The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
Holding Location:
A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
Resource Identifier:
24157414 ( OCLC )
sn 91021217 ( LCCN )
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Full Text

The Ghn:aad


Volume 14 Saturday 22nd November Number 18
iWib the High Court sat in the Maurnce Bishop Murder TrIal on Monday 10th November, Prosecution
iLea-der Mr Karl Hudson-Philhlips C, reminded the jury of evidence of eyewitnesses who claimed to have
(,-en the executions of Bishop and others ar Fort Rupert on 19th October 1983.
iMr Hudson-Phil] ips was coniinming the address to the jury which he began on October 22nd and he referred
to evidence of Peoples Revolutionary Army soldiers Beverley Ann Charles, Walter Charles and Fabia
Pabriel. who all gave the Court differing accounts of the shootings
iThe Prosecution Leader Ltod the jury he was attempting to put together a jig-saw of different events
happeningg around these witnesses while the killings were being cared out.
f"It is well known in this nt.- of case thar each witness to an event sees it in a different light from the other
tWILmsses. he told the jury, 'and I would ask you to be highly suspicious 1' the evidence of these three
witnes-ies had been exactivy n-e
!Mr Iludson-Phillips ex- de~lt also wit the IN THIS ISSUE
iamined in detail the testimony of Cletus Sc
]evidence of Gabriel Paul, Bishop's personal
1who was. originally, bodyguard who told the
one of the accused but Court he suspected The Maurice Bishop Murder Trial... 1
,who was given a things were going Human Rights Commissioner
.pardon on condition that wrong when. on Observes Trial 3
veevidenc orthe Otob 8th 1983
i'ro~ecu ,eon. r turned with the Pr he Brizan: "You Cannot Be A Lackey.41
I Qrcoborated Minister from a trip Mitchell Takes Libel Action......... 41
iThe jurors had to be beWid the iron NAR Promises Amnesty To
iparicularlv careful ab- curtain". Illegal Immigrants.................5
out abrils A early as September Local Government To Be Restored 5
Ihe said, lest Gabriel As eaqr as September
lshou d be trying "to get 1983. st Paul spoke to BWIA And Air Grenada
himself out" at the Security Chief accused Performances Lacklustre........... 5
expense of uhs former Liam James about Tourism's Other Side Of The Coin. 6
tco defendants, but it Bishop's worried state
!was the Prosecution's and James is alleged to PreSS Association La lied..........
argument that this wit- have said this may have NeVS Shorts .............. ............. 71
ness could be believed been caused by the
,because much of what Ceritrnt Cormittee pro- Committee members in confusion wheto
bi said was corrob- posal Lthat Bishop share the Dock had corn- Maurice Bishop waS
orated by the tesdi- "joint L1 adership" with plhtined of ovei-wurk- freed from house arrest
imony of others accused Deputy Prime and yet the Prime by the masses.
t Minister Bernrd Co- Minister was beln i

iReminding the jury of
lthe alleged sequence of
events culmioadine in
the t deaths 01 blisop
and others, Mr Hudson-
iPlhliips reterred to
evidence thor accused
Lester Redheus.. after
thoa vhrMotii n rilt i

James also blamed
Bishop for a number of
things whirb were go-
ing wrong in Gre-

The Prosecution Leader

blamed forth problems
in the country. he said.
it was only slight t of
hand" on the part of the
accused that ihe joim
leadership proposal
was being made the
whole issue.

ring from the Prune told the iur, however, Winding up his aOOess
Mimnster s hand and had that it was the New on N ovelmb'r 11th, v1Mr
isbit his throat. Jewel Movement itself Hudson-Philips told
which was the prob- the jury the members of
IThis. the Prosecution lem, the NJM Central
1Leader said, was a Committee, now in the
deliberate. calculated, Ali re.. Cenal Doc, were _in total
rerous to ensure FOUNDED
.Bishops death | !U i
Sip i147Th AUGUST 19731
Mr Hudson-Phihps 347th Isue

"It is the case for the
Crown that thesd
Central Committe
members all rushed td
Fort Frederick", h1
said. "These fellas
must have put their tail;
between their legs anc
run to the nearest and
safest place
Closing his address tc
the jury, the Prose-
cution Leader said'
"You have been here
more moons than any
other jury in the
SCaribbean. You be-
)ong to history and we

