Planters' Punch

Material Information

Planters' Punch
Herbert G. deLisser
Place of Publication:
[Kingston: Jamaica]
Planters' Punch
Publication Date:


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals - Jamaica ( lcsh )
serial ( sobekcm )
Spatial Coverage:


Scope and Content:
Content: 1. Morgan's Daughter: a Novel in Which a Fascinating Story of Old Jamaica Life is Unfolded. 2. A Woman as Empire Builder: What lady Willingdon Has Done and How Other Ladies May Help - Illustrated. 3. Canada and Jamaica: The Drawing Together. 4. Jamaica in the Raw: a Story in Which the Town of Negril Comes in For Unaccustomed Prominence. 5. Lightening of Our Darkness: Discussing the Subject of the City's Illumination - Illustrated. 6. ladies in the Working World: a Change in Point of View. Illustrated. 7. Our Theatre: An Amusing Retrospective Sketch. 8. The Jamaica Houses of Parliament. 9. Various Other Articles and Sketches - Profusely Illustrated.

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National Library of Jamaica
Holding Location:
National Library of Jamaica
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The University of Florida George A. Smathers Libraries respect the intellectual property rights of others and do not claim any copyright interest in this item. This item may be protected by copyright but is made available here under a claim of fair use (17 U.S.C. §107) for non-profit research and educational purposes. Users of this work have responsibility for determining copyright status prior to reusing, publishing or reproducing this item for purposes other than what is allowed by fair use or other copyright exemptions. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder. The Smathers Libraries would like to learn more about this item and invite individuals or organizations to contact Digital Services ( with any additional information they can provide.
Resource Identifier:
P57 ( NLJ )


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MORGAN'S DAUGHTER, By Herbert G. de Lisser,--A
novel, in which a fascinating story of old Jamaica
life is unfolded
don has done, and how other ladies may help-
CANADA AND JAMAICA-The drawing together
JAMAICA IN THE RAW, By Mary Gaunt,-A story in
which the town of Negril, comes in for unaccustom-
ed prominence

ject of the city's illumination-Illustrated
of view. Illustrated
OUR THEATRE-An amusing retrospective Sketch
Profusely Illustrated






M-TiviE-. BOU" -I iN..LH .iN .iv ,.JLij i 1 L..ULJIB.

INLAND SWIMMING POOL 150 feet long, 65 feet wide
Up-to-Date with Water Chutes, High and Low Diving
Stages, etc., etc. Individual Dressing Rooms, Fresh
Water Showers and Sanitary Conveniences.

PROTECTED SEA BATH 185 long, 100 feet wide.
Enclosed by torpedo netting which renders it entirely
shark-proof. Fitted with spring boards and a 100-foot
Sellner Water Toboggan Slide.

DANCING: Splendid Dancing Hall overlooking the Pool with a
sweeping view of the Harbour. Open on all sides, this Dance Hall is
considered the coolest in Kingston. The very latest Dance Music
is supplied.

I -(








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Vol. II. No. 5


For the Year 1930-1931

Woman As Empire Builder

whose portrait adorns
this ipae of Pl/aitfn' r
Punch. came t'i .Jamaicai
a stranger in Janunarv f'
S 19:30, remained Ibnt a
short time, but left as 1
friend of whom Jamaica
will always think \\'art-l
By everyone sihe is re-
gardedl as one of the ni,,ist
charming women wh i
have ever vi-itedI thiis
country: a great lady,
S and so natural in maini- i
Sner, so genuinely gracious
.. in nddlrss. So'' bri ght ;ind
unnifected. that .ihe wins
friendship and admira-
tion spontaneously : exiiat-
ly a woman borii to ;i'- much in tlhe e-
alted i psition khe n'-
As wife ot the- Gi.v-
S ernor of Bomhby. tlhe I (v-
ernor nf Madrans. anl tle
Goverzrnr-I;eneral I'if 'anl-
I ada, she has had great nip-
S portunities ot aIssitin i
her husband in his tia-k of
m tileeting and iunininni ing
men if very dillh-renl dii-
-... positions wlose amialil-
ity might nirean mnuch to
tlhe smooth llrking of an
S Administratiii anil to tle
strengthening of thle ties
that bind aln ,uttide ErI-
pire to a Mother ('Cruntry.
:.: In a position -mllh as
,' she occupies mistakes
might he fatal. casual
'.disregard of t l e r s,
:" j.haughtiness. even a tem-
peramental disinclination
i' to mix much with men
S:.and women might have consequen-ce of an un.
i..i.:.pleasant character. A helpmeet wthoP wins uun
:. popularity or, at best, is regarded with lint
tlukewarm feelings. is a handicap to anyone in
publicic life; trebly so) must she he to one to.
w o. m is entrusted the delicate diplomatic task
i ,i-i.^ .pleasing with dignity the elected leaders of
i.i ,, '; country, men of every temperament, of differ-
Sviews, and of diverse attitudes of mind. She
I-* '. be no recluse. She must be in the public
: e e..: A .. O.oitnngiy; in her relations with others
Ss'e:-mii: usBmt not show condescension or restraint.
;' .i:.*.4. .fierce light that beats upon a throne"
be: ts also upon a vic7Fegal chair and every-
i:; .thing stands revealed. :In that light Lady Wil-
l.' in- gdonu lives is the wife of the Governor .eu-


-1al f (Canailda. and questioning eyes iin that
Diominii, wnvihil -ii1n ha\- ,li.-.o\er -dl l-r iin-
tituess for the part she was called upon oI, play
had there blieet-n i ch unfitn,-rs. But she has tri-
umplhantly passed that test. and when she
vi-ited the \West Indies Inat winter she achieved
fresh triumphs. Informally. unofficially, she
was an Ambassadress of C'anada to these Ipalrts
of their British world, and on her return to
Canada she Ibecame, in a manner of speaking,
the Amlassadress of these West Indies to the
Great Dominion.

FOR rest and change came Lord and Lady
Willingdon to the West Indies: that was
the reason publicly given for their visit. And

change they had in plenty,
but of rest there was lit-
tle or none. They came
to work. They came to
work for Canada, for the
ETiliirte of which Canada
is a part, and for the We('t
Indies also (for they bhe
lieve llhat cloehtr and more
harrniini 'us relations .e-
tween Canada and the
West Indies will' be of
benefit to the West Indies
as well as to Canada.
Lady Willingdon made
many a friend for Canada
here. Let us now glance
at. what she has been do.
ing for the West Indies
since her return to Otta.
Again and again it
has been mentioned in
the Canadian papers that
she has distributed pre-
sents of West Indian
fruit and other products
to well-known people in
Canada, people who can
help to promote West
Indian trailid with that
country, and it needs no
emphasis to impress it on
anyone that gifts of this
kind.from the lady of the
Governor-General ha've a
hundred times the -igni-
ficance and subsequent
consequences of similar
gifts sent from .Traina ia.
or from some other per-
son resident in Canada.
Let us not deceive our-
selves. Whatever else de-
mli('rat.-y may mean, it
dl,,es not mean a bringing
down, in the minds of the
democracy, of ev-eryone to
a common level. No form of s'.-ial or politi-al
or ganisation can obliterate the natural feeling
at human beings: position will always count,
especially when position is reinforced by person-
ality. In a way, personality makes position;
prestige is the result not only of high place but
also of character: a nonentity on a throne will
count for little as compared with a personage
who must be respected for his or hetr ability and
'lerst-ial appeal. The two in combination, posi-
tion and personality, are well-nigh irresistible';
hence when a woman like Lady Willingdon
sets herself to be what we have called an Am-
bassadress for these West Indies to Canada,
with the view of popularising the West Indies
in the Dominion, the result must eventually



be far-reaching and beneficial. Her effort, too,
marks a new phase of activity, a phase unex-
pected and perhaps not yet clearly realized even
by herself as, in its way, a remarkable inniva.

THE world is well accustomed to wo-
men playing a part in political af-
fairs. Great ladies of Englariu and
France did not need the suffrage to ex-
ercise a remarkable influence: they had
their drawing rooms. There they
could meet the political friends of
their husbands and of their husbands' '
parties, and renew loyalties that may
have begun to waver, and strengthen
existing devotions to men and causes.
There they could be gracious to those
who counted in the fields of finance
or art or science, for the favour and sup-
port of these were always well worth .
securing. How Lady Palmerston work-
ed for her husband is told in Guedalla's \
life of the famous Victorian statesman;
how women aided Disraeli in his mar-
vellous career, Andre MnIiroii has indi-
cated to us. Women have always sway-
ed men and influenced the course of
events, mainly indirectly. But we at
least have never heard before of any great
lady endeavouring to increase the com-
mercial intercourse between any two
parts of any Empire by the simple but \tery
charming and effective method of sending lpre'
sents of the products of one country to pt'.'ple
in the other country who were likely to lie po
tent factors in the development of trade.
Trade was once looked upon as beneath
the attention of the upper classes ,of the Euro-
pean countries; it was r'ilgalrded as something
sordid. The sword was the symbol of majesty
and power; the sword and ownership of land;
then learning won to a high regard when
connected with the ecclesiastical or legal pow-
ers, and then high finance. It was long before
the merchant gained respect; tlhe trader was too
often thought and spoken of as a huckster.
There has been a change, a rapid and decisive
change, and now the ablest lirain.s uof a country,
may be devoted to trade de\.1Tmlnient, and tih

Photo by Cleary and Elliott.

For some years a popular re-ilen in Jamaica. Mrs.
Alexba r whose husband u ln Mtuager of the Canadian
Bank of Commerce, has now returned to Canada

Formerly of Montreal, Canada, now of St. Andrew, Ja-
maica. Mrs. Wainwright has been many years in this
Island and is one of the most esteemed ladies from Canada
who have lived here

very best brains to increasing commerce be-
tween nations. An .\lml~s.alor thinks not
only of the p'litic;il ireltinis of his country
with the GC',vermiiiiint to which he is accredited.
He thinks of the trade initer~.t-t. rf hi.i country
also, though he may never speak of them. He
knows how all important these are in thlce
strenuous, competitive times.
But that a great lady not connected
with trade should think of it, and make an
effort to promote it between two countries,
is something new, something over which one
may well pause for a iiiiiiiiiut. Even if the
act be but a kindly one, a momentary ges-
ture of friendliness, it means something.
But this distribution of West Indian pro-
ducts in Canada by Lady Williiiludnu. in the
form of presents, was not the outcome of a
mere impulse; or, if it was, it almost im-
mediately became a fine and thoughtful
policy. It was deliberately meant to aid
and benefit, it represented a contribution to
the endeavour to draw Canada and the Bri-
tish West Indies more closely together in
commercial relationships, to render them
more helpful to one another and more de-
pendent on each other. For this, if for this
alone, Lady Willingdon deserves to be re-
membered in our West Indian story.

L ADY Willingdon ftrik; those who have
lh;bl the pleasure of meeting her as hav-
ing always been a sportswoman, a woman
of the field as well as of the salon, one who
had loved open-air life and healthy sports
as well as the witty persiflage of drawing
rooms and the exhilarating movement of the
dance. She has a quick intelligence; bright
she has always been in lut-iipeancient as well
as brain, a dispeller of dullness. Had fate
decreed that she should have become a mem-
ber of Parliament in the British House of

(1rniimInI she would have spoken there in-
.i i\iely, ev \ry word distinct, and with perfect
-'ilt possession. Had she been made the head
at ; State department, she would have man-
aged it with energy, with efficiency, and
she would have defended it against its
critics with gusto. She was born to be
-omething in the world. She must have
arisen to influence. She has done so, and
her influence has perhaps been greater as
the wife of a British Administrator who
has served his country in different
parts of the world than it might have
been in any other sphere. Perhaps,
after all, most of us are given in life
the work we are best fitted to do.

L ADY Willingdon is, of course, Eng-
lish born and bred; but in Canada,
a ind out of Canaili, she is very much a
Canadian. It has sometimes been said
that the English are not adaptable.
That depends entirely on the sort of
English, on the individual. General-
isatirn., carried too far, are woefully
Dli.hd'allinii; they may become mere nega-
tions of truth.. The English nation has
produced every type; the "nation of shop-
keepers" has Slhoket-.eare and Shelley
and Wordsworth to its credit; it lost the
American Colonies over a century ago, but
in our day it has managed to keep Ireland
within the Empire. Nearly a hundred years
since, too, it might have lost Canada: there was
a movement. a rebellion there in which an an-
e.Atllr of the Inte Prime Minister of Canada,
Mr. MalrKenzi-e King. had a share. But Eng-
land had in Canada about that time a Gov-
ernor-General, Lord Duirliham, whose fine intel-
lect and character helped mightily to keep
Canada within the Empire, and since then she
has selected as her representatives in the
Dominion men who (with their wives) should
feel that C'nnada's interests are theirs and that
their duty is towards the country in which they
represent the English Throne. These men and
women can be as sincerely Canadian as any
of the nratihe-bpoin, their sense of duty blending
with a genuine inclination. Of these is Lady

Photo by Cleary and Elliott.

Who, born in Canadu. i. noil a re-ident in Jamaica.
Mrs. Hoigate lives at "erie I-landl. inl 41. Thomas,
and is a very popular figure in fie -ule l lile ,of Jamaica



HE women of Canada must greatly appre-
ciate her; her frankness, her brightness,
her denimcratic manner which never di.guerates
4 into familiarity or invite disrespect, which
never is dihciated.l tromi ai simple, natural
dignity. From oine cud ,tf Canada to an-
other ,ne meets with charming women,
ladies ac.iistuoinil t.o oiltpulence and to the
giving of a boundless hospitality. They are
the stars of the social irmnament of their coun-
try, anl thiy .are many. They are the wives
and sisters anil Jlanighiters of men eminent in
the Cananlian political, business and profession-
al wirlld: ot nu ln whir- thought and activities
haie ,a csi,-r)il.lahi I .-ttet upon the rest of
their countrymen. These women regard Lady
Willingdon with admiration and liking; they
know that she does not look d'wiIn uipl-n
them condescendingly as "-w-mirr (co
onials," but rather thinks ,it hc-rselt as
one of them: the chief of them, in
evitably, but identified with tlhem a.
one who must think of Canada as
a country near and dear to her

That she should be
chief amongst them, the
first lady of the land,
They do not resent; in- :
deed they are pleased
that it should be so, for
they realise that, apart
altogether from being
the wife of t he Govern-
or-General, s h e has
merits which entitle her
to conspicuous distinc-
tion. They are not level-
lers, these women of
Canada- Aui they are
very loyal to the Tri.
tish connection. Now
that there is woman
suffrage in Canada that
connection is strength-
ened, as everyone who
knows Canada and the
Canadians will admit.
And unconsciously but
constantly strengthen-
ing the affection of the
Canadian women for
England is the woman
who, born and brought up in Eng-
land, is also a Canadian today
through her loyalties, her spirit
of patriotism and her natural disposition.
Hers is a memorable and enduring achieve

WHAT one gifted woman can accomplish
in a large country may, to a certain ex-
tent, be accomplished also by other women with
lesser opportunities and a different position
in smaller countries. That is to say, women
anywhere, outside of their own country, may
make many friends for their country. They
may also make enemies if so inclined. The
choice is theirs; having for the most part
no official position they are freer to choose
than those who must think of consequences:
some (of them, however, always realise their
opportunity for usefulness and take it as a sort
of high responsibility. Of such is the salt of
the earth.
Canada is now reaching out into the West
Indies and also elsewhere; and, though but
few. Canadians are to be found in many coun-
tries. What appeal do they make to the peo-
ple, what is the latter's reaction to them? That
question each country must answer for itself.

Jamaica's answer is a compliment to the Can.
adian women resident here.
At no time have they been many; but the
probabilities are that they will increase in num-
ber in the future. For with an increasing-
ly closer business relationship between Jamaica
and Canada there will be more personal in-
tercourse, and more Canadians will settle in
Jamaica. The Canadian ladies who are now
here and who have been here in the past have
quickly and easily become memhbrs of the com-
munity, making friends among the other re-
sidents, taking part in the colony's social life,
and interest in the colony's progress. They are
never like strangers in a strange land. There

Of Widcombe, St. Andrew. Born and brought up in
Canada, Mrs. Black is one of the brightest and most
popular Canadian ladies in Jamaica

is the strong lien of a common allegiance, the
bond of language, the feeling that Canada and
Jamaica are linked together:' all these factors
work to make Canadian women feel at home
in Jamaica, and they are regarded as welcome
elements of the colony's life.
In thinking or talking of Canada one
thinks in concrete terms as a rule; one thinks
of the men and women who visibly represent
Canada in Jamaica, and favourable or unfav-
ourable judgments will always to some degree
depend upon the kind of Canadians whom one
knows and with whom one frequently comes
into contact. Fr-om the particular one passes
to the general; from liking the few Canadians
there are in Jamaica the natural sequence is

that one goes on to like Canadians; and it
must be said that the Canadian ladies in Ja-
maica help wonderfully to bring about this
sequence. They too are doing their share
for their country. In the future they will walk
more ce..n nciously in the path that Lady Willing-
don has indicated.

N this connection one also thinks of other
Canadian liilie-, visitors to the island, to
the WVt Indies generally. One can easily
imagine these coming in larger and larger
numbers to these islands for a winter vacation,
for Canada has no California or Florida as,
has the United St;ate,. and it will probably
come about that Canadianis. and the women
,-iseciaily, will like to think that they may go
to- live for some weeks in the year in countries
ionjiineit.-l \with Canada and under the
lhitish ifag.
It is certain that if the West Indies
1 ti-i a part of Canada there
wouldd lie a great influx, not mere-
ily I f tourists, but of winter re-
i.len ts. from Canada. These would
build bungalows in the
higher parts of Jamaica
and Trinidad, and par-
ticularly Jamaica, or
.. would rent bungalows
which would spring in-
to existence in obedi-
\\' ence to the new de-
mand. There is not
likely to be any poli-
tical relationship, but
That, as a matter of
fact, does not change
Sthe situation in reality.
SFor the necessary nex-
us between the two
countries, between Can-
ada to the north and
the West Indies to the
south, already exists;
if Canadians need a
land for wintering (as
they do), a healthy bit
of the tropics, it is here
to welcome them. The
S// +women of Canada will
/ realise this after they
/ have begun to come as
Sto.,ristn; from taking a brief trip
rliown to Jamaica and stopping
Im ;a few days at a hotel, they
w ill in all likelihood begin to think of
tlee ttrpics as lands for a longer re-

T HE Iiettcr off women of Canada, in a word,
may Ido a great deal in their own way to
aid in the development of Jamaica and the
West Indies along certain lines; and they will
have their reward. We have known most of
the Canadian ladies who have been residents
in Jamaica, and we have known of none who
has not been sorry to leave the island when
the time came for her to go, and of none still
here who is sorry that she must be here. These
ladies enjoy a bright and happy time in genial
surroundings; and if it is so with those who
make Jamaica their home for years, it will
certainly be so too with those who in the future
will come do-%wn for the winter. Mrs. Black,
who has her home at Widcombe in St. Andrew,
Mrs. Wainwright, who lives and has lived for
years in St. Andrew, Mrs. Holgate, whose place
is in St. Thomas, Mrs. Alexander, who only a
few months ago returned to Canada-all these
have developed a love for Jamaica which speaks
z uch for the country's attraction and appeal.
Others will do likewise in time.

.- 1930-31






-Canada and Jamaica

INGDON, who visit-
ed these West Indies in
the winter of 1929-30,
exercised, it is admitted
in all the colonies, a
quickening influence on
the relations existing
between the West In-
dies and the Dominion
of Canada.
Taking the West
Indies as one part of
the British Empire, and
Canada as another, it
may be said that politic-
ally their- connection
remains what it has al-
ways been, and there is
no sign of any early
change. Some years ago
there was talk of a
political bond between
the two, and more re-
cently that talk has
been renewed, but the
suggestion has never
been regarded very seri-
ously either in Canada
or in the British West
Indies. A nexus already
exists; that is the com-
mon allegiance of both
to the British Crown.
On the other hand Can-
ada is a Dominion and
the West Indies (withi
British Guiana, the Ba-
hamas and the rest) are
colonies at various
stages of political de-
velopment. They could
not become mere col-
onies of Canada; so
much is certain. But
they have not yet reach-
ed the stage where they
could demand equality
with the provinces of
Canada in any confed-
eration, and with less
they would hardly be
Yet a desire long
obtained on both sides
for a closer connection,
which desire was event-
ually fulfilled by the
establishment of trade
relations on a special
basis, relations which
might lead to close co-
operation and a develop-
ment of harmonious in-
tercourse between the
two. And so, during
the last couple of de-
cades, and especially
during the last decade, 1T
we have seen the Dom-
inion and the West In-
dies working together
to increase the trade
and commerce between
them both, and that en-
deavour has been
stimulated and vivified
by the tour made re-
cently by the Governor-
General of Canada, who,
in a manner of speak-
ing, was Canada itself
come to visit these West

good deal aboul tbe
United States of Amer-

RIC.H' ION. 1 (OUlN ILLIN4,I)ON. 4.0% EHIltl .ENE..lI. )O CANADA. (.. ., 1.. (...M (.. ( C I... IG.B.E.


With the recollection of ten happy days spont in your beautiful Island still much in our
minds, we wish to say how glad we are to learn of your decision to issue a Canadian X11,,lmber,
of your "Planters' Punch", and wish it all possible success.
We trust that the practical efforts for closer co-operation which have been so vri.,' xsfuillyl
started between Canada and Jamaica, and indeed all the Wisxf Intdia, Islands, tniay bhromn'
more fully developed and better organized in the coming years, for the common advantages
and benefit of all concerned, and for the purpose of securing further progress and plroxplirity
in these important parts of the British Empire.


.T anlir.t 28th, 1930.

ica, but little on the whole about the Dominion
of Canada. The latter lies farther to the north
of the American Continent, and, until lately,
could only be conveniently reached through the
United States. It is a cold country for the most
part of the year; it is still chiefly an agricultural
country; it has never offered to intelligent Ja-
maicans opportunities of employment such as have
been afforded by the teeming American urban cen-
tres. So when the Jamaican moved "north" it wab
to the United States that he went, and even now
that is still true. There are thousands of Jamaicans

in New York and Boston as contrasted with thel
scores that may be found in Toronto and Montreal.
In Jamaica the largest agricultural and fruit
trading organizations are American, and they have
done great things to develop the country. There
is consequently in Jamaica a very friendly feeling
for America, and it will and should endure. But it
does not and ought not to conflict with the develop-
ing friendliness between Canada and Jamaica, a
friendliness which Viscount Willingdon has done so
much to stimulate.
Both countries are members of the British Em-

Line, eahi ship of \hich

pire, and that circum-
stance alone influences
them. Each has some-
tling to offer to the
other which, otherwise,
they must obtain from
strangers Both, too,
wli-h tu -ee rhe Empire
Ilm Io re intel ldependeni,
niire *'lisely linked by
the chains .,4 trade, and
the Empire spirit con-
tinually vigorous and
seltf-coinsciou. Canada,
whili aims at being a
Srea ilatl,'i. witr
nianutrtanuri'- anld agri-
culture. and eionld to
nlone within the Empire,
has htiln the first
to re,:ogniie the value
of a i tr,.ut community
of inltre-'-t and of sen-
timent within the Em-
pire- it wa Canada
which tir.t granted a
preference rto English
produc:is entering the
Canadian ini.rket, and
while b .-ub.t-luently pro-
moted prrfeitential trad-
ing between herself and
the \Vest Indies. For
years -lie -:tve a pre-
fer-nc.e it Jlaiaca, with
no retuinu, for it was
only in 1l2'n that Ja-
nmaicna il'i nled to reci-
roroca lt be f.i-r. ei.l or hur-
ried into [ief-renitil
relation. iii; d (Cninaai
wdas wisely Iptient She
v. ailtel u tiil local feel-
ing in this island
should b-, ..nme convinc-
ed of the advantage of
definite tauiff arrange-
ments (ii both sides,
even while -he gave to
Jamaica the same mar-
ket that .ilet allowed to
colonies u hlI h admitted
her ~*i..ds in a prefer-
nitial basis Her wis-
I,.mni hau li-en justified.
Jamaica ha- become a
party ii tile (Cm ll a.
West Indies .Trade
Tleaty. willh pra, ti-al
inlaninmin.v. "tnl the
step having once been
taken, there is shown
no regret and no reluct-
anie at its ,'ontinuance.
This marks an advance
in the re-latirns between
Canada aid the British
West Iiidi--

BUT ilo.i'.-h Jamaica
has been trading on
a larger and larger
scale wit Ii Canada,
ther-e [iris on the whole
hbe-n I trle personal con-
tact between the two
countries. To reach
one another directly
good travelling accom-
modation was needed,
but tili- was not pro-
S ul l liln il AlIu:U t a
SOUipli-' if eartht asg 1I
A a'. then that the
('aadilian Ciivernment
latln. hedl its new fleet
of passenger and fruit
steamers, the Lady
Line bears the name of

the wife ofj s me distinguished British Admiral.
Two of these serve Jamaica. thus affording a fort-
iiuhtly service between this island anul the Domin-
ion; and if the Canadian CIGvernment was somewhat
slow in providing satisfactory means of transporta-
tion between its own country and this. it has been
univer-ally conceded that when at laI-t it did estab-
lish-u -u-h means of rranspinrtation it was tof a kind
far Airpassing the most anguinee anticipatilrns. For
the Lady Rodney and the Lady Somers are the two
finest steamers now regularly plyinze between Ja-

WU__~N~rr~_ CI_____ CI-C~C-VI-U~LCUI -V-)IUIIUIU- C -

`r""^""~`-~' ~"~'~C--CC


IMR. RI-uTLn D iBE.I.. nrF c\\n\
PI'r4 ; *lamnim i. aind of the %t. Jnme- I tiliti,-

nimica and a n3 other country. They are spletnid
Vt-.sel. beaultifully appointed: they were built ,for
other than nme!elyv commercial purpose: tlie. w'-re
dtteJ-ip!il tr. bring Canada and Jamaiea intu closer
pers.i,,al t1iich: and tlhat. precisely, i- what they will
j.-cc-inpli-l. And because the Canadian Governme-int
hall thal ..IjeiCt inl mind it .*iisidered that any ftiUli-
(.in l I,', ill tlie I illrlJ ti.,t n ani the runuieng f thle-e
ship : \Xul' I h;i mply compensated by thle selri ve they
would render in helping Canadians to a lIriter knoiwl
edge of Jamaica, and Jamaicans to a more intinlate
acquaintance with Canada.

O thll. muaj.iit. If pIl-ers,:i tatisti,.. and espec-
ially travel -tr:ti.tics. are drea-r. reading, and in
any ca-e thl tfimule ot onte year are not the figures
,if thle next It will therefore suffice mali-t rer-sun.
t, inad that since 1112 the import and export trade
lbetwieei Canada and Jamaica has quintupled: that,
stiniulared by tile mutual preference. it has grown
itll, iaear rapidity, and that for two .lamaica pro.
ducts especially, tiiar and coffee, a large market
is to be found in Canada. This is imp'irtatut. forr
sugar and coffee are produced in very nmauy ierut-.
Stries in different parts of the world. and a market
for them is always tr.. he welcomed, particularly
as they are not always ea-y ti" obtain It na-.
indeed, because of tile preference offered by Canada
to sugar and coffee in the new Trade Treaty oif
1925 that many person in Jamaica supported that
Treaty. Others hailed the prospect of a direct trade
in bananas, but there were thrise who felt that it
did not matter much how bananas went to Canada,
so long as they were freely admitted, and were also
admitted into America free. But sugar and coffee
were everywhere subject to duties, and the admis-
sion of Jamaica sugar and coffee into Canada, under
special preferences, was a valuable sateguard for
those products. It might mean the salvation and
security of two Jamaica industries. If these failed
to find a good market in Canada, the Canadian
Treaty would cease to be of much value to Jamaica.
So much, briefly, for ordinary trade, (hhi ugh that
is of course of the first importance. Let us give
a glance at what has followed the desire for this
trade. There was first the Trade Agreements, then
the ships to implement those Agreements, then bet-
ter ships for the promotion of travel. Then there
arose talk of accommodation for Canadians who
should visit this country periodically and in larger
and larger numbers. The idea was to encourage
a great stream of tourists from Canada to Jamaica,
to make this part of the tropics a pleasure and
Holiday ground for Canadians who, during the win-
ter, seek climates warmer than their own in search
of health and recreation. Many of these go to
Florida and California. Why not to the West

Indies? wAai Io,\
the question. and
this question Lord
11illin dunl himni
self stressed wihen
in Jamaica. So
from some of the
leading spirit.-
connected w i t h
the Canadian Na.
tional Rail wa y
and SteFani-hip
Company )if Cali-
ada (a ; ovetar-
ment ourgan1isa
lion) came rie
Sll gestion th t t
Jamaica an d Ca:i-
ada shoutl co.
operate in build-
ing a flistr lass
liotel at Cinstant
Spring, where for
mary \ar.-. until
it wa destroyed
by flir, a lir.t-
cla s hotel had ex-
All over Caii-
oila thli t'
National itailwab
own s and peral'est
palatial hotels.
a. does ;Irl Can-
adian Pa ,"i II
Railway. Think Ja-
malica h,,rtel .s
it to bi ,,wn eit
by the 'anua.dian
Natiht ll. I1 i, i V.
e\lr, hullt Wmj to
b. L,:iti-~il I' b it,
ii that tll -hip-
of the T.,.ldy Linlt
,, l tou lill dt f nit
and it shll!dli r--.
e-eive Il)liD it. .11
Sn,.I., .nI rI through the ;h ,.e', i, 'inn
agency of the
National Railway.
A rt',,pr,-.iti, jn- -rt r iefre the Jamaica Govern-
;n,-nt. Illh l;itel l 0.i- i rcuarantee ti..r-iftllh of the
3mi ,ne-. I-,illur P.l .i l1 t iit. h.- ltru tion of the new bt'-1.
the m na itself '., lieh h -e Iik d ah l- the t_.tndl; l .
ii-he Amtiian tand thli-e Ilanaian itihi. Th lanii, .t
;ive-rl- nient agrtedl and nuvow. inl a .1i, -ll r!.'1 ll]
irii One o f the line-r c..If litil;- I+ fr'undi .n .
ihele- the lihtel -llnd, ,a m.,ln llniin i i.. rlle closer
lon.n-,.tin her n t anaila ,n(i .1i-n.a d iL l
It is one ,tof tle i han rf hotpl- .-I- :,re by the
United II,-r.els of America, which has many of these
hostels in Canada, it must not be forgotten.that the
idea of its building came front the C ii" that
Canadian o.aplital is invested in it. ind thint only,
because it was in it nriizin a C':iu: l ,i, .n t-. iL:.-
did the Jamaica Government ti.uieIn i ,,- t.
appreciable financial support.
AS always happens, however, before Governments
stepped in private individuals and corporations

M1R. C. T.qRT.TIE w ROHPO. or .J~I.ur.
Local reprerlnlHil e of the Mannurntieurer. l if .\--urJirce
companyy or (tunirlad

IR AL rIRFD NI( IlOI.-. lMt N(.I.- L}
mur ,rf nth .Jlmualn Public ervilp Co., Ltd.; he is also
Vice-President of the Company,

v-cre-at work establishing trade and (iiifnmeriaj :'?-
I. ii.i- let ,e-i ('aiiidai .d Jamaica. Before the Gov- t il ..i a t1he I:. ppor tn lliiis that Jamaica of-
-i-lil t. Canii.dlanii -jterrprie, amid Cana'da offered to
J inl.,i.j p.'.i.u t-. til huiunp-ii men had perceived
ii., in i a had li al .-er r. .,'rk r exploit them. For
,.ll ii, t ir ti I till dev.-l-pmeni r of ordinary trade
:I u)-a:J- i] r i p.- fei ttiP '. va n-cessary, all that was
needed hby Canadian., i, o:thier ilirections was energy
ii iTn IllIa-rl,. Janl i.jpit.Il It i ule hired no ?!ab-
. t..ii- i.rrie .lc'eenlit-. \illh the preliminary nego-
ii.ii.n-. t -niahlti C:an.adli.n- to establish in Ja-
maica 'Jri..l4- ..i their banks and of their insur-
ill ,-mniipaie-, or to provide Kinicl'tn with an
E11, irii-,.i ,r Lna tn. and to take over and ex-
II.I .'..iih-Ii .lh. the electric lighting of the capital
,-,I .it St All this could be done by private
i n ie ['l1-e
Banking, insurance, and electrification general-
ly, are ari.min-t the leading undertakings of Cana-
da. A new and rapidly growing country calls for
money, for loans, and these are what the banks are
organised t.. -u.ippl Canada is a country of banks,
as anyone who has visited its cities is so well
aware; it is also a country of insurance companies,
and these too lend out money on interest for the
promotion of various enterprises, and thus, to a cer-
tain extent, perform some ift the tiu liin-, of a bank.
(',iO-.,equentl.. with [lie awakening of Canadian in-
terest in the Wei-t Indies, we soon saw the Cana-
lians -flting pii1 I)Iani I i-- of their banks in Jamai-
There was once only the Colonial (now Bar-
(lays) Bank in Jamaica, operating as a private
tiiui.-atiiin. Then came the Bank of Nova Scotia,
hIe .Royal Bank of Canada, the Canadian Bank of
<',iiiiii,,i- Thl Bank of Montreal is also repre-
sented here, for Barclays Bank is connected with
it and transacts its business in Jamaica.
Now when the second Canadian Bank opened
a branch in Kingston, hundreds of persons said at
o'ice that there was no room for it. They said that
It. could attract no adequate volume of business.
And when the third Canadian Bank was instituted
i Tiunigstnn, it was confidently prolphisied that it
muist ,slln tll close its doors. Whlt han ai.tually
lil:plt.'llell is that all the banks ,:ipi.'rat iii in Jamaica
have been steadily and even rap idlly vxinding their
business; they are all firmly et-ahli-lhedl they all
look towards the future with confidence.
The truth is that their chiefs, in the days when
the question of opening branches in Jamaica was
being considered, took the view that the island was
certain to develop, that its trade and its importance
would grpu- as surely as its Ip.pilation would, and
that those who came in earl. en.ughli would hold



Manager of the Bank of Nova Scotia; Kingston, Jaamica

Local representative of The North American Life Assur-
ance Company of Toronto, Canada

Local representative of the Canadian Agencies Ltd.

Canadian Trade Commissioner in Jamaica

Visiting representative of the Royal Securities Ltd., the
resident representatives of which are Manton and Hart


r *^ "'

;- .*FS

Local representative of the Dominion Life Insurance
Company of Canada

Manager of the Royal Bank of Canada, Kingston, Jamaica

MR. HAROLD V. AL.EX DER. OF JAMAICA r Hn e Cumpany o Toronto. Canada

A-siilant Canadian Triale Conniuisioner in Jarniica



-the financial fort later on. They took, in a word,
the characteristic Canadian view of a country which
produced articles for which, there was every reason
to believe, there was or would shortly be a demand,
and they acted on the strength of their conviction.
They had vision, and they backed it. They were so
far justified that, as a matter of fact, a good part
of the money lodged by Jamaicans in Canadian
banks went to Ca(idila to finance enterprises there.
The rate of interest in Canada is higher on the
whole than it is in Jamaica, and so some Jamaica
money could find sound and profitable investment
in the Dominion. But the banks never thought of
starving Jamaica. On the contrary, a policy dic-
tated 'by -remndlne;- an'i enterprise recognized as
one of its leadiin prrinc:[lle that local industry must
have preference over any other and that the func-
tion of a local banking institution is to facilitate
local agriculture and business. Had any other pol-
icy been adopted, the branches of Canadian Banks in
Jamaica must have closed their doors long ago.
NOR had the Canadian Insurance Companies been
idle in the new and promising field. There
was already, and had been for decades, a sound and
stable Jamaica Life Assurance Society, the Jamaica
Mutual; there was also a sane and well-established
Fire Insurance Company, the Jamaica Co-operative.
These occupied firm ground and were admirably pro-
gressive. They grew yearly and would continue to
grow: they were great local institutions. That alone
indicated that there was a field for more insurance
business, that the practice of insuring life and prop-
erty could be encouraged and developed in Jamaica.
So the Canadian insurance companies (Fire, Life,
Accident and the rest) opened branches in Jamaica.
For this purpose they did not need, like the
Banks, to put up separate buildings and organise
special staffs. Legal and other firms of high
standing jetiamne their agents here, and the insur-
ance business could be conducted under the roofs
of these agents' ordinary offices. Thus the Imperial
Life Assurance of Canada had and still have Messrs.
Manton & Hart as its representatives; the North
American Life Assurance Company has Messrs.
Livirie-ton & Alexander, the Dominion Life has Mr.
Gerald Nlair, the Confederation Life Mr. J. B.
Kilburn, and the Dominion of Canada General In-
surance Company Mr. V. A. Desnoes. On the other
hand some Insurance Companies have set up offices
and staffs of their own in this country. Thus the
Manufacturers Life is represented by Mr. Leslie
Robison, with offices in Tower Street; Mr. John Palm-
er is the local representative of the Sun Life Assur-
ance Company, with his headquarters in King Street.
and so on.

A S ir,,n harpenetbh ron, so does healthy compe.
ilriLni and emulation lead to the transaction of a
greater volume iof business. It is a current saying
that demand creates supply. but it has been recog.
nised also that supply create. demand It is s,
with insurance; insurance has to be sold like
any other commodity. its usefulness has to be ad-
vertised and explained. And it has come about in
Jamaica that, with many Insurance Companies push
ing their business, there is more irnurance done
here now year after year than would have been
thought possible even a decade ago. The develop-
ment in this field has been striking, and Canadian
energy has had much to do with it. This is all the
I more pleasing when we remember that Jamaican
energy, as represented by powerful local organisa-
tions like the Jamaica Mutual and the Jamaica Co-
operative, has not la'ied ilbelhini. and that Canadian
insurance business in this country is conducted' by
Jamaicans and Englishmen, with whose services the
Canadian companies are obviously satisfied.
And now a new line is opened by the Cana-
dians in Jamaica, the selling of Canadian securities.
This is a very recent development, but much more
will be heard about it as time goes on. The Royal
Securities, Limited, of Canada, was started by Mr.
Max Aitkin, now Lord Beaverbr'.ik. when he was
quite a young man. It handle, a great number of
Canadian securities, prin. ipally in Canada itself.
But it also has extended its activities to New York,
to London, to the West Indian Colonies: in Bara
bados it transacts a very large volume of business.
In Jamaica one can now buy Canadian securities
on the spot through Messrs. Manton and Hart, the
Jamaica agents of Royal Securities, and they are
being purchased. They do not conflict with Jamaica
Securities, which are actually not e.noi gh, at pre-
sent, to meet the current demand. Jamaica shares,
whether Government or any other, are at no loss for
a market; they are not offered abhiaid for they are
snapped up at home. Later on, when more busi-
nesses are transformed into shareholders companies,
there may be Jamaica shares offered outside of the
island, but it is not, so just now. A rapidly develop-
ing semi-continent like Canada, however, is continu-
ally calling for vast sums of money for various
municipal and dther enterprises, and it is the shares
and bonds--the securities-of these that now find
some market in Jamaica. And in order to popular-
Sise the idea, and to explain it, the organisation
handling these shares and bonds sends down to
Jamaica every year a representative to meet the


Local representative of the Sun Life Assurance Company
of Canada

Local representative of the Confederation Life Association
of Canada

Who as Manager of Barclays Bank (D. C. & 0.) also repre-
sents the Bank of Montreal, Canada, in Jamaica

local people. This is the Canadian method of push-
ing business, and the method is wise.

UT the biggest Canadian concern in Jamaica is
undoubtedly the Jamaica Public Service Com-
pany. The younger people of Jamaica have al-
ways been accustomed to electrically-propelled
street cars, and more recently they have accepted
motor buses as a commonplace development of
the automobile. The horse cab they look upon
a3 a relic of a slow and somewhat amusing past;
they speculate upon the possibility of achieving
journeys in the future, local journeys, by means of
an air service. They can have no recollection of a
day when little trams drawn by pairs of mules were
the popular and cheap conveyances of the city; they
were not living then. But the older people remem-
ber those mule-cars very well and are aware of the
revolution that was wrought when a Canadian com-
pany obtained the franchise for establishing an elec-
tric tramway system which brought the lowlands of
St. Andrew very close to Kingston and made easily
possible the transformation of those lowlands into
flourisline residential areas.
The first Canadian company, which had also
had electric lighting as one of its activities-it
bought out the local electric lighting company-
became extremely unpopular.. It was succeeded by
a new company which took over the old franchise
and license, and which has had to live down the
dislike engendered by its predecessor. The new
concern has considerably improved the tramway
service and has popularised the use of electricity; it
offers shares for sale in Jamaica; its policy is to
have a number of its shares held in Jamaica so that
the local poeple may possess and feel an intimate
interest in its progress and position. Its headquar-
ters are in Canada but its roots are in Jamaica; it
realises that its ultimate success depends upon the
goodwill of Jamaica, and its policy is influenced by
that under-standihe. So far as its staff is concerned,
the majority of course are natives. Practically all
of its staff are natives. And, curiously enough,
there is not a Canadian on that staff.

THIS company has plain for the' extension of its
activities in Jamaica, for the electrification of
Jamaica in so far as that is pra;cti-able It has
still other ideas for dcveln-pnent. It represents what
may be called the third angle of Canadian advance,
the electrical angle, the other two being banking
and insurance, as has been mentioned already. And
because the Canadians are wedded to the utilisation
and exploitation of electricity, no one here is sur-
prised to find that at the one sugar factory (Serge
island in the parish of St. Thomas) which is owned
and operated by a resident Canadian, electricity is
partly used as inotive power, the aeneraiing energy
being obtained from a dlummed river which runs
through the propertD. This dam, this use to which
the river has been put, is a (li;ra'ireri-ti,:ally Cana-
dian touch, and it more than ugg that the
harnessing and employment ot natural pnaers will
mark more and more in the future the extension of
Canadian enterprise in this island.
That enterprise will increase with the draw-
ing together more closely of Canad. and the West
Indies: so much is inevitable. There will be a col-
laboration of Canadians and Jamaica'ns, a healthy
partnership for common objects. In these days the
people of the island would no more think of merely
being led than they would think of universal sui-
cide; indeed a position of mere tutelage would be
for them tantamount to moral suicide, and for that
they have no sort of inclination. But they have the
wish and the will to co-operate on frankly helpful
and friendly terms; they know that Canada and the
West Indies can be of mutual assistance, and that
is what they desire.

HERE is another development which will be of
real importance: the higher education of Ja-
maicans in Canadian ITijivr-..itie.i of the best type.
There is nothing new in Jamaicans going to study
in Canada; that has been done for at least thirty
years now. The medical schools of Montreal have
trained many a Jamaica doctor. But one can easily
perceive that more young people from this colony
will go up to Canadian Universities in the days to
come: the higher education of the intelligent youth,
their professional education in medicine and engin-
eering, will be obtained in Canada as well as in Eng-
A great deal, it has to be repeated, depends
upon the personal touch. Where there is a kindly
feeling on both sides, where it is felt that tihe des
tiny of both, running on parallel lines. yet has much
the same goal, then .-ure-.v the progress of tihe r-rla-
"tionship, even of the Ipurely buslrine relationship.
must be accelerated arnd mnde st ln-,th l ti he bIetter
acquaintance of the be-t elements ,.,f Ibli peoples
with each other. Andl thepeIm :, Iof thC'e Caill:iians
and those Janai,:ans who wish for genuinely sound
co-operation between Caunada and Jamaica, co-opera-
tion that will be to time benefit of both in many
respects, must surely be that Canadians and Ja-
maicans will come to know one another better,
and have a greater liking for one another, as a con-
sequence of that knowledge.



An absorbing novel of Jamaica life in the

O 0 j Istirring and romantic days of the late
M o gan s D aug hter Iiglihccnthi century

author of


UP from the bottom of the ravine toiled a man,
for the path was -t.ep. and light from the moon
penetrated but feebly into depths obscured by the
heavy overhanging foliage. The sound of the water-
fall which he faced was thunderous; he could see
the white gleaming water flash as he made his way
to higher ground, but for the most part darkness
enshrouded him, darkness and desolation. Soon the
waterfall was on his left, and now the blackness
about him was intense and he had to move forward
and upward with .iuliirn He had entered a
natural tunnel which, even at noontide, was gloomy,
and through which, thousands c(f .ears ago, the river
which now pI- ti [iiarel it-elf i.on the other side in a
tumultuous (ca,.,'ie mnu-1 haIn- flowed
The [iIhIcel -uIJi widened into a kind of cave,
a small hollow formedi -:,i iui,_- stones, mighty mono-
liths which seemed, \'.ri-n thrie was light by which
to perceive il. ii, as if th, had been placed in
their present iuiritlln by giants and not merely by
some tent t le convulsion of nature ages ago. The
great rocks stood one upon the other with crevices
between, and the roof was of t '.i .r three huge pieces
of rock propped iupin one another and upon the
stone-uprights to right and left, precariously as it
appeared, and yet earthquakes had shaken this
country within hli-hr...iii times, and cave and tunnel
had a ithstotcld ili -hocks.
The man pdiaui-e within this hollow, moved over
t, the extreme ri-lit of it and searched behind some
debris for a moment. drawing out almost immediate-
ly two of the mutzzle-l.,ling guns of the
period. Evidently he had secreted them there some
time before. lHe now pushed on into the open,
(nimiug out on higher ground. He was clear of the
tunnel; soon he stood upon land comparatively
clear of trees and to negotiate. He marched
forward '-,ornfidently. the rough and rugged path slop-
ing d,:,v. n a;ird n .ov..
He a.- Ieatv\in~ li- Cane River Falls behind,
but the ri\kr itself \ar still to his left, brawling
over -he jnure b._,ulder whiich strewed its bed. The
mountains \we\- now mni're removed on either side,
:.l in the ii-ght of the moon, when they could be
;Ilmpn'ed throiuge some ihinninir in the forest on his
dexter hand. they could be seen towering upwards
to heights inimmesli. great splashes of blackness
which h re. rl-ied ti,,irds the sky.
The moon rode high; it was within two or three
days of the full and all night would shine out bril-
liantly, a wonderful illuminant where its rays were
not attenuated and shattered by thick-growing woods.
It shone dawn upon a patch of rocky land
through which ran the trail which this solitary
traveller was pursuing. On this patch of open ground
he balt,:d. crouched down upon a boulder to one
side of it, and began carefully to examine and to
load his guns from a horn of powder slung about
his waist. His face glistened in the moonlight. It
was as hlili.i as soot, a polished black from amidst
which his eyes glared fiercely. But though the com-
plexion was sable the nose was prominent and
aquiline, the chin long and distinctly marked. A
striking physiognomy, as anyone would have recognis-
ed at a glance.
He wore a soft straw hat of native manufacture
drawn down upon his brow, but otherwise was not
garbed like the ordinary native. Instead of the loose
oziiabiirg trousers and sack to serve as jacket, he was
clothed in tight-fitting corduroy pants and the frock-
coat of tht time, the skirts of which were buttoned
up behind so as to render movement easier. He
wore a waistcoat also which reached almost up to
his neck. He had no collar or cravat, merely a
sort of scarf of soiled white cloth which protected
his neck; but what was most observable about his
costume were his knee-high boots, which explained
why he had walked so cautiously when climbing up
from the ravine into the tunnel he had traversed.
No other man of his colour would have gone about
with boots on such a.journey. The soles of feet
long calloused to a horny would have
made little of the rough going of this trail, and"
bare feet and legs would have been better suited
for the journey. Residents in the island, white or
black, would at once have perceived that this man
was a character entirely out of the ordinary and
not in keeping with his surroundings in so far as
dress and appearance were concerned. And had
they noticed that. in addition to his two long guns,
he carried stuck in a band round his middle a brace
of pist-ls, they night have imagined that he was
of the fraternity f the pirates or buccaneers but for

the fact that those gentry no longer existed in Ja-
The guns were soon loaded, the man stood up-
right. A tall sinewy figure, alert even in that de-
serted spot, glancing keenly about him, he was at
once a commanding and a grotesque figure. Com-
manding because of his air, his lock of fierceness;
grotesque because of a costume so incongruous
with his surroundings, so unusual in a negro slave
or freeman, and topped by a hat so much out of
harmony with the rest of his garb. His sharp
questioning glance around him, was, it seemed, a
matter of habit merely; there was pil'ibabiv no one
near him within a radius of three miles. And now he
resumed his march along the narrow tortuous path,
and soon was passing through great masses of
trees and underbrush on his journey towards his
After a mile or so he crossed the river bed
more than once, for the rains had been falling of
late and the river had overflowed into the low-lying
land on either side. The water was not deep, though
there were seasons when it would be in spate and
neither man nor beast would dare risk its crossing
unless weary of life. To-night it was like molten,
moving silver in the moonlight, chafing against
rocks that rose up in its course, murmuring mysteri-
ous sound as it made its way to the sea. Presenl'.
he left it behind.
He came to an open road. Trees grew thickly
here; one could easily lie concealed a yard or two
from any passers-by. Opposite was the sea, but a
stretch of wooded land hid it from sight. Its tang
was in the air, and a peculiar coolness in the wind
that stirred the leaves of the forests gave, \:iarn-
ing that the first hour of nimrning had cLmie. The
man, glancing up at the moo-'n as t ride effula-int
and serene so far away, drw banl-k into the shelter
of the shadows like one who thanks lie may still have
some time to wait in patience.
He may have waited for about an hour when
he distinctly heard the sound -.f hi've-,e % trikin_
upon the unpaved, uneven surfa. e .:,f the highway.
A cavalcade was approaching at le-iirely pa,:- He
peered out of his place of concealment. plainly i ri.-
cernible was a mounted group which came at a
slow trot in his direction.
When rtl-'. were near he counted them rapidly.
Five in all. They came on confidently, suspecting
nothing, feaiing nothing. they were almost abreast
of him when a wor-d .if -.nmm ind fell upon their
ears-the single word, "halt'" This was folloredi by
the swift emergence from anr.inlz the tree- to their
right of a man with a ,'oal.bllack face and a piiutled
gun. Inlivlluntartil the pa tyv drew rein.
"What the devil i. tiae nieanine of this" burst
from the lips of one of themr. a hliite man whose
expression of startled incredulity showed how un-
expected was this encounter.
"Get off your horses," was the only answer
vouchsafed, "and no fooling with pistols. The first
man who attempts resistance I shoot."
But no one obeyed the command. Instead, the
man who had first spoken looked furiously at the
negro with the gun.
"Who are you and what do you mean? Put
down that gun instantly, or I will have you flogged
within an inch of your life, you iniriptilde dig' Put
it down, I say-"
A bullet sang over his head; the igchwvayimani
had fired. Not to kill, or even to injure. but the
shot had passed close enough to the speaker's head
to warn him that the marksman had deliher:atlyv
chosen to miss him. The next bullet might find an
intended billet.
"Get down at once," came the order, "or I
will bring .o u down. All of you."
As the hiicala\ man spoke he waved his Ilft
hand in the air, a casual movement as it seemed.
But besides the two persons in front, one of whom
was a woman, there were three negroes, each of
whom led a pack-horse, and who had been watching
him intently and with fear in their eyes. Now they
broke into a loud, affrighted cry as they saw the
man's hand, a cry of terror as they almost leaped
from their horses and threw themselves grovelling
on the earth. "Three-finger Jack!" they exclaimed
simultaneously; "Oh, Massa God, hab mercy on us!"
At the utterance of the name, though he himself
had not particularly observed the highwayman's wave
of the hand, the gentleman on the horse started,
a look of asronishment sweeping over his face.
"Impossible!" he ejaculated, but could make no fur-
ther comment. "Dismount immediately or I shoot,"
cried the man with the gun, training his weapon dead
on the horseman. There was finality in his tone. The
white man slowly dismounted
Tlh woman, a young girl and white, moved rl
though to obey the order also. She was obviously
young, and even in the circumstances it needed no
second glance to convince anyone that she was beauti-
ful. The highwayman stayed her with a word.

"Not you, madam, unless you will. Sorry to
have had to inconvenience you."
This speech, which seemed more befitting a
gentleman than a robber upon the King's highway,
aiLpaicitiy assured the party more than ever that
it had to do with the notorious Three-fingered Jack,
for that dreaded character had never been known
to injure a woman, or even to annoy her if that
could possibly be avoided. Men he had robbed and
slain, and the negroes feared him desperately be-
cause of the great obeah charm against all enemies
he was believed to possess. The white man whose
party this was, realized that it was hopeless to ex-
pect his people to offer any re-,istaince to the single
robber who stood there menacingl. with a finger on
the trigger of his gun. They were all unarmed;
what was still more tirrift'ying was that the black
highwayman was supposed to have been dead these
three or four months.
Himself, Colonel Briajk.peare felt a superstiti-
ous thrill run down his spine as his Pyes sought
the hands of the robber pronlaimedl as Three-Finger-
ed Jack by the cowering slav'es. and peleilved that
from the left hand two fingers ihad been shorn. On
all accounts this man had been shot in January
,if this .-rnie year and his head battered to pulp
. itnl -,,iiT Yet there he stood, audacious, defiant,
and (Itnri. determined to carry his threat to com-
pletion were he not implicitly obeyed.
"Stay where you are," Three-Fingered Jack
commanded thle -I les, who indeed had no intention
of stirring --:ini their abject position. He approach-
i',i the uracediCj C'ulin l. lii ii. rii -t .luin III-h- gun
v i-1 i- lhjuldei .ind ilai.ill a pit... t'r..-is hi. aist- He rapidly. l;a -,(i his itlmeni-ld alind, c.vel the
uptp'-r part of the C',.i.jinels person. Ilihn gh he ex-
pe-,ted tj fintd ni. wealp'ii Ie -i.e-~r-i thli.i had the
i'',roiel been armed be wo\uldl ha\e dlrawni his pistol
aid tireid it. even if that had nme.nt hi- death signal.
C',liel Breakspeare had yielded only because there
wa no po.usibility of putting up a fight.
The hilghwayman watihed him lUjsel. taking
,are that his victim should hate nro opportunity of
sn atclling at the levelled pistol. The swift s--arch
I.ver. the Ihighwayman mutiuned the C'ol..nel away.
He n-..w sc-emed -hary about speaking. and careful
tliha tihe trial limp straw hat that he wure shiuuld
orn-n.eal aa mut h rf Iis race as possible.
He went quietly up to the horse, observing with
the eye if who evidently knew something about
horses that this was a high-spirited animal and
pr-'babl.1 unused to strangers. The beast did not
niove a. the man came near, but at that moment
its master uttered a sharp word of command and
it wheeled round and would have dashed off in the
dire,.tion whence it had come had not the highway-
man sprung forward and seized its reins. Even so
the splendid creature, hearing' again the word
"home!" uttered sharply from its master's lips,
strove with a spirited bound tu 'o.bbe.. I, he ad long
since been trained to do. Threie-Fingered Jack
pulled at the reins. th'ni grasped thie 'il,-e piece near
the bit and was nearly dragLed Iff hlins feet a1- he
did so. It .at- the hand with three finigerit which
held the hoir-e The other still grasped the pistil.
which he dalre'- nt relinquish. In a fla-h he realis-'-d
that he st.jd in grave p iil.
For, -c-incy his prediranment. the Coloniel shouted
to his slave- itr rhriw thern.ielesi- upin rhe mai
while he iim'ilf danted fI.i-orard with the evident
intention u t doi.rg so At the same time hii
'siclit' er. graipine the turn which affairs were tak-
ing, spurred her horEe fi)rward to ride the struggling
robber down
It was tile simultaneous, movement of both
father and dausihtrr that saved him In an irntant
the girl perceived thar she might injure the Ccolol-i
and so swune lrher 1nrie aside Colonel Brelakspeare.
too, seeing lis dauelittr'- charge. and fearing that
the desperate ietro nmiilit hhnot her'. hurled hiin
,self forward with such precipitancy that ie lost
his footing and fell prone to the earth. The situation
might yet have been saved had the slaves ventured
to follow their master's shouted instructions but,
though they feared him mightily, their dread of
Three-fingered Jack was infinitely greater. Was not
his presence here. at this very instant, living proof
that he conild not be slain and was aided by dark
and my.-triiu.n Powers?
The piluining horse dragged the highwayman
some distan'.e tp thie road. and so out of immediate
danger. But the grip at its mouth had not been
relaxed. and the strength of a powerful arm was
not to he withsto,,d. Even before the horse had
come i..,mpletely to a standstill the man bad vaulted
on its bac-k and the brute knew that a rider of will
w;is astride of him. Its head was quickly turned
tow[ards the group of persons some fifty yards away.
The slaves hall unw risen and were listening with
terror tr. their master's oath that they would be
flogged unmercifully for their miserable cowardice,
and might indeed have their ears lopped off. The


girl sat her horse talire-faiel. fe.ning whthat the
armed negro might n..w d-. to. nlie and her father
since they had attemptedl ti. capturee or kill him.
He, on his part, wa- taliping the Colronel's saddle
bags with obvious -ati-ta. trin Money \,.a there,
money in gold coin he had no doubt. Two days be-
fore he had heard that Colonel Breiakspeari of Albion
(but about seven miles to1. tile ea-it would be go-
ing today to Kingston to buy .bore slaves fro-n the
slave ship that -a, expeit-tedi this week. This was
the p'iu' iha-e nlitwiv. hurried as money so frequent-
ly wa- iwi it- Jadinlta of 17". and consisting main-
ly of Spai .i l d, ui)bl'j'ns
Three inieereil Jark had not intended to take the
horse. Hilfoir'-h11ut before he would have Ith:,ught
such an animal uneler- to him; it could not live in
caves ina-,c-e-ilt.l- to any but active men and sure-
footed goats, or clamber up trails that would have
defied even the patient agility of the mule. But now
that he was astride of one of the finest horses in
.Janiaia.. he was thrilled by a sense of speed and
freedom and power; he ilil nitrt wish ..u plunge again
afoot into the obscurity ot ihe wijlod- and nimuntainis,
but to dash away, exultant. slpurning the ground
and rushing on with the wind An inipulive nmai,
he made up his mind a ith l.ut gi ing the niatter fur-
ther thought. He rode uip ti \th>i-re the lreav\ pack-
horses stood, each with a ritnk balanced and tied
across its back. He did no more than glance at
them. One of these trunks might contain some
jeweller : aill ,.,f them-n would contain clothes
sufficient tI.I 1a tay .,f a \week or more in Kingstonn
or the i.apital. Spanish Towi: fur miot of the Janaicaa
roads heiin difficult tfor wheeled traffic, on the
b acks if .quanlrupedis hbar age wa- carried to and
t'r.. uan thle !tuirdly niatie horse' were the chief
means of human trausp.rt.tion. The Colonel and
his daughter had started shortly after midnight
from their estate of Albion to make an earl antI
pleasant journey to Kingston, thus aviiiing com-
pletely the heat of the sun. This it had been
dangerous to do last year, for about the very spot
where they now were held Three-fingered Jack had
committed some of his most daring robberies in
that year. Travellers had then been forced to
go by daylight and had not failed to carry arms.
But the notorious black hil.hwavmuan had been oblig-
ed to retreat to hli, i hief Liding place, Mount Lob-
anus, in the contiguous itlh of St. Thomas, and
there had been tracked and slain, or so it had been
reported and everywhere believed. What need the.n
to bear arms even when carrying money, since the
ordinary slaves would not dare molest a white man?
were they in a crowd and he but one? And why
not resume the practice of avoiding the sun when
travelling if at all possible?
Too late now did the Colonel regret that he
had neglected to bring a pitol ,ri two with him.
The Iiitl.iw left the trunks antd .ame slowlv up
to the waiting party.. hi- right hand filnly Ilosedr
over tihe butt of hi- weapon With .a qriik twit:ch
'.f Iher re-ii the girl pla ed herself between him and
her lather She iell Ihar he rai less likk than
The man noticed the movement anl. breaking
T the silence he had maintained after :is first inter-
change of words, called out-
"There is nothing to fear. But you must all
Hide back to Albion at once. I will follow some
distance behind to see that you do it."
That was all, and there was nothing to do but
fall in with what he willed. Colonel Breakspeare
mounted one of the slaves' horses, viciously kicking
aside the man who led it up to him. As they moved
off he turned to say -n,utmrlin to the highwayman,
a curse and a threat in all probability, but his
daughter broke into an imploring cry. The Colonel
gritted his teeth, but early a second after
when he saw the negro,urina to lift the
straw hat from his head in 'alitatirii to the lady.
This was, to th- Colonel's view, an outrage scarce-
ly to be sufficiently chastised by lirrnmlir alive:
even a white man of the inferior orders would not
have dared to use to his daughter a ge.rtini sug-
gestive of equality. Yet this runaway slave, this
highway robber, this chattel, this beast of darkness
-the Colonel felt as though his brain would burst!
But the revenge he would have out of the bodies
of his own men who had failed him on this occasion
-that at least he could dwell upon with a sort of
tigerish joy. And when this Three-fingered Jack was
captured he would go to his burning if he had to
travel a hundred miles to do so.
Meanwhile the implacable figure on the stolen
horse followed the returning party at some distance
They came to a bend in the road; the group
in front disappeared from view, and the watching
rider halted Ftior rrne nitiutes he stood still, then
turned his hi.,r-e's head in the opposite direction
and galloped a- qituickly awda:, as the broken surface
of the highway wouldd permit His aim had been
to prevent these people trini seeing where he went;
with the possession of a horse, and a very large
sum of money, he had suddenly changed his plans;
he was not returning ti his lair near the Cane River
Falls, though just what he should do in the future
had not yet been carefully thought out by him. The

first step to take he saw clearly enough, although
he knew it was attended with danger. Circum-
stanie. i.iian e. and some planning, would determine
his pregrainime after that.
He rode with a certain recklessness and more
than once laughed recklessly as he rode. He saw
before him the pale proud face of the white girl
who had tried to ride him down and whose father's
life he hald probably refrained from taking because
of her restraining presence. In a little while he
came .. where ithe river he had cru--n.-d 'ilne time
before on his way to the high-road emnereed to join
the sea.
Here the hills receded to rirti h and west, and
a waste of sand anl l boulders marked the limits
of the river in times of flood. Siuthl\w.rd the sea
stretched out towards ile itatiher mountiiitn. to the
south that dimnit he glimp-edl in the m..r:nlight; to
the east a spur of a range ran out into the wate'.
so that here the sea looked like a -reat lake. rip-
pling in blue and argent under the Inn.-ra.s, hem-
med in by dark-green borders, clean and sweet and
,iivi.,iatirc The ntlr-unt.tii.-- here were not so lofty
as those from amidst which he had prowled forth I-j
prey upon travellers; there was no ,i hauce of
concealment here. But he did not hl-itate In the
open he leaped off his horse, tore off Ins hat. flung
down his guns on the sand by the river hank.
drew from one of his pockets a cake of soap, at the
same time slinging his bridle over his arm lest the
horse should stray." Then he knelt down and began
vigorously to lbite his hands and face.
And the face and hands thl:t -hiwed when he
stood upright once more were th...e of a white


A QUICK sound of firing broke the silence of the
warm night and ar used ininy of the somnolent
;.e..ple of the city to start up affrighted wondering
what miLhbt be afoot at that hl.ui. Soldiers in the
baritrcks in thr entire ot Kinii-stoln sprang up as
to irtentitl'n. lieil':-.iiiit hurried out of his quart-
er- aild -..uthiwardi to discover what the turmoil was
about, for from that iii the noise seemed to
have come. A young woman in one of the houses
in a ths.lriiEhtllfe i named Chrchii Street, or Rue de
FI'Elise. as the French maps called it, rnemieherine
that the house slaves might, in the confusion and
hurry of an arrival of but a few hours before, have
neglected to lock the rear gate of her residence,
caught up the key and ran out into the yard to
see for herself that all was secure and safe. For in
the year 1780 anything might happen in the chief
commercial city of Jamaica: a rising of slaves, a
-tldlen landing of the enemies with whom, just then,
Great Britain was at war.
The shooting seemed near at hand. The young
woman paused on her way to the gate; she detected
the rapid leperItt.-ir, of horses' hooves on hard
earth, caught the confused clamour of strident shout-
ing voices; whatever it was that occasioned all this
noise seemed very near. Suddenly the gate was flung
open and a tall black figure da-lihed into the yard,
Ithn1 halted, surprised, to see a woman, clothed all
in white, a witness of his unceremonious advent.
In both his hands were pistols, but she guessed
at once that these were empty. The man himself
was panting; a hunted, desperate look upon his face
showed that his plight was extreme. The bright
moonlight revealed him clad as a white man might
be. But the attire was belied by the sable hue of
his face and hands.
"The soldiers are after me," he gasped. "If
they find me I am a dead man. Help me!"
The shouting voices were very near now; dis-
tinctly to their ears came the sound of shanii thrusts
against gates and doors, and peremptory orders
The woman waved her hand towards a tumbled heap
of boxes and hogsheads and weather-beaten boards
heaped up at one side of the yard. "There!" she
whispered, and moved swiftly towards the gate.
The man sprang towards the place indicated and
in a moment was concealed within a huge old sugar
hogshead. The young woman reached the gate, but
before she had time to close it it was again flung,
open and an -officer in uniform, followed by two
soldiers, had pushed himself into the yard. He swept
it with his eyes, then turned to the woman stand-
ing before him with an astonished expression on his
"Seen a man run in here?" he demanded sharp-
"No; except you."
"A tall black man. I can tell you he is Three-
fingered Jack. We were hunting him all thE way
from Spanish Town, and one of my men distinctly
saw him turn up this lane. The other lane-gates
we have pushed against are locked; yours is open.
He must have come in here."
"Then he must have Ilimhbe, over rite fence,"
was the calm rejoinder "And that must have been
before I :name *iit Fur when I heard the shooting
and noise I ran oult and opened the gate to see
what was tHe matter. At that moment yujil came
is eyes caught sight of the key she was
His eyes caught sight of the key she was

dangling in her hand as she spoke, a gesture in-
tended to call his attention to it. And he had found
her by the gate.
Sirt could haue no reason whatever for lying.
She was one of those who would gladly have seen
a desperado like the noted robber caught and hang-.
ed. So he reflected; yet what could have become of
tie mani who had so -uddeni. disappeared from
view when on the very verge of capture? He must
have slipped into some house or yard hereabouts,
for he had been seen to turn up the lane. The
ni..-ulnaht was too brilliant for anyone to lie con-
cot>aled in shadows. The man would therefore be
The officer turned brusquely and left the yard,
t'f,,li,, d by his men
The wnmati noticed llth a flare of anger that
hie showedd her it. >,.iiurtey whatever, and well she
knew the i'eason -Her rich liht-irid complexion
liad told hi1l that ,lie b-eliiuged to the coloured class
.i. the [ieuple and it never i:Ame into his mind to
trent her as lie would a white woman. Yet he could
nit have miktakeii bei ftr a ,ervant; her dress alone
pirohiited ally au li .-nuplpositiin. Perhap.-- he had
thulrgt her the mist-re- of aomie white man, the
master t' this e-tablishment. Anyhuow. he had been
hluit aud alBnI,i-t rule in hi, questioning and he
hiadi swung 'nut ot the premises ithout a single
gesture of ordinary politeness She muttered some-
tiing under her breath. the i .. nsed and locked the
gate after him. She listened awhile as the foot-
stetls retedel]. at length dhe walked over to where
the ,lid bloxes and barrels and h.gshead-. the litter
rft a Kingston backyard, were heaped up. "Come
out quickly and into the house," she said in a quiet
voice; and the fugitive came forth and followed
The t .. female house slaves slept on the floor
in one -if thie rooms of the main building, away
from the backyard. So unless they had been peep-
ine out thruneh mingled curiosity and fear they
could not yet have perceived him. And, knowing
them, she did not think it likely that they had
left their shelter. even though they might have been
awake, or have been awakened by the sudden dis-
turbance in the streets. They would priIl.ialy now
be cowering in the darkness, wondering what was
happening and jabbering incoherent prayers. As to
prying eyes from residences on either side, these could
not oversee the yard; the fence on each side was
too high and the living houses in the city of King-
ston were not built very close to one another.
An elder woman, brown of complexion, met them
as thel entered the darkened building, looking with
astonished eyes at the tall negro. A single candle
was burning on a table on the landing, from which
a staircase led up to the upper storey. The girl gave
this woman no time to ask any questions.
"Mammy, you must take this man upstairs and
hide him. Put him in your room. I will come up
"What are you going to do?" asked Tlieetringei-
ed Jack, his look and tone hinting suspicion.
"Not betray you," was the answer, openly scorn-
ful. "Had I wanted to do that I f!liuld have done
it a minute ago when you were trembling in the
hogshead." She laughed a little as she noticed how
the shaft went home. This man evidently did not
wish to be reminded of his ignominious plight, even
tihunrl it was now proposed that he should take re-
[ii-- in a woman's bedroom.
"It might have been idatler.-iu for you to have
done that lhe reminded her with a peculiar in-
Yr'lii' were empty, as they are still. If
you have Il., pursued from as far as Spanish Town,
you ain ihardil have a single cartridge left. And
you could not have shot me in the yard if I had
chosen to put myself out of your range, and the
ti,-t :.,ulnd yu made would have brought the soldiers
..n \.,i. s -e" So you had in any case to remain
as still as molasses, which by the way is what your
clothes smell of just now, after your stay in the
He shrugged.
"You are right," he admitted frankly. "I am
in your power, even though, now, you are also in
mine. At the risk of being taken in five minutes
I iuiil kill both of you if I wished. Don't under-
rate lih:a I can do."
While he was speaking she had raised her long,
flowing dress and drawn -ore-thline out of the pet-
ticoat' ,timlti .atli A long pistol showed in her
hand Sihr was m.milii. at him.
"Not now or at any other time am I in your
power," she retorted. "And if I killed you I could
go out and say that you had managed somehow to
ret in here and that, warned by that officer who
spoke to me a while ago, I knew who you were
and shot you in self-defence. There was a large
reward offered for the capture, dead or alive, of
Tiehl.- I:iii.trEidl .Ja:ck. .nu know ."
Hi- -aw the p-,-itinr in which he stood. Look-
ing into the toady eyes of this young woman, no-
ticing the firm set of her chin, the straight. dominant.
ing nose, almost pure Greek in contour, he realized
that he was face to face with a character not of
the ordinary. He recalled how easily .nd calmly
(Continued on Page 20)





The Theatre Through the generations

0 the north-east of the Victoria
Park of Kingston stands a large
building ornamented, of reinforced
concrete, terra-corta in hue. It
dominates its surroundings and pro-
claims itself to be a theatre to the
most casual regard. It represents
a gift to the municipality of King-
ston, and about it a word or t~;.
will presently be said.
It stands un the site of former
theatres, and that is probably the
same site on which all the Iteatres
tf Kingston have been built, or have
had their being, ever since tber?
was a theatre in the city. The lower
photograph on this page shows a
Kingston Theatre as in existence
in 1831, just a hundred yesis ago.
But we know that it had been in
existence long' before that. for tLe
building depicted was not new IP

PETER Marsden speaks of the
Kingston Theatre in his littlP
book published in 1778. A- that is
one of the earliest allusion t, 1 th-
theatre, it seems likely that there
had been none many years before,
no'structure, that is, definitely de.
voted to theatrical purpose- There
was probably some amateur andw
even professional acting previj\us
ly, but that may have taken place
in any private house wih a hall
large enough to accommodate a
fair number of spectators. Su>:h
attempts however must haL'e I>eiu
few and for bIetween. One 'faules.
that it was about the last quarter
of the eighteenth century, when
Jamaica was at the height .tf its
brief lustrum of prosperity. that
tlie municipality of King~ion pro-
vided itself with a building for the
performance of "the play". And
as a place once erected in this coun-
try was never torn down for de-

cades and generations, it is al-
most certain that the peculiar-looking structure,
mainly of wood, to the north-east of the Parade, or
present Victoria Park, was the theatre of which Peter
Marsden wrote in 1778. It looked very much like
an old Jamaica building adapted to theatrical pur-
poses. It was certainly used occasionally for rather
peculiar objects when not being utilised for theatrical
performances. It disappeared about the middle of
the last century, and an edifice more especially de-
signed for the presentation of the dramatic art was
All these are dry-as-dust details; but wait a
while. Don't be frightened by dates. Remember that
in that old, rusty, dusty building facing the then
sandy stretch of glaring sand some highly interest-
ing events occurred. In May, 1779, for instance, a
dramatic performance was given there, evidently by
an amateur company, and whoever has seen a per-
forman(e by the average amateur dramatic compan.-
must be aware that in some respects the one which
took place in May, 1779, must have been highly di-
verting. The advertisement of it appeared in a
Kingston weekly paper called The Jamaica Mercury,
and was set forth in this wise:-

By Permission of his Excellency the Governor,
This Evening, the 1st of May, will be presented,
Norval (Douglas) By Mr. HALLAM,
Matilda (Lady Randolph I by A LADY,
Being her First Appearance.
After the Play,
That is all we know about The Tragedy of
Douglas and The Comic Dance as presented to our
ancestors; what sort of audience the performers had
an~d how much money they lost we are not told;
with such details the papers of that time did not
Bother. One bopes that the l,)-s was. ot higher than


the expectations. Not four monithli after the Tragedy
of the Douglas, however, the people of Kingston were
given a piece of information far more interesting,
for this time it was about a real tragedy in the
theatre, which was taken in grim earnest by the sole
performer in it.
THE theatrical amateurs had done their bit in
May and had retired, and a body of Maroons
having come into town for some drilling were housed
in the theatre. These Maroon.s ieter- -emimilitar:,
auxiliaries; w\li,it suggests :hat (the theatre building
had formerly been a sort of a barracks I whih b it
looked) or had been icostrructed or adapted wnith a
view to being u-edO as a barra'.k- alad It ain\tjhiiL
else) when occasion -liiiild demand However. nit,,
the :l,-.are. after tihe Comic Danme and thi- Trauiedi
of Douglas, were sent the Maroon:: and in Au-iistt
The Jamaica Mercury announced that -Thur-,.la%
morning, one of the Malrnolns quarterCed at iie theatr.-
shot himself whilst tile others werp on Parade Their
commander Old Grey, on being inter rogated I.- tile
Sur rfuintendeiinteneral about the matter, told him
that the deceased was a worthless scoundrel who, he
supposed, was afraid to do his duty in the service
of his King and country; that he should order his
body to be kicked into some ditch, and would cur
it into pieces for the dogs, had he not left a de-

serving br.ether and uther trusty
St friends."
So it seemed that if a man
committed suicide it must have
been to shirk military duty: so to
speak, he killed himself through
fear of death! That the dead
Maroon may have been insane no
one troubled to think. Very short-
ly after this incident, the Maroon-s
cleared out of the theatre and went
to their own homes.
S. So in the following month The
.Jamaica Mercury could advertise
S' -' that. "We are authorised to inform
Sthe Public, that the theatre, lately
I .. occupied by the MaurooNs, whose re-
S.. sidence damaged it to a very con-
siderable amount, is now fitting up
Sin a genteel style, and will be open-
,"d ,u Iteilatnevly. with the favour-
ite Comic Opera of the School for
Fathers." After real tragedy,
.. rn-dy After Maroons. amateurs.
.L .- What a state must the building
ha'. iave been in while the Maroons
S were quartered in it, those gentry
S being at best but semi savages!!
But its speedy return to dramatic
ti-es sh,,'hs thai Kingstoni had made
up its mind to have and to keep
a theatre, nor must we forget that
iib eight or nine thousand white
inhabitants were well able to sup-
p"Irt the running of a play for a
few nights if they chobe. There
were also tbefj'ee people of colour.
But, some.i'w, one thinks that
there wais no money in these ama-
S teur i i tri.als. And sometimes
the Iofe~Minal companies, when
theyLa.e to Kingston, found them-
selves faced with bankruptcy.

