The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


This item has the following downloads:

Full Text

The Grnad


Volume 17 Saturday 30th December 1989 Number 21


Tf irty3-two countries arHa internGtiorna

ter Herbert Augus-
tus Blaize died at
his official residence, Mt
Royal in St Georges,
shortly after 9.00 am on
Tuesday 19th December.
Cause of his death has not
been disclosed but Mr
Blaize has suffered for
many years from cancer
of the prostate and from
effects of a back injury
which, in recent times,
has immobilised himpro- Tf L.AT -
gressively and confined HEREERT
him to a wheelchair
Joint Meeting
At. a joint meeting of the House of Rep-
resentatives and the Senate, held on Thurs-
day 21st December, the nev Prime Minis-
ter, Mr Ben Jones, led parliamentarians in
paying tribute to Mr Blaize.
In addition to Mr Jones, speakers included
the Leader of the Opposition, Mr George
Brizan, Mr Danny Williams, formerly
Minister of Health in Mr Blaize's Cabinet,
MR George McGuire, Minister of
Education, Senators Eric Pierre and Pope
McLean, President of the Senate, Dr John
Watts, and Mr Tillman Thomas, formerly a
Parliamentary Secretary in Mr Blaize's
The body lay in state in York House,




thue Juner
Parliament Building,
from 8.00 am to 2.00 pm
on Friday December
22nd vhile hundreds fil-
ed past and signed, the
condolence book.
In Procession
It was then taken in pro-
cession through the
streets of St Georges and
to the St Georgs Angli-
can Church. An ecumen-
ical funeral service vas
held there in vhich Heads
of the Anglican, Roman
Catholic, Methodist and
Presbyterian Churches,
and the Salvation Army
took part.

countries and international


@ Prime Minister Blaize Dies ... 1
S Jones Made PM_...................
Court Pays Tribute To
Cynthia Hughes......-..---..... 3
@ Brizan Writes Blaize-...---- 4
@ Government Sells
GRENTEL Shares--....----- 5
@ Herbert Augustus Blaize
A Profile.....---.............. 6
@ The Bishop Murder Apeal ... 8
@ Nevs Shorts----.........--...... 1]
organizations were represented at the
f-meral including Prime Minister Erskine
P ease See BLAIZE Page 2

orqanriset~io in rep rrsenrteIf

,, L

?age 2 Saturday 30th December 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter


"Pw uids not give our support to this neither
lid we musLe GawP objection" Ni)C

ed 19th December and published
in the Government Gazette of
22nd December, Governor
general Sir Paul Scoon announced
its appointment of Mr Ben Jones
o replace Prime Minister Herbert
l3aize who died on December 19th.

Sir Paul said he made the app-
>intment by virtue of the authority
rested in him under section 58 (I)of- :.
be Constitution vhich reads :-
SThere shall be a Prime Min-
ster of Grenada vho shall be appoint-
3d by the Governor General".

the following subsection, 58 (2), reads :-

"When the Governor-General has
occasion to appoint a Prime Minister,
ae shall appoint a member of the


House of Representatives who app-
ears to him likely to command the
support of the majority ofthe mem-
bers of the House"

,.-At the present time, no political
S party commands "the support or
the majority of the members of the
.-House". With the death of Mr
Blaize, one seat is vacant in the 15
member -House~ The National Party
(TNP) has 5 seats, the National
Democratic Congress (NDC) has 6
and The Nev. National Party
SJOhE (NNP) has 3. -
An informed source close to NDC told
NEWSLETTER that the Governor General
had advised Mr George Brizan, Leader of
the NDC in the House and Leader of the
Opposition, of his intention to appoint Mr
Ben Jones of TNP to be Prime Minister.
Please See. JONES Page 3

BLAZE From Page 1
randiford of Barbados and Prime Minister
fohnCompton of St Lucia.