AWAR 19841

. -~

-' -- -

' '. .*

F t-t ;-'- *

W'7- Saturday 22nd November The Grenada Newsletter


ie ages as o ri. wng taken part in the most important if
inot nios, complex case in these isles.

our rxponibility is -to. demonstrate that this
a~.',no i~u~is S .o tLvtpcaj of our people Yours is
t responsibility to demonstrate this by your
verdict, we Iehing a civilised society and frolning
On, J.iC hebamiour". om
.'- Hdvion -P.hihips asked the jurors to give the
."Cd all they can give them. "but, in Lie final
na. lysts wnen the curtain is down, it you come
a.cxcrhly to one conclusion, then you must conic
to that conclusion fearlessly"

"if you remain convinced of their guilt, the
c.-r.m.eqences of your verdict are not for you"' he
said. What will happen as a result of your verdict
's nt foryou. As judges and master of this trial,
.. P ouri~s Lie fNtin respousibility to ensure that certain
t rngws re rstabhsned

Yours is the duty and the task to indicate to the
Caribbcan that moral and civilised standards have
e.'-e t'-esL-blished in Grenada. That we have
iprned aw,. $rom gunning down innocent men and
women. that we still love ourwomen and that we do
not shoot them and rip the infant from their
**wombs:-- "
Des raie
hat in this country we still treat with reverence
,. wtho, have passed away, and that we do not
S:nutate and desecrate in the manner of

'T%- jury must give its verdict "even if the heavens
1:! ", the Prosecution Leader said, and, once that
hald been done, they could walk proudly in their
4omjmuity, kl knowing they had done their duty to
,At. the close of Mr Hudson-Phlulps' address, Chief
Jnirke Dennis Byron set Wednesday November
'19th as the date on which he would bcgia his
sunmming uip to the jury.
"We have come to the stage of these proi:edin
iwbhwe T eJave to remind yu of the evidence adduced
in this triA and to direct you on Lhe le al principles
oas they apply in reaching your ''erd,, he tolf the
iury. he trial has taken place over a very long
'ime and 1 am going to take some time "Y' before I
address you'.

VWhiin the Court sat again on November 19th, Cinfl
.lhisi.ce Denms yron toid the 7 .men and 3 women
in the jury that thev were to takc his directions in
luers ot .!aw bit they were the judges of the

': 'r:g_ ..s summing up, MXr Byron sad a! the
iaccu sd havc iven aibis as their defence and he
a.srrsicted the wry that the accused a-re .ot ohblied n
prove t iheir alibis.

'Thne Proscuiuon must prove its case', he said.
f"'be accused do not have to nr-,'. their innocence
iand, if there is any reasonable doubt in your mind,
Ve benLefit of that must be given to the
-r', the Chief Justice hegan bhs address there
:wAre intertuptioQ from accused Bc.mnad C.ard,

'When there is a fair judge
summing up" they chanted,
summing up in a free and fair

we will bear the'
'let us hear their

At this stage they were put out of Court and their
Chief Justice went on to explain to the uri aspects
of the law as it relates to what "murder' means, i
what can be regarded as 'm naslsughter' and what's!
"aiding and abetting"
He also suggested to the jury a division under
which they could consider the eleven charges ofl
murder against the 18 accused.
The Prosecution's case, he said, is that Maurice
Bishop and the seven other people who were lined
up against the wall at Fort Rupert were gunned,
down by accused Andy Mitchell, Vincent Joseph,
Callistus Bernard and Cosmos Richardson.
'hey were abetted in this act by Lester Redhead.!
Christopher Stroude. Cecil Prime and Raeburni
Nde lon

