The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
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sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
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The Grenada -.


Volume 16 Saturday 2nd July 1988 Number 10

"'L do not thin& we canu rely on
assurances Britain gave us in the past"

that Britain's preferential treatment
^vf W7idw-A1rld

Isands' bananas will
.ontinue. .
This vas disclosed by
Mr Oswald Gibbs,
Grenada's HighCom-
missioner in London,
at a press conference
on June 17th, and he
said difficulties may
arise in 1992 when
European Economic
Community (EEC)
members plan to low-
er tariff barriers be- -
tveen themselves.
"Spain and Portugal
both have their own High Co
suppliers of bananas Mr Osv
in the Madeira and
Canary Islands", he said, "They are full
members (of EEC) no, they can call the
tune, and, I do not think we can rely on
assurances Britain gave us in the past".

Heads of Grenada's Diplomatic Missiors
abroad were then in the island for a
briefing and, vith Mr Gibbs at the press
conference were Ambassador Dr Lamuel
Stanislaus, Grenada's representative at the
United Nations, Consul General Mr Mark
Isaacs of the Mission in Toronto, Canada
and Charge d'Affairs Mr Lynton Noel, of
the Caracas, Venezuela Mission.

Mr Gibbs told the press that negotiations

start in September next for a new "Lone"
agreement between the EEC and the Afri-
can, Caribbean and
Pacific (APC) coun-
(t i tries. That Agree-
,, .. Iment takes effect in
1 .990 and, two years
B r -4" k later there vill be
g ...-- the lowering of tar-
Siff barriers to create
f -'t-*--,: a vider European
-I market. Perhaps,
S. the Ambassador
S' said, that ill create
a "sardine and
sharks" situation for
S Windward Islands

aid Gibbs

The banana crops
from the Windvard
Islands Grenada,
Pare 2

* Future Of WINBAN Bananas
Uncertain : Gibbs................ I
* Patterson Reserves Judgement
In TAWU Contempt Case .....3
* IMF Accused Of Grave
* Barrister's Conduct Referred
To Chief Justice...................7
* CCA Holds Seminar on
* Environment................... 8
Cloud Over Discovery TV .......9
* Dominican Republic's Deputy
Foreign Minister Visits-........1
a New Shorts --........................12





Page 2 Saturday 2nd July 1988 The Grenada Nevsletter

!BANAAS FPpio Page 1

St Vincent, St Lucia and Dominica are
marketed in the United Kingdom by the.
British firm of Geest Industries Ltd under
an Agreement vith the Windvard Islands
Banana Association (WINBAN).

Before Britain entered the EEC, WINBAN
bananas enjoyed, together vith bananas
from Jarnmica, a rrnonoipy on the U K mar-
ket. Since Britain's entry, however, there
has been constant and prowirg pressures to
destroy that monolopy.
Pressure has come from U.K. imrporters in
coimpetiti.:n vith Geest who vish to irmport
lover priced "dollar" bananas from Latin
America. Pressure has ccme also from
EEC countries vhich have banana supplies
of their own, and vho vant a share of the
U. K. market.

Dr Lamuel Stanislaus

Mr Gibbs said there are signalss" that the
U. K. Government will not continue to give
the same level of protection to Windvward
Island and .Jamaica barnans. At the present
time, he said, there is quota of 10,000 tons
of "dollar" bananas which maybe imported
into the U. K. vhen Windward Islands and
Jamaica bananas are in short supply.
"That quota has been increased to 30,000
tons from January 1s 11989", Mr Gibt
said, "They (the British Governmenti) say
they want more competition because they
are thinking of the British housewife's
interests, and there has been a lot of
pressure from the independent banana

importers vho vant to import more
banana from the dollar area".

Grenada's banana export earnings have not
been good over the past year, he said, a a
claim vas made on STABEX, the EEC
ccompensatory financing fund for com-
modities vhich operates under the Lore
Agreement Three veeks ago (late May),
he said, EEC headquarters in Brussels,
approved aj"q-,ent to Grenada of about
US$1 million.
"Cocoa is also in a serious position", te
High Commissioner said, "the International
Cocoa Agreement is not working because
the consumer countries realise there is a
surplus. New producers, Malaysia and
Indonesia, are not members of the
International Cocoa Organisation, they are
producing at lover costs and continue to
make a profit out of falling vorld prices".