3uyana vas represented by Prime Minister
lamilton Green, St Kitts by Deputy Prime
minister Michael Povell and Puerto Rico
qy Acting Governor Dona Sila Calderon.
Three-Member Delegation
National Security Minister Selvyn Richard-
on headed a three-member delegation from
rrindad & Tobago and St Vincent's Edu-
:aton Minister John Horne led a tvo-
neInber team.

)omiimca vas represented by Works Min-
ster Alleyne Carbon and Antigua by Home
affairss Minister Christopher O'Marde.

Here were official delegations also from
amaica, M(ntserrat and the Bahamas, the
:aribbean Community (CARICOM) vas
presented by CARICOM Secretary Gener-
I Roderick Rainford and the Organisation
of East Caribbean States (OECS) by OECS

Director Dr Vaughn Levis.

Also represented were The United States of
America, Britain, France, West Germany,
Canada, Venezuela and the Republic of

Lessons at the :service vere read by Gov-
ernor General.Sir Paul Scoon and President
of the Senate Dr John Watts. The eulogy
vas delivered by Dr Lamuel Stanislaus,
Grenada's Ambassador to the United Nat-
Seventeen Gun Salute
On Saturday 23rd December, to the sound
of a 17 gun salute, the body left Grenada for
Carriacou on board the Coast Guard
"Tyrell Bay". Following final rites on,
Sunday 24th December, at the Brunsvick
Anglican Church in Carriacou, the body
was interred in the Brunsvick cemetery.


- -- --

The Granada Nevsletter Saturday 30th December 1989 Page 3



A Distinquisdwd Lcty Cale4 To Cihewr
Serruvi : Presitent t Smith

peal paid tribute on December
11th to the late Cynthia Hughes;,.
Co-Editor and Co-Publisher of

President of the Court, Sir Frederick Smith,
described Mrs Hughes, who died on Decem-
ber 6th, as a "distinguished lady" who had
been "called to higher service."
Source Of Encouragement
On the few occasions he had had the privi-
lege of meeting Mrs Hughes, the President
said, he had been impressed with her
"sincerity, compassion and dignity." She.
must have been, Sir Frederick said, "a
source of encouragement and pride" to her
husband, Alister.

"She has gone to higher service", he said,

JONES From Page 2
"We did not give our support to this", the
source said, "neither did we make any
objection. We merely noted what Sir
Paul said he would do, acting in his own
deliberate judgement".

The source said, however, that NDC had
made it clear to the Governor General.
that their principal concern is that Gen-
eral Elections should be held as early as
Come To An End
By proclamation issued on December
27th, acting on the advice of the Prime
Minister, Sir Paul dissolved Parliament,
the life of which would, according to the
Constitution, have come to an end auto-
matically on December 28th.

According to the Constitution, the Gov-
ernor General must now fix a date for
General Elections to be held within three
months of the dissolution of Parliament.
- --------~i.~ ~ ~~Bb~8a~~sg~

"and because of her Christian virtues and
Christian behaviour, no doubt she has got
her reward. It is us who are left behind who
have got go bear the burden of this sad

Acting Director of. Public Prosecutions,
Mrs Velma Hylton, expressed her condol-
ences to the Hughes family and said that,
like Sir Frederick, she felt Mrs Hughes had
been called to "higher service".
Had Been A Friend
MrI Hylton said Mrs Hughes had been a
friend to her and she had. come to know her
very well since she (Hylton) had come to
Grenada to be involved in the Maurice
Bishop Murder trial after the 1983 military

"I know that the expressions of sympathy
which Mr Alister Hughes receives from the
Court and from the rest of us here today",
she said, "vill do something to help to
lighten the loss which I know he vill feel
for some considerable time to come".
Please See HUGHES Page 4

[The arnadad

Founded 17th August 1973
408th Issue
Subscription Rates
Payable In Advance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post n Grenata)

.10 Issues $115.00 $ 43.00
20 Issues $-07.00 $ 77.00
40 Issues $390.00 $146.00
About 20 Issues Published Annually

" -~"

Page 4 Saturday 30th December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




Leader of the Opposition in
the Grenada House of Rep-
resentatives, in a letter dated f
December 2nd, suggested to Prime
Minister Herbert Blaize how the crisis
created by the then current strike of Gov- MR GEORGE BRIZAN& -
ernment employees could be solved.

