The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Saturday 2nd December 1989

NDC From P.age 3
Research Services (MRS) of Kingston,
Jamaica. Since then, there has been a split
in NNP resulting in the formation of The
National Party under Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize, so that it is impossible to

The Grenada Nevsletter

NDC they show a striking similarity to the
results of the MRS poll. (Please see Table
"A") Both polls show NDC as the leader
in St Georges Town, St Andrews S/E and St
Davids. In St Andrews N1W, the MRS poll


Town of St
St Georges
St Georges
St Andrews
St Patricks
St Davids


St Andrews N/W
Figures not a

SAA () Poll (October 1989) MRS Poll (June 1988)
Leading Leading
e NDC................................ ............. NDC
N DC............................... ........... .. NDC
NDC---...----..-.--......... --.-....--.... NDC
Tie NDC/H.................. ........ ..... N. DC
available ** Before the spit

?A.Wflfla'lf l 0fl0lfll1e5 WWf'fwIw'fllnI

compare NNP's standing shown in the MRS
poll with that party's standing shown by the
figures Dr Alexis understands came from
the SAA poll.

Whatever the authenticity of the figures
released by Dr Alexis, with reference to

shows NDC as the leader while the figures
given by Dr Alexis also show NDC as the
leader but. tied with GULP.

The MRS poll shows NDC as the front
rurner in Carriacou but the figures for this
Please See NDC Pare 5


1 St.Georges Town 36% n/a 30O
2 St.Georges N/E 35% 25% n/
3 St Georges S/E 38% 25% n/
4 St.Georges N/W 16% 39% n/
5 St.Georges South 40% n/a n/
6 St.Andrews N/W n/a n/
7 St.Andrews S/W 30% n/a 23
8 St Andrews S/E 34% n/a 32:
9 St.Andrews N/E 35% n/a n/
10 St.Patricks West 40% n/a n/
S11 St Patricks East 16% 38% n/
S12 St.Davids 21% 9% 12:
13 St Johns 20% 25% n/
14 St Marks 15% 20% 15:
15 Carriacou n/a n/a n/

** Percentages not available; NDC and GI
n/a = Not Available
NDC = National Democratic Congress.
TNP The National Party.
,MBPM = Maurice Bishop Patriotic Movernr

% n/a
a 25%
a 25%
a 20%
a 40%
a **
% 30%
% 25%
a 35%
a 30%
a 30%
% 17%
a 30%
% 35%
a n/a


JLP said to be even.

NNP = New Nationg
GULP = Grenada Un

Tie NDCl/@LP
Tie NDC/IM.! |

Tie NDC/IUg~g

l Party
ited Labour Party
r^~.f. '- ".,"^ ~ f f,


- ----

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 2nd December. 1989



vaite, Political Leader of the
National Democratic Con-
gress (NDC) has referred to
public concern tha, if his party ins the
next general elections, personal income tax
vill be reintroduced.



NDC re-
he told the

Concern over this matter was generated
some months ago vhen Mr Brathwaite
declined to state categorically that an NDC
Government would not impose personal
income tax which vas abolished by the
government of Prime Minister Herbert
Blaze Did Not Deny

In an interview vith NEWSLETTER last
April, in reply to the question of the
reintroduction of personal income tax, he
did not deny reintroduction but referred to
the "consultative group" an NDC Govern-
ment will appoint to advise on fiscal policy.

The cross section of interests in that group,
he said, is not likely to come up with a
recommendation which .vill affect them
adversely, and NDC vill not take any
decisions contrary to their recommend-

At the press briefing on the 24th, Mr
Brathvaite said, if NDC vins the next
General Elections, special arrangements
vill be made for small businesses to have
easier access to loans at lover interest rates,

"Under no circumstances
introduce personal income
media at a press briefing
24th, "but a
group compris-
ing represent-
atives of the
various sectors
vill be estab-
lished to review
the Value Add-
ed Tax and the
Business Levy".



Page 5


and Grenada's sister islands of Carriacou
and Petit Martinique, "because they have
been neglected for years", vill be given
special attention
vith respect to

and Petit Martin-
iqueans travell-
ing to Grenada

search", he said,
"and NDC pro-
poses to increase the minimum wage of
agricultural workers because they are the
lowest paid in the country".
Told The Media
The briefing was under the direction of Mr
Stanley Charles,40, and he told the media he
has been retained by NDC as an Advisor on
Please See BRATHWAITE Page _6
NDC From Page 4

constituency ere not given by Dr Ale xs.

The differences are that Dr Alexs' figures
Thow NDC leading in St George NWE, St
orges S/E and StPatricks West. Inthese
'-ee constituencies, the MRS poll shows
hat, before the split, the New National
Party (NNP) was leading in those
constituencies (see table A on page 4)

Dr Alexis is out of the State and not
available to clarify the dispute with
referencee the figures -he quoted as being his
derstAnding that they vere drawn from
SSAA poll.

r -- -------

Page 6 Saturday 2nd December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter


"... .th realistic plan of our manifesto amd
the new image of political Cestship."

ic Congress (NDC). has present-
ed candidates who will contest
the 15 constituencies at the Gen-
eral Elections expected to be held early in
The presentation was done by NDC Political
Leader, Mr Nicholas Brathwaite, at a
convention, on November 26th,
attended by some 1000 persons,
to whom the Political Leader an- .-

