The Grenada newsletter

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The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
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A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
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sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
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The Griaiua Newsletter Saturday 30th September 1989





35, General Manager of the
Government owned Gravel &
noree Production Corporation, has
been charged with criminal libel but said in
an interview vith NEWSLETTER on
September 10th that he did not know the
specific charge on which he had been arrest-
ed on September 6th.

"I was picked up by the Criminal Investi-
gation Department (CID) while I was at my
desk at the Corporation", he said, "and
Taken to the CID where I was told that I had
teen arrested for libel".
SMr Antoine said he had been given no
details of the libel charge and, after he had
been fingerprinted, was put in a cell at the
SCentral Police Station. He remained there,
he said, for about 90 minutes until he was
bailed in the sum of EC$3,000 and put on
bond to appear in Court on September 14th.
Had Not Been Told
SWhen Mr Antoine, who is the approved
New National Party (NNP) candidate for
:he constituency of St Marks, appeared in
SCourt on September 14th, his lawyer Mr
Danny Williams (who is the NNP Deputy
Political Leader) informed Magista ate Miss
Patricia Mark, that he had not been told the
charge laid against his client.
"I have not seen what the alleged
criminal libel is", Mr Williams said,
I and I will need time to research the

I Mr Williams told the Magistrate that,
looking through the records for more
than a decade, he had been unable to
find a single case in which a person
had been arrested for libel.

There were many cases of writings and

sayings which could have been taken under
the criminal code where an arrest can be
made, he said, but the established practice in
Grenada has been to proceed under the civil
code where no arrest is involved.
It looks to him, he said, that "all is not vell",
and he advised the Administration that, if
they feel that all is not well, they should not
use the Courts to try to correct matters.
Mr Antoine pleaded not guilty to the
charge read out by Magistrate Mark
that he (Antoine) "vith intent to de-
fame Prime Minister Herbert Blaize"
had published a pamwnhet entitled
"Blaze A Fire'"
Fixed A Date
Following an out-of-courtroom conference
between Mr Williams and Director of
Public Prosecutions, Mrs Velma Hylton, the
Magistrate fixed a date of hearing for 30th
October next.

On announcement of the postponement, the
minuscule Magistrate's Court, which was
crowded with supporters, emptied into the
courtyard where scores more waited to give
Mr Antoine a cheer as he emerged.
Mr Antoine has been in the news for several
months, having been highlighted as one of
the persons principally -rcnosile for the
split between Prime Minister Herbert Blaize
and Dr Keith Mitchell, NNP Political
Last January, at tf1 NWv rnrivention, Mr
Antoine was elected to the party Executive
and, in an interview last July, Dr Mitchell
told NEWSLETTER Mr Blaize had called
on him to "get rid of" Mr Antoine and
Please See ANTOINE Page 8

Page 7

--- -- --- ---

Page 8 Saturday 30th September 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

ANTOINE From Page 7
jnoth?-r member of the Executive, Mr
Prescod Swan, on the grounds that they are
r-frmer supporters of the left-wing New
S-Jel Movement (NJM) led by deceased
i Maurice Bishop.

Dr Mitch-ll said he had been unable to do
tIs ;s both iran had been elected to the
E-.cutive by the Convention and, even if he
hIad wanted, to remove them, he did not have
the power to do do.
National Co-ordinator
in the interview on September 10th,
NEWSLETTER asked Mr Antoine about
mis membership of NJM and he said that, at
tn time he had been Chairman of the Zonal
ConL-rit.tee of the Parishes of St John's and
St Mark's and was National Co-ordinator of
Sth Centre For Popular Education (CPE).

The Peoples Revolutionary Government
SRG.) administered the CPE programme",
.-s aid, "but I a s paid by the Organisation
o, Am-_rican States (OAS)".

:. A:toisje said he had heard rumours that
rr-er members of the PR G vere holding
; .-: m s meetings but he could not be a
i .f thatt, as he had broken with the PRG
.. O. before the collapse of that Government
d thL :rilitaryintsrvention of 1983.

*s break -.ith the PRG, he said, had
S.--a p-lae late in 1980 or early 1981
- hA- bean rs a result of friction by rE members of the

"Sociological problems developed in terms
of various people who came into the work",
ji said. "Their orientation was quite
dif rent especially with reference to tJhe
Women's Organisations. They had a
different perception of the role of women
a nd. to he existing structures. There was a
lot of friction and I could not cope vith it".
Decided To Quit
A difference developed, Mr Antoine said,
atvsen him and a member of the NJM
i Political Bureau. He became frustrated, he
Sid, as therereare many things in which he
'it he could not participate and he decided
to quit.

Se playedd for this" he said, by refusing to
Spay party dues -,d absenting himself from

meetings. For this he was reprimanded
and the NJM General Secretary, Mr
Christopher DeRiggs, vrote him saying that
he should take a rest from Party activities
for six months. At the end of the six
months, he said, he was urged to rejoin the
party but never did.
Given Full Details
Mr Antoine said that, since October
of last year, Prime Minister Blaize
had been given full details of the
history of his (Antoine's) association
with the NJM and the Prime Minister
knew he had broken with the NJM
early in the regime of the PRG(

"I am surprised that the Primn -
Minister has taken this stand again st
me, he said, "and I am disappointed
that my name is the centerpiece of te
struggle between Political Leader
Mitchell and Mr Blaize."

Mr Antoine said there is no need to fear that
"raw communism" could ever be intro-
duced in Grenada. The N.JM, he said,
had been moving in that direction, but "the
cultural difference between the broad
masses and the people who were political
was quite wide."

"There were communist elements in t-h
party", he said, "but the society was well
organised, the sociological base was not
there, and those elements were on a
different wavelerpth from the people".
Even Less Chance
After the events of 1983. he said, there is
even less chance for the introduction of
Communism into Grenada and any thought
in that direction is no more than an
"academic exercise".

Mr Antoine said he has no close association
with his former colleagues in the NiJvi but
"says hello" to them because he has a
"fundamental Christian outlook on life".

