N NEWSLETT 1 ER
SVolume 14 Saturday 18th October 1986 Number 16
" ~ THE MAURICE BISHOP MURDER TRIAL
Belwyn Strachan, one of the accused in the Maurice Bishop murder trial told Chuef Justice Dennis Byrom
d the jury on September 2nd that. in the aftermath of the October 1983 "invasion", it was not possible for
voluntary statement to be taken from any Crenadian.
Together with 17 other accused, Strachan faces dleven counts of murder relative to th' deaths, on 19thi
October 1983, of Prime Minister Maurice Bishop, members of his Cabinet and others.
"Any statementtaken from any Grenadian at that time cannot be voluntary', he said, "even if thatperson was
inot tortured, even if they didn't get a scratch. Those statements were taken by foreign troops occupying the
country and everyone was under duress:"
trachan said in the case of all the statements taken from the accused, including the one taken from him,
these were extracted under torture,
"'All of us were tortured", he said. "I was not IN THIS ISSUE
Present with the others but. because of my
experience, I am prepared to make a definitive Pa
Before the trial started Strachan said. two of
these statements, those of accused Colville
McBarnette and Catistus Bernard, were
published in a United States newspaper, "The
Long Island Newsda>y .
Clippings were sent home by Grenadians, thus
prejudicing the minds of potential jurors against
the accused, he said, and this further indicates i
ithe role of the United states.
!"This shows clearly that the United States is not
only running our country". he said, "but is
running the trial
Strachan referred to the recently passed Grenada
legislation providing for alternate juror-, and
said this is "more clear evidence of the American
The Maurice Bishop Murder Trial....
Raeburn Gets His "Spocs" .............
U.S. Reporter Excluded Prom Trial.
Act 1/1985 Motion Adjourned
The Ramsay Contempt Case..........
Blaize Seeks Alternate Financing.....
Jones: U.S. Resolution Not About
Caribbean Action Committee
NNP Holds "Patch-Up" Meeting.. ....
Drug Avoidance Committee
News Shorts ..............................
Alternate jurors are a feature of the United States
Courts, Strachan said, but are not provided' for
anywhere within the British legal system.
MThe Grenada Legislature passed the Alternate Jurors,
(Act, he said, following A.merican advice and over
the objections of the then Chief Justice, Sir
Archibald Nedd and the then Attorney General,
trvy'i to win u case, but this has been the opposite
in this case."
Strachan said he is "deeply appalled" by the. way theI
Prosecution has failed to call certain witnesses
And, in this connection. he referred to Prosecution
witness, Errol George whose evidence, Strachan
said, contradicts the evidence of other Prosecutio1
Swnen .1tracnan continued his statement on With reference to Trinidad barrister Mr Karl
September 23rd completing his sixth day Hudson-Phillips Q C, Leader of the Prosecution,
resenting his defence, he. accused the Prosecution Strachan accused him of fabricating evidence and
of failing to perform its proper role. said "retribution must catch up with him", The
evidence brought forward by Mr Hudson-Phillips is,
"There have been many attempts by the Prosecution insufficient to convict anyone, Strachan said bul
to be unfair", he said, "Their rol Hudson_ Pullips hopes it will be accepted.
oC.ou .l the. ja before thl FOUNDED l"in typical Triniudian con-m
conclusion. They should noI17Th AUGUST 1973 tl fool Grenadians.
see themselves as adversartel 345th Issue sEE TRL"B PAOE 2
I COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY MARIA MOORS CABOT AWARD 1984-__
Page 2 Saturday 18th October 1986 ThiGrenada Nevsleter
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Stracatwo ejur' that. although statements
made by the acus from the Dock are unsworn,
they must be given proper attention and, he said, the
fact that persons give sworn evidence does not iean
they are telling the truth.
"When people come into Court and kiss the Bible",
he said, "people can be fooled. Some people go
into the witness box, swear on the Bible and then
tell the most blatant lies"
On the following day; September 24th, Strachan,
who was one of Maurice Bishop's Cabinet
Ministers told the jury they are called upon to make
the most important decision in their lives.
"You have been called upon to decide the fate of 18
Grenadians accused of this deed", he said "whether
we will live or die"
Strachan started his unsworn defence statement
from the dock on Friday September 17th, and. on
this, his last day, totalled 25 hours and 24 minutes
[on his feet, falling short by just 21 minutes of the
Record of the longest speaker from the dock before
|d, former Deputy Prime Minister Bernard
IDuring thislast day, Strachan continued to attackthe
testimony of Prosecuuon witnesses and told the
jury they must take into consideration the unsworn
statements made by the accused from the dock.
The Prosecution has failed to prove their case", he
said. "and the burden has been transferred to the 12
Grenadians who sit on the jury"
iFollowang Strachan, three accused remained to
Make their defence. Cecil Prime, Raeburn Nelson
-and Phyllis Coard, wife of Bernard Coard, former
(Deputy'Prime Minister, and she began her unsworn
defence statement on September 25th.
Wearing a dress with large red flowers against a
white background and with a watching headband,
Mrs Coard, the only woman among the accused.
told the Court she is not being adequately fed at
IRichmond Hill Prison and has lost weight.
'Her breakfast and lunch was being sent in to her by
friends, she said. She contended that, although
oshe is entitled to have her dmnner supplied by the
Prison, she gets nothing to eat in the evenings.
PI think you are aware of the erratic and irrational
!character of the Commissioner of Prisons", she told
lhief Justice Dennis Byron
Mrs Coard said a deliberate effort is bring made to
subject her to malnourishment so that she will be
unable to make a proper defence of herself.