They are Dr Francis Alexis, 42, who served
in the NNP Cabinet as Attorney General and
in various Ministries, Mr George Brizan,
47, who also held several portfolios
including Agriculture, Messrs Kenny
Lalsingh, 38, and Tillman Thomas, 42, both
with service as Parliamentary Secretaries in
several NNP Ministries and Mr Phinsley St
Louis, 56, Deputy Speaker of the House
of Representatives until he resign-
ed fribm NNP.
Only Successful Candidate

pealed for support. Also onte. team is Mr Marcel
The New Image '- .Peters, 58, who was the only
"I appeal to our supporters and successful candidate sponsored
friends", he said, "to join the \. by the Grenada United Labour
crusade in taking to the voters the ; Party (GULP) of Sir Eric Gairy
message of the record of service in the 1984 elections Sir Eric
and talents of our candidates, the charged that those elections had
realistic plan of our manifesto and ." been rigged and called on Mr
the new image of political leader- Peters not to take his seat in the
ship." M House. Mr Peters originally
S agreed but subsequently
The NDC team includes mcHOlAs NBATHrm~fVAjI resigned from GULP and
two persons who were members of took his seat first launching
the Interim Administration appointed his own political party and then joining
by Governor General Sir Paul Scoon NDC.
to hold the reins of government after Another person on the NDC team who was a
the military intervention of October Pease See NDC Page 7
1983 and until General Elections BRATHWAITE From Page 5
were held in December 1984.

They are Mr Nicholas Brathvaite, 64, who
was Chairman of the Interim Adminis-
tration, and the only voman on the team,
Mrs Joan Purcell, 47, who, in the Interim
Administration, was responsible for Social
Affairs, Women's Affairs, Youth, Sports,
Community Development and Co-
On the team also are five persons who
successfully contested the 1984 General
Elections. They were then under the
banner of the New National Party (NNP)
led by Prime Minister Herbert Blaize, but
defected and were the nucleus of NDC.

all matters relating to the media.
The information given by Mr Brath-
vaite, he said, was a "leak" with refer-
ence to the NDC manifesto. He did not
allov questions to be put to Mr Brath-
vaite but said the manifesto would be
available at the NDC Convention sched-
uled for November 26th.
In an interview vith NEWSLETTER
after the briefing, Mr Charles said he
worked for several years in London with
the BBC and with several newspapers
catering to a Black readership.
'"""""""""""""I a" """""""""""""

Saturday 2nd December 1989 Page 7



ber of the House of Repre-
sentatives and Political Leader of
the New National Part (NNP) is
claiming "substantial damages" for hat he
says is an unfounded allegation that he
received from the Miami based firm of
Dominion Mortgage Corporation South This w
(DMCS) the sum of US$66,000, being a NNP E
loan to the Government of Grenada. confere

NDC From Page 6
member of NNP, is Mr Norton Noel, 50.
He held office as Leader of Government
Business in the Senate and as a Parliamen-
tary Secretary, but resigned these positions
last December and joined NDC.

The other six members of the team
are nev comers to the hustings. They
are Mr Michael Andrev, 48, a
barrister, Mr Henry De Allie, 37,
holder of a diploma in broadcasting,
Mr Paul Francis, 56, agriculturist,
Mr Carlyle Glean, 57, Educational
Consultant, Mr Karl Hood, 35,
holder of an honours diploma in
Theology, and Mr Dennis Noel, 52,
former senior Civil Servant in the
Ministry of Agriculture, Lands and
Should Anything Happen
In his feature address, Mr Brathvaite
referred to an opinion expressed in some
quarters with reference to leadership in
NDC. That opinion charges that both Dr
Alexis and Mr Brizan are potential political
leaders and, should anything happen to Mr
Brathwaite, a over struggle between Dr
Alexis and Mr Brizan could destroy NDC.

"The democratic process is enhanced if
people, whether at the party or national
level, have a vide choice of able leaders",
Mr Brathwaite said. "What is being
suggested as a problem in NDC is, in fact, a

Copies of the NDC manifesto vere
distributed at the convention but, because of
time constraint, the document was not
officially presented from the platform.

the mec


as disclosed by Mr Danny Williams,
)eputy Political Leader, at a press
rnce on October 30th, and he showed
dia a letter written by Dr Mitchell's
Mr Derek Knight Q.C., to the
lawyer in Grenada, Mr Anslem

of Dr Mitchell's claim is a suit
3) filed by Mr Clouden against the
y General of Grenada on behalf of
Please See MITCHELL Pare 8

Several resolutions were passed and a funda-
mental amendment to the party's constit-
ution, with reference to the political leader,
was approved.

Until nov, the constitution called for the
political leader to be elected every three
years but the amendment says that, if the
party vins an election, provided he wins his
seat, the Leader of the party at that time
shall be Prime Minister and shall remain
political leader for the life of the Parlia-
Called Upon To Resign
However, if the leader does not win his seat,
he is called upon to resign immediately as
Political Leader The person made Prime
Minister then automatically becomes Polit-
ical Leader until one month before that
Parliament is dissolved.