"We recommend", he said, "that
Government seek Parliamentary app-
roval to borrow the required sum for
meeting the back pay commitment to
the Public Workers.....--."

The strike began on December 1st follov-
ing a TV and radio broadcast in which Mr
Blaize said EC$25 million in back pay, due
to be paid out on December 1st, would not
be paid because money expected to be
received from "external sources" had not
Money Could Be Borrowed
In Mr Brizan's letter, he suggested. t that the
money could be borrowed "from a consort-
ium of banks operating in the country or
from alternative sources" and he pledged
the Opposition's support for a Bill to
borrow this money

Obtaining approval for this loan
vould necessitate reconvening Parlia-
ment which was prorogued by the
Governor General last August on the
advice of Prime Minister Blaize.

That action saved Mr Blaize's
minority Government from the dan-
ger of falling through a Vote of No
Confidence and, if Parliament was
reconvened, that danger would loom

However, in an interview with Mr Brizan
on December 3rd, he told NEWSLETTER
Mr Blaize need have no fear that, if Parlia-
ment was reconvened, he would have to face
a Vote of No Confidence.

"Our main concern is that Public
Workers get their back pay', he said,
"and we have no intention of pressing
for the Vote of No Confidence".
Must Pay Fees
In his letter to Mr Blaize, Mr Brizan
suggested also that consideration be given to
those public officers who, by December
8th, must pay fees into Government for
their children who are taking examinations.

The Leader of the Opposition said
those public officers should be pro-
vided with "coupons" which would be
acceptable as payment at the Treas-

HUGHES From Page 3
Leader of the Defence team in the
Maurice Bishop Appeal, Mr Ian Ramsay,
also expressed "the most profound
condolences" to the Hughes family. He
offered this, he said, on behalf of the
Defence Team and their clients in the

Present in Court to hear these tributes
were Mr Alister Hughes and his son
Robert. To mark the passing of Mrs
Hughes, the Court observed a minute of
silence before continuing the hearing of
the Maurice Bishop Murder Appeal.
l ,

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th December 1989 Page 5




SGrenada has sold out its major-
ity shareholding in Grenada
Telecommunications Ltd
(GRENTEL) to Cable & Wireless (WI)
This was announced by Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize on Friday December 15th
and he said the sale had been made in order
to find money to pay Civil Servants back

after prolonged negotiations, Government
signed, on 19th September, an Industrial
Agreement vith the three trade unions
representing Government employees.
These are the Public Workers Union
(PWU), the Grenada Union of Teachers
(GUT) and the Technical & Allied Workers
Union (TAWU).
The Agreement covers the years 1987, 1988
and 1989. The Prime Minister promised



The sale to Cable & Wireless, Mr Blaize
said, plus loans from local banks had
provided the EC$25 million required to
meet the back pay bill.
The Grenada Government and Cable &
IWireless owned GRENTEL in a ratio of
51% to 49 % in favour of Goernraent.
Government has nov sold a further 21% to
Cable & Wireless making the ownership
70% to 30% in favour of Cable & Wireless.
Unconfirmed Reports
The Prime Minister did not say how much
Government received for the shares but
unconfirmed reports say the figure is
EC$16 million.
The need to find this money arose when
Government employees took strike action
on December 1st protesting against Govern-
ment's failure to meet a promise to pay out
back pay with effect from December 1st.
The background to this development is that,

that the December paysheet would reflect
the agreed vage increases and back pay
would be paid out from December 1st.

