Office Memorandum - 25 September 96 - Visit to India (a report by Mary Elmendorf of a field trip to Gujarat, India, to v...


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Office Memorandum - 25 September 96 - Visit to India (a report by Mary Elmendorf of a field trip to Gujarat, India, to visit Mihir Bhatt and the Foundation for Public Interest), September 2-26. 1996 (21 pages)
Series Title:
Series 4 - Accession 2: General Papers
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Mixed Material
Elmendorf, Mary L. (Mary Lindsay)
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University of Florida
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University of Florida
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Full Text
UNDP-World Bank Water & Sanitation Program Regional Water and Sanitation Group for South Asia
25 September 96
Robert Boydell, Regional Manager, RWSG-SA Mary Elmendorf
Subject: Re Visit to India, September 2-26, 1996
September 2, Monday
Leave Sarasota Bradenin September 3-5
Arrive Washington, Appointment World Bank, visited Doctor's office, attended meeting Association of Women and Development (AWID) [see travel invoice itinerary Annex A]
September 5, Leave Washington September 7, Arrived at New Delhi 2340 hrs (midnight)
September 8, Sunday, 1630 hrs-1900 hrs
Registration for WEDC Ashok Attended preplanning briefing
September 9, Monday, 0900-1730 hrs
WEDC Attended Plenary
Presented the paper, Priorities, Challenges and Strategies : A Feminine Perspective", (see copy with figures, Annex B)
September 10, Tuesday, 0900-1730 hrs
WEDC, Chaired Panel C-l, C-2 (Gender Issues)
Attended Panel E3 Reuse
Attended Panel G3 Low Cost on-site sanitation
Met with Stoaffers from Nepal and Betty Yandoon

September 11, Wednesday, 0900-1300 hrs
UNDP/World Bank, RWSG-SA, Robert Boydell, Rekha Dayal, Barbara Evans and briefly with Charles Pendley. Reviewed Karnatka report with Rekha and made suggestions. (See breakdown Annex C)
September 12, Thursday, 0900-1930 hrs
Attended G5-and B-2, WEDC Met with Peter Lockery, of CARE, re well drilling CARE's first project in 1957-58
1930-2330 hrs
Prepared report on Gender Issues with Sarah House, Renu Gera, K Padmaja and other
September 13, Friday, 0900-1730 hrs
Reviewed Gender issues with Sarah House, Renu Gera, K Padmaja and others
Met with NGOs, including I Williams, from South Africa, Batty Yankon, attended final
September 14, Rest
Sept 15-18, Left Delhi on 15 Sept, 0610 hrs, Arrived Delhi on 18 Sept,2100 hrs
Field Trip to Gujarat : From 15-18 September, I spent four intensive days in Gujarat at the invitation of Mihir Bhatt, Director of the Foundation for Public Interest (FPI) at my own expense. Even though, I had an excellent briefing from Barbara Evans on Ahmedabad Municipal Corpn (AMC) and UNDP/World Bank RWSG-SA project and received the excellent summaries of the proposed slum project, my time was so fully scheduled, I did not try to reach either the Municipal Commissioner Kesav Verma, or the District Assistant Commissioner, P A Asnani. I did, however, try to observe and learn things which might be relevant to the project some of which I have incorporated into the attached report. (See Annex D)
September 19 : Fever, Flu, Cold
September 20, 1400 1800 hrs
UNDP/World Bank, Meeting with Robert Boydell, Reading/Writing, Caselets (Annex C) September 21, 1000-1500 hrs
Trip to : Sulabh Mulkh Raj, Susmita Shekhar, Dr S Nath
Other teachers, students, staff and board members, CL Elmendorf, USAID

September 22 : Rest September 23, 0930 -1730 hrs
RWSG-SA, Writing trip report on rural water users with suggestionsfor follow up
September 24, 0900-1230 hrs
RWSG-SA,Prepared drafts for caselets.
1230-1600 hrs : Visited Doctor and American Embassy
September 25, 0900-1200 hrs
RWSG-SA Writing reporton visit to Ahmedabad slums. 1600-1730 hrs : collating draft Preparing Annexes 2200 hrs : To Airport
September 26, 0020 : Leave Delhi