There must be then a special convention to
elect a political leader, the outgoing polit-
ical leader being eligible to be reflected to
lead the party into the next General

In a General Election where NDC is the
loser, the Political Leader holds office for
three years as was the original stipulation of
the constitution.
% Etaul


The Grenada Nevsletter

Page 8 Saturday 2nd December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

DMCS for recovery of a mortgage loan
made to the Government of Grenada.
According to that suit, "Dr Keith Mitchell
received the loan on behalf of the
Government of Grenada Grenada Airways,
this being a wholly owned airline of the
Government of Grenada".
Totally Without Foundation
"You knew, or ought reasonably to have-
known that the allegation made by you in
suit 242/89 (filed on behalf of your client)
to the effect that my client received the
money for the alleged loan of US$66,000,
was totally without foundation", Mr
Knight's letter to Mr Clouden says.
t a

Mr Knight told Mr iS--
Clouden that he has or ought to have a copy
of the judgement which DMCS obtained in
the Court in Dade County, Florida, against
Grenada Airways for the money which
DMCS alleges was received by Dr Mitchell.

Mr Clouden knows, or ought to know, Mr
Knight's letter says, that the cheque issued
by DMCS in respect of the "alleged loan"
was payable to Grenada Airways, and Mr
Clouden ought also to know that, in repay-
ment of the loan, Grenada Airways had issu-
ed a cheque on an account which had been

"As an Attorney admitted to practice
in Grenada", Mr Knight told Mr
Clouden, "you should know that a
foreign judgement can be sued on in
Grenada or, in appropriate circum-
stances, registered in the Supreme
Court of Grenada. You should also
be aware that Grenada Airways is,
for all practical purposes, defunct.
Nevertheless, you chose (on behalf of
your client) to issue a writ against
the Attorney General, ignore the
Florida judgement, and deliberately
implicate Dr Mitchell".
Soon To Be Held
Mr Knight told Mr Clouden that, with
General Elections soon to be held in Gre-
nada, this unjustified and baseless attack"
on Dr Mitchell's integrity could not have
been timed for a more damaging occasion.

The "allegation" against Dr Mitchell has

received. wide publicity, Mr Knight said,
and this will have serious implications for
Dr Mitchell who is the Political Leader of
"one of the major parties which will be con-
testing the forthcoming General Election".

Mr Knight's letter to Mr Clouden,
dated October 26th, requested an
indication of what damages he and his
client are prepared to offer ,Dr
Mitchell' The letter also demanded
immediate, publication of an u.n-
qualified apology to Dr Mitchell.
Unless these conditions were accept-
ed within --48 hours, Mr Knight
said, a writ would be issued
against both Mr Clouden and
!Ub~nT& n DM05.CS,


In an interview with NEWSLETTER on
October 30th, Mr Clouden said he never has
claimed. that Dr Mitchell received the
money from DMCS and put it to his own
use. VWhen, in the suit filed, he said, Dr
Mitchell is mentioned as having "received"
the loan what is intended to be conveyed is
that, as Minister for Civil Aviation, Dr
Mitchell is "vicariously" responsible for the

"I see nothing defamatory about that, he
said. There was no malice and no intention
to defame anybody".
Was Made Payable
Mr Clouden said he is aware the cheque
issued by DMCS was made payable to Gre-
nada Airways, and he knows a judgement
against the airline was obtained in the Flor-
ida Court, but he disagrees with Mr Knight
that that judgement is enforceable in Gre-

"In any event Grenada Airways is defunct",
he said, "but the Grenada Government has
said it fully owns the airline, so the Grenada
Government is liable for the loan and that is
the reason why action was taken against the
Grenada Government".

Mr Clouden said he has seen comments in
the press that he made a deliberate attempt
to defame Dr Mitchell. He denies this and
said Dr Mitchell was mentioned in the suit
Please See MITCHELL.Page 9

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 2nd December 1989 Page 9


"'Twey have not snew fit to
tMas tickets aunilable to
travel Uagents
to visit &enda" A l'

outgoing President of the"
Grenada Hotel Association
(GHA), on November 14th
used WIA, te airline of Trinidad &
Tobago, of "slighting" the GHA and Gre-
nada's private sector.

"BWIA is concentrating very heavily on
MITCHELL From Page 8
against Government only because Mitchell
vas Minister for Civil Aviation at the time
of the loan.

Those comments, he said, ave linked him
vith the National Democratic Congress
(NDC) led by Mr Nicholas Brathwaite. He
performs his professional .duties' without
political bias, he said, and he is not obliged
to demonstrate publicly vlt his political
affiliations are.
Persons Antgioissis.
Mr Clouden said thf matter of the suit
against Government has been "blown out of
proportion" by persois antagonistic to Dr
Mitchell and he (Clouden) "feels some meas-
ure of remorse".

He does not see that there is anything
for vhich he has to apologise but, "if
that is the course to be taken, then
thatcourse villbe taken"-.

"Reasonable men may reasonably
differ" he said, 'and if I am approach-
ed and the matter can be amicably re-
solved without resort to further pub-
lic outrage and scandal, I'm always
for peace"

Contacted on the phone on October 30th and
queried as to whether he had filed the
threatened writ against Mr Clouden and
DMCS, Mr Knight said that information
vould have to be obtained from Dr

the ethnic market," he said, "and they have
not seen fit to make tickets available to
travel agents to visit Grenada".

JlMr Hopkins' comments vere made as he
reported to the GHA Annual General Meet-
ing and he called for joint efforts by the
GHA, Tourist Board and Government to
.ensure that during the coming year the sit-
uation is corrected.
Getting Back Home
GHA has no ob section to BWIA's concentrat-
ion on the ethnic market, he said, because
this has been the backbone of the airline's
success in the Caribbean and Grenadians
need a vehicle for getting back home, but
hotels get little or no business from Gre-
nadians coming home on vacation.