Because of this, she said, she had had to shorten
he statement she wants to make to the Court
because, while she was not ill she did not have the
Strength to stand for long periods,
There was a great closeness between her family and
&he families of Maurice Bishop and Unison
|Whitemaa. she said.
I"Their children used to spend days at our home with
lour children', Mrs Coard said. "and they called us
'Uncle Bernard" and "Aunty Phyl' while our
Children called him 'Uncle Maurice"'
And Phyllis Coard charged the United States with
cruelty against these children of Bishop and
"The greatest cruelty inflicted bythe United States",
she said, "is to spread the lie that we, the parents of
their close friends, are responsible for the death of
If she is denied a free and fair trial in which she
would call witnesses to reveal the truth, she said,
those witnesses will still testify to Grenadians.
She said the United States is withholding documents
which she and her co-defendants need to establish
their innocence but. if those documents are not
given up by Washington. they will still be tendered
in the highest Court, the Court of History.
Cecil Prime began his unsworn statement from the,
dock on the afternoon on September 26th when
Phyllis Coard completed her address.
On thefollowing day. September27..th, hetold the
Court that, on 19th October 1983, when Fort Rupert;
was taken over by hundreds of demonstrators,
another of the accused, former Major Christopher'
Stroude of the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA),
ordered all soldiers to be disarmed in order to avoid
a confrontation with armed civilians
Prime, himself a former PRA officer, said he was
at Fort Rupert when he saw the crowd jump over
the entrance gate. Soldiers were disarmed by the(
demonstrators, be said, the Guard Room was
overrun and, in addition to the weapons they took
from the soldiers, the demonstrators took the
machine gun and rocket launcher which were at that
Stroude was with him and other soldiers trying,
unsuccessfully, to get the people to leave the fort, he
said, and the situation was tense as armed civilians
could be seen in the crowd.
"Major Stroud. the most senior officer present,
decided to take full responsibility", Prim e said, "and
he ordered the soldiers to put away their guns in
order to save a confrontation"
Prime said it was difficult to decide what to do as
the situation took the PRA by surprise.
"We were prepared for an invasion", he said, "not a
Referring to the United States "invasion" of
Grenada in October 1983, Prime said the U S was
very surprised at the high quality of the PRA.
The Yankees know what kind of Army we had",,,
he said, "They expected to take the country in 6
hours, but it took them 8 days with helicopter
gunships, bombers, heavy artillery and 20,000
When Prime continued his statement on Mondayj
29th September, after the weekend, he expressed!
the opinion as a "professional soldier" that, the
soldiers who went to Fort Rupert on 19th October
1983 did not intend to kill anyone.
He was in the Operations Room at Fort Rupert
SEE TRIAT P 3
The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 18th October 1986 Page 3
MIME FROM PAOE 2
with Maurice Bishop when that room was hit by a projectile which smashed a 45 centimeter hole in the wall,
he said. According to Prime, that projectile tore off the buttocks of a woman in the room and went out of
the wall on the other side without exploding.
!"There are two types of projectile". Prime said, "the defensive type and the offensive type, and what hit that
room was the defensive type'.
I the soldiers had wanted to kill, he said, they would have used an' offensive projectile" which would have
exploded, killing everyone in the room. Prime said it was obvious that what had been used was a
"defensive projectile" which would just pierce the wall and not explode.
lFollowing Prime, the last of the accused. Raeburn Nelson. made his defence statement and, during his
address, members of the jury and persons in the public gallery were seen to be crying.
6rhis took place as Nelson told the Court that
SRAEBURN GETS HIS 'SPECS'
tR aeburn Nelson. one of the accused in the Maurice
'Bishop Murder Trial, is now wearing spectacles for
he first time in his life.
iOne day during the week ending Saturday 4th
,October, Nelson told the Court he was not seeing
,properly and expressed Lhe hope that a "Good
Samaritan" would come to his assistance
I"Two months ago I had my eves tested", he said,
'and I have been told that my spectacles are ready
land waiting for me, but I just don't have the money
o pay for them"
rThe matter, quite irrelevant to the trial nevertheless,
(went into the off icial Court record and no doubt,
,was forgotten by nearly everybody.
jBut. a"Good Samaritan" remembered
,On the following Monday, October 6th Nelson
^appeared in the dock wea ing a brand new pair of
1"I don't know who paid for them and sent them to
me", he told the Court "but I am very grateful"
Recounting the episode, Raeburn told Chief Justice
Bron that, one afternoon afterCourt had adjourned
and he was being locked in his cell, he was
Surprised when a Prison Officer handed him the
The Officer told him that, when the spectacles had
been delivered at the jail, the bearer had been unable
give any information asto who his benefactor is.
-His family, his mother and his fiancee are as much
;in the dark. Raebvrn said, and they have no idea
ho could have paid for the spectacles and sent
them to him.
I wish, through Your Lordship, to publicly
express thanks to that individual or persons for
Responding to that worthy and noble cause
"And I should say, Your Lordship,", he concluded
"it has assisted in relaxing my eyes, and, indeed.
Your Lordship looks rather new this morning'
a small group in the prison had "kept ourselves
He wanted to make it clear, he said, that he has
always been an active member of the Berean Church
and did not turn to the Bible because he found
himself in trouble and in jail.
"I cannot quote law wo you", he told Mr Byron
'but I can quote scripture to support my case"
Raeourn said the Book of Isaiah relates the story ofl
a captive people. This part of the Bible is an
inspiration to him, he said, and he started to tell of
something a woman had told him one day as he was
coming into the Court-room.