Travel Invoice Itinerary
2 September 96 3-4 September 96
5 September 96
6 September 96
7 September 96
7-14 September 96 -15-18 September 96 -19-25 September 96 -
Leave Sarsota Bradenin; flight : 522;
Leave Sarasota Bradenin, Arr Atlanta Leave Atlanta, Arr Washington
Leave Washington
Arr London Hearthrow
Leave London Heathrow, Arr Delhi

September 11
Annex C
Most of the time at the office UNDP/World Bank, RWSG-SA, spent time on various publications and projects with staff. At the request of Rekha Dayal, I gave special attention to the draft of the Karnataka case study, requested a few clarifications and recommended several interesting activities for possible development as caselets :
Karnataka Casetlets :
Page 14 The village committees supervision of the pipe laying including the guidelines
prepared and the 3 meter sticks provided.
Page 22-23 The women questioning the water quality on the basis of the color of their cooking
and request for improvement.
Page 15 An analysis of gender issues involved in the communities where large member of
women were involved in community participation, while in others female participation was practically nil wherein others female participation was practically nil.
*Why was there such a difference. Such as Naythihalli did it resulting in greater sustainability?
*More effective use?
*A decrease in disease?
The Gujarat caselets are included in the trip report. (Annex D) Sewa Annex D and also Nutrition with Chetna
Other Possible Caselets
Child Latrine World Bank Tag. & US/AID WASH both prepared technical reports based on the
information I brought back in 1980. What has happened since.
Pump Manufacturing Sri Lanka What happened to the 1983 IDRC Sarvodaya women's hand pump manufacturing project. Were they marketed? Were the women accepted? As wives? As machines? As pump repairers? As pump caretakers? What were/are the gender implications?

Nepal WHO Case Studies (1984/5)
In 1984 I had spend 10 days here in Delhi at the WHO/SEARO reviewing the various case studies which had been prepared with PROWWESS. At WHO'S request I went to Nepal for few days where I worked directly with the researchers but did not have time to visit the project areas. There was some very interesting baseline data especially related to knowledge attitude and practices, and excellent description of animal/human health behaviors. Even though, the excellent case study by Deepa Naryan, the material was clearly presented and valuable for follow up intervention. These case studies were revised and presented at the WHO/PROWWESS Seminar which Dr Mayling Simpson of WHO coordinated and reported on. This baseline data might be of interest in a caselet if any of these villages have received interventions in water supply and/or sanitation (WS/S).

Annex D
Trip to Gujarat
From 15-18 September 1996, I spent four intensive days in Gujarat at the invitation of Mihir Bhatt, Director of the Foundation for Public Interest (FPI) at my expense. Even though, I had an excellent briefing from Barbara Evans on Ahmedabad Municipal Corpn (AMC) and UNDP/World Bank RWSG-SA project and received the excellent summaries of the proposed slum project, my time was so fully scheduled. I did not try to reach either the Municipal Commissioner Kesav Verma, or the District Assistant Commissioner, P U Asnani. I did, however, try to observe and learn things which might be relevant to the project, some of which I have incorporated into the report. Rural
During three days, I was privileged to participate in focussed interviews with water user groups of village
representatives (95% women and 50% men) from various water projects in Gujarat at the office of FPI.
The discussions, chaired by Mihir Bhatt of FPI were centered on three topics : September 15 : Water Rights and Water conflicts September 17 : Food Security and Water Security September 18 : Water Shed Management and Drinking Water priority
Over and over we heard about:
Pumps that did work but no longer worked!
Wells that had water but had dried up!
Water that was sweet but is now salty, brackish
Dams that had been built to improve things had left both the resettled in the schemes and the self settled with less access to water than before.
Scheduled castes who had worked to get water into their communities found themselves with stand pipes and twice a week service while the other residents, non-scheduled had piped water 24 hours a day.
The water users asked :
What water rights do we have?
What can we do?
How can food security and water security be linked?
"Do industry and/or agriculture have priority over drinking water", was asked again and again.