; -THE old theatre and tvn ie
Ssidence of Maroons having dil-
appeared probably by fire., there
1.G., TO THE arose the tlucture in the old col-
. onial style of architecture, of which
Jamaicans over forty years of age
have quite a vivid recollection. For it was not
until the end of the last century, when the City
Council determined to build a theatre that should be
of more imposing appearance and larger dimensions,
that the curious little Theatre Royal was taken
Thlii theatre probably nitne,-ed more perform-
:itces than Siti other in Kingtt.iin before or since
FiiiI a bol t the middle of the la.t century it became
,-ajiei for travelling theatrical companies to visit
Jamaica than before: and the better classes of the
people 'were nimre avid of entertainment than their
firetathers. The latter had been content with heavy
eating and drinking, varied by balls of not always
an Lnqu-estionable character; more temperate habits
had supervened, but relaxation and recreation were
niore in demand in consequence. Therefore the
e.e,:nnd theatre :if Kinpgtun was. well patronised %when-
evei a i nmpany .an to t ile ilai.d ur a band of
amateurs gave a perfornialtie. and gping to the
theatre grew to be quite as important a .iotial func.
tion as attending the races. To the youth of the
ity ani of Lower St. Andrew the stage was a heaven
and tilh actress. angels. To become an actor was
the ambition of many a boy. to be an actress was
the hp uif hundreds of girls. When the curtain rose
on the proscenium, and the lights played upon the
painlted mimes who strutted abo iit and repeated their



lines with a multitude of fine gestures. robed in
garments that looked like the clothing of royalty-
then indeed the joy. of the audience knew no bounds
and nothing was talked of for weeks but the wonder-
ful plays at the Theatre Royal. For about forty
years (from, say, 1860 to the end of the century),
companies coming to1 JTamlai>a found themselves ir
the midst of an admiring. adoring body of people
whose great pride was to entertain the players when
these were not working To take an actress out to
dinner or supper. or for a bucey-ride-what bliss!
what distinctio:.n' And the a( tor- had as good a time.
They were -poken o:f iith t reverence which did
not extend t nmielityv Enerals. They were the heroes
of the (cunit.. Tlie iinamen were household words.

N ATITRALLY. this ,norship of actresses and actors
N anti thi devotionii to the theatre ,ave a n.ri
impetu., t..' eating. Every now and then s nme
loca hbod\ rt iadlu- and gentlemen perfo-rmed sl.iue
piece wihli. I thyi-v i, -i ilered eas:. If they dlidl pa.--
ably %\ell t-y "-ere -puffed and praised in the ine s.
papers, which appare-itly regretted ltha thler,- \ .t'
no new adjectives to be lii.c '.\ile. And even hlien
some conrl I .U l .tni ..l, irrll -il It i'i' the stage. the aril
our of oiit'i 'f .tudlienve- "ai lnot ea-il:,
damped. Thi--t- .-l.imi rPe weie anliiiing anli -.-llie
of them thae not yet beEnl fo:rpiutten.
A nurnm ii- ft anateiu-% were playing blacbeth at
the Theatr- Il,.;il one nighclt. and one of the mes-
sengers, iwh. i, t, lu.h in to Malaberh and exilainl"
"As I ,:iil -tarid my wa tltcli upon thil hill
I look Id B13. rnane. and anon nicthlijght
The At:,-id heganu tol no,\'e."
failed to put ini an appearan-e at alri-st the la.i-
niie enit. St a new fellow t'as hastily pres.-led ilt,
service and -.e at onc to menmi'wie the- few w ridis
lie %uiild ha\e to speak. The-, did not tell him, how-
ever, that the King would raise his hand as if to
strike him, shouting in an .iwfil voice, "Liar and
slave!" So, blithely, at the appointed time, he rush-
ed upon the stage and declared that with his own
eyes he had seen a wood marching upon the castle.
Terrible, as became the savrare Macbeth, the amateur
monarch threw up his clenched fist and thundered,
"Liar and slave!" This so completely terrified
the messenger that he fell upon his knees and
screamed out, "S'elp me God, sah, it's Mr. DaCosta
tell me to say so!"
But the play, transformed suddenly into a com-
edy, proceeded.

0 N another i,.c-.,iin an anim.ail sihv" A'd; Dnetn
given in the theatre That ic. men dr.essed theni-
selves in wild animals' skins and impersonated the
beasts--howl-., ruar.s adl all. The exhibition %'a- itn
teresting. the audience made allowances hen a
tiger rushed from the stage as no tiger ever wotild:
indeed, must of the audience had never seen a tier
and so could not knowm better. There are limits tr,
the credibility of any audience, however, and thi
itage manager realized that tliwi credibility was
sorely tested a hen the lions came on. There were
three of them. In they marched majesticall
growling with human voices hut quite realistically
enough to startle the children in the auditorium.
SBut suideniy the first liion sprang up on its
hind legs and began to shriek. What is more, it
began to speak, and talking lions had never yet been
known. It shouted, "take it off, take it off!" and

..*'. ., ,HlB H

IN 19117. THI'- Bl'II.DINt. .%%A, DF-I..NED AND) BUILT Bi rilE Ml'iNICI' l.I 'V ENt.INEER-.

the lion's forepaws were seen t.o be tearing at the
ini's s.,kin Whereupon the stage nlanager command-
e.-l Iri(glly. GeLt Idown on youur tour fetl and keep
in yor,.r skin! "Keep it on?' cried the lion's agon-
i- ti- v', h "*keep it on.' Y'u comne and put it on,
tlite, and -C'e how you like it!" and in a trite the
skin fell off aind a man in his under-parnieuts stood
exposed to hundreds of laughing eyes. What had
li:ippein-ed wa-, rapidly explained. In that particular
skin, somewhere about the left shoulder, had re-
posed a full-grown scorpion with no evil intentions
in its mind. But upon being disturbed by the jump-
ings of the pseudo-licn though probably not in the
least l\ his groiwl..I the scorpintn had lifted its stine.
and. onr.e. twice, thri c-. had struck poor Mr. Levy
in his arm, with the immediate result that Mr. Levy nie wonderful exhibition. of leaping such as
in.. Itin,- li.-ii could possibly have equalled. He
.\i-n't [i fir any more theatricals that night, and
never afterwards undertook to impersonate an ani-
mal. Indeed, there was a noticeable lack of en-
thusiasm for their parts among the jtiher performers
after that incident. some of them imagining every
ni.jnoenit that they felt a scorpion stealthily search-
ing about for the tenderest portions off their bodies.
OTHER incidents-but the limit~ of .-pace are pro-
hibitive. That old Theatre Royal deserves a
history to itself, for certainly it witnessed more
amusing scenes than any other building in King-
ston. But it also had a rowdy reputation. Young


fellows, just able to scrape together the two shillings
or hltlliii that admitted one to "the gods", would
sit high up near the roof and call out names at the
lI.dile ani gentlemen entering pit and dress circle,
iandt Iirl dluwin upIn their heads peanut shells and
-<.rit, ,of paper, and shut and whistle and make
-heniselve. highly disagreeable. They-many of whom
\ ete ,. be, ojme the leading men Of the city and
-lintry in after 3ears-were veritable nuisances;
-iini amonL the g.ds they forget all that they had
ever known about good breeding. and so many a time
adults hesitated whether they should go to the
theatre and fade the insults they knew would greet
them. All this was stopped after some time, but
only in recent years. The police interfered, and the
rowdy gods became a thing of the past. But for
some fifty years they had it all their own way; the
gods ruled, the pit and the dress circle were power-
less against them.
The theatre erected in 1900 had but a brief exist-
ence. Its architect. was Victor Abrahams, who al-
so superintended it-< building: but few performance
took place within its walls. It was shaken to pieces
by the earthquake of 1907.
And then, being entirely without a theatre. King-
ston realized what it had lost.

OR years an unspeakable dullness settled over the,
city. Operatic and dramatic companies visited
it sometimes, but not often, for these knew that
there was no theatre, and the conveniences offered
by some small concert hall with bad acoustics were
nu.t encouraging. And motor cars had not yet made
their appearance to any extent, and the moving pic-
tures were unknown. There was nothing to do
of rights. The Kingston of the first few years after
thle great earthquake was as dull as the Kingston
of the days when the Maroons lodged in the ancient
theatre. and the people tried aloud for a place of
But the spirit of the authorities had changed. In
f,,rnmer days the municipality had provided a theatre
and called it the Theatre Royal. It seems that money
for the purpose had unce or twice been granted by
the Central Government itself. After the earthquake.
however, the Gv-ernnmeut would not allow the City
Council to reconstruct the ruined theatre, nor was
the Countil eager tr. din -o. It preferred to discuss
the suegettonii. And s.i the discussion went on for
years. and no, one tIlhouht it likely that it would
crme to anything: and then a citizen of Kingston,
who vwaa its Custus, and liho was also a native of
Jamania. autiounced one day that he would give the
money needed to: erect a theatre, and thus the in-
soluble problem was solved.
That citizen was Colonel Charles James Ward,
C.M.G., and had he lived but six months longer
than he did he would have become Sir Charles James
Ward, K.C.M.G. He died without knowing that. It
vwa, iGovernor Sir William Manning who told the
'tory to the Legislative Council.
No matter. Colonel Ward will always be re-
inc-nbered for his munificence to Kingston.
Plans were drawn up by the Henriques Brother.-,
the well-known Jamaica ar-hitects,; they were
accepted; and the Henriques Brothers were commis-
-itned to carry out their plans: -They built on the
old site, and there to-day is to be found the Ward
Theatre of Kingston.





The United Fruit Co. In Jamaica

THE following story has been told before by the
present writer but can well bear repetition;
it has, moreover, the merit Aif being true.
There wa- a man hb. wanted a job and he be-
thought him -'f the United Fruit Company. In that
he was not singular. Daily is .the Jamaica head-
office of the Co:mpany assailed with petitions front
persons out of employment, and also by persons em
played elsewhere, who would like to obtain situa-
tions from the United Fruit Company. These believe
that the remuneration given by the Company 1-
higher than is to be obtained from other employer,.
that the situations are more secure. And this'*
true enough if the employee is a man of energy ant'
ability. On the other hand there is short shrift fci
the worker who is content merely to jog along.
after a short period of trial he is "given his time,"
which, in English, means that he is prompthl dis-
charged. This rule applies to heads of department,
as well as to underlings low down in the salary
scale. For the Company is run on the approved
American system of rigid efficiency; its mott,
might almost be said to be "Get on or get out."
To go back to the story.
There was a man who wanted a job and he
h. thi.uiirt him of the I.nited Fruit Company. He
could read and write, and hejiad heard certain terms
alplir to the Company-which, hb ,ause they werT
to him strange and unusual, he considered must t'j
Ilii ly complimentary. So he sat down with the:r-
terms in mind to write a letter, and with much
thought and great effort he produced the follow-
"Dear Sirs: I hereby apply for a position iu
your Octopus. Its tentacles spread luefi.iall.
over Jamaica. I have worked," etc., etc.
I am afraid this application was not -i,:.e-sis'ul;
the t., tll.ip-S of the Octopus did not .t,,ucb. iene-
fjcially or otherwise, this aspirant; but his use (of
a certain word of designation showed clearly that.
here also, as wherever else great corporations exist,
the tendency is to liken them to the notorious sea
monster which lies watchful and virile in the dark
(li-hli- of the ocean waiting for its unsuspecting
SET the Fruit Company is not referred to as
an octopus in these days to anything like the
extent it was ten years ago, or five, or two. Dur-
ing the last year the word has suddenly fallen into
desuetude. The co-operative movement, conspicuous
in Denmark and extolled elsewhere, began to affect
Jamaica some three years since; speakers, some of
them politicians, preached co-operation in the handl-
ing and selline of pi...IuIe to the Jamaica farmers,
and these lent a willing ear to the new doctrine.
Co-operation was established with Government aid,
a really remarkable union was effected between
large producer and small, and the small men con-
seated willingly that the affairs of their co-operative
society should be directed by the big men for the
most part. Such an exhibii-iin of confidence was
surprising; it revealed a developmer.t of mind and
spirit in Jamaica that had hitherto not been sus-
pe ted. But during the campaign for co-operation
the small farmers were told that it'was they who
should enjoy most of the great profits which the
United and Atlantic Fruit Companies were making,
and that if they got the deal which was their due
they might receive as much as six shilliung on:'
"count bunch" for their i.ani:n- 11. and hlr uld alw :i
be paid certainly not les- Ithaiin rIur. The really in-
telligent and re-spn.nsibl- leaders of the o.rpcrative
movement, of course, did not say thi- the\ did,
not paint a flaming vision of extravagant prices;
but it is indisputable that the prospect of such prices
had an enormous effect upon the imagination and
action of the cultivators, large and small. But after
the co-operative society had been t'lin.:t nilg for
one year-for eighteen months now-and the price
received by the farmers was seen to be far, far in-
deed from six shillings per bunch, and was not even
four shillings, there was a damlnpitn down of ex-
clamatory tendencies, a revision of v-iahbutlary: from
the lexicon of the planter and other- was eliminated
the word octopus, and the complementary term, ten-
tacles, was silently voted redundant. we
have all heard much about the useful part which
the United Fruit Company plays in the island's
economic -.stenm. Thus the co-operative movement,
amongst its other results, has succeeded in causing
the United Fruit Company to be more kindly thought
of than it used to be. This is one of its unexpected
HERE were those who perceived that there i-rA
not the slightest lposibility of the Ci.niplan'y bhie
Ing driven from the local field even when co-operation
was being reachedd most enthusiastically. One could
name some of the chiefs of the co-operative campaign
who realized that it would be a disaster if such



a thing occurred. For no co-operative society
could take the place of. a :reait .r-lg.niiatilrin whose
foundations had been so skilfully alrt c ruefullyy
laid, whose d.-vi-i.pnient hadi bheiu so steady and
rapid, whose ramifications extended all over the
neighbouring-tr.l,'ii' and into Elnzljid. Canada and
the United States. The Company represents the
organised survival of eight companies, seven of which
were subsidiary to it when tliev all were amalgamat-
ed in 1899. At that time the investments of the
new organisation were vaiuild [:t about three mil-
lion four hundred thousand pounds; to-day they are
named as worth forty-five million sterling. One learns
from the statistics available that the average price
paid by this Company for bananas .purchased in the
open market here during the decade ending Decem-
ber, 1929, was 3/2 per count bunch, the highest price
in any year being 4/3 and the lowest 2/5. Fluc-tua-
tions have been inevitable; a -revat production 6f"
fruit in Central and South Am-ii.i. .itli 11 .r--..
pensating hurricane, sends down pr'i,:e; IIa bui'rican.",
floods, grave labour troubles or a -iarp .cceeliattinu
of demand in the purchasing nmi'rkEt w-ill :31an-
prices to soar. The average, as w'- E.e. 1'a:- leen a
little over three shillings. And, itj the ren-year pe-riod
mentioned, the Cu'mpaniy shipped t'lr.m Jamail:a -:nme
seventy-five million five hundred 'li.u-.aud stenim of
bananas. Surely a splendid record.
How was this fruit obtained? What percentage
did the Company take from indpenptdEut producers?
The shipments just mentioned amounted to fifty-
two per cent of the island's total production in the
decade, or a little more than a half. The contribu-
tion to this total which came from the United FrrII!u
C,:,nlp.aiis own farms was eighteen per cent. Tbhus
the contractor and the man who preferred to sell in
im,- :upi-l market contributed more than three-tenths
,.,f the fruit shipped by the Company to n:mrkets
abhr...i d
W H.A about the future?
;X'hei the co-operative movem,-nr h,-i-.amue a .er-
tainty there were some who said that it would gr',w
t' l11,:h prorpnrtions that most of the people tfrou
-whom the Uniited Fruit Company had hitherto ,jh-
tained inrut w-iuld be lo t to it" but thi.u, .if ,r',,r
wa, ahsuilt Tihe (Compaiiy it-elt. ll.,never, pr.ti.e-l-
ed t purh.lasi at a high price iie\ extent-ive tracrks
of arable land. and it- holdint-i nwie in' rea~--i. ,o
lui kly within a fetw iu:rn thl I llat it itr-to hli=ev\-,, in a -h.lrt rime it would I-t talkiitg hut a -'nl1l
quantity of bananas from the li-cl Ctir-
tain facts, however, iha, been a!pprt ientiy I,-tr siuir
In the first place, while it i perfectly trit..- ltha
ne.irly Mall \'ere ha. now beer ai-,_uired :by tiie UL it-li
Frilir C..-lpany. It -bouhli n,.t be ft'rgo:tteli that han.
ana.- ni-ri- bi-inlg iulti\ ateil ill Vi\'er I by thy: Lincr.
Br-.their and -jtllerl. uiid that thle.e would certain-
1, have i-xtenil-ji ihteir i ltivarini- i i tl-hi fruit had

"-h l, t -.,hi .nii t, to le i ; i F int Ci't pj i Con-
- ,,leiPntl ll, 1'i1 ,upp '. I I, :I ;ina- V,,iuh11 hait e been
--n the uuarket in adi n-a-t- Next. ,very fact shows
that the demand for bananas increases steadily
abroad, and Jamaica is a good and reliable source
of -upply.. Therefore there must have been, in any
circumstances, an increase of production here.
Again, not all the land bought by the United Fruit
Company is best suited for banana cultivation, and
it is -ipnifi cant that, in -pite of the existing low
prices for sugar, the Company is still operating the
sugar works it took over with the Vere properties.
It is safe to assume that just as it has gone in
for coconut and grapefruit cultivation, so will it con-
tinue in sugar in Jamaica as long as there is
any prospect, for sugar and banana prices do not
juiml[) -... high a, to render tile letitilun ol all avail-
ahlir lkind r in unaian rCulltivatiiili 11n attrai lionl too
ppouerful itn be resisted. The United Fruit Company
ti tlay thie largest single sugar producer in Ja-
nmaica: the charges are that it will remain a~, And
while wve dwell upon its laree acqujisitii.;is o[ land
recently. it should niot be iggnored tlhat n.,t luon ago
it leased the great property of i:iCidt-u Gril'-,e .o the
Jamaica Estate-. Limited. for -suar piiipose- The
-xa- t i, li .e ,.f that transft,-r a\d nIIn stated; it
wa-% -inld that Panama Disease anllliii the hananas
ma- tile imp-lling reason Apaint the Panama
Dikea-e the Clmpainiy has t, take precaution.-, in this
-,~" iyit muHt Ilave new land to put into cultiva-
inll when so)iue ift it pr'-eiit b.Inana land has to
li.- -itven :'v-r to tile p:.rrliiitioni t -I,-nmethiih else.
Thiit parti- a-i ouunt [fir it; i-ecenit pur ila-es of
]lr ,pert y.
But undoubtedly the :1ii i-perairive ilrinlieient did
naiae i definite Fffeet in hiarteniiiai the pir-llase of
iand iu the Cminrpanv's part It e-perditeid rhat policy.
Pijt the smire thing .,uiild l .1 hiippllned.l even if
iii a .lower fashiin.l And airn- .i \ear ir two it
vill pro.bahly be ftiind that the C. nipan.'- own fruit
frlie' lint amount to v"ei., niu ii niore iof the total
;-t it. expr.,rtq of bandlaina fritin Jamalnica than it has
done in the past.
A N .iorgaiia.tin of hii.- kiln i.. a considerable
di-', t i-niplo.'ye.i >t lahliur in .Iamni.iia Frin
-ta ititi,- iajilalble one leirn-, that it empliy,
fuliy tl.!it e rihnu-,ani. eight hi dh red ni,-n and
v..Ir.letii. .iln hi lip at. it t xpenil-. iln alarie,
:.ilsl \\~_~;i i- D\V l -ix It nl .iiled thf.ur-andiI pl ji1ind-
.,tr .iinuni I('t ti ti u l er if -t inpi l i\ye-s. tho.b e I rank-
i!it a- "**min r cl' En iplp ee-, ni-i-bl nii, lalbourers" su I
tlie like anlrinunt tO M ver teWelT tltis.and three unii-
dririi. tliler.-itre less than five hundred fill the bio.
s--r pr.sitirns. Anmoingt thl-se are included tlhe mert-
L i- i tif ile teleplho, ne staff, the ca,-b tiers the Ioi.-I
:s:tff. a, well as the Divi.iun Mainager -and lhis t'.wo
.\'si-rants and Ae.:uiittaut. The-re arle ine hiindi-.:
a:il -ix i1 ov rspi I-I time kefper.l s iultl -rther per, .ii,
atta< hedl tu the airi,:ultural -r iff: their 1're" ninIL




FARM LABOURERS' (&tL .1EI -ilH1 PARK FyurI--J' IltA1





pilots, there are seventeen district engineers. And
so on. The organisation seems to be complete. and
yet the number of superior assistants decidedly does
not seem excessive. It would not be excessive; the
ideal of the Company being efficiency, a man em-
pl,.ed by it must not only be capable of doing his
work but must give a full day's work for a day's
pay, and may be called upon to put iii some extra
labour also. It has been said that employeee' t tlhe
United Fruit Company have a certain s'amp. a cer.
tain air; that you can tell them an.iwnere. Tlis-,
of course, is an exaggeration. But it is iudii',utable
that just as the different professions leav%- :ventual-
ly a mark on thiie who practice them: just as ido-,
tors, parsons, lawyers, journalists develop what mav
be called a professional personality, so does identi-
fication with a highly organised business institution
tend to create a corporate mentality and appearance
among those identified with it:
the process :of regimentation, con-
scious and unconscious. leaves its
stigmata at last. Carried too far,
this process is harmful to in-
dividuality; not carried too far, it
is useful in that it disciplines th:
individual without destroying his
initiative and lowering his self-
respect. In Jamai-a the United
Fruit Company deals with human
material not easily tractable ;to
discipline; 'yet its superior staff, a
very great proportion of which is
native, seems to respond well to
the disciplinary method., inevitable
in all large organisation,- with e-.
ficiency as their pulhly.v and one
has not observedd any tendency on
their part to become mere ma-
A S for the bulk of the Com-
pany's emipl.oyezs. they re-
main what they have become under
decent management aind fair ti.ter.
meit: good workers, hard w.t ker-.
but as laughter-lonviite and as tree
in spirit as they please. The Uliitel
Fruit Company has no dith.ultv
in getting laboul and very little
trouble in handling it There have-
been strikes in it- Kingston
wharves. But these have been
strikes alfet ing every other wharf.

There have been short stoppages of work elsewhere.
But these again have been but a pirt of an outside
movement. Its labourers ihown no disposition to leave
it, the reason is that it set up a higher standard .t
wages, bhiuiinp and treatment for labcure-l than rv'as
rrevi'.usly known in Jamaica, and has maintained ani.
improved that standard Its barracks and houses for
the workers are respe- table Its living acco:mmindation
for over-eer- and tiiniekeeper- i1; 4 .jod. NMut(h de
pendli in this respect ur'...n what the Boston Head
iquarters decide. libt lmuch also depend, on the man
wvhu i1 the Di'visiiin lataLer Il, Boas13 del TJri,,
twenrty .\ears ago. thie htli'i-- prI.vided for their
laoutlrertrs were serviceable bult unne(tesar ily rougili
andil irinuished. as this writer pointed out in a r(-,
p-rl on the -ituati,-n in that division There %as
n- reason vwh the-s should have been left like that.
thle c.~st if inm iniemnent would have heen but a

trifle uI Jamaica neatness in appearance as well
as serviceableness is aimed at and achieved, and
the psychological and political effect is striking. No
one in this colony speaks harshly of the United
Fruit Company as an employer. Its critics, even
its enemies, concede that in this regard it deserves
appretiatiun. It has not had in Jamaica to provide
thle extensive med(ini f serlviie ,1- its employees ltat
it has had to establish tnil mantaliu in South and
(Central America. Jamaica has a hospital and med-
i al -'ervice ,of it- oAr.n %hich is constantly being
improved. A private company or individual em- is not calleil upon tn give employees here
medicines or a doctor: yet the United Fruit Cum-
pany. in acciurdanice with its p..licy,. has a Medical
Department in Jamailn. small, but well-equipped and
et-f'lient. and. iinque-tiiunalhly. ,ourteou and obliging
(Continued on Page 2})





Jamaica's Houses of Parliament

WHAT is known as "the finest old house in King-
ston", and perhaps in Jamaica, must now be
nearly two hundred years old and stands much as it
did when first completed. For in externals at least
it has not changed. The gabled roof, the high walls
with iron toppings, the latticed windows and ver-
andahs, the paved yard, with two small fountains in
front, are .rill as they were when Thomas Hibbert
gazed upon his city residence with pride and felt
that it was worthy of a man of his wealth and
When was it built' There may be some record
of the date but it is mentioned in no document easily
available Yet we kni-, that the plaie w;as finished
and habitable in 17F55. for it ias in the November of
that year that thie H-use tof Assembly sat there for a
few days. and thereby hangs a tale
After lihe destruction of Port Royal. St. Jago de
la Vega tor Spanish Town) became the island's
capital. There stood the Parliament House of the
colony. there lived the Governor, and the prin-
cipal courts of the island met there. But Kingston
had been steadily growing in wealth and importance
and was altogether more conteenintly .situated for
the transaction orf public affairs. Thi-s was so obvious
that. nhen a sensible Governor proposed that King-
ston should be made the colony's capital. he was
violently opposed. A rational proposition like this,
coming r"lm the Exei uivei'., head. could not possibly
be entertained; change, e-peially intelligent change,
was abhorrent to our forefathers. Should not the
-thing that had been continue to be? Were we to be-
come innovators and radicals? Was not this sug-
gestion but another attempted encroachment on our
rights as free citizens of a British country? The in-
dignation of the classes who counted was extreme;
they could not understand the Governor. But he,
doubtless, understood them very well.
IT was no love for historic associations that im-
pelled the planters of old days, the dominant ele-
ment of the country, to withstand the proposal to
make Kinp.-t...n the capital; the real reason of their
opposition was two-fold. In the first place Kingston
was mainly the home of merchants, and for the most
part the merchants were distinct from the planters,
and between the two no love was lost. The planter
regarded the merchant as his natural enemy, as the
man who made money out of him, as t-he man who.
at most, was but a necessary evil. and more evil
than necessary. The merchant took a commission
for handling sugar and rum, and made even more
when he bought such produce outright or advanced
money against it. The merchant sold goods at
what the planter considered to be an exorbitant price
and sometimes held a mortgage on the estate. The
merchant was a sort of financial overlord: he was
considered to be inferior to and yet was often in a
better position than the planter, and Kingston was
his stronghoall. Tn create Kinpgton the capital of
the island, then, might be to strengthen and increase
the power of the merchant; at the least it would
add some prestige to him. And it was very neces-
sary that he should be kept in his place. If one
could not touch him financially, one might at least
hurt his feelings in sundry subtle ways. One way
was to insist that Kingston was not fit to become
the capital of Jamaica. That would suggest the in-
feriority of its inhabitants.
But there was another reason, and it had a prac-
tical basis. Many of the members of the House of
Assembly had houses in Spanish Town which they
inhabited when Parliament sitting And some
had a friendly interest in the places in which they
stopped during that time, even if those places were
not their own property. What was to become of
such buildings if Spanish Town ceased to be Ja-
maica's capital? Even more important. where were
legislators from the country tr, live if they were
compelled to reside in Kingston for two or three
months of the year. They would have to construct
or to rent residence-., tilhe would al-o have to. pro-
vide a new home for the Governor, and all this
would mean heavy and unnecessary expense It was
not to be thought jIf'
T is true that when Governor Knowles was urg-
ing the superior claims of Kingston there was no
proper building yet provided for the meetings of the
House of Assembly and the Legislative Council-
the Jamaica House of Commons and House of Lords.
These bodies used to sit in the old Court House, and
when the Grand Cour met they mn.ved over to the
church, or, apparently to any place that was con-
venient. Thus they seemed to have been in c-instant
motion. But when it dawned upon them that
'Kingston really threatened to hCr.nirm a rival to
.Spanish Town for political and social position, they
decided to endow the latter with an edifice which
should suitably accommodate Parliament and Grand
.Court alike, and should also contain some important
offices of state, and thus put an end once and for all

to the pretensions of a merely mercantile town. But
they did not begin to build this structure until, for
a very brief period, Kingston, had actually become
rihe land's seat of government.
Twi,:e had Governor Knowles proposed this
change, and twice had the House of Assembly re-
jected his bill. Then the House yielded: it must
have perceived that the Governor was a stubborn
man and must have been in that mood when one
surrenders everything for a peaceful life--and does
not get it. So in 1754 the House of Assembly met in
Kingston instead of in Spanish Town, but the ques-
tion had been, where to meet? There was, of course,
always the Parish Church. That could be used for
political purposes all the more easily for the very
good reason that it was so rarely used for any other.
It was the only religious edifice in Kingston at the
time, but not many persons ever went there. If it
were closed for a few Sundays at a stretch no one
would be inconvenienced, and the rector would doubt-
less rej.,ice that he had not to give to himself some
specious excuse for being absent from the pulpit.
The P.irili Church, however, was not utilised
for rte first .sessions in Kingston of the House of
Assembly, of which there were four in all from 1754
to 1755.
HIBBERT'S House was finished, perhaps but lately
finished. Hibbert was a planter as well as a mer-
chant, and a member of the House of Assembly.
With Hibbert just then was staying a certain
Colonel Lawrence, also a member of the House of
Assembly, and both were "indi-pr'sed They seem
to have suggested that it would not suit their con-
venience to leave their place of residence; the Moun-
tain would not go to Mahomet. The alternative
was easy; Mahomet would go to the Mountain.
The House had actually been meeting somewhere else.
but on November 12th. 1755, it adjourned "to the
dwelling house of Thomas Hibbei t, Esq. There to
-proceed to business"; and there it proceeded to )bui-
ness, with Mlr. Hibbert and Colonel Lawrence doubt-
less in attendance. notwithstanding their indisposi-
tion. That indi position must have been caused by
drink. a source of illness ith which the other nii-m
h-r- -..r the Assembly i.ould heartily s mpniathise.
Hiblbet House contained for a few days the
.august As-embly of the country, but it is to be
,j,,ubted if anyone thought anything of that. Hib-
bert was probably not in the least puffed up by it; it
mu-t have appeared to him to be nothing to write
huime ab',ut. And less than three years after, Gov-
er:nor IKnowles having retired from the Jamaica
';..vernirship. Spanish Town again became the
island' -seat of guvernment:- back t, that quiet town
,,f hot sunshine and sandy plaza went the records;
ij, k he members of Assembly and Council, back
the NMaie and all tlie paraphernalia of parliamentary
1liunity and pomp. Kingston would now wait for
over a hundred years before it finally became cap-
ital; the planters had triumphed; Hibbert House
must wait for another century and more ere within
its walls would be raised again the voice of debate.
Iut the coming event had cast its shadow before.
F..r Hibbert House was to become Jamaica's Parlia-
ment Building at long last, as it is even to this
WE now turn back to its origin. The story goes
that four opulent Jamaica merchants made a
wager as to which of them should build the finest
residence in Kingston. The island was prosperous,
the upper classes were everywhere erecting a new
kind of home, houses that should combine comfort and
architectural appearance with strength: even if
their plan was to leave the country later on and
settle in England. there to live like princes and to
create a legend about the fabulous wealth of the
West Indies. the) would also enibelli-h the country
of their good fortune with some fine edifices. These
four mer hants. then, with or without the fabled
heavy bet, set about to put up four large residences
within the boundarie.- of King-tln. At that time
the city did extend farther northward than North
Street, and it was in that street that rose Bull House,
the property of Mr. Bull, merchant and planter.
which was destroyed by fire only a few years ago-
an incendiary's work. Another of the four houses
was built in High Holborn Street, and that thorough-
fare was very close to the eastern limit of the city.
In Hanover Street abutting Beeston Street. the
third mansion was situated, and in Duke Street
Thomas Hibbert reared the dwelling place in which
he could at times be indisposed in comfort.
All these buildings had fairly large areas of
land attached to them, in which grew fruit trees and
in which were flower gardens, for in the middle of
the eighteenth century there was no such crowding
in Kingston as we knpw to-day. Every house stood
apart from the others, in its own yard. and in every
yard grew fruit-bearing trees, and in the premises
of all the more important residences was sunk a

well for the obtaining of water from the under-
ground streams of Kingston. Buildings like Hibbert
House and Jasper Hall stood out like palaces amidst
the humbler structures about them; the streets in
front of them were riddled with holes and thick
with dust, but within the gates were verdure and
shade, and the green lattices shut out the sharp sun-
rays. and the thick walls deadened the noise that
might arise beyond them. Other big houses were
to be biilt in Kingston, most of which have dis-
appeared or are disappearing now. But the four
houses of the wager were and remained the finest,
and of these only Hibbert House exists to-day, a
rtlic of the middle of the eighteenth century, a her-
it.iae from the days of the great sugar prosperity.

HIBBERT died and was buried at Agualta Vale
in the parish of St. Mlar.. arid there his tomb
may be seen by the curious. The House passed out
of the hands of his family; in 1814 it was the'prop-
erty of Mrs. Solomon Deleon, who was the widow
ii a Dr. S.llnmon Deleon, who may or may never
have lived in it. It was then purchased by the Brit-
ish War Office as a town residence for the Generals
commanding the Local Forces. Previous tr this
purchase it had been rented for the headquarters of
the Generals for some thirty .years; now it became
tniilitary property and was known as Headquarters It must have acquired that name before it
was bought outright. It was also called General's
House. One fancies that this nomenclature was
originally purely popular; it came from the people
and then was adopted officially. It is certain that
no tablet with a name is to be found at any entrance
of the building in which the Jamaica Legislative
('Cutncil niow meets.
From about 1776 to about 1872, or nearly a
hundred years, the Army ruffled it in Headquarters
House Over in Spanish Town lived the Governor,
bur iln Kiungston thie General wa- high lord, and Head-
quarters House .was often a scene of revelry by
night and of repentance on the following morning,
Or perhaps nut repentance, but only regrets, and
faint reslutio-ns to he more tc-nmpirate on a future
occasion, resolutions forgotten'as soon as headaches
and a general malaise had disappeared.
Scarlet-coated gentlemen entertained in the long
hall in which, after many years, the hliult of the
legislator was to be heard.
They say the lion and the lizard keep
The courts where Jamshyd gloried and drank
And Barham-that great hunter-the wild ass
Stamps o'er his head, and he lies fast asleep.
The lizard is even now to be seen occasionally in the
courtyard of Hibbert or Headquarters House, but
there is no lion there. And far be it from even the
most irreverent to compare any modern legislator to
a wild ass. Yet one may wonder what those old
military gentlemen would say if their ghosts could re-
turn to Headquarters House to-day in the midst of
a great debate.
They would look about them with surprise.
They would know the building: only its purposes
have changed. They would recognise the long cham-
ber. But the men assembled there-anything more
different from the men to whom the warriors were
a-' .utirnited i- not to be found. Headquarters House
dominated Kingston in the time of the Generals,
and Kingston still. But how differently!
Never the clatter and jingle of. a sword are heard
in its precincts now save at the formal opening of the
Legislative Council. when Governor and Heads of
Departments and officers -Lof the Navy and Army file
inrt, the Council chamber in full panoply (mainly
ornamentrtl and the band discourses in the street
..utsiide. There nimst have been a time when the
band played often within the premises of the Gen-
eral s home, but one does not hear it there now.
Rhetoric has been substituted for it.

THE Jamaica Government purchased Headquar-
ters House from the War Office in 1872. King-
ston had at last become the island's capital, the in-
evitable ihad happened There was no longer any
House of Assembly to oppose the change; in 1865 a
bloody upri-ing in the parish of St. Thomas (partly
the result of oppression by the planter caste and
of injustice in the petty courts presided over by
members -if that caste, partly the consequence of in-
flammatory speeches and agitation by a member of
the House of Assembly) had led to a bloody repres-
sion. Fear swept like an epidemic over the coun-
try, the House of Assembly voted its own extinction,
and Government of the people by the Crown was
substituted fur representative institutions. The
Governor was supreme He decreed that the seat
of Government should be Kingston. and there was
no one to gainsay him. But before this, in 1865, in
the year of the rebellion and as a result of that re-


billion, had occurred a
mneniorable scene at
Headquarters House.
It had been decid-
ed that the Hon. George
William (;-,i don. mem-
ber of the House of
A.s -emlIy, should be ar-
rested as the chief in-
stigator of the outbreak.
But where was he?
His home had been
searched and he was '
not there; various
haunts of his had been
enquired at and he was
nowhere to be found.
Where was he'.'
It w.I tie forenoon
of an October day. On
the wide verandah of
Headilli:i'trrs House
were assembled a num- ...
her of leading Colonials
and Officials, walitinr *
for the Governor's ap-
pearance. Up to the
steps of the building
drove a carriage, and
from i t descend- -l '...-
George Willian Gordotli
and his friend, Dr.
Fides. They walked
slowly up thn L tep,.
passed the sentries, wlh. 'IHE IINE.-T OLD HOUtE
may have known G3r- I'1I111AI. HEII)EENCE.
don by -ight, and an- (.ENEn..L COMMAN
peared upon the ver-
andah. Gordon, tall, gaunt, perhaps expecting the
worst-he had made so many enemies-looked about
him; he saw not a friendly face. The Custos of the
parish of Kingston was there, the Gelieral was there,
,and there were others whom he knew. None spoke
to him, and in that silence he may have read his
The Governor was somewhere inside; he was
informed of Gordon's presence. And then he did a
wrong thing. No one had criticised him so unmer-
Si ull as Gordon had done, and he hated Gordon.
There was bad blood between the two. Was he
obeying some impulse of personal levenge when, as
he stepped upon the verandah and saw Gordon
standing there, he marched swiftly towards him,
saying, "I arrest you in the name of the King"? It
may have been so; of a surety this was the first
time that a Governor of Jamaica had ever himself
arrested a man in Jamaica. It was a tense and
dramatic moment.
Gordon bowed slightly. He had already stated
to some one that he had heard there was a warrant
out for him, and that, being conscious of no guilt,
he had come to surrender himself to the authorities.
There was no martial law in Kingston. Governor
Eyre briefly gave his orders: Gordon was to be
taken by warship to St. Thomas, then under martial
law, and was there to bI. tried The Ciuto- and
some other person thien toltk i:har.e If the pri-onltr;
very shortly afterward-. lie wn-a tried by COi urtl Mar
tial, condemned, and hanged at Morant Bay.
And after that the
Governor was recalled
and had to stand his I
trial for what bad lhap
opened during the aft'te-
math of the Jnamia:;
rebellion; and though i
he was eventually ac-
quitted he was a broken
man. One thinks tilh.;
.had. he restrained his
personal feeling and
paid more attention to
the forms of law it had
been much better with
him. Hate is a bad
counseller. And in any
event Gordon would
not have escaped with
his life.

SHE roam in which
the Council now
meets-was it the din-
ing room or the draw-
ing of the old H.:at.
quarters House?
It may have been "
'the drawing or recep- -.
tion or, m: it is lossi-
ble that the feastings .'.
took place upst:llrs. i
where iL would be B t : ''
But against this
suggestion may be put
the fact that dining THE BIII.DING ERE(TEI]
rooms in Jamaica are LEGISLATIVE (

.tEi l.t\.\RINP- I RCHi H- E Ill' THE \.%HR OFI'I(E ..%4

anlmust invariably on the lower fl-...r. and here coulil
always have been some difficulty a,,iit iinvepyvin- the
viands, from the kit':hen or cook-house outside up the
stairs and into an upper dinilln to,:m in thi tinme of
the military occupation of Headquarte:':- House. too,
there would have been far nimre u-e t'ound f.,r a
room for eating than for a pIr:ce devoted to con-
versation and music; the c.i-imptiniioii f fojd and
drink in plodiL'iou qiuaittiit ;ie' wa. a very serious
matter, and taken seriously. in thie Jamaia ,f ithe
eighteenth and of the first part -f the nineteenth
centuries, while hardly any.ner ii-lied to pass many
evenings in ordinary pleasant sitial intercourse.
It is therefore safte t-. a-Isume that wliere the
Legislative Council n.w IneetE to dEliate is where
smoking joints were t.-rvedl in days gone ,)y. and the
madeira and port flowed, and men laid theinl down to
sleep under a table. finding the flonr cuite eimfortable
in the existing circumstances. Iin ithe-- mnc- r. sober
times all that member.-o of tihe Counlcl are provided
with in that self-t'ane rooming i- cle warir. and there
was once some ci:mplaint about the inadequacy of
There is also tea at about four ', i.lot k in the
afternoon. But that is not obtained a. the public's
expense; it is the result of a great c.-olperative
movement anmongei the members tlh-m-el-e's. A
(ciiple of ears agoi -onleteiie -siigge-.tef that .i eIs-
tauran.rt -iuld_,in i he- aiipr,' hedel, or a private per-on
.'iil idie-ed. tr fiirNilish afi. ti in.c i tea tou -!i h i f ithe ,-. ils desired ii. tea 'itli toast and cake-,


the charge, per person
I.- be e-l -hiteen pence.
Thlee .i an. IIucII Ion-
sideratii.ui f the idea:
,nmne politivianc. wil-
li.n enough tio .ptak in
e lins -tf ten thousands
,i poli'ii- i ta':payera'
il, ne I th.-uliht noj
,Jl.luht rth: :ii.- profit ,n
ja t:p ,of tea at that
price wo'ld be an cinor-
Si:ous or for tile pur-
rc-yor The discussion
S. a- r.-ll-lr' y anid long,.
Sbut in thi end tlie more
v'eie(,ou, i 0untSel? i pl'e-
A.iled. It was decided
that theioe .-h-uld 1be
lea. andi nous tea-drink-
lii t tur 'ards. ch- I lose
1n the dlay .- itinig hasi

Luit the i..iHee is .:,nly
tne shillinr pe.r ptrsin.
"+ .." in a little room, pr'.h.
a. bly used a hundred
--. ar, ag-) as a hedroumn
.whren the Gncials were
aandter-e of Htndquar-
l,-r' House. then suse-
.. ttluenrly transfaor enid in-
to the (;overlllr', office
tand the rtfficial nmer-ing
IGHIEENIH ENTUIHY .A ,'oomn of tIh- Plivy
IIEADN i.HIER, or THE Coaucil, ais tu day a
LRIAMENT HOUSE niaid who inmpartially
serves the steaming
liquid to nominated, ele:t.ed and official members
alike, and here of an afternoon may be found four
ori file- of" them at a time drinking tea ind never
glt\ini a thought to the days whe I t,. drink tea
within Illiich precincts would have been ljoeked union
as the last sigl of degeneration. S, ihaie manners
changed. and habits.

EVERYTHING passes. It has bheri -iild ab.jve
that when the Legislative Culncii l .pets in
tlle-e days there is some ceremony. tbu It i. very
simple. A guard of honour is drawn Iup in front of
Ufadqluater-s Houe; the Governoi, atteJid-l by his
n ife and perhaps two other person.ii, danl preceded
I.) aii.tlih r atar n ith Lbis nffi ial aide--, drive s down
to the Council; the Guard of Honour presents arms;
the band plays the National Anthem. Then the
Governor, with officers of the military attending,
inspects the Guard, to the tune of a mar.ih In a
minute or two he has fini-ked this task, he enters
the building. officers clattering a' bii heels, the
waiting members and spectators crowding after him.
The Hall it-elf is filled to capacity with ladies and
strulaeel- The Government officers have donned the
regulation white uniform, with touches of gold
lbraid and -.h- rrt s urd. ilie Gor erilir Iih -elt is in
full Wind- nr Uniform and wears eveiy rhbibou and
midal nuili buhi h lie ha- heben adirnei.i hy his Sov-
ereripi He mounts the dais, the rest ut the rowd
take w-hat rila:pes thev can tiud. Thu r'iief Jiu tiic
:ndl tile Bi-l-hp are present. The rube-. 11 the Chief
Jui ..i i ni'v! Bibo'ur, are
in sa arlet contrast to
the mnire i.,lllbre lues
of the civilians around.
The Bish.p',s voieui iS
now heard, he is repeat-
ing the prayer with
which the r'l.uncil opens
in these days.

in lOI- O iBiio an
HThe p is .V-Ir.

Iliae Le t-.!,"i ive C,-i it.
,. -l"-- .,, ern r-" la,
,epuIn t, !r e 1 hir

I I le es than ,.1n
N hour the assembled

.. troop -I11. to hane

'..rI the ...cler stiffs
-c-.lwlich -we wear as a
r-ile ddilltlg the u inny
'hil, of tIhe day. 'there
has been a touch of
pageantry in the city's
drab life. and now t'ck
we g'o to Bfu.stian and'
-. .business. But think pa-
geantry is nothing com-
pared with the cere-
mony which took place
when Spanish Ti wn
was the capital :and
there was in the colron
both a Holime of Colm-
HOt"E): OF .A-SEMBLV, Tltens and a Huule of

1 :i.i-:3i


Lih tenin2

"T HE city of Havana, in Cuba, is lighted at night
1 by oil lamps. The little town of Cienfugos,
in the same island, is lighted by gas. But Kingston
is not lighted at all."
Such were the >..nmmints made by Anthony Trol-
lope on the appearance presented by three West
Indian cities some ninety years ago. When the
sun went down on the Liguanea Plains the streets of
Kingston became tunnels of gloom unrelieved save
by the faint flicker of the oil lamps from the
.houses on either hand. Darkness prevailed over the.
urban scene, and the few pedestrians who dared to
wander about at night time ran the risk of tripping
over the malodorous bodies of cats and dogs for some


of Our

governing authorities. But comparatively few hous-
es decided to take in gas as an illuminant. Candles
and kerosene oil still continued to hold their own
at night.
A lhanive w"as inaugurated when the late Mr.
L. Fu..ter Davis returned to Jamaica from Colon
in 1889. Mr. Davis had been employed by the French
Canal Company, which had utilised electricity freely
in the lighting of its offices and in s,.'ne of its con-
structional work. It occurred to Mr. Foster Davis
that Kingston might well be lilrted by ele-:trii n.v;
he foresaw that in time this form of illumination
would inevitably supersede that in popular use; so
he set to work successfully to induce a number of


put in charge of the Jamaica electric lighting plant
a young English engineer; he was to manage the
local company and to look after the Thomas Houston
interests until the outstanding debt was liquidated.
He was a young man of real ability; he carried on
successfully for about a year; but the directors of
the local company had in the meantime rallied fin-
ancially, so to speak, and enough money was put in
to pay off the American debt. Henceforward they
were to maintain a struggle with many adverse cir-
cumstances: the rates they were obliged to charge
were high, and therefore electric lighting remained
a luxury; the ordinary householder rested content
with his large hanging or centre kerosene lamp and


time dead, or of spraining their ankles in the num-
erous holes which pitted the unpaved streets.
For the illumination of Kingston residences
there was kerosene oil in thli:se days, and tler.e
were also candles. In some other countries gas was
employed, but it was yet to make its .ippearuice in
Jamaica. Gas lighting was to be a municipal enter-
prise, but it was long before the le-.ilirs of public '
opinion in Kingston and St. Andrew could be in-
duced to consent to its installation. While .one
party argued that the streets should be lighted at
night with gas, another contended that to light the
" streets would be to aid th. in their work.
Their point was that a burglar needed light in order
to burgle, and that to provide him with means to
see his way about the thoroughfares was really a
direct incentive to the more vigorous prosecution of
burglary. That a burglar miIht wivh to be en-
shrouded in darkness, and that a well lighted house
or street would enable the p:oli.neman the more eas-
ily to detect the presence of housebreaker or foot-
pad, did not occur to those who feared dire conse-
quences would ensue from the better lighting of King-
ston. It was eventually determined, however, that
the risk of increased robbery should be taken, and
so gas for and street lighting was insti-
tuted as an enterprise controlled by the Kingston

well-known local men to establish an electIic light.
ing company. All those men, save one, have been
for some time dead; the exception is Mr. Thomas
N. Aguilar, who is still an active director of many
local inu tithjri',ni-
The offices and works of this little electric
lighting cni-pan. vre i.-tahblilhEd 6n the city's sea-
front at Gold and Harbour Streets. The electric
power was to be derived fri.:nm -t.-an. the ceile-a.litg
machinery having been imnpi-rted ft'iin New York.
But the electric iimjrhins i:f those days were very
different indeed from the ma.:hinery and apparatus of
the present time. Tidav th(y would be considered
ride. unsatisfactory, unrelijbic In November,
1l'I. however, when a public supply of el-,rril ity
was first delivered to the comparatively few build
ings that had agreed to employ his t'furm of power,
it was considered that a wonderful rLv\lInti-In was
about to take place in Kingston's domestic li,-htinm:
and that was true enough.

BUT the company did not prosper. It was in debt to
-the American suppliers of machinery and it was
unable to. find the necessary funds with which to
instal electrical iiprv\enic-ni. -as they were perfect-
ed. The American Company, The Thomas Houston
Company, of Lynn, Massachusetts, then decided to

never dreamed that electricity would ever enter his
house: the company's assets fell iap~dly in value as
its plant required repairing and renewing to bring
it up to modern requirements, while its revenue was
found insufficient to meet these pressing demands.
It looked as though electric lighting could never be-
come popular in Kingston. There must have been
many people to shake wise heads and say, "I told
you so."
Something had to be done. But what? Elec-
tric lighting for domni.tit purposes was certainly
not making headway; but Ithe utilisation of electrical
power for human transportation certainly seemed
to have a profitable future in Kingston and St.
Andrew. In 1897 a franchise had been granted
to an organisation called The West India Electric
c'..mnrpai, of Montreal, to lay down and operate an
elL -r ijl rstIreet railway system in Kingston, and that
.'.rrgnii'itiln had built a dam ac-ross the Rio Cobreat
Bi.g \\all: an.l a steel pipe-line for the conveyance of
w"t[r to a Pn\wer House erected on the same
:'ier .- tlhe dam, and a transmission line to convey
rhe el. ri.-il' from Bog Walk to Kingston, where
rth Head Offices of the new tramway company were
situated. There v-re therefore two electrical com-
panies operating in King-iton that for liehtinz.
and that for running, the city's tramcars. It was






obvious to every one that the Canadian company
not only possessed the larger financial resources but
also had by its up-to-date power stations at Bog
Walk and in Upper Kingston means of extend-
ing its services such as the local company could not
and was never likely to possess. Yet the power for
the running of the street cars was in the first in-
stance supplied by a generator installed at the plant
of the local electric lighting company at Gold
S Street; in other words, it was the old Gold Street
station that furnished the ele-trical motive power
for the first electrically propelled cars in this muni.
cipality. The reason was that the hydro-electrical
work at Bog Walk was not then yet completed and,
it was desired that the first electric cars should rur
in Kingston in December of 1898.
THIS must have given the first hint of the sub-
sequent amalgamation to the more discerning
minds connected with business developments in Ja-
maica. The King.-ti.n Electric Company cul.l n,,t
improve its service and could not lower its nri,-.
yet without both an improvement of service and a
lowering of price there was no hope of that com-
pany's progress. The West India Electric Tramway
Company was extending its tramway servi,-e but
could not light any part of the city or lower St.
Andrew under the terms of it. license. But the
Canadian company, on its part, was paying no divi-
dends, Both organisation were therefore at a stand-
still, or but marking time It was about then that
Mr. James Hutchinson. of Montreal, emerged upon
the scene And then a change took place.
Mr. Hutchiuson had obtained control of the
West India Electric Company by buying up more
than fifty per cent. of its shares, and with this con-
trolling interest he got himself elected President in
1905. Then he came to Jamaica and in a very lit-
tie while had purchased the interests of tht local
electric lighting and power company, thus briginsue
about an amalgamation of the two hitherto distinct
and yet complementary concerns. Mr. Hutclhin-on
was a man of great energy, but the police. pirs"ued
by his company was far more a policy of exploita-
tion than a policy of development. Arrangements
were made to obtain the .most immediately profitable
results out of the undertakings recently acquired,
but those arrangements unfortunately did not mean
the giving of satisfaction to the people of Fting-tin
and St. Andrew as was presently dem,,nstrate.l.
Of course, some of the changes projected ar.d
effected were necessary and admirable. A cni
nection of the electric power stations at Bon Walk
and Gold Street and Orange Street was planned and
0 initiated, the idea being to connect all the electri-
city generators and distributors so that one hh,,uld
work satisfactorily with the other But in 191"7 the
great earthquake wrecked the Gold Street station.
and a new building had to be erected and new equip-
m ent inst-lrld. Tli: .. il. h, -.i- i' :,r;l.-r

advantage It enabled the West India Electric Com-
pany to construct a building in Gold Street which
should admit of the installation in future years of
machinery required for extending the electrical ser-
vices of Kingston. And although the price of elec-
tricity was still much too high, the rebuilding of,
Kingston after the disaster of 1907 was accomi-anied
by a tendency to use more electricity for domestic
lighting than had been witnessed in the past. A
liberal policy towards actual and potential c iusum-
ers, a campaign of encouragement, might then have
had very marked effect. But such a polity and cam-
paign were to come only long years afterwards, and
only from the present company.
T was not the West India Electric Company's fault
that the great pipe-line conveying water from the
dam to the Power House at Bog Walk for the gen-
eration of electricity became flooded one afternoon,
with the result that a number of men engaged in
cleaning the. interior of the pipe were drowned in
a desperate struggle to escape. Yet that tragedy
made a deep and unfavourable impression on the
minds of the people of Jamaica. These felt that
there was some carelessness or indifference shown
by the company; and everybody knows how difficult
it is to eliminate a popular prejudice, however ill-
founded. With regard to the tramway riots of 1912,
thnse undoubtedly might have been prevented had
more tact and consideration been shown by the com-
pany. But tact and consideration were hol among
its outstanding characteristics.
The riots were the result of the sudden .susptenion
of the very popular beltline route on thb rain.ay and
East Street sections of the tramway .vyitem. followed
by the withdrawal of the seven tickets hitherto sold
for one shilling, and the substitution therefore ,f only
six. This suspension took place without notice be-
ing given to the public Trouble started with pas-
sive resistance on the part ift the passengers, in the
rcuurse of which they paid their fares by farthings
whi:h they had to search for even in their boots.
The police allowed this to continue until the hooli-
gan class entered the arena, and then it was rea-
lised that the hooligans had in mind only robbery
and violence-an orgy of disorder.
In a little while most of the cars had to b taken
off the streets at nights; but the mob, not caring
w-hom it attacked, turned its attention to the break-
ing of plate-glass windows in the stores. The then
Governor, Sir Sydney Olivier, came down to the city
and tried to quiet the mob, but even he had to beat
a hasty retreat after saving the lives of three pol-
icemen. The Riot Act was eventually read and the
police fired. But the police had to keep guard at
the tramway office night and day for over a week
after that, for the excitement died down but slowly.
A car was burnt in lower Kingston, and several at-
tempts were made to destroy another car. It was
Mr. D. N. Barr, indeed, who faced the mob, got on

the car's platform and started the car, his idea
being to take it to a place of safety. Some
hooligans then jumped on the steps of the 'car
and tore off his jacket in anl attempt to pull him
from his place. Hoeveer. immediately this hap-
pened, the crowd stampeded up Orange Street shout-
ing, "Lard, him draw a revolver, him gwine shoot!"
and thus Mr. Barr was saved. Of course no attempt
had ever been .made to draw a revolver; Mr. Barr
was taking a pocket handkerchief out of his hir
p,->:ket. But perhaps that of itself was a clever.
calculated g-'itule. and certainly it prevented what
might have been a very serious occurrence. Things
quieted down after this but the company never
ega ined public favour. And this legacy of unpopular-
ity was left to its successors.
SEVERTHELESS, its business grew, especially
, after the war broke out in 1914, when coal was;
-elling at S per ton in Kingston. The local staff of
the company had embraced the opportunity and con-
nected all power-users in Kingston. who operated pri-
vate plants, with their system The company, how-:
ever, did not instal additional plant to meet this
demand and the margin between *:ap.p:iiy of supply,
and maximum de-mand was a continually falling
one. Then from 1921 onwards, during periods of
severe drought, the company was quite, unable to'
meet the actual demand for power, and it was no
unusual thing for the i(rim service to be suspended
in the evenings to make possible the lighting of
houses. The voltage of the system was much below:
normal, the lighting service was most unsatisfactory.
Mlaters had reached a stage at which some drastiel
change would have to take place. The public clam-
Iored for the Government to exercise its dormant
right and take over the city's tramway and electric
lighting system, paying such compensation as the
terms of the licenses stipulated N. I.rn-':e would the
existing inconvenieni,-e be tolerated; even municipal
management. 't was argued, would be in.rnitP!ly bet-
ter Than private management of the kind that had
been endured for so long.
The Government realized that it would have to
act, that it dared not ignore thel pnpula- clamour.
But the West India Electric Company had also rea-
lised that the period of its op'-r.ii ins in Jamaica
was rapidly drawing to a close It apparently was
as willing or as eager to dissociate itself from the
municipality as the municipality was that it should
do so; therefore negotiations were opened in Can-
ada for the sale of the West India Electric Company's
interests to an organisation to be known as The:
Jamaica Public Service Company, Limited. of Mon-
treal. In the spring of 1923 these negotiations were
begun, and in June of that same year Mr. Alfred 8
Nichols arrived in Jamaica and took charge of the
local electrical business on behalf of the new com-
pany which had acquired the West India Electric
(Continued on Page 27)




Morgan s Daughter
(Continued from Page 9)
she had put off the officer but a few minutes be-
fore, when nearly any other woman would have
beep in hysterics. There was simplicity and reckless-
ness in his voice when he said:
."You' are completely mistress of the situation.
Ypo can do what you like."
"I am, and will," she replied; but all the while
she seemed to be listening for something. "You run
no,risk from me."
"'Thank you." .
"You must go upstairs. But before you go"-
she paused and listened again, then resumed-"be-
foe:i'you go, tell me, how many people do you be-
lieve you have deceived into believing you are
Three-fingered Jack and a black man?" There was a
merry'smile on her lips as she put the question.
i1'1"What do you mean?" he demanded, genuinely
; t : 1"D o:escaped negro slaves speak as you, speak?
Doanegroes have long, straight hair?"-involuntarily
his:'hand went up to his head; he had apparently
forgotten or did not know that he had lost his hat-
"Dot 'dead men come to life? Besides, Mr. Three-
fingered Jack, I knew your prototype, and he had
dniy .three fingers on his right hand, not on his
left, like you. Your accent is Enalish, too-don't
be surprised. I know Englishmen and have lived in
England. I heard about your robbing of Colonel
Breakspeare, and wondered. When you rushed into
my .v~an to-night your words and your hair showed
me immediately that you were a white man passing
himself off as a black one. That was interesting,
and I made up my mind on the instant. I am
Elizabeth Morgan."
The name told him nothing. His blank stare
informed her of that. But she saw no reason to
enlighten him just then as to what she meant.
And now the tramp of imarhinrg io,,t-.teps in the
lane came sharply to their ears. Evidently the sol-
diers were again coming this way. The young
woman appeared to have been expecting this.
"Go upstairs very quietly," she advised; "the
house women mustn't know that you are here. Leave
the rest to me."
Preceded by the older woman, who all this time
had been staring at him without a word, but who
had shown no sign of fear when he had uttered
scarcely covert threats, he crept up the stairs. He
had. hardly reached the upper storey when a heavy
knock shook the back gate and a voice peremptorily
ordered that it should be opened. Elizabeth let the
soldiers wait a little while, let them repeat their
summons, then shook down her hair over her shoul-
ders, opened the door and called out:
"Who is there? What is it?"
"Open in the name of the King!"
"Very well; coming," she replied, and went to
the room in which the two house slaves slept. The
door of this room was bolted on the inside, a sure
sign that the slaves had heard the shooting and con-
fusion in the streets and had promptly locked them-
selves in. But Elizabeth Morgan had no time or
inclination to humour them. She ordered them to
unbolt the door without delay, which, recognizing
her voice, they did in trembling and fear.
"One of you draw on your clothes and come
with me," she commanded. "The other one must
stay here."
As both these girls had gone to bed in the
clothes they had been wearing all day, no time
was lost in preparation. One of them followed her
mistress into the yard, and she it was who opened
to the soldiers, who were now beating an impatient
tatoo upon the wooden fence.
They streamed in, six of them, at their head
the same officer who had interrogated Elizabeth a
short time before. He was angry and puzzled, and
even more high-handed than he had previously
"This is very curious," he volleyed. "The man
was distinctly seen to turn into this lane, and we
have found that yours was the only gate unlocked.
It was somewhere about here that we lost sight of
him. And yet you told me you did not see him."
"Young woman, a King's officer is not accustom-
ed to being spoken to like that!"
"Nor am I in the habit of being spoken to like
"You? You? But you are only--"
"Enough of this nonsense! r am going to have
your place searched."
"Why didn't you think of that before? Yoi
should have done it when you came in first if you
really believed anyone could have slipped in here
Instead of that, you only talked."
"You are damned impudent! Men, search every
box and barrel here! And the outrooms! You don'
think he could have got into the house?"
"If you will look, you will see that all th
windows are closed, as they were when you wer
here a few minutes agone. And the backdoor wa
locked when I came out to learn what was the reason:

of all the shooting I heard. The gate was locked
too: I found it so. Therefore I don't see now your
Three-fingered Jack could have got in here. But
there can be no harm in searching for him."
All this seemed so palpably the truth that the
officer had nothing to urge against it. His men be-
gan to pull the pile of discarded barrels and boxes
apart and to peer into the outrooms whose doors
were ajar. These had not been occupied for some
time and were full of dust and malodorous to a
The officer, who of course would not join in this
hunt, now had some time in which to observe Eliza-
beth Morgan closely. The tropical moon was golden
bright; the little scene was illuminated gorgeously,
though it was squalid enough, as a West Indian
backyard was certain to be. But it was not at the
low outrooms or the battered boxes and hogsheads
and, old lumber that the :officer now looked; it,
was at the girl who had displayed such a diiposlirtii
to give him sharp answers and even to censure him
for carelessness. And what he saw appealed to and
attracted him.
Tall and upright, with dark eyes that stared
at him n ith a.steady, plereing glance, her features
were finely chiselled and conveyed an impression of
strength of character and resolution rare in most
women and rarely seen in the native women of that
day. Her hair was black, long and glossy,, reach-
ing down to her waist; her lips neither full nor thin,
but firm; her neck, graceful and slender; and when
she spoke rows of even, gli-tiIninI were dis-
closed. She carried her head haughtily; her de-
meanour was neither co:"luetti-h nor ingratiating; it
was self-possessed andl perhal)p a trifle a-3ertive.
That she was of mixed blood he had seen from the
first; higher in the scale of colour than a quadroon,
almost an octoroon, he swiftly concluded,, and
deuced pretty. A little hard; He wondered if she
had a white protector or a coloured husband; it
seemed incredible that a lovely, splendid creature
like this should not long ago have found her man.
If she possessed a protector, he would be someone
in a big position and therefore might resent any
interference with her. If she were married-well,
that would be different. She might be inclined to
listen to some compliment-. hliich iigpht indeed lead
to a very pleasant future Ielatioulship. Her luredd
husband could not do him, Captain Thorton, any
The Captain smiled pleasantly. "I am very
sorry, you know, if I have given you any incon-
venience, but of course one has to do one's duty.
That must be my apology."
She had seen the "rpprai-iin look in his eye;
she was no stranger to estimates of that de.~.:rilptiiiu.
Arrogant white men became polite and gracious
when speaking to pretty women of colour, especially
to those who Had shown that they would not toler-
ate sheer rudeness, and with whom they wished to
be on friendly terms. The Captain's methods were
now to be completely altered, and yet she felt that
there would be too much familiarity in them. Already
he was speaking in tones which could only be ren-
dered inoffensive by a long acquaintanceship, or friend-
ship. But he was entirely oblivious of anything
save a desire to please. That she might resent his
condescension could not possibly have occurred to
She made no answer to his last remark, but
he did not appear to notice that. He was a short,
rather stout, selft'uff.l lent looking man, with a
bristly moustache, pale blue eyes and a snub nose.
He fancied himself in his scarlet coat and high
military hat, held on his head by a gold-braided
band passing under his chin, though the heat of
it must have been almost intolerable. He call-
ed out to his men not to make the mistake of not
being thorough in their search, and not to neglect
peeping under the house, the foundations of which
stood nearly three feet from the ground. To search
there in the dark might prove dangerous, but a sol-
dier had to obey. And while they were looking, the
Captain could indulge in an interesting little talk
with this stunning young woman.
S "I was at Spanish Town to-day," he remarked
conversationally, "but I am really stationed in King-
ston: in the Barracks almost opposite to this house.
Do you live here?"
"When I am in Kingston."
He noted that she did not say, "Captain," as
most other women of her position would have done,
unless on terms of intimacy with him.
"Is that often?"
e "Not very."
"Well, you are here now."
i "Yes."
u "For long?"
"I really don't know."
"You mean that your stay here depends on-'
y he glanced at her left hand; there was no tell-tale
t circle of gold upon it; and that, he was certain, she
would wear night and day if she were married. In
e country where there was so little marriage among
e persons of any class the ring was a decoration o
.s rare and high distinction, and to be proudly dis
n played on all occasions.

