. George, I'll run and ask her.' She
left the room. but returned almost immediately, say-
Ing it was all right. Her mother had written the
aloment George's illness had declared itself.
'But it's only postponed.' added Evelyn gaily.
'Now, do get better quickly like a dear boy, and let
as have our dance before we go to England.'
But a day or two afterwards, George's fever took
an unfavourable turn.
'Massa Garge dead for true!' said old Nana,
clasping her withered hands, when the first symp-
loims of the fatal black-vomit made their appearance.
It yellow Jack. O my poor Missy! An' him such a
beautiful buckra too;' and seizing Evelyu's hand, she
covered it with tears and kisses.
Dr. Samuelson was hastily sent for, and arrived
only to confirm the terrible news.
'I'm afraid it is yellow-fever,' he said. shaking
ails head gravely. 'Don't lose hope, dear Mrs. Dur-
iamm. I've seen cases as bad as this in which the
patient has recovered. Sir George has an excellent
constitution. We must hope for the best. In the
sueantime, we must try to fight against that un-.
natural drowsiness. That sleepiness is the first
stage of coma, and if coma ensues'-The doctor
shrugged his shoulders.
'I am going to sit up with him to-night. Mother.'

said Evelyn, when the doctor h
ure. 'Nana canl lie down on the
his bed, if she likes. But Nana
anything'-her voice trembled-
happen to him, I should never
Mother!' she continued, seeing
about to speak; 'there is no us
me. My mind is made up. I
burst into a flood of tears.
'Miss Ebelyn!' said Nana. en
'massa Garge would like speak
him head pain him so.'
'Tell him, Nana, I'm comi
fresh ice-bag Ieady, and take it
might take my dressing-gown
I'm going to help you to nurs
nearly ten o-clock now, mother
say good-night. If he's better
she whispered in her mother's e
'it will be all right yet. It's
know. Good-night, dearest moti
us both,' she added softly, 'in yo
TOWARDS morning, the path
slumber-a slumber which
enced eye at once detected as bei
drowsiness which had occaqione
and when, shortly after daylight
tered the sick-room, he saw a
crisis was past.
'He owes his life. under Go
hep!' sAld the doctor, address
are influences In this world mo
eine--influences both to kill an
one of the latter. I believe yo
the sick-chamber has done him
the resources of my art. But'-h
denly. 'Let me feel your pulse.
looking her in the face. 'I thin
and lie down, Miss Evelyn. Yo
strength. I'm afraid. You can
Nana with perfect confidence
over. Go and lie down as quic
bring you something to take. the
are in your bed.'
Evelyn stooped down and
cousin, and turned towards the
ing, she kissed him once more.
ing the room. she reeled, and
head. Dr. Samuelson sprang fi
to save her from falling.
'Take Miss Durham and put
he said to the old nurse with

ad taken his depart- 'And ask Mrs. Durham to go down and sit beside her
pallet at the foot of till I come.'
is getting old. and if Just then, George opened his eyes. 'Evelyn!' he
-'if anything was to cried in a feeble voice.
forgive myself!-No. 'Good-morning, Sir Gorge!' said the doctor
g her mother was cheerfully, advancing to the bedside. 'How are you
*e trying to dissuade this morning? Better, I am sure?' laying his fingers
f George dies'-She on his pulse.
George shook his head. 'I think not, doctor. I
tering the apartment, feel so weak, weaker than I have done yet. I feel as if
wid you. Him cry I could hardly raise my hand.-Where is Miss Dur-
ham? Where is Evelyn?'
ng directly. Get a 'A good sign.' said Dr.'api(ielscan; "none better.
into his room. You You can't expect to feel particularly strong. after so
with you too, Nana! sharp a touch of fever. l6ut you'll do now, Sir
e him to-night.-It's George: you're on the right road now.'
r dear, so I'd better "Where is my cousin, doctor? She was with me
to-morrow morning.' all night.' 'Miss Evelyn? Oh, she's gone to lie
ar as she kissed her, down for a little: she's a little tired with being up
the ninth day, you all night. I've sent her to try to get a sleep. You
her; and don't forget must try to do without her to-day, Sir George. A
3ur prayers.' young lady's strength is not so great as that of an
old nigger's, and I think she's byen overtaxing her
powers these last few days.'
ent fell into a gentle 'Is she ill, doctor?' said the patient, trying to
h old Nana's experi- raise himself in the bed.
ng different from the 'Lie down; pray. be still, my dear Sir George!
ed so muchanxiety; You'll never get better unless you try to keep calm.
t, Dr. Salp elson en- No, no; not ill. Miss Evelyn's not ill-only a little
t a glance that the over-fatigued, you know. A good sleep will put her
all right.S-Oh, here's Nana!-Nana, stay with Sir
George till I return. I'm going upstairs to write
)d, to you',Miss Dur- a prescription. Meantime, you can give our patient
ing Evelyn. 'There a little of that jelly.-You must try and take some
re subtle th4a.medi- nourishment now-not too much at first, you know.'
d to cure. tours is And nodding cheerfully to his patient, he left the
ur mere presence in room.
more good than all The morning passed, the noontide came and went.
ie stopped short sud- but no Evelyn came to cheer the sick man with her
' he said to the girl. gracious presence.
k you had better go It struck George, as he lay there wearying for
,u've overtaxed your her coming. that never since the commencement of
leave Sir George to his illness had be received so little attention. Nana
now. The worst is seemed constantly leaving the room: and once when
kly as possible. I'lII he returned, he fancied he saw the marks of recent
moment I hear you tears on her worn and wrinkled countenance. The
doctor's visits were fewer and shorter than ever. As
kissed her sleeping for his aunt. she looked in only once during the day,
door. Then return- staying only a few minutes. In answer to his in-
But as she was leav- quiries about her daughter, she said Evelyn was still
put her hand to her in bed; and then making some excuse, she hurriedly
forward just in time left the apartment.
He passed a miserable day. He could not under-
her to bed at once' stand why his betrothed stayed away. He felt hurt-
an air of authority. deeply hurt-at her treatment of him. And why, if









C'ARGLL, CARGILL & DUNN, General Agents,


I-- ...


The health and strength of your family depend very much
on milk. Milk is a thing full of blessings and yet full of
dangers. If you have very young children it can save or spoil
their lives. -Strange that we should take such chances with it
-not sure that it is up to strength; never sure how it has
been handled,'aKd in the tropics the conditions under which
most of our fresh milk is obtained are awful. Milk comes to
you like something precious when it is NESTLE'S MILK. It is
safe from all the dust of the street and disease-bearing germs.
It is milk with the water taken out of it, and all the cream
and all the vitamins left in it. It is Rich, Pure, Clean and
Safe, and it keeps to the very last drop.



Z1 I


hl.getting better, did every one shun his cham-
Above all, why was he left alone so often and
IOt even from Dr. Samuelson, when he came to
li evening visit, did he obtain the satisfaction
k Information that he desired. The doctor was
ed, grave and taciturn. He told George he Ras
Son nicely. But when he asked for Evelyn he
d saying anything about her, by telling him'he
tot seen her yet. Then, bidding George a hasty
night, he left him alone with Nana.
fhe night, alied *omehow. But to George it
Night both dfuneasiness and mystery. It
Sto his feveret: imagination as It something
was going on. There were noises for ever
irtairs, in the room above him, in the piazzas.
'ere lights constantly passing and repassing
h'the courtyard. At times he thought he caught
ibd of muffled sobs. Once-it was just about
Ioeackerow-he was certain he heard a wo-
Oiepairing scream.
'was late before he slept, and when he did
it was a troubled uneasy slumber, broken by
like the visions of a nightmare-a sleep
'gave him no refreshment, and brought with it
e. Towards morning he awoke with a start.
great surprise, he found that he was alone in
iam-even old Nana had deserted him. He
It understand it. What did it all mean? But
0'too drowsy to be able to reason out the mat-
Sturned over to the other side, and in five
after, he was asleep again.
he next awoke, it was broad daylight. It
Oristmas morning-Evelyn's birthday. The
wree singing in the trees; the sunlight was
in through the jalousles of his chamber.
Quiet, tranquil and still. A Christmas feel-
aed to pervade all nature. In fancy he al-
3trd the angelic voices singing.
n ace on earth and good-will to men.
iy there, revelling in the light and the joy
sunshine, the door opened softly, and Mrs.
appeared. She was clad in a long white
g-gown. Her face was very pale, and there
sep blue circles round her eyes, which spoke
ht of watching, perhaps of weeping.
tli' said George, as she approached his bed-
t brings you here at this hour of the morn-
[Rto is Evelyn? he said, without pausing for

a reply, for something in her face excited his gravest
'Better, dear,' she replied, In the calm, low voice
which was habitual to her. 'Better-much better,
'Is she up yet? It is her birthday! Shall I see
her soon?'
'No; you can't see her, George,' she answered
with an almost imperceptible tremor in her voice.
'But she sends you this, and her dearest love, and
wishes you a happy Christmas and /nany of them.'
She bent down and kissed '"im en hil brow, and
placed a little Prayer-book in his hand.
He took it, half-awed, half-wondering at her
manner, and as he opened it, there fell out a lock of
Evelyn's auburn hair. 'It is Evelyn's Prayer-book,
and this is her hair,' said her nephew. 'What does it
all mean, aunt?'
For only answer, the bereaved mother fell on
her knees by his bed in an agony of tears.
In the little churchyard of Halfway Tree, close
to the gateway where the gentry congregate after
service on Sundays, whilst waiting for their car-
riages, half-hidden amongst the profuse growth of
flowers and greenery which surrounds it, stands a
pure white marble cross, which marks the grave of a
young girl. Years have passed since that poor little
life foihd, 'ts last resting-place in that quiet grave.
But eanane who is curious may yet read the inscrip-
tion uplo-it." It is this,
Went to her rest on the 18th anniversary of rft
John XV, 13th verse.
'May I ask why you are in this distressing
place?" the young woman asked the polite convict.
"Certainly, madam," he replied. "I am here for
robbery at a seaside hotel."
"Oh, how interesting!" the gentle one stammered.
"Were-were you the proprietor?"
"So sorry to herr that your husband has been
drinking again, Mrs. Miggs. Of course, drunkenness
is a disease. He ought to be treated by a physician."
"Bless ye, 'e wouldn't mind that, sir! When my
husband'ss 'ad a drop, 'e don't care 'oo treats 'im."

For Boots and Shoes


F... OR









Retail Branches: 31, 33 & 79- King Street.

Wholesale Dept:

46 Port Royal Street.

Country Branches: Port Maria & Montego Bay.




tEPHONE. 394. IET C. SOLOMON, P0o. BOX. 93.
1"- IZETT C SOLOMON, o. o.
j. (D.B.O.A.. F.I.O. LONDON.) '-

1ah: ioptrician of Ihe IP1eD, 1 1 Fellow of Ihe
j Opacal Associatron istituh e of Opihalmic
SI' iLondon, By Exam.) Opticians. London.
t' 116 HARBOUR STREET, (2 Doors east of KingSt..)
&s ry4sription of White arud Colourei ICrookes LENSES flats, Toric or Kryptols GROUND on the
.' pr.Ut es in 24 hours.
S_..*_**.*..*"*,* *S** *

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Carry Your Own


You May Be



Cars, Trucks,


Motor Cycles;


Personal Accidents

and illness

For Particulars apply:

A.L.AA., A.C. .S.
Attorney &. Agent.

car & General Insurance

Corporation, ld.







Mr. John Crook Proves It a Car Built to Last

ON the Ist of May, 1920, Mr. John I rook sold
his first Dodge car in Jamaica. He had ob-
tained the agency for the Dodge Brothers and
bad introduced their type of motor vehicles in
the island; he was confident that they would be
popular and was determined to leave nothing
undone to bring their merits to the public's at-
tention. The name was already known in Ja-
maica. the service which the Dodge cars had
rendered in the Great War had been spoken
about. But the war was over and people in
Jamaica wanted a tine car, a commodious car.
which would at once serve the purposes of
business and pleasure. They had to be pur-
suaded that the Dodge car would fill their bill
exactly. Mr. John Crook relied upon the ex-
perience of those using Dodge cars to do most
of the convincing in this direction. But he also
knew the uses of advertisement, and he set
about to make the name of Dodge known in
every town and village of Jamaica.
His one Dodge sold on May 1st. 1920, was
issued from a garage and office containing a
total staff of seven persons. At the end of 1926.
or in less than seven years, his staff had grown
to 75 strong; he had iaded the agency of the
Graham Brothers trucks to that of the Dodge
Brothers cars and could boast that 950 of these
vehicles had been sold in Jamaica, that ninety-
nine per cent. of them were still on the road,
and that the one per cent. which had been
eliminated had been destroyed by accident and
It is a splendid record, but the future hold-
still more for the Dodge cars and Graham
trucks than the past has held. For with every
additional Dodge car sold, with every new Gra-
ham truck put upon the road, a new advertise-
ment is gained. It is said that a change takes
place in the human body every seven years.
Seven has always been a mystic number, and
in 1927.the seventh year of the introduction of Dodge
cas and Graham trucks In Jamaica will have been
reached. Another seven year period will then begin;
and in that period it is certain that the Dodge car
and Graham truck will surpass even their present
popularity, immense though that undoubtedly is.
They are seen everywhere on the island's roads
to-day. They will be seen in greater numbers in
every subsequent year. Already one of the greatest
companies in business in Jamaica operates fifty-two

of these cars and trucks and is ordering more. An-
other company operates nineteen Graham trucks and
vans. One of the illustrations on this page shows a
Graham truck which has been in the first-meutioned
company's use for seven years and which is still
"going strong." Newer and improved modeIs of the
Graham trucks have been put on the market, but the
older ones have not been discarded. These Graham
trucks, like the Dodge cars, are built to last. That
explains their popularity.

The Dodge car had the honour of conveying the
Right Hon. Ramsay Macdonald on his thousand mile
tour through Jamaica. The ex-Prime Minister of
Great Britain was in this colony in 1924 on a visit
of recreation and health. He was attended by his
friend Mr. Birch Crisp, the banker. On his return
to Kingston. and on the eve of his departure. Mr.
Macdonald sent this letter to the head of the Dodge
Brothers Agency in Jamaica:

very glad indeed to tell you,
now that we are back after
our fortnight in this island,
that you supplied us with a
splendid car and an excellent
driver. The combination made
our rough places smooth, and
the long roads short. We were
most comfortable.
Yours very sincerely,
A letter like this anyone and
any firm would be proud of.
The chief illustration on this
page shows Mr. Ramsay Mac-
S donald and his friend Mr. Crisp
standing by the Dodge car on
the grounds of the'Myrtle Bank
Other eminent men coming
to Jamaica have also used the
celebrated Dodge car and in-
variably they have expressed
satisfaction with it. They, and
all others who have had to do
with Mr. John Crook, too, have
been invariably satisfied with
their relations with that gentle-
man. Mr. Crook's personality
has been a great asset in the
building up of the Dodge and
Graham business in Jamaica.
Everyone knows that he is
amiable, everyone agrees that he
is as "straight as a die." Given
a combination of an excellent
car and an excellent truck with
a man like this, and there can
be no d-ubt whatever as to the
position which Dodge cars and
Graham trucks must hold a-
mongst the motor vehicles in
the country.
A spacious garage is now
K, STANINGo IN being erected for these cars and






a fr
)ne Haytian Night '

(Continued from Page 2t.) t
tricked and have seen only an imitation, a do
poor imitation of the real rites. You will see e1
no white man has ever. seen before, because
Si would take you no white man may go. Even ce
privilege is worth the trouble of disguising. w
And then again, where we go to seek this treas-
white man would not be safe. He would take on
ife in his hands. But disguised as an old
ean," he stumbled back to safety, "I mean dis- I
t as an important-looking, dignified gentleman
four, such as this disguise will cause you to T
donate, no one would doubt nor question you." st
What about Joe and yourself?" the captain mn
toned. "You two ain't niggers." g
lim smiled.
o0, perhaps not. Yet look! Neither are we h
SLast night Big 'Un and myself stained Joe's h
&aeck, hands and arms with walnut juice. So s
AJoe is partly coloured, what the Haitians call d
I. He will easily pass as such. And I? Cer-
t is that God gave me a dark skin; dark
.lto allow me the freedom of the treasure road. e
ich I add also the advantage of speaking the
1an tongue." f
gain Slim's patient persuasive way prevailed.
tlf an hour a dignified portly imitation of an
~un in an Elk's minstrel show stumped stolid-
hing the trail behind Big 'Un whose broad pro-t
ins prevented the erstwhile captain of the
fie May from seeing Joe who was prancing
Sthe road ahead in convulsive contortions of
ssed laughter at the transfiguration of his
Ior officer.
TER Slim had concealed the ponies in the
rush he led the way down the water-rutted
into the ravine. As he picked his way cau-
among the stones he was continuously look-
tout him, as if he fully expected the long de-
I Christophe to show up in person. After a
.he found a tall tree that had several long-
dried gourds hanging from its topmost

iourd from which, as Slim watched, swallows
~i away with their peculiar skimming flight.
NJest look at dat!" exclaimed Big 'Un. "Look
en martin gourds! I ain't seen none of dent
I was a boy. Mus' be somebody livin' close
Sdey kin live in all dis bush. Seems like
ldm martins would glt lost looking' fer grub
here jungle."
ou are right, Big 'Un," Slim answered. "Those
-are the pets of the old mamnaloi, and they have
i.to warn her that we are near. Just below
I" and Slim pointed down the path which seem-
Send in a network of jungle against the moun-
Sbase, "is her dwelling place. I must go there
alone, my friends. Be good enough to remain
i~1aneath this tree until I return."
."Sits me fine," agreed Big 'Un heartily. "I
Lost no hoodoo witch woman my own self, and
lthuntin' no.ie. Go ahead, but watch your step
SDon't let her put no conjur charm on you."
tIm did not reply, but stepping out from the
e, he stood perfectly erect, cupped his hands
b hl' "itouth and gave a weird, peculiar, long-
Uni-out cry. When the echoes of the cry bad died
there came suddenly the muttering, throbbing
of the tom-tom. For a few moments its strange
ter drone was all about and around them. Then
ied as suddenly as it began.
iA!" exclaimed Slim. "Madame is at home and
l receive me. Adieu, my friends, for a little
and he was gone down the vine-entangled

Cap'n," Big 'Un asked as soon as Slim had
eared, "what does you think of all dis doing's?
k to me, ifen we does find dat motley. it will
Anted, or have some sort of conjur spell on
hat does you think? An' sides dal, I ain't
seen no shore enough hoodoo woman an' I
.know as I wants to see one. How 'bout you,

'rm Just dyin' to see her, Big 'Un. I have read
o.about 'em. And just think! Now I am going
a sure enough witch woman, just like they
t Africa! There aint nothing to be afraid of,
Us, Captain?"
e captain was too hot and too tired to talk,
struck viciously at the joyous gang of gnats
k-ikoquitoes circling about his head and snapped

?iAll I'm afraid of is these blamed bugs that has
. blUs like automatic drills, an' I ain't going' to
Or' walk much farther to see no witch woman or
fthle kind of woman; not even to see the Queen
bey dance the shimmie. So now you two let
lone. I want to rest."
Ind with another swing at the circling man-
he settled himself more comfortably against
?Ae. In this way he spent an hour, dozing and
,listening half unconsciously to Joe and
ni trying to frighten each other with blood-
g tales of "ants," witches ahd ghosts, until
L bn ate the lunch they had brought, drank

rom a small spring that trickled away in the tall
uinea grass, filled their canteens and started on
ie trail again just as the sun was going down.
Big 'Un soon noticed that on the branches of
he trees along the path were hung rude wooden
polls that were swinging back and forth in the fresh-
ning evening breeze.
By virtue of inherited instinct he was fairly
certain of the significance of these dolls, but he
anted to confirm his suspicions.
"Slim," he asked, "what is dem things hangin'
n dem trees?"
Slim turned and regarded Big 'Un with a curious-
y knowing smile.
"Why these be the death dolls of the mamalol.
'hey have been hung up here according to her in-
tructions by those who would rid themselves of ene-
lies; or of a husband or a wife of whom they have
rown tired."
"My goodness!" exclaimed Big 'Un. "Kin dat
oodoo woman kill off the .folks dat vay? Just by
angin' dem dolls in de trees? I has heard tell of
ich doing's, but I ain't never seen it before. How
toes dem dolls do de work?"
Big 'Un continued to eye the little dolls fearfully
while Slim, who was in a hurry to be gone, explain-
ed briefly.
"The little doll is made by the imamaloi, named
'or the one marked for death, and the death spell
cast upon it. Then the doll is hung in the tree
witra string made from the dried gut of a bat When
he string rots and the death doll falls, death comes
:o him for whom the doll is named, 'an(l it comes
swiftly, suddenly as the doll falls."
"An-an-Slim, does you believe in dat-dat
hoodoo trick your ownself?" Big 'Un asked, lower-
ing his voice and with a cautious eye on Captain
Daugherty and Joe, who had walked on ahead.
Slim glanced at the captain also, and lowered his
own voice as he replied:
"Most assuredly I believe that the mamaloi has
this power! I know of-of-many things. Believe
me these manalois and pnpalois are kings of voo-
doo. and are deeply learned in the age-old witch-
craft of Africa. With their medicines and charms
they can touch the hidden springs of life. They are
the overlords of death and devils, be it conjuring,
or voodoo, hoodoo-call it what you will.
"The white people," he continued fiercely. "they
do not believe. They jeer and scoff. And yet I
have seen even them-" He paused abruptly. "But
I-we--you and I-we know!" He made a gesture
of finality. "Why speak to you of these matters, my
friend? Africa runs riot in your veins. It is in the
marrow of your bones. No matter where you came
into the world you drank it in with your mother's
milk, this old faith, these old beliefs. They are a
part of you. May be a hidden part, but a part never-
Big 'Un looked at Slim, and Slim. the Portygee,
the man whom he had never fully understood, was
gone. In the other's stead was Slim, the Mulatto,
the half breed. A kindred soul whom he knew as
he knew himself. There was no longer need of
speech between them. The dusk of evening had
shrouded the little ravine in darkness before they
had waded through the jungle and reached the stock-
ade enclosing the hut of the mumaloi at the base of
the mountain.
THE stockade was covered by a mass of creeping
vines and briars, which very effectively pre-
vented any one on the outside from spying on those
within. Nor could the stockade be scaled, because of
a bristling hedge of villainous bayoneted passion-
thorns. The dull glow of a fire could be seen over
the stockade but not a sight nor sound of life.
Slim stepped up to the gate of the stockade and
knocked upon it. A parrot screamed, and a thin
querulous voice called in the creole patois of the
"Who comes? Who comes?"
"It is I, mama. Louis Gespart, who spoke and
bargained with thee but an hour agone."
"And those others of whom you spoke?'
"They are here. mama."
"Three men, you said. Yet my snake tells me
one of them is but a boy, perhaps a blanc. Didst thou
lie to me?"

"Perhaps a boy in size and years, mama, but with
the heart of a man. And his skin is even as min&
The others are as black as the great cat that lies at
thy feet."
"Enter then," and the gate opened softly, seem-
ingly of its own volition.
Inside, at the furthest and of the stockade was


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SThe Pacilic Steam Navigation'Company


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New York, Havana, Panama Canal, and
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IuuM uHhnmtIIIIII iiin.iiinuiiiIiiiiiiiiiiiiiii IIII uhfi nni

_ 1 __ _









Through Bookings Via New York By Rail to all parts
of U.S.A. and Canada.
TO { Connections at Cristoba', C.Z. for:-
and for the PACIFIC COAST of

SAILINGS also Pto. CORTEZ and BELIZE alternate sailings.






SAvonmouth Docks, BRISTOL.
SGarston Docks, LIVERPOOL.

For Rates and all information, apply to:-


Myrtle Bank Hotel, Kingston;
Hotel Titchfield, Port Antonio.
'*,-' '






Ijrtit %Bank 3AotPI,


77-. FT7i-- -.. I 111 lll







United Fruit Co.'s Hotel;.
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. .. .


