Manual of information concerning employments for the Panama Canal Service /


Material Information

Manual of information concerning employments for the Panama Canal Service /
Physical Description:
30 p. : ; 24 cm.
Canal Zone
U.S. G.P.O.
Place of Publication:
Washington, D.C
Publication Date:
Rev. Aug. 4, 1916.


Subjects / Keywords:
Employees -- Selection and appointment -- Canal Zone   ( lcsh )
federal government publication   ( marcgt )
non-fiction   ( marcgt )


General Note:
Cover title.
General Note:
At head of title: Form 151.
Statement of Responsibility:
The Panama Canal, Washington Office.

Record Information

Source Institution:
University of Florida
Rights Management:
All applicable rights reserved by the source institution and holding location.
Resource Identifier:
oclc - 85269831
System ID:

Full Text

Form 151















4, 1916

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general information... ........... ......................................
Civil-service examination ........................................ ..

Excepted from civil-service examination.....

Transfers. ... .....- ...- ...
Citizenship ... ...-..-.... .....-
Age -iits .. -. - - *-----
Physical examination ............
Pormotions .-.. ..-. .......-
Working hours .-.......- ----....-
Payment of salaries ...............
Steamship transportation......-..-.
Positions and wages........... ..-
Tool list.-, ...- *.... ..- ...... -
General conditions of employment
Conditions of living:
General information........
CliImate. .- ................
Health conditions ...-........
Clothing required-...........
Meals....a- --......- ..........
Commima ry ........ .. . . .



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Persons seeking employment on the Panama Canal or the Panama Rall-
road are cautioned not to go to the Isthmus without an appointment
secured through the Washington Office of The Panama Canal or through
an authorized recruiting agent. Such new appointments as are necessary
will be made from approved applications on file in the Washington Office.
Persons who go to the Isthmus without previous appointment, with the
hope of obtaining employment on the Panama Canal or the Panama Rail-
road, do so on their own responsibility. The same examination, as regards
physical and other qualifications, must be passed on the Isthmus before
employment there as is required by those who are appointed through the
Washington Office. The appointments made on the Isthmus are principally
in minor-grade positions, including unskilled labor, in which the rates of
pay are as low as 10 cents an hour. An unauthorized journey to the
Isthmus in expectation of obtaining work may result in hardships and
cause unnecessary expense to the applicant. The Governor of The Panama
Canal desires to discourage such journeys and will accept no responsibility
for conditions that may arise therefrom.







Section 1.-All work relating to the maintenance and operation of the Panama
Canal is under Government control.' The Executive order of January 27, 1914, pro-
vides for the following departments or offices, under the direct supervision of the
Governor of The Panama Canal:
Operation and Maintenance; Purchasing; Supply; Accounting; Health; and Execu-
tive Secretary.
The conditions of employment are outlined in an Executive order dated February

2, 1914, and will be found in section 14. New appointee
transportation and usually sail from New York City,
may sail from New Orleans or San Francisco. They mi
to the port of sailing. Employees are supplied with
New appointees are not permitted to take their families

account of the scarcity of family quarters.

Meals can b

is are furnished free steamship
but under certain conditions
ist pay their own railroad fare
furnished bachelor quarters.
with them to the Isthmus on
e obtained at the Government

hotels at about 30 cents a meal and upward. Employees are allo
of absence with pay and free hospital attendance, as stated in
employment. All new employees must be in good health and j
Health conditions on the Isthmus are good.
The next three sections state how employment are made on tl

wed certain leave
the conditions of
physically sound.

ie Panama Canal,

including the Panama Railroad on the Isthmus. Only thoroughly experienced men,
including mechanics who have worked several years as journeymen, receive appoint-
ments. The services of persons with so-called "all-round" experience can not be
utilized. If a person secures work through false statements as to his past experience,
or is fond to be incompetent, he will be discharged. No appointments are issued in
the United States to women for duty on the Isthmus, except to the positions of trained
nurse, telephone operator, and school-teacher. The requirements for these positions
are given in section 12.

See. 2. Civil-service examination.-Under the Executive order of February 2, 1914,
the following-named positions in the Panama Canal service must be filled through
competitive civil-service examination: Clerk (all kinds, including timekeeper and
bookkeeper), stenographer, typewriter, surgeon, physician, trained nurse, and drafts-
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$125; physicians, $150; female nurses, 65 with submtence ana launaory or -
male nurses, $90 without sulistence and landry; and daten, $125 and
No appointments are made in the United States to d ate clerical poion
paying a salary of $75 a month or less.
Sec. 3. Excepted from civil-service examiation.-Under the me Exectivn
order all positions other than those specified i the preceding pagraphs are excepted
from civil-service requirements and no examination under the ciEvitvice rules is
necessary to become eligible for appointment. A list of these excited tions in
which vacancies may occur will be found in section 12. For these excepted positions
persons are selected in the United States through written application to the Waig to
Office of The Panama Canal. Persons desiring to apply for an excepted position in
which vacancies exist at the time, or are likely to occur in the near future, wiB be
furnished with a blank form for that purpose.. This form, when properly killed out,
should be mailed to "Chief of Office, The Panama Canal, Washington, D. ." With
the application should be sent (1) such letters of recommendation, clearances, or
service letters, issued in recent years, as the applicant may have in his poon,

covering the kind of work for which he applies and written on the
of the companies or persons by whom he was employed, and (2) a
finished photograph of himself, a postal card photograph being
photograph is needed for identification.

official letterheads
recent unamounted
satisfactory. The

If an applicant's qualification are approved, his name will be entered on the waiting
list for the position for which approved, and he will be offered employment in his
turn as his services are needed. If they are disapproved his papers can receive no
further consideration and his letters of recommendation will be returned to him.
Sec. 4. Transfers.-Transfers from the departmental service or from the field service
at large or of a person residing outside continental United States to the Panama Canal
service are not encouraged. However, applications may be submitted on the proper
form and the same will be given due consideration.

Sec. 5. All persons employed in the Panama Canal service who receive over
$75 a month or over 40 cents an hour must be citizens of the United States or of the
Republic of Panama, and such citizens will be given preference for employment in
all grades. A foreign-born applicant is required to submit with his application his
final certificate of naturalization as an American citizen or a certified copy thereof,
which will be returned immediately after inspection. A person claiming citizenship
through the naturalization of his father must submit his father's certificate. A
declaration of intention to become an American citizen firstt papers) is
not sufficient.

Sec. 6. The minimum age limit for all positions, unless otherwise stated, is 20 years.
The maximum age limit for operator (telephone switchboard) is 26 years; rodman,
t .-rncanha intor n asn nhvwirian 30 wars: fireman (fire denartmentL Doliceman.



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his fare to the place of examination.
of deprureand in a number of the 1
Such diseases as rupture in any f
kinds, aggravated varicocele, vari
holism, deformed limbs, loss of fgi
pilots and railroad men), and other

The official physicians are loated at the ports

arge cities throughout th
rm, weak lungs or heart
cose veins, and piles,
res, defective eyesight ar
serious bodily defects, w
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tion. Perns wearing a truss to protect a rupture w
have slight defects in eyesight corrected by glas sl
presenting themselves for this examination.
Any concealment of material facts relative to the a
past or present, when being examined by a physician,
mial from the service.

ill be

e United States.

Svenereal 4
ad hearing
ill be group

iould wear their

diseases of all
chronic alco-
(especially of
nds for rejec-
Persons who
glasses when

applicant's physical condition,
will render him liable to dis-

Sec. 8. When practicable, new appointments are made at the lowest entrance
salary and to the lowest grades, mechanics being employed in the grade of journeymen.
Vacancies occurring in the higher grades are filled by promotion. Efficient service
on the Isthmus and the demonstration of ability which will justify advancement,
control in the making of promotions. For these reasons initial appointments as fore-
man are seldom mad4 as these positions are filled by promotion. Length of service
will be considered in connection with promotions only where necessary to facilitate
choice between employees equally entitled to promotion on the basis of efficiency.

