The Grenada newsletter

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The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
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A. & C. Hughes
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Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
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The Grenada


Volume 16 Saturday 4th June 1988 Number 8

on May 30t that there would be no
further delay before the Maurice P iUST ICE JO F WHAIES
Bishop Murder Appeal began. PRESIoT oF THE ISAPPEAL C

The ruling came after three hours of argu-
ment by Defene lawyers that the rights of
their clients woud be violated if the appeal
was commenced before certain other mat-
ters pending in the Courts have been final-
Before the Appeal Court are fourteen
persons condemned to hang for the murder
of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and
others. The fourteen include former
Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard, his
Jamaican wife Phyllis, former members of
the Peoples Revohluioary Government and
of the Peoples Revolutiorary Army (PRA).
There are also three others, former PRA
members, who are c'ordemned. to long
prison sentences for manslaughter. All
convictions, murder and manslaughter,
arise out of an incident on 19th October
1933 hen, climaxing a pover struggle
within Bishop's New Jewel Mov~ement,
Bishop and the other victims vere machine
gunned. to death.
Leading the Defence Team in the Murder
Appeal is prominent Jamaican barrister, Mr
Ian Ramsay, who has been retained by
Bernard and Phyllis Coard. With him are
10 other Jamaican Counsel, nine of whom
I hav beeLn assigned by the Court and are

paid by the Grenadian Government to
defend those of the convicted persons who,
financially, are unable to retain Counsel.
The nine assigned are Messrs Howard
Hamilton, Maurice Tenn Glen
Cruickshank, DeLano Harrison, Carlton

Bishop Murder Appeal Starts.... 1
SMBPM's Radix Steps Don....... 3
Dunca Predicts U S.
Economy Crash-....--....--...-.. 7
Discovery TV May "Go Black".. 8
Roberts Hands Over Kiln-...---. 10
MBPM Invitees
Refused Entry......-.....---..-...... 11
Discovery TV To Become
Public Company...---.......-----......--. 12
SNews Shorts.........................---- 13

Williams, Maurice Frankson, Earl Witter
and A JNicholson, and Miss Norma Linton.
On Mr Ramsay's Defence Team also are
Jamaican Mrs Jacqueline Samuels-Brovn,
Guyarnese barrister Mr Clarence Hughes,
Senior Counsel, (equivalent to Queen's
Counsel) and Mr Hughes' son Nigel.
See APPEAL Pag 2

Page 2 Saturday 4th June 1988 The Grenada Newsletter

APPEAL From Page 1

Trinidadian Queen's Counsel Mr Karl
Hudson-Phillips leads the Prosecution team.
With him are Mrs Velma Hylton, Director
of Public Prosecutio-n, Guyanese Mr
Doodrnuth Singh, Senior Counsel, Mr
Michael Andrews, President of the Grenada
Bar Aoci.:ation, Mr Keith Friday, Crown
Counsel and Triniidadian Mr G'erald
Ste w.rt, Mr Hudson-Phillips Junior.

The Defene argued on May 30th that
there are three matters pending
vhich must be finalised before the
Murder Appeal can begin.

They are :-
(1) An Appeal to be heard (number
7/1988) from the Judgement of
Chief Justice Samuel Graham in
which he held that Act number I of
1985, passed by the Nev-National
Government of Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize to validate all laws
of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government, is valid-

(2) An Appeal (number 12/1987) to
be heard from the Judgement of Mr
Justice James Patterson in which he
held that the Doctrine Of State
Necessity continues to give legality
to the Grenada Supreme Court.

(3) A judgement to be given by Mr
Justice James Patterson in a Motion
(number 19111986) in which the
Defense alleges that the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial vas unfair.

Eoth Appeals are constitutional r natrs and
refer to the validity of the Grenad-.i Su-
preme Court in which the Trial vas con-
ducted while Judge Patterson's judgment
concerns the conduct of the Trial. The
Defence argued that if the Murder Appeal is
comrmenced before Mr Patterson gives hi-s
judgement, thee hearings could prejudice Mr
Patterson in mI-aki ng his judgement
The two appeals involve a-leged i,:,lati,:,s
of constitutional rights, axi the Deferci.e
argued that these ought, to be heard bef'-re
tte Murder Appeal is undertaken.

"Having regard to the pending consti-
tutionai appeals and the avaited judge-
rnent" I -d Pm.s.ay'.,.i tb ?C< .:, "ith r.' _

be an inversion of the natural order of
things if the Murder Appeal is commenced
before these perndig matters are brought to
a finality".

Mr Hughes argued too that, should the
avaited judgrnent from Mr Patterson be in
favour of the Deferce, Mr Patterson would
then declare the Murder Trial a mistrial,
and thi. would make "abortive" any
hearing of the Murder Appeal undertaken
before the jndgeimint. is delivered.
President of the Appeal Court, Mr J 0 F
Hayres, said the Appeal Court would not
c,:. nsidier any of fe 'grounds of appeal which
are ba;sedJ in facts Judge Patterson has to
decide on. There are, however,he said,
several grounds of appeal based on law
luhich the Defence can argue immediately
with no risk to their clients rights.

