The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Page 6 Saturday 23rd June 1990 The Grenada Newsletter



which destroyed the Govern-
ment Complex on the night of

A -- stFriday
~hat, most likely,
in origin".

Submitted by two
forensic experts ass-
igned by the British
governmentt at the
request of the Gre-
nada Government,
the Report suggests
an investigation in-
to electrical work
then being carried
out at the Inland
Revenue building.

it suggests also
there be an invest-
igation into two

27th April concludes
the fire was "electrical

electric fans installed in the Accounts
Division on the day of the fire.

The experts, Dr P H garrison and Mr K :
Barnett, said evidence collected indicates
the fire started in the roof of the Inland
Revenue building, and this makes arson "an
unlikely cause."
An Unlikely One
In our opinion, the apparent position in
vhich the fire started in the roof is an
unlikely one for someone to start a fire. In
our experience, it is normally at a lower
level .

The Report added that the fact that
renovation work was then being carried out
on the roof of the Inland Revenue building
suggests strongly the fire was, in some way,
associated with this work.

The Report says the speed with which the
fire spread was due to the fact that, starting
in the roof, it could spread unhampered
throughout the roof space.

"This was the most significant factor it
started in the roof involving all the other

buildings at an early stage," the Report says.
"If the fire had. started at a lover level, it is
unlikely the other buildings vould have
been involved.

"The wires found in
corner of the building

the south eastern
suffered arcing,
indicating that
some of the wire

1eW...M::.-. 7 7- -7 7 77 .- 7
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.. . . . . I .. . .. .

. ............... ,

. ... .. t. ....
.. . ....

was live when the
..". .. fire started.

lipat| formation avail-
=i- able to us it is
our opinion that
i:i ... the most likely
..... cause as some

i i. . . . .I with th e electrics
::::::::::::::::::::: : in the building".
.: Its; Critical
... ....... .......:::: : The experts were

critical of Gre-
nada's Fire Service and said the lack of
effective fire fighting contributed to the
spread of the fire and the degree of damage
Please See FIRE Page 7
BRIZAN From Page 5
reconstruct our position.

Mr Brizan said the public response to the
crisis had been overwhelming, and, in
addition to offers of free office space,
there had been offers, among other
things, of chairs, desks, typewriters and
, filing cabinets. These offers, he said,
had come from large and small
businesses and from individuals all over
the State.

Present at the press conference, Prime
Minister Nicholas Brathwaite said two
forensic experts from Britain were
expected to arrive on that day to assist
the Security Forces in determining the
cause of the fire. Several wild rumours
relative to the fire had been circulating,
he said, and he asked the media for
responsibility in reporting.

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 23rd June 1990 Page 7


OECS wiLl work aman with ti Pan A.merican Health Oryanisatims in
a rsviWw oj the practicality of establishing a system oj
cosesmn health services ainet at provitiua grstae access to
specialist health caOr

In their move towards integration,
Members of the Organisation of East
Caribbean States (OECS) have pro-
posed a new link in the form of an
OECS Health Desk.

The decision was made at the 17th OECS
meeting held in Dormninca on May 24th and
25th, and arose from the OECS Authority's

concern over the increase in the incidence
of such illnesses as heart disease and cancer.

OECS vill work along with the Pan
American Health Organisation in a review
of the practicality of establishing a system
of common health services aimed at
providing greater access to specialist health
care. Please See OECS Pare 8

FIRE From Page 6
which occurred. They suggest a full
investigation into the fire fighting operation
on the night of the fire and into the Grenada
Fire Service in general.
"Our findings are that the Fire Service was
seriously undermanned," the Report says,
"and consequently ill-prepared for the type
of fire that occurred then."
Most Important Priority
In a related matter, Prime Minister
Nicholas Brathvaite, meeting on April 30th
with over 200 Civil Servants who had been
employed at the burnt out General Post
Office, Inland Revenue Department,
Government Printery, Treasury and Min-
istry of Finance, said the most important
priority was to restore service to the public
as soon as possible.

"The important consideration must be that
we shall redouble our efforts and adjust to a
new situation," he said, "so that the public
will not be too inconvenienced by this

The Prime Minister was high in his praise
for the Private Sector vhich, he said, has
reacted most responsibly to the crisis with
generous offers of free temporary
accommodation for Government offices.

accepted, Mr Brathvaite said, is that from
Jonas Browne & Hubbard Ltd who have
made available their premises on the
Carenage, until recently occupied by the
Grenada Co-operative Nutmeg Association

Another offer accepted was that from
GCNA who have offered accommodation at
their spacious new building on Lagoon
Road on the outskirts of St George's. The
Prime Minister said it was expected this
acconumodation will provide needed space
for all the other offices affected by the fire.

