The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Page 6 Saturday 24th February 1990

The x--i -Now -1tter

time. launched
trade union
Because they have a common origin and visible m
divisive differences are mainly personal, might hav
Nominated Candidat
St Andrew's South E4

Norton Noel National Der
Pauline Andrews The National
Lawrence Joseph New Nationa
Winifred Strachan Grenada Uni

NNP, TNP and NDC must be considered to of-centre.
have a common political philosophy, that of
being "centrist". Today, h
trade uni<
MBPM is the only leftist party, being the the active
remnant of the New Jevel Movement become a

(NJM), the communist creation of Maurice
Bishop and his colleagues which overthrew
the Gairy Government by force of arms in

It is difficult today, to place a label on Sir
Eric's GULP. When that party was

40 years ago, it was based on
n support and its Leader hli little
means of support. Then, GULP
re been characterized as being left-

nocratic Congress
I Party
ii Party
ted Labour Party

however, while there is nominal
>n support, Sir Eric is no longer
force he vas in that field and has
healthy citizen, ovning proper-

ties valued at many million dollars.

Following his experiences with NJM, also,
Sir Eric has emerged as Grenada's most
vocal anti-communist, and, against his tso
background, GULP must now be listed as
Please See NOMINATIONS Page 7


1972 1976 1984 1990
1. St George's Town 3381 5691 3338 3674
2. St George's South 2726 _5175 3889 4844
3. St George's South East 2629 3943 3017 3587
4. St George's North East 5251 5047 4031 5029
5. St George's North West 2204 3191 2763 3373
6. St Andrew's South East 1958 13016 2451 3067
7. St Andrew's South West !306 5054 3907 :_ 4441
8. St Andrew's North East 2571 4043 2867 _3515
9. St Andrew's North West 1841 3061 2592 3189
10.St Patrick's West 2723 3909 2924 3708
1 1.St Patrick's East 2207 3082 2121 _2723
12.Carriacou 2673 3316 2443 2995
13.St John's 3731 _5538 4373 _5142
14.St Mark's 186833 2__518 2065 2630
15.St David's 4454 6589 5357 _6379
41538 52.1% 63193(23.86% 48158 21.1% 58296

Candidates Nominated
St Andrew's South West

Joseph McGuire Grenada United Labour Party
Ben Jones The National Party
Denis Noel National Democratic Congress
Richard Lewis New National Party
George Lewis Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 24th February 1990 Page 7
There were 41,538 voters on the electoral
Of the 77 nominations, 7 are women, 50 are roll for the elections of 1972 and this figure
new corners to the hustings, 18 have faced increased by 52.1% to 63,193 for the
the polls successfully at least once before elections of 1976 vhen, for the first time,
and 9 have been candidates but have never the voting age was dropped from 21 to 18.
von a seat. Please See NOMINATIONS Page 8
St David's
Vincent Clyne Grenada United Labour Party
Cathrene Hagley The National Party
Joslyn Whiteman New National Party
Michael Andrews National Democratic Congress
Brian Lindsay Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement
St Mark's
Felix Alexander The National Party
George Thomas Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement
Albert Forsythe Grenada United Labour Party
Malcolm Antoine New National Party
Henry DeAllie National Democratic Congress
St John's
Einstein Louison Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement
Edzel Thomas Grenada United Labour Party
Grace Duncan New National Party
Carlyle Glean National Democratic Congress
Linda Charles The National Party
St Patrick's East
Winston Frederick Grenada United Labour Party
Prescott Swan New National Party
Tillman Thomas National Democratic Congress
Nathaniel Herry The National Party
Glen St Louis Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement

St Patrick's West
Wellington Friday Grenada United Labour Party
Joseph Andal Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement
Lennox Jerome New National Party
Kenny Lalsingh National Democratic Congress
Paul Richards The National Party *
Juliet Glean The National Party *

See explanation on page 3

Nicholas Brathwaite National Democretic Congress
Bonfield Bristol Grenada United Labour Party
Lyle Bullen Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement
Michael Caesar The National Party
Winston Fleary New National Party

Page 8 Saturday 24th February 1990 The Grenada Newsletter



Otty lnder A Denucratic System Ewan Thes dIfaiidtual
nIaLiss his fJua potential : Prim ftinister Jones

on February 7th, Grenada's 16th
anniversary of Independence,
Prime Minister Ben Jones asked
Grenadians to remember that, since Inde-
pendence in 1974, the island has travelled
the whole political spectrum, from com-
runism through dictatorship.

Mr Jones spoke at a military parade arnd
cultural performance attended by some
3,000 people at
Queen's Park, on the .
outskirts of St Geor- A
get's, and said Grenad- .
ians row realise it is
only under a democrat-
ic system the individ-
ual can live a full and
true life.
"It is only under such a
system that the individ-
ual can realise his full
potential, he said, :. a^.^
"only under that sys- '^rns
tern can his God-given ,----....
rights be realized, only w' --
under that system is he entitled and allowed
to exercise freedom of conscience, express-
ion, assembly and association."
The Prime Minister said that, from 1972 t
1983, Grenada's economy had shown
negative growth, but, since 1984, there has
been steady growth, the economy growing
by over 5% in 1987, 1988 and 1989.

In what appeared to be a plea for support of
his The National Party at the soon-to-be-
held General Elections, Mr Jones said he is
confident "the entire public will work hard.
without an ety and as one people to build a
better tomorrow because the nation will,
wisely, choose the leaders to carry us with
pride through the decade of the 90s".

Taking part in the military parade, in
addition to detachments from Grenada's

Rovya Police Force, Special Services Unit,
Coast Guard and Prison Officers. were
detoJachments from the visiting HMS
"P'hoebe" arId the Venezuelan Frigate
" General Sublette".