- Zi~-~l~-l~ ii -~~----n~l~lImn~-m~uul~--- I Ill~i


a toadstool shaped hut bull against the mountain
,ide. There was a narrow well trodden path leading
,rujn tne gate to the nut. Slim led the way until
tne lour o0 them stood under the hut before a sort of
high broad chair or great stool with arms made of
black wood hideously carved with snakes and rep-
tiles. At the back, on top of knobs at opposite cor-
ners, were two small female images. One with a
nursing child at her breast, the other with a snake
being nourished at hers.
Within the cavity made by the arms and back
01 the stool was an old, old black woman, sitting toid-
like among the heaped up fu.' pelts of many animals.
She was small-faced, wrinkled, toothless, with round,
staring protruding eyes. Her toothless jaws moved
with a constant tremulous (hlewing movement and
between the bluish lips that formed her slit of a
mouth, she thrust a thick, furred, elongated tongue at
rhythmic intervals, as a serp.*nt thrusts his tongue in
and out of his mouth.
Behind her great stool, above her head on swing-
ing perches, roosted two small round-eyed owls, of
the kind usually described as screech owls. Beside
her lay a great black cat who lifted his head and
looked at them out of cynical yellow eyes.
Slim stopped in front or the half couch, half
stool, held up his hand in a tort of salute and said-
"I am here, mama, and tliose others with me."
The old woman who, while seemingly staring into
space, had all the time been watching them approach,
ntow held up a dhriveled paw and with a trembling
linger counted.
"One, two, three and thyself, four," she quaver-
e'l. 'And the~e other three; are they, too, of the
ancient faith? Have they drunk of the blood of
sacrifice and been kissed by the sacred snake."
-"Mama, they have," replied Slim promptly, se-
cure in the knowledge that none of his friends under-
stood a word of the Haitian dialect, and he saw no
reason therefore for stinting his lying.
In the meantime, Captain Daugherty blissfully
unaware that he had just been classified as a de litre
snake worshipper and devotee of the ancient faith of
(he river lands ot Africa, had found a place to sit
down, and was tenderly rubliing his aching legs and
wondering how tired a man must become before
fatigue would kill him. As he rubbed he looked
about him curiously. However, not being endowed
with a vivid imagination, he was very little impress-
ed by what he saw. He saw the old witch in the
chair, with the cat beside her; the little owls on the
perches. And that was all. But the faint, sour, all-
pervading stench of the place offended his nostrils; the
acrid smoke from the wood fire made his eyes water,
and the mosquitoes and sand flies bit him viciously.
Even through the burnt cork grease paint, these left
him no leisure to be thrilled by the African atmos-
phere about him, if he had been so inclined.
As for Big 'Un, one glance about the hut and a
fearful furtive look at the old voodoo woman had
been enough to stir the blood of his ancestors in his
veins, and to awaken ancient dreads to make him
afraid. Hidden fears that had come to him as an
inheritance, of whose existence he had never even
been aware until now. He did not understand the
language spoken, but the little screech owls-Big
'Un called them "hant owls-' the great yellow-eyed
black cat, the small grotesque images, the "conjur
hoops," and voodoo charms hanging from various




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and Colnnectilil "withl the We.-tern U ion
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Spencer House,
South Place,

Royal Mail Buildin2.

i- ------

parts of the hut-these spoke to him in a tongue
tnat he knew. of things that he feared.
Joe was not missing ai single detail. He was
completely, it somewhat fea fully happy. Fearful,
that having only two eyes, he might miss something.
Galloping through his brain was a troop of remem-
bered heroes from all the adventure tales that he
had ever read. And it seemed to him that his own
experiences in the last forty-eight hours were com-
paring favourably with some of the adventures of
these gallants, and from the present outlook bid fair
to outclass some of them.
If Providence would only spare his life until he
could return to Galveston and attend a Boy Scout
camp fire! He could tell a tale that would make
their hair curl!
The old voodoo mnmaloi stirred among her evil-
smelling furs, got herself more erect, and said:
"But the sacred sign, thou seeker after sacred
things that belong to the dead. Show me the sacred
sign! It is not lawful, even for the keeper of the
sacred snake to speak of things which the dead have
hidden, and over which thb devils of the ground
keep watch and ward, unless that which is spoken is
heard by ears lawful to hear. Show me the sacred


Slim pulled off his coat, stepped inside the dim.
light from the fire, opened his shirt, and pointed to
his breast.
"Come nearer. "Lean over that I may see. My
eyes are dim. I am old, old."
He leaned forward with a half smile on his
face. The old woman peered at his chest long and.
earnestly, muttering to herself. She turned, picked
up a small gourd from among several beside her, andi
Phook a powder from it on to the fire. Instantly the
fire leaped up into a white glare and in its light she
saw on Slim's left breast a small goat, tattooed in
black with gilt horns. Over the goat's head was tat-
tooed a gilt crown.
*D Y ALL the earth devils!' shrieked the mamalot.
"Christophe! Christophe! Thou art bone ot
his bone, flesh of his flesh! It is his sign! It is his
As she looked wildly about her she chanced to seee
Big 'Un. just out of the circle of light from the fire,
an interested but uncomprehending spectator. She
stared fixedly at him, and then pointed with a tremb-.
ling hand.
'Look! look!" she fairly yelled. "Chrlstophs.
himself! He has come back! He has overcome the
seven devils that were set to guard his grave! Hei


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Overcome! He has returned! As he swore he
id As he swore he would! Welcome, King!
lome home! Welcome-" And then with a gurg-
Scroak she fell back, writhing and slobbering in a
Two other women, unseen until now, darted out
the pool of darkness behind the great chair,
h was really the mouth of a cave and seized the
oi to prevent her from falling out of the chair
Sthe fire. They wiped the foam from her lips,
red some liquid from a gourd down her throat,
ed some burning feathers before her nose and
her convulsed grimacing face with swift, soft
thmic strokes.
Under the influence of these restoratives the
aloi soon sat up, shivered, hiccoughed and spat
an explosive sound.
"My snake tells me." she began thickly but calm-
as If she had uot just thrown a fit that would have
e a dummy-chucker green with envy, "my snake
m me that you are of the royal house of Christophe.
how comes it? You are coloured, not black, and
r face is as the faces of the griffs, rather than as
the face of thy great black ancestor. But he-
He who stands yonder in the shadow-the great
k man-not the fat one sitting down-he has the
and the form of Christophe himself. Has he the
red goat above hic heart also? Is this man Chris-
e. the king, returned from the shadows, as he
re he would to make the land fat and strong
n? Why does he not spzak? Or is it that those
return from the shadows are dumb? Speak,
It has been man3, many days since I heard
Voice. I am old. old!"
"That may well be, mania." answered Slim dryly,
Christophe has been dead these hundred years.
of the house of Christophe, but a great grandson
That Spanish woman lured to Sans Souci by
isitophe. Was it she, mama, who really killed him
last and not his own hand as was reported? My
r was the wife of a French ChargS d'Affaires
Grossly abandoned her and returned to France.
re she died I had from her the knowledge of that
I seek to right through you. And the man
der who recalls Christophe to you is a relative of
i from Jamaica and speaks not our language."
"And the old fat one?"
"He is my uncle, also from Jamaica," and Slim
ced at Captain Daugherty who had removed his
a and was carefully caressing his stockinged feet,
tuately ignorant of the ties of consanguinity,
ina was fastening on him.
"And the small one." suspiciously, "who truly
a blanc. Who is he?"
"My nephew, mAma. My Mother's sister's son.
ito, is from Jamaica, and does not speak tbo
Itlun language."
"Now then," began the mamaloi practically, her
SpIclons somewhat allayed, "what will be my recom-
If I spy out this hidden gold for thee an' sulb
Sthe wrath of the devils of the ground who keep
tch and ward over it? Set to their task of watch-
by the mamaloi of old, who served Christophe.
-Ia no trifle, young man, to contend with the devils
the ground, and to wrest from their clutches the
they have been set to guard. He! He!" she
ekered, "It takes gold to seek out gold! He! He!
dcan only be caught with gold."
And she held out her loathsome paws, cupping
smr suggestively, and leered obscenely up at Slim.
In reply Slim pulled out his wallet, counted out
U.S. twenty-dollar gold pieces, and dropped them
the mamnaloi'a outstretched hands.
S*"These for thee, mama, and thy fair share of the
f sure, if the earth devils disgorge it."
a The old mamuloi fingered the gold pieces loving-
.Gold, gold, gold," she crooned. "Gold is the
blin of power, as mighty as the devils of the moun-
f~ans that growl and shake the earth with their
i ,ghty arms when the earthquake comes. Gold means
811. Gold means power. This the white man knows,
Sbe seeks it always. Yet I, a black woman, I know
..othan they. He! He! I know that If gold be
de to run free in the medicine cup, as water runs,
t will put new life in the old man, and it will make
~lng again the withered breasts of such as T. It can
tI done. I know the way. He! He! I know. I
Iow. I am old, old."
' Slim waited patiently for the mamaoi's miser-
ecstasy to subdue. And when she had sunk back
ong her furs again, mumbling and grimacing like
m old ape that was hungry and cold. he reached in
Sbosom of his shirt and pulled out a small black
il of teakwood, carved on both sides into a hideous
ring face.
S"I have here. mama, a ball. It has been handed
a4wn in my family from the days of Christophe.
rajewhere there is another ball just like this one.
Jwas told that the mamaloi, who dwells in power in
i but that Is built In the mouth of a cave at the foot
I the great devil mountain upon whose top sits the
del of Christophe would have this other ball. This
the hut so described," concluded Slim In his pre-
Sway, "and thou, the ancient one art, without
ubt, the mamaloi who sits in power."
"I am indeed she who sits in power." the mamaloi
edestly admitted. "And the two balls, what of
k "It is only with the two balls used together that

the gold of Christophe can be got at," Slim answer-
ed. "It is from thee, mama, I must obtain the other
The old mamal;v permitted herself a shrill cackle,
clapping her hands together softly, as she shook her
nead and leered up at Slim from her nest of furs.
"This ball that lias this power over the gold of
Christophe was given to me with the curse of all the
devils of the mountain upon it. And to make our
snake stand up beside us to protect us from this
curse requires a sacrifice. And that sacrifice-"
"Must be a goat," interrupted Slim. "A he-goat
with gilt horns."
"And that goat," the old mama continued with
l.er specifications, "must be bought with gold; three
riore of the coins such as thou hast already given."
"All the gold I possess I have already given thee,
"But that gold was for myself, my love, not for
the goat. And it is necessary that a goat be sacrifted.
(Oiherwise my snake will not stand up beside thee."
Tlue mamaloi sighed pensively. "La, la. How much
letter would be a goat without horns! Long, long
it has been since I tasted such flesh!" She smacked
her lips reminiscently. "Such flesh would warm iny
blood and quicken my heart. With such tender flesh
to eat and young warm blood to drink I could see
far, far into the bowels of the mountain where lies
hidden in its secret place the gold of Christophe. I


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l-.is it not possible, my love, to procure for me,
nma, a goat without horns?" she wheedled.
k gold one can be bought cr stolen, it matters not
It, by one of my loup-garous. My stomach-all of
.begs for this tender flesh. I amnold, old."
Then she roused herself up suddenly with a sort
uttering scream.
'But no! Since the accursed American blancs
Sin from the sea-where were my people that
did not stop them and iun them back iuto the
kh they did the English and the French? Noth-
b as it once was. Those of us who serve the
id snake must be content with common flesh.
i'the great One himself-Hark to him hiss!" She
id upon the seat of the great chair, and a noisy
bg responded to the knock. "Even he, the sacred
e, must be content with the livers of common
g goats and chickens Evil days! Evil days!"
Tbe hissing continued. so she tapped softly
Times on the stool and said:
YHush! Darling of my heart! Great One! Sub-
One! Hush, and rest! Sleep! Sleep! Mama
Ieed thee presently. Good liver, maybe the soft
ir liver of a goat without horns, or else thou
lbbe fed warm milk. milk from a young woman's
ita." She leaned forward and whispered to Slim.
I! I must lie, even to him, as thou seest. For
jursed Americans guard the children even as their
iand- You see, do you not, my love?" changing
subjectt quickly, as if she feared she had let her
4e wag too freely. "how cozily the wise one sleeps
N nice warm box under my chair? Here I sit
pp of it both day and night. to guard and hover
as a hen guards and hovers her young brood.
!Thus was he guarded by the mantalois who came
re me, in that far away lime when he first came
b from Africa. Then he was only a tiny baby
S, stolen from the sacred nest of his mother, and
.t thither to bless us, by a nomimloi of the olden
iwho kept him safe and warm beneath her breasts
'ghe crossed the cold. cold sea. And now," she
Ad softly. holding out her apelike paws again,
Much more gold for the sacred meat of sacri-

'But, mama," Slim protested, "I have given all
Ild I have. I swear it upon the sacred snake
ilf:" he reached out and touched the little snake
i that dangled from her scrawny neck. '-Re-
lithen thy fair share of what the two balls will
Er up to us."
Mhus they haggled and bargained until the great
i moon had climbed into the sky above the
tain and made -the little ravine a place of glory.
RCtptain Daugherty. completely exhausted, had
Asleep on the pile of straw on which he was
and was gently snoring-an unconscious but
llme prey for the mosquitoes and sand flies.
g 'Un. watchful and wide awake, could not
I:.een put to sleep with chloroform. The river
tof Africa was at his elbow, Galveston and civili-

at him watchfully, ceaselessly. with Its inscru-
,yellow eyes. Eyes that to Big 'Un's half hyp-
Ssenses seemed to be two great yellow pools.
king all the evil in the world. Had the old
doctorr cast a spell on him, when she had started
tibenly, pointed at him, shrieked out and fell in
And then that hissing beneath the mamaloi's
SIt had chilled his blood with a nameless dread.


SBoxX 103



Manufacturer's Representative
Commission Agent.

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Manufacturing and Exporting

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And that image of a snake about her neck which Slim
had touched so reverently. He had never seen Its
like before, yet he felt that it represented a thing of
evil, a great dread, that had both repelled and attract-
ed him all his life.
Joe was in the throes of an insatiable, compelling
curiosity. It oozed from every pore and had driven-
out all fear; except the fear that he might nod or
doze a little and miss something. He was, therefore,
thoroughly on the job when the two women, who
rad assisted the mamaloi when she threw her fit.
b-ought out two large watermelons, and a cask of
native rum, in whicn was a dipper made from a coco-
i.uL shell.
Then one of the ladies-iu-waiting went into the
cave behind the munuloui'.s air, and after a few
minutes returned, accompanied by two of the most
v.llainous looking old negro men Joe had ever seen.
Without speaking a word, they squatted down on one
s.de of the little fire. each with a tom-tom between his
1-nees. The watermelons wor-e cut and the pieces
placed on tin plates. Then Slim. Joe and Big 'Un
rvere told to take their places in the circle about the
fire. Captain Daugherty was allowed to slumber on.
The cask of rum was passed. each drinking in his
ti.rn from the coconut dipper. The melons were then
eaten, and the rum passed again.
"Joe," warned Slim in English. "do not drink
a-.ain of the rum. You are but a boy. and it is very
strong." But to Big 'Un he said, "Drink hearty, my
friend! It will warm thy heart. Later we will
awaken the captain, and give him some. But at pre-
sent it is better that he should sleep."
- OME hither, my love." called the old nmamaloi
who. now having driven the best bargain pos-
cible. was inclined to be hospitable and kind. "Come
hither and bring with thee thy big kinsman who to
nr. is Christophe returned. I am minded to give
thee both wangas-charms. See!" and the ancient
iniquity held up two little bags of fur attached to
flaxen strings. "These be made from a black cat's
fur. In each of them is a pinch of grave dust that
has been moistened with the blood of a pig eating sow.
And three feathers from a crowing hen tied together
Smith the traveling from a shroud. Throw the strings
over thy left shoulder, so that the little bag will be
under the right arm pit, next to the skin so that all
the strength from the bag will go into thy body. Wear
it always, for worn in this fashion, disaster, disease
and death will stand a long way off. And good for-
tune will abide with thee, uutil I, thy mama, shall
will it otherwise. She handed Slim the little bags.
"Tell the big one the words I have said to thee. And
I ow sit you down again at the fire. I will call upon
the wise one. so that he may show me the way to the
gold of Christophe, and how to ward off from thee
the evils of the dark. I will also make strong my
medicine to weaken the power of the devils of the
riountain, that sometimes I hear in my cave, growling
far away in the bowels of th-e earth."
Slim gave Big 'Un his charm bag and explained
its potency as they resumed their places at the fire
v here the rum was still in action, and two more
\.;-termelons had been cut.
After all had eaten and drunk, the nm.maloi said:
"Come. my loves, these men must be on their
way before the seven stars ride high in the sky and
my sacred roosters crow for midnight." She lifted

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in her hand the small rod of black wood with two
snakes carved upon it. "Sing my sisters! Sing!
Sing the song of Obeah!"
The tom-toms, thrummed by the two old men,
began to beat. And with the high thin voice of the
on mnamaloi leading, the song of Obeah began. This
i; a sort of sing-song prayer, or hymn of praise to
that mysterious evil-god, the eullen devil-god, the un-
e. and terror that stalks in the oark gloomy background
c.f voodooism. It is a never loved but always feared
deity whose living emblem is the sacred spotted snake
of Haiti or the equally sacred green snake of Africa.
The inrlacoi would intone two lines in the form
o' questions. extolling the might and virtue of Obeah.
Then the two women would shout in reply the obvious
name of Obeah.
'*Who blesses fields of maize and cane,
And sends the sunshine and the rain?"
"Obeah! Obeah!"
-\Who rides upon the rolling cloud,
And smites with lightning flash and thunder loud?"
'"beah! Obeah!"
' \ ho rules the devils down in hell,
Ann can make thee sick or make thee well?"
"Obeah! Obeah!"
IContinued on Page 4C.)

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N these days of mass production, a machine de.
signed specially to de-centralise a manufacturing
process has to face a certain amount of initial pre-
judice and must therefore he of very special merit
to attract attention.
The machine referred to is a portable decorticator
tor the extraction of fibre from sisal-hemp and other
fibre bearing plants, the introduction of which will
be of great interest to present producers of sisal and
those with lands suitable for cultivation of these
Hitherto, the extension of the fibre industry has
been handicapped by the large capital outlay required.
The average model of the standard decorticstor now
in use has a capacity of from 24 to 3 tons of fibre per
day of 10 working hours which. taking the average
fibre content at 4 per cent., requires the delivery of
from 65 to 75 tons of leaves in that time. The weight
of leaves obtainable per acre of cultivation varies
considerably with soil and climatic conditions but,
for purposes of -rgument. ma. be taken at sufficient
to yield half a ton of fibre per annum. Thus a daily

A Machine of Simple Design
And Small Horse Power

output of 2i tons fibre for 250 working days per an-
num would require a cultivated area of around 1,250
In order, therefore, to produce sisal effiiently and
economically, capital was required for:-
1. The establishment of 1,250 acres of cultivation
(and it must be borne in mind that the
plants take feom 2 to 4 years to mature.)
2. The provision of a transport system to carry,
say. 70 tons of leaves per day from the fields
to the Factory.
3. The decortlcating-machine with power-plant
of ample size (on the capacity given-about
60 H.P.)
4. Provision for disposal of the waste material
from the leaves which otherwise would accu-
mulate at the rate of over 66 tons per day.
The new portable machine, known as the "Cor-

Brings the Factory

Into the Field


morant" was designed to make possible the success-
ful production of fibre from small cultivations. Three
years of experimental work and testing show that
not only can this be done but that the machine will. on
large cultiations, produce fibre more efficiently and
cheaper than the large type decorticator. It was ap-
parent that a great saving in working costs could bh
made if the extraction of th. fibre could be carried
out in the cultivation. The transportation of 100
tons raw material to obtain 4 tons of the finished
product was obviously expensi\--under very favour-
able conditions, the cost was not less than 2. 10 -
per ton of fibre, in most cases, much more.

The "Cormorant" Is easily portable (the weight
with the engine being only 25 cwt.) and can be re-
moved from field-to field as desired and thus saves,
not only the capital cost of the transport system pre
riously necessary, but also the cost of running and
In order to make the machine portable, the capa-
city has necessarily to be small and the "Cormorant"
was constructed to give an output of 2 to 2. tons of
fibre per week of 50 working hours. It was found
that the usual method of decorticating was not suit-
able for these small machines but, by the use of a
new principle (world-wide patents for which have
been obtained) it is now possible to extract un to
9S per cent of the available fibre as against about 70
per cent. extraction by the large type decorticators.
The new machine is simple in design. prhctically
automatic in operation, requires only 6 H. P. to drive
and is worked by two attendants-one to feed the
leaves into the machine and the other to take delivery
of the cleaned fibre. The working parts of the machine

are specially designed so that they can be easily
taken out and replaced when necessary.
There is a special advantage incident to the use
of the "Cormorant" which deserves mention. Under
the Factory system, 60 to 7U tons of waste material'
accumulated each day, involving considerable ex-
pcnse in handling. So far this bagasse has been found
to be valuable only as a fertilizer but the cost of re-
moval from the Factory to the fields made this ex-
pensive, if not impracticable. With the portable
machines. the bagasse remains just where it ja need-
ed and the cost of spreading same through the cul-
tivation is amply repaid by the larger yield obtained.
The introduction of the "Cormorant" will, In,
addition to producing fibre mure efficiently at a lower
cost. do away with the loss hitherto experienced on
the large cultivajions when, owing to breakdown of
the machinery transport system. work had to be
shut down. It is now possible for the leaves to be
dealt with practically as soon as they are cut and
every sisal producer will realise what an advantage
this is. With only one portable machine in use the

loss. should the machine have to be shut down for
repairs or adjustment, is confined to a very few
leaves; if a second machine is available, the cut
leaves can be easily transferred.
The output of the "Co'morant" under normal
conditions can be taken at about 100 tons of fibre per
annum or, on the basis previously quoted, the crop
from 200 acres of cultivation can be harvested by
one machine. Machines are now in actual commercial
operation and, with fibre selling at 30 per ton f.o.b.,
it has been computed that each machine will earn in
3 months more than sufficient to pay for itself.
The sisal and allied fibre Industry is now open to
those with suitable lands, who were unable or unwill-
ing to make the large investment hitherto necessary
for machinery, transport system, etc., and the smaller
cultivator can now produce on equal terms with the
large plantations. The demand for sisal for binder-
twine and other purposes is ever increasing and a
continuance of the present profitable market is as-






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Fountain Pens




Insurance In Jamaica

Part Played by the Jamaica Co-Operative

T was not until the year 1873 that a local Fire and
General Insurance Company was established in
Jamaica. Up to then all Jamaica's insurance had
been effected in English companies, and the risks
were considered to be so great that a wooden dwelling
house In Kingston had to pay a premium of not less
than sixty shillings for every 100 of insurance.
The water supply then was not as adequate as it
is now, the Fire Brigade was a primitive affair, and
when a conflagration started in Kingston it did
not usually cease until it had destroyed many blocks
of valuable city property. But the then existing high
premiums put a check to much insurance; people pre-
ferred to Lake the risk of fire than to face the cer-
tainty of paying excessive insurance rates. Fifty
years ago or so, therefore, not more than about
35,000 a year was invested in insurance; then came
into existence the Jamaica Co-operative Fire and
General Insurance Company, Limited, and that event
changed the history of Insurance Companies in Ja-
It reduced the insurance premiums. In the prospec-
tus of the company, issued in 1873, it was announced
that there would be a share capital of 40,000, 10,-
000 to be raised at the beginning to form a fund to
meet any liabilities. "It is proposed," ran the pros-
pectus, "to take risks in evely part of the colony
which would be taken by any of the existing com-
panies, and these risks will oe taken at from 15 per
cent. to 20 per cent. lower rates than those of the
existing companies." Naturally this element of com-
petition compelled other insurance societies doing
business in Jamaica to fall into line with their young
but plucky local competitor. The latter enjoyed the
honour of having the Governor, Sir John Peter Grant,
as Patron, and because of the standing of its found-
ers and the necessity which it met, it was liberally
supported from the very first. Year by year it quietly
extended its business. Then in 1882 came the great
fire of Kingston and the Jamaica Co-operative found
itself heavily hit.
That was its first great crisis. It met that crisis
splendidly. It admitted and paid all its liabilities,
though to do this the Directors were compelled to call
up a portion of their still unpaid capital. The stabil-
ity which it showed on this occasion naturally gave
it an excellent advertisement. What it lost in the
way of paying claims it more than gained by the in-
crease of its business. So, steadily it continued to
grow in the confidence of the public. Then January
14th. 1907, dawned, .nd when the night of that day
fell the city of Kingston was in flames.
Was the Jamaica Co-operative liable or not for
the damage inflicted by this fire? The company
said no; it was legally advised that it could and
should repudiate liability. But such a technical re-
pudiation of liability was accompanied by a practical
recognition of it. It was suggested by the policy-

holders that a compromise between them and the co-n-
pany should be arrived at. The company agreed.
thus avoiding litigation and proving that an institu-
tion with its roots in the community could show it-
self identified with the community in a very real and
important sense. Claims were settled on a basis of
55 per cent. No litigation was found to be necessary.
Both parties were satisfied. The consequence was
that the Jamaica Co-operative pushed rapidly ahead
after this, and when it became a subsidiary organi-
sation of the Commercial Union Assurance Company
of Great Britain :ts position was admittedly flourish-
The amalgamation with the Commercial Union As-
surance Company took place in 1925. The Jamaica
Co-operative had recently celebrated its Jubilee when.
the offer of amalgamation was made by the great Eng-
lish organisation whose funds exceed 52,000,000
sterling, and which is therefore one of the greatest
Assurance Companies in the world. The conditions
offered were considered and decided upon as ac-
ceptable. For one thing, all the policies of the Ja-
maica Co-operative Fire and General Insurance Com-
pany are absolutely guaranteed by the Commercial
Union. For another thing the Jamaica Co-operative
still retains an individual existence. It has a Ja-
maica Directorate. This is composed of some of
the ablest businessmen of Jamaica, men thoroughly
acquainted with the local conditions and enjoying the
public's confidence. Its Manager and Secretary,
Lieutenant Colonel H. M. Burke, V.D., is a man whe
thoroughly understands local insurance business, who
is universally liked and respected, and whose care
and energy have had a great deal to do with the pro-
gress of the local company.
So the distinctive character of the Jamaica Co-
operative has not been lost by its association with the
Commercial Union Assurance Company. By that as-
Eociation it has been rendered Infinitely stronger.
however, and can therefore now effect insurances
which it might have hesitated at before. We find
from its last report that its funds were over 200,00o.
We find that in 1883 its funds were something under
10,000. These figures indicate not merely the de-
velopment of business in Jamaica but especially the
development of the Jamaica Co-operative Fire and
General Insurance Company. And although its pro-
gress in the past has been satisfactory it may with
confidence look forward to infinitely greater progress.
It anticipates that. The new building which it
plans indicates the position it expects to occupy in
the insurance world of Jamaica. Thus a little society.
started over fifty years ago with a small amount of
local capital, has waxed and flourished mightily. It
is an illustration of what may be accomplished in Ja-
maica by energy, perseverance and the application to
local conditions of sound business brains and in-

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2 King


I- --------------------------------------- ===


114 Harbour Street, and 23 & 25 Port Royal Street,

Hardware & Lumber Merchants.