These matters are serious for Grenada, he
said, and during his visit to Grenada, he had
briefed the GCvernment and also both the
Cocoa and. FirTna Marketing Organis-

Ambassador Stanislaus said there is an
efficient Industrial Promotion Cffice within
the Grenada Mission to the United Nations
vhich he heaJ. The Grenada Consulate in
Nev York is also interested in attracting
invesh:,r' to Grenada, he said, and the
efforts of these tvo departzaents have
resulted in investments having already been
made in the island.
"Our office", the Ambassador said, "is vell
under way with respect to seeking out and
recommending prospective investors to our

Dr Stanislaus said he is avare that the
Orgarnsatiron Of East Caribbean States has
an East Caribbean Investment Promotion
Service (ECIPS) in Washington under an
E:-xcutive Director, Mr Swinburne
Lestrade, but there is no liaison between the
EC' IPS, and the Industrial Promotion Office
at the Grena.a Mission.

r ..,r~~ -----....-----..

- -~-~ --

ThI Greada Newsletter Saturday 2nd July 1988 Page 3


Mr Justice James Palterson

vould not take effect until it is ratified by
another meeting held after a Committee of
Inquiry appointed by the Court has
.- reported back to the Court.

The appointment of that Committee dates
back more than a year and refers to a
dispute within TAWU as to the validity of
some memberships.
At a press conference on June 10th,
TAWU Executive Secretary, Mr Chester
Humphrey, said the problem lies in mem-
bership dissatisfaction with TAWU Presi-
dent Mr Wilfred Haves.

action taken against members of the
Technical & Allied Workers Union
(TAWU), the affidavits submitted by the
Defendants are no more than a "whole heap
of superfluous facts".

This opinion was expressed in the High
Court on June 15th by Mrs Linda Grant,
Counsel for TAWU President, Mr Wilfred
Hayes, one of the persons pressing the
Contempt action.
"As to who is frustrated vith Mr Hayes and
what plans anyone has for the future", she
said, "has nothing to do with this matter,
and, if Court Orders are ignored in this
way, the administration of justice is put in

IThe Contempt action arises from an injunc-
tion issued by Mr Justice James Patterson on
25th March last prohibiting TAWU from
electing a Management Committee Hov-
ever, affidavits filed by the Defendants state
that a Management Committee was elected
on March 26th last after the Annual General
Meeting had been advised by legal Counsel,
Mrs Oforiva Augustine

According to the affidavits, Mrs Aug.utine
advised that the election c.::.uld take place but

That dissatisfaction climaxed, he said, in a
vote of no c rnfidence in the President being
filed for discussion at the 1987 Annual
General Meeting, but, because of a Court
injunction obtained by Mr Hayes, that
meeting r could not be held.

With instructions to report within a month,
the Court appointed a Commission of
Enquiry to settle the membership validity
See CONT0NPT Page 5

Th&e Crenadsa

Founded 17th August 1973
377th Issue
Subscription Rates
Payable In AdvaMce
Posage Paid By Second Class Ai Mal
(Inland Post In GOxeada)

$ 39.00
$ 72.20

40 Issues. $346.80

About 20 Issues Published Annualy

10 lssses
20 Issues



Page 4 Saturday 2nd July 1988 The Grenada Newsletter


"Sometimes 1 feel thetr is not enouPr soup in twe whofe
world to deanse me from the things 1 i tti in iyou nuarwe"
to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), has accused that institution of "grave
misdeeds" in its dealings vith the Government of Trinidad & Tobao.

In an interview here on June 27th,
Grenadian born Dr Budhoo said these
misdeeds include "manufacture" of statis-
tical information.

"I have been vith the IMF for over 12 years
and I have resigned (vith effect from 18th
May last) because of a total disillusionment
over many aspects of its policies", he said,
"part of which dealt with the Caribbean and
particularly vith Trinidad & Tobago"
Dr Budhoo has written a six part letter of
resignation addressed to Mr Jean-Michel
Camdessus, the IMF Managing Director,
the first three parts of vhich he has made

In that letter, he says his resignation is a
"priceless liberation" and a first step to
bashing his hands of "the blood of millions
of pcor and starving peoples".