During the parade, helicopters from both
the "Phoebe" and "General Sublette" staged
a fly past the former trailing Grenada's
national flag together with the a thite
Ellsign. Has Become Traditional

S" "4 w 1 Ar A '* .
5 Sa'Sesrs S S

Attending the parade
vere members of the
Diplomatic Corps, the
Judiciary and a vide
cross sectionof the pub-
lic. Governor General
Sir Paul Scoon took the
salute from the military
march past and, as has
become traditional, the
entire assembly solenm-
ly took the pledge of
allegiance to the Nation
vhile the National Flag
vas unfurled.

During the course of his address, Mr Jones
called for a minute's silence to honour the
memory of the late Prime Minister Herbert
Elaize who died last December.

The figure for 1976, however, is suspect.
Contrary to what is expected with a
growing population, there was an
iriexpiained drop of 23.8% to 48,156
for the elections of 1984 which indicates
that the 1976 figure was inflated beyond
the correct level.

For the elections of March 13th, the
voters roll has increased to 58,296 by
10, 138 or 21. 1% from the 194 figure.


- -------

T JSaturday 24th February 1990





Court of Appeal, Sir Frederick
Smith, said in Court, on February
5th, that the Court had been
embarrassed by a document published by a
prisoner in "death rov" at Richmond Hill

"When pn ple in Grenada read what this is,"
he said,. "they will wonder vhat kind of
slackness is going on here."
The President said that
vhat he referred to ....
was a letter published .
by Evart Layne, one
of the persons sen- .i
tenced to be hanged
for the murder of Mau-
rice Bishop and others .

The four-page letter,
President Smith said,
isheaded, "VoteCandi-
date with best Chance Z k
of Defeating Gairy's",
an d as signed by l.
Layne as "Lieutenant.
Colonel in the Peoples SIR FEEDERI
Revolutionary Army .;-
of the Peoples Revolutionary G-overnment,
Former Member of the New Jewel Move-
ment Central ComrTittee and one of the
Grenada Seventeen on Death Row".
Nov Being Heard
Layne, with 13 others, has appealed against
the death sentence and those
appeals are hnow being
Heard by the Appeal
T h Three others also have
appealed against sentences
Sof lo prison terms for
::manslaughter -arising
t from the same inci-

Sir Frederick said the Court has done
everything it can to facilitate the 17 persons
whose appeals are being heard, but will now
have to revise its liberal attitude as far as
permitting any privileges is concerned.

The President referred also to a book
published in 1988, from "death
rov", by Phyllis Coard, another of
the "Grenada Seventeen'" She, and
those sentenced vith her have
complained they can-
-, not get paper and
I pens to make notes
I. for their Counsel, he
said, but they can
Publish a book and
S I circulate a letter to
the public.
SThey Also Complain
S They also complain, Sir
Frederick said, about Mr
Lionel Maloney, Corn-
r missioner of Prisons,
whom they have nick-
named "Stoneage".
The President said he
K: SMITH if does not know how they
g get their documents out
of the prison but, with their violations of
prison security, vhen Mr Maloney takes
strong action against them, he is justified.

Jamaican lawyer, Mr Delano Harrison, is
the meL mber of the Defence. Team
representing Layne, and Sir Frederick
asked him (Harrison) if he had anything to
say on this matter.

"You have said it all," Mr Harrison replied.

Wa2R .




The Grenaada Nevslette

Page 9

Page 10 Saturday 24th February 1990 The Grenada Newsletter




Appeal, sitting on February 8th,
gave Grenada's Attorney
General, Mr Edvin Heyliger,
acting for the Government of Grenada, 10
days within which to file an appeal in tihe
Gairy confiscation-of-property matter.

Shortly after the New Jewel Movement
(NJM) revolution of 1979, the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG ) of

Maurice Bishoj
properties ow
by Sir Eric Ga
the Prime Mini
ousted by the r

That law said
made beca
after "exhaus
PRG -as satis
all properties
quired by Sir i
while his Govi
mernt was in p
er, had been
quired by mearl
corruption and

p passed a law confiscating


the .:::::.:::: :::.:::::::
the --.-.'---------'--. '


waC iiiiiiiiii ij
ern- ii i
"ac- --..----. ----... ........

s rof
i.the i.i...-.-.
ov iiiii~~~~iiiiiii i

blatant abuse and misuse of the powers of
his office."
Was A Test Case
Last November, appearing for Sir Eric
before High Court Judge Mr Lyle St Paul,
prominent Grenadian barrister, Mr Derek
Knight Q. C., successfully argued that the
confiscation violated the Grenada Consti-
tution. The case brought by Mr Krnght
was a test case involving one property now
housing the Ministry of Health, and Mr St
Paul ordered that that property be returned
to Sir Eric.

Mr Heyliger applied for, and was given, a
wo-week stay of execution in order to file
an appeal to the Appeal Court, but, in error,
notice of that appeal was filed on Mr Knight

instead of Sir Eric. Additionally, there
were technical errors in the notice.

On January 26th, Mr Knight took possess-
ion of the building, asking the staff to leave
-and putting padlocks on the front door. Mr
Heyliger immediately asked the Court of
Appeal for, andm was granted, a stay of
e:.cution until February 8th when he arid
Mr .Knight appeared before the Court.

Heading the Court is its. President,
.ii.iiiiiiiiiii Barbadian born Sir
S .. .,::: Frederick Smith,
.J.I..i. [S .. and with him are
.: .....Justices Rex McKay
.... .......and Time Ke dail
:iaJLS6f2fi : respectively -from
S9Guyana and Ant-
~~i ~ ~ ii Oversight
........ Mr & Heyliger told
the Court that,
.. . .i .. "o v in g to an o v er-
... sight" the notice of
ia; Appeal was filed on
'5 Mr Knight instead
Sof Sir Eric. He
................. M tiiisaid, too, t at as
......... early as. December
- -. .... ... ........... 13th, a M option had
been filed with the Registraf to the Court of
Appeal requesting a stay of execution intil
the Appeal was heard. The Registrar,
however, had not set a date for the hearing
of this Motion.

