The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 29th January 1994 Page 5



1T7w11nt A HeIIgVhAI aPu
The UIniversity has eurnea its riqlht to a proud place
i.t-r our ConRmu.itwt

ure address on January 17th at
the 17th Anniversary Celebrat-
ions of the St. George's Uni-
versity School of Medicine (SGUSOM),
President of the. Grenada Senate, Mrs
IMargaret Neckles, said. fee last seventeen
years have not been easy ones for the

I"When its doors were first opened on

Monday January 17th 1977," the President
said, "storm clouds vere in the air."

She had been told, she said, the performance
of some Medic!d Schools, outside the United
States, had made the description "off-shore
medical school" a dirty one, and the
American Medical Association had becorre
hostile to and suspicious of all Third World
Medical Schools including SGUSOM.
Please See ANNIVERSARY Page 6

WASE From Page 4

About 80% of waste found on the shoreline
comes from internal sources and not from
ships, he said, and it must be realized that,
in small island states like the OECS, marineS
pollution cannot be arrested without organ-
ising the internal systems for collection arind
'disposal of waste-

With reference to waste from ships, Mr
O'Marde made a clear distinction between
ship "generated" waste and ship "borne"
vaste. The fist, he said, is waste produced
by passengers on a ship and includes trash,
plastics, packaging material, oily rags and
dunnage. This vaste would be acceptable to
be taken in the OEC S.

Ship borne waste is waste loaded by the
ship outside the region and will not be
accepted. Also, for protection of
agriculture. and livestock, food vaste, which
is permitted to be dumped in the sea, will
not be accepted.

Mr O'Marde said the Project will be funded
in part by a grant of US $14 million from a
global environmental facility financed by a
large number of developed counties and
managed by the World Bank.

Soft loans from the World Bank, European
Investment Bank and the Caribbean Devel-
opment Bank will finance another US$28.4
million, he said, vlile the OECS Gov-
enmients will contribute US$10.5 million.

The total project cost to Grenada is
estimated at US$80 million. Of that
tWtal, Government's contribution vill be
about US$1.1 million in cash, manpower,
equipment, land etc.
"Of the balance of US$6.9 million", Mr
O'Marde said, "ve estimate about US$1.5
vill be grant funds and the rest from loans."



The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 29th January 1994 Page 6

The Grenada Medical Association (GMA)
'also vas asking questions, she said, because
Grenadian doctors wished to make sure "a
factory was not being set up to nass produce
An Excellent Example
This early criticism of S GUSOM and the
high international reputation the University
now enjoys, the President said, is an
excellent example of the truism that the
valuable pearl is prodiruced only by abras-
iveress of sand on the oyster.

IMrs Neckles pointed to the fact that one of

Referring to vhat she called a more
"mundane" aspect of the Uniersity's
impact on and service to the community,
Mrs Neckles said employment the Uni-
versity provides and the presence of
severathundred students onthe island put
several million dollars annually into
Grenada's economy.

The President paid tribute to the late Dr
Geoffley Bourne who l as Vice-Chancellor
of the University from 1977 until his death
in 1987. Dr Bourne, she said, had a
distira.Qfished career. He was a Fellow of




occasion of the celebMations ..was Grenadian
graduate of the University, Dr Beverly
Nelson, President of the GMA and "an-
outstanding example of the high-quality
professional" the University produces.
"As such an example, and as President of
the GMA," Mrs Neckles said, "she
symbolizes the reality that the University
has earned its right to a proud place in
our community
Mrs Neckles said that far ftm being tainted
and rejected with the disdainful adjective of
"off-shore medical school", SGUSOM nov
has clinical programmes in several hospitals
in the United Kingdom and the United
States. Former Governor Of Granada
The recognition and respect accorded the
University is reflected also in the calibre of
its Academic Board, she said. One
member of that Board is Dr Edrnund Fischer,
the 1992 Nobel Laureate in Physiology and
two others are distinguished Grenadian
doctors. They are Dame Hilda Bynoe,
former Govemorof Grenada and L)rd David
!Pitt of the British House of Lords.

city of Medicine and the American Society
of Gernwntology, and his record includes
service as Demonstrator of Physiology at
O:dfol University.
An Even Greater Debt
A debt of gratitude is oved to Dr Bourne
for the "attractive glitter" his reputation
gave SGUSOM, she said, but an even
greater debt it oved for the leadership he
provided vhich placed the University in
the forefront of medical training.
The celebrations vere held in the recently
consuucted Complex on the University's
True Blue campus, a Complex vwich has
been dedicated to the memory of Geoffrey
Mrs Neckles applauded the fact that this had
been done but said the Complex stands for
even more than that.
"It stands, I believe," she said, "as a symbol
of faith in a bnght future for the University
and for the Grenadian community of which
it is a part."
unas^wamimemai^ ^^ummLa Jil