In a TV and radio broadcast on November
30th, however, Mr Blaize said he could not
keep his promise
Profound Regret
"It is with profound regret that I
have to announce to the nation', he
said, "that the back pay which was
promised to public workers on De-
cember 1st vill not be paid out to-
morrow owing to the non-receipt of
the funds from expected external
Arising from that announcement, an angry
meeting on December 1st of some 800-1000
Government employees took a decision to
go on strike immediately. By Monday
December 4th, it appeared that the strike
vas some 90% effective and this brought
Please See GRENTEL Page 6

Page 6 Saturday 30th December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




IB~ Blaize was born in '
m HCarriacouonFeb-
ruary 26th
1918, son of the
late James Edward Blaize
and Mary nee Ackie.

He was educated at the
Hillsborough Government
School, Carriacouandthe Gre-
nada Boys Secondary School
(GBSS), representing that
school in athletics and football.

On May 16th 1946, he
married Venetia Ursula
Davidson of Carriacou and they have 3 sons
and 3 daughters.

-. In 1937, his final year at the
S. GBSS, he was the runner up
^ in the examination for the
Island Scholarship offered
by the Government. After
1 J937 fhe vas a Civil Servant
inthe Treasury and Adminis-
S traction Departments until he
migrated to Aruba in 1944
where he worked with the
Lago Oil Transport Co Ltd
as a stenographer/secretary
and Section Head in the
f Office Service of that Com-
pany. He was also an in-
structor at the Lago Vocat-
ional School.
Blaize returned to Grenada in 1952 when an
Please See PROFILE Page 7

GRENTEL From Page 5
the machinery of Government to a halt.

On December 6th, a 19-member delegation
from the unions, led by Mrs Lauret
Clarkson, PWU President and leader of the
unions' negotiating team, had talks with
Prime Minister Blaize and submitted pro-
posals of conditions under which the strike
would be called off.
Firm Commitment
Heading the proposals was a demand that,
by mid-day the following day (7th) Govern-
ment express a firm commitment to pay out
back pay not later that December 18th.

Government failed to give this commit-
ment, and, in an interview on December
7th, Mrs Clarkson disclosed that a letter had
been sent to the Prime Minister that day,
demanding that Parliament be convened on
Monday 11th December in order that Gov-
ernment be given authority to borrow the

Following a meeting of the unions with the
Prime Minister on December 8th, Mrs
Clarkson announced that the Prime Minister
had boved to the unions' demand, Govern-
mdnt employees would return to work on
Monday December 11th and a meeting of

Parliament would be called for Thursday
December 14th.

That meeting was called, the necessary
parliamentary authority to borrow was ob-
tained and, on the following night, Friday
December 15th, in a radio and TV broad-
cast, the Prime Minister announced the sale
of GRENTEL shares to Cable & Wireless.

Public reaction to the sale has been
unfavourable. Opinions have been
expressed that a vital utility is now beyond
Government's control and the long term
economic benefits of GRENTEL have been
sacrificed to expediency.
.Expresses The Welcome
A release issued by GRENTEL's Manager,
Mr Terry Stone, expresses the welcome of
Cable & Wireless of "this demonstration of
the Government of Grenada's confidence in
the Company"

" The Agreement provides for future offer-
ing of shares in GRENTEL to the Gre-
nadian people by Cable & Wireless", the
release says, "underlining the Government's
connitment to private enterprise".
... mm End ......__


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th December 1989 Page 7
PROFILE From Page 6

injury to his back, sustained in the 1930s, re-
asserted itself and he was invalided in
Carriacou for two years.