One woman from Kutch said "For years we have mined the salt without wasting water but now that a big Company has started working, the briny water is so deep and thick that a cow could get stuck and turn to pickle". Great laughter from all but equally great concern was expressed about the lowering of the water table and the quality of water. The women who had to leave their homes for the dams to be built asked Do projects have to leave the original residents with a lower quality of life?" What rights do we have?
The farm women complained that no provision was made for water for livestock and that without their animals to help they could not survive. Without animals to help there would be little food. Water is a basic need, but so is food.
On September 16, I left at 7 am to visit Water Harvesting Ponds in arid Banaskantha and returned after 7:30. Not only did I have the opportunity to meet the staff of the center in Radhanpur but to see the conditions under which the people were living. The women of Datrana showed their pride in sharing their view of their large pond with a visiter. During the off season they with some of the men from the village (80%-20%) worked 8 hours a day, for 4 months, to carve this depression in the dessert sand and line it with plastic and edge it with stone embankment for water harvesting. Now it still has lots of water even though the rate of water evaporation is high. Their Mark II pumps for the drinking water tank have not yet arrived but there are steps done to the lake with women coming and going with their jars.
My observations in the field confirmed much of what I was told and felt in the focussed group at FPI. There was very little time to talk after the nearly 5 hours in the jeep, nor any opportunity for serious exchanges but I wondered if maximum use was being made of this new water source.
For instance, no clothes washing or bathing facilities are provided, nor is there any provision for animals. A few trees were planted around the temple but no reuse of the settling ponds etc. Even though there are signs saying no washing of clothes, a small group of women gathered along the embankment and started doing laundry before we left.
Neighbouring villages are requesting similar ponds. One more has been constructed. Questions : Should/could the ponds be deeper with less surface water for evaporation? How can community facilities i.e. toilets, bathing/washing facilities be incorporated? What would the women/families envision?
How can facilities be related to school/health services/food stores?

In the publication, Community Participation in Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation Projects,
(UNDP/World Bank, RWSG-SA, Danida 199-p.26), it is noted :
"Since the community involvement in the needs assessment process was practically nil, we are unable to identify the impact of this process on CP and project outcomes. In Gujarat, no provision was made for the water requirements of commercial establishments and institutions such as schools and health centers. Later it was found that these also utilised the water facilities, and hence the actual consumption of water turned out to be much higher than what was planned. Increasing need from surrounding villages led to additional villages being connected to the pipelines, thus overloading the system. The needs of nomads (Maldharis) along with cattle and sheep were also totally neglected. These nomads frequently broke the pipes to get water leading to disruptions in water supply. These needs could probably have taken note of and incorporated into the project design had the community been consulted at the design stage. Is it too late to correct the outcomes? We need more data to supplement the following observations :
One woman said We are having to walk further for water than before and what we are finding it not as good."
Another woman explained "In salty water pulses take much longer to cook and more fuel. There is hardly enough sweet water to drink when we find it. We are using all our time and energy to get water and fuel." They noted that they, and was echoed by others, had less time for their income generating activities.
"Another woman spoke out passionately, and was echoed by others -about an increase in miscarriages during the last three years of drought, SEVERE dehydration I speculated, we had never heard of before.
One noted an increase in Cancer of throat, lungs, stomach. A few agreed with her on the pollutants in the water fluorides.
All mentioned that time lost from their income generating or farm activities, to search for water.
Full documentation of these workshops (including name and village of each participant) is available from FPI. These are the key points as I hear them translated.

