Page 4 Saturday 20th Seitember 1986 TheGrenada Newsletter
[TRIAL PFOM PAGE 3
IFrederick. he says. when the news was broken to
him ald the sadness and grief which swept over him
then is still with him today.
"My loss is not so much that of a great political
leader or an outstanding lawyer", Strachan says,
"my loss is that of my best friend"
During Strachan's address, however, there were
ismles on the faces of several members of the jury.
There was also obvious chuckling in the jury-box
las Strachan described his emotions. but this reaction
did not appear to have been noticed by him.
Before Strachan began his statement, Colville
McBarnette, who started his statement on the day
before, wound up his address with a series of
questions directed to 'Grenadians"
McBarnette, in his address from the Dock, placed
himself atthe Radio Station on 19th October 1983 at
a critical time when a statement given by him to the
Police places him at a meeting of the New Jewel
Movement Central Committee at Fort Frederick,
allegedly taking a decision to execute Bishop.
jAddressing himself directly to the jury, McBarnette
asked whether a statement taken under torture can be
accepted as evidence to convict and hang a
I Where is the evidence that I participated by word or
action in causing the deaths of others?", he
MMcB arnette asked also whether the Prosecution will
be "allowed to complete their plan" of turning him
into a "sacrificial lamb".
On resumption of the Court sitting on September
'l 7th. it was disclosed that the accused had noted the
reactions of the jury to Strachan's address. on the
iBefore he continued his defence statement, Strachan
drew the attention of the Court to the jury's
reactions and said he considered it a grave
Prosecution barrister Guyanese Senior Counsel told
the Chief Justice that, if Strachan wished to pursue
e matter the jury should retire, but Strachan
Miy complaint should be heard by the jury', he
aid, "it hinges on a free and fair trial"
But the Judge agreed with Mr Singh and the jury left
he Court room while the matter was pursued.
When they returned some 75 minutes later, Mr
Byron addressed them.
"The accused have expressed displeasure over what
they describe as your chuckling and laughing' ". be
said. "As judges of the facts, it is important that
ou maintain an exemplary demeanour at all times.
I am not saying that you have not done so, but I am
merely emphasising the fact"
Strachan then continued his unsworn statement
from the Dock, tracing Grenada's political history
from the return to Grenada of Bishop in 1970,
through the establishment "of the' New Jewel
Movement on 11th March 1973, and the civil unrest
of the 1970s.
He spoke also of his closeness with two of the
murder victims. Bishop and Unison Whiteman, a
closeness which, he said, made the murder charges,
against him ridiculous.
"Do you think it is possible that I. Selwyn Strachan
could kill Maurice Bishop and Unison Whiteman ?",
he asked, "Are they serious ?"
When the adjournment was taken, his narrative was
at a point in 1979, just before the New Jewel
Movement (NJM) revolution of that year and, when
he continued on September 1 Ah, hepaid tribute to
two Grenadians who. he said, smuggled arms into
Grenada for the revolution.
Strachan said, in November 1978, he was in
Grenada's sister island of Carriacou with Maurice
Bishop, Bernard Coard and other prominent
members of NJM doing "political work" as
foundation for the revolution for which the party
had planned since 1976.
"One cant say a revolution will take place on a
certain date", he told the Chief Justice and the jury,
"but one can prepare for the day"
In Carriacou, the NJM group received news that
Chester Humphrey and James Wardally, two NJM
members, had been arrested in the United States,
and Strachan said they immediately knew the basis
of the arrest.
'By then", he said, 'these patriotic comrades had
already sent to Grenada some of the materials we
were hoping to utilise"
Humphrey and Wardallywere charged in the United
States, on February 2nd 1979, on 6 counts
involving crossing State lines with weapons,
defacing serial numbers on weapons and smuggling
arms and ammunition to Grenada.
Their case was due for hearing in Washington, D C
on October 3rd of that year, but they jumped bail
and arrived in Grenada on the day before that.
Following the military intervene! on in October 1983 .
Wardallv was not in Grena'a, Humphrey was.
The United States tried unsuccessfully to have him
extradited and Strachan said this action was in
"After the revolution was overthrown the United
States tried to take revenge", he said, "They tried to
get Chester Humphrey extradited because of the role
All Grenadians supported Humphrey, he said.