"Depends on a gentleman, eh?" he concluded,
with a roguish smile.
"Then you are unattached?"
"I can't see that that is any business of yours."
He started This was a plain rebuff, almost an
iu'ihlt. Did this girl consider herself white and a
But he was determined to make progress in her
favour; after all, women required a lot of humour-
ing sometimes, es.peeially when they had good looks
and knew it. A man must make allowances.
"I only ask because I would like to come and
see you now and then, you know," he explained.
"But of course if there is anybody to object, and
you are afraid-"
"I am afraid of no one and of nothing. Under-
stand that at once!'
"Oh! Well, so much the better. I may come,
"Nonsense; that isn't final, I am sure. I never
take no for an answer. Why, we are almost neigh-
bours. My name is Captain Thort.n "
She did not seem impressed.
"Your men seem to have finished searching,
Captain Thorton," he said, "Your business here is
finished, I think
He was nettled at her tone. Most women of
her class would have been delighted with his at-
tentions, but she was trying him too far. He would
resume his dignity.
"My business will be finished when I say it is,
young woman. I intend to search the house."
Her heart beat a little quicker at this; he
really had no authority for breaking into private
premises at night on a chase like this; but who
would harm him for doing it? What could she do?
And then, if he found the disguised man in the
house- She decided to temporise.
"You may," she said. "My mother is here with
me. You can go into her room first, or send your
men there. But I don't think she would ever wel-
come you as a visitor after thi- I did imagine you
were only making inn of me."
"Not at all." he cried, delighted; "not at all!
What made ','u think -.u? I shouldd be glad to make
your further acquaintance Mliss-v-ju haven't told
me your name."
"Elizabeth Morgan."
"I shall come I.- see you as soon as I can; as
soon as I get away fr1on Spanish Town. To.-night I
am going to watch all round these pre, inct-. for
that damned villain must be hidden somewhere
about; and as he lives in St. Thomas we shall guard
the road leading there for the next few days. But
I shall have to go back to Spanish Town to-morrow.
I won't be there too long, though, and as soon as I
come back I shall call to see you. Do you know,
you are the prettiest coloured girl I have seen in
"You are. I want to tell you so often. I have
fallen head over ears in love with you."
He had already gone far; it might not he many
days before he would propose that she sh',uld be-
come his mistress. That would be quite in keeping
with the manners and customs of the time. She
looked at him critirally; he did not understand the
look, he thought it one of ippreciatiion. He was
transported with delight. This night's adventure
was ending most happily. He gave an order, and
his men, under a sergeant, prepared to leave the
yard. A nod from him to the sergeant, and they
marched out of it. He put out his hand, which
Elizabeth took quietly; wondered if he might kiss
her before he went, but saw no encouragement in
her attitude. Evidently she was one of those who
required a lot of corrtiiig. We'll. he would be equal
to that.
"Good-night, Bess," he said jovially.
"Good night, Cdptain Thorton'"
He turned and waved to her as he went through
the gate; she nluctio-ined to her serrant to close
and lock it, then sent the girl back to her room.
She remained in the yard for two or three minutes
longer, then took her way upstairs, to her mother's
chamber, where that woman and the highwaymani
awaited her,


A black min had ,lba cenderl the stairs
a little while he-,ore with Elizabeth's mother,
a white man wa- non\ seated in l,.ng arm-
chair of polished nmaollngny wtiih a seat of dark
tanned leather. He was devouritig some food that
had been hastily procured for him. There was a
bottle of madeira on a table by his side.
"Well?" said Elizabeth, none too gently, for her
e passage-at-arms with Captain Thorton had ruf-
e fled her temper. At the same time she glanced
a about her quickly, n'uti, w\ith approval that her
g mother had taken iihe pre, auti,.n to place the light-
f ed candles in such a position that no gleam of light
s- could be seen from outside.
"With your mother's permission and help I got




the black stuff off," explained the guest. "Since
you had seen through my disguise there was no
sense in my wearing it any longer. Besides, I don't
think I could leave here as a negro."
S"That would be fatal," she admitted. "From one
cross-street to the other all the houses in Church
and Duke Streets are being watched. The Barracks
are just over there"-she waved her hand westward
-"and soldiers have evidently been detailed to keep
guard. Everybody seen about here to-night will be
stopped and questioned. You have got yourself into
a fine pickle. Still, if you could slip out as you
are ."
"As a white man? Yes, I have thought of that,
but where am I to go? I am dead beat; I could not
walk a mile, and the nearest place I know of is near-
ly four miles from here. They shot my horse."
"The one you took from Colonel Breakspeare?"
"I see you have heard about that. Yes the poor
beast is dead, and I am almost so."
"And would have been so had not my back gate
been left open by a careless girl," commented Eliza-
"Her carelessness is perhaps her test qualifica-
tion," remarked the man grimly, "and I appreciate
She was eyeing him closely, and he was return-
ing her scrutiny. In spite of his dusty, dishevelled
appearance, she had concluded from the first that he
was not a common white man, not one of the class
from which estate mechanics or even overseers came.
He spoke well. And he was indubitably well set
up and handsome. If his face had a certain reck-
lessness about it, it had not the coarse look of a
criminal. Yet he was a highwayman impersonat-
ing a character whose brief career had inspired a
whole parish with terror. She was curious to learn
more about him.
He in his turn had taken in all the salient as-
pects of her face and figure and was moved to ad-
miration. There was stinzrli as well as beauty in
her countenance, depth as well as fire in her eyes.
She was young, not more than twenty-five he esti-
mated, about five years younger than he. And she
spoke and carried herself like a white woman, with
dignity and composure. He had not met her type
"If you have nowhere to go and cannot walk any
distance," she said thoughtfully, "I suppose you will
have to remain hIl-et for some time lniuger You
will have to remain in r hik room; it is my mother's.
We can easily arrange that neither of the two girls
should come in here to-morrow."
"Thanks. What makes you do so much for me, a
complete stranger and a fugitive? Why did you
decide to help me when I came into the yard so
suddenly? I had hoped that no one would see me
She smiled. "The explanation is very simple. I
noticed your voice and hair as soon as you rushed
in. I had heard on arriving in Kingstoil this after-
noon-I came in only a few h:iursi before you-that
Three fingered Jack wa- again nn the rampage and
had robbed Colonel Breakspeare: it is all in the
last Royal Gazette. I knew at once that that was
nonsense, for Three-fingered Jack was killed very
near to my place in St. Thomas, and I saw his body,
and his hand that they cut off. Besides, he never
would have taken a horse; he would not have known
where to keep it; it is white men who go about on
horses here. As I told you downstairs, too, your
hair and voice gave you completely away, and if
Colonel Breakspeare had not been so surprised the
other night, he would surely have suspected you
for what you are. I saw at once that you were quite
a new character, at war with the whites, thllugh
white yourself. I made up my mind on that."
"I might have been coloured like you, nearly
white, but not quite."
"That was possible, but you spoke like an English-
man, your accent was unmistakable. Your features,
voice, hair, and your taking of the horse-r-the whole
thing was plain. I made up my mind to assist you."
"Out of sympathy with a white man?"
"Out of sympathy with an outlaw."
"But if I had really been Three-fingered Jack or
any other negro, would you have acted as you did,
as you are doing?"
"No," she replied slowly, "I don't suppose so.
But, you see, you were a white man being hunted
by your own people, and that was strange in these
times, and interesting. You .might be a criminal,
but why?"
She paused as if thinking, as if analysing her
own motives for her swift action of that night. Un-
doubtedly, it occurred to her now, this coming with-
in the ambit of her influence of a white man at war
with his own race and people was s:onietliing she
had been wishing for without quite knowing it. This
was a revelation to herself.
"I suppose," she added lightly "I am something
of an outlaw myself, that's why I .'. npaithli-l with
you. And, of course, I was not afraid, though you
quite evidently expected me to be."
Her mother came into the room just then, to see
if anything were wanted. Neither of the two took
any notice of her, and she went outside again.
"You are terribly tired," said Elizabeth, "and it's

long past midnight. To-morrow you can talk if you
like, and we shall see what can be done to get you
away safely." She made as if to rise from the arm-
chair in which she was sitting, the companion to
the one he occupied.
He motioned her back. "I am very tired, but also
too excited to sleep now," he said. "If you are not
too tired I would like to go on talking. I have been
in this country for two years and have not dared
to talk to anyone before. You know so much about
me already that there is no reason why you should
not know more."
"I want to know more," admitted the girl, "and 1
am not very tired, though I have been on the move
for hours and hours. But I am used to that."
There was pride and vanity in her voice as she
added: "I am very strong."
"And very beautiful," he said, speaking impul-
sively, but hoping that the compliment would please.
She looked at him searchingly. Was ihi- ano-
ther exhibition of the sort of impudence which men
like Captain Thorton so casually displayed, think-
ing she would be grateful. Was this man forget-
ting himself like so many others of his kind? But
his tone was genuine; there was a ring of grati-
tude as well as of admiration in it. And now he
appeared to be thinkin-i in a fashion which was far
from suggesting any approach to familiarity.
As a matter of fact the highwayman had swiftly
conjured up a picture of another face seen not long
ago in equally strange and dangerous circumstanc-
es; a beautiful face, different from the one before
him, white, proud; and the girl he now thought of
had tried to ride him down. He had recalled that
incident repeatedly, not with resentment, but with
,a.llill .ai. 'fr heI had admired the courage which
r.d pil-nimpte.d the el'..rt. It was his desire to see that
girl again that had taken him over to Spanish Town
and brought about his present predicament, though he
did not propose to relate anything of that part of
his story. One Ib-.tiittill woman had, unknowingly,
lured him into danger. Another had saved him.
But the one before him was evidently of sterner
stuff. Such ready resource and calm, far-seeing re-
solution were probably not to be found in any other
woman to-night in Jamaica.
"I will tell you about myself," lie said, banishing
from his mind pictures which he felt it would be
out of place to dwell upon now; "but let me ask
you one question. Who are you?"
"I have told you: Elizabeth Morgan."
"Does that mean anything special? You speak
as if it did."
"It does. I am a descendant of Henry Morgan,
the buccaneer, the man who became Governor of
Jamaica. He was the greatest man of his day in
these parts. He caused the Spanish in Cuba and
all along the Main to tremble at the sound of his
name. He might have been a king if he had wished
to be a king! You know now why I couldn't be
afraid of you when you came into my place to-night
with pistols in your hands. Henry Morgan feared
neither God nor man nor the devil, and I am his
Inordinate arrogance and vanity were expressed
in her attitude as she spoke; and because her pride
seemed to him misplaced he was secretly amused.
So this was one of the bastard descendants oT Sir
Henry Morgan, the greatest of the pirates, who, as
she had said, had risen to be Governor of Jamaica
for a time. And that fact made her feel that she
was a person of special importance, though evident-
ly never treated as such. He understood now why
she had called herself an outlaw. At any rate she
was certainly an extraordinary young woman.
"I am a lawyer by profession," he began, plung-
ing at once into his story. "I was in partnership with
another solicitor in London, and there was some
trouble with a client over money matters: I needn't
go into the details. I really hadn't much to do with
it, but I was held to be equally responsible."
("His first excuse," she ho-,uglit. "he was prob-
ably as much responsible as his partner, if not much
more so. Perhaps entirely.")
"I had to get away from London pretty quickly.
But the d(lfir-iltry was to find some country where
I should be safe. We were at war with France and
with the colonies in America, as we are still. I
thought of Ireland, I hhuhli what I should do when
I got there I could not say. However, the first thing
was to disappear out of London. I headed for Liv-
erpool. I wasn't there a week before, one night
(when I had gone out on a little spree after keep-
ing in my lodging house as much as possible until
I had got thoroughly sick of it), I was taken by the
Press Gang. If I had been quite sober I might have
escaped, though that is doubtful. Anyhow, they got
me for one of the men-o'-war which was short of
sailors, and I was shipped as a common sailor. This
was something over two years ago.
"Life on a man-o'war is hell for the common
sailor, especially for a man who had lived as I had.
Bad food, long hours, beastly work, and the bullying
of everyone above you: you can't imagine it. It is
worse than nigger slavery."
"Even with the flogging of the slaves?" she in-
"They flog you on ships, too," he growled with an

ugly look on his face. "There was a beast there who,
because he thought I had not answered him civilly
enough, reported me to the Captain, and I was
triced up and flogged. I have the marks on my
back to-day."
"I would kill every one of those responsible for
that," she said, "if I were you, and ever met them."
"Only one or two are alive now, probably: I know
that one is, and he is the man that caused me to
be flogged. My ship-it was a sloop named the
Scorpion--called at Barbados and then came on to
Jamaica. It was to make the port of Falmouth, not
Kingston. To that I owe my escape.
"You know that Falmouth Harbour has many
sunken rocks, and when a norther blows there it is
dangerous. As luck would have it, we came in when
a norther was blowing, and we ran slam-bang on to
a rock. We had to put out the boats, but most of
them were swamped. I escaped by myself in one,
and that went to pieces before it reached the shore.
It was some negroes near the, mouth of the Martha
Brae River who dragged me out of the sea just
when I th...ught it was all over with me. When I
was brought ashore half drowned, I found that two
of my fingers had been crushed; how, I never knew.
(Continued on Page S3)

/ -_,

A Delightful



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-how it makes complete in nutritive
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--why you need cold "Ovaltine." Be-
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Cold "Ovaltine" is easy to prepare by
adding "Ovaltine" to cold milk or
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and La Tropical



.... ..'......

- --,:'~, .-




Kingston, Jamaaica, B.W.I.






Morgan 's Daughter
(Continued from Page 21)
TheIy were taken off by a doctor in town, who ban-
daged up my hand.
"Three other ships were wrecked that same day,
merchantmen. Their people were luckier than ours,
for many of them were saved. The town was full'
of rescued passengers and seamen, and that gave me
an idea. If I remained there, I would soon be iden-
tified as a man-o'-war sailor and sent on to Kingston,
and then I should be put in hell again. I had had
more than enough of it. I had a little money in my
pocket, so I bought a slop suit in one of the Fal-
mouth shops and stole off early one morning into the
country, after my hand had been dressed a second
time. I took the risk of its getting worse. If I
could get ten miles away from the town, I fancied,
I should be safe. What I noticed though, was that
I attracted a lot of attention from people going
about the roads-mostly slaves. They seemed sur-
prised to see a white man vwilking just as they
"Naturally, they would be," commented Eliza-
"It was very inconvenient, but came of
it. I had a plan. I would laim to be a shipwrecked
mariner, which indeed I was, aud try to obtain
some employment on one of the, estates. The draw-
back was my injured hand, but I was strong and
the sort of job I should get would hardly necessi-
tate my having to work with both hands. As a mat-
ter of fact, the very first estate that I called at need-
ed some extra white help. The war had taken some
of the white men away from their ordinary voca-
tions, and there was a great deal of business being
done which called for extra assistance. I got a job
at once, and was allowed to rest for three or four
days before taking it ur'p a.tivel.I The estate dr'eior
attended to my hall, whi-hb ".is painful b1it unt
dangerous. I became a I.lave-driver. a bookkeeper
you call it out here, and was little bette-r than
a slave myself, if long hours of work and ab-rliit-l
obedience to orders are a part of sla'-r--which
they are.
"The few survivors of the Scorpion, who had evi-
dently been taken to a different place from where I
was in Falmouth, probably never pgve me a thiuglit
If they did think of me, it must have been to be-
lieve that I was drowned. I had given a false name
to the town doctor, and that name I bore onu the
estate. It would never be mrienti,:nd outside of the
estate, as I know now; ever property is isolated
here, and a low-down white man is never talked
about. He simply does not count. I was made to
feel that, though not out of any desire to hurt my
feelings. I was simply treated as other persons in
my position were I don'tt think that the men in
better positions imagine that we white men, who
are lower down. have any feelings to be consider-
'*No. and they dih't think that women like my-
self have any fetlings to be respected," broke in
Elizabeth bitterly "But most of the ordinary Eng-
lishmen here don't make an.\ complaintt They drink
and they have their slave women, and they die like
flies. They seem to like it!"
"I didn't. I was as miserable as h-. Pardon'
I don't want to be coarse in your presence."
She flashed at him a glance of gratification; she
was pleased with his apology and the tribute it
implied. "Talk as you feel," she counselled. "It
will do you good"
"But it was better than the sloop. It was better
than any man-o'-war could be. Yet I knew I was
in a sort of prison. I wanted to get out of the
island; I am quite sure I would have gone
over to join the rebellious colonials in America if
I could have got a chance of getting here; I would
go now if I could. I had been driven out of my
own country and was a fugitive in thi' :nie. I had
been treated like a dog on an English mn:n-o' war;
and, after all, my mother was Irish, and the Irish
have never had much lrve'for England. I was part-
ly a rebel by bluo:,l. you see."
"And th'e trr-atnm_-.nt you received made you one
entirely, isn't that it?"
"You are right. But I soon found that it is dif-
ficult for a white man to I'cave this country. Your
"What have I and iithers like rue to do with the
laws?" she interrupted bitterly. 'We have no part
in the making of them. we are onlv called upon to
obey them. That is on- reason why I wanted to
help you. The laws oppress people like me, and I
hate them and those who make them'"
Elizabeth Morgan had spoken with a sudden spurt
of temper, of bitter anger, like a liharp flash of
steel-blue lightning. The laws to her were but in-
struments of an injustice which she rebelled against.
"The law makes it obligatory," he continued,
"for a white man to advertise his intention of leaving
the island for three months before he actually goes.
This is to give anyone to whom he may owe money
a chance of being paid or of preventing his de-
parture. But an advertisement of this sort might
cause enquiries to be made about me, about how

loni I had been in the island, how I had come, and
so forth, and there might be unpleasant develop-
ments. I saw I should have to wait until an oppor-
tunity came of smuggling myself out of Jamaica, or
of bribing a sea captain to smuggle me out. But
this would cost money, plenty of it perhaps, and my
beggarly ipar. ,-.uld hardly keep me alive.
"I had had .-niugh of my first estate after six
months. I moved on. I went from Trclawny to
St. James; the conditions were the same there.
Some time passed, and then we began to hear on
the inirni-idel about Three-Fingered Jack.
"He didn't enj'.y a long career, ear'y this year
news came that he had been tracked down by two
Maroon negroes and shot in a fight, and his hand
taken to the authorities in Spanish Town who paid
the promised reward. One day, when this news was
beine talked about on Ironshore-the estate I worked
on--one of the slaves remarked to me, 'You have a
ban' like T'ree-fi'ger Jack, too, Massa,' and that
immediately gave me an idea. It flashed upon me
that someone, with more intelligence than the slain
highwayman, might manage to make a good deal of
money by simply taking it from those who had it.
I was already in trouble in England, and practically
imprisoned in Jamaica, and if I were to get away
I must have money. Here was a possible means of
i.ting enulgh a nd getting it quickly. If I failed, I
could only be shot, for I had no intention of letting
myself be taken alive. And I ran no more risk of
being shot than any soldier or sailor in :hii war. I
was known to too many of the slaves on the norths.ide.
however, to hope to escape recognition for long. even
if I painted myself black. And man) white menr
had seen me, and would probably re,.oeui-e my fea-
tures even through a disguise. So it Qeenimd to me
that the simplest way to go about the business would
1i- t., nil e ove-r tr- St Thomas and impersonate
Threi-Fiugereid .IJa k I had heard that the negroes
there belite ed that because of his powerful magic he
':':uld unt be killed. and' tlie only proof of his death
*'.a, h li- e%-ver-Jd hand taken to the Government of-
ficers in the capital.
"Now, two or three big hauls, and I mghit have
sufficient money for all my immediate purposes. I
nouild 'n t bI, -6u, h fool as to continue robbing on
the hiehway- it t could not last for long. As a
matter of fart I tur.k over one t[lusand pounds from
Colonel Breakspeale, more than I thought I could
ever get in three moiuth.. I have the money I need,
but complications have arisen. I will mention those
later on; what I did, when the idea of being Three-
fingered Jack came into my head, was to leave St.
James as soon as I could. and go to St. Thomas.
I travelled mitl- by night. I found the caves and
,other haunts that Jack had used; they were in the
hills and parts of the country where few people ever
came. I went about as a white man, when I had to
go to a town, and of course was never questioned or
molested. I bought two guns similar to those Jack
was in the habit of using, and held up Colonel Break-
speare where Jack had robbed travellers before. In-
stead of going back to my haunts, however, I came
on to Kingston the night that I took away the Col-
onel's horse. And I frankly confess, I am not at all
sure as to what I am now going to do."
He paused \ea ri'i, a despondent tone had crept
into his voice. Elizabeth realized that Le was dread-
fully fatigued, even the wine he had been drinking
had ceased to have upon him an inspiriting effect.
His reaction to it now was lassitude; his eyes were
She rose.
"You can tell me the rest to-morrow," she said.
"But, you rknuw. you have not mentioned your name,
your real name."
"John Huntly Seymour," he replied.
"Jack for short," she laughed. "So you are really
Three-fingered Jack, after all!"


ROUND a table of solid mahogany, on which
were scattered documents, sheets of writing
paper. inkstands of silver and goosequill pens, sat
five gentlemen in earnest consultation. At the head
of the table was a tall, military-looking man of
distinguished appearance. He was addressed by tht:
others with deference.
Y'.ur Excelleny. then," said one of the gentle-
men, "does not think any useful purpose would be
-erv-le by our scouring the parish of St. Thomas
for this man?"
"Think of it yourself, General Swaby," answered
the Governor General-for it was he who headed
this conference. "Colonel Breakspeare meets this
Three-fingered Jack at one of his usual haunts. A
few nights later he is seen in Spanish Town and
pursued to Kingston, where he suddenly disappears
from view. We know that the highwayman, who
was reported to have been killed, and whom we
had every reason to believe was killed, confined him-
self to St. Thomas, never leaving that parish
for a day. He was tracked down to his favourite
cave at Mount Lebanus, and there, according to the
two men who claimed that they slew him, he used
to live for the most part. Is it conceivable that he
would return there now? And where would you search

for him if not there and in that neighbourhood? St.
Thomas is a very large parish, you might spend a
year there looking for one man and never hear a
word of him; besides, the chances all are that he
will not go back to any place where he thinks we
should be certain to hunt for him. He has now
changed his habits; he actually enters Spanish
Town, he seems to have some den in Kingston where
he may hide. It seems to me it would be a folly
to send soldiers to St. Thomas on such a quest as
the capture of Three-fingered Jack."
"But you could at least have the Mount Lebanus
neighbourhood searched, sir, for some sign whether
he has been there of late," suggested General Swaby.
"That, of course, we can and shall do. But I
don't think anything will come of it. What is your
idea, Colonel Breakspeare?"
"Well, a nigger has no sense, and i think it is
more likely he will return to Mount Lebanus than
go anywhere else." The Colonel spoke with convic-
"This nigger had enough sense to rob you of a
large amount of money," Governor Dalling pointed
out, smiling, "and enough sense to escape from Cap-
tain Thorton. I shouldn't calculate too much upon
his stupidity."
(Continued on Page 28)

Jamaica Government Railway. I


The li.ilwkay journeys afford the finest
views of til runmaniril'ent scenery of the
li iiUterlan .

112 MILES.
This journey takes the passenger
S thriiughl Spilnisli Town, \'illinimns
S field (station for Mandeville-"The
S Engli-h Village") over the Greenvale
I pass (1,711T. feet). Between Maggotty
and Catadupa the railway runs
S through the famuius "Cockpit Coun-
S try," a s-ries of circular hollows and
S hills of great depth and height, and -
of peculiarly wild formation. The
S Rilwlay cuts into the side of the
bills, and tunnels through them in a
L eiltle'hriu series of curves, arid pro-
| viles tlh finest views of this unique
S "'l'ockkpit Country". In no other way
can views of the Cockpit Country be
j <.htr;l nIId.
A particularly fine view is afford-
S ed of Min-tego Bay, across the Bogue
S TsIlainds. .
S M.nrtego BiLa-Doctor's Cave-one of
tilhe finest 'oral bathing beaches in
tll- world. Wonderful sun and sea
bathing recommended by Sir Herbert
Barker, the world famous bone-set-

-75 MILES.
Through the Thu; Walk gorge and
the fertile and picturesque St. Cath-
erine and St. Mary Country. 25
niiles of wonderful coast scenery. Ex-
cellent latliing at Port Antonio.



Station for M inI:inea'. Golf course;
bathing at the famous Dunn's River

Tlhrrmr.dh the fertile Minho Valley,
and to the foot of Bull Head moun-
tain flte centre of the Island.


Tickets. available for one month, for the
whole railway, 4 each, first class.
C'luap fare tickets are issued between all
stations at specially low prices.
For particulars as to trains, fares, etc., apply
to the Traffic Suoerintendent, Jamaica Govern-
ment Railway, Kingston, or to
Director, Jamaica Government Railway.
Jamaica, B.W.I.

P -1
""r "? r ,, ,





(Continued from Page 14)
in it relations with the outside public. Its head-
quarters is in Kingston, its medical chief is Dr. I.
W\. McLean, who has been in Jamaica for twelve
year. There are nine dispensaries on the differ-
ent arms, and one in Kingston; there are eight
dlilstrrt physicians associated u lh Dr. McLean. These
are h.lcal, part-time men, and the United Fruit Com-
pan.v's labourers are treated free. Under the direc-
tion .f this Medical Department is a Sanitary De-
parrment which co-operates with the men in charge
it the farms to see that the labourers' quarters are
maciitained in a sanitary condition.
\\'hen It is mentioned that on the farms there
are one thousand two hundred and forty buildings,
o:vel o.,ne thousand one hundred of these being build-
ligs for the labourers, it will at once be understood
that the Sanitary Department of the United Fruit
Cnnmpany has to be active if it is to perform its
SHE origin of the fruit trade is known; more or
1 less we have all heard how a certain Captain
Buiih. about fifty years ago, and Captain Lorenzo
Bnikr. bought some fruit in Jamaica and took it up
it. B.-ton, where they managed to dispose of it at a
pr 'fitable price. It is claimed that the first fruit pur-
cilhaedl by Captain Baker was at Oracabessa and that
the man who sold it was a Mr. Silvera. More probably,
small parcels of fruit were purchased from this Mr
Silv'-ra and others; but it is interesting to have the
namiie of one of the first local fathers of the trade.
Fi om Costa Rica and Colombia other shipments
'if trut had been made; as a matter of fact the
Janui.i.a banana was not the first seen in the Amer
-a;ii market. But Captain Baker got into touch with
Mr. Andrew Preston, who was afterwards to be as-
siciared with Mr. Minor C. Keith of Costa Rica;
and Andrew Preston it was who organised a com-
padi. of ten persons, each contributing a certain
sum n .. money, to buy fruit from the hiips and
rsll it in the Boston Market. It is stated in some
pul lrs tions that the amount which each man put
up nas two thousand dollars; Mr, Preston himself
t.l.l tile present writer that it was one thousand
, What is more, he said, before the first year
,a- i rough each of his partners would have been
glad t get his money back without any interest:
tht-. thought the venture was going to fail! But by
th.- ndl of the year he could show a handsome pro-
tit. l].-r-lii,... ri -v decided to reinvest their pro-
fit-, in tie Iill..--, and after that he had no fur
ilin tr double. So the idea of establishing the banana
lu-Iin--s grew. Why not buy the fruit on the spot as
niril .1 sell it in America? Why not grow it also?
\\ h) not buy ships as well as charter them? Why
no:t blild as well as buy?
Tie business developed. The company which now
,.."n .i.nd controls a hundred and thirty thousand
ai, .- if land in Jamaica and a great fleet of ships
-.i hundred or thereabouts-had originally to hire
sf;i:e us that was available. But when it built fruit
'hir,- it found that part of the room in the upper
e,'- r.Hiw of the ships might economically be utilisedt
t., iarny passengers. Consequently it began to cater
t...r pr-sengers. But ships with fruit and passen-
ger- di handed good wharf and pier accommodation.
Thi- was procurable in Kingston, but not, to the
required extent, in some other ports of the island.
He.I m it had to build some piers, notably at Bow-
'l-n ii St. Thomas and at Boundbrook in Portland.
.At ilhe-e places are deep-water piers, at Boundbrook
I. rni- only concrete pier in Jamaica. Sir Walter Cow-
an. when he was here recently in his flagship the
t',lrcuta, said (it is stated) that he considered this
pier t., be the finest in the West Indies.
[OTEL-OWNING was a somewhat unexpected de-
velopment of the C..mnpanu' activities. It never
Int,. ded to own hotels anywhere. It has none in
Co.,lrumnia or in Central America specially catering
fir iitiorists, though in Port Limon, of Costa Rica,
.rid lt-ewhere, there are hostels which supply its
Slinte employees with meals, and with lodging too
for a time, and there the stranger may find accom-
nm..,iation if the management is agreeable. How it
rdmle ro own hotels in Jamaica may be very briefly
rver thirty years ago the Jamaica Government,
having organised a great Jamaica Exhibition, spent
pull money in building a number of hotels to
a.:..nnmmodate the guests it expected to visit Jamaica
and the Exhibition. Hotels rose at Constant Spring;
in Kingston on the site of a series of structures
comprehensively known as The Myrtle Bank; and at
Moneague. The earthquake of 1907 shook the Myrtle
Bank Hotel to fragments. Mr. Grabow, then con-
nected with the United Fruit Company, induced a
group of local business men to form a hotel company,
and Myrtle Bank Hotel was rebuilt, in different form,
and earthquake-proof.
But Port Antonio had no hotel to speak of. And
passengers coming to Jamaica in United Fruit Com-


has been specially designed to meet those particularly
severe conditions of service, where an extra reserve
of strength is desirable.
'Fort' Dunlop stands in a class by itself-it expresses
Dunlop individuality.




& CO.



pany's ships, not only wanted a place to stop at while
they were in Port Antonio, but wished to spend
most of their time in Port Antonio, which they re-
garded as one of the most pleasant and picturesque
spots in the West Indies. So the decision was taken
to build a hotel at Port Antonio; the passenger ser-
vice, which the fruit service had brought about, caus-
ed the creation of a hotel service in that port.
The Titchfield Hotel at Port Antonio was one
night destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt. The War
of 1914 broke out and continued until nearly the
end 'of 1918. No tourists came to Jamaica during
the war; the Myrtle Bank Hotel was a deadweight
on the hands of its owners. In 1918 the question
was, close it or sell it? More might be got for it
as a going concern, and the only party able and
willing to buy-for it could wait until the war was
over and a tourist trade began once mjoc--was the
United Fruit Company. Negotiations were opened,
the hotel changed ownership just about the time
of the war's ending, and in the very first year of
the change there was a tourist season such as Jamaica
had never known!
Meantime Myrtle Bank has been greatly im-
proved, very large sums of money having been spent
upon it in recent years. Its latest addition are a
tiled swimming pool with an over-looking tea house,


and an arcade facing the ballroom. .hi>:h is one
of the prettiest thing of its kind to be fu..undl aiy-
where. On Titchfield Hriiel, no:. money has been laid
out with no niggard hand; and now theie rtw hostels
are known by thousands who have visited the tropics.
Offshoots of the general activity of the ('nmpany, as
they might be called, they are nevertheless very seri-
ously conducted as big business prorposirirtiis. if the
Company is not exactly in the hotel trade, in that it
has but two hotels which it certainly never thougli
about at its formation, it has n-eertheless demon-
strated that it can operate hotels sueme.ssfully
The United Fruit Company, with the allied com-
pany, Elders & Fyffes, Limited, of England-ithe two
are really one concern-have made the tourist trade
of Jamaica. Dozens of ships of other lines now call at
Jamaica in the tourist season, but it va~s the United
Fruit's boats, and the vessels of the Elders and
Fyffes Line, that for Ione years brought visitors to
Jamaica, and the tI '. .n'C panies have spent a great
deal of money in advertising the island as a tourist
resort. Mr. A. H. St.j kie.r rthe Managing Director
of the Elders & Fyffes Company, has personally in-
terested himself in efforts to bring Jamaica to the
attention of the English public. But this is a story
which must be told by itself one day in Planters'


_ ___ ___ I_



Ladies In The

IT cannot be much more than twenty-five years
since the girls of Jamaica, of the lady class. be-
gan to go out to work. This class had up to then
been carefully sheltered from what was considered
to be the contamination of earning one's own living
Concessions were made, of course; a lady
S might teach in a school; she might even
engage in some private dressmaking, with
elaborate explanations showing that she
made dresses only for her friends, or for a
few strangers whom she particularly wish-
ed to oblige. But to work in a store, in an
office, as a nurse; to become a hair-dresser,
to engage in business, to be a professional
dressmaker; and to feel no shame whatever
in any of these callings, but rather a great
deal of pride-that was something of which
the ladies of Jamaica could have no concep-
tion some thirty years ago.
To-day those ladies who are not Ild
enough to know anything about the peculiar
ideas and prejudices of their mothers would
laugh at such ideas and prejudices should
they be publicly expressed. To the young
woman under thirty to-day it seems the
most natural thing in the world that she
should work, especially if she is not of
ample and independent means. It seems to
her a necessary thing that she should find
something remunerative to do; necessary tor
the development of her powers, necessary
Sfor the employment of her time. And that
any decent sort of employment should be
derogatory to her status as a lady does not
occur to her or to anybody else.

M R. Bernard Shaw has suggested that
this change in point of view, in the
English-speaking world, is largely due to
the influence of Mr H. G. Wells. You may
remember that in Shaw's epilogue 'to
Pygmalion he describes how Freddy, who is
a gentleman by birth (and badly educated
as most gentlemen are apt to be), marries
Eliza, the flower-girl, and with her opens
a flower shop in London. It was Colonel
Pickering, a gentleman, too, a soldier by
profession, a man of means, one who would be receiv-
ed anywhere, who hinted to the young couple that
possible means of earning their livelihood. Then
Freddy's sister. Clara, who felt that a lady must not
work but must only m.rry well, also underwent a
change of mental heart. Mr. Shaw tells us that for
many years "**commercial people and professional peo-
ple in a -mall way were ,dious to her. She ran
after painters and nf.r-'!ikt She was, in short,
an utter failure, an igirant, incompetent, preten-
tious, unwelcome, pennilesi-, useless little snob." But


Daughter of Mr. Geoffrey Gunter of the Jamaica Govern-
ment Railway. Miss Gunter graduated at the University
of Oxford with honours in 1929. She has entered the teach*
ing profession and is now engaged as one of the French
Mistresses at Wolmer's

she took to reading H. G. Wells. Then "Clara's
snobbery went bang. Life suddenly began to move
with her." She dropped her snobbishness, and she
went to work in an antique furniture shop. She


prospered, as eventually did her brother and his wife
Eliza: snobbishness and the old ideas as to what
a lady must and must not do in the working world
vcdii~hed quite out of their lives.
AT least that is the impression Mr. Shaw
conveys to us, although snobbishness
never entirely vanishes out of anybody's
life Nevertheless it is true that many of
the stupidities which handicapped us thirty
or even fifteen years ago have been largely
abolished, and not only by Mr. Wells and
otrh-er revolutionary men of letters.
The inventor of the typewriter, for in-
sltaiic:. had much to do with the new re-
volution. The expansion of business had to
do with it. The war has also had a great
deal to do with it. There used to be occupa-
tions entirely undertaken by men, or by
women of what used to be considered an
inferior class. But the girl of the period,
the girl of to-day, is not at all worried by
the fact that men used to do or are still
doing these jobs, or that girls of a so-called
inferior class occupy such positions. The
only question that matters is whether a
decent young woman who undertakes such
work can maintain her personal decency,
and whether such work is remunerative. If
the answer is yes, there is little or no hesi-
N these days even members of the Eng-
lish aristocracy either toil and spin them-
selves to earn a living, or are the sons of
men who made their own living by hard
work, while they themselves carry on their
father's functions.
G. K. Chesterton has an amusing sketch
of a conversation between an American and
an English priest, Father Brown. The
American assumes that the English aristo-
,,,,, ,,, crat is too ancient in lineage and too proud
,,r,', to lift' a hand to do a job to save his life.
,,,d "Our people," he says to Father Brown, "are
FiNI,,t. not like the English, who will forgive a
man for being rich if he throws away
money on hospitals or horses. You do not do
justice to the climbing and aspiring power of our
more remarkable citizens. You see a good-look-
ing gray-haired man in evening-dress with an air
of authority about him, you know he is a pillar
of the State and you fancy he had a father.
You are in error. You do not realise that a com-
paratively few years ago he may have been in a tene-
ment, or quite likely in a gaol. You do not allow
for our national buoyancy and uplift. Many of our
(Continued on Page 41)

Photo by Cleary and Eltiott. Photo Oy .youa.
A daughter of Mr. G. M. Wortley, late of the Colonial Daughter of Mr. G. G. C. McCormack aid a niece of Mr.
Secretary's Office. After leaving school in England Miss Frank Lyons, who in February 1930 opened an academy
Wortley studied ladies' hairdressing at one of the best of dancing at her residence in North Street. Miss MeCor-
known hairdressing establishments in London. She de- mack was trained in the Florence Cowanova, 'Studios of
cided to make this her vocation, having a natural liking New York. As a child she attracted much attention by
for the work and great skill in the performance of it. graceful fancy dancing, and at the completion of her
She has attracted a large and permanent clientele studies she decided to open an academy here

Photo by Uleary and Elhlort.
A daughter of Mr. J. H. Allwood of St. Ann. Miss
Allwood studied nursing at the Nuttall Hospital after
having been educated in one of the best known lady
schools of England. Miss Allwood has a natural apti-
inde for nursing, she loves the work and decided to make
ii her professional calling. The course of training at
Ihe Nuilull Ho-pilnl i.i a %er. thorough one


__ __ ___ I_ 1___


Incorporated by Royal Charter 1836.
Re-incorporated by Act of Parliament 1925.

With which are amalgamated



Authorised Capital 10,000.000. Subscribed Capital 6,975,500.
Capital Paid up 4,975.500. Reserve Fund 1,550,000.
"Deposits" 31/3/30 62,842,834.

HEAD OFFICE: 54 Lombard Street. London, E.C. 3
LONDON OFFICE (Colonial Bank Sectioni. 29 Gracechurch Street, E.C. 3.
21 York Street. 25 Castle Stltet. Adolplsplatz IV.
44 Beaver Street.

and THE BANK OF MONTREAL-All Branches.
BRANCHES IN THE WEST INDIES-Antigua, Barbados, Dominica, Grenada, St. Kitts, St. Lucia,
St. Vincent, Trinidad.

BRANCHES IN JAMAICA---Kingston, Annotto Bay, Falmouth, Lucea, Montego Bay, Morant Bay,
Port Antonio, Port Maria, Savanna-la-mar, St. Ann's Bay.


Over 400 Branches throughout British West AFrica, Egypt and the Suldan, Transvaal, r1h,'-l-i;i. Cape
Province, Natal, Orange Free State, Swaziland, Portiiauefe East Africa, South-West Africa, T:ing.riviL;ia
Nyasaland, Kenya Colony, Malta, Gibraltar, Palestine and Mauritius.



Manager, Jamaica BIanches.

C. B. SAYLES, Asst. Manager.



I I'




(Continued from Page 19)
Tramway Company's rights. A new regime had been
Both Mr. Nichols and the Jamaica Public Service
Company had their work cut out. The latter found
itself called upon to lay out considerable sums
of money to improve and develop the existing plants:
a going concern had been purchased, but the im-
provements imperatively required were great and
the expenditure accordingly heavy. The new man-
ager's job was psychological as well as administra-
tive; he was during the next few years to endeavour
to remove from the minds of all classes of the
people the impression that his company was a sort
of continuation of the West India Electric Tramway
Company. Merely material improvements could be
affected as quickly as machinery could be purchased
and workers employed. But the obliteration from
the popular mind of certain unpleasant memories
and still more unpleasant suspicions was to be a
matter of years and of very patient endeavour. That
endeavour is not yet over, and as a matter of fact
it must always form part of a permanent and con-
tinuous policy.
TWO Canadian Electric Companies had held the
franchise for operating the street car system of
Kingston and Lower St. Andrew. The second Com-
pany had also acquired the franchise for lighting
both parishes. A third organisation had now Fome
into the field; it also was Canadian; it was weight-
ed with an unfortunate legacy; the question which
the public asked was this: what would be this new
company's policy and programme?
Inevitably, certain disputes arose as time went
on. One of these especially was as to the com-
pany's responsibility for repaving a certain portion
of the city's streets under reconstruction. That dis-
pute was finally settled by a compromise between
the two contending parties, the Company and the
Mayor and Corporation. This was eventually accom-
plished so easily as to demonstrate the better
feeling which had already developed between the
new Canadian Electric Company and the Municipal
Authorities. Ten years before, all the talk irght
have been of fighting in a Court of Law. In these
later days, with a more reasonable attitude of mind
prevailing, a great deal may he expected from friend-
ly conversations and an honest disposition on both
But what of the price of electricity for lighting
purposes, and what about the charges foi tramway
fares? Those were the questions asked in 1923. It
was soon known that the cheapening of electricity
for domestic pui poses was une item of the pro-
gramme of the Jamaica Public Service Company. it
was also announced later on that the crnpanly had
no intention of increasing the price of its tramway
This programme was wise, as events have shown.
There can be no doubt that more people are using
electricity now than ever before, while still more
will instal it as the many new houses now being

The Sports,

27 King



Our Stock consists of a large Range of
High Grade Woollens,
Worsteds, Flannels,
Blue and Cream Serges,
Mohairs, Silks, Assams,
Palm Beach, Etc.


I-IIII 1111

and to be built are completed. And with lower rates
prevailing, many of the existing users of kerosene
oil will eventually turn to electricity. The ease with
which this illuminant can be employed, its clean
and radiant effects, its cheapness when economically
utilised-all this will have its influence on a great-
er number of consumers in time. Meanwhile new
sources of business are being developed by the Pub-
lic Service Company. The sign-lighting in use in
East Queen Street and Cross Roads does not only
mean more revenue for the company but a brighten-
ing of thoroughfares such as is seen in progressive
European and American cities. There will be more
of this sign-lighting later on. The stores in King
and Harbour Streets are iti darkne'-. after nightfall
now; but electrical signs advertising Jamanica cigr-
ettes have appeared in the Central Parl: area, and.
merchants in Kinri Street will one by one instal
electrical sint-. until our main thoroughfare becomes
one blaze of coruscating light after dusk. This is a
safe prophecy, for though it is true that lower Kirg
Street is not muc h flreqented at nights at the pres-nlt
time, the better lighting of it will transform it into
a popular promenade in years to niime Somne day
some enterprising merchant in King Street will rea-
lise this and will hasten to capitalise his discovery.

ITH regard to the tramway service, it is easily
obvious to every one who has followed the
change in the purchasing power of money since the
war, that the Public Service Company, which pro
vides the same service at the pre-war rates, has
actually decreased the price of that service. There
has been a general increase of prices .(which is the
same thing as saying that there has been a fall in
the value of money) since 1914. Everything is row
more expensive than it was before, and some things
are very much more expensive. We have no doubt
it could be statistically demonstrated that the
cost of operating the nmuniipality's tramway
,service is very much higher than it used to be, pos-
Eibly fifty per cent. higher. This hai been offset by
a reatenr v'oliiine of business; nevertheless it is cer-
tain that other businesses have raiser the price of
their services or commodities to the public as a con-
sequence of the change in the value of money, while
the Public Service Company has decreased its charges
for electrii lighting and not raised its tramway
rates. This is probably an illustration of what Her-
bert Spencer described as 'enlightened self-interest";
but so long as the self-interest is enlightened it
ought to be appreciated.
How it will fare with the tramway in the future
is a question much discussed just now. The compe-
tition it has to meet from dozens of privately-owned
motor busses is a very serious factor in the general
consideration of cheap and popular transportation
for this municipality. The Ulster Government found
the other day that the busses were driving the
Belfast (.'.rp.lani i. tram-cars out of existence.
Whereupon the Ulster Government promptly abol-
ished the busses. But in some American cities the
cramways have had to give up business, the busses
having driven them off the streets. This will not
happen in Kingston, for it is quite evident that
motor busses cannot supersede the tramway system
as a means of mass transportation. In the mean-
time the company is experimenting with busses as a
complementary means of conveyance, and the pub-
lic is watching the situation with close interest.
It is safe to say that, had the Jamaica Public Ser-
vice Company decided to increase tram-car fares
by fifty per cent., as it was thought at one time it
might, it would have lost the public goodwill and
sympathy; and the co-operation which it may now
very reasonably and confidently expect in the matter
of its transportation service it could never have
hoped for. It was good for the new Canadian elec-
tric company that it adopted a far-seeing and intelli-
gent policy in this respect. That has done much to
show that its manager's announced policy of friendly
co-operation was not a mere formula of words.
T HE company serves an area extending from Lin-
stead, some twenty-six miles to the west of King-
ston, to the Trinidad Leaseholds station five miles
east, and from the sea to the Wireless Station some
ten miles to the north of Kingston. There is no line
of business in this area that is not affected by the
operations of the company. We mnay mention large
workshops such as those of the Jamaica Govertiment
Railway and the Kingston Industrial Worls, and
there are several smaller ones. Breweries, mineral
water factories, bakeries, produce curing depots,
coffee mills, corn mills, dental parlours, sewing
machines, fans, printing offices, refrigerating ma-
chines, irrigation pumping; cooking, water heating,
vacuum cleaners and the numerous domestic appli-
ances which all tend to lessen the burden of the
housewife and raise the standard 'of living in the
community-all these places, appliances, and pro-
cesses use electricity. Water for irrigation is now
pumped up from underground sources by electricity,
and for this purpose alone the Jamaica Public Ser-
vice Company is now spending 60,000 in new ma-
chinery. There will also .be a further extension of
its activities. For there is room for a still greater
development of its operations.

The Royal Mail Steam Packet

(Royal C'ltrftr i itd 1839.)

The Pacilic Steam Navigation

(Royal Charter Dated .IS.'O.)


Southampton, London and Liverpool
and Brazil and the River Plate.
Liverpool and the West Coast of North
and. South America (via Panama
Canal and via Magellan) with
calls at Jamaica as occasion re-
New York, Havana, Panama Canal,
and West Coast of South Amer-
United Kingdom and Continent of
Europe to the West Indies,
Central America; also to China,
Japan, etc.

Local services West Coast,
'awith America.

Central and

Tours de Luxe:


From England by the Luxurious
Cruising Steamer "ATLANTIS"
(15,620 tons register).

From New York by the popular s.s.

By palatial triple screw liner

Regular three-weekly Freight Service:

Between Jamaica, United King-
dom and Continent.
Fast Direct Freight Service:

From London to Jamaica in 15
days--monthly sailings.
Direct Fast Freight Service:

From Ja maica via Panama Canal,
to Los Angeles, San Francisco,
Vancouver, etc.
Regular Coastwise Freight Service:

Between Kingston and Outports
of Jamaica.

For full aprtir-,dlr.i applill-




The Doctor's Cave


This Hotel is built on the
\White Sands Bathing Place
where the finest bathing in
. Il ,.Jn t*l.

site of thel Famous
of Montego Bay,
Jamaica is to be

Boating, Fishing, Motoring, Tennis

and Golf are Available.

G',, <;ood Serrici- and EJ.etllftt Cuisine tihe
'asfij. Blunii- or Doctor's. ('at:e Hote'l is

".\ IUniqiie Location-There is no
Island like it "

place in the




For terms, etc.. apply

\1 B. E\VEN, Prop

Morgan's Daughter
(Continued frc'm Page 23)
"He was stupid to come to Spanish Town," re-
turned Colonel Breakspeare.
"Maybe and maybe not. We don't know what
brought him here or whether he succeeded in do-
ing what he came for. He must be captured or
killed of course, but, don't you see, it would not do
for us to send a sort of expedition after him, scour
a whole parish, and then have to admit failure.
Everyone would know what we were doing, and the
man himself would probably be a hundred miles
from our soldiers. Have you thought what might
be the effect of that on our slave population?"
"What have they to do with this?" demanded Col-
onel Breakspeare. He was a militia colonel, not reg-
ular, and a great planter and slave-holder. That
the slaves should be taken into any sort of consid-
eration, from any point of view, in any matter what-
ever, appeared to him extraordinary.
"Well, it got about last year that this Three-
fingered Jack was not merely a runaway slave turned
highwayman, but the son of an African chief whose
parents were torn from Africa by treachery and
brought to Jamaica. You know the story. It probably
is false, but it seems to be generally believed. He or
some others pretend that he was endeavouring to
avenge the wrongs done to his parents and himself,
and also to all the other slaves brought here from
Africa. Thus he strove to become a heroic charac-
ter in the minds of his own people, though he never
trusted them so far as to work with any of them.
Then he gave it out that he had a powerful magic
or obeah, which made it deadly for anyone to touch
him and rendered him 'invulnerable to ordinary
"That did not prevent the two Maroons from
tracking him and killing him, Your Excellency-al-
though ... ."
Colonel Breakspeare paused in his interruption,
and the Governor resumed.
"Exactly. Although, as you were going to say,
it does not seem that they killed him after all. Now
that is just the point I am coming to. If it comes
to be generally believed that Three-fingered Jack
was not killed, and if we make any failure of ours
to capture him too apparent, word will travel from
one end of the island to the other that the man
either managed to escape death by his obeah, or that
he has returned to life. He will be still more an
object of superstitious reverence to the negroes than
he ever was in the past: he could create rebellion
after rebellion for us if that idea ever occurred to
him. Do you see the danger?"
"Rather!" exclaimed General Swaby; while Col-
onel Breakspeare muttered: "This is serious."
"Very serious," agreed the Governor. "Therefore
we .must go cautiously."
"We don't want to be deceived again as we were
before," muttered Colonel Breakspeare.
"But were we deceived?" asked the Governor. "It
is possible, but I am by no means sure of that. Is
this man really the old Three-fingered Jack?"
"Well, there are his methods, and his hand," re-
plied General Swaby.
"There are many people in this country with but
two fingers on one hand, General," the Governor re-
minded him. "The cane mills are always taking off

fingers, and even hands and whole arms. Colonel
Breakspeare knows that."
"By Jove, yes!" exclaimed that gentleman. "this
man may be an imposter."
"I myself think he is someone who is following
in the steps of Three-fingered Jack," said the Gov-
ernor; "and his actions up to now suggest a higher
degree of intelligence than Jack ever displayed
Therefore he may do more harm. Travellers must
go armed and in sufficient strength until we take
him. We must manage to girve thi advice quietly
to the white people, while keeping all knowledge of
our movements from the negroes."
The Governor's secretary wrote down this
"Of course, the roa4 to St. Thomas and Halfway
Tree will be watched for a day or two longer, but
we can't keep soldiers on that sort of job indefin.
itely." His Excellency continued. "We shall sim-
ply have to wait until the highwayman acts again
to know where he is. It is a wretched business, es-
pecially as we have so much on our hands now with
this war."
He rose and the other men rose with him; bow-
ing, they took their departure.
General Swaby and Colonel Breakspeare, with
Captain Thorton, passed into the great audience hall
of the Governor's residence on leaving the council
room. The% gav, but a perfunctory glance about
them, being well acquainted with this spacious
apartment where formal receptions and balls were fre-
quently held. But we might spare a moment or two
to look at it. It was a lofty room from the ceiling of
which depended three great chandeliers of cut glass,
with quaintly shaped shades that sheltered tall wax
candles from the breeze. Even in the dim light that
filtered through closed windows the glass glittered
and flashed with all the diverse colours of the rain-
bow, as from thousands of precious jewels. Maho-
gany tables stood here and there about the floor.
and large, comfortable chairs with padded leather
seats. Mahogany settees were ranged along each
side of the hall; along the eastern side of it ran a
row of pillars, and opposite to these a line of Doric
pilasters. From these pillars and pilasters branched
out silver-gilt sconces with tapers, and when these
and the chandeliers were lit at night the hall was
a scene of many-coleured splendour. Over the pit-
lars, and supported by them, stood a loiin
enclosed by elaborately carved iron work, and from
this gallery one might look down at times upon a
gay crowd dancing in the hall in quaint but pictures-
que (ostumes. while an orchestra, situated in a bal-
cony to the north above the room, played the stately
airs to which our forefathers danced.
Walking with care over the highly polished floor
of this hall, the three men took themselves through
the folding doors and came upon a portico lifted
four feet above the level of the street and paved
with marble slabs. They descended the steps of this
portico and found themselves amidst a scene which
they knew so well. It was a square, the centre of
which was an open, sandy space, devoid of shrub
or flower, upon which the sun beat down merciless-
ly. Opposite stood the colony's Parliament House
and the hall of its Supreme Court, with its arcade
of circular arches and its pointed roof. To their
right were the arsenal and guard room, and to the
left a collection of old buildings. out of harmony
with the other structures which formed the square,
and consisting of an old and now almost disused
court-house, a tavern, a lodging house, and a bar-

ber's shop, all crying aloud a need of paint and
of repairs.
The King'4 House or Governor's residence was the
largest edifice in this square, a huge pile occupying
a whole block of the capital's centre, and far more
spacious than even its lengthy facade indicated.
But its architectural pretensions were slight, and
the light yellow hue of all the Government build-
uigs there did not conduce to -reating a favourable
impression :'rom a-ny aesthetic point of view. Nev-
ertheless. In spite of indifferent architecture, heat
and blinding glare, the scene in the square was ani-
mated enough and interesting. for there was always
some movement in this busiest part of Spanish Town,
or St. Jagp. de le Vega. to give the city the Spanish
appellation which still persistently clung to it.
Siiirletreorteld slliers moved up and down, mount-
ed menl made the'r way aS ros the square, slaves
trudged hither and thither about their masters'
business. Light contraptions called kittereens--
one-horse chaises- passed, driven by men who had
business in the city, and heavier carriages, swinging
clumsily on the leather straps which served them
for springs, drawn by pairs of horses and controlled
by negro drivers perched in front, lumbered along.
No woman of the upper class was to be seen at this
moment, these would not make their appearance
for a couple of hours yet. They were indoors, most
of them taking a siesta. But here the men, unlike
the males of the neighboring Spanish colonies, did
not indulge in an afternoon nap as a matter of
custom; here work went on as usual, though lan-
guidly, in spite of the heat and the discomfort of
the day.
"Come and have a ium-punch at my house," Col-
onel Breakspeare !ueg'sgted to his companions. with
the ready ho-ipitality of the Jamaica gentleman. and
they consented. His plaie was near at hand, not-
withstanding this,hbe called his carriage and they
drove out of the square into a close-by street, where
they halted before a large building, its front a mass
of green jalouie or venetian windo-ws interspersed
with a few .sash-windows, and the door opening upon
the street. The c-,achman leaped down. raised the
ponderous iron kn.,cker and sent a thunderous noise
into the, farthest recesses of the house. In a few
moments the door swung open and the three gentle-
men passed into a darkened hall. a relief to their
eyes after their experience of the blinding glare
outside. Colonel Breakspeare at once led his guests
into the dining room, where they seated themselves
on mahogany chairs whose wooden seats were pol-
ished as smooth as glass.
He gave an order and, while the punch was be-
ing mixed, he returned to the subject they had just
been discussing with the Governor Of middle
height, florid and of arrogant demeanour, he was a
man of great Jiiportan.e in the country. He was a
member of the colony's Parliament or House of
Assembly, hence his residence in the capital, which
he occupied for but about three months of the year.
He owned ot'ffee Iplantatins and sugar estates not
only in St. Thomas but in two other parishes as well,
and if he knew little or nothing about soldiering.
that did not prevent him from holding a colonelcy
in the Militia, and from being scrupulously addressed
by his military title even by military men. He was
a power in the aind: the Governor himself had en-
quired into the matter of his robbery; Captain
Thorton himself had pursued with regular troops
the man who had robbed him and then had dared
to come on to the capital. Colonel Breakspeare

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was born in England, but had lived nearly thirty
years in Jamaica, and now he regarded himself as a
sort of potentate, which indeed he was on his own
properties. He had married a Jamaica lady and his
daughter was Jamaican. The rumour was that the
Governor's nephew would endeavour to win her un-
less her father should crave some still higher ma-
trimonial connection for her.
A brown woman of middle age came into the
room, evidently the housekeeper anxious to know
if everything was being properly looked after for
the accommodation of the master and those he had
brought with him. "If Miss Joyce is not sleeping,
ask her if she will come down," said Colonel Break-
speare to this woman, who curtseyed and hastily
went out to do his bidding.
"I don't think either of you know my daughter,"
he said to the two men, with the easy cordiality of
the colonial, "and you might as well make her ac-
quaintance now as later on." He himself handed to
his friends the punches that had been prepared and
set on the table by the butler. They sipped the
drink, and Captain Thorton, at the request of his
host, began to give a more detailed description of his
adventure of the night before than it had been neces-
sary to lay before the Governor.
It was the Colonel himself who, strangely
enough, had detected Three-fingered Jack in the town,
The Colonel had left his house on a visit about
eight o'clock last night, after an early dinner: he
was using a kittereen. When near to a turning that
led into the square. he had caught sight of a man
leading a horse and apparently going in the direc-
tion whence he himself had come. The man he
would ordinarily have taken for a groom leading
his master's mount somewhere; but it happened that
a gleam from a lamp in a house bordering the street
shone through a window and fell upon the horse,
and the Colonel immediately recognized his own.
He sprang at once to the right conclusion, stopped
his trap, and leaped to the ground. The man had
seen and heard him, for Colonel Breakspeare had not
been able to restrain the violent exclamation which
surprise and astonishment forced to his lips. The
man had instantly swung himself into the saddle
and made off, whereupon Colonel Breakspeare had
scrambled again into the kittereen, driven up to the
guard-house, and in a few words informed the offic-
ers there that the highwayman, Three-fingered Jack,
was even then escaping on his horse. Of course
these officers had heard of the episode along the
Windward Road and Captain Thorton, being a re-
sident in Kingston, was hastily detailed to under-
take the pur-uit The direction taken by the thief
was towards the highroad leading into Kingston:
it was not likely that he wuiid now turn back and
try some other egress from the city. So. eight or
ten men in all, the armed troop followed him furi-
ously, pausingfor a moment at the eastern outskirts
of the town to ask a cart-man if he had seen a negro
upon a horse galloping outwards that way The
man assured them that he had: after thit they had
no doubts. And then began a stern chase. which
ended as we already kiinw.
"His horse was better than ours," said Captain
Thorton, "but was evidently a little tired. We had
gone some nine miles before we actually caught sight
of him, he was going hell for leather, but once we
saw him there was, of course, no chance that he could
get out of sight again. As you know, the road is
for the most part quite straight when you near
Kingston, and the moon had risen. We took a long
chance now and then by firing at him, but that was
a waste of powder and shot. He answered th.iugh:
what is more, he managed to load his pistols while
riding full speed. I wanted to pot him before he
could reach the town, for there, in the streets, he
would have a better chance. As luck would have it,
one of my men hit his horse, which pitched forward
and threw the fellow. This was where the grass-
yards of Kingston begin, for we were already in
the city. He picked himself up, uninjured apparent
ly, and ran like the devil, and here he had the
advantage of us. He could dodge and turn, as we
could not on our horses; he could take advantage
of every bit of shadow and every dark corner that
was there. But he didn't dare to stay long in any
shelter, for we were railing nn the Town Guard as we
searched, and they go about rn foot. Every now and
then one of us saw him running along, there was no
mistaking him, for nobody %as about except the
Town Guard. We were so close on his heels that if
it had been daytime we should lave shot him; like
a curse, the light was not gnod enough for that. We
pressed him till he came to the very centre of King-
ston, near the Barracks, and then I th,'uelht I had
him for certain. But he turned up a lane, and if
he had vanished into the air he could not have ps-
caped more completely."
Through a side door came Colonel Breakspeare's
daughter. Clothed all in white, with hooped skirts
trailing the ground, she looked comfortably cool in
spite of the heat. Her fine chestnut hair was done
high, in the fashion of the time, forming a sort of
crown on her marble forehead; she walked with a
quiet dignity, having long been used to playing the
hostess to her father's guests. Her blue eyes were
friendly and smiling, and on her lips was a smile

as she advanced towards the gentlemen who had all
risen to meet her. Both strangers looked at her
with a flash of admiration. Here indeed was some-
thing lovely and delectable to enliven the social life
of St. Jago de la Vega.
They had finished their punch. "Let us go into
the little sitting room for a while and talk over
our adventures," her father suggested gaily. "I
really must tell y(.u again how pluckily Joyce acted
that night when that brute was robbing me; I feel
quite proud of her"
"Not one young lady in a thousand would have
had the courage or the presence of mind to do what
you did," General Swaby complimented her, with a
low bow; then she led the way into the room which
was used for informal friendly visits. She was curious
to know how the interview with the Governor,
which had been arranged by himself, had gone off,
and what steps were to be taken to capture the
Her father told her briefly. He dwelt on the Gov-
ernor's doubts as to whether this man was the
authentic Three-fingered Jack. "And there may be
something in the Governor's view," he added.
"You know," said Joyce, "I have been puzzling
over that man myself. I was confused, of course,
and frightened-terribly frightened that night,-but












mATff ,-

when I came to think over all that occurred, it
seemed to me that the highwayman did not speak
like the ordinary negro; he spoke rather well; didn't
you notice that, father?"
"I can't say I did," her father confessed. "I was
too enraged to pay any attention to his speech,
tlhiugh I heard what he said very well. What exact-
ly do you mean?"
"He didn't speak broken English, I am sure of
that. Yet every one of these negroes do."
"Nearly every one, but not all," General Swaby
politely corrected her. "A few of the free blacks
have learnt to speak our language fairly well. I
have noticed that."
"That settles it," said Colonel Breakspeare. "This
man is not Three-fingered Jack, for he was a slave
until he took to highway robbery. This creature is
something different. By Jove, yes! He actually at-
t-nipted to raise bis hat to my daughter!"
The enormity of this offence almost took away
the breath of the two other gentlemen: a new and
bewildering phenomenon had suddenly swum into
their ken.
"That man is going to give us trouble," assever-
ated Captain Thorton with conviction. "Well, I
shall do alhat I can in Kingston to lay him by the
heels. That is. if be is still there."

4 King St. HARDWARE Store

A Few of our Specialties.















DOORS t\ '








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V'Will both of you be able to dine with us to-
night?" asked Colonel Breakspear after some further
conversation; "jtiit put-luik, you know, for we
haven't beer here a week yet."
General Swaby accepted, but Captain Thorton
regretted his inability to do so. He must be back in
Kingston that night. In the circumstances he might
have postponed his departure from Spanish Town un-
til the morrow, for his superior officer would have
consented to that. But he wished to show his zeal to
the General. who .-was the officer commanding all the
troops in Jamaica; and, though Joyce attracted him,
she did so as something distant and removed; at
best they could only be acquaintances. And there
was a woman in Kingston who might so easily be-
come more than friendly with him and whom he wish-
ed to see again as soon as possible.


