The Grenada newsletter

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The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
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Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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A. & C. Hughes
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The &renada


Volume 16 Saturday 21st May 1988 Number 7

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T29AR M&%901"

Dtefren Question Appointment Of
D)ir actor Of Public Prosecutions

Motion, vhich began before Mr
Justice James Patterson on April
18th and were adjourned on April 29th,
were resumed on May 16th.
Filed on behalf of 17 persons convicted in
the Maurice Bishop Murder trial this
Motion charges that, for a variety of
reasons, that trial was unfair. Fourteen of
those persons, including former Deputy
Prime Minister Bernard Coard and his
Jamaican wife Phyllis, are urnder sentence of
death for murder, while three are serving
long prison terms for manslaughter.
The "Fair Trial" Motion before Judge
Patterson is not nev. It vas filed by
Defence lawyers on June 2nd 1986 and
came before Judge Patterson eight days
later. It sets out a series of arguments why
the Defence says the Bishop Murder Trial
vas unfair, and it asked that that trial, then
m progress before Acting Chief Justice
Dennis Byron, be stopped
But the Motion did not have. a hearing.
Judge Patterson ruled that his Court had no
jurisdiction to hear it. And, he said more
than that. Even if his Ccourt. had
jurisdiction, he said, he would not issue an
order to stop the trial.
The Defence, led by prominent Jamaican

barrister, Mr an Ramsay, appealed against
the "no jurisdiction" decision and von. The
Appeal Court said Judge Patterson vas
vrong, that he did have the jurisdiction to
hear the Motion and they ordered him to do

Meanwhile, the trial proceeded and the

Patterson Reserves "Fair
Trial" Judgement ............. I
Jones Praises Chamber ....... 3
OECS Cooperation Went A
Long Way In Grenada Affair.'9
CAIC Must Analyse
& Recommend : Matalon... 11
GrenadalFrance Cooperation
Committee To Meet In Paris. 12
CAIC Has Difficult Year........ 13
SNevs Shorts....-..............---. 14

Motion had not yet been heard on 4th
December 1986 vhen the jury brought in
their verdicts.
The Motion finally came back before Mr
Patterson on 18th April 1988 vhen, led by
Mr Rasay, the Defence charged the Judge
vith bias. They referred to the first time
See MOTION Pag. 2

^ .--^ .^--rfs--jk f'

Page 2 Saturday 21st May 1988 The Grenada Newsletter

MOTION From Page 1
the Motion had come before Mr Patterson
He had said then that, even if he had
jurisdiction, he would not grant the order to
stop the trial, and the Defence called that
"intellectual bias".

They asked Mr Patterson to disqualify
himself, but the Judge vas unmoved by the
arguments. Hearings on the Motion have
proceeded (see NEWSLETTER 7th May
19-3, Page 1) and, on May 16th, Mrs Velmh
Hylton Q C, Director of Public
Prosecutions (DPP) took the witness stand.
IShe w.vs cross .e:ramined by Jamaican
D Ifrfene Counsel, Mr Ian Ransay, and his
questions implied there are iree ularities
with Mrs Hylton's appointment as-DPP.

That appointment, it vas disclosed, was
madle before the Grenada Corntitution was
restored. It dates from 30th March 1984,
five months after the rrilitary intervention
of. October 183, and .some eight months
before the Constitution was put back into

"I was appointed by letter from the Public
Service Commission acting with the consent
and advice of the Governor General", Mrs
Hylton told the Court.

In reply to Mr Ramsay's line of questioning
relative to her appointment, Mrs Hylton
said that appointment had not been by the
Judicial & Legal Services Commission as is
required by the Grenada Contitution. She
draws her powers as DPP from her
appointment, she said, and. this, togelhe.r
vith the entire judicial system, driavs its
validity under the "Doctrine Of State
Mrs Hylton told the Court she was a
member of the Prosecution Team in the
Bishop Murder Trial, which teamn vas led
by Trinidadian barrister, Mr Karl Hudson-
Phillips O C. She acknowledged that, as
DPP, she is not subject to the direction or
control of anyone, and denied that she
accepted any directions from Mr Hudson-

Referring to the incident at Fort Rupert on
19th October 1983 when armoured cars of
the Peoples Revolutionary Army were sent
to recover the Fort from the crowd which

had seized it, Mr Ramsay asked Mrs Hylton
whether she had heard the report that the
crowd had fired at the armoured cars
before the cars had fired back.

Mr Ramisav also wanted to know whether,
.as DPP, Mrs Hylton had investigated that
report as, he said, it was her duty to do.

For the Prosecut.on, Mr Doodnauth Singh
objected to that question as being irrelevant.
Judge Patterson upheld the objection but Mr
Ramsay asked that the question be noted in
the Court record.

Mrs Hylton was questioned extensively as to
vh other the accused had had an opportunity
to challege any of the jurors selected for
the panel She told the Court that, exept
for tvo of the accused who had not
rmisbehaed, all of the accused had been put
out of the Cour* by the presiding Judge, Mr
Dennis Byron, iwen they bad disrupted the
proceedings by clapping, chanting and
Therefore, she said, they had not been in
-Court when the jury vas selected and so did
not have an opportunity to challenge any of
the jurors selected.

In reply to Mr Ramrsay, Mrs Hylton said
that, lhen the accused had been brought
back into Court, they had not been asked
whether they wished to challenge any of the
panel of jurors

Mrs Hylton told the Court that two persons
elected for the jury had been excused when
they declined to swear. Another person
had been excused by the Judge when the
Judge found that person was related to the
Judge's Secretary, and another had been
eusedw lher-j the Prosecution reported to
the Court that person had a relative who
had died in the incident at Fort Rupert.
Before the Court affidavits from some
of the conAvicted persons swearing that, on a
certain day, they were beaten by Police
Guards. One of those Guards, Mr Peter
Lewis, gave evidence on May 16th and
denied there had been any beating.