"Sometimes I feel there is not enough soap
in the whole world to cleanse me from the
things I did in your name", he told Mr
Camdessus, "and in the names of your
predecessors and under your official sea".

With specific reference to IMF dealings
with Trinidad & Tobago, Dr Budhoo cites
calculations made in 1987 by the IMF
Divisional Statistician concerning the
"Relative Unit Labour Cost" (RULC) in
Trinidad & Tobago.
RULC, Dr Budhoo says, is the nmeasueme nt
of labour costs in the manrfacturing sector
of a country and is critical because it
mirrors the country's international
competitiveness and its ability to produce
for export markets.

In Trinidad & Tobago, he says, here the
oil sector had entered aphase of uncertainty
and rapid price decline, RULC was

particularly important as a gauge of the
country's potential to diversify its export
base successful and service its foreign
Additionally, the International Financial
Community would look very carefully at
whatever RULC figures the IMF produced
as, to a large extent, this would decide
whether the country's loans would be re-
scheduled or new credit given.

"The RULC Irdex for Trinidad & Tobago
was never hat we were proclaiming it to
be so loudly and so insistently and so
definitely", Dr Budboo said. "Whatve had
done over these years was to 'manufacture'
statistical indices the RULC and several
others that :'-,uld allov us to prove our
point, and push a particular policy line,
irrespective of economic realities and
circumstances of the country".

According to the 1985 and 1986
IMF Report on Trinidad & Tobago,
Dr Budhoo says, the RULC rose,
respectively, by 145.8% and 1429%,
but he claims the increase as only
69%. The 1986 Report puts the
RULC increase between 1980 and
1985 at 164.7% when, according to
Dr Budhoo, it was a mere 66. '%.
"Over 1983-85 the Relative Unit
Labour Costs moved up by by only
14.9%", he says, "not by the 36.9%
that was mooted to the world com-
munity in 1986".

Dr Budhoo states that, in 1985, the
RULC in Trinidad & Tobago fell by
17% and did not rise by 9% as
recorded by the IMF and vben, in
1986, the RULC made a spectacular
decline by 46.5%, there is no record

-- ~-- .- ------ -_, .-- ---

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 2if July 1988 Page 5

Mf s Fmi Pad 4
of this in IMF documentation.

Last year, Dr Budhoo says, there was
"internal acknowledgement" that "mistakes"
had been made with reference to the
Trinidad & Tobago RULC in the 1985-
1986 Reports and it had been his under-
standing that the IMF vould make full
amends for this during consultative dis-
cussions with the Trinidad & Tobago Gov-
It had been his understanding also that,
when subsequent reports vere prepared for
the IMF Executive Board and for the Inter-
national Community, RULC revised figures
would be substituted for the 1982 to 1986

Hovever, while it as conceded, privately,
that, i the light of the corrected RULC
figures, it was "beside the point" to force
the Government to undertake moremassive
devaluation, Dr Budhoo said, the "mistakes"
vere never mentioned to the Authorities

Further, in statements to the Authorities, he
said, issues relating to the RULC vere side-
stepped and the IMF asked for more deval-
uation, greater public sector lay-offs, and
further major real vage cuts as if the
published RULC figures vere valid and

When the revised RULC index vas
prepared for the "Recent Economic
Developments Report" and the "Staff
Report", Dr Budhoo said, all reference to
the RULC was deleted from all text, tables
and charts.
"The reason for this action vas ob-
vious enough, he said, "public
acknovied~gemand 'publication of
the corrected series, and demon-
stration of the dramatic downturn of
the index in 1986, would have
devastated the case for further
devaluation --...........

Dr Budhoo said that, on December 14th
1987, the World Bank produced an
Economic Report on Trinidad & Tobago, a
Report which, he said, was far more
objective that the IMF Reports.

The World Bank Report rejected
devaluation which the IMF as pushing as

the solution to the ills of Trinidad &
Tobago, Dr Budhoo said. Based on its own
calculations, the World Bank said over-
valuation of the TT dollar was relatively
insignificant and, where international com-
petitiveness had been eroded, this could be
restored, by far less traumatic measures.