Mr Brathvaite asked the Civil Servants to
ignore "rumours which are flying about"
The Security Forces had not as yet
ascertained the cause of the fire, he said, and
technical assistance was being sought from
"friendly countries" in this connection.
A Bad Image Abroad
In the mean time, he continued, it was not in
the interest of the Country to paint "a
certain picture" which would give Grenada
a bad image abroad.

"Grenada has risen from many crises in the
past," the Prime Minister said, "and I have
no doubt that we shall rise from this one."

One of these offers which had already been



Page 8 Saturday 23rd June 1990 The Grenada Newsletter




AttOrney General -iand Iiniste-r
of Legal Affairs, has submitted 4
t Cabiret recommendations for .
strenrgtheng relations between the
Government of Grenada and the Republic
of China (ROC) in Taiwan. ~ FRANCIS ALXIS

The Minister disclosed this in a recent t "ut of strengf rned relationships vith
interview vith NEWSLETTER ind said e Tawan vill come improved mutual trade
"has a sense" that Cabinet is giving these and aid", he said, "wvit cultural exchanges
proposals very serious consideration beneficial to both countries"
Please See TAIWAN Pae 9
OECS From Page 7

The meeting was under the
Chairmanship of Prime Minister
SEugenia Charles of Dominica and vas
attended by Prime Minister Nicholas
Brathwaite of Grenada, Prime Minis-
ter Dr Kennedy Simmonds of St
KittslNevis, Prime Minister John
Compton of St Lucia, Prime Minister
James Mitchell of St Vincent and
Deputy Chief Minister Ralph T
O'Neal of the British Virgin .

Also in attendance were Mr
.oderick Rainford, Secretary v:
general of the Caribbean 6
Community (CARICOM), Mr
Dwight Venner, Governor of the
Eastern Caribbean Central Bank,
ico-rnmient Ministers and Per-
manent Secretaries.
Among other matters, the
Authority discussed a
report of an earlier
meeting of OECS Fisheries PRIME N
Ministers and endorsed .MARY EUGE
recommendations of a number of measures
for-- support to the Fisheries Indriustry in the


The Authority further endorsed recommen-
dations for establishment of a Common
Fisheries Surveillance Zone within OECS
waters as part of the effort towards greater
integration of sub-regional surveillance
activities against illegal foreign fishing-
Source Of Aid
Arisirn from a ralisation of the
importance of the European Economic
Co.rfminu-faity (EEC) as a source of aid, trade
't and investment, and of Continental
Europe's importance to the Tour-
S ism Sector, the Authority
d decided to open a joint OECS
Mission in Brussels.

S It was decided also that co-
roper.ation and- coordination be
Sstreng-thened between OECS
tl'.i Missions in Washington D. C.
and at the United Nations, and
Offices are to be purchased
Sfor the joint housing of
hese Missions.

I1s1 The Authority also reviev-
A CHARLES ed the present state of the
EBanana Ind.ustry in the OECS, particularly
in view of the impending Single EEC
Markett. It. vas greed that OECS
Please See OECS Page 9

1- ~---------~- '

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 23rd June 1990 Page 9

TAIWAN From Page 8
Dr Alexis' initiative follows an official visit
paid by him to Taiwan at the invitation of
the ROC for the occasion of the in-
auguration of President Lee Teng-hui and
his Vice President Li Yuan-zu.

The Minister said that, in Taiwan, he had
had an opportunity to see something of the
SGovernment a-nd people at work and had.
been very impressed vith the evident sense
of organisation. That sense, he said, was
obvious in the field of agriculture and was
most noticeable in the industrial field.
Unique Commitment
"Wherever we went at
industrial sites what
they call their export
processing zones -, he
said "one saw a
unique commitment to
work on the part of the
people. They Vwere
not looking for an
opportunity to raise
their heads from hat Flag Of The R4
they were doing but (Tai
concentrated entirely on the job in hand".

It was impossible not to be impressed by the
patriotic passion which motivates and
OECS From Page 8
Ministers responsible for the Banana
Industry should attend a scheduled con-
sultation in Jamaica to review the impact
of the EEC Conm-non Market on thel
Banana Industry

The Authority discussed also Civil
Aviation, closer links with Martinique,
Guadeloupe and Cae-nne, joint- OECS
participation in the 1992 International
Exposition in Seville, Spain, greater co-
ordination of OECS Cultural Depart-
ments, law revision, illegal drug traf-
ficking and reactivation of Radio

On the subject of OECS unification, the
OECS Secretariat reported on the nature
and scope of preparatory work being
undertaken in this connection. The
Authority agreed tat. a special meeting
of interested Member-Governments
vould be convened shortly to consider
the- matter.
Inemsm s EW S,

inspires the workers on Taiwan, Dr Alexis

The Minister headed a three-man delegation
vhich spent from 18th to 26th May in
Taiwan anTd vich included Mr Carlyle
John, Special Assistant to: the Prime
Minister and Dr Winston Phillips of the
Agricultural Department.
Highlight Of The Visit
Highlight of the visit was the inauguration
of Mr Lee Teng-hui, 67, the country's
eighth President, which took place on May
20th in Taipei, the capital of Taiwan.

