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Plans .r thc '";in f -llng
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'lan fir c- Grounds
Order of -l -iOu
P- -~/7~ /n,.
SEscola Superior de Agricultura e Medicina Veterinaria
Estado de Minas Geraes.
August 10, 1921.
To His Excellency,
Dr. Arthur da Silva Bernardes,
President of the State of Minas Geraes.
Since our last conference, which was held on June 16", 1921,
I have made daily visits to the Agricultural building where the archi-
tect was drawing up plans for the buildings of the Agricultural College.
During this time there have been only two days on which I did not visit
the Department of Agriculture. The work has moved along sonwwhat slow-
ly and it hon required an unusually large amount of attention n my part.
This is in a measure due to the fact that the architect is not well ac-
quainted with the functions of the different parts of the institution.
I wish, however, to compliment the architects for their uniform courtesy
and good will. I wish also to compliment the excellency of deatil and
the painstalring way in which the architectural structure has been worked
out. The credit for the architectural effect should be given entirely
to the architect.
The immense amount of work necessary to bring together the
details of the various structures will never be appreciated by anyone
except myself. Unfortunately I was separated from my library, in which
was contained all the data necessary for this work. It was irinossible
to find any books in Bello Horizonte that would be of service to me in
this connection. Everyone I asked was willing to help me all they could
but they were not familiar with the particular subject in hand.
Plrns for the "nirn Pilling.
"be, ides! of t;hT larhe Central ?ild inf; -sF, st.onnly adavo-
cat.eri by the 'ecrcetaryiT of Afric1ltur'', 7Ooraorble Dr. Ciciomirs de
Oliveira. 'hri'e or ,fou r, .ller units properly located wouJld "'roebly
'hve been *i're .- onom:~i-l, but *r!-'r"bl.y 1- '.ti.sfctory to t'e people
of .Tn:,: .err:e Thir .t:tter, I-- r- 0i 0no; ojf .r; m i0ns o:.'n- ,-.
In the course of timo, m when needed, admitii. ri t'n. m rcn he ''ontructed
nIar !te line of werk the unite are to serve.
T r.2 1.'or.: for i sellerr -'".trar 'nidii.n-. about "5 t of the
size of thbe on3 o~[f:i ned t' The architect w-'h,. thmo .ght to b f Tr lcss
desirsble by the ': :'ral'le b:eyr ', 'y. t ii r-.nta. ,'l the cl i 'i r'oos
that are now1 in trhe *rti-trl t'-i .tliin irt cn tein.ed less r. for inves-
tiPatioin r."r r-eseach As wh ol ti he ?Tln i. r---- will be. found avanta-
g'eonus to '4'ines GeCr- in tfe end, Ar will give her one of the hest, if
not the best, FtAte inirtitutic:. in South A.eri.
Po rri tory
Within a r,,T. 's ti'; aft: te nroliinirry prhnr for the "ain
Pil]ing had been plrod in bthe arnd of thor :-iitot, thIe 'reli-inary
dr"i.:~i o" for th~e doma~tor ;.;ore r':r F.,in .-m:n'fe.rrred to the i-rchitect.
'Tis building provi,-f., c.6r cc-.-Aod.iouly accom.-'stin "p nrrt -'our stu-
dents, and ifi ne c ry, a.s ...an one himn-?r'.1 an fro'rtrrn.
Aux.lia 1riv 1.11 in 1 s.
The auxiliary building' --s are the .--t -.':-.:- ry part of the
institution but )ill .'ft. only a -*-:l1 fr -c:tir of whi! frt the. 4VW' -in
build. ung coo't, ',"se e'., in 3i. all tbh way "nm 3 x 6 -neters for
hog shelters, to 30 x 18 mete-rs, the field shelter for .-r,' 7'chnics.