See. 9. Eight hours of labor constitute the working day on the Isthmus. In the
event of overtime being required of employees paid by the hour they will receive
time and a half for such overtime service, although it is not the practice to require
overtime work except in emergency. No extra compensation for overtime work will
be paid to persons whose compensation is fixed on a monthly or annual basis, except
to locomotive engineers and conductors in the employ of the Panama Railroad.


Sec. 10. Salaries and wages are paid once
should a person proceed to the TIthmus without
during the first few weeks. An employee can
payment in the United States to his family.
money orders payable in the United States.

a month. Under no circumstances
sufficient money to pay his expenses
not assign a portion of his salary for
Remittances can be made by postal


Sec. 11. New employees are furnished free steamship transportation to the Isthmus,
which includes meals on the steamer, but must pay the expense of their journey to
the ports of departure. Railroad transportation can not be advanced. See para-
graphs 3, 14, and 15 of the conditions of employment for more detailed information
regarding transportation.
The Government rate on the steamers of the Panama Railroad Steamshin Tinen mt

-`---- -I-

The Government
is about $50 for each
child under 3 years,
subject to change.

rate on the steamers of the United Fruit Co. out of New Orleas|
adult; children between 3 and 12 years, one-half of adult fare on
free. The rate out of San Francisco is $85. The above ratesae


Sec. 12. Following is a partial list of positions, together with the specifications
and rates of pay, that exist in the Panama Canal service, including the Panama Bail-
road on the Isthmus. The publishing of this list does not mean necessarily that there
are vacancies now in any of the positions named. In fact, there may be no further
need whatever, or possibly only at rare intervals, for new employees in some of the
positions. Information as to whether or not vacancies actually exist in any given
position can always be procured by inquiring of the Washington Office of the Panama
fC Strirt attention is called to the requirements of each position, and unless an

applicant has had the necessary experience and can satisfactorily prove it, he will
not accomplish anything by filing his papers.
The Panama Canal act, approved August 24, 1912, provides that compensation
paid employees on the Panama Canal shall not exceed by more than 25 per cent the
compensation paid by the Government in continental United States for similar work.
The compensation of all classes of employees has been adjusted on that basis and is
subject to an annual readjustment.
Usually only men competent to earn the highest rate of pay allowed for
the trade will be asked for from the United States, but this will not always
be the case. The maximum wage for each trade is given in the paragraph
referring to that trade, but the rate actually paid will be only the amount
which the services of the employee justify.
All mechanics should take with them to the Isthmus the tools of their
trade that it is customary for them to carry with them In the States. Tools
can not be bought to advantage on the Isthmus. For a partial list of tools
required, see section 13.
Owing to the distance of the Isthmus from sources of labor supply, it is
necessary occasionally to use mechanics in trades other than their own but
allied thereto. Employment of mechanics in trades other than their own
is avoided wherever possible, but when heads of departments or divisions
consider such employment necessary, employees are expected to do the best
they can with the work assigned. In general, such employment will be
temporary only, and if the pay of the allied trade is less than that for which
employed there will generally be no reduction in pay.
Heretofore a large percentage of the work done on the Isthmus has been
in connection with railroad and railroad-excavating equipment. This work
is rapidly diminishing in quantity and the amount to be done on steamships
and marine and dredging equipment is increasing. For this reason marine
experience will frequently be specified in making requisitions for employees,
and any experience in this line should be fully set forth In applications.



Genl-One who ha served an apprenticeship in a locomotive, railroad, or marine
forging sop, who has had experience in forging various elaes of light, medium, and
fairly heavy work with Bradley hammers and steam hammers from 600 to 3,000 pounds
capacity, and who can work from blue print or drawing. 66 cents an hour.
Hvyforger.-Experienced in and capable of handling heavy forging by means of
cranes from heavy fires or furnaces under power hammers. 77 cents an hour. Gen-
eral blacksmiths will be considered in the line of promotion to this trade if the quan-
tity and character .of the work and their qualifications for the same justify their
Springmaer.--This rating will be included under the heading "General black-
fmith," but special experience along these lines should be given in the application,
and should include experience and ability to handle flat spring work of the grade and
weight used for driving purposes under locomotives and for cars and other similar
purposes. 66 cents an hour.
Too dresser.-Experienced in and capable of forging all kinds of tools for lathes,

planers, plotters, etc., and
headers, and forging tools;
makes of steel up to and
86 cents an hour. This

of tempering taps, reamers, dies, metal cut-off tools, bolt
also of considerable experience in handling the different
including modern "blue-chip" or high-speed tool steel.
rating will be included under the heading "General

Must have served apprenticeship or worked at this trade for at least two years.
Must be competent to lay off lines on floor and to lay off, repair, and erect framing
and planking for small boats of all types. 65 cents an hour.

General.-Must have completed apprenticeship and subsequently had at least three
years' experience in general boiler work in either marine or locomotive shops. Must
be thoroughly familiar with all kinds of work on locomotive, stationary, or marine
boilers. 65 cents an hour.

Must be thoroughly competent as bricklayers.

84 cents an hour.


Must have haI several years' experience in retail meat cutting and selling.
supervise colored help. $137.50 a month.



Must have had at least two years' experience in performing all classes of coach and
cabinetwork in a railroad coach shop or a regular car builder's coach shop, or a general
cabinetmaker's shop; and in addition must have previously worked four years at
some branch of the carpenter's trade, such as house carpenter or ship carpenter.


addition to their inspection work. Must furnish tools. 56 cents an hour. A Imtd
number are on the monthly roll at $150 a month, but are generily chosen from emppyi
ees who have proven their ability.


One who has had at least three years' experience (within the last four years) as
car carpenter or repairer in making repairs to wooden and steel cars in railroad repair
shops, and must also be experienced on truck work. Must furnish tools. 56 cents an


Car.-Must have served at least three years as carpenter repairing or building
freight cars in a regular car shop. 56 cents an hour.
House and concrete form.-One who has had experience in concrete-form work and
in ordinary framing, and can fit, hang, and trim doors and windows, build stairs, etc.,
and is ordinarily expert with common carpenter's tools. 67 cents an hour.
Ship.-See Shipwright.

Must have had one year's experience in charge of operation of rapid mechanical
gravity type filters. Must be a graduate of recognized school with a degree either
in sanitary engineering or sanitary chemistry, and must be qualified to do all lines of
water analysis work. $125 and $150 a month.


Must be experienced in chipping and calking steel plates, with special reference
to ship work, including the use of hand and pneumatic tools on water-tight and oil-
tight work. 61 cents an hour.

Male only. All clerical positions are subject to civil-service examination. See
section 2. Clerks who pass the typewriting examination will be given preference.

