The Grenada newsletter

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The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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A. & C. Hughes
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A. & C. Hughes
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Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
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Full Text

The Gnawad_

Volume 16 Saturday March 12th 1988 Number 3


Chambers of Grenada's Appeal Court
Sto hear Appeals in the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial, have been
confronted vith obstacles which stand in
the way of a speedy handling of the matter.
Fifteen of the seventeen convicted persons
are without defence lawyers, Counsel for
the other two convicted persons has not
come to Court and there are matters in the
lover Court which must be resolved before
the Appeals can be heard.
Hearings were scheduled to begin on March
7th, but the Court did not sit until March 8th
and, at that time, expected to hear Appeals
against death sentences and life imprison-
ments imposed after a trial which lasted
nearly eight months.
It was a trial severely disrupted by
behaviour of the accused. This failed,
however, to prevent unfolding of evidence
relative to the bloody execution of Prime
Minister Maurice Bishop, members of his
Cabinet and supporters of Bishop's faction
of the left-wing New Jewel Movement
(NJM) which seized power in 1979.
Prominent among the accused was Bernard
Coard, Bishop's Deputy Prime Minister in
the Peoples Revolutionary Government
(PRO). He led an opposing NJM faction
in a over struggle which plunged Grenada
into chas and led to a military intervention
by the United States and Caribbean forces.
Among others charged with Coard were his
wife Phyllis, Head of the NJM National
Womens Organisation, Hudson Austin,
See APPEALS Pawe 2

Sao -r" F I-9 Pam -2

President Of The Appeal Court
\ ___, , ,,, J



* Slov Start For Bishop
Murder Appeals ................
* PM Presents 988 Budget........ 3
* British Give Medical Aid........ 9
* Blaiz Rshuffles Cabinet....... 10
* "We Are Not Here To
Avenge" Haes..............13
* Brizan Criticize Shuffle........ 14
* GMC Recogises Medical
School ..... ....................... 15
* CTAP Coordinators Meet
In Grenma........................ 16
* Westidians Have Unfinished
Business........................... 17
* Brizan: "I Never sav Ramada
Agreement' .....................-18
* Medical School/Project
Hope Rov......................... 19
* SCOPE Changes Its Name.......21
* Isa Nicholas Loses
To Ramad ...................... 22
* GCA Has No Reserves........-.. 23
* Hubbards Makes Less Money.. 24
SCocoa Production Don....... 25
News Shorts........................ 2

H ........ "--

Page 2 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
APPEALS From Page 1-

General of the Peoples Revolutionary Army
(PRA), several of Austin's officers, Selvyn
Strachan, PRO Cabinet Minister and Leon
Cornwall, PRG Ambassador to Cuba.

The accused were represented by a team of
12 Jamaican barristers headed by Mr Ian
Ramsay and the trial vas conducted in a
specially commissioned Courtroom where
the Appeals also are to be heard Pre-trial
submissions to the Judge, by both the
Prosecution and Defence, were presented in
an atmosphere of great tension and, before
the jury could be empaneled, Mr Ramsay
and his team walked out
At that time, the Defence team had filed an
Appeal challenging a ruling of the presiding
Judge, Acting Chief Justice Dennis Byron.
Judge Byron refused to suspend the trial
pending the result of the Appeal, and Mr
Ramsay announced that the accused persons
had instructed the Defence team to quit.

"All Counsel vill vithdrav from the Court
at this point in the cse", he said, "and will
take no part in any supposed trial
proceedings until the Appeal of the
Applicants ............ has been heard and

With the departure of the Defence Team,
the accused began noisy disruptive be-
haviour which brought Court proceedings
to a halt. Chanting, clapping and stamping,
they created such an uproar that, before the
trial could proceed, they had to be removed
from the Courtroom. And this
characterized the entire trial.
As each witness took the stand, the uproar
began. The accused were removed from
the Court so the witness could give
evidence and, at the conclusion, were
brought back in The Judge then began to
read the evidence to the accused, but he
never got far, A new outbreak of
clapping, chanting and stamping occurred
and continued until the accused vere taken
out of Court again and another witness took
the stand.
Some of these witnesses testified to the
bloody events of October 19th 1983 and
gve spine chilling details of the death of
Bishop and his companions.

The climax to the events of that day began
vith some 15 thousand people storming
Bishop's residence in St Georges and
freeing him from house arrest imposed by
the Coard faction.

-Jubilantlyshouting, "We get we leader", the
crowd accompanied Bishop to Fort Rupert,
PRA headquarters in the heart of St
Georges, where Bishop had the Army
Meanwhile,thousands of Grenadians waited
in the Market Square, a fev hundred yards
away, to hear the Prime Minister address
them, and it appeared that Bishop had von
the final round of the pover struggle.

In the meantime, however, Coard and his
group had taken a stand at Fort Frederick,
some two miles away on the other side of St
Georges, and, from this point three
Armoured Personnel Carriers (APC) vere
dispatched to Fort Rupert.

In a statement given to the Police, one of the
accused, Cosmos Richardson, says he was
part of that detachment. Their
instructions were, he said, to "recapture
Fort Rupert and carry out executions on
Comrade Bishop and others immediately
The detachment found a large crowd at Fort
Rupert, Richardson said, the first shots
came from the crowd and, after that, the
APC fired into the mass of people for some
15 to 20 minutes

To escape the massacre, scores of men,
women and school children leaped over
Fort Rupert's 50 foot walls, still unknown
numbers dying as they smashed into the
rocks balov. And, on the lover parade
square, where the crowd had massed, it was
a bloody scena.
One fitness, Errol Agard, a member of the
Fire Service squad called afterwards to
wash away the blood on the parade square,
said he saw about 60 dead bodies.

"I sav the body of little boy in the tray of a
Public Works Department truck", he said,
"there were soldiers picking up bodies and
putting them in the back of another Public
See APPEALS Pase 6

-- -. .~-rr ----------K L

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday March 12h 1988 Pag 3



ister Herbert Blaize vould reintroduce
UPersonal Income Tax proved wrong
on March 10th vhen Mr Blaize presented his
EC$250.4 million 1988 Budget to the House
of Representatives.
"By refraining from taxing income", the
Prime Minister told the House,
"Government helps to create capital through
savings and investment".
This, he said generates employment
opportunities ich, in turn, create more
saving which create more employment and
so on without end, and Government's policy
is to tax consumption to encourage savings,
and to tax health
Since 1985, Mr Blaize said, Grenada's
economy has experienced a tremendous
boost as a result of Governments policies,
but, in 1987, there was a deterioration in the
public finances and the 1988 Budget has
been drawn up on a fiscal plan to correct
Government's principal thrust is to improve
productivity in the island's traditional crops -
-cocoa, bananas and nutmegs he said, and
to increase output and exports of goods and
Figures quoted by thl Prime Minister
indicate that, of every dollar of the budget,
59 cents will be spent on recurrent
expenditure, leaving 41 cents for capital
Of the 59 cents, 56 will come from local
revenue and the balance from part of the
sumof EC$ 10.26 million received as a grant
for budgetary aid last year and unspent.
The capital expenditure will be financed by
grants, loans and the balance of the unspent
budgetary aid.
The Prime Minister said the Property Tax,
which was introduced last vaer but not

r .?

'I ./

implemented, hs been amended and vill be
one of the avenues of revenue in the 1988
budget. In its original form, this
measure imposed a .5% tax on the value of
real property. Mr Blaize did not give
figures but sad, under the amendment, this
tax vill be collected "on properties Wsed
See BUDGET Pan! 4

The Grenad_
Founded 17th August 1973
371st Ism
NAcA 3o622 CABOr AVARs D 1s 4
subocriptio oRat
Payabe lAdvA ce
ostae Paid By Secsd Class Air Mai
(Inland Po In Greada)

About 20 Isses Published Asmusly

10 Issues
20 Issues
40 Issues.



$ 39.00
$ 72.20

Page 4 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada Newsletter
BUDGET From Page 3

on market value but land being taxed at
specific rates".

Another revenue avenue is the Value Added
Tax (VAT) which was first introduced in
1986. This tax has proved difficult to
implement and has been amended more
than once. According to the Prime
Minister, the VAT level of taxation has
been reduced and the method of collection
has been strengthened.

There is to be a surcharge on "extra-
regional" goods, Mr Blaize said, and there
are to be increased fees for services
rendered by Government Departments.

In 1986, vben Company Income Tax was
abolished, Government introduced a
Company Tax of 10% on gross profits.
This move vas to correct vbat Government
sav as massive tax evasion, and the tax
created considerable controversy in the
Commercial Community.

Following consultations with the Chamber
of Industry & Commerce, there has been
more than one amendment ending, to date,
vith the tax being called the Business Levy
Tax and imposing a 2.5% taxon gross sales.

The Prime Minister told the House there has
been another amen ent to this legislation
based on representations made by the
Chamber that the Business Levy is
inequitable and should be replaced by the
old Company Tax on net profits.

Government is of the opinion, he said, that,
if the Government agreed to go back to the
old Company Tax system, there should be
some foolproof safeguard against the
cheating and manipulation that was possible
under that system.