There are twenty-four of these buildings as follows:,l, Dir-
ector's residence; 2, residence for the Professor of Agronomy; 3,
field implement shleter for Agronomy; 4, storage and milling house for
Agronomy; 5, mule barn for Agronomy; 6, hay barn for Apronomy; 7,
corn crib; 8, residence for .the Professor of Horticulture; 9, slat
house for Horticulture and Pomology; 10, shelter for field tools and
imnlements for Horticulture; 11, residence for the professorr of Animal
Husbandry; 12, dairy barn; 13, hay bfrn for dairy division; 14,
mule barn for Animal Husbandry; 15, hog feed house; 16, hog houses;
17, calf shelter; 18, shelter for field tools and implements for Plant
Pathology and Entomology; 19, slat house and field house for Forestry;
20, shelter for field appliances in Veterinary; 21, stables for large -
animlas in Veterinary work; 22, shelter for small animals in Veterinary
work; 23, food barn for Veterinary ani"ils; 24, field shelter1Farm
The general plans provide for four residences, one for the
Director, one for the head of the Animal Husbandry work, one for the
head of the Agronomy work, and ohe for the head of the Horticultural
work. These nre indispensable, as it is necessary to have the responsi-
ble heads of these de artments present to protect the state property and
also to give. direction and stability to the work. The work in Animal
Eusbandry, in Agronomy, and in Horticulture, cannot be suspended even
during the vacation. It will be found desirable and economical to
construct residences for the heads of other departments from year to
year as financial conditions permit.
huilAings Needed in the Future
rTroxzimtely s year after field operations begin at the
institution it wil2 be necefssary to have a sugar mill operating on a
farm scile. It wrmyol be un'wise to 4eontrnict that at once, as it would
have to lie idle untill c-r.'n wmts mno; ued that was nS sufficient extent
to justify a fcr-i Si- cuggar mill. A 1: t- rental of the nugar pro-
h .d in has is :e "by t"er-'e r "':ll ril It 1 will. Trr- lnr time be-
fore the.s f~; i Vii an.~-n '. ," :'w.".l n-1 o hkiTr sUg"r. In the
mc-:n tlml tho ;;,*-- -f method 'l houldl V. ne s p:roitable Rn -on-sible.
About Ceventy-five ,,.'-,r. ,go t, bot isr l try of 7-,-rnr:eo was ser-
ioa.ply thredu',"-ce.*d by (he ,fep ,',:.a ,:ro.1.ct.io in 'ropica *r. tries
from sugar cne, Sciefntific f-'e ade it :;os i bl0 ,o ,-k:Ie chaCi es in
the me thlods of producing' beet. cs.ur .. nd 1~.o-e te ibeet s~goar is competing
sut-r,,e-ssfull~y with the c,.r- : u'. ;":" or ihe '.orl' p rket,. 'j"' n i- n t.he
colder part oS I WcrI ,ner'i, beI suger Ci f7ing po.-a.,, .Mo cheaply"
with high :..r1iced i'-])hor th t .itonites -ih ire .' ,'i on the open mar-
T'- .ar rs o t,' are on tih ;nt: (0o 0fee ,ProiNers in the
,orld. -in s1ite of t'ei ?ct, sa l .': nerc'.'ntoie of the coffee producers
are not ful.ly accquainted with.t' 0 c on:ical \.i of0 ..arnl1.in coffee
froi I th ti. e it leorves tF ~len nt m nil. t is nut 3Into .; eLort market.
At the prese-t time ift does not b:eer to be so no(.A.rv to g:reatly improve
on the boest necdE I it i t.o brin toe -ere coffee -nroauction u to
& hiiljer state o f effici-rc:y. 'i~ c~: ~:e dore n')y by teac .h the young
U.iA the t. t- st fct"ive fw1 cf ,:vi, tle ,:orf, "*e :nee to establish a
'aaill size coffee ?lr:totip .crs oiln ? r.-"-"i'blle ond cn truct th proper
buildings rn o':;. t' cor enences, v,:ihoa.t s f i-O t tlan is abso-
iutely nece: ,ary.
Plans for the Grounds.
On the first of uigust the general plans for the groun~a
were completed anf as fPoon ae possible after that were referred to the
Secretary of ..ril.t.;ire, Ho.rr'ble ClodTnirp de Oliveirp. The differ-
ent deoartrentS hve1 been n9loo'ted in such a wcy w iu to msTke fter the
nIct c ;.efv1 to the insrtihtion i",1 w fhole, rri su?ffricintly ?Frefnprated
to allor of IIr':e err.pnSio n inl Vh)f delr->.;rt.'r.nts. "%, three Irlading
'epnftfnts, t -r"--ronomy, Anriml IUbn1,shf ry, vOd tortievliture, ,r' evch
1cce,.-,, on tie -rtie'tlar piece of eri,.1 Ir;c- P .dted to their n?,!EJs.