"I do not knov why it has never been said
that I am a practicing Seventh Day Advent-
ist", he said, "It has never been highighted.
I'm always hearing that I am a Communist,
but nobody mentions that I am a child of
Please See ANTOINE Page 9

-- --

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th September 1989 Page 9




-1 -ww msisIb9lk ts a isr

wif ggfgaeoeaa m

Political Leader of the Maurice
Bishop Patriotic Movement
(MBPM), has written a letter of complaint
to Mr Graeme Roberts, Resident Represent-
ative of the Barbados based British High
Commission, that he (Marryshow) was
recently detained at Heathrov Airport in
Dr Marryshow said that, on
7th September, he, and two
members of his Party, were
returning from Libya after
having attended celebrat-
ions of the 20th anniver- .
sary of the Libyan Revo- -i

"When I arrived at
Heathrow airport and
presented myself to the
Immigration official as
I usually do', his letter
of September 12th
says, "I was subjected
to a barrage of quest-
ions and asked to wait
while he conferred

with other

According to Dr Marryshow, he was
"locked in the detention suite" where "the
attitude of the officials left much to be de-
sired" and where all the people he encoun-
tered were Black, of Arabic and Asian des-
cent or from an Eastern Block country.
Racially Motivated
When efforts are being made to improve
East/West relations, he said, and where
businessmen and sportsmen
visit South Africa with
impunity, ... ve cannot see
how these detentions can be
justified except that they
were racially motivated".
On behalf of MBPM, Mr
SMarryshov protested "the
harassment and unjust
treatment" meted out to
him and his party
members. He hopes, he
says, normal courtesies
extended to other Parties
Sand. individuals vill be
extended to MBPM in the
MEapynOV future "when we are
Stravelling through London
on our way to Libya or any other country".
timd ------- ---------

Grenadians frequently use the verb "to
valk"'hen they mean "to travel". It is
usual to hear statements such as, "When
you're driving a car always walk with a
spare tyre".
This is a legacy from the French where
"marcher" means both "to walk" and "to

ANTOINE From Page 8
Mr Antoine attended the University of
the West Indies at the St Augustine
campus in Trinidad from 1983 to 1986,
qualifying in Social Sciences, Manage-
ment and Accounting.

- -- ---- --


-ikeatk was probably sL to Fypertension,
probUbEgy agrvrwateid by injur-ies to thew hkeed
aMd the circunWstWanVcs ut the time

Trinidad based forensic pathologist
who, on behalf of the family, con-
ducted an examination on the body of
Grafton Bascombe, has expressed the opin-
ion that death was probably due to hyper-
tension (abnormally high blood pressure),
probably aggravated by injuries to the head
and the circumstances at the time.

Vincentianb6itB t& obe, Grenada'sAssis-
tant Commissioner of Police, on second-
ment from the St Vincent Police Force, ran
amok last July at Police Headquarters in St

He shot and killed Acting Commissioner of
Police Cosmos Raymond and John Butler,
Political Officer of the United States
Embassy. He also shot and wounded
Deputy Commissioner of Police, Collis
Barrow, and Assistant Superintendent of
Police, Daniel Searles, before he was
arrested and. confined in a Police cell.

Sometime later he was found dead. in the cell
and, following a post mortum, Dr Robert
Hannon pathologist attached to the Grenada
General Hospital, diagnosed that Bascombe,
vho was known to be suffering from hyper-
tension, had died from "cardiac arrest".

Bascombe's family had not been satisfied
with this and, through Grenadian barrister
Mr Anslem Clouden, arranged for Dr Lal
to perform an independent examination of
the body.

His report, released by Mr Clouden on
September 14th, indicates findings close to
those reported by Dr Hannon.

According to a report issued by
Government, Dr Hannon found a wound
about 1.5" and lateral to the left eye. There
was also a bruise and a cut on the left

cheekbone and concussion in the
cerebral hemisphere.


According to Dr Lal, there was a wound 9 i
centimeters on the left forehead above the
left eye and tvo contusions (bruises) on the
right forehead. Dr Lal said also that the
left upper eyelid showed a little accum-
ulation of blood.

Both these reports contradict an unattribut-
ed "comment" in the "Vincentian" news-
paper of August 4th.

According to that comment, Bas-
combe had ag' fractured- scalp (sic),
gaping facial wounds and an almost
invisible bullet wound to the back of
the right ear". It says also that
"fissures in his scalp (sic) exposed
his brain'" However, Dr Lal's
report says his examination disclosed
"---no evidence of any fractures or
separation of any sutures or any
injuries to the skull-..

The "Yincentian" comment says also
that "his testicles were also reported
ruptured" This does not agree with
Dr Lal's report which says "the nails
and the genitaJl verse normal ....-"

Prime Minister Blaize has announced his
intention to appoint a one-man Commission
to probe the circumstances of Bascombe's
death, but in an interview with NEWS-
LETTER on September 14th, Mr Clouden
said this move does not go far enough.

"What is needed a quasi-judicial inquiry and
a coroners inquest", he said. Mr Clouden
said St Vincent barrister Mr Stanley John,
acting for Bascombe's widov, Camelia, has
written to the Prime Minister requesting an
audience for Mrs Bascombe.


The Gren~ada Nevs~eette

mm !

Saturday 30th September 1989

IPagge 10

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th September 1989 Page 11




IT m rner Chief Jstice of India, said
St in Grenada on September 11th
ta, i reference to protection of
human rights, developing countries hba
unique problems totally different from
those in Western countries.

"In Western countries, democ-
racy and individual freedom
were gained at the end of a
period of sustained indust-
rial revolution", he said,
"and therefore there was no
particular difficulty in recon-
ciling claims of individual free-
dom with the collective vel-
fare of the society'".

Mr Bhagvati's conmm- .
ents were made as he delivered """
the feature address at tie opening '----
ceremony of a seminar on : The Juiiciary
and Human Rights In the Commonwealth

This two-day seminar was sponsored by the
Caribbean justice Improvent Projct
(which is funded by The United States
Agency For International Development),
and by the International Con-'nission of Jur-
ists, both in collaboration with the United
Nations Centre For Human Rights.
QOuagmire Of Poverty
Mr Bhagvati said developing countries are
trying to effect change in the social and.
economic conditions of the large masses of
people with a view to uplifting them from
the quagmire of poverty and ignorance and.
making basic human rights meaningful for

At the same time, he said, attempts are made
to guarantee the rights of the individual,
such as freedom of speech and association,
and this appears to clash with the collective
advancement of large numbers of deprived
persons who require realisation of econ-
omic and social rights.