"While the representatives of the Chamber
did not accept tre vas need for any
foolproof safeguard, Mr Blaize said,
"Government is satisfied that in any system
of Company taxation, there should be some
built-in protection against evasion"

Busissmen nov have a choice to make, he
said, this legislation has been amended and
business places vill be taxed on the basis of

33 1/3% of net profits or 2.5% of gross
sales, whichever is greater.

There is to-be a levy of 25% on thnet
profits of foreign companies in order to
enable those companies to qualify for relief
under existing double taation agreements,
Mr Blaize said, and the budget confirms the
increase in Foreign Exchange tax from 2%
to 5% implemented in September last.
Speaking briefly after Mr Blaie, Leader of
the Opposition, Mr George Brizanreferred
to an earth tremor experienced in Grenada
on the night before

The tremor, he thought might have been
"in anticipation of the awesome revenue
measures" in the Prime Minister's Budget.

Those measures, he said, do not contain a
single element of relief for working people,
the middle and low income sectors of the

The House adjourned on that day (10th) and
vben the sitting resumed on the following
day, March 1th, Mr Brizan expressed
vhat he thought is characteristic of
"unpopular Governments".

Budgets of these Governments, he said, use
vords and figures to create wrong
impressions and, at times, mislead. They
either paint a rosy picture of reality, or
congratulate themselves, glossing over
failures and identifying every reason for
these failures except their own incom-

"I place the
Rrizan saird

present Government budget
in the latter category", Mr

The Leader of the Opposition gave a
detailed analysis of the Budget under 15
"conclusions", criticizing several aspects
including mismatchedd" portfolios in the
recent Cabinet reshuffle (Fisheries with
Education, Health with Legal Affairs and
Cooperatives with Works), and the
widening Trade Gap.

He took the opportunity also to compare,
ith Grenada's, the budgets of the other
See BUDGET Pam 5



The Grenada Nveletter Saturday March 12th 1988 Page 5
BUDGET Prom Pman 4

countries of the Organisation of East
Caribbean States (OECS), vhich countries,
he said, have similar economies to Grenada.

"Recurring deficits (in the Grenada Budget)
during the last three years hav increased at
an increasing rate", the Leader of the
Opposition said, at a time when every other
member of the OECS has either been
reducing its deficit or experiencing a surplus
on recurrent revenue".
Quoting from the July 1987 Report of the
Caribbean Development Bank, Mr Brizan
said all the other OECS countries, between
1985 and 1987, had either reduced their
deficits or were in surplus.
"In Greada, vhat do we find ", he asked,
"In 1985, a deficit of EC$14.7 million, in
1986 a deficit of EC$28.9 million and, in
1987, a deficit in the region of EC$46

There vas an interruption at this stage by
Prime Minister Blaize, one of several which
led to crimonious changes between him
and Mr Brizan.
Mr Blaize said Mr Brizan's speech was being
broadcast and Mr Brizan should tell the
nation that, in comparing Grenada with the
other OECS countries, it must be
remembered that none of those countries
had "suffered the distortion of a revolution"
for four and a half years as Grenada had.
Mr Brizan retorted that, the "distortion" of
the revolution had not affected the Interim
Government vhich as in office in 1984
after the revolution vas overthrown in
1983. The Interim Government, he said,
bad presented a budget and had collected
ECS6 million more than that Budget had

"I presume the Prime Minister will be
always alluding to this facile point up to,
possibly 1989" (anticipated date of the next
Elections), he said, "He vill, most certainly,
not have an opportunity afterwards".
Analysing last year's Budget, Mr Brizan
pointed to serious shortfalls of revenue as
compared with what the Budget ad
estimated, and charged this resulted from
fiscal experimentation"

This placed Government in the position, he
said wheherthere vas expenditure of
EC 144.8 million to be met vit revenue
of only EC$98.8 million and this forced
Government to resort to "easessiw local

Loans were made from the Government run
National Insurance Scheme and the tvo
Government oned Banks, Mr Brizan said,
and this seriously jeopardized the liquidity
of the Banks.

"Government was behaving,", he said, "like
a licensed pirate".
In the 1987 Budget, the Leader of the
Opposition said, it was stated that the capital
projects listed for implementation vere
either on-going or for vhich financing had
been identified. However, Mr Brizan
listed a catalogue of capital projects listed
for implementation in that Budget but, in
connection vith vhich, little or nothing had
The same statement is made vith reference
to capital projects in the 1988 Budget he
continued and it seems to him that
whatever pipes, this standard statement
is put in.

The Leader of the Opposition said one must
examine the statement made in both the
1987 and 1988 Budgets that "Capital
projects listed for implementation are either
on-going or for which financing has been
identified". Onlyviththis exmation, he
said, can some of the Capital projects listed
in the 1988 Budget be understood.
It was expected that Mr Brizan's
contribution vould have been carried
throughout the day on Radio Grenada but,
after a start of the House sitting more than
30 minutes late on the morning of March
11th, the station reverted to regular
programming at noon.

The last issue of NEWSLETTER, dated
13th February, was the second issue for
1988. Inerror, itcarried the vrong annual
sequence number. It vas numbered "1
vhenit should have been "2". Sorry !

Page 6 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada Newsletter

APPEALS rora Pna 2
Works truck. That truck vas almost three-
quarters full of bodies".

Bishop did not die in that encounter. When
the shooting stopped, he and seven others,
(ildg Jacquline Creft, a member of
Bishop's Cabit), ere captured uninjured
in the PRA Administration Building. They
were taken to the upper parade square, lined
up against a vall and told that, on orders
from the NJM Central Committee, they
were to be executed.

Walter Charles, a PRA soldier, told the
Court he was present then and hard Creft
pleading with Cosmos Richardson to spare
her life because she was pregnant. In his
statement, Richardson confirms e vas one
of the 5-man firing squad, armed with

machine guns and automatic rifles, vhich
carried out tth execution, of which he gave
a graphic description.

"Some of them fell backards and some fell
sideways", he says. "The firing lasted
about three minutes before Lieutenant
Abdullah gave the order to cease fire. The
bodies were lying in blood and were burst
The mutilated bodies vere taken to a PRA
camp and burnt A Revolutionary
Military Council was proclaimed, hundreds
of people were arrested and a 24-hour
curfew as implementd. Six days later,
the military intervention started and the
PRA, backed by Cubans stationed on the
island, were routed.
The Coards, Austin and other accused went
into hiding but were found and arrested.
Murder charges were laid and the
Preliminary Inquiry (PI) was held. The
ury was empanled on 18th April 1986
and, 230 days later, onDecember 4th 1986,
returned a verdict

Originally, 20 persons were charged with
murder. One, lan St.Bermrd, was freed
after the PI. Of the remainder, one,
Vernon Gabriel, gave evidence for the

Prosecution and was pardoned, the jury
freed one, Rasburn Nelson found three
guilty of manslaughter and fourteen guilty
of murder.
Guilty of manslaughter are Andy Mithell,
Vincent Joseph and Cosmos Richardson,
prison sentences imposed being respectively
30 years, 45 years and 45 years.

Sentenced to hang for murder are Hudson
Austin, Bernard Coard, Leon Cornwall,
Liam James, John Ventour, Dave
Bartholomev, Evart Layne, Colville
MeBarette, Phyllis Coard and Cecil Prime.

The scheduled Appeal Court hearings ar
the last act in this drama and, when the
Court sat on March 8th, as a result of a

.,. ..... . ... .. / : '..*

statement made by President of the Court,
Mr Justice J 0 F Haynes, on of the
condemned men was given the hope he
vould be set free.

"We consider the evidence against Cecil
Prime very vague", President Hays said,
"and we are going to ask the Prosecution to
justify his conviction."
According to Mr Haynes, there are only two
pieces of evidence against Prime, one being
given by Vernon Gabriel. According to
Gabriel's testimony Prime was present
vhen Bishop and the others were executed,
but President Hayms indicated this
evidence must be treated with caution and
the Trial Judge did not var the jury of this.

"Gabriel gave evidence under the threat
that, if his evidence did not please
somebody, he would be prosecuted", Mr
Haynes said. "His evidence is entirely
uncorroborated and the Trial Judge did not
point this out to the jury

The other piece of evidence, the President

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday March 12th 1988 Page 7

said, is that Prime attended a meeting of the
Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA) after
the executions. Mr Haynes said, however,
that as a PRA officer, Prime's duty was to
attend the meeting.
Evidence is, he said, that, at the meeting,
Prime shouted, "Long Live Martial Lav",
and Mr Haynes told Mrs Velna Hylton,
Director of Public Prosecutions, that the
Court would bear her on the following day
with reference to this aspect and on the
general subject of Prime's conviction.
The proceedings began on March 8th with
Jamaicanbarrister, Mr DeLano Harrison,
telling the court that Jamaican barrister,
Mr an Ramsay, was not present to
represent his clients, Bernard and Phyllis

Coard, because of a development with
reference to a, conviction and jail sentence
imposed on Mr Ramsay for criminal
contempt of Coirt.