WHEN John Seymour had, by the simple pro-
cess of washing his hands and face in the
Cane River on the Windward Road, transformed
himself from a black into a white man, he took
rapidly the other steps necessary to making good
his escape. He flung his two long guns into the
sea, knowing no white man would ride about the



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country at night carrying such weapons, and that,
in any case, they would be remarked by the sentry
at the Fort farther on and might lead to his identi-
fication with the black bandit who had attacked
Colonel Breakspeare's party. He also threw away
his hat, for that was incompatible with his new
role. A hatless gentleman might seem strange, but
one wearing the headgear of a slave would attract
attention at once.
Then he rode on to Rock Fort, which guarded
the eastern land and sea ingresses to Kingston, and
lircsently saw the red-coated sentry slowly pacing
to and fro across the road. He was not so unwise
as to hurry. He went deliberately, lurching a little
in his saddle as might a man who had been drink-
ing too much. The Fort, built of square blocks of
white stone, spanned the roadway by means of a
lofty arch; its rear was against the hill that sloped
immediately behind it, its front was sheer upon
the sea. Many cannon peeped forth from embra-
sures on three sides, and many soldiers were to be
found in the Fort itself and the buildings back of
it. But travellers were not challenged as a rule,
since they would know no passwords and the paved
path leading under the Fort was part of the public
highway. So the sentry hardly gave him a glance
as he came up, and soon his horse had gained the
other side of the great arch and he breathed more
freely than before.
Still he went leisurely, until he was at least a
furlong away from Rock Fort. Then he pressed his
mount. He guessed that Colonel Breakspeare might
enquire later on if a black man with long guns
and a horse had come that way, and he would be
told, no. A white man on a horse hardly anyone
would trouble to mention, nor would it matter if
anyone did.
He had taken the horse, and that had caused
him to change his plans; but what new plans had
he formed? As he galloped onwards he admitted
to himself that his future would require some
careful thinking out. He knew where he should
go this morning, if his luck held, and that might
ensure him immediate if but temporary safety. He
had been once before to Kirinqtrn. he had not cared
to remain in that city for long. But there he had
heard casually that at the Halfway Tree village or
thereabouts was a man who dealt in horses. and
the general description he had heard of this man's
place convinced him that he would be able to find
it. He now made up his mind what to do when he
got there.
From the Rock Fort to where the houses of
Kingston began was a distance of some four miles.
A range of dark mountains rose to his right for
the most part of the way, and the gleaming sea on
the other hand. The water's surface was rippling
silver as he rode, and the breeze of early morning
was cool and sweet, divinely refreshing. But an-
other four miles must be traversed after Kiugstonu
was reached before he should arrive at his destina-
tion, and he knew that the dawn would come swift-
ly, that the passage from the twilight loveliness
of morn to golden, all-suffusing sunlight would be
almost sudden-a paling of the skies, the swift
-(llpie of moon and stars, a rush of pink and pearl,
of azure and flaming bands of crimson, then an
effulgpnce of brightne-s that would wake the sleep-
ing world as with a call of trumpets. He did not
care to risk that; he did not wish to be seen too
distinctly, hatless, entering any place. And so he
rode on recklessly now, as he had gone through life
for the most part, and if there were one or two
sleepy Town Guards who wondered at the horseman
speeding away so desperately, he did not see them
and took no account of them whatever.
He reached the village of Halfway Tree; here
roads ran north and south and east and west, and
he recalled the general location of his goal. Turn-
ing to the west, he went a little way, and there,,
rising gigantic into the air, the greatest ceiba
tree in all the island, the Halfway Tree as genera-
tions had called it, reared.its mighty trunk and
its branches black with foliage, its very roots stand-
ing out, gnarled and massive, two or three feet
above the ground. Beneath this solitary giant all
was in darkness, no moonlight penetrating through
the thick roof of its leaves. He.calculated. Where
he wished to stop at must be nearly opposite to
this, a trifle farther on, to the left. If he made any
mistake and entered some country gentleman's penn,
or rural residence, there was no saying what the
eventual consequence might be. Still, a risk had
to be taken, though he need not make it greater by
disregarding some elementary precautions.
He emerged into moonlight again, though now
he noticed that the sky was lighter than before,
and the cocks were crowing on every hand. He
must hurry. That house perhaps: he was just op-
posite to it. It was not a gentleman's, though it might
belong to a white man of the lesser sort. But it
might be the one he was looking for. There was
nothing to do but enquire, and still trust to one's
good fortune. He went up to the low wooden gate
and kicked against it loudly with his heavy boot.
The sharp barking of dogs answered him, and
two or three curs rushed up to the gate, yapping
and jumping as if to get at him. Then a window

in the rather small two-storied wooden building not
far from the road was pushed upwards and a voice
"Who dere?"
The accent convinced him that it was no white
man who spoke.
He ht-itated no longer. Stooping, he lifted the
bent catch of hoop-iron which kept the two wings
of the gate t.,gether, and rode into the yard.
His voice was imperious: "I want someone to
look after my horse!"
"Very good, Squire <-.rming, sah!" The answer
was immediate and humble, and in a few minutes
a door opened and a brown man, with tousled
hair, clothed only in pants and collarless soft shirt,
and rubbing the sleep out of his eyes with the
knuckles of one hand, appeared upon the scene. He
bowed obsequiously to the stranger.
"Sorry I keep you, Squire, but I was just get-
ting awake. What you want, Squire?"
"You sell and hire horse-??'
"Yes, sah; t'ree dollars a day if you hire
one, and I have two or tree to sell-"
"I will hire a horse from you to-day, while
you keep mine and see that he is properly looked
after and rested. He has come a lung distance over
the hills"-Seymour indicated the hills to the north
-"and is tired. I am tired too. My hat blew
off in a gust of wind as I came along," he add-
ed carelessly, and laughed as though it were a
"Certainly, Squire; hope you won't catch cold,
sah. Can I get something for the Squire: a cup
of coffee or something?"
"Not a bad idea at all! Damn it, I do feel a
trifle weary; the roads are pretty bad."
"Yes, sah; please walk in while me wife get
you a cup of coffee and I take the horse round to
the back. 'Ullo!" he called out, to one or two
black boys who were making their appearance from
the rear. For now the dawn was breaking, and men
and women were already beginning to stir themselves
for the day's routine and toil.
"Wait a bit; I'll take the saddle and bags in-
side," said Seymour. "if you'll give me a hand."
The brown man hastily undid the horse's girths,
as bidden, and the two of them took the saddlery
into the house. for Seymour would not let the
money out of his sight for a moment A little apart-
ment containing a small horsehair couch, a table
and a couple of mahogany chairs was quite evident-
ly consecrated to the service of distinguished visit-
ors; it was a sort of office and reception room in
one, in which the gentlemen who called on business
sat, while the owner stood and negotiated or re-
ceived orders.
The saddle and the bags were deposited care-
fully on the couch, and the man, whose name was
Hawkins, hurried outside to bid his wife prepare
some breakfast at once for the gentleman. Then he
returned to receive further orders, if any. He al-
ready understood that a horse was to be hired from
him, for one day at least, for three dollars, the
animal that had been handed over to him being left
in his care. On the feeding of that there wouhl be
a trifle of profit, and of >course the gentleman would
pay handsomely for his breakfast in the way of a
"I have had a long ride," said Seymour casual-
ly. "I want to go down to Kingston on some busi-
ness, but am jolly tired. I don't want to trouble
any of my friends about here for only a few hours,
so I am wondering if you have a place where I
could doze a while before going on." He glanced
round the room in which he was. It would do well
enough for his purpose, if he closed the door.
"Gentlemen stop here sometimee. Squire, on them
way to Kingston," his host eagerly assured him.
"I have a nice room up.tair-< where you can sleep,
sah. I can show it to y.u "
John nodded assent and said he would go to
that room. They took his bnelning up with them.
The small bedroom was clean if nimagerly furnish-
ed; it would serve. He ordered his breakfast to be
brought to him there. andi t came in a quarter of
an hour: fragrant coffee and hot cow's milk, ham
and eggs, a loaf of bread and a roasted plantain:
a sufficient meal. He ate ravenously. Then. after
the things had been removed, he locked his room-
door and proceeded to investigate what was con-
tained in Colonel Breakspeaie's saddle-bagq :
Wrapped up in small parcels of clrth and thick
paper he found something over a thousand pounds
in Spanish doubloons and pistoles, for the currency
in Jamaica was still mainly Spanish, the result of
decades of trading with the Spanish colonies in
Cuba, Santo Domingo and on the Main, which took
slaves and other merchandise from Jamaica and
paid in minted gold.
His eyes glistened. Here was money enough to
last him a long time if he did not yield to the
temptation to gamble, money to take him out of
Jamaica if he could arrange a passage quietly. And
all obtained at one haul, at one throw of the die,
as he might term it. In England, before his flight,
he had sometimes played for high stakes. That it
was which had induced him to forge his partner's
name in a moment of desperation-for it was forgery



that was the crime which had occasioned his dra-
matic exit from London, a crime which was a capital
offence and to which he had been driven by heavy
losses at, gaming. He had been a lawyer, though he
felt that his father should have made him a soldier;
he had become something of a sportsman and a
young blood about town; he could ride, he could
shoot, he could fence, and he had a taste for ad-
venture; above all, he loved to play for high stakes.
He had played and lost at home, and the penalty
was ruin and disgrace, with hanging if once he
were captured and condemned; but his luck seemed
to be turning now. To secure more than a thousand
pounds by holding up a man on a highroad and to
escape unknown was an achievement which any
highwayman anywhere might envy. He need not
attempt the performance again; he would not tempt
fortune by asking her too much at once. He would
secure this money about his person and see what
could be done about getting away from Jamaica.
He placed it under a pillow and put his head on
the pillow. In a few minutes he was asleep.

He awoke at about ten o'clock, considerably re-
freshed, and called his host.
"I am going to leave my horse with you," he
explained; "I am returning for it this evening or
to-morrow. Will you have my clothes brushed and
smoothed for me? And by the way, I think I told
you how my hat got lost last night as I was coming
down. Can I get a hat to buy about here?"
"Not a hat good enough for Squire," the man
explained dubiously. "But I have a new one, Squire,
dat I never wear yet"-this was a lie-"and if the
Squire would condescend to try it on, till he get
to town an' can buy a good one-?"
The Squire would condescend; as a matter of
fact this arrangement suited him perfectly. So the
hat was brought, and though a trifle small it would
do in the circumstances. He could also have a tub
in his room, with warm as well as cold water. He
carried his own razors with him. In another hour
he was shaved and bathed and dressed, the gold
carefully distributed about his person. If his clothes
were not those which a gentleman of position would

have cared to appear in Kingston in, there would
be many other white men about not better garbed
than he.
He rode down to Kingston in an hour, passing
between the country residences of the gentry, and
huge grass pieces in which cattle browsed and slept
in the heat of the day. The white men who had
business in Kingston had gone down to their vari-
ous stores and offices long before, so he encountered
hardly anyone of consequence. Wagons conveying
hogsheads of sugar and rum to the port he over-
took; these drawn by plodding oxen and sometimes
by mules, and attended by slaves clothed in their
customary dress: a pair of trousers, a sort of jump-
er, or sack jacket, and a wide battered straw hat
pressed down upon the head and fastened on by a
bit of string which ran under the throat. These
jabbered and laughed as they slowly wended their
way towards the city, their feet stamping into inches
of dust that covered the uneven roadway.
The city was reached; it began nearly a mile
(Contiitlni on Page 37)


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IARRIVED at Negril with a wild Norther blo w ug.
Pleasant, if I could only have sheltered from it.
But that was exactly what I could not do, for per-
siennes took the place of windows in many of my
host's rooms, and no persienne, however tightly clos-
ed, will keep out a Norther.
I couldn't even keep a lamp alight. So I went
to bed in the dark. It was a little difficult in a
strange room but there was one great advantagee .
That wind kept off the mosquitoes.
Next morning I rose in search of a bath. IMy
host had offered me one which he said his last guest
had had transferred to the yard.
I ymnipathl"-d with her. It was a handsome
bath, large and of marble, fit for a Roman patrician;
unluckily there was not space for me and that bath
in the same room. The backyard was rather too
public a place to bathe in, so I Iput o:n my dles-ing
gown and made my way past a good many :eonuts
and other aboreal trash that had been blown down
during the night to a nice little cove with a sandy
beach where, I thought, screened by the sea grapes,
I might have a bath in decent pi iva:-y
I aren't go in. The sea.-. driven by the North-
er, were coming in in what for that part of the
world were great rollers. I could only sit down on the
hard sand and let them wash over me. I enjoyed
that bath. True I had to hold on to a convenient
piece of rock so that the undertow did not drag me
out, and there was a good deal more sand in the
water than I quite liked. But I itiped that off with
a towel, the early morning sun was delicious, the
wind and the waves most invigorating. I went in*
to early breakfast feeling as if the world belonged
to me. I have to thank my kind host for those
delicious mornings, for there were those afterwards
when there was no sand in the water, just a re-
freshing breeze and no undertow to drag me out.
That Norther blew all the next day, and my
host, pitying my troubles of the night before, gave
me a lamp warranted to keep alight in any.wind.
It did.
But it was the sort that required to be taken
to a desert place and held over a bonfire to warm
up before it would start on business When I
put it out I aren't endanger a wooden house by
lighting it again. It had to stay "put.' as they say
in Jamaica.
That was unfortunate, as the Norther dropped
about one o'clock and then the mosquitoes got to
work. To find the mosquito curtains in the dark
was beyond me. I draw a veil over my woes. I was
entirely at their mercy.
Negril is Jamaica in the raw-Jamaica as it
was about ninety years ago when first the slaves
were freed. I felt that these people had just been free
long enough to accustom themselves to the absence
of restrictions, not long enough to become ambitious
and desire something more than the country about
could give them.
THE Church was close, so I began well by going.
I had hesitated. I hadn't brought a hat with
me, regarding even the most becoming as useless
encumbrances. Now, I am not given to going to
church, but did I happen to go, custom has decreed-
that I should wear a hat. Has not St. Paul declared
that no woman should appear in the holy place un-
"Because of the angels," he had added. Very
few people, certainly not the priests of Italy who
insist upon his dictum, remember that Paul was
of his time and believed that, while God was in
His Holy place, certain other spirits of more than
human power would also be there and might look
upon the unveiled women with eyes of desire.
"The Sons of God saw the daughters of men
that they were fair."
Therefore for her own sake a woman must be
protected with a veil which covered her face.
Latter days have construed that into a hat, some-
times fashionable or becoming, sometimes a most
dilapidated wreck that the lady would be better
Now I do not lay claim to any youth or beauty
and can be quite sure of being safe from the Sons
of God, but I was not at all sure that the leaders
of the church in Negril would not be shocked if I
appeared without a hat. Therefore I made discreet
Every one was surprised that I hesitated.
"Oh Missus! you go."
Bungy, who ruled the kitchen, was emphatic.
I don't suppose she had ever heard of St. Paul's
Injunction. In fact I doubt if she had ever heard
of St. Paul.
Fortified with the approval of the household I
went to church with my head uncovered, and found
myself the only white person there.
The garish sun of the Tropics, garish even in
March, streamed in through the windows but nobody
thought it hot but me. Though the women and girls


Mrs. Gaunt, on leaving Jamaica in April of 1930,
wrote the sketch which appears on this and other pages
for the present number of "Planters' Punch."
'Mrs. Gaunt has spent in all about two years in Ja,
maica: Eighteen months some ten years ago, and six
months in 1929-30.
Her last visit was paid for the purpose of studying
Jamaica life with the object of writing a Travel Book on
the colony and also a novel the scenes of which will be
laid in Jamaica.
Mrs. Gaunt is the author of a number of works, chief-
ly novels. She has already written a book on Jamaica
entitled "Where the Twain Meet."'

had light dresses on, the few men present, evidently
officers of the church, had on heavy black coats, not
perhaps in the first bloom of their youth, or in the
latest fashion, but solid and eminently suited to an
English winter or a trip to the polar regious.
The service was conducted by the schoolmaster,
a darkish coloured man. Greatly to my surprise-
I apologize for that surprise-I have seldom heard
the beautiful service of the Church of England bet-
ter read.
I was put in a front pew and it was evident
that the presence of a stranger was an event. They
looked after me carefully, supplied me with a Bible,
a prayer book and a hymn book, and even went
the length of finding the places for me, though, my
father having been a pillar of the Church, I could
quite easily have found them myself. Indeed I didn't
want a book. In season and out of season in my
youth I had listened to that service. I knew it by
heart. I had been wont to dodge it whenever I got
the chance.
I THOUGHT of all my past sins as I listened to
the schoolmaster reading dramatically the lesson
of the day. I almost forgot I was in church in this
far-away corner. The midday sun was so high over-
head it could hardly come in at the door, but just
here and there, where the squares of coloured glass
in the windows had been tiptilted, it fell through
them on the floor, red and blue and gold. The sun
and the colours carried me back to my youth, with
my father the judge sternly condemning his father's
carelessness in religious matters, He has been in
his grave for a quarter of a century.





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um u umno mul nm nmum. .u ... .+..lot.


All things seemed good there. His strictness,
my casualness. Yet with all the past was the pre-
sent moment, and the schoolmaster's musical voice
telling the story of the Patriarch. I saw the Syrian
plain; the Angel of the Lord appearing to Abram. I
saw the hot sunshine and the scanty pasture. I heard
Sarai's mocking voice asking how could this thing
be since she was already an old woman. I heard
the soft sighing of the Caribbean sea as a back
ground; I could see outside all the lush green, the
riotous life of the Tropics.
I shall not forget that church in Negril. While
I listened to the lessons I read the events recorded
in the blank pages at the beginning of the Bible
lent me. The owner's name had not been entered.
I presume he had been married: not because he had
had eleven children but because he had taken the
trouble to enter them here. About the middle he
had forgotten Ethelind-"Ethelind," which I had
never heard before, was quite a favourite name in
Negril. Her name, without the date of her birth,
was screwed in between two others. The only other
events beside those births were "Lesly enlisted 1925";
"was transferred 1926". As there wasn't a war on I
presume Lesly is a policeman.
Now the reader had come to Abram wrestling
with the fierce tribal God of the Hebrews. At the
same time I noted with regret-I had forgotten my
own passing interest in Ethelind and Lesly-that the
cngregation was not listening to the lesson but was
%ari.hing to see the effect it had upon the stranger.
The voice that read was finely modulated. It could
not have been better done in London. Indeed very
often it is much worse done.
So far I had gone on very well and behaved
myself quite properly. It was when they began to
sing a Lenten ]imn that I disgraced myself.
"Meekly kneeling on our knees," echoed with
fervour through the building. Down on their knees
slowly sank the whole congregation.
I stood looking on, thinking how thoroughly
they were putting their heart into it; how thorough-
ly they were enjoying it. I knew they were feeling
too that the stranger must be noting how well they
were doing things. Unluckily I forgot that I, too,
as one of the congregation, was omitting my part
Across the church came one of the black-coated
gentlemen who had supplied me with books. In his
hands he held a large cushion.
"People's warden," he said discreetly just below
his breath, and as discreetly placed the cushion at
my feet.
I recognized my error and knelt.
The schoolmaster, unluckily for the high place I
was giving him in my estimation, embarked on a
sermon and chose as his text,
"My yoke is easy and my burden light."
About every minute for a quarter of an hour he
repeated that text and proceeded to show that, how-
ever easy that burden and that yoke might be, they
were entirely unintelligible to such as I.
ILOOKEI about me. So did everybody else.
A turkey hen came, crying distressfully, to the
open door opposite me and peered in:
'Anlybody seen my poults! Anybody seen my
The "poults" rose on so high a note that every-
body except the preacher transferred their attention
from the stranger to the turkey hen. A yellow dog
-he must have belonged to the people's warden-
going discreetly and quietly as became the occasion,
directed her attention elsewhere. Then a baby boy
in a pink cotton shirt and crimson plush shorts,
hugely delighted with himself, toddled up to the choir
and flung himself into an agitated mother's arms.
Clearly I saw written on her face-
"What would the strange lady think of such
behaviour on Reginald's part!" She put her hand
over his mouth aid forcibly repressed his remarks.
Never was a better-behaved congregation.


The preacher read on. It was hot-hot-
I could see the flowers in the vases, scarlet hibis-
cus and fragrant white Jamaica lilies, visibly wilt-
ing. We finished the sermon and sang more hymns.
We took up the collection in very hot-looking red
velvet bags hung on golden rods-presumably the
rector's-and the warden bore them down to the
end of the church, the schoolmaster following in the
warden's wake gravely and reverently. From there
he delivered the blessing.
The congregation talked and talked and talked
and looked at the stranger within the gates. Then
came my embarrassment.
Now I count myself a pagan but I have always
offered incense at the altar of the Goddess of Mercy
on entering the gate of a city in China; I have given
flowers or money or whatever else the priest de-
manded on entering a Buddhist Temple. I have, I
hope, borne myself reverently in whatever church I
happened to find myself, though once in my ill-re-
gulated girlhood I admit to giggling at a Quaker's
Meeting. But I had been there two hours without any-
thing happening. At last a lady in a bonnet and a
black cape studded with bugles got up and, turning
her back on the congregation, stood for an intermin-
able time in dead silence; then, remarking in a gasp
"U-um! E-er!" sat down again! But that was the
only occasion I remember misbehaving and I was
What was my 'horror, then, when two little
girls-Annie and Eulalie-Annie was the daughter
of the people's warden-took the flowers from the
altar and gave them to me!
To be given the flowers that had been dedicated
to the Altar!
I wilted.
Bowing my head in the Temple of Rimmon as
I had done so often was as nothing to this!
Then I recovered. I took the flowers and gave
each little girl 3d. Bathos.
But they were so pleased.
In consequence of those pennies, I suppose, the
two little girls constituted themselves my guides
about Negril.
MANY Jamaicans are very hazy about this most
westerly point of the island. In the village
scattered along the shores of a lovely bay are only
two white men. One was my kind host who has
withdrawn himself from the world and dwells in a
bungalow overlooking the bay. If you do not desire
to live on a hill there could not be a more ideal
spot for a house. Could I please myself I would

live in a house such as this, with a garden running
down to the shore. Here there was a nice sandy
beach with alternate coconut palms, sea grapes-and
a bushy shade tree known as a button tree hanging
over it. Behind those trees, set in a garden, is the
verandahed bungalow.
The other white man in the place is the post-
master, an old man who confided in me the difficul-
ties of living on 1 a week. His trouble was water.
When you come to think of it, it must be difficult
to attend to postal business and seek water at the
same time, for, of course, there is no water laid on
in Negril. If you can't collect enough from your
roof you must send to a deep hole about a mile away.
Annie and Eulalie told me all about it in their pretty
"It is deep, deep. You muntn t co there. If you
fall in no man can get you, no man know the bottom.
You get taken right out to sea."
That water, slightly 'rakiilb. is much preferred
in Negril to that they get from their roofs. But
then the roofs, being shingled or palm-thatched, the
water from them, the water from the -kies. is col-
oured a deep brown.
Still, I don't fancy the p,.,tal duties, are very
heavy. I shook the place to the foundations by ask-
for half a dozen halfpenny post cards. The post-
master said he'd see what he could do if I'd give
him time, and before evening fell he very kindly
sent me in five-all he could manage.
Three miles further on is the most westerly
lighthouse in Jamaica, or I suppose in the British
Tropics. It was presided over by another white man,
the chief lighthouse official in the British West In-
I don't know much about lighthouses but I like
that one. I see it is going to stand in my mind
as the type of all that a lighthouse iouirli to be.
It is sixty feet high and its sides gleam whitely
In the garish sunshine. The rocky point on which
it is set juts out into the sea, makig a an iron-bound
fringe of rocks to guard the waving patch of Sey-
mour grass that grows all round the tower. That
clean yellow pasture might have come straight from
Australia, only they don't call it by that name
All round that fringe of rocks, washed often by
the spray and often by the waves themselves, are a
line of sea grapes. The sea grape makes rather a
substantial tree of heavy wood and round thick
leaves. At Negril I saw for the first time its pos-
sibilities for the picturesque-or rather Mr. Brown-
hill had done so. He had pruned and ,.l-.irid away

all the thick growth, yet left sufficient trees in place
to make entrancing pictures of brown rock, blue sea
and white foam framed in their leaves and branches.
The effect was that of a well-balanced Japanese land-
scape. I thought for a moment that it was the sun
that lent it beauty. But the clouds swept over the
sky; all the brilliant colouring went; a storm threat-
ened. All was grey, menacing. Yet it was beautiful
The man who had cleared the scrub and pruned
those sea grapes was an artist in the highest sense
of the word.
The sea grape is one of those plants that seems
to require nothing but sea air to make it flour-
ish. Here it grows on the hard rock. I have even
seen a promising young specimen about three feet
high growing on top of a seven foot wall where
there could have been nothing but the mortar be-
tween the stones to nourish it.
But that wasn't on Mr. Br:wnhiil'.- domain. I'm
sure he wouldn't have alluow.d a tree to grow in
such a place; even the graveyard where he had
buried his pets was in apple pie order.
HE, or rather his handmaid, introduced me to
some of the most attractive jam it has ever been
my fortune to eat.
He gave me a pot of pawpaw jam, and I put it
on record that not even the delicious pie-melon jam
we used to make when I was young can rival
Once more I am struck with the difficulty the
English man or woman experiences in getting out
of the accustomed rut. It is the English custom to
make jam out of plums and raspberries and fruit of
that ilk. You may also, it is admitted, make mar-
malade out of oranges, but, except for the guavas
(that yellow fruit which somehow it has been found
makes good jelly), it is accepted as a fact that you
can't make good jam out of tropical fruit.
Now the pawpaw grows like a weed and is very
prolific. I forget how many great melon-like fruit
you may take off the female tree. With a little lime
to give it a flip. these melons make the most wond-
erful jam. N, one has thought of it, though, but
Mr. Br,,\nhlill. who is a law unto hii.melf, and does
not see why he should wait for any one to instruct
A pot or r m:, of Mr. Brnownhill's jam convinced
me that Jamaica ha:s qiite a frrtune ready to her
hand, for it is cheaper and miich more readily made
than marmalade. I c:ry "Pectavi", for I am hound ti
admit that for eighteen months of my life I had

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'the opportunity of making this delicious conserve
and it never even occurred to me.
Pawpaw, I believe, contains abundant pepsine.
They declare, with what truth I don't know, that
the toughest meat wrapped in its leaves for a little
time becomes tender. Indeed they go further than
that. They tell a tale of some blatant pirate who,
weary with his victories-and his cruelties-lay down
among a heap of pawpaw trees, pulled the leaves
over himself for shade from the tropical sun, and
took a siesta there.
When he did not come back they went to look
for him. But they only found his trouser buttons
and his cutlass. Which just goes to show that the
pawpaw is not quite perfect. It can't digest metal.
Sometimes I don't believe all they credit the
awppaw with. But then I am of a sceptical turn.
What I do know is that I am always in the best
of health When I can eat pawpaw in sufficient quan-
Curiously, in a place where without encourage-
ment it grows like a weed, this is sometimes difficult
in Jamaia'. I have not quite grasped the supersti-
tion connected with it, but I think it runs that
whoever cuts the fruit when it is ripe will die after
it. Hence no one wants the pawpaw to grow on his
ground. It isn't any good till it is ripe and if tak-
ing it then entails certain death-!
If marmalade has brought fortune to its makers,
pawpaw should bring far greater wealth to the en-
terprising man-or woman-who first puts it on the
market. It costs nothing to grow; is gathered more
easily than are melons; and the preparation for the
pot is perhaps the simplest of all fruits that ever
made jam. I commend it to some of those new set-
tlers round Mandeville on the lookout to make a for-
tune easily.
M R. Brownhill had lived at Negril lighthouse for
six and thirty years. He is an observani. man
and is a mine of information. My host and I sat
at his feet and drank in knowledge of the >,.untry,
past and present. He was steeped in the early his-
tory of Negril. He told tales of the old pirate days,
days of course before his time, but the traditions
had lingered.
There appeared to have been a pirate about
these parts, and a soldier, a Major Record, whose
business it was to foil him. They are dead and
buried years ago; even the very houses they lived
in are gone. There are no houses about where such
grandees could have lived. Tradition has it that.
they played into each other's hands. The pirate let
the soldier know when he wished to go upon his
unlawful occasions and the soldier saw to it that
the coast was clear. Then they shared the spoils.
Of course it could quite easily have been done.
Negril is on the very outskirts of i ilizatio.'i now
in these days of aeroplanes and motor traffic. A.hun-
dred years ago-and more-why what could the pen-
keepers and planters who dwelt in thIe niighbiurhi:,ld
know about any illi it C'jiiug' ioL?
The bay, as I l.Ikid frmlu Dr Drew's house,
stretched away to :hv- north in i long curtv of sandy
beach seven miles I.u L'ilnd lovely 1t link upon but
hard to negotiate n liin the tile was in. Once there
was a road all alowi- the shrF nvirh sea grapes on
the sea side. All the land belonged to small settlers
-this is quite recent history-who got the idea they
might reclaim from the sea some more land if they
destroyed the sea grapes. So they set to work
systematically and destroyed a tree whose pictur-
esque possibilities I admit I never realized till I har
seen what Mr. Brownhill had done with it.
When the last sea grape had been cut and burn-
ed in fires that made pretty flames of blue and yel-
low because of the salt in the logs, those settlers
found what a mistake they had made. Those trees
with their tangle of roots had held back the greedy
sea. Once they were gone,' on it came sweeping away
the rocks and piling up a sandy beach. Only the
sea-loving coconut will grow there, and that not in
all places. I must put it on record, though, that
that seven-mile sweep of golden sand fringing the
dark blue sea, with feathery palms behind, was very
good to look at.
D R. Drew's house was at one end of the arc; at
the other was Booby Island. It stood up out
of the sea and could be seen clearly from the veran-
dah. It beckoned to me, and some interfering imp
made me mention one morning I would like to go
My host was all kindness. He always was.
"Would you? Really? Why, it's the simplest
thing in the world. I'll take you in the new canoe."
Now the canoe had just been finished. Painted
a dazzling white, it lay on the beach where I bathed
in the early morning. But I didn't like the look of
it at all-not in conjunction with me. Besides-low
be it spoken-I wasn't at all sure my host could
manage a canoe.
I temporised.
"Well, of course, I'd like to some day."
I thought "the next time I come to Negril."
And I knew at the back of my mind that I hadn't the
least intention of ever coming to Negril again.
"Some day? Why not now?"
"N~.n ? It', brpiakfa t time."'



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"Oh it won't take long. We'll be back in good
It was then a quarter to twelve. We had break-
fast at twelve. I immnit-ately decided. if it took so
short a time as that, the best thing would be to get
it over.
I find I am great at getting unpleasant things
over. Many a time, if I hadn't been so eager to
get a thing over, I'd never have had to face it at
"But you can't take the alone?"
"Oh no. Of course I shall get a fisherman."
Presently I was in the middle of that crank
canoe on which the paint was not yet dried. A bare-
legged black man sat in front of me. My host was
behind me adjuring me to sit still, else I should
overturn the boat.
"You can't sink these canoes, you know. The
worst than can happen is an upset."
That was not comforting, because it occurred to
me that neither the white man nor the black man
would be capable of getting themselves ashore, let
alone me. I made cautious enquiries and I found
that the gentleman in the ragged shirt in front of
me was not a fisherman as I had optimistically sup-
posed, but the village carpenterr who, having called
at the house, had b-een rushed ihit, tie ji-,b if second

canoe-hand. He evidently didn't know anything
about it, and I don't think the white man knew
much more.
W E pursued a devious course to that island. I
aren't move a muscle. I am not accustomed
to sitting on a low seat without a back, with my
legs stretched out before me. That was the only
way I could be accommodated in that wretched canoe.
She was so cranky, she wobbled from side to side
and jumped and pranced, so I momentarily expected
to be shot out. I began to ache in every bone I
knew, and in a great many that I didn't know I
:We seemed a good way from our starting point
and a very great deal further from our objective,
The midday sun was pouring down with tropical
fierceness. The man in front of me was glistening
with sweat. What was happening to the man be-
hind I don't know, for I aren't turn and look. Al-
so I was horrified to find we were headed straight
for the open sea.
Good manners held me quiet for a long time,
but at last I felt bound to protest.
"We're going out to sea."
"Why, so we are," said my host gally. as if-it
S'Confinued ,Page ;2)




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Morgan 's Daughter
(Continued from Page 31)
from the seashore, at a thoroughfare running
horizontally and called North Street, which extend-
ed along the whole width of the city from east to
west. Here many of the houses were large, some in-
deed being of considerable proportions. Each house
stood in its own grounds, a little way back from
the thoroughfare, and some had gardens in front of
them, and all had lofty trees growing in their yards.
They were built of red brick and wood; the upper
stories of wood for the most part, with jalousie
windows painted green, and with a few white-paint-
ed sash windows and white doors. All the street-
ward openings, were closed to exclude the sun, and
the streets as Seymour passed through them seem-
ed deserted ot people of the better orders. Slaves
were about, in tattered garments or grotesque in
their masters' thrown-off apparel, the women in
dingy white or scarlet all-in-one robes of coarse
material, their heads bound with coloured kerchiefs,
and often, on the top of these, large ugly straw
hats like those of the men. Dark, noisome shops
were interspersed among the houses in the several
blocks into which the city was divided; brown and
white men were the masters of these, but trade
seemed languid. The houses became small and of
an inferior appearance as he proceeded, for it
was the better classes of the townspeople who
lived some distance away from the seafront. The
free brown and black inhabitants resided lower down
and on the outskirts of the town. The house slaves
lived in their owners' premises; those who were
hired out for labour pigged it, in unspeakable sur-
roundings, in huts situated on the eastern side of
the city.
Only once before had John Seymour been in
Kingston, and then but for a day. Therefore be
looked about him now with much interest and
curiosity. He came to the centre of the city,
was a great open space, all sand, lit up by and re-
flecting the glare of the midday sun; to one side
of it rose two ranges of brick buildings, each range
facing the other, with a huge courtyard between.
These, he knew, were the Barracks, and the sandy
space was the Parade Ground where the troops were
drilled and criminals often executed. The place was
destitute of any tree or shrub, but there was some
life here. for red coated soldiers were moving about
it And now one could see the light traps which
were used by the gentlemen passing to and fro,
though many men preferred to go about on horse-
lIack. He turned into a street, in which stood the
..lirary church of Kingston, with its tower dominat-
ing the sordid scenee Opposite to this edifice he
..bserved one of the town pumps, b. means of which
water for dijmestii purposes was brought out of a
-ell rn the surface from the rivers flowing under
the ground. Squatting around this pump were
negro women, half-clothed, selling sickly looking
sweetmeats and withered fruit. At their feet, amidst
rooting pigs and goats. played naked children among
the refuse and the mud.
John checked his horse and called out to an
intelligent-looking negro to tell him which was a good
eating place in Kingston. He preferred to ask one
of these people rather than a white man. He had
no wish to enter into any conversation with any
of the whites; there would probably be some ques-
"You mean de Cawfee House, massa?" asked thi.'
"That will do; where is it?"
"You ride right down dis street, massa, till
y'u come to Harbour Street; den somebody will tell
y'u where it dey (is)."
John nodded, then followed the directions given.
He had but three or four blocks to ride. He was
now in the commercial centre of the town; in
the thoroughfare he was traversing he passed a
string of slaves harnessed to a huge log of mahog-
any as if they were cattle; they were dragging this
to some wharf farther down, and their driver crack-
ed a long whip ominously at slightest sign of
slackness on their part. Every puff of wind stirred
up a cloud of fine dust, malodorous, and the street's
surface was uneven and broken, sometimes yawning
into dangerous holes. But now larger buildings, be-
ing warehouses for the most part, with living rooms
on the upper storey, appeared. A little beyond these
he could see a flashing sheet of radiant blue water
which he knew to be the harbour of Kingston.
He must have some food, and the Coffee House,
evidently the best known place for refreshment,
would have to be risked. After all, there couldn't
be very much risk. No one knew him; no man
could possibly identify him with the highwayman
of the night before; besides, if he would not seek
any society, it would not do, on the other hand, for
him to be suspected of avoiding all contacts. This
Coffee House was probably (as its name indicated)
a rendezvous of gentlemen. The lower classes of
whites in this city were far more likely than the
gentry to push themselves on him and to ask in-

quisitive questions. The Coffee House, therefore,
for him.
He found the Coffee House quite easily, it was
on the upper storey of a building whose lower
section was utilised for the selling of hardware.
The upper storey jutted out over a verandah,- raised
a foot above the level of the street; this was railed
off in front and on the right and left sides by a
light wooden railing, in which however there were
little doors for entrance. The overhanging part of
the upper floor was supported by wooden pillars,
to one of which you tied your horse if unattended
by a groom. John secured his mount in this fash-
ion, then went upstairs by a narrow stairway on the
He found himself in a fairly large room, In
which were set out a number of small tables cover-
ed with white cloths. At one end of this room was
a bar; at the other end opposite was a desk with
some large books like ledgers on it. There were a
few men in this room eating, and drinking hot coffee;
only one of these sat by himself. The others were
in small groups and talking. Everybody seemed to
know one another.
John sat down and ordered lunch, and coffee
laced with brandy. He had selected a table away
from those others which were occupied. He pro-
ceeded with his meal expeditiously; he was relieved
to notice that, after a first quick glance on his
appearance, nobody took any further notice of him.
The men in the room were talking about the war
in America, the sickness of a Captain Nelson who
had been Governor of Fort Charles at Port Royal
and who had been badly affected by fever during
the recent attack by the fleet from Jamaica on
Nicaragua. Presently there came the sound of many
fotstep- on the stairs, and through the principal
door of the room there entered Colonel Breakspeare
and half a dozen gentlemen.
Seymour gave an Involuntary start, then com-
posed himself immediately. This was a mere ac-
cident; he had nothing to fear.
The Colonel and another man marched up to
the desk and glanced at une of the open books lying
there. "Yes," he said loudly to his companion,
"the ship came in this morning, and this afternoon
the sale will take place. They have some good
slaves on board, I have no doubt, for Ramsay usual-
ly gets good ones. I wanted to buy sixteen or
twenty of them-can't be more than fifty pounds
apiece--and now that infernal wretch has gone off
with my money!"
"He'll be caught and hanged. Colonel, not a
doubt about it," said the other man soothingly.
"But when?" asked Colonel Breakspeare ex-
plosively. "What is this country coming to, my
dear sir, when niggers can pretend to be dead and
then start robbing all over again on the King's high-
way? Never heard of such a thing before in my
life! I shall have to get some money here this
afternoon, if I am to buy anything on the ship. It
is not only tie loss, it is the infernal inconvenience
of the whole affair that riles me."
He spoke generally now: like a true colonial
in the midst of people whom he knew, he wished to
relate his grievances Besides, a Coffee House was
precisely the place for the dissemination of news.
"What's happened?" enquired one of the men

who had been in the room before Colonel Break-
speare's arrival. "Anything serious?"
The Colonel selected a table which served as a
sort of platform from which to address his audi-
ence, and told his tale. He had had to take his
daughter back at the robber's orders, he explained;
but she would be coming on that very night, with
a strong armed escort, for they were going to Span-
ish Town for a couple of weeks. He himself had
hurried on to Kingston with one or two armed men
that very day, but of course there was no sign of
Three-fingered Jack. The brute must have been deep
in the heart of the mountains hours ago. He would
have to be hunted down, and as he was an obeahman
and had molested a white woman, the least they
could do with him, when caught, would be to burn
him. "But by that time all my money may have
disappeared," added the Colonel a trifle lugubrious-
Sympathy poured upon him. Even Seymour
felt it would be discreet to look deeply interested
and to mutter something which should sound like
indignation. He caught the Colonel's eyes more than
once; they showed not the slightest flicker of re-
cognition in them. And from the talk which fol-
lJwed John learnt two things: first, that Miss Break-
-peare would be in Kingston that night and in
Spanish Town the next day. Second, that a slave
ship would be selling its cargo that afternoon. Miss
Breakspeare's movements did not concern him, he
told himself, though he had been thinking of her
at intervals since the meeting of last night. This
slave ship did, and very closely. Here might be
his means of escape from Jamaica.
He knew that the ship would have sailed from
England to the Guiana Coast empty, taken on slaves
in Afri>a. then made "the middle passage" to the
\\'est Indies It had now completed its middle pas-
sage; when it had disposed of its human cargo--
that part of it left alive after all the horrors and
deaths of the passage-it would proceed to England
to clean and to refit, taking what merchandise the
shippers in this island might wish to send home by
such a conveyance. Passengers would not care t,)
make the v,yage home on a slave ship: it was not
a regular passenger boat. But a man like himself
would be glad of the accommodation, especially if
the Captain could be bribed to keep quiet about his
embarkation. A slaver's master would probably take
the risk; the ordinary captain would hesitate at
it, for the penalty for conveying anyone away sur-
retptitiusly was heavy. A generous bribe might
overcome objections, but if there were other pas-
sengers there might be some questions asked which
he might not be able to answer convincingly, and
on arriving in England there might be information
given, or even a hint, which might develop into
serious consequences. So a slave ship was exactly
the means of escape that would be safest, especially
as it would be leaving early. Of a surety his luck
was in the ascendant.
John finished his lunch, and when one or two
other men rose to leave, he followed their example
noncbaldntly. He was feeling jubilant. By coming
t. thi-. Coffee House, the only one of its kind that
there evidently was in Kingston, he had been put
on the path to security by a remark from the very
man whose money he had recently taken.




10 & 12 Port Royal Street

Kingston, Jamaica, B.W.I.









KINGSTON Harbour was dotted with all sizes and
descriptions of craft. Warships ranging from
the great frigate with its mighty spread ;of sail
when moving over the waters, to the little sloop
which could go anywhere and sting with the fierce-
ness of a mosquito, lay at anchor; brigantines,
barques, schooners-they rolled to the movement of
the sea, and some were putting out of harbour, and
some were sailing in. The sun shone on their white
sails, which reflected the light .an4 made the scene
spectacular. And row boats darted hither and
yon, with a flash of oars and the sound of singing
The magnificent harbour, formed by the elonga-
tion of an arm of land from the eastward shore
and ending in the fortress of Port Royal, could safe-
ly shelter hundreds of these ships except when a
mighty hurricane swept down upon the land. Then
indeed the wreckage would be terrible, the havoc
worse than that wrought by a battle. But all was
calm and peaceful now; the winds were light, the
waters a sparkling blue, like, the sky overhead; and
though war raged between England on the one side
and France and Spain on the other, with rumours
of a coming conflict with the Dutch, the Mistress of
the Seas was England, and her merchant ships could
move about with comparative security over the
ocean, or, when necessary could be convoyed by her
men-o'war, which had learnt to look on victory as
their due.
Seymour strolled down to the wharf at whose
pier, as he had ascertained, lay the slaver with its
human cargo which was to be disposed of, in part,
that very afternoon. He wanted to know something
about her at first-hand, from her Captain if possible:
and if his good luck held he might be able to arrange
for his passage after the bidding for the slaves was
done. The ragged little wharf with its wooden pier
and shabby warehouses was situated at the end of
one of the Kingston lanes; on his way thith.-i he
met other men who were evidently going to the
auction. And when he arrived at the foot of the
pier he saw that probable purchasers were already
on the ship. The bidding promised to be keen.
This ship was a brigantine of about two hun-
dred tons and fitted up to carry some five hundred
slaves. There were nearly four hundred on board
now, and Seymour heard some men commenting on
the wonderful good fortune of the Captain, who had
lost not more than about twenty men in the passage
over from Africa. Considering that the slaves had
made the journey, through hellish heat, huddled
between two decks, unable to stand upright (since
the height between these decks was not more than
five feet), chained by hand and leg to iron-rings
fitted into the deck for that purpose, and obliged to
sleep in a semi-sitting posture one against the other,
it was indeed a wonderful event that so few lives
had been lost through sickness. Even a hundred
deaths would not have been greatly surprising. But
Captain Ramsay was always a lucky fellow.
Seymour decided that he would not go aboard
just then. On the ship, if a man lingered about and
did no bidding, his room would soon be preferred
to his company, though he might not be asked to
leave. He would be noticed, however, and perhaps

regarded as a loafer; and John had no wish to be
particularly observed or discussed.
From where he stood, among sightseers like
himself (mostly white men, with here and there a
mulatto or a free black), he could easily see the
slaves as they were ranged in lines for the inspec-
tion of the purchasers. Most of them were men, but
-there were some women and children also, and all
of them were thin and miserable looking; home-
sickness, dejection, scant food and terror had worked
upon them, and they knew that their future could
at best be but a hard one. But the men of the ship
went among them, loudly extolling their worth,
causing them to jump about to show their agility, to
open their mouths to show that they had good teeth,
and inviting the assembled planters to feel their
muscles to test that they were strong. Each slave
was bid for individually, and, of course, it did not
matter if a man and his wife had been procured at
the same time in Africa; if the wife was not want-
ed by the man's purchaser, she must go to someone
else. The children could also be separated from
their nrotheri" unless they were very young.
The misery of these creatures affected no one;
indeed, they were not thought of as miserable, any
more than cows or horses would have been. That
they should have feelings similar to those of their
masters was not imagined by the average planter
for a moment; he indeed would have denied the pos-
sibility of it. But Seymour, who had worked on
more than one estate, knew that often there was a
wild upsurging of mad anger in the breasts of these
bondsmenn, and now as he watched the auction he
found himself wondering what would happen if the
slaves of Jamaica ever found a leader to unite them
and lead them against their masters. After all, the
former slave insurrections had only failed because
they had been local and spasmodic. A different tale
might be told if the signal for rebellion and mas-
Ssacre should be given by some one man of energy
and genius-as it had been rumoured last year that
Three-fingered Jack. would do.
"Aren't you Richard Martin?"
John swung round, startled, to see who it was
that had addressed him by the name he had borne
when a seaman on the Scorpion. He found himself
staring into the eyes of a man whom he knew only
too well. This was Burt, the wretch who had caused
him to be flogged for impudence and insubordina-
tion; but Burt had been left behind at Barbados
through illness, and John never expected to see him
again. He had almost answered yes to the ques-
tion so suddenly put, but had had the good sense to
say nothing at all He realized his danger, and so
brought all his powers of self-command to his as-
"Speaking to me?" he demanded coldly, yet as
though without any annoyance. He h11iked the other
man squarely in the eyes, as one looks at some per-
son never seen before.
"Yes. I am sure you are Richard Martin; the
face is the same, though changed a bit, and the
voice is the same. You are no longer on the
"The Scorpion?" John summoned a puzzled look
to his face; then casting a glance over the other's
person, and ntiicine that he was but poorly attired,

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he decided to assume a haughty air. That might
the better put the man off.
He knew that he must make no effort to get
away. He must brave it out on the spot.
"I don't know what you are talking about," he
said, with just a touch of insolence.
On the Scorpion he had gone about unshaved
for the most part, and he had had all his fingers.
Casually, as it seemed, he now raised his mutilated
hand to brush away an imaginary fly, and the other
man observed it. Certainly Martin had not been
minus two fingers; but Burt's suspicions were not
set at rest by this gesture; he knew only too well
that a man might be whole one day and dismem-
bered the next. This was a common occurrence dur-
ing a state of war.
"Did they discharge you on account of your
wound, Martin?" he asked, but John would not ad-
mit that he was Martin. All might be well if he
did so; this man might conclude that he had been
discharged as useless after losing two fingers, and
had settled in Jamaica; but on the other hand be
might mention the story to someone else, and who
should say what might not come of it? Besides,
Seymour had not gone by the name of Martin in
Jamaica, and planters from the Northside. who knew
him, might at this moment I,e in Kingst:n On the
whole it was safer to stick tl, the attitude he had
Sat first assumed.
"I am afraid you are mnakiun some mistake," he
said, but a trifle more genially now. "Do I resem-
ble some officer you knew on the Scorpion? What
was she? That sort?" He w\1v'd j hand toward the
"No, sir," Burt's voi:e inv ,,.luntarild '*)lo'ted
a respectful tone. "She wa- a manio'-uar. andi I was
a petty officer on her, ai Mlartin a isilur lie was
very much like you; I bec e.our pardn for the
mistake, sir."
"It is quite natural," rej,,ned John pI-le.saniH ;
"I have more than once been mistaken for -..n1e,'ne
else, and perhaps you hare been als,. I have been
settled in Jamaica for oier ten y.ear-.. are you still
on the .'..or,) n?"
"No; they left me sh k in Barhudos. and I got
my discharge. I joined this ship when I got better,
and slhei called with tome salave-, at Barbados"-he
indicated the hripantine. 'I Ir.ik after the stores.
You are the dead imaie ..f Martun. though."
"A friend of yours, eh?"
"No; a damned in.olent fellow. Perhaps he Is
drowned. I heard that the Sicorpin was wrecked
somewhere, don't remember exactly where. now that
I come to think of it. Mieht have been here."
Again a suspicious look crept into his eyes.
He seemed to be endeavouring to piece things to-
gether. John noticed this with a stab of apprelenisitn.
But for the time being, at any rate, he was safe.
This man could do nothing. He was only suspicious,
not certain.
But Burt was something on board the slaver,
and Burt was a miserable, sneaking rat of a man,
the sort that would talk against another through
sheer spite, or the love of being important. To go
home in a ship with a man like that would be de-
liberately to ask for trouble. He might be bribed,
of course, but he would take the bribe and do you
a bad turn afterwards; he was quite capable of it.

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And John's desire was not to give this man any
money but rather to kill him for the insults and
injury Burt had inflicted on him when on the
John would not move. But he half turned
his back on Burt, as if to suggest that there was
nothing more to say, and fastened his attention on
the brig. Burt, realising that he had been dismissed,
now took himself away, and out of the corner of his
eye, Seymour watched him go. Then he wan-
dered out of the wharf, reclaimed his horse from
the jobbing slave whom he had engaged to hold it,
and rode back to Halfway Tree. But now his mood
was more thoughtful, more anxious, than before; he
perceived that getting away from Jamaica was go-
ing to be no easy job. It might even be embarrass-
ing, if not indeed positively dangerous, for him to
be seen too much in Kingston. For Burt might talk
about a King's seaman, Martin, who said he had
been in Jamaica for years and now went about
by another name; Burt would soon learn that the
Scorpion had been wrecked on the Jamaica coast
and two or three of her crew rescued. After that
he would have no doubts that Martin was the man
whom he had met this afternoon, and Pwho was pass-
ing himself off as someone else. Then, if the mat-
ter came to the hearing of the naval officers here,
enquiries might be made.
But, so far as he was aware, no one knew him
as Martin except Burt. The question was, how long
would the slaver remain in Jamaica, and would Burt
sail with her when she left?
"I have the money and I have the will, but cir-
cumstances seem to be entangling me," mused Sey-
mour. "It is difficult to know what to do."
But one thing immediately was clear; he must
wait a little before seeking a ship to take him away.
To be seen along the waterfront, or in some ship-
ping office, while Burt was still about, would be
madness in a town like this. He would have to
exercise his patience for a week or even two.
He got back to the horse-dealer's place when it
was dark, and announced that he would stay there
the night. There was no alternative. The next day
he pretended to be slightly indisposed and kept in-
doors. But he felt that he could not linger in this
place indefinitely; white men stopped there for a
few hours or a night, but it was not the sort of
lodging house for a prolonged sojourn. Of course,
he could come back to it at a pinch, but it might
seem queer that he should take the trouble to ride
down to Kingston every day and return at night.
As a matter of fact he was exaggerating the
difficulties; his host would have been only too do
lighted up to put him up, and too grateful for his pat-
ronage to question his reasons, for he paid gener-
ously for all'that he received. But John read his
own fears and suspicions into the minds of others:
he imagined that what he knew they might guess,
that what he thought they might be thinking also.
Then aii idea came into his head. Colonel
Breakspeare and his daughter would probably have
got to Spanish Town by this; why not utilise the
time which whs now hanging so heavily on his hands
in trying to see the girl? He would not dare to
speak to her, of course, but he experienced an urge
to see her once more. She had taken his fancy; he
admired immensely her calm resolution, which con-
trasted strongly with the impetuosity of his own
temperament. He could love a girl like that. She
was ineluctably out of his sphere, removed from
his life; would please him to see her once
more; he greatly wanted to. It should be easy enough
to go over to the capital; but he must make the
journey in the early semi-dark hours of the morn-
ing. It would not do for anyone who knew the horse
to recognize it.
On the following morning, at about two o'clock,
he set out. But when he arrived at the outskirts
of Spanish Town he saw himself faced with a dilem-
ma. He dare not go into it during daylight; the Col-
onel was there and might come upon him. He must
wander about till it was dark and safe to venture
He turned into the woods on the right, taking
the first bye-path that offered itself to his eyes; it
led circuitously to the other side of Spanish Town
and to a wider road. And now he must keep on, for
there were no lodging houses until he should come
to the town of Old Harbour. Arrived there, he or-
dered a meal and rested his horse; but because he
fancied that one or two other travellers eyed the
horse curiously--they were really admiring it-he
thought it wise not to linger. He left Old Harbour,
going farther from the capital; after a while he
turned his horse, called once more at the place where
he had rested, had some food, and then took his way
to Spanish Town. For all this trouble he had not
bargained. He wished now that he had left the
Colonel's horse behind, had exchanged him for one of
the poorer mounts of the horse-dealer's. The ani-
mal was not a help to him; it had become a danger.
But whatever he did now seemed to be danger-
ous. He was an Ishmael with every man's hand
against him.
He realized that he could not go riding about
the little capital, in that restricted section of it in
(Continued on Page 41)





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h -- 1



40 PLANTERS' PUNCH 1930-31


PRESIDENT: Frederick B. Adams,
SMANAGER: Lindsay P. Downer.

SO PERATING extensive Estates of their own and
Producers, Shippers, and Distributors of Bananas,
Cocoanuts, Copra, Cocoa and other tropical products.
Breeders of Pure Bred and Grade Indian Cattle---
as well as Butcher Cattle---A herd of approximately A
5,000 head carried and the breeding of Bulls and high
class Draft Oxen a special feature.

S Atlantic Fruit & Sugar Co.:
17 Battery Place, New York.
Banana Sales Corporation:
17 Battery Place, New York.
Atlantic Navigation Corporation:
17 Battery Place, New York.
Compania "Atlantic" Frutera y Azucarera de Cuba:
Cavo Mambi, Cananova, Sama & Baracoa.

Passenger Service between Jamaica and New
X -York and Philadelphia.




This Hotel is situated 5i miles out
of Kingston on the Hope Road,
and within walking distance of
Hope Gardens.

The Scenery and Climate are unsurpassed

Most Delightful Walks in its own Grounds

The Cuisine and General Appointments

are thorougllv first-ciass and will
appeal to the most fastidious tastes.

There are also small Bungalows,
each with its own Bath.


Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Page 39)
which the gentry lived, until he found the Colonel's
house. A mounted man, white, would have some
specific destination; let him conduct himself in an
errant fashion and the soldiers and others would
begin to enquire what he would be at. He could
not forget that Martial Law existed.
He thought of his disguise. If he again converted
himself into a black, and led the horse, he would pro-
bably seem to be some gentleman's groom and would
hardly attract a glance. That, at any rate, was now
his only practicable plan; and in his disgust at the
iliffilultles to be overcome he began to wish he had
never come upon so foolish a quest. After all, why
should he want to see again a woman who must for-
ever be a stranger to him? It was madness, and
might cost him his life.
It nearly did. As has been told, he was seen
by Colonel Breakspeare while on his way to the
Colonel's town house, the whereabouts of which he
had discovered through enquiry. Then :ame the
precipitate flight and his rescue by Elizabeth when.
all hope seemed dead. He told Elizabeth, on the
morning after she had saved him, the whblje st.,ry
of his adventures ,save the reason why he had eone
to Spanish Town That journey he explaii.ed as a
freebooter's trip, justified because he felt himself the
mortal enemy O. all authority, at whose hands he
had suffri-ed so unjustly in the past.


ELIZABETH watched Captain Thorton through
half-closed eyes, in which was a gleam *.f sar-n
donic amusement, as he sat upright by the window
in the stiff polished wooden chair paying her com-
pliments and almost overtly making love. The Cap-
tain was dressed as if for parade; he had come to
make a conquest and had attired himself in his
brightest and best; he felt magnificent, for he be-
lieved he looked magnificent.
His scarlet coat with the long cutaway tails was
embellished with gold braid, two rows of gilt studs,
or small buttons, adorned the curve of his out-
standing chest and ran down to his waist; the tight
collar of his coat, lbich.fitring and most uncom-
fortable, glistened with braid, and his trousers also
were striped down the sides with the same mater-
ial. He felt hot, pressed in, almost suffocated; but
he was satisfied that he pre-enred a.n imprressive and
fascinating figure to this very beautiful .yiune woman
whom he had called to see.
Elizabeth, too, was fully dressed in the
fashion of the day, the fashion of the great ladie'.
who, though so far away from Euglandl endeav-
oured to be in the style as much as possible
on formal occasions. A white satin flounced skirt
reached to her ankles, and on her feet were white
satin shoes. Over the skirt was a huge pannier bod-
ice, maroon in colour and figure. with slielitly
puffed sleeves ending in a border of white lace. A
white neckerchief hung round her neck and con-
cealed her bust. High on her head rose her coiffure;
it towered, and the dark hair shone and glinted;
many hours must have gone to the perfecting of
that confection. She was fully dressed for the af-
ternoon, dressed as if for a reception, but she had
not taken all this trouble for Captain Thorton's
sake. It was another person whom she had had in
mind when attiring herself that day. But the Cap-
tain had called, and she had gone downstairs to re-
ceive him after some moments of hesitation.
She realized his object quite clearly. He de-
signed to make her his mistress if she would con-
sent, and was unattached, as he hiped and believed

(Continued from Page 25)
most-known citizens have not only risen recently,
but risen comparatively late in life." All this to
show that the daughter of an American millionaire
might quite reasonably desire to marry a man of
very humble origin: in the particular case under
discussion, a criminal. But ])res-ntly it developed
that the criminal in question was an English Lord
who had recently inherited a title. Whereupon
Father Brown says to the American: "I think you
Americans are too modest. 'I think you idealise the
Eugliih aristocracy-even in assuming it to be so
aristocratic. You see a good-looking Englishman in
evening dress; you know he is in the House of Lords,
and you fancy he has a father. You do not allow
for our national buoyancy and uplift. Most of our
most-known noblemen have not only risen recently,.
but-" The reader can add the rest.

THE whole modern outlook upon life is changed.
Gentility is a matter of manners; also a matter
of disposition; it is not necessarily a matter of
oc u pat And girls everywhere seem instinctively
to realise this. Of course, there are positions which
will soil character, which will degrade; but there
are akl- priti.,in which, considered once as at best
n't tle-rating. may be elevated by the class occupy-
ing then When- a 'lnimon -uldier can rise to be a
general. it beoires a te-nahle that a sol-
dier may be a man ,if intiin-.ic ability and a gentle-
man A ,:-anlmmun sailor i not ne essarily a com-
mon man. he i- ,nlI. icmm:io in the sense that what-
ever is plentiful i '.ommon. The air we breathe is
a rucnini. p,,i'.fsion, the water we drink is a com-
mon possession also; gold and diamonds are not com-
mon. They are spoken of as valuable. But the man
who would maintain that gold and diamnindl are
more valuable than air and water would very speed
ily recant that belief if loaded uith lfliamin'l and
gold but deprived of air and water. Bread is c-i.,nl
mon when compared with plum cake: but only a
very abnormal person would, if the chance aere eiven
him, elect to live on plum cake rather than unl

On her side, her interest was to learn all that she
could from him that might affect Jiilhn Seymour.
But Captain Thol',-n t .a -hrewll mian: his
brief experience with Eliz.lbeth hadl warned him that
-I:- -vL- a young woman given tol he ver-y nmu( b on
her dignity and objecting to the rrugh-and-ready
methods of so many of the white otinlln men ahbout.
He had thereft':r re-.lved to he tart'ul and ircum.
aspect; ti take this f',rtre.-i by seige, so to speak.
and not to attempt a storm. A repulse might be
He was telling her about his adventures with
the highwayman a few nights before; it was a sub-
ject which, in the circumstances, would interest her,
and it would also show him off as a man of action
who, in the end, was certain to be successful. But
he punctuated his narrative with beautiful speeches
about his happiness in having seen her on that night
of the search, thus making her acquaintance. "I
am really much obliged to that black blackguard,"
he said more than once.
She ignored the compliments.
"And what do you plan to do now?" she asked
'iphtly, as if for the purpose of continuing the con-
He became confidential. "There is very little
that we can do until the man makes another move,"
he admitted; "we haven't the slightest idea where
he is. If he didn't come into your yard, he must

-. ..---------.-----------.... .^



is immensely appreciated by visi-
tors. the large trees around it pro-
tecting it from the glare of the sun
Hot and Cold Running Water.

llntel lortrr meeta all rain & e lrarmere

Liguanea, St. Andrew,


LD prejudices still survive; they are innumer
able. Nevertheless they tend to disappear, per-
haps only to give place to new prejudices. Still the
disappearance of the older ones has meant an eman-
cipation for a large class of young women, ladies who
must otherwise have found themselves in a dolor-
ous situation.
Something over twenty years ago the present
writer was told by an interesting and hard-working
Euglishnoman ..f the lower middle class that girls
wi., ~l.,rkesIl t.r their living in Linidon were not
"ladies". She meant nothing disparaging to their
character; she was simply voicing the belief and
sentiment prevalcui in her own youth. Not many
in.rinthi ago this writer saw at certain balls at which
there ,iEle rileil women, .nime girls who were work-
ing girls and had been inpploy-ed as assistants at
a great inter-Imperial Conference. These girls were
at the functions as guests, and therefore were at
that moment on a plane of equality with the other
guests. And really there was no perceptible differ-
ence between them and the others. It is not so
much what you do as what you are that matters
in these days. And what you are no longer so much
depends up'nu what you do. And assuredly the'time
is coming iwhLie to do nothing will be accounted as
a ditinct .-.,ial d-iiualifiati,. n among intelligent
human beine-,
It is gratifying to find that Jamai: a, usually a
\erv conservative .otunlry. did not tarry tn join a
wnrld movement a which has made of ladies workers,
itrh a corresponding tendency rl make tof workers
ladies. The -ontentinn nn-w indeed is that the ladies
lare c'owdlng out thole women who w-,uld be will.
ing enough to lay no claim to a superior social
status i long as they could monopolise the field of
employment But such monopoly is Impossible, and
the effect of the competition of the lady class will
mean the devel-Vopment of a lady status amiringst the
other class. Ability will always. ount primarily iii
audy occupation But manners and disposition have
their value also. Disposition is an inherent gift;
manners are largely the result of training and ex-
ample. And example is the gift which ladies in
the working world can bestow on other girls by
merely being ahat they are.

have" dropped iuno sono hiding place utterly un-
known and undiseoverahie. f:-r we have had a good '
look-round in the daytime since 'then and can't
imagine where he went to: Are you making a lone
stay in Kiugiston?"
"No." :
"You go back ti-?",.
"St. Thomas," she told him. knowing that he
could easily find out her destination if she gave.him
an evasive answer.
The Captain's -fae fell: this was something of
a disappoinrmeut; hut in a minute he hhad bright-
ened up again.
'St. Thomas? That is 'Threefingered Jack's :
parish He is certain to haunr it;.'that is the:way :
with these people. I think Ican comet
to St. Thomas to look over the ground, to reconnoi- i
tre. so to speak, and then I shall see you. I hope ;
to be able to render you some protection." He used
the word protection in a double sense, as she well
understood. But she chose to understand it in its
,ibviou, impliatin.n only.
"I don't think Three-fingered Jack will trouble/
me," she replied: "in fact, I don't agree with you .
that he is likely to go back to St. Thomas. That
would be madness on his part." But she guessed
that Captain Thorton was only too glad of any ex-
(Continued on Page 44)



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General Manager's Office,

108 Old Broad Street, E.C. 2.

THE B-% h, ..:l,-l,;,1 .. U; '.: :J WAI(.



JAMAICA:-Kingston, Christiana, Black River, Mandeville, Montego Bay, Morant Bay, Port Antonio, Port
Bay, Savanna-la-Mar, Spanish Town, May Pen and Brown's Town.

Maria St. Ann's

CUBA:-Havana (4 branches), Santiago de Cuba, Cienfuegos, Camaguey and Manzanillo.

PORTO RICO:-San Juan, Fajardo.

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC:-Santo Domingo, San Pedro de Macoris, Santiago de los Caballeros.

Every description of banking business transacted Draft.i, Letters of Cr'idit ,itid T nar li rs' Cheques, i;..u-l ,,d iand nit'l ('ollhctioni ,
made at favourable rates.

(Continued from Page 35)
were the most ordinary thing in the world. "I was
interested in those barracoota."
I found he was interested in sea gardens; and
lumps of coral and crabs and various other fascinat-
ing things that would have interested me too if I
hadn't been so very uncomfortable.
."William," to his assistant," you're too strong
for me. Ship your oar while I pull us round."
We were pulled round till we were heading for
the shore. William said nothing. He was content
to rest. I also said nothing, because I was calculat-
ing how many miles of heavy sand I should have
to' tramp through before we got back to the bunga-
low. I had come to considering that the only al-
ternative to a watery grave. But the error was dis-
covered and William was set to work again.
Once more we pursued a devious way which
ended in our heading for the open Caribbean once
I was told there was Bloody Bay beyond Booby
Island. I began asking the reason for so sinister a
name. I was told by our black attendant:
"Paniol dere once."
What the "Paniol"* was further investigation
disclosed that he didn't know. Well, I'm glad I
haven't to write history. I find so many different
versions of the things I see pass under my own eyes
that I cannot conceive how anyone arrives at the
truth about things that happened-or did not hap-
pen-a hundred years ago.
It took us over two hours to cross that bit of
water Sometimes we went east; sometimes we
went west: occasionally we made a little nothing. I
cannot think that is the proper mode of progression
in.a canoe. True, my ideas of a canoe are gathered
from youthful porings over Fenimore Cooper and
Ballantyne. Once and only once I went in one on
the Isis, but there the water was so shallow, only
my dignity would have been hurt if we had been
upset. This was an entirely different matter, and,
I may as well be honest and admit I spent a very
painful and unpleasant five and a half hours
W E landed on Booby Island-in time. There I
made the acquaintance of a very lean and
frightened sow who came down to the shore to in-
vestigate, and, I felt, in hopes of a little food. My
companions assured me there were plenty of roots,

*"Spaniard" was: evidently mentt.- Wit.,r P. P.

green stuff, eggs and such other food as she liked
on the island, also there was a good pond in the
scrub. I had to take their word for it. I couldn't
explore. The place was densely overgrown with
shrubs armed with in.h-liung thorns and bound to-
gether with twining creepers. With sharp machete
it would have been impossible for me to get more
than a few steps into the jungle in the few moments
we had to spare. Also, before I had been on the
sandy spit where we landed more than a couple of
minutes, I was overwhelmed with insect life, small
but too vehe-ment for comfort.
I could only offer that pig my sympathy, which
she would none of. After all, she was far better
off than the unfortunate- I had seen tethered by the
neck on the mainland
My h.~st suggested "e should go on to Bloody
Bay just beyond or riaht ruund the little island.
But my zeal as an explorer was extinct.
I looked at the way we bad come. There, an-
chored off the shore, was a logwood schooner. Per-
haps if anything happened to us-as seemed very
probahle-they might see us and make an effort to
rescue us. But beyond the island I could see no-
thing. I felt we might all three be drowned and
no one be the wiser. Besides, it was after three
o'clock. It didn't seem to me, at tle rate we went,
there'd be time for exploring before darkness came
down on us. So I said I'd much rather go home.
Dr. Drew doesn't think much of me as an.4xplor-
We arrived at 5.30 p.m. I crawled up that beach
as well as my aching bones would permit.
Breakfast was announced by a pensive and some-
what aggrieved Bungy, who pointed out that it had
been ready at noon. We were therefore not seeing it
at its best.
That was my only attempt at canoeLag in Ja-
maica. I give it in detail. I may add that I stern-
ly refused to enter that canoe again. The coast
could go unexplored for all I cared.
I do care, though.
I should like to hear about Bloody Bay. I should
like to have seen it. But it was hardly worth while.
After all, I do these things with a view to writingg
about them. It would be sheer waste to go t.) Bliody
Bay and then not come back.
Bungy regarded the whole expedition as a mia-
take. Breakfast was ready at noon and we had not
been there. She made it plain she was extremely
displeased with us.
1 SHOULD not have described Negril it I omitted
to mention Bungy, the dark lady who ran Dr.