"We seem to be riding two unruly
hor Ses vhich are apparently clashing
with each other", he said, but, ve
cannot afford to give up either".

This apparent conflict between the freedom
o the individual and the collective
rights of the poor and disadvan-
&:. ,taged has to be resolved by the
judiciary, he said, a balance has
to be achieved and a solution
: Delicate Task
This delicate task requires vis-
do m courage and judicial
.. statesmanship with social
vision and an insight to
the perceptions of
the problems of the
people, and it leaves
.'s-; these challenges for the
-- _j1iciary, Mr Bhagvati said.

SThese challenges can be met success-
fully only by an activist, goal orient-
ea judiciary", he said, "vhich is
imbued with a determined spirit for
the prom,.)tion. atnd enforcement of
both categories of human rights, civil
and political and also economic and

Hiu:.n rigt-- must not remain merely
paper declarations, he said, they must be
invested with meaning and content, and the
modern judiciary, particularly in develop-
ing countries, cannot afford to hide behind
notions of legal justice za:. plead incapacity
when human rights issues are addressed to

TiM judges must boldly and creatively
interpret their national constitutions, he.
contidm-sd, and resolve human rights issues.

Mr Bhng/at.! raised the question as to
whether thesa issues can be left to the judges
wrho are appointed to hold office until they
Please See BHAGWATI Page 12



Page 12 Saturday 30th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
BHAGWATI From Page 11

achieve a

certain age and vho, unlike
are not accountable to the

To him, the matter is clear that judges are
accountable to the people. Many complex
matter are brought before them, he said,
and, in searching for solutions, they have to
make decisions and must do so under the
watchful eyes of jurists and critics.
Obliged To Give Reasons
"Nor is that all', he said, "they are
obliged to give reasons justifying
their decisions. Moreover, the task
of the judges takes them into the
future to make decisions which will
affect the course of social, economic,

strategyof Public Interest Litigationfor vin-
dicating the rights of the poor and disadvan-

He has been a member of the Com-
mittee of Experts of the International
Labour Organisation, is Chairman of
the Advisory Board of the Centre for
the Independence of Judges and Law-
yers, and, on behalf of the Common-
wealth Secretariat, had been organ-
ising an academic conference of
Chief Justices in the South and South
East regions of Asia. This con-
ference vill discuss the domestic
application of human rights laws

Mr Bhag
also holds
and sometimes, political


Mr Bhagvati said, judges, in all
humility, must be
avare of social needs
and requirements, and
economic and political
compulsions. They
must also recognize changes taking place in
a fast developing society and foresee the
potential variations of their decisions.

They have to develop and adapt law to the
changing needs and requirements of the
people, he said, and, on each occasion when
they do so, they are expected to provide
justified reasons which must satisfy, not
only themselves, but jurists and the society
Contrary To General Belief
"I am stressing all these different
aspects in order to demonstrate that,
contrary to general belief that judges
are not accountable to anyone", he
said, "there is, in fact, no function-
ary of the State who is subject to a
more vigorous accountability than
the judges'"

Mr Bhagvati was a judge of the Supreme
Court of India for 14 years and then became
Chief Justice of that country for two years
until 1986. According to a spokesman for
the Seminar, he is the founder of the Legal
Aid Movement in India and initiated a new

post of ombuds-
man for a leading
newspaper in India
.and is Chair-
man of the
cil for Social Audit of Technology Missions
in India.
Attorneys General
The Seminar in Grenada vas attended by
Judges, Chief Justices, Attorneys General
and lawyers from the Caribbean
Community including the Chief Justice of
Jamaica, Mr Edward Zacca, the Attorney
General of Guyana, Mr Keith Massiah, Sir
Denys Williams, Chief Justice of Barbados
and Sir Samuel Graham, Chief Justice of

Also attending were Mr Oliver Jackman,
President of the Inter-American Comm-
ission on Human Rights, Dr B G Ram-
charran, Principal Officer of the United
Nations Secretariat, Mr Lloyd Barnett,
President of the Organisation of Common-
wealth Caribbean Bar Associations, Mr
Tom McCarthy of the UN Centre for
Human Rights. Mr Andrew Burgess, Dean
of the Law Faculty of the University of the
West Indies, Mr Reed Brody, of the
International Commission of Jurists and Mr
Rcdney Johnson of USAID.
,a.... [,.tn ..t.. .

- -- - ---

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th September 1989 . Page 13


U1 write to register strong objection tfo
c.o&liT aend insulti treatatnt wetel out to
mewmbrs of the Press ....

of the "Grenadian Voice" nevs-
paper and President of the Press
Association of Grenada (PAG), lodged a
strong protest on September 16th with the
Presidents of the three trade Unions repre-
senting Government employees.

These unions, the Public Workers Union
(PWU), Grenada Union of Teachers and the
Technical & Allied Workers Union, held a
joint meeting of their members on Septem-
ber 16th in connection with then current
negotiations with Government relative to an
Industrial Agreement.

Mr Pierre's protest refers to an incident at
that meeting when, to the jeers of the
crowd, all members of the media were
ordered to leave before the meeting began.
Insulting Treatment
"On behalf of the Press Corps of Grenada",
his letter says, "I write to register strong
objection to the cavalier and insulting
treatment meted out to members of the
Press ............

The PAG President said the media had not
been avare the meeting vas intended to be a
private one. No devious or surreptitious
methods were used to enter the hall. Mem-

bers of the media had come
faith, with the intention of cov-
ering the meeting, he said, and,
on arrival, had. greeted the
Union officials present.

"Your right to ask us to leave is
not disputed", Mr Pierre said,
"but the manner in which it was
done by Gart Gt George, Exec-
utive Secretary of the PWU,
w ~r horeft of any semblance of
courtesy or good manners ......"

in good

Mr Pierre said that, vhen some of the media
arrived there were scarcely two dozen
persons assembled and the media could have
been told then they were not welcome.