BWIA has refused to. give tickets to pro-
mote familiarisation tours by travel agents,
he said, and British Airways (BA) is just as
guilty. -

"They have been coming in to our shores
for the last couple of years", he said,
"exceeding all their expectations in terms of
arrivals on their aircraft and they have done
little or nothing in the resort business"
Please ee HOPKIH Page 10

In a telephone interview vith NEWS-
LETTER on November 29th, Mr Clouden
confirmed that vrits have been served on
him and on his clients, Dominion Mortgage
Corporation South of Miami.

"I have not responded to the request for an
apology", he told NEWSLETTER, "be-
cause I do not think thatI have defamed Dr
Mitchell in any way and there is nothing to
apologise for".


Page 10 Saturday 2nd December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
-, _,, .i

HOPKIN From Page 9
BA brought in the first group of travel
agentss this year, he said, and, as: as GHA
is concerned, this was an ethnic group
because these were agents who sell airline
seats only.

GHA. provides accommodation for these
groups coming to Grenada on promotional
tours, Mr Hopkin said, and they turn out to
be people who have no interest in selling the
hotels '
hos This Was Disastrous
Mr Hopkin vas critical also of the small
amount of tourist promotion done in the
United States of America by the Govern-
ment The increase in stayover visitors
from the U.S. during
the first 10 months of
1989, as compared
iith the same period
in 1988 he said, was
just 3.33%. This was.
"disastrous" as com-
pared with increases
of 29.53% from the
United Kingdom,
23.4% from Germany.
and 52.04% from
Italy. .

Because of its location
and potential, he said,
the U S is, potentially,
Grenada's best mar-
Sket, Mr Hopkin said,
but nothing is being
done to exploit this.

Increases from countries on the other side
of the Atlantic have not come because Gov-
ernment has done promotion, Mr Hopkin
said, but because six or seven Grenadian
Resorts have marketed their vares to tour
I operators in those countries..
i Cannot Afford
SThis brings business to the larger hotels in
the State,. he said, but the smaller hotels,
| 'ch cannot afford promotion tours, get no

"This is where the inadequacies of
Government's tourism policies are reflect-
Sed" he said, "because the small guy who has
Been encouraged to build a 10 or 15 room
Resort does not have the financial capacity
nor the wherevithall to get with it but

relies on A Governmental organisation with
experienced tourist offices to promote
his hotel".
There Is A Vacuum
This is where there is a "vacuum" in
Grenada, Mr Hopkin said, because six
resorts, account for 60% of the resort
business while the other apartments and
hotels share the remaining 40%. When
that sharing is analysed, he said, it reflects
only a 10% to 20% year round occupancy
for the other hotels.

Over the last 2 or 3 years, some EC$35
million .has been invested in the Tourist
Industry in Grenada, he said, and if there is
.:o framework to
assist the smaller
properties, then the
S-rhotel plant will; not
be successful.

Mr Hopkin said air
services to Grenada
continue to im-
prove but he has
been reliably in-
formed that
BWIA's applicat-
ion to .fly from
Toronto. t Gre-
nada, an eapplicat-
ion made some two
years ago, is being
Shld up by the Can- Authorities.
Every Diplomatic Man er
Efforts have been made, e said, to get the
Canadian Authorities to discuss route rights
but every,, diplomatic maneuver is being
used to stall commencement of these negot-

There is now need to be more vocal, Mr
Hopkin said, and if the Canadian Authorities
are stalling, Grenada must "go public" with
the issue and let the Canadian' Government
know Grenadians vill not stand for that.

"We should bring pressure to bear on the
Authorities to let them know we are a
hungry little country which needs access-
ibility", he said, "a nd thatwill bring them to
the bargaining table".

Please See HOPKIN Pe-e 11


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 2nd December 1989 Page 11



on September 1st, the Grenada
Court of Appeal, in its hearing
of the Maurice Bishop Murder
Appeal, had a false start on November
27th,. the day on which it was scheduled to

President of the Court, Barbadian born Sir
FAdtr CmQith t Ald fth oaseamhilod 'harrsie-

Fourteen persons convicted of the murder
of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop of the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG),
members of his Cabinet and others, have
appealed against death sentences handed
down by a jury in December 1986. Three
others have appealed .against sentences of
long prison terms for manslaughter arising
from the same incident.
. -

1 1 GUtfltr LIIt L JLIAL WVJLL U.J awafn)-Hv^.. *-'-- a a- )- .
ters for the Prosecution and Defence.. Among those in "death ro" are
that his brother judges, Guyanese.. :- Bernard Coard, former Deputy
Mr Justice Rex McKay and Prime Minister in the PRG, his
Antiguan Mr Justice Time Ken- Jamaican vife, Phyllis, Selvyn
dall, had not arrived in Grenada ; Strachan, a Minister in Bis-
because of difficulties with airline hop's Cabinet Hudson Austin,
connections. General of the Peoples Revolut-
Should Be Reversed ionary Army and several of his
Both Judges arrived later that day officers. .

and when hearings began on Novem-
ber 28th, the Defence submitt- (
ed that, because the 17 accused Kam FE2)
were not given separate trials, the cause of
justice had not been served and the guilty
verdicts against them should be reversed.