Appointments made at entrance salary of $100 and $125 a month and experience
along one or more of the following lines is required:
Clerk with knowledge of stenography and typewriting.
Clerk with knowledge of typewriting.
Clerk with knowledge of bookkeeping.
Clerk with knowledge of time keeping.
Clerk with general business training and experience.
Postal.-Men who are experienced in all branches of post-office work. Must have
had at least one year's experience as a clerk (not as carrier) in United States, or one
year in Canal Zone, post offices, and be familiar with the receipt, distribution, and
dispatch of mail matter, the issuance of money orders, registration of mail, and the
preparation of the various reports required of postmasters. This position is filled
through civil-service examination or by transfer from classified post offices in the
TTnit~l Rtatnr HTTowever hbrfnre a licnihlp for transfer annlicannt must have



Must have had not 1less than five years' experience in roasting, grinding, and blend-
ng coffee, and be competent to supervise and instruct white and colored help. Work
in this section includes the packing of rice, sugar, coffee, etc., for sale in the retail
store. $125 to $150 a month.
See the specifications for the various commissary positions listed under their respec-
tive titles.
Dry goods.-Wide experience in the operation of dry goods stores handling men's
and ladies' furnishings, notions, and dress goods. Will be placed in charge, under the
store manager, of dry goods departments in retail stores. Should understand window
dressing, the display of goods and manner of selling, the discipline of slesmen, the
art of merchandising, etc. It will be their duty to see that patrons are properly served
and they will come in constant contact with the public. Entrance salary, $150 a
Pro msione.-Wide experience in the operation of meat, fruit, and vegetable market
andgrocery stores. Will be placed in charge, under store manager, of provision depart-
ments in retail stores. Should understand meat cutting, the display of fruits, vege-
tables, and groceries, the manner of selling such supplies, the discipline of salesmen,
etc. It will be their duty to see that patrons are served properly and they will come
in contact with the public constantly. Entrance salary, $150 a month.


Yard or switch service, $150 a month. Promotion to $190 a month when assigned
to main-line service on the Isthmus.

Man with experience in American-plan hotels. One with all-round experience
only is qualified, not simply pastry or meat cooks. $75 to $137.50 a month, including

Must have had at least three years' experience as a journeyman coppersmith and
must be capable of doing general coppersmithing done in marine, repair, and con-
struction shops. Must be capable of making and handling copper pipes up to li
inches in diameter and of brazing flanges thereon. 66 cents an hour.

See Molder.
Dipper dedge.---See Dredging positions.
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All drafting positions are subject to civil-service examination. See se
Entrance salaries range from $125 to $175 a month, according to experie
Architectural.--Salary depends on requirements for position.
Marine.-Should be experienced in marine design and capable of making
of floating equipment, such as tugs, barges, dump scows, derrick boats, and
Mechanical (first class).-Must have had at least three years' experience in
and, in addition, have experience in shop work or on construction work, or
a graduate of a technical institution, with at least one year's experience in

action 2.
since and

must be

or on construction work. Must be able to handle original design work on power
plants, locomotives, steam shovels, and structural work, and be competent to check
detailed shop drawings. Must have a good working knowledge of mathematics, and
be able to figure stresses and strains in mechanism and in structures, such as roof
trusses. Must have a good knowledge of materials used in construction and be
acquainted with shop methods and procedure in handling and executing work.
$150 a month.
Mechanical (second class).-Must have had either at least two years' experience
drafting (or as an alternative, one year's experience in drafting in addition to at least
one year shop or construction experience), or must be a graduate of a mechanical
engineering course of a technical institution. Must be able to make detailed shop
drawings from rough sketches and assembly drawings. $125 a month.
Structural steel.-Salary depends upon requirements for position.
Topographical.-Need not be a graduate civil engineer, but must be able to calcu-
late simple problems in algebra and trigonometry. Should be able to plat contour
maps from stadia notes, make railroad-track maps and city plates. Should be able to
calculate cross sections and reduce them to cubic yards. Should have at least one
year's experience as a draftsman and be able to do fairly good lettering and fairly
neat line work. No experience as a designer is necessary. Should be able to run
levels and calculate grades, and be willing to run levels at times when not needed in
the office. $125 a month.

Craneman (dipper dredge, 15-yard).-Should be able to take care of dipper dredge
engine and boiler and have craneman's experience on large dipper dredges. This
position is usually filled by promotion of dipper dredge engineers. For salaries of
these positions, see "Mate" in schedule, page 14.
Engineer (dredge).-Must be thoroughly experienced in operating the type of dredge
for which appointment is made. Day and night work. For salaries see schedule,
page 14.
Engineer (tugboat, self-propelling barge, marine general).-For salaries see schedule,
page 14.
Leverman, or operator (pipe-line dredge).-Must be experienced in operating pipe-
line dredge. For salaries see schedule, page 14.
Master (dredae).-Must be thoroudhlv experienced in overatine and caring for all



16 inches or larger

S(Self-propelling barge).-Must have had experience as

master on a

towboat and

be accustomed

harbor work.

Day and night work.

(Steam t).-Must have had experience as master on steam tug and be accustomed

to harbor work.

Day and night work.

For salaries see schedule, page 14.


Drill barge.-Should be experienced rock driller on drill-barge work.

$155 a month.


Must be a graduate pharmacist and hold license.

Entrance salary, $100 a month.


Must have had several years' experience in

egg candling.

$125 a. month.


See Lineman and Wireman.






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Must have ld at least three years' experience as electroplater in copper, nickel,
and silver. Must be thoroughly familiar with mixtures and proceed used, and
must be competent to supervise buffers, polishers, and burnihers, in which trades
he must also be proficient. 68 cents an hour.
Must have State license as embalmer, and must have had at least one year's experi-
ence in crematory. $100 and $125 a month.
Dredge.-See Dredging positions.
Locmotive.--$150 a month in yard or switch service. Promotion to $225 a month
when assigned to main-line service. Hostlers given preference for promotion to grade
of locomotive engineer.
Marine.-See Dredging positions.
Refrgerating.-Must have had at least five years' experience in ice making and
around either steam-driven or motor-driven refrigerating machinery in large refrigerat-
ing plants. One who has mechanical ability to make emergency repairs preferable.
State whether steam-driven or motor-driven experience. $175 a month.
Steam.-The rating "steam engineer" covers locomotive-crane engineer, compressor
engineer, dynamo engineer, hoisting engineer, Lidgerwood engineer, operator of
clamshell or orange-peel dredge, pile-driver engineer, pumpman, road-roller engi-
neer, stationary engineer, and track-shifting engineer. Persons applying should
indicate for which of the above classifications they consider themselves best qualified
by their experience. If they hold an American license the same or a certified copy
thereof should be submitted with the application and will be returned immediately.
50 to 56 cents an hour; $100 to $150 a month.
Steam shovel.-Should be familiar with and experienced in handling Bucyrus and
Marion shovels. $218 a month.


See Operator.



All appointees to this position must be single white men, between the ages of 20
and 40 years, not less than 5 feet 7 inches nor more than 6 feet 2 inches in height,
weighing not less than 140 pounds nor more than 210 pounds, with a chest measure-
ment of not less than 35 inches (measurements and weight without clothing), and be
in good health and sound in body. Must have had at least two years' experience
in a paid fire department in a city of not less than 30,000 inhabitants, and have ren-
dered satisfactory service. Applicants must furnish satisfactory references as to
sobriety, moral character, and experience from the chief, assistant chief, or other

superior officer of the department in which the
must furnish their own uniforms, which should
addition thereto they must provide themselves

applicant has served.
d be secured on the I
with a pair of fireman

All appointees
isthmus, and in
's rubber boots,







steam 'laundry


washers, sorters, and markers, ironers, etc.

The special qualifications required will

be stated in requisitions.


be competent

to supervise

and instruct colored

help. $100 to $125 a month.
Slaughterhouse.-Must be competent to supervise the slaughtering of cattle, actually
perform the work connected therewith, and of sufficient training and experience to
train inexperienced colored men in the performance the he various duties connected

with the work.

$150 to $175 a month.

Slaughterhouse.-Must be competent to take charge of offal disposition of slaughter-
house. Special experience in utilizing waste products and ability to instruct others
is essential. $125 a month.
Must present evidence of actual employment with mechanics of some trade for at
least one year, and must have sufficient knowledge of a trade to demonstrate clearly

their superiority to unskilled labor for assisting mechanics.