The last days session on Watershed Management highlighted the problems raised during the previous two days with the lowering water table resulting in dried up or salty sources, but at the same time the new industry and the dams were blamed for this change.
Does domestic water, especially drinking, really have priority?
That was the overriding question and how can we manage it, asked the women? Our traditional sources
- which we are told are bad were better than now. And now--------?
Some Micro Studies, Caselets, could be carried out in a few selected communities to assess possibility of providing drinking water to all. The purpose : to examine sources and uses carefully, and to look for solutions both short term and long with the water users.
A possible research effort: Reema Nanavati of SEWA has just been invited to prepare a case study on Banaskantha for a November 1996 IRC Workshop. Eight years ago she started organizing the regional development programme which now covers sixty villages of Radhanpur and Santalpur with over 14000 women members. She lived in the SEWA Center in Radhanpur while working in this hostile environment which had "reduced the communities from subsistence to surviv #Jtlevel". (Women Fight Deserts in Banaskantha^ SEWA 1995). The center staff has grown and Reema has been transferred to Ahmedabad but, with a new Director, work is continuing on expanding the organizing of the women to improve and market their crafts. Also the program includes the dairy cooperatives, the fojder security system, the Salt Miners and the gum collectors.
The focus of the Micro-Studies could be on the linkages of the overall Water Resources in this drought prone area with priority for drinking water, as a basic need for the survival both economic and physical
- of the women and their families.
Since the IRC study will probably cover the whole project area the caselets could examine linkages of the various NGOs SEWA, CHETNA and ESI who, together, have achieved such astonishing/outcomes. As noted in Community Participation in Rural Drinking Water and Sanitation Projects, A Comparative Study in Five Projects in India, (RWSG-SA, Danida 199- [Table 10], the index for Gujarat was 3, on a scale of 1-3, the highest of any of the 5 states.

Table 10
Other Outcomes vs. Overall CP Index (Scale of 0-3)
Over 11 CP
Other Outcomes
Gujarat Rajasthan
Kernataka 1.0 1.7
(page 26)
The changes in health habits and reduction in diseases were also higher than any of the other four states as noted in Table 9 below :
Table 9
Involvement in Activities vs. Change in Health Habits and Reduction in Diseases (Scale 0-3)
Involvement in Activities
Change in Health Habits
Reduction in

Note : The reduction in diseases are based on the perceptions of correspondents and not on any records. We found that such records were hard to come by and in most cases unreliable. However, the results based on the opinion of the respondents need to be treated with considerable caution.
(page 15)
Without an overall strategic plan but with experienced, dedicated and powerful NGOs, their techniques and processes are well worth evaluating and sharing. The amazing progress made through community participation and people's efforts in trying to improve their health should not be lost if there are technologies which can help solve the water problem in this area. The Caselets can be built on the data from the existing studies mentioned and coordinated with the new IRC case study, but focussed on providing water for basic needs of domestic use of nearly 15000 women and their families.
At an evening dinner meeting on September 17, which Mihir Bhatt had arranged, there was an opportunity to discuss both the problems of Rural water and sanitation as well as the Ahmedabad slum upgrading projects, with a group of policy makers (see list, Annex E). Several of (these people) who had met with Barbara Evans during her recent trip, are looking forward to the implementation of the AMC/UNDP-World Bank Sanitation project.
Mr Parikh, Director, NASA, (National Sanitation Improvement Foundation) suggested that he take me to some of the slum projects (of NASA) the following morning and Lalita Krishnaswamy, VP of SEWA agreed that we should try to visit the slum area, where the two NGO's had worked cooperatively and in partnership with the Government.
Field visit to slum areas
On September 18, from 10-12 noon, I visited the Slum areas of Ahmedabad, which have increased to 1 million from 5 lakhs in 1975, with Sooryakant Parikh as the Executive Chairman of NASA (National Sanitation and Environmental Improvement Foundation) NASA, a non profit organisation founded in 1988, which has done extensive work in the slums of Ahmedabad, as well as in other parts of Gujarat and other states; Maharashtra, Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. We visited the community Toilet Bath Complex at the Civil Hospital which serves more than 3000 members of families of patients during 24 hours a day.