The submission wasmade by Defence barris-
ter Miss Norma Linton, and she said the
Trial Judge, Mr Justice Dennis Byron, had
failed in his duty to the accused persons who
vere not represented in the trial by legal

"In failing to advise the accused that they
could apply to have separate trials", she
said, "the judge committed a fatal error".

HOPKIN From Page 10
Other speakers at the AGM .ere Mr
John Bell, Executive Vice President of
the Caribbean Hotel Association, Mr
Alfred Taylor, President of the Carib-
bean Hotel Association and Mr Carol
Bristol, Chairman on the Grenada Board
of Tourism-

The meeting elected Mr Augustus
Cruickshank, Manager of Spice Island
Inn, to be President for the coming term.
-- -- End

Miss Linton said there are
MIK H two "limbs" on which she
based her submission. The first is that in a
trial:in which 17 people are being tried at
the same time, the proceedings are too long
for the jury to properly assess evidence
against each accused.
Are Not Admissible
Secondly, she said, some of the accused gave
statements to the police in which they impli-
cated other accused and, according to the
rules of evidence, those implications are not
admissible evidence against the other

However, in a single trial of the 17, she said,
that evidence is seen by the jury and they are
instructed by the judge to disregard it. But,
this calls for "mental gymnastics", Miss
Linton said, and because members of the
jury are human, they will be influenced by
the inadmissible evidence in arriving at
their conclusions.

Leader of the Defence team, Mr Ian
Ramsay, told the Court the only evidence
against eight of the a-zcused was that of
Prosecution witness Cldus St Paul. They
are Hudson Austin, Bernard Coard, Liam
James, John Ventour, Dave Bartholomev,
Please See APPEAL Page 13

Saturday 2nd December 198S




Cynnthib 23Lwhes,
Co-Etditor nti Co-Paubisher


an& iv u K
n t flf' ASA A

died in w are-mad on..
kS tneMsdaU btecb"Ser 6th

She leaves to rej oka, over
the hEessing she has bean to
their lives, heer h-kusbrnn
SaLister., tkree cliksren,
Cluristins, k&ob&rt tn-A Joan.
ant five yram crildnen., |
uTerr enre- AsFn, Si) o uuI,
JoFaIMsifon W1L Davi)GVML

jShel wil e missed.


>i The Grenada Newsletter

Page 12

slr=u~i~cis~ ~f~






Selvyn Strachan, Phyllis Coard and Leon

Mr Ramsay described St Paul's evidence as
"vaporous" and said if the jury had not been
able to "borrow" from the inadmissible
evidence in the statements given by some of
the accused, they would never have believed
St Paul.
Not At The Scene
These eight were the accused vho had not
been at the scene of the shootings and who
did not give statements to the Police. Mr
Ramsay said they should have been tried
separately. He named Evart Layne and Col-
ville McBarnette as accused who also were
not at the scene of the shootings but who
gave statements to the Police and Mr Ram-
say said they too should have had a separate

.. -


A separate trial also should have been given
to six other accused who were at the scene
of the shootings and vere charged either
with the actual shootings or of aiding and
abetting, he said. They are Andy Mitchell,
Vincent Joseph, Calistus Bernard, Cosmos
Richardson, Lester Redhead and Christo-
pher Stroude.
Was Also Entitled
The accused Cecil Prime was also entitled to
a separate trial, Mr Ramsay said. Accord-
ing to the Defence lawyer, the evidence
against Prime is so thin that he should not
have been brought to trial.

November 28th ras the 67th day of hearing
since the Appeal began on 30th May last.
year. The hearings first began before a
Court comprised of President JO F Haynes
and Justices Rex McKay and Sir Frederick
Smith. However, Haynes died last

December and the Court had to be re-
constituted. Sir Frederick vas made
President, Justice McKay was retained and
Justice Time Kendall was brought in.

The Prosecution Team is headed by Trini-
dadian barrister, Mr Karl Hudson-Phillips
Q C. and includes the Director of Public
Prosecutions, Mrs Velma Hylton Q C, and
Guyanese Mr Doodnauth Singh, Senior
Are Not Able
Jamaican born Mr Ramsay heads.the eleven-
barrister Defence Team, nine members of
that team, also Jamaican, being paid by the
Government of Grenada because several of
the convicted persons are not able, finan-
cially, to retain Counsel. The eleventh
member of the Defence team is Guyanese
Mr Clarence Hughes.

On Wednesday 29th November, Mr How-
ard Hamilton Q C, Defence barrister told
the Court the Trial Judge failed to properly
instruct-the jury on vhat he (Hamiltori) said
was a vital discrepancy in the evidence.

With reference to 19th October 1983, the
day on which Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and others were machine gunned to
death, Mr Hamilton said several prosecution
witnesses, either by precise mentioning of
time or by implication, fix the shooting at
after 1.00 pm.

The Defence lawyer said, however, that a
two-hour unexplained gap has been created
because evidence of star witness for the
Prosecution, Cletus St Paul, implies the
shooting took place soon after 11.00 am.

