The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Page 8 Saturday 21st October 1939




lines is spend- I
mg some US$1
million dollars on
construction }i
of a new passenger i
check-in area and office'
space as an extension of
the terminal building
atPoint Salines Inter- .
national Airport.

This vas announced by
Mr Benet Andrev, Minis-
ter of Civil Aviation, at a
press conference on October
1lth, and he disclosed that,
although the extension is expected to be
completed by December 18th, the airline
has not yet said vhen flights will begin.

"American Airlines have not confirmed tlhe
CHINA From Page 7
Replying to Mr Lin, Minister of Education
Mr George McGuire said that, on their Nat-
ional Day, the thoughts, spirits and feelirngs
of 20 million people, resident on the island
of Taivan and moulded by an ancient civil-
isation, had reached Grenada.

"We are the richer for it, he sid,
"Our Government notes with pride
and high anticipation that, as of tb
20th July of this year, 20 mklliic
people have established a lasting lirk
here in Grenada.through a desire for
friendship and co-operation...--.
Diplomatic Relations
Grenada established diplomatic relations
vith Mainland China, the Peoples Republic
of China, in 1987, following a visit to that
country by Minister of Foreign Affairs, Mr
Ben Jones. However, after the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM) Heads of Govern-
ment meeting in Grenada last July, Prime
Minister Herbert Blaize announced that
diplomatic relations were being established
vith the Republic of China (Taiwan).

Vi ~| r start-up date of their
operations" he said. "The
S reasons include the ration-
.i. on of aircraft and of
course, the complet-
ion of the facility".
Mr Andrew said some delay
may also be occas-
ioned by the fact
it the American Airlines
hu" in Puerto Rico was
l_ damaged by Hurri-
cane Hugo.
Ii:i ?i Expressing Interest
S In a radio broadcast last
i May, Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize said he had had a letter from
the Vice-President of American Airlines
expressing interest in putting Grenada on
the airline's schedule vith service through
the Puerto Rico "hub".

There were several requirements, however,
which had to be satisfied before the airline
would commit themselves to fixing a start-
up date.

"Airport facilities must be improved", the
letter to the Prim- Minister said. "The
Please See AIRLINE Page 9
This move, he said, resulted from foreign
policy review in keeping with the desire of
CARICOM to seek greater harmonisation
of foreign policy.
Broke Relations
Four days after relations vere established
with The Republic of China (Taiwan), Mr
Lu ZingOing, Mainland China's Ambass-
ador to Grenada had discussions in Grenada
with Prime Minister Blaize, and Mainland
China broke relations vith Grenada on
August 8th.

The Embassy in Grenada of the Republic of
China (Taiwan) was established on 31st

TPjLia'tT -

The Gre;nada Newlfetterr

I; I

The Grenada Nevsletter

Saturday 21st October 1989


There should be created a Jinancial iLLUneMS
betwazn the surplus--uynrating external system and the
capitaul-uLtunry internal system

set operation of the telephone
system in Grenada since the end
of World War II, and until
recently, are directly attributable to the
problem of securing funds for replacement
of equipment and for growth and expansion
of the service.

This opinion was expressed on October 2nd
by Mr Ray Smith, Chairman of the Board. of
Directors of Grenada Telecommunications
Ltd (GRENTEL) as he addressed the
opening session of the Cable & Wireless
Annual General Managers Conference.

"The cause of the problem vas inadequate

operating income to the telephone
he said, "and this, in turn,
consequence of the way in
which telecommunicat-
ions in Grenada vere .4
structured in relation
to internal and external

vas a

Mr Smith traced F
the history of the tele- y
phone system in /
Grenada from the time
vhen, in the early aB RAY aS rn
1950s, the manual system, operating as a
Government Department, became unable to
Please See SMITH Page 11

AIRLINE From 'age 8
small but fine facility at Point Salines can be
developed into one of the finest airports in
the Caribbean if properly managed".

Among the requirements stipulated by the
airline is provision of proper facilities for
handling air freight, and American Airlines
considers it imperative that there be
established a freight terminal operated by
professionals and a proper security system
to guard against drug trafficking.
Cargo Complex
In this connection, Mr Andrev said agree-
ment has been reached vith the airline for
construction of a cargo complex to comm-
ence within 12 months of the initial start-up

The two-storied extension now in progress
vill be dedicated to the American Airlines
operations and vill accommodate five check-
in counters, a conveyor belt system, five
offices and a communications room. The
lower floor vill have an area of 3000
square feet and the upper floor, 1000 square

Mr Andrew said that included in the
equipment to be installed by the airline is

the sophisticated E Scan X-Ray which vill
be used to screen all passenger baggage
before it is loaded into the hold of the
Security Procedures
The Minister said that, at a meeting held on
June 27th by the Airport Authority with
American Airlines officials, Mr Dennis
LeBright, Regional Manager and Mr Frank
Esposito, Caribbean Hub Manager, agree-
ment had been reached on the main areas of
the airline's airport operations.

These are the air freight cargo complex,
catering facilities, security procedures, air-
port office and counter space, ground
handling, communications and airport

With reference to American Airlines
investment at Point Salines International,
Mr Andrev said, a reimbursement Agree-
ment aimed at recovering the cost of the
investment is now being worked out by the
airline with the Airports Authority, but
final figures have not yet been arrived at.

sumuume~sEnstiu mmmmm

Page 9


- --- ------


Page 10 Saturday 21st October 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




[aiflinafim %r BBB *&g aw
f~~iaoiiigi !fS5i0!a ^rs m(^~i

SCable & Wireless (C&W)
Director for Bermuda and the
Caribbean Area, said in
Grenada on October 2nd that his com-
pany is proud of its association with Gre-
nada which goes back to 1871 when one of
C &W's "ancestor companies" began to
connect the Caribbean islands by telegraph

Mr Chellev's comment was
made as he spoke at the open-
ing ceremony of C&W's
Annual General Managers'
Conference. The past 100
years have seen many land-
marks, most of which have been
changes in technology, he said,
but by far the most notable
landmark has been the
formation, earlier
this year, of Gre-
nada Telecommuni-
cations Ltd (GRENTEL). MB T
One Integrated Network


"GRENTEL was formed" he said, "vhen
the Grenada Telephone Company (GTC),
which operated the national telephone net-
vork, joined Cable & Wireless to provide
one integrated network".
Since the merger, Mr Chellev said,
the installed customer base has risen
to nearly 8,700 lines and the services
offered by GRENTEL are among the
most advanced in the vorld.