Mr Hayvines saiid further that the Appeal
Court would defer cor.sideraion and
judgement in the Murder Appeal until the
three pending- matters had. been finalisd.

The President thought the Defence was
; tel:hlicaities oily ith no sub-
stance and he charged that Defence Counsel
"just didn't wvan to start the Appeal".

"I Vill rot agree to an adjournment on the
grounds y:u have raised", he aid. "As far
as I am concerned, the Murder Appeal vill
g:- on. We are just vastirrg time".
After the Court hOld heard briefly from Mr
Ka:rl H!siln-Pfhillips for the Prosecution, a
short adjourn:mrnit was taken, following
which Mr Harims announced that hearings
of the Murder Appeal would begin on the
followingrday, M.:y 31st.

In addition to Mr Haynes, the Appeal Court
is comprised of Farbadian Sir Frederick
Smith and Guyanese Mr Justice Rex McKay

Sitting with the Defence tearn on May 30th
was Mr R.arisey Clarke, former United
States At.rney Gerteral in the JohrIsion
(1967-1969) Adm nis ration. A source
close to the Defence Team told
NEWSLETTER Mr Clarke has no
,coriniction vith the case but is "just
interested". APP
"-'. APPEAL. Page 4

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 4th June 1988 Page 3

"..he is no Dn t e Nfi
.. i os r tn afet" nn empt be.hid"

Mr Kendrick Radix
Retiring irPf Politicel Leader

der and Political Leader of the
Maurice Bishop Patriotic Move-
ment (MBPM) has "stepped out of front line

For health reasons, he has relinquished the.
post of Political Leader, will "take a back
seat" and become MBPM President
Mr Radix was not present vhen this vas
announced on May 29th by Mr Einstein
Louison, MBPM Deputy P-oitical Leader, as
MBPM conducted an open session for the
press and others on the second day of the
MBPM Party Convention

"His health has been giving him problems
for some time", Mr Louison said, "but,
strong, battle-tested and co:nnmitted as he is,
he continues to fight and continues to ensure
that; when he steps out of front line politics,
he is not leaving anything empty behind".

Mr Louison said Mr Radix's decision to step
down was communicated to the Party on the
first day of the Convention, and Mr Radix
has left behind a new Executive of strong,
capable, committed and experienced "cadres
in the struggle" Who can continue.
Mr Louison said the Con vntion had chosen
Dr Terrence Marryshow to be the une
MBPM Political Leader. Dr M1arryshov,
Mr Louison said, is a fi ghter who is

prepared to make the maimum sacrifice
for his country "despite the torments and
victimisation of the ruling New National
Party regime".

In an interview with NEWSLETTER on
May 29th, Dr Marryshov, 35, said he had
,gne to Cuba in October 1979 to be trained
as a medical doctor. He qualified at the
University of Havana and returned to
Grenada ir August 1986.
He was one of 10 medical doctors who
returned from Cuba at the same time, he
said, and they had all applied to the
Grenada Government for registration,
license and a job.

According to Dr Marryshov, the
Authorities said the University of the West
Indies (UWI) would have to be consulted
and, in collaboration with UWI, an
examination would be set which the Cuban
trained doctors would have to sit.

"Of course":, he said, "this vas just a rryth
because UWI recognizes the Degree of the
University of Havana".

The Cirewada

Founded 17th August 1973
376th Issue
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About 20 Issues Published Annally

Page 4 Saturday 4th June 1988 The Grenada Nesletter
APPEAL from Pare 2

When the Court sat on May 31st, Mr Hughes
vas the first to address and he argued that
the Grenada High Court under bhich the
Murder Trial vas conducted vas not a
properly constituted Court.

Mir Rresey Clarrke
Former United States
Atternesu General

"That trial was not a trial by a Court which
vas legally established by lav", he said,
"That trial was not valid and it had no legal
effect vlitsoever".
Mr Hughes traced Grenada's Constitutional
history from 1967, vhen the island became
a State in Association with Britain, through
attainmernt of Independence in 1974, to thle
Nev Jevel Movement revolution in 1979.

He pointed out to the Appeal Judges that, up
to the time of the revolution, Grenada's
legal machinery and judiciary had operated
through the Supreme Court of the Eastern

That was Grenada's Court as specified by
the Costituticn, he said, and it wa shared
vith the other Windward and. Leevard

Following the successful take over of the
island, on 13th March 1979, by the New
Jevel Movement led by Maurice Bishop, the
Peoples Revolutionary Goverrnmnt (PRG)
was formed and its first lav suspended the
Subseqiunt PRO lavs Peoples Laws
4/1979 ad 1411979 established the
Grenada Supreme Court, and Mr Hughes
reminded the Appeal Judges that, after the
military intervention of October 19"3,
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon rest:,red
all of the Grenada Constiion with the
exception of the sections dealing with the
country's legal m hinry ~Ir iudici:rcv

The effect was that the Grenada Supreme
Court, established by the PRG, remained,
and still remains, in operation

Following the General Elections of
December 1984, the new Government, as its
first official act, passed Act number I of
1985 v'ich validated all proclamations
made by the Governor General and all laws
passed by the PRG.
This validation includes Peoples Laws
4/1979 and 14/1979 which created the
Grerada Supreme Court, and Mr Hughes
.argued that the Government had no
authority to, do this

The Cornstitution says the country's Sup-
reme Court is the Supreme Court of the
Eastern Caribbean, the Court Grenada
shared before the 1979 revolution, the
Defence Counsel said, ad, if the Govern-
ment wvated to give the nation another
Supreme Court, that is, the Grenada
Supreme Court set up by the PRG, the
Constitution would have to be changed.