Drew's kitchen assisted by two or three young things
whom I saw about the place, but none of whom
was of sufficient importance to appirsa:h the guest.
Bungy was a person of weight in the community.
If we meant all that we write about the wonder and
importance of unii,.terh.ibd. she would be of weight
in any community. But I am afraid that in most
places the fact that she had borne eleven children
to different fathers would set the scale against
her. Not that she was immoral or licentious in any
way. She was a thoroughly decent. self respecting
peasant woman. She had brought up those children
by her own exerrions with very little aid from an).
body. In the old .lave days a woman who had pro-
fited her master -e: well would have had free board
and lodging and some little clothing, and would have
been exempt tr,,nm aork in the fields. But in our
easier time. there we-r nj .such alleviations for
IUpon my word. I don't know that she wasn't
worthy of a great deal of respect. It was a fine
achievement. I could hardly congratulate her upon
it he.: ure -he wouldn't have understood. She be-
longed to a c'.mmunity where such things were not
uncommon In Jamaica I find the mothers hold a
far better position than the mothers of the poorer
English. Every Jamaican. it seemed to me. put his
mother in a high place whether she was married
or not.
Though I admired her capabilities, Bungy and I
had difficulty in finding some common around where
we might meet and discuss life. Life naturally pre-
sented itself to us in totally different aspects. When
I was there the pe-cadilloes of Elsie. her youngest
born. were filling all her thoughts. She called upon
me as one who knew the world to sympathize.
"She hab a baby Only sixteen. You not tink-
in' it too young, Missis?"
I -,aid I did indeed-far too young.
"Dat what I sayin'. Me," with an air of virtue,
"I not habing a baby till twenty-two."
This surprising virtue and restraint of course
left me speechless. It is astonishing the things we
pride ourselves upon! Negril held Bungy's views.
C.,niicious of the position she held in the estimation
of her fellows she held her head high. A handker-
chief covered her hair in seemly manner. Her clothes
were more than elderly, but what else could one ex-
pect? She had long ago learned to suppress her
little vanities even though she had the remains of looks. Life had not been wasted, if it had
been hard. She had succeeded. You could see that
It is a great thing to look back over the years



_ _





and feel that you have justified your exi-ren e. have
fulfilled your destiny. I wish I could do it with
the calm satisfaction of Bungy.
As I go through the world I find it extremely
disconcerting to have my carefully arranged and
well-tihought out theories all ,.,ninc tu grief. I have,
ever since I took an interest in such things, heard
much talk about "women worn out with child-bear-
ing". I have seen such women myself in England,
in China, and in other parts of the world. It took
Jamaica to convince me that childbearing was not
the cause of this decadence. Here I saw Bungy and
many like her arriving at a sturdy middle age, hav-
ing not only borne the children but provided for
them also till they were capable of providing for
Not that I am recommending large families. Far
from it. We do not all want to be hewers of wrood
and drawers of water all our days. But I should
be blind not to see that there was something iu the
simple life of the-e women following their natural
impulses, that we who ask-and get-more from I!fl.
might well think what we are missing when we leave
their way behind-for better things.
Y little friends Annie and Eulalie took me to
the house of the Pe.''ple's \Warden. Annie was
his youngest child. It was a little back from the
main road which ran along the s-c shlire and it
was approached by a narrow track mucli encumber-
ed by stones and -inrna.:liiu vegetaiio However,
there was shade, which is generally a blessing in
The little shack was perched among rocks in a
grove of young palms. What it was for I can't
imagine, for it didn't seem possible it could ever
have held half the family. It might have offered a
crowded shelter when it rained, perhaps. I balane-
ed myself on the brown stones that did duty for
steps and was ushered into the living room, though
why any one should want to live there I can't
imagine. It had a shelf against the wall, a calendar
depicting a snow scene hung above it, and there
was just one chair which I occupied rather unwill-
ingly, for the daughter, who worked in the post
office normally, had come home with a sore foot
and had to lean against the wall. She and I and
Annie made a crowd in that little place. My host,
extremely good looking in a clean white shirt and
trousers, did the honours from outside. His wife,
a woman with a little more white blood in her veins,
was engaged in cooking operations-the family break-
fast I presume, for a pot was set on a little fire
among the stones and very savoury odours came
from it.
The live stock were all round. A couple of hens,
one with three chickens, were oenlosed in bottom-
less baskets. Tii -e were really turtle traps. Park-
inson called them nets. Tlh qlualtPIr, were a little
cramped, but it was really the pigs that called for
my sympathy. They were tied tightly by ropes round
their necks tri palm tree-. A pig's ut-ek is not adapt-
ed to a collar. Th'lty ceined to rm half choked. I
said ... tlhinu h [ fI ll it \as nort a tactful thine

"Rut." the whole f.rinilh and a friend or two
responded as Anirl one voice, and vere emirpiltl
about it, "the doctor not liking lkm eat his crop'."
He too had my sympathy. What is one to do
when cross sympathies are so mnibarra.~ling?
Dr. Drew had five acres adjoining. They were
planted with root crops and Indian corn, and he
had given out, I believe, that any pig found upon
his land would be shot.
I doubt if the sentence would have been carried
out, because he is very good to the people. Every
bruise and cut and ache and pain in the direct
round is brought to him. He had a large and un-
profitable practice.
"They come to me," said he, "and naturally I
haven't the heart to charge the poor devils."
No wonder he doesn't like his crops raided.-
Why these people with plenty of land at their
disposal and plenty of wood handy didn't make en-
closures for their live stock I leave the wiser heads
than mine to discover. But then they were quite
content to climb rough rocks to enter their own
house when a very little labour would have made
the entrance easy.
With all the good will in the world I found
nothing to say to these people. There was not a
single point where our minds met. But that is a
trouble that has often befallen me when being en-
tertained in a luxurious house with all the comforts
and luxuries of civilization. Here indeed I was far
better off, for I could suggest to Annie and Eulalie-
that they take me for a walk to see the village.
The suggestion was received with approval.
THEY talked to me shyly in their pretty voices
as we went along. The road was by the water's
edge; though there were occasional houses, no over-
crowding, for there was plenty of room between the
shacks. They were of weather board with perai-
ennes instead of windows, and were raised on posts
so that they had to be reached by wooden steps. All
the doors were open and I do not remember seeing
anybody inside. In truth the sea shore, in the shade,

in the heat, and in the sun as the day declined,
was probably far p:eai-nuiLte Not that the houses
were empty. I saw pigs and goats occasionally
much at their ease, and indeed I was very glad to
see them, it was so much better for the pigs than
being tied by their necks outside. They looked so
comfortable asleep on the floor there. I was also
intrigued by the ducks which negotiated those ,teps
with an air of certainty as to their welcome. If
you come to think of it, it is pretty difficult for a
duck to get up steep high steps with his stiff legs.
However, a Jamaican duck is very capable. After
a dip in the sea and an interesting little foraging
exptditiion it must be pleasant to reflect there are
comfortable quarters free f:om whatever enemies
threaten Jamaican ducks. Sage and onions, I sup-
pose, is the end of all ducks; but then they dou't
know it.
The little girls brought me to a halt before the
glories of "Mr. Wildman, a very rich man." He
lived in a house with tilhily. closed glass windows
and drawn white curtains. I should infinitely have
preferred any of the shacks round open to the winds
of heaven, but it was evident that Mr. Vi'WiniiaL's
house reprn: :i.-id the last thing in wealth and com-
fort to the children. We went to the school where
"Private pupils. studying for examination in Jui:"',
were writing. out extracts from Whittaker on the
products of the West Indies. We saw the ll nol.
master's garden where he grew enormous cabbages-
I can't imagine why anyone wants to grow cabbages
in a land where so many nicer things flourish, but.
he was very proud of them-and we saw the village
It was a crude affair made by Asher Green Aho,
I was told by my guides, worked it himself and
charged a penny a ride Three logs were suspended
for horses. ilnfri-r n:nrely ir was close to the open
road, Asher .,jiild .,':.ay., have his eye upon it,
and the children, as Annie informed me (using the
word in its old ErnLliiIi sense), were "rude". Two
of the "horses" were gone and on the third I saw
a little boy being *rulde'-that is, desti urtive. He
was sitting on that log doing his best to detach it
from the long stick on which it hung. That if he
succeeded he would come an awful cropper I sup-
pose was a small matter. When I left he seemed

extremely likely to succeed, but as no damaged small
boy was brought in for Dr. Drew's ministrations
while I was there, I suppose no great harm was
We paused at the men loading logwood on to
the sehouner out in the bay; we inspected the bridge,
and when we came to the Chinaman's shop I ielt
the time had o-nm for a little refreshment.
The suggestion was received with marked ap-
HERE were two entrances to the shop. One or
two very high steps led into a very poor little
country store. The other part was screened off by
boxes and goods of sorts and entered from the road
by a very steep step such as I could never have
managed. It was evidently very popular, for it was
as full as it could cram of dark young men in shirt
sleeves and the abominable tweed tourist cap in fav-
our in the island. What the attraction was I do
not know, for the Chinamin had no spirit license. In-
deed at the licensed inuse I saw no loiterer. It
was the Chinaman who had hit the public taste.
The side I entered was presided over by a young
woman with a yellowish brown face, slanting eves
and crinkled bla k hair. a very business like young
person. On the counter beside her was her little
son, a boy of three aith pronounced Chinese features,
if hil skin was brown than yellow.
"Chinese?" -.aid I.
"Halt'," said -he. That is to say, she was what
they call Chinese Royal, the daughter of a full-blood-
ed Chinese and a brown, woman. Her name, she
said, was Ethelind.
Ethelind kn -i how to trade.
T wanted sweets for the little girls.
We bought enough small round discs swathed
in paper at id. each to upset a whole family
"But haven't you any other sheets?"
She produced a half-empty bottle of ordinary
boiled sweets.
"id. each. Do you want to treat them?"
I said I did. I wanted to buy a pound This
in the land of sugar I thliught should be easy enough.
Not a hit of it. Sweets were sold id. a piece
in Negril. TI ,.y 1av -.y% had been. From this she
would not budge. I had to buy them that way.
(Coti,,uinrf on Page 47)


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~gla.ln;t-~~-~t~~ eal~l~;~i~


1 11



Morgan s Daughter
(Continued from Page 41)
cause that might enable him to make a visit to St.
Thomas, if his superior officer permitted.
She wished he would leave. It was not merely
that he bored her; she was actually afraid lest John
should come in and meet him, for John might be
back at any moment now. He had gone out that day
to purchase some new clothes, had returned and
tried them on; satisfied with ihe result; he-had
again gone out, though she had warned him that
this was still a risky thing to do. In his absence
she had arrayed herself finely to find favour in his
eyes, though not even to herself would she have
confessed as much. And now there was this miser-
able shrimp sticking on, although she was merely
polite to him. She began to think that politeness
had better cease. She must be openly rude. That
would not disturb her, since his mission here was
hardly one which she, who had been brought up in
England, and who had such high pride and self-es-
teem, could regard as a compliment. She did not
choose to look upon herself as one of "the brown
girls" of Jamaica.
She lapsed into a stony silence, but Captain
Thorton, who fancied himself a conversationalist,
went on, and his compliments became more flowery.
She thought of asking him bluntly to excuse her,
made up her mind to do so, when the front-door
opened and John Seymour came in. Precisely what
she had hoped against had b:1ppeired.
She rose, and Captain Thorton rose also Some-
how, all the time he had been tler- that afternoon
he had not thought of the p.-;'ibility of meeting
any whlit, man.
He was therefore a little surprised, a trifle tak-
en aback, and his discomfiture was increased by the
fact that Seymour towered above him. making him
feel small and dwarfed. Then Seymniur was un-
doubtedly landsuome. and in the new clothess he had
bought that day (albeit they had not originally been
made for him) looked quite well and like a gentleman.
Captain Thorton felt like an intruder; why had not
the woman told him plainly that she already had
a man? But perhaps this man was as yet only a
suitor like himself; and what girl would not prefer
the Army? The Jamaica girls always did prefer the
men of the Army and Navy to the wretched civil-
ians. He took great comfort from this rapid re-
Elizabeth acted with great presence of mind.

She introduced John as Mr. Huntly, the name he
had borne as an estate employee on the northside
estate. Too many aliases would never do in a small
"Not a resident in Kingston?" said the Captain,
and his question was an affirmation. "I don't think
I have ever seen you in this town before."
"But you can't see everybody here, can you?"
asked John.
"Pretty nearly all the white men who count,"
replied, the Captain, and his speech was intention-
ally pointed. He had noticed the evasion Of his
question, and he took that to be an intended affront.
He did not like Mr: Huntly.
"Well, as a matter of fact I don't live in King-
ston," admitted John.
"Mr. Huntly- is a planter," said Elizabeth, but
would go into no details.
"Ah. St. Thomas, I upp,-,-e"" Then. because
he knew it was rude to put too many pointed ques-
tions, Calprai.i Thlit.,n hurried on.
"I ask because you might be able to give me
some assistance, Mr. Huntly, and I am sure you will
if you can." Then he told John about the hunt
that had been set on foot for Three-fingered Jack.
"Every man must assist the (o;, -r'nmeijt and the
military," he explained, "or we may never be able
to lay thi, nipger robber by the heels."
"I am sure I should be glad to help you all I
can," returned John politely, "but I don't see how
I could be of much use."
"But you live in St. Thomas, don't you?"
The question had to be answered, Tiviuli it
might be on the side of impertinence. Resentment
would seem strange.
"Yes," intervened Elizabeth; "Mr. Huntly lives
at the moment at Morgan Castle."
'llMorgan Castle? Never heard of it before.
Your name, though, Miss Mircani." He stopped sud-
denly. This, then, must be the young woman's pro-
tector. If so, he might be but wasting his time.
John knew why Elizabeth had answered as she
had. This Captain was a man in ,me authoiiiry.
and it would not do to make him ispici., One
had to have a place of residence in a :ountury where
martial law had been proclaimed a \ear or two be-
fore. And to name some place whierf une would
not be known, should enquiry be made, might be
Captain Thorton's next words proved that Eliza-
beth had acted wisely, to a certain extent at any
"There are some strangers here on whom we
have got to keep an eye," he went on. "Only to-day

a man from a slave ship, the Bonaventure, now in
the harbour, went to the naval office here and re-
ported that a deserter from the Scorpion was going
about Kingston under an assumed name. Of course
ihere- are a good few deserters about, but we can't
spare time to look them up. But this fellow declares
that the man he reported is an educated man and
evi-lently doing well. He suggested that this de-
serter is here as an enemy spy. Rather curious, I
must say."
"Isn't that story rather ridiculous?" asked
John. 'And what object could this chap you mention
have had in telling it?"
'Th lie jer.t o'f a reward. We have got to stop
desertion; and I don't think it is at all ridiculous
that a man \who ha- been on one of our warships
should have turned spy. He mightn't be English,
you know; aid elven ome Englishmen have been
renegades-there are plenty of them fighting against
us in the American (c.lionies at this moment. If one
man can right in .Amiri:a against his own Govern-
ment, why shouldn't another man spy in Jamaica
against it?"
"That is so," Johnu rueeded. "But what I can't
see is how any iLnf,rnumatio a spy got here could
be of use to the enemy. Why. lie wouldn't get away
from the island."
"That is where you make a mistake, Mr. Hunt-
ly," said the Captain briefly.
"But could he get away, Captain?" asked Eliza-
beth innocently. And she gave Captain Thrrtou a
glance so full of interest and a pretty I-uririolsiy that
he again became expansive.
"Why, of course he could. It would not be too
easy; but it certainly is not impossible. We are at
war withl Spain, and Cuba belongs to Spain. Cuba
is just next door-about a hundred miles from our
north coast. An ordinary sailing boat could slip
away from any of our coves any night, and in twen-
ty-four hours it would be in Cuba, unless it came
upon one of our 'iip,- This actually happens, as a
matter of fact. Now a spy who could tell the Cuban
:nutihr.ltje. all about our defences here, and how
iuany waurhip- were in the harbour, and so forth,
nilIht lielp tihe Spraunih and French fleets considera-
hly. a..-.-uning the-y lir d any idea of a descent on this
i-lrnd. a- the\ probably 1hav7e. That is why I say
tiat this man, Burt. has ti-d a curious but not a
ridiculous story."
"\Well. they will pr.,bably ,.atbh the deserter,"
commented Elizabeth: "I am saile that it you had
the matter in ilani you would he su c.c.sful. Cap-
Her tone was laden with flattery, and her smile




45 Orange Street, Kingston.,





still more so. Captain Thorton was enchanted. She
was being openly nice to him. Perhaps, after all,
this gentleman meant little to her.
"Well, but it isn't really my job," he replied;
"the naval people have got it in hand. Burt des-
cribed the so-called spy very minutely, I believe: a
tall man with strong features-and-by Jove!"
Elizabeth flashed a warning glance at John.
John, too, before the waning from her eyes was
sent, had realized the track upon which Captain
Thorton's mind was likely to run the moment he
began to repeat the desrirptri,-n of the deserter given
by Burt. But to move his hand from his side into
a pocket would have been a blunder of the first mag-
nitude; the movement would have been seen, its
meaning correctly interpreted. John Seymour had
been studying Captain Thorton while they sat there.
The pig eyes of the little Captain denoted obstinacy,
but they were shrewd eyes also; the man might
be as vain as a peacock, conceited beyond the or-
dinary, but he was no fool. John. therefore. mas-
tering his features, and feeling thankful that his
experiences as a lawyer and gambler had taught him
to control his emotions and command his voite. mere-
ly said "Yes?" to the Captain's exclamation. But he
knew what it meant.
"Well, you know," continued Captain Thortlon
slowly, "Burt said that this deserter had lost two
fingers off his left hand."
"That's not unusual," laughed John, "why. so
have I."
"And so has Three lingered Jack," cried Eliza-
beth excitedly, feeling that she must say sometbiig
The moment was tense with peril.
"Loss of fin er- and limbs is common enough,
as you say," Captain ThlIrt.,i alllred, and seemed
to dismiss the matter from his mind. "Well; they
are on the lookout for this fellow, for he was seen
along the waterfront a few days ago, taking notes
of the ships there, no doubt. He must be in King-
ston somewhere."
"I hire they will catch him," said John, "and
no doubt they will."
A pause en-ued, something was driving the
shrewd little Captain to think. The spy might be
anyone; but he had been described as a tall man,
with prominent features, with only three fingers on
his left hand; and before him at this moment was
a man to whom this description applied generally.
This was a curious coincidence. Jealousy of John
Huntly was prompting the Captain to be .uspieious
of him, and a suspicious and jealous mind niieht
hang upon a trail with bitter pertinacity. All tl'i
was clear to Elizabeth.
She felt that s,,metrlin' must be done to lead
the Captain away from the track. And it must be
done at once. She had n., time ri think *learl .
she must trust to the in spiadrioii of' the moment. A
plausible tale might .-rve John ti,,li not nw slip
away from Jamaica as lie had intended; that glad-
dened her strangely. But ie p ias in as
much so as when he ihrt been hunted 1)\ rhi sjnme
officer from Spanish T.,win to Kingston some nights
"Mr. Huntly wants i lnibuy my property. Mnrg.ia
Castle, from me, Capt.-in." she "aid. as though the
other topic had been t illI r-xlau'te-d anl it was now
time to come to something more practical, "so he is

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stopping there now to look it over. He is a good
business man, and I am only a young woman; and
though of course I trust him, for he is a gentleman,
still business is business. Do you know anything
about landed property?"
It was a desperate throw, but the dice fell on her
The Captain was visibly pleased with this ex-
planation of Huntly's relations with her; pleased
also that she seemed to be asking him for some as-
sistance and advice. Unfortunately, he knew no-
thing about land.
But John took the cue.
"I am ready, Miss Morgan, to talk business with
you and any friend of yours," said he; "in fact that
is why I am here now. We could settle this matter
right away, for there are quite good lawyers in
Kingston, Sometimes, however, I think you don't
want to sell."
"I am not sure that I do," confessed Elizabeth;
"and yet, perhaps, it would be best for me. Some-
times I feel I should like to live in Kingston, and
then I think I prefer the country; that is what keeps
me undecided. I certainly can't make up my mind
John took the hint. "Very well, then, I won't
wait to-day."

He rose and bowed to both of them. Elizabeth
hoped he would remember to keep his left hand hid-
den while in the street; that he would return later
on, she knew. Meantime it was patent to the Cap-
tain that she had dismissed him.
"I really don't know what to do," she confiden-
tially confessed as soon as the door had closed behind
John. "Mr. Huntly has rented Morgan Castle from
me for a little time now-I live on the next prop-
erty-and he wants to buy it. But though he is very
nice and polite, how can I tell that he won't take
an advantage of my. ignorance? These planters are
not always straightforward."
"That is quite true," agreed the Captain prompt-
ly. "Now, do you think I could be of any assistance
to you? I can't say I know much about land; still
"When do you think you will come down to St.
Thomas?" asked Elizabeth.
"I wouldd get my, colonel to let me come a couple
of weeks hence, I think, unless we hear of Three-
fingered Jau:k elsewhere. In a way, I am in charge
of his business."
*W,, r you come and see me if you come down?"
'"N:t a doubt about it, Bess; if you truly want
me to come."
(Continued on Page 47)


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Morgan s Daughter
(Continued from Page 45)
"You are coming as a friend," she said coyly;
"so why shouldn't I want you?"
"And this big fellow is always on the spot, eh?"
"Tcho! A planter? I could have had a dozen
of them long ago if I had wished."
So she did prefer the Army! It was stupid of
him to have ever thought anything else possible.
He beamed.
"But when are you going?"
"In a day or two. I only came up with my
mother to fix up some business, and that is nearly
"Can't I come and see you to-night?"
"Impossible. I won't be at home."
"To-morrow, then?"
"Very well, at about the same time as this af-
"But, my dear-"
"Don't say it!" Her tone was final; again
he reminded himself that storm tactics would not
serve here. This was a very curious though a most
gorgeous creature. Yet he had great hopes. She
had dressed splendidly for him, and she was think
ing of coming to live in Kingston As for the big
fellow, his interests were probably coffee or sugar.
The Captain dismissed John from his thoughts.
"I shall be here to-morrow afternoon," he said,
and there was a satisfied purr in his voice.


HERE," said Elizabeth.
S She pointed to a building about a hundred
yards from the spot at which they had halted, a
dwelling house of one storey, strongly constructed
of stone and looking like a small fortress. What
added to its fortresslike appearance was the little
gorge whith ran between the land on the other
side and the highway upon which their horses stood,
for a river flowed at the bottom of this gorge and
might without any great effort of the imagination
have been likened to a moat.
At the rear of the house rose mountains, vast
and dark; to the south were large flat structures
of white stone which Seymour knew to be bar-
becues for the drying of coffee. This was a cof-
fee plantation, and he could see the little trees grow-
ing on the hillsides with their green and red berries
already promising an abundant coffee crop.
There was a peculiar wildness about the scenery
here which was accentuated by the bare solidity
of the stone edifice which had been built to with-
stand attacks from rebellious slaves, and to serve
as a place of refuge in time of danger as well as
a residence for whoever might be the owner of
this property.
"Morgan Castle? Your home?" he asked briefly.
"And .,,urs for the present." she replied, with
a ueary smile, but one intended to be a gesture of
a He muttered something, then. followed by the
single negro who had ridden with them that day
from Kingston, they crossed the flat wooden bridge
which led over the gorge and entered Elizabeth's
They had finished a silent and arduous ride
of over twenty-six miles, a ride that was somewhat
of the nature of a flight. Elizabeth had been dis-
turbed by the questions asked the afternoon before
by Captain Thorton; she had taken alarm at the
risk run by John as long as he remained in King-
ston, with the naval and military authorities search-
ing for a deserter suspected of being, a spy. At
any moment the man, Burt, might come across
John, would indeed be looking for him; and then
there would be a demand for meticulous information
which Seymour could not give. John had returned
to the house in Church Street an hour after Captain
Thorton had left it, and had found Elizabeth in full
preparation for departure. They would leave before
daybreak the next morning; her mother, with the
women slaves, would follow in another day or two.
There was no time to be lost. John had acquiesced,
he indeed had perceived that his continued presence
in a city like Kingston was distinctly perilous. So
before daybreak the subsequent morning they bad
set out, and now they had arrived, tired with toiling
over roads that were broken mule paths for the
most part, with nothing to eat after the hasty break-
fast they had swallowed by candlelight.
Neither had been disposed to talk much during
the journey, nor had talking been feasible at the
same time as the negotiating of tracks which often
bordered precipices that yawned to right and then
to left of them. Each was thinking deeply. Both
knew that soon there would have to be a serious
talk and plans, as a result of a situation which had
very suddenly developed and presented intricacies
which could not have been foreseen. And the man
was secretly depending on the woman to think out
what he should do, for this was a maze out of which
he could see no safe and satisfactory exit.
Two slaves came running to receive their horses,

while someone on the inside opened the narrow mass-
ive 4oors of the house, into which they entered,
bedraggled and weary. The female slaves within
glanced very curiously at this tall, stern-looking
white man, and inquisitively at their mistress. No
man had ever been brought to this house before,
like this; Elizabeth Morgan had strangely seemed
to have determined upon a life of spinsterhood in a
country where a woman of her sort would have been
mated years ago. Was this at last a lover to her
heart's content, a master for the property, some
big "backra" from oversea or from another part of
the island? What they thought showed itself in
their glances, which they contrived should be pleas-
ing and complimentary. Even John understood
them. Elizabeth. who knr w Iours before what would
be in their minds, curtly o'nmmanded that two sep--
arate rooms should be prepared at once. and made
it clear that these were to be on opposite sides of
the house.
.They washed the dust off th'ir hands and faces
and then came together again in the small dining
room for some food and a draught of hot coffee.
Seymour noticed the deep walls of this room and
the heavy shutters pierced with hiles out of which
the muzzle of a gun could peep. The apartment
was scantily furnished, but to his surprise he ob-
served a long shelf to one side of it, crowded with
books. He had not seen such appurtenances in
other houses in Jamaica that he had been permitted
to enter.
"So you look on Morgan Castle as a prison for
you?" said Elizabeth as they ate; she had not for-
gotten his muttered remark of a little while before.
"What else can it be, Elizabeth?" he said, un-
consciously calling her by her Christian name,
"though I know you will make it a very pleasant
prison indeed. And, anyhow, I can't stay here long;
I must wander off again. But where? I am in a
devil of a fix. The whole island is a prison for me,
as I think I have said before."
"That's just it," she answered quietly; "and
perhaps you are safer here than anywhere else."
"I never made up my mind to live all my life
in Jamaica."
"No white man who comes here ever does." she
retorted sharply; "and most of them have but a

short life here, anyhow; rum and disease soon
account for them. You know."
"I know," he admitted grimly; he had often
seen yellow fever and other diseases, and delirium
tremens, at work.
"You have a splendid constitution and must
have been abstemious, for the sort of work you have
had to do exposed you to all kinds of dangers and
temptatiuon- isn't it so?"
(Continued on Page 48)

(Continued from PaPge 43)
It was a prolonged and sticky transaction. I
felt when we had 96 for 2/- a very hard bargain had
been driven and I had very little for my money.
The little girls in their pretty voices told me they
loved me very .much, so I can only hope they were
,.atified But I take thi, opportunity of saying that
I think Jamaican children at least those in Negril,
h.ive a grievance.
The next time I go to Negril I shall take a
-uppl1 of sheets
At least that is what I promise myself. But
ball T ever go there again?
Negril was a great delight to me. Everything
was so simple, so close to Nature. I am afraid lest
I have not done it justice in my title. "Raw" so
often slniiie. unfinished, like the houses on the
edge of a town that has just come into being.
Eliphaz the Temanite was about right, when he
put it to the long-suffering Job that talk was "un-
prr.fitable" and that with speeches he could "do no
good". All Jamaica was good to me. I found it a
very pleasant land, and if I have laughed just a
little at the doings of the people in a remote corn-
er of that very pleasant land, believe me it has all
been done in a friendly spirit. At the present mo-
ment of writing here in Bordighera, on the shores
of the Mediterranean, I am thinking how good a
thing it w.)uld be to sit on the shore at Negril and
look along the half circle of sandy shore with the
sun shining on the coconut palms behind and leafy
Booby Island on the far horizon.


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"Yo.u don't how hiyv iydi.ation ,ij that, with
-.our .plendid irilrt.v." aid Seymour. with genuine
"I too as my rather'-, inly child," she went
on. ignoring his crmplimlnt. **Illegitimate of course.
Mly father was a good mau, but thirty years ago
he would not have dared to marry a coloured wo.
man, and my mother did not expect him to. Mv
mother had some means and my father owned this
property. When I was born he made up his mind
to send me to England: he hoped that I would never
return. But he died a few years ago, and my mother
wa- here. and everything I possessed. I had to
come back.'
"My father left me a hat he had, but to do so
he was compelled to put himself to any amount of
trouble and expense; he had to get a special law
passed empinwering me to inherit property of more
than twelve hundred pounds in value. That is the
limit for coloured heirs, you understand, but some-
times, by permission, one is allowed to receive more
from ,ne'n own father!"
John, who had practised as a lawyer, lifted his
eyebrows in astonishment; this was one aspect of
Jamaica life and legislation with which he had not
been acquainted.
"Even as it nau." she icnltioited. "lie was forced
to lie and deceive; he owed more than he said he
did, and he gave -onmething tu i. my mothb before









l M Morgan s Daughter
(Continued from Page 47)
"If I hadn't been careful, I should have been
dead in my first year in this accursed country."
"Not a very complimentary remark, as it happens
to be my native country," she smiled;; "yet to me
SIt i, j,' .ur-ed also. I perhaps feel about it more bit-
terly than you."
S You have hinted that more than once," he said,
interested. "Why?"
"Because I am coloured. And perhaps also
because I am what I am, a descendant of Henry Mor-
gan and a girl who was sent to England to be edu-
"I was at school in England for years; I was a
good scholar." She laughed, but her laughter had
no mirth in it. "Will you be surprised if I tell you
that I know Latin and French and Italian? That
I am a good musician? That-for I had some money
--I mixed on equal terms with the daughters of men
in England who would look down on most of the
S white men and women in this island? My father
too was white, and I was his only child. He-"
"But I thought that Morgan left no sons," in-
terrupted Seymour.
"I am not Morgan on my father's side, but on
Smy mother's. My ancestor had many children, but
none of them legitimate. He had, a favourite girl
whom.he himself used to call 'Morgan's Daughter',
- and he left her as well provided for as the laws
- then allowed him to do-and more than they allow-
ed him to do, for he was no tame spirit, and did
what he pleased. From then until now we have
always been Morgans, whatever might be our father's
name. Morgan's only daughter had one son, but
the otheil bavt been girls. We are dying out, per-
Irp- "

Illllllll!ilillllillIllllilllillllllllll llillillllllll1l11111 11 illlllllllllllllUIIII~





he died, in the hope that she would be able to
leave it to me. I suppose that if anybl'd, knew
and chose to investigate the matter, I could be de-
prived of much of my substance; I suppose I am
a sort of thief, because I have no right to what
my parent left me. Or perhaps it was thought that
Mr. Bedloe's coloured li l-iiIer. when she was about
sixteen or seventeen years of age, would become the
mistress of some important white man, and so might
in the meantime be permitted to enjoy a little more
property than it was strictly and legally proper for
her to possess. As it is, I have been left alone, and
have rejected the usual proposals. Captain Thor-
ton wishes to make one, and is pricking himself
out for the purpose. He will probably be down here
in a week or two. He will think me presumptuous
when I reject his gracious offer; perhaps he will
be rude."
"If he is, and I hear him," said Seymour harshly,
"he will have reason to regret it."
"And what could you do, my friend?" she asked
quittl.I. "What would you tell him? That you are
my protector? I would not have that. That you
are going to be my husband?"
She looked him straight in the face as she
asked this question, and he started. She smiled sour-
ly. He knew that she was not talking at random.
"You see how it is, don't you? Of course it
would not seem strange to Thorton tIat I should
be your mistress; he thought I was yesterday. It
might have been better for you if I had allowed
him to think so, and had suggested that you had
been my protector for some time; he would have
been disappointed, but would probably have conclud-
ed that you were an old settler in St. Thomas. He
knows differently now. But if he found you here
with me he would think I had lied to him, and
would wonder why, and then he might begin to
think shrewdly, for he is no fool. But he will not
find us together when he comes. Until you have
made up your mind what to do, you can stay at
Morgan Castle and I. will live with my mother in
her little place. It adjoins this. I shall move over
in a couple of days, as soon as it is fixed up."
"I shall be gone before Thorton comes," said
John; "but now I can understand how you feel.
After all, I brought trouble on myself, but you
were born to infernal humiliation in your own coun-
try! It doesn't seem fair."
"You are one of the few people who think so,"
she replied a trifle dryly, "and maybe you wouldn't
think so if you yourself were, not ih difficulties.
You are an outlaw, and I feel myself an outlaw,
too; made so by other people. Some day I may make
myself one in very fact."
"Nonsense," he laughed, to relieve the tension
which both of them felt. "There are men of your
own blood here, intelligent and fine fellows, who
would be glad to marry you."
"There are."
"Well. you will marry one of them some day;
you are still ve:iy yonrtg.
'I will not marry a coloured man. He would
have no position in this country, and I should be
-less than nothing. And I will become the mistress
of no white man: if I am n't good enough for him
to marry, I wish to have nothing to do with him."
"I am sure there are many white men here
who would be glad to marry you, Elizabeth," said
Seymour earnestly; "you don't realise, perhaps, how
beautiful you are."
"I do," she replied, with sublime self-confidence.
"And you are right; there have been three or four
white men who have offered to marry me. But
what sort? And for what reason?"
"What sort I don't know; but the reason seems
to me to be very apparent. They must have loved
you and wanted you madly."
Her natural feminine vanity was touched, and
she smiled.
"Perhaps they really loved me," she said, "but
perhaps my possessions had also something to do
with their offers of marriage. But I will say that
they loved me; one did, at least, he drank himself
to death after I had spoken very plainly to him.
But they were all of a humble type, my friend;
not one of them could have been mistaken for a
gentleman, or even for the sort of man that makes
a name and a place for himself. And that is the
kind of man I must marry, if I marry at all; one
who will do something, achieve something, as Henry
Morgan did." Her eyes flashed. "He began as an
indentured servant and rose to be Governor of Ja-
"You dwell upon that," he smiled.
"Another such man might become master of
Jamaica if he had the ambition to do so; I think
I have said that before also. My white suitors all
knew I had some means, and they were in very
ordinary circumstances; as my lawful husband any
of them would have been quite comfortable, for per-
sons like them. They would have been content with
enough to eat and drink, and with the black wenches
of the country. What should I have done with one
of them?"
"What do you want to do?" he asked her, in-
trigued. He knew quite well she was-not talking
(Continued on Page 50)




A O. SCOGGIN was born March 8th, 1893, in
r. PttL'-biiri'. Virginia, U.S.A. Upon leaving
school in 1911, he was employed by the British-
American Tobacco Co., Ltd. After a few years in
their Virginia factories he was transferred to Eng-
land, where he served two years in .their Bristol
factory, and one year in their factory at Southamp-
During the World War he returned to the
United States and joined the Navy, though he did
not see active service. Then in Apgil. 1919, he came
to Jamaica to fill the position of Office lManager and
Assistant Secretary of the Jamaica Tobacco Co., Ltd.
Shortly afterwards, this Colmpiny and B. & J. B.
Machado, Ltd., anialgamiitel. and he was made Sec-
retary of the new Company of B. & J. B. Machado
Tobacco Co., Ltd.
Later on Mr. Scoggin became Sales Manager and
a Direet..r :f.t B. & J. B. Ma'l.had.. Tobacco Co., Ltd.,
and on the death of the late Mr. P. R. Machado, in
1925. was appointed General Manager, and elected
V'ie-C'blairman of the Board of Directors.
The American is credited with great adaptabil-
ity of disposition, but that as a rule is mainly evi-
denced in his own country. That is to say, the
American usually does not as easily adapt himself
to extraneous conditions, especially tropical condi-
tions, as does the Englishiima or German. He can
turn to almost anything in the United States and
make a success of it, given a reasonable degree of
ability and character. But he does not care to settle
in a foreign country; there are surpri-inely few
Americans, for instance, to be found even in lands
where the United States has financial interests.
But the balance is redressed by the conspicuous
success of those Americans who do adapt themselves
to new and unfamiliar conditions. Then indeed they
win rapidly to the top, and their personal popularity
is as striking as their material success.
Among Americans of this type Mr. Scoggin must
be included. He is one of the best-liked men in Ja-
maica. Not yet forty years of age, he is already the
local hief of a very important business and is gen-
erally regarldedl as a man of sound views, affable dis-
position and interesting personality. He has identi-
fled himself with the life of Jamaica as much as any-
one else not born in the country has done, and it
never occurs to any, En'1lih ,:'r Jamaican, to think
of Mr. Scoggin as "a foreigner".
When Mr. Pedro Machado died it was felt by
everybody in Jamaica that his only pos-ible succes-
sor was Mr. Scoggin. That also was obviously
the view taken by his chiefs in the United States.
Since Mr. Scoggin's rise to the managership rf
the Jamaica branch of the company he has made
strenuous efforts to increase its business, efforts
which have met with success. His reasonableness,
the dependence which can always be .placed upon
his word, and the general friendliness of his char-
acter, have played a very important part: in the
progress which his business has made.
Mr. Scoggin has built a home in Jamaica for
himself and his family. He is an enthusiastic golfer.





1. BECAUSE of their trading

2. BECAUSE they appreciate
the fact and practice it, that
integrity begets confidence.

3. BECAUSE they and their
assistants are proverbial for

4. BECAUSE it is well known
that their stock of Dry
Goods and Boots and
Shoes is large, varied, and
being continually replen-
ished with up to date

5. BECAUSE it is realized
that the Best Values are
obtainable from them.

6. BECAUSE orders are care-
fully and promptly attend-
ed to.

7. BECAUSE they are ever
mindful of the fact that
success depends on satisfied

8. BECAUSE they are grate-
ful to their customers for
their patronage and desire
a continuance of it.

9. BECAUSE every principle
for successful trading is
faithfully observed in the




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Morgan s Daughter
(Continued from Page 49)
at random. She had some purpose in her mind.
She looked at him searchingly. "The colonists
in America will be independent and free very sho.:t-
ly," she said with slow deliberation. "Their struggle
has gone on for some time; no one can doubt its
ultimate success. Why should not Jamaica also be
"Free? Jamaica?" he cried astonished. "But
would that affect you? The white men in America
outnumber their slaves. Here the slaves outnumber
the white men, who could hardly keep them under if
there were no England to send out help. And how
would a free Jamaica help you?"
"On one side my mother is a direct descendant
of Morgan, on the other side she is of the Maroons."
"The Maroons are the free people of the Jamaica
hills. My mother's brother is a chief among the
"The Maroons are free and have been so for
generations. You know what they originally were?
They were slaves of the Spaniards who first owned
this island. When the Spaniards were driven out,
they gave their slaves freedom, and these took to
the hills and carried on the war with the English.
They were joined again and again by runaway slaves
from the plantations; they have never been subdued
but have managed to retain their independence. Now
and then they have rebelled, but never all together.
If they had been united, if they had stirred the
slaves to rebellion, they would probably have suc-
ceeded in driving the English out of Jamaica. But
they needed someone to unite and organise them,
and to bring them to make common cause with
the other negroes. At present they are used to put
down slave rebellions and hunt down runaway
slaves; they are recognized auxiliaries of the Gov-
ernment, they have a treaty with the Government.
They fight, black against black."
"Divide and rule, eh?"
'Yes, but why not unite and conquer? Such
unity could be brought about for a purpose; old
Morgan could have done it; he had a genius for
leadership. I think that. were I not a woman, I
could do it.. If I had a man, a man of the right
calibre, to ii-lp me. I still could do it. There would
be fieltirip. of course, but who could penetrate the
mountains with the-slaves and the Maroons in re-

billion? The English would be driven out: they
would give up the struggle here as they are going
to give it up in the American C'l.lonies. I uoild
be victorious, mistress of the i ituati,:n!"
"Among savages?" John asked, with amusement
in his voice. "What are you dreaming?"
"A dream that may come true, a dream suca
as Henry Morgan might have dreamt. Savages! You
forget the coloured people-those Tith both \white
and black blood in their veins. You forget the while
men who would remain if allowed toi d,, s... Sure-
ly these would be enough to keep tlih savages from
getting out of hand, if properly led by those with

Gowns, Wraps, Hats

genius to command. What is there fooulibh about
what I have said? Think of what is happening in
America even now!"
"So you actually are thinking of a great rising
to drive out the English?" he said, wonder, admira-
tion and amusement blended in the look he fixed
upon her. "Well, I should never have flown so high
or so far in my thoughts myself!"
"Those who do not fly high in their thoughts
remain low in their lives," she auswered, "but we
have been talking long enough You will have to
stay here until my nimther arrives, anil then we
shall make new arrangements. I gather that you


& Shoes.


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I wonder who dresses her?"

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i -I



don't want to become Three-fingered Jack again, and
you can't easily get away from Jamaica just now,
and you have no settled plans. Well, here you will
have some time to think, at least."
"What would you suggest?" he asked.
"Things happen. Perhaps circumstances as they
develop will show what it is best to do. Let
us wait a little. By the way, I told my mother to
buy some clothes for you before she left King-
ston; she can judge *more or less what will fit
"I had no time to think of that," he confess-
"I have had a lot of time to think of many
things," she answered, a trifle bitterly.

FROM one of the small front-windows of Morgan
Castle Elizabeth and Seymour saw a small mili-
tary cavalcade halt and look enquiringly at the house.
At a glance she recognized Captain Thorton.
She had guessed that some day he would make
his appearance, but certainly not-within t \, da.s of
her own departure from Kingston. Her qui.:k wit
enabled her to grasp at once that it was not to see
her that Thorton had hurried after them so quickly.
He had six men with him. That indicated business
of a serious nature.
"Jack!" she exclaimed, "quick! This means
trouble. Cudjoe will take you by a back path into
the hills; remain there until I send you nord. No,
you can't fight them, they are too mau.v and even
if you could beat them, it would be only for a short
She ran to a tall black man whom John had
seen loitering about the house.
"Cudjoe, take this backra massa* to-to Mount
Lebanus," she decided on the spur of the moment.
"There is a cave there: you know it; one of those
which Thie-.fiueered Ja>k used to live in. Go by
the trail, not by thie riad. and take care that nobody
sees you. Then come back and tell me that you leave
Marse Seymour safe. You understand?"
Cudlju nodded his head in swift comprehension,
and beh ,- inedl to John to follow him, Together they
stole off silently, while Elizabeth warned her house
slaves to silence and sent off one of them to bid the
others deny all knowledge of John Seymour save
that he had been there and had left the day before.
Then she waited.
Captain Thorton had evidently made enquiries
as to the location of her property; he was now veri-
fying his information by an inspection of the house's
exterior. Presently he made up his mind and rode
over the flat wooden bridge with his men.
A succession of heavy raps on the massive door
sent a slave flying to open it, obedient to a gesture
from Elizabeth.
The Captain marched in, to find her await-
ing him with a splendidly affected air of surprise.
"You?" she cried. "I did not expect to see you for
a i'uprle it weeks."
He did not salute or remnre his cap. He looked
at her coldly. "I thought y,.u expected to see me
the day after I last saw you,"' le reminded her. "Bur
S when I called you had fled, ith the Mr. Huntly I
met at your house. Where is he?"
"But won't you sit down?" she asked him hos-
pitably, "and let me get you something after your
long ride? Did you come all the way from King-
ston without stopping? Mr. Huntly? Oh, he left
yesterday; the fact is that I have resumed possess-
ion of my property. I'll tell you all about it."
She indicated a comfortable chair in which he
might relax, and took a straighter chair near to it.
He hesitated for a moment, then, removing his cap,
sat down. But his manner was still stiff and dis-
"Did you come all this long way, so soon, to
see me?" she asked gaily.
"No; I want to have a talk with Mr. Huutlv.
You say he has gone away? That is rather sudden,
if he was negotiating for the purchase of your prop-
erty. And why did you hurry out of Kingston the
morning after I was at your house; you had no such
idea in your mind. when you were talking to me.
had you? There is something fishy about your
movements, and about this Mr. Huntly also. I must
warn you that I want a clear and truthful statement
about him from you, or you will probably he placed
under arrest as knowingly harbouring a spy. You
are in a very dangerous position, I can assure you,
and only .sti,,Ightf'.:,rardl an ri.-u will be of any use. If
everything is fair and above board, neither you nor
Mr. Huntly can have anything to fear."
This was not a lover, it was an inquisitor. But
the inquisitor was rendered all the more dangerous
because he had wished to be a lover and now be-
lieved he had been made a fool of.
"You take my breath away," laughed Elizabeth
strainedly; "you frighten me." She decided to em-
phasise this note. "I am alarmed. What have I
got to do with a spy?"
"That i' for you to explain, and I am waiting
to hear your explanation. Will you begin at once?"

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"What do you want to know?" But Elizabeth
contrived to summon a look of reproach to her
eyes; her attitude was that of a girl who was being
wounded by one from whom she had expected far
different treatment.
"How long have you known Huntly?"
"Three or fo'ur weeks. He came here, saying
he was from aniitler part of the island and that he
wished to look over this property; he thought he
might buy it.. He would rent the house from month
to month-"
"This is not the same story you first told."
"Isn't it? How do you make that out?"
"You said he had rented Morgan Castle, which is
the name of the property."
"Of course; but the house is also called Morgan
Castle; it has no different name. Why should I have
gone into details with you? You never asked for
them, and I could not know that you wanted them.
Did you want them?"
He knew that he had not, when in Kingston; he
waved the point aside, as of no importance.
"He rented this house, and I went to live in
my other place; he had to have somewhere to stop
at while looking over the plantation. I think he
really wanted to buy it; he was pressing me to sell
after he had been here only three days. But, as I

- Kingston.

told you in Kingston, I didn't know enough about
the real value of it, or about him either, and would
not make up my mind. He came on to Kingston,
knowing I was over there, and tried to persuade me
to decide. You remember what I told you on Wed-
nesday? Well. after you left he returned. And the
funny thing about it was that it wasn't so much
about Morgan Castle that he wanted to talk, but
about you!"
"Yes. He wanted to know how I knew you, what
you were coming to see me for, and a lot of non-
sense of the sort. Naturally, I told him you were
an utter stranger, nothing whatever to me, and that
I might never see you again. But I also said that
it was none of his business whether I met you eve y
day or not, and that I resented his interference. I
own I lost my temper and told him that I had now
made up my mind not to sell my property to, him.
He said something-I won't repeat it-but I'll never
forgive him for it-"
"What did he. say?" Captain Thorton urged, in-
terested, for Elizabeth was speaking with a won-
derful simulation of truth; no actress could have
done better.
"I don't see that that has anything to do with

-- ----



what you wish to know about him," she replied.
"His insults don't concern you or your mission."
"They concern you, don't they? Well, I am in-
terested in you, Bess, so you might tell me." His
tone was different now.
"You want me to repeat to you an insult from
that man to me?"
"Well, no. Let us leave that; but it he is what
I think he is, and I place my hands on him!-What
did you do after that?"
"I told him that the sooner he left Morgan Cas-
tle the better I should be pleased, and that as he
had only a monthly tenancy, he dould terminate it
at once. He said he would; he would leave the very
next day. That settled it for me. I came over here
the day after and so did he. I offered him back
his month's rent, which he refused to take, but he
cleared out, and that was what I wished."
"Did you come back here together?"
"Of course not. How could you think I would
ride back with a man who had treated .me like that?"
She blessed her stars as she spoke that she had
arranged with Jack that they should leave Kingston
separately, and had warned her mother to say sim-
ply, if any enquiries were made, that she had hast-
ened her departure from Kingston. Jack had joined
her some nine miles out of Kingston, at the
junction of the road that led into the interior of
St. Thomas. No one of any importance had been
met by them on the long ride after that.
As Captain Thorton had carefully enquired of
the soldiers at Rock Fort whether a man and a wo-
man had passed that way together in the early
Thursday morning, had described Elizabeth and John
Seymour with careful accuracy, and had been as-
sured positively that no such couple had gone that
way, he could not doubt Elizabeth's statement. He
concluded that a quarrel between the two would
explain why they had not left together, a circum-
stance which had hitherto puzzled him.
He thought over the situation before question-
ing Elizabeth further. He was still ut-pih.i-jus about
Huntly, fully so. The authorities in Spanish Town
wanted to know something about him; for a white
man able to purchase a coffee plantation, a man
who professed to have been in the island for some.
time, it was rather peculiar that he was entirely
unknown to any public person in Kingston or the
capital. His money might be French or Sipauibh;
his purchase of a property not very far from King-
ston might be a ruse to give him a local habitation.
But, thought the Captain, evidently the man had
fallen in love with Elizabeth and had become sud-
denly jealous about her; seeing him (Captain Thor-
ton) visiting her-and the intention of that visit
would be obvious to everyone-he had-shown what was
in his mind. He wanted both Morgan Castle and its
mistress; he would be getting much and, in reality,
giving nothing at all. Just like a wretched traitor!
concluded the virtuous Captain Thorton. And, per-
haps, in time, Elizabeth might have fallen into the
snare Huntly was setting for her, had she not been
fortunate enough to meet an officer of His Mlajesty's
Army who had so clearly shown his admiration for
"You say Huntly left yesterday?" he asked.
"He didn't say where he was going?"
"Would he have been likely to tell me, or would
I have cared to know?"
"But what about his bel- 1-nngl? Did he leave
"He took them on mule-back with him; he had
a slave here, of course, and one or two animals."
"Perhaps some of your people here could tell
me in what direction he went?"
"Perhaps. You can ask them." She controlled
her voice with a mighty effort as she said this. Would
he prosecute the enquiry at once, before she had
time to coach her people?
"I don't think they know anything about it, but
you might ask them," she went on "But you don't
mean to say you are going to leave here almost as
soon as you arrive? You have just come, you haven't
even taken a drink or a morsel of food, and you talk
as if you were going away immediately! Why?
Huntly can't fly out of the island, can he? He
doesn't even know that .ou are asking about him, or
are after him. You can put your hands on him when
you like. But if you go away now, I know you are'
not likely to return for a long time, if ever. But
perhaps you don't want to come back."
"Nonsense, Bess!" cried Captain Thorton gaily.
"You are doing me a great injustice. Of course I
would like to stay here a while with you, I would
like to stay here for months," he added fervently.
"But I have got to go after this man, and then I
will come back."
"But you can't go to-day. You and your soldiers
have ridden nearly thirty miles. You will have to
remain over the night."
"'"Yes, I know that, and perhaps to-morrow night
"I anm so glad. Now let me get you a nice drink.
and order some lunch for you; my mother-she' cami
over yesterday-will look after your men.' Do.i't
move! Just sit comfortably and let me wait on
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Shei jumped up. anl the Captain seized her h.nd
with a callant air and squeezed it She drew ir out
of his grasp coquettishly, ruffled his hair with it
(which delighted him), and hurried into the dining
room. She gave orders rapidly, wishing to leave
him alone for as short a time as possible. Return-







ing. she began to talk about her pripperty., Iow le
must ride over it with her later on. huw difficult she
found it to manage her slaves (which she was per-
initted to own by a special Act of the Legislature),
and how he must advise her whatto do about one
or two matters she would tell him of as soon as she




had leisure to do so. Then a girl bri.,ugbt in a great
jug of Chinaware filled with rum punch, and a
tall glass. Elizabeth filled this glass, looked saucily
at the Captain. -Ipped it, and passed it to him.
"Nectar!" he cried, and tossed it down: accus-
tomed to drink though he was, the potency of the
mixture surprised him. "This is strong stuff," he
said, "the strongest punch I have tasted in a year."
"But the best rum, maybe, that you have tasted
in Jamaica," she laughed; "it is older than I am."
This was true; it was wonderful liquor, and
only brought out by her now because she must please
the Captain and make him sleepy.
She refilled his glass. Meanwhile two women
had been busy fixing up one of the four bedrooms
that the house contained, a room adjoining that
which had been occupied by John Seymour, but not
communicating with it by any door Meanwhile also
the soldiers brought up by the C(aptain, and who
had'durinze his conversation with Elizabeth been
sitting on their horses in the full blaze of the sun
(for a soldier's comfort and ronvenien.e were mart
ters of no moment whatever had been taken .ff to
another part of the place by Elizaheth's mother. whor
had laconically informed them that it was the Cap-
tain's orders. When Thortr.n' room was ready,
Elizabeth suggested that he should have a wash and
then some lunch-"with me." she added. He gladly
consented. In ten minutes he was our if the roomni.
where he had found a great toituise .hell hair-cimb
of old design which, though le did not know it, hid
once belonged to Sir Henry iMorvan. H.- felt better
after his wash, and gayer after his rum punches, in
which there had been little water and
large quantity of runm .-, ,ld that its flavour was
mild but its **kick" tremendous. Elizabeth now
took him into the dining %\here he found
places laid for two, a cold ham almost untouched. a
cold fowl, a freshly made tumiato salad: tw, Ibig
loaves of white bread and a dihilr of *fresh" butter
made on the premises and deli. Ilon in flavour Also
there was a dish of hot. roasted plantains. A bottle
of madeira and a jug of punch .sto.ii invitingly near
these edible-.
Captain Thorton, whose figure already promised
the development of a paunch of extraordinary
size, should life be spared to him, viewed thi, feust
with open appreciation. He felt extralordiriarily
hungry, and the punches he. had on-umed. while
they might have taken away the appetite of a le,..
vigorous and redoubtable person. had nirel.y sharp-
ened his. He seated himself at the table, and Eliza-
beth placed herself near to him. It j.i.urred to him
at the moment, animated as he was by the powerful
punch, that he would like to say some we-t thines-
to her and to liks her into the bargain; the girl
was evidently dying to he kissed But he was fam-
ishing, and a soldier's drst duty \a nto his stoima:li.
Love-making might iaft-ly be p,"-tpuned until the
meal had been despatched. Elizabeth insis-ted upon
warringg the fowl and the ham. insisted that le muit
eat heartily. in.-isted too that he must hare s,,nme
madeira and then some more. and also pun, h and
yet more punch: he must not despise her hospital.
tv This was his first visit, and how could ,he tell
that it wouldn't be his last? Oh. he said tn-: he knew
he would; but he \%wa a soldier. and soldier anime
and rode away and no one -.R the t-ver adgail -


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Golf course; T nis. Fishing
and Riding can be arranged

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she had heard and read that often. He cuuldu't take
any niulrt? Well. ju-rt .l.-e ,,thcr glass ,tp punch fur
her sake; she had made it her-elf. Had the maln
been sober he must have wondered where she had
found the time to do that since he had been on the
premises. But he took the glass .:i.jrte.-_usly, with
shaking hand, spilled some of the liquid on the table
cloth, swallowed the remainder with difficulty, and
would have slipl ed ii:der the table for some hours
of profound anl Mterrerous repose had she not called
to a couple of men to help him to his room. They
lifted liimn in, placed him on the bed, and there she
ieft hini, confident tliat she now had time to make
her plans.
These were -very simple.
First of all, she instructed every slave on her
property, thirty in all, what they must say about
Massa Seymour if queL-!ir..ed by Ciptaiu Thorton or
his .men. She warned them that -he w%,uld know if
any of them departed from her instructions, and
would punish them accordingly. She had no belief
in the integrity of most of them, but three or four
bore the name of Morgan, and of course these
claimed to be cousins of hers, and, like herself,
descendants of the r'di.nlbtablle buIi-.i:an-er. They
occupied positions of trust on her property; ;hey
.Wiul be vigilant to report what the others said, if
questioned. But she did not anticipate any searching
examination of the slaves. If pressed, they wouldd
assume a blank expression and pretend not to
understand; that was their u-.ual method when
they wished to admit nothing. (-'udjue would prob-
ably be back in a couple of hours; but he would
have to make the journey. again. She packed
some food in a basket. thik Cudjoe wo.,uld carry tt.
Seymour in his cave at M,,iin Lebanus. It would
last him.a day, and more could easily be conveyed
to him. Ctidjue ,cul'i e trusted. He was not a
slave; he was a tree NMarain who was related to her
on her mother's side; a bold, hidepeiide-tt hunter
uhi., knew all the hills around and could find him-
selt anywhere about St- nmllir \'i- lnot likely to be
caiizht with Cudjoe at hand t*. pilot him intiu pll, ae,
of refuge, unless, indeed, other Maroons were
sent .. track him down. Pu that method of finding
him nould hardly occur tl the Captain
Shli had passed through a terrible strain, but
her spirit rose to face and to circumvent the danger.
She had not anticipated beinr followed so quickly
by Thorton; but fate had stepped in. From hints he
had dropped while at liinihl and -emniintlxicated,
she had gathered that ..n the m'.'rning after visiting
her in Kingston, iihil- speaking to his superior of.
ficer, he had mentioned that he had met a strange
white man on the pre- ini~ .it'tern,-..i who answered to
the description of the lMar'ri whom Burt had known.
The Captain was certain that this man was an Eng-
lishman and doubted if he had been long in Jamaica.
The Captain's superior orfierl had grown -.ulpiclious;
there had been spies in the island before: rin'k
should not be taken. He had ordered Captain Thor-
ton to find out something more, if possible, about
this Mr. John Huntly, and the Captain had called
on Elizabeth again, only to find that she had
slipped out of the city. And Huntly had also dis-
Sappeared. This seemed strange; on his reporting
the circumstance at the military headquarters he
(Continued on Page 56)

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Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Page 53)
was ordered to follow Elizabeth, after a hot enquiry
at every lodging house and tavern in Kingston had
failed to reveal any trace of a tall man, with but
two fingers on the left hand, calling himself John
Huntly. It was true that Mr. Huntly might have
stopped with some friend in the city, but as a rule
planters from a distant part of the colony, as he pro-
fessed to be, went to a tavern or a lodging house.
He had been seen by Burt at the xaterfiont; he had
been alone. And he had done no bidding at the
slave auction he had pretended to attend. Burt
was now ready to swear to his identity; Burt's
belief had hardened into conviction. More had bet-
ter be known about such a man, it was decided, and
as he had probably gone to St. Thomas, it was de-
sirable that Captain Thorton should push on to that
part of the island and find out what he could about
him. Captain Thorton need not arrest Huntly
unless the latter could not satisfy him as to his
bona fides. But he was allowed discretion to act as
seemed best in the circumstances. The island was
under martial law, and the Captain with his posse
could command the assistance of any and every one
in the country.
All this Elizabeth garhired as the Caip.iin
talked; she realized at the end of it all that be mnil'
remain for a couple of weeks at Morgan Castle if
he chose.
And he might convince himself that it was con-
sistent with his duty to remain. Her immediate
problem would be to prevent that.

THAT afternoon Cudjoe returned. He quietly
reported to Elizabeth that he had taken
John through some by.pathis to Mount Lebanus,
a distance of not more than two and a half
miles, and had led him into one of the mountain
caves which had formerly been the lair of Three-
fingered Jack aith.lut being seen by anyone. Massa
Seymour had asked that a little box containing some
things he always carried with hi,. and a couple of
guns, should be sent to him that very day. He hbal
his pistols on his person.
Elizabeth knew that the box contained the stuff
which Jack had used to blacken his face and hands,
and wondered why he should want it now. But she
felt proud of his confidence, for not a word had he
said about the money he had taken from Colonel
Breakspeare and had entrusted to her keeping. It was
at that moment in a strong box in her room.
She gave Cudjoe the articles John had bidden
him bring, and she again impressed on the Maroon
tre necessity for the utmost caution. She bade him
tell Seymour he might have to remain a couple of
days in hiding; hence the supply of food by her
Ever thing she could do was now done. The
soldiers were about the premises, but they too had
been heartily fed and had been surreptitiously sup-
plied with drink; their Captain was sleeping; they
were allowed to take their ease. One or two made
rough love to the couple of rather good-looking maids
of the house, and Elizabeth raised no objection; she
designed to humour everyone. She had a fine dinner
prepared for her military guest, thuilghl she doubted
if he would be much in a mood for food that even-
ing. She had a huge wooden bath-tub placed in his
room, half full of water. His orderly had brought
a change of linen for the Captain from Kingston.
She had this laid out ugaint the latter's awak.-nine
Then she waited.
It seemed to Elizabeth, as the long hours went
by and the darkness came suddenly, that she had
been waiting all her life for something'to happen.
And very little of striking moment had ever happened
until lately. She had been sent to England for
her education at an age when she was fully aware
of the gulf which separated her from the white ladies
of the country; recognition from them she must never
hope for; and not even formal courtesy. They
would never meet. She might return to the island
far better educated than any of them. beautiful-for
she knew she was beautiful-proud, ambitious, able;
but all that would count for nei-thing. unless, per-
haps, for a disability. For from the women of
mixed blood she was also cut off by the early advan-
tages which a doting father had insisted should
he hers. That they should become the mistresses
of white men, or the wives of coloured mEn. and bear
children, and eat and drink and laze and grow fat,
seemed to them a sufficient life. At times they
would,attend the races in the gayest of apparel, on
horseback or in chaises, or be guests at the peri-
odical balls in the towns given for them by white
men. They would rear poultry, would attend to
their housekeeping, and thus their lives would be
passed, with the satisfaction provided by the know-
ledge that the haughty ladies of pure blood were
bitterly jealous of them because of their stealing
away of son or brother or husband. Maybe that
(Continued on Page 57)


NE of the best liked men in .:m11aica is, beyond
all question, Mr J:,me Dunn, who in the Papal
State to-day, and ind-eed in Italy, would be addre.-
ed as Sir James Dunn; for the lhonour of knight
hood was bestowed upon him by the late Pope Pius
X when, in company with Bishop Collins, he visited
Rome in 1912.
The titles or detoiration. granted by the head
of the Catholic Churh mayh by worn by those who
have been the re.ipiieti.- of them if they obtain
from their own Sovereicns or Governments the right
to wear them: apillicarti, ni be made for ner-.
mission, and such permission is rarely refused. It
would surely have been granted in the case of Mr.
Dunn, whose father was for many years a Mlajr
in the British Army, while he himself has been a
citizen who has won the regard and love of many
thousands in Jamaica. But James Dunn has all his
life been one of the most retiring of men. He is con-
tent with being James Dunn; and. considering hi,
character, and his life of usefulness and service,
that of itself is a diktini tion.
He was not born in Jamaica as is popularly
supposed. Major Dunn, the officer who was his
father, married a West Indian, but she was of French
extraction, and it was while his fatlier' regiment
was stationed in British Honduras-in those days
the troops were not concentrated in one or two col-
onies only-that young James was born. He was
still an infant when he was brought to Jamaica,
and when he reached boyhood he was sent to the
St. Joseph's School in Kingston, then under the
charge of the Jesuit Brothers.
His father died; young James, like so many
others here, had to go out at a comparatively early
age to earn his living. At seventeen he was work-
ing in the grocery and mercautile business owned
by Mr. Horatio Abrahams, and there he remained
for some time.
Then he launched out for himself, his tmaii
dependence being perseverance, sound business abil-
ity, an honesty which nitiling could shake. To-day
he can look back upon half a century of successful
effort, conscious that he has done more than mere-
ly make money-that he has won, almost without
realising that he was doing so, a reputation which
makes his name one to be proud of.
He is a staunch Catholic. He is a devoted son
of the Church. His life has been one long series
of charitable works; helpfulness has been character-
istic of him. He is still actively connected with the
business he established and built up, and his per-
sonal attention during these many decades has of
a surety been one of the reasons why he has held
his clientele and increased it in the face of keen
competition. The business, grown to large dimen-
sions, now rests upon a firm foundation. For years
Mr. Dunn has been ably assisted by his nephew and
adopted son, Mr. Fabian Lopez.
A note of personal humility has always been
struck by Mr. Dunn. It is consistent with his type
of religious devotion. Yet, however soberly we
consider the matter, it is indisputable that this
quiet worker, this man who has all his life preferred
to go about silently, doiug what came to his hand
with no sort of ostentation, is a Knight of the.Vati-
can State, and has been highly honoured by a Pope.
A great distinction, and rendered greater because
so well deserved. A recognition of which not many
men can boast.



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Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Page 56)
suited them: she thought contemptuously that on the
whole it did. But it was all repugnant to her, as
the life of an ordinary Jamaica planter would have
been repugnant to the bold spirit of the young Henry
Morgan when he came to the West Indies to make
his fortune.
She had made the best of her opportunities in
England, but what had she done with her life since
her return? Just nothing. She had been ihinkiii"
and waiting-and dreaming. She had had strange,
wild visions. Then, suddenly, had come that erup-
tion into her life of a desperate, handsome, striking-
looking white man, with the education of a gentle-
man and a bitter grievance in his heart, and from
their first meeting his life had been in her hands.
At once her imagination had caught fire. What
might they not do i.gether, in a country like this?
She had certain re-'puroes. one was the position
which Ele held tmong the Maroons because of her
uncle's leadership iamongi a section of them. The
Maroons, black for the moni, part. were pleaedr that
a mulatto who could have gone from them and
become something in the city had always chosen
to remain with them and be nothing but a Maroon.
He had influence, and Elizabeth meant much to him,.
for of her he was very proud. And the Englsh fearnld
the Maroons, otherwise they wi.uld nrt have allnoed
them so many privileges and immunities In thlr
mountains the Maroons were unconquerable. And
she might become the chieftainess of them all.
But she must have someone to hel[ lihr. some-
one who had nothing to hope for from the dominant
whites of Jamaica. Would Seymour be that man?
She loved him. She acknowledged that to her-
self quite frankly. She knew he had courage, daring,
but lacked perhaps the cool calculating attitude of
mind without which courage might only lead one
into danger. His was a restless, reckless character,
splendid, she thought (with a thrill of admiration),
but needing some counterpoise, or rather comple-
ment; and she knew that she herself could plan and
wait and act when the propitious hour presented
itself. He was a man and could do things which she
would not venture to attempt; she was helpless with-
out him. But did he love her? She was compelled
to admit to herself that he had shown nothing like
love for her yet, only a feeling of friendship and
gratitude, mixed with a sort of amazement, because
she was so different from the rest of the unmeen he


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had seen in this country. Even when she had tried
to lead their conversation the day before on to in-
timate ground, he had spoken about her marrying
someone else. True, he did not suggest, as other
white men would have done, that she might become
the mistress of one of the white men in the land;
he had thought of her as honourably married only,
and this had pleased her pride. But even in his des-
perate situation he had not hinted that he himself
might marry her, though she had almost suggested
that he might.
The September stars were thick overhead,
though it was now but seven o'clock. The wind
came down from the mountains to the east, temper-
ing the heat of summer. From where she stood she
could hear the voices of the soldiers quartered in
what had once been a small overseer's house not far
away. And she wondered how Seymour fared in
that black cave in Mount Lebanus, with whirring
bats alone for company.
He had not bitten when she had fished, ever so
slightly. But then, she thought, was it fair to ex-
pect him to make love to her when he was not cer-
tain of his life for a week? His mind must be full
of his own peril, even if his courage kept him from
showing that: could a man in that position think
of a girl he had met only a few days before? Wasn't
she expecting too much? Yet-and she faced the
fact-he too would be influenced by the feelings and
prejudices so prevalent everywhere here. Given his
education, his former status, and given also his
-character, which hated restraint and submission to
:.,,ln\entir.nal bonds, marriage with a coloured wo-
man, even of one of her beauty and means, would
seem at first a strange and startling proposition to
him. At first. But once he was in comparative
safety, in that the authorities could not easily place
hands upon him, and oiine be realized that he might
have to spend years in Jamaica, and perhaps all his
life.-what then? There was no other woman. She
was sure of that. He was heart-free; for if he had
had an affair with a girl or two on the e--l :... in the
northside where he had been until lately, that count-
ed for absolutely nothing. It was normal, and the
severing of such ties was a matter of everyday
Therefore, in a little time, he would be hers. It
was this^she had bden'waiting for, this aid the rea-
lisation of a great and daring dream. Together they
would make that dream come true. With his help
she would prove that she was worthy to be Henry
Morgan's daughter.
She heard a step behind her; someone was coni-

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ing towards the coffee barbecue by which she stood
and which, like herself, showed white in the sur-
rounding darkness. She knew it was Captain Thor-
She turned to greet him.
"All right after your sleep?"
"I have a beastly headache," he grumbled. "The
hot ride and then all that rum and madeira have
been too much for me. I feel groggy."
"After you have had some dinner-"
"I don't want any dinner, Bess: I ate enough
lunch to last me till to-morrow. I want only your
society now. That's better than anything else."