The Director said C&W's participation in
the management of GRENTEL makes ex-
pert assistance available from not only the
Head Office in London, England, but from
the C&W group worldwide.

"Last year", he said, "this assistance proved
invaluable when hurricane "Gilbert" laid
vaste Jamaica. Sadly, history has repeated
itself and vast amounts of help will be re-
quired once more following the devastating
passage of hurricane "Hugo" through the
northern islands of the Eastern Carib-
bean ."
All Digital Services
providingg a global perspective to the
SConference, Mr Chellev said the
w world's first private trans-Atlantic
cable was put into service on
September 1st last between the
S United Kingdom, Bermuda and
,. the United States. This
Scale allows C&Wto pro-
-~ vide all digital services
From Europe as far as
t- the vest coast of Amer-
Sica, he said, and, next
year this capability
will be extended
when the north-
M CHELLEV Pacific cable is
laid between the
United States and Japan.

Linked into the digital Eastern Caribbean
micro wave system which runs from Trini-
dad. to the British Virgin Islands (BVI), the
Director said, Grenada vill have increased
terrestrial conununications by next year
when C&W commissions a further fibre
optic cable link between Bermuda and the
Fabric Of Society
Mr Chellev said improvements in communi-
cations stimulate higher levels of economic
activity, improvement in the quality of life
and the strengthening of the fabric of
society, and he expressed the opinion that
Grenada and the Caribbean region can only
Please See C&W Page 12

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st October 1989 Page 11

SMITH From Page 9
cope with the needs vf the community and,
under a Colonial Development & Welfare
grant, Cable & Wireless (WI) Ltd was
brought in as the management contractor.

With this change, the then ne step-by-step
technology yas introduced but, by the mid-
1960, Mr Smith said, there was dissatis-
faction with the system's high incidence of
faults together with the Company's inability
to expand the system to satisfy the demand.
Improved Technology
To solve. this problem, the GRENTEL
Chairman said, improved technology with
capital and loan funds were brought in
through the United States based Continental
Telephones who became partners in the
Company with a 50% shareholding.

"By the end of the 1970s it
vas clear that nev loans
would once again have to be found to enable
expansion to satisfy demand", Mr Smith
said. "Public dissatisfaction grew as fault-
incidence mounted on the nov outdated
"step-by-step" system".

Continental was willing to guarantee loans
under certain stated conditions, provided
Government would also guarantee, Mr
Smith said, but Government was, at that
time, in a major financial bind.

In 1982, Continental lost faith in the system
as a viable investment and sold its shares at a
give-avay price to The Peoples Revolut-
ionary Government who were then faced
with the problem of finding funds for
expansion, and that was the same problem
vhich faced Government in 1988.
Appointed A Committee
After the General Elections of 1984, the
GRENTEL Chairman said, C&W sought
from Government an extension of their
franchise (which expires in 1992) to operate
Grenada's external telecommunications,
and Government appointed a committee un-
der his (Smith's) chairmanship to negotiate

"As Consultant to Government on the pro-
ject and as Chairman of that Committee",
Mr Smith said, "it fell to my lot to prepare a
report reviewing the then current situation
in Grenada_.................

That Report, he said, concluded there
should be created a financial linkage be-
tween the surplus-generating external sys-
tem (C&W) and the capital-hungry internal
system (Grenada Telephone Company)
which needs repeated infusions of capital
for replacement, growth and expansion.
Expansion Requirements
This is the background against which
GRENTEL was set up, Mr Smith said, and
both Government and C&W have gained
from the merger. C&W, as a shareholder
in GRENTEL, no longer has to persuade
successive Governments to extend the tele-
communications franchise, while Govern-
ment is assured of profitable financial man-
agement and resources to meet expansion

Mr Smith said that, in January 1989,
when GRENTEL was launched, there
were 7, 500 telephone subscribers and
this figure has grovn to 9,000. By
April next it will be 11,000, he said,
and the projection for 1993 is
18, 000.
Current Project
With reference to the expansion pro-
gramme. he said, the current project
provides for an increase in equipment
capacity to 12,500 lines by April 1990 at a
capital outlay of EC$3.2 million.

Some 80 "cardphones" have already
been installed, Mr Smith said, and the
number of "cardphones" and "pay-
phones" is expected to reach 115.