By validating Peoples laws 4/1979 and
14/1979 and so confirming establishment of
the Grenada Supreme Court, Mr Hughes
said., Goverrnment was attempting to change
the Crnstitutiin nd, he argued, that part of
the Cnristitution cannot be changed less a
certain procedure is followed
That procedure calls for a two-thirds
majority vote (in favour of the
cortitutional cliange) in both the House of
Representatives and the Senate, a 90 day
interval between the first reading of the
Bill in the Hotue and its second reading, and
a national referendum in vbich the change
is approved by a two-thirds majority.

Mr Hughes said that, considering the
larIdslide victory of the New National Party
in the Oecember 1984 Elecions, the two-
tlirds nima~ rity votes in the House and
Senate probably vere achieved. He
p':'inted out, however, that the other
conditions had not been satisfied and he
argued, therefore, that the Act validating
the PR G laws is invalid and of no effect.

Mr Hughes continued his address on
Wednesday June 1st bhen he challenged the
See APPEAL Page 6

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 4th June 1988 Page 5
RADIX From Pae 3

It was finally decided he said, that, before
they could be registered, the Cuban trained
doctors would have to do 2 years of pre-
registration internship. The nine other
doctors who returned with him are now in
that program, he said, but he was re-
fused entry to the programme.
He has a letter from Oovernrant, he said,
which states that because of "recent
developments" he had rnt. been allowed into
tf.h programme. He has never been told
officially what the developmentst" are, he
said, but a local newspaper, "The Gre-
nadian Voice", had interviewed the Medical
Authorities and had asked what the "recent
developments" were.

Dr Terrence tArrgshow
eiw I BPN Political Leader
The reply vas that the developmennts had. to
do vith a trip I made to the United. States
last year when I was invited by a number of
fraternal or ganisations to give an up-date on
the Grenada situation", Dr Marryshow said.

On that trip, he said, he had not "beien overly
critical of the Government, but had spoken
of current events then, such as the
resignations of certain Ministers from the
New National Party Governrrent, the drug
abuse situation and the regionA and
international situations
Before going to Cuba, he said, he had not
been a member of the New Jevel Move-
ment. He had spent four years in the United
States earning his Degree in biology, he
said, and, afterwards, had taught biologyat
a secondary school in Grenada.

Overseas guests at the MBPM convention
included Mr James McWarren, Leader of
the Socialist Workers Party (SWT) of the
United States of America ar acanriidte in

te upcoming U.S. presidential elections.

Also among the overseas guests vere Ms.
Rena Cacoullos, National Secretary for the
Young Socialists Alliarce, the youth arm of
the SWP, Mr Themba Ntinga, Deputy
Representative of the African National
Congress Observer Mission at the United
Nations, and Mr Benret Barclay,
representative of the Trinidad & Tobago
Oilfields Workers Uni.
"r James nwarren
Potlticel Leader
SSeciliat Workers
Parttl Of
The U.SA.

Prei denti l
Candidate In The
tievember 1988

The theme of the Convention was
"Towards Greater Organisation, Greater
Patr-iotism & Popular Democracy". The
,'c.-aion celebrated African Liberation
Day, the 44th birthday (29th May) of slain
Prime Minister Maurice Bisop and the 4th
Anmul-r-ary of the launching of MBPM.
,, ,,-------- E--.......... .....

When "The Life Of Toussaint L'Ouver-
tour", the story of the great Haitian leader,
was published 135 years ago by an
Englishman, the Reverend John R Beard,
Doctor of Divinity, the author appended to
his book a set of tables which divide
"c::loured" persons into rnin classes.

The ihw.-ry behind these tables is that every
man is composed of 128 "shades", the white
man having all of them white and the black
man having all of them black.

According to the tables, the "coloured"
person nearest the Black is the "Sacatra",
that person having no more than 16 white

At the other end of the scale, nearest the
White, is ihe "Sang-Mele" having no less
than 125 vhite "shades"

Page 6 Saturday 4th June 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
APPEAL From Page 4

legality of the appointment of Mr Justice
Dennis Byron, the Judge who presided over
the Murder Trial.
"Mr Byrorns appointment was unconsti-
tutional and can be justified only under the
Doctrine of State Necessity", Mr Hughes
said, "and, when the appointment was made,
that Doctrine could not be applied"

Early in 1986, Mr Byron, on loan from the
East Caribbean Supreme Court, was
appointed to the Grenada Supreme Court as
ActingChief Justice. The appointment was
made under Peoples Law 14 of 1979.

