TG TlR CAIT
THE IDAL CROP FOR FLORIDA
By P. H, Rolfs Dean
of the Agrioultural College
Every county in the State of Florida .cows
sugar cane to perfection. As a matter of fnot, Floride
wa; one of the first pla-es on the North American continent
where cano .-rowing for sug-r na'-.ing was att.ei-pted, rcri
Escanbia County on the west to Dade County on th.e snutzh,
cane is grown in 1 .r.-e iuai-tity. Ther is no hthcr crop
roIn in the- St.ite that is so uniformly su ccscful in pro-
ducinzg 2 'O:- Pt.'ns.
in additi,'n to its p. rfect adapt-illity to
the c,: i r..te, t- plat is adapted to a wide variati-.. in
soils. It gro-; -.ell on nearly cvcry soil typ, in the t tc,
Th-: hewv .r anri more fertile soils produce th,. 1. j. r.t ton-
n-ge. 1.nd-r f'.vor-ble conditionse the ordinary 'oil t--pc- ucl.
as is used for gro-wing ordinary frm crops mny: he co.uited on
to give t-enty-five tons or nore of su-;. c:n'l per :'nre in a
year On the- rich muck lrnds, espec!, lly t-osc around LaTe
Okeechobee, known the custard. .,ple rim, M uch 1 -vgor ton-
nage -i.' tliis -:. fr'-quently produced. Th- bi''- ja-:k ri-' es
nnd white sandy ;oils, while prolucin,- a. .,-1.p rof 1:up. riod
qus"ity, arc not to be rrcom'cnde,' .ic being Rttrastivc to
planting to su.gPr cane. TiChe hoIDTLOC:. soils, espi-)'-!.ly in
the -.anatee and Volusia County rocionrs v:ere the types of soil
employed for the eorlic st e 'fo.ts of suaor cane production in
thl- 5Uti.te. Up to th.: p.:-sent tipeL sugar cane hos been
ro-:fn ...l.t entirely for tic production syrup. Florida
produces sore of th:.- finest syrup that 1.v ]r- in t.he world.
Florid: i7Tr.-p of a --oOr quality h-.s never been pro,!uc d in
surf:fcient quanti. to s-tisfy the- rirket annt with i:s pMpu-
larity h.:..'- come ,,. very great-ly increased demnud, "ith the
sysLeriai.izi -i of -yrup production has co,)e rn inpipve]ient in
the quality 1f th. product put on the i r.et. In tl:. old
d.-ys when the fr'iers relied pr IIncipally on the op:.n kettle
for syrup rr:i.ing, tihe product was extremely variable, some
of it bein.: little! better than molasses. Those who n.I- e a
fine quality of 3iyrup soon .n-ide a reputation for t-c- .e:,,elves
an', had an al,"Iost 1'ilirihited market -.'or their product,
A .r a. many v"r-ietics of sugar ocne htvec been
grown in t > Ttate. Practically every v. iety 'mo.:n in the
':est Indies amd to -.rts of. the United Ltap.es hwve beenn tried
in one place or anQthc-r. From this great medley of varieties
th-t have b.;en tried some stand out with striking prominence.
The harCiest and not c,-rtain grower of the sugar cwnc groupp
is the J.anp n.se CLe. The quality of syrup produced i* ex-
cc ..e it u1. t.:C qiua ity large. It h:.-s been a favorite for
a gro n. y,.(aru .d will continue to b planted for' a long
Cayana-10 is a type of sug-, r n' In nt'ririediate
in appc.'rance between Japanese cane c ordinary su-ar c-ne.
It hvs proven itself to 'ie a r- rir-k .bly robust variety ,nd th
seed is i-n -:rt des.nd, th re b.-In on!y ouh to supply a
sanall p-r -nt of th t desired.
The Red or Purple can-.. Is roin!. quite .We,,ral l'
thruou t. -e ci.lre i'or .n., of t.-e r.t..f.e, It c'-.n b.. relied upon
as -ivin .- f. i..17 ,no, -r'p j,. I tures surtf ic nt ly for : u.:Lr
production !i.; to ten ;.'Lhs. It is Q.or_ ,-. r: 1... -rown
for syrup 'Ro.ducttion thc_' any oao ..hv r variety.
Th,: R'-: ".,-'_,* :. bc. *..ned ::t,'. i.._v ..-. It
ylji.ld. c. 7n:' :.. r- .er tnnnr r th. Red or firpic d
Is a *oo-. i- ty or te -Laanoc: n. he..' vier lnds.
:..'-r n c..'f'--t trains osf whnt, is i:mown
as the "ree-. oano !:. roCw-n noF. t lagel:.: in the :-ontral nid
souL.'ern on of. ..e otrte, wL' re the season for i,.trvaui:;
is lons1 r tLPn in th.. north:-rn cnd : est.-rn portion. It produces
a _li t ool, rcd syr'..p and onlf tl..at is very desi-- >l~ on the.
D-74 and D-95 arc t-wo varieties tht thve been
-rown extensively in .i Lo.iana. The former L.e.E been .6rown in
practically every portion of Florida an' is. g -ncxr.lly rell
t '.ought f.C* It is U-trd, very brittle but hr.s a c. quality
of withstrining he:-;v;rr winds without locdin>. It is a good
sugar producer as :l1 vs a good syrup nal,-er. It is a special
favorite in Louisiana because of its early maturing and in that
State is used for sugar production.
In central and south Florida some of the taller
growing and late maturin.- varieties are used to a onnsiderable
extent. Very frequently the name of the variety of oane used
there is not known
IMPORTANCE OF SUTGAF CFOP
Florida is capable of producing more sugar than
can be produced in any other State. She has the soil and the
climate that are most favorable. The only obstacle in the way
is the man end of it. The drainage of immense areas of muck
lands makes it possible to have almost unlimited land for growing
cane. 7'ith an abundance .of capital ready to invest in sugar
making, we should have one of the largest sugar producing centers.
The present indications are that within another decade sugar produc-
tion will be one of the leading if not the leading agricultur-1
line in the State. Florida has spend millions of dollars to
make the Everglades available to agriculture and agriculture
will now reply her ten or a hundredfold annually.