Mr Heyliger was given 10 days to file his
Appeal at which he vill argue, among other
grounds, that Mr St Paul's order to return
the property to Sir Eric did not take into
account the interests of persons, other than
3Government, who have interests in the

An informed source told NEWSLETTER
those persons are tenants of Government
who lease portions of the building. The
Please See CONFISCATION Page 11

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 24th February 1990 Page 11



un g a g]na

Michael Beaubrun, 65, Past Presi-
dent of the World Federation for
Mental Health, delivering the
feature address on February 5th at the 12th
British Virgin Islands Medical Conference,
said events in Colombia and President
George Bush's "var on drugs", tend to shift
attention from the pervasive global damage
done to health by legitimised drugs like alco-
hol and tobacco.

"Though it is true that 'crack', 'ice',
'heroin' and other illicit hard-drugs
are the major concerns today because
of the crime they produce," he said,
"the reality is that the drug problem
is not merely a lav enforcement
problem, but a health problem and
even a spiritual problem eating avay
at our very vill to survive."

Professor Beaubrun who is Emeritus Pro-
fessor of Psychiatry at The University of
the West Indies, said, however, that a cross-
national survey done by Reginald Smart,
Head of the Addiction Research Foundation
of Ontario, Canada, shoved that per capital
alcohol consumption, vhich had been
increasing steadily up to 1975, stabilized in
the late 1970s.
Shoved A Dovnvard Trend
In the 1980s, consumption shoved a
dovrnard trend in most developed count-
ries, he said, especially in vine drinking
countries and those which previously had
high levels of consumption.

This has been due partly to economic chan-
ges vith a reduction of disposable income,
he said, and also to a new emphasis on
health, exercise, nutrition and avoidance of
unhealthy foods and substances.

Professor Beaubrun pointed out that. this

g sa onuu
9n msaaulI

decline had been
developed countries,
countries still seem

confined largely to
while most developing
to be increasing their

"In Trinidad & Tobago," he said,
"increased taxation and lowered disposable
income have been the major factors limiting
w-hat v7as, in the previous decade, an
alarming rise in consumption and problems
due to alcohol, but there is, as yet little
comfort coming from the figures for
For The Same Offense
In 1978, he said, there vere 1,773
grams of cocaine seized by the Police
in Trinidad- In 1988, the figure vas
36,338 kilograms. In 1978, there
vere three arrests in Trinidad for co-
caine, in 1988, there vere 625
arrests for the same offense.

Discussing the question as to whether drugs
should be banned, Professor Beaubrun said
the Caribbean history of marijuana legis-
lation seems to show that banning the drug
increased problems.

A 1974 paper by the late Professor Aubrey
Fraser, Director of Legal Education at the
University of the West Indies, discloses that
the sale and use of marijuana had been legal
Please See DRUGS Page 12
source said also that other persons
affected by the appeal are the occupiers of
two hotels and a night club which were
confiscated under the same la. .

The appeal vill ask that Mr St Paul's
judgement be set aside and the amount of
compensationpayable to Sir Eric be deter-
" ",_-".

Page 12 Saturday 24th February 1990 The Grenada Newsletter

DRUGS From Page 11
in many parts of the Caribbean as recently
as the 1920s.

At that time, he said, dealers were licensed
to sell marijuana and few problems were re-
ported. When the drug was banned to
conform with an international Agreement,
however, many more problems arose.
Banned The Use And Sale
Professor Beaubrun referred also to the
prohibition era in the United States v.hen
the Volstead Act banned the use and sale of

"This improved health, he
said, but increased .
crime. Deaths from n
cirrhosis of the D
liver fell sharply '
but prohibition rmae -,
bootlegging, smuggling and other illicit
activities so profitable that it has been
blamed for the birth of the Mafia. In short,
prohibition and interdiction equals more
crime, permissiveness and. legalization
equals more health damage."

In some of the United States, in the 1970s,
experiments began in which marijuana was
"decriminalized", that's, the sale and use of
marijuana is no longer a criminal offense.
Professor Beaubrun said. Possession has
not been made legal but penalties for simple
possession have been drastically reduced
Sand imprisonment avoided.
Does Not Have
It is still difficult to generalise from the
results of this experiment~ he said, because
marijuana, even in its never, more potent
forms, does not have the dependence
liability of 'crack', heroin or the new
'designer drugs'.

Nevertheless, in Maryland, the Auto-
mobile Emergency Service reports
that 35% of all accidents are
marijuana related.

To decriminalize drugs like cocaine
or heroin at this stage," he said,
might be like permitting our
children to play in a mine-field
vwthout making sure they know how
to avoid the mines.......or that they
even vant to.

Professor Beaubrun said the Head of the
United States National Institute of Drug
Abuse (NIDA), William Bennet, claims the
United States is inning the war against
drug use by middle class Americans, but rot
the more difficult war against chronic.
addictive drug use by those in the country's
most economically depressed regions.

The reported monthly use of cocaine fell
from 5.8 mrilion grams in 1985 he said, to
2.9 million grams m1988. However, the
use of cocaine has grown among the young
and unemployed
and the use of
S 'crack' has skyrocketed.

that of fhe
lifestyles and values of United States high
school seniors, suggests a growing aware-
ness by the student population of the
harmfulness of drugs, Professor Beaubrun
said. The latest report shows that illicit
drug use is at its lowest level since the
seniors were first measured in 1975.
However, the report does not trace high
school dropouts who are among those most
at, risk.
Evidence is Conflicting
Professor Beaubrun said the evidence
is conflicting as to whether or not a
defeat has been suffered in the
control of substance abuse in the last

Some progress has been made, he
said, and he quoted the United States
Director of Health and Human Serv-
ices as saying the most recent find-
ings are "not a declaration of success
but a rallying point for sustained and
invigorated supply and demand re-
duction initiatives'.