But he never completed the telling because. at that
point he broke down. With tears streaming downi
his face, his voice choked off and he remained with
downcast head for about three minutes before he|
When he was able to go on, Raeburn said he would
"skip out" what the woman had said to him but, by
that time, his red eyes and sniffling nose were
matched by some members of the jury and by
persons in the public gallery.
When Nelson continued his address on September
30th, he may have contradicted defence statements
made by two other accused.
Former General of the Peoples Revolutionary Army
(PRA), Hudson Austin, said that, on 19th october
1983, the day on which Prime Minister Bishop and
others were ki led, he went to Fort Frederick. His
stay there had been for only a moment, he said,
merely to speak to the sergeant on duty, and then he
Raeburn, who was a PRA Second Lieutenant, says
he was on duty at Fort Frederick on that day and
saw Austin arrive. He did not, however, say that
the General stayed for only a moment but inferred
that the General had remained at the Fort.
He saw Austin airive, Raeburn said, dressed in
ceremonial green pants, brown shirt and a greencap
and. some 20 minutes after Austin's arrival, he saw
Bernard Coard arrive.
Coard said, in his statement that, when he got to
Fort Frederick he was taken into a tunnel, from
which location. sometime later, he heard gunfire
which he learned had come from Fort Rupert on the
,other side of St Georges harbour.
Nelson does not say that Coard was taken into a
E.. ..A PAGe .
P S+ t d 8 O -+ r T-G,,N lt
tunnel. When Coard arrived, he says, Coard went
[up to the top level of Fort Frederick.
As for his own part in the events .at Fort Rupert,
Nelson says that, on orders from Lieutenant Colonel
Ewart Layne (one of the 18 accused in this trial), he
commanded an armoured car which he took to Fort
Rupert, driving, some distance behind two other
armoured cars also bound for the same
IThe first two cars, Nelson said, had been ordered to
recapture the Fort but his instructions were to
eploy his men around the Fort.
JMost of the shooting was over when he went up to
he Fort to find out what had happened, he said,
land, while returning to his men he had heard a
burst of automatic rifle fire.
(Later, an hysterical soldier told him Bishop and
others had been killed.
!'I doubted him". Nelson said, "but I could see
:something in his face"
Speaking slowly and softly, with many pauses,
lNeison said he had gone back to Fort Rupert and
ihad seen the bodies of Bishop and two others on the
parade square wrapped in blankets.
j"I was stunned", he said, "I could say nothing. I
ust had to turn my back on such a sight"
Continuing his address on October 1st, Raeburn
tracked the Prosecution's evidence against him.
f the 31 Prosecution witnesses, he said only 6
Pad referred to him and, of these, one had been the
pliceman who had arrested him and the evidence
Raeburn for 5 years.
elson called the evidence of Prime Mviister
,Bishop s former bodyguard. Cletus St Paul,
I"circumstanutal, vague and uncorroborated.". St
!Paul said he had seen Nelson leave Fort Freder-ck tu
Ian armoured truck after certain Armv officers had
spoken to Nelson'.
St Panul had not heard what these officers had told
.him. Nelson said, and so cannot testify that he
$Nelson) had been given orders to kill anyone
In his evidence, Fire Chief Sheridon Williams said
when he had asked Nelson "What about Noel ?",
referring to Vincent Noel, one of the murder victims
who was then lying on the ground wounded,
Nelson had given him a don'tt bother" sign.
Nelson says he does not remember this but points
out that, at that timeNoelw as being attended to by a
Qualified nurse, Merlin Rullow.
,In those circumstances", Nelson said "it was in
Order for me to tell Inspector Williams not to
)Nurse Merlyn Rullow was then giving Noel water
from a "coke" bottle and her evidence is that, when"
she was through. Nelson asked her for the bottle
which was then half full.
1.. e. en Ba e., +. er
It was Nelson's argument that there is nothing
criminal in asking for the bottle and Rullow had not
testified that he, Nelson, used the bottle offensively
Nelson referred to the evidence of Prosecution
witness Beverley Ann Charles who told the Court
she had seen Nelson stop accused Calistus Bernard
when Bernard had put the muzzle of his rifle against
"Rather than killing people at Fort Rupert that day as
I am accused', Nelson said, "I was saving a life"."
With the close of Raeburn Nelson's address on,
October 2nd, all the accused had completed their
defence statements which began on July 16th when
the first of the accused. Andy Mitchell, began his
statement from the dock.
Thc trial then entered a new phase, placing Chief
Justice Byron in the position where he had to rule
on an unusual point of law.
Mr Byron told the accused. they then had the right
to address the jury but accused Ewart Layne asked
what the procedure would be if the accused decided
not to exercise that right.
The accused contended that, if they did not address
the jury, then there was nothing to which the'
Prosecution must reply, but Mr Hudson-Phillips
did not agree.
The Prosecution has the right, at all times, to reply,
he told the court, but a question hung on the word
"What has been labelled 'unsworn defence
statements from the Dock' were, in fact, addresses
to the jury', the Prosecution Leader said, "and the
Prosecution has a right of reply to these."
This brought heated shouts of protest as several of
the accused jumped to their feet, and accused
Selwyn Straclan charged that Mr Hudson-Phillips
was in contempt of Court.
The Judge reserved his ruling until Monday
October 6th and, on that day, there was a brief
sitting before the Chief Justice'adjourned again until
Wednesday October 8th.
But, when the Court sat on the 8th, the Chief
Justice announced that the purpose for which the
Court had been adjourned from Monday 6th until
Wednesday 8th had not been achieved.
That purpose had been for the 18 accused to attend
the contempt case then being heard against Jamaican
barrister Mr Ian Ramsay, and in which they were!
likely to be called as witnesses, but, the Chief'
Justice said there was no certainty as to when these
accused would be required.