The V'orld Bank Report was passed to the
IMF before being put in its final form for
delivery to the Government of Trinidad &
Tobago and the International Community,
he said, and when "our own High Priests
and Not-so-high Priests read it, they say
"IMF/World Bank collaboration" vas
brought to bear fully in this matter, he said,
and four months after the draft World Bank
Report was issued, a "revised" version was
produced which, in certain parts, "was as;
virulent subjective, fatically devalu-
&I= 1Pe. 6

dispute, Mr Humphrey said, but no
report has yet been submitted because
the Commission has been unable' to
verify a list of 800 Governnmnt road
workers which Mr Hayes has submitted
as TAWU members.

In Court on June 15th, Judge Patterson
asked Mr Augustine whether he
(Patterson) understood correctly from
the affidavits that Mrs Augustine had
advised the TAWU Annual General
Meeting that the Management
Committee could be elected butht that that
election would not be valid until it is
ratified by a bsequent meeting

Mr Augustine said he had come into the
case late and, if he had had a hand ip
wording the affidavits he would have
vorded them differently. What they
would have said, he told the Judge, is
that Mrs Augustine advised that, if the
election was held, it would not be valid.

Judge Patterson reserved his judgement
to be delivered on July st. (See
"Barrister's Conduct Referred To
Chief Justice Page 7)

I-- ----

- --

Page 6 Saturday 2nd July 1988 The Grenada Nevsletter

IM Prom Pae__ 5
action oriented and statistically manipulated"
as any IMF Report.

Dr Budhoo charges also that, in the Mission
Briefing Paper on Trinidad & Tobago,
dated Jmne 29th 1987, several serious mis-
representations were made These include :-

Jacking up the 1986 fiscal deficit by
TT$1.9 (US$0.53) billion over its
actual level.

All the difficult dynamics and unforeseen
phenomena of the developing world be-
tween the 1950s and 1980s had no meaning
at all for IMF, he said. They were ignored,
shrugged off or dismissed and, at some
stage in the history of IMF, the IMF staff,
the "nondescript technocrat", "managed to
'steal' the Fr~rr and began using it as his
own personal tool to propel and shape the
emergence of ..a 'Ne Nobility on Earth'"
That 'Nobility" veils
power, influence ajd
control over the lies

Inventing TT$1.5
(US$0.42) billion of
"unpaid bills

Increasing the 1987 budget deficit
by some TT$850 (US$236) million
over the actual level.
Overstating the 1986 decline in
private sector deposits in banks by
some TT$250 (US$69.5) million.

Shoving the Balance Of Payments
deficit as being more than TT$1
(US$0.28) billion above the actual

Inflating 1986 Government transfers
to the public enterprise sector by
some TT$1 (US$0.28) billion over
the actual level.

"These are not mior deviations due to
technical factors or sloppy calculations on
our part", Dr Budhoo said", "Nor can we
plead ignorance of vwhat vas happerring, or
lack of available information:".
Dr Budhoo has heard that the Trinidad &
Tobago Government is now involved in an
investigation of his allegations, and he
considers this a very welcome development.

Analysing the reasons hy IMF has
"degenerated into fake atr sham under the
pretext of establishing and maintaining
international economic order -and obal
efficiency", Dr Budhdo says IMF has never
been able to come to terms vith problems
of the developing world.

of hundreds
of millions of
hapless peo-
ple, Dr Budhoo said, and "almost unbeliev-
able goodies and material things of life (are)
provided by the captive Fund to its tri-
umpharnt, ramaging and insatiable staff".

According to Dr Budhoo, the sal-
aryallowances package of a middle range
IMF staff member would be some five to
ten times the budgeted salary of almost
every Third World Head of State, but, he
says, that is only part of the picture.
Sin Cities
Beyond this are the "goodies" listed
by Mr Budhoo hvich include diplo-
matic immunities, first class travel,
generous over-night stay allowances,
"high class night-clubbing in 'Sin
Cities' of the vorld", personal
secretaries on every mission, visas
for maids brought in from Paraguay,
Mexico, Jamaica and Greece, and
generous Group Life Insurance and
Medical Benefit plans.

