The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

Record Information

Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
F2056.A2 G74 ( lcc )


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Full Text

The CrenaO


Volume 15 Saturday 17th January 1987 Number 1
iBaanana producers in Grenada now own 10 400 shares in the British firm of Geest Industries Ltd.
iFounded in 1935 by three brothers of the Geest family who had a horticultural business in the Netherlands,
Geest Industries was originally established to promote the sale of plant bulbs.
After World War II, Geest expanded into importation of fresh produce from the Netherlands and diversified
further in 1953 when the Company became Marketing Agents for the Windward Islands banana
On 20th November last, Geest Industries became a public Company and is now known as Geest PLC
(Public Limited Company). The new Company has an authorized capital of 4.25 million and an offer ol
j25 630,068 shares was put on the market.

These shares, with a face value of 5 pence, sol
NEWSLETTER on January 17th, MrJustin Francis,
Geest Manager in Grenada, said they were all rapid-
ly sold out.

I"The news we have here", he said, "is that the offer
Iwas thirty times oversubscribed"
Part of this offer was reserved for Oieest staff and,
Together with other Associations of bhanano growers
Sin the Windward Islands, the Grenada Banana
|Cooperative Societ- (GBCS) was invited to, and
Accepted, an invitation to buy.
According to NMr Francis, now that the island's
1200 registered banana growers are Geest
shareholders, the Company will enjoy a different
image locally -
"Geest will no longer be seen as an exploiting.
capitalist organisation taking the larger share ol tht
cake and giving the farmers what some of them saw
as relatively small returns for their produce" he
said. "The banana producers are now shareholders
jin the Company and this throws a completely
different light on the situation,"
Grenada's Banana Industry was established in 1955
but was almost still-born when in September of
that year, hurricane "Janet de-asrated the island.
iln spite of this, the industry grew steadily and, in
:1968 attained an export tonnage of 26,758 luo
'Since then, that peak has never again been
,achieved. A decline which started in 1969
showed a drop to 10,990 long tons in 1973, and
jthis plummeted to 8,739 long tons in 1974 when,
ifor three months civil unrest removed any
possibility of making shipments,
IThanks to BriLish aid in the form of fertilizer
iimputs. exports climbed to 15,619 long tons in
11976. but it was a tlash in the i FO
pan FOUl
SA steady decline began the 1l7Th AUG
Following ye;a resulting am i 350t

J at 125 pence each, and, in an interview ,wit

Fortunatel for the producers, increasing prices
have helped to off-set the potential losses posed bv
the drop in production. Gross earnings in 1979
were EC$5.4 million for an export total of 13.799
lor tons providing an average price per ton o
E(.~ 934. In the following year. exports dropped to
11 .29 long tons, but the average priceper toni
increased to ECS486 making the gross earming
EC$5; 7 million. '
Even in 1984. when exports were only 7,810 long
tons, gross earnings were EC$4. I million resulting
from an average price increase to EC$5 3 per Ion

ND ED The decline in production can b
aiblamed on a few factors.:
UST 1 /973 Francis says one being the fact
Issue COa T, rM OP aGR

'C- r I



, ;., -1 ~itr, t
-C . :i
?r , r
x i

encouraed labdur to drift away from the
agroltral areas,
"The unfortunate situation we have now, he says,
"is that, although Grenada has a very high
unemployment figure, there is a shortage of labour
on the farms because people prefer, i idle rather
than take a job in agriculture",

he Geest Manager feels, however, that,
Government's current policy of cutting ini
ots, and disposing of, the
large estates Government
owns as a result of
acquisitions by a former
!administration, there is a
"counterbalancing" sol-
ution to this problem. Thousan
I Long Tot
"These smaller lots call 1 4
Ifor smaller labour
forces". he says, "and
they allow family labour 13
to be utilised thereby
permitting that land to
become productive 12

Another factor .which
.adversely affected banana
production, 'Mr Francis
says, was the acquisition
of some 30 estates by the
Grenada United Labour
Party Government of Sir
Eric Gairy.




The seizure of these .r.iI
estates appeared to be 1979 1998
politically motivated and,
m most cases, no 1980
compensation was paid
Ohe estate owners. Mr
Francis says this destroyed farmer's confidence in
riculture with the consequent neglect of
plantations and drop in production.

"Land ownership and the working of lands became
very uncertain", he says, "and this escalated with
the Peoples Revolutionary Covernrneni. but now
we do see signs of confidence returning to the
farmers and we expect and hope for an upward
swing in production".

Another factor with which the Banana Industry has
had to struggle is the incidence of Bacterial Vascular
Wilt, or "Moko" disease which was discovered in
Grenada in 1978.

Highly infectious and hard to control, "Moko" was
responsible for iping out the b anana plantations in
Trinidad some twenty years ago, forcing that island
lout of commercial production, and the disease now
poses a very real threat to the Banana Industry in
"In spite of all efforts, 'Moko* is still very much a
oblem", Mr Francis says. But since the middle of
ast year, we -have DrPeter Hunt. who is funded
by the Food And. Agriculture Organisation (FAO)
heading the Moo Control Unit and dealing with this
problem throughout the Windward Islands"

The Grenada Newslettor

The Geest Manager says he is not sufficiently
informed to say the extent to- which the Moko
Control Unit is succeeding, but he understands that
the "human factor" is stiff very much a problem.

In their eagerness to grow bananas, he said, some
farmers are not observing the rules as to where they
obtain their plants. The most effective efforts can
be made to stop the spread of the disease by insects,
birds and other carriers he said, but, as long as the
human being is going to violate the basic rules,

1979 1985
d Million



W: ProductioZ


4 7 ariEgs



1982 1984

the problem will remain.
"This is clearly a case where education of the
farmers is reulr'd '. Mr Francis said, but there is
no drive in this connection and that may be because
advances which have been made in control of the
disease have generated a sense of complacency"
Some of the obvious siitns of tile disease have
disappeared, he said, but Moko" is like a sleeping
dog which can spring into action at any time.
Without wishing to sound like a "prophet of doom",
Mr Francis expressed the opinion that the disease
may not be spreading rampantly but that there is a
spread which continues to threaten the Industry.
Together with Jamaica bananas, Windward Islands
bananas have preferential treatment entering the
United Kingdom market. Exports from Jamaica
have declined steadily since J973 when, in that
year, Jamaica supplied over 53% of bananas going
to the U.K from the Westindies.