"I am directed to say hov shocked Mr
Ramsay has beep to find out that, in spite of
his pending Appeal against the conviction",
Mr Harrison said, there has been for the
last six months, a warrant for Mr Ramsay's
arrest. Objectiely, this s as a trap because,
had Mr Ramsay landed in Greara at any
time, he would 6v been arrested.

Mr Haynes told Mr Harrison that the
warrant is nov in his possesion and he gave
the assurance it is safe for Mr Ramsay, "if
he is willing", to come to Comrt "tomorrow
or the next day".

Mr Harrison said that was not good enough,
but Mr Haynes refued to comply with the
request that the warrant be annulled and that
that fact be put in writing.

Mr Harrison complained also that Defence
Counsel have not had opportunity for "full
and confidential communication" vith their
clients, and argued that the Appeal hearings
should be postponed until this is corrected.

Mr Haynes said, however that, with the
xceepticn of one of the grounds of Appeal,
those grounds can all b argued without
reference to the clients. He was prepared,
however, to adjourn the Court early every
day so consultation could be made by
Counsel with the clients, but this was not
satisfactory to Mr HaTison.

"You can walk out of this Court as you did
at the trial", Judge Haynes told Mr
Harrison, "but I will then have to ask each
of your zlie lt if they are willing to argue
their own Apeial".
'"r Harrison said the Defence team did not
"walk out" at the trial, they vere asked by
the accused to withdraw, but, Mr Justice
Frederick Smith, one of the other two

Appeal Judges, disputed this.

"I do not believe you were asked to
witdrav", he said.

Mr Haynes said be vould express no
opinion on this, but he thought it
incomprehensible that men facing a serious
charge of murder should dismiss their

Another Jamaican barrister, Mr Carlton
Wil1amns, told the Court the Grenada
Government had offered him, and other
Jama&ican barristers, the brief to defend 15
of the comicted men who are unable,
financially, to retain Counsel.

The offer had. not been accepted, he said,
because, it is not clear yet whether all the 15
have accepted the barristers proposed to
represent them and, secondly, there had not
yet been time for consultation.

Mr Haynes said there are enough points in
the Appeal to supply argument over the next
two months without consultation with the
clients, and. as for acceptance of the
barrister assigned, he offered to ask the
See APPEALS Page 2

Ii t it 'k ii t :, , ,, i i tls" ii 'i '

Page 8 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada Nesletter

APPEALS From Page 7
convicted men, who were in Court, to settle
that point immediately.
Mr William said, however, that this as
not the only difficulty and he repeated Mr
Harrison's complaint of not being able to
have consultation ith, and get instrutions
from, the clients.

"I have the impression that the lawyers do
not want to start this Appeal, Mr Haynes
said, "they do not need instructions to argue
the constitutional points vhich form part of
the grounds of Appeal".
Guyamese barrister, Mr Clarence Hughes,
Senior Council, said be had not yet been
retaied but d had discussions in that

Cecil Prime's hopes of release vere dashed
to the ground.
Replying, for the Prosecution, to President
Haynes' suggestion that there are only two
pieces of evidence against Prime
Trinidadian barrister Mr Karl son
Phillips said that, contrary to what the
President had said, the Trial Judge had
earned the jury to be cautious vith
Gabriel's evidence, Mr Hudson-Pillips
also pointed out other evidence against
Prime vhich the Court had overlooked and
which reversed the Court's opinion that
Prime should be released.

This evidence vas a statement made by
Prime to one of the vitrsses, Clets St

connection with the family of i / ft'i
Colville McBarnette, one of the
men convicted of murder.

Mr Hughes to, asked for a postponement
and posted out that three long outstanding Pau
Motions relative to the case are still -
pending. Mrihughes reminded the Court Maurice Bis
that, last Novenber, the President said he hop had beni
wsecuted and his
bad spoken vith Chief Justice Sam Graham t r a c. Aw,
and had been sure that ring of the
Motions vould be completed before the t rl, S Pu
murder A At started tod Co e
bad asked Prime,
It vas Mr Hughes' understanding, he said, l Bishop 7 l
that these matters have not been dealt vith B
because ti s Court Calender could not hic t P
accommodate them. said Prime replied, Yes, ve had to cut is
\ : f throat".

"I do not understand this at all" Mr Haynes
said, "no Court Calender can justify not
hearing one of these cases which has been
outstanding for two years. All that has
been done is to put the Court of Appeal to
possible embarrassment"
The President adjourned the Court until the
next day, March 9th, and said, after all the
submissions rde, he and his brother
Judges siting ith him, Justices Rex McKay
and Frederick Smith, would "open our
minds" one more to the question of a
When the Court resumed on March 9th,