A small fee is paid and there is 24 hour surveillance. Facilities were clean and obviously in demand. From there, we went to a pay and use complex at the entrance to a large park near the slum area with facilities for men and women. Neither of these complexes had provisions for Biogas Plants, but NASA had several facilities working successfully.
We discussed the survey made with SEWA in 1990, in the large Slum of Shanker Bhuvan Shahpur -where 100 toilets had been installed by NASA in 1994, I think. For women who wanted a toilet but could not pay for construction, SEWA advanced a loan. Mr Parikh agreed to help arrange an afternoon visit with SEWA to this area and, if time allowed, to the nearby pay-and-use facility at Al Nagori Kabrastan, installed recently in cooperation with AMC.
From 3-5.00 pm I walked through Shanker Bhuvan Shahpur with two SEWA staff, members, Anajana Patel of the Housing Section, and Varsha Thacker of Health and Environment. We talked to the women, looked at their homes and their toilets which had been attached wherever there was a space in this crowded area.
Most of the homes do not have piped water but this did not seem to be a deterrent to the women. Inspite of general feeling in the WS/S Sector that piped household connectors are needed for flush toilets, this is not the case there. When I asked the women what was most important to them about the toilets, they said "dignity, safety, cleanliness for our children. One added, "And for visitors like you who come."
As I watched this scene I suddenly realized that these tiny, telephone booth size toilets were probably the only private place these women had. Even though I did not have time to find out for sure, I imagine the women bathe in the toilet, dress in the toilet, train and bathe their children there perhaps they even go inside to meditate or read. The toilets were very clean and odor free. Above one toilet I noticed what seemed to be, a small storage space under the extending tar paper roof of the house. As I looked, a well-dressed young man emerged, climbed down a make shift ladder, greeted us and was off. Every inch of space was used, in the house, on their roof and in the narrow winding alleys. Bed filled the alley with the alley with people sleeping, resting, playing cards. Two trees sprouted near broken manholes.

These toilets are supposedly attached to sewers which follow a gradual slope down towards the river, where everything which is not lost in broken pipes or manholes empties without benefit of treatment.
Since the houses do not have piped water this black water is already separated from the grey so could be readily recycled by NASA or Sulabh for biogas, either for cooking or lighting. A third possibility would be an opportunity to test the SIRDO. SIRDO (Integrated System for Recycling Organic Wastes) project in Mexico; which both improves sanitary conditions and offers possibilities for income generation. Vina Mazumdar said in Supporting Women's Word in the Third World, 1989 : "...the SIRDO project from Mexico mobilized women to control their environment through an age-old tradition devised by women : the conservation and recycling of waste. The instinct is old but in this case it addresses a problem that is a creation of our present day civilization. Extension of the debate about women and development from a narrow definition of economics to encompass the wide range of challenges facing humanity today such as environmental problems will be the great leap forward. "(Elmendorf 1990, WHO p. 19?)
Josefina Mena, the Mexican woman architect who designed this system, is attending a World Bank Workshop in Washington this week, where the SIRDO will be discussed. (Contact Carl Bartone World Bank, Washington).
The SIRDO system a combination aerobic/anaerobic solar-assisted system was first brought to public attention in 1988 publication no. 8. Community Management of Waste Recycling in 1988 Since then, the system has been improved through assistance from IDRC and is working well in parts of Mexico. The original SIRDO uses all organic wastes, i.e kitchen garbage, animal excreta etc., to be mixed with the human excreta. In the slum area there seemed to be very little organic waste except excreta in the area no grass clippings, vegetable peelings, papers. Would this be a technical problem? Another problem to solve would be space space for the digester space for runoff.
A dry latrine, designed by SIRDO for use in water scarce areas is made from recycled plastic for individual or group use. in water scarce areas.