"When St Paul is viewed and com-
pared with every other Prosecution
fitness", Mr Iam iiton said, "he
either stands alone or is confounded
by them".
Asked The Court
Also addressing the Court on this day (29th)
was Mvr Ian Ramrsay. He referred to
evidence that one of the accused, Evart
Layne, then a Colonel in the PRA, had
instructed soldiers to "liquidate" people at
Fort George. He asked the Court to under-
stand that Layne was using "revolutionary
language" in an "exortatCry" speech to the
PleaM See APPEAL Page 14

Page 13

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Saturday 2nd December 1989

'1~ Gr~ii~ail~-~ ''Nevslo~ter

Page 14 Saturday 2nd December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
WAPPAL Fron Pare 13

'To liquidate in revolutionary lan-
guage does not mean to kill", Mr Ram-
say said, "it merely means 'to render
powerless" "

Mr Ramsay said the Trial Judge failed in his
duty when he did not explain this to the

Defence lawyer, Mrs Jacqueline Samuels-
Brovn, on November 30th, referred the
Court to a vell known British murder trial.
Recounting The Details
In that trial, confession statements figured
prominently as in the Bishop Murder Trial,
and, recounting the details of the British
trial, that of the "Guildford Four", Mrs
Samuels-Brovn said a Court must be
extremely vigilant in these matters.

In the case of the "Guildford Four',
four persons were convicted of mur-
der on the basis of confession state-
ments, she said, and after they had
spent 15 years in prison, an inquiry
revealed the statements had been con-
cocted by the Police.

Mrs Samuels-Brown charged that the Trial
Judge in the Bishop trial had not dealt with
the confession statements properly in his
summing up to the jury, especially as 17
persons were being tried jointly, and this
had led to the accused not having a fair trial.

"If the judge could become so confused that
he did not know how to deal with a
confession statement", she said, "the jury
would have been even more so".

In addition to Mrs Samuels-Brown, five
other Defence lawyers addressed the Court
on this day (November 30th). They are
Messrs Earle Witter, Glen Cruickshank,
Delano Harrison, Carlton Williams and
Maurice Frankson.
Grave Prejudice
They all argued that the Trial Judge should
have ordered separate trials for the accused
and, this not having been done, grave
prejudice was occasioned. In the main, the
arguments put forward had already been set
out by Counsel who had already addressed
the Court on this subject, and the addresses
on November 30th centered on the
prejudice as it affected the individual

convicted persons.

Sir Frederick adjourned the Court early in
this day (November 30th) when he announc-
ed that Judge McKay was suffering from
Not Enough Evidence
On Friday December 1st, Defence Counsel
Mr Clarence Hughes argued before the
Court that there was not enough evidence at
the trial to convict anyone of planing to
commit murder.

"In this case', he said, "there was not
sufficient evidence to establish a
conspiracy among the members of the
Central Committee (of the New Jewel
Movement) to murder Maurice Bis-
hop or anyone else'.

Mr Hughes told the Court that when there is
a charge of conspiracy to murder, there
must be, first of all, sufficient evidence
before the jury to establish, beyond
reasonable doubt that there was a con-
s Must Be Convinced

Following this, he said, the jury must be
convinced that there is direct evidence
against the individual accused to satisfy
them that that individual was probably
involved in the conspiracy.

When those conditions have been met, and
only then, Mr Hughes, said, can the
exception to the rule against the acceptance
of hearsay evidence be applied. At this
stage, he said, the acts and declarations of
other alleged conspirators can be taken as
evidence against other alleged conspirators.

Please See APPEAL Pae 15

~ -- --- --- ----- --- -- -

The Grenada Newsletter. Saturday 2nd December 1989



To tatt, 6 of the estates have been sireste
nnf tffwe lass transferreA to 64 farmers for
n fne" forms anrt ydnkn [ots

ernment divested itself of Para-
dise Estate on the island's east
coast when Minister of Agric-
ulture Ben Jones handed over "Model
Farms" to 12 farmers who vill occupy and
work the farms on a lease/purchase basis.

At the handing over ceremony, Mr Fitzroy
James, Chairman of the Model Farms Pro-
ject, said one of the objectives of the Project
is the divestment of 3,400 acres. of land on
24 estates owned by Government.
The First Estate
"The Project was started in 1986 and the
first estate was divested in 1987", Mr James
APPEAL From Pag 14
Examining evidence given by several
Prosecution witnesses, Mr Hughes said it
had not been established beyond reason-
able doubt that there had been a con-
spiracy. The evidence indicated
instances where more than one inference
could be drawn, he said, and, in those in-
stances, the jury must draw the infer-
ence most favourable to the accused per-

The Court rose early on this day (Friday
December 1st) to facilitateGovernment
employees who wished to attend their
trade union's meeting to discuss Govern-
ment's failure to pay back pay. (See
story on page 1)

" The Court cannot be unaware of what
is happening in the State", President of
the Court, Sir Frederick Smith
announced, "ve will adjourn at 12.30 to
allov any civil servants here to attend
that meeting".

The next sitting of the Court will be on
Monday December 5th.
i I*-.- -*f -

said. "To date, 6 of the. estates have been
divested and the lands transferred to 64 far-
mers for model farms and garden lots"

Each Model Farm is approximately 7 acres
and, with the handing over of the Paradise
Estate Farms, Mr James said seven estates,
(yielding 76 "Model Farms" and 7 garden
lots of one acre), have been divested.
Utilised Mainly
The Chairman said the European Economic
Community (EEC) has provided
EC$827,400 to fund the Paradise Estate
section of the Model Farms Project. This
money has been utilised mainly to improve
estate roads, establish efficient drainage and
irrigation systems, and provide tools in-
cluding irrigation pumps and rotavators for

Mr Keith Shaw, EEC Regional Represent-
ative, present at the ceremony, said there is
a problem vith a number of the 66
African/Pacific/Caribbean (APC) States in
that money granted them by the EEC has
not been used in the way in which it was
intended. This money has not been used
by these Governments to assist themselves
to develop their economies, he said.