"Adkit onallv y', Mr Byron said, "The Court of,
Appeal sits on Mondiy (October 13th), and in
deference to that Court, I now adjourn until next
On October 14th, before he gave his ruling as tol
whether the Prosecution would be allowed to
SEE TRIAL PAGE 5 I
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iTbe Grenada Newsletter Saturday 18th October 1986 Pa" 5
TRIAL FROM PAGE 4
reply if the accused did not exercise their right to
address the jury, the Chief Justice heard arguments
from two of the accused.
telwyn Strachan said it was unfair for the.
prosecution to seek to reply to something which had
ever been said. What the accused had done, he
said. was to make unsworn statements from the
dock and there was no right of reply to that.
seeking to address the jury, Leon Cornwall said,
e Prosecution was trying to "patch up a case of
If the accused exercised their right to address the
jury, it was possible that that exercise would take
the trial into next year, he said, and he was
concerned about the jurors who had been
empanneled since April 18th and sequestered away
from their families since April 29th.
Prosecution Leader, Mr Hudson-Phillips, told the
Court the Prosecution wanted to reply because of a
Number of personal statements and remarks the
accused had made about members of the
Prosecution team and about Prosecution
S, _-.- _--- -
There had also been allegations of conspiracyby the
Prosecution, he said, and that too had to be
Delivering his ruling, the Chief Justice said he had
formed the opinion that the right of reply should be
"I would have had to consider whether I should
have solicited the assistance of (Prosecution)
Counsel in this regard if Counsel had not exercised
their rights", he said. "All I would like to say is
that Counsel for the Prosecution are expected to deal
with issues relevant to these proceedings"
U.S. REPORTER EXCLUDED FROM TRIAL
A reporter from the United States of America. covering the Maurice B shop Murder Trial, has had ber pass
to the Court-room press-box revoked and was asked to ieave the Court-room.
The incident took place on September 26th when Ms. Doris Kitson, said to be attached to radio station
WBAI in New York, was called out of the Court-room and spoken to by Mr Jerry Romain, Head of tht
Government Information Service.
Shortly after, Ms. Kitson came back into the Court-room, gathered her note books and stormed out.
NEWSLETTER asked Mr Romain why Ms. Kitson's pass nad been revoked.
"We have had to withdraw her pass for several reasons", he said, the chief one being her refusal to be
guided by the regulations governing the Court"
Mr Romain said Ms. Kitson refused to stop communicating with the accused in the dock and, on onf
occasion, had been heard holding a conversamion with thiie accused in Spanish.
Additionally, he said, the security forces had had to confiscate a camera from Ms Ki~son, equipment whicl
is not allowed in the Court-room.
"Before action was taken against her",. Mr Romain said." Ms. Kitson was warned on several occasion,
about her behaviour but continued to flout the regulations of the Court."
Ms. Kitson, who has made several visits to Grenada over the past few months to cover the Trial, left thi
island on the same day. __
.- .. ... ....... ..7 -
i ,.I [l I ", i .. ,* ,, IL ',, ,I'J
Mr Byron said, the accused would have the
opportunity on the following day to address the jury
if they wished to.
Before adjourning the Chief Justice took a number
of points from the accused, including a request that
they be supplied with a transcript of the evidence
given by Prosecution witnesses.
Except for Raebum 'Nelson, none of the accused
have been present in Court to hear this evidence.
Chanting and clapping in a disruptive fashion on
each occasion when witnesses took the stand, they
have had tobe taken from the Court-roombefore the
trial could proceed.
But, when the Court sat on October 15th, Mr Byron
ruled that it is neither required in law or by
convention that the accused be supplied with the
transcripts before the end of the trial.
He said that, because of their conduct, the accused
had been taken out of the Court when the witnesses
were testifying but, when they were brought back
into Court they had been given, and bad refused. the
opportunity to have the evidence read to them.
In his ruling, the Chief Justice said the accused hadI
made it clear in their statements from the dock that
they have a detailed understanding of the
Bernard Coard, Selwyn Strachan, Leon Cornwall
and Ewart Layne all protested against the ruling,
They denied having anything more than newspaper
reports of the evidence, and Coard asked the Chief
Justice if he could live with his conscience after
making that ruling.
Giving the accused time to consider whether or not
they would address the jury, Mr Byron adjourned
the Court until Monday October 20th. (3671)
( ^ *- g
Pagp 6 Saturday 18th October 1986 The Grenada Newsletter
ACT 11985 MOTION POSTPONED INDEFINITELY
On September 24th, Mr Justice permission to make certain The letter, Mr Hudson-Phillips
lames Patterson fixed "for amendments to the Motion, said, sought special leave for as
mention", on September 29th, a Defence Counsel Mr Ian Ramsay re-hearing of a Petition the
Motion filed by the Defence in asked Mr Patterson that the Defence had tried,
he Maurice Bishop MurderTrial. Motion come before him again on unsuccessfully, to have the
land, on that date, adjourned the 3rd October "for mention", that matter heard bythe Privy Council
Matter without fixing a date for is, with the possibility of fixing a in July 1985.
hearing. date for hearing.