Now, the Windward Islands supply nearly 94% of
Westindii bananaas going to the united Kingdon, a
total of 162,018 long tons in 1985, and the Geest
Manager disclosed that of these bananas, fruit
(nor'o~nn Ow PAGE R I

anrary 1987

. .......

I r~ll a ~ -

^______________^___ir-OuiT^^"nmr ,-D N P G

The Grenada Newsletter

from Grenada are now
adjudged the best quality.

This, Mr Francis said, is a
!complete reversal of what the
situation was until recently
when Grenada was charged
with producing the worst
qualit- of the four islands. |

"The turn around came last ,
jSeptember", Mr Francis said,
because at that time Grenada
switched entirely to the system
of packing fruit in the 'fields
rather than the old method of
esendine the bananas in to a
boxing- plant for processing".

In spite of problems in the Industry,

St. Lucia,

* j

i . ... .

Saturday 17th January 1987

Page 3

Mr Francis sees a bright future for bnaanas.

the biggest producer of bananas inthe Windward Islands, earns EC$3 million per week, he
.............. ,....... ,-- says. and, while Grenada's
Production is far from that of St
VIuARD NI. S JAMACA ucia's, there is no reason why
90000 EXPORT 1981 1985 banana producers cannot record
-900 gross weekly earnings of at
80000 1---- -.----- ~~ least half a million dollars.
70000 -- Gr
60000 -,---- --..- i- agriculturee is the backbone of
50000 -- -,t Lwi our economyy, he says. "and,i
40000 ~_. i ..----- _..e.t because bananas are no
30000 -- --ve seasonal, and because the cropl
2000o0 -t .- i ;LJ Tmin can bounce back very rapidly
10000 ij -ri -ti iL 7 from setbacks, the Industry
SJ presents an -excellent opp-
1981 1983 198 ortunity to provide a steady
S IM9 1894 income"


The ceuaral issue facing
;Grenadians today is to
build Grenada and
defend the people's
interest under a system
lof Parhamentary Demo-
Icracy so that at no time
n the future will Gre-
nada roll back into
dictatorship be it from
the extreme right or

This opi nion is
Expressed in a Pro-
gress Report" published
this month h by Mr
iGeorge rizan, Ministei
"or Agriculture and

lRefemno to the Gre-
nada Viited :Labour
iParty Government of
iSir Eric Gairy, which
-was in power from
il967 to the revolution
iof l97 l Mr Brnzan
says it was Sir Eric's
"dictatorship" which

led to his violent over-

"In the case of the
Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRc ,
the Minister says, "it
wvas the concentration of
power in the hands of a
tiny clique that led to its
self destruction and the
committing of mass

Parliamentary Demo-
cracy, with emphasis on
respect for democratic
rights and providing
Gr%:nadiaus wiLh their
basic needs. is the
safest road to peace and
stability, Mr Brizan

The Ministers Pro-
gress Report" is
directed to his
constitueiLt in the
district of St George
North East which he

represents and. under
tue head of "Around
The Constituency he
highlights work he has
done for them since he
won the seat in the
General EJections of
December 1984.

The "Report", ho- ever.
has also a national
content covering Mr
Brizan's work Ui the
Nij ii en -11i Portfolios he

Painini) in the back-
!,'nfd to one sector of
the economy and stress-
ing its importance the
Naister say-; Agricul-
ture contributes 25 to
the island's Gross
Domestic Product em-
ploys 33% of the labour
force and accounts for
90% of visible ex-

Recent develoT:nunts


he disclosed suggest]
the growing importance
of smallholder agricul-
ture and, of the 8 200
farms identified in th
1981 Agricultural cen-
sus. 46% were under 51

'The Agricultural Sec-
tor, in 1985, involved
approximately 7,00O
cocoa, 7,000 nutmeg,
1,400 banana, 600'
vegetable and 400 sugar
can farmers' he said.
"(and) an estimated
4,000 persons are
employedas agricultural
workers, both in the'
field and associated
activities. Thus alpprox.-
imately 56 000 persons.i
in a population of near
100,000 depend upon,
Agriculture, i partori
full. f.r their liv li-,

g90000.. ]i- -EORTl 1976 1988
80000' -ri
70000 2 -MU G a
0000 -- -- ....

00 0 ,- -- I-- l -- -.- .
iO140000 \---{- t -- -- ---

0000 ri .aizmiu


1976 1977 1978 1979 1980
..... I I n n l I I II ....... .. . I

I _ _ _



--- ,,


r~--- ~ -- ----

_. ~~__ ~_.,

J-~-~----~~ -~--~---~-- ~'


.1-*:- ~agn *j~t~ ~ *l~Y.i~' ' ,--

Saturday 17th January 1987

The Grenada Nevsletter

;Mr Brizan pointed to the
fading profits of
FCS4.6 million and
|EC$3.4 million made
last year respectively by
the Grenada Coop-
erative Nutmeg Assoc-
ation and the Cocoa
Association, and he
eerred also to non-'
traditional agricultural

I"During the first half of
1986" he said. "some
!EC$45,000 worth of
breadfroit was exported
to the United States.
'Fomerly all of this waste,

he "Report points out
tat, last February when
ithe 1986 Budget ab-
olished export duties on
cocoa, nutmegs and
bananas, some EC$4
atillion was put in-
directly into farmers

She export duties were
on the Statute Books
[since 1909 the
Minister says 'With the
abolition in 1986. a 77-
-Year old millstone
:around farmer's necks
(was removed"

lGross receipts from
Tourism increased to
:ECS68 million in 1985.
From the 1984 figure of
tEC$48 million the
'Minister reports, and
"ese receipts are
projected to grow at an
average annual rate of
,16% for the rest of the

The total of 100
;shi calls in 1982 fell to
i0in .98 and still
,further to 65 in 1984.

the Report says, but in
195, the figure rose to
174. The Report does
not quote the annual
statistics for 19,i but
strikes an optimistic
note on the basis of the
mid-decade figures.