Dr Budhoo recommends that an Advisory
& Review Committee be appointed as a final
court of appeal in disputes of a technical
nature. Such a Committee would be
appointed by the IMF and World Eank, he
said, and e suggests that developing
-. See IM Page 7


The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 2nd July 1988 Page 7

TI SluzrnATSShl

Mr Justice
James Patterson

terson said in the High
Court on July 1st t1it
he would refer the conduct
of barrister Mrs Oforiva
Augustine to Chief Justice
!Sir Samuel Graham for
such action as the Chief
Justice say fit.
Mr Patterson's .action arises
out of a case before him in
which Mrs A ugsWtine repre-
sented the Grenada Tech-
nical & Allied Worker:
Union (TAWU).

The validity of the TAWU
membership is in question
before the Court and, pend-
ing a determination of that
issue, Mr Patterson issued

IMF From Pae 6
countries form a "Watch-

Such a Committee is
necessary, Dr Budhoo
says, because of the
overwhelming power of
the IMF and World Bank
in the Third World, is-a-
vis individual govern-

an injunction that the Union
should not elect a Manage-
ment Committee

Evidence before the Court
is that, in defiance of Mr
Patterson's Order, TAWU
held a Oeneril Meeting on
26th March last and elected
a Management Committee.
This resulted in the General-
Secretary, Mr Chester Hum-
phrey, and their r TAWU
members being charged
vith Contempt of Court.
This matter as heard by
Mr Patterson who delivered
his judgement on July 1it.

"What is that
elections were held and that
Mrs Augustine ....... was
present and advised her
clients to the effect that
elections can proceed....",
Mr Patterson said.

The Judge noted that Mrs
Augustine told TAWU the
elections would not take
effect until coiifirnned by
another General Meetirn
after the membership mat-
ter khd been cleared up, and
that there was a claim by the
defenrjiant that the elections
were "nmock" and a "propa-
ganda exercisee.
Mr Patterson rejecte- this.
The holding of the elert-
ions, he said, vas a flagrant
conterript. of the Court and
he referred to vhat he
called "an unpleasant aspect
of this cse".

The clear evidence, he said,
is that Mrs Augustine had
not only failed to stop the
defendants from committ-
irng Contempt of Court but
had actually advised them
"Those of us who are
members of this ancient and
noble profession must find
it distressing to see a mem-
ber of the profess-
ion ........ advising a process
that can lead only to the
eradication of ideals of
great antiquity and, ulti-
mately, to the dismantling
of the core of our society",
the Judge said. "tWhen
lawyers who know better
are seen to treat the Court
with disrespect and con-
tempt, what then is the
layman expected to do? "


Ur Chester Hmphrey

Mr Patterson referred to
the fact that the Defendants,
charged vith Contempt, had
acted on legal advise but, he
said, his instincts tell him


- II I II II _



climff xU RC10
1%''ai~~ral5?fBT'' ^"

~jI~b~IrIIIl ~JX~i"TP

Page 8 Saturday 2nd July 1988 The Grenada Nevslettpr

| ha given its pledge to protect the island's
green belt" but Grenada's Minister of
Education, Mr George McGuire, feels that more than
that pledge is required for success

CC&Vf 11f9406 Tmw

"It is one thing to announce policy',
he said on June 27th, "and quite a
different one to have those policies
implemented "
The Minister's remarks came as he
delivered the feature address at the opening"
ceremony of a one week seminar sponsored
by the Barbados based Caribbean Conser-
roation Association (CCA).

Open to youth leaders and person in the
Eastern Caribbean involved with youth, the
seminar focused on ways of sern~itrizing
youth and community groups to the causes
anld ffects of main environmental prob-

Mr McGcuire told the seminar that, in
addition to policy formulation, conservat-
ion projects will not be successful unlesss
people have a vill to see those policies
carried out and an understanding of the
delicate balances of nature.
The seminar was held at the "Interpreta.ti on
Centre" near to Grand Etang lake in the
heart of Grenada's forest reserve, and the
Minister told the participants he hopeI they
vou il grasp the principles which pre er e
an ecoloical balance in Grenada.