In making application,

statement of experience must be given, and employment will depend on character

of experience.

Very few helpers will be sent to the Isthmus from the United States,

40 cents an hour.
Must have had experience as a locomotive engineer or not less than two years as
a fireman, and must be competent to move engines under steam about shops, yards,

Hostlers are


of promotion

to locomotive


$137.50 a month.


Graduate civil engineer,

between the ages of 20 and 30 years,

who has either

specialized in college on hydraulic engineering or who has had at least one year's

practical experience in hydrographic work since graduation.
a month.

Entrance salary, $100


Must have at least three or four years'

experience in the manufacture of ice cream

and water ices.

Experience with large ice cream factories preferred.

This section is

also in charge of the bottling of milk and cream.


Must supervise and instruct colored

$125 to $137.50 a month.


Merchandise.-Must have thorough knowledge of general dry goods, men's and ladies'

furnishings and notions.


Should have knowledge of window displaying.

' experience in large wholesale dry goods establishments is essential.


be able to instruct other employees in the care and displaying of the above-mentioned


$150 to $175 a month.

Provsion.-Must be a practical "provision" man, able to handle meats, fruits, and


with special

experience in

cutting meats and in selling cold-storage

Familiarity with grocery products is essential.

Will be used for service in

inspecting provisions and in training sales force of cold-storage and grocery depart-


This designsan includes bolters-on, angle-iron smiths, erectors, snappers,
rivet heaters. Persons applying should indicate for which of these clarifications
consider themselves best qualified by their experience. This rating is for
building and tank building outside of shops. 56 to 75 cents an hour.




Entrance salary, $90 a month.
service to $105 a month,

May be promoted after six months'


75 cents an hour.

LHER vital) .

See Foreman; also Superintendent.

Must be graduate civil engineer or have had at least two years' field experience
and be between the ages of 20 and 40 years. $100 and $125 a month. This position
is usually filled by the promotion of rodmen.



Pipe-line dredge.-See Dredging positions.


Light and power pole line work.---Must be accustomed to stringing both heavy
light wire, hanging and connecting up transformers, and able to work on live
in 2,300-volt circuits. Must furnish tools. 69 cents an hour.
High-tension transmission line.-Men who have had experience in lines of 5(
volts or over preferred. Must be capable of erecting towers, stringing wires, pla
insulators, etc. Must furnish tools. $156 a month.



In applying for any of the following classifleations of the position of ma-
chinist the applicant should bring out clearly in his application any experi-
ence which he may have had on marine equipment.
Air brake.-Machinists under this heading will generally be rated as machinists
(floor and bench). Special experience in repair of locomotive air and driver brakes
and car air-brake equipment should be stated in the application. 66 cents an hour.
Brass lathe.-This work will generally be performed by men rated as machinists
(machine) at rates determined by their efficiency. Special experience in this line
should be stated in the application.
Electrical.-64 cents an hour.
Floor and bench.-Must be capable of work on the floor or on the bench; experi-
enced in all classes of general repair work on steam engines, pumps, locomotives, or
other machinery in so far as bench and floor work is concerned; must be able to use a
-ml nnar. a t j. a 4H\ *,. c-,. T-- i -- - a. .-J 1 _ 1 I *S *

shops; must be capable of using micrometergauges and be able to work fm blue
Special experience along these lines should be stated in the appltion.6
an hour.
Marine-Must be experienced in erect and marine engine iludi
turbines; must be competent to align shafts and bearings and to do other erect

work on marine equipment. Men employed on this work will be rated according to
the particular class of work for which employed, but in making selection only men
able to show experience on marine work will be chosen. 66 cents an hour.
Toolmaer.-M-ust be capable of working on bench and machines; must have had
extended experience in tool-making work, including the making of taps, dies, readers
and other small tools, and must be able to care intelligently for same. Also ompe-
tent in making jigs. 66 cents an hour. Will be carried under general heading of
Turret-lathe operator.-Must have had at least two years' experience within the lat
four years operating modem turret lathes. Men for this work will be rated as machin-
ists (machine) at rates determined by their efficiency.


See Dredging positions.


See Dredging positions.


Iron.-Must have had experience in marine and general jobbing foundry. Must be
capable of -working in both green and dry sand, and must be accustomed to doing
side, floor, and crane work. No bench molder will fill this specification.
Brass.-Must have had at least four years' experience on marine work and steam
and water tight fittings.
Steel.-Must fill all requirements for an iron molder, and in addition must be expe-
rienced in the making of both dry and green sand molds for steel castings. Must be
capable of doing crane work.
The rating molder will cover all branches of the trade, including coremaker, but
employment will be based on the special experience of the applicant in the branch
for which men are wanted. 68 cents an hour.


Male and female.-Applicants must be between the ages of 20 and 40 years, gradu-
ates of schools for trained nurses having at least a two years' course, and have had at
least one year's subsequent experience in a modem and well-equipped hospital; or,,in
the case of male nurses, having served at least one enlistment in the Hospital Corps
of the United States Army or Navy. The entrance salary for female nurses is $65 a
month, with subsistence and laundry of uniforms, with promotion of $5 a month f&
each two years' satisfactory service until a maximum of $85 a month is reached.

Male nurses will be
-- ..^ -1- -. .r n r-.3 a

appointed at $90 a month, without subsistence or laundry, and




Brown hoi --4175 a month.
Dipper dredge.-See Dredging positions.
Eecc r .---125 to $150 a month, with certain exceptions.
Electric withboard.-$125 to $150 a month.
Filter.-Must have equivalent of high-uchool education. Required to read the
meters, keep notes, and make calculations. For work at water-purification plants.
$100 and $125 a month.
Fire apparatus (motor).-All appointees to this position must be single white men
between the ages of 20 and 40 years, not less than 5 feet 7 inches nor more than 6 feet 2
inches in height, weighing not less than 140 pounds nor more than 210 pounds, with a
chest measurement of not less than 35 inches (measurements and weightswithout cloth-
ing), and be in good health and sound in body. Must have had at least two years'
experience as first driver in charge of a motor pumping engine in a paid fire department
and have received the compensation attached to that position. Applicants must
furnish satisfactory references as to sobriety, moral character, and experience from the
chief, assistant chief, or other superior officer of the department in which the applicant
has served. Appointees are required to furnish their own uniforms, which should be
secured on the Isthmus. They must agree to serve one year with the fire force on the
Isthmus. After arrival on the Isthmus appointees will be required to pass an exami-
nation before the board of local inspectors and demonstrate their ability to operate
automobile fire apparatus. This position is generally filled by promotion of qualified
firemen. $120 a month.
Sand blast.-Must have had at least one year's experience in the operation of sand
blast for cleaning castings, etc., in the foundry, or for cleaning scale from metal work,

or both. 52 cents an hour.
Suction dredge.-See Dredging positions.
Telephone switchboard, female.-Applicants
years and must have had at least two years'
subscribers' boards. $50 to $75 a month.
Towing locomotive.-This position filled


must be between the ages of 18 and 26
experience in operating common battery

by operating force in addition to other

$150 a month.