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"Thanks." But she remained -tandinl and did
not suggest that they might return to the house, or
sit on the side of the barbecue.
The Captain was naturally a bold man, and his
mind and blobd were still inflamed by the drink he
had imbibed some hours before. He moved closer
to her and put an arm round her waist. She did
not repulse him, but stood like a statue. Then he
twisted his face up to hers, with the evident inten-
tion of kissing her. She turned away.
"What the devil is the matter with you, Bess?"
he asked testily. "Don't you know I love youT'
"You have only seen me two or three times, so
I think you only want to play with me."
"Put that out of your mind. I love you passion-
ately. I want you. That is plain enough, isn't
"Quite. But what do you want me as, Captain
Thorton?" ,
The question staggered him. What on earth
could she mean? Or perhaps he did not understand.
But, yes, by Jove! he did understand and she was
right. Of course 'he was no light-o'-love with
whom a man might.amuse himself for a day or two;
if she was to be his .it must be for all the time he
was in' the country, for years if he should remain
so long. He appreciated her for that. It was
sensible, it was virtuous. This would be a faithful
"What as? As my true love, of course. I wish
to take care of you, to be yours, to give you every-
thing you want-"
"But I want nothing."
"What about love and protection?"
"That's different, isn't it? I want you to be
mine, Bess, and nu ntler woman has had me yet. I
am entirely your lover. I would do anything for
"You mean that you want to marry me?"
"Do you mean that you want to marry me?"
The Captain -was .candalised. How could she
suggest such a tli!ing? H.,w ruld she have got such
an idea into her head? And how was he to answer
her? .
"But-but" he stuttered, and stopped.
x:,,.tly. But, you see, Captain, I have an am-
bition to marry. I have enough to live on: I ani
not poor. I want an assured position." She did
not wish to quarrel with him, or make him an ene-
my, yet; she addt-d kindly: "I like you. You are
very nice and courteous, and I believe you like me.
But I am not one of those ordinary Jamaica 'brown
girls' that you soldiers speak about, you know. I
had hoped you had seen that."
S Her tone, and her confession that she liked him
-he could not know that it was false-mollified the
Captain. He decided to argue.
"Bess, you know that I can't marry you. But
I love you; I will be true to you. Shouldn't that be
"And when you go-for your duty may call you
away at any time-what be, "me-,r of me?"
"If I were married and got shot, as may happen
at any time, would my wife he in any better posi-
"No; but she would have a right to your name,
and would bear it. And if there were a child, that
would make a difference to him, wouldn't- it?"
Really, he thought, this was an extraordinary
girl. She seemed to think impossibilities simple.
Well, he would temporise. One must use diplomacy
in dealing with women.
"I wouldn't dare to marry you now," he assured
her in as earnest a tone of voice as he could muster.
"We are not allowed to marry when on active ser-
vice. But I will be as frank as you are, Bess;. if
you will come to me I will marry you if ever I
am able. I promise you that. It is not usual, you
know; I don't suppose there is another officer in
the Army here who would say as much as I have.
But I love you, and you are wonderfully beautiful.
I would do anything for you."
She remained silent for a while, then-
"It is a sort of proposal you have made; I will
think it over," she said.
"But what is there to think over? Here we
are, and we care for one another-"
"I -aid I liked you; not that I cared for you."
-.E-lt why wait? You are certain to love me
later on.'"
"I prefer to wait."
"You mean?"-
"Just what I have said."
The Captain was nonplussed. He felt himself
growing angry., What the devil did this mulatto
girl really mean? To make a.fool of him? But that
was hardly likely. What did she actually want? To
marsy a white man who was also a gentleman?
Thab,',was sheer, madness Yet she had dismissed
Hunrtly with sco'n. le(cause. presumably, he had pro-
p sed or wanted that she should be his mistress.
W/lat were things coming to in Jamaica, anyhow!
/ He felt like a fool Yet he was a persistent
creature, and he reflected that to take no for a final
answer would not be becoming to a man of sense or
ali officer and a gentleman. She required a lot of

courting. of persuasion, it seemed, and he resigned
himself to that endeavour. After all, she was well
worth it. And her very refusal to yield easily
whetted his appetite and nerved his determination.'
He changed the conversation.
"Your good cheer has made me put off the exe-
cution of my duty for a while," he said, "but to-
morrow I must find out if anyone here knows where
this man, Huntly, has gone to, and then I will de-
cide on my next movement."
She said nothing to this, but suggested that they
might now return to the house. She bade him good
night when they got inside, and he went to his room
inr an irritable frame of mind. The next morning
'he was up by six o'clock and found that she too had
risen. He had all the people of the place brought
before him, and questioned them himself.
-No one knew anything about Huntiy save that
he had been there and had left; no one except
the man Cudjoe He had some information Mr.
Huntly, he said, had taken the road to Ml:orant Bay;
he was sure of that, for he had heard Massa Huntly
say to his man that he was going thar way. By now
he must have passed into Portland and gone even
farther; that is, if he was not stopping in the Bay.
If Huntly had gone to Portlaud. as was sug-

gested, he was now on the northside of the island.
That was far enough from Morgan Castle.
"If he is a spy, as you believe," suggested Eliza-
beth; "he might escape at any time, Isn't. that
"It is possible but not easy," replied the Cap-
tain grimly. "But we'll easily find out if he has
passed through Morant Bay. It is not more than
ten or twelve miles from here and it is a small place,
a village. A man like that, riding through
1M1.ranul Bay in the daytime. must certainly have
been seen. I will .end to enquire."
He gave orders to the sergeant who had accom-
panied him, and this man in turn commanded two
soldiers to ride at once into Morant Bay and make
the necessary enquiries. The soldiers whli had been
selected to a:comrpany Captain Thorton were intel-
ligent young men. They could be relied upon to
obtain sound Information.
They set off nn their mission: it was understood
that they would return that day. They came back
in the evening, reporting that no white man had
ridden through Mnrant Bay on the day in question.
They had enquired of white and black, and the reply
had been unvaryingly the same. There could be no
"Then either you heard wrongly, or did not hear

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anything, or the man said one thing and meant
another," observed Captain Thorton to Cudjoe. He
thought the matter over. There was no obvious
reason why Cudjoe should try to deceive him. Un-
less, indeed, Elizabeth was in league with Huntly,
and here the Captain's suspicions awoke again, his re-
buff of the night before having soured his temper.
But what if Huntly had actually said he was going
by way of Morant Bay in order to deceive even Eliza-
beth? Did he think the authorities suspected him
and wished to put them on a false nac:k" But why
should he suspect that he would be followed? On
the other hand Huntly had heard him, Captain Thor-
ton, speak about a spy whom a man called Burt had
reported, and that might have alarmed him. The
other alternative supposition was that he was work-
ing with Elizabeth. That was always possible. He
might be her lover after all. She might be his mis-
The Captain was not disposed to believe too much
in her talk about marriage, in her claim to superior
virtue. Not when that talk had been meant ifr him
and had brought about a disappointment to: himself
One thing was certain, and that was that Huntly
had not gone by way of Morant Bay. Tie-u. for all
he, Captain Thorton, knew, Huntly might be in the
neighbourhood at this very nmrmeut Anything was
possible when one was dealing with a miserable
white traitor and a deceitful mulatress. Both were
evidently a bad lot. He would not hurry; he would
wait and see what might happen.
Acting on this decision he despatched two of his
men to Kingston on the irll.,wine morning with a
communication to his superior officer; they were
also to bring back, the next day, some changes of
raiment for himself and one or two things that the
other soldiers would require. These other men would
be sent out to different parts of the country to make
enquiries about the myr.-eri.,us Mr. Huntly. He
proposed to question the slaves again. He A as once
more the rigid inquisitor.
Elizabeth realized that there was still much mis-
chief to be expected from the Captain. She must
temporise, but in such a way as not to arouse his
suspicions. When he announced his determination
to remain at Morgan Castle indefinitely, she said
nothing, but appeared as though pleased and
flattered, as though she thought he was re-
maining because of her and for no other reason.
She laughed and sang with an air of triumph as ihe
went about the house, and the Captain noticed it.
"A damned flirt! that's what sh- is." he said tn
himself. "She wants to have me dangling at her
apron strings; she wants a siege." So he set him.
self out to be pleasant once more, ani later on that
day he managed to snatch a kiss or two from tihe
girl, which he well knew he could not have done had
she not wished to let him do so.


TWO wearying da.3 pa-ised. The scouts sent out to
discover something about Seymour returned with
(<-ltli;jng srjtFt-nienit: white men. each followed by
a ?inlle iteer... had heen -een here and there: but
they had in-'[ lte en likely :hitberved. ftr. of course.
there was n-thingi unusual in thie peitaile of a white
man and his body servant riding about the country.

The Chen

Anyone of those notljed might have I1)on the man
wanted, but all of them tiub', Inr I.,. and perhaps
none was. The soldiers, sent i. Knlic-t..n al:,i came
back with a letter for Captain Thortori. In that letter
he was bidden to use his i, n di-' a--i but thle tenor
of it suggested that nii.thing mucil ji u nwi" expect-
ed from his investigation. he liavine failed to come
upon the allI-ed spy in thi: tir't .itain e.
And the Captain fiInd t h v.a- In.t making much
progress with Elizaletli. Shi- fliited wiith hin. gave
him a good deal of her *.,,ml:pan.. .enimed 1. like him
to be with her: indeed she made that plaili. But
he got no farther, and it began to appear to him
that she really thought she could ini.i:e him to
marry her by holding him off in one sense. while
making up to him in another He liked her, desired
her; but Captain Thorton was in love only with
himself, and even had he cared far more for her
than he did he would have considered marriage
with her as incredible.. A deep feeling of resentment
against her began to form within him.
It was the morning after his scouts had re-
turned with their futile report, and he had decided
that he had better go back to Kingston and sug-
gest that the northside of the island should be
scoured for Huntly-if it were still thought he was
a spy-that he overheard from his bedroom window
a confused jabbering among some of Elizabeth's
slaves. Their tones suggested alarm; instead of go-
ing about their work they were chattering loudly,
and again and again he caught the words, "Three-
finger Jack." This excited his curiosity; he dress-
ed and made his way out of the house towards the
group. There he found Elizabeth and her mother,
who had just preceded him, and who were scorn-
fully disparaging a statement made by one of the
men and ordering the slaves to their respective
tasks. "What is it?" the Captain asked, and his
tone was one of command.
"T'ree-finger Jack, Massa," answered a man,
who believed that the Captain had addressed him
"'Well, what about him?" asked Captain Thor-
ton quickly. remembering that the il,'inhvavuman was
'till at large, and that he himself had but recently
hunted him from Spanish Town to Kingston.
"Rubbish!" exclaimed Elizabeth "These people
are always talking nonsense."
"Let us hear what the nonsense is," replied the
Captain '::l'll.. "Well, speak up!" he ordered, as
the man seemed to he-itate
"Somebody see him las' night, 3Ma-a. Quamin,
who belong to Massa Delgado property near Cedar
Valley, wa- passing' by Mount Lebanus, an' he see
T'ree-finger Jai k going across de road. It was T'ree-
finger Jack duppy, Massa."
'D ppy'.'
"Ghost, he means," explained Elizabeth. *Quamin
believed he saw the ghost :f Tihree fingered Jack.
Do you believe in ghosts, Captain Thorton?"
"No, but I believe that TlIhee-finicredi Jack never
was killed, and what this man, Quamin, saw, was
probably the villain himself. So much the better!
Where is Quamin?"
"Him gone to him property, Massa. Him only
pass dis way dis morning and tell we."
"Which of these men can guide me to Mount
Lebanus ard this Tnrie tin:ereil Jack's lair?" asked


Captain rhorton briskly. He addre-sed hi qluerion
to Elizabeth.
The people around shrank vi-bl y at think ques-
tion: not one of them wished to eo wAithin speak-
ing distance o(f the haunts If the man tlily had
feared when alive, and now doubly feared a; ghost.
The Captain noticed the terirur they d played
and was about to give some order angrily when
Cudjoe, who had lu.ine upon the '.elne whenu the
questioning was taking place, pushed himself to the
"I know de place, Massa," he said.
Elizabeth glanced at him quickly. Cudjoe was
an intelligent and dependable man; she could trust
him. Evidently he had some good reason for offer-
ing to be Captain Thorton's guide.
As not one of the slaves-showed any disposi-
tion to be of Service, and would probably be more
of a hindrance than a help if compelled to become
a guide against his will, Captain Thorton was glad
of Cudjoe's proffered assistance. He was the more
willing to avail himself of it because the man was
a Mlarnoi and so was an ally of the island's Gov-
ernment. He was always on duty, so to speak.
"Very well," said the Captain, "we'll start at
(Continued on Page 61)

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1 I AM confident that it would do good to
every single motor-car designer all the
world over to have a look under the
bonnet of the Ford, although I
imagine that most of them have already done so.
For the idea that seems to be the prevailing one
is that nowadays the world wants everything to
be just as simple as it can be and that there is no
more need, in order to run a car well and to keep
it in proper running order, for an owner to be a car
expert than there is to be a watchmaker in order to
carry a watch. To put the matter more rudely, Henry
Ford seems to have arrived at the conclusion that, as
the human race is composed mostly of fools, it is his
business to accept the situation and to supply them
with a machine that will not be beyond their under-
standing. This he has done, with the result that one
simply cannot put back anything incorrectly or in its
wrong place, not even the timing gear, if it should be
necessary to have to take the engine down and have
to put it back again on one's own. Every wire-and I
have never seen so few of these on any car-is coloured
differently and leads to its own place alone. The igni-
tion system is as simple and as get-at-able as can be
imagined; the plugs are connected to it by rigid leads
that cannot be mixed up; the few rods that unite the
controls to the engine are impossible to confuse; three
spanners fit all the different nuts, .and the brace used
S to detach the wheels forms at its other end the
starting handle for use in emergencies or on a parti-
cularly cold morning.
Copied from the Illustrated Sporting < Dramatic News.
A fig ugu t 16th, 193.0.

L i
t *t l



Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Page 59)
I-s sergeant was near by; he summoned him
and gave him an order. In a few minutes three
soldiers and the sergeant were mounted and ready
to set forth. The Captain's horse was also brought
forward. Then Elizabeth. who, though trusting Cud-
joe, was nevertheless filled with anxiety-for any-
thing might happen--made hler decision.
"Can't I ride with you?" she asked the Captain.
"It would be such fun."
"A woman might be in the way if we come
across this chap," he said doubtfully. "And it wouldn't
be regular for you to go."
"Do let me," she pleaded. "I am not a coward,
and the man, if he is there, could not harm me with
you and your soldiers and Cudjoe against him. He
will be powerless."
Hd did not wish to disoblige her. He nIdded
assent. Cudjoe mounted a horse which Elizabeth
provided, and in a little while the party set out for
Mount Lebanus, Captain Thorton hoping that Three-
fingered Jack would really be found skulking there
in some cave. If he were captured, that would com-
pensate for the failure to find John Hluntly.
Cudjoe rode in front, the Captuin and Elizabeth
following immediately behind. Then came the ser-
geant and three soldiers, all fully armed.
The rushing river was to their left, to their
right towered dark green mountains. They were rid-
ing south, and the farther they went the wilder grew
S the scenery: presently they saw in front of them
still greater mountains than they had passed. The
aspect of the country was savage. There was no sign
here of human habitation. Wild cane krew on the
banks of a river which flowed through a gorge that
skirted the rough, uneven road; the road irseli ran
through a sort of gorge, for now the mountains rose
on either hand, those to the south sheering steeply
into the sky, those opposite rolling away to a dis-
tant horizon. It was a deserted country this, the
fit haunt of desperate characters. And here it was
that, in the recent past, the famous negro desperado
had made his home.
At a point where the noise from the unseen riv-
er was most audible Cudjoe halted. He waved
his right arm towards a vast, dark pile of rock and
forest, apparently inaccessible. "Mount Lebanus,
Massa," he announced.
Captain Thorton was a man of action. And now
he was a soldier attending to his duty. He swung
> himself off his horse and his men followed his ex-
ample. So did Cudjoe.
Before he could speak Elizabeth had also leapt
lightly off her mount.
The Captain glanced at her dihbibuslv.
"Had I known it was like this," he grumbled.
"I would not have permitted you to come with us.
You will hase t:o stay here \\ith one of my men
while we expl.'rr this ninjtiliain "
"Remembi-r I am a Jaulaian, Captain." im-
plored Elizabeth. "The mountain does not frighten
V me, and there must be trails. Do let me come with
"But why?"

She could not tell him that she was torn with
anxiety, that it would be terrible for her to remain
behind, a prey to fears, wondering what was
happening up yonder, and that she hoped she might
be in some way of assistance to the fugitive if he
ran the risk of being captured. She must invent
some plausible reason for wishing to accompany the
party up the heights.
"It will be an adventure." she said, "and I am
perfectly safe with you. I would know how to hide
from danger in these hills better than you could,
better than any Englishman. I was born in these
parts, you know."
As he really did not care to leave her with but
one soldier while he went up the mountain, Captain
Thorton agreed that she should accompany them.
He did not think there would be much danger to
A nod to Cudjoe, and the latter led the way to-
wards what seemed to be a foot trail leading steeply
up the mountain. The path and the incline present-
ed no difficulty whatever to the Maroon, but it was
otherwise with the Captain, who came immediately
behind him. The day was warm, Captain Thorton
was stout, and Elizabeth, who followed him, called
to him every now and then for assistance. She
really did not need it, but her plan was to tire him
out. And, once started, he could not send her back.
Up and up they went, by a trail which oiily the
Maroon could pronounce to be such, since there was
no sign that it was ever used by human beings. The
underbrush was not dense, but the trees grew high
and the surroundings were shrouded in gloom. Hers
and there the ground was rocky, and so the walk-
ing was slow and painful. It was all different from
what the soldiers were accustomed to, and the sweat
began to pour down their faces, and their breath to
come in gasps.
But Captain Thorton was a leader, and hard-
ships he took to be part of his job. He had heard
that Three-fingered Jack had inhabited a cave in this
mountain, and he was going to find that cave, and,
as he hoped, the man in it. It was evident that the
black robber came forth mainly or only at night, he
would therefore have to sleep during the day. The
Captain was going to find him asleep or awake, and
to bring him back alive or dead.
Up and up, but also going h,.rizjntally at times,
climbed the searchers. Elizabeth was panting now;
even on her the exertion was telling. The Captain's
scarlet tunic showed broad patches of wet about the
back, and his face streamed with water. It had
grown red as blood, and now and then the posse
had been forced to pause to gain breath. Only Cud-
joe seemed to feel nothing at all and to be entirely
at home. When Elizabeth glanced at him sharply,
his face gave no sign of what might be in his
"Is it much farther?" at last asked Captain
Thorton, but only for the sake of gaining informa-
tion. He did not once think of giving up the quest.
"Not much, Massa Captain," answered Cu(djpe-.
but Thorton knew that this was the invariable an-
swer of a native who did not wish to be discourag-
ing. It might mean anlyihing.
The air was cooler now, because of the altitude,
:and because also the heavy foliage of the trees ob-
structed the passage of the sun's rays. But the

L **

ground was more rocky than before. Presently, how-
ever, the trees began to grow sparse; they were ap-
proaching different territory. Then, suddenly, they
stood before an almost bare cliff on the mountain
side, with two huge trees springing in front of it;
anyone not knowing it might have passed it by with-
out a second glance. But Cudjoe pointed out a
peculiarity to Captain Thorton, who at once noticed
that the branches of the trees nearly concealed an
opening in the cliff. "Three-finger Jack Cave," said
the Maroon softly.
It was indeed a well-selected place of conceal-
ment for a robber. The opening to the cave was
small, and was almost hidden by the leaves of the
protecting trees. An armed man in ambush there
could defy capture for some time. Warned before-
hand of any attempt to take him, he could escape
and hide himself in these forests and among these
rocks that extended for miles, and only a persistent
search party, hunting for weeks, might be able to
track him down at last. But from this cave at which
they now looked there was no other ingress or egress
than the one above them; so if the highwayman
were inside of it, Captain Thorton concluded, he
must be taken. The Captain made his dispositions
at once.
Elizabeth was to remain within the shelter of
the trees on the hither side of the bare space front-
ing the cliff. One soldier would stay with her. The
Captain himself, with Cudjoe and the other men,
would enter the cave. Was there any path up to it
besides that afforded by the tree-trunks and
Cudjoe indicated a way, rough and steep, and
even dangerous; and though it was not necessary
for Captain Thorton to accompany his men he re-
solved to take that path. The adventure appealed
to him, and danger he had never shirked.
Moving quietly, they toiled up the slippery, steep
incline liat led by the left side into the cave. If
anyone within it were aware of their presence and
objected to it, no one of them might escape alive.
Elizabeth stood against a tree with set face and
fiercely beating heart, watching the small body of
men make their way upwards. In spite of her trust
in Cudjoe, she could not help wondering whether the
Maroon had at the last moment decided to betray
John Seymour and herself. At such a crisis mis-
trust assails one's mind; besides, she could not but
remember that there had been a large reward' of-
fered for the capture of Three-fingered Jack, and
that it had been two Maroons who had brought that
character to his end. Cudjoe knew that Seymour
was no Three-fingered Jack; but. he knew also that
Seymour was wanted by the authorities, who would
certainly reward the man who brought about his
capture. Would Cudjoe, then, play false? But if he
had wanted to do so, why had he not betrayed John
Seymour before? He knew that Captain Thorton
was lintiniri for him, and yet had not whispered a
word. That did not look like treachery; Cudjoe
must have some plan in his mind. Yet it was pos-
sible that John might at that very moment be lying
in the cave, though Cudjoe might not expect it; so
when at last the search party disappeared one by
one into the cave, she listened with pounding pulses
and constricted heart for the sharp sound of a fatal



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She knr,, from descriptions she had heard, that
this was the cave that had been inhabited by Three-
fingered Jack. And she guessed what John had
been doing. He would not remain cooped up in this
place day and night; yet he had realized that for
a white man to be seen by anyone in these moun-
tains would lead to dangerous rumours which might
come to (Captin Thorton's ears. So he had black-
ened his face and hands and gone about, chiefly in
the dark, sometimes. He must have been indiscreet,
must have wandered down into the road where the
man Quamin saw him. Ordinuril, Quamin would
have taken no notice of him; but the blacks of this
part of St. Thomas shunned the scene of the cap-
ture and death of Three-fingered Jack; only because
Quamin had to pass this way to reach his home had
he dared the passage. He must have seen John
stalking along, the very tall figure, the two guns
slung across his back, the prominent features--
these were reminiscent of the daring African who
had for some months terrorised the eastern part of
Jamaica. Possibly he may have seen the tell-tale
hand also, with its missing fingers, and that would
be conclusive for him. As Seymour passed along,
the superstitious slave must have believed that this
was the ghost of the man who had boasted that he
could never be slain by mortal hands.
It was all quite clear. Why had John been so
But no sound came down to where she stood; no
shot shattered the silence, no hint of a scuffle. She
wished she could pierce through distance and stone
And see what was taking place in the cave up yon-
The cave itself was redolent of the rank odour
of bats, and when Cudjoe lighted a torch to relieve
its heavy obscurity some of these creatures stirred
blindly and came dashing down into the faces of
the soldiers. It was a noisome place, eerie, and a
whisper awoke vague echoes which seemed like the
voices of hidden men calling to one another. But
it was not very large. The Captain and his men
explored every yard of it; and at one side of it they
came across evidence of human occupation. There
were the broken remains of an earth-pot, known as
a Yabba in this country, and one pot still entire.\
some fagots of wood and a mass of cold ashes. There
was a bundle of rags which at one time may have
been used as a bed, but the fireplace and the rags
and the unbroken pot had quite evidently not been
touched for months. This was a deserted cave. No
human being had been in it recently; that was quite
clear to Captain Thorton.
"Imagination," he muttered to himself, "that
foolish slave imagined he saw a ghost. Wherever
he may be, the highwayman is not and has not been
here for a long time." Then he gave the order to
retrace their steps.
With the blood surging through her veins Eliza-
beth counted the men as 'liey emerged from the
cave. Neither nor less than the number that
went in, and John was not among them! She
breathed deeply, recognizing that she must not show
too much interrst. Then she hurried forward to
meet the panting and liightl: angry Captain.
"Neither the ghost n.ur the man is there," he
said grimly. "A wild goose chase, but I don't regret
it. I should not have felt satisfied had I not .made
this investigation."
"You are quite right," agreed Elizabeth. "I ad-
mire your determination, Captain."
But Captain Thorton felt that her admiration
was utterly barren. It led to nothing, He would
start for Kingston next He would waste
no more time on her.
The following day he went.


is HE towns are few and far from each other,
and all the large estates and plantations are
within easy distance of the seacoast. In the inter-
ior and among the mountains there are but a few
properties. The white men are not numerous.
Everywhere there are slaves, and many of these are
native Africans who hate their masters and were
warriors in their own land. Then there are the
Maroons, who know the country better than anyone
else, and they all have arms Lnd are all accustomed
to hill fighting. England is at war with the Ameri-
can Colonies, with France and with Spain, and if
the slaves rose here in a body, with the Maroons be-
hind them, how long do you think the people
on the coast could hold out? Look at what is hap-
pening in America."
"If you drove out or slaughtered the whie peo-
ple, Elizabeth, Enpland would send more troops to
retake the island, if she had to strain every nerve
to do it. You don't know England."
The young woman made an impatient gesture
with her hand.
"I do know England, Jack; I lived there long
enough to learn something about it, and my father
was English. They would send more troops, yes;
but what happens to most of the soldiers who come
here? They die from yellow fever; they drink them-
selves to death. And that occurs when there is
no trouble in the island. What would happen if they


_. ._.-'f _

M R. F. C. Henriques, who in Italy
dres.sedI as the "Chevallier Henriqu
has been permitted by his Sovereign, i
to wear the ii-sienia of the Order to w
el.-vated by the Italian Government son
is one of the most lovable of the elder
of Jamaica. To his cunremnIpr.ries ii
Freddie, to some person, he is Unucle
others he is "Marse" Fred, and to evel
a good, true and reliable friend. He is
a very outspoken tongue, sometimes eve
tongue-and a heart of grld A charity
takes care that the public shall know
about his acts of charity. In this contin
lieves in anonymity, he doe.n not wish hi
to know what his left hand doeth; but
is closed there are othler- that will pe
present writer knows sufficiently about
able here and now to pay a tribute to h
and his public spirit.
Marse Fred can hlok back with pride
faction on a business ..areer which b
sixty years ago. It was In 1573 that
work with Charles Levy and Compan
largest firm in this island. With Char
remained for some five year,-, then lbe
short trip to Canada and New York.
Jamaica, and in October ct 1S7S opened
for himself as Henriques and Company
Canadian Agencies". He may therefore be
one of the pioneers of Canadian trade i
Shortly afterwards he was joined in
by Mr. I. C. dePass, his w
ed in the earthquake of 19ij7. When the
was established the firm was renamed
Navy Stores", its object being to cater t
and military forces in .Jamaiia and to
classes of hiusehohlders. It was not long
Army and Navy Store- became a name
It is still a name in Jamaica. It is wha
and efficiency have .made it, and at the
is still Mr. F. C. Henriques.
The business ,was burnt to the groin
in the catastrophe which caused the di
of so large a section of Lower King.str.
established further west, in Harbour St
it has now been these many years. It is
strong"; but this was to be expected.
For years Mr. Henriques has been
Consul in Jamaica, and to his duties as
has shown the devotion which is to be
from a man of his character. It is safe
he never contemplated d honorific recogi
it came to himi n very long ago, and w
his felolw.,.:iuntrymen were as delighted .
bers of his family, must have been. All J
that the honour was deserved, and the
who had been diligeit in his business w;
the words of the Hebrew Scripture,. to i i
of speaking "stand before Kings."

had to be moving about unhealthy parts i
try, subject to ii.c.jsanlt atri k from
They would-be swept off like flies Re
wnuld not be one parish alone that w
arms, but all the parishes, the whole con
backs of the English would be to the
faces would be turned toward.- the hill,-.
of thousands of slaves would be in revo'

MWON """""""""'"""'""""'"'"""""""""""""ii i-iii


i & BRO.,

P P.O. Box 186. Phone 451.



i High Class

would be ad-
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rhich he was i
ne years ago,
husi lieane iim
a as ie. | WINES, SYRUPS
Freddie. to
rybody he is
a man with
u a sari a-,i" A
able man, I AND THE -
very little
section he he
s right hand FA [Oh TI
if his nonthi .
eak. and I'P

is generosit BULL BRAND STOUT

de and satis-
eean nearly
lhe went to
y, then the
les Levy he
went fr A _
returned to
in bu iiiieEs
"The New
regarded as
n this coun-

partnership Sole Distribt/ors of th' follow ill g:
ho was kill- =
*Arm:y i, n Spanish Olive Oil,
:o the naval
the higher
g before ti Four Crown Scotch Whisky,
in Jamndi .
t reliabilit Enervin Tonic Wine,

md in 1907 NXWawona Tonic Wine,
It was re-ig Tre
reet, where Big Tree Invalid Port,
still "going
the Italii J. B. Lawson's Special Li-
s Consul he =
looked for queur Scotch Whisky,
to say that =
h-itionca.t i Oscar Three Star Brandy,
heD-it caame
is the mem-
lamaica !it Beefeater Old Tom Gin,
It the man =
as manner Beefeater London Dry Gin,


Of the coun- reme de Menthe
the blacks? -
amember, it B kbe d
would be in Blackberry Brandy
untry. The
sea. Their
where tens
It. and the lllllllllllllllllll


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land between them and the whites would be given
over to flames. It would be war"-her voice rose
exultantly,-"and there could be no halt measures
We would burn every estate, every building that we
could not hold. We would make a desert of wher-
ever the enemy might find sustenance We
would send picked parties of men to set fire to the
towns, and if soldiers pushed their way into the
mountains we could poison the streams. There are
native poisons enough for that!"
John Seymour, startled, looked Elizaheth full in
the face; noted once more the -itraiaht firm nose
and the equally firm though seductive mouth be-
neath; saw the eyes glow deep and the head
thrown back in an attitude of pride and defiance.
Her hair rose on her head like a crown. a dark
crown; her skin was smooth and soft. with just thar
touch of creaminess which denoted to the kno, ing
eye the mixture of blood that ran in her veins She
sat like an aristocrat, conscious of a proud descent.
and she was plotting a revolution that was to give
the island over to destruction if needs be, and seenied
to thiuk it all but a piece of one's life work. She
even spole of poisoning the streams if tiat should
come to be necessary! "Are you a savage, Eliza
beth?" he asked at leieth "Don't you know that
only savages use pnisnn?"

"Am I treated -much better than a savage?" she
Iaipp(ed at him. "And who are those who condemn
savage methods of making war? The people with
guns and swords, the people with cannon. And
when they capture a town, what do they do with
it? Burn it down! And they hang prisoners when
it pleases them to do so; in this country they call
prisoners 'rebels', and hang them; yes, and burn
them. They starve them to death. I have seen it.
I have seen men and women put in iron gibbets and
hung up on a tree with food and water before their
eyes. And there, eaten by mosquitoes and black
ants, and staring at food, they have slowly starved
to death! That is civilised action, yet when I say
that if the soldiers pursued us into the mountain-
we could poison lbeir sour'ce- of water, you ask me
if I am a savage! Very well, I am a savage. When
Henry Morgan was ata,:kilig a fortress once.
he placed some captured nuni in front of his
soldiers who carried scaling ladders, and forced
them to precede the soldiers. The Spanish general
who was defending the fortress ordered his men to
fire, whether they killed the nuns or not. Morgan
wished to take riat place, the Spanish commander
was determined to hold it; neither man thought
about the fate of the nuns: that did not matter.
And they were women. Both men were right, Jack;

and I ami glad to say that Morgan triumphed. If
he had been squeamish hie w-ould have been defeated."
"But what n i pre p.i-e. ElizalItli. is mere mad-
ness, it seems to me. A little island to drive out
"Why not? The American colonists are going
to drive out England: wait and see. And here the
French and Spanish will help us, not because they
rare a fig for us but ,be'au.e it nill suii them Cuba
is near; we can communicate 'urrreptitiously with
Cuba; we can obtain some supplies from Cuba; am-
munition for the most part TIhink of it, Jack The
r.laves rising on all the estates and in all the towns.
The Maroons sweeping down from the hills against
the whites. Think of the terror, the flight, the
destruet. iu. Then the victory. Remember, this has
never been tried before: there has never been such
a movement. When it is made it will, succeed."
Seymour stayed at her. was struck by her high,
confidence, her resolution, her readiness to risk
everything u),"n a hold throw of the dice of fortune.
Yes. he conceded to himself, this was the Morgan spir-
it; now could one understand how that daring buccan-
eer, with sulh slight resources to begin with, had
struck terror to the heart of the Spaniard in Cuba.
in San Domingo, ir Panama, and for hundreds of
r',itniiuel o, Page 65)




- -- --

. I




















I h

- I







Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from. Page 1.1)
miles along the Spanish Main. This was Henry Mor-
ganl come to life again, but as a woman-and that was
her weakness. As a woman with a mixture of blood
in her veins, who was not treated as she felt it
her right to be. And that was the cause of her bitter-
ness, the reason of her implacable hate.
And she thought her plan practicable. What
was more, it seemed to him practicable also, for she
had the power to convince others when she had con-
vinced herself. Seymour could not know that some
ten years afterwards it was an almin.t identical philn
that the leaders of a slave revolution were to )pu;
into operation in the neighbourini islal.d of Hayti.
He could not foresee the day wh.-n the slaves of that
island should rise, the wild negroes from the lille
come rushiinu down to join their revolted brother-.
the whiles he massacred, and a French army. led
by Napcleon's brother-in-law, reduced by sicknes- andi
guerilla warfare to a shadow of itself and ultimately
driven out of the country. The ideas in the head
of one little older than a girl were to mat-rialil.e
later on in the richest and most high) devel,.p-dl
of the West Indian islands, and where the Fren.h-
man had ruled a Black Repubii was to be instituted
on ruins drenched in blood.
But the plan wias Ira tw-able. he thought; only,
he shrank from participarinp in it.
Captain Tho-rtn had left that imorniug. His
leave-taking had been brief and curt; he had failed
with Elizabeth and disliked her in consequence. At
four o'clock that afternoon Cudjoe had been des-
patched to bring back Seymour. Head arrived at
last, when it was quite dark; had ialthed, shaved
and eaten, and now, losing no time, Elizabeth was
urging upon him a di-pr.atf line of action with all
the areumenints she c-.niurianikil and with a vehem-
ence supijrted by her beauty and by his knowledge
of his own peril. She was striking while the iron
He had escaped from Captain Thorton easily
enough on the previous day. The latter could not
know that Cudjoe, with a wise prescience, had decid-
ed to take John Seymour to a small cave in the
hills which had never been nied by Three-fingered
Jack and which was situated more than a mile from
the old home of the dead robber. All then that
Cudjoe had to do was to lead Captain Thorton to
the old cave, with its relics of human habitation, and
to take him back to Morgan again There
was little likelihood of the search party ever com-
ing upon Seymour: he, if in their vicinity. would
easily have heard the noise they could not but make.
Cudjoe had known this from the beginning.
Seymour, alho wa- by dlitpipsition open handed,
had on his return ,to Morgan Castle made Cudjoe a
present "ft twenty puuiids. Such a sum the Maroon
had neri-r rIrean.t of poises- ing in his life. This
splendid reward made him, in his silent, taciturn
fa:lhion, the -~norn adherent and follower of the
white man. But Seymour felt that the danger was
not over.
"Don't you see how it is, Jack?" continued Eliza-
beth. "It is worse for you now than before. They






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will look for you on the northside, and, not finding
you, will turn their attention this way again: they
are going to suspect that I know more about you
than I pretended to. Then there is this story about
Three-fingered Jack. Captain Thorton will repeat
it. They will probably imagine that, through he
didn't find you, it was really a man, Three-fingered
Jack himself, that Quamin saw. There will be two
motives for the Government to concentrate attention
on this district very shortly. You can't live in a cave
all the rest of your life, and someone would be sure
to betray you after a while, anyhow. Then what are
you going to do? Give yourself up? Allow them
to take you? You are no spy; but you are a desert-
er. They shoot deserters, I believe,"
"So I believe," he answered briefly.
"You don't want to join me in my plan because
you are an Egiilishnan. but all that your country-
men have in store for you is a disgraceful death.
Does that appeal to you? I could have been as loyal
as another if I had been treated decently, if I had
even a prospect of being treated decently. But
what is my future here?"
"You could go back to England, Elizabeth; you
are well off enough to live there comfortably."
"And leave you here to be hunted down and
to die?" she asked softly.
A wave of gratitude swept through him. It was
true: she was thinking of him as much as of herself;
much more. She had her dream, her graudicse
vision of domination, which night never have come
into her mind had she been able to live the life which
her means and education warranted, but now she
must either be content with definite and permanent
inferiority or strike out for something different,
even though failure and death were the penalty.
But that was only if she remained in this country;
let her leave it and she might live a normal life of
happiness elsewhere. But to do that now meant
that she must desert him. And her voice and look
told him that that she would never do; that she
would stick by him whatever the result might be.
Her plan was a wild, m and terrible one.
It might succeed. But even if it did-
"You wish," he said, "to drive the whites out
of this island, but what about the coloured people,
those of mixed blood? Do you suppose they would
not take sides with their white relatives? And, re-
member, they are numerous; they would have to be
reckoned with."
"I am one of them," she reminded him, "flesh
of their flesh and bon, of their bone. Most of them
would follow me, when they knew who I am and
realized that at least they would be better off than
they are to-day. And the whites: why, you yourself
are a white man, Jack, and there are white men
here who sympathise witl: the colonists.
Some would strike for indplipEinien e if they could.
They would join us-would join you. Those who
did so would reap many advantages, and they would
not be so numerous as to constitute any danger."
"And do you think, my dear, that the blacks
would tolerate that? Do you think that the slaves
would only wish to chaniig their masters?"
"The slaves would be free, but they would have
to work and live under some form of govern-
ment, Jack. Freedom would be their reward, but
they would have their living to make. The land

I. El


113 Harbour




and other property would not be theirs; we should
seize that."
"And if they objected?"
She smiled scornfully.
"And if they did? What could they do? You
forget the Maroons. My uncle, my mother's brother,
is one of the first men among the Maroons. I should
be their leader-and you. The slaves could never
stand up against the Maroons, who have always
overawed them. There might be some trouble, but
it wouldn't last. We could put it down. We should
be masters of the situation, I
"You are English, Jack, and that is what makes
you hesitate. You don't want to make war against
your own people; but think of what is happening
in the American Colonies. The people there are
English too."
But now, she misunderstood him. It was not
so much of his being English that he was thinking
at that moment, as of his future relationship with
Elizabeth. If he fell in with her project, and it
'ucveeded, what was he to be to her in the future?
He had said .more than once that this island was a
prison for him; was he to be her prisoner? He liked
her, admired her, felt grateful to her, and he knew
that she loved him. But he did not love her. Per-
haps if he had not seen a certain scornful, deter-





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mined face, a girl on horseback striving to ride him
down, it might have been different. But he was
thinking even now of that face, of that girl; he be-
gan to realise that, though he had seen her only for
a brief moment or two, he cared more for the woman
who had tried to kill him than for the woman who
had repeatedly saved his life.
But that girl would never come into his life
again and he had to arrive at some decision.
Elizabeth seemed confident that in the present
crisis of the island's affairs she could enlist the aid
of tne Maroons, raise the slaves, drive most of the
white men into the sea, and, with the aid of some
of the whites and of the coloured people, dominate
the country. She believed he could help mightily
in this, could be a great factor in it all. And he,
too, he believed in himself; hers was to be a great
gamble, but it appealed to the gambler's passion
in him. What had he to lose? Nthliln'. What had
he to gain? Much. The world had treated him
shabbily, he thought, and now his very life was not
safe for a week. At the worst, he could only die
fighting if he threw himself in with Elizabeth and
her Maroons, And why should not success attend
the wild hazard?
But an objection occurred to his mind, and he
decided to give voice to it. Just as well to face at
once all the obstacles that lay before them.
"You forget one thing, Elizabeth," he said, "and
that is that I am a white man. Your Maroons will
distrust me. Black men like them will never be led
by a white. And the slaves will think I only wish
to make myself their master."
"You will be their master," she retorted proud-
ly. Then she paused, for a thought had come into
her mind. She remained silent for fully a minute,
then, girl-like, rose excitedly and began to dance
about the room. "Great!" she cried, "great! Three-
fingered Jack, you will do at last what it was said
you aimed at doing before you were killed. It is
"Well, what is it?" he demanded, puzzled.
"Don't you see. That fellow, Quamin, has spread
the story of your ghost; he has seen you. My own
people here believe in that ghost. But Three-fingered
Jack used to boast that he could never be killed;
and even now it is going about the country that
Three-fingered Jack has reappeared and attacked
Colonel Breakspeare. He has been seen in Spanish
Town, been pursued to Kin.,ir.n. and in Kingston
he suddenly disappeared. Only a magician could do
that, Jack; and if he could do that, what is to hin-
der him from changing his colour at will? Three-

fingered Jack was shot and his head and hand torn
from his body, but he comes to life again. He comes
to life, sometimes as a black man, sometimes as a
white, and the black people see noijlinrg strange in
that: given his powers, all things are possible to
him. Some day," she continued excitedly, "I will
take you to a river in Portland where there are two
.alligatuj'. They are huge and old, itey have been
there as far back as the oldest people in Portland
remember, and no negro dares to disturb them. The
white proprietors have hunted them. but never suc-
cessfully; the blacks throw them food when they
can. Do you know why? It is believed that they
are not alligators at all, but men who transform
themselves into reptiles at will. men who, or-
dinarily and unknown to those among whom they
mix, go about this country and do what they will.
But they become alligator, also and as such
can bring death to those who offend them. Nonsense?
Yes, but it is believed by thousands. And you, Jack,
will be Three-fingered Jack to the Maroons and to the
other blacks, the Terror come rc life again: or rabthr,
you never were really killed. By your magic, your
obeah, you deceived your captor- Y'.u will ,, ith
me to the Maroons as Three.filngeIrl. Ji..k. .ianl y\il
shall be white or black when you pile.-,i Y...I \ill
be hb.lievel. There will be nothing t... i,lhljtr.
"And Cudjoe?" he asked
"Cudjoe will be silent and fIithiltu. Cuiij,. will
help. You know that."
He knew it. And the sugge-ietin that lie -Il:iuld
impersonate among thousand- .,' i..are a lead
highwayman appeared to him to Ie pr,-i-[ly t h ilir.Ai

and simple; he was aware that the authenti it.\ of
his inller'l-l.nati.n would never be questioned by
those who believed that all things were possible to
.men who had magic at their command. He could
be: White or black to them as he chose. But what
was he to be to Elizabeth?
Her lover? He admitted to himself that as a
lover she was desirable. As a wife? He hesitated
at the tli,.u-ht of that. Then what would be the
developments of the future?
He pondered for an instant, then made up his
mind definitely The future mutt take care of it-
self; he vnuld pamble with it
"Let us trl the plan, Bess." lie .aid. using to hei
the nanir that Captain Thtortun favnured "Welll try
it for o...ld ,.r i1l '
".i.i.,li. .la k I kne\ yo'u w.,uld," .he :ri-d ex-
ultantly; then, yielding to an Impulse, she threw
her arms round hik neck and ki-sed him

THE lil.l Irule at.ay to the wet. and all the
h. revele-d wai a blaze f4 spleudour The
sun na-, inkine (;old andr crinliqi were p intei;
.1i.iri-Lt hi bai kgroind i f deep hlie. with purpip
str ;ak. that clhaiged muomently There wa- a asug
L'eqti,.n of immeune distance about the ceue in front.
of a miiL1hr space anld freedom, and thi-. was enhanced
by the townerng m mountainss which en. ,Ised the settle
Uierct Io inl'uth an]d south iand east.

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Forests Ilrhed these mountains, dark and dense
forests that seemed to shut this clearing off from
all the outer world. A stream ran through it, small
and silvery; it came from the foot of a cascade which
hurled itself down the smooth side of a cliff that stood
in full view of a collection of -huts which presented
the appearance of a village and camp in one.
The clearing was large, yet anyone a stranger
to it would immediately have had the impression
that it was but part of a larger town, the rest of
which was situated belhill the trees which flourish-
ed everywhere. This Imlpre-ionn would have been
correct, for trails led from the central clearing in-
to the woods, and behind the trees that hedged this
open space were smaller collections of huts, from
which came now the acrid smell of wood --moke
as the cooking fires blazed, and the sa-v.'.ry odour
of roasting pig's flesh. Also the sound of human
In this village, or Maroon Town, there was, to
the north, a structure larger than the other-. thatch-
ed with dried palm fronds, it contained at least half
a dozen rooms, and care had been taken to whlite-
wash it, and the ground in front of it was clean.
The other buildings, if buildings they could be call-
ed, were in no wise distinguishable from the small
houses of dried mud and wattling to be seen all over
the island, in which lived the tield labouring slaves.
And of the same hue as the slave, were the in.
habitants of this village. Yet, at the very first
glance, even a stranger would bhae noticed that the
demeanour of the men -t.f thtlee mountain, 4liffpred
essentially from that of the ordinary neeroes.
Black, tall and athletic, with muscles showing
u-iperllv under a i.oli ied skin, these men carried
themselves With an air of oniiici'us superiority and
pride. There were about twenty of them here, and
not a weakling among them. They moved with the
ease and strength of wild animals, softly, as if on
springs; they were clothed for the most part only
in a single under-garment; and every one of them
carried a long gun slung across his shoulder, a bag
containing ammunition, a cow's horn and a long
A few women were about. These were not
attractive to the eye. There were no children visible.
Presently two men came slowly from out of the
big thatched house and moved towards a huge man-
go tree, under which some wooden seats had been
placed in a row. Both were tall and both were over
middle age. The older of the two was of somewhat
light complexion, with more strongly marked fea-
tures than his companion, who was black, rriind-
headed, thick-lipped, and wore on his face at this
moment an expression of sternness and n b.tinacy.
These men were parbeil in trousers and waistcoat
and coat; they wIor- shoes but the.\ carried no arms.
It looked as though they had attired themselves for
some special two of tie seats prvidedl. and wait'cl -ilently They
had not to wait for lonc
In ;t couple of minutes a runner arli\ed. emerg-
ing lightly into tlie clearing sid making directly for
the two waiting chiefs. He saluted ijnd pn'ke s.'.n-
wairdi to them, and one 0o tellin niade Ke-tuire.
Immediately the men about disappeared, and tnh wn-
men; they swiftly vanished among the trees. The
runner went with them. Only the two elderly men
There came a sound of horses' hooves and of
voices from along one of the eastern entrances, or
trails, that led into this settlement. Then two
Maroons appeared, and, behind them, Elizabeth in
beaver and riding habit, and John Seymour in a
full riding coat, a lace ruffle round his neck, a tall
beaver on his head, and high boots on his legs. Be-
hind these, mounted also, came Cudjoe.
The party halted, and John sprang to the ground
and helped Elizabeth off her horse. The two elder-
ly Maroons rose courteously. The visitors walked
towards them, Elizabeth smiling confidently as she
came. She shook hands with them both, and in-
troduced Seymour. "Three-fingered Jack," she said,
as though it were quite natural that a man reputed
dead should be alive, or that another should take
his name.
The Maroon chiefs had expected her coming;
they knew that with her there would be a white
man who came to speak about war. But they had
not thought to hear this man introduced by the name
of the robber who had been killed some timt be-
fore. Instinctively they glanced at his hands and
noticed that from one of them two fingers had been
shorn. But there were Maroons in this town or set-
tlement who had also lost fingers. And this man
was white. Their faces expressed some perplexity
as to why the woman had called him Three-fingered
"We have cmlne -, long way to see you." said
Elizabeth, "and you ahead know why we are here.
Cudjoe has told you; he bore our message. Shaill
we talk now or later?"
"As you please," said the man of light com-
plexion; "as you please, Elizabeth. If you will
sit down, we shall talk. Unless you prefer to rest
first. The house is ready for you." He indicated
the largest structure in the clearing.

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"Thanks, Captain David," replied Elizabeth.
"But we'll do what Captain Tacky thinks wisest."
Elizabeth knew that the grim-looking black man
was the chief leader of the Maroons and must be
honoured and placated if his goodwill were to be
"Let us sit awhile," said Captain Tacky quiet-
ly. He had known Elizabeth. the niece of his col-
league, for some time; it was on the tall white
man, who had not yet spoken, that his glance was
fixed. It was not an inimical yet neither was it a
friendly glance. It was an appraising one. There
was even a touch of suspicion in it.
John Seymour sensed the suspicion. This old
Maroon would need some humouring, he swiftly
thought. Well, he would rise to the occasion.
He made a quick movement .towards the chair
next to Captain Tacky's, and Elizabeth, seeing what
he would do, placed herself next to her uncle. Cap-
tain Tacky noticed that the white man evidently
wished to talk with him, and had left his mulatto
brother-chief to converse with his niece. He was
flattered. The sternness of his demeanour somewhat
A white man usually lived in this Maroon Town,
in a residence not far away, a Superintendent ap-
pointed by the Government to maintain friendly re-

lations between the Government and the Maroons,
but mainly to keep an eye on these warriors, to
see that they observed the treaty arranged after
the last Maroon War, and did not plot mischief. But
Itis man had gone to visit his family and would
be away for some time, and he had taken leave just
then with all the more confidence because he was
satisfied that never had the Maroons of this town,
or of the island generally, been in a more peaceful
frame of mind.
Elizabeth had known this; through her mother's
half brother she could learn all that she wished
to know about the Maroons. Hence she had had
no hesitation in taking John with her to the Maroon
'etlleniein nearest to Morgan Castle. She had ap-
prised the chiefs of her coming, had even-for she
wished the matter to be talked over by them-sent
then word of the great plan she had in mind. And,
because it was the custom, and because also she
wished them to be impressed and placated, a hand-
some present of food and drink had been despatch-
ed four days before under the supervision of Cudjoe,
who was bidden to speak of John Seymour as a
great and powerful white man who wished to ally
himself with the Maroons. Seymour was to be rd-
presented as vastly wealthy, and Cudjoe himself had
(Continued-on Page 69)

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Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Pr!,' 67)
no sort of doubt that he was so. Seymour at that
moment had on his person a gift in gold coin for
the two Maroon chiefs. He too understood that he
must not appear in their eyes as some impecunious
adventurer flying from the justice of his own peo-
So now, though weary after the long ride along
rough roads and up prei-'pirpit, trails, he prepared
himself to talk cuItiridenily with the sable warrior
by his side, but just as he was about to begin the
latter silenced him with a gesture.
Then Captain Tacky gave a signal.
Seymour, looking at what had appeared to him
to be only trees and undergrowth, saw part of the
woods leap suddenly into life. The deep, piercing
notes made by the cow-horn blown by powerful lungs
hooted out, a dozen, a score, a hundred horns were
sounding, and now he knew that what he had taken
to be trees were men covered with branches and
creepers, disguised so that the int-xperienced eye
might wander over them at but \ardj's diltan;.e
and be deceived completely. From the three sit-le
of the spacious settlement they came, the Marrc.n
warriors in war attire. There must have bee-n three
hundred of them, and as they rushed towards one
another they pointed their guns skyward and fired
a resounding volley which i.raushed against tle moun-
tains, awakening thunderous echoes.
In a flash they had thi'r.on tlherselve' on the
ground and were rolling hitlihr and thither. They
moved with incredlible rapidity. They crouched and
bounded about; every rise in the around. every trunk
of a tree was a suiti.ieiit refuge for them. From
behind the huts, clinging with lees and stomach to
the slope of declivities to the west, they fired again
and again. The blowing of the horns had now e.-as-
ed, but the men were shouting; terrific h.)ixls ani
screams, intended to intimidate, burst from their
lips. A stunning cacophony filled the air and the
acrid smell of burnt power assaulted the nostrils.
At one moment the eye rested upon some warrior
aiming at his foe, at the next moment he had melt-
ed into the underbrush and become part of it. Then,
as suddenly as it had begun, the firing ceased and
every Maroon was in the open with drawn short
sword or machete, and a semi-circle of them, still
shouting war cries, was advancing towards the seat-
ed chiefs and their guests. Leaping and contorling
their magnificent bodies, making threatening _ar-.
tures with their weapons, they advanced within n six
feet of those who watched Ihem, then flung their
weapons at their feet. The war dance was over.
The Maroons had give toJ .1 hn Spymnour and Eliza-
beth Morgan the wael ine as a rule re.-erved only
for the higher in the land.
They i.,.ll:ter d their swordl again. anai, ] nd lied
away. A t'east. pardtl provided hy the aenci-,.itrl
of ur and Elizabeth. was heing prepaledl f'or
the night: rumi would liow. and the huge barbecued
sides of th i ild hog, tile animal hulted, ;laii and
"jerked" tcy the Maiar-otii themselves, would Ibe qu-
sumed. R -llucl thii h aiLp rre- men anlid .rmen
would gorge rth;n:m-iilv- s ani halt' -tuper'-y theniel'el,
with strong drink, ald later ..ii tlie druInnu wi.,ild
sound for the dance that would last almost until
the niorning. When the men had all di-:'ippeaild.
Captain Tacky glanced at his guest to see hew he
had taken this exhibition; but it was already dark,
and, anyhow, Seymour's face was calmly composed.
He knew that this demonstration had been staged
to impress hint with a sense of the prowess and
strenelli of the Maroons, and he realized that,
in certain circumstances, they could indeed prove
redoubtable warriors. But, if anything, he now sat
more upright than ever, with greater confidence in
his bearing than before. Neither by word nor sign
would he express surprise at anything the Maroons
might do: He must impress them with the feeling
that he was e'r-It er than them all, a superior being
Silence had fallen, and John was weaty from
his long ride and the tense sensations of the last
hour. But he was resolved to go on with the state-
ment he had prepared as thiug.h he had had a long
night's rest and colnne irt-h to a quilt conference.
He would not .suggest that the talk should be left
till the following nurning. These people respected
strength and e-udiurjite .:.nly less than they ap-
preciated cunning
He opened his conversation at once; he told
the two chiefs, but addressed himself to Captain
Tacky mainly, that, with the- aid of the Maroons
he aimed to drive the English out of the i lan'
and make it free. He and the Maroons would be
perpetual allies. T.cetherle they would maintain the
country's independence.
"You will be king?" asked Captain Tacky, to
S whom the idea of a republic could never have oc-
"I and the Maroon chiefs will be Go\ern,,rs."
answered John Thue. iet..-srn ising that at once he
must play for ulupreilta. y if he were to impress these
people with a due sense of his importance, he add-
ed: "I will be chief Governor; I will live in the

capital and rule in the plains. In the mountains
the heads of the Maroon Towns will be the Govern-
ors, and I will take counsel with them on matters
aflfting the island. They mill have more land than
they have now, more wealth, more power. Their
men will be my army, they will be my generals.
I can lead them ,to victory if they will follow
"And if they won't?"
Seymour was conscious that Elizabeth and her
uncle were listening intently for his answer. His
voice was firm and decisive.
"I will act without them. I have powers which
they do not possess. I can do what no other man
can. I can be white to-day and black to-morrow;
I can change myself if I will into any animal; I
can raise the slaves. I was born white, in England,
born the son of a great Prince. But I came to Ja-
maica two years ago and by my obeah I turned my-
self into a black warrior and I ranged the country
as Tlfree-fingered Jack-"
A startled exclamation burst from Tacky.
All this bombast did not sound as such in his ears.
It sounded like truth, and now he gazed at Sey-
mour with something like dread in his eyes.
"I was Three-fingered Jack," continued the white
man, taking no heed of the other's exclamation. "The


white men, whom I hate for reasons of hiy own,
and whom I hated and fought in England, strove
to kill me. They put a price on my head; they
tracked me down, and I permitted them to believe
that they had killed me. I caused them to believe
a delusion, it was a shadow that my pursuers saw
and handled, thinking it was myself, and, invisible,
I watched the slayers and laughed at them. After
that I went where I chose and took what money I
wanted, and now I am ready to go on with the work
which I came to this country to do. If the Maroons
join me, well and good; if they don't, I shall still
go on and shall succeed."
"You cannot succeed without the Maroons,"
said C'aptam Tacky firmly. To him it was quite
credible that this white man should be a great deal-
er in magic, or what the black man called obeah,
and should be able to deceive his foes and perform
supernatural acts; yet he had a shrewd mind and
he had lived long enough to notice that even the
most powerful of the obeah men he had known
had always craved for physical means to effect
material ends. He did not believe that magic alone
could vanquish soldiers. Warriors were needed for
"But the Maroons will join me," replied Sey-
mour to his assertion. "With you, General Tacky.

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I cannot fail."
Captaip Tacky-the Government allowed him
the honorific title of Captain-noticed that he had
been addressed as General. His eyes gleamed witn
pride and gratified vanity. John's fluency, his
striking appearance, his claims, his confidence, were
having their effect. Besides, it was now some time
since the Maroon tribes had been at peace, and an
itch of warlike excitement was spreading among them.
There was a stir in their blood, a longing for the
ambush and the wild assault, the surprise of enemies
and the burning of homes and of estates. And this
white man had wealth and magical powers.
"'You will live here all your life, and not leave
"This will be my country for ever."
"This lady, Captain David's niece, is your wife?"
The unexpected question came like a thunder-
bolt, though Tac ky had used the word wife, not
necessarily as meaning one bound by marriage ties.
He himself had many wives, though no religious or
legal ceremony had joined them together. That
there must be some sort of connubial relationship
between this white man and the coloured woman
with Maroon blood in her veins, who had travelled
to mysterious England and was regarded by all the
St. Mary Maroons as a great lady and a wonderful,
seemed to him to be the most commonplace thing
in the world.
"Not yet."
It was Captain David who spoke, for he knew
the truth. Nevertheless his "not yet" sounded to
John like a calm and confident prediction of some-
thing that must take place in the future, and in
the near future. The mulatto Maroon knew his
niece, realized in part her ambitions, and he for
one would not risk anything to make a white man
master of the country did he not feel assured that
his niece would fully and legally share all the hon-
our and power that should come to the white man.
John guessed that David, unlike Tacky, would al-
ways have legal marriage in his mind.
He allowed Captain David's answer to remain
unchallenged; there could indeed be no challenging
it. The other three would accept it, he felt, as a
sort of affirmation in which, he too took part. And he
knew that by his silence he did take part in that
affirmation. He would hear more about it from
And what did it matter? If he were to be king
over this country, surely she had every right to be
its queen. He owed her his very life, and micht


owe to her, indire, ctl. power and wealth in the
He would take the chance with Elizabeth as
his wife; but there would be no legal marriage until.
they had achieved victory and he was an outlaw
for good and all.
"The Maroons"-Captain Tacky was speaking
after the slight pause which had occurred, and
in which, it seemed to all of them, a betrothal had
taken platie-"the Maroons are very great warriors
and have never feared the white men. In the hills
they are the masters, and here they can defy the
Government. You can do nothing without them.
I will show you what they are."
It was Tacky's consent!
It had long since grown dark. The stars were
thick overhead, among the trees fires were gleam-
ing on all three sides: it looked as though the wo-
man and men sitting there were hedged about with
flame. Someone had put lights in the guest house,
and now Captain Tacky rose, suggesting that the
conference was over. There was food prepared for
the guests, he said, and to-morr,.,w he and Captain
David would talk over details with General Sey-
mour. He conducted them to their hut.
"Well, I am dead tired," exclaimed John, when
he and Elizabeth were left alone. "I thought at
first that all the talking would have been allowed
to remain over until to-morrow."
"My uncle and Tacky will confer to-night," said
Elizabeth. "My uncle was always certain to join
us; you see, he believes that you and I are-"
"Yes, I know. It has looked that way for some
time, hasn't it?"
"But you; do you want it?"
"You love me, Bess?"
"You know I do. But I don't think you love
me, Jack. You care for yourself alone."
"As selfish as all that, eh?"
"You see, v,"i don't answer directly. I know
you better than you think. Yet, if you don't care
for anybody else-and you don't, do you?-in timer
you will love me. I would do an. thing for you.
Jack; I would give my life for you. I would give
up all .my hopes of greatness, of revenge, for you.
You believe that, don't you?'"
"And yet you would insist upon marrinae." he
reminded her.
"If you had any love or respect for me. would
you, in the circumstance-. ,ifer me le's' Do yiou
Think I ought to accept le '"

Thr-ie was a strong note of joy in her cry. To
her it seemed that he had said the right thing at
last, had -pu.ktn the word she had long wanted to
hear. He leant over to her and kissed her full on
the lips.
A Mal,,iun woman came to tell them that their
dinner was served in a neighbiurine room. But,
though they liadl ifr hungry before, they had but
little .aip,_.itte 1i.w They finished the meal hastily
and di-mni--eld the woman: they were alone in the
house Jan k had drunk treely of the wine pro-
vided hy Ihe Maroon Captains for their guests. His
l.)...d ..nursed -wiftll thrl.,ugh his veins. He felt
like a egmniiler staking his all firt a mighty fortune,
and as ire' kle'slv exalted in con-sequence.
In a huge hair seated with untanned cow's
hide Lie pla .ed himself. thi-n drew Elizabeth down
on hi- kn-czs He had never done that before. She
gave herself up to him gladly, her lips pressed on
his, his arms embracing her tightly.
N,,t et." yiou said tu the Mlan.,:,r. out there,"
she remindtiedl him, when lthe paroxysm of passion
had pa.''el "not yet; but when?"
"W'hein a. t ani As -.':n ii wtw tan When I am
no loner a fiuitlve and f,'rced t.. flee and hide. That
will not be so long."
"And you mean it?"
"Don't you believe I do"
For a moment .le lhsitated th,-ti her t. main's
faith in a man dearly 'l\ved triumphed, and she
whispered, yes. Shei \ta, n,, Ilnger ithe d rlinant,
-ell'reiIlaL plotter. Ille Mi.l'ajn spirit was drlrmant
now; she was a gill in her I-,ter'\ datlr .laid. dominat-
ed by him 'eiirel. a irl a It. Ilid fieriely long
ed for love, had hiuncereid ad hir-tedi for it; who
believed she had t'foiiindl t now ;iand %a~s giving her
whole self in return, N,-ier hithertto had lie made
to her a remark -Ihe .:r,.ild resent: always he had
treated her with ereat re.-aid. HE had paid Iher
[h., respect \bhi ,! her pride den a.iiilri But tr'.niiht
lih rl- .1 'i p' en a- hler iiitri e l.Ihu-haid ani they
.-ile a ,-lie ii .ni el e pi l- \ li llh if i e<- ft'ul,
nitu mnakle tiiem- one Iii p..t r. land nimi.t ntiian the
i1n11 and death o t if it -hilllii f.l it nme
to hIer that ltihe wer-e blr-u dii to-rthvei ii life. for
bett[.r or i',ri.e. until deallh should Iarti tihemi. They%
werie indeed rine
He ki--ed her aeain and again as she lay in
hii- drms. and sie returned hi- kisse.- with even
iri:er passior-n Then, brusquely, he rose wHilh her. by
thbar overment dlemns-itrating his splendid strength.
Anld she iist-led liki- a bahe .igaiunt him He walk-

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151 H




ed with her towards the room which had been de-
signated as his, and she made no protest.
She was utterly his.
IT was early October, but the day was sultry
and the atmosphere had in it a peculiar quality
of oppressiveness. It affected the nerves of the man
and woman who had ridden far that morning, as
distances went in a country of hill trails that bord-
ered steep precipices on the one side and beetling
hills on the other.
Two days ago Elizabeth and John Seymour had
left the Maroon Town. Captain David likewise had
set out on a journey for the purpose of persuading
the Maroons of St. James and Trelawny to' throw
in their lot with their brothers of St. Mary in
the great rising that had been determined upon.
David was confident of success; he knew with
what impatience the Maroons had endured the peace
since their last attack upon the white properties
in the plains. And now he could promise them white
leadership from a man who, through hli. connectln
with a girl in whose veins ran the blood of the
Maroons, was identified with the clans as no white
man had ever been before. A magician, t.,---thli..ii
David himself knew that this wa- but pretend:, a pre-
tence, however, that might make all trle !neirreen'e
between failure and success.
And now John and Elizabeth had c-imi ti.. Yall.
ahs Cliff to induce the master of a great plriaiti.n
there, and one of the mo-t niotoriou hlute men
in the country, to join their enterprise. They trok
a risk, they knew, for this was a sinister and a
dangerous man who might hetray them to the h ;,v.
ernment. But they thought this risk ranelled out
by the hate which he was known it huave ',r rl?
Government and for mienl i his own ai lj. Aiil he
had knowledge anid qualities tha. could be if the
greatest service to such an undertaking as their-
James Hamilton ca. hard .anii riil al\ovi the
av-aige of slaveholder.- In a hard and cruel
age, and the liberation of slaves would sound to
him like a stupid dream. But he knew his own
life was in jeopardy, for he was believed, and right-
ly, to have murdered a white man some time ago,
and the Government at Spanish Town had not for-
"-oten that case. It would be taken up against
him some day, especially as it was not the first
m'u.der of which he was suspected. Then un ugly
word was whispered in connection with him, and
even a licentious and careless community shuddered
in disgust at that. Also, lie sympathized with
the cause of the American C',lonists, had been heard
to expire's tihe wi-h that they might be vietorinus. His
record, as he wa well aware, had been before Gov-
ernor Dalling frr -uiwe time, and the Governor.
thouihli lie mighitl IIe patient. wna nevei forgetful.
Haniilin ,.mnlid never feel sure that sume day a
,pos.e- would not arrive at his duor with a warrant
for Ii- :nI ire.'t
Elizabeth knew hix history. Knew also that
there "n~ :iaIih-rhl ei nl t. the black and nely aspect;
of it.
For this man hadi been a Major )ears in a
Continental -Army .anil lhadI the i ,tura.e ot a lion.
He had commarnded men. wa aiequaintedl with
military tactics, ground, think their th.ueht.-, tire-ee their actiinui Lez
him but be assured that his wealth and power would
be greater if lie participated in a successful uprising.
and his assistance might be secured. He was the
sort of character who would risk much to gain a
great deal.
It was now seven o'clock in the ievrning, and
in Hamilton's house, on the verandah overlooking a
slope which ended hundreds of feet below in the bed
of the Yallahs River, sat Elizabeth and John await-
hli the summons to dinner. Tlhe. had arrived some
trbre hours before, with Cudjoe and two mounted
Maroons, and already John had put his plan fairly
before the grim Scotsman. They were to talk it
over further. Hamilton had as yet given no in-
dication of what was his reaction to the daring
scheme outlined to him by the deserter.
"I don't trust the man," John was now saying
to El'izaheth. after havinie satisfied himself that he
could not be overhardi "He is coarse, brutal and
overbearing. I don't like him "
"Neither d, I." at.i d Elizahetn "He talked
to me and lod.kid at nil.- ia if I wrre of no ac-
John had noticed thli !iitnielf: knowing how
sensitive Elizabeth was on the slbject of personal
respect he sought to ease the wuiindl tu her pride.
"That is plainly his attitude t.,wardis e(\erv n,.
man. This place seems full iif' them. rte blea t seni
to keep a harem. And he addre-ses them as if tliey
were cattle."
"*Hle can say what he like. to his own: I have
iillnhiig to do with that. But he need not havesaid
to me, 'I suppose you always sleep with your man,
so you can stay in this house with him.' Where did
he think I should stay?" Her eyes narrowed.
"These people had better be careful how they
deal with me. I may tolerate them n.ow. but I
will not always do so. I may strike back some day."

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\ell, we have already given this man host-
ages by iinfirminig him of our iteniiioiis." said
John soberly, "so we shall have to go quietly with
him. But if I r!ii-alt he .'.'iiIl'1 bin.r'. us Iwould
shoot him out --f lianil I -lhiil. find a positive
pleasure in doing so."




