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104th Congress, 1st Session House Document 104-50
UPDATE OF EVENTS IN HAITI (OPERATION "UPHOLD
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
AN UPDATE OF EVENTS IN HAITI (OPERATION "UPHOLD DEMOC-
RACY") CONSISTENT WITH THE WAR POWERS RESOLUTION TO
ENSURE THAT THE CONGRESS IS KEPT FULLY INFORMED RE-
GARDING EVENTS IN HAITI
March 22, 1995.-Referred to the Committee on International Relations
and ordered to be printed
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
WASHINGTON : 1995
THE WHITE HOUSE,
Washington, March 21, 1995.
Hon. NEwT GINGRICH,
Speaker of the House of Representatives,
DEAR MR. SPEAKER: On September 21, 1994, I reported to the
Congress that on September 19, 1994, U.S. forces under the com-
mand of the Commander in Chief, U.S. Atlantic Command, were
introduced into Haitian territory following an agreement success-
fully concluded by former President Jimmy Carter, Senator Sam
Nunn, and General Colin Powell and as part of the Multinational
Force (MNF) provided for by United Nations Security Council Reso-
lution (UNSCR) 940 of July 31, 1994. I am providing this update
of events in Haiti (Operation "Uphold Democracy") consistent with
the War Powers Resolution to ensure that the Congress is kept
fully informed regarding events in Haiti.
At their peak last September and into October, U.S. forces as-
signed to the MNF in Haiti numbered just over 20,000. Approxi-
mately 2,000 non-U.S. personnel from 27 nations also participated
in the initial stages of the MNF. Over the last 6 months, U.S.
forces gradually have been reduced, consistent with the establish-
ment of a secure and stable environment called for by UNSCR 940,
such that they currently number just under 5,300. Non-U.S.
forces-both MNF and International Police Monitors (IPM)-cur-
rently number approximately 2,800. When the transition to the
United Nations Mission in Haiti (UNMIH) authorized by UNSCR
975 of January 30, 1995, is complete on March 31, 1995, approxi-
mately 2,500 U.S. forces will remain in Haiti as the U.S. contribu-
tion to UNMIH's force structure. Following transition to UNMIH,
non-U.S. forces will total approximately 3,500, for a total force of
approximately 6,000. In addition, a U.N. civilian police monitor
component to UNMIH will number approximately 900.
In January, the United Nations Security Council determined that
a secure and stable environment had been established in Haiti,
based upon assessments from the MNF Commander and the U.N.
Secretary General, and recommendations from the MNF Member
States. As to the duration of the deployment, it is anticipated that
the entire U.N. security mission, including U.S. forces, will with-
draw from Haiti not later than February 1996. Presidential elec-
tions are scheduled for November 1995 and the inauguration will
be held February 7, 1996.
Overall, Haiti has remained calm and relatively incident-free
since the deployment of U.S. and MNF forces. The level of political
violence has decreased substantially since the departure of the de
facto government. There is normal activity in the streets, and in
stark contrast to when MNF forces first arrived, people are able to
go outside at night due to a more secure environment. The number
of weapons in Haiti also has been significantly reduced. Early in
its deployment, the NMF took control of heavy and crew-served
weapons belonging to the FAd'H (The Haitian Armed Forces). The
MNF is also administering a weapons buy-back, seizure, and reduc-
tion program that has thus far yielded over 33,000 weapons, in-
cluding hand grenades.
Thus far, there have been only five incidents involving attacks on
or gunfire by U.S. forces. On September 24, 1994, a U.S. Marine
Corps squad exchanged gunfire with members of the FAd'H at the
police headquarters in Cap Haitien. One Marine was wounded, and
ten Haitians were killed. On October 2, an unidentified individual
fired shots over a wall in Les Cayes, wounding an American sol-
dier. On October 14, a member of the FAd'H was wounded by U.S.
Special Forces when he burst from his barricaded room and ran to-
wards a U.S. soldier during a confrontation in Belladere. On De-
cember 26, U.S. forces came under fire during a demonstration by
disgruntled former members of the FAd'H outside FAd'H General
Headquarters. After receiving fire, the MNF fired on the Head-
quarters resulting in several Haitian, but no U.S. casualties. Fi-
nally, on January 12, 1995, a two-man Special Forces team was
fired on at a toll booth south of Gonaives. One U.S. soldier was
killed and another injured in the incident. The Haitian gunman
was also killed.
I have taken the measures described above to further the na-
tional security interests of the United States. I have ordered the
continued deployment of U.S. forces to the MNF pursuant to my
constitutional authority to conduct foreign relations and as Com-
mander in Chief and Chief Executive.
I remain committed to consulting closely with the Congress, and
I will continue to keep the Congress fully informed regarding this
important deployment of our forces.
WILLIAM J. CLINTON.