House.-Must be a good brush man who can mix ord
be given to men experienced in handling gangs. Expe
usually performed in houses.
Car.-Must be experienced in striping, varnishing,
coach work, in addition to straight painting, and must
service in either railway or car shops.
Ship.-Must have had at least two years' experience

linary colors. Preference will
rience must cover all the work

and finishing locomotive and
have had at least three years'

in a shipyard and be capable

of performing all painting, glossing, etc., required on shipboard.
The foregoing will be rated as painters. 60 cents an hour.
Letterer and grainer.-Must be competent to do all kinds of lettering and graining,
including sold. silver, and bronze leaf work, except high-grade free-hand sign


Must be single and graduate of recogn
years. Entrance salary, $150 a month.
examination. See section 2; also Interne,

Must hold a master's certificate for unl
steamers and be experienced in handling
also be proficient in navigation pertain
relating to the compass. Must be temi
suitable, under 45 years, and preferably nf
of tugboat, pending assignment as regul
Increase of $25 each six months until maxi
upon satisfactory service. Preference wi
equipment of the Panama Canal.


Must be experienced and capable of hl
wrought-iron pipe, from smallest size to
locomotive and car steam and air piping.

A0 ...............

ized medical school. Age limits, 22 to 30
This position is subject to civil-serce


limited tonnage on seagoing or Great Lakes
Lg them around wharves or through locks;
ng to pilotage, especially so in all matters
,erate, physically sound, temperamentally -
ot over 35. May be required to act as master
ar pilot. Entrance salary, $200 a month.
mum of $250 a month is reached, contingent
11 be given to persons employed on floating


handling, working, and bending all kinds of
10 inches in diameter, and experienced in
65 cents an hour.


Must have had four years' experience as journeyman mill hand and capable of run-
ning heavy woodworking machinery, such as planers, surfaces, matchers, rip and cut
off saws, mortising and boring machines on general milling work. 56 cents an hour.

Must be thoroughly experienced in both plain and ornamental work.

78 cents an


Must be qualified to install house or ship plumbing in all its branches, including
brass and nickel work and leadwork; must be able to wipe joints and to line up piping
and fittings. Must have had at least four years' experience as a journeyman. Con-
struction work, 78 cents an hour. Maintenance work, $143 a month.

First class--White man, single, between the ages of 21 and 40 years, at least 5 feet
8 inches in height, with a minimum weight of 140 pounds (measurement and weight
without clothing); sound physique and clear intellect, good moral .character and cor-
rect habits, and be able to read and write the English language. A knowledge of
Spanish is desirable, and also an excellent discharge from the United States Army,
Navy, or Marine Corps, or record of satisfactory experience in police work. All ap-
pointees to this position are required to furnish their own uniforms, which should be

1.1 1 It I


officers and other enlisted men with excellent discharges from the United States
Army or Navy. The physical requirements for this position are the same as for the
position of policeman. Entrance salary, $100 a month.


Wight hnFling.--Must have had experience of at 1l
weights; must know how to pass straps for safe handling
of size of straps and number and character of turns for dif
must be competent to supervise a gang of laborers. 64
Rigging Jitters.-Riggers for work on fitting rigging m
wire, hemp, and manila rope with all styles of splicing,
and to worm, parcel, and serve rigging, and to fit and
64 cents an hour.

east two years in
,f weights, have a
ferent kinds of wei
cents an hour.
ust be competent
to make eyes and
set up the same

good idea
ghts, and

to splice
on ships.


Should be capable of driving rivets both by hand and pneumatic hammer for water-
tight and oil-tight work on hulls and tanks. 63 cents an hour.


An active young man, between 20 and 30 years of age, with about one year's expe-
rience in the field and possessing the equivalent of a high-school education, or graduate
of a technical school in the civil-engineering course. $83.33 a month.


Applicants must preferably be graduates of
engineering, preference to be given to those w]
conditions. Applications should be addressed
Heights, Canal Zone." Entrance salary, $125

technical schools in civil or sanitary
ho have had experience under tropical
[ to the "Chief Health Officer, Balboa
a month.


Must have at least five years' experience with large sausage-making establishments.
Must be familiar with all details of sausage making and be competent to instruct others.
$125 to $150 a month.

Grade teachers must hav<
course, and must have had
or college, and at least two
United States. In place of
for grade positions, high-sch
sity training. Applications
Balboa Heights, Canal Zone,'
for the school year of nine

e completed a regular four-year high-school or academy
at least two years' training in a standard normal school
years' successful experience in the public schools of the
the two years' normal school or college training required
ool teachers must have had four years' college or univer-
should be addressed to the "Superintendent of Schools,


who will furnish all information.
months, beginning October 1.

Appointments are made
Entrance salaries: Grade



HfaShing. Must be able to
piping, and elbows, etc., and

Must be capable of laying (
heads, and water-tight comp
iron work usually found in a

Must be capable of doing a
66 cents an hour.

Must be capable of doing i
off and shaping frames and p
beveling, etc. 66 cents an h

lay out and construct cornices, vendato, skylights
make tanks and containers for liquids. 9 cent"an


)ut and doing all kinds Of ironwork on hulls, decks, balk-
artments, and of layingot and doing all kinds of sheebt-
shipyard. 65 cents an hour.


11 kinds of joiner work on steamboats of any description.


all shipwright or ship carpenter's work, including laying
landingg, construction of small boats, fastenings, scarfing,

See Clerk.


He should hold a second mate's certificate, have a good all-round knowledge of a
ship, such as reeving off necessary gear, getting derricks, etc., placed in order, rigging
up purchases for taking out or putting in heavy weights, know what working strain
the different purchases, gear, chain, wire slings, and lashings will stand; how to load
a ship with regard to different commodities stowed together, placing of dunnage,
stability of vessel, draft, etc. Should be able to stow ship when same is loaded for
several ports so that when ship leaves one port for another she will be evenly trimmed,
stand upright, with cargo secure; know how to stow cargoes so as to comply with all
underwriters and boards of trade rules; measure off hold space, give correct account
of how much cargo vessel can take, either when empty or partially loaded, to com-
plete. $100 to $150 a month.

Man with experience in American-plan hotels, both as steward and clerk. Must
be able to keep simple accounts and have sufficient knowledge of cooking to be able
to actually do the cooking if cook should quit. $83.33 and $100 a month, including

Bakery.-Must have had several years' experience in cl
Competent to supervise white and colored labor in the ms
all kinds of cake and pastry. $175 to $200 a month.
Cold-storage plant.--Must have had at least five years'
meats and provisions in refrigeration and be competent to han
.* a. , .. ..A < j - __- *- -. ^-1- -- 1B. ~- _



barge of large bakeries
nufacture of bread and

experience in handling
die skilled and unskilled
J^BL krt--rlaL fL:jm J ri-. jak^ih 4 uA b *4MtB a. ijt :Rij 4 |m~k~l Jh



Mut have a general knowledge of the handling of railroad passenger transportation
form, preferably one who has had at least one year's experience as ticket agent or

ticket collector in railroad trvi*c.
tri~l.^l *i~m&M^I^^ AI l serviVMJl C e,BU

$125 to $150 a month.


77 cents an hour.


Rated as clerk.

See requirements unhler heading of Clerk.


See Sheet-metal worker.


See Machinist, toolmaker.


The principal requisites of

this position

are ability to use drawing instruments

with precision and neatness, together with a neat style of lettering.

need have no designing ability,
make a workmanlike drawing.
instruments. $60 to $75 a month

The applicant

but should be able to take any pencil sketch and
Tracers are expected to furnish their own drawing

Must be experienced in laying and surfacing new track and capable of installing

and maintaining switches.

Must know all details of this work and be able to instruct

personally the laborers how to do the work as well as manage them.

No foreman who

has only had experience on maintenance of way and without construction experience

in marshy country wanted.
and construction. $100 to

One preferred who is experienced on both maintenance
$150 a month.


Same as levelman,

but must have

had a large amount of practical experience.

This position is usually filled by promotion.

$150 a month.


One experienced in repairing different makes of adding machines and typewriters,

including the

Underwood machine.