As we visited the SEWA Day Care Centre for children of working mothers in the area, I thought of these dry SIRDOs. There was neither water nor toilet facilities for the 20 plus children in the large bare room. I can envision a bright shiny white plastic dry SIRDO there, which the children could learn to use or their excreta which is now collected and put into a pot could be put in the SIRDO for safe decomposition. Since children's faces is considered harmless or at least not harmful here, as nearly everywhere, as we learned at the 1980 Copenhagen Women's Conference such a pilot project could be a test for acceptance of reuse of human excreta, while making a much more environmentally safe place for children. Could there be a green space nearby for fruit trees? For some needed acceptable plant. Is it asking too much to have vegetables? Perhaps flowers for pooja would be more acceptable.
If individual household connections are made will there be enough water for all. As the ASM/UNDP/World Bank Sanitation project gets under way let's remember the findings from the consultants related to water shortages. What are the innovative solutions which the consultants urged be considered? Young men were in the alleys beginning their survey. As the project begins what are people thinking?
Is there anything local residents can do?
What will happen to the waste water?
Can there be flat plastic tubs in the toilets to collect the water from bathing/washing?
Would they be acceptable for use in the present 100 latrines?
Could special pails (grey perhaps) be kept with grey water for reuse in the toilets?
Is it possible
to install public showers or wash areas on top of or a little above the public toilets, so that waste water can be collected from flushing.
to collect rain water from or on roofs of public latrines for handwashing.

Perhaps we have an opportunity we shouldn't miss to get some answers which both policy makers, planners and residents are asking from the 100 women who were in the SEWA/NASA project.
Is data still available from the 1900 SEWA survey? Lalita Krishnasawey, Director of Research of SEWA, would probably know. Interviews with a sample of the 100 women could yield valuable information needed to plan effectively, not only for this, one of the largest slum areas in Ahmedabad, but for the other 2500 slums. From these women, perhaps some could join the planning workshops for other areas. Perhaps they could help design solutions, prepare materials.
Hopefully, the Caselet could explore some of the specific questions related to health, time and income generating activities which these women could answer based on their experience since installation of their latrines.
Just as Ela Bhatt and others at SEWA would say, I would say also, don't do the research for a Caselet. Unless the women are involved in participatory research which will both help them and other women improve the quality of life for themselves and their families, we should not take their valuable time. On the other hand, we need their help; if we are going to solve the problems of water scarcity and environmental pollution.

1. Ms Aloka Mitra Chairperson
Women's Interlink Foundation
52 Motilal Nehru Road, Calcutta 700 029
Tel 554 3245
2. Ms Usha P Raghupathi Associate Professor
(Infrastructure and Urban Development) 11, Nyaya Marg, Chanakyapuri New Delhi 110 021
Tel 301 4580, Fax 3792961
3. Mr A K Susheela Ph.D., F.A.Sc, FAMS Professor of Histocytochemistry Deptt of Anatomy
AIMS, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi 110 029 Email.
4. Dr S Nath
BSc (Dist) MBBS (USA) MIAMS, PGC PMR (Bom) Hon Chairman Cum Med Director
Sulabh Bhawan, Mahavir Enclave, Palam-Dabri Road New Delhi 110 045
Tel : 5553823, 5553370, Fax 5556445
5. Mr Vinay Shankar Secretary to GOI
Ministry of Rural Areas & Employment
(Deptt of Rural Development)
A-247, Nirman Bhavan, New Delhi 110 011
Tel 3017687, 3017699 Fax 3017584