That lav was enacted by the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRO) and says
such appointments must be made "by the
iGovernor General acting on the advice of
the Prime Minister after the Prime Minister
has consulted with the Public Service
Commission (PSC)".
Mr Hughes challenged the validity of Mr
Byron's appointment under this la In
the first place, he said, the Governor
General had dissolved the PSC established
by the PRO and had appointed a new PSC.
That new Public Service Commission, Mr
Hughes said, is not the one referred to in the
law and, therefore, could not be :consulted
by the Prime Minister before making the

The Defence Counsel argued even more
strongly that the Doctrine of State Necessity
could not be used to validate Mr Byron's

In May 1985, the Court of Appeal ruled
that that Doctrine made "legal" the
"unconstitutional" Grenada Supreme Court
established by the PRG and still in operation
*Vr *A'fffc J^nfa o. tha naaf -F.-,L, :a .. n.i.a.

Court Systetm until a constitutional Court
could be set up, but, he said, when Mr
Byron was appointed, conditions in Gre-
nada were quite different from vwen the
Court of Appeal applied the Doctrine to
validate the Grenada Supreme Court.

"When Mr Byron vas appointed", be said,
"there ere two judges in Grenada and the
conditions of 'necessity' did not exist"

Before the Court rose at the end of the day
on Wednesday June 1st, President Haynes
expressed concern over the loss of time
which the Court would experience because
it would not sit again until the following
Monday, June 6th.
This loss of time resulted from the fact that
Thursday June 2nd vas a Public Holiday,
Corpus Christi, and, to facilitate the foreign
based barristers, the adjonaexnt was taken
until after the weekend.

"We vill have to vork longer hours next
veek", the President said, "I don't want
people to think the Judges are not working"
"- -I"4 """"

Shortly after Jamaica passed into British
hands in 1655, King Charles II instructed
the Lieutenant-Governor, Thomas Lynch to
make arrangements for a Post Office to
operate under managenrnt of the Post
Master General, Daniel O'Neal.

This made Jamaica the first British colony
to establish a Post Office, but little attention
was given to the service and the mail was
handled in a most haphazard way.

To correct this, the Council of Jamaica,
meeting on September 21st 1671 at St Jago
de la Vega (Spanish Town), ordered the
Marshal to board all vessels and receive
letters "from the Maters and passengers
which they are not willing to deliver them-
selves, or if nobody else that is known be
there to demand them........."

The Marshal vas instructed to take the mail
to the "Post House" and "to receive 3d for
every superscription"
"sr _a .. -- I~ d -- .

:9 b turl. r

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 4th June 1988 Page 7

"I do nrotL mcte this Jorecast licgtly i"

turer in Government at the Cave
HillBarbados campus of the
University of the West Indies (UWI),
predicted here on May 25th that there vill
be a major crash of the United States
economy vithin the next two years.
"I do .not make this forecast lightly", he
said,` makeae it based on historical analysis,
and upon contemporary developments in
western economies, particularly in the U.S.

.iai. ..ii.i.

Speaking to the
Guild of Grad- .:::-
uates of UWI, Dr i
Duncan's sub tect
vas, "Orgamsa- L i ii
tion of East W.
Caribbean States (OECS) Political Unity
hat's in it for me".

He pointed, out that, since the OECS Heads
proposed there should be political unity of
the OECS states, a great deal -ha been said
of the advantages of such a move. He felt,
however, there are other matters which
should be considered and orn important
such matter is the need for the small GECS
states to band together to feadher the
economic storm of the United States crash
he forecast.
He is not the only person vhjh has made this
forecast, Dr Durcan said., this conclusion
has been arrived at by rmjor economists
vho have studied world conditions.

Historically, he said, there has been a great
crash and depression every 30 or 60 years
in the United States economy. If there is a
depression at the end of the 30 year cycle,
he said, it is usually relatively mild but, if it
does not take place, the depression at the 60
year marker "catches up wi a -e.ngeai.e"

After the 1929/1930 crash and the serious
recession for the next six or seven years,
Dr Duncan said, the next recession was due
in the 60s, but those years came and vent
without a serious depression.

"A major depression, a serious economic
crash, is now due in the U S economy in
1989/1990", he said, "and I saythis because
it has been consistent with the United States
eccnoirrc history over the past 200 years".
The sig~n. are, he said, a high degree of
concentration of health in the top one per-
cent of the population, ,and. this has been, in
the present era, preceded by tax
: : concessions given by President
SReag anm 1931 and in 1986.

-The concessions given the healthy in 1986,
Dr Duncan said, led to the number of
United States billionaires moving from
fourteen to twenty-six inthat year. The top
one percent of the U S population, he said,
now contr,.lIs over 36% of the wealthof the
country, and this condition has occurred at
no other time than at the times of the three
great economic crashes in U S history.
Another fact to be noted, Dr Duncan said, is
that in 1983, for the first time in its history,
the Uni ted States became a debtor nation. In
the following to years, he said, the U.S. debt rose rapidly to 250 billion
U.S.dollars, a figure higher than the
cocmbired national debts of the two major
debtor countries, Brazil and Mexico.