According to thePrusecutioi the Chief Justice said,
the deaths of the two persons who died in thel
Operations Room. Avis Ferguson and Jemmai
Belmar, were caused by Andy Macheli, Vincenti
Joseph. Callistus r-rnard Cecil Prime and Raeburn.
They were part of a detachment of soldiers which,
b=mbarded'the Operations Room and they were
abetted in that bombardment byaccused Lester
Redhead and Criiist.pher Stroude. the death of Vincent Noel, Mr B'ron'
said the P, os.cuoni s case is that Cecil Prime.,
Re-we n Nelson Caahstus Bernard and Christopher!
r';i'oude are responsible and they were abetted byi
Andy Mutcneli Cosmos kichlardson and Vincenti

And, commanding all these crimes were the 10
members of the Central Committee who were at Forti
Frederick. They are Hudson Austin, Bernard'
Coard. Liam Jame's, Leon Cornwall. John Ventour,
Dave Barithrlomew, Ewart Layne, Colville
McBarnette, Sclwy- Strachan and Phyllis Coard.

Mr B ron told the jury their job was to biiae a cold,

Leon Cornwall and Selwyn Strachan.

Coard said be was anxious to prevent any
misunderstanding about his relationship to their

I donm wish anyone to believe I think you are a,
judge", he told the Chief Justice, 'I wish to be!
excused so you can do your part in this American
inspired larce"

Cornwall protested that the Constitutional Motion
which was filed on behalf of the accused on June!
2nd should be beard before the summing up, and!
Strachan said the summing up should not take place
before the jury had been taken to see the scene of thel
alleged murders. Noise

Mr Byron accepted none of this and it Was then the
noise started. All the accused, with the exception
of Raeburn Nelson,. began to stamp and clap. i


The Greaada Newsletter

laaliytical attitude to their deliberations and to
,consider the evidence without emotion. Nor were
h.,y to have s Impathy fJr either Ltfl accused or the
"" our approac-h must be to consider the facts
,unentotionally, apply them to the law and give a true
verdict to which you have sworn", he said.

O, November 20thn the jury was told that. in spite
iof charges made by the accused, evidence given by
u!arbadian and Aniguan policemen must be
.gas.n dered.
,ArorrAding to the accused. these policemen, who
conducted investigations into the 11 alleged
'murders. did not have the right to appear in the
iGrenada Supreme Court -and were "illegal
i m.nigrants". torturers' and 'foreign occupiers
iThe-.hiel Justice instructed the jury ,however,that it
;is not for them to consider the rights of these
ipolicmen to give evidence to the Court.

j"Thc question of ihe competence of a witness is one
or. the trI.i judge" he said, "and I cnttsder hey are
competent to t'stI;I,".

Expla'ining the charges against tbe accused, MrI
15ron said that. according to Orenadian law.
;"whnever in.inrionally cases the death of another
person by unawful fiarmi is guiltr of murder .
Thvre is a proviso. he said, that this charge can be
'".'!tced to manslaugh'r-r it "extreme provocation or
i"tner matters of partial excuse" arc proved, and he
explained the meaning of these terms.
.wist vxnainethe meaninot inutentionally and
uniavdful harm". and he set out the difference
between directi evidence' and circumstanriai

With "circumstantial evidence", he said. if two
,couiclusions can be drawn, the one in favour of the
accusede must be accepted.

7he Chief Jlrice said unsworn 5. sitements of the
,accused had sought to discredit Prosecution
witnesses, thargini., amoni other things, they are
immoral, biased and agents of the United States
Cemaral Intelligence Agenc?.
;This kiad been unfair to, the witnesses because they
'had not been crossexamined and so had had no
Ichtce to refute cbareies made against them. he

"The Cotn n.orir' frowwn on unsworn
.statemwnls iroim the uk chH!lo"ngin& sworn
e enc. i c". Mr ,vrofn told the u0 hut since the
"ccustd say tic-ir r M-sl to cro:s-cxamine is part of
their poiicv o1 fi to-panciprxl)'I the trial. I moxst
iurn ths matter o.ver to you to decide".

iBeifobr:. o4um'-r s on this day (November .1 T h). the
`.Iietl Julice liold tbe uy that orn the following dua
V- wou.d o ?ai w t. be1sratemen-s gi ven o the police
yv the accused, P,,n st- ei~tia the accused say,
'wre raken iiunder tconire-

AOn t:, ember 21sty, the Chiet Justice dealt with
statements given to the Police by ,r-ious alleUJeC to
ie''- e LthLactuui tnger_ em