"Instead, the method chosen, we must
assume deliberately with a view to causing
us embarrassment", he said, "vas to vait
until the hall was filled to make the uncivil
request over a loudspeaker system and
expose us to the jeers of several of the
persons gathered there who are also clearly
lacking in good manners"
Almost Abusive Manner
The PAG President said. he vould not ask
for an apology on behalf of the Press Corps
as, in the light of the circumstances, the
sincerity of such an apology would be in
doubt. He did feel it necessary, however,
to inform the Presidents of the three Unions
of the objection to the almost abusive
manner in which the media had been

Members of the media involved in this
incident were reporters from "The
Grenadian Voice", "The Informer" and the
pondents for the Montserrat based Radio
Antilles and The Associated Press.
--:a-- 5- Itnt.


.Jnada Telecommunications Ltd (GREN-
T t TEL) flev out of Grenada to Antigua on
September 29th to help vith restoration of tele-
communications services in the Leevard Islands
ravaged by hurricane "Hugo".
Please See GRENTAL Page 14

Page 14 Saturday 30th September 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

aOrj I



luster fboges

tion in Grenada, by United States
and Caribbean Forces. took place six
years ago but, at this season, Grenadians
talk of another "invasion". They talk of a
night, 34 years ago, when hurricane "Janet"
visited the island.

A "killer" hurricane like "Hugo", vhich
recently devastated Montserrat, the Virgin
Islands, Puerto Rico and other Caribbean
countries, "Janet" sept in from the Atlan-
tic on 22nd September 1955. For several
days the forecast had said there was bad
weather out there to the east but few people
took it seriously. In those days,
Grenada's Tourist literature said the island
was "outside the hurricane belt".

That statement was accepted. Nobody
could remember when anything like a hurri-
cane had come to the island. The old-
timers spoke of the "storm" of 1921 but,
they didn't talk of uprooted trees, rountain-
ous vaves or rainfall so heavy rivers rose.
an unbelievable 30 feet above normal.
The Coming Terror
In fact, no living Grenadian resident on the
island had experienced a hurricane; there
vas nobody to describe the coming terror.

The day opened normally. Except for a
light overcast, Nature gave no visible warn-
ing- At midday, two cannon fired from
Fort George signalled the approaching
danger, but people seemed more interested
in watching the spectacle of the rising

In towering avalanches of foam, the sea
thundered in on the Esplanade on the vest
side of the town. Even in the sheltered
inner harbour, usually mirror-flat, ships
rocked to surging sells.

During that afternoon, there was a marked
increase in the overcast and, by dusk, the

vind, which had been light all day, began to
increase in velocity. But, even then,
Grenadians didn't worry much. The
forecast said Barbados and St Vincent
vould take the brunt of the blow and Gre-
nada expected only to be brushed lightly by
Please See JANET Page 15
GRENTEL From Page 13
The team which, in the first instance, vill
spend one month on their mission, is
headed by Mr Martin Mason, Grentel's
Customer Services Engineer.

Objective of the mission is recon-
struction of downed telephone poles and
cables in Montserrat and St Kitts, and the
GRENTEL team will be joined in this by
teams from Cable & Wireless Business
Units in St Vincent, St Lucia and Dom-

A GRENTEL release says the Company
is pleased to give this assistance which is
at the expense of Grenada's own national
Have Some Effect
"At the moment, ve are engaged inexten-
sive expansion to the national telephone
system both in Grenada and Carriacou",
Mr Neville Calliste GRENTEL's Engin-
eering General Manager said, "and the
dispatch of the GRENTEL team, fully
tooled, together with some 200 rolls of
telephone vire, vill have some effect on
GRENTEL's own development pro-

In Grenada, GRENTEL staffers have
started a fund to assist fellow com-
munication workers at Cable & Wireless
in Montserrat. Mr Michael Regis,
GRENTEL Personnel Manager, disclos-
ed that over EC$3,000 had already been
pledged and this vill be used to send food
and other required items to Montserrat.

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th September 1989 Page iS

JANET From Page 14
the tail end of the hurricane.

But, "Janet" surprised everybody. After
striking Barbados, she abandoned her north-
vest direction and veered southwards to-
wards Grenada, the eye of the hurricane
passing between the northern tip of Grenada
and the sister island of Carriacou, 20 miles
Electricity Supply Failed
The final build-up to this onslaught began
shortly after nightfall. Torrential rains
poured down and the island was plunged
into darkness as the electricity supply failed.
Exceeding 130 miles per hour, the wind
increased to a roaring intensity while vivid
flashes of lightening rent the sky to accomp-

nada, and of these, 32 were in St Patricks,
25 in Carriacou and 2 in Petite Martinique.
Buried Alive
Throughout the State, thousands were
homeless. Communications vere knocked
out and schools, churches and community
centres were razed. Several persons were
buried alive as landslides covered their
homes under several feet of mud and debris.
Others died as structures collapsed and still
others were swept out to sea by flood waters
of raging rivers.

Seventy-five percent of the nutmeg
plantations were destroyed, cocoa and
coconut fields took a tremendous beating
and the then new banana plantations were
.:.:::::.:.. :::.:::: -:. completely viped out

animent of loud peals of thunder.

"Janet" reached her peak before midnight as
the eye passed through, but there was no
sleep for anyone until veil on to morning.
Then, with the dawn, Grenadians woke to
scenes of devastation beyond their wildest

In St Georges, the 850 foot long pier
and Customs warehouses had disap-
peared. It lay at the bottom of the
harbour together with millions of dol-
lars worth of merchandise. Hurled
by the roaring waters, bags of flour,
boxes of foodstuff, cases of general
cargo and bales of assorted merchan-
dise lay strewn in untidy heaps on the
Carenage roadway encircling the
inner harbour.
Loss Was Much Greater
St Georges is a solidly built city but it did
not escape damage. As compared with
other parts of the State, however, that
damage was negligible. In the Parishes of
St Johns and St Marks, the loss was much
greater. And the Parish of St Patricks and
the islands of Carriacou and Petite Martin-
ique took the heaviest blow.