M h PQueried by Mr Patterson, Mr
The Motion challenges the But Prosecution Leader, Mr Kari Ramsay said he knew of the
legality of Act 1/1985 which, Hudson-Phillips Q C, said a request to the Privy Council and
passed by the New National copy of a letter written to the that was why he had asked that
Government of Prime Minister Judicial Committee of the Privy the matter come up "formention"
IHerbert Blaize, validates all Council, and relativetothe matter on October 3rd as he hoped to
Peoples Revolutionary had been received. That letter, have more information by
ernment laws, including one he said, is dated 16th September then.
creating the Grenada Supreme 1986 and it was written by a
|.ourt British barrister on behalf of the Mr Patterson agreed with Mr
accused. Hudson-Phillips submission
According to the Defence, that the Privy Council had been
of, Rpresentatives did not issue a letter was written in view of the was before his Court and he
"Certificate" as required by the fact it has been established that adjourned the matter for a day to
Constitution. Act 1/1985 is the Speaker of the House of be fixed convenient to the
illegal. Representatives did not issue a Court.
Certificate with reference to Act ___"_ ,_ r -_ _
After asking for and receiving 1/1985. -
THE RAMSAY CONTEMPT CASE
There was a sharp verbal exchange in the High Court. on September 24th, between Mr Justice Jambs
Patterson and Mr Ian Ramsay, prominent Jamaican barrister who has been associated with the Maurice
iBishop Murder Trial.
JMr Ramsay is before the Cour* on a charge of Contempt of Court brought by the Director of Public
Prosecutions (DPP), Mrs Velma Hylton.
The charge, filed on May 14th, arises out of allegations that Mr Ramsay referred to The Maurice Bishop
IMurder Trial as a "supposed trial"', a "so called trial" and a "travesty of justice".
It is alleged also that, in a letter to the Jamaica "Gleaner" newspaper, Mr Ramsay referred to the Grenada
Supreme Court as a "kangaroo court",
The history of the case is that it first came before Mr adjournments which had already been made and said
Patterson on May 22nd when it was set down for Mr Ramsay's application for a further adjournment
bearing on 22nd July for the convenience oi Mr was unreasonable. The Judge said he would rise
Ramsay's Counsel, Mr Clarence Hughes, who was for 15 minutes only and would return at the end of
(ot in Grenada then, that time to begin the hearing.
jBut when Mr Hughes appeared on 22nd July, he ButMrRamsaywasimmediatelvonhisfeet angrily
,said he had not understood the case would be protesting this decision as unreasonable in the face
argued on that day and Mr Patterson then fixed of the fact that the fixing of the date had not been
*September 16th for the hearing done in consultation with him. And he remained
on his feet protesting in the face of two or three
A new date of September 24th was fixed when Mr requests from the Judge that he take his seat.
Patterson was not in the State on the 16th, but,
when Mr Ramsay appeared on the 24th, he pointed When he did sit down it was to get up again
lout that the date had been fixed unilaterally and his immediately saying "I will take my seat but I rise
lCounsel, who are all resident outside Grenada. had again to make an application"
peen unable to attend.
Queried by Mr Patterson, Mr Ramsay said his
IMr Ramsay said no "attributable fault" could be application was for a reconsideration of the ruling
attached to him, the first convenient dates for his that the hearing start in 15 minutes.
Counsel were the second week in December or the
'first week in January and he asked for an "We have been taken completely by surprise in
adjournment in keeping with this, this", he told Mr Patterson, "even if you had fixed it
for tomorrow, it would have been more reasonable!
!"Today's date was fixed unilaterally", he said, "and as that would have given me a chance to get!
1t has been totally inconvenient for my Counsel. somebody to represent me
Ruhng on the matter, Mr Patterson recounted the EE CONTEMPT PAOE 7
T Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 18th October 1986 Page 7
kIT5NT T FROMPAOE 6
Reconsidering, Mr Patterson fixed the hearing for
Monday October 6th, but, on October 2nd, a
*spokesman for Mr Ramsay told NEWSLETTER the
Jamaican barrister would ask for a further
The spokesman said Mr Ramsay would tell the
Judge he is not ready to proceed. The date for
hearing had been fixed unilaterally, the spokesman
said, and Mr Ramsay 's Counsel, who are all
resident outside Grenada, could not be here for that
The spokesman said also that two prominent United
States lawyers would be in the High Court on
Mondav October 6th when the case was called
Before Mr Patterson.
Former Attorney General in President Lindon
Johnson's administration. Mr Ramsey Clarke, and
Mr F Lee Bailey, who was Defence Counsel in the
Patricia Hurst case. would attend the hearing as
observers, the spokesman said.
i"Of all the Counsel engaged", the spokesman said,
'only Mr Elliot Mottley, Q.C of Barbados can
manage to come, and Mr Dudley Thompson Q C of
Jamaica. who was not originally engaged, is also
The spokesman said the barristers engaged and
unable to come are Mr Karl Rattray C, Vice
President of The Jamaica Bar Association, Mr P J
Patterson. Q C, Vice President of the Jamaica
Peoples National Party, Mr Frank Phipps Q C and
,Dr Winston McCalla of the Jamaica Bar and Mr
Clarence Hughes. Senior Counsel, of the Guyana
,The spokesman for Mr Ramsay said there is a
"convention" that contempt charges arising out of a
case be postponed until the case has been heard. In
this connection, the spokesman said, Mr Patterson
Would be asked to defer the contempt hearings until
Ithe Maurice Bishop Murder Trial has been
Messrs Clarke and Bailey did attend as observers
when the Court sat on October 6th, at which time
'Mr Ramsay was represented by Messrs Mottley and
Thompson who explained the status of the
"We are not Counsel appearing in the Contempt
case", Mr Thompson told Mr Patterson, 7we are
here to ask for a postponement of.th case"
Mr Thompson told the Court that. in addition to the
fact that it would be inconvenient for Mr Ramsay's
Counsel to appear in'the case on any date before
next January. there is an overriding urgency for
T he Contempt case. he said, arises out of the
aurice Bishop Murder Trial, and, the Contempt
case should not be heard before the close of the trial
as matters arising in the Contempt case could
prejudice the outcome of the Trial.