SPresident Lee, the first
native Taiwanese to be
: elected to this office,
holds a Ph. D. in Agri-
cultural Economics.
E He was Mayor of Tai-
pei in 1978 and Gov-
-' .i ternor of Taiwan Pro-
vince from 1981 to
public Of China 1984, being elected in
an) 1984 to be ROC Vice-

President to the late
President Chiang Ching- Kuo.
On January 13th 1988, he assumed the ROC
Presidency on the death President Chiang
Ching-Kuo hose term of office vas to run
from 1984 to 1990.
Truly Democratic System
In his inaugural address, delivered at the
Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hall, President Lee
referred to the march of his country to-
wards a truly democratic system of Govern-

He referred to the "Temporary Provisions
Effective During the Period of Mobilisation
for the Suppression of the Communist

These "Provisions" have been in effect since
the Republic of China (ROC) vas re-
established in Taivan in 1949 following the
Conmunist uprising.

Mr. Lee said these "Provisions" have made
"an undeniable contribution to maintaining
stability on our bastion of national revival",
but in the face of a changing situation and
the "ardent desire of the people for
democratic rule of lav", the political
Please See TAIWAN Page 10






- --~-

Saturday 23rd June 1990


St tinMent &e Fia anren
that cowitrtry is Pa sig

govDsrf iI-i &
& the Grenadines was, in mid-
May, the centre of a controversy
involving a plan to broadcast pro-
paganda to Coirimun-
ist China.

Organised by the
Pa'is-based "Front
For Democracy In
iChina", the plan vas
to equip and use the
ship "Goddess of
Democracy" to -
broadcast "messages of freedom" to China
from international waters.

The plan ran into problems, however,
TAIWAN From Page 9
environment of the "bastion of national
revival" has changed.

"Thus it is my hope that a
termination of the 'Period of Mobil-
isation for the Suppression of the
Communist Rebellion' can be declar-
ed in the shortest period of time", he
Renounced One-Party Dictatorship
The President said he hoped the mainland
Conmmunist- Authorities will note that the
Soviet Union has renounced one-party
dictatorship and the Communist economic

The ROC on Taiwan hopes the Chinese
,_Communists will note the trend of the times,
face up to the future and march boldly
towards goals of political democratization,
economic liberalisation and social plural-


lafines nmin-49d that
atowry t to the regultiosS

ast casts-inj.

because Communist China complained to
the Geneva based International Telecomm-
unications Union (ITU) that, according to
international regulations, the ship was
permitted to
Broadcast only
Within the nat-
ional waters of
4 St Vincent &
The Grenadines
where itisregis-

"China is com-
plaining that, apparently, the ship will
broadcast from the high seas towards
China", an iTU spokesmn told the Taiwan
Plears See ROW Pane 11

The ROC, he saud, is killing to open
channels of comrm-nication with the
Chinese Communist provided the
Communists moved towards democracy and
renounced the use of military force in the
Taiwan Straits.
Be Able To Discuss
"We hope that when objective conditions
are ripe," Mr Lee said, we shall be able to
discuss the matter of our national
reunification, based on the common vill of
the Chinese people on both sides of the
Taiwan Straits."

According to the ROC Constitution, Mr
Lee and his Vice-President have been
elected by the iNational Assembly for a term
of six. ye ar

--- ---


The Grenada Nevslette


Page 1C


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 23rd June 1990 Page 11



"To survive in tfw 19Os, it has to be export
and more export and murs aere r ssiveness in

export promotion

substitution alone will not solve
the problems of Grenada or the
This opinion was expressed on June 1i th by
Mr George Brizan, Minister of Finance in
the Grenada Government, as he delivered
the feature address at the opening ceremony
of the 6th Workshop and General Assembly
of the Caribbean Agricultural Credit
ROW From Page 10
'China News', "and this is pr:ohibited by
international regulations.
The ITT spokesman said St Vincent &
The. Grenadines vould be reminded
that that country is a signatory to the
regulations governing broadcasting.
"The Goddess of Democracy" arrived in the
Republic of China (Taiwan) on iMay i Sth- to,
be outfitted, but immediately ran into
problems. The organizers complained of
bureaucratic problems and their own lack
of understanding of the Republic of's
(ROC) customs regulations.
Transmitter Was Installed
A short wave radio transmitter vas installed
on the ship but Customs officials seized a
medium wave transmitter v.hich equipment
would have expanded, to a great extent, the
ship's potential audience on the mainland.
Three days after th-e ship's arrival in Tai-
wan, a delegation from the orgar.isers had a
tw-o-hour meeting with Mr S.1ha Yumi-ng,
Director General of the ROC's Government.
Information Office (GIO).