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 29th January 1994 Page 7


Cigarette swmoing was outstandinjqLy the principal
cause of lung cancer

celebrated pioneer in the field of
L. cancerr research, delivered on
fr.-r January 27th at the True Blue
campus of the St George's University
School of Medicine, the first Memorial
Lecture in honour of the late Dr Geoffrey
Bourne, the University's first Vice-Chan-

Speaking to the"1
press earlier on. a
that day, Sir
Richard, who
vith Sir Aust-
in Bradford
Hill vas the
first definitely to establish the link between
cigarette smoking and lung cancer, pointed
out some of the health hazanis of everyday
living, but said he had one bit of good nevs.

"Alcohol in moderation is good for you,"
he said-
Will Reduce The Risk
An excess of alcohol has hamiful effects on
the liver and brain, Sir Richard said, and, in
conjunction vith smoking, this excess
produces cancer, but moderate amounts of
alcohol vill reduce the risk of heart disease.

With reference to smoking Sir Richard
said, since tobacco was introduced into
Europe 400 years ago, there had been
comments on the possible risks of smok-
ing, but verylittle scientific work bad been
done in this connection.

In 1948, he and Sir Austin began their
research into the reason vhy lung cancer
had become so much more comnrmn in
Britain, he said. They investigated all the
changes vhich had taken place over the
previous five decades and the influences to
vhich people with lung cancer had been
Ouite C lear
"As a result of this

stadingly the principal cause of thing


They followed this research with another
study in which people vith known
smoking habits were followed up, he said,
several other people did similar studies
and, in 1964, the United States Surgeon
General reported that smokingis hazard-

Sir Richard's association with Sir Austin
began in 1948 vhen he joined the Medical
Research C ouncils statistical unit, then
headed by Sir Austin. Succeeding Sir
Austininn that post in 1961, he became, in
1969, Regius Professor of Medicine at

Plea= s~ DOLL Pa!e 8

0902DGI P


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 29th January 1994 Page 8

-_r A 7
WVhl-h 17LMNf~v)

CaL conies a-fter the shooting to death o fo our
prisoners bi wairders

Sman nights organisation, Am-
nesty International (AI) has
Called on ts JRamaica CGov-
errnment to app int immediately an inde-
pendent and imperial OCornnission of
Inquiry to examt.rine all circumstances the deaths. threats and. other
alleged abuses of prisone s in St Catheine 's
Distinct Pason in race a yer?

Relating details of the killings, AI says the
circumstances are unclear but initial reports
allege two vardems verm taken hostage. In
November 1993, Prison Officials told.
visiting AI delegation. tume varders weie
slightly injured during the incident

Reports suggest the alarm was raised
quickly, A I says, back-up varders appeared
and the pnisonens were shot, three other
inmates being Vound ed at that time.

Aes call CKathtilents t he XvX t Ar

allgrd +'he prisoAers vy a m nk- t o o the poieys
.. -...t. ... ..... ..-v-. . ... .. ...
aftera Ct r; tb. i. t
T--<-, "Iis DIFFI-CU tT SEE1t

t P.itsc'en _.. :, 1 b l.. t it t e .olic-mr n n dy t investi-

allegd ft nrioners ore attemptirgto ta-e nation, but to a wider inquiry.
warders r-s tag'

"AI is concerned by reports that tro of
those killed had received death threats
from varders"' an A! report says, "and
by other circunstaace suggesting the
shootings may have been summary
executions "
DOLL From Page 7
In 197, h bCa the first Director of
the Cancer Epidemiology nt at Oxford
lan orgamsation to uich he remain a
full-time honorary cosulItant.

Reports reaching A I differ in some detail
but are consistent in alleging the incident
started vhen an inmate, emptyinghis slop
pail, vas beaten by a varder- What
happened after remains in dispute, AI
says, but reports are consistent in claiming
prisoners were shot m their cells after no
longer posing any threat to varders.

'Ais delegates Visiled the cell block vhere
the shootings had taken place," the AI reort
says. "It is difficult t see how the inmates
Please See INQMURY Page 9

- ~ -- -----U


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 29th January 1994 Page 9


Spanish Ambassador Presents
I Credentials

jHis Grace the Duke of Maua, Ambassador
of Spain to Grenada itb residence in
Kingston, aiica, presented his Credent-
ialks to Governor General Sir Reginiald
1Palmer on January 19thi 1994.