In the final stage of planning also is
installation of a cellular radio system
using two sites for marine and vehic-
ular service having 7 channels at each

With fully digital domestic and inter-
national communications, the GRENTEL
Chairman said, Grenada is now among the
very few countries in the world whose
telecommunications are fully digital.
--~c~ ----.-t~---* V Il

- - ~.-----

Page 12 Saturday 21st October 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




.E'.D F r i


ers Confederation (CEC) has
Formally approved an applicat-
Sion for membership made by
The Chamber of Commerce of Haiti
According to a release issued in Grenada by
Mrs Angela Smith, Executive Director of
the Grenada Employers Federation, appro-
val of CCIC's application was made at the
29th Annual General Meeting of CEC held
in Haiti from 27th to 29th September last.
The meeting was declared open by Minister
of Social Affairs in the Haitian Govern-
ment, Mr Arnault Guerrier, who stressed
the need for Caribbean nations to act effect-
ivey inm unity.
Historic Realities
Mr Guerrier said also Caribbean Nations
should emphasis the historic realities
which bind Haiti to the Caribbean. The
meeting was addressed also by President of
CCIC, Mr Ludovic Louisdhon, vho express-
ed similar sentiments.
The CEC meeting considered a pro-
posal that there should be a Chair in
Industrial Relations at the University
of the West Indies (UWI) Cave Hill
Campus in Barbados, and, according
to the release, noted vith satisfaction
the decision of UWI to recognize the
science of Industrial Relations as a
separate discipline.
The CEC decided also to review its Constit-
ution, to examine its role and to explore
means- of making the organisation more
effective at the level of the Standing Comm-

ittee of the Ministers of Labour of the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM).
Plese See CEC Page 13
a&W From Page 10
prosper as a result of these developments.
Substituting for Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize, Deputy Prime Minister Ben Jones
told the Conference that, since GREN-
TEL was established, the demand for
telephone installation has increased tre-
mendously and the Company hopes, by
1990, to increase the present figure of
9,000 customers to some 11,000.
Mr Jones said he had been advised that
C&W is spending EC$3 million on
GRENTEL's eqpransion and, since the
Telephone Company vould not have
been able to spend that stun, it is clear the
decision to merge vith C&W was a vise
one. ..
Greatest Distance
A spokesman forS ,iC&W said the
"Caribbean Area", as defined by C&W
for administrative purposes, includes the
Falkland Islands and, of all the parFici-
pants at the Conference, the M eager
from the Falklands had had to travel the
greatest distance to attend.
Additionally at the Conference Vere 14
managers from the Caribbean proper,
together with personnel from overseas
C&W business units and personnel from
both the United Kingdom and the United
States, making a total of some 50

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday21st October 189 tPage13i


Providing more than 70% of financin- by oal comnmercid
bunks to the important agriicuturt amnd fisheries sectors

bald, Managing Director of
the Government owned Nat-
ional Commercial Bank
(NCB), disclosed at a press conference on
October 4th that, of the four commercial
banks operating locally, NCB, with assets of
over EC$110 million, is second only to
Barclays Bank PLC.

"Today ve are providing more than
70% of financing by all commercial
banks to the important agricultural
and fisheries sectors', he said, more
than 35% of financing by commercial
banks to the critical tourism sector".

CEC From Page 12
The CEC meeting was immediately
proceeded by a two-day regional private
sector workshop which considered, am-
ong other topics, "Regional Integration-
The Position of the Caribbean in Global
Economics", and "The Role of the Pri-
vate Sector in National Development".

In addition to Grenada, which was repre-
sented by Mrs Smith and by Mr Lawv-
rence Duncan, Member of the GEF
Management Committee, Delegates to
the meeting vere drawn from Barbados,
Bermuda, Dominica, Haiti, Guyana, Jam-
aica, St Lucia, St Vincent and Trinidad &

The CEC 30th Annual General Meeting
will take place in Grenada in April 1990.

Mr Archibald said NCB provides more than
20% of financing to the manufacturing sec-
tor, more than 23% to individuals for home
construction, house and land purchase, dur-
able consumer goods and other personal
loans, and more than 25% of financing to
the distributive trades.


NCB was founded by the Peoples Revo-
lutionary Government (PRG) on 15th Octo-
ber 1979 and the press conference was call-
ed as part of the bank's 10th anniversary

Recounting highlights of the Bank's
history, Mr Archibald said NCB was
born in the island's second town of
Grenville as a small undertaking with
a capital of only EC1 million. Five
months later, Mr Archibald said,
NCB bought the Grenada establish-
ment of the Canadian Imperial Bank
of Commerce (CIBC).

Please See NOB Pare 14



1 I


i -" ';. ~' ~p

Page 14 Saturday 21st October 1989 The Grenada Newslettet

"CIBC was uncertain of the future
under the PRG", he said- "They were
anxious to get out of Grenada and, on
1st March 1980, they sold out to NCB
for the sum of one only EC dollar.

'That purchase gave NCB the CIBC premises
in St Georges, where the Main Office is nov
together with the St Georges Branch, and
NCB now has branches in Grenville and
Gouyave and in the sister island of Carria-
cou. An Agency in St Davids is operated
from the Grenville Branch. Ninety
persons are employed of which about 50%
are at the St Georges Branch.
Not A Loss
Queried on an overdraft of EC$1.6
million given by NCB to the now de-
funct Air Grenada, which overdraft
vas guaranteed by the Grenada Gov-
ernment, Mr Archibald said this is
not a loss to the bank.

Originally, Prime Minister Herbert Blaize
had announced Government was not respon-
sible to NCB as the guarantee had been with-
drawn. He subsequently stated, however,
that Governent would meet its obligations
and Mr Archibald said the sum is being re-

Mr Danny Roberts, NCB Corporate Man-
ager told the press conference the Bank now
has EC$72 million in loans and the "bad.
debt" record over the last decade has been
"not bad". He said, however, there had been
problems vith a fisheries loan scheme
which was financed by the Fund For
International Development.

"It is unfortunate that, when the scheme
started, some fishermen got the idea the
scheme was a matter of grants", he said,
"and that small section of our portfolio is
Scheme Was Suspended
The scheme was suspended two years ago,
Mr Roberts said, and efforts are being made
to collect the loans but the amount still at
risk is about EC$0.7 million. Some of this
will be collected, he said, but some certainly
will be lost as bad debt.