"I did not remember that bit of evidence"
the President told Mr Hudson-Phillips, I
dontneed to hear yo any more".
Judge Hayres said there vere certain
matters vhich the Appeal Court would like
clarified by the Prosecution These
matters, he said, should be dealt vith by
Jamaican bariater, Mr Ian Ramsay, who
represents tvo of the convicted persons,
Bernard and Phyllis Coard, and Mr Haynes
said Mr Ramsay should have been in the
Court for that purpose.

- ~~~--~~-~-- ~-~- ~-~~----

The G are da Nevsletter Saturday March 12th 1988 Page 9

High Commission in Grenada has
presented the Ministry of
SHealth ith 11,000 pairs of disposable
l_ gloves and 1,000 disposablneedles and
This assistance comes from the British
Foreign and Commonvealth Office and,
According to a release from the Office of the
British High Commission, as offered so
that supplies could be available until further
equipment, promised by aid agencies, is
T delivered later this year.
Sr "": The release says this disposable material and
equipment is recomm d to eliminte
MR GRAEnE ROBERTS risk of medical stff and
Resident British Representative contracting ontagious di such as

APPEALS Prom, Page 8
"This is Mr Ramsays job", he said, "but he When the Court adjourned on this day,
is not here to take care of his clients. He Wednesday March 9th, the xt sitting vas
should have been here. These men have fixed for March 14th when Mr Hudson-
no lawyers and ve have to seek their Phillip was expected to reply to the
interests matters raised with reference to the Trial
Judge's summing up.
The matters referred to by Mr Haynes .- .. .J .r .. .. .
relate to parts of t smming up to the jury
by the Trial Judge, then Acting Chief Justice
Mr Dennis Byron, and Mr Haynes set tem
out, quoting references in law vhich, he
said, indicated that Mr Bron may have Grenada caught up vith the age of aviation
erred. on 10th March 1924 vw n, for the first
time, an aircraft visited the island.
Of the three outstanding Motions relative to
the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial, in It vas a United States Navy amphibian and
connection with which on the day before then, with no knovledgs of hov a plane
(8th), it had been brought to the attention of should land, Grenadians vsre impressed by
the Court that they were still unresolved, the downvard swoop of the aircraft as it
one is on Appeal, and President Haynes lasted on the vater.
fixed April 6th for its hearing.
Not until afterards did spectators learn
Of the other two, one is still to be heard in that the pilot had arrovly escaped disaster
the High Court while the other has been vhen, on his landing run, he encountered a
heard but the decision has not yet been down draft which resulted in his spectacular
given, dovnvard voop to the surface of the sea.
__________________________r~y ,**** -r-^ _- f^ l c z:** *^ s

Page 10 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada NWsetter

of his key Ministers, Dr Francis Alexis
and Mr George Briza resigned from his
Cabinet and New National Party last April,
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize, on March 1st,
announced a Cabinet shuffle which created no
nev full Ministers but redistributed respon-

At the svearing-in ceremony at Governor
General's House before Gornor General
Sir Paul Scoon, Mr Blaize said this reshuffle
is intended to give effect to his promise to
expand his Cabinet.

This vill give Ministers greater leeway to be
able to handle their Mim-
istries" he said "apd to be ne President w
Availables to their constit- this month(M
!uents" Mb

Mr Blaize made no changes
in his own portfolio, retain-
ing as Prime Minister, the
subjects of National Secur-
ity, Horne Affairs, Carria-
cou & Petit Martinique
Affairs, Information, En-
ergy, Finance, Trade, Indus-
try and Economic Planning.

Mr Felix Alexander vho,
previously, was attached to
the Ministry of Education
and Social Services, is now
a Minister of State in The
Prime Minister's Office
with responsibility for
Information, Finance,
Trade, Industry and En-
Also in that Ministry is
Senator Lavrence Joseph
vbo has resigned as Presi-
dent of the Senate and is
nov a Minister of State with
responsibility for National
Security. It is expected
that the Senate will elect a


aen it meets

Senator John DeRoche
retains his position as
Parliamentary Secretary in
the Prime Minister's Min-
istry with responsibility for
Carriacou & Petit Mart-
inique Affairs.

Mr Ben Jones retains Exter-
nal Affairs, Agriculture,
Lands, Forestry and Tour-
ism, but relinquishes Legal
Affairs and no longer holds
the post of Attorney
General His Minister of
State continues to be Mrs
Pauline Andrev and she
retains responsibility for
Agriculture and Tourism.

The portfolios of Edwat-
ion, Culture, Youth Affairs,
Sport, Social Security
(including National Insur-
ance), Local Government,
Labour includingg Trade
Unions, Wages, ork Per-
mits, International Labour
Organisation) and Fisheries
remain the responsibility of

Mr George James McGuire,
and he has been relieved of
Civil Aviation and Coop-

This Ministry is nov called
the Ministry Of Education,
Social Services and Labour,
and Senator Norton Noel is
a Minister of State in this
Ministry vith responsibility
for Labour, Local Govern-
ment and Social Security.
Also attached to this
Ministry is Senator Benet
Andrew vho is a Minister
of State with responsibility
for Education, Culture,
Youth Affairs and
AttrasP Genrat
Mr Daniel ("Danny")
Charles Williams now has
responsibility for Legal
Afi and holds te post of
Attorney General. With
this, he retain the port-
folios of Health, Housing
and Physical Planning but
has given up Wormn's
Sm SUPPLE Pant 13


tbL h SnW I81

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday March 12th 1988 Pagp 11



Be__ A__t
Herbert A Blaize (1) National Security (1) National Security
(2) Home Affairs (2) Home Affairs
(3) Carriacou & Petit (3) Carriacou & Petit
Martinique Affairs Martinique Affairs
(4) Information (4) hnfornmaion
(5) Firancs (5) Finance
(6) Trade (6) Trade
(7) Industry (7) Industry
(8) Economic Planning (8) Ecoomc Planning
(9) Energy (9) Eergy
KiOtb Cladim (1) Works (1) Works
Mitch (2 Public Utilities (2) Public Uilities
3 CommunityDevlopnnt (3) Community Development
(4) Commnications (4) Commrications
(5) Cooperatv~s
6) Women's Affairs
(7) Civil Aviation
n oep oes (1) External Affairs () External Affairs
(2) Agriculture Agriculture
(3) Forestry (3 Forestry
(4) Lands (4) Lands
(5) Tourism (5) Tourism
(6) Legal Affairs
(7) Attorney Geerra
i" a (1) Education (1) Educaion
r ( 2) Culture (2) Culture
(3) Youth Affairs (3) Youth Affairs
(4) Sport (4) Sport
(5) Social Secity (5) Social Security
(6) Local Government (6) Local Goverunt
(7) Labour (7) Labour
(8) Fisheries (8) Fisheries
(9) Cooperatives
(10) Civil Aviation

Dami QCharles (1) Health (1) Health
Wiliamsu (2) Housing (2) Housing
(3) Physical Planning (3) Physical Planning
(4) Womens' Affairs (4) Legal Affairs
(5) Attorney General.
~.numnnu a a armnen

Pge 12 Saturay March 12th 1988 The Grenada Newsletter

Before After
Norton Noel Senator Assiged to Th Ministry of Educ-
Parliamentary ation, Social Services & Labour
Secretary vith special responsibility for
(1) Labour
|(2) Local Goverment
S3) social Security
jBlp t AIera Senator Assigned to The Ministry of Educ-
Parliamentary action, Social Services & Labour
Secretary with special responsibility for
(1) Education
3) YouthAffairs
S __ (4) Fisbaries
|L roenc JoIgsph President Of Assigud to The Ministryof Legal
The Senate Affairs, Health & Housng with
special responsibility for
(1) Legal Affairs
Also Assigned to The Prime Min-
ister's Ministry vithspecial res-
ponsibility for
(1) National Security
A&ane .tal er Assigned to t Ministry Assignd to th Ministry
of Works vith special of Works vithspecial
responsibility for responsibility for
(1) Works (l) Works
(2) Cooierati-es
Palix Gofffey
As geWd to the Ministry Assined to the Prins
of Education & Social Minister's Ministry vith
Services vith special special responsibility for
responsibility for I) Information
(1) Labour (2) Finance
(2) Cooperatiws (3) Trade
(3) Fisheries (4) Industry
(4) Cturt (5) Energy
kGrmce P C Assigned to the Ministry of Assigned to the Ministry of Works
Health & Housing vith with special responsibility for
special responsibility for (1) Commriity Devwlopnmnt
(1) Women' s Affairs (2) Women's Afftrs
n Assiged to the Ministry of Assigned to the Ministry of
Tourism and Agricuture Tourism and Agriculture
withspecial responsibility for vith special resonsibilityfor
(1) Tourism (I) Tourism
(2) Agriculture (2) Agriculture
........ ..... ........ = . .Ii ..... ................... ..... ...... ............ ..... ... .... ..

The Greada Nevwletter Saturday March fth 1988 Page 13

From P"_ 1a
Senator Lavrence
Joseph, ho is also
attached to the
Prime Minister's
Ministry, is respon-
siblea as a Minister
of State, under Mr
Williams, for Legal

In addition to the
portfolios he has
eld to dat is,
Works, Utilities,
and Community De-
velopment, Dr
Keith Claudius Mit-
chell nov has, in
addition, Cooper-
atives, Womns'
Affairs and Civil

Mr Alleyne Walker
remains in Dr
Mitchell's Ministry
as a Minister of
State responsible
for Works, and has
had Cooperatives
assigned to his care
also, while Miss
Grace Dunean, pre-
viously vith Mr
Williams' Ministry
as a Minister of
State responsible
for Women's Aff-
airs, is now in Dr
Mitchell's Ministry
vith the same status
and responsibility.
In summary, there
have been no
changes in the
Prime Minister's
portfolio but, in
addition to Mr John
DeRoche as a
Parliamentary Sec-
retary, Mr Blaize
now has two
Ministers of State,
Senator Lavrence
Joseph and Mr Felix



Appeal Court, Mr Justice J
0 F Haynes, said in Court
on March 9th that be had been
exosed to circumstances vhich
indicated some people in
Grenada do not know the
function of the Appeal Court.
In a supermarket on the day

Alexander, to share
the work load.

Mr Ben Jones has
given up Legal
Affairs and the post
of Attorney General
to Mr Williams, and
continues to have
Minister of State
Mrs Pauline An-
drew to assist him
vith those subjects
he has retained.

Civil Aviation and
Cooperatives have
passed from Mr
George McGuire to
Dr Mitchell, and
two Ministers of
State, Senators Nor-
ton Noel and Bennet
Andrew have been
assigned to assist Mr

Mr Williams, a
barrister, is no
longer responsible
for Women's Aff-
airs but, in addition
to the subjects he
held previously,
now has Legal
Affairs in which he
will share, vith the