Training For Customs Officers

Over the period 24th to 28th .January thee
United States Customs Officers conducted a
training course for senor and middle level
ma-nageis of the Custobns Departr:-ant.

ISubjects covered included the effect of drug
traffickiri on the society, management con-
,trol and integnty, identification of narcotics
and ds.agerous, dmgs, risk assessnentn and
developing a taveller and cargo profile.

The progmmm-,re also covered time manage-
ment, sources o information, team operat-
ions, motivation and productivity.

IIMnVUY From Page 8
could have been shot dead in such a
confined space without injuring the
varders, if they had still been held."

The report says the delegates also saw
vhat appeared to be the mark of a bullet
in the bars on one cell, which an inmate
said a vaider had fired at him but had
narrowly missed him.

According to AI, the Commission of
Inquiry called for would be in keeping
vith Jamaica's obligations under inter-
national human rights treaties and
standards, and the findings and recom-
mendations of the Commission should
be made public.
l, ^ .^ ,, F e d. 'g ,,- .

Thetrainingteamrnas comprised of Mr Jerry
Malao, Import Specialist with the United
States Customs Service, Mr Richard Dudly
of the United States Training Division and
Ms. Linda Wilcox, Field Expert vith the
United States Customs Service.

British Aid For Schools

The Grenada office of the British High
Commission has presented a complete set
of the latest edition of Children's Encyclo-
paedia Britannica to each of the Public
Libraries in St. George's, St. Patrick's and

The donations were made under the Heads
of Mission Gift Scheme.

OAS Aid For Produce Chemist

Mr Francis McBamette, local Director of
the Organisation of American States (OAS),
on January 26th handed over US$7,000
worth of equipment and chemicals to
Governments Produce Chemists Labxvatory.

According t tht.-e G government Information
Service (GIS), this aid was provided under
the OAS Multi-national Project In Bio-
Technology and Food Technology which
was started in 1990 and is due to be
completed in 1996.

Over the period 1990 to 1992, GIS says,
Grenada received US$3,000 under this
project, the cunrct donation being from the
1992 allocation.

A release from rn S says the OAS has
committed a further US$30,000 for 1993.
Plea See EWS SHORTS Page 10




i --

- -- --- -

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 29th January 1994 Page 10

Workshop On Technology

A one-day works hop in Grenada, attended
by 25 participants from the Windvard
Islands (including personnel from the
Ministries of Agriculture and livestock
farm is) was coonlinated by the Caribbean
Agricultural Reseamrh & Developnment
Institute (CARDI), on January 18th.

Objective of the voikshop vas to review
the results of rese aich vor conducted on
forage and grazing trials f.r small nimifants
in both Grenada and St Lucia.

According to thee Government Infornation
Service, this research is part of a Sniall-
Rumrinant Development Project. conducted
over the last three and. a half years and
financed by the International Fund for
Agricultural Developm ent.

UNICEF Aid For Health

The United Nations Children's Emer-gency
Fund (UNICEF) will make approximately;
US$40,000 available to Grenada in 1994 for
health projects.

The Government Infonnmation Service (G E)
says US $20,000 of this s um wil

idies" with a space,
t's out of place.
es" as we should,

be for the Pit Latrine Project, and, as of 21st
January, over US$9,000 has been spent on
this programme.

Otiier allocations ficrn this grant ame
US$9,500 for the Breast Feeding Pro-
garamme, US $9,000 for the Expanded
Programme on Immunisation and
US$10,000 for. the Infant Mortality
Reduction Programme.


Ahster Hughes

29th January 1994

Printed & Publishad By The Proprietor,
Alister Hughes, Journaist
Of Satt Street, St-George's Grenada, Wesindies
(P-O Lox 65: Pomae 8091] 440 253S: Cables IHJD3N, Grenada



\ '

-4..- S.
*,C ~p
-- 4.
4,',.'>, 44:
K: 7 2/
I, -

Volne 22 Saturday 29th January 1994 N.mArW 2

I .
(B UYEC .,,',c ,2

_r an m tf.m s 1%. .o

Minist!y of
Works, artm=

J4anuy 8I th ti., ftl-,
ltoving 4 wueetng of
the Cabinet on Jauaj
17thi with the top bid= S
derp for the pArchEse of
SO% of the. s hmres in
Grawida Electncity Ser- -g !
vice$ Ltd (GREN-
LE), WRB EB e & S.
prises Inch f.
Flonda bas ben sleetd ed
as Gove~r nLnts "stdtegic partwne?.