Mrs Hylton also vas questioned about the
incident and asled to agree that the Police
See MOTION Page 4

- --


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st May 1988 Page 3

Prime Minister and Minister for
Agriculture and Tourism, hs ad
high praise for the cooperation given his
Government by the Grenada Chamber of
Industry & Commerce (GCIC).

Mr Jones delivered the feature address, on
May 13th, at a luncheon of the Incrrporpoated
Chambers of Industry and Cormmerce of the
Caribbean (CAIC), in Grenada for the 33rd
Annual General meeting, and he told dele-
gates Government cannot solve the prob-
lerm of unemployment without cooperation
of the private sector.
"We are happy the Grenada Chamber of
Industry & Commerce, and other business
elements here, have been cooperating with
us to a very large extent in l]'>okirn at the
economic situation", he said, "especially
with regard t the contribution they can
make in the process of industrial develop-
ment so that, together, we may succeed in
building the economy ............

It may be said, Mr J, rjts continued, that
IGCIC has not been allowed sufficient
opportunity to do as much as the Chamber
would like to o o and can do, but,
nevertheless, the Chamber has been making
a valuable contribution and, on behalf of
SGovernment, he publicly recgrnised that

The Acting Prime Minister said all
Caribbean Governments shar' the problem
of unemployment and. he vould be reassured
if he could know that other Chambers in the
Caribbean are making the same kind of
contribution in their countries as thl Gre-
nada Chamber is making here.
Mr Jones said he does not know the kind of
relationship existing beiveen the various
Governments and Clarbers in the
Caribbean. He is sure, however, that, like

Mr Ben Joine
Hiaister For External Mt fairs.
Agriculture. Forestry. Lands & Tourism

the Grenada Government, those Govern-
ments understand the need to cooperate
vith the Chambers and provide the
Chambers vith the opportunity to make the
kind of contribution they must make if the
Govrrrrments are to succeed in solving the
economic problems they have.
Gren.ada's economy depends on
a'riculture and tourism, Mr Jones s-aid, and
Government is encouraging industrial-
isatio',n as :another nians of providing
employment and earning foreign exchange.

"In Grnada, the Government does not
emntIark, on any industrialisaftion pro-
See JONES Page 5

The CureMsda

Founded 17th August 1973
375th Issue
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About 20 Issues Published Annally

-- -- ..

Page 4 Saturday 21st May 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
,- ... .... . .

should not beat prisoners.

"I do not expect the Police to beat up
people", she said, "but they are human
beings and, if they are attacked, I expect
them to defend themselves".
Mrs Hylton said she had been asked by
Judge Byron to investigate the incident and
had done so. She had dealt vith the
matter as she thought appropriate but she
declined to say what she had done

When Mrs Hylton returned to the witness
box on May 17th, Mr Ramsay charged that,
as DPP, she bad found herself "between a
rock and a hard place".

Mr Ramsay told the Court that,
.7~r -:: 4..-----

!Hudson- F
Phillips ha
been put at the
head of the Pros- -:. ;i..i.
ecution Team of vhich Mrs
Hylton 'was a member, her
constitutional integrity 1
comprormsed and she was tryi
up the fact

because Mr

Questioned for the Defence by Guyanse
Senior Counsel, Mr Clarence Hughes, Mrs
Hylton said that, according to law, the High
Court mustcommence sittings annually, on
three specific dates, to hear criminal
matters, one such date being the first
Tuesday in February. The la says also
that, prospective jurors must be selected and
summoned at least 8 days before the day
appointed for the commencement of the
In 19g6, the first Tuesday in February fell
on the 4th of that month and prospective
jurors were selected and summoned in time
for the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial
scheduled to commence on that date.
Hovever, the Trial Judge, Acting Chief
Justice Dernis Byron, found those jurors
.. had been improperly
l selected and sum-
-. mooed and he dis-

I In Jamaica you had the reputation of being
tough but clean", he told the DPP. "But you
have compromised your reputation for
fairness in this case".

Mrs Hyton denied that, in any vay her
"constitutional integrity" had been com-
promised. In the exercise of her duties,
she said, there had been consultations but
she had never taken instructions from Mr
Hudson-Phillips or anyone else.
With reference to incidents said to have
taken place in Court on lth April 1986,
during the Bishop Murder Trial, Miss
Hvlton said she had not heard prospective
jurors abusing the accused as has been
alleged by the Defence. She had heard one
man, not a prospective juror, say to the
accused," Go on and take your jail".

She had not seen the man but he had been
identified to her as a person who had been
detained by the Peoples Revolutionary

A nev array of prospective jurors vas then
selected and summoned and Mr Hughes
asked Mrs Hvlton to agree that these jurors
had been illegally selected and summoned.

The lar says they should have been selected
and summoned before the date fixed for the
sitting, February 4th, he said, and these nev
jurors had not been selected and summoned
until April.
The DPP did not agree that the action had
been illegal. As far as the selection of
jurors is concerned, she said, "sitting" does
nor refer to the three dates set out in the lav
but to the actual date on which the Trial
Judge sits.

"The Chief Justice has the over to order
the summoning of a jury for a sitting of the
Court", she said, "and I do not refer to the

See MOTION Pare 5

-- -- ---

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st May 1988 Page 5
MOTION From Page 4

specific dates set out in the lav".