"With total calls of 174
in 1985 ', it says, "we
are well on the way to
'meeting our revised
target of 250 calls
annually by the year

The target for stay-over
visitors is 75,000
annually by the year
1990, Mr Brizan says,
and the 52,000 stivy-
overs in 1 785 marked
attainment of 69% of
this target.

The Minister vw arned his
constituents that there
can be no development
without problems and
that all needs cannot be
sausfedr at the same

'To spend time lam-
enting our failuires or
bewailing our short
comings is a negative
and pessimrisic att-
itude", he said. "What
we all need to do is
build our strengths.
highlight our successes
and stress the positive
aspects of Grenadian

"Above all, the dignity
of GCenadians and the
integrity of our father-
land must be preserved
and promoted, It must
be made abiundamii
clear that Grenada's
sC;-let jimy is beyond

I- ~--- --~---- ---~`. -


Grenada's air communications were estabi sbed on
16th January 194.3 when Pc-.uar ALport, located on
'Crrenada's east coast near to the island's second
own of Grenville. was officials opened.

IThe first trial flight into Pearls took place on 2nd
|Sepiemhber 1942.

'Pearls airport, which was the site of a
p.nI"'te gdlf club. remained in service until Point
Salines International Airport was opened on 28th
ltobter... 19A4.

Clergymen in Grenada are to issue a warning that if
Grenadians do not now react strongly and publicly
to incidents of violence which have taken place
recently, a situation may arise in which such
incidents may be taken for granted as though,
nothing better could be expected.

The warning is in a letter from the Conference of
Churches, Grenada, which will be read in all
churches on Sundev 18th January and which will
be read in all schools during the coming week.

"This Pastoral letter is written with the conviction
that every single one of us, in one way or another,
is responsible for the quality of life of our Naton",
the letter says. "As we, a Conference of Churches,
speak out at this time, it is not to create alarm, but to
sound a warning and to offer help".

The reaction of the clergymen comes in the wake of
a series of violent crimes which were climaxed, on
January 4th, by the murder of an 18-year old

The clergymen say they are not prepared to
pronounce on whether or not there has been ani
increase in the incidence of such crimes, but they,
are certain there is an increase in fear and a great
revulsion against these deeds,

The pastoral letter comes four days after publication;
of a newspaper editorial criticizing the Police for aj
statement that, while there have been an unusual
number of crimes, Grenada has "not yet reached the
stage for alarm""

The editorial, in the January 14th issue of the!
'National", the official organ of Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize's ruling New National Part', says
that where a certain type of behavi our is contrary to
what people are normally accustomed to, that ist
time for alarm.

And the editorial refers to Grenadian bom
Commissioner of Police Russel Toppm who retired
from the Trinidad & Tobago PoliceForce in 1983 as
Deputy Commissioner of Police and took up the
post in Grenada in January 1985.

"It might be quite true that our present
Commissioner of Police spent the greater part of his
life in a country where crimt. is a part of that
society", the editorial svs. "but we in Grenada are
definitely not accustomed to conditions as exist in
our land today".

The pasioial letter from the Conference of Churches
reflects the National's" view of the unusualness of'
the present situation when it expresses a belief "inl
the innate goodness of our people who have earned
the reputation of being peace loving and law-

The people of violence are a small minority", the
letter says. 'We believe that confidence can bei
restored and anxiety allayed if firm measures arei

The clergymen call on the Police to intensify their
efIont They also urge the public to cooperate
wilh the Police and they offer advice as to howl
o r ArMDIT 02o PAGE 5i

Page 4

~' ~--- ~L _-


The Grenada Nevsletter, Saturday 17th January 1987 Page 5

people can protectthemselves. "We should suggest that we One of the greatest safeguards isj
Might well return to the old to ensure that one is surrounded;
It is most unwise for women and courtesy of boy-friends seeing by trustworthy friends, the letter
tung gir!s to seek and accept their girl-friends safely home" the says, and it warns that every onel
;ifs in cars from strangers, the churchmen say, "and brothers is a possible et and should
iencrr ,ays and it is equally could be protective of their avoid exposure to danger. a
imprudent for them to walk alone sisters
]on dark and lonely roads,


hes changes of Con-
tept of Court laid
against Jrunaicanbarris-
,ter Mr Lui Ramsay will
Ibe heard by a Judge of
xthe Supreme Court who
:has not yet been ap-
Ipointed or named.

6his was announced on
12th January by Acting
Chief Justice James
iatterson as he ad-
journed the case sine

F"The powers that be
,will be gi in. ,dditioni
i-idicial heir he said,
f'There should be
;t rather information ab-
lout thil; before the next

'The C:hief Justice said
ihe would assign the
cease to the new Judge
when he is appro~nit.

The charges against Mr
KRamsay" arise out of
.allegations that he re-
feired to the Maurice
ishop Murder Trial as
"supposed trial", a
Sso-called trial and a
travesty of justice"

tI is alleged also that, in
ja letter to the Jamaica
"Gleaner" newi.aper,
'Mr Ramsay also re-
"ferred to the Grenada
;High Court as a kan
garoo court".

h'he charges are laid by
Director of Public Pros-
iecutin.s Mrs Velma
H,-lton and the case
first came before Mr
Justice Patterson on
NMa) 22nd last.
jAt that time, it was set
down for neanng on
.Jul 22nd for the
convenience of Mr
iClarence Hughes, who
Iwas to appear for Mr

' 'Whn %h Hughes ap-
neared on 22nd July,
however he told the
Judge he understood the
case would not be
argued that day, and
? Ir Patterson then fixed
the hearing for Sep-
tember 16th,

On September 16th,
however. Mr Patterson
was out of the State. A
new da;e of September
24th was fixed but.
when Mr Ramsay ap-
p eaie-u, he said that date
had been ix edi without
reference to him and
his Counsel (who are all
resident outside of
Grenada) had been un-
able to attend.