In 1954, as an independent in the
General Elections, he unsuccessfully
challenged the incumbent in the
Carriacou constituency, J. B. Patter-
son, but unseated Patterson in, the
elections of 1957-

In those elections, be stood as a member of
the Grenada National Party (GNP) which
had been launched in 1955, which was then
led by Dr John Watts from whom Blaize
took over as Political Leader some two
years later.
Constitution Was Suspended
Blaize was Minister of Trade &
Production 1957 to 1959 and Chief
Minister from 1960 to 1961 when
GNP was in a coalition with another
political party_! GNP lost the 1961
elections and Blaize became Leader
of the Opposition, but, after the
Constitution was suspended by Brit-
ain in 1962 (following a Commission
of Inquiry into the Administration of
the Gairy Government), GNP had an
outright win in the elections of that
year and Blaize was Chief Minister
until 1967.

The 1962 elections were won by GNP on
the promise of a "Unitary State" with
Trinidad & Tobago, a promise Blaize was
unable to fulfil when the Trinidad &
Tobago Government demanded that Gre-
nada's infrastructure be upgraded before
the Unitary State came into being.

In March of 1967, Blaize led the
island into the constitutional con-
dition of a "State in Association with
Britain" where complete internal
control was vested in the Grenada
Government while Defence and
Foreign Affairs remained in the
hands of the "Mother Country'.

His new title was then "Premier" but
he reverted to being Leader of the
Opposition when GNP lost the
elections of August 1967 and Sir Eric
Gairy again led the country.

G(P lost again in 1972 and in 1976 when,
in'the latter year, that party teamed up vi;;h
Maurice Bishop's .New Jewel Movement
(NJM) and The United Peoples' Party to
fight the elections under the banner of The
Peoples Alliance". Following that election,
he relinquished the position of Leader of the
Opposition to Maurice Bishop of the NJM.

It vas during this period that, self-taught,
he qualified as a solicitor.

The revolution of 1979 1983 saw
GNP in abeyance and, following the
military intervention of 1983, Blaize
was the moving force vmbich forged.
the N#e National Party (NNP) out of
the GNP and two other newly formed
parties led by George Brizan and Dr
Francis Alexis, both of whom sub-
sequently defected from NNP.

NNP vas successful in the 1984 elections,
winning 14 of the 15 seats in the House of
Representatives and marking the seventh
consecutive time Blaize has won the seat for
Marked By Controversy
Blaize' last term in the House, which was
terminated by his death on December 19th
1989, was marked by controversy within
the Government resulting in defections
reducing the NNP majority to 9 and
creating an opposition of 6.

Blaize lost the political leadership of
NNP at a convention in January 1989
and, on August 31st 1989, as a result
of friction between him and new NNP
Political Leader, Dr Keith Mitchell,
Blaize withdrew from NNP and, with
five other members of the House
loyal to him, launched The National
Party (TNP).

At TNP's first party convention, Sunday
17th December 1989, two days before he
died, Blaize was officially elected TNP
Political :Leader.

Blaize was a staunch, church-going
Anglican and was a Member of the
Parish Church Council when he
resided in Aruba.
...., End ,

Page 8 Saturday 30th December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter



Mauric bishop was guilty of
usurpation of power mrna performed
cwts subversive to the State : lRmsay

Senior Counsel, Defence barr-
ister in the Maurice Bishop
Murder Appeal, told the
urt on Monday December 4th that the
Trial Judge, Mr Justice Denis Byron, did
not give the jury proper directions vith
reference to a statement alleged to have
been made by one of the accused, Calistus

"The Judge should have told them that the
alleged oral statement made by Bernard is
not evidence against the Central Comm-
ittee", he said, "and he should have told
them not to come to the conclusion that the
paper Bernard was said to be carrying was
issued by the Central Committee".
Condemned To Hang
Bernard is one of 14 persons condemned to
hang for the murder of Prime Minister
Maurice Bishop and others. All have
appealed against the sentence as also have
three other persons sentenced to long prison
terms for manslaughter arising from the
same incident.

Mr Hughes' argument refers to eyewitness
evidence given by a Prosecution witness,
Vernon Gabriel, that Bernard, alias "Abdul-
lah", then a Lieutenant in the Peoples
Revolutionary Army (PRA), had been in
charge of the execution squad which ma-
chine gunned Bishop and 7 others at Fort
George (then Fort Rupert), Headquarters of
the PRA.