They recognized the part he played in "liberatng"
Grenada, and the revolution was a shining example
to revolutionaries, not only in the Caribbean but
throughout the world and in America.
Backtracking in dates several times, Strachan's
defence statement on this day traced the
development of NJM, its strategies and problems in
the 1970s and early 1980s.
CONTINUED ON PAGE
l*ejt renia Nevsletter
Saturday 20th September 1 86
'At the Ao'-,n.i1 ent. he was relating, in detail, the
thappei.i of September/October 1983,
,-* .,. ;:.elp rior to the traumatic events of 19th
'Octob '- ihPU% year and, when the Court resumed on
'i. ne,;.:: Frida) 19th September. he said there
"o 1j0 ir te '--.eEat!-!h hat Prime Minister
4ishl;r.o was put under house arrest six days before
.h w:r. 4lai7ed down at Fort Rupert on 19th
iOctobt-r f^1''-' -
Political Bureau for attempting to vaderr.ine' the
party decision that Bishop and Bernard Coard
should share "joint leader.hp of the New Jewel
"But there is no bitterness in my heart "awards
George". Strachan said, "let himgo ahead"
Strachan told the Court of various meetice and
caucuses which took place dutiruz t tthird ifeek in
-' .... .,so .har .te the evidence of Geore October 1983.
Lo ,orl tI: former Cabinet colleague in e over the even
'Peog~tL Rie; -:vtionarv _.; ve_-mnent (PRG).
UHojle Arrest "It was so s-U
iTestrJ\. .~or tC.E Prosecutioa, Louison, former Committee me
R- .. ;:- for Ariculture. said that, ata General to 16th Septera
..e-. of the Party on 13th October 1983, Bisbcp was no
S mtrn announced thai the Central Commiaceehad also were no
decided to put Bishop under house arrest. revolution was
,"Louison irta'r .-tr: is totally iuco rect ', Strachan
'said, shopp hac a stand ng ovation when he Strachan saic
!rolke ai 'j parry members gave him the same warm development
r'espo_-; which they have over the years" reason. he sa
Strach., said Louison is bitter because he was The Court will
'pel v-4 ?'m) the Cenrai C-mmittee and Se.trember (3
And, he exb.r.ed be--iJerment
ts of October fith.
den he said we had our Central
eting with full niscusrvs ns from 14th
.br and just one month later, Maurice
more. Other prominent comrades
more and, one week after that, the
no more and the country was under
he could not understand the
of these events. Tnere must be
id, but he cannot find them.
resume its sitting on Monday 22nd
DEFENCE CHALLENGES ACT 111985
iThe Defence n the Maurice 3 ishop Murder Trial has filed a Motio in the High Court asking the Act 111985
" -ci-~'i-d in.vlid in its effect to abolish appeals from the GrenanE Supreme Court o the Privy
A'.i Ac e po 'ed oy rte New National Government of Prime Minister Herbert Blaize, validates all laws
V'... by the Peoples Revolutionary Government. and that includes Peoples law 84''979 which abolishes
;,'.':, '. rc e Privy Council
Sat,: .- c..:cted to the Motion, Guvanese Senior Counsel Mr Clarence Hughes say> ttba, ina relative
.tie- i-.c 'h PriVy Council on 10th July 1985, one of the Justice Lord Diploc' h,-.; us~d him if the
f thle .-!o,,>e of Representatives had issued a certificate relative to Ac: 1 /1 .
Accftrtig :.o the Grerada Constitution in
con1atnui wi',h b ills which alter certain parts of the
(Lonast.'itc~i. he rSeaker must issue a certificate
i-ht *t'eludve Act v;av- ass I with at least a two-
.:r,; .r'.ajy. (cN N'WSLETTER, Volume
14,. N.amber 14, of 30th August 1986,
"Ramsay Says Act 1/19AS Invalid")
Mr HugSl- s-.'y he -old Lord Diplock he assumed
This hAd -:e- done azLt the then Attorey General.
'.Ir C'./. ., saidhbe felt sure a Certificate was
UIn his i::da- i!', M',r Hu'.he says it has now been
lomfirrn'*-j muat a C-.,tiate was not issued and, on
this b, r :he Motion asks for a declaration that Act
1'1985 is ".w:holly invalid, null and void, of no
ief t for .r O:;J.orutioralij-, uncertainty and/or
oab bi:^ rdit
T. a Jugmeicntm of the ?rivy Council Lord Diplock
said ti ai tter of dte Certificate was not raised
:o-t n j*. he ri _' Council or in the Grenada Supreme
Court because it is "common ground" that the Act
receive at least a two-thirds majority in both the
EHousz rid Senate.