"Today's date was fixed
unilaterally", he said,
"and it has been totally
inconvenient to my
Couns e .

Following a heated
excni .r between MrI
Ramsay and the Judge,
who wished to proceed
iminediaLely with the
case Mr Patterscn fixed
a new date of October

Bur, on that date Mr
Raunsay was still not
ready to proceed.

The barristers enPea
to defend him or'C -.1"
Karl Rattray Q C. Vice-
President of the Jamaica
Bar Associatior, MrP J
Patterson Q C, Vice
President of the .amlaica
Peoples National Party
Mr Frank Phipps 0 C
and Dr Winston Mc-
Calla of the Jamaica
bar. Mr Clarence
Hughes, Senior Coun-
sel. of titc GCu-anr Bar
and Mr FJliot V'-,ric-
Q C of the Barbados

Of these, only Mr
Mottley was inCourt on
Mr Ram save's account
on October 6th and with
him was Jamaican
batrister, Mr Dudley
Thompson Q. C.

They explained to the
Jjdge that Mr RSunsay's
Counsel had -. been
unable to attend. They
argued that the charges
of Contempt arise out of
the Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial and those
charges. -he,- said,
should not be heard
until after the close of
the trial.

"We are not Counsel
apptnaring in the Con-
tempt case". Mr
Thompson told Mr
Justice Patterson. "we
are here to ask for a
p'pstL.'nement of the

Tuhs was strongly
opposed by DPP Mrs
Hylton who said the
charges against Mr
Ram-iryi do not affect
the Maurice Bishop
Murder trial only.

"The Court should not
yield to the application
for posrponement ', she
said. *:,..:cuse not just
one case is affected.
but the bringing into
disrepute ci the entire
administration of jus-

The Judge accepted the
DPP's argument and
decided to proceWd with
the hearing, whereupon
Mr Rj.rsay chbaged that
his c'on.stitul oni1,i rtihts
had been violated inthat
he was being denied the
right to be defended by
Coun-s of his own

There were heated ex-
changes between the
Judge and Mr Ramsay
and, on October 10th
Mr Ramsav advised thel
Court that he had'
applied to the Appeal
Court for a Stay ofl
Proceedings in thej

A single Judge of the
Court of Appeal was
expected to deal wit
Mr Ramsay's Appli-i
cation on October 13thj
but, on that date, tho
High Court learned this
would not be done until
Octoh er 17th.

The ruling was still not:
ready on that date and
on behalf of Judge!
Patterson who was not
in Court, the Regstra
adjourned the case toD

On that date, in reply toi
a query by M
Patterson. Mr Ramsay
said he was not ready tbo
proceed in the absence!
of the Appeal Courtl

"I ask you to note", hej
said to the ludge, thati
an Application for a stay
of these proceedings
has been filed and is tol
be heard by a single!
judge of the Appeal

On Mr Ruamsay s
assurance that this
would be completed ex-
peditiously, M'- Patter-f
son fixed the hearing'
for October 27th.

Subsequently how-
ever, that date wa!
declared a public holi-
day and, in Chambers,
a new date was first
fixed for 14th No-!

(IflUTI~~T faU ~1AI A

---~~~ ----T=---- ------ k


....... --m --T-,-,-JlS w :

Page 6 Saturday 17th January 1987 The Grenada Newsletter
vember and then for on December 15th. say in Court were' as -to what would
24th November. Jamaican barristers Mr happento hearing of the
On that date, however, Carlton Wilhanms and case set down "for
By 17th November, Mr the Court was involved MrsJacquelineSamuels- mention" on January
Ramsay's Application in hearing a criminal Brown and President 12th.
for a stay of pro- matter in the ongoing Haynes -- told them
ceedings had not been Assizes, and the Con- Acting Chief Justice They were assured by
proceeded with and, on tempt. Case was set Patterson had an- President Haynes that
'that date he filed an down 'for mention" nounced. he will not they "need have, no
!Appea.. .zaai nst ...Ms, (that is, for the fixing of hear the Contempt fear",
Jusrrce Patterson s de- a date) on January charges ..gainst .Mr .. ......
cision to'proceed with' 12th. Ramsa, Tbe Acting Chief
ithe hemring-of the Con- Justice has informed
tempt.charges. On January 8th, Mr On- the following day me". he said. "that,
SRamsay Appeal came (9th January), the because of an increased
IWhen Mr Justice Pat- before the Appeal Court AppealCourtadjourned work load, he will
person sat on November comprised of President MrRamsay s appeal to assign the contempt
-24th, Mr Ramsay was Mr Justice J O F be heard on January matter to the new Judge
not- present and Mr Hay and ,yn and the two 30th. to be appointed".
Clarence Hughes, ap- newly appointed mem-
ipearing on ins behalf, bers' o the Appeal Since Mr Patterson had To date, that ap-
told the Court he took Court, Mr Justice Time said he would not hear pointment has not been
"responsibility" for his Kendall and Mr Justice the charges against Mr announced,
cents absence. At his Rex McKav Ramsay Mr Wiliams -- --'--
irequest. the matter was and Mrs bnamuels-
!set down for hearing Represente a o Mr am. Brown were anxiou-'-

lWhen the St Georges University School of Medicine celebrated its-10th anniversary this month, it has
'completed a decade of controversy.
The doors oQf the first clsss-room opened in Grenada on 7Ith Jarnuary 1977, but the launching wa&
inauspicious. The School began its life under a Charter granted b)y Prime Minister Si~r ric Gairy, and thi:
-meant thatthe mEi-utionhad the basic handicap of Ni Wctioning with the sanction of a Government'which hai
a tarnished reputation,
The findings of Commissions of Inquiry aid serious charges against the Prime Minister., Sir Eric wa.
deurcc of ;lt ;nf fast inrld fc looswth lIt r' f diA t ^f bi. f d d wtA .;h ; dgi In