According to NCB's Report and Statement
of Accounts for 1988, the bank made a
profit that year of EC$1.9 million, down

some 6% from the 1987 figure of EC$2
million. This drop in profits was due to an
increase in operating expenses resulting
from an increase in provision for Loan
Losses. There was also additional expend-
iture necessitated by destruction by fire of
the Carriacou Branch.
Results Will Be Similar
The Bank's year ends on October 31st, and
Mr Archibald said indications are that the
1989 results vill be similar to those of

The first Chairman of the Board of
Directors, appointed by the PRG, was Mr
Lyden Ramdhanny. He was succeeded by
Mr Alphonsus Antoine after the 1983 milit-
ary intervention and Rawve Charles was
appointed after the General Elections of
1984. Charles died recently and Mr David
Lander was appointed Chairman with effect
from August 1st 1989.

At the press conference, Mr Lander
said when he was appointed it was
made clear to him that NCB is to be
run on strict banking principles.

"This was the mandate given to me
and to the other Directors', he said,
"and it is on that basis the Directors
have agreed to become Directors of
NCB rather than to be associated with
another Government department".

Mr Lester Andall, NBC's Operations
Manager, told the media the Bank has nov
up-dated the computer system at the St
Georges Branch and the other branches will
have the advantage of this equipment next
Computer System
This new technology, he said, vill
not only facilitate the internal work-
ing of the Bank but will benefit the
public as it will permit the use of
electronic tellers and other modern
banking operations.

"We look forward to the next decade with a
high degree of optimism", Managing Direc-
tor Archibald said, "confident that we will
continue to improve the quality of service to
our customers".
ROAD,, _i

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st October 1989 Page 15




swfs on& tWWl @D W flT f@I i&V
VII~ilsl T PejM sE'W ATs M~illalB

Paul Scoon was among invitees to
a reception on board after the
22,000-ton cruise liner "Regent
Sun" dropped anchor in St Georges outer
harbour on October 16th with 800 passen-
gers and a crev of 430.
The reception marked the inaugural visit of
the ship to Grenada and, addressing the
guests, her Master, Captain Angelo Kouris,
who has been visiting Grenada for the past
25 years as the Master of several cruise
liners, said he was delighted to be back in
the Caribbean.
Seven Day Cruises
"We have just come in from Alaska
where we spent the summer', he said.
"and now we start our Caribbean
activities, seven day cruises out of
Puerto Rico, with Ahe first stop at
Grenada every Monday."
SShort addresses were made by Mr Richard
Menezes, Managing Director of George F
Huggins & Co Ltd, by Mrs Gertrude Pro-
tain, Huggins' Marketing Manager-Cruise
Ships, and by Mrs Pauline Andrew, Minis-
ter of State for Tourism inthe Grenada Gov-
In an interview vithNEWSLETTER after,
Mrs Andrew said the visit of the "Regent
Sun" with some 800 passengers every week
vill make a favourable impact on the is-
land's Tourism Industry.

The Minister said these new visitors
vill be veil treated with typical
Grenadian hospitality but she is not
satisfied with the attitude of some
Grenadians in key sectors of the

Some vendors and some taxi drivers, she
said, in soliciting trade, continue to harass
visitors. Through educational seminars
and workshops organized by the Ministry of
Tourism, this problem has been very much
reduced, she said, but more needs to be done
and positive steps are being taken.

"With funding from the United States
Agency for International Develop-
ment and the Organisation of Ameri-
can States" she said, "we are now in
process of relocating the venders
booths and establishing a new 'Wel-
come Centre" on the docks "
Will Be Escorted
On arrival, visitors vill be routed through
this Centre where there vill be a desk for
tadxs and one for tour operators, Mrs
Andrew said. Through these desks, she
said, visitors' needs will be taken care of,
they vill be escorted to the vehicles and this
will remove the harassment which can take
place when, in making his arrangements,
the visitor has direct contact with the

The "Welcome Centre" vill be ready
for the coming winter cruise season,
she said, and she expected its oper-
ation to have a very favourable im-
The 627 foot long "Regent Sun" has 358
cabins, 9 lounges, 3 bars and an outdoor
swimming pool. The ship has a fitness
deck with whirlpool, a fully equipped gym,
sauna and massage room, a 218-seat theatre
ard a casino.

.. __.. ..----..--...__

Page 16 Saturday 21st October 1989 The Grenada Newsletter




foot production must be increased
by at [ost 40% by 2000 if
the world is to IJed the increases population

nada's Deputy Prime Min-
ister and Minister of Agri-
culture, said on October
15th that Grenada, with the rest of the
world, is faced with the problem of
feeding a global population estimated to
reach 6 billion by the year 2000.

"According to the Food & Agriculture
Organisation of the United Nations", he
said, "food production must be increased
byat least 40% by 2000 if the world is to
feed the increased population"
Mr Jones' comments were made at a
"World Food Day" commemoration stag-
ed near Grant Etang the crater lake of an
extinct volcano close to the centre of the
island. At The Same Time
Theme for World Food Day was "Food
& The Environment" and Mr Jones said
that theme highlighted the challenge fac-
ing the world. Food production had to
be increased, he said, and at the same
time, both the depletion of natural resour-
ces and pollution of the environment had
to be reduced.

"We are called upon to produce
more food, more crops, more
livestock, more fish", he said, "but
at the same time, we are called
upon to ensure that we maintain
and improve the purity of our air
and of our water, the productivity
of our world, our plants and our
animal life'.
It is easy, the Minister said, to blame
industrialisationn" for the increasing
deterioration of the quality of the en-

vironment. Taking the problem home to Gre-
nada, however, he continued, soil erosion is
a serious problem.