F.r ni what I know about him, I think he will
throw in hi- i.r with us," -aid Elizabeth thought-
f.ill. "What would he gain by betraying you?
They would hardly, at this stage, believe his story
about a general uprising; they would think he had
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ient. And they would never find you if he did
betray us. You would be safe with my uncle and
with Cudjoe to conceal you."
Before he could answer a heavy footstep warn-
ed him of the approach of the master of the house.
No one else walked with so imperious a tread.
Hamilton came out. He was still in his shirt-
sleeves and still wore the high knee-boots in which
he rode about the <(uiiutry3ide He was full-bearded,
and the thick, grizzled moustache partly concealed
the lines of a harsh, sensual mouth. But the pow-
erful face, the hard rlose-set eyes, the dominant,
great heak of a nose were flaring signals of his
character; and the cringing demeanour of the house
slaves and of the women in the house, some of
them young, and all of them of mixed blood, were
further finger-posts to his disposition. About the pa-
ternity of some of these women there could be no
doubt. That showed in their features.
"Dinner will be ready presently," Hamilton In-
formed Jack, as he seated himself. "It is sometime
since I have had a white visitor who was also a
gentleman, and I wish to be suitably hospitable.
My brother whites don't visit me much, for they
don't love me."
Not knowing what to say to this, John merely
mumbled smnethtmg about being grateful for his
"So you are really old Henry Morgan's descend-
ant, eh?" continued Hamilton, addressing Elizabeth,
and now she noticed that his tone was more genial
than before; it even held in it a slight note of
respect. "I have heard of you, but no one has taken
your claim seriously. But I'll tell you what I have
been doing. I have some old prints of the old pirate
in my room and I went to look them up a little
while ago. You resemble him, my dear, espei-riall
when he was a young man; there's no question
about the resemblance. Now I'll bet that this plan
which Huntly has told me of came from your brain:
it is the sort of thing which a man like Morgan,
if between the devil and the deep blue sea, might
have thought of: the plan is Morgan's: it says
that you are of his blood. If you have got his energy
as well as his brain, you should go far, if you suc-
ceed. Otherwise, tile rope, you know. They would
hang you if you were white. As you have a it.u,:b
of the tarbrush in you, they would string you up
all the more quickly. You know that, of course?"
"Precisely," replied Elizabeth calmly. "And
they will hang you, too, when they are ready. I hear
that they consider you almost an outlaw already,

so they will hang you sime day, if they get you.
We are both in the same box. There's no difference
between us."
"unly that a white man has chances that no
mulatto will ever have," replied Hamilton brutally.
"And they must prove something against me first.
They are not likely to zui.c:eed."
"I shouldn't be so sure of that if I were you.
And please remember that I am not the sort of
'Imulatto' you are accustomed to. I am nearly
as white as you are, am much better descended, and
you and .\our like, and the Government included.
would have to take me first before anything could
be done to me. Tluey would have to fight the Maroons
before that happened They would have to crush a
rising from one end of the i-land to another.
You see, Major Hamilton, I have thought out things
and have made my plans. We did int cume to see
you unprepared."
All this will n1 apparent heat Ju-t as. if sba
-.ere nlaklll oriiiijr. -tatemenit.
J.ohhn thu-lht thiar H:lmiltlon w..uld explode. and
held hlitnsi lt" ,'Md\ to intf-ir'enee swiftly. More in-
sulrl i'rmni HamillhIt.n. aud l.I -w- nmigh be ex-hang-
-e He H at taut in hiLis hair. enldeiP irur!n t..i k-tep
hii tEfiptr ili chie, k.
Sip''~se I rert.i ti-l hi11,t n y',,iII" I. asked Hdna il.
tn L:rinil.v. but % ith no aincer. "Yii are planning
r:,tiu trl'Pason. I wr% uld Io- j i tiiedl it holding you."
"-We ate live." replied Elizal)eth. "'And 'n the
r, ad- t., Ki tg-.tnII and t,1 Mr-rantr Ba' ad! tw, I.;.dies
.'t Mari',jion The\ hlave _theit -pie.- hrlir They w,.ijld

know what had happened to us before you could
possibly get a man to the authorities. They would
burn this place, Major Hamilton, and burn you in
it long before any assistance could come to you.
We have taken our precautions."
John knew that not a word of this was true,
but it was spoken in the calmest and most con-
vincing manner p...--ible Elizabeth was matching
her brain against the Scotsman's.
"Henry Mlorgasiu'd daughter, by God. and nim a
doubt about it!" There w'as gitnuine admiration in
Hamilton's cry. "Ynu are lucky. Huntly. to have -uch
a woman; a damned sight lickier than I. But you
must at least be twenty years younger than I am. and
that, I suppose. makes a difference Well. Miss MNor-
gan"-it was the first time he Ihad adilr.sedl lier as
Miss-"I don't imagine that you will need to set
your Maroons to burn me alive, though I can assure
you thatthat would not be an easy job for you or
[hemn This htu-.e i a bit of a imtre.-. Ili. e the
doors and I :an h.ild it for a we,-k againhtt all comers
My daughters canh handle eunr,. and y:ur,'ins
are nmt very find ,- fexpolinlt- them-relve- tin gun-
firu l But I nil ini iagairntt you. I ami with y,'u
The Governmnent ihas made itself my enemyy, .) I
cannot te- expeet-d t.i he its Iriend. I anm ilnlined
t, go, withl Hunltly. who ihas been sitting v'ery iquietr
l. all thb, time. perhaps planning tuo hot rn.. if
v,.ii andrl I quarrelled inuI.h ni.more' Th-rf 11 ,he n,.
shtlute to-night. Huntly, other men hale thL.i-ght
.f t.ilkin my life but I am still here and they
lhat- -',e tio the devil. I -hall he here whltu.. Lp r

SI The Chinese Bazaar,

56 King Street,
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Silks. l',',s f 'lioth.I Dl ', trrlk.,
Art E ',, i eidri'-s. Silk" Line'l '; .i
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haps, you have gone to the devil; anyhow, my time
isn't yet come; I have a lot of fun before me yet.
"What a blasted heat to-night!" he exclaimed,
abruptly changing the topic, "I don't like the feel
of it. Well, come inside and let's have a drink be-
fore dinner. It should be ready about now."
He led the way into a long room furnished with
a heavy mahogany table, a set of the usual wooden-
seated mahogany chairs, and a sideboard of the same
wood. Bottles of liquor and rows of thick tumblers
crowded the sideboard. He poured out madeira for
his guests.
The servants began to bring in the meal. It
was typically West Indian in its lavishness. A great
tureen of soup was first put on the board, anl this
was followed by a dish of boiled mountain mullet,
one of baked black crabs, and also a bowl of curried
shrimps. Home-baked bread and roasted yams ac-
companied these succulent edibles, and the wine
glasses were kept filled to the brim. Nit tu dine
well would have been an insult to their host, and
John and Elizabeth had no desire, whatever to offend
him, especially after the little passage-at-arms on
the verandah. The man had more than hinted that
he would become their ally, and hik help would be
The meat courses came on Irtgether A roasted
turkey, a whole ham boiled, a couple of brileI
chickens with egg-and-butter sauce, and boiled white
yam, roasted plantain, and cabbage, with pickles
made of native peppers and the young calabash-
an immense feast for just three persons. For no
woman of the household took part in this meal.
S.idienly, while they ate, Hamilton said to John:
"You will require some money for this enterprise.
Have you any?"
"Yes," said John briefly. "Some."
"And you need more white men besides my-
self. Have you thought of that?"
"Yes; and that's the difficulty. There must be
a good few who would join us, but I don't quite
see how I am to get into touch with them. I can't
expose .myself too freely; and I don't know them."
"I thought not. Your real strength, Huntly, is
not in yourself-we might as well speak plainly-
but in Miss Morgan's Maroons. But that is a great
deal. Well, there is nothing to prevent my moving
about, and there are a few here like myself who
are in spirit with the American revolutionists and
wish to have a republic here also. I will under-
take seeing them; I think I can answer for them.
We'll always be needed to keep the niggers in order,
so we won't fear that you will try to get rid of
as after the work is over; besides, we are all of us
accustomed to taking good care of ourselves. A
couple of hundred white men, most of them not
in any too good circumstances now, will form a
band that a man like old Henry Morgan would have
loved to lead. The real fleeing of the slaves is all
moonshine, of course, lint you are right to put that
idea about. It .l-huld prevent the slaves from sid-
ing with tJheir iiia-ti-.
"I am giing to ba k this venture to the end,
Huntly. I have -n.tme money and I -hall set about
spending it d i- :etly -in amitnl iti ln You must ri,..
your share that way .-end laro-ns into the tr.wn.a
to buy up what guns and powder they can get:
there's a lot of it about. We should Ie re,'d. ti
strike in a few weeks' time if we are Ivel ."
"So you are with us?" asked John, wi~li real
"If you hadn't hoped I should be, you wouldn't
have come here. A hundred years ago I would ihadv
been head of a buccaneer band, Huntl', but in these
days-! Here's to our success." He lifted his glass.
"If we fail, well, we go to the devil gloriously. But
we shall not fail."
They all drank the toast. Elizabeth herself,
though she disliked the man, felt elated at his de-
would follow him, and these would be needed. After-
%wairs. there must be a clear understanding as to
the dlivi-ion of power. She, with the Maroons, would
I- biblee t', make pgo.d her claims. tliouplgh he in-
t'ndi-l t,, t great her iitpporter- fail'l- .
Hamiltn,. in Ilik part. intended I, rne treated
handii-.,nmly. The men uhoni lie ihblulrl Ieail would
.veil ahle to ex'-lt goorl termi- They kiip'v the
counlitry. aS the King's nioldiers uever c:-ulI And
trie.. in th-ii' trrn it' the w ri.,rt rame ti tlie '\orst,
i.!uld i!iite .ine part. f,- blacks against another He
fell himself mnre Ihan a mnat.h for ilie man wbho
callEd himself Huntly The dominant white man in
the ,ounItry was the idea in his mind. would not he
Huntly but Hamilton.
"I see nothing to prevent us winning," he -aid
ruminatingly; "the chances are in our favour. We
shall lay the foundations of our plan as well and
securely as the rock upon which this house of mine
is built, and it will stand as firmly. I have not
been a soldier for nothing. as you will iindl out. To-
morrow we will go into every detail that can be
thought of, and you will see that military training
Is of the greatest value in a venture .f this sort.
Let's sit outside. It's beastly hot in here."
They went out on to the verandah again The
sky was overcast, light clouds flating abhut and
still that sultry feeling was in the air, a heat tCat

The Ideal Macbine

for Colonial


-iIlr ir to-eIaCulllie uiter tile uIi -,t er.eae', c'inun itii--
AHTIEL % i ..vIl ii vreat tIan,- -rIt'ILEth- Is t. lrj ilIIIrt,--
a m pl,= g ru.i ni, l !EIa ite lli' i. L t'. I'-, I- "i in I .tL-Ii-tI I
L[i:li to [hoii-aiii.- '..t 'l ria-i in all pdi t-' I .' the Bi ll=h Enh
r. Ire. In tim e great -tr-etle-' i) i.oiiie.i .,untry where'I I .Mlt '
'y- le ni-t n, .t I'dl. till- f.d *h, her.e ARIEL reliability andi
i lIl. t:. h i[ -'inllll p[.,A\ver ..II_. nt- pu[ y,.,,ir faitl 1I.. ARHIhL.

5 I

k- .-




brindied over the land and leave one a sensation ol
The silence was deathlike. They could not hea-
the rush of the river beliw at that altitude, and
other noises had been hbushed a, though the very
insects were listening and waiting for something ..
There was an ominous warning about this steaming
quiet. Even the hardened Hamilton felt its oppressive
"I n ,,n:1.i:d 'ay from my experience of these parts,"
he remarked, "that a hurricane was blowing up.
This is the calm-the awful calnm-before the storm."

It niake. one reel gliom'y." muttered Seymour.
"As if one were stnriiding .iin tie very edge of some
terrible, hidden danger."
"That might be a premonition of our- own
future," laughed Hamilton: "only, we know more
or less what is before us. I know hurricanes too
This one, if it is coming, will do a lot of damage.
perhaps, but it will be over in a dray ir so, and then
the people will have to set t:, work t,, straighten
out things. But don't you -e,-. Huutly. that a great
hurricane now would help \it immensely?
"It would disorganise everything ftr a while; it


nint litr \l,.k I, of the ship, in Kingitnt H rrhbour:
iI would oI.ipe-l the authoritie- to attend to what
i- most presiing. and that w.olu1 cause them to
Ignore u- entirely. We ctuld go abut and do
what wv- liked without a wihy v..ra ri\\iil'efore;
no- nl-e w.uuhl ilotice us A really great hurricane
Siut v I ih.t I would pray for' I:w if I wATe a pray-
inlL niadl. a l .thlligh I -hIlildl I.but-. mi. I, 'operty by
"I Il ll'. think of that," said Elizabeth; "but
of course you are right. A calamity of that sort
would be of advantage to us."
"Anil since we need all the advantages that can
come our way," said Seymour, "let us hope that a
hurricane is coming. Meantime, I am going to


THEY were up betimes next mriining. They woke
to find the world grey, with a fine drizzle per-
r.irlh falling And along the rinm of the hori-
zon that half encircled them were piled up cumulus
clouds that moved very slowly as though pushed
forward by something from behind.
Elizabeth awoke in bad humour. Only towards
the morning had she been able to fall asleep; for
long hours she had lain awake, fretting and fuming,
hearing footsteps passing down corridors, tanta-
lised by the heat which, as she knew, should not have
been felt at such an altitude at that season of the
year. Her dislike of Hamilton, her distaste at be-
ing in a house with such an evil reputation, the
warning of her nerves that something portentous
threatened, all combined to make her more miser-
able than she could remember having felt for years.
She did not wish to remain under this roof an hour
longer than she must. If there were even another
passably habitable building on these premises, she
promised herself, she would endeavour to get re-
moved to it that very day so as to be as much out
of Hamilton's way as possible.
Immediately after breakfast, which they had in
their room, Seymour went to talk business over
with Hamilton, while Elizabeth, commandeering the
services of one of llamilton's daughters, suggested
that she might be shown over some part of the
property. Seymour and the Scot met on the ver-
andah where they had conversed the night before.
Hamilton, his military training now nanifesring;
itself, had brought out a map of the island to plan
the movements of the projected rebellion. It lay
spread out on a plain deal table. As he talked he
moved his finger from point to point along its sur-
face, his remarks.
"I would have roused the country myself soon
after the Americans rose," he admitted to John, "but
most of the white settler, here would have opposed
me and I had no influence wh:atecv-r with the Mar-
oons. Your woman's idea, you see, is not entirely
"The first thing we have to do is to see a man
called Buckler, in Kingi.ton. He is a smuggler; he
lives in Princess Street. He will be with us, and
through him we can get into touch with some bold
characters who will be of great as.-istanme. We can
get guns and powder through Buckler, who,
himself, will probably put some money into this
enterprise. You should meet him shortly, but you say
you are afraid to go into town?"
"Not afraid; but what is the sense of running
any risk that can be avoided?"
"Quite eightt But bear his name and address
in mind: I will tell him all about you. He will
be invaluable. Then there is Crooly irt Sav-la-Mar."
And the big, coarse Scotsman went on to speak of
another daredevil character on whom he was cer-
tain they could count, and then they talked about
the amount of money they would ir'..ediatel) re-
quire, and so on until eleven o'clock, when they
were summoned by a yellow-skinned girl to "second
In the (lning room they found Elizabeth stand-
ing. She opened at once.
S"Mr. Hamilton, that little house up yonder,
above this one, could we move into it while we
are here' I don't sleep well down here. You are
not using the place I speak of; I was in it an hour
ago, and it could be fixed up for us in a few mo-
"There's very little furniture in it, though, but
of; course if you prefer it you can have it. Not com-
fortable down here, eh?"
"It is hot down here."
He *lhrunged indifferently. "It's hot every-
where. Very well; you can move when you like.
Call a couple of the boys; they will help you."
The men sat down to table, and Hamilton ap-
parently dismissed from his mind what, John consid-
ered, was a blunt and rude request on Elizabeth's
part. Hamilton evidently thought so little.of wo-
men that Elizabeth's wish to move out of his house
did not matter to him in the least.
But her excuse was a good one. For as the
day had grown older the still, stifling heat had
But now there came a change. Puffs of wind,
(Continued on Page 75)




M R. Cecil deCordova might have been a news-
papertman. but instead of that he became a
businessman early in life. After leaving s' hoerl he
went into the business i.iepar'tmerit r.f' he Gleaner
Company for a few months. thus f,,llowing in the
footsteps of his father and brother. But the clan:
and clatter of the prin-ing pre-ses was not1 aui.h
music in his ears that he could rnot resist its fa-:-ina.
tion; hence we find your..' Ce-:il de..ertinu the Pre"s
and taking to commerce. While -till a .,utllh he re-
came a clerk in Messrs. Berger .and Scheult. the I
situated at the foot of lower King Street. and soor
afterwards he became the manager ,f this establish-
Mr. Cecil deCordova was and is of an amibitin-.;
disposition He was not e jnentted ierel\ to be
manager of the business. He wi-hed to become an
owner, and with this goal in mind he set himself
both to work hard and to save money, and so in a
few years was able to purchase, by a cash payment
and on terms, the firm of Berger and Scheult.
He removed to Church Street, then afterwards
to Port Royal Street, the business growing under
his skilful and energetic control. Then came the
earthquake of 1907, and for a day or two he must
have thought, himself completely ruined, as so many
other persons did. But given energy and intelli
gence, and an unfailing determination to succeed,
(with years of life still in front of one), it is al-
most imp-ossible for one to be ruined by even a very
serious calamity. Hence, within a week after the
carhquake. we find Mr deCordova embnariked upon
business once more.
The business prospered. The name had been
made in pre-earthquake days Shortly afterward&
came a removal to Port Royal Street, to the building
wrhi i. the firm now occupies.
The Jamaica business, however, is not the only
one of which Mr. deCird.:.,va is the head. He is
really the chief partner in the firm of Chas. H. Watts
and Company, Inc',rrporaled. of New York. This is
a Commission House which was started about fifteen
years ago as the result of a conversation between
Mr. Watts and Mr. deCordova. The idea was
Ihat Chas. H. Watts and Company should sell Ja-
maica products on commission in the United States
and American goods on commission in Jamaica. The
venture began in a small way; after a year or twa
it was seen that it had prospects of considerable en-
largement. Wherefore Mr. deCordova went to New
York in 1917, remaining there till 1918, the period
of his residence in that city being one full year. As
a result of the strenuous efforts made by him and
his partner the New York business expanded rapid-
ly and is today a very flourishing concern with ex-
tensive connections in South Africa, New Zelan Ia
and also in other West Indian colonies.
The agencies held by Messrs. Cecil deCordova
and Company in Jamaica are man:. andl v.-liable.
The Dunlop Rubber Company, Lever Brr her-. Louis
Roederer, the champagne niariuid':tur-r John Haig
and Company, the whisky people. Ferri- and Com-
pany, the ham producers, and many others, have en-
trusted the handling of their products to this firm.
Mr. deCordova's Jamaica partners are Mr. Graunil!-
Delead.i. his brother-in-law, and his son, Mr. "'Jne"
Mr. Cecil deCordova is himself a very pleasant
and genial man and greatly liked by his friends
and his acquaintances. He takes a keen interest in
sport, and follows publi.- matters with interest.








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Cable 'and Inland Telegyaph Addre's: ETHELHART.

I e ... .---- ------I. .-------e.- -- -

Morgan s Daughter
(Continued from Page 74)
slight but regular, began to blow in from the south'
and the rain commenced to fall steadily. The
wind brought no surcease of heat; it was sultry in
rlualit:.. it 1i:.i driven the white clouds before it, and
n.,- iIn their wake rolled a black mass shot through
at qui:kk iiti-rval- \ith vivid flashes of lightning.
The' -e. 'wd tr'i.ta-." was not lingered over, the two
men hastened as quickly as they could outside to
watch the developments in the weather now taking
place. The sun had been obliterated. But the dark-
ness of the sky was tinged with a peculiar green; a
sickening greenish hue. It gave a ghastly touch to
the scene, an anearthly- eerie appearance.
"This is going to be hell," said Hamilton brief-
ly, and called out to someone inside to see that
the heavy window shutters were put up immediate-
ly. He had previously sent his headman to
`ook to the safety of the cattle.
But the inmates of the house ihal .ilre-ealy got
,uuy; they too knew what was (..minir Just then
Elizabeth hastened in.
"I have moved our few thing- to ihe little build-
ing higher tip." she explained iltiiikly. "And. Ja, k.
I waii l yvi .i t.. i .-nae ;i nd help lie rix .,ui etlhin I
can't d.. it all li\ mruieif"
"C( li' niy men help tut''" asked Hiliiltlon. .'ii
secretly dillikedl liil uppish girl but ieilisil th.,r
Seym.lur w.:uld resent alny open a'front to her.
"N.,'" ie teplieild -hortly
"You are dripping wet, Bess," cried Seymour.
"you must change."
"Then you must come with me, for my (lothee
are up yonder and I am not going to hby my.
self during this storm. It may last until to-morrow
"That is so," agreed Hamilt-ln. "and to-morrow
I shall be too busy clearing up the mess to continue
our talk-though there's hardly anything left to say
now. Well, if you are going you had better start
at once, for I want to bar the doors. We can do
nrithing but wait until the hurricane is over."
They parted on that, Elizabeth leading the way
to the building above which she had chosen to be
her re-idhli-e during the time they should have to
re-main as the guests of Major Hamilton. As they
left tile house a blast of wind hurled itself against
them, and they tottered. then hent In before it.
Thi was the first time that John Ih:ul tell t ie force
of the wind. and it startled him in An thi'. hI knew,
was but the bepinniiug.
Their- vas an uphill path. they were leaving
,'ie ledpe.- fIr a higher one. Thli 4lope between the
\- w.i r-'rtliiudid l and theretfi.,r>: i-,t drlfitiiht it, nego-
i!it, ill.- rilii:!rily'. ,1i1 i- n1 ht wind gre'w iercer every
monicilt ;ind their rain li lshed don\l. .and the swift
stabs of lightning seemed as though they would sear
the eyes. There were tree- alonic the trail that ledi
upwards, heavily branched trees which now swayed
ominously with creaks and pgriin- as though in dire
distress, and once a great bran. li 'was torn uddeni
ly from its parent trunk and hurled inli the way
in front of the climbing, breathless nian and woman.
They scrambled over it somehow, and at last, none
the worse for their brief, [- rib.u- 'ji-iriey, but
drenched to the skin, they ieaci:ihel the ,t'.ut little
habitation which Elizabeth had seen and selected
that forenoon to stay in while she should re-
main at Yallahs Plantation. The three men they
had brought with them were already there. And
Flizahellh had even ordered their horses to be con-
veyed to some old stables behind the house.

It was a small place, ,ntaisi inlie not more than
five rooms, iiit built substantially of stone. It was
older than ite hurilii- lelow, as the rough exposed
irif ii- ~lhowel. andi itir immense thickness of the
I. ll- I'r..iiibl it had been the first white residence
constructed on tihi- ir',i-i'-.. years afterwards the
other had been iut up, and this one had been de-
voted to the use of an overseer. Hamilton had al-
lowed his two sons to use it. but these had drifted
these two years past out of the <'(tiiiy, on no very
meritorious mission ita-may be l i.-r-ived It .till
contained a few articles of fiirnltitle. and Elizubetti
had had some thin''-s put into It. But it was almost
comfortless; at another rime the wietei-edness of its
appearan.:e would have ili-erlite.d her. But an.rthin-
was preferable to beino- under the same r,-iif with
With the doors all I .i-.d all the windows shut-
tered, the place would h.-v I.eel piti h ihdark but for
a sperm candle which Eii2-.iljt-h hurried to light-
she Ihr.i taken two fr-'mn thli Hamliltljn place below.
I.-tir -lit- and John had ir,,-uglit in horseback a
change or two of raiment, andl they went at once
to strip off tileir dripping clothes and to put on some
dry ones. \\'lien they had fini-hed this they went
Into a back room, which formerly been a ver-
allali. now e-nil.i--l. ;and Mii1nd there somr of the
sl ei- i.f lithe I:inill-ii properly a % well as their own
pier. I Ti t-e -la had rushlitd [i-r shelter it2!
"t'le h:i(kra h.u-.e. well knowing what would be-
,inm .-t' their ,,wn huts when the full
force of the wind II uip,.ri ttemn They were six in
al Tinl- crouched, ,ni..l :Iindl 'Wnoelll. iln ierner?.
apprchen--ive lest they should be ordered our into
the open. Something in their fa,-e-- tild Elizabeth

that they would not readily obey that order. F.r
r,, not uell sheltered to-day this hurri:;ian
iiichlt mean death.
It was lloiaiug now with terrific velciry.
The wind was driving in between the slits above
and bel,,w windows and doors, and the soli-
tary handlee flickered wildly then wei% r ...tll
A va-t tliniilt r'liel the air, a sound o.'l rii iiiL
rain ,ilid r.oalrinve in id mingled with incessant o'r..i-.
es as the trees .bout the hillside were twi.te'l
and tiin to fraLnients by the spinningg spilals .-f
wind, :iidl thl.- fi'rageints hurled to extraordinary
Siii- ,'ei-e-. -.i.m -e .f' tlih m thuntlerinp down upon th-
icit'f Ihar Ililltered Jlohn and Elizabethl. It -eemed
t., Ilit se that the very walls of their plai e 'f rlelfiiu
.h.h'l under i the a-.aultls nf the wind, that at any
nmometit. with a rending s~und. the shingled roof
liiglllt lift .udi be hirAwu awa3. and tllen thi- wall
vi-.1i fr.Illi.w. Tlhey did n. t eudeavnur nowl to talk:
their voice, rcouild not be heard bIv Ine ancith'l.r.
e:ianm they never so loud They could sa. n-..rhin2.
dilo nothing: the storm was raging. it had swept
in tr-nl the -.,. tra~v lliui fjr hundreds of mil-,
perhap, 'nr b.thusand-. and now. in all its fierce
deltr'u, tivene-,. its merciless majeisty. it aS neeep-
ing over tl.. crutlntr.yside with that ci-rcutlar move-
ment which i made its true direction A matter of
vague '-injeltur'e. It would probably continue until
the next nil.rniinp. leaving fields bare. shattering
hbildJinp.. slaying men and cattle: and perhaps it
was infinitely worse elsewhere in the island than
here One c(uld iit\er know. One had but t" wait
and hope that the worst would soon be over.
Suddenly tiS: noises ceased. Or so it seemed to
(r'lirfinutd on Pr e ';

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Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Page 75)
the anxious refugees, though the subsidence of the
clamour outside must have been more gradual than
it appeared to them to have been. They noticed now
that the wind no longer forced itself into the house,
that the thunderous crashes had died away, that the
rain, which could be heard, was now falling in a
moderate shower. "It seems to be over," said John,
and his voice was distinct. "Ldt us open the front
door and look out; the heat is maddening in here."
They threw open the front door regardless of
the rain, and gazed with fear and amazement upon
an altered world. It was as if a mighty conflagra-
tion had passed over the land and had scorched
and consumed every leaf and every twig upon the
trees. As far as their vision could reach they saw
great trees lying prone on the ground or stretched
across one another, and living cataracts had sprung
into existence and now rushed impetuously down
the mountain sides, and the Yallahs River, which
they could see from where they stood, we- now in
spate, a torrent rolling mud-stained and with threat-
ening roar towards the distant sea.
"Thank God it is over," said Seymour, and it
was the first time for years that he had thanked
God for anything.
Elizabeth did not answer. She was scanning
the sky anxiously. Above still lingered that omin-
ous green tinge, that weird unearthly light. But
the darkness above was not so dense as it had been
before. Only the heat, if possible. was intense.
And the calm, the sudden calm, held in it something
that troubled her mind.
"Perhaps I had better try to get down to Ham-
ilton's to see how they have been getting on," said
John. "I notice that some people are moving about
down there."
Elizabeth seized his arm. "No, Jack, don't you
go! They can help themselves very well, they are
in no worse position than we are. I will not go with
you, and you cannot leave me by myself."
"No, of course not," he agreed; "but there is
nothing to dread now."
"I wish I could be certain of that." She scanned
the skies again. The space above them was peopled
with birds, birds large and small, sea birds some
of them which were never found normally so far
inland as these were, birds strange to hern they flew
in wide circles and from them there came no sound
"These birds, had they been struck by the wind,
should all have been killed. Yet the wind has passed
over here, and they are thick in the air. They look
frightened. What does it mean?"
"Nothing, Bess; your inagination is running
away with you. But how -jil it is after all that
unholy racket!"
"Too still," she said. and untriced now that her
own follower- and the Hamnilton slaves hou had tak.
en refuge in the house had joined her and John.
and some goats which bad appeared from they knew
not where had attached themselves to the group.
with drooping heads and stiff, outstretched legs.
And in the midst of the stillness the hoarse roar of
the swollen river came to their ears with a menac-
ing note.
It was nearly five o'clock; in a little while
would come the swift tropic darkness. If any th ln
were to be done about preparing the evening's meal
it must be set about at once.
Elizabeth, thinking, womanlike, about John's
comfort and convenience, whether there was a hur-
ricane or not, was on the point of turning to give
orders to one of the Hamilton slaves, when a pecu-
liar sound smote her ears and chained her trembling
to the spot on which she stood. It was, a distant
rumble, a groan that seemed to come out of the
infinite spaces behind the mountains they faced, a
vast, vague moan as though the earth itself were
calling to them ith anguished voice. The negroes
heard it and threw themselves prone to the earth,
shrieking. Seymour heard it, and clutched at Eliza-
beth's arm as thoiugpl to prote'.t her. As lie did so,
the ground beneath hi, feet moved in waves and
shuddered, and he swayed to the sic kenine nmitir.n
and fought to prevent both of them from falling.
The moaning rose to a deep Lomminat'rv % rowl,
then changed with the swittness of thought to a
clamorous clatter as though a thousand chariots were
being wildly driven over stone-paved paths. and
now the earth was in ague. and John and Elizabeth
tottered upon it like drunkards, fighting to main-
tain their upright posture, appalled at this new and
more terrible visitation. There was a pause in the
shock, the second they had felt, and the world for
-an instant ceased to dance, and quiver before their
eyes. "iird Iave mercy!" cried Elizabeth, and once
again the ground heaved and shook and the roar of
the earthquake filled the air.
And now they were down, on their hands and
feet, and they saw the earth move as does the sur-
face of the sea when the wind passes over it. This
was the third shock, and the worst, and it seemed



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that nothing could withstand it, that everything
must be hurled to one common ruin, one final and
everlasting destruction. But, as suddenly as it had
begun, the earthquake ceased. And now an awful
thing happened.
The lower ledge, on which Major Hamilton's
house was built, with a Whole village of slaves, was
hiliting down into the Yallahs River!
The mountain side was giving away. Some
fissure in the rock, some weakness in the strata, of
perhaps ten thousand years before, was mak-
ing itself manifest at last, and even from where they
lay the people on the upper slope could hear the
wild screams of men and women who were being
plirired into death, hurried relentlessly to an awful
These knew what awaited them. There could
be no escape, for the rocks and earth were disinte
gratinig. and below was the aging river. Down, down,
down slid the village, the house crashing to pieces
as its foundations gave way on every side. 'rees
assumed grotesque shapes, cattle were hurtled into
the air as from some gigantic ancient catapult. Eliza-
beth closed her eyes; unknown to herself she was
screaming. And the Hamilton slaves, who watched
this catastrophe with staring, terrified eyes, were

screaming too, but from their lips came incessant-
ly one only word-"Judgment! Judgment! Judg-
ment!" They yelled, in a very ecstasy of terror, and
as though they were inspired to the use of that word
by some power outside of themselves. And indeed it
seemed as though the judgment of God had fallen
upon Hamilton at last.
The ground still trembled, would continue to
Iremnle for hours afterwards, but barely percepti-
)ly The earthquake was over now. And with it
the previous deathly stillness had also passed.
Fri.m the birds above came cries, and such ani-
ials as still lived on this upper terrace gave voice.
And now the wind began to come in gusts again,
and the rain thickened, and a veil of denser dark-
ness began to draw itself all over the sky. l'he tem-
porary calm had been caused by the passing of
the st.rmn's centre over that part of the country.
This centre was still passing, beyond its perimeter
at all points of the compass were the raging winds;
enclosed within it were the bewildered birds which
would find their end far out at sea or in some.
strange and distant land.
Elizabeth was helped to her feet by Seymour,
she was sobbing violently, hysterically. John him-
self, pale as death, shaken to the depths of his being.
was nevertheless master of himself and assumed



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the position of leader at once. The little stone house
still stood, it had rocked with the rocking earth but
its tinti walls had held, and he had heard it said
that an earthquake once over in this country, Thcrf
was nothing more to fear from it.
Anyhow, since the rain was begmnuiug again,
and the wind, they must tind some shelter. He said
as much to Elizabeth, but she shook her head reso-
lutely, "Better to die out here than be crushed to
death in there," she pleaded; nor did the others
wish to enter the house. The most he could do
was to induce all of them to stay as near to it as
they thought it safe to do, that is, not near
enough to be crushed by falling walls. So they
huddled there in the open, while the violence of the
wind increased, and the rain poured down in solid
sheets. Around them pitch darkness. And, at last,
a blast of wind that nearly tore one girl away from
the group.
"Into the house now!" commanded John, when
he understood what they had barely escaped. "It is
certain death to remain out here any longer." His
voice was imperative. He meant to be obeyed.
He seized Elizaberh. and half led, half dragged
her into the building. The others followed, crawl-
ing on hands and knees; They got inside without
mishap, to find that the rain, blowing in through
the open doors, had drenched the floors and walls;
but of this circumstance they took little heed.
The doors were bolted once more; wet, terrified,
expecting a tragedy at any moment, they huddled
together. John and Elizabeth occupied two chairs,

the 'thier people cowered ar.,und them, for evwn that
naturally :ourageu 1 Marrun. Ciidjoe, had bad his
nerve -evrely shaken by the horrors he had so
recently \ itne-ecld. Nr. had bad any food since
eleven o'clock that d.ay. and ione would be procur-
able until the next moruini. it indeed then. The
most they could hope for was their lives. The hur-
ricane was blowing again, more fiercely with every
moment. And all the first part of the night it thun-
dered against the walls of that lone stone house, with
its handful of inmates, as though furious that any
should have e.-3aped the judgment of that day.


TILL and clear dawned the morning.
The heat was gone. A delicious coolness had
crept into the atmospheree, smetbiug reminiscent
of early spring or late autumn: all the evil vapours
had been washed out of it by the hurricane, which
by this time was speeding northwards miles away.
For the worst of it had been over before midnight,
and in the early hours of the morning it had pass-
ed completely over the island. Looking only at the
sky, one would have felt that this was a truly
beautiful and delectable tropical dayspring. Look-
ing downward and around, one saw everywhere the
havoc and ruin that had been wrought.
A ilishevellie group emerged from the little
building which had been their shelter during the
fiercest hours of the wind. They had fallen into
slumber about three o'clock and had slept for nearly

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four hours; terror had exhausted their energies, and
some surcease of care had come with the perceptible
lulling of the wind.
The slaves were the first to awaken, habit as-
serting itself in spite of ever:.'lthiu But they. had
waited for the strangers to take the initiative in the
new circumstances; they knew that their master
was dead, but this white man was also a master,
and he it was who %nuld inr give orders and as-
sume control of the situation. When everyone had
got awake, Elizabeth dlire'-(ted a couple of the wo-
men to see what ,oulil be done to secure some
breakfast; the test of the rart.\ c:ame out in front
to look about them IlstaiLtitlveiy, they directed
their gaze toward-, nhert the village hadi fallen.
Simultanuouiily they perceived that where there
had been a river '.a a river iii more. but. only
a great mass of debir i. even the course e oif the Yallahs
had been ilianged by the iatalysnim if a fe.v hours
The little valley oi hallow below was flooded;
it was there that the Yallahs was overn'lwigi. seek-
ing to find a new bed, obliterating old landmarks,
submerging huts and drowning cattle, spreading
waste and de.-r.lation Tawny itr., water. rflued and
bubbled, iand grcat trees, hanpginii by halftorn roots
from scouted banks. dipped their raniicher into it
and seemed as if struggling to prevent themaelhes
frnm being swept away. Even ai Seymrur and Eliza-
beth looked, onu such gialit gave way and crashed
into the water. They could not hear the sound of
its fall but they saw its swirling motion, and tlhii
it went. And the river was full of such.
The sun, now rapidly mounting in the hbaven.-.
revealed the whole.sce-ne in a 'gl.w of golden light
A thick carpet of areen was everywhere .sak..
on the surface of the raging river. Innumerable
leaves, millions upon millions, were srrewn on the
sodden earth, and the trailer plants allsz, beaten
low by wind and rain. Down the sides of thk-
adjacent mountains longitudinal sears appeareil.
white in the mellow sunlieht- landslides iai-eidl I,\
the torrential showers ,,r the earthquake li.irl -tripi
ped earth and verdure awa. and piled ti;en in
tumbled heaps at the foot of the declivitie.. A new
sound dominated the scene, tle sound of tli-. rlir
ing river that rose to their earc. hoar-e and di-
cordant. filling the valley with an overwhelming em-
"T am afraid that there is nothing to be done
for Hamiltin and his people." said John after a pause
imposed by the harrowing sight of all that destruc-
tion. "They must have perished almost immediate-


--- -I



I .


ly. We could not even dig their bodies out. I
wonder if anyone is left alive besides ourselves?"
Elizabeth shook her head doubtfully. Her eyes
wore a strained, haunted expression; her hair was
tousled, her clothing disarranged. She was suffer-
ing a reaction from the night's alarms and sus-
pense, and from a fear which had crept into her
mind. A weaker woman might have given way to
hysterics. She fought down any such tendency, but
her nerves were badly jangled. The slaves were
cowed and apathetic. But Seymour was his normal
self; more, he seemed stimulated by what he had
passed through; unshaveid. unwashed, with killingg
damp and rumpled, he yet seemed full of energy and
of directing determination. As on the night before,
he assumed complete control. And though Elizaoeth
knew the country far more than he, she looked to
him for guidance and, even in that hour, felt proud
that he should be so calm and have become so easily
"We must go back to the house and have things
fixed up a bit," he decided. "We can't lack for foed
of some sort, for there are goats enough alive, and
if a few cows were killed last night their flesh will
still be quite good. There must be a way out of
here; anyhow, the rivers that the Ihurricane and
rain have formed will run off very quickly; the
whole surface will be different in another twenty-
four hours. But we won't wait so long before see-
ing what we can do to get to where there are other
people. Let's have something to eat first."
He led the way and they returned to the house,
the doors and window of which had been set wide
-open by the tw. women left behind. Elizabeth had
taken the precaution the previous afternoon to ob-
tain from Hamilton's household a supply of food
which had not been touched after the onrush of the
hurricane. Coffee was amongst the things she had
secured. Its fragrant odour came to them now as
the women, who had managed to light a fire from
some stored wood in the kitchen, prepared it for
their meal.
Elizabeth directed the other slaves to wipe the
rooms dry with whatever material they could find;
Cudjoe, explaining his purpose, went into the leaf-
less kitchen garden to the rear to see what ground
provisions the storm had left undamaged. In less
than twenty minutes he returned with an armful of
breadfruit in very good condition. And there were
plenty more, he explained; bananas, too, and in the
earth were yams quite fit for use. Anything like
starvation or even immediate scarcity was entire!\
out of the iuesitinn.
And ithle! were people in the wood, he .lid,
who wished to know if they should come in to
'Ma.-.a.i, people who had escaped death by chance
and ingenuity, men and wom.-nn and children And
there were cattle too. It might have seemed as
though everything in the :plen had been destroyed
by the wind, but men and even animals had known
how to protect tlihei,-lve'e. and though the loss had
been heavy the e-cape, had been far mnire numer-
ous. John at once sent out for these mawterle-ss
people and gave commands that they should gather
as much of the blown-down pr, as could beh
kept for some time, and should use it for their
sustenance. He also directed that all the stock that
could be got at should be brought in and quickly

- A- P U

penned, and leaves and roots gathered for their feed-
ing. He put Cudjoe in charge of this job, knowing
that the slaves would obey him as they never would
one of their own fellows.
Then he went in to breakfast.
While he was outside Elizabeth had utilised the
few minutes to effect a very definite improvement
in her appearance. She had put on anii.lther dress:
fortunately, the changes she had brought with her
on muleback were dry, though crushed. She bad
not been able to do up her hair in the customary
style; but she had combed it out and now it fell
in a thick and dark cascade over her shoulders. She
looked very much now as she had done on hne night
when John first saw her in the moonlit yard in King-
ston, except that then her air had been calmly
cynical. Now it was subdued. There had been effect-
ed some subtle alchemy in her spirit, temporary per-
haps but evident.
He himself had not had a moment for shav-
ing or changing; the fact is that he had thought
of neither. He had been too long an estate assist-
ant to give much thought to such things, especially
in such circumstances as these.
But he noticed with satisfaction the transforma-
tion of Elizabeth, and he sat down to enjoy his
iit-al with a il ven.nis appetite
Cu .i.'-v- bellr %v,." ii- -. ,I. after he had swallow-
ed a mug ct rreaineil coffee and eaten a quarter of
a roasted breadfruit, "that we shall be able to ge.
away from here by to-morrow Iniiiiip The rJads
will be blocked, and some of tli-In obliterated al-
tl,.Ltnei. but we can take some of these slaves to
remove the trees that may block them, and there
are trails which may serve where the regular path
has been destroyed. Cudjoe knows, for. he has been
through this sort of :.liin before."
"Do we go back to the Maroon Town or to
Morgan Castle?" she asked. "We were to have gone
back to the Town from here, but I should like to
see what has happened to my property and my
mother. It'Wouldn't take us long t.i s- Lt. nim. lacee"
'"I was thinking of that. I w. thinkiilg that
it would be far easier for you to get back to Morgan
Castle than to Maroon Town; in fact, you could hard-
ly make the Town in less than a week under pre-
sent conditions, while I don't suppose you are ten
miles now from your own place. Cudjoe and the
other two Maroons can get you back there quite
easily: they are sure they can. I am going to leave
most of the slaves here, taking with me only two
of them to help me on the road. These will return
later on, and I suppose that in a few days Hamil.
ton's heirs, if he has any, or somebody else, will
come this way and take charge. The people have
plenty to eat and they will sleep in this house.
i l.- can be safely left to themselves, and if they
choose to escape to the mountains, that is none of
our business. After the treatment they must have
received from Hamilton they will probably cut loose
if the Maroons will have them."
"But you, Jack, you are (.mning with me to
Morgan ('.a-il. aren't M.u?" There was a note of
surprise in Elizabeth's voloe.
"I have been tlhinkinm about that, too, Bess,
and I have decided to push on to Kingston. I will
rejoin you in a week at latest."
SlKir.'L-.l.'' What are you saying, Jack? IHow

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could you trust yourself there, and what would you
go there for now, of all times? It was Hamilton
who was to go to Kingston-"
"And Hamilton is dead. Don't you see, Bess,
that,that alters everything' Since Hamilton cannot
go, I must. I know of the men he intended to ap-
proach, and I know where they are to be found:
he told me. They will join us. He was certain of
this man, Buckler, at least; that is the man I am
going to Kingston to see. He will get into touch
with the others, but I myself .must personally com-
municate with one of them, and Buckler is the one
on whom Hamilton depended most. We can't act
vwitirut some of the white men in this country to
help us; we shall need guns and powder and shot,
and peoplt here and there to inform us of what
is going on. If I don't go to Kingston we mii-lii as
well give up the enterprise."
She thought a few seconds, motionless. Then,
in a quiet voice, she said:
"Let us give it up, John."
He stared at her astonished. Then he laughed.
"Your nerve has gone, Bess, completely gone! But
only for a time, if I know you at all. I am. not
t'uil]rised. darling"-she flushed with pleasure at
the rather unusual term of endearment he had used
-"what we have been through since yesterday has
been enougli to weaken a strong man, let alone a
woman. But. remember, this plan was yours; you
had set your heart upon it. I was doubtful about
it at first, but the more I have turned it over in
: ni- miid. thii. more I am convinced of its great chance
of .mi., e_ Hamilton, too, was sanguine, confident;
and though we have lost him, I am not sure that
that is not better for us on the whole. We can get
the other men; from what he said to"ine they have
only been waiting for a leader. I shall be that lead-
er, and as I have some money, which they will think
is more than it is, and we have the Maroons, the
rest should be fairly easy. I am not going to allow
one man's death to put me off now."
"But, dear, if you go into Kingston and are
recognized: don't you know what that means?"
"This is perhaps the best time I could ever go
into Kingston, Bess. You forget. This hurricane
has disturbed the whole island. If they have been
looking for me in any parish, they will have other
things to think of now; and I shall not le noticed
in Kingston. The city may be full of refugees from

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,the country, and who is going to remark one man
more or less? The city itself may have suffered'
from the hurricane; that is most probable. From
what Cudjoe says, this is one of the very worst
that has been known, and there is the earthquake
too, which is an unusual combination. Why, I be-
lieve I could ride through Kingston in daylight and
not be observed by a soul; but I intend to do no-
thing of the sort. I shall enter it at night and go
on to Buckler, and I shall take good care that no
one sees my left hand. After all, the only man I
have to avoid is Captain Thorton, and if I did come
across him and he was dangerous-well, I shoot
pretty well, you know, and I shall take my horse.
After seeing Buckler and arranging matters with
him I shall go on to Morgan Castle. There I will
meet you."
He knew he had argued the point forcibly. He
was really going to run but little risk by visiting
Kingston at night just now. He looked at Elizabeth
for her approval.
"Jack, don't go."
"But"- there was petulance as well as sur- his tones.
She put her arms on the table and bent to-
wards him.
"Dear, don't you remember what Hamilton said
yesterday? He said that the foundations of our
plan were laid as firmly as the rock on which his
house was built-that was only a few hours ago.
Where are the house and its founiiatians now? You
will say I am superstitious; that I am shaken, and
all that; but I remember Hamilton's confidence, and
I shared it too. And 'yet his whole village went
down in a few minutes, thiouch no one would have
thought that possible. I have been [ikinig of that
all this time."
Seymour felt suddenly irritated. Of course this
was only a bit of superstition on Elizabeth's part--
"nigger superstition," he called it to himself-and
he was annoyed that it should have affected her.
But his real annoyance was that she should have
told him of it, for the gambler in him believed in
signs and omens, and as she repeated Hamilton's
words of the day before he had felt a little cold
shiver run down his legs. He was not a coward,
but he did not wish to plunge into a venture with
a dead man's awful, mocking simile--awful and'
mocking in the light of subsequent event--riincin
in his ears. He was disturbed, and so he lost his
temper. "I am not likely to be scared by every
damned shadow, if you are," he blurted out rough-

She regained her poise at once. "I am not any
more likely to be frightened than you are," she rap-
ped back at him, "and you at least ought to know
that." She softened. "But I am thinking of you,
Jack. I feel now that you are going to take a dread-
ful risk for nothing. I was set on my plan, yes;
I am responsible for your knowing it, for your
ad,,pting it. Don't you see, then, that.if anything-
happened to you I should never forgive myself? And
I feel now that something will happen to you if you
go on with it. That is why I am willing to give it
up. It is for your sake, Jack, only for your sake."
"I know that," he nodded; "but I have quite a
different feeling from yours. I believe that this hur-
ricane is going to help me; it has swept my path
clear, so to speak; that is my feeling. The only
obstacles win come fr-nm you, Bess, and you aren't
going to put any in my way, are you, now that
you know how I feel? Do you know, when I was
flying for my life from (Captain Thorton and his
men on the night I met you, and when everything
seemed absolutely hopeless and my end but a mat-
ter of minutes, I had the i.ertainty that in spite of
all I should esc-ape? I can't explain it, but there
it was. I have that feeling now; I believe that
it is you and only you that can prevent me from
being su1-re-sful in what I undertake. But you are
not guing tu do that. Hamilton's view of our chances
was not well put, as we know now. But I say that
our plan is sound and will succeed so long as we re-
main true to one another."
His words, which fell gratefully on her ear, be-
cause they were really a pledge of trust and affect-
ion, had the effect which he intended. She bright-
ened up. She was an eiuc-:nte-el nman; she realized
that the strain of the idiieir iei-fle must have affect-
ed her tremendously, and that John's buoyant feel-
ing had at least as much justification as her doleful
misgivings. She knew too that because they had
not been separated since they esc'pid- out of King-
ston some time before, and bec:au-e s ih- i-ibd him
to be with her always, she had hbeen -illiin to aban-
don her long-cherished project rather than let him
go alone to Kingston. That prujject had been more
of a dream than something which she had seriously
believed before his coming to be traniimutjblhe in-
to reality. She had wished for a man who could
help her realise it, she had got that man, but now
he was more to her than any grandiose plan and she
was not willing to sacrifice him to it. She was
a bold and a daring and an ambitious woman, one
obsessed with a desire to emulate the deeds of her
dead ancestor, and perhaps more eager to do so be-

cause she was not his legitimate descendant. But
here, -in her hand as it were, was something that,
unknown to her, she had pined for from child-
hood, a man she could love and who would love her.
What was a mundane triumph to her, the vicarious
wiping out of an established humiliation, compared
to this? But would he love her if she baulked him?
He had won her round, but he was not yet
quite aware of this, and continued talking.
"And tren. what about the future, Bess, if we
do not tir our plan? Don't you realise that I am
tired of living in hiding? I admit it is very pro-
able that ii..w they a ill give up the search for me,
forget me: They have ,.'thrr things to think about.
But if I go .,ack tjo Morgan Castle we can never
know when -.nieeoiju will not mention me again in
Kingston, and that it may nr.t-I should never feel free to move
about. And I ei,,ld not live in the Maroon Town.
I doubt if tl-ey would hjae me there; they would
think I was a coward; they might even report my
presence to ;he a utlh.,ntit e,."
She,-d lir head in afreelenLi to this. "You
could not -ta y with them for long." she admitted.
"A whit'-e -ii lrirtellil'-r lives in each of the towns,
though he m .\ not be th-re all the time. And some-
one would betray you."
"Very well," he cried rriumphantli, '"don't you
see it all comes back to what you yourself said
some time ago? There is safety only in the carry-
ing out of our plan."
"There is another way," she murmured thought-
fully, as if arguing with herself. "We could go back
to Morgan Castle for a time. I could sell the place;
it is a good property; I should have no difficulty
about doing that, especially if I were willing to take
less than it is worth. You already have some money.
If we got down secretly to Morant Bay or Dry Har-
bour or some port like that-not Kingston, which
you made the mistake of trying-we could get one
of the coasting vessels to smuggle us away."
'lit I-e to.?"

TIit is ,out .if the iqueition. The Spaniards-"
"\ rrea.L u well a- refuizee. They would
be a-iti r-.. lhea what \we Cjould tell them about this
(..iuntry. That han happene-d before.
*Aiiid J I h,:,uld bec-ome the spy I have uron(gly
been i-pr:.e teel 'f being.' I don'l .:care fur that. thank
"I didn't beli'\-e you nwuld., nit because there
is "iniihinc in it, but because you don't want to
get away in that fashion. I see we shall have to go

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on with the plan to become masters of Jamaica- our-
selves," she continued with a peculiar smile, as
though she had suddenly realized the folly of an idea
which once had meant so much to her. "In order
to secure a little freedom to live in peace we must
have a bloody war. Good God!-if there is a God-
why can't we be left to live pur lives in our own way,
unmolested by wretches!"
Seymour recognized the utter illogicality of
Elizabeth's mood, her throwing upon others the ie-
sponsibility for his continuing with a project which
she herself had formed, her rage against God and
man because she could not have exactly what she
wanted and in the way she wanted it. But he also
knew that her opposition was over, even though she
yielded reluctantly.
"You will take care of yourself?" she pleaded;
"you won't run any unnecessary risk?"
"Not if I know it," he said positively, and his
tone was sincere. "You will see me back in a few
days' time."
"I should be better pleased if I could steal in-
to Kingston with you, and then we might, s- retl.v,
get a parson to marry us, and I could leave at once
for Morgan Castle. It could be arranged, Jack; I
know Kingston well, and we could pay well for what
we want. The rector of the church-he is a drunkard,
but not a bad sort of man in spite of that-he
would never talk about seeing us; he doesn't know
you, for the matter of that; he would only think
that you were a white man from the country who
wanted to keep his marriage private."
She scanned his face anxiously as she spoke.
If he was to take a risk by going into Kingston,
that risk would not be rendered appreciably greater
by what she proposed.
As he did not answer, she resumed, with passion
in her voice.
"You have promised to marry me, and I have
had confidence in you. I do not believe you could
dare deceive me!"
"Are you threatening me, Bess?" he asked quick-
"No; I trust you, dear, and you know that too.
Yet you don't reply."
"Because I am thinking over what you suggest,
thinking whether it can be done with reasonable
safety. I don't see how it could, though. I propose
to ride into Kingston, at night, alone, to seek out
Buckler, put my ideas before him, and lie hidden
at his place. He cannot betray me, for then I should
divulge what Hamilton told me about him, and that
would be sufficient to hang him: he will know that I
know. But if you go with me, or even join me
there, you must take at least two maen with you,
you must go to your house in Chiii..h Street, you
must make iarildnements for this secret marriage,
and we don't even know if the parson is in King-
ston now, or whether he is well or ill. All this
will take some time, and what may not happen in
that time? Isn't it better to wait a little while?
When I come back in a few days to .Morgan Castle,
let us go down to Port Morant, where there is likely
to be some sort of clergyman able to perform the
duties of a marriage officer. Isn't that safer and
easier? What do you think?"
She shook her head affirmatively; she could not
deny that his was much the safer course. It was

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really the easier course also; she wondered she had
not thought of it herself. But she was pleased that
he had; it came much better from him; it justified
her trust.
The meal had long since been discussed, but
they continued to sit there for some time longer,
talking over the moves to be made during the next
day or two. The little world about them was in
ruins, but upon its ruins Seymour bu:,.antly boasted
of erecting a kingdom of his own.

SEYMOUR turned away disappointed from the front
door of a low wooden house in a Kingston ba>:k-
street. "Massa Buckler," he had been informed
by a female slave, had left the day before for the
country, and no one could say when he would be
back. Perhaps to-morrow, perhaps next week.
The possible absence of Buckler from Kingston
had not been taken into consideration by John: he
had counted confidently on seeing the- smuggler on
his arrival. And now that he had triumphed over
E-' r\ obstacle on the road, now that he had actually
entered the city where he might run some risk, he
found that it was all to no purpose. The question
now was, what should be do?

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He could make for Morgan Castle, But to go
back to Elizabeth with nothing accomplished
would be to give a deathblow to the plan on which
he had set his mind. He felt that if he did not
pursue it vigorously now it would surely be aban-
doned. And then, what?
He had decided to be very cautious while in
Kingston. He had promised Elizabeth to be. But
as he slowly rode away from Buckler's house he
made up his mind that he would not go back to
Morgan Castle without meeting the man he had
come to see, and that, happen what might. he
would not skulk and hide about like some escaped
convict. Risk? All life was a risk, and his espec-
ially. He would not go up to the Halfway Treo
plaie. kept by the horse dealer, but to a well-known
lodging house in Kingston, the sort of inn where a
man of his appearance and apparent position would
he siippr:-,ed to stay. And if by some unhappy mis-
chance an effort were made to apprehend him, he
would not be taken alive.
"God!" he exclaimed. "I can't stand this sort of
thing any longer. Better to be dpad!"
He suddenly felt happier in his mind, tuned up;
this resolution was more in conformity with his
spirit and inclinations than an everlasting caution
which brought with it a feeling :f self-contempt.





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And a bold course, he thought. might actually be
the safest course now.
S Putting his horse to a trot, he made his way to
the lower part of the city, to a quiet street, in which
there stood a huge building of brick and wood which
served as a hostel for travellers He had his story
ready. He had come into Kiup -t.,t hastily on busi-
ness because of the hurricane. hIis house and all it
contained had been damaged by the wid and rain,
even his clothes were ruined. C.onsiderir- what had
happened to go many persons, no one would think
his tale peculiar.
Fortune favoured him; there was room in the
big lodging house, yet there were other men like
hiinielf wnio had ridden in that day with not even
a'h:bah.i e ii raiment. A few of these bad come at-
tendedi by a single servant, one or two had like him-
self arrived alone. In the great, dimly-lit tatingl
liall .itf tl li i ldiinu he found some of thee persons
gathered ; for it was not yet ten o'clock, and they
all. -rtaiicers and acquaintances alike, were talking
rd.-tlihr iat this gteati-t calamity they had ever
known in the country. One of them was saying he
had heard that the whole rtwn of Savanna-la-Mar, in
Westmoreland, had been wiped out by the hurricane
aid by a tidal wave that had flung itself upon the
-h.-re a few rninilte naftir the earthquake shocks.
Thei ruin in \We.tmlorelainl. said this man, beggared
description, and the adjoining parishes had also suf-
fered severely. John remembered how Elizabeth
had spoken of him to Captarn Tho-rii as coming
from the west, from that part of the island which had
been devastated. That was another stroke of good
fortune; he saw at (,nc.e h'o he miliht utili-i- it
Kingston had suffered but little from wind and
earth tremor, but some of the shipping in the har-
bour had been wrecked. The city itself had been
protected by the mountains to north, east and west
of it, but the harbour to the south had been lashed
by the roaring wind, and ships had dragged their
anchors and been dashed against each other.
Some had been driven upon the shore. Many of
those that had not gone down had been damaged.
Seymour had left, safely concealed at Mcrgan
Castle, the bulk of the gold he had abstracted from
Colonel Breakspeare. But he had carried with him
to the Yallahs Plantatinn. and still had, more than
enough to cover all his expenses for some time.
As he might have to remain in the city for a few
days, the first thing he did after breakfast the next
morning was to go to a shop where clothing was
sold and purchase a decent suit, some underwear.
and a few other necessaries. These he had sent

to his lodging house at once; he i.lhnged into them,
and handed out his soiled garments to: be cleaned.
That afternoon. attired prcl-elnt;al.jl and with a
rested animal under him. he ride inuo the busier
part of the town. Undlir his i at were two piti..I-s
carefully loaded.
There was an unusual stir in the city. Every
h,,r -aw more people pour itr., it; every hour
hbriulir more news of the havoc wrought by the
hurri ane- was busy, excited; there was
talk of ruin on every hand, for hundreds of men,
who had Li~nsid1red t!imnid-lrLv opulent a few days
before. i.'vw had nrioltlll but their land-and the
debts the-y owed. The hurricane lad swept nimany a
landowner out of his property inl man., bli-Imp,
houses of the city were tretnlOiin i1"r tieiri u'vlii
"What have I toi ifar in the iiidi-t *t -uch a cal-
amity and such excitement?" thought Seymnl-ur.
That night h-e wiel t, 1. ,j tiith :;in :a-\ r.ind
.The next afternoon, somewhat ,i-'1l .f lii. en-
forced inaction, he rode upwards r'.. ai.l- th. PILr-
ade and Barracks. He might as well Ego there ns
anywhere else, he concluded, since he could hardly sit
for hours in a Ildgin" house and iill plretend that
he was in Kinestoni n .iines,-
The advent of a hurricane had not been per-
mitted to disturb for more than twenty-four hours
the routine of the military department. Some coff-
panies of scarlet-coated soldiers were dirillin-. on the
sandy, iot.. open space in the city's centre, and the
usual group of loiterers, mainly black, were gaping
at 'hem. As John rode slowly by, not g.ine 1i ,.I ear
to the men, the soldiers wheeled into nult.hiiig ir-
der and tramped back to their Barn:i.k. (In.- ir
two mounted officers, who had been looking on as
pr-tartlors. turned their horses towards the adjoining
eastern street and trotted in John's dirwetio... Ii
another minute he recognized one of the-ni as Cap-
tain Thorton.
His heart gave a great leap, his lip- .anie firm-
ly together. He had calculated upon sulih a meet-
ing, had known it to be almost inei itabl.e if he re-
mained in Kingston for some tinme and went about
during the day. He was not, ther:ioie. taken by
surprise, yet the actual encounter could not leav
him undisturbed. Yet he was diltelrnilne to show
no Fign of apprehension; he would make it appear
that he was not at all unwilling to meet Captain
Thorton again.
He deliberately looked in the two officers' direc-
tion, and as soon as he saw an expression of recog-
nition sweep over Thl's face he raised his hand

in salute and slowed down hir horse. The first ges,
ture of a,>:eship lad conim from him
He appeared rather pleased to see the Captain
But he was watching that gentleman's face with
keen though cleverly disguised scrutiny.
"Ah, Mr. Huntly," cried the Captain, riding up
to him. There wAs a smile on his face. He turned
to his brother officer. "Captain Spence, this is Mr.
Spence saluted; and Seymour having pulled in
his bor-e. the others did likewise The three
now stood by the corner rt a -t reet whikh led di-
re tly tl thie road by whia ll :ii-e mniust leave King


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gan Castle. It was Seymour's only avenue of escape
if these men should show any suspicion. Here then,
where he was, he would hold his parley with them.
"Terribld thing, isn't it?" he began at once, for
everybody spoke immediately of the hurricane on
meeting anyone else. There was no other subject in
anyone's mind. "Westmoreland is wiped out. The
loss of property and life is awful."
"But you-surely you haven't come from West-
moreland?" asked Captain Thorton. "I th...ught the'
roads were so badly cut up-"
"I met a man to-day who had managed to get
here from \Wevrm.reland," interpolated Captain
Spence. "He liul to come to Kingston and he man-
aged it. But he came by sea."
"Oh, of course. You came that way, too, ot
course, Mr. Huntly? And what is the situation down
there? Pretty dreadful, isn't it?"
"Worse than dreadful; but I have not come di-
rect from Westmoreland. I left it a i.ouple oft ay'
before the hurrican- and a.l ,a- at Mandeville when
the cursed wind swept d,:wn. I have lost nimy be.
longings in Savannalal-Mar, but I have been depil.
ish luck\ uthelwise You ise.. I sold my little prop
erty in Westmoreland. made the tinal transfer the
very day I left. I intended to go back tu Savarna-
la-Mar within a couple it weeks.. t'or I still had m).
clothes and some c-tier belonging-' there; those have
gone now, but I have bien wvnderfull. luiky. The
property I sold is useless- now and will he 'for ,me
time; I am not even ure it the fellow who bought
it is alive-the deathi list is probably higher th:m
n have heard yet
"I made lip myi rinild to .ell out three months
ago," he \uellt ou, inot g'i n ('i Captalin Tlhoit['i 'in\
time i.i put in 4 ilUeS-tilon His pose was that of
a m1an full f hir. leIeoit experience" and wishing io
relate them. It wa- ,j with everyone from the rural
districts .i.f Janiai't just nuo everybody wanted
to tell his stlor\. even to UnIMntelreti-d ears. He musit
act exa-tl like the their '
"I made up my mind to sell out three months
ago. fort I dlirn t like Westmoreland. I tried to get
a young woman in St. Tlihiaas to sell me one of her
propertile-- a very good little coffee place, indeed,
called iMorgan Castle. But I never met such a piece
in my If'e! She would and -he w-oiild natr; sile was
on tilt pint l it (roi'eenting 'nie dn.. theu the next
she would ind reai-ons t deter li-rXl And all the time
lie exp)- rred t,. iv treated like -.,me great lady, bh
dIti e. tI-~t, llh. lier alnr'l-.-ri had been Silr H nry
M.irigan- -r sile -aid. W\heni I met you in King-
ston one day last month. Captain, I had about come
to the end of my patience"
While talkitu. Seymour had been quietly watcF.
ing tiu. ee hbow Captain Thortou took his story. Tho
pig-eyes of the little officer were unsuspicious. Still
John wanledil tI he.r about Burt and the spv.
It lifh w,.-re no longer suspected, what had happened
oii clear him?
He must have certainly. The resolution .j be
bold, and even audacious, a resolution in keeping
with his natural tendencies, was strong; he would act
upon it.
'Why don't you two ride with me to my lodging
houre aiiol have ;. drink'" he asked. "You hav.
nothing to do just now?"
Thorton glanced at Captain Spence interroga-
tively. Such invitations were commonly given and
usually accepted. And a good lodging house would
be a much more comfortable place in which to pass
an hour, than a stuffy messroom in the very heart
of the city.
Spence nodded his acceptance, and the three
men turned toward the lower section of the city,
where a brisk sea breeze sweeping through the num-
erous open windows of a high building would make
for relaxation and enjoyment.
Seymour kept up the talking; he was like a
man who, having been extremely fortunate in the
midst of others' misfortunes, cannot help dwelling
upon his remarkable escape.
They threw their horses' reins to an ostler con-
nected with Blundell Hall, as the lodging house was
called, on their arrival there, then trooped up
the long stairs to the top storey. Finding a roomy
space at the south end of the latticed verandah, in
which sash w.vinndown were .- et, they sat diwn and
ordered madeira. The hairs were loui. luw uand
capacious, with comfortable arm-rests, the breeze
was blowing in steadily. the street with its smells
and dust was far below. All three men took ff
their.gauntlets, and then Seymour noticed that Cap-
tain Spence had lost the little finger of his left hand.
The wine as c,.,li. and they sipped it with
relish. There were other groups on the verandah,
and in the hall into which it opened, and of course
the one and anril topic if conversation was the dis-
aster. Seymour stuck t-. that tack He supposed
that now he would be able to get a fine estate
pretty .heiap. as he had ready money with which t
pay for it. That nwa a great advantage just now,
when capital wouildl he dr-eadfully s.arce He was
sorry he had not been able to buy Morgan Cas-
tle, but what on earth could you do with a vain,
stuck-up young woman like that, one whose ideas
(Continued on Page 84)

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Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Page 83)
were so much above her station in life? He didn't
believe that these people should be allowed to own
so much property; he had thought it was against
the law. It was certainly against reason that they
The wine had mellowed Captain Thorton, and
loosened his tongue. He smiled slyly.
"Now look here, Huntly," he chuckled, "are
you sure that something else besides disappointment
at not getting the property is not in your mind?
Your grievance seems to rankle!"
John laughed, and helped himself to more mad-
eira. "Well, to speak the truth, that girl did rather
try to make a fool of me," he admitted. "She's dev-
ilish good-looking, you know, and I passed the time
making love to her. But, by gad, sirs, what does
she do but up aid talk about marriage-mar-
riage! I thought she was making fun when she men-
tioned that, but I'm damned if she didn't seem to
mean it. You couldn't do anything with her, and I saw
that I was only wasting my time, so I cleared out
after one last trial of her precious virtue. Virtue
indeed! I wonder what we shall be hearing of next,
damn their souls!"
He spoke like a man growing angry at a rem-
iniscence which hurt his vanity or his pride. Cap-
tain Sp'-~le chuckled. Captain Thorton crowed.
"She's a little mad," he said with conviction,
for Elizabeth's rejection of his own overtures had ap-
peared to him as something akin to insanity. "But
she's a pretty baggage. She told me s.mattet'ug
about your case, Seymour."
"Oh, she's in Kingston, is she? Perhaps you
got her to come here! That's it, eh? By gad, but
you military fellows get all the prizes! Well, I wish
?-u jo'\. Thorton; but you have got a handful, I can
tell you."
It did not suit Captain Thorton to confess that
he had failed with Elizabeth, so he would not an-
swer anything as to her present whereabouts or how
he had fared with her. But he was beginning to
like this decent planter fellow who evidently
thought-so much of him, and in his present merry
frame of mind he wanted to tell him something
highly amusing.
He laughed. "I heard the story at Morgan Cas-
tle," he said. "I was down there very shortly after
I met you in Kingston."
"Followed her there, eh? I did think that that
afternoon visit of yours, in Kingston, was not for
"Followed you, my good fellow; but did not find
"Followed me?" asked John, with a slightly puz-
zled air. He knew he was playing his part well.
"Yes; and you will be amused. You may re-
member I told you that a chap called Burt came one
day and said he had known a common seaman who
had changed his name and was here as a spy?
Well, it was thought you might be the spy-
there have been one or two found here-and that
It would be prudent to hunt you up and find
out something about you. I took on that job; but
you had left Morgan Castle when I got there, and a
day after I came back to Kingston we found that
Burt bore,a very bad character even on a ship where
all the characters were probably bad; as a" matter
of fact they kicked- him out when the ship came
here. When he found that he was not going to re-
ceive any immediate reward, nothing at all until
something definite was found out about you, he
joined another ship and cleared out. He could have
been prevented from going, but he kept his move-
ments quiet. Naturally, we didn't bother any more
about you; his old captain suggested that we ought
instead to bother a great deal about him, for he was
a thief. He gave me some trouble, though, the
The three men laughed as at a good tale, but
John would not let the matter drop at once; he must
not appear anxious that it should.
"You say that you came to look for me, Thor-
ton, and of course you did," he said waggishly, "but
I'll bet ten to one that if Mistress Elizabeth had
not been where I was supposed to be, a certain gal:
lant captain would not have taken Master Burt's
story so seriously. There was a lady in the case:
but she was worth a little trouble. There's a damned
fine lot of ,girls-in this country, though; she's not
the only one. Why-"
He commenced to talk generally about the girls
of the country, and to this conversation the two
Captains liberally contributed. It was nearly sever
o'clock before they took their departure, and John
promised to meet them some time after drill
on the Parade the following afternoon. He saw
them to their horses, then slowly returned upstairs
His daring had won to a successful issue. Burl
had disappeared; he could not be here again for
months, and might never return, probably would(
not. Even if he did, he would count for nnthinm
The island was at the moment in a state of confu
-i.i.n. many ruined men would soon be. leav-ing it
There would be no difficulty about getting awa]



APTAIN Scudamore is portrayed in the picture
appearing above as standing with a gay smile
amidst the verdant surroundings of the Myrtle
Bank Hotel, the background being formed by wav-
ing coconut palms. Captain Scudamore spends most
of his life on the sea, which he loves, and might have
been expected to have his portrait taken on the
deck of a ship. Even as it is. h,-wever, behind ,he
coconut palms are the waters ot Kingern hurhbour
Captain Scuddmore, appareutl.y could never get far
from the sea.
It is an amateur picture of him that is printed
here, but an excellent pi.tureR nevr'thelees. Father
strict when out upon the o.ean. we see him now,
on land, relaxed, almost breaking into a laugh, and
enjoying immensely a few hours' respite fronm the
incessant responsibilities of a man in command
He is well-known in Jamaica, and in Barbados.
Trinidad, Santa Marta and Costa Rica. He is C.nm-
modore of the Elders and Fynfe. Great White Fleet,
and in June 1929 he was elected a ntembber of the
Council of the Mercantile Marine Service Associa-
tion. He is a Younger B]rother of the Trinity House,
and one day may be made an Elder Brother--a very
distinguished position. He is a Fellow idt' the Royal
Mier1.L al S. and holds the naval rank of a
C.' rn lander in the Royal Navy Reserve.
Like so many other captains of our British Mer-
cantile Marine, he -erred his country during the war.
He received the written tank. of' his Admiral for
carrying special despat:heb".uidertjook important con-
voy duties in the North Atlantic, an.J was awarded
the D. S. C. (Distinguished Service Crossi for his
war services. For nearly thirty years he has held a
Master's Certificate; for twentyflve years he has been
in the service of Messrs. Elders and Fffes' as one
of their captains. He is one of the freshest-looking
men at sea, with very many years of activity still
before him, If he becomes an Elder Brother of the
Trinity House, the organisation which is the British
authority on mercantile matters, he will have ful-
filled one of the legitimate ambitions of his career.

now, epe, iallb if one had enough money to oil the
palms of the shipping agents. Freight would be
scarce for some time; the ships would be only too
glad to make a little money. Indeed, he would not
even need to get away surreptitiously. He owed
no one a n thinly he could advertise his intention of
leaving quite openly and not a soul would take
the slightest notice of his name. The situation had
changed within the last few days, and henceforward
the bold course would be the best.
But Elizabeth? He had not been able to inform
her yet of the cause of his detention in Kingston.
The two Hamilton slaves who had come with him
almost to the city's boundaries had been sent back
to their own place, and there was no overland post
available as yet. She would be wondering about
him, fearing for him. Well, he w...ull endeavour
to get into touch with her as soon as possible; mean-
time he could do nothing to relieve her anxiety. 9


Plays an important part in human affairs.
It is the motive of most of our actions,
and even in business, sentiment has its

We go further


We make it rp:,ssible ftr y.Ii to express
ile t.-n-ltc I'-t human emno.tiu- of Affection
and Ga,.tut ll in a tangible and permanent
S form.