In the cou:- o-r tm -Je tIIe rintrci.3 "'.iconi rrlwork :-11 oe conducted on
land o d ctel crore' th phe ,e tlhe tre- -r, .- thein veg.e continued in
its p-,rent hatc',unrt-err- It ji ilpo pro'-bhle t.ht r aon coir br.ls shall
have- inectre.-o, to ,.: r--':i.abiSy l]re ri:.e for .,i ,,'.-' the *rinciial
grazir lon~s .5c .il. be sers;roted r.- ihe -:r :l- ent ce-,-tr;. l,-. nation.
Th. entrance tc the ground s lould be :fri the station of
the -r*'oll: r-l.l which I }ould Oe loatd I on It :in,: s.proximately
.li"" oy be tw,-en the- romnin; ia the '7.-n lf nilU ".
grounds have boon so ~i'Fde? anD arr ,d th.e it will
be npossbible Tfor th" .:';. or r Ivo yea-r.s to cour!... emxeriments and
donftrtions nonr the iwSy. This will be ai n attractive feature.
n it -ill ive 41the -'-"veling p-,blic n ore adeqte jin \ of a, Apricul-
tural 1colleg. .lc ,.a.*nds along the r'ai;,- re e ,i. :vy sui t:3 for
thi line of wrk.o
The vr.ios ::-.l.ivry 0,ilYj .1- go rIc. 7tc d rc L to -ake
as attr;-t;,ive e tcre on lo po. very on of i S i alnin
si t -fron ;lio a' road- .- !tbo i-.'ti tutiun grows ol'r this will not
be so i.rary or d: ..ble, but in its ipi y, it ill ai greatly
to c. -purity rd f yvor.
Order of Pr:neeediip.
After studying the whole qjuetion carefully anld mowing the
loc-l conditions it -.s-;:1 eem that the following method of proceeding
1-.'l1 be th' most: ,nI vr method of nttAi!ini our enRd.'
r "'. Cto tract the -roar lea fIr the city of Vigosa
to -'.,eore ti'e r'ein mUilrin3 P nn tthe ,ormnntry *re to be locRt '~" The most
oconomicnl location for the r n te s^am tie, th i most desir-
able, is f.o the ernd of the vcn.oe that i being conr, !Lucted in Vigosa.
There is .iS' ject ;t::oning !et.v,,-.n b T ip 'r! "bout i4 .,, le.,-,':" wide. It
would be -l.bt to cajmv-e vce of thie S:iall, ooep ,lu:iln .n an! give a
'i:-der tForoui h f.r.. "hi- ,-> tion ov'J. avnoid i,:n' up a very steep
"rdi: an -r kin" n ."rJ .. .jr t.irn. in the ro. It would *qjuire a
bri d -e cC.'-R the Cor r: Brtl ':'., but .it '.:.11 be nece-:,.:ry no
matter vherc: the. r. .S -i ceCd road should then be ipojected
Cerer. the stre;..: to; 11. n:ide of the Leopoldif]3ns iil'way, is location
for the -road is the best one that can beo siugsted, and I r ,s told by the
iT.'i";-." that it io not any tlora exnensivz th'.. to follow t'v side of
the nouintain and -.ke excyavtions along tcf; ~. .-.ter part 3f the route
for pli ing- the round .
The cornstcrction of t'.-. r -? is a -ry i. : rtant item ;nd
should be unh lrt?'":,n first. T"o atteCat to utilize the repent so-called
road >'-i:1g t to h:- r ert woilr 1 9be more : '.:piveT than the first cost
of the rccd.
.C. The nei t iTr.ctrtt S tep will be "~'t of locating
the -'.-r of 1'e Z, .,oli ne P il road. "'hi. ,houi.!. ', ro roject.?l' that
ccrloe f'D of 'bi lcing i te rial can be umlcosd contiigu'aue o' to each of
the t'.-o l''-., hi ltings. TI' itch hb'.utd e loc.b ted th~e 'niorn the
con truict i n of t1. hil. 3ii nT h : en i .-olte.d a .orti r,,. of this track
Cei- be utilize iP a s station on the Loonoldina ailro c.