If steps are not taken now to bring this under
control, he said, within a decade or two the
problem could multiply to the extent that
there may not be sufficient land to produce
food for the increased population

For the protection of Grenada's environ-
ment, he said, there are specified closed
seasons for hunting certain species, yet
"several of our countymen" hunt and fish
these animals during the closed season "as if
attempting to ensure that the total destruction
of these species is the ultimate aim".
In Large Measure
Moreover, the Minister continued, it is be-
coming popular to use chemicals in Gre-
nada's rivers and streams as a method of fish-
ing and, this, in large measure, has been res-
ponsible for the destruction of several

The use of chemicals is not an insignificant
factor in environmental pollution, Mr Jones
said. In agriculture, he said, some level of
chemical use is necessary, but it is essential
that those who import and those who use
chemicals should follow rules laid down by
the Government appointed Pesticide Board.

The Minister said preservation of the
environment is the business of the entire
society and he called on farmers, agricultural
extension officers, businessmen, field and
factory workers, teachers, students and every
sector of the community to increase product-
ive efforts as well as ensure protection of the
Please See FOOD Page 17

1- -- ------------

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st October-1989 Page 17


Visitor Statistics Up 5.6%

According to a Report released by the De-
partment of Tourism through the Govern-
ment Information Service, 3,840 persons
visited Grenada during September, an in-
crease of 5.6% over the visitor statistics for
the same period last year.

Caribbean Community (CARICOM) coun-
tries supplied 1,148 or.just under 30% of
these visitors, while 615 came from the
United Kingdom, 604 from the United
States of America and 833 were Grenad-
ians, resident abroad, returning home.

The average length of stay for each visitor
was 8.5 days, the Report says, and estimated
revenue from stay-over visitors was
EC$4.3 million.

The Report says also that, during Septem-
ber, 12 cruise liners brought 5,150 passen-
gers to Grenada, they spending an estimated

Customs Seminar For

A seminar designed to provide clarification
and an update on current United States im-
port regulations will be held in Grenada on
October 23rd.

Sponsored jointly by the United States Busi-
FOOD From Page 16
"God gave us this planet for an
inheritance capable of providing all of
our needs", Mr Jones said. "Let us be
active on it, let us obtain our food our
clothing and our shelter from it and let us
pass it on to succeeding generations as a
productive, rich and viable home".

Several hundred persons attended the
"World Food Day" commemoration
vhe there were many booths and dis-
plays relative to soil conservation, rear-
ing of livestock, preparation of food and
other related matters. -
Ed L '

ness & Commertial Centre arid the Eastern
Caribbean Investment Promotion Service,
the seminar will also cover futuretrends
and trade implications and vill advise on
stream-lining private companies' in-house
documentation procedures.

The featured speaker will be the Miami-
based customs broker, Mr Norman Gelber,
Vice-President of Customs & Trade Ser-
vices Ltd, and the seminar will focus on
manufactured goods, particularly electronic
components and garments.

A similar seminar vas held in St Lucia on
October 20th.

British Aid For Community

The British Aid Programme has provided
some EC$430,000 for projects organized
during 1989 by the Community Develop-
ment Division of the Ministry of Works.

This is disclosed in a press release issued by
the Office of the British High Commission
in Grenada, and the release says all the pro-
jects are "self help" involving local com-
munity labour.

Projects include construction of community
centres, craft training, supply of pump and
irrigation equipment, drain development,
repairs to school buildings, water improve-
ment projects and renovation of a home for
the aged.

Funds have gone also into vocational
training, income generationprojects, youth
camps and national leadership programmes.

British aid is funding also five field workers
for the Community Development Division
and providing fuel and maintenance for a
Land Rover and a 3-ton truck provided
by Britain.

According to the release, the British Devel-
opmeit Division, which administers the.
British Aid Programme, is giving consider-
ation to funding a similar programme in
1990- Please See NEWS SHORTS Page_18

1 ~- -- - -

Page 18 Saturday 21st October 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

N]EW SHORTS From Pag& 17
Coroner For Raymond,.
Butler & Bascombe

Barrister at Law, Mr Lloyd St Louis, has
been appointed an additional Coroner of the
Southern District for the purpose of holding
an inquest into the deaths of Acting Com-
missioner of Police Cosmos Raymond, Polit-
ical Officer at the United States Embassy in
Grenada, John Butler and Assistant Com--
Smissioner of Police, Grafton Bascombe.

All three men died on 28th June 1989,
Raymond and Butler allegedly shot at Police
Headquarters, Fort George, by Bascombe
who, according to a pathologist's report,
died of cardiac arrest while being held in a
cell at the Criminal Investigation Depart-

CAEHO Holds Annual
General Meeting In Grenada

Minister of Health, Mr Felix Alexander, on
October 12th, officially opened the Annual
General Meeting of the Caribbean Assoc-
iation of Environmental Health Officers

CAEHO is a regional body funded by the
Canadian Health Association and, in add-
ition to Grenada, participants to the meeting
were drawn from Antigua, Barbados, Dom-
inica, Anguilla, St Lucia, St Vincent and

PAHO Advisor In Grenada

Mr Eduardo Carrilla, a Pan American
Health Organisation (PAHO) Health Man-

agement Advisor arrived in Grenada on
October 3rd for a three day visit.

During his stay, Mr Carrilla advised on
development of the Health Management Sys-
tem with particular reference to improving
the relationship between the Hospital Ser-
vices and the Community Health Services.

The PAHO official also-advised on t&e Five
Year Health Plan nov being formulated by
the Ministry of Health.

British Aid For Volleybal
Association _

In a presentation made on October 6th by
Mr Graeme Roberts, Resident Represent-
ative of the Barbados based British High
Commnision, the Grenada Volleyball Ass-
ociation received a package of volleyball
equipment under the British Heads of
Mission Gift Scheme.