Must furnish all

tools necessary in


$100 to $150 a month.


Acetylene.-Must have had at least two years'

experience with acetylene torches;

must be capable of doing all classes of cutting and welding, including welding castings

and light plates.

63 cents an hour.

Thbrtr4m~ -Inffng hhtvcp lrtiA nit lnns twoat r-rpflrSI

pxnonnpnon a.+t plntroi w.ldhnay with

24 ... i

Armature winder.-Experienced in repair shop work and repairs of all. cl:ee
electrical apparatus and machinery. Must be capable of winding, taping, sad im-
pregnating of motor, transformer, and magnet coils, rewinding and connecting both
A. C. and D. C. motors, and shop repairs. 69 cents an hour.
Cable splicer.-Experienced in and capable of making splicel in single and multiple
conductor lead-covered cables. Should have had experience in installing under-
ground transmission systems of potentials from 2,300 volts up. Must be careful and
able to make the joint complete, including wiping on and sealing of sleeve.
Cable splicer, telephone.-Must be experienced in and competent to make splices
on telephone cable of all capacities up to 300 pairs. Must have had at least two years|
experience with some reputable company. 69 cents an hour, and $150 a month.
Electric.---One who is experienced and capable of doing open and concealed wiring
and paolding work for electric lighting. He must be thoroughly familiar with the
National Electrical Code, as comprised in the Regulations of the National Board of Fire
Underwriters for Electric Wiring and Apparatus. Conduit wiremen must also
have had two years' experience in fitting electric conduit and wiring therein.
Motor and control.-Men for this class of work should be experienced in setting of
control or contactor panels, including all connections between the motor and feeder
system and between the motor and control panel. Experience with the installation
of electrical equipment in steel mills, cotton mills, large shops, or similar institutions
will be given preference. Most of the equipment consists of three-phase motors and
alternating-current control equipment, although there is some direct-current control
equipment, but men having had direct-current experience only will not be suitable.
Station and switchboard.--Must be experienced in hydroelectric station, switch-
boards, and transformer-room equipment. Experience with construction depart-
ments of the large public-service electrical companies or as erectors or construction
men for the large electrical manufacturing companies preferred. Experience only
on low-tension switchboards will not qualify for control and switchboard work; expe-
rience with remote control apparatus also required.
Telephone wiremnan or inspector.-Must be experienced in common battery exchange
equipment and must have had at least two years' experience in installation of tele-
phone switchboards, storage batteries, subscribers' equipment, etc. $125 to $162.50
a month.
Transformer and oil switch.-Men who have had experience in insulating bus bars,
making up high-tension terminal bells and joints, assembling and erecting oil switches
and transformers for both light and power service. They should also be familiar
with the installation of potential and current transformers and incidental wiring for
metering the current. Experience with large public-service electrical companies
which maintain their own construction departments is desirable for this class of work.

Also experience with large electrical manufacturing concerns
pending upon the detail of the experience. Outside overhead
transformer experience are not desired on account of the wide
of transformer work to be done on the Isthmus. Experience

may be suitable, de-
linemen with outdoor
difference in the class
with 4,500 volts up is



It will be understood, however, that mechanics in other crafts will be required to
provide themselves with appropriate tools:
Backsmiths.-Calipers, rule, dividers, square.
Boiler makers.-Steel rule, dividers, calipers, square, spud wrenches, chipping
Cabinetmakers-Same as carpenters, with addition of one set of hand-carving tools.
Calkes, wood.-Calking mallet, a complete set of talking tools, stool.
Carpenter.-Cross-cut saw, rip saw, compass saw, tenon saw, drawknife, spoke
shave, scraper ratchet brace, extension bit, set of auger bits, spiral screw driver, set
of standard drills and stock, jack plane, smooth plane, fore plane, adz, claw hammer,
hatchet, steel square, small square, 2-foot rule, try-square, set of chisels, set of gouges,
mallet, pair of compasses, level, oilstone, 6 and 12 inch ordinary screw drivers, block
plane, countersink and screw-driver bits for brace, marking gauge.
Car repairers and inspectors.-Claw hammer, hatchet or small hand ax, oilstone, 2
handsaws (cross cut), 2-foot steel square, try-square, bevel square, smoothing plane,
jack plane, set of chisels to 2 inches, brace not less than 12-inch sweep, set of three
different sized screw-driver bits for brace, set of ship auger bits from to 1j1 inch,
set of gimlet or drill bits No. 1 to No. 8, 2-foot rule, mallet.
Copersmiths.-B. P. hammer, set of chisels, set of solid punches, pair of 10-inch
dividers, circular snips No. 8, straight snips No. 7, pocketknife, set of beating hammers,
24-inch steel rule, center punch.
Core makers.-Trowel, lifter, double ender, set slickers.
Draftsmen.-One set of drawing instruments, T square, bevel square, splines,
Erectors.-One pair each of 8-inch inside and outside calipers, one pair 8-inch
dividers, 3-foot steel rule, combination set with 24-inch steel rule, 6-inch steel scale,
one set trammel points.
Instrument makers.-Same as typewriter repair men, and in addition special tools
for watchmaking.
Ironworkers.-Same as ship fitters.
Joiners.---Same as carpenters.
Linemen.-Tool bag, belt, ratchet brace, 2-inch wood chisel "firmer socket," Haven
clamp, pair of climbers, claw hammer, pair of 8-inch side cutting pliers, 6-foot nile,
hand cross-cut saw, 6 and 10 inch screw drivers, safety strap, tool (Howe's) or jack
strap, lag screw wrench, monkey wrench, hacksaw frame, B. P. hammer, carpenter's
square, pocketknife.
Locksmiths.-Same as instrument makers, except tools for typewriter repairs, and
include special tools for locksmith work.
Machinists.-One each of the following: 3, 6, and 12 inch scales, 1 pair each inside
and outside calipers (6 and 12 inch), pair 6-inch dividers, center gauge, surface gauge,
depth gauge, scratch gauge, thickness gauge, USS thread gauge, toolbox, box square,
12-inch square and bevel protractor, 8-inch hermaphrodite, screw driver, plumb
bob, 6-inch flexible steel rule, pair extension trams, B. P. hammer, 12-inch monkey
wrench, combination square, 2 or 3 inch outside micrometer, 12-inch inside microm-
eter, spirit level, 2-foot rule, center punch.
Millwrights.-Box square, B. P. hammer, brace and set of bits, plumb bob, chalk
line, handsaw (cross cut), 24-inch spirit level, 2-foot square, pair 12-inch dividers,
carpenter's claw hammer, 6-foot folding rule, 50-foot steel tape, 6-inch scale, set of
inside calipers, set of outside calipers, 8-inch hermaphrodite, scrapers, 6, 10, and 14
inch monkey wrenches.

Al "uIDiiuuNFi: n.UU:U11; iD'NDN~iuCihi~ii~i

hammer, set round-bottom planes, 2-foot rule,
twist drills and brace.
Pipe fttters---air 10-inch dividers, 6-foot ru
tote nfi 8 5Tnd i inch fStiu lloin 'rencheplmn

'" ,,* " i /' ^ i ^ : S '
set firmer-chisels, epanso t sWt

Le, pair 6-inch gas pliers, 50-foot steel

sA-vj t') t* *flZ f f NJJ^ ML jJA- VTA*V .:
Plumbers.-Hammer, screw driver, pair cutting plere mpams saw, set brace, bits
and drills, wood chisel and gouge, j and 2 inch bending spFI, tmrnpin,, compass
shave hook, bending irons talking irons, soldering irons, "o chisel, joint runner,
file, bras pipe wrench, 10 and 14 inch Stilson wrenche, 12-mnch monkey wrenh,
and 2 inch drift plugs, ladle, wiping cloths, rap, tap borer, 6-foot rle, b n wrench,
hack saw, 8-inch Stillon wrench.
Sheet-metal workers.-Oircular snips No. 8, straight snips No. 7, pair 10-inc dividers,
pair 6-inch wire pliers, one small and one large thinner's hammer, os. 4 and rivet
sets, 50-foot steel tape, center punch, 6-foot rule, mallet, center punch, ,dering
irons, scratch awl, monkey wrench, breast drill and bits.