THIRD. when the work of constructing the highway has been
begun and the material is arriving for the buildings, the valla run-
ning through this tract should be leveled. If this work is not done
before the buildings are constructed it .will add very greatly to the
expense of leveling the vella.
FOURTH. The Director's residence should b5 the first build-
ing completed. This is -f s~m.- proportion c'Tn.mreA with the work I
have mentioned hove. 7'1, ,nrc-.n of the Di,,ctor on tf -. .-roungs will
be veo:-L muih noeeiode at re;irly allj timynr', esnccially will this be So when
the fnii'lstions of hbe b uildirp; aore being leid. s presence %will be
of still Fr~~'tcr i!oerrtarine when the walls of ti, vtrioins la'borntories are
being buildeAd- ee cannot replace -tho head enrineer, nor is it probable
that thei nead engiineer will be Fufficiently acqr~ini,.~. wii:h structures
of this kind to avoid ~"'inr. costly errors.
FIlTH. Th'e cO.ntruction of t:he ,in bildkinh should -'roceed
as rapidly as possible as it will require from on- to ..v-r~.l months
to fit un the laboratories with cabinate, water supnpl-, as,, s:nA sewer
supply. The length of time re~nired for this work will dAn-.'d on the
delivery of fitting metoerial s ajnh as -, -pipe, water -inpe, sew.!'r pipe,
and the availability of wor!lmen for doin.i the work.
SIXTH. coincident with" the const-nicti on of the "'-.in %ilding
the field should be pr'enrodl for the work in crono-'.nY -r.r- o'frticulture.
The grounds will need to be forced ni gotten into sh..e for receiving
various plarts Pnd crops. In the case of "rrtio ilture we stoul. have
two or three *heetares pl.I-ted to v.,rious kin, s of f rit tr3es. Por ex-
ample, it is iruoossible to give reasonably -ood instr-ction to students
in the pruning of fr'it trees -ithout havin.r o niide-rbble number of
trees on which to nractise the art. The smie is true in the -'ntter of
giving instruction in Fhn growing of farm crons, but thesc mature in
in less time than orchard trees. It also requires time ead much work
to prepare good pastures for live stock. 'Time is required, too, to
bring together a :r-sc.nbhly god hrd for instrnctior work in Animal
Husbandry. It, however, f.okes le s fti.re to rre-^re for i,,rno'iy and
Animrl HI~hPbr~nlry f'iii it doesq for the p 'ow1i; of '- rf for teaching
'momlo.-7. It i p nCoC 'vry, tt1'foet, ror T!, 11 to be.:i -t. field work
-'ithout imnnprpry delCsyr,
Treating that the foregone ig information, plans nd. orer
of ptoceedink will commend itself to you, I am,
Very respectfully yours,
August 17, 1921.
To ili Excellency,
Dr. Arthur da Silva Bernardes,
resident of the State of Jinas Geraes:
It is necessary from time to time to make use of certain
appliances and materials that are not now accessible. The following
list includes some items that are at present very much necied. They
will be of considerable service during my entire connection with ''he
work in hand. More or less correspondence has developed as an unavoid-
able consequence of my taking up the plans for the buildings and the
grounds. The following small list of material will be very useful
and will call for an outlay of a small sum of money.
1. A good photographic cuanera, 8 x 14 cm., costing approx-
imately 200$00 or 225$000.
2. Filing cases for correspondence, records, and official
work. I do not know the exact prices, but in Florida I paid what
would be at the present rate of erch,_"ngo about 400c000.
3. A good typewriter, with universal key-orrd, of the
Underwood or i-,ington style, costing 800C000 or 900G000, or possibly
more at the present time.
S4. Stationery and other office supplies, such as are needed
for correspondence and the work at headquarters, aiouiiting to probably
500$000 to 6002000.
I shall be glad to have you give me instructions as to how
to proceed to secure the appliances and supplies needed.
Very respectfully yc~ous,