One Haytian Night
(Cotinued fromPage 41.)
"Who guards from harm, or slays thy foes;
Who brings thee joy, or sends thee woes?"
-Obeah! Obeah!"
As the song went on there came. blending in with
its cadence. the thin quavering cry of the little
screech owls ho were pere.ied above the rnotmalni's
clair. It was a gruesome chorus; the plaintive
voices of the women, the doing throbbing roll of
the tom-toms, the ghostly, gibbering tremolo of the
little owls. This spectral medley would have caused
the most valiant gnost-scoffer to shiver; and Big 'Un
mas neither valiant nor a scoffer.
Without being aware of it he began to move a
little at a time, nearer and nearer to the fire. After
a time as the song went tndltssly on and on, a mes-
meric spell seemed to seize him. Gradually his body
began to twitch and sway in unison with the muffled
mutter of the tom-toms. Then unaware, he began
humming the tune of the song the women were siug-
ing. He could not sing the words of the song, but
soon he was singing an unintelligible gibberish,
shouting the response of "Obeah! Obeah!" and keep.
ing time by clapping his hands.
Gradually the group sitting about the fire work-
ed themselves up into a frenzy; their bodies sway-
ing and sweating, their hands clapping, and eyes roll-
ing in the full swing and verve of the song. Then, as
it she had carefully timed her appearance for this
opportune moment, a young woman leaped out of the
cive's mouth behind the mainaltoi's great chair. She
was dressed in white with the regulation manuloi
red sash wound about her lean hips. In her hands
held high above her head was a beautiful cock. a red
game, of Spanish breed. She ran to the hard trod-
den open space beyond the fire and gestured to the
old manialoi.
Then, with the cock clasped to her breast, she
began to dance. Around and around she went with
mincing steps, to the quickened throb of the tom-
toms. With marvellous contortions and a lithe grace
that would have turned a civilized interpretive dan-
cer green with envy she advanced and retreated, now
fast, now slow, in obedience to the abrupt changing
time of the tom-toms.
As she danced, she advanced, first towards the
o:d manwolt and then toward each of the others, hold-
ing out the cock and withdrawing, leaping away,
% whirling the poor rooster, struggling with impotent
nings, about her head. Returning she would hold
him clasped lovingly to her breast, bending her head
iown and whispering to him. Never once did she lose
atep with the tom-toms as the chanting rose and fell,
praising the prowess and personal charms of the
great Obeah.
On and on shr i aniced until foam came out on her
lips and her frcuzy distorted faci- quivered and jerk-
ed. The hotline delirium of her fIace fascinated Biz
'Un, and held bih eye: as in a vic:. But the dancer
did not se" him. nor th.- otltr.. With rapt round-
eyed gaze she stared out and beyond the toadstool
but to some fixrd point in the starstrean sky. As
the song rose and fell. she dunced up to each of them
and seemingly\ without se3-iun. ihe laid the cock for a
moment up..n thbir head,. fir.-t going to the old
m amaloi and then to the others.

\ /

Food Products






/ \

Suddenly, with a wild shriek, the song stopped.
The dancer's hand that held the cock shot out. Round
and round she spun him, holding him by the head.
As with this deft, swift movement she wrung his
neck, one of the other women leaped up and caught
the hurtling body before it fell. In her hands was a
small round bowl in which she caught the blood and
handed it to the minnalot. This old witch rolled her
eyes up, muttered a charm, and eagerly drained the
While the namoloi drank, she who had danced
took a small knife from her sash and disemboweled
the dead cock. The liver she put on a small platter
beside the nmamulor's chair.
All being then complete, that ancient evil was as-
sisted down from her seat. She squatted on her lean
haunches and began to tap rhythmically on the box
beneath her chair. As she tapped she crooned, while
one of the women thrummed a tiny tom-tom, soft
and low, a slow cadenced beat, timed to the old ma-
inatloi's crooning.
"Come. wise one! Come great one! Come! Mama
would caress thee! Mama would feed thee! Here is
the liver of the red cock, the fierce cock. Eat to
make thy heart glad! Eat to make thy medicine
strong. Keeu :mst be thy eyes to spy out the path to


the secret place of the dead! Make strong thy md
cine, mighty one' We pray thee, leash the devils
the mountain that they harm us not! We pray the
Cover the eyes of the ghosts that they see us not!"
Over auu over she crooned these words, while t
tom-tom beat on and on in unison; a soft muff
barking roll. On and on went this devil's music u
til at last an evil flat head showed itself at the lattice
hole in the box; swaying with the music, darting o
its forked tongue.
"Oho! Oho!" cried the women at the sight
the snake's head. softly clapping their hands am
swaying their bodies. 'Oho! Oho!"
And the old mamaloi held out her arms ecstatic
ly. Slowly, with graceful swaying leisure, the snake
emerged from the box to be received into the arms
the rmalmaloi and hugged lovingly to her lean breast
Still >.rooning her witch's lullaby, she couched hel
squirming godling in her lap and reached out hel
haud for the still warm liver of the sacrificed cock.
Joe. who from his place before the fire was gas
ing with all his eyes, suddenly felt his arm gripped
until it hurt. He turned to see Big 'Un, with th
sweat pouring down his terror-convulsed face.
"Joe," he gasped, "does you see dat snake? Doel



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O UR lMANCHESTER DEPARTMENT is noted. for Linen and Cotton
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Towels, etc.

ORNAMENTS, are real beauties. We specialize in n;mki'n Hlts to
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~iii~ii~iiii~ -~-~o~~c


t, the snake ain't going' to hurt us," Joe whis-
look at him, Big 'Un. Gobblin' down that

that Joe saw was a ppt snake, in an old negro
Stp, eating chicken liver. He knew nothing
Ipneless something beaten into Big 'Un's brain
tq0m-toms. This thrumming of old witch
iS with the marvellous syncopations brought
lulful manipulation of the drums spoke A
I language to his African ears. The tom-toms
b him the faith and the fears of his fore-
'.,Witcbcraft clutched at his heart, turned his
fo~ water; loosened his knees.
tblake that was just a snake to Joe became to
jgod. He felt impelled to kneel while the
a swallowing the chicken liver, and hold out
g hands to this pied pet of voodoo, the same
stand the Haitians were doing. Big 'Un's
qaBt that "I comes from shoutin' Methodist
,ab forgotten for the nonce; Galveston was far
i long ago.
robbing of the tom-toms ceased at last, and
|voodoo vassals returned the living symbol of
to his soft cotton-lined box.
1," the r anilor remarked placidly after
heated on her great chair. "the Great One will
Htde us when we throw the bones that speak."

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One of the women placed before 4er a small
frame, upon which the hide of a black cat was stretch-
ed, one side with the fur still upon it. The old woman
produced a greasy little bag from her all-holding
chair, and poured out upon the cat's hide the six
small bones inside.
"My goodness'" muttered Big 'Un. "I knows
what dem is' Conjur bones! Ifen I ever gits back
home alive I will shortly be one happy boy!"
"These be the bones of little babies' feet," the
,iiamiloi explained, "that never walked on earth.
therefore we can send them to run on hidden paths,
to spy out secret ways. Even down the ways of what
is to be they may go, and returning tell us what
snares are set upon the path of to-morrow. That is,
if our medicine be strong enough."
She gathered up the little bones in her two hands,
shook them vigorously muttering and mouthing to
herself, then threw them upon the little frame. She
leaned forward and studied the bones for a little time,
gathered them up and threw them again, repeating
the same performance three times, studying the bones
"All is well," she announced at last. "The gold
of the dead king remains in the secret place where it
was first hidden."
She fumbled again in her bag. producing the
duplicate of Slim's little black ball which she handed
to him.
"Go now with haste, for the night wanes. leaving
me here to cast charms upon the devils of the moun-
tains and the ghosts of the dedd, that they harm thee
nor. This is not lawful for thee to see. Go, and the
drums will go before thee. telling those who should
know of thy coming, so that they may make the way
clear, and lure away, until the dawn comes, those
who guard the citadel. When the path turns up the
mountain-side there you will find two papalois wait-
iug. And then-"'

"The rest I know. mama," interrupted Slim who6
now that he possessed the ball. was in a hurry to be
gone. So, with a fond farewell on the part of the
manialoi. they woke up Captain Daugherty, refreshed
him with several dipperfuls of the rum, and once
more began their stumbling scramble dowu the muddy
rock-strewn path into the thick jungle of the ravine.
Above them the mountain towered menacingly in the
moonlight, upon its highest peak the citadel of
"Yonder, my Captain," Slim pointed upward, "i3
the great treasure chest of Christophe. Somewhere
in the bowels of that old fort is hidden a chest of go:d.
Gold for thee, gold for mn"; gold for all of us!" Slim's
dark eyes gleamed, his voice trembled with eager-
ness. "All my life long, since I was a little boy, I
have dreamed of this time, this night, when I should
proceed down thin very path, and then up that moun-
tain to seek my inheritance-my-this treasure," he
correl ted himself hastily.
Slim might just as well have spared himself the
correction. Captain Daugherty's entire mind was
concentrated with painful intensity upon his burning
feet, his chafed heels that were beginning to blister.
and the aching protests of his surprised leg muscles,
trained from boyhood to bridge and deck work, the
opposite of mountain climbing. The captain had just
opened his mouth to make as bitter and sarcastic a
comment on Haiti in general and her roads in par-
ticular, as his energy would permit, when suddenly
from somewhere came the muffled mutter of tom-
toms. It was all about them, overhead, far away,
near at hand; the exact spot. from which the sound
comes can never be located. The sound ceased
abruptly, and later began again.
"Ah!" exclaimed Slim. "It is as mama said.
She sends word on ahead by the drums of our com-
The captain stopped his slipping, sliding descent



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'muddy tangled path and mopped his sweat-
e with an already wet handkerchief.
hem thumpin', stutterln' drums don't tell me
t! What I want to know is, how much farther
'How much more slippin' and sliding cllmbin'
ivlin' is it goin' to take to get to where this
sure is at? I'm just about beat an' I don't
gyin' so. If it's much farther I'm going' to call
O an' bunk at the next house I see if I ever see
r one. I have already walked a thousand dol-
rorth of my share as it is. An' It will cost
[that to git my feet in shipshape agin. An
of shipshape reminds me, how far is it to the

im was too diplomatic to reply. A quick glance
&him dissatisfaction on the faces of Joe and Big
MO. To argue and explain would only make a
hitter worse. It was the time to act. He stepped
he path a few paces, Pupped his hands about
vth and gave a peculiar, weird, wavering cry
ry of a caco bird. Almost instantly came again
adened sullen bark of the tom-tom. It ceased
ly and from a short distance down the ravine
the answering cry of the caco bird.
hat cry is from our guides," explained Slim.
,pre waiting but a short distance down the path.
p, my friends! The way is not long. We soon
S~ye arrived."
1th these words to cheer them on they went
4, and after another ten minutes struggle with
':bamboo briars, and tangled guinea grass, they
itP with the two guides.
andlng in the moonlight were two of the most
teps-looking old negro men of which the Haitian
entry could boast, and it rather prides itself
hievements of that kind. Wizened, wrinkled,
-weird garments that a scarecrow would have
Id to wear, they looked the part of Wanga
arm vendors-who are sort of walking dele-
Sthe voodoo union; the highest order of the

.popalois parted the tangled jungle growth on
Right and cautiously led the way along a
fi concealed path through a sort of cleft In
gtain to where serried stones arranged as steps
jard. Up these they toiled, sliding back,
pebbles and stones; catching and pulling
4imall bushes to emerge at last upon a fairly
hipt road with the old cloud-hung citadel of
e frowning down upon them, grim and gray
Sa short breathing spell, during which the
ipaolois carefully reconnoitred the approach
idcitadel, Slim signed for all to advance. With
Audible groans Capt-in Daugherty struggled
.a staggering rearguard.
e was nothing else he could do, as long as
Stand. His feet burned as if his shoes were
hot coals. He was even afraid to look down
Because, judging from the way they felt, he
lnced they had swolleu to twice their natural
tis clothing clung to him with the soggy af-
engendered by profuse perspiration. And this
aided the bleak mountain night wind to
very marrow in his bones. But he clinched
and limped grimly on. At least the goal was
and when he had lEached it, he intended
wn and take off his shoes, if all the ghosts
tohes in Haiti grinned and gibbered over his
while he was doing it. A man, even a sea-
fsa n, can stand just bo much and no more,
-had reached his tonnnge sometime before.
%r a slow and careful approach, as if they
.4 hidden enemy, they reached at last a great
ded door, hung on ponderous hinges of rusty
't shrieked a discordant protest as it was

-the sound of the opening door a startled ex-
came from an old crumbling ruin of a
iibox set against the nar outer wall, followed
rried, stealthly scramble through the guinea
FStartled, the two old papalois came to as rigid
as prize bird dogs. never stirring until the
Srrled rustle through (he guinea grass had
down the mountain-side.
they looked blankly at each other, beckoned
Sand the three whispered together. After a
conference, one of the old men made his way
ely a sound toward the heaped up tangled
vines about the old sentry box, and dis-
Sinside. In a few minutes he returned, and
put their heads together again for a whis-
ference. Seemingly satisfied, they motioned
ers to follow them inside the old fort.
d still!" commanded Slim in a husky whis-
they were all inside. "Here is dangerous
I one knows not where to walk. He pulled
y old door, shutting out the moonlight and
Them in a darkness that could be felt.
,my friends," he began hurriedly in the
whisper, "we must do our work quickly
one before the dawn; and already the night
:.4to be found here by Haitian soldiers-at the
we would be arrested and searched. Those
Iflty search ceaselessly for this treasure. They
.id watch this place jealously, for the reason
ring the treasure themselves, they fear that
ie else is seeking it also. There are no guards
..because-of the mamaloi back yonder.
lbore, you see, to be found here would be

Some Facts About Condensed Milk


For many years inventive minds had been busy
with the problems of preserving for use during
periods of shortage, in winter and autumn, the plenti-
ful supplies of fresh milk which are always available
in dairying countries during spring and summer.
There were, however, many difficulties in the
way, and it was not until 1856 that some citizens of
the United States of America succeeded in running
a small plant supplying near-by cities with "Evapo-
rated" Milk, as the new product was then called.
Later on, other inventors, bearing in mind the
value of sugar as a preservative, succeeded in turn-
ing out the product now known as "Sweetened Con-
densed Milk." This milk is not sterilised; it is only
"pasteurised," exactly as the fresh milk distributed
daily in many large cities throughout the world. The
fine flavour and taste of fresh milk remain unimpair-
ed in the Sweetened Condensed Milk, which is noth-
ing else than pure fresh milk concentrated and pre-
served by the action of cane sugar added in sufficient
It is interesting to know, too. that the process by
which Sweetened Condensed Milk is manufactured
leaves the "vitamins" of the fresh milk in their full
Sweetened and Unsweetened Condensed Milk are
now consumed in enormous quantities everywhere;
and it is estimated that the world's annual output is
about 35,000,000 cases, requiring nearly 2,000,000 tons
of fresh milk for its preparation. This commodity has
gradually become in many parts of the world one of

F3~~== = = ;;~~

the necessities of life; indeed, one cannot imagine any
household being without it.
With regard to the great enterprise known as
The Nestles and Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Com-
pany, it may be of interest to record how this com-
pany came to be formed. It so happened that a mem-
ber of the U.S.A. Consular Service In Switzerland was
struck by the ideal conditions obtainable in that
country for the production of Condensed Milk. He
accordingly set to work and, in 1866, a Company was
formed in Switzerland-"The Anglo-Swiss Con-
densed Milk Co."-which from modest beginnings
became within 40 years one of the leading firms for
the manufacture and distribution of Condensed Milk.
At the beginning of this century, The Anglo-
Swiss Condensed Milk Company amalgamated with
another large Company interested in the same com-
modity-"The Henri Nestle Company" of Vevey, Swit-
zerland, and since that day the amalgamated concern
-"The Nestle and Anglo-Swiss Condensed Milk Com-
pany"-has extended its activities all over the world,
-including Jamaica. where Nestle's Milk has been
known on the market for over 40 years.
The question of an adequate milk supply is of
vital importance for the wr-lfare of nations, since
the death rate of young children rises or falls accord-
ing to its efficiency. Millions of babies who would
otherwise never have grown to childhood have been
brought up successfully on Nestle's Milk and Nestle's
Milk Food.
The local agency here for Nestle's products is
under the management of Mr. W. E. O. Turvill, and
is located at 10A Port Royal St., Kingston.


The Miles are Built in

Into its very heart-SUlPERTWI'' ST, Goodyear's new
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most unfortunate. And if the treasure should be
found on us or even a suspicious gold coin-pauf!
You can imagine the result, my friends! For these
reasons we must know that we can trust each other,-
that no matter what happens our lips must be dumb.
As they say in Galveston, we must not give each
other away.
"And now, my friends, come cautiously." He
turned on his flashlight. "Step also with care. In
this room, beyond, is a dungeon into which, by a
misstep, you might fall."
HEY followed cautiously after Slim; each in his
own fashion. Captain Daugherty, staggering
with fatigue, too tired to care whether he fell in a
dungeon or not. Behind him Big 'tin in a blue funk
of fear which the ghostly echoing old ruin had en-
gendered in his soul, firmly convinced in his own
mind that at his back stalked the shade of Christophe.
Joe made up the rear guard, drooliug at the mouth
with curiosity, his hand firmly clutching his most
precious possession, a small nickel-plated revolver
that he fearfully hoped he would be called upon to
use before the night was over.
The penetrating cold of the place gripped them
through their thin tropical clothing, making them
shiver and their teeth chatter. It the cold had not
effected this. the howling of the night wind surely
would. It prowled about the old ruin in mournful
wails that made one think th,.t a whole flock of Irish
banshees had emigrated and b-eome naturalized
there. Then it would rush p-st them with sibilant
whispers, to die away in ghostly echoes and murmur-
ings that seemed to come out of the grim old walls
They came at last to the corner of the room where
yawned a great round hole in the floor.
"Careful, my friends!" warned Slim! "This hole
is the entrance to a deep dun-eon of the kind known
as oubliette, so called by the French who first made
them; or as the English sa-y Bottle neck.' Far be-
low in the side of this dungeon there is a hole in the
wall which is a passageway that leads to another dun-
geon, far down in the bowels of the mountain. In
this last dungeon, well guarded by dead men's bones.
is the gold we have so toilsomely sought. And here,"
producing the two small blatk balls, "are the keys to
the treasure house."
"Them's the blamedest keys I ever seen!" ex-
claimed the captain after he had examined the car-
vings on the balls. "But so is this whole cussed is-
land, for that carter. It's all upside down an' round
where it had orter be square, and bulged out where
it orter be pushed in. I guess it's all right to have
balls for keys, but I can't just bigger it out."
"Well," replied Slim practically. "we will now
build a little fire as our flashlight must be saved for
use below. And we have here, too. some candles.
Then we will prepare to descend. I-"'
"Slim," interrupted the captain, "I just natural-
ly can't go down in that well or pit or whatever it
is. I just can't."
"I did not intend that you should, my Captain.
Myself and one of the apaplors are to descend, no
one else. The rest of you remain here to watch and
to hold the rope-ladder. Big 'Un sighed his relief
audibly, and muttered a fervent: "Thank the lawd!"
But Joe's countenance fell.
"Aw say, Slim, let me go too. I want to see


where the treasure is hid an' all. Please-"'
"Shut up, Joe, you-fool!" expostulated the cap-
tain from his seat on some old cannon-balls, where
he was engaged in taking off his shoes. "You ain't
going' down in that pit-no such thing. If anything
happened to you, your mother never would let up
blaming it all on me. You ain't goin' nary step on
that rope-ladder. I hadn't onier let you come this
tar in the first place."
To Joe's undying gratitude Slim interceded In
his behalf.
"I beg of you. my Captain, let the boy descend.
There is no danger. Once as a small boy I was let
down into this pit by a rope tied about my waist.
And at my grandmother's bidding, crawled through
the hole in the pit wall into the dungeon beyond and
saw the shriveled bodies of those who had perish-
ed there so miserably many years ago. The boy can
come to no harm. that I swear, and all his life long
he aill have this adventure to think of and perhaps
t, hrag about among his fellows when he has grown
old. Let him go then. There is no more harm be-
low with the papalol and myself than there is here.
Who knots?"
So. after much persuasion, the captain relented
and Joe was allowed to go.
"We build now the sacred fire," said the two
old puilloii to Slim in Haitian patois. And from

I. I








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the little bags each one had slung over his should
they produced several small bundles of tiny faggot
These they built up in an orderly pile on the sto
floor and, after a muttered incantation, set fire to it
means of a small piece of glowing punk from a lit
earthen jar.
"That fire," Slim explained to Big 'Un who w
watching the proceedings, "is the sacred fire of
papoloi.s. used to ward off the evil spirits of
devils of this place also; the burning wood is tro
the coffins of good men who died in their beds."
"What!" exclaimed Big 'Un, promptly baclri
away from the proximity of the fire. "Dem lit
bundles of wood made from drad men's coffins! Dat
regular devil doing's! An' dem two old men, dg
looks like-. Say, Slim, I's done goin' from dis he:
place! I's-"
S*Big 'Un. my good friend," said Slim in his siml
precise manner but promptly catching Big 'UIn b
the arm. "wait! Be calm I beg, and listen to a
for one little moment, for time presses. These ti
old men who are called papalois here in Haiti wo]u
be called witch-doctors or rain-makers in Africa: i
Galveston hoodoo or conjure men. They are very wi4
men: wise in all the ways of magic and witchcral
known to our-to your people in Africa for a thou
and years. So when they say to me that the smol








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PRESIDENT: T. 0. Muller
NMANAGER: Lindsay P. Do'wner.

O PERATING extensive Estates of their own, and
Producers, Shippers, and Distributors of Bananas,
Cocoanuts, Copra, Cocoa and other tropical products.

Breeders of Pure Bred and Grade Indian Cattle--
as well as Butcher Cattle-A herd of approximately
5,000 head carried and the breeding of Bulls and high
class Draft Oxen a special feature.

Atlantic Fruit & Sugar Co.:
17 Battery Place, New York.
Banana Sales Corporation:
17 Battery Place, New York.
Atlantic Navigation Corporation:
17 Battery Place, New York.
C ompania Atlantic" Frutera y Azucarera de Cuba:
p'' Cayo Mambi, Cananova, Sama, and Baracoa.

|: Passenger Service between Jamaica and New York
and Philadelphia.



The development and expansion of


Canada and the West Indies
is the aim of



Head Office:
Transporlation Building
1211 Si. .ames Street
Montreal, Canada

Cable Address:
All Codes Used

IJamaica Office:
60-(i2 Porl Royal Street

mhILjwJ.m~~~jmvm~infjifilmjjE ,,,,,,,,,.,












a little fire made from the wood of dead men's
i which is greased with the fat from sacred
Swill act ab a potent charm against all the
iof evil, I believe them, or at least I am willing
iem to build the fire. Do not good Christians
fre of sulphur in the holds of ships to ward off
vil spirits of the plague? Come now! Help
this rope-ladder so that Joe and I and the older
oi may descend. Fear no evil from the little
but rather good. If all goes well, in the morn-
re will return to the Maggie May much richer
All right, Slim." acquiesced Big 'Un, "just as
lay. Dese two old niggers may be papalois just
yon say dey is. I'll say dey is old enough look-
. be grand pupolois. Maybe de old boys does
dere jobs. Dey is shorely mean enough looking'
fust class conjur men. Come on! I's ready to
de rope. But fer cat's sake, Slim, don't stir up
ants down in dat well. Ifen we gits outen dis
place without bein' ghost rid or hant hunted I'll
umb happy an' satisfied. Dis here places looks
of ghost smoke already widout dem papalaws
l' dat coffin fire."
bNow," said Slim in Haitian creole to the young-
aloi as he prepared to go down the rope-ladder,
iot forget what to do in case of surprise. Look
to these friends of mine. They be strangers in
range land. If aught befalls them I will hold
to account before the mamaloi. And you know
that her arm is long."
'Do not fear," the old man replied. "I serve thee
se I love the ancient blood of Christophe in
reins. And my snake shall stand up beside thy
:We descend now, my Captain," called out Slim
o to Captain Daugherty who was tenderly nurS-
)Is feet on the pile of old cannon-balls. "If luck
S us there will be gold enough for you to buy
faggie May. Hold well to the rope-ladder, my
s, This dungeon is very deep. I do not care
. out how deep by falling. Remember again,
iaends! If aught befalls, know nothing. Say
g. All depends on that, otherwise-may be
apggle May would return to Galveston without

PEILE Slim talked he was clambering quickly
, down the ladder, and be was soon lost in the
sty darkness below. Peering over the side, after
iL they saw the glimmer of his flashlight thirty
below. And then his muffled shout:
:"I have found the hole of the tunnel. Let the
Ms descend quickly."
The older papaloi then disappeared down the
I mouth. After an interval came another shout-
Mow let Joe descend."
He was finally allowed to do so, after another
Sce and tearful appeal to the captain.
"'All right, dern it! Go on down. but remember,
ia git killed don't blame me. An' if you git
fled up, break a leg or something' you'll have to
Y.. your own self back to the Maggie May. I
fln't carry an extra fi-a myself, tired as I am.
Blut Joe was half way down the ladder. Another
ied shout announcing his safe arrival, and after
llting down the rope ladder with one of the o'd
an-balls, the three remaining sat down to watch

Captain Daugherty made himself as comfortable
as he could, leaning back against the heap of cannon-
balls. He stretched out his tired legs and aching
feet and, in spite of the cold, was soon asleep.
Big 'Un was tired, too, but fear of the ghosts
and goblins which his active imagination almost en-
abled him to see in the flickering shadows cast by
the coffin wood fire kept him awake. Now that the
captain was frankly and noisily asleep, Big 'Un felt
utterly alone, for the old papaloi crouched over the
impish blue flame of the fire, muttering and mumbling
to himself, seemed unaware of his presence.
Outside the mountain wind howled and yelled
around the massive walls of the old citadel. With
iclmoing wails it would rush through the mouldering
passageways, and then linger to mutter and whisper
ghoulishly in the vaulted ceilings of empty rooms.
With great sighs, it would vent itself through shafts
that penetrated to former dungepns. And then, with
a rushing roar, it would begin all over again as
it' the archfiend himself stalked that night among
the ruined rooms and empty cells, searching for the
last soul of Christophe, who certainly in his day had
served his satanic majesty faithfully and well.
As the wind gradu.'lly died down, the penetrating
-hill of the mountain night crept in through the thick
stone walls and forced the fearsome Big 'Un to seek
the comfort of the little fire, in spite of its spooky
origin. On the opposite side the papaloi curled
himself up and was soon asleep, secure in the potency
of the fire to ward off evil spirits and discourage the
devils of the mountain. At last fatigue overcame fear
and Big 'Un too fell in a shivering doze.
Half an hour passed. Suddenly the old rusty
nail-studded door was flung open and Captain Daug-
berry swallowed an extra loud reverberating snore as
a flashlight flared and a harsh American voice com-
manded-"Stand up and hold up your hands, every-
one of you."
T the door stood a tall sergeant of U.S. Marines
with a service automatic in his hand. Just be-
hind him, and a little to one side was a dapper cof-
fee-coloured soldier in the uniform of the gendarmes
of Haiti, bellowing out the same order in Haitian
It requires more time to read this than the erst-
while slumbering papaloi required to get into action.
The door had scarcely opened and the order snapped
out before he was on his feet emptying a small bag
of powder on the fire. At once there was vomited
forth a dense acrid smoke, which to all intents and
purposes was a very effective moke screen and a com-
bined tear and sneeze gas. He then tossed the rope-
ladder down the dungeon well and faded from the
scene under cover of his improvised smoke screen be-
fore Captain Daugherty and Big 'Un had realized
what had happened. By the time they had coughed,
gagged, sneezed and cried until the dense smoke had
drifted towards the high vaulted ceiling, it was too
late to follow the papaloi's example, for Captain
Daugherty was in the firm clutches of a U.S. Marine
and Big 'Un likewise.
"Now then, you boys. where's the other little old
nigger that was in here when we opened the door,
and who raised such a rumpus with that smoke? He
didn't jump down that well. d'd he?"
"Anyhow." Big 'Un mustered to himself philo-
sophically, "dese here folks talk United States, even
if we is arrested. An' day is Marine cops, too."