"I am very pleased to say Grenada does not
fall into that category", he said, "because
every time I come, here to open a project, it
is opened on time, it is well constructed, it is
vell construed within the macro develop-
1ment plan of the country and I can see that
the money EEC is making available is used
to best advantage".

Mr Jones said the persons to whor the lands
are distributed have an opportunity to
possess these 15 years through the
lease/purchase arrangement with Govern-
ment. He earned, however, that, if the
lands are not properly worked and im-
Please See FARMS Pace 16

_I 1 _

_ __


** 1 '. = ,. *.


Page 15

I. .

Page 16 Saturday 2nd December 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
FARMS From Page 15
proved, they vill be repossessed and given The reason for this, the Minister said, is that
to other farmers. in 1985, the average annual earnings of Gre-
nadians vas very close to US$750.00 and
He earned also that Grenada must continue vhen the earnings vent above that figure,
to prove that the country can use EEC Grenada vould no longer qualify for a
grants effectively because loans on easy "soft" loan.
terms are becoming difficult to obtain.
"I was again in Washington recently", Mr
This is evident, he said from his experience Jones said, "and they told me then that our
vhen, in 1985; he vas-on the Grenada team per capital income is nov in the region of
negotiating a "soft loan" from the World US$1500.00"
Bank. Agricultural Rehabil-
itation and Diversification programme. Grenada no longer qualifies for World
Bank "soft loans", Mr Jones said, but the
A World Bank official advised the Grenada EEC is coming to the island's assistance, and
team, Mr Jones said, that that loan vould be he charged the farmers to so vork their
the last the Bank would make to Grenada lands that Grenada vill continue to prove
from the "soft" vindov and all future loas worthy of continued EEC help.
vould be at the regular, much higher rates
-of interest.


Seventeen Cass Of AIDS NIS Mortgage Ficinanig
According to the Government Information
Service (GIS), the Ministry of Health has The National Insurance Scheme (NIS) is to
reported three more cases of AIDS in embark on a EC$5.5 million mortgage
Grenada and, in the, period July to financing programme.
September, tvo AIDS related deaths.
This vas announced on November 20th by
This brings to .17 the total of AIDS cases Minister for Social Services, Mr George
reported to the World Health Organisation, McGuire and he said the programme vill be
of vhich number, 12 have died. ready for launching in December.

Additionally, another 12 persons are known Mr McGuire said EC$0.5 million vill be
to be carrying the virus but have not yet allocated for loans for refurbishing homes
developed the disease. and EC$5 million vill be for construction
of new homes.
Of the 17 cases in Grenada, 10 have been
males and 7 females.

Alster Hughes Cynthia Hughes

2nd December 1989

Printed & Published By Tfh Propfietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Jornalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grenada, Westdimaes
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [8091 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenada)

!\07" "'"5

-. --- ..*.. -


" '- "* -. ^/.l^

~I~. J- -

bk-HOOL OQ CO \i Ni IAlUD"-_

The Grenad_

Volume 17 Saturday 2nd December 1989 Number 20



jTm "bottom Crlne is t
moIney due them
ployees vent on strike from
December 1st until Govern-
ment pays out EC$25 million
n back pay.
The decision vas taken on December Ist at
an angry meeting of some 800/1000
members of the Public Workers Union
(RWU), the Grenada Union of Teachers
(GUT) and the Technical & Allied Workers
Union (TAWU), the three unions which
have bargaining rights for all Government's
Came As A Sequel
This development came as a sequel to Prime
Minister Herbert Blaize's November 30th
announcement on TV and radio that, con-
trary to what he had promised, Government
vas unable to pay public servants back pay
on December 1st
"It is with profound regret that I
have to announce to the nation', he
said, "that the back pay vhich was
S promised to public workers on 1st
SDecember 1989 vill not be paid to-
t'V morrow oving to the non-receipt of
the funds from expected external
sources .
After prolonged negotiations, Government
signed, on 19th September, an Industrial



fhat workers want the
from which ever
is ilt power
Agreement vith PWU, GUT and TAWU.
The period covered by that Agreement is
1987 to 1989 and its terms are that lowest
paid employees vill receive a 30% increase,
21% increase goes to the middle range and
15% to the top bracket.
Government Employees
On Strike------.............. ...... I
0 NDC May Lead In Six
Constituencies-....--..----..---- 3
Brathvaite Pledges No
Income Tax--.........--------- .. 5
0 NDC Presents Candidates.....- 6
Mitchell Sues For Damages.... 7
BWIA "Slighting" GHA -
Hopkin---.........--...---.......---- 9
Bishop Murder Appeal
Continues........---------------.. 11
0 More Model Farms Given Out. 15
0 Nevs Shorts..--...............--.--...... 16
Pay packets reflected these increases from
30th November and back pay accruing from
these rates was to be paid out as from De-
cember Ist.
Mr Blaize said in his address that the back
Please See STRIKE Page 2

:,' -,

I -. In-..1 a,. !- ,i '-. .-. -- -. -... 4 1 Sft I

SPage 2 Saturday 2nd Decembe
STRIKE From Page 1
pay amounts to approximately EC$25
million, and he believes Government em-
ployees, generally, understand this sun
could not be found from local revenue

The Prime Minister said he had ex-
pressed the regret of his Government
to the leaders of the three unions and
had assured them arrangements were
being made for payment of back pay
within three months.
Carried A Joint Release
On November 30th, Radio Grenada carried
a joint release from the unions. It was read
by Mrs Lauret Clarkson, President of the
PWJ and leader of the joint team which
negotiated with Government.