Saturday 22d Novemberr

Pa '3

According to the case made out by Prosecutioni
Leader, Trinidad born "WiKarl Hudson-Phillips
Q.C., the persons who actually shot down Prime!
Minister Maunce Bishop, three of his Cabineti
Members and four other persons on 19th Octobri
1983 were accused Andy Mitchell, Vincent Joseph,
Cosmos Richardson and Callistus Bernard.
In his summing up, the Chief Justice told the jur
the, w would have to decide whether statements made
by these accused were given voluntarily or, as thel
accused contend, were taken from them under,
Police torture.

"This is a very important part ot the case 'Mr
Byron said. "and, if the statements raise doubts in
your mind, you must consider them"
The Chief Justice said that, if the jury finds thel
statements were given voluntarily, they must also)
consider whether they amount to confessions to thej

" A proved confession is the best evidence", he said.
buL you must be sure it was made voluntarily by;
the person and that it contains truthful
From the Asarements it appears that Callistus
Bernard was in charge of the alleged execution
squad. His statement says:-

"I gave the command. soldiers prepare to fire'. OnI
or about the time I was giving the command,
Jacqueline Creft (Minister for Education) wasl
saying 'Comrade wait wait, hold on'. The!
machine gunner on the square with me and the,
soldier with the AK (rifle) on the square with me;
and I fired together. The bodies fell backward.,
some fell down slow and some fell down fast"
According to Bernard s statement, later that day
Mr Oliver Jackman,57. Barbadian barrister and al
memuer of the Oreanisation Of American States
(OAS) Inter-Amnenrcan Commission For Human
Rights. was in Grenada this month (November)
obserring the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial on
behalf of the Commissionm
In an interview with NEWSLETTER on November
20th. Mr Jackman disclosed that he was elected tof
the 7 man Commission last December. and is thel
first Caribbean person to hold that position.

in his 20 years in the Burbados foreign sewrice.
from which he retired last June. Mr Jackman has,
been, at different times, his country's Ambassadorn
to rthe itned Nations. to the OAS and to thel
European Economic Community. He has also been:
fipgh C(ommiss'iio:er to Canada.
Mr Jackman. who arrived ip Grenada on Novembert
19th, said he would submit a Report to the;
Co mission on his obser action of the Trial

He left the iilnd on November 21st.
I. -----.

~ _~_~


P-ae 4 Saturday 22nd November The Grenada Nesletter

I(l* Octoner 1983), he supervised the removal of
the bodies to the Army Camp Fedon atCalivigny on
ithe isianf.'s south coast. There. he had them
thrwn into a pit, saturated with gasoline, covered
lwtii iumb.te and old motor car yires, and set on

n '. c is hi rt rd day of summing up. Chief Justice
i bro dtalt aiso wLth the statemems given bv -Andy
V. I*,bi! Vincet .Josephrn arnd CNosmos

The Judge pointed out that these thdi accused.'
together with Callistus Bernard andcthe other
accused had chanted "torturer, torturer' A6
accusation of the Barbadian Policemen who had&
taken statements from them. They had-Mal,' w
however, declined to cross-examine any of theJ
Policemen and Callistus Bernard said, "I do not take!
part in a kangaroo"

The hearing was ad nurned to Monday 24th!
November (2499)
'"'__ __ *3I 'r "'''^^ ''^ 'J^ ^ ^ ^^ ^r"


:Mioisier of Agriculture & Tourism, Mr George Brizan, has
,made his position clear with reference to what has been
i-emod a'.' m-fighting" in he ranks of Prime Minister Herbert
Blaitzes New National Party (NNP).
',,- sources say a rift has occurred in the Party with Mr
iBrizan and Minister of Labour, Dr Francis Alexis "gaging-
up" in opposition to whatis said to be the dictatorial attitude
,of the Prime Minister.
'That rift. was obvious at a NNP public Meet ing nine weeks ig c.
,when Dr Alexis without mentiouing Mr biaize by name,
warnedd that. no one person is going to be ldl owed to -mess up"