Supporting Mr Thompson, Mr Mottley said if Mr
Ramsay's alleged contempt has done harm to the
hearing of the Trial, then, that harm will be
emphasised if the Contempt case is heard before the
?Trial has been concluded.
DPP Mrs Hylton opposed the application for
postponement. The charge against Mr Ramsay,
she said, does not affect only the Maurice Bishop
"The Court should not yield to the application for
postponement,", she said, because not just one case
is affected but the bringing into disrepute of the
entire administration of justice"
On the following day, October 7th. Judge Patterson
refused application for a postponement of the
Delivering his ruling, Mr Patterson accepted the
argument of Director of Public Prosecutions, Mrs
Velma Hylton. that the charges against Mr Ramsay
affect more than the Maurice Bishop Murder
"The wider interests of justice will not be served by
an indeterminate postponement", Mr Patterson said.
"And these interests do not refer only to the
defendant but also to the State. The hearing will
Objecting to this, Ramsay charged that his
constitutional rights had been violated by the
Under the Constitution, he said, he is entitled to
have Counsel of his choice, and Mr Patterson's
ruling deprived him of opportunity to have his
Counsel present. This forces liim to defend
himself Mr Ramsay said, and puts him in the
position highlighted by the saying that, "A lawyer
wvho defends himself has a fool for a client".
Mr Ramsay said Judge Patterson could find time to
hear the Contempt case but, nevertheless, the Judge
had informed him recently that a Motion which he
(Ramsay has before Mr Patterson's Court could
not be heard until after December 18th. That
Motion, Mr Ramsay said, challenges Act 1/1985
on which base rests the legality of Grenada's entire
In the hierarchy of importance Mr Ramsay said,
I fai to see how a. Motion with reference to Act
1/1985 falls into a secondary position"
He reminded Mr Patterson that Counsel engaged to
defend him had been ready to start the case on
September 16th. Judge Patterson's absence from
the island on that date had prevented a start and,
without reference to him or his Counsel, a new,
inconvenient date had been fixed.
"The Court ought to take some responsibility for the
fact that, for the Court's convenience the case did
not start on the 16th", he said, "thereby leading to
the present situation"
Continuing his arguments on the following day,
October 8th, Mr Ramsay emphasised the point that
he and his Counsel had been ready to start on
September 16th but Judge Patterson had been out of
"We are not back in the old days when the judge,
because he had an eight course lunch to attend, puts
the case off to a new date", he said, "and the
accused must be there, without question, for the
SEE CONTEMPT PAOE a
SE ONE& PQ
Page s Saturday 18th October =1 & ada Neven-
IcOMTMT FROM PAOE 7
DPP Mrs Velma fylton, traced the history of the
case through its adjournment since it was filed on
14th May last, and argued that there is no basis for
Ramsay's claim that he had been denied the right to
Counsel of his choice.
"Your Lordship has done more than you are
required to do to ensure that the defendant has had
Lhe opportunity to engage Counsel", she told the
In quoting new legal authorities to support his
arguments, Mr Ramsay said that Mr Patterson,
having heard these authorities, 'would now be
justied in overruling his first decision not to grant
"Or if you do not want to be put in that position", he
suggested to Mr Patterson, "you could pass the
matter to another Court for decision"
When the Court sat on October 9th, Mr Patterson
said he would not grant the postponement and this
led to a heated exchange with Mr Ramsay.
The clash began when Mr Patterson refused to hear
further submissions from Mr Ramsay.
"What do you mean you don't want to hear me
further ?", Mr Ramsay demanded angrily. "There
are a number of points I have not dealt with
"The case will continue", Mr Patterson retorted. "I
don't wish to hear you further. The application for
an adjournment is refused."
Mr Ramsay continued to protest, demanding an
adjournment until the following afternoon so he
could file an appeal against Mr Patterson's ruling.
And he called upon the Judge to disqualify himself
on the grounds of bias.
This Mr Patterson refused to do, calling on Mr
Ramsay to take his seat. Th be lawyer sat but stood
agait immediately saying he had a further
application to make, whereupon Mr Pattersor
adjourned the sitting.
Returning to the courtroom in 10 minutes, he
accepted a suggestion from Prosecution Leader, Ml
Karl-Hudson-Phillips Q C, and adjourned until the
When Mr Patterson sat on FridayOctober 10th, MI
Ramsay advised the Court that he had filed at
appeal against the Judges's refusal to grant a
postponement and he argued that,' since the appea!
was on a constitutional ground, it should be heard
before the contempt charge.
Prosecution Leader, Mr Hudson-Phillips, told Mi
Patterson the Court of Appeal would meet after the
weekend, on Monday 13th, when it could deal with
Mr RimunsaV's appeal and, against this background,
Judg'- Patterson adjourned the sitting until the
afternoon of the 13th.
When Mr Patterson sat again at that time, he gave a
severe warning to members of the public who, he
said, had made approaches to him on behalf of one
of the parties to Mr, Ramsay's Motion.
"Perhaps those who did it are not aware of the
seriousness of it", he said. "If any member of the
public contemplates such approaches again, anc
they are within reach of this jurisdiction, they will
be visited with condigned (severe and well-
In a short sitting, the Court heard that the Court ol
Appeal would not deal with Mr Ramsay's appeal
until Friday 17th October, and Judge Pattersonfixec
the hearing of the Contempt case for that day.