Prime Minister, the
assistance of Minis-
ter of State Mr
Lawrence Joseph.



before, he said, two men
standing near him had made
remarks which had led him to
that conclusion.

"I believe they identified me",
he said," and that their
remarks were intended for my


holds also the post
of Attormy Gen-

Dr Mitchell retains
all the subjects he
previously held in
his portfolio and
has, in addition,
Cooperatives, Wo-
mens' Affairs and
Civil Aviation. He
retains the assist-
ance of Minister of
State Mr Alleyne
Walker, and, addit-
ionally, nov has
Minister of State
Miss Grace Duncan
to assist him.
Dia Dointlamnlt
In Tourism circles
disappointment has
been expressed that
the Prime Minister
has not created a
separate Ministry of
"It is too important
a subject to group
with other subjects
like Agriculture",
one source said,
"and Tourism vill
not develop if
Government does
not recognize the
special attention this
leg of the economy

"I I ,

Among the tng
the men said the
vas that "People in
Grenada do not
want Bernard
Coard (one of the
convicted in the
Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial) to be
free, and "We
must avenge the
death of Maurice

He (Haynes) had
found Bishop a
charming person,
Mr Haynes continu-
ed, and had been
shocked vhen be
heard the manner of
his death, but be
wanted it clear to
everyone that the
Appeal Court is not
here to avenge the
death of anyone.

"The function of the
Appeal Court is not
to find whether
anyone is guilty or
not", he said. "That
vw te job of the
jry. Our obisto
review athapp-
ed at the trial and
determine whether
it was fair".

If, after the Court

wRam 'IM


Page 14 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada Newsletter


of he Oppoition in the Grerada
Aouse of Rprss3ntative, and
Political Leader of the Natical lDemoraUic
Congress (NDC), said at a press conference
on March 3rd that the recent Cabinet shuf fl
effected by Prime Minister Herbert Baize
does not reflect any policy change of the
ruling New National Party (NNP).

"What it indicates is ra t-ion to two crises
vhich have been deepening in the recent
past", he said.

One basis for the reaction, Mr B~-iztn said,
arises from concern in NNP over the
"public financial crisis" and urging of
party members that the Cabinet be expanded
to take in persons ith new ideas for

The other "crisis'", Mr Brizan said, is
political, and e referred to a statermnt
made by Mr Blaize in April last year vhen
he (Brizan) and to other persons defected
from NNP, reducing NNP numbers in
Parlianlnt from 12 to 9.

The Prime Minister said then that "nine
united is better then 12 divided", but Mr
Brizan charged that the "nine" are not
united and "NNP is split right down the

Without naming him directly, Mr Brizan
indicated that Dr Keith Mitchell, Minister
of Works, is the person in NNW heading the
faction opposing Mr Diaize and ulat, last
November, that faction made convertedd
moves to conspire" the Prinm

"Subsequent to that", Mr Bnriza said,
"attempts were made to elmbarrass Mr
Blaize by putting close to him, on his
National Executive certain persons of
questionable character vho Blaie himself
had indicated he was in no potion to work

Mr Blaize could not attempt to dea- with this
situation by vhittling down t8i power a~n

Wf gggligra.i.-, *n 5 .ig i M' I

authority of the person vho was the "arch
architect in all of these mneuverings", Mr
Brizan said, because that person might
resign ad tae others vith him,
jeiopardisin the Governnent,
se BRIZAN Page 15

happened at the trial, he said, it finds it
v as fair, th appeal vll be dismissed. If
it is found that it was unfair, the Court
m3y quash the sznteaces and set the
convicted person free.

Mr Hayr e said if it is fcurid the trial vas
not fair, 'at doas roi mean the Trial
Jiu4 was unfair. The Appeal Judges
have read the record of the trial and are
satisfied that th Tria! Judge, Acting
Chief Justice Dsrjnis Byron, was
completely fi1r and unbiased.
Hovever, h said, in such a long trial and
vith t .TZug exposed to daily
harassment in Court, it would be
remrark;ibk if the J'ige had not
comixtterd any errors.

"We are not hire to av'rj the death of
Mauric Bishop", he said, "e are here to
see that the rula-: of th game have been
--- = R---
,-# ^ '.^ .-~ r '^ 'eg " 1 ""It****"*
-r . ... ...... . ..-. r in nn-m- l ninl l~ j .lll~llll ^ ll~ lll NN ll i illlllllll r _ _ll

'1 -I

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday March 12th 1988 Page 15

Bourne Vice-
fChanceor of the "The School's medical
Grenada based St Georges degree is nov expected to be
University School of Med- recognized by other British
icine, said n interview Commnonwealth countries",
vith NEWSLETTER on he said, "and this ill help
February 29th, that, vith us inour attempts to make St
effect from February 9th Georges University School
1988, the School has of Medicine truly inter-
received official recognition *iona". DR6EOFFIEY BOURNE
by the General Medical iSe. -C OOL hPa 16 .a fToEll RT

BRIZAN From Page 14

Instead, the Prime Minister
has given Dr Mitchell even
more responsibility than he
had before the Cabinet
shuffle, he said, and this is
an effort to "flood" Dr
Dr Mitchell has complained
on many occasions of hav-
ing too much work, the
Leader of the Opposition
said. In the shuffle, in
addition to the respon-
sibilities he had-before the
shuffle, Dr Mitchell has
been given the portfolios of
Cooperatives, Women's
Affairs and Civil Aviation.

This, Mr Brizan said, is not
in tune with the Prime
Minister's statement that the
shuffle has been made so
that Ministers could have
more time to be with their

"It seems to me inconsistent
that, if that is the reason",
he said, "why then would
you give a Minister three
additional portfolios".
Mr Brizan gave a reminder
that Dr Mitchell had been
Minister of Civil Aviation

when an Agreement was
entered into by the
Government with a United
States based Company for
the establishment of Gre-
nada Airvays.
That airline had its
inaugural flight in Decem-
ber 1986 but folded up less
than a year later leaving
debts of over EC$1.6
million and a "scandal" as to
funds disposed of after the
sale of a Bandeirante air-
"The issue of Grenada
Airways and the Bandei-
rante is still inconclusive",
Mr Brizan said, "so to give
the portfolio of Civil
Aviation back to that
Minister (Mitchell) at this
time, I interpret it as deal-
ing a blow to him and
putting him in a position
where he will be extremely

Dr Francis Alexis NDC
Deputy Political Leader,
said, at the press confer-
ence, that it is the resporn-
sibility and duty of the
Opposition in Parliament to
make sure that the issues of

Grenada Airways and the
Bandeirante stay alive.
The vay these issues have
been handed are demon-
strations of Ministerial
irresponsibility, he said,
and by putting Civil Avi-
ation back into the hands of
Dr Mitchell at this time,
the Prime Minister is shov-
ing to the vorld that he
vould like to see Dr Mit-
chell "brought across the

Mr George McGuire, vho
held the Civil Aviation
portfolio immediately be-
fore it was given back to
Dr Mitchell in the shuffle,
has described the Grenada
Airvays matter as a
"fiasco. Dr Alexis said.
Dr Alexis said Mr
McGuire has promised are-
port on Grenada Airways
this month (March) and Dr
Aleis said that, for the
Prime Miister to put Dr
Mitchell back into Civil
Aviationno, istimingcal-
culated to embarras Dr
|.J -.+ .^^^g o.O~ -t^^f t "- "7-" )-4 "

Page 16 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada Newsletter



k Training Awards Project (CTAP)
t in Grenada on February 19th
under the chairmanship of Mr Arthur M
Saper Counsellor for Development in the
Candian High Commission in Barbados.

"The project has been in operation since
1966" Mr Saper said in an interview Vith
NEWSLETTER, "and we are nov in the
third phase, CTAP III, which became
operational in September 1987 and runs for
eight years"

The Canadian International Development
Agency (CIDA) will contribute
C$30,000.00 to this phase, he said, and the
recipient countries will contribute varying
amounts of funds and services.
These countries are, in addition to Grenada,
Anguilla, Antigu, Dominica, Montserrat,
St Kitts, St Lucia, St Vincent and the British
Virgin Islands.
(Mr Saper said the objective of CTAP III is
It promote sustained economic rorth and

development. The aim is to improve
professional, technical and administrative
capacities in support of development
programmes in these countries, he said, and
priority sectors are agriculture, small
industry, tourism and education.
Training is open to individuals, nominated
by the Governments, from the private and
public sectors, and consists of both long-
term an short-term awards. The
former covers study programmes of one to
four years of which there ill be 130
awards per year for the intake years 1987 to

Short term awards ill commence in 1990
and will continue until 199394.

"Based on information gained during the
implementation of CTAP II, Mr Saper
said, "it is estimated that approximately
5,000 people vill benefit from this sector of
the project"
I **

SCHOOL prom PageE 15
Dr Bourne said graduates of the School will
nov be eligible to receive post-gradte
training and hold Registrarships in British
hospitals. The recognition extended by the
GMC is also of vital importance to those
students of the School who are nov doing
part of their clinical training in Britain.

British hospitals, the Vice-Chancellor said,
had come to the decision they would take
students only from recognized schools.
Prior to February 9th, this put the training
of the School's students in jeopardy but,
nov that the recognition has been given, this
risk has been averted.

Dr Bourne said that, in view of the growing
recognition of the School, as evinced by the
action of the GMC, the continuing
antagonism tovards the School of the
American Medical Association (AMA)
continues to defy understanding.

The School is approved by the Boards of

Education of Ne York and New Jersey,
but the AMA has not given its recognition,
and Dr Bourne said this continues to
provoke resentment.
The St Georges University School of
Medicine is privately owned and was
established in Grenada in January 1977 vith
the "sole and exclusive charter for a medical

In an interview shortly after the School
opened, Mr Stephen Vejvoda, then Special
Assistant to the Dr Charles Modica,
Chancellor of the University, said the
purpose of the School is not merely to
educate Americans and ship them back .