Association (CACRA)
"To sur ve in the 1990s," he said, "it has to
be export and more export and more
agressiven ess in export promotion."
A Serious Constraint
Highlighting difficulties which beset Agri-
culture, Mr Brizan said the unailvabiliity of
credit is a serious constraint. Another
problem, he said, is the lack of genuine land
reform programmes whichh are not based on
political considerations.
The Grenada Government advocates a land
reform programme which will provide
Please See CACRA Page 12
The delegation included Mr Yen Chia-Chi,
Chairman of the "Front For Democracy in
Chna", and a key figure in the pro-
democracy movement in Pekin's Tienan-
men Square before the military crackdown.
Declined To Disclose
The project's problems were discussed at
that meeting, but both the GIO and the
or ganisers declined to disclose details.
A spokesman for the organizers, told the
press the Japanese Ministry of Foreign
Affairs had stated that an application
received to establish a base in Japan for the
" Goddess of Democracy" would be "studied
Nothing further came of this, however, and
the plan to broadcast propaganda to main-
land China from the high seas was
',ma t

Page 12 Saturday 23rd June 1990 The Grenada Newsletter

CACRA From Page 11
farmers with economic-sized farms based
on crops to be cultivated with guidance arn
direction as regards what crops to grow, Mr
Brizan said, and with a guaranteed market
system, not guaranteed prices.

There must be "tighter" management of
small farms and better management of land.
i progrannes if optimal benefits are to be
derived from whatever land is allocated for
agricultural purposes, he said.
Can Be Administered
The finance institutions must complement
such efforts, the Minister said, and the
Comnrnercial Banks should take inirtative to,
create a "soft" virdow to provide "risk"
capital. In Grenada, he said, that window
can be administered easily by the Grenada
SDevelopment Bank-

An individual bank
may find itself too
exposed if it concentra
its loan portfolio on Ag
Brizan said.

come from vell-to-do families and have
nothing to offer as security against a loan.

"These are the same little people on
whom the future of our country and
the future of other Caribbean islands
depends", the Minister said, "and the
challenge is to find a way of coming
to their assistance so they can con-
tinue to do the work they have been
doing so manfully without the credit
assistance they need."
Efforts Are To Be Made
Sonme 40 delegates attended the Workshop
of which number about two dozen were
from overseas. CACRA has chapters in
all the English-speaking countries of the
Caribbean and a spokesman for the
organisation told NEWSLETTER efforts
)EP S are to be made to
)EPENDS ON extend activities to

Dutch i.
tes most of NOTHING TO OFFER AS h i

SThe Minister proposed that the way out of
this for all the Banks to come
together, each providing a certain sumn
towards the "soft" window.

The Minister of Agriculture, Mr. Ben
Jones, speaking on this occasion, also
emphasised the need for provision of
agricultural credit.

Agriculture, he said, is the most
important economic activity in
Grenada and his contacts with other
Caribbean Islands indicate that, like
farmers in Grenada, farmers
throughout the region are prepared
to give their all to develop the
Able To Fashion Plans
But, with the other islands. Grenada
shares the problem of the availability
of agricultural credit, he said, and it
is his hope that the CACRA workshop
vould be able to fashion plans and
programmes to take care of this

Frmning in Grenada, Mr Jones said, is
being done by "little" people who do not


Papers presented t the workshop included.
"Farming :l a a Business", "Mobilisation and
Effective Distribution of Rural Savings"
and. "C otribution of the Development
Finance Corporations to the Economic
Development in the small Caribbean
States S

The Workshop closed on June 22nd with the
ho ldirg of the General Assembly.

Sh- n a G'.re-nadcan speaks of a "crocus-
bag", he will be understood, not only in
most of the other English-speaking islands
of the Caribbean, but also in the southern
United States of America.

A crocus-bag', made from a coarse
brown material, is the type of bag in which
sugar is usually stored.

Originally, "crocusI may have a been a
blue woolen material from which slaves'
clothing was r made.

Today, the "crocus-bag" is hemp, it is no
longer mde into clothes but is often used by
peasants as a rain coat.

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 23rd June 1990 Page 13


Levy On Cruise Ship Visitors

With effect from 23rd May 1990,visitors
driving at Grenada by cruise ship must pay a
The rate is US$1.00 per visitor payable to
the Grenada Ports Authority by the Master
of the ship. The Authority may remit or
waive this lev "w-hre itis satisfied it is just
and equitable so to do".

OAS-PADF Donate Hospital

An ambulance and hospital equipment have
been presented to the Government of
Grenada by The Organisation of American
States (OAS) in conjunction vith the Pan
American Development Foundation

The presentation was made on June 1st by
OAS Director, Mr Frank Laukaran who
con mented that, according to traditional
health status indicators, Grenada measured
avourably relative to other Latin American

The Director suggested that Grenada is in
this fortunate position because of the
effective use made of the existingr prevent-
ative and curative system, in the State.