"I can do no better than that,"
Professor Beaubrun said, "the var is
far from von but we can see a light at
the end of the tunnel There is a
glimmer of hope"

~,~~,, l:~3- ...-......-~~tint~rmwrrrn~r

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 24th February 1990 Page 13

Managing Director
Browne & Hubb
Sl(Hubbards) one of
largest firms, has disclosed tha
year ending 30th September
Company has shown a favourable

In a "review" circulated to sha
recently, Mr Toppin said Grenad
become accustomed to creating "fi
he is happy that this situation h as
on a positive note, to the Commerc
and, in particular, to Hubbards.
For The First Time
"For the first time our sales e
fifty million dollars, uj
EC$45,216,637 last ye
EC$52,641,968 this year,"
"with profit before t
EC$4,249,458, exceeding t
million mark, also for t

The Directors recommend payr
dividend of 12.5% on Ordinar
which is the same as last year,
guaranteed 10% on Preference Sh

Hubbards' activities cover a wide
departments including supermark
ing materials, hardware, appliance
shipping and insurance, and Mr T(
that, with the exceptions of the Fe
and Shipping Departments, all de
performed satisfactorily.

The Managing Director singled
Appliance Department for special
This department, he said, had p
"excellently" and had showed sa
growth in the face of intense comp





With reference to Hubbards' subsidiary
Company, Sissons Paints (Grenada) Lim-
ited, Mr Toppin said performance had been
"excellent" and a dividend of 20% has been
'*:- A heartening aspect of Sissons' operations,
TOPPIN he said, is the increase of export sales to
of Jonas mos t of the countries of the Organisation of
ard Ltd, East Caribbean States. However, the Man-
Grenada's aging Director struck a sour note in this
t for the connection.
1989, his Refused To Allow
outturn. "In violation of the Agreement on
free trade among these islands,' he
reholders said, "Antigua has refused to allow
ians have Sissons products into that island."
rsts", and
extended, The matter has been brought to the attention
:ial Sector of the Gren-ada Government, and the Man-
aging Director expressed the hope that
either the restriction is removed or recip-
x ceeded rocal action is taken against products from
p from Antigua.
lar to
he said, Commenting on the political climate as
tax of Grenada approaches a General Election
he four scheduled for March 13th, Mr Toppin was
he first critical of "the constraints placed on effect-
ive government as a result of one crisis after
rent of a
y Shares, Part of this, he said, was the disintegration
with the of the New National Party which was voted
ares. into over in 1984, and this is coupled with
failure of the Administration to present a
range of cohesive fiscal policy and a balanced bud-
ets, build- get.
, motor, Lac Of Confidence
oppin said All of this has led to a lack of confidence by
ed Centre investors, Mr Toppin said, and., as a
partments consequence, growth in the important tour-
ist sector has been minimal. Also, he said,
meaningful investment in industry has been
South the relatively small in terms of labour content
mention, and this has resulted in a high cost to Gov-
erformed erriment by way of loss of import taxes on
.tisfactory items now "manufactured" locally.
Fimtitenn Please See HUBBARDS Pare 14

Page 14 Saturday 24th February 1990 The Grenada Newsletter


tomI cast dispose of a cwse ir asccodlnane wift tie dacisies of tic
Court of Appeul unless the Court of Appea hasinmade a diecsion

Maurice Bishop Murder Appeal,
Mr Clarence Hughes, Senior
Counsel, argued in the Appeal
Court on February 5th that the Trial Judge,
Mr Dennis Byron, had no jurisdiction to
continue with the Trial when, arising from
the Trial, an appeal had been made by the
accusedion a constitutional matter.

This was the 90th day of sitting since the
Appeal Court first began hearing appeals of
14 persons condemned to death for the mur-
der of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and
others in a bloody machine-gun killing on
19th October 1983.

The Court is also hearing appeals of three
persons sentenced to long prison terms for
manslaughter arising from the same inci-
Condemned To Death
Among those is "death rov" are Bernard
Coard, former Deputy Prime Minister in
the Peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRG) and his Jamaican vife Phyllis.
Condemned to death also are Selvyn
Strachan, a Member of Bishop's Cabinet,
HudsonAustin, General of the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Army (PRA) and several PRA
Commissioned Officers and foot soldiers.

The appeal on the constitutional matter,
referred to by Mr Hughes, arose from the
dismissal by Judge Byron of a motion by the
accused that pre-trial publicity had deprived
them of having a free and fair trial.

Mr Hughes referred to a section of the Gre-
nada Constitution which says that when such
an appeal is made, the High Court must "dis-
pose of the case in accordance vith....... the
decision of the Court of Appeal...."

SThe Judge vill have to vait until the appeal
is heard", Mr Hughes said, "because you
can't dispose of a case in accordance with
the decision of the Court of Appeal unless
the Court of Appeal has made a decision"

When the Court resumed on February 6th,
Defence barrister Mr A. J. Nicholson, told
the Court that the words "desire" and
"intent" are not always interchangeable anil
Judge Byron had not directed the jury
properly as to the difference.

"A school boy making his vay to the
headmaster's office has the intention to go
there," he said, "but certainly has no desire
to do so."

Mr Nicholson referred to evidence contain-
ed in statements said to have been made by
the accused Leon Cornwall at Fort Fred-
erick, just before three Armoured Person-
Please See APPEAL Page 15
HUBBARDS From Page 13
"It must be the hope of all Grenadians
that the Party inning the elections will
face up to the challenges of balancing the
budget, defining clear fiscal policies and
the need to take prompt and positive
action on development," the Managing
Director said, "although this may not.
necessarily be popular."

Mr Toppin foresees a "difficult" year in
1990. He expects a downturn in busi-
ness, and forecasts that this condition is
likely to continue into 1991.
E m ----- -----

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 24th February 1990 Page 15

APPEAL From Page 14
nel Carriers (APC) were sent to recapture
Fort Rupert, Headquarters of the-Peoples
Revolutionary Army, which had been taken
over by Bishop and a large crowd.