Mr Hughes completed his cross-
ezmnation of Mrs Hylton on May 17th and
vhen she et ed to the vitess box on
May 18th, she faced Jamaican Defence
Counsel Mr Delano Harrison.

lrs Velrm Hgilto Q C
Director Di Public Prosecutions
le suggested that, although the DPP is a
'born-again Christian" and has accepted
Jesus Christ as her personal Saviour, she
had not spoken the truth vhen, in her
testimony, she had said that, on 11th April
1986, during the Murder Trial when it is
alleged the prospective jurors had abused
the accused, she had stood on the inside of
|he door of the Judge's Chambers, holding
|t ajar vith her hand month "knob".

"I svear by Almighty God that, on I th
April 1986", she told the Court, "I stood on
the inside of that door and held on to what I
call the 'knob'".

Mr Harrison told the Judge this testimony
produced a piece of "real evidence" in that,
he alleged, there is no knob on the inside of
the door.

This is not only valuable to prove the
credibility of the vitess, he said, but also to
indicate whether she could hear, at that
time, the abuse which, it is alleged by the
iDefence, prospective members of the jury
were hurling at the accused.

Judge Patterson, however, would not let Mr
Harrison proceed with this line of
questioning as he thought it a "side issue" to

the matter before the Court.

Mr Harrison questioned Mrs Hylton also on
a statement in er affidavit before the Court
that she sees no conflict in the evidence
given at the Murder Trial by two of the

The issue lies in the matter of identification
of certain of the accused and Mr Harrison
said that the Judge's record shows there is a
Mrs Hylton would not accept there is a
conflict and said the Judge's record before
the Court is not in the Judge's handwriting
hut is a +ypewritten version.

"The typewritten record shows something
different from vhat I recall", she said.

Mrs Hylton was the last fitness to give
evidence and she was re-examired briefly
by Prosecution Counsel, Mr Doodnauth
Singh, Senior Counsel.
See MOTION Page 6

JONES From Page 3
gramme", he said, "We have learnt to
leave that to the private sector because
we believe they have the greater know-
hov and, certainly, more money".

The Grenada Government offers
generous concessions to induce nvest-
ment in the island, Mr Jones said, and he
invited the CAIC delegates to take
advantage of those concessions "if they
have some extra money and cannot find
use for it" in their home territories.
The Minister said the Grenada Govern-
ment has been accused of not allowing
the Chamber sufficient scope to partici-
pate, but this has been recognized and
Government is now putting into place
the kind of policies which will allov for
fuller Chamber participation

Itis Government's hope that, when these
policies have been implemented, he said,
the Chamber will accept the challenge
and make an even greater contribution.
:r I IIII!

-- -- -- --------

Page 6 Saturday 21st May 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
MOTION From Page 5

Trinidad barrister,
Mr Ulric Dougan,
vho vas at the
Bishop Murder
Trial as assistant to
Trinidad barrister
Mr Hudson-Phillips
bad been expected
to give evidence for
the Prosecution.
Mr Singh told the
Court, bovever,
that in spite of
efforts made up to

draft judgement of
the President", Mr
Singh said. "I have
not seen the final
judgement, but I
understand it does
not appear there".
This reference by
Mr Singhis connect-
ed vith the claim of
the Defence that the
rights of the
convicted persons,

by clapping, chant-
ing and stamping.
The Trial Judge, Mr
Justice Dennis By-
ron, ordered them
removed on each
occasion this occurr-
ed and the trial
proceeded vith the
accused out of the
However, the De-
fence point, to a
proviso in section 8

This matter came
before Mr Justice J
0 F Haynes on 30th
June 1986 vhen, as
a single Judge of the
Appeal Court, he
vas asked to issue a
stay of proceedings
of the Murder

According to Mr
Singh, Mr Haynes'
"draft judgment"
inthat matter referr-

that day (18th May),
it had not been
possible to get Mr
Dougan to Grenada.
Addressing the
Court, Mr Singh
said that, ma matter
relevant to the Bis-
hop Murder Trial,
part of a judgement
delivered verbally
by President of the
Appeal Court, Mr
Justice J 0 F
Haynes, may not
appear in the final
written judgement

"This matter was
referred to in the

under section 8 of
the Grenada Con--
stitution, have been

That section says a
person charged with
a criminal offense
may be removed
from te Court and
the trial proceed in
his absence if it is
not practical to
continue the pro-
ceedings in his
In the Bishop Mur-
der Trial, the accus-
ed continually dis-
rupted the Court

which says, ".....the
trial may take place
in the absence of the
person charged so
long as no punish-
ment of death or
avarded in the
event of his convict-
The Defence argues
that, because the
trial proceeded in
the absence of the
accused from the
Courtroom, no pun-
ishment of death or
imprisonment could
be awarded against

ed to an interpret-
ation of this section
of the Constitution
but that reference
may not be in the
final judgerment.
Press reports of
June 1986 (see
19th July 1986,
page 6) report Mr
Haynes as express-
ing, in his judge-
ment, a personal
xnev that what the
Constitution de-
mands is that the
accused person be
present when sen-
; MOTION Pmm 7

- -~- -

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st May 1988 Page 7
MOTION From Pae 6

tence is passed.

"I find it impossible to believe', the
President of the Appeal Court is
reported as saying, "that the
Constitution makers intended that
you should not be able to try and
convict a man for murder as long as
he was disrupting the Court'.

Mr Singh expressed the view that
interpretation of this section of the
Constitution already has been dealt with
judicially by Mr Haynes, and should not
now be before Mr Patterson
Mr Singh spoke also of the allegation of the
Defence that the jury empaneled for the
Bishop Murder Trial had been illegally
selected and summoned.