OAS Funds Tourism

Two workshops, organised by the Depart-
ment of Tourism especially for small hotels,
vere held from 2nd to 6th October.

The workshops, which centred on Financial
Management and Front Office Operations
& Systems, were funded by the Organisat-
ion of American States (OAS).

Instructors for the workshops were OAS
Consultants Mr William Straughn and
Ms.Wendy Hinds.

Alister Hughes C thia Hughes
21st October 1989
Printed & Pablished By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grenada, Westindies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone [809] 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenaaa)

The Crenada_


Yolume 17 Saturday 21st October 1989 Number 18





AC'TTrI Il ir


V~ni PPraiiiriaFVrTS

Ses SpeUktr 's csave "to l nesd Ln the Hige Court of rmunola idence
of :tileproess~a ins which to poolak in the Houss of Rqpresestatites
on 4th August Fast".

inent member of the National
Democratic Congress (NDC) and
a Member of the House of
Representatives, applied on October 9th to
Sir Hudson Scipio, Speaker of the House of
Representatives, for the Speaker's written
permission for Dr Alexis "to lead in the
High Court of Grenada evidence of the
proceedings vhich took place in the House
of Representatives on 4th August last".
Cannot Be Led
In a telephone interview with NEWS--
LETTER on October 10th, Dr Alexis said,
that under the laws of Grenada, matters
relative to proceedings in the House of
Representatives cannot be led as evidence in
the Courts without permission of the Speak-
Dr Alexis told NEWSLETTER he
wishes to file a case in the High Court
relative to the fact that the Governor
General prorogued Parliament on
August 23rd, two days before the
House was due to resume a sitting
adjourned on August 4th.
"I have been advised by my lawyers", Dr

Alexis, himself a lawyer, said, "that the use
of the power of proroguing the House, as
Please See ALEXIS Page 2
9 Alexis Challenges Governor
General's Action.----..---..-- I
OCCG Addresses Political
Leaders----.. -.........-..- -..... 2
Lawyers Boycott Courts.-----.... 3
0 Another Option For Liat ..--...- 4
0 Events of October 19th 1983
Commemorated,.....---....-.--. 6
QRepublic Of China National
Day Commemorated.....---.-- 7
SAmerican Airlines Constructs
Terminal At Point Salinep -.. 8
OProblem Is Funds For
Replacement: Smith-........... 9
OC&W Managers Meet
In Grenada...---.....---...------ 10
OHaiti Accepted By CEC-.....-... 12
SNCB Celebrates 10th
Anniversary-.........------------ 13
OCruise Liner Makes
Maiden Call -.....-....-.... 15
0 Grenada Commemorates
World Food Day-...-...-...... 16
News Shorts,....... .-...... 17


I.~- ~ ---...... ------.. 1

,. **^

~~13L ~PB

Page 2 Saturday 21st October 1989 The Grenada Nevslette*


Wwrns of
"..soLtmn obti ation to serve the best interests
of the nation"

the week ending October 7th, the
Conference of Churches, Grenada
(CCG) has called on Grenada's Polit-
ical Leaders make their positions clear to
the electorate.

"The CCG, being aware that there are now
more political parties liable to contest the
next elections", the document says, "urges
the Parties promptly to make clear to the
electorate their positions on the key issues in
order that the present confusion may be

Political differences must not be allowed to

destroy the basic unity which Grenadians
have as a people with a shared destiny, the
document says, and the CCG urges that all
political campaigning should be reasonable
and temperate.

Attacks on the personalities of polit-
ical rivals should be avoided, there
should be no intimidation, the docu-
ment says, and none should attempt to
seduce the electorate by bribery,
flattery or unrealistic promises.

Politics is concerned with ordering the
affairs of State which are the affairs of
Please See CCG Page 5

ALEXIS From Page 1
has been done in this case, is an abuse of this
pover. The power of prorogation is to be
used when the business of the House has
been completed and not to frustrate com-
pletion of the business of the House".

Section 52 of the Grenada Constitution says
the Governor General "may at any time
prorogue or dissolve Parliament" but the
Opposition charges that this prorogation
was done to shield Government from a
motion of "no confidence" which the
Opposition intended to move.
Certain To Succeed
Such a motion was almost certain to succeed
as Government nov has only six seats in the
15-seat House.

The matter is complicated by the fact that
when the House was proprogued on August
23rd, Governor General Sir Paul Scoon was
away from the State. As the person desig-
nated to act for him, Sir Hudson, vho is a
member of Prime Minister Herbert Blaize's
"The National Party" and Speaker of the
House of Representatives, was the person
who, on Mr Blaize's advice, prorogued

In his letter to Sir Hudson, Dr Alexis said he
has been legally advised that prorogation
can be invoked only when Parliament has
completed its business for a Session. In this
case, Dr Alexis continued, prorogation was
used to prevent the House from completing
its business, and he pointed out that when
the house adjourned on August 4th specif-
ically to resume on August 25th, he was mid-
way through his contribution to the debate
on the 1989 Budget.
Brutal Violating
"So the prorogation cut me off in
midstream", he told Sir Hudson, "brutally
violating the right of the House to complete
its business before prorogation. And, of
course, debate on the last Throne Speech has
not yet even begun, let alone ended".

Dr Alexis told Sir Hudson that he (Alexis)
feels duty bound to ask the High Court to
declare that, in these circumstances, the
prorogation proclamation is unconstitution-

At the time of the interview, Dr Alexis told
NEWSLETTER he had not yet received a
reply from Sir Hudson.
Sinsi IYnt. ew r


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st October 1989 Page 3

boycotted the Courts for a veek
in protest against vhat they Y
_L consider to be the unsatisfactory
administration of justice in the State.