The eye of the hurricane passed very close
to those areas and they experienced the full
fury of "Janet". The destruction was
tremendous and the death toll was highest
here. "Janet" killed 114 persons in Gre-

The outlook ::: :=i ==
was bleak but -:-:-:::::::::
the Governor, Sir Colville Deverell, rallied
Grenadians to the task ahead of them.

"It is in just such circumstances as
this that life presents a challenge to
all that is best in us", he said in a
public message. "I have seen
enough already, on the roads, on the
docks, as stevedores worked till they
dropped, on the roof-tops, on the tele-
phone poles, in the hospitals, on the
farms, in the power house, in the
emergency relief offices, on the
schooners and in the shelters, to
know that in Grenada and in Carri-
acou, and in the Grenadines too, our
people vill accept the challenge in
the most positive and forthright
Memory Has Grown Dim
With lots of generous help and with hard
work, Grenada recovered from the terrible
blow struck by "Janet". But thirty-four
years have passed since and the memory has
grown dim. There is now a new
generation without hurricane experience
and lurking in their minds may be hope that
Grenada "is outside the hurricane belt".

That's a false hope. Hurricane "Hugo"
points in another direction. The terrible
Please See JANET Page 16

Page 16 Saturday 30th September 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter


Grenada To Chair ACP

Council Of Ministers -

With effect from 1st February 1990,
Grenada's Minister of External Affairs will
be President of the African Caribbean .&
Pacific (ACP) Council of Ministers.

Mr Denneth Modeste, Permanent Secretary
in the Ministry of External Affairs, told the
Government Information Service (GIS) that
Grenada vill benefit as a result of the high
profile vhich the presidency vill give the

The Grenada Minister, he said, vill have
easy access to the 12 Ministers of the Euro-
pean Economic Community (EEC) respon-
sible for aid, development and co-operation

Mr Modeste said also that, as President, the
Grenada Minister vill have an opp or ty
to-improve bilateral relations with rmber
counties of te Council.
As Presidift of te Council, the Grenada
Minister will be Co-Preoident of the joint
ACP/EEC Ministerial Council and will be
spokesman for the 66 APC States.

OECS States To Standardise

Aviation Law

At a reMnt meeting of Civil Aviation
Ministers of the countries of the Organ-
isation Of East Caribbean States (OECS),
held in St Lucia, agreement was reached to
combine Civil Aviation legislation instru-

According to the Government Information
Service (GIS), this move is to correct the
situation here there are differing legis-
lative provisions.

The meeting noted that all OECS Govern- JANET From Paue 1
ments have not yet delegated authority to devastation recently experienced in the
the OECS Directorate of Civil Aviation to islands points to the reality that it canhap-
function in certain Civil Aviation matters, pen to any of us. We must all be pre-
and it. as agreed that a standardised pared because we are all in the hurricane
document for the delegation of authority belt.
should be prepared ----d-

--- -- --I

Such a document vill enable the OECS
Directorate to have an executive function in
such areas as aircraft accident investigation,
aerodrome licencing, aircarrier certificat-
ion and other technical and advisory funct-

Note was taken of the escalating costs of
Governments for provision of aviation sup-
port services as veil as the financial impli-
cations of up-grading the management cap-
ability of the OECS Directorate of Civil

At the technical level, the meeting endorsed
several recommendations relating to flight
crev inspection services, aerodrome
secuity, aeronautical: communication
services and air trafft1icrvice -
r.<-.-.- ,-:,.f : :'._:: :::... .. .. .
I'al4diUonsev9ral istrs reUlWpg t hee
upgrading of telecommnunicatin anU navi
gtional aids Vere discussed, and te Min-
isters w qp awnfer s zf t 4, QECS
Aeradio 4viia ~~ ard, reviewed the fhnct-
ioning of the TECS Aeaio Unit duing the

A decision was taken to approach the Can-
adian International Development Agency
(CIDA) for assistance to fund an OECg
Implementation Team which would prepare
a detailed work plan specifying the time
frame and resources needed to .iilm..e nt
.rcommendatio adopted at th'in
In addition to Greida, Mnisters attending
the meeting vere from Dominica, St Lucia
and St Vincent.

Senior technical officials represented the
Governments of Antigua and St Kitts and a
representative of the Canadian Government
vas present.
Plesa See NEWS SHORTS Page 17

- ----- ---- -

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th September 1989 Page 17
NEWS SHORTS Fron Page 16

Venezuelan Teaching Co-
Operation in Spanish

A six-day workshop for Spanish Profess-
ors, starting on September 25th, was organ-
ised by the Venezuelan Institute For Culture
& Co-operation.

The course was under the direction of a
Venezuelan Professor, Ms.Mildred Her-
rera, and was designed as an update for
teachers of Spanish in schools where Span-
ish is taught as a second language.

The Venezuelan Institute holds regular Span-
ish classes and graduates some 140 students
every year.

To facilitate this teaching, a satellite dish has
been installed at the Institute to receive two
Venezuelan TV stations, "Venezolana De
Television" and "Televen".

BDD Donates Truck

Mr Graeme Roberts, Resident Representat-
ive of the Barbados based British High
Commission, on behalf of the British
Development Division (BDD),presented a
Ford 5-ton tipper truck to the Community
Development Division of the Ministry of

Presentation of the truck, valued at
EC$90, 000, was made on September 22nd,
and Mr Roberts said then the British Gov-
ernment is considering further assistance to
the Community Development Division.

According to the Government Information
Service (GIS), the truck is part of a
EC$400, 000 package to facilitate several on-
going projects, most of vhich are financed

A Land Rover, valued at EC$45,000 was
given to the Community Development Divis-
ion by BDD last April, says GIS, and this is
a part of the assistance BDD has given to the
Division over the past four years.

Minister of Works, Mr Benet Andrew,
received the truck on behalf of the Division.

UNESCO Commission
Approves Projects

The Grenada National Commission for the
United Nations Scientific & Cultural Organ-
isation (UNESCO) has approved 18 projects
for possible submission in October to
UNESCO's General Assembly.