Ship fitters.-Two-foot rule, chalk line and reel,
square, dividers, spud wrenches.

center punch, B.


Ship joiners.-Screw driver (6-inch), screw driver (12-inch) screw-driver bit, ad
smooth plane, joiner plane, jack plane, spokeshave, 2-foot rule, set of gouges, set of
wood chisels, bevel, set wood bits, hand drill and bits, ratchet brace, 24-inch car-
penter's square, oilstone, try-square, marking gauge, claw hammer, hatchet, draw-
knife, handsaws, pair dividers, chalk line, mallet, spirit level, calipers, monkey


, angle brace,

block plane, 50-foot steel tape.

Shipwrights.-Broadax, screw drivers (6 and 12 inch), adz, spike maul, screwdriver
bit, set of wood bits, set of wood chisels, set of gouges, ratchet brace, 24-inch car-
penter's square, bevel, oilstone, race knife, try-square, smoothing plane, jack lane,
marking gauge, claw hammer light riveting hammer, 2-foot rule, 50-foot stee tape,
pair dividers, spokeshave, cold chisels, saws (cut-off and rip), spirit level, chalk lne
and reel, fore plane, calipers, expansion bit, plumb bob, angle brace.

Toolmakers .-Three-fourths-pound





micrometer, 3-inch micrometer, inside micrometer, 4, 6, 10 inch inside calipers, 4, 6,
10 inch outside calipers, surface gauge, USS screw pitch gauge, universal bevel pro-
tractor, 4, 6, 12, 18 inch steel rules, 6-inch flexible steel rule, 6-inch narrow hook rule,
center punch, 3-inch dividers, 6-inch dividers, 4-inch hermaphrodite caliper, 5-inch
inside-thread caliper, 5-inch outside-thread caliper, 600 center gauge, depth a uge,
6-inch solid steel square, test indicator, 3-inch screw driver, 6-inch screw river,
oilstone, thickness gauge, magnifying glass, scriber, straightedge (4 to 12 inch), feelers,
2-foot rule, surface gauge, tool gauge, thread gauge.
Typewriter repair men.--Twelve-inch screw driver, 7-inch (A-inch bit) screw driver
61-inch Champion screw driver, 6-inch (n-inch bit) Champion screw driver, small steel
hammer, small copper hammer, pair Starett's pliers (for music wire), pair 3-prong pliers,
pair flat-nose pliers (41-inch), pair round-nose pliers, pair parallel pliers (4|-inch), pair
parallel pliers (6-inch), pair side-aligning pliers for Underwood typewriter, pair ng-
detaching pliers for Underwood typewriter, pair of tweezers, typewriter twister for
Underwood typewriter, shift-rail twister for Underwood typewriter, aligning wrench
for Underwood typewriter, trip wrench for Underwood typewriter, hexagon nut wrench
for Underwood typewriter, soldering gauge, alcohol torch, oilstone.
Wiremen.-Tool bag, set of wood bits ratchet brace, soldering copper (2 pounds),
claw hammer, pair gas pliers, 2 pairs side-cutting pliers (6 and 8 inch), 6-foot rule, 3
screw drivers (3, 6, and 10 inch), blow torch, 8-inch monkey wrench, cable ,nife,
14-inch pipe wrench.

Wiremen (telephone).-Tool bag, set of wood bits, ratchet brace, soldering copper,
Lw hammer, one pair pliers (S. 0. 6-inch), one pair diagonal pliers (4-inch), 2scw

r t,asa on1 An ainnr ;lrt iu n V.\ L ttr+n









I :




L Tn salaries or compensation of employees shall In no nstae exceed by more than 25 per cent the
saladesor compensation paid for the same or similar services to persons employed by the Government in
OCainatal United States, as determined by the governor of The Panama Canal. (See note below.)
2. Service must be satisfactory to the head of the department in which employed, and employees are
subject to the regulations of the governor.
The compensation and conditions of employment of persons employed n the United States will be
speciied in provisional appointments. The compensation of such persons will begin upon date of em-
barkation at port of departure from the United State, and they will be granted free transportation from
port of departure, including meals on the steamer, but no compensation or expenses for the Journey to the
part; but former employees from the United States whose next preceding service with The Panama Canal
was less than one year shall be paid only from date of entry into service on the Isthmus, and will be allowed
only such reduced rates of transportation to the isthmus as may be available for Government employees.
Employees appointed at an hourly rate will be paid for the period of transit to the Isthmus on the basis
of an eight-hour day, exclusive of Sundays. Except in case of discharge or other separation from the
service beyond the employee's control, payment of salary from date of embarkation to date of arrival on
the Isthmus will not be made unless service on the Isthmus continues for 30 days.
4. All officers and employees in the service of The Panama Canal, except those who are to perform the
duties of clerk, bookkeeper, stenographer, typewriter, surgeon, physician, trained nurse, or draftsman,
shall be exempted from examination under civil-service rules, and appointments to clerical positions on the
Isthmus of Panama paying $75 per month or less may also be made without examination. Officers and
employees now in the service of the Panama Railroad Co. on the Isthmus may be transferred to and re-
tained in the service of The Panama Canal without examination, whenever any work now performed inde-
pendently by the Panama Railroad is consolidated with similar work performed by The Panama Canal.
5. When employees in the present organization are transferred to the permanent organization, they
shall retain their seniority as regards questions of civil service, quarters, and other privileges or considera-
tions: Provided, however, That the seniority granted to employees by this order shall not be operative in
any case so as to form any claim involving the payment of funds of the United States.
6. All employees who receive over $75 per month or over 40 cents per hour must be citizens of the United
States or the Republic of Panama, and such citizens will be given preference for employment in all grades.
Aliens may not be employed in such grades unless (a) they have occupied similar positions during the
construction of the canal for two years or more, or (b) in case of emergency, in which latter case they must
be replaced by citizens of the United States or Republic of Panama as early as practicable.
7. The Governor shall prescribe regulations, when not otherwise fixed in this order, setting forth the
qualifications necessary for appointment of the various classes of employees, including physical fitness for
work on the Isthmus. The age limit shall in all cases be under 45 years, but the Governor may waive this
limit when in his judgment such action is for the good of the service.
8. All appointments shall be made by The Governor of The Panama Canal, or by his authority, except
the district judge, district attorney, marshal, clerk of district court, and his assistant.
9. Assignment to duty is vested in the respective heads of the departments, and employees will be ex-
pected to perform such duties as may properly be assigned to them. The Governor may discharge an
employee at any time for cause, and terminate a provisional appointment when the exigencies of the service
so require.
10. The Government reserves the right to pay in any money the value or parity of which is guaranteed
by the United States.
11. Employees whose salaries are fixed on a monthly or annual basis will receive no pay for overtime
12. Employees above the grade of laborer, appointed with rates of pay per hour or per day, will not be
employed over eight hours in any one calendar day, except in case of emergency. The time such employees
work over eight hours in one calendar day, and time worked on Sundays and regularly authorized holidays,
including January 1, February 22, May 30, July 4, Labor Day, Thanksgiving Day, and December 25, shall
be considered overtime for which time and one-half will be allowed. Such employees who worked on the
days prior and subsequent to the holidays specifically named above will be allowed their regular pay for
eight hours for such days, in addition to pay for any work performed.
13. An employee whcse compensation while on duty carries with it subsistence will not be entitled to