"What it took these tvo countries over 20
years to do", he said, "the U S accomplished
in two years, and the debt situation is
irC reading".

The U.S. budgetary deficit trebled between
See DUHCAM Page 9

Page Saturday 4th June 1988 The Grenada Newsletter


Grenada's Discovery
Television station,
Mr Larry Upton, disclosed,
in anintervie with NEWS-
LETTER on May 30th, that
he may soonquit the job be-
cause of enemies he has
made in Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize's ruling New
National Party.

I have had to say 'no' to a
lot of people in high places
who wanted to use the sta-
tion for not the right pur-
poses", be said.
These people hold it against
you, he said, and. his deal-
ings with them on other
matters relative to the sta-
tion may be compromised
because of this.

"I would like to finish the
job I came here to do, to
give this country nation-
vide television", be said.
"Television that is stable,
free-press, unbiased and a
voice for all Grenadians."

Mr Upton said he has a
great desire to fulfil that
ambition, but he believes he
may not be able to because
of the enemies he has made.

"They have a philosophy
that 'if you don't do vhat I
ask of you, you must be my
enemy' ", hesaid.
Throughout the Caribbean,
he said, ruling parties feel
they must control their
broadcast outlets for fear of
what the people may hear.

Mr LerrgI Upten

This is a dangerous phil-
osophy, he said, because it
leaves the door open for
tremendous abuse.

Mr Upton came to Grenada
in December 1986 to man-
age the TV station which
had been set up following
President Ronald Reagan's
visit to the island in
February 1986. The man
behind the venture is Mr
David McCourt, a Boston,
Massachusetts businessman
and Chairman of The Dis-
covery Foundation, a non-
profit organisation founded
by Mr McCourt for the
purpose of giving Grenada
a TV station.
According to Mr Upton, Mr
McCourt was one of the
young businessmen brought
to Grenada by the President
on his visit This was an
effort to interest American
businessman to take active
interest in rebuilding Gre-
nada after the intervention
of October 1983, he said,
and the TV project was
undertaken "at Washing-
ton's request .

*Mr totonh, vho is'not 'an

electronics engineer, but
who has had considerable
experience ith stations
WBZ, Boston and WVEU,
Atlanta, Georgia, said that,
on his arrival in Grenada,
he found the station oper-
ating very poorly. His
"hands-on" experience en-
abled him to solve the
problems then but he is
concerned that he may not
be able to solve the prob-
lems facing the station

Last December, in a nemo-
randum to Mr McCourt, be
pointed out some of those

"Government's incompet-
ency and need to constantly
control things here", he
said, "keeps station manage-
ment exerting energy and
time that could be used in
more productive ways".

In his mrmorandum, Mr
Upton said dealing with
Grenadian Civil Servants
vill "lead sane men to
insanity state". Grenada,
in general, he said, is
operating at a dangerous
inefficiency level, using
methods of operation that
date back to the dark ages,
ind. embracing "serious
negative work habits and
ethics that no one here
serms to vant to change".
In the interview vith
disclosed that Prime
Minister Blaize and Mr

I-~- 1- _Ip. ~____ _1--C-

The Grenada Newsletter Saturdo 4t June 1988 Page 9
UPTON Prom Page 8

McCourt had had a meeting in Washington
within the last 10 days (before the
interview) and "an agreement of some sort"
had been reached. The Prime Minister, he
Said, was given a "40-page report" setting
out the way in vhich the station can become
One of the areas needing to be stabilized is
the fact that there is no qualified ernieer
on the station's staff.

"There is something that must happen now",
Mr Upton said. "It cant wait 1 amnot able
to keep this station on the air myself. We
are vithouta qualified engineer on the staff
and, if anyone of dozens of elements blow:-
out, this station vil 'go bL tk' until I can get
an engineer in from Miami to identify the
problem and then secure the necessary spare

Mr David McCoart

"I sit here waiting for the screen to go
dark", he said, "and I krno it will. It isn't
'will it' ?, only'when will it'?
Another area to be regularised, the Station
Manager said, is the fact that the Station has
no legal entity. Discovery TV operates on
channel 11 but Mr Upton said this charnel
has not been assigned t the station nor does
the station have, from any authority, a
license to operate.

The equipment in use is a modified ex-US
Navy 100 watt closed-circuit transmitter
which gives limited coverage of Grenada
which is mountainous Mr Upton said the
plan is to increase power to 500 watts and
use four or five repeater points to cover the
entire three-island state of Grerada,
Carriacou and Petit Martinique. That

project, he said, has been estimated to cost
US$0.5 million but he thinks it can be done
for less.