6. Ms Archna Chatterjee Project Officer
Pollution Monitoring & Technology Transfer Division World Wide Fund for Nature-India 172-B, Lodi Estate New Delhi 110 003
Tel : 4616532, 4627856 Fax : 4626837
7. Bjorn Brandberg
SBI Consulting and Supplies
Po Box 66, Mbabane, Swziland, 4th floor, Lilunga House Gilfillan Street, Mbabane Tel : 268 40067, 40073 Fax : 268 40118, 42126
8. Banamali Dash Program Coordinator
National Institute for People's Development Investigation and Training Al-Narayani Road, PO I Dist Phulbani Orissa, Pin 762 001, Tel 0642 2445
9. Dr (Mrs) N P Thacker Scientist
National Environmental Engineering Research Institute Nehru Marg, Nagpur 440 020
Tel : 712 226071, Extn 354 Fax : 712 225640
10. Betty Yankson HRD/Management Training Expert Trend
Private Mail Bag University Post Office Kumasi, Ghana Tel : 233-51-28294/5 Fax : 233-51- 28296
11. M S K V Nageswara Rao Asst Manager (EMD)
Steel Authority of India Limited Ispat Bhawan, Lodi Road New Delhi 110 003 Tel 4363959, 4362422 Fax 4362778

12. Sawa Cambodia Consultants For Development Gill Peabody
Health Educator
Beukeniaan 2B, 6711 NH Ede. The Netherlands Tel/Fax + + +855 23 427568
13. Use Wilson Traning Co-ordinator
Mvula Trust, 12th floor
Braamfontein Centre
23, Jorissen Street, Braamforntein
South Africa, Po Box 32351, Braamfontein 2017 Tel : 403 3425, Fax 403 1260
14. Mrs K Padmaja, C/o Mr P Sudhakar MIG II, Block 27, Flat 15 Baghlingampally
Hyderabad 500044
15. Susmita Shekhar Vice Chairperson
I r Abha Bahadur, Advisor
Sulabh International Social Service Organisation Sulabh Bhawan, Mahavir Enclave Palam-Dabri Marg, New Delhi 110 045
Tel 5554844/5553823/5553370 Fax 011-5556445

Ahmedabad Contacts
Annex E-l
1. Dr Rajaniben Khanna Regional Representative Oxfam Office, 6 Nirharika Banglows Opp. Himmatlal Park Ambawadi Ahmedabad 380 015 Tel 6749028
Fax : C/o 091-71-6746060 77
/ i,\l *|L/ frMitto P*fe- flawy*
/ Smt Lalita Krishnaswamy, A*U rm\ ^iMA^-h^ J I 1 r,,
\ Self Employed Women's Association (SEWA) ( ^ ]//{/} ~[JutC-kl ft- N&dH KM*^
Opp. Victoria Garden, Bhadra \ v J&>*u(-
Ahmedabad 380 001 ^ lf*fi-W^Jf ~$
Tel : 5506477, 5506444 Fax : 5506446
Mihir Bhatt^jj\V ,/ ri^
(director, Y^\WUU^0t^ J*Z~ Xshish, 25, Vashundhara Colony : Gulbai Tekra Ellisbridge ,. medabad 380 006 ^ //_ / ^- /3 // < /C"-
el : 6568421 FAx : 6420056
4. Shri A W P David Sahib Additional Chief Secretary Government of Gujarat Samarpan Flats Gulbai Tekra Ahmedabad 380 006
5. Prof R J Vasavada Sahib Architect
School of Architecture
10 Vrindavan Apts
B/h Satyam Shopping Centre
Gulbai Tekra
Ahmedabad 380 006
Tel : 6636677, (R) 444925

6. Shri Deepak Mevada Chief Town Planner Government of Gujarat Sachivalaya Gandhinagar
7. Dr Anjana Vyas School of Planning
Centre for Environment and Planning Technology Kasturba Marg Ahmedabad 380 009
8. Dr B S Bhatia Director, DECU ISRO, Jodhpur Tekra Satellite Road Ahmedabad 380 053
9. Shri Suryakantbhai Parikh NASA Foundation
2nd Floor Sahayog Building Dinbai Tower Ahmedabad Tel : (W) 303996 (H) 405745
11. Sanjay Takari
12. Arwind Patel (Forestry)
13. DharmishPatel (Eng Water Harvesting)
14. Reema Nawavati (Banaskantha and Ahmedabad)
15. The staff of the centre in Radhanpur have not been included.
16. The groups of water users, averaging 20 (18 women, 2 men) each of the three days have not been listed but their names are available at FPL