"The selection of WRB paws the way for
Gowrnmentto negotiate share purchase
a murmnt vith them by the end of
February, a press release says:
Storm Of C ontroversy
Government's armounceimnt in the 1992f
budget that certain State-owjed enterprises
vere to be privatis~d raised a storm of
controversy. Those entarpnses B the
National Commercial Bank (NCB), the
Central Garage and GRENLEC.,

In a tional broadcast, PrMam
SMinistr Nihola Bmth=
vaW1 said thk sale of th0-e
national assets wiR
e insay order tW
estabU-h a Capital Do=
velopment Fund to pro-
vtid eounatrpart funding
1 or eeonomre and goeial
infmastruxte. projects.
Cosileried To Ber
| Tn Ced to lbe Gkw
)lSiaconsidered to be thes


Government Amunces
GRENLEC Buyer ................--- 1
*Nev Fibre Optic Cable To
Link 14Isla4-----.......
Solid Waste Proji4 For OECS- -4
OSt Qegr's Uiw4tvuty
Celebr rts 17t AxigTw ry 5
0Noted Scientist Lectures At
St Georpe's Unwrsty.........--7
OAI CaULs On Jamata For
Neory. ..---.-.-.. -------.--- 8.
Nevs Shorts......... ..... ................. 9

The Gret


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 29th January 1994 Page 2
GRENLEC Frum Page 1
least attmactite ine.stment of the three, has He pointed out, however, that GR ENLECI
not yet been privatised but, in July of 1992, had surpluses in the years following,
51% of the shares in NCB were sold. to including a surplus in 1992 of about 1% of
Republic Ba:nk Ltd of & Tobago the island's Gross Domestic Product
for EC $6.3 million. Government retained
10% and 39% yas offered to Grenadians. The Senator said also that GOREiNLEC's
OpMportuity To Acquire overall performance cannot be compared
One of the strong objectirs to this sale is Dr with the performance of a regular business
Keith Mithel-, Political Leader of the New in that GRENLEC has a"social component".
National Party (NNP), who felt if the Bank Areas WhichAre Unprofitable
was to be sold, Gurnadians should have been "GR ENLEC is asked by Government to
given the opportunity tvo acqu th-e ma orvty undJertake rual ele ctnfication in areas which
shau holding. are unprofitable," he said., "therefore you


V- ( ..IinT.......
.......... ..i.. .....nn...... .WV U K.tNI..

"We have a trPmendous resource base
outside there", he told thqe press "Grie-
nad.ians abroad ha ve, by and large, done w ell
for themselves and have a lot of money they
wish to invest in this country if given the

Another strong objector is the National Joint
Co-operation Co mittee on Privalisation
(NJCCP) which was established on the
initiative of the Trade Umion Council and.
which is cormnnsed of some 17 organ-
Should Not Be Privatised
With reference to GREN LE, the expressed
view of NJCCP is that, contrary to what
Government says, GRENLEC is a profitable
enterprise an should not. be privatized.

Senator Chester Humphrey, prominent
NJCCP member and President of the
Technical & Allied Workers Union, told
the press GRENLEC had deficits in 1987
and 1988 due to several capital projects
including a rural electrification pro-

cannot expect GRENLEC to register levels
of profitability which private sector com-
panies register."

The closing, date for receipt of bids for the
sale of GR ENLEC was October 15th last
and, shortly after that date, Government
announced it had received seven bids. In
November, a short list of three bidders being
considered was published and. that vas
followed on Januarvy18th wii information
that WR B Eiterprises Inc is the successful

"As soon as agreement vith WRB is
concluded," the press release says,
"Govrnment vill sell to the public part
of its remaninig shares in GRENLEC."
Add To Its Share Holding
The number of remainingg shares" is still
uncertain as Government has stated that, in
addition to the 50% the successful bidder
will acquire, that bidder will be able to add
to its share holding by investing in GREN-
LEC. Please See GRENLEC Pa 3


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 29th January 1994 Page 3

TOfLL 2&4 llLtD
(rrn TtrvT Tflfcr T hmn rrtrr rTWrnJ

1ar 5 7

IIndies) Limited (C&W), in co-
operationn with France Telecom
and A T &. T is to build a hi gh
capacity, repeaterles-s fibre optic, submJine
!cable system covering a distance of 1,730
Ikilometaes and firing 14 Caribbean islands

Ae. release ftrom C&W say the new cable
system, to be klnovn as Eastern Canbbeanr
Fibrum System (ECFS) vill have more
Iterrmiral stations than any other international
unrepeated system in the world.