These projects are subject to final approval
by the Minister of Education, Mr George
McGuire and, when approved, vill be
submitted to UNESCO under the Partici-
pation Programme, 1990/91 Biennium (10
projects) and under the Regular Pro-
gramme (8 projects).

According to a release by the Government
Information Service (GIS), the project
topping the list under the Participation
Programme is a Microfilm Project for the
National Archives.

GIS quotes Miss Gillian Friday, Secretary
General of the National Commission, as
disclosing that with the restructuring of
the Ministry of Education, the Commission
is now a part of the Policy & Planning

The staff of the Commission comprises the
Secretary General, an Executive Officer
and a stenographer vho is attached to the
Policy & Planning Division, and Miss Fri-
day said that staff is inadequate to carry out
UNESCO's programme and activities.

Approval of the projects was given by the
Commission at a meeting on September
29th and Miss Friday told that meeting that
for 1988/89 period, the Commission receiv-
ed EC$184,898.00 from UNESCO under
the Participation and Regular Programmes,
as well as under other UNESCO budgetary

Andrew Attends Civil
Aviation Meeting

Minister of Civil Aviation, Mr Benet
Andrev attended meeting of LIAT share-
holders vhich opened in St Lucia on
Pleas See NEWS SHORTS Page 18

Page 18 Saturday 30th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter
NEWS SHORTS From P4 e 17

September 11 th.

Following the LIAT Shareholders meeting,
Mr Andrew attended a meeting of the
Aeradio Aviation Board of the Organisat-
ion Of East Caribbean States (OECS).

More British Aid For
National College

Britain has given further assistance to im-
prove facilities at the Grenada National

According to a release from the Inform-
ation Section of the British High Comm-
ission in Barbados, British funding of more
than EC$500,000 has already been approv-
ed for refurbishing and construction work
at the College.

Now, under a supplementary development
aid loan, a further 15,000 (approximately
EC$63,700) is to be made available.

This funding is to be applied to works to be
carried out to raise the floor level of the
Students Centre vhich has been found to be
subject to flooding. Walkways and other
low areas also are to be paved.

These funds are being made available under
the British Government's Aid Programme
to the Caribbean.

Jones Says Necessary To
Overstep Normal Boundaries

Deputy Prime Minister Ben Jones, on Sep-
tembner I th, told a seminar on The Judic-

Aliser Hughes

iary And Human Rights
wealth Caribbean that it
sometimes to overstep

In The Common-
may be necessary
"normal bound-

"In our efforts to ensure that democracy
survives we may st some times overstep
normal boundaries", he said, "(but) if we
are guilty of that at all, it is to the extent that
we are bound to do it to ensure the greater

Mr Jones said every effort is made to ensure
that everybody's rights and freedoms are
respected and that the "international norms"
are in place and respected.

The seminar was organised by the Carib-
bean Justice Improvement Project and the
International Commission of Jurists in
collaboration with the United Nations
Centre For Human Rights.

Tools For Gouyave
Secondary School

The St Rose Modern Secondary School in
Gouyave has received a donation of wood-
working tools valued at EC$3,500.

Presentation to the school was made recent-
ly by Mr Graeme Roberts, Resident Repre-
sentative of the British High Commission
and the tools will be used in the school's
recently constructed handicraft shop which
is expected to be ready for occupation soon.

Funds for this donation were drawn from
the British Heads Of Mission Gift Scheme
under which equipment is provided for
needy organizations and institutions.

Cynthia Hughes

30th September 1989
Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grenada, Westiadies
(P.O-Box 65: Phone [809) 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grelada)


--- -- --


The Cr enadn

Volume 17 Saturday 30th September 1989 Number 17


It wmIffr e a&y rgalsay/lagry empt -f re
6o9crGwp5pc4 iqut -ito p01Wr
laize confirmed to NEWSLET-
TER in a telephone interview on
September 29th, that te Grenada Govern-
ment has reached agreement to acquire Dis-
covery Television.
"We are working towards getting a
Company established so that shares vill be
sold to the public", he said. "It vill be an
organisation owned by the Government and
the public". PRME MBDHTER
Discovery Television, Chmanel 11, was set of Discovery Television and the Grenada
up by Mr David McCourt, a Boston based Government has not been smooth and, in an
United States businessman, and vent on the interview vith NEWSLETTER in June
air in the latter half 1986. In an interview Please See DISCOVERY Page 2
vith NEWSLETTER in July 1988, the IN THIS ISSUE
Station Manager, United States citizen Mr Page
Larry Upton, said Mr McCourt first visited. Government To Buy
Discovery TV --..--------.... --. I
OCDU Leaders Express
Solidarity With NNP............ 3
.O I |Blaize Slates Civil Servants.. .-. 4
8Brizan Condemns Approach
To Wage Negotiations---....---.... 5
'Antoine Charged With
V. Criminal Libel --.....--.......... 7
OMarryshov Protests Detention. 9
Independent Forensic Report
On Bascombe --...-.........-..... 10
ME DAVT MecoURr oJudges Must Resolve Human
Rights Issues : Bhagwati..---.. 11
s GRENTEL Aids Leevards...... 13
the island in February 1986, during the visit Pierre Protests Treatment
of President Ronald Reagan, and "at Of Media ..-... .........13
Washington's request" undertook to give OThe Night "Janet" Invaded
Grenada television.
Grenada televisionGrenada........ ................... 14
| Nevs Shorts ......- ...--- .-----...--- 16
The relationship between the Management Nes Shorts...-1

Page 2 Saturday 30th September 1989 The Grenada Nevsletter

1988, Mr Upton disclosed details of a memo-
randum he had sent to Mr McCourt.

"Government's incompetency and
need to constantly control things
here", he said, "keeps station manage-
ment exerting energy and time that
could be used in more productive
ways -

Mr Upton's memorandum said dealing with
Grenadian Civil Servants will "lead sane
men to insanity". Grenada, in general, is
operating at a dangerous inefficiency level,
he said, using methods of operation that date
back to the dark ages and embracing
"serious negative work habits and ethics that
no one here seems to want to change".
Quit His Job
Mr Upton disclosed in the interview also
that he thought then he might soon have to
quit his job because of enemies he made in
Prime Minister Blaize's ruling New Nation-
al Party.