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His muttered meditations were terminated abrupt
ly by a tooth rattling shake from the husky Marine
who hbeta him.
"Didn't ou hear me? Where's that other nigger
gone? Or don't you understand United States? Here,
Charlie! Talk Haitian to this bird."
"No sub! Not me. Capen'" protested Bipr 'n.
"I don't talk dat monkey talk! I is United States
imy ownself. from Galveston I is. An' I belongs on
de Maggit May. de fruit steamer what's tied up down
at Cap Haitien. I don't know where dat little dried
up nigger is gone. An" nhat's more. I don't know as
I keers, ifen .\ou asks me."
"So you are from the Mnagic Ma.y are you?" ex-
ulted the muaine. "That's luck! And does your
buddle-that old bird over there coughing and spit-
ting, is he in .our crew?'' And the marine indicated
Captain Daugherty vwho was Ftill looking the Uncle
Tom role \ery Aell in the dim light of the marine's
lantern. "Or does he talk this Gook (Marine for
Haitian) lingo?"
"No, suh," answered Big 'Un promptly, "he ain't
10o Hate-eye man. He is-" and then the words fell over
each other in his mouth, and he almost bit his tongue
in his efforts to check what he was going to say,,
which would have revealed Captain Daugherty's true
"What did you s.y his name was?" prompted the
Marine. "I didn't quite catch it."
"He Is-he is-de cook on de Maggie May, an'-
an' we calls him 'Cookie.'" Big 'Un replied, searching
his soul in vain for a suitable name but, with the ex-
ception of the cook. he could not remember the names
of any of the Manpge May's crew. "Cookie is what we
ralls him, an' dais al! de name I knows," he answered
"How come you boys up here on this mountain
In this spooky uld fort. this time of night?"
"Boss, me an' Cookie, we was-just sorter prow-
lin' around Cap Haitien. an' we met up wid dat old
man who made the smoke, an' we got kinder acquain-
ted-like-an'-an' had a few noggins of rum together.
Dat was day be'o' yestiddy an'-he brune, us home
wid him to dnt little village: where he lives at-I
don't remember the name-"
"Was it Milot?" prompted the Marine sergeant.
"Yessis, Capen. Dat was de name, Meelot. An'
dat ole man, he tole us about dis here ole fort dat a
snigger king had built. An' he said dat we had orter
see hit, an' dat he'd show hit to us. So we all started,
an den-er den w e topped to see a rooste, fight.
When we all got here it was plumb dark, an' de ole
man he said he was skeered to go down de mountain
in de dark. So we come in here an' built a fire an-"
"Where were the guards?" interrupted the Marine
"Says a which. lii'os?'
"Wherere nre the guards? The negro soldiers
that are supposed to guard this place day and night."
"Boss, derc aren't no guards here when we
come. Nobody: nothin', excusin' some varmit or
anotherr dat run off down through de brush when we
opened de big door outsili:.."
"Didn't that old man offer to .how you and the
cook where some gold was buried, if you would pay
lim for the trouble. Money that was guarded by
spirits and couldn't be dug up by a native Cook, but
could be dug up by some one outside. Some cock-and-
bull story like that?"
Big 'Un's expressive countenance assumed the
innocent frankness of a young child's.
"What did you say erhout money, boss? Dere
ain't no mouey buried round here, shore enough, is
"What boat did you say you was on?" asked the
Mnrine sergeant still suspicious.
"De Mlaggic May," answered Big 'Un promptly
glad to change the subject. "De Maggie iMay from
Galveston: fruit steamer. She is at Cap Haitien."
"Coastwise truiter, is she?" mused the Marine
sergeant. "The .1llnyie Mail-why' I know that boat!
Skippered Iiy an old crab named Daugherty?"
"Dar's him!" answered Big 'Un with a furtive
sidelong glant e in the direction of Captain Daugherty
who had topped coughing and was glaring at the
Marine sergeant. "Leawtwise, his name is Capen
Daugherty. But I can't say dat he is a crab, cause he
"'Taint the Daugherly I know, jf he ain't a crab,"
contended the Marine sergeant, loudly and emphati-
ially. "The one I know would dock a dying man's
pay for the time it took him to die. And then he'd
sell his sea-chest for money io pay for the sail-cloth
for liis shroud. G;o tell thatMuakle of yours to come
here It he has got over that gas attack. I want to
give him the once-over too. Then, if you two can
show clearance papers, we'll take you down the moun-
tain. and you can hike on back to Cap Haitien.
"And when I get my hands on that nieger sen-
tinel that hot hoofed it down to my camp and told me
there was a party of treasure hunters up here digging
iup this old rock pile and carting it off I'll make him
carry a rail half a day in the hot sun for spoiling my
beauty sleep.
"Have you got ship passes?" asked the Marine
sergeant, when Big 'Un returned with the benign-look-
Ing old Uncle Tom in his wake.
"Yessis, here's mine." and Big 'Un promptly
produced his well worn shore pass. "Now, old man,
where's yours?"


A Corner of Messrs. Desnoes &

WHEN you order a "whisky and soda" in Jamaica
you know that the whisky i imported and .iiay
be one of a dozen advertised brards. Without look-
ing on the label of the soda bottle, however, you feel
sure that it is a Desnoes and Geddes soda that you
are consuming. This soda you meet everywhere. Its
popularity is permanent. The hotels, the public
houses, the taverns and private houses demand Des-
noes and Geddes Soda Water, nor is the demand less
for the many other aerated waters manufactured by
this enterprising firm.
Whether it be ginger ale or orange crush or lime
crush, kola or Jamaica grape juice,-to say nothing
of the Jamaica cream soda and other delectable con-
coctions-they are all made by Messrs. Desnoes and
Geddes and made by the hundreds of dozens every
working day of the week. Theirs is the largest man-
ufacturiug establishment of aerated waters in Ja-
maica, and the business has been built up on a basis
of first-class quality and reasonable prices. Natur-
ally, having such a large turnover, this firm can
afford to give high quality stuff at low prices. The
great output every week. due to the public appre-
ciation of and demand for the products of Messrs.

Captain Daugherty was so sleepy, so utterly
weary, besides being still choked and nauseated by
the popalri's villainous smoke screen that he did not
at first comprehend what had been asked. But a
shake from the coloured gendarme aroused him.
"Your pass of the sheep where is he?" he asked
in the English that was the pride of his heart.
"Pass which?" asked the bewildered captain.
And then halt involuntarily he put his hand in the in-
side pocket of his rough sea jacket where he had his
authority as a high seas skipper. However, his be-
numbed faculties began to function and he hastily
withdrew his hand To betray himself as captain ol
the Maqigie iMJt would place him in a very embarras-
sing situation, to say the least. So he mumbled,
"Ain't got my shore pass. Must have lost it some-
"But he's all right, Capen." put in Big '"ln in-
gratiatingly. "He is from de Maggie May. He come
here wid me all right."
"Well. I can see for myself that he is here now,"
answered the Marine sergeant dryly. "And I know
too that he ain't a Haitian nigger. He talks United
States too well. But who is he? That's what I want
to know, and if he had his shore pass that would
clear the marrer up."
"Boss, I done tole you-" began Big 'Un eagerly,
but the sergeant waved him down. "Here, old man.
tell me all about yourself. Are you one of the Maggie
May's crew?"
"Yes. I am," answered the captain promptly,
glad to be able to tell the truth and conceal his Iden-

and Soda

Geddes Aerated Water Factory

Desnoes and Geddes, places the firm in a position
which is obviously enviable.
But it is not aerated waters alone that the firm
of Messrs. Desnoes and Geddes manufactures. Its
kola wine is noted for its flavour and body through-
out Jamaica. Its ginger wine, orange wine and
finely blended rums have won and retained an ex-
cellent reputation. Messrs. Desnoes and Geddes are
steadily developing this branch of their business.
Anyone visiting their factory in Orange Street is at
once struck by the great amount of space devoted
to the bottling of these wines and spirits, and by
the large number of persons employed upon this
The illustration on this page shows a corner of
Messrs. Desnoes and Geddes Factory. Here we see
a group of men and women bottling the factory's
products. Machinery is everywhere in the building,
and everywhere also are men and women busy at
work. Once upon a time Jamaica imported a great
quantity of its aerated waters, but this has now
ceased to be done. The Imported article has to
compete with the local article, and the production of
a cheap and excellent "soft" drink by such a firm
as Messrs. Desnoes and Geddes makes the successful
competition of the imported commodity a hopeless

tily at the same time. "I belong to the Maggie May."
"See here. old man! Put a 'sir' to your answers
to me! I'll bet old man Daugherty learnt you how to
say 'sir' long before now. Is the old bird still skipper
on the Maggie May, or has somebody won the Gal i
%eston Long Shoremen's Union prtze for bumping him
Big 'Un groaned almost audibly as he saw Cap.
tain Daugherty's fists clinch and watched him strug-
ele for breath. With a mighty effort the captain
controlled himself, but he could not repress the ag-
gressive Lone of his voice as he replied:
"Well. the Galveston Longshoremen ain't been
called on to pay no reward so far. Cap'n Daugherty
is still alive an' in command of the Maggie May, or
leastways he was when I left Cap Haitien," he added

hastily. "Where did you know Cap'n Daugherty?"
The puzzled look with which the marine sergeant
had been regarding the supposed old Uncle Tom
variety of coloured A. B. suddenly changed into a grin
of unholy joy. Just in time he caught a betraying
exclamation between his teeth and changed it into-
"I know the old cap'n. He's a pompous bull-head-
ed old crab. You don't have to know him long to find
that out. But that's neither here nor there. Where
is that other old nigger that was setting over there
by the little fire when I opened the door? Where
did he go?"
"I don't know where he went," replied the erst-
while Captain Daugherty. "All I know is, we were
all asleep, dozing, waiting for daylight so we could
leave this here dinged-refrigerator when you busted


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iS that door over there. The old man jumped up,
throwed something on the fire. It made a smoke that
just about strangled me to death. And when the
smoke cleared away he was gone."
The Marine sergeant took the lantern and walked
about the room looking at the various exists. He
paused beside the dungeon shaft.
"Could he have fallen in this well hole?"
Captain Daugherty and Big 'Un gave themselves
up for lost as be leaned over and shouted down-
Hey! Are you down there?"
No sound came back and they breathed a sigh of
relief when he turned to them and said-
"Well, I guess if the old goat's fell down that
bole be is in China by this time, or gone to glory in
a mashed up heap."
He looked at the watch on his wrist.
"Well, it's just about daylight. Come on, let's
bike along. I'll take you down to my camp at Milot
and let the Haitian general of commune give you
the once-over. If he says you are O.K. you can go on
back to your ship. If he don't-"
The Marine sergeant stooped and began to adjust
his leggings. Big 'Un waited patiently for him to
complete the sentence. Apparently the Marine ser-
geant had forgotten the matter when he raised up

from adjusting his leggings to hitch his service auto-
matic around to the front of his belt. That "If he
don't-" was too suggestive of potential evil for Big
'Un to allow any uncertainty.
"An iten everything ain't all right, what den,
The sergeant regarded his two charges with a
malicious and significant smile that promptly lowered
Big 'Un's mental barometer twenty degrees below
"Well, boy, we are building a new road, or rather
rebuilding the old one that Christophe built through
the valley and up the mountains. We ain't got as
many niggers as he had when he built it. We could
use a hundred more hands easy- And I think you
two would tind the mountain air stimulating and re-
freshing; the chow ain't so bad either. Better than
Cap'n Daugherty's slum.
"We don't keep any prisoners in the bull-pen
now. We put 'em all to work on that road and we
are sure getting along wel! with that road," the
Marine sergeant concluded enthusiastically, watching
out of the tail of his eye the effect of his words on his
victims. "You boys would enjoy working on it for
two or three months. It couldn't be no worse than
working for o:d man Daugherty who would dock your

S Ii



18i t.


The Victoria Mlutual Huilding Soociety
will assist you to purchase, build or
repair your homloe.


Pay rent nronth after month and have only
a hunch of rent receipts to show for it.


LOANS are granted at the rate of 7~\ per annum for Interest on amounts
not excteding two-thirds of the value of Freehold Property.
PROFITS are di\isihle among Members.
SHARES co;t 2 h per month each.
THE VALUE OF EACH SHARE on maturity, at the end of 10 years, is
20 0 0 oi whichh ou will have paid 15 0 0 only.
BONLIS, OR SECOND PROFIT, is added YEAR BY YEAR and was paid
at the rate ol 2 12 6 per share last year.
PAID UP SHARES at 16 0 0 each are worth 20 0 0 in 53ears, e\-
elusive of Bonus i\hich may be added.

Receipts ior

161,003 18 0

Tolal Assets at
301h November, 1925

378 056 14 2

Permanent Guarantee Fund
represented by Liquid Assets
at JU0h November, 1925
20,389 17 2

T N. AGUILAR. ESQ J P. Cnairran.



wages two dollars for denting the donkey winch I
you ttll against it in a heavy sea."
Tue Marine sergeant could not see the angle
flush that rose to Captain Daugherty's face becaul
it was well covered with burnt-cork grease paint. Al
the captain's efforts to persuade his swollen feet ond
more to consent to enter his shoes logically acconml
ed for the muttered curses and grinding teeth wit
which the camouflaged skipper of the Maggie M,4
was trying to restrain his outraged feelings; or a
least the sergeant appeared to be unaware that ti
irate captain was glaring at him with blood in hi
Rather he regarded him curiously, as if he wa
wondering at this strange specimen of seafaring an
mal who seemed to hesitate when given an opporti
nity to help villify the "Old Man.''
However, the captain's anger gave way to terry
as his mind reverted to Slim. Suppose he or JX
should take into their heads to yell up the dungeon
shaft? They had been down there long enough I
have accomplished their purpose, if they ever expectU
to. And when they reached the end of the passage
which opened out into the main shaft and found th
rope-ladder gone. what was more natural than to ye
up an inquiry? To be caught hunting for Christophe
treasure was a greater crime in the eyes of Haltin
law than to assassinate the president. Slim had 1i
pressed that upon him. He saw himself sentence
to build a network of roads nll over Haiti.
With this thought to spur up his efforts, the Ia
refractory shoe went on and he announced himself
ready to go. All the captain asked of Providence no
was to get out and away from the citadel prompt
and safely. That was his greatest worry. He fa
sure the old popaloi who had fled would manal
somehow to get his brother witch-hound and Slim as
Joe out of the dungeon. If he didn't, just as soon a
he could get back to the Maggie May. wash up as
get iu his uniform, he wouil see to it himself. I
would go to the American consul and have them o0
in two hours. Anyhow the future could take ca
of itself.

THIS the future proceeded to do that moran
about ten. when the procession from the citad
mar.hed into the village of Milot. Captain Daughert
who was hobbling in the extreme rear of the column
had reached that acute condition of foot and leg
haustion known among cowboys as "road-foundered,
Never much of a landsman, the road down the mo
tain had tried out his every weak point. Descendi
the narrow rocky winding path had been a coastal
fight with tricky slippery mud, bamboo briars, cre
ers, and twisted, tangled guinea grass that clu
about his ankles with the tenacity of an affections
boa constrictor.
Then, when they reached the plain there
more and better mud that adhered to his clothing
agglutinated about his feet as he waded and found
ed through mudholes that all but reached the di
nity of morasses. Added to this discomfort, the s
which was now well up over the mountains, w
scalding hot upon the road. It caused the slimy i
smelling mud to steam and dance with heat wavy
It blistered the back of the captain's neck and burn
a hole between his shoulder blades.
The procession halted at last before a long, lo
whitewashed frame building, around which ran i
narrow brick-paved verandah. On the right of th4
entrance was the United States flag, on the left th
blue-and-maroon flag of Haiti. It was the marine
controlled headquarters of the Gendarmerie d' Hai
for the commune of Milot.
With a last feeble spurt of fast waning strength
expanded in a walk that was a combination stagger
and hobble, Captain Daugherty managed to reach th
shade of the verandah, and sat down with a sigh e
relief on an ancient bench made black and slick bj
countless culprits who had sat there before him.
Usually they had foregathered there at the urgent
request of General Julius Bose Alphonse Samue
Maria Marmalade, General de Division, and De
Armies de la Republique. Aide de Camp Honoraire d(
Son Excellence, le President d'Haiti, Commandal
de la Place et de la Commune de Milot. However
joining down to plain English and the facts in th(
'0ne. his excellency, during the marine occupation
was serving his country under the humble title 01
Jluge de Paix, or Justice of the Peace. Only assua
ing his former rank and glory, not to mention thi
titles, when in the sacred and secret confines of thi
lodge rooms of the Sons of African Freedom, where
far from the watchful eye and attentive ear of thi
sergeant of Marines, he could safely curse Les Blano
to his complete content.
At other times he functioned as a justice of thb
peace only. And these judicial acts were Marine guld
ed, which precluded the old fashioned Haitian bribert
system. The general was rapidly acquiring a reputi
tion for honesty, and for incorruptible justice tempe
ed with mercy, that caused him tears of unavaillnl
regret. He had seriously contemplated suicide whel
he found that even the time-honoured privilege 0
tampering with the army pay roll had been take
from him. And that he was required to sit idly s
and see the soldiers and gendarmes paid regular\
each month, and in full.
This day, however, all unwittingly, fortune wa
again to perch upon his banners. He was surprise
at his breakfast in the bosom of his numerous famif

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Open all Year Round.
liniii um inclusive rate L -s per day.

For further particulars and reservation please communicate with
S Resident Manager.
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Iy the Marine sergeant who, losing no time with the
lite preliminaries which were so dear to the gen-
l's heart, stated at once the object of his visit.
"General," he said, in his mixture of Haitian
Cole and English, "I've got two men over at my
headquarters that I caught in the citadel of Chris-
: "Ah!" interrupted the general, laying down his
-ilfe and fork, but keeping a watchful eye on the
'tolcest portions of food. "These obscene pigs were,
to doubt, seeking for the gold of Christophe! His
( cellency. the president. will be glad to hear of this!
It will sustain him in the policy advised by me. For
tionths the minister of war, who is my enemy. has
#tiven to poison his excellence's mind against me
S declaring that the guard maintained at the em-
peror's citadel was a useless expense, and that I was
the foolish one to insist tha: the place be protected.
Did these vile ones by any change discover-'"
: "No. they found nothing; not a sounarkee. And
they swore that the) were up there sight-seeing, and
Were only waiting for daylight, because they were
Safraid to go down the mountain in the dark. But
what I came to say was this: I want you to try these
Sirds, and then give 'em the limit for trespassing oin
government property, the citadel you understand. I
seed men for road-working, so put the torit'-Haitian
toad law-to 'em, good and plenty. They are Ameri-
man sailors and I know 'em. See? And I want to
tick 'em good and plenty for leaving their ship. But
;.want you to act as ii I didn't have anything to do
Wi4th it but to carry out your orders. Do you get

"I don't exactly comprehend. I-"
"Lissen, General! All 1 want you to do is to
put the corir' law on these two birds, good and plenty.
.ive 'em six months" road working, if you can. Go
the limit. Then order me to carry out your sen-
tence, see?"
-'Ho! Ho!" exclaimed the general as he saw
the light. "I observe! I comprehend!" He pulled
jpensively at his little v isp of goatee. "In the old
days," he remarked softly, regarding the Marine ser-

lute in this commune, we could have ordered these
tows--I mean birds." he corrected himself hastily,
"we could have ordered these prisoners shot, you and
L But now-?" he paused inquiringly, sighed, and
Looked furtively at the Marine sergeant.
"But now," replied the Marine sergeant hastily
Ignoring the sinister hint, "all we can do is work
the deuce out of 'em on the Government roads. Any-
i ay, that will satisfy me in this case And it's worth
S-"Th. sngeaut stopped abruptly. He had intended
saying "worth a month's pay to me." but he thought
juat in time of the general's chronically itching
Spalm. "Here. General," and he placed an American
silver dollar in the gaunt and yearning hand, "the
Drinks are on me. You stick these guys good and
plenty I have my reasons. And I won't forget it
when it comes my tuin to do you a fa\our. See?"
The general saw. Deep down in his soul he con-
sidered the sudden restoration of a free rein in ren-
dering decisions ample recompense for any favour he
might render the Marine sergeant who was really his
superior officer. But he did not so express himself.
"Are these miserable malefactors blitv '" he in-
S"No. blacks. But they are American blacks.
Men I know who live in the United States.
"Ah! exclaimed the general. "Then am I very
curious. I have never seen any of these downtrodden
wage slaves-er-er-these American blacks." He
corrected himself hastily, for ihe Marine sergeant was
regarding him steadily in a .,ay he had learned not
to like. "I-I will repair to the place of justice as
Quickly as I can adjust my official toilet," he con-
eluded, rising from toe breaLfast table. "Until then,
adieu, my friend."
THIS conversation in the general's residence just
across the onl. street, or rather main pig path.
of the town had allowed time for all the able-bodied
population of the village, male and female, children
and adults to gather about the geudarmie's station.
To this collection was rapidly added all the dogs, a
large representation of the lean and hungry hogs.
and most oi the chickens.
Many varied and vi\id stories regarding the cap-
., tires were being bandied about the crowd, these tales
being limited only by the teller's imagination, or his
or her ability to make themselves heard above the
common din.
Finally, two of these tales crowding out all the
others had gained about an equal number of adher
ents. One, that two particularly fierce and ferocious
Cacos had been capturedd after a sanguinary conflict
in which ten gendarntes. including one Marine, had
been killed outright, and a dozen more crippled for
life. That tale was forging ahead until this lurid
one was brought out. Christ'jphe's treasure had been
found at last, and by these two captives who had
been caught in the very act. Just as they were pre-
paring to flee to a mysterious cave in the mountain.
each with a great sack of gold on his back, they were
captured. For the deoil himself who must have had a
personal interest in the matter suddenly appeared in
person on the open highway and warned La Blanc.
the captain of the gendarme of the fact. And the
captain had hurried to the citadel and found the

treasure hunters, just as the devil had said he would.
Captain Daugherty, drooping on the bench, nurs-
ing his burning feet and aching calves, was too tired
to care, even if he had known that the crowd was dis-
cussing him in the character of an especially ferocious
rebel and highway robber. Big 'Un, who sat upright,
staring about him curiously, was perhaps the prime
favourite. One prepossessing young woman had al-
ready positively identified him as the bandit Caco
A ho had crashed out of the jungle into the road and
stolen her three fat chickens and garden produce, as
she was going to market last market day.
The general lingered in his house long enough
to don his gorgeous green unitorm covered with gold
braid, and to girt about his lean lanks his sword of
ceremony, before he sallied forth to the trial of the
With a military mien and haughty bearing, he
made his way through the noisy jabbering crowd
who .toond aside respectfully and entered the small
barrack room that he r-ferre-d to poetically as "the
hall of justice." He sat himself down upon the reed-
bottoni chair behind the plain wood table, as upon a
He hefted his saber over between his long bony
leg, with a sinister clank, cleared his throat noisily.
and glared about the room. Outside the black sub-
liertenant of gendarmes announced in a loud bellow
that the peace court of justi,.t presided over by His
Excellency, General Julius' Bose Alphonse Samuel
Maria Marmalade. was now open for the alministra-
tion of justice, and thr ruthhles engeance of the just
laws of the republi.
'Let tualetators hewae! Libert@, Egalit-,
These preliminaries ovv:r. the Marine sergeant
who as ,also captain of the gendarmes lost no time
in bringing in the prisoner- ant, explaining the nature
of the pro''eedings to them.
"You men were caught trespassing on Haitian
government property. One of the sentinels-where
the rest of the guard was I do not know-saw you
entering the citadel He ran down the mountain anil
reported to nie tnat from your actions he judged your
party was up there seeking for Christophe's treasure.
And because- he made this report I will have to have
you tried as treasure hunters before this justice of
the peace. It's merely a matter of form. All you
have to do is to prove ihat you are Amr'ican sailors
from the .ti1jitV May and tell the same tale you told
me. then eveit.thing will be Jake, with maybe a small
fine to pay. and you ill soon be on your way back
to Cap Haitien."
"Capen." inquired Big 'ln anxiously, "you don't
mean us to be tried by dat long. lean, lank nigger set-
tin' up I.e-hind dat table, "id de sword an' de Knights
of Pythias uniform on. does aou' Is he de jedge?"
The Mariune -ergeant nodded. "What kinder country
is dis here anyhow, boss? Nigger's bossin' things!
Nigger cops. an' nigger soldiers, an' nigger justices
of de peace! I don't want to be tried by no nigger!
Sides dat. we ain't done nothing' "
The general of division hammered on the table in
front of him with the hilt of his saber.
'Silence!" he bellowed. "Silence! Soldiers of
the Republic! Produce silence in the hall of justice,
and bring forward the prisoners. Nay!" as the een-
darmes began to lead Captain Daugherty forward,
"Nay! Bring forward first that large one. He who

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talks so loudly. Perhaps we may weaken his great
voice before he has finished with the courts of the
Big 'Un was hustled forward by the willing bands
of two spindle-legged gena. de toilcur, in the uniform
of the local police.
"Prisoner, your name?" demanded the general
haughtily, while one of the gendarmes prepared to
write down the testimony In a big book.
"My name's Big 'Un," answered the prisoner after
the sergeant of Marines had translated the question.
"I is de fireman on de Magggir May, de fruit steamer
from Galveston."
The general raised disdainful eyebrows when the
Marine sergeant translated and explained Big "Un's
'Large one! Big one! Mon Dieu! What a
name! Yet it is just such a name as one would ex-
pect the uneducated, uncouth black of the United
States of America to bear. What boy! Is that name
"the large one' the only name that you possess? Had
you no father, no mother to bestow upon you the
blessing of a dignified family name? Such a name as
I possess? Me! I am Gener-l Juliu. Bose Alphonse
Samuel Maria Marmalade. while you-you-you in-
glorious worm of the dust," continued the general

triumphantly, remembering the ephithet that a politi-
cal rival had once applied to him, "you, having no
name, call thyself The Large One! Ha! Away with
him, valiant and brave soldiers of the republic! Away
with him'
"'Let him serve twelve months at hard labour
upon the roads of our glorious republic. Perhaps
during that time of labour and travail he may secure
for himself a name. Until such time." bellowed the
general rising and pounding the table with his saber.
"remember! No rest' No mercy! No-no-nothing
of a refined nature until this Large One shall find
a name! Faugh!"
And the general, pausing for breath, wiped his
.perspiring face with a large purple silk hankerchief,
that had mysteriously disappeared from the coat-tail
p[c.ket of the minister of the interior on the night
of the president's birthday bali.
By a mighty effort of the will the sergeant of
Marines was able to control his desire to laugh, and
gtve the nervous and bewildered Big 'Un a free
translation of the general's tirade. While the ser-
gsant interpreted, Big 'Un developed for the first
time in his life an earnest desire to be able to speak
another language besides English. To have been able
to so express himself that this gold-braided skeleton


with the big sword could thoroughly and completely.::
understand just what an honest coloured fireman o[:
a United States fruit steamer thought of him, would
have been worth at least a leg.
"Don't like my name, don't be?" Big 'Un grunted.
when the sergeant had finished interpreting. "Well,
Capen. you tell dat nigger fer me dat Big 'Un is just:
my short name. De name I works wid. I has got a
longer name I uses fer Sundays an' Christmas. Hit's.
de name dey give me when dey baptized me, an' it's.
longer an' more hiferlutin dan his'n. It's Bill Tom:
Joe Abraham Linkcomb George Washington Grove
Cleveland Sam Houston Santa Anna Liza Jane Mal-
ana Jones. Tell him dat, please sub, an' den tell
him dat as fer as a paw an' maw goes I has got onel
real daddy, two stepdaddies. one sure enough maw;
and two maw in-laws 'sides seventeen aunts an'
twceuty-rive uncles. Tell him I has got mo' kinfolks in
one town in Texas dan he can count in a week. An'.
rin tell hint dat I has got a uniforni at home dat will
lay over hii' anyway you looks at it. An' a helmet.
hat wid a plunie on it dat hangs nearly all de way,
dorjn muh b.anck. Tell him all dat, please suh. May'
he dat will hold dat nigger fer awhile."
As much of this as was thought expedient was-
translated to the general, who expressed himself al
highly gratified that "the uncouth American black
from our sister republic had a real dignified name,"
hut he said nothing about relaxing the severity of
his sentence.
Then .:ame Captain Daugherty's turn, and, evens
with Big 'In's facile lying to assist him, he made outi
a very poor case. His claim that he was the cookie
on the MJnp9ge May., which was confirmed by Big 'Un,
fell flat because he could not produce a ship's shore.
pass. Failing in this, and not willing to disclose his
real identity by the papers he could have shown, theli
rest of the supposed couk's testimony was a series of.E
hums and haws and smothered profanity.