A Crown fitness testified that
Cornwall told soldiers in the APCs
that Bishop had spread a "vicious
rumour" (that the Deputy Prime
Minister, Bernard Coard, and his
wife, Phyllis, were plotting to kill
Bishop), and that "counter revolution-
aries" and "big business" had seized
the opportunity to create trouble and
free Bishop from house arrest.
Must Be Liquidated
Cornwall is reported as saying that,
as a result of this, "these elements
must be liquidated'.

The Crovn witness, Cletus St Paul,
testified that, at this stage, Cornwall
and other members of the New Jewel
Movement Central Committee started
to shout, "Central Committee Ord-
ers', to which the soldiers replied,
"We obey, ve obey."

Mr Nicholson said the Judge's directions
vith reference to Cornwall's "ienention"
were so woefully inadequate that they
amounted to a misdirection.

Also addressing the Court on this day
(February 6th), Defence barrister, Mr How-
ard Hamilton Q. C., said the verdicts
rendered by the jury were "unsafe" and
"unsatisfactory" and he submitted to the
Judges a four-page document outlining his
argumrents to support this.
Met Their Deaths
Those arguments include a claim that
the Prosecution presented six differ-
ent versions as to how the murdered
people met their deaths. He said,
too, that the Trial Judge did not point
out to the jury that there is evidence
which shovs that Deputy Prime
Minister, Bernard Coard, and other
members of the Central Committee,
wished to avoid a bloody confront-
ation and their mood was one of
reconciliation towards Bishop-

There was no sitting of the Court on
Wednesday 7th February. This was a

public holiday vhen Grenada celebrated the
16th Anniversary of Independence.
The Final Directions
Mr Nicholson, told the Court on February
8th that the final directions given by Judge
Byron to the jury may have been
interpreted by them to mean that they were
bound to come to unanimous verdicts.

"These directions," he said, 'vould
have completely erased his earlier
directions that 'you have a right to
disagree if that is what your con-
science dictates'- "

Mr Nicholson said the jury had been given a
"verdict sheet" which had three columns
-agaist each of the names of the 18 accused.
In the first column the jury was to indicate
"guilty of murder", in the second "guilty of
manslaughter" and in the third "acquitted".

Mr Nicholson pointed out there was no
column to indicate that the jury disagreed,
and, he said, the implication of this omission
was compounded by Judge Byron's final

Reading from the record of the Trial,
Mr Nicholson quotes Judge Byron's
final directions as saying, "On
arriving at your verdict, you should
have that verdict sheet completed
and' signed by all of you as an
indication that the verdict reached on
each count is agreed by each and
every one of you' -
Had Not Been Presented
Mr Nicholson said also, that, if the
verdict sheet became a part of the
record of the trial, it became a public
document and thus the secrecy of the
jury's decisions was violated. The
verdict sheet had not been presented
at the Appeal by the Prosecution, he
said, and it should have been
available for the scrutiny of the
Judges of the Appeal Court.

In a sitting of just under an hour and a half
on February 9th, the 93rd day of sitting
since this Appeal had its first sitting on May
30th 1988, the Defence Team wound up its
final submissions.
Please See APPEAL Page 16


Page 16 Saturday 24th February 1990 The Grenada Nevsletter

APPEAL from Page 15
That Team, led by Jamaican barrister, Mr
lan Ramsay, consists of ten men and tvo
women, nine of the Team being paid by the
Government of Grenada as most of the
accused were unable, financially, to retain
Led Evidence At The Trial
The Prosecution, headed by Trinidad barris-
ter Mr Karl Hudson-Phillips Q.C. and Gre-
nada's Acting Director of Public Prosecu-
tions, Mrs Velma Hylton Q.C., led evidence
at the-rial which indicated there had been a
power struggle between Bishop and the..
Deputy Prime Minister, Bernard Coard.

The Coard faction put Bishop under house
arrest at his residence in St George's, but he
was freed by a crowd of some 15,000 chant-
ing supporters who accompanied him to
take over Fort Rupert, the headquarters of
the PRA located in the heart of St George's.

According to the evidence, Coard and his
supporters, including the top brass of the
PRA, held a conference at Fort Frederick, a
PRA camp on the outskirts of St George's
and. some two miles from Fort Rupert.

A detachment of three armoured personnel
carriers was sent from Fort Frederick to
recapture Fort Rupert and, on arriving
there, opened fire on the crowd, killing
two persons who were with Bishop in the
Operations Room. A third person, wound-
ed then died later.
There Were Other Deaths
Additionally, an eyevitness said he say
about 60 bodies on the parade square in
front of the building housing the Operations
Room. There were other deaths also
(estimated to be over 100) of persons. ho,
to escape the gunfire, jumped from the 30

foot high valls of Fort Rupert

Follovirig the attack on Fort Rupert,
Bishop, members of his Cabinet and others,
a total of 8 persons, were arrested and taken


to the upper parade square of Fort Rupert.

There they were lined up against a vall
facing an execution squad, and the leader of
that squad, PRA Lieutenant. Calistus Ber-
nard, in a statement to the Police, described
what happened.
I Gave The Command
"I told Maurice Bishop and the rest of the
people with him", Bernard said, "that the
Central Committee had decided they should
be executed by gun fire. I told them 'about
turn', I gave the command to the soldiers
'prepare to fire' and 'fire'."

"On or about the time I vas giving the
command," Bernard continued, "Jacque-
line Creft (Bishop's Minister of Education)
vas saying, 'Comrade ait, hold on'

The maclime gunn-
er on the square .
with ri e and
the soldier on
the square vith
me and I fired
together. The
bodies fell back-
vard, some fell
down slow and some
fell down fast."