The health care system, he said, consists -of
two hospitals, six health centres and, some
30 plus sub-stations, each lower level
providing referrals up the chain

The amb dance is an important li-nk in the
system, the Director said, both staff and
clients depending on it. to make the- system
function reliably and effectively.

Mr Laukaran said many individuals and
institutions had contributed to make the
donation possible. These include the
Fairfax Cotuty Fire & Rescue Department
of the State of Virginia in the United States,
tie Pan American Development Foundation
and the Windjanuer Barefoot Cruise

Blaize's Widow Honoured

Mrs Venetia Ursula Blaize, widow of the
late Prime Minister Herbert Balize, has
been honoured in the Queen's 1990 Birth-
dayv Honcours List.

According to a publication in the Govern-
ment Gazette of June 16th 1990, Mrs. Blaize
has been made a D.ame Cormmander of the
Most Excellent Order of the British Empire
m the Civil Division.

Brizan Visits Venezuela

Mr George Brizan, Minister of Finance,
Trade &. Industries, paid a two-day official
visit to Venezuela on .May 14th and 15th.

In V-enezuela, the Minister held talks with
the Venezuelan Ministers of Mines, Energy
and Foreign Affairs and with officials of the
Venezuelan Investment Fund.

From Venezuela, Mr Brizan flev to the
Baamas- to represent Grenada at. the
Annual General Meeting of the Caribbean
Development Bank.

Ambassador of Thailand
Presents Credentials

Mr Chalrat. Arthayukti,49, Thailand's non-
resident Ambassador to Grenada, presented-
his redentias to Goveror Gernr general Sir
Parl Scoon on lth April 1990.

Mr Arthayukti, who was accompanied by
his wife Savaak, paid courtesy calls on
Prime Minister Nicholas Brathwaite, the
Dean of the Diplomatic Corps, Venezuelan
Ambasscador Efrain Silva, the United States
Charge d'Affaires, Mr. Ford Cooper and
Mr. AlanDrury, British Resident Represent-

The Ambassador and Mrs. Arthayukti flew
out of Grenada on April 12th.

Please See NEWS SHORTS Page 14

-- I

- ~----~

SPage 14 Saturday 23rd June 1990 The Grenada Nevsletter
NEWS SHORTS From Page 13

British Aid In Fire Disaster

Britain h-as donated EC$1 million to the
SGov ermuent of Grermdaa a a grant to assist
in the. refurbishing of the Government
Complex destroyed by fire on Friday 27th

SAccording to a release from the office of
the .Resident British Representative, th
grant is to purchase office equipment such
as desks, chairs, typewriters and computers.

Other recent British aid to Grenada is m
EC$4,5 00 collection of books to the Hills-
Sborough Secondary School, sets
of "Ladybird Learning To Read I.Books"
one for each primary school in the State, an
IEC$2,250 selection of children's and adult's
! books and novels in braille to the Society of
SFriends of the Blind, and six seeing
machines (valued at approximately
EC $4 000) to the Happy Hill Secondary.

SAID Funds For
Community Projects;

STen community based projects in Grenada
are to receive a total grant of EC$88., 300
under the United States Agency For Inter-
national Developmenit (iUSAID) Special
Development Activities Fund (SDA ).

Included amon, the projects are the
university y of the West Indies Commi;rmri-ty
Education Development Project, the Dun'-
firmline Child Centre run byr GRENSAi V .
tUe New Life Organisation Day Care

Centre, the Woburn Development Com-
mittee, the School Feeding Programme at
the Birchgrove Roman Catholic School and
the Crochu Home for the Aged.

Since 1985, USAID had funded 199 SDA
projects at a cost of EC$2,326,698.

Swedish Ambassador Visits

Non-Resident Swedish Ambassador to
Grenada, Mr Lennart Klackenberg, paid a
six day visit to Grenad.a early in April.

Amnbassaor Klackkenberg was accompanied
by hs wife.

Heart Foundation Aids
Grenadian Girl

Though the good offices of the Gre'nada
Heart .Fo.uation. Patricia Julien, 15, vas
rushed to- the New Jersey Eye Institute in
Nevvark, U S.A. on May 5th to receive the
cornea of an 1 1-year-old donor who died in
an accident.

Patricia is suffering from keratoconus, a
disease whic-h has kept er out of school as it
misshapet ? the cornea, distorting sight.