On that day, however, the Appeal Court Judgemeni
was not yet ready and M'-Patterson adjourned
hearing of the Contempt case until Monday Octobel
I ---. - -'.''-- '.- '- -"|
Prime Minister Herbert Blaize is looking for
alterate sources of financing to "bridge the gap"
and keep the Grenada economy on a sound
Mr Blaize disclosed this on October 10th in his
weekly broadcast and said he had taken advantage
of the recent International Monetary Fund and
World Bank Meeting in Washington to seek those
"I do not want the countries already offering aid to
feel Grenada. is depending on them alone", he
The Prime Minister singled out national debt
repayments and low commodity prices as two of the
main common problems affecting Grenada and other
In his 1986 Budget, Mr Blaize introduced fiscal
reforms which appear to be one of the problems
SEE mfiGZr PAGE 9
NNES: U RESOLUTION
NOT ABOUT SANCTIONS
Minister of External Affairs Mr Ben Jones, has
denied the correctness of critical press reports that,
in the United Nations General assembly on
Saturday 20th October, Grenada abstained from
voting on a Resolution calling for sanctions against
A Government Information Service (GIS) press
release of Monday 22nd October says :-
"The Minister of External Affairs. Honourable Ben
Jones, said today the Resolution on which Grenada
abstained from voting in the United Nations
General Assembly on Saturday had nothing to do
with sanctions against South Africa"
A similar denial from Grenada's Ambassador to the
United Nations. Dr Larmuel Stanislaus, was
published by GIS on the same day.
"Dr Lamuel Stanislaus .......said yesterday the
EEFW C PGE
--- ------------- ---- -
Page 10 Saturday 18th October 1986 The Grenada Newsletter
NNP HOLDS PATCH-UP" MEETING
The Executive of the New National Party of Prime Minister Herbert Blaize held a two day meeting on
October 12th and 13th reported to be an attempt to patch up differences and improve the Party's
NNP is a merger of three political parties which got together to fight the 1984 General Elections. Those
parties were led by Prime Minister Herbert Blaize, Minister of Labour Dr Francis Alexis and Minister of
Agriculture Mr George Brizan.
Political observers predicted there would be confrontation between Messrs Brizan and Alexis as they vied
for leadership of the Party when Mr Blaize, who is nearly 70 years old and not in the best of health,
Evidence of that confrontation was seen last December when, at the NNP Annual Convention, both men
were candidates for the post of Deputy Political Leader.
Mr Blaize, in his feature address to the Convention as Political Leader, in what was seen as an attempt to
diffuse the situation, suggested a change of the Party's Constitution to allow for two Deputy Political
Leaders, but this was not accepted.
In an atmosphere of some tension, Dr Alexis was elected to the post by a narrow margin and it was thought
the gap between him and Mr Brizan had widened. More recent events, however, have indicated a
Public statements by both Dr Alexis and Mr Brizan indicate a growing alliance between the two men in a
common front against the Prime Minister.
In what could be a reference to Mr Blaize only, Dr Alexis said no one person is going to be allowed to
"mess up" Grenada.
"When decisions are going to be taken about the future of the country", he said, "it must be understood it is
not a matter of one man getting up in the morning and deciding to smash up the place."
Mr Brizan has publicly stressed his closeness with Dr Alexis, which closeness, he says. has offended "some
"Who has grown too big for their boots", he says, "they better find some other place"
Informed sources say the Alexis/Brizan alliance showed up at the NNP Executive meeting when the Prime
Minister asked for an explanation of Dr Alexis' public statement that he (Alexis) and Mr Brizan are going tc
It is reported also that Dr Alexis quizzed the Prime Minister on his own remarks that some members of
Government are "only on the fringes of the Party".
The NNP Annual Convention will be held before the end of the year and the positions of both the Political
Leader and Deputy Political Leader will be voted upon.
Sources close to Dr Alexis declined comment on a report that, at the Convention, he will challenge Mr Blaize
for the NNP leadership, (485)
Interviews had been had with Teachers. Church
Leaders, the Chamber of Commerce and with
Government, and some of the problems have
started to emerge, she said. These include the lack
of job opportunities, the need for vocational
training, the inability of parents to talk to their
children about sex and teenage pregnancy.
The St Vincent Government also made a similar
request. The FAVA/CA delegation is responding to
it and has found some differences between Grenada
and St Vincent on the emphasis attached to various
":We did not come down with magic to suddenly
identify something no one knew about", Ms.
Turnbull said, "Where we can be most useful is
in putting into a Report what people are already
The delegation did not come to Grenada to offer
assistance, she said, but the Report to USAID will
Other members of the delegation are Mr Charles P
Carbone. Assistant Staff Director, Alcohol, Drug
Abuse & Mental Health Programme Office of the
Florida Department of Health and Rehabilitation
Services, and Mr Avery Carter, Community
Organiser, Oakland California) Parents in
The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 18th October 1986 Page 11
DRUG AVOIANCE Signing on behalf of the EEC was Mr Keith Shaw,
COMMITTEE LAUNCHED EEC Delegate based in Trinidad.
The European Economic Community (EEC) is to
make a grant of EC$7.6 million for rehabilitation of
approximately 10 miles of road connecting the east
coast, town of Grenville with the town of Sauieurs
on the island's northernmost tip.
An Agreement in this connection was signed on
October 14th by Prime Minister Herbert Blaize.