This inci-
gered, Please see APPEAL Page 17

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 24th February 1990 Page 17


Japanese Funded Fishing

The first phase of the Japanese funded
EC$4.4 million fishing programme is
expected to start in March with construction
of a 266-foot jetty at the vest coast fishing
town of Gouyave.

According to the Government Information
Service (GIS), other projects in the first
phase are the building of a styrofoam fish
box plant at Calliste on the south coast and
construction of a slipway and ramp at Vic-
toria on the vest coast.

There vill also be provision of pipelines
and fittings for a vater supply at Calliste.

The second phase of the programme,
expected to begin in 1991, vill involve
construction of fish centres at Gouyave and.
at Grenville on the east edast. Each centre
will have a conference room vith audio
visual equipment, block and. flake ice-
making machines, two chill rooms and. an

The progra-mme provides also for safety
equipment, engine repair tools, other tools
for fishermen's co-opoeratives, vehicles to
service the Artisanal Fisheries Project, two
insulated trucks, eight longline 11-metre
boats, several small deep freezers and
eighty lockers, spread over various loca-
tions, for fisherman to store gear.

Tourism On Upswing

The Government Information Service
(GIS) reports that, according to the five-
year Report of the Department of Tourism,
there had been a major upturn in the Tourist

Stay over visitor statistics grew by 90%
from 149,722 in the previous five-year
period to 297,081 in the last five-year
period, the Report says, while cruise
passengers grev by 59% to 588,451.

Cruise ship arrivals increased by 80% to

1,108 from 615, and there was an encourag-
ing increase in the number of visiting

In the period 1980 to 1984, 7,629 yachts
came to the island. An increase of 60%
places this figure at 12,774 in the 1985 to
1989 period.

AIDS Statistics Growing

The latest report from the Ministry of
Health on the Human Immunodeficiency
Virus (HIV) states that there are nov 28
positive cases in the country.

Of these, 18 have already developed AIDS
and from that number 14 have-died.
Please See NEWS SHORTS Page 18
APPEAL From Page 16
the military intervention by United States
and Caribbean forces on 25th October
1983,-0- and, following the defeat of the
PRA and Cuban forces stationed on
Grenada at that time, Bishop's body, with
others, was found in a pit at a PRA camp
on the south coast of the island.

Evidence at the trial accounted for a few
bodies at Fort Rupert handed over to an
undertaker, but there was no evidence as
to vhat had happened to the bodies of the
estimated 100-plus persons believed to
have died at Fort Rupert that day.

When the Appeal started, the Court was
presided over by Guyanese Justice
J.O.F.H aynes, and with him were Justices
Rex McKay and Sir Frederick Smith,
being respectively from Guyan and Bar-

Haynes died in December 1988 and the
Court was reconstituted under the presi-
dency of Sir Frederick, Justice Time Ken-
dall of Antigua being brought in to com-
plete the trio.

The Court will sit again on March 13th
vhen the Prosecution vill reply to the
arguments put forward by the defence.
-da~a"?---"---~~ f-I' -- -*




Page 18 Saturday 24th February 1990 The Grenada Newsletter
NEWS SHORTS From Page 17

Risk factors are known for twenty-one of
the twenty-eight HIV positives. Twelve
have had heterosexual contact, two bisexual
contact and five homosexual contact.

HIV positivity is linked to only one intra-
venous drug abuse and one case is due to
blood transfusion.

The Ministry of Health has been unable to
trace the contacts of sixteen of the twenty-
eight carriers (HIV positives). Nineteen
contacts were identified for the other twelve

Of those nineteen, seven tested negative,
three tested positive and nine were not

So far, ther6 have been no cases of HIV
positives among teenagers or children, the
Report says. Most HIV positives have been
found in the age group 25 to 30, this
reflecting the "normal" distribution of the

According:. to the Report, St.George's
Parish leads in the number of HIV positives
identified -

New Phase In Technical

Mr Rawle Chase, Export Co-ordinator of
the International Trade Centre(ITC)/ Carib-
bean Development Bank (CDB) said in Gre-
nada on February 8th that ITC/CDB has
launched a new phase of technical co-

Mr Chase said this

as he addressed the one-

day Floriculture Workshop and he said the
thrust vill be to promote exports of orna-
mental floriculture, essential oils, per-.
fumes and cosmetics.

The Export Co-ordinator said this technical
*co-operation vill be made available to a
limited number of selected enterprises
which vill be given tailor-made technical
assistance within a framework of develop-
ment plans.

Additionally, Mr Chase said, ITC/CDB vill
provide traditional technical assistance such
as market studies, marketing missions and
product adaptations.

Tourist Accomdation Up

Visitor accommodation has increased from
565 rooms in 1984 to 1,085 rooms in 1989,
a jump of 90%.

This information is given: in the Five-Year,
Report of the Department of Tourism
which states that the Ramada Renaissance
with 186 rooms was the first international
chain hotel to be established here since

The report says also that new hotels open-
ing since 1984 include the Coyaba, Balisier,
Siesta Holiday Apartments, Mace Hotel, Fox
Inn, Cedars Inn, Villa Mar and Cassada.

Hotels which have expanded or refurbished
are Blue Horizon, Calabash, Spice Island
Inn, Horse Shoe Bay and Maffiken Apart-
ments. Also,two new lodges have been
introduced, Mama's Lodge in Grenada and
Prospect Lodge on the sister island of Carri-

Alister Hughes

24th Febrxary 1990

Printed & Published By The Proprietor -
Alister Hughes, Journalist
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grenada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [809] 440 2538: Cables IHUSON, Grenada)

RE cE '. -: .




7he Grnada.




I ,


byh Prime

"And so," the Prime Minister said, "I have
Advised His Excellency (Governor General
SSir Pad Scoon) that he should issue the writ
for elections to be held on Tuesday 13th day
of March 1990."
Full Slate
Before making the announcement, Mr Jones
presented the full slate of 15 candidates who
Iwill contest the elections under the TNP
banner. They include the five members
Making up the minority Government Mr
Jones now leads arnd th-re are ten new-
Their professions range from teaching



polls in a General Election on
Tuesday 13th March.