"I have had to say 'no' to a lot of
people in high places who wanted to
use the station for not the right pur-
poses', he said.

The Station Manager complained also that
Discovery Television had not been given a
license to operate and that, while it broad-
cast on channel 11, this had not been offic-
ially assigned to the station by any Auth-

Prime Minister Blaize disclosed in the
interview on September 29th that Mr
George McGuire, Minister for Education,
has been charged vith organizing the Dis-
covery Television Company of which Gov-
ernment will own 51 % of the shares.

Contacted on the same day (29th), Mr
McGuire said negotiations with Mr
McCourt have been finalized for the
purchase of the Station for
EC$2, 064, 000 but "there is a little ob-
stacle which has to be overcome".
Public Statement
"We would prefer to make a public
statement next week, when everything is in
order", he said.

Mr McGuire said he is not competent to say

how the purchase is to be financed but
Government has been looking for assistance
"all over the world" and, since April last,
has had an offer of financing from a British
Relay Equipment
.An informed source told NEWSLETTER
on September 30th that technicians from the
British firm of International Generics were
then in Grenada for the purpose of install-
ing relay equipment at various sites to
ensure TV reception throughout the mount-


ainous three island State of Grenada Carri-
acou and Petit Martinique. Equipment in
this connection was expected to arrive in
Grenada before the end of September.

The source said the total cost of acquisition
of Discovery Television and installation of
the relays is likely to exceed EC$10 million,
but was unable to say how Government
vould finance this.
Money Will Be Borrowed
Unconfirmed reports say the money will be
borrowed from the Government operated
National Insurance Scheme.

According to a press release issued by Mr
McCourt (who operates McCourt Cable Sys-
terms in Boston, U S A,) Discovery Tele-
vision nov has a staff of 21, of which one is
an American, one is Trinidadian and 19 are

The release says the Station has increased its
initial daily on-air time of two hours to the
present fifteen hours, and the number of
television sets in Grenada has jumped from
1,000 four years ago to over 30,000 today.
[ '-IK; 1 -


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th September 1989 Page 3





".. .they see us as the ovni partt
utevedopment oj Grenada"

Nev National Party (NNP), Dr Keith
Mitchell, disclosed in an interview
vith NEWSLETTER on September 10th
that several Prime Ministers in the
Caribbean Community (CARICOM) had
sent messages of solidarity which vere
conveyed to the two-day 5th Annual
Convention of the Party which concluded
on that day (10th).
"The members of the Caribbean
Democratic Union (CDU) are firmly
supporting the NNP", he said,
"because they see us as the only party
interested in the development of Gre-
Solidarity Messages
Solidarity messages had come to the
Convention, he said, from Prime Ministers
John Compton of St Lucia, James Mitchell of
St Vincent and Kennedy Sinmnonds of St
Kitts, from John Osborne, Chief Minister of
Montserrat, and from the Jamaica Labour
The message from Mr Compton, Dr
Mitchell said, was particularly en-
couraging as the St Lucia Prime
Minister expressed the view that NNP
is the hope for Grenada and the Party
which vill take Grenada into the
proposed union of the Organisation of
East Caribbean States (OECS).
Prime Minister Eugenia Charles was not in
Dominica when the CDU Secretariat sought
from her a message of solidarity with the
NNP, Dr Mitchell said., but he was certain a


interest in- twh
: flitcuedL

message of encouragement and support
would come from her.
Dr Mitchell said the NNP Convention had
been held earlier than usual this year
because of disruption caused in the Party by
the defection of Prime Minister Blaize and
the formation of a new party by Mr Blaize.
This led to a number of vacancies on the
NNP Executive resulting from expulsion of
some members and non-functioning of
Working Executive In Place
"Since we are coming close to national
elections", he said, "ve wanted a full
fledged working Executive in place".
At the Convention, Dr Mitchell was re-
Please See CONVENTION Page 4

The Gnrjadda_
Founded 17th August 1973
404th Issue
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Payable In Advance
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(Inland Post In Grenada)
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About 20 Issues Published Annually


, ;;;; ; ;;;;--IQ

Page 4 Saturday 30th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter


...... seem to [wfc sdf- stem ant
pride in thffir work".

broadcast on September 22nd, Prime
Minister Herbert Blaize gave Public
Service Workers a thorough tongue lashing.

In the past, he said, Grenada's Civil
Servants enjoyed the highest respect in the
Caribbean. They had not been satisfied
with being merely good Civil Servants, he
continued, they had aimed at excellence and,
because of their discipline, efficiency and
competence, they had been recruited by all
public services in the region.

"Today", the Prime Minister said,
"that spirit is almost completely ab-
sent because they seem to lack self-
esteem and pride in their work'.
Increased Wages
Mr Blaize made these comments as he
disclosed that, on September 19th, after ne-
gotiations, an agreement had been reached
to pay public workers increased wages
which vill push up .r, ,
Government's annual
wage bill by 4 ,-
EC$13.6 million to -
EC$73.6 million. .

The Prime Minister
said public workers
will have to recapture
the spirit of striving .
for excellence and 4 -
must increase PRI E mUSTER BLAZE
if Government is to find resources to pay
these increases. He thanked God for the
"handful of good Civil Servants who are
keeping the ship afloat"
Union Leaders Concede
Three unions have negotiated this increase.
They are the Public Workers Union, the
Grenada Union of Teachers and. the Tech-
nical & Allied Workers Union, and Mr
Blaize said union leaders concede some of
their members do not produce sufficiently
to warrant salary increases.

Government expects the unions to urge
those workers to "get serious" and give of
their best, he said, taxpayers cannot take
much more from workers who believe they
do a favour to the people who pay their
Haven For Indiscipline
"Too many public officers consider the
public service a haven for indiscipline,
inefficiency and a place where you can do
the minimum of work and reap maximum
benefits", Mr Blaize said, "and what is
Please See BLAIZE Page 5

elected Political Leader, his Deputy be-
ing Mr Danny Williams, Minister of
Health and Housing in Mr Blaize's Cab-
inet before he resigned last July.