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Kingston, Ja.

THE general of division and aide de camp to the
republic of Haiti inhaled a deep breath and
rose to the occasion. And to him it was indeed an
occasion. For beyond the small tircle of gendarmes.
about the prisoners. pressed and crowded his gaping
constituents and fellow townsmen. For months these
hadl witnessed his old time justice ahich was now ad-
ininistered under the watchful eye of the Marine ser-i
geant, so tempered with mercy and common esen
that they ihad lost all fear, and therefore all respect:
for him. Realizing his loss of caste, the general had
chafed against the I'urb. had fretted and fumed, but,
to no avail. He had learned in the early days of
"the occupation" that the arm of the Marine Corps.
was long, and on occasion could be ruthless and;
He had also observed that individual members of
that same corps had nervous trigger fingers and were
qualified marksmen. So he did his chafing and fu-:
mini in the bosom of his family or in the lodge room.
of the Sons of African Freedom And was 5uave an
cooperative with the Marines in public. Preferring
after all, deep down in his soul. the certain sure
salary of his office under the Marine regime to the
occasional rich pickings of the old grafting days of:
irresponsible tyranny when he had robbed the un-
derdog only to have to submit to being robbed in turn
by the fellow higher up. If only he had not been
shorn of all the powers and honours of his office, the
pompous dignity and gold braid, the high sounding
However, to-day for some blessed reason, his
former power and glory had been suddenly restored.-
Once more the gendarmes sprang to do his bidding..
Once more the people eyed him with respect. Even-
the white sergeant of Marines was deferential. The
general was descended from a race that dwells not on
yesterday, nor thinks of to-morrow, hut lives only for
to-day. So he did not waste any time in speculating
on the wherefore of this sudden turn in his fortunes,
but girded up his loins and proceeded to enjoy him.
"'Will you. misguided reptile." began the general,
leaning over the table and shaking a long, lean finger
under Captain Daugherty's astonished nose, "will
you, ignorant half slave and aown trodden dog from
our sister republic of Ameri.-a. will you dare to try'
to trifle and defy the laws of this most liberal and
fraternal republic by wandering over this fair land
kissed by God's Aun, without a pass from your ship?
Ha! Answer me pig! You Lave no means of identi-
fication, no pass? Brave soldiers of the republic'
Seize and search him He may be a Dominican spy
who has sneaked over the border! At him. valiant
soldiers! Place before me, your general, every scrap
of paper, every weapon. money, everything that is
concealed on his miserable body!"
Captain Daugherty. of course had not under-
stood one word of the general's oration. And
he was so tired and sleepy he had scarcely been in-
terested in his gestures. so he looked inquiringly at
the sergeant. The Marine sergeant who had been
hugely enjoying himself, opened his mouth to trans-
late, but he was too late. Before he could even in-
terpose the four coloured gendarmes had seized the
captain and begun to search him.
At first the captain was too astonished to resist.
But as soon as he realized that they meant to rob
him or at least disclose his identity by searching him.
his gorge rose and righteo-is anger dispelled hIs



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rilness. He spoke to the coloured gendarmes in
g flowery, eloquent, but censored language that
considered a nautical necessity in doubling the
p In a wind-jammer. And while he was protesting
really and protanely be found that be was not tired
-the arms, and was also recovering the use of his
p. So he thrashed about with bis arms and kicked
h his legs until he had cleared a space about him.
He was ready for them when they rushed him
Oia and soon discovered that the peaceful fruit
01mer years had not entirely incapacitated his right
p punch, for he stopped the sous lieutenant with it,
4 sent him crashing against the general's table.
Shit a corner of it with his head. overturned it
id went peacefully to sleep. Then turning quickly,
Captain caught the bandy-legged corporal on the
W with the same right, and be went staggering
pinSt the wall
The general made a leap towards the door. As
I-eplained afterwards to the Sons of African Free-
M, he was not trying to heat a strategic retreat.
W merely intended going h-'me for reinforcements
;the shape of his trusty p.'rl-handled revolver, of
te and rusty frame, that in moments of enthu-
m would be depended on not to miss fire in more
a three hanimber out of the six cylinders. How-
pr Big 'ITn misunderstood the general long before
Sons of African Freedom did. He thought him
linng in the fight against Captain Daugherty.
Big 'Un was reasonably sure the captain could
depended on to handle the four uwlernourished
.armes, and was enjoying the fight: but five
rt be too many. So he reached out and grabbed
.general by his military cash. It came away in
hand, bringing with it the sword of ceremony.
tkthe general staggered into Big 'Un's welcoming
and although be writhed and squirmed to es-
e.Big 'Un got a firm hold of the seat of the war-
's trousers with one hand, and a grip of his gold-
ded collar with the other.
Then he gave a mighty heave with the muscles
developed by years of :hovelling coal into a
isler's fiery maw, and catapulted him through the
Unfortunately for the general, the door was
t time jammed with shooting, screaming negroes
.soth sexes, all ages and sizes, and these prevented
Peomplete exit. Just at that moment Big 'Un
enly remembered that he had a private quarrel
the general. So he seized him by the foot, all
was now risible of that mighty warrior, and
ded him back into the "hall of justice."
I Ain't got no paw and maw. has I? Take dat!
t't eddicated, is I? See ifen you can read dis here
!l Ain't got no name, has I? Well. dis here kick
aed liver lcosener! Git up ofeu dat floor, nig-
an' ite! Fite fair an' square! Tain't fair to jus'
tdeare an' holler!"
: All this happened very quickly. before the Marine
Ieant, weak from laughter, had time to shove his
Through the struggling crowd at the door, and
his whistle for his own men who were listening
sthe noise of the battle from their own barracks
Hundred yards away. Judging from the amount
sioise that a full grown riot was under way, they
Son the run.
Just as the corporal in charge of the squad had
ibeded in pushing his way through the entire
nation of the village crowded about the door.
Vlag to get an eyeful of the proceedings inside,
rhw something that made him think the whole
.g was a dream, and that he would wake up pres-
and find himself late for reveille.
S: He saw the coloured sous-lieutenant of gendarmes
out a frenzied hand and seize a portly dignified
.lured man by the hair of the head, and try to
t him off of a struggling coloured gendarme he
Attempting to brain with a table leg. The thick
Sof kinky hair came away in the sous-lieutenant's
d, and a wiry mop of reddish brown hair streaked
n gray took its place. And then the belligerent
Bttuflaged one, still bestriding his prostrate viec
aus,.ased in his job of trying to brain him, long
kaegh to wipe the sweat out of his own eyes. As
ddid so, a dirty grayish streak of white appeared
e're the now warmed up burnt cork grease paint
lIa away on the wiper's sl.eve.
The corporal was not the only one astonished.
..u blanc." Fluttered the dumb-founded sous-
iBtenant. C"Un blbin, "
"No I ain't On Blank!'" raged Captain Daugherty,
I ng his prostrate enemy's head a final thump on
.:Ploor and springing to his feet, too angry now to
ember any simple French words he might have
or that he had ever been tired. "' am Captain
erty of the Mfipgic Mol,. An' I can whip all
i dern niggers on this here heathen man's island
..myself, if these here supposed to be white men
ift help! Standin' there laughing' an' gigglin'
illbt these here bowlegged, water-eyed hellians Is
1.' to rob a white man! Come on, Big 'Un! Kill
here grand marshal of the day you've got there,
'.throw him out the winder. Grab a leg of that
an' we'll fite our way ou. an' back to the Maggie
Come on! All of you: If you think you can
nBut while the valiant captain was uttering the
~e cry of his clan. the Marines had dragged Big
~.off the fallen general of division, seized the cap-
ii..from behind and the battle was over. All but

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Church & Barry Streets,


clearing the "hall of justice" of the debris and the
citizens of the village.
"Well! Well! So you are a white man after all!"
ventured the Marine sergeant, his face twitching with
his efforts to suppress the grin that struggled for ex-
pression. "Why I thought-Why this man here said
you was a shipmate of hi. And now I find-"
"And so I am!" snapped Captain Daugherty
whose personal barometer had not receded front the
fighting level "And he has proved a better shipmate
to me than my own colour. Leastwise as far as
this here crowd is concerne.l. 'Fightin' Marines!'
I'll sa. you are! Thought you was here to protect
Americans! "Stid o' that, the first thing that hap-
pens to me. I git arrested and, drug down a mountain
and then about a hundred miles along a road full of
mud and slush that smells like-like a dead slaughter
house: with no breakfast nor nothing An' then I
git yanked up before a nigger justice of the peace,
Heck alone knows what he said he'd do to me. I
didn't understand his heathen talk. But the way he
waved his arms an' bellered and bulled around. It
must have been aplenty. An' he'd a done it, too,
if it hadn't been for Big 'Un here.
"Big 'Un. shake hands! I won't fergit you as long
as I live. An 'we'd have whipped 'em too, Big 'Un,
good and pli -. it it hadn't been for these here
brave. lily-wibat American Marine boys; now if
they'll let us. w'll kiss 'em good-by an' go back to
Cap Haitien."
"Hold on. Captain Daugherty' You've said some
pretty hard things about the Marines. Now I want
to ask you something Would you uphold and protect
a man who was disobeying the laws of the country
you was serving?"
"Just answer yes or no, please," insisted the
Marine sergeant sweetly.
'Well. no! D,:rn it! I wouldn't. But I ain't
disoheyin' no law as far as I know. An' anyway, I
would hesitate a long time afore I would take sides
agin' a hire man, in a black : man's country; right
or wrong. An' that's all I've got to Nay.'"
"Yes," replied the Marine sergeant dryly. "And
that's what makes life down here one grand, sweet
song. White men come down here. start something
and then they expect us to take sides and finish it for
"em And how was I to know you was white, all dol-
led up like you was. until \our ig got yanked off?'
"That's so!" agreed Captain Daugherty. "I
guess I was a little hasty about what I said about
the Marines. You didn't know I was white and any-
"But I did know you was white'" grinned the
Marine sergeant. "I knew it up there in Christophe's
citadel. I knew Big 'Un the minute I set my eyes on
him Knew you, too, as soon as you spoke, in spite
of Big 'Un's gosh-awful lies. I wasn't your cabin boy
six months for nothing. Don't you remember
"What!" gasped Captain Daugherty. "What!
Henry! That little hity runt that skipped out an'
left me at Porry Cortez because I spanked him a lit-
tle for gittin' in a row with some of them greasers
ai a chicken fight! You don't mean to say you are
'I am the same," replied tihe Marine sergeant.
"And." he continued slyly, "the reason I went
A WO L. on you was not on account of the spank-


A %eRal iappil (hristmnta
By getting your Xmas Supplies from


There i anr adrll'rval cr\i w e ok at a11 ie tari ity
ijt the iuL.:-t dellCii'In- la ut ire- t.' r the table. IEn .I-
I.-h F .-nuh arid I i-h Il,',.r,,. hii.h-elad
Frnchau .-n1, '.',an d i, 1 iV-. Fri-cb.'h a. Erai.li_
Petit P.:'-, I'tar Ie- t..ie .ra, Mr-ait Fish
I'a-t'--, rlll.'-h,- rlr X An .hIj vi .- ari D li ,.-.
r.tn ..l iW;th ( T:l|11,-r 1ll, .t1-1 lrn ? -.ir-
iiar ('.,Vlra -. P ti uin' P.-.F rumn.
MtNIhr-i,. .rlu- ihl!lsiz- I 1 :1-- i e- i ullir.
C'nlllnherr S.ItiF I'ry. tilli lt J -i -
r!rA an'd a'-i.rt-l tr it.. ltutr-h
ch-,i. Kir!t >:h-i;e. Swiltt
Butter rctui. eh tee in I I.and
'Ih packets. Ei_'ii-h and.
.AnIli i.nr' Ham- a. ictaec.
I-'r-..alp., Ev:ai.,rat..'i d and
dril Frtitfr, I 'alurl-di

-A L S -
deliihtfiilln beautiful
na-lortnmrnt of t.'hritman s ,- 'rackers
anid autat.'laus. toek'iii.s to choos- from.

Kingston, Ja.


ing which I perhaps deserved, but because I thought
white men should always stand together in a black.
man's country, or a brown one's either. I have beea
waiting all these years to get even with you and I
think now I have given you a dose of your own medl-.
cine. But what you and Big Un were doing up there.
on that mountain in Christophe's old citadel beat
me. Come clean now! Were you up there after the
Big Un, who had been listening open-mouthed,:
with an occasional pious exclamation of "Well, since
Moses hit de rock!" or "My lawd! is dis li'' Henry?".
now broke into the conversation with 'Henry-boa.
-Capen, we was up dere just like I said. Just look-'
in' around. An' de Capen here, he got hisself up dat
way so dem wild niggers would think he was one:
his own self an' not pay him no mind. We wasn't
huntin no treasure. We was just percolatin' around,:
eein' de sights."
"Well, Big 'Un, you would have percolated your--
self into prison if anybody but me and my men had..
found you. The captain says you were not disobeying
any law. but I'm here to tell you you were disobeying I
about the only law the Haitiana try to enforce. It's
the highest law in this land that Christophe s treasure
must not be searched for by any one but the presi-
dent himself. And only by him when everybody else
is there to look on. To be caught hanging around
the old citadel in suspicious circumstances is to b f
promptly jailed. If caught digging, you would be as
promptly shot. And if you had chanced to find any-
thing valuable, your body would be dug up once I
year and shot all over again. That's how much thee
gooks think of Christophe's treasure. They think he
hid away somewhere about thirty million in gold. It
may be less than thirty cents. but they are surely
sitting up with the remains. They trust nobody re
garding the citadel, not even themselves. There
change the guards e\ery other day, and search each
squad carefully as they are changed."
"Gudrds!" exclaimed Captain Daugherty blank-
ly, his jaw dropping as he r:.alled for the first time
in the last three stirring huurs that Joe and Simi
had been in the citadel's dungeon for some time with-
out water or food. "Guards? Do they keep guard
up there all the time, day and night?'
"They most certainly do," replied the Marine ser
geant. "And where they were last night when you
two leached the citadel beats my time. At that, on
of 'em was there, and rushed down to tell me. but
he did'nt explain where the others were. Now then!"
anm the Marine sergeant tu.'ued again suddenly t
Captain Daugherty. "As I said before, come rlea
with ne' What were you doing up there in Chrli
tophe's citadel? You can't fool me. People don't ga
to visit an old ruin in the d-'ad of night, even if it'
a moonlight night. Don't try to fill me with that
sort of bull. And you wasn't lost, either. And there
were more than two of you, too. There were several
in the dirty. I know that. I was told so by the
guard, and besides I saw more than two of you when
I opened the door. Now wntl.ie are the rest of you
parry ?"
THE Marine sergeant paused for a reply, furtively
watching. while the captain and Big 'Un ex-
changed blank looks. "Nothing to say, eh?" he snap
ped. "All right then! Do you know what I'm goi
to do? I'm going to lock you both up and go back
to the citadel and see if I can trace the rest of your
party. I'll bet you were up there after that treasure
I can tell it by the way you acted up there, and by the
way you pla. shut now."
The captain had been searching his soul for the
solution to the problem as to what he should d
about Joe and Slim. He had the guilty feeling o l
having abandoned them to the awful fate of slot
starvation in the old dungeon of the citadel. He wa
now minded to make a full confession, thereby paving
the- w y to their immediate rescue. He had opened
hib mouth to begin, Ibut shut it again when he remem-
bered how earnestly Slim had cautioned them to say
nothing, no matter what happened. So he tried a dit
lereut tack.
"Well. you can't lock me up. Henry," he said
grimly, glaring ai the Marine sergeant. "I'm Captai.
of a U.S. fruit ;teamer at a legal port of call. Be
sides that, I'm an American citizen, and the U.S.
consul is an old friend of mine. I'll raise a rumpus
you will remember to your dyin' day if you lock me
up. I'd like to see you do ;I! You just try getting
fresh with me an' see where you head in!"
"Well, I can lock you up. and I will," replied th
Marine ,ergeant decisively. "And the Haitian gov-
ernment will bI.ck me up too, when they are told:
you were trying to cart off Christophe's coin. Can't
lock 3ou up? Well. you just watch my smoke! You
have been so cock-sure you were going to get oa'i
scot-free after raising all thi; disturbance, that I in
tend to teach you a lesson you had orrer learned a.
long time ago. Being boss on your ship don't make
you boss everywhere else yiu may happen to find
"All I started out to do was to have a little ufn
out (of you and Big 'Uu. To throw a good scare into;
you to sorter even up things for old times when E
was your cabin boy. But now-well. just look at.
things a little and see where we stand. First, you
were found in Christopbe's citadel in the dead of the
night, under very suspicious circumstances. Then I




Once a year we take stock of our possessions-
we review the year's work, the year's
records, the year's successes and failures.

But would it not be better to look forward to
next year; to arrange our affairs with what
foresight we can so that when in another
twelve months we again look back upon a
period of effort, we may have reasonable
prospect of congratulating ourselves upon
a larger proportion of successes, a smaller
proportion of failures ?

One of our most important considerations is the
financial. It gives the most thoughtless of
us pleasure to know that we have been
generous without recklessness, careful with-
out meanness.

Ensure happy reflections this time next year.
Let your car be a Ford. Then you will
without doubt be able to look back upon
a year in which money has been saved,
in which the greatest pleasure has been
enjoyed, in which satisfaction has been
afforded you and the rest of your family,
in at least this one important department
of your annual stock-taking.

The Ideal Light Car.

....................bank the difference.

Kingston Industrial Garage.







Nash Motor Cars,

Goodrich Tyres,

Tubes & Accessories

Gould Motor Car Batteries.

We keep a full line of-

Bolts, Nuts and Lock


Cotter Pins,


Rivets and Brake-


Coach Trimmers


Motor Car Accessories

of every description.

Repairs Promptly and

Carefully Done.

We keep a Clean and Airy Establishment.

,--- .- --------------.. ---I. i------ -- --------I I

.....--- --..--..--.........- ..... ---------- 1

that wasn't enough, during your trial Big 'Un just
about killed the justice of the peace, who also hap-
pens to be a general of division in the Haitian army,
and aide de camp to the president. Rather serious
offences, if you ask me." added the Marine sergeant
sweetly. "And while this. was going on you generous-
ly pitched in and cleaned up all the civil guards in
the court room. Then after that. to add insult to
injury, you said things about the Marine Corps that
would land you in a hospital anywhere in the United
States If any Marines happened to be around when
.ou said it-"
"Who wouldn't say em!" retorted Captain Daug-
herty warmly. "'Who wouldn't. You a white man,
standing' there grinning' like-like a ape with the
bell.ache. an' me--
"S'nough! Cut it out!" snapped the Marine
sergeant "Life's too short to argue with you. You'll
stay locked up until I get back from the citadel. After
that we'll see. Here, Frank! Put these men in our
brig. Feed 'enm and take good care of 'em till I get
back. If they act ugly, hardboil 'em!"
While the Marines were leading the crestfallen
treasure hunters to the Marine guard-house through
the chattering, excited throng of village negroes, sud-
denly from tar away came the faint throbbing. mut-
tering roll of the tom-toms. The sound came nearer,
clearer, seem. cil all about them in the air. And,
as suddenly _. ihe sound had come, just as sudden-
ly silence fell on the noisy crowd, as if they had been
stricken dumb.
The muffled vibration which was seemingly every-
where, yet was nowhere, continued. Furtively, in-
quiringly, each negro in the crowd looked at his
neighbour. Then, with a watchful eye on the
Marines. a few on the outskirts of the crowd slunk
away. Others followed, then more. and then there
wasn't any crowd. They were gone. If Captain
Daugherty and Big 'Tn had looked back across the
street before entering the guard-house which had
obligingly swung open for them, they would have
seen the erstwhile belligerent general of division and
some time justice of the peace lifting his sore and
battle-scarred, bony frame on to the back of a rough-
haired Haitian pony. Then he also, with a watch-
ful eye on the Marines. rode away in an ambling can-
ter toward the distant purple-blue mountain. For
that short, sullen, muttering bark of the voodoo drum,
which had now ceased as abruptly as it began, was
a summons for the faithful. And the gerferal, for
all of his brave gold braid, his rattling saber, and
his well rounded periods, was always among those
present when the faithful were gathered together.
The Marine sergeant swore softly to himself as
he watched from the window of his barracks the in-
habitants of the village sneak off in the brush in ans-
wer to the summons of the voodoo drum. He even
kept a watchful eye on his coloured gendarmes. They
were too well disciplined to take French leave and
follow after its throbbing cal!, but he could see that
they w'-re restless and ill at ease.
The sergeant knew by long experience that the
beating of the witch's drum always ioded evil. But
he never knew in what shape the evil would come.
It might mean the stealing of a child from some vil-
lape lby that branch of the namfinloi organization
known as the lourl-.anr-o.-i-tild stealers-for the sac-
rifice uf the goat without horns--hild. Or it might
be the forerunner of a new insurrection of the Cacos-
or merely an invitation to the faithful followers of
voodoo to participate in a two weeks' dancing de-
hauch in some hidden cave or forest rendezvous in
the far hill- From which some of his own men, the
coloured gendarmes, would return irritable, red-eyed.
sodden aud sullen, of no manner of use for several
days. So, with an anticipatory sigh, the sergeant
girded up his loins by strapping on his service auto-
matic, and with a final caution to the guards as to
the safc-keepina of the prisoners, he set out with
two mnen for Christophe's citadel.
*"Well. anyhow. Capen," commented Big 'Un
cheerfully when their dinner was brought in just as
the sergeant departed. "nell. anyhow us gits to eat,
an' di4 here chow aint bad "
Rut the Scot.h in Captaiu Daugherty's make-up
prevented him front entering w hole-heartedly into Big
'Un's raatil checrful philosophy. "No, it ain't to
say .bad. Big 'ITn." the capta;a admitted grudgingly.
He was eating grimly and determinedly.
"BRlt how% about poor Joe and Slim? It's about all
I can do to eat. hungry as I am, when I think about
them being' down there in that there well or dungeon
or whatever it is. Big 'Un, if we don't gpt 'em out of
there pretty soon they'll die down there. No food.
no water. An' I can't go back to Galveston an' tell
such a tale as that. 1 might as well be dead myselff"
"Capen, don't you worry none." encouraged Big
'Tn. "Ain't Slim got one of dem piipalar he-witches
down derc wid hint? \\'ell. den' dat piprlitr he ain't
going' to put his ownself in no place what he can't
git out of. Just you eat and be easy. Slim said we
was In no way to worry, an' not to say any word about
dem bein' down in dat well. no matter what hap-
pened. An" anyhow," concluded Big 'Un cheerful-
ly. "here we is locked up. good and tight. What kin
we do? Let's us jest go ahead an' eat, while de eat-
in' is good."
That night, when the moon hung low and was
partly hidden behind a dense mass of cloud, and