Mr McGuire itemised several environ-
mental problems facing Grenada and
other Caribbean micro-states. These
problems include beach erosion from
natural causes and from sand mining,
silting of rivers, soil erosion, grow-
th of slums, problems of squatting,
deforestation, vaste disposal, drain-

age, traffic congestion, noise pollut-
ion and improper distribution of
industries, cities and residential com-

This list is by no means exhaustive",
he said, "but it is clear from our
experiences that they are some of the
most critical areas of environmental
fragility, sensitive to minuscule
changes and, therefore, in need of
environmental action plans nov'.

There vers '6 participants in the seminar
drawn from Gre'znad.a, Anguilla, Barbados,
Dorrinica, LMrtinique, Montserrat, St
Kit tslNevis St Lucia, St Vincent and the
British Virgin Island s.
The theme of the seminar was "Building
Skills for Effective Community Action and
AwarenposF., and1 assistance was obtained
from the Wrorld. Wildlife Fund, the United
States Fish & Wildlife Service, Canadian
Universities Service Ovrsera, The United
States Peace C-.rps and the Florida
Ass:i.-iation Of Voluntary Agencies For
Carihbean Action (FAVAICA), a Miami
bt'..ed organisation of volunteers interested
in environmental preser-antion

The seminar was -uider the direction of Mr
Miclhael King, CCA Executive Director,
and he was ,assisted by Mr Calvin Hovell,
CCA Environrnertal Education Officer.

In additionn to classroom presentations and
discussion, the seminar included field
observation trips and nature hikes.
oka 5iamik ',- _d =9 U=

---- ---- -- --- ------ ---- ------- ----- ----- -- -----

tMr George HcGre
., .'. .: ,. .. ... .......:,,,:,:::: .

The Grenada Nesletter Saturday 2nd July 1988 Page 9


ery Television, Greiiada's Chlanel
S11, is uncertain and there is no
indication as to when or if the station will
resume its transmissions.

Since Sunday June 19th the station has been
off the air. It is reported that trans-
missions were cut off by a lighterirn strike
during a thunderstorm and equipment was
dismantled and flown to Trinidad by a
chartered plane for repairs.
Informed sources say it was found to be
unrepairable and vas then flown out to
Miami. Whatever the extent of the damage,
it is a fact that there is now very little equip-
ment at the station and the few items remain-
ing have been transferred to a locked back

Parallel with this development is a
disagreement between the Government of
Grenada and Mr David McCourt, the man
responsible for establishment of the tele-
vision station on the island

Mr McCourt first came to Grenada in
February 1986 during the visit of President
Ronald Reagan and, in a recent interview,
Mr Larry Upton, Channel 11 Station
Manager, said that, "at Washington's
request", Mr McCourt uniertook the
project to give Grenadatelevision.
A non-profit organisation, the Discovery
Foundation, was set up by Mr McCourt to
finance the project, he said, and the station
vent on the air in the latter half of 1986.

There have been problems, however,
among them the dissatisfaction of Mr
McCourt that the station o-perated without a
license or assigned channel These
problems were discussed at a meeting of
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize with- Mr
McCourt in Washington last May -and,
following that meeting, Mr Upton issued a
release that it had been decided that Dis-
covery Television would be turned into
a public company.

fPrie Ilinister Herbertt Blaize :

The release quoted Mr Blaize as saying it is
a priority that every Grenaiian should have
access to the nation's television service The
Prime Minister is quoted also as saying
See TV Pee 11
Banister From Page 7
that they had put themselves on an
irrevocable course for conducting the
elections in disobedience of t-e Court
Order, and this uas fortified by Mrs
Augutine's 'advice

He pointed out, however, that there had
been a fla., in the documents vhich had
been served on Mr Humphrey and the
other TAWU members who were before
him. That flaw, he said, is in the fact
that the documents did not carry a "penal
notice", that is, a notice of vhat the con-
sequences of disobeying the Court Order
,voldd be.

