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103d Congress, 1st Session - - - - House Document 103-143
CONTINUATION OF THE NATIONAL EMERGENCY
WITH RESPECT TO HAITI
THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES
NOTIFICATION THAT THE HAITIAN EMERGENCY IS TO CONTINUE
IN EFFECT BEYOND OCTOBER 4, 1993, PURSUANT TO 50 U.S.C.
SEPTEMBER 30, 1993.-Message and accompanying papers referred to the
Committee on Foreign Affairs and ordered to be printed
U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE
69-011 WASHINGTON : 1993
To the Congress of the United States:
Section 202(d) of the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C.
1622(d)) provided for the automatic termination of a national emer-
gency unless, prior to the anniversary date of its declaration, the
President publishes in the Federal Register and transmits to the
Congress a notice stating that the emergency is to continue in ef-
fect beyond the anniversary date. In accordance with this provision,
I have sent the enclosed notice, stating that the Haitian emergency
is to continue in effect beyond October 4, 1993, to the Federal Reg-
ister for publication.
The crisis between the United States and Haiti that led to the
declaration on October 4, 1991, of a national emergency has not
been resolved. While substantial progress has been made toward
restoring democracy pursuant to United Nations Security Council
Resolution 861, all necessary conditions to that restoration have
not yet been met. Multilateral sanctions have been suspended but
not terminated. Political conditions in Haiti continue, therefore, to
be of considerable concern to the United States. For these reasons,
I have determined that it is necessary to retain the authority to
apply economic sanctions to ensure the restoration and security of
the democratically elected Government of Haiti.
THE WHITE HOUSE, September 30, 1993.
CONTINUATION OF HAITIAN EMERGENCY
On June 30, 1993, I issued Executive Order No. 12853, imple-
menting United Nations Security Council Resolution 841 with re-
spect to Haiti. That order required the blocking of Haitian nation-
als providing material assistance to the de facto regime in Haiti,
and prohibited certain transactions with Haiti. These measures
were imposed by United Nations member states to help endure the
return to power of the democratically elected Government in Haiti.
Executive Order No. 12853 Further implements action taken by
President Bush in Executive Order No. 12775 of October 4, 1991,
which declared a national emergency to deal with the unusual and
extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of
the United States posed by the grave events that had occurred in
the Republic of Haiti to disrupt the legitimate exercise of power by
the democratically elected government of that country. On October
28, 1991, by Executive Order No. 12779, President Bush took addi-
tional measures by prohibiting, with certain exceptions, trade be-
tween the United States and Haiti.
In the last 2 months, substantial progress has been made toward
the restoration of democracy in Haiti. President Aristide, the demo-
cratically elected head of the Government of Haiti, and Lieutenant
General Raoul Cedras of the de facto regime in Haiti entered into
the July 3, 1993 Agreement of Governors Island, setting forth con-
ditions for the restoration of democracy in Haiti. Pursuant to that
Agreement, the United Nations Security Council (United Nations
Security Council Resolution 861 of August 27, 1993) and the Orga-
nization of American States (Secretary General's announcement of
August 27, 1993) have called upon member states to suspend, but
not to terminate, sanctions against Haiti. Accordingly, on August
31, 1993, the United States prospectively suspended trade and fi-
nancial sanctions against Haiti, while keeping certain assets of the
Government of Haiti blocked. Because not all conditions have been
met for the full restoration of democracy in Haiti, the situation in
Haiti continues to be of considerable concern to the United States.
Accordingly, I am continuing the national emergency with respect
to Haiti in accordance with section 202(d) of the National Emer-
gencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1622(d)). This notice shall be published in
the Federal Register and transmitted to the Congress.
THE WHITE HOUSE, September 30, 1993.