'"When d1. iiow. are gouig to be takhcu about the future of the
'ritpr v. >. sad "-t must be undersond that it is nota matter
,of one man, ge.tung up one morning and deciding to smash up
tbhe place'
'onlcer over thi.S situation was r elected on November 12th in
;the R.eport of the President of the Grenada Hotel Association,
IMr An-mDre Cberman. as he addnrssed the Annual General;
Meetung which was attended by Mr Brzan.

i herc have been disquieting rumours regarding dissention in!
iGovcrnmc tt. he said as he read his Report, and, in a references
rso he sptr. which enoed in the bloodv destruction of thr
T -op' IL: RT.evoiutionarv Government in 1983. be added. "We
iknow ill too well from past experience how norrbly accurate
rumours were'.
tepv;,ing. as he delivered the feature oddre.s Mr Brizan said
hiat. both inside and outside political parties, there must be
constructive criticism" i order to avoid political
.Ii ts important that. to preserve stability, you make sure no
'wrn-,2 tnkes place", the Minister said. '"That is the key You
'cannot be a lackey. If you are a lackey then you contribute to
instability because you see wrong things and you do not talk
about it. '
'Th: pr',i,-;, wirth the administrations of both Sir Edc G.airn,

n*Aii "MuUfcX ui.ioup atdu uoen hat coIuA fcive. oTaimi1ii ia --
fnot aflow'?. scad 1I j
it m' pnop ose to hiv-'.nc heai not ,een haoiw'i o spea'K our
jpwns 3 wrong TihngY tie was koinor. Brizan said. libhn a L
|osbFr r'4 oinf5s wne:id have been avertmwd ;* GOna's I E
(Mawi' would bare been quire a-for'. (3"') 3

j ,, _- .. 4 iiji
l *L -^ ^. .^^^ ^_. _


Dr Keith Mitchell, Minister for
Communications in the New National
Party Government of Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize. has taken legal action
against the "Indies Times" newspaper,
official organ of the Maurice Bishop
Patrioutc Movement

On behalf of O)r Mitchell. libel writs
were filed in the Supreme Court on
November 21st byv Grenadian barrister
Michael Sylvester with reference to an
article headlined "Stone For The
Crusher" published on November 8th.
Mr Sylvester also filed two libel writs
on the same day on behalf of Dr
Mitchell's rousin. Mr Dennis Campbell,
the Manager'Secretary of the Central
Water t.omnmission

One of those writs, filed on the
"Informer" newspaper, refer to two
aruicies. One. headlined. "Grounds For
Water Commission Scandal" was
published on October 31 st, and the
other. 'Explanatton Due". appeared on
I November 7th.
Mt Sylvester's other writ was filed,
joindy, on Spice Island Printers Ltd. the
West Indian Publishing Co and
prominent G renadian barrister Mr Lloyd
That writ refers to an article published in
"The Grenadian Voice" on IBth October.
headlined "Lloyd Noel On Law And
Politics'. and captioned "We cannot
give up" (186)

- I


I `-------- --- -~------------ -

The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 22nd November Page 5


The National Alliance illegal, has taken place estimate that, despite persons have been
lFor Reconstruction from all Caribbean restrictions, there are at living in Trinidad &
(NAR), contesting the Community countries in least some 40,000 Tobago for a number of
,Trinidad & Tobago the Eastern Caribbean. Grenadians illegally years, have established
lGeneralElectionssched- but the greatest flow has resident and working iii families and have
uled for December 15th been from Grenada. Trinidad. contributed significantly :
has promised, if they Smuggled to our development
twin the elections, to That flow accelerated in NAR also holds out a a
provide an amnesty for the 1940s during the promise to some non- NAR says it will allow
all Caribbean Common- United States "occupa- citizens of Trinidad and persons born ini
wealth citizens now tion" of Trinidad & Tobago who fall into Trinidad. their spouses
illegally in Trinidad & Tobago when thou- another category. and their immediate
Tobago, sands of "small- family to have dual
islanders" smuggled "There are also many citizenship, and the
That promise, made in their way in to take citizens of our sister party will also "promote
the published NAR advantage of the Commonwealth Carib- the idea of a Common
IManifesto, will be of boom. bean Countries who are Caribbean Citizenshil
great interest, prin- residing in Trinidad & for persons who have
Icipally, to Grenadians. After the war, the Tobago although their made an outstanding
magnetism of an oil- legal status remains in contribution to the
Immigration to Trinidad based economy never doubt". the Manifesto region as-.a :whole".
& Tobago, legal and waned and observers says. "Many such (263).