The ,Mom:n, which wi. filed on September 8th, has
been fixed for 1t :ring on September 24th.
DISSENTION iN NNF
Dr Frpcis Aexis, Minister of Local Goveranent ia
the New National Party (NNP) Govermn.ent of!
Prime iniste! Herbert Blaize, has withdrawn hisl
threat to resign from Cabinet.
Amid reports of opposition in Cabinet circles, Dr
Alexis, on September 4th, ._aid, at a public
meeting, he would resign if he was -ot able to carr
out his pledge to re-introduce Local J ov'e:'mnent
before the end of this year.
At a pubtif meeting on September 14r1, however,
he .-.closed that, he has revised his position.
"Going :round the country fnr the last 10 dn;vs or
so he said, "I have been gi ,ec. to believe th:'vou,
the people, have --ilysed thc tiui-t:a:ion :u.c y-,u have
concluded you are satisfied~ thtb ~L.xsr.' of Local
Government is doing its best to: nag abour Locall
Government expeditiously..., "
In that setting, Dr Alexis said. tin ques:ion of the
people reviewing his contir.-:::g .s Mhi,,- for
Local Governent does not a're and he wiil not
"I'm not going anywhere", he "nd, "I ar. :..arding
and iilh:ling evenif I am thl a5ijm&".
(%ieC,9AM ED 01 .PAOKi
Page 6 Saturday 20th September 1986 The Grenada Newsletter
ISSENTION PROM ]PAOEB -
iSome of Dr Alexis statements, however, indicate Thatparty is a merger of the Grenada National Party
here may be continuing dissention in the (GNP) which was led by Prime Minister Herbert
Government. Grenada is in a "very serious Blaize, the Grenada Democratic Movement (GDM)
stage" of its history, he said. and he hopes the time led by Dr Alexis, and the National DemocraticParty
wilj now come when some serious thinking will (ND) led by Mr Brizan.
have to be done
i Mea Up nStressing his closeness with Dr Alexis, Mr Brizan
iNo one person is going to "mess up" Grenada, Dr said there are "some people" who are offended by
IAleis said. The country is mightier than any that closeness because they know he and Dr Alexis
~P-le individual However high a position anyone are "fully committed to the disadvantaged people"
iight. or might not, occupy, the national interest of Grenada.ihd
Takes priority over any personality.
ak" or a. We abolished NDP", he said, "GDM was
i"When decisions are going to be taken about the abolished, GNP was abolished and it has to remain
uture of the country", Dr Alexis said, "it must be abolished, and we formed NNP. And if there is
junterstood that it is not a matter of one man getting anything wrong with NNP, we must stay inside and
op in the morning and deciding to smash up the put it right".
e" Every man must have a voice, Mr Brizan said, the
h comments of Mr George Brizan. Minister for people elected them to serve and all areequal.
Lgricllture & Tourism, also speaking at that
meeting, indicate that, if there is dissension i ,Who has grown too big for their boots", he said,
'(Cvernment, it centers on the NNP back nd they better find some other place." (505)
VENEZUELA & GRENADA SIGN AID AGREE EMENTS
t'he Venezuelan and Grenadian Governmens have entered into three aid initiatives involving over half
million United States dollars.
|ai sn interview on September 19th Mr Eduardo Rotundo Rojas, International Research & Financial
iAnalyst. attached to the Venezuelan Goernment Investment Fund, said two Agreements have already been
n1gned and the ird was expected to be signed within a week.
i'There is one cause the Grenada Government would like amended", be said. "It is not a big matter and I
Feel sure the change can be accommodated .
Srn eaAgreement which is still unsigned, and which
One Agreement already signed relates to 100 concerns a deposit of US$105.000 which the
prefabricated houses given by Venezuela to the Venezuelan Government made in 1983 with the
IPeoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) some 5 Grenada Government's National Commercial
years ago, Mr Rotundo Rojas said. Bank.