Patricia and her mother were flown to the
Unitd States as guest of American Air-
lines. The operation was to be performed by
Dr Giliberti lho donated his services and
no c.-_rges -were made by the Institute or its
E ,e Bank.

rt ,f-

A-iwr Huiaghes

23rIU June 1990

Printed & Published By The Proprietor
Alister Hughes Journalist
Of Scott Steet, St George's,Grenada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone f809] 440 2538: Gables HUSON, Grenada)


7The CrCs _?________


Yolume 18 Saturday 23rd June 1990 Number 8



Ei6N3s suS MISorN

woman, found_ guilty of the
bloody machine-gun murder of
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
and 10 others, .resumed their anxious
listening from the dock on June 19th as the
Appeal Court continued hearings of their
appeals against the death sentence.
Also being heard are appeals of three men
condemned to long prison sentences for
manslaughter arising from the same in-

lune 19th was the 101st working day since
May 30th 1988 when the Appeal Court
began its hearings of this matter. And,
June 19th vas a "milestone "day. The 12-
man Defence team of Jamaican and
Guianese barristers had completed its sub-
missions on March 30th, and a new phase of
the Appeal had begun. The Prosecution
then had the floor.
No Jurisdiction To Try
Leading off, TrinidadiaiM barrister, Mr Karl
Hudson-Phillips Q.C., told the panel of
three judges the Prosecution would deal,
first of all, vith the Defence submission that
the Grenada Supreme Court (GSC) is
"illegal" and had no jurisdiction to try the
Bishop murder case.
The Peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG) created the GSC after the revolution
Bf 1979, that Court replacing the
organisationn of East Caribbean States
(OECS) Supreme Court which is Grenada's
Court under the island's Constitution.

The Defence filed a Motion, in 1984,
challenging the constitutionality and legality
of GSC but this failed vhen the High Court
rlled that GSC, though not the Court of the
Constitution, was legal under the "Doctrine
of State necessity". GSC Wad to remain in
operation, the Court said, or there would be
chaos in the State.

Mr Hudson-Phillips told President of the
Court, Sir Frederick Smith, and his brother
Judges, Guyanese Justice Rex McKay and Justice Time Kendall, that, in
-'arious forms and on several occasions, the
Defence had argued, unsuccessfully, before
the Appeal Court -hat the period of
"necessity" had ended.
No Additional Factual Material
"No additional factual material has been
brought before the Court to justify the
Please see APPEAL Page 2

Q Bishop Murder Appeal
Resumes..--......----.....---. ... I
0 Brizan Gives Estimates of
Fire Damage- ...-----.......... 5
0 Origin Of Fire Most Likely
Accidental...----............... 6
0 More OECS Co-operation.... 7
9 Alexis Visits Taiwan-.......... 8
0 St. Vincent In Broadcasting
Ro .....--------.---....--..-.. 10
0 CACRA Workshop In
Grenada -------------.........- 1
SNevs Shorts ....------------...--........... 13




Pg 2 Saudy2r ue19 TeGeaaNwlte

APPEAL From PaEe 1
reopening of this matter,
Phillips said.

Mr. Hudson-

'The position is, he said, that the Grenada
Government applied to rejoin the OECS
Supreme Court and was told that that
application vill be considered when the
Maurice Bishop Murder Appeal has been
disposed of. Until that happens, Mr.
Hudson-Phillips said, the period of
"necessity" must continue to give validity
and legality to the temporary GSC.

Leader of the Defence Team,
Jamaican Mr. Ian Ramsay, objected
when Mr. Hudson-Phillips said the
Defence Team had taken "tvo
positions" relative to their disas-
sociation with the Trial. Mr.
undson-Phillips said he was
uncertain as to whether the accused
had, indeed, dismissed their Counsel
as the Defence Team claims.

The relevant incident took place early in the
Trial before the empanelling of the jury,
and, from the record of the Trial, Mr.
Hudson-Phillips read the statement made by
the Defence Team to the Court at that time.
Not To Co-operate
That statement says the Defence Team had
decided, unanimously, not to co-operate
with the Trial proceedings and to vithdrav
from the Court. That decision had. nothing
to do with vhat the accused wanted, Mr.
Hudson-Phillips said, and represented one
position taken by the Defence.

The record of the Trial says the Defence
Team told the Trial Judge that, "in any
event, we have no discretion in the matter as
ve have express and written instructions
from all the clients to vithdraw ......" That,
Mr. Hudson-Phillips said, represented the
other position taken by the Defence.

Concerning Mr Ramsay's objections, Mr.
Hudson-Phillips said, "Let the record of the
Trial speak for itself."

Among those in death rov are Bernard
Coard, Deputy Prime Minister in the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PR G)
and his Jamaican vife Phyllis. Also in the
shadow: of the gallows are Selwyn Strachan,
Minister of Mobilisation in the Peoples

Revolutionary -Government, Hudson
Austin, General of the Peoples Revolu-
tionary Army and several of his com-
missioned officers and foot soldiers.

The case for the Crown was that, as a result
.of a power struggle within the left-ving
New Jewel Movement, a clique led by
Coard was responsible for the killings.
Complete Its Submissions
The present sitting of the Court runs until
July 6th and it is estimated the Prosecution
will complete its submissions in another two-
week sitting before the end of August.