The announcement was made
Minister Ben Jones on Feb-
ruary 11th at a rally of Mr
Jones' The National Party
(TNP) held at Queen's Park on
the outskirts of St George's
and attended by a crowd of
over 2, 000.

Mr Jones said Ma\rch 13th, is j
the day on which the Neyv I
Jeael Movement revolution 11
started in 1979 and that day is
regarded by Grenadians as a
blot on Grenada's history.
Ti-at blot needs to be removed, he said.


through business, farming and sales. On
the TNP Public Relations Officer, anot
is a retired Assistant Superintendent
Police and yet another is a Road Supervi
in the Ministry of Works.


10 General Elections March 13th...
Q Sparrow Happy About Mandella
OSeventy-Six Candidates
Contest Fifteen Seats ...........
9 Grenada's 16th Anniversary
Celebrations.......- ..... __.......
0 Court Of Appeal Embarrassed
0 Government Given Time To
Appeal Gairy Case..............
SWar on Drugs a Glimmer
Of Hope...........................
SHubbards Does Well..............
O Defence Winds Up Bishop
Appeal -.............................
News Shorts ..... .............-....

s is

Addressing the rally, Mr
Jones recounted vhat, he
said, the Government. under
the late Prime Minister Her-
bert Blaize, has achieved,
and asked that all the TNP
can-didates be returned in
the elections.
Don't Tinker
"If you have a motor car
which is working vell," he
said. "don't tinker with the
ease See ELECTIONS Pare 2



Volume 18 Saturday 24th February 1990 Number 3




fTe blot nedvs to be reroved : Jines

I -- --

0"M I





Page 2 Saturday 24th February 1990 The Grenada Nevslett t



"1- did not know it was uingfi to be so soon"

ciscoSlinger, the "Mighty Spar-
row, Calypso King of the World",
said i an interview in Grenada
with NEWSLETTER on February 11th,
that his reaction to the release of South
African Black, Mr Nelson Mandella, is one
of joy, happiness and some surprise.

"I am pleasantly surprised," he said, "be-
cause I did nrot know it was going to be so

Sparrow, who holds a honorary doctorate
from the University of the West Indies, was
in Grenada appearing on the platform of
The National Party of Prime Minister Ben
Jones where he sang several of his corm-
positions to the delight, of a crowd of over
Putting The Past Behind
Many people have been .calling for Mr
Mandella's release, "in song and otherwise"''lt interview, and they will no
lave'. ntie some contribution. His con-
tribution, -he said, will be a new calypso
expressing his joy and putting the past

Sparrow said he could make no comment on
the fact that, in some quarters, there has
been reaction that Mr Mandella is an
agitator who, now that he has been released,
will sponsor violence in South Africa.

"I don't know that much about Man--
della', he said, "except he represents
a sort of a royalty, and the aspir-
ations of the black South Africans. I
see only good things as a result of his
release. Whatever else will or may
come as another surprise, time vill

The calypsonian said he had been very
happy to be invited to come back home for
the occasion but "didn't know what it vwas all

Now that he was in Grenada, he said, he was
happy to see the smiling faces "as compared
to the time when the bombs were falling"
and he was told: his grandmother's house
had been destroyed.

Sparrov, who was born in Grenada's vest
coast village of Grand Roy, said his sister
and first cousins, nieces and nephews, are
now resident. in the United States and there
are nowx only distant relatives in Grenada.

engine, leave it alone."

In addition to the political side of the
rally, the crowd was entertained by a
dance troupe, a steel bannda by
Grenada born Dr Francisco Slinger, the
S"Mighty Sparrow, Calypso d -g of the
world". I
1 c --- --------------

The first town built by Europeansm in the
New World as built by Christopher Col-
umbus-in 1493/94.

Called Isabela in honour of the Queen of
Castile, this town was located on the north
coast of Hispaniola, at the head of a bay still
called Bahia Isabela (Harbour of Isabela).

SThere was a church in Isabela, a storehouse
and a dwelling for Columbus, all built of
stone, and there were a number of other
buildings of lesser construction.

Isabela was abandoned, however, when
Santo Domingo, the capital of Hispaniola
vas established, and the abandoned site is
still said to be haunted.

The place is avoided because, it is said,
men are seen there who take off their Jeads
when they remove their hats.

- -~- --~~-~~~ ~- -- -- --


The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 24th February 1990 Page 3



iTNP NominaIts txtra ndinCate. JoEs Soays
tmttetr o be Clarew Up

Supervisor of Elections on
February 24th disclose that The
National Party (TNP) has nom-
inated 16 candidates to contest the 15
Constituencies in the General Elections
scheduled for March 13th next.

"TNP will not run two Candidates in any
constituency," he said. "The matter has to
be sorted out and we vill clear up the
situation within a day or two."

Presuming that one TNP candidate
vithdravn, the official position is

Nominated Candidates

St George's Town

vill be
that 76

Dennis Campbell
George McGuire
Joan Purcell
Herbert Preudhomme
Terrence Marryshow
Justin McBurnie
Michael Donelan

The extra candidate is in the_ Constituency of
St Patrick's West and an informed source
close to TNP told NEWSLETTER the situ-
ation is the result of a disagreement. within
the Party.

2When TNP candidates were announced at
the Party's rally on February 1 Ith, Mr Paul
Richards was presented as carrying the TNP
banner in St Patrick's West. It is understood
that, subsequently, there vas a move within
the Party to replace him vith a romrana, Ms.
Juliet Glean, but this did not have unanimous
Presented Later That Day
On Nomination Day, February 23rd, there-
fore, Mr Richards presented his nomination
papers. These were accepted by the Return-
irng Officer for the Constituency who also
received the papers from Ms. Glean when
these were presented later that day.

