Dade County agricultural acreage estimates, pre- and post-Hurricane Andrew

Material Information

Dade County agricultural acreage estimates, pre- and post-Hurricane Andrew
Degner, Robert L.
Mack, Stephenie K.
Moss, Susan D.
Place of Publication:
Gainesville, Fla.
Food and Resource Economics Department, University of Florida
Publication Date:
Copyright Date:

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida Institutional Repository
Holding Location:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All rights reserved, Board of Trustees of the University of Florida


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UNIVE OF Florida Agricultural Market Research Center

.FLORIDA Fact Sheet 95-1
Institute of Food and Aricultural Sciences

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Dade County Agricultural Acreage Estimates, Pre- and Post-Hurricane Andrew

In August of 1992, Hurricane Andrew devastated agriculture in
southern Dade County. Several grower surveys by the Florida
Agricultural Market Research Center at the tmrversitv of Florida
and data compiled by the Florida Agricultural Statistics Service
reveal that most Dade County agricultural land is back in
production. However, there have been some significant shifts in
the types of crops grown.

This report summarizes the changes that occurred between
August, 1992 (pre-hurricane) and December 31, 1994 in
commercial fruit, vegetable and nursery acreages.


Of the three major tropical fruits, charted below, lime acreage
was the most affected with a 57 percent decrease from 6,071
acres in 1992 to 2,618 acres in 1994. Mango acreage
decreased by 36 percent from 2,424 acres in 1992 to 1,550
acres in 1994. Avocados sustained a 33 percent drop in acreage
from 8.987 acres in 1992 to 6,040 acres in 1994.

Avocado, Lime and Mango Acreages*

Pre- and Post-Hurricane

10000 R u P t-h ican* (16t|


Avocado Lime Mango

*n ormanti from FAMRC survey ata.


Acreages for the other tropical fruits grown in Dade County are
shown in the table below. The majority of tropical fruits show a
large percentage increase in acreage from 1992 to 1994.
However, because of the relatively small acreages planted to
these tropical fruits, even a small increase in DaL ~eye will
constitute a large percentage change.

Other Tropical Fruit Acreages
Pre-and Post-Hurricane


Mamey Sapote
Barbados Cherry (Acerola)
Passion Fruit
Citrus (misc)
Sugar Apple
Key Lime
Coconut Palm
Wax Jambu
Alack Sapote
Annona Reticulata
White Sapote

11992i (1i9941 CHANGE

650 532 -18%
410 511 25%
202 394 95%
400 300 -25%
318 307 -4%
147 197 34%
206 294 43%
66 73 11%
45 62 38%
83 41 -51%
8 35 338%
12 27 125%
28 26 -7%
28 24 -8%
41 23 -44%
13 18 39%
11 12 9%
7 9 29%
7 B 14%
0 4 n.a.
3 3 0%
2 2 0%
2 2 0%
2 2 0%
1 1 0%
1 1 0%

2.,33 2,812 7%

* Beech, cherry of Rio Grande, cashew nut, curry, jaboticaba. oquat,
macadamia, monstera delicioso, mamey apple, pineapple, pulusan. Spanish
lime, sun sapote, tropical almond, tamarind and wampee were also grown,
however, their 1992 and 1994 acreages were all less than one acre.


All of the traditional vegetables, charted in the figure below, had
significantly higher post-hurricane plantings except for tomatoes
which had a 0.4 percent decrease in acreage from 5,048 acres
in 1992 to 5,030 acres in 1994 and potatoes which had a 0.1
percent increase in acreage from 4,880 acres in 1992 to 4,885
acres in 1994. Snap beans had a 32 percent increase from
13,980 acres in 1992 to 18,460 acres in 1994. Squash showed
a 30 percent increase from 4,050 acres in 1992 to 5,280 acres
in 1994. Other traditional vegetable acreages, which include
cherry tomatoes, sweet corn, bell peppers, pP.clng and fresh
cucumbers, eggplant, cabbage and strawberries, increased by
61 percent from 4,691 acres to 7,547 acres. Because of
confidentiality restrictions, acreages for these individual crops
could not be reported separately.



* Alt otersm based upon tUatisic pmrvidd by the Florida Ariultural Stati tcs Service
Sincludes cthry tomatoes, sweet com, bel pepper, picking mnd freh cuoumbrns,
*Wplit, cabbage d slwberrim. Acage= for inrvidsl crops we not reported because
of confitdenay strieystions,


With the exception of calabaza, acreages for tropical
vegetables increased significantly from their pre-hurricane
plantings. As shown in the following figure, calabaza
remained at 100 acres from 1992 and 1994. Acreage for
malanga increased by 43 percent from 1,620 acres in 1992 to
2.310 acres in 1994. Boniato acreage increased by 43
percent from 1,925 acres in 1992 to 2,750 acres in 1994.
Cassava acreage also increased by 43 percent from 35 acres
in 1992 to 50 acres in 1994. Asian vegetable acreage
increased by 25 percent from 400 acres in 1992 to 500 acres
in 1994.

Tropical Vegetable Acreages*

Pre- and Post-Hurricane

O f3000- j S t-hinft(W*
2000 -


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Traditional Vegetable Acreages*

Pre- and Post-Hurricane

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Total tropical fruit acreages are 30 percent below pre-
hurricane estimates from 19,998 acres in 1992 to 14,048
acres in 1994. Total vegetable acreages are about 28 percent
higher than their pre-hurricane plantings from approximately
36,700 acres in 1992 to 46,900 acres in 1994. Total nursery
acreages are 4 percent below pre-hurricane estimates from
12,386 acres in 1992 to 11,927 acres in 1994.

Pre- and Post-Hurricane Acreages*
for Fruits, Vegetables and Nurseries

Authors: Dr. Robert L. Degner, Stephenre K. Mack and Susan D. Moss, PO Box 110240, Gainesville, Fl 32611

In 1994, two years after Hurricane Andrew struck, total nursery
acreages (containers, field and greenhouse) were almost back
to their pre-hurricane levels. Acreage was estimated at
12,386 in 1992 and 11,927 acres in 1994.

Container and greenhouse acreages for 1994 are slightly
higher than pre-hurricane levels. Containers showed an
estimated 1.6 percent increase from 4,292 acres in 1992 to
4,360 acres in 1994. Greenhouse acres were es'imatri to be
nearly 15 percent higher with 310 acres in 1992 compared
with 356 acres in 1994.

Nursery Acreage*

Pre- and Post-Hurricane

Container Field Greenhouse

,^-- ------

Fruits Vegetables Nurseries
Information from FAMRC survey dat.

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