It will link the British Virgin Islands,
Anguilla, St Martin, St Kitts, Montserrat,
iAtigua, Guadeloupe Dominica, Martin-
ique, St Lucia, Barbados, St Vincent,
Grenada and Trinidad & -
A KeyComponent
"ECFS is a major C&W comnaitment to
the Caribbean Regionr* says Mr -'ohn-
ICarrmgton, C&W Director of Regional
IBusinesses "When operational it viii be
|a key component m our strategy of
Idehivering a range of new and enha&red
wide baul services, incluiahg multi-
media, to meet the needs of our customers
throughh the 1996s and wvel into the next
I century

GRENLEC From Page 2
The press release says .overnrien; has
indicated it will offer at least 10% of its
remaining shares to the public but. is
prepared to oer mo-e inm response to
public demand.
pa^!*:SwwwB88Sww^^.m E^ S'^'^

ECFS will have either 4 or 6 fibre pairs,
with each pair capable of operating some
7,560 telephone calls simultaneously.
Initially, one pair -ill be eqii ppd, the rest
beii available for expansion.

The system is designed to bawe a lifetime
of 15 years, C & W says, and, due to
rapidly changing technology, the trans-
mission equipment is likely to be super-
seded during that lifeime
A Suitable Platform
However, the largest investment. is in the
sutbnmine cable linking the islands ari. it
vill provide a suitable platform for many- |
generations of tra,-smission equipmentt to

The cost of le installed system is expected
to be US$60 million and constr.. tion is due
to start on the cable in March 1994 with a
ready-for-service date of eary 1995.
Please ae eC&W Page 4

7Ce re ada

F1 wounded 17th August 1973
472nd Issue
Siubsc-ription fate
Payable In Ad4nrze
Postage Paid By Seond Class Airmail
|aiards Post in Greaad&a)

1 Isues

2-9 hu=3


4-0 isses $M c B
About 20 Issueis Pablisbed


$ O0



-----~ i

aLetr WASat PhJa c


Wde are hopivq to have a JintW appraisal, between
Septe4nmbr and December this year and, hope ully, to
see ti plkvnentation early in 1995."

US$52.9 MILLION FIVE- Mr St Louis said the project vill cover both
year project is to be launched ship-generated waste and vaste generated
to manage solid, waste disposal by the con-munity, and he gave the assurance
in all countries of the Organ- that ship-waste will not include vaste
isa.on of East Caribbean States (ECS). generated outside of the -;ion.
Will Take The Waste
This was announced by Minister of Health, What will happen, he said, is that each island
Mr Phirnsley St L uis, at a public meeting of the OECS vill take the waste generated
on January 20th, and le sY .t... v Ihe -ships ie it left its last
for sonm t .arte.: ::-p----to. l1fcal cinthe

oI the OrSd 0 OECS.

large an, particularnotb g efficiently handled no Mind it is
a great { Ii s t H NO
problem .i:c-2P.7?j-iY{:i": .-." said Gre-
for the wrrd at hia's solid wa is
lai 1,r sxIn-$9 PP3 riot being effiiciennl pharicu;a, handled nov mid it is


"Recognisg ths problem, he said,
"OECS Member States decided, some
time in 1988/89 it vould be necessary to
come together to see hov ve could
manage our solid vaste*
Had Been Wili
Follovirng this decision, the Minister said,
approaches for assistance were made to
intenational fndming agencies, it riihe
World Bank and the European Economic
Community, and_ he was pleased. to report
these agencies had been willing to help.
C&W From Page 3
C&W will have an initial investments hare
of 66%, Frace Telecom and AT&T vill
hold 1% and 6% respectively, andj there
are several other undisclosed minority

his hope this project will correct that
situation with benefits to the environment

Mr Dorbiene O'Madae, St Lucia-based
Regional Co-odinmator of the Project, said
the preparatozy phase of the project started
about. a year ago.

"We are hoping to have a fimal appraisal
of this project between September and
December this year", he said, "and,
hopefully, to see implementation early in

The Co-odniinator sai- it is estimated that,
annuaally, some 45,000 tons of aste are
dumped in the C:aibbean, and this is
frighteningg enough" for international
agencies and C anbbean Governments to
cone together to look at the problem.

Please Se WASTE Page 5

~'.. ..... ...

The Grenada Nevsette

S&Wurday' 29th January 1994

Page 4

002 Cl a

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