He recounted the fact that, because of a legal
defect, the Trial Judge had dismissed the
prospective jurors selected and summoned
before the scheduled sitting of the Court on
4th February 1986. He referred also to
the fact that the Trial Judge had then
'ordered that a nev array of prospective
jurors be selected and surmm.r ed..

The Defence argues that this second
selecting and summoning vas illegal
because the lav says the jury panel must be
selected and summoned before the
scheduled date, in this case, 4th February
1986. Mr Singh does not agree.

Under the Common Lay, he said, the Trial
Judge had the authority and duty to order
that a mn panel of prospective jurors be
selected and sumrtmned immediately.
Referring to the Defence allegation that, in
the Courtroom, the nev panel of jurors
expressed verbal hostility to the accused and
Defence Counsel, Mr Singh said that,
assuming that hostile remarks had been
made, it is clear they were not made in the
presence of the Trial Judge and Prosecution

Mr Singh said the accused persons and
Defence Cousel had failed to bring to the
attention of the Trial Judge and the
Prosecution, at the earliest possible
opportunity, the alleged prejudicial
behaviour of the prospective jurors.

"It is nov too late in the day to rely on
alleged prejudicial statements andlor
behaviour of prospective jurors", he said,
"unless te Defence can point out that such
behaviour came from persons who
ultimately became members of the jury".

When Mr Singh continued his address to the
Court on May 19th, he said that all the
points raised by the Defence in this "Fair
Trial" Motion hearing are points vhich vill
be raised before the Appeal Court vhen the
Maurice Bishop Murder Trial appeal comes
up on May 30th.

He argued that, according to law, Mr
PattersLn can decline to hear and rule on the
"Fair Trial" Motion if there is another
course of action which persons bringing
that Motion can take to get the redress they

The proper course of action, Mr Sigh said,
is to argue the points at the Murder Trial
Appeal which will be before three Judges
who constitute the final Court of Appeal.

Mr Singh's address was followed by that of
Mr Hughes, and he told the Court the jury in
the Murder trial had not been selected,
summoned and empaneled legally.

The trial was conducted before
unqualified jurors, he said, and it
was just as though there was no jury
at all".

Mr Hughes told the Court that, according to
law, sittings of the High Court must
commence on three specific dates annually.
He said also the lav demands that, before
each sitting, the Registrar must select and
summon an "array" of prospective jurors
for that sitting.
Such an array vas selected and summoned
for the Maurica Bishop Murder Trial
scheduled to begin 4th February 1986.
Hoeveer, the Trial Judge, Acting Chief
Justice Mr Dennis Byron, found the
selection had not been properly done. He
dismissed the entire array and ordered the
Registrar to select and summon a new

Mr Hughes argued that the Judge had no
See MOTION Page 8

---- ---- ----- --c~-~
._ __. .~_ __ __ ___~

Page 8 Saturday 21st May 1988 The Grenada Nevsletter
MOTION From Pane 7

pover to order the selection
and summoning of an array
after the date fixed for
commencement of the sitt-
ing, and he asked Judge
Patterson to to find that Mr
Byron's action vas illegal.

"Distasteful though it
may be", Mr Hughes
told Mr Palterson,
"you have the over to
nullify the action of
another Judge".

The proper course which
should have been followed
by Judge Byron vas to
order a "Special Sitting" of
the High Court and to have
the Registrar select and sum-
mon an array of prospective
jurors before the date fixed
for that sitting.
IContinuing his address on
'May 19th, Mr Hughes
asked Judge Patterson to
find that, on one occasion,
the panel of potential jurors
selected for the Bishop
Murder Trial hurled abuse
at both the accused and their

Mr Hughes reminded the
Judge that seven Defence
lawyers had testified on
oath that they had heard a
number of the jurors
abusing and threatening
them and the accused.

"The evidence is over-
helminlg that jurors
hurled abuse at the
accused and Counsel"
Mr Hughes said,
"Would seven lawyers
come here and tell un-
truths ? Their evi-
dence has the ring of

The judge does not have to
inquire into the identity of
the actual potential jurors

vho vere abusive, Mr
Hughes said It is enough,
he said, that. a situation
existed in which a fair-
minded person would have
reasonable suspicion that it
was not possible for the
accused persons to have a
fair trial.

Mr Hughes referred to an


ir Clartnce Hughes
I Senior Counsel
affidavit filed on behlf of
the Prosecutionby Trinidad-
ian barrister, Mr Ulric
Dougan, who had been
associated in the Murder
Trial with the Leader of the
Prosecution team, Trinidad-
ian barrister, Mr Karl
Hudson-Phillips Q C.
Mr Dougan was scheduled
to come to Grenada to be
cross-examined by the De-
fence on his affidavit, but
Prosecution Coimsel, Mr
Doodnauth Singli, Senior
Counsel, with:,ut giving any
reasons, told Judge Patter-
son the Prosecution "had
been unable to get Mr
Dougan to Grenada" and his
affidavit was therefore

Mr Hughe. said the
Prosecution case had relied
heav-ly on the Dougarn
affidavit and, in the absence
of any reason why the
Trinidadian lawyer had not
conm to Grerada to he cro s-

examined, the Court is
entitled to draw "the most
adverse conclusions".

"It is not enough to say 've
cant get him to Grenada'",
Mr Hughes said, "and vhat I
conclude is that the reason
he is not here is that he lied
in his affidavit".
Mr Hughs said the
evidence before the Court
clearly establishes acase for
the Maurice Bishop Murder
Trial to be declared a

Defence lawyers wound up
their addresses to Judge
Patterson on May 20th and
following a brief reply
from the Prosecution
bench Judge Patterson
reserved his judgement and
adjourned the Court
without. fixing a date on
which that judgement will
be delivered.