Gabriel reports Bernard as taking a piece of
paper from his pocket and saying to Bishop
and those with him, "Comrades, turn round
and face the vall. This is an order from the
Central Committee that you shall be exe-
cuted by fire. It is not my order, it is from
the Central Committee".

According to Gabriel, Bernard then gave

the order to fire and this resulted in
sustained machine gun fire for some 10
minutes. At the end of this, he said, some
of the bodies had their "bellies burst open".

Mr Hughes argued, that the Prosecution had
not produced the piece of paper Bernard is
alleged to have had, and had not satisfied
any on the rules of evidence with reference
to a document which was not before the

"If the Prosecution knew it was not in a
position to produce the paper or that it was
not going to produce it", he said, "no
evidence that Bernard had read from that
paper should have been led because the
prejudicial effect of that evidence is enorm-
No Evidence
The Defence Counsel argued also that there
is no evidence that Bernard was authorised
to make any statement on behalf of the
Central Committee, or that Bernard at any
time was a part of the alleged conspiracy to
murder Bishop and others.

There was a feint echo in the Court on this
day of the then current strike of Govern-
ment employees. The Court bailiff did not
Please See APPEAL Page 9


.. ihe Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th December 1989.

APPEAL From Pagie 8

report for work and the job of formally
announcing the sitting and rising of the
Court, usually performed by the bailiff, was
done by a uniformed policeman.
Credibility Of Witnesses
Mr Hughes argued on Tuesday December
5th that the Trial Judge misdirected the jury
vhen, in his summing up, he referred to
"military action" at Fort Rupert on October
19th 1983. He said also that the jury
should have been advised that they could not
test the credibility of witnesses for the
Prosecution by using statements given to the
police by the accused .

Leader of the Defence Team, Mr Ian
Ramsay, said that, with reference to report-
ed remarks by accused Calistus Bernard that
he had written orders from the Central
Committee to execute Maurice Bishop and
others, the Judge had allowed this hearsay
evidence to stand against all the accused.

"It is a fundamental and inviolable rule of
lav", he said, "that a man must not be
affected by what is said by another person in
his absence".
One Exception
There is one exception to this rule, Mr
Ramsay said. That exception, he explained,
is in conspiracy cases when the acts and
declarations of one conspirator are in
furtherance of the conspiracy.

In that case, he continued, the acts and
declarations of one conspirator are evidence
against the others, but the Trial Judge had
not told the jury that Bernard was a part of a
conspiracy by the Central Committee to
murder Maurice Bishop and others.

On Wednesday December 6th, Defence
Counsel Mr Earle Witter referred to the
piece of paper Bernard is said to have read
from as being an order from the Central
Committee to perform the executions.

Mr Witter said that the fact that the
Prosecution had not presented this paper to
the Court created "grave prejudice" and,
when the Judge had referred to it as a
"document", he had "invested it with a
character it did not possess."
Made Several Points
Following Mr Witter, Defence Counsel Mr
Howard Hamilton Q.C. made several points
with reference to Grounds of Appeal num-
bers 24 and 29.

These grounds claim that the Trial Judge
misdirected the jury with reference to the
burden of proof in relation to self-defence,
and also claim that evidence shovs it was the
crovd at Fort Rupert, and not the Army,
which started to shoot first.

Mr Hamilton said that, in his summing up,
the Judge had put forward a "false defence"
of self-defence by the accused and then had
knocked down that defence.

" The direction of the Judge in regard to self
defence amounted to a Trojan Horse", he
said, "and created the false impression in the
minds of the jury that, if they rejected the
plea of self defence, then a verdict of guilty
of murder was the only real alternative".