When the October Assizes opened on
October 10th before Chief Justice Sir
Samuel Graham and Justices James Patter-
son and Lyle St .. ...........
Paul, a statement in :.:.::
this connection vas :::::
made by Mr Carol
Bristol Q.C.

"My colleagues and
I have assembled to ::
make a collective
statement on a mat- ::::-.
ter vhich concerns i: i.J 3
us deeply" he said, ':::::: ...
"the matter of the
deterioration of the ...........'':::::.:
administration of justice in the nation".
Complaints Made
Mr Bristol said complaints in this conn-
ection have been made to the Judges by
individual barristers and, at times, by:
representatives of the Bar.

"The improvement hoped for has not
been forthcoming", Mr Bristol said,
"and the decision has been taken that
fromtoday, and for the next veek, as
a mark of protest, ve will not appear
in any Court in the Nation-'

In Court vere 18 practicing barristers,
about 50% of all practicing barristers in the
island and, at this stage, they left the Court.

In an interview vith NEWSLETTER after,
Mr Bristol described the administration of
justice in Grenada as being "in a shambles".

In the Registry, in the Magistrates Courts
and in the High Court, there are many
things to be corrected, he said, and there is a
growing backlog of cases.

"We are not so concerned vith the
backlog", he said, "but with what
positive approach is being taken to
get rid of it.


An informed
source close to the
Bar told NEWS-
LETTER that, the
Courts have :--not
been 'getting
through the cases
listed for hearing
and, in each of the
last three Assizes,
there have been
some 30 to 50 cases
left over.

For the current Assizes, 113 cases are listed,
of vhich four are for murder, six for rape,
thirteen for grievous harm and one for
possession of illegal drugs.

.IP inf

The Grenada__
Founded 17th August 1973
405th Issue
Subscription Rates
Payable In Advance
Postage Paid By Second Class Air Mail
(Inland Post In Grenada)
EC$_ US$.
"C us$
10 Issues $115.00 $43.00
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About 20 Issues Published Annually

Page 4 Saturday 21st October 1989 The Grenada Newsletter



S..Ma we are proposing that the
Series .38 l?sh 8
offers the most econiwicu4 wvy for LAT's
next. stVqe of growth"

craft manufacturing company, a
Division of Boeing Canada, has
given LIAT, "The Caribbean
Airline", another option relative to LIAT's
expansion needs.

A team from de Havilland, headed by Mr
Alan Hubble, Director of International
Sales, were hosts on October 18th to a party
of travel agents, the media, members of the
Tourist Board, airport officials and Mr
Benet Andrew, Minister for Civil Aviation,
as, in a demonstration flight, they shoved
off the paces of the Series 300 Dash 8
Most Economical Way
"LIAT has been operating our Seriesl100
Dash 8 for the last four years", Mvr Hubble
said in an interview with NEWSLETTER at
Point Salines International Airport. "We
understand they are studying their flight
requirements and ve are proposing that the
Series 300 Dash 8 offers the most econom-
ical vay for LIAT's next stage of growth".
The 56-seat twin turboprop Series 300 has a
cruising speed of about 325 miles per hour
(MPH) and a range of nearly 1200 miles
vith standard fuel tanks. This is 19 seats

more capacity then the "little sister" Series
100 which has a cruising speed of just over
300 mph and a range of about 1000 miles.
One problem LIAT has had with the Series
100 is inadequacy of loading capacity for

passenger baggage and Mr Hubble told
NEWSLETTER no matter what airplane is
involved, there vill always have to be a
No Bagge Capacity Problems
Mr Hubble said he is avare that LIAT has
no baggage capacity problems vith the
Avro tvin turboprop aircraft manufactured
by British Aerospace but he pointed out that
the Avro's original 48 seats has beenreduc-
ed to 44 to accommodate more baggage.
"The Series 300 has a flexibility which per-
mits configuration of the aircraft in a num-
ber of vays to give variation of seating
capacity and cargo hold capacity to cater to
extremes of eight or volume LIAT are
faced vith on certain sectors of their oper-
ations", he said.
Last May, British Aerospace demonstrated
to LIAT their 146 Series 100 four engine jet
Please S LIAT Page 5

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st October 1989 Page 5
LIAT From Page 4
86-seater which has a cruising speed of ally with the Series 300 Dash 8".
some 500 mph and which, with the exept-
ion of Blackburn Airport in Montserrat, Mr Hubble said LIAT's great advantage in
can use all major airports in the Eastern buying the Series 300 (which costs some


This aircraft, which costs aboutUS$21 mill-
ion, offers possibilities for a jet service to
San Juan and Miami but Mr Hubble said,
Sevenif LIAT buys the 146-100, there is still
room in the LIAT system for the de
Havilland Series 300 Dash 8.

"LIAT's progressive growth will be
best achieved gradually over a period
of time", he said. "You need a lot of
money to buy a brand new airplane
and a lot more to buy a jet. The exist-
ing Avros should be replaced grad-

US$10.5 million) would be that this aircraft
is merely a "stretched" version of the Series
100 which LIAT already operates. This
means, he said, that there will be no need to
put in a new stock of spare parts or need for
special training for pilots and maintenance

LIAT's present fleet consists of five Dash 8-
100 37-seaters, seven 44-seater Avro-748,
six "Twin Otter" 19-seaters and two
"Islander" 10-seaters.
'mmumms meEnd!

CCG From Page 2
everybody, CCG says, because they shape
the quality of life and influence the future.

To be a politician is to be one who is called
to serve, the document says, and to promote
or support a political party is a call to
promote and support those who will best
serve the nation.

"Therefore, the CCG maintains that,
in itself, it is a most noble under-
taking for men and women to become
involved in politics', the Churchmen
state. "Here there is not only the
opportunity but also the solemn
obligation to serve the best interests
of the nation'.