The proposal is, he said, that the mcessary
funds be raised by selling shares ina Public
See UPTON Pag 10

DUNCAN From Pame 7

1981 and 1985,. Dr Duncan said, it
continues to increase at an
"astronomical pace", the balance of
trade is negative and most of the
"pluses" are in Third World debts,
the repayment of which is very
The crash may conme as early as late
1989, Dr Duncan said, and the
Caribbean economies are not going
to be able to withstand it. In the
1930s, he said, these economies were
weakly. integrated into the inter-
ratioJnal capitalist system, but they
are now more deeply integrated and
the vithdrawai symptoms from that
crash will rnov be more severe.

The effects of the 1929/1930 crash
led to the labour revolts m the
Caribbean, Dr Duncan said, but the
coming r crash will have worse effects,
will last six or seven years and the
stage is set for "serious revolution".

The Caribbean vill be in
revolutionary turmoil, he said, and
the Urites States will be unable to
help because it will be in the throes of
the crash and trying to turn public
protests around. Britain, France and
Japan, the rest of the world, will also
all be in the throes of a serious
This is a most urgent reason, Dr
Duncan told the Graduates, why
there is need for OECS unity- and
why the vider Caribbean should be
in a political unification movement so
that serious decisions, on a regional
level, can be taken which will enable
the Caribbean to begin to take the
steps necessary to enable survival.
* ***** E r~a .P ul m emIe


Page 10 Saturday 4th June 1988 The Grenada Newsletter

Mlr Greeme Roberts

of Grenada's Fores-
try Department was
boosted on May 26th bwhen
Mr Graeme Roberts, Resi-
dent RP.epresntative of the
British High Commission,
officially handed over an
electrically operated wood
drying kiln.
Speaking at the handing
over ceremony, Mr Roberts
ouflired the philosophy
behind assistance given by
his country.

"The purpose of British
aid", he said, "is to bhet and

orm "TS M7AND

BDD wiLl give favourabe consideration
to requests Jor ... addicti4otial equipment

encourage those
receive it to develop
own societies in their



Mr Roberts said the major
objectives of British aid are
to achieve quality, effective-
ness and value-for-im>,ney,
and great care is taken to
ensure that aid projects are
technically, economically
and financially sound.
These criteria were applied
to the three-year forestry
project of which the kiln is a
part, he said, and. total cost
is about EC$450,000.

This is not a large sum
compared with the total
British aid progr.niamn to
Grenaa, Mr Roberts said.

That aid amounts to some
EC$5 million in the current
financial year and to this
must be added EC$1.5
million contributed through
the European Development

Neverth eless, he
despite the relatively
cost, the forestry
gr.mirne is vital to
nada's econorny.


In addition to provision of
the kiln, the Programme
includes an aforestation
plan, establishment of a
seedling nursery, power
says and other equipment,
and a vehicle.

Mr Roberts said it had been

UPTON From Page 9

Company established to
own and operate the station.

Stock in the Companzy
would be available to both
Grenadians and foreigners,
he said, and Mr Upton
thinks that, with this plan,
the station vill become self-
sustaining in three to five
At the present. time, he said,
it is not self-sustaining.
There is sufficient adver-
tising revenue to pay the
bills and the salaries of I
of the station's 32 employ-
ees. But the Grenada
SGovernment has to meet the
bill for the other 14 employ-
ees, and the Station Man-
ager's salary is paid by The
Discovery Foundation.

In his memorandum to Mr
McCourt, the Station Man-
ager sums up the require-
nenris for the successful
operation of Discovery TV.

"Simply put, in my
opinion', he said, "take
television nationwide,
bring in foreign help
for the key management
positions, have a large
supply of spare parts on
hand, secure station
advertising represen-
tatives in England, the
United States and Can-
ada, and you vill have
an economically self-
sustaining television
station in Grenada'.

Over the past year, Mr
Upton said, he has been to

neetingZ of Latin American
and Caribbean TV broad-
casters held in Caracas and
in Barbadzx, and there had
been a great deal of dis-
cussion relative to the high
volurm of United States
programmes used as com-
pared with local pro-
"~Yhle they all bitch about
Norih American program-
ming", he said, "they all
agree that local pro-
grarnmes have no interest
because, when you produce
locally, you do not have the
Neans, the cameras, the
expertise, and the facilities
for jazzing up a local
See UPTON Pag-e

SThe Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 4th June 1988 Page 11

movement (MBPM) to attend a Convention in Grenada, were refused entry by the
Immigration Authorities.

The Convention started on
May 28 and concluded on
May 29th and, at a press
conference on May 27th,
MBPM Political Leader,
Mr Kendrick Radix, said
Mr Don- Rojas, former
Press Secretary to murder-
ed Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop, had not been alloy-
ed entry.
Mr Radix said Mr Roja, a
Vincentian, is a ime mber of
MBPM, is MBPM's paid
representative stationed in
Havana, Cuba, and he arrir-
ed in Grenada on the even-
irg of Thursday May 26th.
He vas held overnight in a
Police cell under armed
guard, Mr Radix said,
deemed a rationala security
risk" and deported the
following morning.