A request from a
to Prime Minister
Herbert Blaize resulted
in formation, by
Government. of a
National Drug Avoid-
This information was
given on September
6th by Mr Ben Jones,
Acting Prime Minister
and Minister for Legal
Affairs, as he addressed
a workshop organised
by the Legal & Policing
"The .point about the
ager of the use of
drugs was brought
ome recently when a
member of the
astafarian cult came to
he Prime Minister", he
The Rasta told Mr
Blaize it is a well
known fact that the cult
uses drugs remedially
and for 'kicks".,Mr
ones said, and, the
asta continued while
here have been
itbLems with the law,
ea cult feels capable of
"handling the stuff"
"But now", Mr Jones
quoted the Rasta as
ying, "the brethren
cocaine and they
cannot handle it. It is
causing them to lose
eir balance and, as
I am asking the
vernment to take
s to help us to
ot the brethren"
Following that appeal.
Mr Jones said, Prime
Minister Blaize con-
sidered the matter with
the result that NDAC
Under the Chairman-
ship of Minister for
Education, Mr George
McGuire, NDAC with
a membership of 19
drawn from key
individuals, has two
& Policing and
At the Legal & Policing
shop, papers were
presented by Mr Jones,
by Commissioner of!
Police Russel Toppin
and by Dr Roger Radix
In his paper,
disclosed that. while the
law makes provision for
severe penalties for
divg traficking, the
Courts have not been
"There are far too many
instances where the
Police have caught
people red-handed with
drugs and brought them
to Court', he said, "and
the penalty is pretty
Mr Toppin said the
Police hope to acquire
speed boats with which
they can patrol the
coastline and he
believes this will stop
much of the drug
smuggling which now
.7 - )
Minister of Civil Aviation, Dr Keith Mitchell,
represented Grenada at the Annual General Meeting
of LIAT (1974) Ltd held in Barbados on October
Prior to that meeting, Dr Mitchell attended a LIAT
Board of Directors meeting in Barbados on October
16th, and a meeting in St :Lucia of Organisation of
East Caribbean States (OECS) Ministers responsible
for Civil Aviation.
Ministerof Health, Mr Danny Williams, represented
Grenada at the Eighth Commonwealth Health
Ministers Conference in Nassau, The Bahamas,
from 13th to 17th October 1986.
The Conference discussed the rising cost of health
services, contributions of women to health, the
effect of alcohol and tobacco on health, and
Mr Graeme Roberts has replaced Mr John Kelly as
Resident Representative in Grenada of the British
High Commission which has its offices in
Before coming to Grenada, Mr Roberts, who
arrived in the State on September 20th, was Second
Secretary in the Westindian & Atlantic Departmen
of the Foreign & Commonwealth Office in
A L R& 6V
Dr Francis Alexis, Minister for Labour, represented
Grenada at a Conference of "Small Countries"
which took place from 23rd September to October
Ist in Jersey. Channel Islands, the United
The Conference, which was open to countries of the
British Commonwealth with populations of less
than 250,000, was attended by delegates from 30
The Conference agenda included environmental
pollution, financial security, drugs, apartheid and
parliamentary scrutiny of public spending.
CAM Mass CS6ASf' t a Gr It
The Canadian International Development Agency
(CIDA) is to make a grant of EC$6 million over the
next five years to implement the "interim
MHEE UE. SKODTM PAGE 12
Page 12 Saturday 18th October 1986 The Grenada Newsletter
miEn UUORTEA ROfM PAE ,i,
phase" of the CocoaRehabilitationProject. CIDAis
also to provide EC$600,000 for fertilizer
This was announced in Grenada on October Ist by
Mr Peter Hoffman of the Canadian High
Commission in Barbados.
Mr Hoffman said this aid is based on commitment
f the Grenada Government to follow
recommendations of team of Canadian consultants
appointed to study reorganisation of the Cocoa
Mr George Brizan, Minister for Agriculture &
Fisheries, said at a World Food Day celebration on
October 16th that, for the first six months of 1986,
the amount of fish landed by Grenadian fishermen
showed an increase of 213,000 lbs or 34.4%.
One factor creating this increase, the Minister said,
s the increased number of boats purchased by
fishermen through Government's loan scheme
underwhich EC$643,000bas already been allocated
to 118 fishermen.
According to Mr Brizan. two other factors are the
increased number of "long lies" used in fishing and
the guaranteed market offered by the Artisanal
Fisheries Development Project.
Graduates of St Georges University School of
Medicine now hold licenses to practice medicine in
39 of the 50 United States oi America.
According to an announcement from the School,
860 of te School's 1055 graduates between the
years 1981 and 1984 responded to a questionnaire,
and the resulting survey shows that 546 of the
responding graduates were granted 928 licenses,
many with standing in more than one State.
Other statistics disclosed by the survey are that
graduates of the University hold faculty positions in
22 United States Medical Schools. and
approximately 25% have been or are presently
holding positions as Chief Residents in 119 United
According to the Government Information Service,
British Airways (BA) will begin flights to Grenada
in April 1987.
BA will fly from London to Grenada via Antigua
and Barbados on Saturdays. returning the same day
Ina related development, Minister of Civil Aviation,
Dr Keith Mitchell has announced that permission
has been given to a United States carrier, Skystar
International, to operate twice weekly charter flights
(Wednesdays and Fridays) between New York and
Cabinet has asked Minister of Education, Mr
George McGuire, to set up a committee to plan a
suitable ceremony to honour the national basketball
team which came out top in the recent Organisation
of East Caribbean States (OECS) championship.
The national table tennis team, national netball team
and Huggins netball team, all of which have been
perfornng well at the international level, are to be
honoured at the same time. (868)
~i:::: -,:: ::~:~ -: -:: :i- ... i
/ / ~
18th October 1986
Printed & Published By The Proprietors
Alister & Cynathia lghes. Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges, Grenada. Westiadies
(Post Office Box 65: Phone  440 2538)