Ilq~inheepedtr. ye ga s reguare on h or expnal! u~re u c un and otoln~ ga o

icrmninals wmcn Lerronseo urenaoians.
Additionally, Sir Eric s preoccupation with LUFOs and-his
encouragement of doubtful enterprises did noiling to inspire
confidence in a Medical school operating with the Prime
Minister's blessing.
One such enterprise was "The Grenada Health Clinic Ltd".
;For Ul$2.000 per week in a two week programme. this clinic
promised prol. :;ed youth through "cellular therapy". A
beautiful, glossy brochure extolled benefits of treatment for a
wide range of ailments including deafness. impotence and
anaemia. But the project soon folded and its promoters

iAnother enterprise encouraged by Sir Eric was "The
Grenadian Compatny". This was a gambling organization to
which Sir Fnc gave a 99-veaer license to run an Irish
Sweepstakes type international lottery.
i~he Crenadian Comrnan" literally disa feared o',-erni h
Emplor ee'e arri ed to wrk one morning to find no trace of the
,bosse Nor have ticket holders heard anything more from
.Keili Barish. United States entrepreneur who, when a
previous Company of his folded in 1970, introduced
uroutpan and Latin American investors to the disaster of,
"iquid real estate.
*No( surprisingly, grouped in this litter of fly-by-nights, the
'Medical School had a jtarting stigma. And, President of the
IGrenada Medical Association I MA), Dr Stan Friday F R C S
said in an interview with NE'' cLETTER that GMA was
C -M-T D t ZDA-R 7


Dr Geoffrey Bourne. Vice-Chancellor
Sof St Georges University School of
SMedicine, holds degrees of Bachelor
!of Science. Master of Science and
SDoctor of Science from the Uaniver ity
i of Western Australia.

i He also holds the degree of Doctor of
Philosophy trom Oxford Uni-
! versty.
I Born in Australia 77 years ago, Dr
i BSourn during the period 1934 to
1 936 was responsible for the first
Nj utrition Survey of Australia and for
. the computation ot the first nutritional i
;food tables for that country,
SFrom 1938 to 1947, Dr Bourne was a
Sdemcnstrator in Ph -siology at Ox iord
and con-currentivy held several other
a appoin;mrents
One of these, during World War HII
was being a Member'(with the rank of
I Maor) of the British Special
ii --- .. ..1

I~ I_


Thee Gren4da Nevletter Saturday 17th January 1987 Page 7

total opposition to it.

"We were very suspicious of
the quality of the faculty, he
said Besides. the small
number of people on the staff.
land the facilities, were quite
)inadequate to carry on any
reputable medical teachingL

IGMA's suspicions were well

The School opened its doors
'witb 197 students and 5
professors and. at that time, a
spokesmann for the School gave
'the press blowing reports of the
credental of the "pro-
t essors".

The reports were false in several
aspects,. The credentials did
notstand up to inu estigation and
publication n of the f'acs d :ed to
the bad pubhcity.

fhe GMA. the Windward &
ILeeward Islands Medical
?Association, the American
MledicaJ Association and the
American Association of Med-
ical Colleges all expressed
doubts and, denied pro-
fessional support it seemed
then that the School had no
chance of success

, inside of a year. however, the
. picture had changed The
iSchool took steps to correct the
situation answer all charges
and set a course which took it
to its present heigt of academic

I"Some of our original
OIrofessors were not everything
we expected Dr Charles
'Modica. Chancellor of the
lni'erit'y, said at a press
conference a few months after
the School opened. "and I
realized we had some changes
to be made in our faculty."

Those changes included fir, ,.
,tree of the Ori;inal five
iprofessorn. The tacuity was
increased to 12, the lirt 30 of
an expanding list of distin-
uished visiting professors
were signed up, and Dr Geof-
frey Bourne, a respect-ed
uteranaioiaily known medical
scientist was appointed Vice-

SIn arecentinterview. Dr Bournec
Said he had not risked his
reputation that he became
iassoci ted with the School even
i coMV cwaa3

though at that time, the School had little credibility and no

"After I visited the campus", he said. I realized that a lot of what was
being said about the School was based on deliberate false

The Vice-Chancellor accused anNBC TV team of coming to Grenadai
and behaving like thieves in the night" as they shot footage for a film
which was broadcast to the American people.
i BOUR FROM PAGE 6 They covered up the NBC
i Operations Executive in charge ofii markings on their cameras, he
!I Biomedical Research and De- i said, asked no permission to[
Svelopment for Special Forces in come on campus, but "sneaked
i South East sia around' shooting pictures
a which gave an unflattering
|Following the War, in I15 ?adi false impression
i.9 i .'" .- .._ *. ( g1 ___, .*

I i he was apWiponintei L.-airJlani01 ViT
Sthe Paln Maala n .utriJon Council
i with treponii!'libl ;' i or the nutritional i
rehabilitation of Malafa aiier their
i Tapaal. se un'r:edei i

Between 1948 and 1957. Dr Bourne i
Swas Professor of Histolog'. at [he -l
SUniversity of London Yiollowing
ii which he became Profs.ior and
SChairman of Anatomy at Emorvy'
i University Medical School iln
Atlanta, Georgia. U.S.A. A

i conjunction with his respon-i
sibilities as Professor of Anatomy, i
SDr Bourie, in 1962. became Director
of the Yerkes Primate Research 5
Centre at Emory, the post he held j
Ii until he joined St Georges University I
SSchool of Medicine in 1977.