Sasso & Miller's


T 'ENTY years ago, when the earthquake of Jan-
uary. 1907, shattered the commercial section
I(ingston, two young men, Mr. H. F. Sasso and Mr. J.
Alfred Miller, opened business for themselves in temr
pordry quarters in Duke Street. These two young:
men had all their lives been engaged in the dry goods,
business and understood it thoroughly. They had-
acquired a large circle of appreciative friends andt
acquaintances through the courtesy and intelligence
they had shown as leading clerks in the establish-
ments in which they bad worKed. These same quali.:
ties. and the experience they had gained, they de-
voted to the building up of their own business, the
consequence being that after some twenty years they
own and conduct one of the most thriving and popu-
lar dry goods establishments in Jamaica.
They rentained for about two years in their tem-
prorary quarters. Then in 1909. King Street having
been largely reconstructed. they removed into the
premises they at present oc':upy, taking with them
all their old customers and obtaining many more.
Their clientele has so steadily increased, their busi-
ness has grown so satisfacto-ily, that in 1920 it was.
found necessary to add considerable ground space tI
the building. At the same time great care was taken
to improve its ventilation and its lighting, so that to-:
day the store of Messrs. Sasso and Miller is re.
garded as one of the most pleasant to shop in by thI
purchasing public of Jamaica.
Messrs. Sasso and Miller make periodical trips
to America and the Old Country to select goods for
their customers They aim at carrying dependable
merchandise from the principal centres of fashion
abroad. and great care is gi\vn to the requirements
of custoin-rs in the small-.i1 detail. One of their
special lines is silks; they carry one of the largest
stocks of silk goods-dress materials, hosiery. etc.-
in the city. Linen. cotton goods. damask. towellings
and household goods in general fancy goods and mil'
liner. they also speialise in. They have always on
sale a large variety of tropical material for men,
women and children. They da a considerable business.
with visitors during the winter months, and tourists
speak highly of the quality of the work done at this
store and of the attention they receive.
In what is known in the trade as "notions," goods'
of small price but appealing to artistic tast.<, Messrs.
Sasso and Milllr have spe. lalised particularly. Hence
there is always a large demand at their stote for these
article.. A careful sele"'tion of them where they are)
maniri.t turnedd lead, to the cijnsidklrable sale of them
in J.masila. and thtis ihoppiug :it Messr-.. Saso and'.
Miller's gives to shopper-, that pleasant thrill which
i; experienced in the ereat department stores of
London, Pails and Nea York.
No business of the same kind has grown more
than Messrs. Sasso ani Miller's during the last
twenty years. They have inspired their clerks with
their own example" of efficiency and attention to cus-
tomers, and so the reputation of the establishment for
these qualities stands high. Further improvements
are contemplated by Messrs. Sasso and Miller; in.
deed they are always improving. They believe that
supply creates demand; and that with the better ser-
vice and goods that they offer to the public, the more
will the appreciation of the public increase.

while a freshening breeze came down from the bills
as a forerunner of the dawn. the key of the Marine
guard-house turned softly in the lock. Captain
Daugherty and Big 'in, who were democratically
sharing the one shuck mattress their de lure cell af-
forded, were awakened by a fumbling hand groping
over their faces.
"Hist' Hist!" warned a sibilant whisper, "Hist?
Hist' Rise you. and away come. Fear you do not.
Safe all is I am only a little English spoken. Here
a writing front hinm in the citadel of Christophe is.
Follow softly and escape."
They were soon ready, all but Captain Daug-
herty's swollen and aiiffering feet that refused to go
into his shoes. So the leg-sore seaman tottered shoe,
less after Big "Un and their giiide out of the velvety
darkness of their cell into the semi-twilight of
the village's one street to finil sturdy Haitian poules
saddled and waiting.
Their guide lost no time. but handing Captain
Danw herty the writing referred to, assisted him to
mount. Then be jumped on his own pony and mo-
tioned for them to follow. Hard riding for the rest
of the weary night, which addled saddle galls to sore
and swollen feet. brought th.mu to Cap Haitien.

A FTER Captain Daugherty had descended glow-
ly and gingerly from hij saddle and rubbed life
into his benumbed legs and knees, he was able to
hobble out on the wharf and glimpse the Mai9;cr M.jly
at her anchorage. The sun was now showing up over
the mountains, and he gazed at the dinky little fruit



r with a sort of ecstatic worshipful joy. He
t, with a pang of regret, how many times he
referred to her as "that there old tub" or "that
e derned old water-broke tin lizzie." But during
first blissful moment of his sight of her. he would
have traded the Maggie May on even terms for the
than. Big 'Un was likewise gazing rapturously
e Magge MAay.
;From where thcy stood they could even make out
and George moving about the deck, giving her
morning washdown. Then they saw the cook
rge from the galley and walk toward the com-
onway with a tray in his hands, on which was a
pot. That was too much. Cupping his hands,
'Un yelled across the water:
"Hey, Cookie! Fix us some. too! Me an' de
en Is on our way, soon as we kin git a boat to
Sus out!"
They turned to their guide. He and the horses
faded out of the picture while the two homesick
len were viewing the old homestead.
While Big' Un was searching the waterfront fo-
Searly boat to take them out. Captain Daugherty
qmbered the note the guide had thrust into his
d as they left the Marinp guard-bouse. He took
t of his pocket. In the fine, almost engraved,
pt handwriting of Slim he read:
"Do not worry. my Captain. Be not dis-
nrbed. We ill be safe, Jo? and I. Protect first
Ifrself. Think not of us. We will promptly re-
Mum is yet the word."
Captain Daugherty and Big 'Un did not exactly
hive the welcome accord' the returned prodigal
boly writ. The mate, unaware of their arrival,
ias out on deck yawning and stretching. But he
pt his jaws with a snap when he saw the two
ipidated derelicts who had just arrived. ria the
p'B ladder.
'His superior officer stood there before him wear.
a twelve-hour-old black eye graphically describ-
as "a shiner," and a three days" budding crop of
nkers. One sleeve of his ea jacket had been torn
y, and the shirt sleeve beneath was tattered and
His neck was blistered a deep red from sun-
,and that part of his face not concealed by beard.
1Ithe remains of the burnt-cork grease paint, was
ithe same sunburned condition as his neck. His
bsers were rent behind. He was hatless, and ir,
llhand he held his shoes. Big 'Un's shirt was prac-
ply gone. He. too, was hatless, and his trousers
ins torn from Genesis to Revelation. Across his
tid chest were the dried blood traces of the un-
atcured nails of the general of division, and one
a was closed.

A good mate is not supposed to have a sense of
humour, and Mr. Shannon was a good mate. He
did not laugh at the two woe-begone figures that stood
before him. He did not even smile. His face showed
little or no surprise, nor was there a welcome-home
gleam in his eye.
"Where's the other two?" he asked shortly after
a preliminary stare. "Comin' iu on stretchers, I guess.
from the looks of you two. I was that worried about
you! Goin' off without a word as to where you was
goin,' or nothing After the second day when you
didn't come back. I went over to Marine headquarters
an' ased 'em to-sorter broadcast around for you. I
thought maybe-"
"So it was you then who got us in all that trouble
with them dern Marines!" exclaimed Captain Daugi
herty, dropping his shoes on the deck and stepping
forward belligerently. "I might have knowd it! lu
this day and time, if you fergit to leave your mate
exact and explicit orders, an' at that, it's better to
write 'em down plain, frame 'em and hang 'em up
over his bunk, why he is just as liable as not to fer-
git to go to bed or eat or something All mate's heads is
good fer nowadays is to raise hair fer the barbers.
Who told you we was lost or needed marines to help
us run our business, may I ask?"
The mate inhaled the requisite amount of air
into his lungs. and the battle was on.
'I guess in your day, when you was a mate on
one of them there boats you tell about that-that had
college educations, and could take their ownselves
into port. unload. load and gi; out again without dis-
turbin' the captain or the crew any, I suppose that in
them days if the captain m.de a strange port. an'
afore the mud hook got settled in the bay. would just
disappear oft the face of the earth with two of the
crew, without savin' a word, mind you! Nary a
word as to where he was goin' or when he was coming'
back. An" then after two or three days an' he didn't
come back. I guess one of them finely eddicatert
mates of them times would have gone ashore an'
hunted up a fortune-teller, ci a crystal ball gazer
an' found out where the captain an' the best part of
the crew was having' their shore leave. An' then when
two or three cablegrams or radios came pourin' in
from thf. home office, I guess-"
"Where is them cablegrams an' radios?" Cap-
tain Daugherty iiinfrrupted. "where air they?"
"Well." parried the mate rather lamely, "they
could have come. couldn't they? Even if they didn't,
they could have."
"That's neither here nor Ihere." replied the cap-
tain airily, much relieved by this indirect informa-
tion that nothing out of the ordinary had happened

during his absence. "Them cablegrams an' radios
didn't come. An' you hadn't orter set them Marines
to huntin' for us. I believe you done it a purpose to
plague me. But right now I want some breakfast.
Big 'Un. go hurry up that cook. Tell him to turn the
hot water on fer a bath fer me. I want to get these
here feet of mine doctored up a little and then I want
to glt some sleep; an' I'll thank you, Mr. Shannon,
not to go an' git the Marines to wake me up in case
I oversleep a little. Go on now. Big 'Un an' git
your ownself fixed up."
"Don't you worry none," muttered the mate as
the captain hobbled toward the companionway, "I
wouldn't wake you if you slept till the Day of Re.
The captain stopped and turned around.
"What air you sayin,' Mr. Shannon. if I may
ask?" he inquired sweetly.
"Nothin.' replied the mate shortly. "Just talking'
to myself."
I thought maybe you was speculation' to yourself
where we was at all this time." The captain's tone
was confidential, almost winning.
"I was. sir, at that," replied the mate eagerly.
walking right into the trap. "Tell me. where was
you. an' where is Slim and Joe?"
THE hard lines of the captain's weather-beaten
face smnothed out and a look of pleasurable sat-
isfaction almtnst shone through the grease paint still
on his fa.-e. This was his hour and he was enjoy-
ing it as much as his physical condition permitted.
"As I was saying." he continued. "I thought may-
be that was what was eatin' .ou. An' I just wanted
to say that I hope you w;ll live till you find
out. because if you do live that long. Methuselah will
be a prattlin' baby by the side of you."
With this broadside raking the mate fore and
aft, the captain limped away. with as dignified an
,ir as the great rent in the seat of his trousers would
allow, and disappeared down the companionway.
"WIell. I don't have to live that long." the mate
called joyously after him. as if the prospect of an
early death gratified and pleased him. "I happen to
already know where you was, an' how you got ar-
rested an' all. An' I know who done it. too," he con-
tinued. raising his voice as 'he captain got further
"It was Henry Smith. your old cabin boy. an'
Henry phoned down here to me that he got more fun
out of briggin' you than he would have got out of
finding' Christophe's money that you all was chasing'
over dem mountains after. An' that ain't all," he
yelledd doan the companionway, as he heard the cap-

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144 Harbour St., Kingston, Ja.

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Dry Goods


142 Harbour Street,





Kingston, Jamaica, B.W.I.

The Largest, Coolest, and Most Comfortable Shopping
Centre in the West Indies-all the Best Native Novelties
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Sole Distributors of Bective, Southall, Orange Ki

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also Linens, Poplins,
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Plus-Fours in Linen
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Men's Outlitting of all
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Shirts and Pyjamas,
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' door slam. "Henry said he couldn't find Joe
Slim, but that he'd be down here afore long after
an' Big 'Un, an' that you wouldn't ind the Cap
ttln jail so easy to git out of neither. So, now go
k your head an' feet both," the mate concluded,
vreetly lowering his voice to a rritter. "I'm glad
ff. got pinched. Maybe next time you won't be so
gee-mouthed an' tell me what you aim to do. I
0pe Henry comes down here and takes you both
SCaptain Daugherty was too tired, footsore and
ry to worry over a future arrest. Besides that,
moral courage had been restored the moment he
d again set foot on the Moai!rir May. He was on
native heath so to speak, and was as brave as a
tutry dog under his master's waggon. So he ron-
ited himself with swearing softly hetw.-en his teeth
the mate while he removed his so(ks and tenderly
aresed his lame and prostrated fet. untul the cook
lge with his bath and his breakfast.
SThe cook's natural curiosity regarding the iti-
lilry of the tr-asure hunt-rs had been amply satis-
by Big 'Un's lurid ret ital. while the captain's
Sakfast had b,.-en preparing So now he said noth-
ig but d-eflly assisted the captain to get out of his
fttle-torn tlotbh'-s, furid his bottle of liniment for
j1 a. and finally hl-Iped trie eranine treasure hunter
o his hunk, where he ftll to sleep alnoio at once.
' Evenine hadl -tilen down front the purple hills
an opales.i-nt atfteirlow lv.,owed whri- the sun
gone down, before the captain appeared on deck.
Looked shoreward where lights were beginning
'twinkle here and there. Then he glanced fondly
t the Magnjrl .llui. IH \:-n regarded with af-
on her wFeathir Ie~ren tunnIels whiih sadly need-
painting and weli usually an eyesore to him.
mate and the two remaining A.B.'s of his crew
re busy aft.
SThe cook and Big 'Un 'r-re nowhere to be seen,
Sa pleasant smell of cooking wafted to him from
galley by the shore breeze told him where they
.But Slim and Joe. how about them? Slim had
tten, "Don't worry about me, my Captain. I will
ta promptly."-but that did not solve the problem.
sall for home without th-m was unthinkable, but
could not wait many more hours. Something must
done about it, but whtt''
SMust he Ijxer hi? pride o worse. risk arrest by
g to those vindit tiv\e Mariim' and hdve a thoroilgh
reh made' Hi was cuie the Marine sergeant, alias
Ty Smith. his old cabin boi., would gladly we-1.
another chantice to hunmili.te him by again ar-
ing his old captain and bringing him for srverial
And that would mean--it mieht iost him his
ain's papers. B:.i'i-s Slini had urgently caution-
against any publii.it.v or intrerrrvnce He would
Sthe mate and discuss the matter witl him. May-
he could induce timu tu g.. to th.- Marines. Any-
y, something nmi-t ie doun.. He had already de-
ed the matter tio long. bit that inioring hi" had
Stood tired and sleep) to nave arrangeed for storing
a hoatload of Christopte's treasure, even if he
found it.
SThe captain didtl', have to call the mate. how-
er. He looked up from hbi uneasy musings to see
t worthy approaLhing wita a coloured lieutenant
gendarmes in his wake. On the mate's face was
set lf-satisfied "I told you so" expression that
ts one to commit justifiable homicide.
S"Captain Daiigherty, sir, here is one of them here
tian cops, who insists that he has a warrant for
'arrest. I couldn't fool him none He seen you
once as he come. on board, and p'inted you out as
a' the rigtit man. so I had to bring him fr'ard"
Illy repressing a glin. thli mate stepped aside and
wed the dapper guld-braid.d 3oung fps ri dt co'iileur
occupy the entiree of th. stage
The gendarme saluted and in fairly understand-
broken English s.id-
"Sir, I have here a warrant for the arrest and
mention of the captain of the IU IitlIc May, a sheep
the United Company of Fr.iris'
He bowed low and handed the captain a ponder-
heavily sealed d'fsument of the general get-up and
arance of a treaty het-we:n nations.
The captain held out a h.ind to receive it, a hand
trembled slightly. in spite of his efforts to con-
I t; and he was just arlde to suppress a groan.
and disgrac.. stnared at him over the heavily
letter shoulder of the pigeon-breasted sendarlme.
was truly facing ;'n uns-eemly end to a long and
durable career. He was quite sure the fruit com-
would never forgive him for getting into per-
I difficulties with tht Haitian government. His
i would ntuirallv reflect on them and might
ent the companyy from securing the valuable tran-
he had been s,.nt to spy out for them.
All this ran awiftiv through the captain's mind
.le the coloured lieutenant of gendarmes stood smil-
at him. and the rate openly snickering behind
Band. Then from somewhere, borne to them on
gentle, unceasing off-shore breeze, came the rolling
ebbing bark of the tlum .tm. Big 'Un, who had
out of the gallr-y and v-..; leading over the rail.
naibly watching the phosphorescent glow in the
of a small school of fish but really regarding the
In out of the tail of hia eye. started up at the

His neck stiffened with superstitious fear, aiid
ty taste of nausea gathered in his mouth. The



Mr. Cumming's Faith-and Works

THE question of developing trade between Jamaica
and Canada. as well as between Canada and
other parts of the British West Indies, is a live
topic at the present time. This development of
trade relations between the great Dominion and
Jamaica received a new impetus, and has gone on
apace, ever since Jamaica formed one of the con-
tracting parties to the 'anadla-West Indies Trade
Agreement negotiated and ratified in 1920. Under
the new agreement it is expected thar a larger share
of Jamaica's trade will be diverted to Canada than
heretofore--b hth imports and expirt-r .
One of th,. print ipjal buin-nesmnien who is a firm
belir-ver in a great de\ilopnieut i:fi trade relations be-
tween Canada and Jatnaita. aj wAIll as between
Canada and the other West Indian Islands, is Mr.
P. R. 'ummine. a Canadian who came to Jamaica
about ten years ago and established the business
known as "Canadian Supplier' Co., Limited." This
firm ha s done a great deal to improve trade re-
lanlon- hbtweien Canada and Jamaica. It has un-
douhtedli made Jamaica citrus fruit and other pro-
ducts more popular in Canada.
With the nu-ertiatil. (or the new Can'ada-W:t' t
Indies Trade Trea.t con( idled. Mr. Cumming, with
his far-seiin business acumen, perceivedr the possi-
bilities of a larger development of trade between
Jamaica ind Canada, and on a recent visit to Canada
formed a new Company with larger powers for the
w.rk which he has in mind. This Company is known
as the "Canada-West India Products Corporation,
Limited," the Head Office of which is in Montreal:
the Working Office, Plants and Warehouses are In
Klnirs',ti.n. Jamaica.
The President of this n.-w oreaninatiin ICanada-
West India Products c.,rpl.ration. I.rnite',l is Mr.
P. R. C(ummirn-. and irt Board or Direcl'ti consists
of some of the foremost businessmen of Jamaica.
The aim of the Company is to develop and ex-
tend business between Canada and British Guiana.
Bermuda, Bahamas, British Honduras and Jamaica;
to provide for the ac qiiisiitin of land and the
erection of modern packing plants in Jamaica and
elsewhi.re Bso a to enable- the proper grading, wrap-
ping and packing of th- citrus fruit which it proposes
to ship to Canada; the canning and preserving of
tropical fruits (such .ia1 Man'-os. Pincapples. Gua-
.vas, ett.. for expirtation t, Canada; the manufac-
turing of cocount oil, t,,pra and desiccated coconuts,
and the proper grading. curing and packing of either
tropical products s.utl as coffee, cocoa, Imnento,
ginger. etc.. whi':h it proposes to deal in.
Canada is a purchaser of tropical products to the
extent ,f over twenty million sterling annually, and
the business and aim of the Canada-West India
Products corporation. Limited. is to see that Canada
receivEs as large a portion of her tropical require-


'l ut oneer,
'Real Estate & Commission -4ent,
Valuaor & Stock. :Broker.

Sharte in local Companies
b1.,ight in large or small
quantity, also Jamaica Gov-
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local I nscribed Sti, loanns
made on approved 'sciirily.

For particulars and priced

anply. to


Auctioneer. Real Eslale & Commission Agent,
Valuator and Stock Broker.


meats as possible from Jamaica and the other West
Indian colonies. Previously the bulk of these re-
quiremetts was trausacted through the medium of
the United States. but with the granting of greater
preferential rates by Canada to the West Indies and
the prnvision of better steamship facilities between
the D[lminion and the West Indies more direct trad-
ing wirh Caunda will be made possible, and Mr.
'ummning and his orcanisation will take advantage
of this to push the development of trade relations
between this island and Canada and between Canada
and the other West Indian islands.
But it is not only with the- e\lporratiou of tropical
products to C'analld th.it the new organisation will
deal. It will also handle Canadian goods coming to
Jamaica and the other West Indian islands. Already
the new organisation holds the exclusive agencies
for some of the principal exporting houses of Canada
(dealers and manufacturers) including such articles
as r-frige'r.aris. r.ea. sport shoes, sardines, dry gin-
ger ale, Ipapri'. road nimacliuL-ry, other machinery,
etc. And importers o:f Canadian goods in Jamaica
can rest assured that Mr. Cumming and his new
organisation will i- .virl'ytliii possible to give
then the right kind of goods at right prices.
Producers of Jamaica products such as grape-
fruit, oranges. coffee, cocoa, ginger, pimento, etc.,
may also feel satisfied that the Canada-West India
:Products Corporation, Limited, will endeavour at all
times to give them the benefit of the growing market
in Canada for their products at fair and reasonable
This organisation is out for bigger business re-
lations between Canada and the West Indies. and we
feel sure that under the energetic and able guidance
of Mr. Cumming and hig associates on the Board of
Dir- tors of the new organisation success can be
relied on.

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From t ime Immemorial it has been
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TO-DAY more than ever the mod-
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coloured gendarme himself became vaguely uneasy
at the sound. But Captain Daugherty was too busy
crossing the bridges he was erecting along the road of
misfortune upon which this adventure had set his
Leet, to oe disturbed by all the tom-toms in Haiti. He
fumbled vaguely with the seals of the warrant which
the gendarme had given him, glancing furtively about
him at the same time, as a wild idea of sudden flight
occurred to him
"Will the captain hasten and read." the gendarme
suggested politely; and was ihat a wink? The cap-
tain stared at the gendarme. The wink was repeat-
ed. The captain drew a long breath and attacked the
stubborn seals again.
"Better eat your supper, sir, before you go." sug-
gested the mate with at same brand of kindly hos-
pitality with which a keeper urges a condemned man
to eat hearty of his last breakfast.
"I will, Mr. Shannon. Be good enough to tell the
<'nok to serne it at one' And as the mate reluctant-
13 walked away the captain broke the seals.
NSIDE the heavy envelope, and between thick
blank sheets of paper, was a very small note in
Slim's engraved script writing:
"My Captain. Joe and I are safe. Heed uo
one. but go out to-night with the tide. Wait not
for us. Delay not. Go out with the tide. All wll
be well if \ou go out with the tide."
The captain read this witn a leaping heart. Ten
years rolled off his mind. Hc stood suddenly ereLt
and breathed in the' salty air joyously He glanced
at the gendarme who promprlv winked again.
"Do you know the tontr-lt-E of this here enve-
lope"" the captain asked anxiously.
"I do. sir." with great assurance.
"Heaven bless you'" breathed the captain fIr-
v.ntiv. pres-.ing an Americtiu silver dollar into the
surprised palm of the geudarme who smiled, saluted
antd turned to depart.
"Hold on!" the (captain called after him. "How
about that American Marine man that pinched-I
mr-an arrested me yesterday Where is he at?"
The gendarlme grinned and placed his forefinger
knowingly beside hi: nose.
"Gone 'ias he hastily over the mountains. He has
kio le\dlge thpr a preit uprising of Cacos iz threaten-
ing th-er, among rie farth: most hills. H" is too
bus. willi these m:t:cers of importance to remember
this one small arrest The gendlarme made an inde.
scribablle restore in the air. "Those who cause that
noise of the drums to be made. they haue made sure
that he would be busy with other things than this.
ihy arrest."

With a light laugh and another salute, the gen-
darme was gone dowL the ladder.
It was a different Captain Daugherty, or rather
the old one returned, who stopped to the door of the
little chartlroom, from which vantage ground the
mate had tried to overhear the conversation between
the captain and the gendarme.
"Jim." the captain ordered, "go git me a pilot and
the clearance papers. An' make it snappy. I'm goin'
out to-night with the tide."
"What?" stammered the mate. "Ain't you. ain't
you just been arrested?"
"You heard my orders, Mr. Shannon," the cap-
trin replied with great dignity. "Go git them papers
an' hunt me up a pilot, a good one too, while I go
down and tell McDonald to turn on the burners an'
raise steam."
"But-where's Joe and Slim? They ain't show-
ed up. Ain't you goin' to waiL for "em?"
"I should worry about Joe an' Slim. You go git
them papers and the pilot. Don't chew the rag all
That night, as the Mougic: May nosed her cautious
way past the outer reef of Cap Haitien's open bay.
where Columbus' fag-ship came to grief on that
memorable Christmas eve, a small boat hailed her
from the moonlit sea. Big 'Un ran to the side and
bellowed a reply, while Captain Daugherty rang the
Eagirns down. Presently there cume to them in Slim's
rlrt.,i'e and perfect English-
"It is 1, Big 'in; myself and Joe Throw us a
In a few minutes the two were over the side.
Without speaking the\ pas:id the gaping mate and
went beluw. eat hb carrying with a s-Ilf important air
a small woven willow bag. su h as are used as nets
ly Haitian fishermen. They were followed by Big
"Un. and al.s by the captain as soon as he had the
boat under way again, and had turned her over to
the thoroughly mystified mat".
After the captain had adn'itted them to his cabin.
and had shut and bolted the door, the two who had
he-n missing turned to him with bright and happy
"My Captain!" exulted Slim, "prepare a place for
the sold! We have it here in these bags." and Slim
lifted from the fishnets two old fashioned shot bags
that bulged suggestively.
The captain switched on his desk light and then
Slim. with a due regard for dramatic effect, poured
out the contents of the bags on the desk in a golden
There was perfect silence for a few seconds while
the four pairs of eyes gloiated over the gold.