"Unfortutely", Judge Patterson
said, "this Court finds, vith reluc-
tance, that there vas no evidence
that there was served on any of the
Defendants, a Penal Notice in
accordance vith the rules of
Court and on this aspect alone, the
application (for committal of Mr
Humphrey and others to jail) has
to fail as I hold it does."

The Jud.e declared the TAWU elections
held on 26th March to be null and void
and said he would send a copy of his
Judgement to Chief Justice Sir Samuel "for him to take such action as
he deems fit".
& Jmemimiimeam

.............................. ........

------- I^ "

Page 10 Saturday 2nd July 1988 The Grenada Neslettr

If cManiat Hcad lMore Backing rom Twh

International Cotmmunity tfe W)oul fave

Rmainced In Power Longer : tmanim-Zade

of Haiti vould have had a better
Chance of remaining in over if he
had had more support Trom the inter-
national community.

This opinion vas expressed at a press
conference in Grenada on Jure 20th by Mr
Frederic Emam-Zade, Deputy Foreign
Minister of the Dorinican Republic, vhen
he vas asked to comment on the military
take over in Haiti vhich had been executed
by General Henri Namphy on the night
"We, the Dominicans, were criticised
for being first to recognize the new
Government", he said, "and we were
criticized also for sending the highest
delegation to his (Manigat's) inaug-
uration. We think it was our duty to
do so and we do not feel guilt for
events of yesterday. However,
speaking personally, I must say, that
if Mr Mamigot had had much more
backing from the international com-
munity, from the Europeans, Ameri-
cans, Canadians and from the Carib-
bean, probably Mr Manigat vould
have remained in power for much
more time"

Mr Manigat vas left alone, he said, and no
man alone can change the course of history.
Everyone has to share responsibility for
events in Haiti over the last fev days, he
said, but no one vants to take the blame for

The Dominican Republic has a firm policy
of non-intervention, Mr Emam-ade said,
anx is opposed to any military intervention
m Hait.

There have been calls for a military
intervention in the past, he said, and, after
recent developments, there certainly vill be
further calls for such an intervention to
solve the situation there, but he wished to
pose a question to the people of his country
and to all Caribbean people.

"With vhat purpose vould such an
intervention be undertaken ?", be asked.

The situation in Grenada at the time
of the military intervention in Octo-
ber 1983 was quite different from the
situation in Haiti today, he said.
Political organizations don't exist in
Haiti, these are still in process of
evolving and that, he thinks, is the
fundamental difference between Gre-
nada and Haiti.

"You can talk about intervention vben you
knov you can put somebody into over
who has a following and is popular". be
said, "but vbwe you don't have someone who
can be called the representative of the
people, or someone vho vil have popular
backing, what is the purpose of an
intervention ?"
After four years of instability, and after the
30 year regne of a dictator bad been
brought to an end, Mr Emam-Zade said,
the United States intervened in the Dom-
inican Republic in 1964,

A year and a half after, elections vere held
and the country became stable both polit-
ically and economically, e said, because,
contrary to the situation in Haiti, the Dom-
inican Republic had a tradition of political
parties going back to the last century.
See EMAM-ZADE Pare 12

--- ~ I.-r-r---- --I -._.--- ----- -.-r --------"-- -----I- ---I ---

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 2nd July 1988 Page 11
TV Fom Pase 9

there must be more
local programming
created in Grenada
for Grenadians.

"This new invest-
ment vehicle vill
supply the neces-
sary resources to
do these things",
Mr Blaize said,
whilee offering a
fair return to
stockholders' .
Mr McCourt came_
to Grenada on Fri-
day 24th June and a
press conference
was scheduled by
Mr Upton for Mr
McCourt on Satur-
day 25th June. That
conference was can-
celled and a spokes-
man for Discovery
Television said then
there were still

Upton explaining
the need for repairs
before the station
can resume broad-
casting. The

Prime Minister said
it wa hoped the
necessary repairs
vo)ul have been

ernment but no
firm conclusions
have been reach-
ed in the mat-

Mr Blaize said.
Cabinet h.f appoint-
ed athree-manCom-
rmttee to examine

The Prime Minister
did not name the
Committee but sn
informed source
said it is comprised
of Dr Keith Mitch-
ell, Minister of
Works, Mr George
McGuire, Minister
of Education and
Mr Felix Alexan-
der, Minister of
Mr Blaize said the
Committee is to re-
port by the end of
July vhen a formal
decision will be
made vith respect
to television.