SDr Bourne has authored and/or ejiedd
a wide range of publications and is i
I the founder and Editor of World
I Review Nutrition &Dietetics" which
i is now in its 50t;i volume. He is
Also founder and Editor-in-chief of f
I "International Review of Cytolog ", i
inow in its 100th volume

i Adlilonai), he has authored seve':d [
Books including .umritt.o & The!
SWar" which was published in 1941, 1
ii and "Starvation In Europe' (1943 )i
i which. at the request of the Duke o "'
i G-loucester, was pl'.ed nthe Bntis?
Imperial ar Museum as an ui st-
Sonical document. .

i! Vice-C :.:licllor Bourne, who is
Professor of Nutrition at the Medical i
i School, hold the honorary title of
i Professor of Health Sciences at',
(reorgia universityy Is Feilow of'
the ILstuve of ioIogy in Greati'
Britain, of the Zoological Society of i
SLondon of the American Society of i
Gerontology and has been a Fellow
I of the Royal Society of Medicuine for
i- the past 50 years.

The School's record over thel
past 10 years has done a great i
deal to remove that false?
impression and justify Dri

Based on a survey conductedI
by the School of the 1981j
graduates, that is, graduates!
of the School who have now!
been in the field for 5 years .
28% are Chief Resident in
their specialty in United Statesi
Hospitals, and 20'% have
published works on medical!
subjects. Additionally, grad-I
uates of the Schdol hold
faculty positions in 22 United
States Medical Schools.

The School's prestige has beeni
enhanced also by acceptance
of the Chairmanship of their
School's Board of Academic
Trustees by Sir Gordon

Sir Gordon's present app-1
ointments include member-i
ship of the Executive, Ed-'
ucation and Professional'
Conduct Committees of thel
General Medical (.-ouncili
(GMC) of the United King-|
dom and he is the rep-
resentative of that Body to the
European Economic Conm-

Today, GMA's opposition toi
thib School has evaporated
The Association s official'
position is that the :tigina
originally attached to their
School. i terms of quality of
teaching has been com-i
pletely wiped out and rGM vA
members are free to associate1
with the institution.

Its President, Dr Friday. andl
three other senior members.
are members of the School's'

Page 8 Saturday 17th January 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter

Faculty. However, according to
Dr Friday, resistance is still
shown to the School by some

"I believe this is a reflection of
the attitude of the University of
the West Indies (UWI)"' he

"They were not in favour when
Georges University School of
Medicine was set up, and I think
that, basically, the UWI attitude
is based in a fear of professional

But Vice-Chancellor Bourne says
the School was never intended to
ival UWI. And, he has made
every effort to remove any
doubts or suspicions UWI
officials may have had of the
School. To date, however,
here is no rapport between the
two institutions.

School are now acceptable for
clinical traniing in California,
Florida and New Jersey, and
approval from the State of New
York is expected shortly.

Also, having passed the
examination established by the
United States for graduates of all
foreign Medical Schools, and
having satisfied individual State
requirements, graduates of the
School are able to practice
medicine in the US A,

In connection with this exam-
ination, of all foreign Medical
Schools, the St Georges Uni-
versity School of Medicine has
the second highest pass rate in
the world, and 900 of the
Schools 1,100 graduates are
now licensed to pra ctice medicine
in at least one of the States.
Vice-Chancellor Dr Bourne says

that, with the assistance of Sir
ome years ago, he said, he had Gordon Wolstenholme and
talks with the UWI Authorities in Grenada born Lord David Pitt
Jamaica but, while they were (himself a doctor, a member of
"friendly enough", he got no the Schoo s Academic Board
commitment from them. and President of the British
Medical Association) the School
"Subsequently, I wrote the Dean is now seeking approval of the
inviting him to be a member of British General Medical Council
ourAcademic Board". Dr Bourne (GMC).
said. "If they were concerned
that we might be promoting a When this is obtained, Dr Bourne
crummy college in the West says, it should make a difference
Indies, then the best way for to the Schools acceptance, not
them to reassure themselves was only in CARICOM, but
to have the Dean on our throughout the British
Academic Board but I never had Commonwealth,
a reply to my invitation."
Under the Agreement between
The continuing snub poses the School and Government, the
problems. LWI is supported School pays Government
by the Caribbean Community US$100,000 in medical supplies
CARICOM) and, because the and equipment for the use of the
School is not recognized by General Hospital and/or other
UWIT the School s diplomas are health facilities and, in addition,
not recognized by CARICOM Government receives, annually,
countries. USS75,000 "to be used for
Government purposes".
This means that Grenadians who
qualify as doctors under Originaillvy the School had a 10-
scholarships given by the School year lease on the campus grounds
( 5 each year) cannot practice in at 'True Blue located on
CARICOM. One Grenadian Grenada's southern penninsular.
graduate. Dr Garth George, has
been given a Residency in the Those grounds are close to the
prestigious Jackson M'lemorial end of the runway of Point Saline
Hospital in Miami, Florida, but International Airport and to
his diploma is not recognized in satisfy international regulations.
any CARICOM County except several campus buildings have
renada. hadtobe relocated further away.

the United States, the record is This necessitated extension of
more favourable. Because the campus grounds for which
hospital facilities in Grenada are the School has ben paying
equate for teaching, students US$21.500 per annum, and Dr
Must do their clinical training Bourne said a new lease is to be
brad. Students from the signed shortly.

Looking into the future, the Vice-
Chancellor said the School's aim
is to become truly "inter-
national and, to this end, 50%
of the available places in the
current semester were kepr-for
non-American students.

The response from "foreign"
students was good, he said, but,
after screening, there was not al
sufficient number with the
necessary qualifications to fill the
places, and it was then too late to
attract students from the United

"The result has been that we are
somewhat short on our intake at
the present time", the Vice-
Chancellor said, "but this is a
temporary situation which will
sort itself out".

Dr Bourne said a "University
City" is to be developed around
the new lecture theatre recently
constructed and there are active
plans to erect a new library, a
new anatomy department, an
expanded cafeteria and centre for
the 1000 plus students and more
housing for the expanding

"The School has come a long
way over its first 10 years", the
Vice Chancellor said. "Our
achievements are considerable
and we move into the next decade
with optimism and enthusiasm. I
believe, in the coming years, we
will receive the recognition we
have merited, and we look
forward to improved relation-
ships with everybody"

On January 23rd 1958, a military
and civil revolution brought to an
end the eight year rule of
Venezuelan strongman" Presi-
dent MarcosPerez Jimenez.