Proceedings in the Court were relatively
calm on the first day of sitting (June 19th),
but tempers flared on the following day,
(June 20th) as Mr. Hudson-Phillips con-
tinued to answer the case put up by the
Defence. The outburst came wheti Mr.
Hudson-Phillips compared the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial with a trial in Jamaica
in which Mr Ramsay appeared for the

In the Jamaica trial, in which the accused
was found guilty, Mr Ramsay told the Judge
that he (Ramsay) would not co-operate with
the Court, would not call witnesses and
would not cross-examine any witnesses
brought by the Prosecution.
Merely A Coincidence
Mr Hudson-Phillips said it was "merely a
coincidence" that Mr Ramsay appeared in
the Jamaica case and also is the Leader of
the Defence Team in the Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial in which that Team decided it
vould not co-operate with the Court, and
had backed up that decision with instruc-
tions from the accused to withdraw from
the trial.

"If my learned friend Mr. Hudson-
Phillips is making aspersions that ve
advised our clients to dismiss us, Mr
Ramsay said angrily, "then he- must
say so openly and bring proof instead
of making what he thinks are clever

Mr. Ramsay said "people in glass houses
must not throw stones", and, if the Court
did not stop Mr. Hudson-Phillips, the
DEefence Team could "get into the same
Please See APPEAL Page 3

The renda evstte I

- --- --


Saturday 23rd June 1990

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 23rd June 1990 Page 3

APPEAL From Page 2
game" which could result in a "nasty
situation" in Court.

The Court, however, did not think there
vwas need to "stop" Mr. Hudson-Phillips.

"What the Prosecution is saying is
merely rhetoric," Judge McKay said,
"We are not a jury and we are not
influenced by it."



The Defence Team, led by Mr Ramsay,
withdrew from the Trial at an early stage of
the proceedings. One ground. of the
appeal is that, Chief Justice Denmis Byron,
the trial judge, did not fulfil his obligation
to assist the accused persons who, after the
withdrawal of the Defence Team, were
unrepresented in Court.

Answering this charge, Mr Hudson-Phillips
said the Judge would have had this obli-
gation if the accused persons were "countrv-
bumpkins who found themselves in trouble
and in Court."
HigMly Intelligent And Articulate
On the contrary, he said, the accused are
highly intelligent and articulate persons
who, originally represented by eminent.
Counsel, had elected to dismiss their legal

Additionally, Mr. Hudson-Phillips said, the
accused had not only stated their firm
decision not to co-operate with or recognize
the Court, but were openly abusive to the
.Judge and had created such noisy disruption
that they had had to be removed from the

Mr. Hudson-Phillips said that, in the face of
these circumstances, Judge Byron was
under no, obligation to give these accused
the type of assistance he would have given to
an unlettered accused. vho found himself
unrepresented before the Court.
Would Not Sit
President Smith am:.-ced on this day
(June 20th) that the Court vould not sit on
Monday June 25th. Ju ge McKay had an
important' matter to deal with in his
homeland, Guyana, on that day, lie said, so,
when the Court adjourned on Friday fJlune
22nd) the next sitting cvld be on Tuesday
June 26th.

Sparks flew again o_ J-une 21st as Mr.
Hudson-Phillips continued to answer the
Please Jc APPEAL Page 4

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Page 4 Saturday 23rd June 1990 The Grenada Newsletter
APPEAL From Page 3

case of the Defence. Source of the friction
was a statement m-ade by Mr. Hudson
Phillips that a submission made to the Tihal
Judge by one of the accused, Selvyn
Strachan, had. obviously been prepared by
"some advocate".

Strachan's submission was made after the
Defence Team had vithdravn from the
Trial, and Leader of the Team, Mr Ramsay,
objected to what he called Mr Hudson-
Phillips' "aspersion" that the submission had

record was taking up more time than was
necessary and he suggested the Prosecution
merely giw page references of the Trial
record so the Judges could read the sections
themselves. Mr Hudson-Phillips did not
accept the suggestion.

"I assure my learned friends," he said, "that
vhile they tookl two years to present their
case, we -ill complete ours in little more
then to weeks."

been prepared by the Defence. When the Court sat again on Friday 22nd
: ..= ...=: .:==. .:.::..;.:..:....- -.- ; : .:-:-:- Junze, M r. Hudson-
;:: Phillips submitted that
S:::-' j -;:: ;:::::::::::: :;: = certain vital
s.Why are they tryin to evidence in
distance themselves from .^' __

giving advice to their clients ?" Mr. Midi
Hudson-Phillips asked. "Is it because it
vwa bad advice ? It is a most despicable
thing to abandon one's clients."