In addition to Mr
Patterson's judgement,
there are two matters which
the Defence would like to
have finalised before the
Murder Appeal corrien-

One is the hearing of a
Defence appeal against the
judgement of Chief Justice
Sir Sam Graham in which
he found that Act 1/1985,
passed by the New National
Government, is valid.
This Act validated all the
laws of the Peoples
Revolutioary Government
(including the laws which
created the Grenada
Supreme Court) and all
proclamations made by
Governor General Sir Paul
Sccon following the
military intervention of
See MOTION Pae 9


The Grenada Nesletter Saturday 21st May 1988 Page 9



countries of the Or-arnis.ation of East
Caribbean States (OECS) in the
military intervention in Grenada in October
1983 vent a long way towards returning
Grenada to normalcy.

This opinion was expressed on May 13thby
Dr Vaughn Levis, OECS Director General.
as he delivered the feature address at a
dinner of the Caribbean Association of
Industry and Commerce (CAIC), then
holding its 33rd Annual General meeting in
"There can be no doubt, though many in our
region hesitate to accept it", he said, "that
the firm and visible cooperation of our
countries in respect of the events of
October 1983 in Grenada, vent a long way
to ensuring a return to an acceptable
political environrrent here".

Dr Levis said the question of vwether small
states should seek unity or not is not. a new
one for this hemisphere. In this
connection, he referred to -the fact that the
United States had decided on unity while the

MOTION From Page 8
October 1983.
The other is a Defence appeal against the
judgement of Mr Justice .James Patterson
in which he found that the period of
duration of "necessity", accorded the
Grenada Supreme Courtby the Court of
Appeal, had not expired

Hearings in the Murder Appeal are
scheduled to begin on May 30th, and it is
unlikely these three matters can be
finalized before that date.

Dr Veugh ILewis
1DECS Director General

states of Centr.x America had taken the
opposite decision, "vith consequences and
results we can all observe".

He referred also to the increasing tendency
of countries to further harmonise trading
arrangements, and among these he noted the
United States ard Canada, te European
Economic Community and Australia and
New Zealard.
The word is moving towards larger and
larger combirnations, he said, the great and
middle powers seem prepared to merge
parts of their individual sovereignty to
create new institutions for directing eco-
nomic and political policy over geograph-
ical spaces that encompass their separate

"WBhy should we think tha e can buck this
trend", Dr Lewis asked.

In the Caribbean Community (CARICOM),
he said., decision making has not been
sufficiently politically coordinated and
centralized to make economical policy
harmonization effective, and it should be
obvious to all that there is now need for
rethinking about the appropriate organ-
isational instrument.

See LEWIS Page 10

Page 10 Saturday 21st May 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
LEWIS From Page 9

The decision of the OECS
Heads of Government to
move towards political
union represents a step in
the direction of rethinking,
he said, a step not limited to
the narrow economic
sphere but with the
knowledge that economic
arrangements cannot pro-
ceed while other instit-
utional arrangements and
policy areas remain un-
The OECS was established
to take the place of the West
Indies Associated States
Council of Ministers
(WISA) after the countries
of the Eastern Caribbean
became independent, Dr
Levis said, and there has
been a period of c.ntinuous
cooperation in which ef-
forts have been made to
harmonise decisions and

This has necessitated syste-
matic discussions among the
political directorate, he
said, and, given the exigen-
cies of the international
environrrimnt, a feeling has
arisen that more speedy
mechanisms need to be de-
veloped if required benefits
are to be extracted

"What these mechanisms of
decision making and coord-
inating should be", he said,
"is one of the central
qu.estiors in deciding the
form of closer political
cooperation to which the
countries sh-Iuld now
The question which has
arisen in the minds of the
OECS Heads of Govern-
ment, the Director General
said, is what political forms
the coordination should iake
in a geographical context of

islands separated by water
and an historical context of
political units grown ac-
customed to largely auton-
omous political adminis-
If it is decided to move
towards political unity, he
said, the legitimacy of such
a union vill derive from the
benefits it confers on the
citizens of the island units.

It must also be recognized
that the islands have
different identities, sizes, re-
sources and political struct-
ures, and any new struct-
ures for political represent-
ation in a unified arrange-
ment must take cogunisance
of and build on these

Dr Leiis said a number of
initiatives can now be taken
to bridge the gap between
the relationships existing in
the OECS and the relation-
ships which can be develop-
ed through closer political

These initiatives in-
clude the removal of
passports and the sub-
stitution of identity
cards for inter-island
travel, working to-
wards a centralized
legal service structure,
a centralized career
structure for the senior
levels of the Police
Service and establishing
a harmonised Customs

The Director General also
suggested establisiinent of
full joint diplomatic Miss-
ions abroad.

Dr Levis said that, as
coordination among the
OECS countries proceeds,

the OECS system will need
the .strategic and practical
support of the larger
countries of the region.

"It is well recognized", he
said "that, particularly in
respect of external eco-
nomic relations, and as a
protection of our interests
in the current unstable
international economic en-
viroranent, that the
CARICOM framework is a
more optimal frarmevork
for activity".
Both the OECS and
CARICOM have on their
agendas, for discussion,
matters which point to
closer unity and, to the
extent that the OECS
venture succeeds or found-
ers, it can be said to the
other CARICOM coun-
tries, "this is your future
that you see before you".