"We vish to protest, once
again", the MBPM Leader
siud, "that the garm of
'national security' is being
used, once again, as a guise
to frustrate, to prostitute
and to prohibit the
See MBPM Page 13

ROBERTS From Page 10
his understanding that the formal handing over of the
kiln marked the end of British aid to the Forestry
Division but, he said, this need not be the case. He
understands the sawmill need more equipment and an
irrigation system is needed for the nursery.

"The Britishi DevN-lopment Division does not abandon
projects vhich are ircomplete", he said, "and I am sure
they vill give favourable consideration to requests for
this additional equipment"

Accepting the kiln on behIf of the Forestry Department,
Minister of State Mrs Pauline Andrews, thanked Mr
Roberts, not only for the nov-completed Forestry
Project, but for his promise of further aid.
Mrs Andrews gav tle assurance that the kiln and other
equipment donated will be kept in xood condition and,
she said, Goverirnm~ nt. is keenly avare of the need to
preserve the forests and prevent destruction of trees,

"Recently, e have taken a decision that before
anyone cuts dovn a tree in Grenada", she said,
"they must have permission".

The wood dr ving kiln has a capacity of 5,000 board feet.
Previously, timber handled by the Forestry Department
vas air-dried and reducing the moisture content to the
required levi! took three months With the kiln, this
process can be completed in one veek.
E ng .lTT I.III I I I

UPTON From Page 10

Mr Upton said, because of
the lack of manp.,"ver,
equipment and time, it is
impossible to make a local
programme look like a well
done North American or
European production.

"They (North Americans
and Europeans) may vcwrl:
six months on a half-hour
production" he said. "We
cant do that. We bring
them into our little studio,
have tvo talking head sit

there for a half hour, (and
that is) thI most borirng
show in the world.."
The local people are
"spoiled" by the slick
productions they see
pr:dji.uced in the movies or
on North American and
European TV, he said, -and
they want the same quality
in local productions

And the St iian Manager
thinks there is no answer to

this problem. He believes in
local programming that is
informative, educational
and entertaimag, he says,
but thinks one must be
realistic and do as much as
one can as often as one can.

"But I know I have to put it
(local programming) on for
nothing", he said, "because I
cant get anyone to sponsor



Page 12 Saturday 4th June 1988 The Grenada Newsletter


& icCout

to be macIor sriMrefwtiers

for expansion, Grenada's Discovery
television station is to be converted into
a public company before the end of this
The announcement ras made in a press
release issued on June 1st by Mr Larry
Upton, Manager of the station, and it
disclosed that the decision flows from a
meeting held recently by Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize with Mr David McCourt, the
man responsible for having the station in
Discovery TV nov has limited coverage of
Grenada and, according to the release, the
Prime Minister says it is an absolute
priority that every Grenadian have access to
the nation's television service. Mr Plaize
said also there must be more local
programfinrg created in Grenada for

Mr Daviid McCourt
"This new investment vehicle vill supply
the necessary resources to do these things",
Mr Blaize said, "vhile offering a fair return
to stockholders".

Mr McCourt, President of his Boston based
family-owned business, McCo.u't Cable &
Communications Incorporated, is also Presi-
dent of a non-profit organisation, The Dis-
covery Founadatiorn, vhich he founder for

the purpose of settiig up a television station
in Grenada.
This initiative vas undertaken following Mr
McCourt's viit to Grenada in February
1986 v .hen Piesident Reagan came to the
island and, according to Station Manager,
Mr Upton, the TV project was undertaken
"at Washington's request".

Ho,'wever, there have been problems and, in
a recent interview vith NEWSLETTER Mr
Upton complained of attempts by members
of Mr Blai.' Nev National Party to inter-
fere vith the rmuning of the Station.

"I have had to say 'no' to a lot of people in
high places who wanted to use the station
for not the right purposes", he said.

He co:,rplained also of difficulty dealing
vith Grenadian Civil Servants and of the
fact that there is no qualified electronics
engineer attached to the Station.
Another serious cor-cern of the Station
Mfarier is that Discovery TV has no legal
e-itity, havii. nfver been officially assigned
a channel on which to broadcast and holding
no licenr.e, from any Authority, to operate

According to the release issued by
Mr Upton, a monitoring body, The
Grenada Communications Commiss-
ion, is to be established to ensure that
the station adheres to community
standards and there is a fair balance
between educational and entertain-
ment programming.

When the station is converted into a Public
Company, the release says, the Government
of Grenada and Mr McCourt will be the
major shareholders, the remainder of the
shares being offered to the public.

Prime flitister
Herbert A Blaize

1. ,


The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 4th June 1988 Pags 13

IMor FFrahk Aid For Jones At Agriculture
Agicultue Ministers Meeting

Mr Bertrand Raimbourg arrived in Gre- Minister of Agriculture, Mr Ben Jones, led
nada in the week ending June 4th to join the a delegation of three to the Ith meeting of
French AgriculturalMission here. the Caribbean Community (CARICOM)
Standing Committee of Ministers of Agri-
On a 14 month asignment Mr Raimbourg culture which opened in Trinidad on May
vill be attached to the Department of 25th.
Veterinary and Livestock
The delegation was expected to attend a
Mr Raimbourg replaces Mr Serge Arnaud meeting of the Caribbean Food Corporation
vho vas attached to the same Department on May 27th and a meeting of the Caribbean
and was active in the devorming Regional Development Institute (CARDI)
programme which was partly funded by the on Mva 2Sth.
French Government See NEWS SHORTS Page 14
MBPM From Pa~ 11

enjoyment of the normal
political rights of our
political party......"