A five-man Governing Junta,
headed by Admiral Wolfgang
Larrazabal was constituted to
guide the country until free
elections were held in December

In those elections, Romulo Bet-
ancourt was elected President.

His handing over to Dr Raul
Leoni in 1964 marked the first
time a popularly elected Vene-
zuelan Presideni had completed
his full term and handed over to
an elected successor.
............... ...........----


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 17th January 1987 Page 9

The current reduction in Government spending is having an effect on Grenadians' purchasing power and this
cis creating a down turn in .he island s Commercial Sector.

1In an icarview with NEWSLETTER. this opinion was expressed by Mr Richard Menezes, Managingl
Director of Geo F Huggins & Co Ltd, one of the island's largest firms, and Mr Menezes said the background
Ito this isthe fiscal reforms introduced in the 1986 Budget

"The reforms have not yet had enough time to bring about their positive effect', he said "and, as a result,
iGovetrnme now finds itself short of cash".

!When he presented his Budget last March, Prime Minister Herbert Blaize said Government's objectives in)
reforming the tax structure could be achieved only by tearing down thi old structure and starting

Th e "tearing down' involved removal of a rnug e of caxes and onJr the Common'Exerhjal Tariff, th Foreign

Exchange Tax (at a reduced rate) and the Motor Vehicles Purchase Tax were retained.

ln addiionto Personal Income Tax and Income Tax, taxes which were abolished were Export Dut'y, Staimp;
IDuty, Internanonal Airport Levy, Excise Tax, Hotel Occupanc Tax, Consumption Duty. Package Tax,
.adio and TV Licenses and, the Prime Minister said in his Budget speech,. ,il nine other taxes on the
books". __ :_ _--_ _:_,___
rour new taxes were introduced With the devaluation of the business last December during
iOne was a Value Added Tax V~i ozuehlr currency, he said, the Christmas Season wasj
VAT): which imposes 20% on some IGrenadian traders are 'reasonable' but there has been ai
the value of all goods and importing goods from that noticeable fall off in Janua
Services imported or produced country and selling them at prices sales.
ifor side in renada. As wryh wvbch goods from th
:originall-vpresented VAT was Caribbean Community "December was not bad", Mr
foundto ut locaIll man.u factured CAl~RIC) camnot compete, Toppin says, "it was as good as
oos at a disadvantae in the previous December. but what
lat.on to imported goo ad The, are regulations in I find significant is that January
r .R..nprotect has imore na
here have t een amendment. uacr to protect has taks a dramatic fail .off as
rnuflctures in the area he compared with January of
Another .tax a a 2% Land said, "but e; 'nada 198c",
SG.,-,irnbent is giving licenses
valueTa There wa consider- C-rerintl givi lgcens
table public protest over this forhe importation of venezuelju Mr Tppin attributes the.fall off,
gelislation. paniculriy with -f g-ods and this iscertainlyv having in part, to the reduction
erence to the rate of axr, and it an adverse effect on th(se o r us Government spending referred
Ihas been wirhdrwr. to be who represent manufacturers in by Mr Menezes but hefeels, too,
replaced by the Real Property CARICOM". there has been a loss of
Tax Act. confidenceinthe economy.
Another adverse international

hInder that tax. which has not vet
,come iito effect, the rate shalfbe
Determined by Statutory Order of
ithe Minister of Finance and
approved by resolution of the
House Of Represenaati ves

The third tax was a Petrol. Tax of
50 cents per imperial gallon and
the fourth was a Company Tax of
10% on gross profit.

The Commercial Co nmra;,,nit
iex press concern over the
C'o'mpan- Tax, poi:itlt- out to
Governnenat that it is possible to
:make a large gros- prolt and at
the same time 5ustiin con.iMde: -
abie net losses

SGovernment took the point and
the Company Tax has been
replaced by the business Levy
Act which has a suitable
efinition of 'gross nr ,fit

Mr Meuezes pointed out other
factors which, he said, are
affection gthe~conomy.
i __!___ ____

factor is the high value of the
Japanese currency. This in-
creases the cost of vehicles and
other items imported from Japan,
Mr Menezes said, and locally.
the unresolved negotiations be-
tween Govtrnrnent and public
workers is also having an

"These negotiaiiuon have been
go ing on or some time'. he said,
"and there is still no certainty as
to how they will turn out.
Government employees know
there is the poriibility of
retrenchment and this creates
uncertainty resulting in reduced
pending. Goverunt.nt is the
largest employer in the country
and reduced spending in that
sector must have an effect on
money in circulation"

With other business leaders in
Grenada, including Mr Fred
Toppin, Maniagin Director oft
Jonas Browne 'i 'Hubbard Ltd,
another of the island s largest
firms, Mr Menezes agrees that

"People are still a little unsettled
about Government", he said.
"They are not certain that
Government is stable. They!
hear of political infighting in the
ranks of Government, they are
.r.HA4 b a rf' l ^f a.,,f f a

proper Police Force and lack of
proper enforcement of law. All
is not well and people are

This is having an effect on sales
and investment, the Managinge
Director said, and Government's
handling of the security situation
last month had a further adverse

Mr Toppin referred to the fact
that, late in November last,
during the closing stages of the
Maurice Bishop Murder Trial,
Government brought in 40i
Special Services Unit (SSU L
policemen from other islands of
:he Eas ernCaribbean.

It was announced then that the!