"This is in no way our design", he said,
"what we want is an international

__ L

_ _~._-.~..II I -- I = II II

I- ~ ~- -

-** ~ ~~~~~ y L ^ tf f d . - _- ,

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday March 12th 1988 Page 17

"...Westindcan political unity wfl be a
specter hausiin the minIds and
consciousness of West ndlans".

sident of the Caribbean Develop-
ment Bank (CDB) said in
Greda on February 16th that Westindians
are faced vith a "large piece of unfinished

"So long as re is no Westindian political
union", he said, "the idea of Westindian
political unity vil be a specter haunting the
minds and consciousness of Westindians".
The CDB President vas speaking on the
subject of unity in the Orgaisation Of East
Caribbean States (OECS), and addressed an
audience at Marryshov House, Extra Mural
Centre of the University of the West Indies.
Since the West Indies Federation collapsed
in 1962, MrDemassaid, the idea of region-
al political unity has never been taken so far
as at the present time,
Governments of the Easter Caribbean have
committed themselves in writing to proceed
towards closer political union, he said.
Caribbean Govrnments have not gone that
far before and, either through National
Advisory Committees or through the action
of individual Government Ministers, the
political union is being explained to the
electorate and feed back is sought from the

Additionally he said, the political leader-
ship of the 6ECS countries seems to get
along very well vith each other. This is a
condition which never existed before, Mr
Demas said, and is a foundation which can
be built upon.

"It was not always so", he said, "not so long
ago, nearly every day, there was blasting
and cussing over the airwaves and in the
Outlining advantages of political union, the
CDB President said economic advantages
had been too veil set out to bear repetition

by him. He fished, hoevwr, to point out
the fallacy that deepening economic
cooperation leads to political unity.
It is the other ay around, he said, because
economic integration is hampered by the
fact that, with separate political entities, it is
impossible to make binding commitments.
When, hover, there is a decision and an
act of political and popular vill to move
towards political unity, that pooling of
sovereignties will push economic inte-

Another important advantage of political
unity is the possibility of having more
effective external action in the fields of
foreign policy and intelm tional relations,
he said.
"International relations are like a jungle",
the CDB President said, "and the law of the
more powerful still is the order of the day"
The coming together of small countries vill
give more strength in this "jungle, he said,
and this is particularly important since, with
the granting of independence to her former
colonies and her "vitraal" from the
Caribbean, Britain has created a power
vacuum in the Eastern Caribbean.

Such a vacuum is never left to exist for very
long, he said, and influence on the OECS,
exerted by bigger countries in all parts of
the Western hemisphere, must be expected.

"I am not saying they ill do this
deliberately, or that they don't like us", Mr
Demas said, "but that is how states behave in
the field of international relations".
Outside of that factor, he said, there are
cultural factors "hooking" the people of the
OECS more and more into certain life
styles, attitudes and materialistic values.
TV is bringing to the OECS the lifestyles of
See DEMAS Pm 18

I-I- .~ -~

-_ ~._~

Page 18 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada Nevsletter


as Prime Minister, Mr Herbert Blaize
committed and ssaled up the Ramada
Hotel agreement in advance of his Minister
of Tourism knoving anything about it
This charge was made at a press conference
on March 3rd by Dr Francis Alexis, Deputy
Political Leader of the National Democratic
Congress (NDC).
"These are some of the provocations we
have had to contend ith", he said.
Last April, charging, among other
thins,that the Prime Minister did not
confer with his Ministers, Dr Alexis, then
Minister for Legl Affairs and Labour,
together with Mr George Brizan, then
Minister for Education and Fisheries,
resigned from the Cabinmt and Nev
National Party (NNP) of Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize.
Until tvo months before that, Mr Brizan
had held the portfolio of Tourism, and had
been in that position in 1985 vhen
Government ovned hotel property vas
leased to the firm of Issa Nicholas
(Grenada) Ltd. and arrangements made
with the United States based hotel
mana nt firm of Ramada International
Incorporated to manage the hotel.

Mr Brizan, who was at the press
conference said Cabinet had decided to
lease out te property and, he discovered
afterwards that, following that decision,
Prime Mirnister Blaize ad had the terms of
the lease drawn up and circulated to over
50 prospective investors vorld vide.

"The first time I saw the terms and
conditions of the lease as offered to
prospective investors internationally", he
said, "was when one of those investors cam
into my office and shoed it to me as
Minister of Tourism".

DEMAS From Page 17
the very rich American, and, while
some vill reconse the imbalance of
this presentation of North American
society, many people vill "get the
wrong signal.
The expectations entered by this
type of TV vill never be fulfilled for
hundreds of years, Mr Denus said, and
voever is presenting these pro-
grammes is creating teme4ndous dis-
satisfacon among the people of the
"Unless ve do something vhich vill try
to fill, at least in part the power
vacuum created by Britain's
ithdraal" he said, as a people with
any self-respect any identity of our
ovn, e are doomed, individually, to
become, economically, politically dip-
lomatically and culturally, stetsof
bigger and medium sized countries
around us"

Trinidad born Mr Dems served as a
Civil Servant in the Administration of
the late Prime Minister of Trinidad &
Tobago, Dr Eric Williams. He was
Permanent Secretary in the Ministry of
Planning & Developmentand rose to be
Economic Advisor to Dr Williams.
In 1970 he accepted the post of Sec-
retary General of the Caribbean Free
Trade Association (CARIFTA) which
had been launched in 1968 and became
Secretary General of the Caribbean
Community (CARICOM) vwen
CARIFTA evolved into that organ-
isation in 1973.
Mr Demas took up an appointment in
1974 as President of the Barbados based
Caribbean Development Bank (CDB).
He has nov accepted the post of
Governor of the Central Bank of
Trinidad & Tobago and, inan interview
vith NEWSLETTER, said that appoint-
ment dates from 5th February.

He still has a fev matters at CDB to
"clear up" he said, and expected to be
vith CDB until the end of February.
FI. '

------ --- ----- ----------

The Grnada Newsletter Saturday March 12th 1988. Page 19



university School of Medicine are
kJnot satisfied vith the vay in vhich
the School's Agreement vith the
Government of Grenada is being
implemented as far as the use of the Generag
Hospital is concerned.

"We are not being treated fairly", Dr
Geoffrey Bourne, Vice Chancellor of the
School said in an interview vith
NEWSLETTER on February 19th. "We
understand the Goverment is trying to
correct the situation and we hope there will
be an improvement soon".

Bone of contention is the clause in the
Agreement vhich gives the School "sole and
exclusive rights" to use the facilities of the
General Hospital for teaching purposes.
The School has been in operation since
January 1977 and, according to Dr Bourne,
there had been no problem until the military
intervention in October 1983 vhen the
personnel of the School, together with its
students, vere evacuated.
When the School resumed operations in
Grenada in January 1984, the Vice
Chancellor said, it vas to find that "the
Hosital had been more or less taken over
by Project Hope".

"We found, for instance, that, if the Project


Mlr RobertJ Ourostero
Programne Director
Project Hope
Project Hope

DrGeoffreg Bourne
Vice Chancellor
St Georges University
School Of medicine

Hope doctor vas working vith the X-ray",
he said, "even though the School had bought
that piece of equipment, our students were
not allowed to be there to vatch im".
Students from the School vere not allowed
to accompany Project Hope doctors when
they vent on their rounds of the wards, he
said. These doctors not only refused to
"extend the courtesy" of any instruction to
the students, he continued, but the students
vere not even allowed to be present vhen
surgical and other equipment, purchased by
the School for the Hospital, was being used
by Project Hope doctors.
See ROW Page 20

BRIZAN From Page 18
Dr Alexis said he vas in Cabinet when
Mr Brizan bad brought up this matter
and Mr Brizan had "protested as
vigorously and as decently as he could
without disrupting either Cabinet
proceedings or the very Cabinet".
Mr Brizan said he had told the Prime
Minister that his behaviour vas
"disgraceful" and that, should there be a
repetition, he vould have no choice but
to resign.
"The Prime Minister sat there as
Chairman of the Cabinet", he said, "and
he listened to every vord that I said, and
he did not say a ord".
^- .1...... . ... .d w ? w :w-wy -.a77.


Page 20 Saturday March 12th 1988. The Grenada Newsletter
ROW From Pa- e 9

The Vice Chancellor said he and his col-
leagues understood that the attitude of the
Project Hope Administration had been
genrated in part, b the belief that the St
Georges University School of Medicine is
"a Medical School for profit".
great Sin
Dr Bourne said he does not see the "great
sin" in being a "Medical School for profit"
but, in anycase, he said, his institution does
not fall into that category. People get paid
for their services, he said, and nobody gets
profit out of the operation of the School.
"I heard a statement by the previous Project

dollars for equipment to the Geera
Hospital the Vice Chancellor said, and,
volntaily, has put up another half a
million dollars to pay salaries of doctors
attached to the Hospital.
A year or two ago, Dr Boure says,
because of the unsatisfactory situation vith
the Project Hope doctors, the School
discontinued payment of doctors' salaries,
and some thought has been given to the
possibility of cutting off the annual
payments to the Government vhich amount
to US$175,000 under the Agreement.

Hope Administrator that their refusal to
accommodate our students vas because OD t'h
'.. .;; : .- '. '

their men were not paid to teach", the Vice,