In a telephone interview with NEWSS-
LETTER on February 24th, Mr Jones said
the matter is having the Party's attention ard.
a public statement would be made.

New National Party
The National Party
National Democratic Congress
Grenada United Labour Party
Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement
Good Ole Democracy

candidates from 6 political parties vill
contest the 15 constituency seats. In
reality, however, it will be only 5 political
parties in the contest as one "party", the
Good Ole (sic) Democracy (GOD), consists
Please See NOMINATIONS Page 4

The Grenada__

Founded 17th August 1973
411th Issue
Subscription Rates
Payable In Advance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post In Grenada)

$ 43.00
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A 4~j AA -

40 Issues s390.00uuu 14.uu
About 20 Issues Published Annually

10 Issues
20 Issues


Page 4 Saturday 24th February 1990 The Grenada Newsletter

of just one person, the candidate for one
St Geor

Phinsley St Louis
Eric Gairy G
Winston Whyte %
Cephas Pilgrim T

Those 5 parties are The National Party
(TNP) led by Prime Minister Ben Jones, the
National Democratic Congress (NDC) led
by Mr Nicholas Brathwaite, the Maurice
Bishop Patriotic Movement led by Dr
Terrence Marryshov, the New National
Party led by Dr Keith Mitchell and the
Grenada United Labour Party (GULP) led

Sir Eric, who is now 68, said his sight is
"not as good as it used to be" but, a year

's South

tional Democratic Congress
enada United Labour Party
w National Party
e National Party

later, accepted re-election as GULP
Political Leader as he had been "persuaded
to stay on as Leader."

He made it clear then, however, there would
have to be an improvement in his eyesight
before he became a candidate in the

by Sir Eric Gairy.
Nominated Candidates
St George's North East

Michael Radix
Fitzroy Alexander
John Munro
George Brizan
Valentine Joseph
Gerald Arlin

Additionally, there are three indepenenents
including the candidate of GOD, Mr Justin
Mc Burnie,. vho, as an independent in St
George's South in 1984, received 8 votes.

The closing of nominations decided the
much debated question as to whether Sir
Eric vould be a candidate. He vill be. He
was not a candidate in the 1984 elections
and, in December 1987, announced his
retirement from "front line" politics.

Grenada United Labour Party
The National Party
New National Party
National Democratic Congress
Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement

"But I have strong faith that, before election
day comes, my eyes will be better," he said
then, "but if they are not, I vill not run for

Attempts to reach Sir Eric for a comment
on the present condition of his health and
eyes have not been successful.

test all fifteen

and NNP will. each con-
constituencies while

" This decision has been made because of my
Healthh" he said at that time, "but that is only
one factor. I have had a general check-up
all around and it is in my best interests to
step down."

MBPM has nominated candidates for onil"
13 constituencies. The two not to be contest-
ed are St George's South and St Andrew's
South East where, in the elections of 1984,
Please See NOMINATIONS Page 5



Nominated Candidates
St George's South East

Norman DeSousa Grenada United Labour Party
Robert Grant New National Party
Joseph Charter Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movement
Francis Alexis National Democratic Congress
Joseph Robinson The National Party

! *. '!

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 24th February 1990 Page 5

MBPM polled, respectively, 4.7% and. 1.2%
of the votes cast.
St George's

Keith Mitchell New
Jerry Seales Grei
Carlton Briggs, :. Mau
Michael Stewart: The
Ignatius Hood Nat
In the 1984 elections, MBPM nominated
candidates for only 13 constituencies (as the
Party has done in the present elections),
leaving out, in 1984, St Andrew's Northi
East and St Andrew's North West. Those
13 candidates polled less than 5% of the
total votes cast and, based :no those results,
MBPM is not given any chance to win seats.
Nominated C
St Andrew's

Herbert Fletcher Grei
Paul Francis .Nati
Bert LaTouche Nevw
Carlton Bernard Mau
Alleyne'Walker The
The constituency with the largest number of
candidates is St George's Toyn here 7
persons have been nominated. These
include the incumbent, Mr George
McGuire of TNP, Minister of Education,
and two "independents", one being Mr
McBurnie of GOD.

Also included is Mr Herbert Preudhomme
vho successfully represented GULP in there
constituency of St John's in the elections of
St Andrew's

McDonald George Ne
Lawrence Gibbs Gr
Marcel Peters Na
Leslie Julien ME
Clarence Redhead Th

1972 and 1976. Mr Preudhomme was not a
candidate in the .1984 elections and Mr
Edzel Thomas ran unsuccessfully then in
that constituency under the GULP banner .




North East

w National Party
enada United Labour Party
tional Democratic Congress
'urice Bishop Patriotic Movement
e National Party

candidates for NNP in the March 13 elect-

Of the other 12, 5 are of NDC, 5 are of

TNP, 1. is dead (Prime Minister Herbert
That contest, however, as very keenly Blaize) and. one is not facing the polls tis
contested, Mr Thomas losing to the en- Please See NOMINATIONS Page 6

cumbent, Miss Grace Duncan of NNP, by
only 35 votes, less than I% of the votes cast.
North West

SNational Party
nada United Labour Party
rice Bishop Patriotic Movement
National Party
onal Democratic Congress
Mr Thomas is again the GULP candidate in
St John's for the March 13th elections.

Also contesting the St Johns's seat is Mr
Einstein Louison of MBPM. Mr Louison
unsuccessfully represented MBPM ii that
constituency in 1984 and vas the only
MBPM candidate not to lose his deposit.
North West

tada United Labour Party
onal Democratic Congress
National Party
rice Bishop Patriotic Movement
National Party
According to Election Regulations, each
candidate must deposit EC$300.00, a sum
which is refunded to him if he polls a
minimum of 12.5% of the votes cast in the
constituency he contests. Louison polled

NNP von a landslide victory in 1984,
capturing 14 of the 15 seats. Fragment-
I action, however, has plagued that party over
the past 5 years, and, of the 14, only 2 are



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