The Defence Counsel said the Judge's sum-
ming up relative to self defence had created
"monumental prejudice" in the minds of the
Men Were Undefended
On Friday December 8th, Defence Counsel
Mr Delano Harrison reminded the Court
that the accused men were undefended by
Legal Counsel and said the Judge had failed
in his duty to look for, and leave for consid-
eration of the jury, possible defence to the
charges laid against them.

The Judge had misdirected the jury gravely
in his summing up of the principles of self-
defence, he said, and this may have confused
the jury.
Please See APPEAL Page 10

Page 9

Page 10 Saturday 30th December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

APPEAL From Pae 9

When the Court sat again on Monday
December llth Defence Counsel Mr
Carlton Williams, who represents the..accus-
ed Christopher Stroude, addressed the
There is evidence that Stroude, who was a
Major in the Peoples Revolutioimry Army,
was present at Fort Rupert when Maurice
Bishop and seven other people were

Mr Williams said that, while there is
evidence to show otherwise, the
Judge had given the jury the im-
pression that Stroude was part of a
conspiracy to murder Bishop and

"Although Stroude was present at the
shooting', he said,'that is not enough
to make him an aider and abetter"

Mr Williams said the Judge
compounded his errors vhen he
erroneously advised the jury that
Stroude's failure to take action to
stop the killings is powerful evidence
of guilt.
Created Great Prejudice
Defence Counsel Mr A J Nicholson
addressed the Court on Tuesday December
12th and said the Judge had created great
prejudice against the accused. This
prejudice had been created, he said, when
the Judge told the jury that, if they were not
convinced that evidence of what happened
on the day of the murders pointed to
conspiracy, then they were at liberty to fall
back on the evidence of what had happened
on the days before that date.

On Wednesday 13th and Thursday 14th
December, Defence Counsel Mr Delano
Harrison argued before the Court that the
Judge had, in many respects, misdirected
the jury on the unsvorn statements made

from the dock by the accused.

He said, too, that the Judge had failed to tell
the jury that the defence of the "necessity"
to take appropriate action is open to two
types of persons. The first type, he said, is
individuals acting in self-defence and the
other is State officials acting to preserve the
Guilty Of Usurpation
Mr Harrison was followed by Mr Ramsay
who told the Court that Maurice Bishop had
been guilty of usurpation of power and had
performed acts subversive to the State.

Bishop, he said, had had authority to
go to Fort Rupert, Headquarters of
the Peoples Revolutionary Army, but

he had had no authority to take the
crowd with him.

'An inferior component can act when
a superior component has put itself
outside of legitimacy', Mr Ramsay

Mr Hughes was the last to address the Court
on this day, Thursday 14th September, and
he supported Mr Ramsay. The
Government had been is disarray, he said,
there was crisis in the country, seven of the
ten Cabinet Ministers had resigned and the
Prime Minister was under house arrest and
It Was Clear
It was clear, he said, that there was necessity
to take action.

Before the Court adjourned on this day
(14th), President Sir Frederick Smith
announced that the next sitting would com-
mence on Monday 22nd January and con-
tinue until Friday 9th February.

------- -.--------------t n t

'Je family of the fate
Cynthia ILughes
expresses, through this wedtium,
deep appreciation to ail those
who, t so masny ways, showest
Lore and sympathy at te time of their Loss

The Grenada Newsletter


Saturday 30th December 1989


More EEC Aid For Education

The European Economic Community
(EEC) is to fund construction of a Resource
Centre at Grenada's National College.

The Centre vill cost approximately EC$3
million and is part of an EEC regional
project valued at EC$22 million.

According to a release from the Govern-
ment Information Service (GIS), aim of the
project is to strengthen the capacity of reg-
ional tertiary education through provision
of new facilities in colleges of the Organ-
isation of East Caribbean States (OECS).

Teacher training and establishment of a
regional education planning capacity at the
OECS Secretariat is included in the project.

The Resource centre vill be the second
project at the National College funded by
the EEC. The first was the Institute For
Further Education completed in January
1989 at a cost of EC$1.35 million.