Mr Radix said that, if Mr
Rojas is a national security
risk, Governments proper
course of action would have
been to arrest him on
arrival and charge him with
offenses against the State.
A member of the MBPM
Excutive, Dr Terry
Marryshow, told NEWS-
LETTER on May 28th that
another invited guest to the
Convention, Mr David Ab-
dullah, a member of the
Executive of the Trinidad &
Tobago Oilfield Workers
Trade Union, had been
refused entry on the night

Dr Marryshov said also
there had been a problem
with another person invited
to the Convention, Mr
Themba Ntinga, the Deputy
Representative of the Af-
rican National Congress
Observer Mission at the
United Nations.

According to Dr
Marryshov, Mr Ntinga,
who has a valid Aisa issued

by Dr Lamuel Stanislaus,
Grenada's Ambassador to
the United Nations, vas
originally detained at Point
Salines International Air-
port but afterwards allowed

At the press
conference, Mr Radix
said MBPM has been
advised by Government
that the invited guests
from Cuba vould not be
allowed entry, and the
reason given vas that
Grenada has no diplo-
matic relations with

The MBPM Leader
described this as a
flimsy and one-sided
excuse". There are now
over 150 stuhients
studying free-of-cost in
Cuba, he said, and, vith
Government's know-
ledge, a number of
persons go to Cuba
from Grenada to re-
ceive medical attention
and visit their families.

There is always reciprocity
in international relations, he
said, and if Grenadian can
go to Cuba, then C. bans can

come to Grenada Mr
Radix said permission for
the Cubans to come to the
Convention had been denied
by the Grenada Govern-
ment "on instructions from
the Reagan State Depart-

The MBPM Leader des-
cribed Government's action
as cloningg about" and
"fooling with State power".
State pover, Mr Radix said,
must always be exercised
Mr Radix said also that,
because of Government's
action, MBPM had decided
that he (Radix) should no
longer maintain member-
ship of the Committee
established by the Grenada
branch of the Common-
wealth Parliamentary Ass-
ociation (CPA) to promote
the idea of political unity in
the Organisation of East
Caribbean States (OECS).

MBPM, he said,
express its views on
unity independently.


1- - - - - -

Saturday 4th June 1988

The Greaad Newstlettr

NEWS SHORTS From Page 13

Lo4Sl Aid SHamm Opens

Minister of Legal Affairs and Attorney
General, Mr Danny Williams, delivered the
feature address at the official opening of the
Grenada Legal Aid & Coumelling Clinic on
31st ay.

According to a release from the
Government Information Service (GIS),
the Clinic vill provide legal assistance to
persons vith annual iro s of less than

The Clinic has been organized by the
Grenda. Community Development Agency
eral Secretary, Miss Judy Williams, told
GIS the first year of operation will be
funded b OXFAM and the Catholic Fund
For Over9e Development

Te Caribbsap representative of te United
Nations Educaltio Scientific & Cultural
Organisation" (UNbCO), Mr Mervyn
Claxton, int the Grada UNESCO
National Conrission on 31st May.

The meeting isnsidered a report on projects
approved for 1987 and considered pro-
posals for pots in the 1988/1989 period
The proposals include a basic skills training
programme for unemployed youth, in-
service seo r school teacher raining
and a schoarip programme to the
secondary sch for the underprivileged.

The Ministry of Labour has established an
employment agency and has called on all
unemployed persons to register.

A call has been made also to employers to
furnish the Labour Department with details
of available vacancies.

According to the GovernmInt Inforuion
Service, at 4th Jae, 67 person had
registered and, of these, 48 had been placed
in jobs

Mcguim At CXC Meeting

During May 26th and 27th, Minister of
Education, Mr George McGuir, and Chief
Education Officer, Mr Roy Rathan
attended a meeting in Guyana of officials of
countries participating in the Caribbean
Eamiation Council euammtions.

Following a 1986 maInate of Caribbean
Community (CARICOM) Ministers of
Education, the meeting looked into the
requirements for Technical & Vocational
Education and Training.
Mr McGuire told the Government
Information Service (GIS) that the meeting
agreed to establishaCAR[COM Foundation
for Art & Culture.

The Minister said also that the regional
cultural festival, Carifesta, had the attention
of the meeting, and plans ere discsed for
the observance of 150 years of emanci-
pation in the Caribbean.

tbr a
Allflf Hfl-~

4th Jumn 1988

Pdrate & Putiset By Tko Pretun
A1ste & Cyaltia Huges, JOwIEAli
Of faott Stet, St Ormes,OmGna, Westes
(P.O.Box 65- Poomne 1809 440 2538: Cables HILSON, OGeiAa

Page 14

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3111 1 I L- I L I I ._ II II

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