The effect of decades of
French colonisation on the
linguistic characteristics of
Grenadians is seen clearly
in several widely used ex-

One example is the express-
ion vwich describes a per-
son who is seen to be madly
in love.

In usage, the Grenadian will
say that "John is too-tool-
bay over Mary"

"Too-tool-bay, handed
down to modern Grenada
through the French creole,
is a corruption of the
Frerh, "Totalement
Bete", that is, completely

- c ---~T

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 21st May 198 Page 11

I~rifi^AJgjtJ B

Ciuyanl "stilL out thegr in orbit"

IM prominent Jamaican businessman
an entrepreneur, said in Grenada
on May 13th that the Caribbean Common
Market (CARICOM) needs ongoing super-
vision by persons and organizations
equipped to analyse and recommend
changes necessary from time to time.
~~ I


Mr Matalon, a past President of the
Caribbean Association of Industry &
Commerce (CAIC), vas the feature speaker
at the opening of the CAIC 33rd Annual
General Meeting, and he said CAIC is best
equipped to do the auaysis and
"Because of their problems due to
conditions not envisaged at the time of
signing the (CARICOM) Agreement", he
said, "the more developed territories
(Trinidad & Tobago, Jamaica, and Guyana)
have lost sight of the forest because of the
fev trees in their particular region, and, as
a result, the Agreement is floundering and
needs prompt re-examination and

Most of CARICOM's failure can be
attributed to the failure of "fundamental

socialismn" to provide fuel for the economic
train expected to pull the region out of its
colonial past, he said, and to economic
mismanagement of the affairs of the region
attributable, to a great extent, to incompe-
tence, mismanagement and petty politics.
Even the most orthodox fundamentalist
recognizes today that government operated
industries and agriculture cannot in
themselves fuel the train expected to bear
benefits of social reforms, Mr Maalon said,
and these reforms can be provided only
from income resulting from improvement
in management an productivity.
There has been substantial growth in the
public sectors of Jamaica, Trinidad &
Tobago and Guyana here public owner-
ship and management by the public sector
have been used in an effort to permit
necessary and desired changes, he said, and,
as a result, government spending has
outstripped revenue by large amounts.
"The need to bring the public sector deficit
under control has become critical focus of
government policy in recent years", Mr
Matalon said, "but so many of the
entrepreneurial exercises conducted by
them are unprofitable, and attempts at
divestment in recent times have not been
very successful".

Guyana vent forward on a
"fundamental socialist jag", the CAIC
Past President said, and that country
is "still out there in orbit"

He expressed the opinion that the
Jamaican scenario is similar to a
lesser degree, and that that country's
"courtship with socialism and
political strife precluded the
receip' of assistance in the energy
dilemma and adversely affected

There are encouraging signs of recovery in


Page 12 Saturday 21st May 1988 The Grenada Nevsletter

Two Types Of Aid : terib tiy Studies, "Soft" Loan
F E JOINT bassador to Gre- the Windvard arid nada, St Lucia, St
ICooperation nada, M. Rene Leeward groups", Vincent and Dom-
SCommittee of Bucco-Riboulat,63, he said, "There was iica, the Ambass-
the Governments of and he expressed some cooperation ador said, and Joint
France and Grenada great hopes for the but there were Committees, which
is likely to hold its success of that imeet- difficulties sone- meet once a year,
first meeting in ing. times in the prepa- have been appoint-
Paris in July. Cooperation ration of plans ard ed.
"Between the years evaluation of what Schme
This was disclosed 1984 and i987, had been done" The two other
on May 11th in an France had no countries, Antigua
interview with formal Agreernent Formal Agreements and St KittsNevis,
NEWSLETTER in for cooperation hav now been are not yet in the co-
Grenada by the non- vith Grenada and signed with Gre- operation scheme,
residentFrenchAm- the other islands of See COMMITTEE Page 1
. _I" : :' ....... '! ''': ' i i : : : ... ,

Pare 11

Jamaica, he said, and he expressed the hope
that, in the coming General Elections, if
there is a change of Government, "the nev
leaders will recognize the problems of the
past and be viser for the experience".

The problem in Trinidad & Tobago is of a
different nature, Mr Matalon said, and can
be described as a situation of "too much too
The oil boom enabled that country to amass
billioi- of dollars of foreign exchange, he
said, but it was not spent wisely and the
country now faces the problems of reckless
expenditure and the cost of uneconorrdc
bureaucratic management

Mr vMatalon likened the economies of the
region to a bathtub and said the experiences
of Trinidad in particular, and Jamaica to a
degree, are classical examples.

"We have not, to the present time", he said,
"got our politicians to understand that our
economies, like the bath tub, are rapidly
drained by a 2-inch outlet and, having been
drained, all that is at our disposal to refill
that tub is an 1/2-inch tap."

Mr Matalon contrasted the situation in the
more developed CARICOM countries with
the economic performance of Bar bad c,- and

the countries of the Organisation of East
Caribbean States ( ECS).

Average growth rates have been good in
these countries, he said, and this has been
backed by rising standards of living as
measured by the percentage Gross Domestic
Products (GDP).

"They haw brought to the region a
responsible level of management", he said,
"their currencies are intact and they are to
be congratulated on their performance to
CARICOM is now floundering and in need
of a new chart and compass, Mr Matalon
said, and he suggested that CAIC is best
equipped to do the examination and recom-
mendation for change.

It was CAIC which undertook a tour of the
region, holding discussions with
governmernts and soQing the seed of
reF .,ial economic cooperation, he said. It
was CAIC vhich nurtured the plant and, if
the region is to reap the fruit, Mr Matalon
urged that a CAIC team promptly undertake
another tour of the region, examining the
problems and recommending changes
"necessary to bring the ship back on its


- ,,.