The submission made by Strachan alleged
that, on a certain date some six veeks
previously, members of the jury had. booed
and hurled insults at both the accused and
their Counsel who, at that time, were still
associated vith the Trial.
The First Time
Mr Hudson-Phillips said the first time the
Court had heard anything of this alleged
incident with the jury was when Strachan
made his submission. It was the duty of the
Defrece Team, he said, tc, bring the matter
to the attention of the Court immediately the
alleged incident took place.

Mr Hudson-Phillips spent considerable time
on this day (June 21st) answering the
Defence charge that the Trial Judge, Justice
Denris ByTon, had abdicated his respon-
ibi!ity to accused persons unrepresented by

Reading from the record of the Trial, he
pointed out what, he said, were instarnes in
which Justice Byron had given the required
assistance. He said, however, the Judge
had to be careful what questions he put to a
witness on behalf of the accused as the
answers might be more prejudicial to the
accused than adding any proof.

Mr Ramrsav suggested to the Court that Mr
Hudson-Phillips' reading from the Trial

the Crown's case had not been disproved by
the Defence.

He spent some time reviewing the evidence
of Prosecution witnesses and especially that
of Cletus St Paul whose evidence, he said,
had not been contradicted and is sufficient
for the jury to have come to the "guilty"
verdicts they returned.
Put Under House Arrest
The evidence before the jury is that on the
day of the murders, Bishop, vho had been
put under house arrest by the Coard clique,
was freed. by a large crowd which then vent
with him to Fort Rupert, PRA Head-
quarters, in th-e heart of St George's.

About that time, some tvo miles away, St
Paul, former Security Chief attached to
Prime Minister Bishop, vas being held a
prisoner at Fort Frederick by Coard, Austin
and others involved in the over struggle
'with Bishop.

St Paul testified he had heard Leon Corn-
wall, a commissioned PRA- officer: tell a
detachment of PRA soldiers that "big
business ard. counter revolutionaries" vere
conspiring with Bishop to make trouble and
hat "these elements, had to be liquidated".

Following tis, St Paul had seen Evart
La ye, another PRA commissioned officer,
giving orders to soldiers. He had not
heard the orders but saw the soldiers mount
armoured cars and move in the direction of
Please See APPEAL Page 5


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 23rd June 1990 Page 5


f iB sister of Finance in tl-he Gre-
I 'i nada Government, disclosed
a. at a press conference on May
3rd that the estimated total cost of the
damage caused by the fire vhich completely
destroyed the Ministry of Finance complehI
on April 27th is approximately ECS1-

"The breakdown of the estimated loss
is EC$16.1 million in the buildings,"
he said, "and EC$2.9 in furniture,
fixtures and other movables-"

Mr Brizan said personnel of the Ministry .
Finance were working "round the clo.:" to
have services to the public restored and thi
Treasury would be back in service on May
4th, operating from the Grenada Co-
operative Nutmeg Association (GCNA)
building on the outskirts of St George's.
There Was Some Doubt
Also expected. to be in operation on that day,
from the GCNA building, was the Account-
ing Division of the Ministry of Fin-
Sance. The Administration, Budget & Pla&I-
ning, Trade & Industry and Statistics
Departments should also be ftictioning
from the GCNA building at that time, -he
said, but there was some doubt about this.
However, these departments would t-b ie
operation no later than Monday May 7th.

The Post Office, too, he said, vould
be in service no later than Monday
7th, and would be located in the old
Ice Factory building near to the

"Government has opened the Grenada Fire
Furnd at both the National Conunercial Bank
and the Grenada Bank of Commerce, Mr

APPEAL From Page 4
Fort Rupert. Ten minutes later he heard
a loud explosion and bursts of automatic
gan fire.

The next sitting of the Court will b e on
Tuesday June 26th.
.'- "" -^--~~ts "= '-".. I

,rizan said, "and we call on all individuals,
:orgniusations and irtitutions to donate
.generously to this Recons.tructionFund"

Present at the pres-s conference, Mr
Lauriston Wilson Jr., Director General of
Government Finances sid sorrme important
documents includinr the Expenditure
Control Records, Trade Statistics and some
information relative to the Value Added
Tax and the Business Levy had been saved.
Had Been Recovered
Additionally, he said ? copy of the Debt
Management System ::i been recovered
from the East Caribbean Central Bank and
.-il Governmrent Depa:'tents were being
requested to supply copies of corres-
pondence and documents on their files
relative to the Ministry of Finance.

What had been lost, Mr Wilson said,
i. all economic data and "a tre-
mendous amount reference mat-
erial vhich has been compiled over
the years-" Lost also were all the
day-to-day records of Government's
financial dealings with the public,
-ith institutions ad with organ-

"jWhat we vill have to do," Mr Wilson said,
is to communicate with our various
debtors aid creditors -requeting their co-
op.eration in our efforts to ascertain and
Pleazc See- BRIZAN Page 6


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