Republic Of China Ambass-
ador Presents Credentials.

Mr Liu Po-lun, Ambassador of the Republic
of China (Taiwan) to Grenada, presented.
his credentials to Governor General Sir
Paul Scoon on Tuesday 24th October.


Liu Po-lun is resident in

NIS Mortage Finance
Progr mae

The National Insurance Scheme (NIS) is to
embark on a EC$5.5 million mortgage
finance programme.

This vas announced on 20th November by
Minister of Social Services, Mr George
McGuire, and he said the Programme
Should be ready for implementation by De-

The Minister said that EC$5 million will be
allocated to loans for construction of nev
homes and EC$0.5 million will be available
in loans for refurbishing existing homes.

Preliminary studies indicate that interest
rates on these loans should be 7% on sums
between EC$25,000 and EC$40,000, Mr
McGuire said, and he pointed out that this
figure is about 5% below the commercial

"We are prepared to give
EC$40,000 to EC$96,000
annum" the Minister said.

loans from
at 8% per

Beneficiaries of the programme will have
up to 20 years to repay the loans, Mr
McGuire said, and he pointed out that this is
more favourable than loans in the com-
mercial market which must be repaid in 14

Airport Extension Expected
To Be Completed By Year

Mr Leroy Nechles, General Manager of
Point Salines International Airport, told the
Government Information Service on 15th
November that the AmericanAirlines exten-
sion to the airport terminal building should
be completed by the end of December.

Mr Neckles said the architecture of the
extension will match the existing building
and will house five counter spaces, an
electrical conveyor belt system, an X-ray
system to scan baggage as vell as adminis-
trative and management offices.

The General Manager disclosed also that the
Airport Authority is now involved in
prom-,ting training in needed skills.

These include supervisory skills, prevent-
ative maintenance and details of Grenada's
labour laws. A survey is now being con-
ducted to ascertain further training needs.

Please Se S NE WS HOS H Page 12

Page 11



. Z

F~ Pag Saudy3 eebr189 TeGeaaNwlte

NEWS SHORTS From Page 11

More AIDS Cases

Toist Arrivals Up

The Ministry of Health has reported three
more cases of AIDS and two AIDS related
deaths during the period July to September

This brings to 17 the total of AIDS cases
reported to the World Health Organisation.
Of the 17, 12 have died.

According to the Government Information
Service (GIS), another 12 persons are
known to be carrying the virus but have not-
yet developed the disease.

GIS says it is believed that a substantial
number of persons nov carrying the AIDS
virus may remain well for 10 years or

SOf the 17 cases of AIDS in Grenada, 10
have been male ard 7 female.

"This is a clear indication that the disease in
Grenada is by no means confined to homo-
sexuals", a release from the Ministry of
Health says.

ThI Department of Tourism's Monthly
Statistical Report shows that 4,405 tourists
arrived in Grenada during October, an
increase of 414 or 19.3% up from the
figure for October 1988.

Of the total arrivals, 252 came by sea,
44, 153 by air and the average length of stay
was 8.5 days.

Thi Report says there vere increases in all
but one of the 14 categories of arrivals by
country of residence. The decrease was
experienced in arrivals from Canada which
shoved a drop of 17.1% to 131 from the
figure of 158 in October 1988.

The greatest number of arrivals under any
single category was 1,118 from Caribbean
Community countries. This represents an
increase of 15.8% over the figure of 965
for the corresponding period in 1988.

During October, 18 cruise liners called at
Grenada bringing 6,623 passengers.


30th Deeembt r 1989

Printed & Published By The Proprietor
Alister Hughes, Journalist
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Gri ada, Westinties
(P.O.Box 65: Phone (809] 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenada)

_i ___I

~ -- -= -- i

Ipw 12

Saturday 30th Decembere 1989


The~ Grenada Nevsletter

Full Text