S Whether it be a token ot Luve janl Fidel.
ity to your betrutlned, an exllre-i-ion otf"
appi.cti-t. on t 'fo:r G'id'- great gir of human
friendship, a parting gift ignifitant of.
evergreen reeniblianie., a < angratulator.
present to celkbrate some ..iutstauding si".-
cess, or a small souvenir that will recall
the happy days spent amidst the beantitul
sceneries of this -tun-kissed Island,-you
can obtain it from us.

Outr ht.ock of Ieautitful presents is selected
from i he pritiuipal. nmaikets if the wurld
and is replete with metclhadize of out
standing iqialit. and good values.

Wlieinevr -iyu think of making a (_ift-
Think of us. We ha\e something ini.iiie.
practical and lasting. that will aderluately
exprles- every sentiment.




I------------- -----------------------------------------------

"Cuba Elegante"



Jamaica's Leading Barber Establishment
Everything to make you look elegant.
Both for Ladies & Gentlemen.

We carry full stock of French. English.
German. American, Spanish and Cuban
Perfumery and Toilet Requisites. also
Post Cards, Views. Fancy Goods.
Kodak Films. Drugs. Theatrical Sundries
Tobacco, Cigars ana Cigarettes.


26 KING ST., KINGSTON, Phone 1331.

Agents for Kropp Razors. Dr. Ramirez
Marvellous Corn Cure, Eau Sublime.
Brandt's Eau de Henna, W. J. Rendell's
Soluble Pessaries, Arleoi: Injections Brou
and Matico. Cooling, Antiseptic Satisfying.

Bitt if he could get away. what should he do
with her? He ra..uld not take her with him. And if
lie went. what ahuut the plan they had formed, the
daring advellture that wa. ti:o make him master of
the couihtry?' He was here. in King-tnn. at this
very momennt, on account rtf that very scheme.
But here. in Kineast.--. i did not -eeni feis-
ible as it had done in the midst of lie wild mun-
tains. Here ie had under his rye thie drilling ol.




diers and the warships in the harbour, and all the
panoply of established authority and might, and
these did not look as if they could easily be over-
come. His earlier doubts had returned. He knew,
however, that such considerations would not have
influenced him three hours ago; it was because of
what he had heard from Thorton, and of the accept-
ance of him as an equal and a friend by Spence and
Thorton, that he had begun to think critically of a
plot into which he had so recently thrown himself.
But again his thoughts went back to Elizabeth.
She knew the truth about him. He might not
be suspected now by anyone; but she knew.
She had given herself to him, trusting that he
would marry her; and of that marriage she thinught
far more now than of the conquest of the island
with her Maroon allies.
Of course, he could slip away in a week or a month
and she would only know that he had gone after wait-
ing some time. He could go back to. Morgan Castle,
take possession of the money he had left there, return
to Kingston on the pretext that he was making
plans with Buckler, and then sail quietly away. And
after he had gone she -could do nuthiug. and would
do nothing. That way out of the diffrirltty as- prac-
But even as he thought of it Seymour felt a
sting of shame. That would be the meanest piece
of deception he would ever have been guilty .if in
his life. It would be worse than mere deserti..n,
he would have escaped at the cost of his remaining
shreds and tatters of self-respr(t.
Even the memory of his recent i:,nverisaion with
Thorton and Spence sickened him. He had had to
speak disparagingly of Elizabeth and had felt like a
cad when doing so. He loathed himself as he re-
called his attitude and his remarks, even though he
had not meant them.
He shook his head slowly; no, he could not do
that. He would not do that. It made him sick even
to think of it; he may have done some rasall..'
things in his day, but this time he was dealing
with a woman who had saved his life and given
him her heart, her body, her very soul. Towards her
at least he must act decently.
He realized that he liked her very much;
in fact, he said to himself, he loved her. He hadn't
at first, but he was sure that he did now. He
missed her; he could not think of being in some
other country, even England, without her; he would
want her with him. Yet .
He decided to think over the problem no more
for the present; perhaps some unexpected and hap-
py solution of it would arrive in a da. or two. Eli-
zabeth herself would be delightrd to learn that he
had not anything as much t., iiread as both of them
had believed, that as a matter of fact he was (quire
safe. But would it be altourlther wise to let her
know this immediately?
This wouill not do! Fie was breaking his resr,c
lution not i~_ think adnv mnure f his pribler- r u-
night. He u.uld retire after having lome dinner,
anl force himself to sleep.
He ate, drank rather more than he was in the
habit of doing, then "ent to bed. But in spite of
his utmost enmla~i-jurls he kept asking bhin-elf what
should he do in the new circumstances s that had
arisen. And for some hours he saw clearly, with
his mind's eye, the questioning, worried face of


TRUE to his feeling that the bold course was now
the safest, and exalted by being able to mix
freely, for the first time in some three years, with
the sort of men who, in England. he had consorted
with on a footing of equality, Seymour joined Cap-
tain Thorton and Captain Spence at the appointed
hour on the succeeding afternoon. But Spence had
been commissioned to repair to Spanish Town that
same afternoon, and could do no more than have
a drink with the other two in the officers' mess.
When Spence had left, Thiritn suggested to Sey-
mour that they should take a ride out of the town,
towards Torrington Bridge, where, he added, they
might go shooting some day: there were plenty of
fine birds in the woods about there.
"You know our headquarters?" he asked, as tliey
rode northwards; "where the General lives? It's a
fine house and he gives some rollicking entertain-
ments there. You ought to call."
"I will some day."
"Why not now? You can at any time."
John consented. He saw no reason why he
They turned immediately into Duke Street;
walking their horses they came in a few minutes
to one of the largest residences in Kingston, a two-
storey building with a gabled roof rising behind high
brick walls. The yard and principal entrance of this
building w.ertr approach litid by means of a flight of
stone steps 'i:pitig upairds from the level of the
street. Two armed sentries stood on guard at the
A light trap or calache drawn by two fine horses
and driven by a sable coachman in livery stood wait-
(Continued on Page S)


Pay rent month after month
rent receipts to show for it?
ments will buy you a home.

and have only a buclh i.f
Those ani monthly Jpay-


will provide the greater portion of the
money you need to build or buy; then
you do the rest.


LOAN4 are granted at the rate of 7-:. per annum for
Interest on amounts not exceeding two-thirds of the value
of Freehold Property.
PROFITS are divisible among Members.
SHARES cost 2/6 per month each.
THE VALUE OF EACH SHARE on maturity at the end of 10 years,
is 20 0 0 of which you will have paid 15 0 0 only.
paid at the rate of 12 12 6 per share last year.

Receipts for

197,763 17 8

Total Assets at
30th November, 1929

567,264 14 8

T. N. AGUILAR, ESQ., J.P., Chairman
M. M. ALEXANDER. ESQ. J. P., Deputy Chairman

Permanent Guarantee Fund
represented by Liquid Assets
at 30th November 1Q29
25,094 18 0




W, BOWMAN, ESQ. Chartered A ciur.arat





Kingaston, Ja.,, B.W.I.









Taylor's Croc kery.& Furniture Store,


l : 2, ..
I .







As the "WHITE SHIP" Sails with her Officers:
As te" Saithvr the Ofaeher"

Capt.. L. KELLY. Purser R. CRESSWELL
1st Officer E. CRESSWELL in charge of the Sails (Sales)
92 Harbour Street.- Kingston, Jamaica.
Illllllllllillllllllllllllllllllllllllllllll IIldl It II Illl llillllillilllllllllllllllllllllllllllllllillllllllllllllllllllllllll

Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Page 85)
ing before the entrance. As the two men drew in
their horses two ladies came out and began slowly
to descend the stairs. Thorton's right hand flew
to a ready salute, and Seymour, following his motion,
swept off his beaver. A glance at the face of' the
younger woman had sent the blood pounding to his
ears. He had given up all hope of ever seeing again
the girl of his desperate night's adventure on the
Windward Road; but here she was now, arrayed
like a great lady; and Captain Thorton had leaped
off his horse to go and greet her. Seymour also
dismounted, remaining somewhat in the background.
Agitated though he was, he showed nothing of his
"Delighted to see you," cried Captain Thorton,
and Joyce Breakspeare smiled conventionally.
"Mrs. Bull," she said, as she presented Captain
Thorton to the older lady, who shook hands with
him; then Thorton glanced at Seymour. He remem-
bered that he didn't know John much, but the man
was evidently a gentleman and seemed in a fairly
good position. So it would be safe to sponsor him.
"My friend, MVr. Huntly," he said, "if you will per-
mit me," and both the ladies shook hands with
"We were thinking of making a formal call on
the General," continued Thorton, as he helped the
ladies into their conveyance.
"He isn't in," said Mrs. Bull; "we have just
left his wife."
"Oh, we didn't expect to see him; humble cap-
tains can't see generals when they please," laughed
Captain Thorton. "Merely paying our respects for-
mally. We were going for a-ride afterwards."
"Why not come along with us now?" asked Mrs.
Bull, who was very fond of company. "We were
divided in our mind what to do. We thought of
going home and then we tho-ught of going for a
drive. Will you accompany us?"
"Only too pleased," agreed the Captain, though
he would.have preferred to have had his ride in
men's company alone. He took Seymour's acquies-
cence for granted, as the latter could scarcely re-
-._e such an invitation.
"Drive, Quamin," or-mmanded Mrs. Bull, and the
horses started off at ah easy trot, John and Thor-
ton riding on either side c'f the calache. As luck
--,uld have it, John rode next to Joyce Breakspeare.
What'he could not have imagined as ever likely to

come about, and what no contriving of his could
ever have brought about hadi ihappiened by the
merest chance. And the c rl war -miling and graci-
ous, and more beautiful (he tocugiht than when
he had seen her before.
They turned east, passed a mansion embowered
in great trees, which Mrs. Bull mentioned as "the
place I get the vapours in," then turned towards
the north again and at once found themselves in
a leafy wood through which ran some rough driving
paths. a wood which, like the rest of Kingsiton.
had not been serioluj1 affected by the hurricane.
There was a twittering of birds in the branches
overhead, and they saw tfo,'-k of there flyine to their
roosting places: ninacres and starapple trees, willt
cherry-mellons and euinep and other fruiting [rees,
grew wild about here. It was a sportsman's para-
dise, for where all this ft'o was. there would the
birds be thick and plentiful all the year round. but
John gave not a glance or a thought to anything
save Joyce; he was intoxicated by her proximity,
bewildered by the stroke io fiirtune which had
brought about his acquaintancerhiip with her \What
did it mean? His gambler's superstition suggested
that such an occurrence was not utterly accidental
but must have some occult significance.
The drive was not a :engtlhy one; Mrs. Bull
was one of those women who soon tire of every-
thing and are always craving for change. She knew
the-e woods well enough, Captain Thorton but slight-
ly, and Mr. Huntly not at all. It would be more
amusing to cultivate the acquaintance of two men
than to he trotted through what she called "bush".
She ordered her coachman to turn and drive in
the direction of home, saying at the same time to
Captain Thorton: "If you don't mind giving up your
ride this afternoon you might come to Bull House
and have a elans of wine with us."
Again the Captain consented: after all, Mrs.
Bull's husband was one of the first men in the
country, albeit only a civilian.
The spacious drawing-room of Bull House was
carefully darkened with green shades, and the dark
hue of the highly polished floor added to the cool
effect which the shaded windows induced. The room
was sumptuously furnished; on two great mantle-
pieces were vases which had been brought from Italy
and had been purchased at no mean price. The
walls were hung with pictures by artists who were
known; the settees and chairs were low, cushioned
and supremely comfortable. From the garden at the
front of the house had come the pink and white
roses which gave a touch of beauty and sweetness to
the ro:rm. and close to John sat the sweetest flower

(as he phrased it in his mind in all Jamaica. She
was talking to him as though she had known him
for quite a long time: ialLing, not about the hurri-
cane and earthquake which were in everybody's
mind, but about the war which England was wr~g-
inm on sea and land against the redoutable Powers
of France and Spain.
"If T were a man." said Tryce, and he Ihnotied
h-w lepr andl vibrant wab her voice. "I would he
a soldier :ir a -ailor. It is a great life, either."
"Yes. my dear." interpolated Mrs. Bull, who hail
overheard the remark, "but think of how much the;.
suffer. Only a few months ago I saw some of our
men who came back from that wretched place. Nica-
ragua. I had seen them set out on the expedition
in January of this very 3ear: and when they came
back they looked like scarecrows. There was that
poor little fellow, Captain Horatio Nelson. who I
thought was going to die: he had got fever or some.
thine. And there were a lot of others who never
came back at all. Still. of course," admitted Mrs.
Bull. "there must be some to fight."
'That attempt on Nicaragua would probably have
succeeded if it bad been undertaken by the military
alone." ,i mmented Captain Thorton. "But the Navy
was in it aleo, and a mixed effort like that rarely
sucrecds The commanders are always at variance,
and the subordinate ranks suffer. I say that the
Army should be left in charge of land expeditions.
and that the Navy should confine itself to operations
on the sea."
'And the merchants and the planters should
find the money for both services." commented Mis.
Bull. nnhose husband was both a great planter and
*Every man to his trade." agreed Captain Thor-
ton. "If the Navy con'eys: soldiers to some point
-.n land. it has done its part; the rest should be
left tu the soldiers. But the Navy men are always
thinking they can do soldiers' work. It is not al-
way., they can do their own Rodney didn't eatn de
Guiche off Martinique this year; some people think
that de Guichie got the better of that eincunter.
Yet the Navy men act as if the whole safety of
England and these plantation. depended upon them."
"But de Guiche didn't beat us." put in Juo)iL
proudly. "and Rodney will smash the French yet.
He ik a wonderful man. Have yn.u met himl Mr.
Hunti' ?"
"No. I anm orry I haven't. You see. while in
Jamaica. I have been engaged in planting." answered
"And very useful work too." observed Mrs. Bull.



'"Unhl.ubtedly," said John, with great courtesy:
he remembered that Colonel Breakspeare was a
planter. "Yet I share Miss Breakspeare's feeling'
to be in these times a sailr ur a soldier is a great
privilege. There is a great deal to do, and a man
could not spend his time better than serving the
King on land or sea."
"You look cut out for a soldier, Huntly," re-
marked Captain Thorton grain iously. "I can easily
see you in charge of a good regiment of infantry-
or cavalry."
"You are engaged in planting in Jamaica?" ask-
ed Joyce. "So i- n y father. He is in St. Thomas,
and he has properties in St. Catherine too. But I
have heard him wish often of late that he was in
the regular Army."
"We take volunteers," said the Caprain jC.,i.s'el\.
"A lot of volunteers went t... Ni.aragia. freve mnla.
toes and negroes too, with militia (rthiers. But it
would be hard on your father at his time of life
to take on such a duty, Miss Breakspeare. It's kill-
ing work."
"But noble work," insisted J.l:i.e. who would
only see the r-.maniti': side of war at that nmomeint
"Noble work!" echoed Seymour; "I agree with
you entirely, Miss Breakspeare." Then, on the ini.
pulse of the moment, and to win favour in the sight
of this girl, he added: "the next time there i- a
call for volunteers I am going to offer my .,,rvic e-
"Splendid!" iriedI Joyi.. clapping her hands,
though Mrs. Unill nrily looked at Seymniur a-, thi.ugh
she thought he ...:uldn't have mui:h senie. "You'll
probably come bae k a hero "
"Or very ill," i .iminented Captain Thortuii nruln
ly. "But that's fine ,ft \.i, Huntrl.. and .-:'u'll I\e
your opportunity very s~o.-i. I :all ai',ilue you. We
are making plans now, or talking about them f.i
an attack on the beastly Dous in our neighbourhood.
We didn't do mu ih ii .lanuar.i, but next tinm w,?
should have better luck. If we don't beat them sonn
they'll give us a lot of tr.-ilble It's, likely thai
Holland will shortly be in the war against u-. .li
the American Colonies are taking a luit r men i With
France, Spain. Holland and the Colonies, our hands
will be pretty full. We -hall need every man we
can get."
"I shall see about becoming a volunteer im-
mediately," resumed John, fired by the admiring
approval of the girl. "I thought of buying atu.ith.'
property, but that can easily wait until the war ik
over. What you have said," he went on, with a
courtly bow to Joyce, "has definitely decided me. I
will go on the next expediti'.i,. if there i ,rne I
am depending on Captain Tliint, n i... mi the detail,
for me."
"No difficulty whatever about that." said the Cap-
tain, who w,,- genuinely plenaed that Huntly. wi-sh
ed to bee.,-me a soldier, ev-en if he ould only be a
volunteer soldier "'The thing can be ar ranged it
once, and vali can ret .onlie training. Yti are an
excellent r'erutitei. Mi.s Breakspeare"' lie i -.iu lud
ed, bowing to Joyce.
She flu-he-d wat h pilealre, and elati-ed with
new interest at John. He had made it clear rthi
it wa-, her w,,rds and attitude that had derided hbu
to hl--.rt peai'efll ,jiccipatioas for a time--anl it
might be [f'lreve'r-iarl [i- go to the %;ar. She .-as
thrilled at this open admission of her influence. Andi
she would not have been a woman had she not
been pleased that the wish to please her, and t.% win
her approbation, had been the determining fact.-,r in
John's decision.
The talk drifted to the recent earthquake and
hurricane; those tremendous events could not long
be forgotten. Then the gentlemen took their de-
parture. Mrs. Bull extended to them, before they
left, an invitation to drop in at any time. She kept
open house; she would always be delighted to see
li-rm. and they could not doubt that she meant
what she said.
In the course of the conversation in the draw-
ing room, it had transpired that The day before the
hurricane Joyce had come to Kingston to spend some
time at Bull House, the mistress of which was a
distant relative of hers. John concluded -hi;,i if he
became a visir-'r of Mrs Bull's he would meet Joyce
fairly often. Aid help wanted to meet her, wished
to be with her is ..lten a- pi-,iblile if he went
to the war-andi evideitly --ime expedlitrin wa- even
now being ar'iianed t r-airnd re iirniiedi afe, she
would think -in.metliii .i-f Iii. and in the midst
of his riding back rt.. hii I- : .deng house he paued.
pulling in hi- hi.r-,F iii[iv Ci .p in Thrrton
ed also and akr.-i hillni ald I nis the nattelr. He re-
plied "nothi-' The ( shrewdly en-ni eij
"Thinking of the beauty we have just left' Hun'
ly?" but John made no r-pipy. IIE hail -udidenui
thought of the coil in which he found himself F.,r
side by side with Joyce's face had slpranii rut. in
his mental vision, the face of Elizabeth;ii. And,
as he saw then, it wore a minatory look.


THE i:P,,l.ii., postal arrangements, i rimnitive at
best, had been completely disoranised by the
hurricane; letters posted might arrive at their des-
(Continued on Page 88)


Boots and Shoes














46 Port Royal Strelt.

31, 313 & 790 King Street

91 King Stremt
Port Maria & Montego Bay.




Mann Chung Tong & Co.


NEW% YorIK. U.S.A.


"()t Cosmopolitan"

The Leading Local Mo0nthly Nlagazine.

Regular features include Sports, Muiic. Poetry, Humour,
Kiddies' Corner, Ladies' Note,, VictririL League Notes, The
lluer .'Club.

Published Monthly at,6d. per copy, 6/- per annum p.f.
Sold at Jamaica Times and Astley Clerk.

pcrtial T(lri stmtas NuamTrr.





Although teeth are white



Pu ri ties.



Sole Agent

Morgan's Daughter
(Continued from Page 87)
tination at any time within a fortnight and by any
manner of means. Therefore, John knew, it would
not surprise Elizabeth that she should not hear from
him for some time. But she was daily expecting to
see him; she would conclude that some misfortune
had come to him should he continue to be absent
and silent for any length of time. The wisest thing
to do, then, was to pay a hurried trip to Morgan
Castle, negotiating the damaged, obstructed, wretch-
ed roads as well as that could be done, and then
return to Kingston. He would bring back with him
a part of the money he had left with Elizabeth. It
would not do to take the whole: that would too
plainly betray his intentions.
Seymour thought all this out that night after
leaving Captain Thorton. His mind was made up;
he was about to act a knave's part, but he told
himself fiercely that there was nothing else to do.
He did not love Elizabeth. For a little while he
had thought so, had deceived himself into believing
so. But he had never loved her, and that had been
made flamingly clear to him by his meeting with
Joyce Breakspeare. To pass the rest of his life with
Elizabeth would be hell to him so long as Joyce re-
mained alive and seemed attainable; and attainable,
however remotely, she did seem now. By a wonder-
ful stroke of fortune he had met her, and her treat-
ment of him had been kind. Burt had disapipare.l;
he possessed some means; a way was open to him
to redeem himself. It was a gambler's chance, but
he would take it all the more gladly because he was
a gambler. He would go as a volunteer in the next
expedition against the Spanish colonies; if he died,
well, that would be the end of everything, the solu-
tion of all his difficulties. But if he did well and
lived, that also might be the solution of his dif-
ficulties and the beginning of a new life for him.
There was but one obstacle-Elizabeth. If she
spoke, he was finished. If she denounced him, he
was done.
As he thought of this his features hardened, he
was conscious of a feeling of hate against Elizabeth.
He was all the more conscious of this because he
realized how much he owed to her. And he knew
he was about to inflict upon her an injury that
would wound her very soul. The knowledge of that
angered him, maddened him, then into his mind



for Every


'I-IIr iij lll f "ii,.n 7. i. .-.t -r', all
pr- i-lil- r.*...uirj iir ai rrjrouwit<.-it the
S..rl.I laoi- ,r .il... .1 Ii' r t inower '-
...:I in..- i -di i a l itIIJi r-a l ,.hines
r.r I.iilvi r.. Iitsy .,I n'. s.'.i- pub-
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rt n'iii ..i rf-, is.. liI L'e*-t '_n eta .
This is a machine -i-..,i.l.i .I--
*i.i- i for dealing iii i ri,, k
- u grass a si.l acr,-- Il.rr
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dealt with ,r,.r. l,.,ri l I. rh.-
ordinary lawn i..,w,-r irv; IlrL'
wheels are of E,.rr., I.r;. ..,.. I
er and bal! l b l' ... r'rr,.I 1
One size -.1I. --14 n.
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COn"SOmes Lawn Mowers.


there leapt an idea, a whisper from the darkest
depths of infamy. If Elizabeth disappeared entire-
ly, died .... .. He sprang up as the thought flashed
through his mind. He answered it with an empha-
tic No!
On the following day he entered his name as
a volunteer for the next expedition against the
Spanish in the Caribbean. He found that many other
white men, nlow rendered workless by the recent
destruction of property, were doing the same. The
next thing now was to see Elizabeth.
John knew that in his life he had acted basely
again and again, and was about to do so once more.
It seemed as though to do so was his nature or
his fate. But he sought to find some sort of pallia-
tion in the belief that now, at any rate, lie was
turning into a way of life that might lead to de-
cency, even if at the turning he must lie to a wo-
man who had saved his life and whose heart might
be broken. He knew he was taking a risk in playing
fast and loose with Elizabeth, and he tried to per-
suade himself that that half redeemed his new course
of action, since, if he lost, he must pay in disgrace
and death through her instrumentality. And yet the
feeling that he was about to act meanly, iion tnipthilv.
persisted, and was a constant irritant to his temper.
He left Kingston very early one morning, his
destination being Morgan Castle. It was over a
week since he had taken leave of Elizabeth. He would
see her again that evening.
It was an arduous journey that he made. But
he arrived at last after night-fall; arrived to find
a light burning in the house, and to hear a joyful
exclamation as soon as his voice was recognized.
The door was thrown wide open in welcome; Eliza-
beth, in a loose dressing gown, herself was in the
entrance hall to welcome him. She threw herself
into his arms, in a transport of joy. "Oh, Jack,"
she cried, "I Was beginning to fear that something
dreadful had happened to you; I was thinking of
coming on to Kingston to find out what had become
of you."
"And yet, Bess, I could hardly have come back
earlier, could I?" he asked, trying to appear glad
of this reunion. "The roads are terrible, and every-
thing is in a state of confusion in Kingstin. and
in the whole island. I got away as soon as I could."
"I know that, dear; but you must be tired and
starving. Let .me get you something to eat. You
will find water in my room for washing; hurry
up, and have some supper. Poor Jack! what a time
you must have had."

.. ,, ,', ,,,, ,,I ,, .,


She attended to his needs herself. placed a
cold supper for him on the table in the dining room,
helped him to food, sat down to watch him as lie
ate. She waited until he had satisfied his hunger,
then looked questioningly at him. What bad he to
say? she wondered.
"I did not see Buckler," he began at length.
"Then?" hopefully.
"It was no use waiting to see him. Nobody
knew for certainn where he was. It must have been
some time ago that Hamilton was in touch with
him. I nould make no very close enquiries about
hin. of course : he is suspected of having been a
smuggler. and that restrained me. But I am afraid
that we shall have to let him alide. It was no use
hanging abo:iut Kineston on the off-chance that he
might put in an appearance And yet we can do no-
thing without him."
'No." she agreed: "but what have you decided
upon?" There was a note of anxiety in her voice.
'I have decided tvn follow your advice." he said,
"and to give up the idea of raising the Maroons and
the slaves, with ille fen ilisc,,otented whites of dubi-
ous character. Our plot is dissolved, Bess. It will
not ork."
She breathed deeply: then she smiled quickly
and clapped her hands for joy
"It is as well." she said. "I have been hoping
for this I have been terribly perturbed. Ja> k. ever
since what happened at Yallahs Plantation. and
every day while you were away I feared that you
had he-n taken. I could not have endured the sus-
pense much longer. But it doesn't matter now; you
are here. and you could not have been in much
danger. or you would not have been able to stay in
Kingston all these days and yet come back to me.
What is your plan now. Jack?"
He began laltiiilv. though he had his speech
"I have thought it all out. Bess. I think I can
make good my f,-itine in this island if I can be
of scme service t the Government. There is in pre-
paratiiin an expeditilun against a part 'if the Spanish
Main and many men are volunteering for it. They
will take me and ask no questions. If I go and
return I shall be able to live in Jamaica as I please,
especially as the authorities believe that I used to
be in Westmoreland, where everything has been
changed by the hurricane. It is my great chance. I
am going to take it. I shall come back safely-I feel
it. And then there will be onthlng more for you
and me to fear."

he~CCIC*hVr~ ---u,, -----ul.-Y--u----------u

-- --







A few moments of silence followed this speech.
Such a proposition had not been expected by Eliza-
beth. It took her breath away.
"You mean that you are going to leave me be-
hind?" she asked at length.
He blazed into anger, unreasonably, since her
question was quite natural--a woman's cry.
"How in the name of God could I join the army
and take you with me?" he demanded harshly. His
Lit-n xpmt lied-i ,nier and his tone at once awakened her
nm Iil i 1 t" Il iilt.
"But you do not need to go," she insisted, prob-
ing him with her eyes. "If they do not now sus-
pect you of being a deserter or a spy, you are safe
enough here. There is no call for you to become a
volunteer. I thought you had had enough of the
King's service on the ship where they nmaikei-' your
back with a lash; why then this great anxiety to
enlist, even if only as a volunteer, unless it is to
get rid of me? You didn't seem very happy when
telling me of your plan, and you seem to have given
up the other plan very easily, after protesting, against
my wish, that it must be carried thriu--i.l I\,tli ,
has happened to you in the last few da.-. Jack?
Has the prospect of safety change( r.,I '
He knew that it was t',. th...uih there was also
another reason which she '-mrld ni.r know. He was
angry that she came so near to guessing at the
whole truth, but he kept a grip on his temper.
To his credit it must be admitted that the admis-
sion in his run iii at this moment was that he owed
her too much to hurt her any more than he must.
"Can't you see, Bess," he argued, "that this is
my opportunity of hetimiiiiii- again? I am not go-
ing as a common soldier but as a iLutleDma.i volun-
teer. When I come back, perhai!r in three or four
months, life will be quite dintit-_ni for me. If you
loved me really you would not try to prevent my
making use of this opportunity."
"And will the ~-ri.-niia- i i.lllunterii' wi-lh to oni.,r :
Elizabeth Morgan?" she asked him bitterly; then
her face quickly brightened. "Or do you mean that
you will marry me before you go, Jack?"
He was on the horns of a dilemma. He did not
wish to deceive her more than he felt he absolutely
must; but if he gave her an excuse for not marry-
ing her before he left the country she would not be-
lieve him; already her mind was poisoned with
doubt. There was no way out of the difficulty save
by lying.
"That is what I thought of doing," he answer-
ed glibly enough. I won't leave for some time yet;
I have to undergo some training first, and, anyhow,
It is not decided yet when the expedition will sail.
I shall have to return to Kingston for a while, when
I will .onir' back for you, marry you, and when I
am back frin, the Main we can settle down on this
property and I will do what I can to improve it.
Perhaps," he went on with a forced smile, feeling
that -pFe- lh wo'i.llbi be berlr than anyi awkward pause,
w- hall be mnmh happier '*1i than a.- '.,rds of li tj
counti'y I shall nit fetl inm -elf af prisoner rlhni. I
don't f-el ni. self a prikii,r r now iini e in' ulm-i'an'--
have fip-l'd me. and that Iiinkei a greai deal r[i :lit
erenc.e to inc. I like -xrii-niceji. )ut I -lhall pI'
bably have as inii-lih i[ tlih.i aS I ant in the wir
After.that, I can settle IlI.'-\ii % Nlh v' We num
even go to England after i atimi, Tli-vy A'n't Rk,"
me there then; all the p.,-t \ ill lhaie been -iui;.
So he rattled on, but the effort to keep this sort
of thing up was an increasing strain. For she was
looking at him steadily with eyes which seemed
deeps of misery. He had not succeededd in removing
her suspicions. He had si ren.hetlniFed them. His
smile, his manner, his words were forced, and she
perceived that with cruel clearness.
'He could stand it no I'.rwEi. With a gesture of
great weariness he rose and rei!ii.rkeii that he must
have some rest now; they witll, talk the matter
over further in the morning. "Wlipere '.i I -leep?"
he asked, remembering that -ili"e that fit't niilit
at the Maroon Town they had slept ticethler
"In your old room," she an.-w.-redl .-hlil'; "I
will have your thinsI placed in it "
She called to a girl and par. her some direc-
tions. The girl went into her room anii began to
remove from it one or itwo, thini- ihat Jlln i:i ad
left behind when he and Elizabeth had uiidrt iku-n
their journey to the Mari,,..n To:,wi. .John underit-"al:
at once that Elizabeth had intended that her sleel'in?
apartment should be al-.:i hi? -,n1 hi- return t.. hi',r
from Kingston; she had legar.i-edl her~e-lf as- ,-n-
with him. Now there was a hliatigI ini her atti-
tude. Her manner, instead of being angry and tem-
pestuous, as he had feared it nmiilit be, was still
and icy-a development he had not expected. She
seemed to be weighing him in frigidl -ai:ale He felt
terribly embarrassed; he stood there luekiin on, not
being able to find a word to say that wulili sound
-ii- l.ti and relieve the tension. Then Elizabeth did
.,iniithhiii else that was significant. She had put
his money in a little strong box which -hie had
kept looked up in a big trunk of hers. He saw her
,miilt' transfer this box from her room to the room
in which she had said he should sleep. She did this
herself; then, retracing her steps, quietly baie him




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,-,,1night. She xenr into her room, and the door
closed behind her with a heavy thud.
There had iben no open quarrel. She had not
raised her voice, had not even argued much with
him; but her restraint, her reticence, were worse
than any expl,..-i'.n could have been. What was she
tliink:ing of? What did she imagine? He was glad
that she could know nothing about Joyce Break-
speare, could not even gtue-- that he had seen or
met her. That would have made matters at the
moment infinit.ely \v.rse.
It was imp..-ihle for him to sleep at first. He
was worried; and then he became einrnged. The
worser element- ..f lii dir..pcsitin liteani to stir;
the quick feeling .f hart for her that he had oncee
at least experieniedi in Kignstitu nlav stirred ,i1
him once more; hie ielt that he wa:s in her
hands and his gorge rose at the realisation of his
predicament. What was going to happen later on
if she ever learnt the truth, ever came to know vhl..-
he had left her? Could Jamaica possibly be a safe
place for him? Had he not better leave it for g.i.-i'
and all while he could, and leave bhli women be-
hind him, Joyce as well as Elizabeth? But then, h-
iurthEr reflected, all the luck seemed to be coming
his way now; it might hold; it was worth while
staking something on its persistence instead of tame-



ly abandoning it. The future must be allowed to
take care of itself; the recent past had treated him
a';:ini:hinilil well, all liilne considered. W'bhy should
he not trust his present lu, "
Yet he wished thit El ,a.ih-tli did not love him
as much as she did. Her love would cause her to
make tremendous s. arilicp- for him; that he knew;
I.llr. L'V\eiu ii ll a lharaCteti aw' hers, might it not
alis, lead hi'er t,1 l de'peratt thing-? Or would she
I' ,tlil trhl_ iinevilta lh i in the illnd. a'l'iee that a
maln of lii- pr..aiiion-lif he- ..n to: any positio'n--
nlii t ihe in!ittd t- a trtniiau 'tif hi" I'wtu type, and,
if -he did nit will ti:lo ivi\- liim lip, agree to be his
priiiately. tluIs t.,.llnw i ati an esrallii-llrl custom of
Ihe O::iMnt)'
He hinimelf did nut ainirt thi- At the moment
h- telt virtniiInsl\ exalted in the nmarrer of sexual
irelati.-ni-hips. he aishled t, (i\i)te himself entirely
tii .J3n.1e. t'. be hier \\ti 1ih n,[ all-\ or reservation.
Built there- were ciruTruiltarniei which he could !lot
icnnre-. it wa-. Iip)on these that he speculated now.
Elizabeth had fiercely prrote ted naainst the very idea
that lhe l-tliuld lIbe:irue rt'e mistress of any man
whatsoeier; and if shle had a:, tullly become his, that
was Iecauise he htid pkedged himself to marry her,
and be:au'se alo.. if the pt ul:ir influences of that
night when the Marron Ill ;- had accepted him as

... ....._ ... .... .... . . . . . .. ...

_ _U C

................ ., ............ ......... ......... ......... ...... ............... ........ ..... ... .... .



________..~.Y..~~~~1 m......... .D I _





Cubic Yards of Water

per Hour.

Recovered from under-

ground sources through

the scientific Develop-

ment of Deepwells in




Box 367.

Our Object




Kingston, Jamaica.
a .a..~~ n :. 1 ,1?1- : i-- .. ... 1 + ., -= i. l ,,,,,, ....... -. I .. .....- ---'- "

their leader. Still, the relations now between thiem
made the past altogether different from thie piesini:
now she might be inclined to acquiesce in the second
best if the best itself could not he had. It was done
here every day.
Why should she not change her views on be.
coming the mistress of a man, if that man -were
himself, and he could not marry her? Had she
not shown that she -could completely ablantiol
a long-cherished dream because of hwve and fe:t'i
for him? Where now was her grandir-,e -lllenie rIr
seizing the country? She had thrown it aside, had
implored him to throw it aside, and this even -~ hi.'
the Maroons were secretly preparing for a great up-
rising. She was a woman; she would not wish to
lose him entirely; she would forgive him and accept
what he had to offer. In time she would become
reconciled to it, especially if she should have a child.
And that would be the best way for him and for
her out of a terrible mess.
Everything was argued out as it might affect
him, not as it might affect the two women with
whom, he had come to believe, his life was entang-
led. The alternative of letting Joyce go out of his
life, especially as she had hardly entered it at all,
did not seriously occur to him now that he be-
lieved he saw a way to rehabilitate himself in the
society of his class. He did not face fairly the fact
that what he actually proposed was to deceive two
women for his own advantage and satisfaction. He
thought of himself alone.
The next morning found him prepared to ride
back to Kingston. He had at first intended to re-
main a day at Morgan Castle, but the atmosphere
of the place, created by the visible estrangement be-
.tween him and Elizabeth, was too much for hie
nerves. She had not expected his departure so early.
"Already!" she exclaimed, when he mentioned
that he would have to leave, but she did not accept
hlis offer that he should remain that day if she
desired it. To this offer she said nothing, and he
thought he had better go.
But when his horse was brought round a feel-
ing of shame and of real regret (tauied him to
turn to her with some kind words of farewell. and
that feeling gave the accent of sincerity to his speech -
"Look here, Bess, don't think, as I can gee you
are thinking, that you are not going to see me again
I shall be back within a week; I swear it."
He meant thih; lie would come again to see her.
He walked up to her and stood looking into
her eyes.

"For Cod'- -ak'- don't let us part like this, if it is
even for o)nl a few day Don't you trust me?"
The scorn lf t' her ihrle stuiil him; but immediate-
ly after her mood melted and she was sobbing in
his armn- *)0. Jack," sie cried, "I want to believe
you. but I cannot. And yet I am going to try. 0
(;od. if yriu don't come back- "
He caught her and kissed her, feeling like a
caitiff as he saw her tears. "Within a week, I said,"
he replied with force. "Wait and see if I am not
here again wirhin a week." And because he mean
it his words carried conviction.
It was as if he had swept all her doubts and
fears away with that vehement promise. He might
be eoine away, for some time, but he would be bauck
within a week-and she remembered he had talked
last night about the marriage; had said distinctly
that he would marry her before he should leave
Jamaica as a soldier. Perhap.. she was judging him
wrongly; perhaps she was unjust to him. She could
not let him go like this. She kissed him intensely
in return, and murmured, 'F."'iri\- me, darling: I
ought not to doubt you."
It was a surrender on her part, and not the
iiit surrender, either, that she had made. He ans-
wered it w\irh a fervent embrace. "Within a week,"
he repv'ated and r,.,I. away feeling that he did care
very much for her indeed, whatever he might thin.:
at moments. He was happy at this parting. It
lshl'wrd t.ii -he loved him far too well to let him
go in silenme or in hate. She would never hate him
for long. Of that he was now entirely '.,niii'le,.
She would be as n\ax in hi,: hands.


"THREE and five are eight, and four are twelve."
TThe bystanders scanned the dice swiftly and
gave the addition; the score had been followed as
swiftly by the players at the table.
"Two fives and a six-sixteen. You can't beat
that, Huntly!"
John answered nothing. but _athered the dice,
poured them int. the wooden cup, shook them long
and carefully; then threlr
"The lowest throw," cried Captain Thorton, who
was not playing. "You are out of luck to-night,
"And have been these last three nights," added
John, who showed, however, no sign of disappoint-

The mess-room was full of officers. There were
also one or two important civilians present. All had
been playing at one time or another, most of them
for moderate stakes. Only about a dozen were now
engaged. At the table with John were two other
men, one of them the Colonel commanding the re-
giment in Kingston. He had just won twenty pounds.
It was about midnight. The man who had
thrown twelve rose and yawned: "I have had
enough," he said. Seymour, tempted thuiizh he was
to continue playing, in the hope of retrieving his
fortunes, saw that ihe Colonel had no wish to play
.igin. lhoug.,h of course, as the winner, he would
ihave icntiniued if the l,-loers had suggested that he
It wa lIte liist ga..niig had been indulged in
for thieie unihts i.,n a stretch. and Seymour had lost
heavily Perhaps the hll k would iha.nge to-morrow
niht.. he doubted the wisdom of going on now. So
he followed the example of the man who had risen
and professed that he too had enjoyed sufficient diver-
sion for the night.
A cool wind came in through the open windows
of the messroom, which faced to north and south.
The squalid city lay in obscurity outside, faintly
irnpleasanut rdc,.ur- r-tealing up to the nostrils of the
.-entlerien wlh' after dinner, had assembled here
to while away the tedious hours with the excite-
ment of gaming. Many a man had been ruined in
this room; now and ithen an officer or a civilian
had left it to put a final term to his playing and
to all his other a.tivitier But since a man might
die at any minment from some mysterious fever, or
initihr lie _-lnt siudidenly oiersea, ti eight against the
Spaniard in a Iiniare Fvenii wire th:id this, no one
gave much th.,ught to the p.s--fihilitv if hi.s losing
everything and lhaviiiI t. seek an es.iape from
difficulties in a few feet l i earth
Seymour talked with isome of the officers to
the sideboard heavily laden with bottles .if liquor,
and poured oiu fi.oi ini r!if a !tilf nipda-irre of old
rum. This he dillrtedl \i!th tle -s.eni-llr.] \water from
a great -artihenvware jar ithilh Iwas suppel-ed to have
cooling rip.)-rti- -. ind *,-ed it II would
drop in again hibrtly.. I,. said, with a laugh that
was very well siniulateil Then be bade them good-
night, went down the r-p- and trik his horse from
the patient slave who the animals left out-
side of the Barracks, and rode away.
Out of sight of thf company and in the midst
of the heavy malodorous darkness his pretence of
intlifferen..e dr._,pped from him, and sombre thoughts
flooded his brain.




.. ...... ...............~~~~~---~-L~ Y"

----- ii~.~i~i~n~h~u,,,,,,,.~i~~.m~-~.-1Y~~~~~ ~~I- .~~~~?~~~~-;;;;,~I~~



He had made a fatal mistake in accepting, a
few nights ago, an invitation to play at the mess.
He had sworn to himself that he would gamble no
more, not at any rate until he should have sufficient
money not to mind the loss of a few hundred pounds.
He had been husbanding the funds he had robbed
from Colonel Breakspeare to make a new beginning
in life; yet the moment temptation presented it-
self he had succumbed. He had been lucky on com-
ing to Kingston this last time; he had hoped and
believed that ill fortune had left him and a new turn
of the tide had come; and partly because he had
persuaded himself that this was so he had the more
eagerly agreed to gamble. Now once again he found
himself faced with very serious difficulties.
He had talked to Thorton and to others as
though he had, not a great deal of money, but much
more than he actually possessed. He had had it
in mind to try to carve out a fortune somehow-
how, he did not quite know, but he knew that the
capture of a Spanish city on the Main might meau
booty or advancement for a courageous gentleman
volunteer: such things still happened. With what
he might make out of the wars, and with what
he possessed, he might achieve something substan-
tial. That had been his hope.
Somewhere in the vague future loomed a girlish
figure who talked romantically of war. She too was
a possibility; not more than that at the most; yet.
undoubtedly, she was in the picture. And then, when
gambling had been suggested to him as a lively
pastime-and he knew that all men of any position
gambled more or less-it had seemed to him that
here and now he might add to his means; that now
that his luck was so definitely in the ascendant he
must surely win. The flood of the tide was witn
him. He would take it boldly, as some days be-
fore he had taken the chance of remaining in King-
ston-to such excellent effect.
But now it seemed that his luck had turned
again; that the old ill fortune had once more set
in; that he was slipping backward and downward.
It was eight days since he had last left Morgan
Castle. He had promised Elizabeth to be back with-
in a week, and had meant to keep his word. But
the first night at the dice had swept that promise
out of his mind; he could think of nothing after
that save winning money. The old obsession had
seized him. He was more sober to-night. His losses
had sobered him.
What was he to do?

He must enquire particularly about ifh ir:'ijet.i-
ed attack on the Spanish colonies. The date and ob-
jective of that were being kept secret, but he would
ask about it; the ships and men might sail sooner
than he could guess. That was his only refuge now.
If he remained here much longer in idleness
he would spend or gamble away all his money. He
could refuse to play any more, it was true; but if
he stopped abruptly, if he refrained from playing for
the rest of the time he had to live in Kingston, they
would take him for a boaster or a coward. His
pretence of being comfortably off, then, could only be
maintained at the risk of his being ruined if the
expedition's sailing were iong delayed. Above all, he
doubted whether he should have sufficient steadfast-
ness to resist, day after day, week after week, the
rattle and call of the dice-box so long as he frequented
the company of men who played.
He could return to Morgan Castle? Yes; that
would be a way out of the difficulty. But it was
also a way that led directly to another dilemma, and
a worse. He could not linger at Elizabeth's house
for weeks doing nothing; he himself had suggested
that a parson to marry them might be found in
one of the coast towns, and she would expect him
to redeem his word. He would be able to find no
excuse for an indefinite delay. To go back to Mor-
gan Castle, for any length of time, then, was clearly
impossible, unless, indeed, he were to turn again,
desperately, to the plan he had abandoned, join the
Maroons, rouse the slaves, and make a bid for mastery
in this country.
That the Maroons were now waiting for a word
from him he was well aware; they could not know
that he had turned his back upon them.
His plight was sufficiently desperate. Should
he, then, become again the outlaw he was so re-
cently, take (and a dozen other wenches
afterwards if he so pleased), be the king of an
island as Morgan had once seriously thouJllt of be-
coming, live a wild, excited, hazardous life, or die
in the effort to achieve his object? He could still
get in touch with Eu kier. who must by this have
returned to the city, but he did not wish to do i;
He did not relish the prospect of having to live
among a gang of savage blacks and a few equally
savage whites. He craved for something different.
If he might not go back to England. at least he
must mix with men and .women of his own type
in Jamaica, or, striving to do so, die as so many

fellows had died after tempting fortune with the
dice and losing.
He recalled that he had promised to go and
see Elizabeth at Morgan Castle. Well, he would
keep that promise this week, in another day or
On the following day he again reviewed his
situation, but the night had brought no counsel,
the difficulties he had envisaged some hours ago
remained as menacing as they had been before.
That afternoon he called on Mrs. Bull.
This was the second time he had been there
within a week. The first time he had spent over an
hour with the ladies; on this occasion he found Joyce
about to set out for a drive by way of recreation;
Mrs. Bull was indisposed and kept her room He
was very glad of this.
He offered to ride with Joyce, and his offer was
accepted. The girl was dull in Kingston. Her fa-
ther had returned to St. Thomas; young Dalling,
the Governor's nephew, was in Spanish Town, whera
certain duties detained him. John knew nothing
about young Dalling. had never heard the rumour
that some day he might be a suitor for Miss Break-
speare's hand. Perhaps if he had, the course of his
career might have been different. He would have
recognized that with a Dalling in the field it was
folly for him to hope, however vaguely and remote
ly, that some day he might find favour in the eyes
of Joyce. But there was nobody to mention it, no
one who would have thought he would be deep-
ly interested. All that he knew was that he saw no
other man about this girl, and that she seemed to
like his company. On this he built a vast castle of
hope, and its foundations were as light and un-
substantial as the air.
Joyce Breakspeare proposed to take the air along
the road leading to the Rock Fort and on to St.
Thomas. There they would skirt the sea and be tan-
ned by its breezes, and the sight of sparkling waters
and towering, dark-green mountains would be wel-
come to eyes which for some days had gazed only
on drab streets and dingy houses.
They set out, Joyce in the kittereen, Seymour
riding beside her. They went slowly. It was easy
to talk to her as they moved along, 'for the light
contraption was open at the sides as well as in
front, and there was little traffic on the road this,
While they were nearing Rock Fort Joyce's mind
flew back to the adventure she had passed through

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some time since a few miles farther on, and she
referred to it.
"Isn't it strange, Mr. Huntly," she said, "that
we have never heard anything more about Three-
fingered Jack?"
"How do you mean?" he asked cautiously.
"Well, he appeared suddenly and robbed my
father. Then he disappeared as suddenly from un-
der the very eyes of Captain Thorton a few night,
afterwards, and though, I believe, the Government
has been keeping its eyes and ears open, not a
thing has been heard of him, nor has he been seen
again. Isn't that extraordinary?"
"He may be dead," suggested John.
"But surely we should have heard of that?"
"Why? He may have been hit by one of th.
bullets fired at him by Captain Thorton's soldiers
He may have crept wounded into some free negro'a
or mulatto's yard, and may have lain there hidden.
If he died of his wounds he would be buried secrei-
ly: no one would want to admit that he had been
hiding a man like Three-fingered Jack. Isn't that
"It is," she admitted; "I hadn't thought of that.
But I wonder what has become of all the money
he took from my father."
"I am afraid we shall never know that. If he
had any of it on him that night he was chased
out of Spanish Town-which is quite likely-it mignt
have been taken by anyone who rescued him in
Kingston when he was in extremis. That would
have been an additional reason for keeping quiet
about him. For to have talked about him wot-i,
have led to a search for the money, which would
have had to be refunded."
"Quite so. I am sorry we haven't time this
afternoon to go as far as the place where he attack-
ed us, or I would show it to you. He was daring,
though; an awfully daring scoundrel. He could not
know whether we were armed or not."
Jack would have been willing enough to ride
on to the scene of the encounter between himself
and Colonel Breakspeare, but he recognized that it
was already growing dusk, the October daylight be-
coming briefer every day. He n\i.lied to prolong
this ride with Joyce, while, truth to say, his sense
of humour was tickled by her talking %i i h him
about an incident in which he had been tihe principal
figure. But they were some three miles out of King-
ston now and it would take them an hour to return
to Bull House. He hoped for another opportunity
such as this in the near future.
A party on horseback was coming towards them
from under the arch of the Fort, a small party
of three persons. One rode in front, a woman as
they could see already. In a couple of minutes slhe
was quite close to them, and then John Seymour's
heart gave a mighty bound and eeinmed almost tc
stop beating.
(: There was only one thing to do; he must pre-
tend that he had not seen Elizabeth The road was
quite wide enough for the two parties to pass each
other without stopping. Joyce's vehicle was .,n til',
inner side of the way, Seymour riding to the richt
of it. He kept his face turned in her dfirectin.
with his eyes fixed on her; thus it might appear
to the casual observer that he.had not noticed who
it was that came in the opposite direction. The
two parties drew abreast and passed one another,
Joyce not even giving the riders a glance. But
Elizabeth's piercing gaze had taken in everything
as she went by. Her look had been at first per-
functory;, but even the gathering dusk could not
cause her to fail to recognize Seymour, and from
him to the girl with whom he rode and talked her
eyes flashed with stabbing intensity. Instantly her
mind leapt to a conclusion. So this was the reason
why John had broken his promise-if indeed he had
ever intended to keep it!
Joyce noticed the sudden silence which fell upon
John; but in the dwindling i-lihr she could not
perceive the drawn pallor of his face. They went
on for a few minutes more and passed the Fort; their,
she ordered her coachman to turn the kittereen
"Y-ur are very quiet, Mr. lIn!ly," she said
i11t[ly ".Are you wondering whether we shall mee;
Three-fingered Jack, in spite of his second death?
What would you do if he suddenly appeared?"
He laughed with an effort, then realized -: at
he must brace himself to talk as if disturbed by
nothing, or must plead illness. "I have a pistol on
me," he answered, "and perhaps a bullet from it
would be a welcome: solution of Three-fingered Jack's
dirffit iil;-- if he still exists."
"How could he possibly welcome such a sola-
tii-n?" she exclaimed.
"He might. You never can tell. He may be be-
set with perils and sick of trying to find a way
out of them."
"You -p3ak with feeling, but-you fi. eet that it
is not a white man you are talking about; only
an escaped nigger slave. He has no difficulties or
"Pntim"nti"- these people are very like animals,. vou '

"Yet they say," Jack reminded her, for the pur-
pose of keeping up the conversation, "that this rob'-
ber never harmed a woman. That doesn't look as
if he was wholly an animal."
"No;" she agreed thoughtfully. "He never tried
to harm me that night. Yet he is an escaped slave
and a highwayman, and I hope, if he isn't dead,
that he will be captured some day and hanged.
He may be dead as .,iii say; but if he isn't he will
be caught. There can only be one end for him,
much the same sort of solution you speak of."
She paused to bid her coachman drive faster,
for tie dark was fallinir quickly. Jack knew what
this meant. They would go more quickly than Eliza-
beth, whose horses had come a long way over dif-
ficult roads and must therefore be tired; they would
pass Elizabeth again. And again he must pretend
tlar he did not see her. There was no other course.
Happily. every minute now it became much darker;
the pretence at non-recognition would at least be
reasonable. But explanations would have to come
after. And, after that, what?
It. was at about a mile from the Rock Fort
that he again passed, Elizabeth, but this time she
did not spare him or his companion a glance. She
deliberately slackened her horse's pace; she let him

go by, feeling certain that he had re,,e-i'.-, ;-r
from the first. It was not his refusal t.. ir:kiiLii l.!--
acquaintanceship with her -tit mattered; she kidew
that she herself would have suggested such a sdb-
terfuge in certain contingencies. But what was he
doing with this young white woman at a time when,
according to his own promise, he should have been
already at Morgan Castle" ITn ahat rel'iil:in.
ship did rbe-v rjniji r.i.. :.. ,thi i A- i ii(id-. .' .\
young mar il a l abo 11) iilt :t [rile.-. whil.
another i.uiing wiolnan 'vaitill in li-n',pen'e f.ur hip:.
wondering ia at li.il1 iiiii '-peiled t.. Liui ., .iL nl Irr'L-.'.r-IIw
at last in ii'-j.iflh ;,s .if ninil and pain ofi t rrr r
go out a dri -~.-k [fr him. : iani l hi ii' ,sii .-i ...
W hat did it Ir-aini. -'.el, t tll.r I.'hu s- n\ iniiir h i.i
lied to h(clr il r|k...-ived hi-r. li.m ierri:, l i li .'.),
that she i:tl iilhii I it il .,, iih % ll, n li I I
cident? But f.i thi. Ip.a-:iig .,f hinm md Ithe l- ii
girl on thi- higi- aa-y Ii.- nmi-1ii iirnt -i li:rf : ...-
of this f itiri-l-eip, even 't -ie had bi-ere iin Kji.--
ston, for Sevmn.:ur would have striven to hide the
fart fr.nt l her. And ni..w\ -he knew why lie lhad -.
re.ijily ab,.inrl.ier.d lthe olIn he had shortly before
ernthbi-ia;stialiy embrace. and with it herself. He
"'a- but anrither ,'f the men who swore and broke
their promises and natlh- He was a traitor.
What was the fit punishment for traitors?

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A FEMALE want to see you, massa."
The announcement did not surprise Seymour:
he had been expecting to hear something of the sort
since early morning. Yet it caused his blood to go
pumping tumultuously through his veins, for he
realized that the crisis of an interview with Eliza-
beth, in which equivocations might be bitterly torn
to shreds, had come at last. And from this ordeal
he shrank.
"Where is she?" he demanded of the smirking
"Downstairs, massa. Where to bring 'er?"
His bedroom would not do for the interview;
even in a lodging house like this it would be con-
sidered queer that he should see a woman looking
like Elizabeth in his sleeping apartment. But th.
only other place he could think of, where there was
some hope of privacy if they spoke sof ly, was the
southern end of the front verandah. He ordered the
girl to take Elizabeth there; hurriedly finished his
toilet and went out to meet her.
His eyes were bloodshot from sleeplts:iies- and
his brow drawn with anxious speculation. More than
once the night before he hlal thought of goiutI round
to Elizabeth's house and having the inevntable talk
out, learning the worst that was in her mind at
once. But he could not bring himself to face her,
impatient though he was. B. going to see her he
would confess that he had recognized her on the
road and had ignored her very existence, and this
he was ashamed to do. He was angry as well as
ashamed, too, for her coming to Kingston he re-
garded as a sort of intrusion upon his liberty; she
had come to take him to task for not having returned
to Morgan Castle as he had promised to do. So he
had decided to let the first .move come from her, to
force her to open the first phase of the inevitable
contest between them. Yet now that she had done so,
he was more agitated than he would have cared, to
She was standing by a chair in the verandah
when he went out to her; standing tall and erect,
with compressed lips but with a countenance com-
posed. She evidently had herself well in hand.
He approached her with a great show of cor-
diality, holding out his hand. He did not expect tnat
she would accept it. But she did, quite calmly.
Then her eyes met his, and held them.
"Won't you sit down, Bess?"
"No; we can talk quite as well standing, and
I have not come to stay."

"But"-he fussed hospitably-"you would be so
much more comfortable-"
"I am comfortable as I am. Besides if we sat
down that might attract curious listeners. Would
you like any?"
That was a warning, a slight warning which
conveyed to him the suggestion that privacy and
secrecy were still a vital necessity to him. He knew
it, but hated that the fact should even be hinted at
now by anyone. Resentment which might very easi-
ly flame into hate began to smoulder in his breast.
"You promised to come back to Morgan Casthe
before a week was out," Elizjabeih continued in a
quiet monotone which no one five yards away could
have heard. "You broke your word. While waiting
to see if you would keep it I heard from my uncle.
Indeed, he came to see me, and to see you too."
She paused as if to give him an opportunity of
saying something, but he remained grimly dumb.
She resumed.
"He had seen the other Maroon chiefs. He had
been to other parts of the island. The Mar3ons
everywhere will join us if we give the signal, and
they have arms and ammunition enough, or enough
for the present; my uncle found that out. The
slaves are discontented everywhere; in Westmore-
land and St. James they are almost starving and
would rise as one man if called upon to do so. The
masters are poverty-stricken and demoralised; they
have lost terribly through the hurricane and could
make no headway now against a rising. My uncle
said that the Maroons were waiting eagerly on us,
and I did not tell him that you had abandoned our
plan. I only said that you were making some ar-
rangements in Kingston, that I would see you soon,
and that then you would act. I said that you would
act. I could do nothing else after all that had
"Yet you yourself implored me to drop the whole
thing, and you were delighted when I told you at
Morgan Castle that I had! Are you ever consistent,
"Yes. Consistency depends on circumstances."
"That is only opportunism."
"We will not argue. You can say, if you like,
that I have changed my mind again. I have, but it
is the only wise thing to do now-wise for you and
me. I know what you have in mind; you may go
away as a volunteer, as you said you were going to
do, but you plan to come back here to that
white girl, isn't it?"
"You are entirely wrong," he blustered. "Be-
cause you see me with a lady acquaintance, as you

might have seen any other man, you come to the
conclusion that-"
"Jack, you are raising your voice, and please
pay me the compliment of thinking thbr. I have some
sense. Why did you give up, immediately after
coming to Kingston, the plan you so firmly believed
would succeed? Why did you come to Morgan Cas-
tle only to get your money-yes, that was what
brought you there. Why did you break your word
about coming back to me? You have met another
woman, and she it is who has caused you to do all
these things. You are trying to trick me. Do you
think I would live in the same country with you
now, while you were with another woman?"
"So that is it, eh? A threat. Coercion!"
"I am I[itjn rg as much for you as for myself.
Do you ever think at all, Jack? I Luppose you cal-
culate that I would say iii.rlii about you; that I
love you too much to betray you. But myiuncle
has no reason to love you, "and from what he said
to me only two days ago he has moved so much in
this scheme of ours that, if it fail, he is a man
discredited among his own people. Why should he
let you escape if he finds himself in a ridiculous
position? He could denounce you without running
any risk lim-.elf As to the other Maroons, they
have seen you. They have heard from C'altain
Tacky that you are a great obeahman, that you
are Three-fingered Jack come to life again, and a lot
of other nonsense of the kind. They will talk about
you after a while, the white Superintendent who
lives in the Maroon Town, will hear this talk, will
make some enquiries, will report the matter to the
Government. Where will you be then? Don't you
see that this country is not for you while the Eng-
lish are its rulers?"
"It is a prison for me, as I have always said,"
he muttered bitterly .
"A grave." she ans-wered.
"So you have thought. it all out, have you?" he
rapped at her, and anger was now blazing from his
eyes. You have come here with a well-thought.out
story to terrify me. Why dn you think T am easily
frightened? I can leave this country armI never come
back; have you thought of that?"
"You cannot. You could not stay in an enemy's
land; you must return with the tro"i-p. And your
intention was to return-to ille girl I s:Iw )\u with
"That is a lie!"
"Very well. So much the better What do you
say to inking up again the plan you abandoned?"
(V'.,,,iti,'a. o Poagi 9 ),

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W HEN Mr. E. A. Issa purchased two buildings
in lower King Street, where property is at
its most expensive, and then proceeded to tear down
these structures, many people felt that he was throw-
ing away money. One well-known l.ausne--mln.n said
to the present writer: "Issa could have rented out
those stores at an extraordinary figure; he could
have made money that way by simply sitting down
and taking in his rent." But Mr. Issa's aim was
to erect in King Street. the premie-r f hil.pinr; centre
of the British West Indies, an edifice which, pro-
portionately, -.L.ull Lav.,:l.rrbly ,:compare with build-
iIc-.- iui-l for -imilarl bu-inIli pupll''se-. in London and
New York. MIr. -I.a u.a- tislinkiinr. ni.t if thie pa-.. blt
of the future. And bes.a:u-e he believes in the future
of Kingston antd IL Jrmani.a, and wa.-. determiinred
to do nothing on a iSggirdly scale on his embarka-
tion into the retail dry goods trade of the island,
he sacrificed two store buildings and has erected
in their place something which is an :i clirii.isi
to Jamiaii tu'i :.pital and which reflects creditt on his
taste, his business acumen, and his civic spirit.
"ISSA'S" is the name of the new haberdashery
and dry g..--.ds store of Kingston, and that store
will I;. adlirir-d not rnly by the people of this island
but by visitors from anrr.iad Its height is the first
thing about it :1.1 -tri: highest two-storey hiilintig on either side of King
Street. The Spaniards in the tropics have long since
I.-all-ed the I.'-ierit of altitude in their buildIino-,,
they. know that that ensures air and light, and
ISSA'S will be one of the airiest and brightest
emporiums in thi, part of the tropical world.
The lightin- .f the store has been very carefully
tlh,.i-lill Cut: a crest mniuiintr of natural light filters
tnirug!h the sk:ylighl .,i the roof, which is seventy I--y t:, r rteen -an:l a lialf feet wide, and under
thi- .-ky hlirl ii. whatI i known as a "lay light" with
,lillte and s.,Ite .ti311.:,ri.l glass in a bronze frame.
At the west end of this "lay-light" there is a fine
mahogany stairway leading up to the upper floo..
and from this upper floor there is an iron spiral-
stair leading to the roof. The whole roof of the
lower storey is ceiled; the ceiling is of stamped
metal. The con, ri-'e flioriing of the I..wer storey
or main retail departnirit i-. covered with rubber
The building is provided with numerous win-


dows, carefully glazed, so that while they diffuse
bright sunlight they also ni-dity the heat of the
sun's rays. Then there are the electric fittings,
specially purchased in El 2l1.lil and America by Mr.
Issa, and the individually i-.rgnlril (clnterr-s and
store equipment. The idea i-. t, r mnl:e the isteri -r
as well as the exterior of the tore attractive to
the eye, pleasing to the P.i-tettil --en-;e :t thslie who
will pass tilr'i-,I:h it, .n(itltin r tI, teni-mbher and

to talk about. With this object in mind a great deal
of care is bestowed upon the show-cases in which
dilii~:a arid bIjetiiul articles will be displayed.
Thi' rnlliu rar ir .jt thie ii(n Kihilrs tI.l Iu.iote-s will
hbe Mir Abraham Ist.F'-. \it during 1431 _.iipenti mtny
rninl-ith in -ii .\ ine the i:irc-t de-it.s-,inin-rati itn the
hul.jerd! a-helry aiil dr.\ -.....1 bu-r i -tis in Lnlialon,
Pari, aidi New Y,'rk. Thi- runr bisih4-.tiilni. after
havin ig iit etal'i-r e rl-. arrended a Lich s ll rl in
wilh i lie rieeeied j ri. inld edi tiji- lii.y (_'O-:- i ,i New Yurk w-he-re ha
:-ttLdied Ihil :phv and i as-i:s, gra.Uited as a
Br ih-l.r .I Art-. their etur ned tI Janma..a t, learn
thie -l]mi:ntt ,:-. hiis life.woirk uniler iii-. father's eye
a in tuiitiin His rir-t .t'p theu. ia.-s i. ea'iquire an
edin.atiin lith .cbh.sld put lrhnim on a par w itlh any
other eilluica ed I1ii.i the inetx .-tpP n .i l t learn
tioroitiihly Ih hiir-,in.-. The mtnthi -.lsenit recently
in learning wiit h i.: h tie-nr done in the >::'asals of
oithe'r cm itilitic. in tI i_ h lbe'd ihery and tIlrv i-.ds
lines mu.t l.,I I ,r t.-ider :-.l :i part ..I tlnil general
Ltlailillng. anild a: ni.-ri imliprit alt p[.rt it it Y.UNg
Abhnliam Is;; t rCli!t' enter- II)ptis hi b.iiu-ine-- as
a nl alg: ere welv l ir-ilsipied l f..r lir tjask
It has long been admitti-ei rtht Iith bhiildinq.,
put up by Mr. E. A. Is-a in Kingston have I)-eu
designed with a view to imrpri.ving the lsecalitie.- in
which they stand. That i- why we Livet spoken of
his civic spirit. He ileiiht have -,avn-d ;somne l-lnev
by erecting a different cla-.o l' f structure w\hith v,.ili
have served his purpose vr-r,% n-il. he ha.. pref-i-re,
a larger expenditure for thi e better pulilile effe- t. (.tr
that we < inhna.ilnrltt hinm. anti it is rssioethiug that
everyone *ill al.P' lt i-nt 'Wirth.ur a donht he has
done a good deal towards making Kin2atn a bttr--
lookins' it tha ii n I; -.i tn lih
"I'hi- intllpl.vtnir't-ll t King Streiet. to.... is pn --
ticuliarly tiplraine iini.-mnii.h as the de-ire of Kingsitri
is tc IrI: t at least 'le- tlortouEhlar-e that -'il -t.tail
out at io : scalle thrllljiiefarelis ln nther leading citie-
The Pr.rd. ,f Hav\an., is a name known everywh-er-.,
and niiw that a pathway has been rut through Victoria
Park. King Street i- far ilmore picturesque and strik-
ing litui it 'iet v.u-.lvy ,%a A store like ISSA'S adds
to ti-e een-eral effeitr. and when the King Street side-
walkl- are wlra thtl \ .eulit t., he. .Janaijii will feel
righthl pr.utd .4l that arrery .,f business---the best in
the British West Indies.

The Alliance Assurance Co., Ltd.


LONDON, E, C. 2.



ASSETS EXCEED. 25,000,000.




85 tlarbtour Street Kingston.


Modern Homes deserve

Modern Fixtures!


Plumbing Fixtures

Satire designed and finished to meet every
requirement of artistic treatment.

There nre several Colour-Schemes from
which to select.




visit our

Electrical Department

hich is fully stocked with your
every requirement.



Full Text