[Three Bills relating to- the restoration of Local Grenada's sister islands of Carriacou and Petit
IGovermnen in the State of Grenada, Carriacou & Martinique are to be regarded as one area which is to
Petit Martinique were given their first reading in the have a Town Council for Carriacou's chief town,
House OfR epresentatuves on October 24th. Hillsborough, eleven village Councils and a County.
Council with membership drawn from the Towii
,The Bills provide for the City of St Georges to be a Council and Village Councils.
Municipal rough and for establishment of aTown
ICouncil in Grenville, Sauteurs, Victoria, and The Carriaco` & Petit Martinique County Councill
Gouyave, the chief towns respectively, in the will have all the powers of a District Board and, in
Parishes of St Andrews, St Patricks, St Marks and addition, will have special powers.
St Johns. There are no towns in St Davids.
These include the right to share in control of
iAdditio~;aiy, there is to be a District Board in each education in the sister islands and establishment of
of the six Parishes on the island of Grenada and 45 a County Police Unit. (203)
Viillae Councils scored over those six Parishes.
... ........~ ~~ a i R .... ., .... .. . : ,,i .. ..

Air services to Grenada over the
past year have been disappointing
and frustrating to the island's
This was disclosed on November
12th by Mr Andre Cherman,
'resident of the Grenada Hotel
Association, as he presented his
iReport to the Association's
Annual General Meeting.
!"The performances of both
r)enada -Airways and BWIA
(have been lack-lustre", he said,
!"and did nothing in terms of
building confidence in Grenada
|as a destination"
)Ar Cherman said there had been
constant late flights.
overtookings and cancellations,
ad. in some instances,
passengers were put to great
conveniencee when scheduled
services overflew the island and
!ended up in Trinidad.

the President commended


LIAT for reliability and much
improved service, but he urged
Government to encout age add-
itional air services to Grenada.
Mr Cherman is concerned also
over Government's "lack of
adequate budget for tourism".
"The budget for 1986 was only
EC$1 million of which
approximately 60% was for
administrative expenses", he
said. "This has resulted in
virtually no money for
marketing. advertising and
promotion, and has caused a loss
of revenue for the country and a
loss of employment

Mr Cherman disclosed that,
comparing the first nine months
of 1985 with the corresponding
period in 1986. oteliers
registered less than .25%
increase in hotel-bed-occupancy
in spite of the fact that stayover
visitors increased by 14% to

43,995 from the 1985 figure of

An explanation for this
inconsistency appears to lie in the
fact that, according to statistics
quoted by the President. 25% of
the stayover visitors in 1986
were unlikely to stay in a hotel.
being Grenadian Nationals home
on vacation.
Up to September, Cruise Ship1
visits were up by 14% to 154
calls bringing a'total of 77,630
visitors compared with 65,147
visitors in 1985, Mr Cherman!

According to the President, the!
Department of Tourism estimates
EC$55 million as total revenue;
from Tourism in the period
January to September 1986. Ofl
this, EC$49.5 million isl
estimated from stayover visitors
and EC$5.5 million from cruise
passengers. (355)


U ",3

IPage 6 Saturday 22nd November The Grenaa ,Nevsletter
Members of the Grenada Hotel Association, attending their Annual General M g on November 12th
faced some straight talk when they were told that Caribbean Tourism has nojyht caught up with realities
facing it.