She confirmed that the unions had met with
Mr Blaize on that day and had been told the
back pay would not be paid. The Prime
Minister had disclosed that Govern-ment
could not say when the money would be
paid, she said, but there were "indicat-ions"
payment would be made within three

Mr Blaize had explained also, Mrs Clarkson
said, that this situation had. arisen from the
fact that money expected from external
sources had not arrived.

"The Unions expressed shock and
surprise at this information', she
said, "particularly since the Govern-
ment had entered into a signed Agree-
ment with the Unions_"
Confirmed In A Letter
That Agreement was reaffirmed in a nation-
al address by Deputy Prime Minister Ben
Jones, Mrs Clarkson said, and further
confirmed in a letter of 9th November 1989
written to the Unions by Ambassador
Albert Xavier.

Mrs Clarkson quoted Mr Xavier's
letter in part as reading, "I write on
behalf of the Prime Minister to
inform you that the mechanism for
retroactive pay is well in place and
there is no reason to fear. It is
Government's intention to honour
both the letter and the spirit of the
Agreement arrived at after lengthy

The Grenada Newsletter

The Prime Minister had been informed that
Government's decision is "totally unaccept-
able", Mrs Clarkson said, and Government
cannot hold the Unions and their members
responsible for whatever action this "new
twist of events" would generate.
Workers Want The Money
At the joint meeting of the Unions on De-
cember 1st, the motion initially before the
meeting was that workers go on strike "until
Government pays the back pay or resigns".
This was not accepted, the predominant
sentiment being that, whether the Blaize
Government resigns or not, the "bottom
line" is that workers want the money due
them from which ever Government is in

A strike by Governmentemployees at this
time can bring the Post Office to a halt just
when heavy Christmas mail has to be
handled. It may have direct effect on
commerce also if the flow of goods through
the Customs is impeded.

It may also affect the health services. Mrs
Clarkson, herself a nurse, suggested at the
meeting that, except for emergencies, all
registered midwives withdraw their

Through TAWJ, there is a direct threat to
the water and. electricity services and
sympathy strikes by non-Government-
employed members of that union could
affect telephones and international commun-
Committed By Law
Concern was expressed at the meeting as to
whether employees in essential services are
not committed by law to give Government
notice before taking strike action. How-
ever, Mr Chester Humphrey, TAWU
General Secretary, told the meeting there is
no law which prohibits a worker from
withdrawing his services at any time.

A press release from the Grenada
Trades Union Council (TUC), read at
the meeting, condemns Government's
action as being "unethical, embarrass-
ing, immoral and a manifestation of
gross contempt.......", and calls on
all workers to "stand firm and be
Please See STRIKE Page 3

The Grenada Newsletter

Saturday 2nd December 1989





ures released by the National
Democratic Congress (NDC),
that party has a clear lead in 6
of the 15 constituencies to be contested in
the forthcoming General Elections.

The figures were disclosed by Dr Francis
Alexis, NDC Deputy Political Leader, at the
NDC convention on November 26th, and he
said he "understands" the figures vere taken
from a recently conducted public opinion
poll done by the Trinidad based St
Augustine Associates (SAA).

Dr Selvyn Ryan, the Director of SAA, has
denied that the figures quoted by Dr Alexis
agree with the figures of the poll he con-
ducted recently. However, according to the
figures released by Dr Alexis, NDC leads in
the constituencies of St Georges Town, St
Georges North East and St Georges South
East. That party leads also in St Andrews
South East, St Davids and St Patricks West.
(see Table "B", page 4, for details).

In June .1988, the New National Party
(NNP) commissioned a poll done by Market
Please See HDC Page 4

STRIKE From Page 2
The Motion passed by the meeting says
support would be sought from other trade
unions in Grenada and abroad and, if the
TUC sentiments reflect feelings of the
member unions of TUC, sympathy strikes
may spread to other unions, among them the
Taxi Union, Commercial & Industrial
Workers Union (banks, supermarkets,
business places) and the Seamen and
Waterfront Workers Union (the docks).
Failure To Meet
A meeting on December 1st of the private
sector organizations, viz. the Chamber of
Commerce, Hotel Association, Agricultural
Association and Employers Federation,
discussed Government's failure to meet its
commitment to public workers.

In a press release issued after that meeting,
ead. at the meeting of the Unions, the
Private Sector put on record its "grave
concern resulting from this development
and its potential impact on the economy and
stability of the country".

In the release, the Private Sector organ-
isations urged Government to review its
position and explore all alternatives which
would permit it to meet its contractual
obligations to public sector workers.

Following the' Union's meeting on
December 1st, there was a "solidarity
march" across town to St Georges market
place and a demonstration is scheduled to
take place in St Georges on Tuesday
December 5th. That is the day of the
week when Cabinet meets at the residence
of Prime Minister Blaize, and workers plan
to picket that residence.

The Cinada._

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