"Count it, my Captain." urged Slim at last arouw
ing himself from his ecstasy. "Examine it! It is for
the four of us! Share and share alike!"
The captain limped forward and putting on hbi
glasses, looked curiously at the old coins. Here were
the golden sovereigns of England, Napoleons front'
France, and double eagles from America. And among
these, old Spanish doubloons, worth many times their
face value for coin collector's chests.
There is here only a small portion of Christophe'sl
treasure," explained Slim. "The curious ball keys
which I possessed opened only a small niche in tb :
treasure house. You throw down a hole in the rock first;
one ball and then the other. And then. a small pole
inserted in the hole. you push with all your might
and then the seemingly solid rock gives way a space
sufficent for one to creep into a tiny chamber be-
yond Within this we founil these bags and two:
others; two more key balls and the dried-up bodles
or two men, murdered there by Christophe, after they
had prepared the secret place for his treasure.
"Then Joe and I and the papaloi heard the shout-
ing trom above. So we crept to the opening into theb
dungeon and looked up, listening to all that wa:
said After you and the Marines had gone, the paG.
pItlor I had left to guard you returned and threw lu
down another rope-ladder. Then we came out quick-.
ly and fled to the cave in the hills: there we divided
the treasure n ith th? old muarnaloi. Afterwards she
lanusd the drum to bbe beaten, and there came then
those who told us of your plight. She, the mamaa:
then took steps to release you and to draw off thi!
officer of Marines by getting the news to him ot a
great uprising of Cacos in the hills; this was easy,.
tor even among those who serve well with the
Marines. the mornimlot has followers bound to her body
and soul.
"The rest you know," concluded Slim, "except t
add that Joe here has borne himself, as a brave manm
i.hould, standing by manfully Doing as he was bid-.
den to do in all things He is a boy of whom to he
"Well. I'm plad!' the captain beamed. "Glad it
all turned out so well. But look here, Slim! Me an,
Big 'Un-we didn't do much. An'-" i
Slim held up a protesting hand.
"You did what was your lot to do. So did the
mninrrtlot and the papolons. to whom two of the sacks
were given. W'f agreed to share and share alike.:
And it shall not be otherwise. eh, Joe. my friend?" .
"Naw, of course not!" Joe answered with just.
the suspicion of a swagger as he hitched up his torti
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;iA N incessant thunder of surf, a blistering sun,
and not the faintest breeze to quiver the palm
trees that fringed the shore of burning sand. It was
i hell of a place to live in-to quote Griffin Mur-
c.ehison, who had made that observation hundreds of
SHe lay back in a deck chair, clad only in pyjamas
'and canvas shoes. The veranda of his bungalow was
like an oven, but there was no cooler refuge.
i Propped on a cane table at his elbow, cheek by
:jowl with a bottle of gin and a siphon. was a graven
i:image about twelve inches in height. From time to
time the man glanced at it, and his lips twisted in
8 sinister smile. It was a queer-looking thing, that
I'dol-a squatting figure with sinuous arms uplifted;
".but it was the image's face that gripped one's
In common with the carvings of all primitive
.-peoples, it was grotesque. The lips were parted in
.j .triumphant grin. There was a singular glitter
'about the eyes. cunning, venomous, repellent. Al-
.together. it was an odd object to Lompel any sort
i't-o smile from Murchison: but one couldn't judge
.':lurchison by any ordinary standards. His wife-
''the slip of a girl sitting at the other end o[ the
"Veranda-had long ago discovered that.
Mrs. Murchison was twenty-tour. She had en-
.dured her husband for five and a half years. and.
In response to some process devised by the Almighty
for just such situuiion!:, she still stti.k to him. That
'was a miracle in itself.
Another miracle was the way shir had handled
:"Jim Vance, her husband's only white assistant on the
island plantation. Jim was leaving tomorrow, for-
ever, because she loved Jim and Jim loved her. To
Jim it seemed a crazy idea that he should go I,-
cause they loved each other, .\st his kit was all
'packed up ready for the trading steamer due to sail
that night.
: He wouldn't have had the strength to go. had
iLlane raised the veil from her soul. Inherently
Honest, she had admitted to Jim Vance that she loved
t him. When she said it. her little hands were clasped
so tightly that the kinckles Ehone white, something
n her throat brought her near to suffocation. and
her heart beat wildly; but she meant to stick by
J'Griffin Murchison. It was the way she was built-
h that was all. That was why. having admitted that
b she loved Jim. she told him to go. Atter hl han gone.
SShe could at least be sure of herself up to a certain
S "I don't like that thing. Griffin'" Her voice came
Almost tremulously across the vt-randia "It-it
i- frightens me!"
His answer was an unsympathetic laiih
S"It's only wood. my dear'"
"Maybe. but it's the look of the thing, or-or
Something about it I can't understand, that gives me


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the creeps. 1 wish you'd hide it away! What is it,
"It's the niggers' snake god," said Griffin, chuck-
ling. "I'll teach 'em-the swine!"
Liane shuddered invisibly. Griffin's methods of
handling his plantation boys had been a source of
friction between them from the time when he and
she first came to this island under the Southern
Cross. There were a couple of hundred coloured
hands on the plantation, and most of them worship-
ped Liane. From Murchison they slunk in fear.
The only time his wife had ever openly threat-
ened to leave him was when she put her foot down
firmly against his ideas of physical punishment for
the plantation boys. After that he never used a whip
without remembering two things-her threat and the
fact that she always kept her wod.
"What have they been doing now?" Liane asked.
"Burned down those two sheds at the north
point, and destroyed about a ton and a half of copra.
Sheer carelessness! I gave 'em-"
'Yes, I know what you would give them, Griffin."
his wife interrupted: "but you don't get the work
out of them that way, in the long run."
"Il's all right. my dear," he said testily. "You
don't understand. One must rule them by fear.
They're only one-tenth civilized, and if ever they got
the upper hand-good night! I guess this"-with a
uod at the clittering-eyed image-"will teach 'em a
lesson. If there's one thing on God's earth of which
they are deadly scared, it's the snakes here. They
had about half a dozen idols, all for different pur-
poses. tup in that shack where they conduct their
heathen rite.-s but there was only one out of the lot
that really counted, and here it is. I slipped into
the shack when there was nobody around. and lifted
it. That'll make 'em shake at the knees! It's amaz-

|_ _I_.

ing what notions they do get into their heads about
their darned idols!"
"Well, I wish you wouldn't keep it! There's
something-I can't quite describe it-something of
an uncanny atmosphere about it."
"Quite so! That's why they're so sure it keeps
them from getting bitten by snakes. They believe
it-Lord, how they believe it! Funny to see 'em sae-
rifice chickens and things to this lump of wood!
Knowing they've lost it, some of 'em will jump a
mile tomorrow when they see anything that remote-
ly resembles a snake. They'll be hopping all over
the place. Let 'em sweat-do the lazy brutes good!
I'll play on their feelings like a harp. They'll think
their ju-ju is angry. and has deserted them."
'Put it back, Griffin! I hate to feel that the,
thing is anywhere near me, and it doesn't do the
any particular harm."
"When it suits my purpose, I will," he answered
curtly, in that Neronian way of his which she had
learned by experience to be unassailable. "You'll
miss Vance!" he added, with a bare tinge of sneer,
to cha ge the subject, pouring out another three
finge s of gin.
Often Liane wondered why Griffin did not want
her to leave him. The one time she had threatened
to go. he came to the border of tears; and yet he
always seemed to find satisfaction in saying things
that hurt her. Perhaps it was an innate desire to
have something sensitive near, so that he could exult
in subtle cruelty. Sensitive to the core, Liane had
at first winced and later writhed under it. It was
always clever-just sufficient to achieve the intended
effect, but never blatant.
"He has been here quite a long time-eighteen
months, isn't it?" she replied, and closed her flim
little teeth hard on an under lip.



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she had begun to fall in love with Jim Vance
I a week of his joining them. Already she
anticipating the endless torture that was to1
t after today.
silence fell between them. Liane's mind drifted
di the inescapable future. The man took another
o fingers of gin, and the seltzer gurgled. She
lly hated that sound more than anything in
universe. Still, Griffin wasn't drinking so hard
did a year ago. She had succeeded in keeping
N one bottle a day.
Perhaps. in some inexplicable way. this was part
Or reason for staying with him. In spite of his
ian ways, be was as weak and uncontrolled as
Wailed child, and needed some one to look after

"Griffn," she said presently, approaching a sub-
ithat was often in her thoughts. "when we first
Here. we planned to stay for ten years before
1 -back to Philadelphia. Another four and a
ears won't seem so very long. Aren't you look-
orward to being in America again?"
aurchison set his glass down with a clatter.
certainly am not!" he declared with unneces-
Lnemphasis. "There are lots of places in the is-
I where we can live in comfort." The veneer
ilization. none too thick upon the best of us,
?worn a little thin in his case after five years.
at moment he could not quite see himself hedged
2 with social conventions once more. "It's free
[~sy out here. That's what I like about it!"
(e choked back her answer. Perhaps. In an-
lmood, another day he would see the monstrous
hness of it. Anyhow. Lane had no intention of
ding the rest of her life on the islands.. Her
P e had been to stick it out for the ten years
upon in the days when such a thing had
0 not only endurable, but possibly even ro-

Fa shiver passed through her. followed a few
1tts later. by that quick little thrill of pleasure
m never failed as Jim Vance approached. She
his light step in the bungalow. After a few
she probably would never hear that sound

iHello!" he greeted. "There's a mighty shindy
ptg the niggers."
SniWhat's wrong?" This from the planter.
'They say one of their gods has quit them
SVance explained, his eyes drawn Irresistibly
eio of Llane. "It's the big god that keeps the
Soff 'em: so they're preparing a big sacrifice
ght, to propitiate their heathen deity."
f Slowly Vance's gaze was torn from her, and
slowed the direction of her eyes. When he saw
ISol, his lips pursed, and between them came a
arehison was chuckling softly.
I wouldn't have done that," said Jim.
hy?" asked Murchison, draining his glass.
-don't know, quite, but I wouldn't. To begin
the boys won't see the joke from .our angle. To
With, isn't it kind of butting into something
!e--well, if you don't mind my saying it, dis-
not your affair?"
To begin with." was the planter'; retort, "they
know I took it, and they never will. To go on
*that, exactly. do you mean by 'butling in'?"
shrugged slightly. Alter all, it wasn't worth
lng about, and it wasn't his bu-iness. anyhow.
perhaps I'm wrong," he said amiably. "but per-
it seems to me something like monkeying
lhe buzz saw to-to do that sort of thing with
'unny little gods."
Deep roar of laughter went up from the

I" don't know what's got into you two," he said,
gfr'om his chair a little unsteadily: "but I cuess
ftck the darned thing away somewhere before
|i 'em see it."
hidoors he went. taking with him the malignant-
idol, his fingers closed around its neck.
Y's, Jim," she smiled, fighting back her longing
!rushed into those dear arms of his.
IT must see you again-alone-b,:-f,.re I sail,
Remember, it's fur life, forever. I can't go

i.t twice, the woman felt. could she survive
jka ordeal. For a space her eyes rested upon
4tant horizon, while she strove for power. Then
|Ced him almost calmly.
i, dear, it is perhaps the one thing in the
that I long to do. i. too, you must remember,
otface this long -forever.' ith its moments of
:pain and its weeks and mouths of dull ache.
.apt not let this hurt you. but I don't think
t to see each other again alone. It wouldn't
i'the days to come any t-asier, for you or for
behave said our real good-by. Let that always
-treasured memory!"
t, Lane-"
'voice trailed off as the step of Griffin return-
S will' come to dinner tonight, of course?"
gked Jim. as her husband sank into his chair.
o'clock punctually, remember."
en o'clock punctually," Jim repeated, with a
rmal bow. "You will forgive me if I run


away now? There are lots of little odds and ends
I have to attend to."
And he was gone. Only once more in a lifetime
was she to see him-for an hour, with a forced smile
for a mask! There came a catch in her breath, and
tears welled into her eyes.
Worse still, she knew that Griffin was sitting
there six feet away, watching with the eyes of a
hawk. Yes, that was the word-a hawk!
Considering the queer way in which his mind
worked these later years, she imagined that Griffin
was probably rather amused now. He was building
on her loyalty-he always had built on that. He
didn't know, of course, that she actually loved Jim,
but he knew that Jim's friendship meant a great
deal to her. Possibly, even, he suspected a glimmer
of the truth. In that case-ah, well,, she must bear
it! The burden to come was heavy.
Abruptly she rose and went into the house, ob-
serving, with one sweeping glance, the expression
on her husband's face. His lips were twisted in
the same sinister smile that he had given to the,
snake god.
Throughout the afternoon she attempted to force
her attention upon various minor household duties,
but almost always there was a blur in her mind


and before her eyes. Vaguely she wished that the
evening was over-that evening and that week ant.
the months to come. In due season there would be
.a measure of comfort, a hardening of something with-
in her, the merciful anodyne of time.
Griffin went out about his business. Once or
twice, imagination playing tricks upon her, Liane
fancied she head Jim's step, and his voice calling
her. Each time she stood stiffly poised between the
thrill of anticipation and the fear of herself, until
cold truth asserted itself, and she knew Jim was
not there.
Would this kind of thing go on happening in the
afterward? The mere thought made her breathe
more quickly and killed her with unrest. Probably
such things would happen, when his being called
to hers.
Evening came, bringing a cool breeze from the
sea and a brilliant moon which mingled a while
among the palm leaves. Jim would be here at seven
o'clock-in half an hour. Griffin was back already,
stretched in his deck chair on the veranda, a cigar
between his teeth, the seltzer gurgling occasionally.
Presently Liane also went out on the balcony.
(Continued on Page 73.)

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A CCORDING to many of the Old Masters the earli-
.est Christmas presents were g ien nearly two
thousand years ago and were received probably with
the utmost embarrassment. They consisted principal-
ly of gold and frankincense and myrrh, and were laid
at the feet of a tiny Baby lying in a manger in a
stable in Judea, the cov~r.s being three Wise Men-
some say seven kings-ironm the East: Melchior, Cas-
par, and Balthasar. It is prin.ipally from pictures of
the visit of the Three Kings that we derive our ideas
of the incident; and it would now be a very arduous
task to correct those ideas. But as a matter of Bibli-
cal history, the Child had long been born when the
Wise Men arrived, and He was then not in the manger,
but in the house. See St. Mlatthiw's narrative,
chapter II, verse 11. St. Luke, in his story, makes
the new-born Infant's first visitor neither Kings nor
Wise Men from the East but shepherds.
In any ease the Baby can have had nothing to say
and how its mother, who had been in a state of sur-
prise for some months, and her husband, who also had
not a few thoughts to carry, behaved, we shall never

R. W. Taylor & Co.,





know. But those vwle the first Christmas presents,
and tor nineteen c..nturies the custom of giving them
hba been growing, but whether the art of giving then
i, an) nearer perfection now than th-n is a question.
I know, at an) rat.. that I was given several L st
Christmas which w-re not a "'exactly what. I had
been wanting." a I protested they were
Be this ai it riay. it is firmly fixed in our minds
that. on His entrance into the world, the little Jesus
'na, greeted with gulden v-,sels containing frankin-
(-tnse and mytirh. and all children burn on December
25th. sine that Detemier 25th so long ago. have felt
it to te an injusti.e that their birthday and Christ-
nmus Dab. by coinciding, should deprive them of half
their proper meed of notice. A witty and fanciful
friend of min- makes. however, the startling sug
gestion that in eeleiting that day on which to be born,
Christ offers another proot of unselfishness. As to
what the Infant thought as the grave strangers laid
the offerings at His tfet. we are in ignorance: but we
know that later, at any rate. He gave some attention
to the question of gifts. for did He not bewilder all
children iesp..cially at Christnim:s and puzzle not a
few of their -bIders, by enuniating the astonishing
proposition that it is more blessed to give than to re-
Eien those. however, who require time to take in
the full significance of this saying will readily agree
that giving is usually simpler-so much simpler in-
'deed that there 13 almost no comparison between the
Iw,)o a,.tious. Giving can be so easy as to )be almost
auroatiati whereas receiving can make demands on
ilery ni-rre. Givers, particularly careless ones-and
mu.,t givers think too little--can survive to a great
age and never hav-e to practise any of the facial con-
tiurtions and th' tactfutl verbal insincerities which re-
cipients of their generosity must he tontinially call.

in toi their aid; whereas, if the art of giving we
rightly understood and practised, the only expresel
to be seen on the features of the receivers of preset
would be one of surprise and joy mingled, and tl
phrase. which is almost as common at Christn
time as "Same to you"-"Oh. thank you so mu(
it's exactly what I wanted,' would ring with I
bell like tones and vibrationss of genuineness. As
is--holly b~i.au-e giving is so simple: an affair
a shop-assistant's advice. of the writing of a chet
-as it i. most elephants are white.
Profane as well as sac-red history tells us nM
of the giving of presents than of their reception.
fa.:t. to enumerate the offerings of king to king ist
of thie historian's simple pleasures. But we have,
a rule. no information either as to the remarks mi
by the recipient whose appraising eye hbecked off1
apes and the ivory and the p-acicke. or the consul
tions of the- Mlinister of State as the consignment
geneiosity was being made up One can see them
cl..mmittee a few days b.tlore the monarch sets to
on his expedition to the friendly State: "Don't I
think" rthe C'hani.llor of the Exchequer is spe
ing I. don't you think two hundred milk. white ale
ex~ e.sii- u' Wouldn't one hundred db?"
'Or even fifty?"' says the Home Secretary.
"Yes, or even fit)[. It isn't as if we were vi
iug a really firsti-lass Power"-and so with the b
of gold. the pri-ious stones, the spices such as
Queen of Sheha carried to Solomon i. all would hi
to be carefully measured ao.ording to the imports
of the other king or the need of his alliance.
And then there is his side of the transacti
"Well. I niust say I think they might have heel
little leis stingy. Only five hundred bales of si
i 1'.a tnt l, O i l n Pale ', ; )

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The Snake God
1 i Cont ripl,, el frt ru Piy ', 1.\1
tenty minuitr t-s t wait riuw thr.- .i uk into her
chair. Griffin was doziiig. He oitern siatuichFd
'ew minutes' sleep in this way before dinner.
The woman w.I- knitting. myriad thouliigt e-ii-
ed among thie stitches. There was, hlia-y ilence,
fe for the occasiional drifting cry of ,nmr bird olf
night, and the crickets. C'ountlet, crickets!
air sound rose ani fell in irregular waves. She
dered why they all. apparently. became noisy 'o
and then. a- if by common confn'nt. were
led. She would ask Griffin. He was -still dc.z-
.She could hear his heavy breathing
idane's needles ceased to fly. Her work lay idly
her lap. The minutes slid pabt, the woman's
Ought a chaotic junllle, out alt them emerging.
riusly. her picture iof Giiffi as she h.ad once
alized him. She returned. and for a mom.i.ut her
cte rested on him in the subdued light.
."t was strange. hiut in this initait although
Heart was braking Ibeau-.. of .Jim. Griffin ha-l
nome peculiarly vividl t, her. and not altogether
l Griffin whom she had once idealized. Alimst in
ite of memories whibir nieriilessl, cased to fade,.
Wanted to gp: over to him.
Already, unreasoningly. she nas gath.-ring up
Knitting with some such vague intention vwhien
i:affled sound Came from her huiil:and-lihalt a
eam of terror, half a cry of HILL.
SLeaping, up Liane ilart.-d :across tile verandln as
n. his hands clutcliing at his tlroat. IiirrcnLi
ard. As for a lmonlent he poilt l in niiiiii air,
thing unioiled itfsIf fruni aho tlt lie main'
toat, fell in a writhim hlea'p ,' in til rl.,i. .and in-
atly darted awav into the darkitiss. .'in hIefro
Heavy form of Griffin Mlurchison craishedll lowI-
Rushing indnors ltr a lamp. Lianle return-d. and,
ping over the man. drew away the- hand whi.h
still held to his throat. In the rtleh w:rI- tao
l-tale punctured wounds. The theft of the snake
had been avenged!
o. mewhere inside the bungalow a < lock chimed

:One Haytian Night
(" M 'Oi t, it,,, l I r'ti I'arle t; .
eers. "The Cap' iand Big "'in must have the
Sas us.
"All right, hoby'" agreed tlhe capltin. both his
eclence and Stottisll tliritt al)lpe-ated at the sdam
"An no' it y ti lIty? agre-.-, we'll put thi- here
together in th. ship's safe till we inake- New
eans; then we'll libte It ali[lii..l~ed hy them experts
ir at the mint. ur b\ sona- hankin' folkR- that had
know what thlis here hinmdred year-old money is
tb. And then r e'll share it. But until then. and
wards, if .\ou ask me. miim mnist he the word
'Mum indeed should be he t.wo.ri." agreed Slim.
yonder the secrett ill be well kept by the ni'i-
f1 until I return for more gold." He held up a
usly carved ball of t-akwood "I have here one
Sthe old ),niuio'. the- ot h r on... just as it "as
l. She never dies. Theicfore she will bh- there
tig for me when I return for tht rest of the
ure. In which," he added polit-ily, "I hope you,
friends. will also shirr- "
S"What is onuIr idea tu d'o with all that money,
'" the captain asked.
A dream., wistful look came over his finely fea.
bronze face.
I. "Some da3 the Marines will depart from Haiti,
ng the country to gove-rn herself again. And
-" He drew himself proudly up, his face set
determined lines. "and then I will return their-.
;h this gold which I intend plat ing in an American
St.o draw inter-st against that dlay, I will re'iii n.
these golden soldiers tr figiht for nip I w ill win
wiay to the throne of my aniiesIur. the great Chri,-
.It was for this purpose. to keep those of his
on the throne that he stored away this cold.
ore in the spirit land iih will rise up to help
.' Christophe, proud and .,rrogant. offended the
f toand niainlr'-,. and therefore the.. struck k him
a in his prince Bit I--I will be different. I will
the friend of those who serve the Sacred Snake.
restore the old citadel. I-" he cheeked him-
abruptly and turned to JOe, Lhat will you do
your share. Joe-. miy friend??"
"Shucks!" exclaimed Joe. thoroughly embarrassed
aielf-conscious as he realized that Slm had skill-
yread his thoughts. "I'lI-I'll pult uaine in a say-
"ibank till I gil g own. An' then I'll buy me a ship,
Shilre me some polld diggers, an' come back here
dig up Cap'n Kid's money that them piioalli;s say
led on Tortuga Island 'cross from Haiti. Thai's
I'm goin' to do with mine. How about you, Big
I"'e?" asked Big 'ln looking with glistening yes
pile of gold. "well. ifen I kin keep dat woman
4 frum finding' out I has got it. I means to take
roney Christmus an' go to Mexico an' hunt up
". .








The above establishment has now been opened and

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Scme think once, some think twice, and some peo-

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Don't wait too long

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SaneM Fabrics are always right,

Monday morn to Sunday night.







On the Ideal Cruising Steamer


Siiilng from New York December 18th
S January 8th
,, January 26th
February 96th
March 50thr


from Kingston December 24th 1926
January 15th 1927
February lSth 1927
,, March 16th 1927
April 5th 1927

Sailng from Kingston via Santiago, Havana, Nassau to New York.



dat Mexican dat stole back dat rooster from us all.
An' when I finds him, I means to buy back dat bird
or steal him back, ifen hit takes de last dime."
They all looked expectantly at Captain Daug-
herty, who seeing what was expected of him, drew a
reminiscent sigh and said:
"Well, boys, I'm getting' old, an' most of my old
pep is done gone. I guess I'll just put mine in the

Seamen's Bank, unbeknownst to'my wimmen folks,
and watch her grow. But I know one thing! Honest,
I'd give every red cent of it, every dinged dime just
to have that dad-blamed cocksure dandified Henry
Smith of them Marines back here on the Maggie May
as cabin boy, for just one voyage. I think in that
time I could put the fear of God in his soul for the
rest of his life. Nou, Iet's all turn in."



Giving and Receiving.
(Cntinud fron Patfr : m ,2.:.
Not enough for more than half the ladies of the Court;
for you can't expect any two to wear the same colour.
And only thirty palfreys! Distinltly ou the mc-an
side." i forget what Henry the Eighth gave Francis
the First at the Field of the Cloth ot Gold, but the
odds are that not a little criticism result.-d. And .et
the odds also are that Francis vowed, hand on heart.
that it das all exactly what he had been Lost de-
In those old days the first thought of the receiver
of a present was to return it in kind; which has a
certain crudity, and indeed iiiports an tlement. of
calculation into the act of giving at all It was im-
possible fur the visiting monarch not to sptculatct on
hant he was going to receive on his departure; and
that is bad. A small child inteutly preparing, tinder
what she conceives to be conditions of Il.rofounld
secrecy, a gift tor her mother is one of the pr'-ttiest
of sights. It would lose at :-est half its charm if it
were the rdile that on presenting the kettleihoilder or
egg-cover she was instantly to be headed one for her-
Proverbial philosophy warns us not to look gift-
horses in the mouth; but the lessons o: the past point
In the other direction. Troy would still be standing
had'the advice of the old saw been disregarded. None
the less, it might do a world of good it one Chi isma,
--this next C'britmas, for example-we all cleciild
to tell the truth and say ,-xattiy Lat \e thought of
our presents. "Thank you for nothing. I can see
where you've erased your own name and p t mine
in." "Surely I was worth more than thr.e-utnd eleven!
I saw these at barker's last week. and noted the
price. "What's the use ct giving me a diary when
you must know I nti.-r keep on?"- *"*'uod heavens,
you don't really expect me to wear a tie of that
colour!" But in spite of the salutary effect upon
givers whiih tnoilit result, I doubt if we could go so
far. The human family i, held together so largely
by '.omiproni-'.- and lack of :andour that its total
d.sintcgration might follow; and do we want that
yet? So much for the wrong kind of present. As for
the best, it has been laid diwn that no present is
worth having unle-ss the giver would rather have kept
it for himself; and I think the truth larks here. And
there is still another vari-ty, but it cannot be very
tummon. At leat--perhaps it is. At a certain home.
the head of which was a stern and not too lavish auto-
crat in the house, whatever he might ha\ve been out
of it. there was delivered one Christmas Ete a mys-
terious box brought by a mysterious man, who re-
fused to divulge any particulars; mn.rely saying it
was for the master. Whnr. after much speculation,;
it was opened, it was found to contain a massive
piece of silver, on which was an instrilption stating
that it was the gift of an unhkiown neighbour and was
offered as some recognition of the many kind and
generous acts which the recipicut had. within the
Sdonor's cognizance, p1i furn:-d. uft'en with .rnoplcte
anonymity. The ma-ttr of the house lid not ton.eal
his satisfaction as he read this engraved testimonial.
even if his family weie more successful with their
surprise. Long afterwards it was discovered that
with the idea of iml)tresing them, he had aeiut it hin.
self. E. V. LICAs.