Guest speaker at the meeting was Mr Eamon Keane, of the Barbados based Caribbean Tourism Research
Centre (CTRC), and he said that, while he is optimistic about tht future, there is "another side of the

"Caribbean Tourism is part of world tourism which is now the biggest item m world trade", Mr Keane said,
'and where the rate and pace of change, immergence of new competition, and new methods of selling are
leaving this region light years behind aninternational industry that it is not really apart of in any meaningful

Seventy percent of the hotel rooms in the Caribbean are in bankruptcy, are seedy and run-down and, in many
islands. are in the unwilling hands of Government which has little competence in managing or marketing
them, he said.
In "this region, generally speaking the CTRC official said," We have a non-profitable industry, We pay a
lot of lip service to cooperation and cooperative marketing but the reality is along way from that".
For the last 15 years, he said, the Caribbean has had less than 2% of world tourism. The only growth has
been an increase as world tourism grew, but there had been no real growth in the Caribbean Tourist

There is danger, Mr Keane said, that the Caribbean may fall even further behind, because, when the structure
and performance of world tourism is examined, the Caribbean gives the impression of being "well
Specifically, witn reference to Grenada. Mr Keane said the Industry is in a state of recovery. but it must be
noted that 32% of the business has come from Trinidad & Tobago where, because of devaluation, a
question mark hangs over the future.. .......................

He pointed out that cruise ship arrivals are still well
below the 1980 peak level and, in 1985. 65% of all
tourist arrivals stayed in private or unregistered
accommodation, and. forth hotel industry, this has
serious implications.

Mr Keane said there hasto be a move from the "soft-
sell, public relations, gin-and-tonic based, being
nice to people" approach to tourism marketing
overseas. ip

roday's marketing calls for being in partnership
with the airlines and the tour operators,the people
who control the market place, he said, and, in ins
connection. action is already being taken in the
uropean market in cooperation with British
Airways. Air France. KLM. ALM, other airlines
ad the travel agents.
The biggest world tourism market now is not the
JUnited States but West Germany", Mr Keane said.
'and the second biggest is Japan. Third is the
united States which is going down fairly sharply
iad reckoned to be, by 1995. somewhere about
number eight"

renada's potential for tourism is enormous, he
mid, but in its present state of development it is very
fragile and can be damaged irrevocably.
,The biggest sin of stupidity that is committed in
nteational tourism is by people who sit in a
beautiful island assuming their own psychology in
ther people", Mr Keane said. "You know
Grenada is beautiful, you know people should be
ueuing up to try to get in here, but that is not the
ruth inthe market place. The people out there have
Sbe told and they have to be sold." (625)

The Press Association
of Grenada (PAG) was
officially launched by
Dr Francis Alexis,
Minister of Labour, at a
ceremony on November
The occasion coincided
with the termination of a
training seminar spon-
sored by the Associ-
ation in conjunction
with the Common-
wealth Journalists Ass-
ociation. This was the
second such seminar
organised since PAG
was formed on 12th
April last.
Standing in for Prime
Minister Herbert Blaize,
who was out of the
island. Dr Alexis said
the Grenada Govern-
ment salutes PAG.
"It is right there should
be a Grenada Press
Association", he said,
"and it is even more
right that it should be
launched at this stage of
our development for,
here we are in Grenada,
poised delicately mid-
way between th chaos
of the not-too-distant

past and the solidarity
of the future which all
of us would like to
The Minister said
members of PAG will
be particularly cons-
cious of "freedom of
thought", one of the
freedoms enshrined in
Grenada's Constitution.
"You have a right i0
your Association, at all
times, to think for
yourselves" he said,
"and you must never
allow yourselves to be
intimidated by the
squalid, petty dictator
who masquerade as
leaders in some parts of
the world"
Dr Alexis said, subject
to limitations ensuring
continuance of these
freedoms, "freedom of
speech" is associated
with "freedom of
thought" as it is
essential a person be
free to express his