The Grenda Newsletter Saturday 21st May 1988 Page 13


Of Industry& Commerce (CAIC) is
negotiating with the Inter-American
Development Bank for funding of an export
promotion programme designed to improve

COMMITTEE From Page 12
M. Bucco-Riboulat said. He disclosed
that one country had applied to join the
scheme and the other "does not seem
very interested", but the Ambassador
declined to identify which is which.
In preparation for the Paris meeting, the
Ambassador said, Grenada is to prepare
a Report on the type and scope of aid
needed. This will be considered by the
Committee and plans drawn up on agreed

Tvo types of aid are offered, M. Bcco-
Riboulat said. One is assistance for
feasibility studies and the other is
availability of "soft" loans. In Grenada,
there are already resident French experts
in the field of agriculture, French
doctors are in the Government service,
and the Paris meeting of the Cooperation
Committee may see an expansion of this
type of aid.

Ambassador Bucco-Riboulat said that,
following the attainment of independence
by countries of the Organisation of East
Caribbean States (OECS) in the 1970s,
France's relationship with these coun-
tries was established through the French
Embassy in Trinidad.
Links were strengthened with the OECS
in 1984 vhen France set up an Embassy
inSt Lucia with M. Gilbert Bochee as the
first Ambassador to the Windwards and

M. Bochee was replaced by M. Bucco-
Riboulat on 15th December 1987, the
nev Ambassador presenting his creden-
tials to the St Lucia Government on 21st
of that month. His credentials were
presented to the other countries of the
OECS early in Jarnaryl988.

the export competitiveness of selected
companies in the sectors of garments and
apparel, furniture, and food and agri-

This was disclosed at a press conference on
May 14th by Mr P A Thompson, CAIC
Executive Director, at the close of the
CAIC 33rd Annual General Meeting.
"We're hoping these negotiations will
conclude between this month (May) and
next month", he said, "and, in the second
half of this year, that programme vill come
into being and be an additional source of

technical assistance and training for some of
our manufacturing members, particularly
the small and medium sized."

The Executive Director said 1987 had been
a difficult year for CAIC both in
operational and financial terms. This had
come about, he said, partly because of
regional economic difficulties, membership
had been "static", and there were sharp
reduLtins in donor contributions,
principally from the major donor, the
United States Agency For International
Development (USAID).

This, together with the devaluation of the
Guyman dollar, led to a total deficit of some
(Barbados) $400,0, the currency in which
CAIC's accounts are kept.

As a result, the Annual General Meeting
decided there had to be increases in
See CAIC Pane 14

--- --- --

Page 14 Saturday 21st May 1988 The Grenada Newsletter


-renada To Benefit Under

According to a release from the British
High Commission in Barbados, Grenada is
to benefit from the Enhanced Structural
Adjustment Facility (ESAF) of the Inter-
national Monetary Fund (IMF).

ESAF is the Fund's ew lending facility
vhich, backed by 4.5 billion sterling, vill
be used to help the poorest countries to
combat growing national debts.

By an exchange of letters on May 11th,
between Britain's Chancellor of the Ex-
chequer, Mr Nigel Lawson, and IMF
Managing Director, Mr Michbel Camdessus,
Britain agreed to subsidise some 750
million sterling of ESAF lending.

According to the British High Commission
release, in addition to Grenada, regional
IMF members eligible to draw from ESAF
are Dominica, Guyana, St Kitts/Nevis, St
Lucia, St Vincent and Haiti.

New USAID Agreement

The United States Agency For International
Development (USAID) has signed a new
Agreement with the Government of Gre-
nada to cover seventeen community Devel-
opment projects.

The Agreement was signed on May 12th, on
behalf of the Government, by Minister of
State, Miss Grace Duncan, and, on behalf of
USAID, by U.S. Charge d'Affaires, Mr
John Leary.

These projects are to be funded under the
Special Development Activities Programme
at a cost of EC$300,000. Speaking at the
signing ceremony, Mr Leary said this sum
brings to US$1.5 million the amount
USAID has contributed to Grenada's com-
munity development efforts.

Project funded by USAID include
centres, training centres, community
centres, vater projects, bridges and roads.

Royal Navy To Asnist
Coast Guard

A team from the Royal Navy will assist the
Grenada Coastguard in maintaining and
improving standards of operations,
engineering and support in local and
regional tasks of life saving, fishery
protection and law enforcement in illegal
drug trafficking.

According to a release from the British
High Commission in Barbados, the team
will comprise a Lieutenant and a Chief Petty

CAIC From Page 13
rrmebership dues, there vill be a
sustained membership drive w there is
to be a careful look at containing
employment costs.

It has been decided also that CAIC will be
more selective about the kinds and
numbers of programmes undertaken to
make sure they are self-financing or that
most of the costs can be recovered.

"We want to accomplish all this to bring
the Association back into a surplus
position", he said, "without affecting the
essential programmes w provide for our

Mr Thompson said the Annual General
Meeting discussed questions the Private
Sector would like to see raised at the
CARICOM Heads of Government
meeting in Antigua in July.

These include the Agreement on unre-
stricted free trade due to come into force
in October rext, closer coordination with
the Private Sector on an export develop-
nment strategy and in the development of
small business.
Mr Hollis Bristol, outgoing CAIC Presi-
dent, has been reflected for a second term
and CAIC's next Annual General Meet-
ing, subject to confirmation, vill he held
in Guadeloupe.

-- --- -~~---

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 21st May 1988 Page 15
NEW SHORTS From Page 14

Officer and they vill arrive in Grenada
tovards the end of 1988.