Contacted on July
Ist, Mr Upton de-
clined to comment.
Mr McCourt also
declined but indic4t-
ed be we trying to
,/set up discussions
with Mr McGuire,

"unresolved mat- /
terms" to be settled
with Governmernt. ,
Tentative arrange-
ments for a press
conference with Mr
|McCourt on either done as speedily as these proposal~ and Dr Mitchell was out
Monday 27th on possible but Govern- to consider "all oh- of the island, he
Tuesday 28th June meant has been told er possible options said and he as hv-
vere not confirm- the damage needs tha: i~y be in the ing difficulty reach-
ed. more extensive re- best interests of ingMr McGiure.
Co rn pairs. renadiaris in the
On Friday 1st July, matter of television
in a radio broadcast "In the mean- broadcast".
over Radio Grena- time", he said,
da, Mr Blaize corn- "negotiations be-
mented that, dur- tveen Discovery
ing the past week, Foundation and h o W
"there has been Government The horror of World War 11 was brought
much concern ex- have been in home .-~r'ply to Greradians on 6th July
pressed over the train. The new 1945 when a fclatitn mire wahed ashore
future of television proposals sub- on the sister island of Carriacou.
in Grenada". mitRed by Dis-
covery Found- iMistaken for "treasure trove an attempt
He referred to a action have been was made to open the mine. Nine people
release issued by Mr examined byov- died and two were injured.

Page 12 Saturday 2nd July 1988 The Grenda Newsletter
EMAM-ZADE From Page 10
Mr Emam-Zade's isolated from the strengthen existing The Deputy Foreign
visit to Grenada vas Caribbean for many relationships and Minister said possi-
part of a tour vhich years", he said, build nev ones vitf abilities for joint pro-
had already taken "you don't hear too the countries of the motion of tourism
him to St Lucia, An- much about us un- Eastern Caribbean.. are favourable and
tiiga and St Kitts less there are 'some he believed the tech-
and vould take him problems, and ve Honourary Consuls nology his country
next to Trinidad & are trying to get are to be appointed has developed in the
Tobae, before re- away from that and so is an Am- line of agroindus-
turninghome. isolationism". bas-saor to the tries could be made
Organisation of available to and vill
"The Dorrinican Purpose of the visit, East Caribbean benefit Grenada.
Republic has been he said, was to States (OECS).


UNESO Projects Approved

A grant of US$13,000 has been approved
under UNESCO's Participation Programme
for improvement of the science and tech-
nology capabilities of the Produce Chemist
Laboratory and. the National Science &
TechnIol,.,y Council.

According to the Government Information
Service (GIS), this grant is one of the first
nine approved under the Programme for
the 1i988/89 period

Total value of the nine projects is .almost
US$50,000, a GIS release says. One
project has funding of US$11,000 for a
"Culture Kit", two computers for the
Institute For Further Education (IFE) vill
cost US$4, 300, and, also for IFE, there vill
be library accessories and equipment valued
at US$8, 100.

Drua Avoidance Committee

Education Minister Mr George McGuire
formally launched the National Drug
Avoidance Committee on June 15th.

EEC Aids Community Centre

The European Economic Community has
donated EC$75,000 towards the River Road
Community Centre & Library Project now
under construction.

A cheque for this amount vas given, on
June 14th, to Minister of Social Services,
Mr George McGuire, by the EEC Pesident
Representative, Mr John Calo1hirou

Mr McGuire told the Government Inform-
ation Service that, to date, this donation is
the largest which has been received for this

Other have come from the
Canadian International Development Agen-
cy, the West German Government, and the
United Stats Agency For International

Estimated total cost of the project is
EC$325,000 and the Centre, which will
include multi-purpose recreational facil-
ities, is expected to be opened by September

Chia Huglhes

2nd July 1988
Printed Published By The Proprietors
Alister Cynthia Hughes, Jonualists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Grenada, Westindies
(P.O-Box 65: Phoai [809] 440 2538: Cables HUSON, Grenza

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