The CCG reminds political candidates that
they owe courtesy to each other and to the
electorate, and the candidates themselves
should be treated with courtesy by those
who attend meetings and do not support


The Churchmen say political reporters and
commentators have a special responsibility
of creating and preserving a healthy polit-
ical climate in which enlightened debate is

Signatures on the document are headed by
Bishop Sydney A Charles, Roman Catholic
Bishop of St.Georges-in-Grenada, and CCG

Also signing are Archdeacon Clement E
Francis, Anglican Archdeacon of Grenada,
Reverend Franklyn Manners, Superintend-
ent of the Methodist Church in Grenada,
Reverend Robert Lindsay, Moderator of the
Presbyterian Church in Grenada and
Lieutenant Voyons Morancy, Head of the
Salvation Army in Grenada.
_If is.tX

= =

. J



lice Band softly played the
hymn, "Lead Kindly Light", as,
on October 19th, Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon laid a wreath at Fort
George where, six years ago, a still un-
known number of Grenadians were massacr-

The killings took place as a sequel
to a over struggle within the
Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
ment (PRG) which resulted in
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
being put under house arrest by
Deputy Prime Minister Ber-
nard Coard backed by General
Hudson Austin and the Peoples
Revolutionary Army (PRA).
Forced Their Way


Freed by some 15,000 Grenadians
who forced their way through a PRA
guard to the Prime Minister's resi-
dence, Bishop vent to Fort George
(then Fort Rupert) in the heart of St
Georges where he took over the
Headquarters of the PRA.

However, from the PRA camp at Fort


Arriving at Fort George, the
detachment opened fire on the crowd
with automatic weapons and a rocket
launcher. Many were killed on the
parade square and, in an attempt to
Escape the rain of bullets,
others jumped to their deaths
From the 30 foot vails of the
S- Ft Firi Squad
Bishop was captured, and
together with members of his
Cabinet and others, was executed at
Fort George by a PRA firing squad
on the orders of the Revolutionary
Military Council (RMC) which
: :": bad seized the Government.
CFollowing the killings, hundreds
of persons were arrested and imprisoned, a
24-hour curfew was imposed but, six days
later, the island was freed in a military
intervention mounted by United States and
Caribbean Forces.

The ceremony at Fort George on the 19th
took the formof a commemorative, ecumen-
ical religious service in vhich the Heads of
the Roman Catholic, Anglican and Metho-
dist Churches, and the Head of the Salvation
Army took part.
Reversed Arms
The national flag flev at half mast
and an honour guard of four police-
men in ceremonial dress stood vith
reversed arms and boved heads as a
bugler blew the "Last Post'.

Also present vere Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize, Deputy Prime Minister Ben Jones,
Mr George McGuire, Representative for
the Town of St George and Minister of
Education, Sir Hudson Scipio, Speaker of
the House of Representatives, other mem-
bers of the House and Senate and repre-
sentatives of the Diplomatic Corps.

.-- -_--- .

Frederick, some two miles out of St
Georges, Coard and Austin sent a detach-
ment of soldiers on three armoured per-
sonnel carriers to retake PRA Head-


I __ ___


Page 6

The Grenada Newsletter

Saturday 2 I1st October 1989

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st October 1989 Page 7




"..... iJ you give us the nerssury support,
the sunshrins of our little co-operation cun

devseop fur ther.. .."

Paul Scoon and Lady Scoon,
Together with Prime Minister
Blaize and Mrs Blaize, were part
of a representative cross section of
Grenadian society, numbering about 100,
which gathered on October 10th at the
Ramada Renaissance Hotel to celebrate the
National Day of the Republic of China
Host for the occasion was Mr Gary Lin,
Charge d'Affaires at the Chinese Embassy
in Grenada, and in a welcoming address, he
explained the significance of the cele-
Used To Be Ruled
"China used to be ruled by
the Manchu Dynasty", he
said, "but the last Manchu
Emperor, three-year old
Hsian-t'ung, vas over-
thrown in a revolution led
by Dr Sun Yat-sen"

The revolution took place
in 1911, he said, and was F HE
successful on 10th October of that year.
That was the date on which the Republic of
China was founded so that the National Day
is celebrated on October I 0th of each year.

After World War II, Mr Lin said, there was
an uprising of the Chinese Communists
who, with the assistance of Soviet Russia,
overthrew the Government of General
Chiang Kai-shek and, on October 1st 1949,
established the Peoples Republic of China
under Mao Tes-tung.

Chiang Kai-shek withdrew to the island of


: Gary Lin

Taivan (formerly called Formosa) which,
after World War II was surrendered to
China by Japan. There, the Government of
the Republic of China was set up, Chiang
Kai-shek remaining as its Head until, in
1972, at age 85, he turned over the running
of the Government to his eldest son, Chiang
Ching-kuo as Premier.

When Chiang Kai-shek died in 1975,
Premier Chiang Ching-kuo became Presi-
dent and Head of the ruling Nationalist
Party. He died in January last at age 79 and
has been succeeded by President Lee Teng-
.X. "In my country we
are striving for a
more democratic
society", the Charge
d'Affaires said, "citi-
zens of my country
u%:^- .i enjoy tremendous
...-,.:... freedom of speech,
,. :.-.- assembly and even
EPBLIC OF CHINA press, and ve can
form any kind of
party which is unprecedented before".
Mr Lin described his country's establish-
ment of diplomatic relations with Grenada
on 20th July last as a "landmark" and said it
was the outcome of a long process which
began in 1970.

"This is the beginning", he said, "and I am
confident that, given enough time, if you
give us the necessary support, the sunshine
of our little co-operation can develop fur-
ther and our relations will grow from
strength to strength"
Please See CHINA Pan 8

leseSe CIN ie

Full Text
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