Chancellor said. "and I wrote immediately The Management of the School has decided,
to him offering to pay their doctors if they however, that although the School hasbeen
vould let our students go along with them", out at a disadvantamo hw

Dr Bourne said he had ad a "rather
offensive letter in reply and this had closed
that avenue to a possible solution to the
This matter has been brought to the
attention of Government on many
occasions, the Vice Chancellor said, but, to
date, the situation remained unaged.

"Government does not really give us a
response to our complaints", he said,
"though I believe they are concerned. They
are getting short-term help from Project
Hope, but I understand that Project Hope
vili probably leave Grenada in 1989 or
1990 and Government knows that the
School is more likely to give the long term
assistance vhichis neeedd"
Under the terms of its Agreement with the
Government the School has contributed
over the past 10 years, over a million US

vith the terms of tthe Agreement as far as
the General Hospital is concerned, e said,
the School vill continue to meet its
obligations under the terms of the
Dr Bourne said it is his understanding that
efforts are being made to correct the
situation and he looked forward to having
the problem solved as soon as possible.
Project Hope Programme Director, Mr
Robert J Burastero said in an interview
with NEWSLETTER on February 19th
the Medical School has a contract with the
Government for the use of the General
Hospital for teaching purposes and his
organisation has not and ill not in any vay
interfere vith that.
"As far as Project Hope doctors interfering
vith the teaching programss, e said,

----; be saidi


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday March 12th 1988. Page 21

A T A MEETING impression that
held in St Lucia the Heads of
m26th to 28th Government
February, the Standing are fully corn-
Committee Of Opposition mitted to OECS
Parties In The Eastern unity.
Caribbean (SCOPE) chang-
ed its name to the Standing In the face of
Conference Of Popular this, he said,
Democratic Parties In East SCOPE feels it
Caribbean States (SCOPE). can no longer e.
Dfn6ga1& member parties
This was disclosed at a press with enthusiast
conference on March 3rd matter of OEC
by Dr Francis Alexis, Dep- unity and it bt
uty Political Leader of the ropriate toreass
National Democratic Con- ence and mission
gress (NDC), vho was afire
delegate to that meeting. "In any event",

jSCOPE was launched last
year following the ann-
ouncement that the coun-
tries of the Organization of
East Caribbean States
(OECS) proposed to seek
closer political unity.

"OECS Heads of Govern-
ment gave the impression
they were inter-ested in
OECS political union", Dr
Alexis said, "and for the
purpose of assisting the
development of that initiat-
ive, Opposition Heads in the
Eastern Caribbean came
together in SCOPE, and we
sought to establish contact
with the Heads of Govern-
ment, telling them we
fished to make our con-
tribution to the refining and
development of OECS
political union.

Dr Alexis said SCOPE has
ihad no response from the
SHeads and, by and large,
SCOPE does not get the

name which ist
'opposition' in
negative and gi
pression that we
for being in
permanently anc
ve in Grenada:
tention to do thai

encourage its
to "speak
n" on the
S political
ecame app-
ess the exist-
he said, "a
it is very
ves the im-
are settling
I, certainly,
have no in-

SCOPE vill nov interest it-
self in other matters outside
of OECS political unity, Dr
Alexis said, and this vill
include concern vith main-
taining the electoral process
and discouraging Govern-
ments from "even enter-
taining discussion on rigg-
ing elections".
He wished to be "brutally
frank", he said, ard say that
NDC has information that
somebody came to Grenada
from a sister Caribbean
Community country and
engaged in "an unseemly
discussion on the matter of
NNP winning (the next
elections) at all costs and all
See SCOPE Page 22

ROW Prom Page 20
"that is not anything ve
are going to do, but, as
Sfar as our doctors being
teachers for medical stu-
dents, that also is some-
thing e are not going to

Mr Burastero confirmed
that, at one time, the
School had offered to pay
Project Hope doctors for
teaching services, but, he
said, the offer vas de-

In an interev vith
ober, Minister of Health,
Mr Danny Willims, said
he is avare of the con-

"Project Hope does not
want to have dealings
vith students of the
SMedical School", he said,
"they don't vant to teach
them, they don't vant to
supervise students of a
Medical School vhich is a
private business".

The Minister expressed
the opinion that a
compromise solution is
possible and he hoped to
find it.
-' --- ----- --M

Dr Francis Alexis
UtU Political Leader
l Democrattc Congress

Page 22 Saturday March 12th 19 88 The Grenada Nevslfer


....auit ..... shows unbefievabk tn9gs
in the counts" : N4icCas
Court told Mr Isa Nicholas, Managing Director of Issa Nicholas (Grenada) Ltd tha
he cannot immediately recover control of his hotel premises from the United te
based hotel management firm of Ramada
International Incorporated.

Ramada and Mr Nicholas signed a Man-
agement Agreement in September 1985
relative to hotel pr ses on Grand Anse
beach which Mr Nicholas had leased from
the Grenada Governmnmt renovated and
extended at a cost of some US$17 million.
In an intrviev ith NEWSLETTER in
October last, however, Mr Nicholas
charged that Ramada had failed to honour
the terms of the mangmnt contract.

"The failure is clear from the report of our
auditors, Pannl Kerr Foster", he said.
"They hav done an audit for us and it
shovs unbelievable things in the accounts
and the vay the system is run".
According to Mr Nicholas, the Auditors
found no evidence of fraud, but itemised
several instances of non-compliance ith
the terms of the contract.
Last September, Mr Nicholas gave Ramada
notice to correct the situation and,
following a meeting of lawyers for both

siaes, it was agree to settle t matter by
arbitration. Mr Nicholas wanted the
hotel back in islands while the arbitration
proceeded, but Ramada resisted this and Mr
Nicholas gave Ramada notice to quit.

Action on this was forestalled when Ramada
vent to Court and Mr Justice Lyle St Paul
issued an injunction stopping Mr Nicholas
from regannpossession of the hotel. In
his turn, Mr Nicholas' lawyer, Trinidadian
Queens Council Mr Karl Hudson-Phillips,
vent before Judge St Paul and his
arguments resulted in the injunction against
Mr Nicholas being removed.

Ramada then appealed, and the Appeal
Court under President Mr Justice J.O.F
Haynes, with Mr Justice Time Kendall and
Chief Justice Sam Graham, heard
arguments from Mr Hudson-Phillips for Mr
Issa Nicholas and from Guyanese Dr Fen-
ton Ramsahoye for Ramada.

Handing down his decision on March 12th,
Mr Haynes found in favour of Ramada
See RAMADA Pam. 23

SCOPE From Pame 21

that that entails".

At the SCOPE meet,
ing in St Lucia, Dr
Alexis said, the sit-
uation in Haiti vas
discussed and con-
cern vas expressed
over a statement
that "bad elections
are better than
non", said to have
been made by Prime
Minister Eugenia
Charles of Dom-

iica vith reference
to the elections held
in Haiti in January.
Bad elections are
not good enough for
us in Grenda",Dr
Alexis said, "I trust
they are not good
enough for our
brothers and sisters
in Dominica and
equally, e say they
are not good enough
for the people of

Dr Alexis said Mr
Michael Douglas,
Leader of the Opp-
osition in the Dom-
inica House, had
visited Haiti after
the elections and
had given SCOPE
an on-the-spot up-
date of conditions in
that island.

The SCOPE meet-

ing expressed con-
cern, Dr Alexis
said, that it would
take a long time for
the situation to settle
down and indicat-
ions are there could
be difficulties along
the vay, some of
them "more phys-
ical" thanothers.

Ef 2

VC01 E From

am __ m__

- --

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday March 12th 1988 Page 23

Ckmistrnu cUlls it "-a vsr badu Jinunciwl position"
T HE LIQUID- Farmers up to date Chairman said, the ling to EC$4.64, the
I ity of the on hat he called "a average price for price per pound
Gre a Co- wry bad financial the crop vill be eight is only
coa Association position". 1,200 per ton, but EC$2.52, resulting
(GCA) is such that Borrov vhat this viU yield inadropof21 cents
there are no re- "The cash balances depends on the val- inonlysixveeks.
serves to fall back of the Association us of the pound
on and expenses, as are no longer ade- sterling between Mr Rush said that,
they occur, have to quate to finance day- nov and September to date, only one
be paid out of to-day operations", next. fifth of the crop had
current sales. he said, "and it has been exported and,
become necessary to When the pound if the sale of the
This announcement borrow money to was worth EC$5.02 remainder of the
as made in a radio finance operations in January, this was crop is at a pound
broadcast on Feb- for the period Feb- equal to a price of sterling average of
ruary 25th by Mr ruaryto Jue". EC$2.73 per pound less than EC$4.50,
Raymond Rush, weight, he said, but GCA vill operate at
Chairman of the In- Based on the with the present fall a loss for this crop
term Cocoa Board, contracts GCA has of the pound ster- year.
as he brought Cocoa for this year, the See RESERVES Page 24

RAMADA From Page 22

Judge St Paul, he said, had
erred when he removed the
injunction against Mr Nic-
holas on the grounds that
Ramada had suppressed
material facts. One of
these facts is that Mr Clive
Barnes of Ramada vas
presented as the "Gemnral
Manager" and notthe "Gen-
eral Manager On Probat
ion". The other is that the
Auditors Report had not
been put before the Judge
vhen the injunction was
asked for against Mr Nic-
Mr Haynes said neither of
these facts had any rele-
vance to influencing Mr St
Paul's decision, and he ord-
ered that the injunction
against Mr Nicholas should

Chief Justice Graham
agreed that the status of Mr
Barnes as being "on
probation" vas not rele-
vant, but he disagreed with

Mr Haynes in relation to the
Auditors Report.

"The Auditors report
should have been before the
Judge", he said, "because
the Judge should have
known what the Puritors
ere saying".
Mr Graham said the setting
aside of the injunction vas
in the discretion of Mr St
Paul, and the Court of
Appeal could reverse Mr St
Paul's decision if Mr St Paul
had erred in la or if the
circumstance have chang-
He found neither of those
conditions to apply and he