conditions as are at present in effect. The rates and conditions are subject to change at any tUins L if
discretion of the Governor.
15. After three years' service, employees who are citizens of the United States will be entitled to fee I
transportation for themselves only, on termination of service, to any port of the United States, except that
when such transportation costs the Government more than $40 the employee must pay the excess.
18. Employees on the gold roll will be granted one complimentary round-trip pass on the Panama Rail-
road each calendar month. Mileage books for use of such employees aen den t members of their fam-
ilies, or relatives temporarily residing with them, will be furnished at one-half regular triff rates.
17. Where practicable, such bachelor quarters on the Isthmus as may be available from time to time
will be assigned all employees desiring them. Family quarters, when available, will be assigned under
such rules as may be prescribed by the governor. A charge will be made for rent, fuel, an electric current
at such time and in accordance with such regulations as the President may hereafter establish.
18. Employees injured will be compensated in accordance with such regulations as are prescribed by law.
19. All employees in cases of illness or injury will receive free medical care and attendance in the hos-
pitals, except in cases of alcoholism or venereal disease. If medical attendance is furnished in quarters, a
charge may be made under regulations to be prescribed by the governor. Employees will be argued for
medical care and attendance furnished members of their families at the hospitals and at their quarters at
such rates and under such regulations as may be prescribed by the governor.
20. All employees who are citizens of the United States, and aliens whose compensation is more than $75
per month, or 40 cents per hour, shall be entitled to leave privileges.
21. Leave will be divided into three classes, viz, (1) annual leave, (2) cumulative leave, and (3) travel
leave. v
22. Twenty-four days annual leave will be allowed each employee for each year after entry into service
and, if not granted prior to the close of the year, is forfeited and may not be accumulated, except that any
annual leave remaining to an employee's credit in a year in which he is granted cumulative leave, may be
added to the cumulative leave if taken within two months after the close of his service year.
23. The service year shall date from the day on which an employee's pay in the permanent organization
24. Absences of one-half day or more, when regularly authorized, will be charged against annual leave;
also absences on account of illness or injury, upon the certificate of an authorized physician in the service
of The Panama Canal, except that in the following classes of caseS no payment shall be made for time lost,
but the time shall be charged against the annual leave:
(a) Illness due to the fault of the employee, as venereal disease and alcoholism.
(b) Injury due to the employee's willful intention to bring about the injury or death of himself
or another.
(c) Elective surgical operations to relieve conditions existing prior to service on the Isthmus.
25. In the case of hourly or per diem employees annual leave on account of sickness or injury shall be
based upon a day of eight hours.
26. Not more than 14 days' annual leave may be taken during the first six months of a service year. In
case of illness or injury in the first six months, to cover which no annual leave remains to the employee's
credit, the time lost will be charged against the annual leave remaining for the year, and payment will
be made after completing 10 months of the service year. After the entire 24 days' annual leave has been used
additional leave in that service year on account of illness or injury will be deducted from the cumulative
leave for that year, and when the cumulative leave becomes due the employee will be paid.
27. After exhausting both annual and accumulative leave for the year, additional absence on account of
illness or injury will be without pay, except such compensation as may be prescribed by law for employees
receiving personal injuries.


8. Employees who travel to points outside the Tropics, when on cumulative leave, will be allowed

even days additional leave (or travel leave) with full pay.
na year and is not cumulative.

Travel leave may be allowed approximately

31. Employees will be compensated for travel leave and annual leave taken n conjunction with eumula-
tive leave at the rate earned when cumulative leave last became due.
32. After accumulating leave for three years, an employee eaes to earn additional cumulative leave
until he granted all or part of the cumulative leave already earned, unle he shall enter on cumulative
leave within two months after completing the third year, or be ordered by the Governor to defer taking
leave for official reasons.
33. When an employee's services are terminated on account of misconduct or unsatistory service,
any annual leave due and travel leave will be forfeited, and cumulative leave will also be forfeited unless
written notification has been given that the employee has accumulated the leave, or the four months'

period within which the employee may enter on leave has passed.
employees as soon as possible after cumulative leave becomes due.

34. When an employee's

uch written notice must be given by

service is terminated, a cash payment in commutation of leave will be made

to him for the number of days cumulative leave due, phlus the annual leave due.

In the event of his death

his estate will be paid the sum due.
35. Employees must enter on cumulative leave within four months after the date when it becomes due,
except when accumulated, or unless otherwise authorized by the Governor.
36. Employees must report from leave within one week after the authorized leave expires or forfeit pay

for the leave.

In case of unavoidable delay, the Governor will decide whether the circumstances warrant

an exception to this rule.
37. No restrictions are placed on the localities where leave may be spent.
38. Any employee transferred from the present force to the permanent operating force will be paid at
time of transfer, in addition to his regular compensation, the amount he would have received in payment
for leave had he been separated from the service at the time of transfer.
39. Leave may be taken only at the convenience of heads of departments, who may direct an employee
to accumulate his leave if necessary for the conduct of the work.
40. Leave without pay may be granted by the Governor to all employees, including laborers, for such
period as may be prescribed by him.
41. Office hours and hours of labor will be fixed by the Governor within the limits prescribed by law.
42. This order shall take effect from and after the 1st day of April, 1914.


Sec. 15.

General information.-The Canal Zone is under the


of the

United States and a civil government is in operation.

Elementary schools, including

separate schools for white and colored

children, have

been established at various

points in the Canal Zone,
of competent teachers.
ducted by the Y. M. C.

together with a four-year high school course, all in charge


by the Government,

, fraternal societies,


clubhouses con-

women's clubs, dancing clubs, and

other social

organizations are





excellent, the water supply is good and abundant, the settlements are as clean and

wholesome as modern methods of municipal engineering can make them.

In general,

the canal life is that of an ideal American community where everyone has work to do
and is living well above the margin of existence.

See. 16. Climate.-The Canal Zone has a

perature of approximately 80
the wet and dry seasons. Wh.

tropical climate with an average tem-

and with little variation between summer and winter,
He the air is damp and muggy during parts of the rainy

RasnMn. the nights a.r anonrallv

cnol and comfortable.

The annual rainfall varies

ot 30

on the Ithmu at any time, either from the Gove ent coe or
dealer. Any clothing of light summer weight wiU beoud "serviceable C
of khaki, linen, and duck is also worn.
Sec. 19. Qubters.-Employees are supplied with furihed bachelor quare
which contain all necessary articles of furniture, sch as hed, mattress, ch t,
but the bed and table linen, dishes, kitchen utensils, and 0silar articles must be
supplied by the employee and can be purchased at the commisari on the Isthmn
Employees will not be permitted to take their families with them on the f trip t
Panama ou account of the scarcity of family quarters. Ni o proBmis lse fr
family quarters. However, such family quarters as are available aligned upon
application to employees, in their turn, containing all necessary arie furniture,
but on account of the large demand for the same an employee must wait asn definite
length of time before his name will be reached for assignment.
Sec. 20.-Meals.-Hotels and mess houses are maitintaed where good board may be
purchased at about 30 cents a meal and upward.
Sec. 21. Commissary.--Commissaries have been established on the Isthms where
canal employees may purchase all necessary supplies, including cod-storage articles
and other food, and clothing, at about prices current in the United States. Payment
for these articles is made by use of coupon books, which may be purchased for cash,
or by a charge against the employee's salary.

AN -


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