Mr Lawrence Joseph, who vas dismissed
in July by Mr Blaize as a Senator and
Minister of State for Legal Affairs and
National Security, was elected NNP
Chairman and Dr John Watts was made
Deputy Chairman. Dr Watts is the
founder, in 1955, of the Grenada Nation-
al Party (GNP), the party which Mr
Blaize led until 1984 when GNP became
one of the elements merging to form
Close Political Associate
Dr Watts was a close political associate of
Mr Blaize until he (Watts) sided with Dr
Mitchell in the split which developed in
NNP after Mr Blaize lost to Dr Mitchell
in a fight for the post of Political Leader
at the NNP Convention held last Jan-
NNP General Secretary is Mr Fenton
DeBourg, prominent businessman, and
his Assistant is Mr Norris James,
agriculturist and Chairman of the Co-
operative Nutmeg Association.
S. _~s l"dMM am

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th September 1989 Page 5



"....process of cUrFtive bWrgtining9 between
UoveUwrrmet awn tWh Pubti horfers Union ias
been bitter...."

Opposition in the Grenada House of Representatives,
em appearing on September 29th on the Discovery
Television programme, "Voice of the Opposition", condemned
the approach which has been taken in industrial agreement
bargaining between Government and Government workers.
"During the last 12 years", he said, "the process of collective
bargaining between Government and the Public Workers Union
has been bitter and filled vith confusion. That is not good for a ( MR ;EORaIE RIZA
stable industrial climate".
Negotiations Had Deteriorated
Mr Brizan said that in 1978, in the regime ly that Heads of Religions had to intervene
of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada United Labour and mediate. Sir Eric, he said, actually
Party, negotiations had deteriorated so bad- threatened the Unions that, if there was a
strike, it would be the last strike they would
BLAIZE From Page 4 call.
vorse, those so bent get avay with it
because their supervisors want to be 'nice The Leader of the Opposition referred also
guys' to negotiations which took place in 1981
when the Peoples Revolutionary Govern-
Increment certificates are signed, ment of Maurice Bishop was in power.
promotions recommended and gloving Lambasted And Ridiculed
reports submitted on officers who are "The Unions were again lambasted and
well known drones in the Service, he ridiculed by the then Minister of Finance
said. Va(Bernard Coard)", he said, "and the sit-
Value For Money iuation vas saved oniy by the timely inter-
The Prime Minister said he vould have a mention of the then Prime Minister
meeting shortly with Permanent Secre- (Maurice Bishop)".
tries and Heads of Departments and.
would point out their responsibility to Mr Brizan referred also to 1984 when an
see that rules and regulations are Interim Government, in office for one year
fulfilled, that officers meet requirements pending General Elections after the military
and Grenadians get value for money intervention of October 1983, gave Govern-
spent. ment workers an across-the-board "interim
increase" of 12.5%.
"The Heads of Departments and
Permanent Secretaries are going to The Interim Government vas headed
be the watchmen to see that is by Mr Nicholas Brathwaite, now Mr
done', Mr Blaize said, "and, by Brizan's Political Leader in the Nat-
God, I'm going to be the watchman ional Democratic Congress (NDC),
watching the watchmen" and Mr Brizan said this was the only
[--- -mp-g .... Please See BRIZAN Pcagt 6

SPage 6 Saturday 30th September 1989 The Grenada Newsletter

BRIZAN From Page
time during the last twelve years
when there was no confrontation bet-
ween Government and the workers
over salary increases.

There were negotiations in 1987 also when
the issue of retrenchment of1,800 Public
Workers arose. Mr Brizan was, at that
time, a Cabinet Minister in Mr Blaize's
Government but resigned from Govern-
ment and from the ruling New National
Party because he did not agree with Govern-
ment's retrenchment policy.
For The Same Reason
Resigning at the same time and for the same
reason were two other Cabinet members,
Dr Francis Alexis and Mr Tillman Thomas,
and Mr Brizan referred to this in his TV

"In the 1987 negot- liMW
nations", he said, "two Min-
isters of Government and one
Parliamentary Secretary had to resign be-
fore Government saw the wisdom in reach-
ing a settlement, and those who resigned had
to take the issue to the public before Gov-
ernment was forced to negotiate for final

Government recently negotiated an Indus-
trial Agreement with Government employ-
ees for the 1987 to 1989 period and Mr
Brizan said that, during the negotiations, the
situation had deteriorated so badly that
workers demonstrated outside Parliament
Buildings when the House had been in sess-

The Leader of the Opposition offered a 10-
point formula which, he said, will assist in
ensuring that the process of collective bar-
gaining in the future between Government
and Government employees is smooth and
Restoration Of Lost Income
Points suggested include the proposal that
Government and Union ascertain the
movement in the consumer price index
since the signing of the last Industrial Agree-
ment in order to find out whether there
must be restoration of lost income as a
result on unanticipated price increases.

Mr Brizan suggested also that both parties
to the negotiations' estimate the projected
increase in the consumer price index during
the life if the new Agreement, and must com-
pare the cost of a "basket" of consumer
goods and services, used by the average
family, with the ages of workers within
the Public Service.
Duties And Responsibilies
"Both parties must be able to ascertait-
increases in productivity", he said, "or
increases in duties and responsibilies for
various categories of worker".

Another point is that Public Workers sal-
aries must be compared with salaries in the
private sector and there must be consider-
ation of the growth of Government rev-
enue, the borrowing requirements of Gov-
ernment and the availability of funds.

requirement is for good management and.
financial planning, and an NDC Govern-
ment will initiate a process of fiscal
planning involving estimation of Govern-
ment's revenue requirements, expenditure
and borrowing requirements.
Personal Income Tax
"Our Party will be appointing a
National Consultative Team to re-
view the fiscal policy as exists', he
said. "They will be asked to make
recommendations on a fiscal policy
that is adequate, fair, efficient and
which does not include reintro-
duction of personal income tax"

The Governor of Antigua, Lord London-
derry, reported in 1728 that five slaves,
found guilty of "conspiring", were, con-
sidering the nature of their offence, treated
with "much moderation".

Three were burnt alive, one has hanged,
drawn and quartered and the other was
"transported to the Spanish coast".

- 1 --

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