"Thank God", the
Minister said. "our



The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 22nd November Page 7
ety is not, naive said, and people in of their convictions. munications of the
enough to be taken in public life may be University of Regina,
again the second time expected to be thick "Victory is always the Canada., ,
around by those who skinned and accept a sweeter for the battle
have demonstrated in belated apology, having been .the There were 17 grad-
te past that they are harder", Dr Alexis said, uates of the seminar
sworn to crushing free But journalists write "and, if you have to which was open to all
speech and thought..." not only about us in stand up against all journalists including the
S Wiared public life", Dr Alexis odds, all threats, at the 14 foundation members
he Minister referred said. "they write also end of the day you will of PAG.
also to "freedom of about individuals in will have been doing a Failed
'association which. he private life who are service, not only to This is the second!
aid, guaranteed pro- entitled to professional- your own Press Ass- attempt to form an
section of the Assoc- ism on 'the part of the ociation not- only to association of Gre-i
nation's members, -but journalist, perhaps more your own calling as a nadian journalists. The
he warned that none-of so than-those of us in journalist. but. to.your first attempt in 1976,
1tese freedoms will public life" own society". the "Grenada Press
mean anything if PAG Association .wasshort-
fails to promote "pro- The Minister warned The training seminar lived and failed because
!fessionahsm". against double stan- was conducted by Mr of a lack of interest and
dards and unfair re- Mack Laing, Associate because, at that time,
"Professionalism", he porting, and urged de- Professor of the School there were very few
said. must emphasise velopment of a sense of of Journalism of the working journalists in
the need to check facts integrity. Attempts will University of Western the country. (606)
before publication, sav- be made to deflect Ontario, Canada -in. .. I
the need to apolo- journalists from "their conjunction with Pro- t -
Vse after. Some people chosen course", he fessor Dave White. i.--:::T _
an the society are "thick- said, but PAG members Director of the School --
skinned", the Minister must have the courage of Joualism & Corn-




Barbadian born Mr Frederick Gladstone Smith has
een appointed to the Court of Appeal with effect
from 29th October 1986.
Mr Smith held a similar appointment under the
administration of the Peoples Revolutionary
1Government, but resigned from the post.
Two acting appointments have also been madeto the
Court of Appeal. They are Sir Archibald Nedd and
Mr Justice James Patterson, and they have been
appointed for the session commencing 17th
November 1986"
Last December 31st, Sir Archibald retired as
Grenada's Chief Justice: Mr Patterson is a Judge of
the Grenada Supreme Court.

rThe new non-resident British High Commissioner
Ito Grenada, Mr Kevin Burns, presented his Letter
of Introduction to Prime Minister Herbert Blaize on
November 12th.

SBurns was born on 18th December 1930 and
attended Trinity College. Caambridge, whf h
!obtained a B-chelor of Arts be,'et; -'The High
-onuffissioner joined the Commonwealth Relations
Office in 1956 and, from 1980 to 1983, was Head
of the South Asian Department of the Foreign &
Commonwealth Office. In 1983, he was appointed
eHigh Commissioner to Ghana and concurrently non-
resident High Commissioner to Togo. ,

Mr Burns paid courtesy calls on Governor General
Sir Paul Scoon and on Mr Ben Jones, Minister for
Foreign Affairs, before returning to his base in
Barbados on November 12th.

It has been announced that Mr Massimiliano
Bandini. non-resident Italian Ambassador to
Grenada, presented his credentials to Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon on 23rd October.

Governor General Su- Paul Scoon administered their
Oath Of Office on November 17th to the newly
appointed Public Service Commission (PSC).
The PSC, whioh will serv fLo three years with
effect from November 15th, is headed by Charman
Mr Lennox Phillip.
Other Members are Messrs Seon Alexander,
Creswell Julian, Walter St John and Renalphj

Phase 3 of the Eastern Main Road Project will start{
on December Is. i
This was announced on November 14th by DrI
Keith Mitchell Minister for Communications &f



Page 8 Saturday 22nd November The Grenada Nevsletter


!Works and the Minister said this will provide
employment for some 180 Grenadians.

:The Project is financed by the European
iDevelopment Fund and Phase 3 involves
,resurfacing of approximately 10 miles of road on the
Inorth-eastern coast between Grenville and

Mr Benjamin Koch, a flower specialist from 1sraeli
has taken up duties with the Agricultutal Crob
Diversification & Rehabilitation Project.
During his 12 month stay, Mr Koch will assist
farmers in producing potted ginger lilies and other
plants for export. (455)
_ _ > _

'I1~ K K. -. -- : Al

22nd November 1986

Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes, Journalists
Of Scott Street. St Georges,. Grenada, Westindies
P.O Box 65: Phone [809] 440 2538: Cables. HUSON. Grenada

_1L..,,___., .~. _.~

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