All costs of the team vill be met by the
United Kingdom Government and the team
vill be assigned to the Coast Guard for tvo
years vith a replacement option if required
by the Grenada Government.

This provision of Royal Navy Loan Service
Personnel is covered by a Memorarnum of
Understanding signed in Grenada on 12th
May by Acting Prime Minister Mr Ben
Jones and British High Commissioner Mr
Kevin Burns.

Grenada Represented at
Foreign Affairs Meeting

Mr Dennneth Modeste, Permanent Sec-
retary in the Ministry of External Affairs,
represented the Minister for External
Affairs, Mr Ben Jones, at the 14th Meeting
of the Standing Committee of Caribbean
Community (CARICOM) Ministers respon-
sible for Foreign Affairs, held in Trinidad
on May 20th and 21st.

Due to Prime Minister Elaize's absence
from the country, Mr Jones vas Acting
Prime Minister and vas unable to attend the

Mr Modeste vas accompanied by Mr
Adrain Hayes, Chief Protocol Officer,

Agenda for the meeting included a review
of relations vith non-CAR ICOM Caribbean
and Latin Araerican countries, progress
being made towards solutions of the
Guyana/Venezuela and BelizeiGuatelmala
border disputes, the situation in Panama,
control of illicit drug trafficking and use,
and the strengthening of Caribbean posit-
ions in international organizations

Chief Justie Knighted

It has been announced that the Queen has
awarded the honour of Knight Bachelor on
Chief Justice Samuel Horatio Graham.

According to the Government Information

Service, Sir Samuel entered private practice
after he had been called to the Bar in 1949.

He vas appointed a Magistrate in St Lucia in
1953 and accepted appointment as Crown
At ti rmcy in St Kitts four years later, rising,
in 1960, to the post of Attorney General in
that country.

Sir Samuel held the post of Administrator in
St Vincent for four years ad, for periods
of shorter duration, acted in a similar
capacity in St Lucia, St Kitts and Domirica.

In 1966 he was appointed a Puisne Judge in
British Honduras and, for three years, acted
as Chief Justice in the Bahamas.

In Grenada, under the present Adminis-
tration, Sir Samuel was appointed Chairman
of the Irkustrial Development Corporation,
a post he held until October 1987 vhen he
became Chief Justice.

New Funding From BD

The Brtish Development Division (BDD)
has allocated sum of EC$355,000 as a grant
to fund community developrrent projects
in Grenada.

This has been announced by the Govern-
ment Information Service (GIS), and the
GIS release says the finalisingof this grant
took place at a recent meeting of BDD
officials, the Resident British Represent-
ative, Mr Graeme Roberts, Minister of State
for Community Development, Miss Grace
Duncan, and officials of the Community
Development Division

In addition to his grant, BDD has agreed to
provide the sum of EC$24,000 to
supplement a previous grant made in the
198511986 period

Boston Whalers For
Coast Guard.

Two Boston Whaler "Guardian" boats
together vith spare parts vere presented


_ :I I

Page 16 Saturday 21st May 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
NEWS SHORTS From Page 15

to the Grenada Coast Guard on May 6th by
the United States Government through the
Military Assistance Programme.

The Boston Whaler "Guardian" is a 22-foot
open boat povered by one 155 horsepower
and one 25 horsepower outboard motor. It
is equipped with radio, life saving
equipment, toting equipment and standard
day/night navigation equipment.

In addition to those given to Grenada, two
"Guardians" with spares have been
presented also to each of three other
Member States of the Regional Security
System, Dominica, St Lucia, and St
Kitts/Nevis, the vhoe package costing

According to a release from the United
States Information Service, the United
States is providing training to the regional
Coast Guards in the operation and
maintenance of these boats.

Similar presentations will be made to
Barbados and Antigu at a later date.

Blaize Holds Discussions

in W ingon

The Government Information Service
(GIS) reports that, on his current visit to
Washington, D C, Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize held discussions with Madam Bang-
Lina, Vice President of the Chinese
Economic Investment Corporation

Madam Bang-Lina is also representative of
the Chinese Research Institute of Eco-
nomics, Technology and Social Sciences,
and her discussions with Mr Blaise centered

on China's interest in Grenada's economic
development, with particular reference to

The Prime Minister had discussions also
with Mr Swinburne Lestrade, Executive
Director of the East Caribbean Investment
Promotion Sgrvce. Mr Lestrade is the
Organisation of East Caribbean States In-
vestment Promotion Director in Washing-

According to GIS, Mr Blaize had
discussions in Washington with Mr David
McCourt of Discovery Foundation the
sponsors of Grenada's Discovery Tele-
vision station.

Mr Blaize's Washington visit began on May
14th following his attendance at a meeting
in St Kitts of the Board of Governors of the
Caribbean Development Bank.

Mitchell At Democratic
Umon Meeting.

The Govermnent Information Service
reports that parliamentarians Dr Keith
Mitchell of Grenada (Minister of Works)
and Ms. Princess Loves Mighty of Jamaica
are the Caribbean representatives at the
Annual General Meeting of the Pacific
Democratic Union which opened in Hawaii
on May 17th.

Representatives at the meeting include
personnel from the governing parties of
New Zealand, the U.S.A. the United
Kingdom, Australia, Japan, and Taivan.

Items on the agenda include Nev
nology & Politics, and the George
presidential campaign in the U.S.A.


Alister Hughes

21st May 1988
Printed & Published By The Propietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges,Greasda, Westindies
(P.O.Bo 65: Phone f809] 440 2538- Cables H TSON, Grenada

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