dismissed Ramada's appeal.
Mr Justice Kendall said the
Auditor's Report "revealed
a sad state of affairs", but he
agreed vith the President
that the fact that it was not
before Mr St Paul was not
relevant as it would have

made no difference to the
decision to great the injunc-

He upheld Ramada's appeal
and said the nature of the
dispute suggests it should be
settled by private arbit-
ration rather then through
the Courts.

Summing up the decision,
President Haynes said the
injunction against Issa
Nicholas (Grenada) Ltd
stands and all further
proceeding are stopped un-
til the decision of the arbit-
He said, however, that if Mr
Nicholas can present an
Auditors Report showing
that the situation has not
een corrected by Ramada,
or is deteriorating, the
Court villa give further
consideration to the matter.

Page 24 Saturday March 12th 1988 The Grenada Ne~sletter

"Cewrlyj, th system of taxation is inequitapb ": ToppM
Board of Directors of Jonas Browse & Hubbard Ltd, has disclosed that his
Company suffered a fall in profits in the trading year ending 30th September

In a "Reviev" circulated to shareholders,
Mr Toppin says one adverse factor is the
Value Added Tax (VAT) introduced by
Government vhich resulted in a decrease in
sales from EC$39.7 million in 1986 to
ECS39.2 millionin 1987.
*** Retroactive
Another adverse factor is Government's
Business Levy Act introducing a 2.5% tax
on gross sales and services. This Levy has
retroactive effect, he said, and as a result,
tax provision for 1986 had fallen short by
over half a million East Caribbean Dollars.
"Clearly, the sstenm of taxation is
inequitable", Mr Toppin said, "and ve can
hope only that, as a result of representation
'being made by the private sector,
Government Vill amend the lav and revert
ito a fairer and more conventional method of
taxing profits".

Hubbard's business activities spread over a
vide spectrum, and the Managing Director
says the Supermarket, Hardware, App-
liances, Motor, Insurance and Feed Centre
Departments vere satisfactory vhile Lum-
ber Department results ere good.
The Agency and Gift Shop had not been up
to expectations and there had been a fall in
the Shipping Departrrment due mainly to
discontinuance of Saguenay Lines Services
from Canada and Europe.
Mr Toppin says Sissons Paints (Grenada)
Ltd, Hubbard's subsidiary Company, had
completed its first year of trading and, with
regular exports being made to St Vincent
and St Lucia, results are encouraging.

During this trading year, Hubbard,s made a
public offer of 0,000 preference shares
and 200,000 ordinary shares, each vorth
EC$10. 00, but the Managing Director says
the response had been disappointing.

Just before the subscription list vas opened
he says, the defection of three members of
Parliament from the ruling Nev National
See HUBBARDS Page 25

RESERVES From Pag 23
In an effort to offset this, measures have
been put into operation to tighten
controls on expenditure, he said. The
vorkforces at the fermentaries have been
reduced to a minimum and these
measures are expected to saw about
"Hovever, this is not sufficient to
guarantee the financial viability of the
Association", Mr Rush said, "and the
Board has to take the difficult decision of
reducing the advance prices for the re-
mainder of the year".
The advance price to cocoa farmers stood
at EC$1.60 per pound in December,
currently that price is EC$1.45, and the
Chairman gave notice that, vith effect
from March 1st, it vould drop to
The Chairman encouraged cocoa farmers
to make every effort to take advantage of
the Production Incentive Programme
financed by the Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA).
Under this programme, farmers are paid
EC$0.50 for each pound of cocoa pro-
duced above the average production of
their holdings over the last three years.

This programme continues for the next
five years, Mr Rush said, and he pointed
out that it Vill assist in offsetting the fall
in market prices.
*m .-..4 ; l ---. .

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday March 12th 1988 Page 25


of the
years immediately
following the des-
truction of hurri-
cane "Jant in Sep-
tember 1955, the
lovest production
of cocoa Grenada
has had in the last
100 years vas in the
crop year 1986/-

This vas disclosed
by Mr Raymond
Rush Chairman of
the Interim Cocoa
Board, in a TV
broadcast on Feb-
ruary 22nd. This
low production, he
said, 3.8 million
pounds, plus a fall
in prices on the
international mar-
ket, reduced oper-
ating profit to only
EC$1.28 million
and he indicated that
the "surplus" pay-
able to farmers ill
be disappointing.

"The Board, in con-
sidering its decision
on the surplus,", he
said,"recognised the
need to pay farmers
a price adequate to
cover the costs of
producing cocoa.
With this in mind,
......the Board has
decided to pay out,
as surplus, the oper-
ating profit of
EC$1.28 million".

This is the only
money the Cocoa
Association has
from vhich to pay a
"surplus", Mr Rush
said, and he remind-
ed farmers that,
during the years
1980 to 1985, the
Association used
EC$12 millionin li-
quid reserves to pay
"surpluses'" far in
eess of profits

The proposed "sur-

plus" vill be
paid out by the
middle of March
and vill be equi-
valent to a price of
34 cents per pound
of dry cocoa de-
livered to the Ass-
ociation, the Chair-
man said. The
Board recognizes
that this is a steep
drop from the 80
cents paid last year,
he said, but the
Interim Board has
inherited an Assoc-
iation in very bad
financial condition.

As a result of
indirect pressure
from the Canadian
International Devel-
opment Agency
(CIDA), which has
been funding a
Cocoa Rehabilit-
ation scheme since
1981, the Interim
Board vas appoint-

ed by Government
last October to re-
place the elected

CIDA complained
of poor manage-
ment in the Cocoa
Industry with res-
ponibilities split
between the Gre-
nada Cocoa Assoc-
iation (GCA) and
the Cocoa Rehabilit-
ation Board (CRB),
and threatened to
withdraw funding at
*he end of 1987 if
this vas not correct-

Appointment of the
Interim Board vas a
move to streamline
the Industry and the
aim is to merge
GCA and CRB by
September net.

See COCOA Page 26


PaR o24

H------- - - 24

Party had created a period
of political uncertainty and
this had had a deleterious
effect on investors' mood.
As a result only 86,627
preference shares and
89,533 ordinary shares had
been taken

Mr Toppin says that, after
the uncertainty which had
existed in Grenada in the
early 1980s (during the
regime of the Peoples
Revolutionary Govern-
ment), it had been his hope
that forecasting vould nov
have become possible.

"This has not been the case"
he says, "and I am firmly of
the opinion that the political
uncertainties which are
plaguing Grenada, as vell
as the absence of a cohesive
and workable taxation pol-
icy by Government, are
proving to be deterrents to
the economic growth of the

A meeting of shareholders
vas called for February
25th and the Managing
Director says, in the light of
reduced profits, the Board
of Directors recoummwsd

only a 10% dividend on
ordinary shares. Preferen-
ce shares are paid a
dividend of 10%.
I imsnenttent
The dividend on ordinary
shares is certain to be a
disappointment to share-
holders, Mr Toppin says,
but he points out that that
dividend is covered 1.53
times by profit, and the
balance of over half a
million East Caribbean
dollars, added to retained
earnings, enhances the value
of the Company.

- .___. ___ ____~__~~~~~~___~_ _~~ ._

-- -- -- ---




Page 26 Saturday March 12th 1988 Tbe Grenada Neletter


aynam High Comm isoner,
PrElsntr CmdentiRal

Mr Noel Sinclair, Guyana's non-Resident
Commissionr to Grenada, presented his
credentials to Gowrnor Genral Sir Paul
Scoon on February 29th.

UL.SNvyi HydrofoiA


The USS La MoureCounty, supportship
of a Hydrofoil Squadron of the Naval
Surface Force, United States Atlantic Fleet,
arrived at Grenada on February 16th.

Three hydrofoils, USS Taurus", USS
"Aries" and USS "Gemini, which are part
of Patrol Hydrofoil Missile Squadron 2
comprising six hydrofoils based at Key
West, Florida,. came to Grenada during the
following veek and will be stationed here
for the nxt three months.

Purpose of the visit is to allov the Squadron
to practice overseas deployments, and a
ground support crev of about 60 personnel
villa be based in portable vans located near
Point Salins international Airport.

During the deployment the hydrofoils
(each of vhich carries a trew of 24) vill
practice seaborne manuvers s ell as
carry out illegal drug trade prevention.

Spmnish A dmir
Presenta Credentials

Spain's non-Resident Ambassador to
Grenda, Mr Ignaio M ferrer, vho is
based in Jamaica presented his credentials
to Governor General Sir Paul Scoon on
Manrh 8th

7emhian "Higoh_ Comnumlioml r A

Ptusa~~tu' GP~4ea~tiafa

Mr Humphrey Mulemba, 56, non-Resident
High Commissioer of Gambiato Grenada
presented his credentials to Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon on March 9th.

According to a release from the Govern-
ment Information Service, Mr Mulemba
began his political career in 1961 as the
United National Idependence Party
(UNIP) representative in Accra, Ghana He
vas Se~retary-Ge-eral of the ruing UNIP
from 1981 to 1985.
COCOA From Pae 25

At that time, the Interim Board vill be
dissolved and elections will take place for
anev Board.

In a recent interview, Mr Rush said
annual production of cocoa has declined
steadily because of ageing plantations,
poor field management and lov tech-
nology. In 1976, he said, production was
near 6 million pounds but there has
since been a decline of 36%, with 20%
taking place over the last two years.

The CIDA rehabilitation programme is
expected to reverse this trend and Mr
Rush said that, in spite of the fact there is
vorld overproduction of cocoa, if
Grenada can increase its production,
opportunities for increased sales are

The overproduction, he said, is in "bulk"
cocoa. Grenada produces "Fine
flavour" cocoa which is in short supply
and, Mr Rush said, vith iareased
production, the Cocoa Industry can offset
lover prices through increased volume
of sales.
, .. .... : "- . -------- 1"' 1^- '1:' 8 ^ ':''v^":

list.afghes Cynthia Hughes (
12th Mrch 1988
Printed Pblished By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia ughes, Journadists
Of ScottStreet. StGeorge,.Greauda, Westiadies
(P.O.Box 65: Phone 809 440 2538: Cables HUSON. Greada

--rr~-~--v -- --------r ------ -- I----~l~-r~-----L..



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