White ('rytal-a

*I C B' ('r tal


"One day," said a stulryteller. "at the close of a
hot day. Adam was r. turning with tis hoe on Lis
-lh:i.iller ft'rn a hard day's labour to his humble cot
tage. Young Cain was running aii.wad, )oylike, throw-
ing rocks at the birds. Suddlenl3 they came upon a
,eait ithil gard'dp.
0. :lther.' sai Cain, 'look at that beautiful
gardili- I wish we cOuld liv.. therl9.'
''We did i\r in that garden,' said Adam regret.
fully, 'until your mother ate us out of .house and
home.' "
'Finerty. I have a terrible toothache. It's so bad
that my head feels like a stc-m-puimpt."
"W\Vb duu't you do what I do when I have tooth-
"What's that?"
"I go home to my w ife She puts her arms around
my neck. kisses me. .inooths my forehead and I for-
git all abhut it. Why in.n't you try it?"
i vill. Finerty. Iz your wife at home now"'

A negro miammy had a family of boys so well bo-
haved that rn o .-.y her mistress asked:
"Sally, how lid ., uLi rai e your boys so well?"
"Ah'l itll l nii, nissitls." answered Sally "Ah
raise dem boys \, ith a 1bair.,: stave, and .ah raise em
A laugh is just like music,
It freshens up the day,
It tips the peaks of life- with light.
And drii' es the Il.uds away;
The: S6ill grows glad that hears it.
Annl i Is its courage strong:
A l.iugh is just like utinsbhine
For i.heering ftlk alnong--Anon.
An angry woman rushed into the registrar's
office. In her hand she bore a license. To the regis-
trar she said:-
"Did you. or did you not. issue this license for
narryin' nlm to Albert Briggs?"
"Yes. I 'itlieve I did. Wh)i'
SW\Vll. what ar. you going to do about it?" she
(1'-manded. "he'a escapid ''

Fonr.yeiaronll Marian was sitting on the floor
with a Ipler in her lap. While thus engaged, a neigh-
onur cainm in and asked her what she was doing.
With a look or gri-at importance. Marian answer-
ed, '"'ll ii inm g :i iss \word puzzl'-."

Jimmy giggled when the te-acer read the story
of the man who .swam across the Tiber three- times
before breakfast.
You di not doubt that a trained swimmer could
do thar. do yu''"
"No. ir'" anaweLred Jinmliv. "but I wonder why
ihei lid hnot make it ftiir and get back to tie side
where his clotLhs we:r'-."

J E Yellow ('r'y.ttals

J E Brown

Pte. Buggins was brought before his commSi
ing officer charged with being drunk and disordd
the previous night.
"Now. Buggins." said the C 0.. "I find this is
fifteenth appearance hetore me un this charge.
have you to say?"
"Well. sir," said Buggins, I hope our acq
auce will ripen into friendship."

"A woman's work is never done," she sad
dinner came on the table half an hour late.
"So I observe," he answered, gloomily,
pushed away the potatoes.
A Yorkshire farmer was asked to attend
funeral of his neighbour's third aife. and as he
attended the funeral of the first two. his own
was surprised when he informed her that he.
declined the invitation.
On being pressed for a reason he said,
hesitation "Well. you see, lass, it makes a chap
a hit awkward to he always accepting other.
civilities when he ne'er has anything of the so
ask 'em balk to."
A *
A precocious child found the long graces
by his father before and after meals very tedloum,
One day. %when the week's provisions hadl
delivered, he said, "I think, father, if you were toI
grace over th.- whole lot at once, it would be a g94
Saving *,f time."

A c-lebrated wit. coming from a bank which ]
been ,blige, to l cluo.e its doors. slipped down
steps into thle tiins of a friend.
"Why. what's the matter?" said the latter,
"Oh." wa- the quick reply, "I've only lost

A MNthjdist who kept a grocer's shop was ha
to say to his assistant, "John. have you watered
"Have you sanded the brown sugar?"
"Yes." S
"Have you damped the tobacco?"

'Then come in to prayers."
a A
"Do you suffer from cold feet?" the doctor ash
the young wife.
'"Yes." she replied.
He promised ro, send her some medicine.
"O)h." she raid, nervous. "They're-not--
mine '

Several of the illustrations appearing in t
issue are from photographs taken by th' Vald
Photo Studio. Principal among them are the bobi
hair ladies, pictures of nrw hotels and typt
Jamaica scenery.


Dry Goods,








---SUGA R----


53-55 West Street, Kingston, Ja B.'.I.

MA .I c: : i)ll'o


---- TI.

WRAY & NEPHEW, Limited.



In 1921825-925. Over
In 1925
100 years experience in 100 Years
We Celebrated Selecting, Blending and
Maturing various brand. in the
of Rum and iu Manufac-
Our Centenary. turing Native Wines and
Cordials. Trade.

The Undermentioned Brands are



Also GOLDEN STAG (Light Coloured)











?' _


*t A



Myers are Buyers andalso Suppliers

---- Importers ---


W. & A. Gilbey
Moet & Chandon
G. H. Murrm & Co.
Ny Carlberg
M. B. Foster & Sons
Royal Bak'ng Powder
Gold Dust Washing Powder
R. C. Williams & Co.
J. & J. Colman
"'Vulcan" Safety Matches

Wine d- Spirits
Bra udi
Ale ,X- Stout

Canned Goods
Mustard & Blue


Washburn Crosbv's Flour
Gold Medali


S- Exporters --

White Albion
Grocery Crystal
Refining Crystals.

is the Pure Sugar Cane Spirits, matured
in wood in the Government Bonded
Warehouse. Myers' stocks are of
every grade and all ages-back to 1893



Kola Nuts
Lime Juice
Lime Oil
Orange Oil



" The Sugar



FBIlsru Bor THE IGLE.A.rP Co., LIr, 14S, 1O0 & 15;" H.ABOta ST KINGSI'N, JA,





In 1879 Fred. L. Myers & Son were established. Since then it has been their constant aim to give Serri, e and Satisfaction
to patrons. Wr.ll this end in view. Frij. L. l M,'irs & San hive secured Agencies of Leading Firms abroad, and also handle the
best of other Merchandise. These products they have popularized, so that the public should secure the best articles, of the finest firms,
in the easiest way. The Wharf premises being connected with the Island Ra;lvay, produce is carried direct from the Planters to the
House of Myers. Tliere, in spacious and airy Warehouses, the produce is stored and prepared for shipment on ocean going steamers
that load from the Sugar Wharf for all parts of the World.

Besides the services and salisfaction from the actual goods. the large staff of Fred. L. Myers & Son, is at the service of
patrons, to facilitate the satisfactory development of bigger and better business.


'i ~ I:t r :&, .r
W1~ ~-"-
.-'~C~ ?43

~`!'~~.; '
~7; f



.. ~
: "*:-e


Material Information

Planters' Punch
Physical Description:
Herbert G. deLisser
Planters' Punch
Place of Publication:
Kingston: Jamaica
Creation Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals   ( lcsh )
serial   ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:

Record Information

Source Institution:
National Library of Jamaica ( SOBEK page | external link )
Holding Location:
National Library of Jamaica ( SOBEK page | external link )
Rights Management:
All rights reserved by the source institution.
Resource Identifier:
nlj - P57
System ID:

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Full Text


,, .- ,r> I' ,) .) PRINCIPAL CONTENTS









INLAND SWIMMING POOL 150 feet long. 65 feet wide. PROTECTED SEA BATH 185 feet long, 100 feet wide.
Up-to-Date with Water Chutes, High and low Diving Stages, etc., Enclosed by torpedo netting which renders it entirely shark-
etc. Individual Dressing Rooms, Fresh Water Showers and proof. Fitted with spring boards and a 100-foot Sellner Water
Sanitary Conveniences. i Toboggan Slide.
DANCING: Splendid Dancing Hall overlooking the Pool with a sweeping
view of the Harbour. Open on all sides, this Dance Hall is considered
the Coolest in Jamaica. The very latest Dance Music is supplied.

Al -ii-- -------

---- -~ ----~~ -- `~- ---~ --~~


--. -l~----C;i ----. -i- -- ----------

_ _


S e ..


WharfOwners Steamship Agents -.L Commission Merchants



S :

') "" .. "' :

* 0

John effry & Co. Royal Netherlands ,West

Nlaconochie Bros., Ltd. India Mail.
** S MH L .
SHumphrey TayL & Co., Ltd.:
John A. Hunter i Co., Ltd. JamesNoirSe Ltd.
John Knight MLd.
* S
The Queen Insurance-Co of America
,Colombian S. S o., Inc.
"HollAndia" Anglo Dutch Milk
& Food Co.
* *
Bowring Bros., Ltd.

Welch Grape Juice Co.
* *
Campbell Flour Mills Co.. Ltd.
made to
Utrecht Export Co. NEW YORK & EUROPE.

A S. LL D & *. I
9 g
..... .. .. ... .

On our commodious WHARF PREMISES we handle cargo with quick despatch.
S *



14 & 141 Port Royal Street;
0 *
************Humph******re Tayi****& *wCo. **, Ltd.. **********************^^*^^^^*^ ^**'*'*^*^^




Vol. II. No. 1

For the Year 1927


The wife of His Excellency Sir Edward Stubbs, Governor of Jamaica, has, since her arrival here, won the high
regard of the colony by her well known sincere interest it movements making for the people's social improvement.
Lady Stubbs is a charming hostess. She has a gift of forceful literary expression




T HE pgiry of a woman is in her hair So saidl
Solomonimn the wi-ie s .iii. Iwho in hi. awisdonm
did not disdaiii to nritive things that might
have bhet thought helmw [bhit her bervation f
a mighty king. But Solontian ktiew ian. lami-IS. b. -
ing the prouri possesor .t ai tstabliishrn .t rnt
th-m; the number i set down at1 a round thoul.anii,
which was not .t all had even fur an Ea-stirn Po-
tentate. After .eitrl:_ hia wives' in all maannr oit
cniffieurs he iamt- to the liIconillIision that the hair was
woman's crowning celory. her miust wonditrful adorn-
nmelt, and women have probably felt -;i ti- oo sllie
his time
St Paul forbade women tr.i ear their hair lri!-
co-.roredt in 'hi.rlrch. Pr.bal.ly l it- imthoughr that fil..
beauty otf shining tre-.,,s woiiuld di.stract attentin
from inh. r service. Paul was au innovatrir. but he did
Ulot wish tlo P etoo far. To hiave politee i aioning into
chuir.ll witill lii. hair riliplinc down 1t. th e w.aist. i..r
piled nirm untains high: to hl vet it,_i uris rtrItlilli is-'
Itiseil so that they niitlht bt.:w iclingly blow a. tliie
btl ezP- took then,. r,, have ith hair airranr'cil v-en
simply. but with all art that aould --t oft bheautl-
fully th'- fati- below, dand to have all tilt.- It't t x-
r[osed-lthait a. sonlithing w.hiimh Pail. reni. mtir-
it-i- the words oif Snoltinamn. tmiid not tolerate. He
nrlvoeictd conlc-. lnietiF, th.- >.t:'-ring at Lthe head.
.\nd as this had in be ddoie in thri-e lanys with a sort
it dart mir veil. d good part iof thhe tat-e was also,)
S.VPIed. si that th( hi-ati iy ft' the trnmale hbead w.a4
Int -asily diU-ternible- in reiigiuu- edrllce-, and not
etil-.c It s iiv'en in thi.- ri-espeI. t tile ,.-ake-r
;rethirnu to stumble. If the-v wanited 1 rt iinmbhl-.
they had tu do it i.utidce. Needille-;. to sai, trney
did it outside.
Fur ageps woman .lutite It her hair. Houirh w'eri
ilr\oted to its heautifiealion. In .,ll i ivilisations it
wa prized Weulthv n woen powdered their ilo.k-
\ilh gold dust so that tli-.y .shmunll Shit-ie anid -li-stqt-
it file light: sdl ea c' nimb d andL iirushli-l th. -,l .ri
stands of their niistres-es flir hi ir-, r.tethi'l t o
that fr J life of themnt might Hli- taii. k-ied, new
fashiomi- itmf hair-dri-ssinu r >.nrati in and 1 't- .llatrnn-
ised. ainl a \,mlnuan hald wa,' a a: iianlll wiilIrout hbm:'
oi .joy in the tvimrld. Anciint cit ilkatioi,h nimder-Ftood
(tti myste.-ries i tIt i hAiiair I\. A Ila i'.' toilet re-
ilitiites dijis ovi'r:ll in -ii.nir- lvk -iiiiie ed t'artliaginiani
it.\. ijmte lineFart-llIi a;ree.k tijwn. somint unnamed
Ilminan villa. dis.ilsi.- th- fact: that the lip-stiuk wa_
in I nvelty In her, and that treyness could be dealt
with on modern lines. Qnueen Elizabeth had r F
put up with decayed teeth but she i.ould keep
lt-r 4-heclks scarlet and her hail ri proper i ,di.llr
with thi- proper :ppliralioun. They hadl not yet dias
(nvereld false teeih. whi< h iis ine rtf' the nim.-t blle'.l-d
ot invenititnis. But titey kn.-w all abotii the hlai... Int
the ni-shes ft the nets !the made with it it-lt\ -i-
trapptd the hearts iof men
And nlow. suddenly ta- it werie hp women of ,iir
daty -ut their hair. dispenste as it nmiigbi --ein at fir.t
hlush. witli their tliiet and -rovwnine glory, and--
are as beautiful ac they were hetrire.
This. unlless he saw it \ilh liis own er-ts. would
have puzzled Solomrnin. Hait it lithapp, iin lhat the wo-
nmen arl' wi'r than even h-.. \\'ha.it more. the'v
kn-w abijout mlubbli-il haiir agc- :tap ii ii a mistake tii
thinli that it is anything ir.w H.tinibal had Amra-
zr.ns in hii.- arim .Are vwe tr believe that the\ went
into war will th eir hair lio,- 1. t'r men to g-ra-p anil
rpull thim iof'teir hei ur-e.- ,\irli' So.:i.- rma have
dr.ln,- -t.. hut I arm r'tai in thiliat ni y 1 cmitth-os, Ama-
z'n,1 -imply bbblh-d their hair and looked mnr.- at-
trartive iV n a ,.ii.-.'(i l Ui'-. Bit I i nme i ldowni tr. more
im .-n timin-e. I appeal to' rt'-'irdl-il hi-t.iry I ci[t
rI,. .-'\ ,-i F'' .if lii.rlihap- thii- realest wi.ntian w tio ever
t r. k pi.t ini s:. i lar affair I spTak rif Jno n o th
.3 i n. w nm;idi a Sa.in a eirl w litc '. i it Ito e death
y, buotninim before t -11- V.-i-ts twnt vYi-ar,- tof -ice. and

against whomn it was charged at her trial, that hie
had a ut iher hair Iike a Dv -,.
Joan hadl to lijl:t. atd she talund lontL hair in-
c.ieuieenlt Ilat i. amnp and field So she ,. lt-d the
pril'blenm bv i.ttinei rid oit it But nowhere is -he
depicted with a shav,.d hu.id. -the simply reduced the
hl .. in 10 Imantalld edl pr)l op orlj tioni.-. in either words.. slih
br.hhb.d tih ni Had there hien ti llnu, alns if other
ioir.nitn i.inpelled to tl.ki: part in active. warfare, or
tI lite earl\ to make munitionais. these wniuld I'r
tainlt., after a while. hbae f,.lloived her example;
ills we si ihhlI loIIg as',j ha\e regarded bobbed hair
an, an ac-rpt.d tasiion. But sit,- stood alone, and
rlett t,.- A. [iprejudic-e aganilt h.-r The mi'n were
.1 alioi.- .iIad r'tu-med itl admire the i\ew .niff,'iir The
i-A i f -"r.k- ')i lier ae a forward uass' for proof
I' : poliuL.l rto h,.-r liead Shie dressed in mi'.n'
,I -ihe. Ti\ .-I l. siel rol'd- ouin hiorseba.,k. mania
if.i-llain al rlt.e -rn t it l P i hr hair like a iman That
.lie hadl s.ied Fratn did.i i.it thines-afte-r Franm e hail I,.. rin ned So a general
-eidfli-I was pronoinii ed i iii.-rF limi, i,.d hair. and ft'.r
sonie ,i enituriest, nobody v ititiii to rma mtih .,liii it.
It rtaluired, in fadt, a Ere;at world wil i 1. work a
revolution ion a womrian's head. But the war taiot,
aiid the eirl- discolntred that tihey could nut .1) r[henr
bit it tlley lad tio -.i.nd ain tiiiiionslionable time
t.iinbinlli and ri\!llis ti;iri hair. Ibeside-, it would noti
alwuay-s ta- rt',-ld ti i thee liv r.-r l.i.v. They werr
patr'iotit. Too. They hadl U suijpi, iil that a cross
between a tirop adlii abilindanit in, -,- w\oulld be h
nu nieanis unbeonming. The)\ wereti't iiine rto keep
the flointg locks. but neither ui.iild llhey iiv\'e '(t-
-ionii t, irre\erent little broth,-rs to) a'iadrr-- thhim ;ia
pre-l-liheadl tninlnke Thie invented Ithe lihob. It was
real n lii-henient. heIy perf-i tdl it. They added
thr- ;hil-zi. I.l;3 thiliitL'iIa t i..r it e bin ltle. and they
lia.f-'-rta -F.]h i -t, diln r, ltir ki l i if hub l Th ee
.re the Etinu Bob. tlie B i-r,.-i Bi,.:.,n RP.l. th- Bob
w.in litue ring and h ti oulh %tii iimai Ftn 'ng:.
Tlt.r- is ithe SwSitli-e.art Boh. Yii knolw that by ihe
dailit. little iirl oni the lorlhi.- ad. Thfre i! the Bob
Sla .ar, oiin the bi-y bhi. wbhichl is a titavouritet with
-,ni' ladie- w llo \alk like a im .n, dresi n Iiir. or less
libie a niaJ. and who seen destined Ihv lilveen to
I il- I.ther Ilustbands.. There may be antl llprobablv
ale other fointris oif bioh, it is not tto e erxpe -red that
anyone not an expert should know liheii all. But
thi-, di\'ersity in lbobs. this shingling and hingliug
and hobbitn oal the hair. prove aonilrthi.Iviel. hat
there is- art in the weadriney o tie hair short Solo-
moln when h1lit wroit- ni.\r cin, aael ufi-. IHe imagin-
ed. ponr nman. that iL d a a na it ifthi hiljir she
%% .111l I,..- i.: l rl owning glitry mf her beauitV Artny
ofI hi-. wvi\% i.ould .it\ve trol Ihin i liffire-iitly if he had
Oltr lit.-ell toiu pIl udl to tn-o lt rhienm.
-.1.-, th- hli h-d andti tlie -ishinlt -il hair but a 'Iass-
inc ltasiiion. ur has i imeF rto l.i,-t I 1li-ard ft re: ior
tonl V-eal ag .. iat it lluihl. i i i- Ij.-iii '..rn ag' ailt
in FI.ia i and Eing-'l.,nd that l ,hi lir M.re bring rele-
ent.-il .. the pae't. lk. ron- miiitr iiii',ovationi of the
war. But it is nut ..o. Tiht pri'lietr t o 11[2.1 were
WI lln I i..n my part no,- venture to p''redict that
lillnai lwe hIa permlantnltli is a greater va:riet\ of
ta.mlirois ilr hair. the long hair halll subLi.-t with the
-hort, antil d ioman s.iall eir trllitii. A new and
definite ad\ance,in livilization has been made. It
night have been made in the time of Joan ot Arc,
hut narriow-mindedness and jealousy pr( vertted. Yet.
brcomninine fashions. like Truth. are minaiht and will
prevail. There is somnethiui takin ajlbiit hoblilied
I'air There is wither i, the -hinl. The nmew
rvile leaves i liie entiicl i hiir .n11 a .omnan's head
to r 1'nd,, r' ih'r filly i-i hiainiIinl and aittrac(ti\,- as she
-.\.I' "A .i I am lnot iiri. iripeed. Ihat shll- i- not
riiniert-d tlre ai'trative St Paul would never
have lien rpill oft lhv the horh At a glalnc e le wouiid
ha\t seeu what had happened.






Old and


Hostels of



HE world has been filled
with the wonders of Miami.
the transformation of the --
Florida Coast into an im:
mense to -rist resort has been on
the tono.i--S of all men. Later on
will tonu'e Jamnaica's time and orn
portunity. and then soime of th-
Janiaita towns will equip them
selves wi'h huge hotels, laud for
building will sell at fabulous
plir.es, aD. instead of the banana
industry and the sugar industry .
it is the tourist industry that will
Ie talked about in those pirts ct
the island.
There is a fashion in toit':t
resorts Jantini..n has yet to be 0
tome 'the tfas'llun." For years
tile has li.-n trying to win to that
enviable and lucrative phbet 't
popularity as the Bahamnas amria'
Bermuda ha\t ahead. don-, butit
she is farther front the Unitr.l
States than they and this distan-e
tells against her. Many peot Il..
however, do not object to a sa
vuiage because it lasts over fort'.-
eilit hoor-,. and those who visit
la'r,i;a oanie are fond of coming
back. If they have travelled wide-
ly they saay. almost invariai' .
that this is th.- ru-ost ie.v-t i: ,
Si.OUitiy thev liar .- .. r ,'*1ii N "'
Ceylon o r III- ,t i -inilj s of' the
East cian :unip.irL- with it: and i.
not the Bil'- Mrlount.in- as gor' -e
lus as the Alps? And the climat-
what a lo el y i mll lte tor tIhoIe'
who love waiuth in winter. So
they rhapsodize. and. listenin.
the hopetii Juntlican envisag-.- a .
day when the toi.irists will come. --
not in their thousands as at pr?
sent. but in their tens of thou-
This vision of .Iamniia be-
coming a fa'lourite resort of vi\ it-
ors from the North has been lov.
ingly entertained by (Governors as
well as by people. As far back a,
18911 a Jamant' Governor. Sir Henry Blake. launch-
ed our upon hotel buildiiig with the object of
providing for winter gtestE and. at one stroke
as it were, changed the character of the J.-
maila hostels tor good. Before that time there xwre
no hotels in the colony. There were inn.s and tav-
erns: the tarerns were public houses in which one
might get a bed and fo..d as well as drink: the inns-
were built for travelers who might be compelled to
pass their nights on the road while journeying from
one part of the country to another. The- taverns
were situated in the towns, the inns u more ,or le -
convenieut spots along the principal roilt:-s or nmain-
roads. Thus in a place like Spanish Town
you stopped at a tivcrn. but in the rollntry
you took refute in an inn. In Kingston,
however, whil-l thli-r- w-re many taverns,
these were for people of ni.-drate means
who did tw[ ini l noisi. v-'cr- iiot oo tu inxioil
about .lea:zlines-. ar' would not notice slat-
ernly servi.-e. For another il1ss of traveller
there were what up to forty years ago were
the equivalent of the modern hotel. Inns.
the visitor from afar may have call-d them.
but Halls were th-y designated by their pol-
prietors. If you were- an ordinary person
visiting the island's chief city you went to
a tavern. If you wer.- a gentleman you were
naturally recommeniltd to a Hall.
These H.;I-lb we'.- originally erected as
private residences. They were large build-
ings, mainly in th, lower part of the city.
and when. hb-cause f debt. or because of a
wish to live ir coolr-r a nd quieter neighbour-
hoods. th'ir proprietors dispensed with
them. th-y were taken ovel by industrious
ladies who converted them into houses of re-
freshment for those who could afford the
tariff. "Brown l.adiri"' thesi- nn tly were;
usually tir y w-rr- fat, as a rule they were
good na:u-,d. not infrequently, in the days
of their youth. they had loved well. and per-
haps wisely, though without the church's
sanction, aid so they generally had children
to assist rhem in the- bossing of the servants
and the other management of a large estab-
lishment. And they were always addressed
as "Big Missis."
A traveller from England or America.
landing in Kingston a century or half


;I century ago, would be driven to one of these
H:'lls itf hit did irnt come- consigned. as it
were. to some private individual whose hos-
p'tality he will I tnjl.:,' lurlig the length of
his stay. Arrnv-A.i .,t ith. I'-ig- building of brick
and w,.,d he snuiht an interview with the lady of
ihe hutise, or "'Big Missis," who, all smil-s. would
a -stire him tiat I w would be niost lcolni rtable and
happy while under her roof. The price of board
and pledging would bi stated, the ronom w would ie
shown. he would notaie that the bedrooms were to
the north and Fiothl of the hinldine. all of them
ope-ning in ard-, on a great hall in which were chairs

and sofas, hut with never a carpeT n11 the highly
polished floor. This hall was hoiundtil on east and
we-,t by long narrow apartnmeuns, r piazzas. plenti-
iully turnishhed' ith asha windows and lalousiee.
as were the ranees of bedrooms nientroned. In one
o'f thte-e pia;zas would the dining tables he set. for
hi-re it 'was cooler than elsewhere dud onie sought
the breeze with rilish. You breakfasted at seven or
eightt in the morning. had what was called "a second
hIrakfast" at about eleven. a mnal of fish.and meat.
a menal proili e- and a'cClompani-pil with sitronr liquiors
if you so w' ished. and then. a cumple i if hiirs later.
\oi 4 Iuild sit down to a regular ln l i, Spet-ilinilL a
roilile i f hours at that repa-t. to return to the table
at .six 'i h, k Ilar dliuner.
Thrin-r n ln alays plenty to eat. Thert. 'ai al-
wa.vs< |pIliLtl tIj -nali in J imariua. H. riiitalit % w:t- ex-
pressed lar.er lv in terni -; .f lfi.d aid] Iriink. I.'. r-"
wash ts'iall3 i., nnl ith 1 .' itihe unu tio.-etoi' le rl-ni
of' wast". Pt-iiop ifirt-1'i ltrim alnilent- brotiu bt
ial tit .by vcr--atiig anid jner-drinking. ther-r was
little exercise takI.-n. \ i', o'iU s nr i es beili liariidly
P'-i play'e-' The i :ilrkine-' i .nit- Jo" u s itt Il a:ft.er
the i l- inpr holin r tht ri-ra nr' .. -- lalIe-- of Jitihli'. ee -
ti'rtainlcent. tlie
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