_-., S

, :,~

Page 10 Saturday i7th January 1987 The Grenada Nevsletter
ngoff of guns in the hills had 1986, Mr Toppin said, but he Toppinsaid, and thesetales are
reen heard at night. and the SSU does not regret the considerable similar to a recent news story
picemen were brought in for extension of the supermarket about Grenada Airways which
security reasons, division which his Company has folded up late last year. The
recently completed. That in- story, fie said, was about
1"The bringing in of troops may vestment was necessary for somebody "bailing out" Grenada
[have been politically wise" he "continuity" he said, but he does Airways, taking them over,
said, "but, economically, it was "applaud the fact" that the investing in a farm with 2.00

Industry. People highlighted planned' construction of a 54- hotel with 4~.'; rooms.
this shooting in the hills, which room apartment hotel in the ho-
informaion came first from the tel area. "Maybe if tl. 1i-?s like that start we
(Prime Minister, and we had very may get somewhere", he said
bad press abroad. The shoot- "The project is not dead", he "but I hear so much about these
ng was exaggerated and it led to said, "but we are holding up on it things and they never seem to get
substantial number of cancell- and watching the situation". going".
aos of hotel reservations"
Mr Toppin said he had been of The current year will be
"The whole issue was handled the opinion that, by the end of "mediocre", well down on the
exmely badly". Mr Toppin the fifth year, investment would performance of last year, Mr
led" "The authorities "take up the slack" in the Toppin said, but there are factors
uld have brought in troops at economy as aid money came to which can nffct it favourably.
at time, "for training purposes" an end but he has had to revise
ut, all this stupidness, telling this. "A lot will depend on
ople that the reasons for Governmen.'s 1987 Budget", he
ging them in wasthat we had "We are now in the third year of said. 'The p,!ic sector is still
sootin in the hills, was this Government", he said, "and the big stiulan in the economy
nneessay." I don't see the private investment and a lot will depend on what
we need'. type of spending Government
he economy will not be as c d-......
ouyant this year as it was in He reads" very good fairy tales" .
in the press about investment, Mr
- -" *- -- -- ^ -. -- =

Arl Loae Wa o For AMm & 0Wt
Government is to amend legislation relative to the
National Insurance Scheme (NIS) to make it easier
for persons who inherit a benefit from a deceased
insured person.
At present, if the inherited benefit exceeds $240, the
inheritor must take out Letters of Administration or
obtain probate of the deceased's will before
receiving the money.
According to a release from the Ministry of Social
Security, the $240 limit is to be raised to $2,000,
and the National Insurance Board may authorise
payment of the claim without having strict proof of
he title of the person making the claim.

IsrasfU Ambasdor

ENawtf &CeNta

It has been announced by the Ministry of External
Affairs that Israel's non-resident Ambassador to
Grenada, Mr Moshe Itan, presented his credentials
to Governor General Sir Paul Scoon on 19th

,Ambassador Iran also handed to Sir Paul the Letters
of Recall of his predecessor.

he British Government has given a 200,000 loan
to CGovernment's Central iratee ITnit in

purchase new vehicles and -1uipmrent.

A release from the Im'nrmatioin S :rvice of the British
High Commission in Barbados says items to be
purchased include three 7-ton trucks, a tractor unit,
a 10-ton roller and w .ding supplies.

tb1Wfsts C!irAPrs-ts

Methodist authorities in Grenada say the first
Methodist missiona.-' to the Caibbean, who arrived
in Antigua on Christmas Day 1786, came on to
Grenada, arriving here on 28th November 1790.
That first missionary was the Reverend Dr Thomasi
Coke, and, last December 25th, the President of thel
British Methodist Conference, the Reverend Nigel L
Gilson, was present at a commemorative service at
St Johns Methodist Church in Amtigua.

When Reverend Coke came to Grenada, the
Methodist Authorities here say, he was surprised to
find here the nucleus of a Methodist congre-
"To our surprise", Reverend Coke wrote in his
'History of the West Indies', "we found
..........that a society of about 20 souls who were
seeking after salvation had been already formed on
the island".

This "society". Reverend Coke says, had been
created "by the pious exertions of a free mulatto
whose name was Painter" GC O rn ED P E ii

------ --- -- ----,

- -- . L~

O,'- *

IThe Grenada Newsletter Saturday 17th January 1987 Page 11

Iainter, whose first name was Samuel, lived
previously in Antigua, had been a member of the
Methodist congregation there and migrated to
tGrenada in 1789.

Vfi'lke L&ffff To Go fe

kGrenadians have been notified that Government is
viewing licenses and fees with respect to motor
vehicles and drivers, and a notice inthe Government
Kjazette says these licenses and fees "will not be
accepted until further notice"
At the present time, a drivers license costs
!EC$15.00 per annum. Cars weighing under
1,800 lbs have a license fee of $67.50 per annum,
those between 1,800 Ibs and 2 800 Ibs pay $82.50,
while mini-busses and pick-up trucks pay
rucks and large busses pay $45.00 for the first ton
and $22 50 for every other ton. The annual
S license fee for a motor cycle is $37.50.

it is expecreo that Prime Minister Herbert Blaize will
announce increases in these charges when he
present hs 1987 Budget

Sof two industrial estates in the Frequente area
near to Point Saline International Airport is expected
ktobe completed within the next four months.
This has been announced by the Government

IThis project, funded by a loan from the Caribbean

Development Bank, comprises four buildings
totaling 40,000 square feet.

Bar~adQf //igh Comwmrojer
PreAsens Letters

Barbados non-resident High Commissioner to
Grenada, Mr Frank Da Silva, presented his Letters
of Introduction to Prime Minister Herbert Blaize on
January 13th.

Born in Guyana on 1st May 1934, Mr Da Silva,
who is now a naturalized citizen of Barbados, was
Director of the Caribbean Manufacturing Council
from 1982 to 1985.

Mo~dl Farts Coora gs
Ifort rids Agraeqnt

The Model Farms Cooperative has signed an
Industrial Agreement with the Agricultural & Allied
Worker, Union covering labour employed by the
Wages for men under the Agreement are fixed at
$13.00 per day, an increase of $2.50, while pay for
women has gone up by $3.00 to $12.50 per
The Agreement provides also for profit sharing after
15% has been deducted from the profit before tax is
paid. Twenty percent of the remainder is to be
divided among the workers on a pro rata basis
calculated on individual earnings.

17th January 1987

Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes. Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada. Westindies
(P.O. Box 65: Phone 1809] 440 2538: Cables, HUSON, Grenada)


-.1.~...... ... .~~-I" ~-- I



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