At that time, Venezuela offered a loan of That deposit, then used for assistance with balance
Uj S$150,000 to finance the building of the houses, of payments, earned 8% interest, and Venezuela is
which measure each about 65 square meters, but now prepared to convert it to a loan at 4% interest to
the offer was not taken up by the PRG and the loan finance erection of fisheries refrigeration storage
agreement. was not signed until 1984 when the facilities.
Intem Government was in office.
"There are some details in this agreement still to be
.lowcver, due to devaluation of the Venezuelan settled", Mr Rotundo Rojas said, "but I feel that,
icuxienc, thatloanwas found to be insfficien even within a week, we shall be ready for signature".
though. because of poor storage, some 50% of the
jrefia~ cated houses have been lost Repayment of the loan will be over 15 years. (435)
IA new loan has now been arranged, Mr Rotundo A LPAT ..
Rojas said. and, on 16th May the Agreement was R fA SPA
'"sined for (.rS$300,000, interest being at 4% and BROOME COaQfNTa EWh YORaK.
repayment over 15 years. Under the umbrella of "Partners of the Americas", a
'partnership" between Grenada and Broome County
Another Agreement dating back to the PRG relates in New York State was officially launched by
to the Fisheries Project and involves a loan of Governor General Sir Paul Scoon' on September
!U'S$155,000 at 2% interest repayable over 40 12th.
That Agreement was signed on July 13th 1982
during the regime of the PRG but, for a number of
reasons, was not implemented. This project,
,which has now been put into action, is expected to
be completed by 1987. It involves the purchase of
fishing equipment from Venezuela and includes
trang elements through Venezuelan fishing
management and refngeration experts
lRelated to the Fisheries Project is the third
The Grenada/Broome County link-up is the 10th
partnership to be arranged between the English-
speaking Caribbean and a County in New York
State, the first dating back to 1972 when Jamaica
became a carter with Erie and other Counties
around Buffalo in western New York.
'Partners of the Americas" is a private non-profit
organisation founded in 1964 as an off-shoot of
President John Kennedy's "Alliance for Progress".
coarlnIue DON PAo 7
The Grenada Nevsletter Saturday 20th September 1986 Page 7
.n experimental aquacultu project of Grenada's Science & Technology Counsel entered its evaluation stage
ofn September lOt when he first harvesting yielded some 200 pounds of fresh-water shrimp.
This project funded by the Organisation of American States(OAS), was launched last January 24th when a
small artificial lake was seeded with 10,000 young shrimp weighing less than one pound.
AArTNE PROM PAOE m
SThe organisation is funded by major corporations,
.oundattons and government agencies. and apool of
skilled, professional volunteers for community
based projects is made available to partners" .
jln Grenada for the launching Of the "p-rtnership"
;was a delegation from Broome County led by Ms
irIenda Margolis, Direcor of the Youth Services
;Bureau in Broome County.
Ms. Margolis. who led the delegation in her private
cacity, said at a press conference on September
130tb that the parent body, the National Association
of Partnerships, is meeting current expenses and
there will be some fund rasing efforts. Providing
oey for financing rojeKs, however, is not the
basis on which the pariterships" work.
'The idea is not to bring money and tractors but to
share technical expertise. she said, "People from
both sides will visit to learn."
representative from the other 9 English-saki
pntner countnes were in Grenada ten for
Discussions with Mr Gilmore Rocheford, the
IBarbados based Caribbean representative for
SPartners in Amertca"..
'hese discussions centered on utilisation of a rant
IJom the United States Agency For Internaonal
Development, that grant to be applied to Wrining in
fields to be decided upon. (3lb)
Officials of the Counsel are optmis that
subsequent harvesting will yield considerable more
weight of shrimp and that the project will be found
to be a success.
OAS Director in Grenada, Mr Todd Payne, present
at the first harvesting, said, if the project proves to
be feasible, it will be the forerunner of other similar
ventures in other parts of the island.
"At some stage", he said, "the accounting will have
to be done and then we will see the net balance, if it
is a positive or negative one. If it is positive, then
this ot proet will be useful in evaluating the
feasibiity of putting down siilr projects in
different parts of the country.'
The shrimp, the Giant alayan Prawn. are not
native to Grenada but were imported from
Guadeloupe. Food for the shrimp is also
imported trom Guadeloupe and an official of the
Counsel said the first seeding of the lake does not
stat a self sstuniang cycle. After the lake has
bee harvested, it must be re-seeded with another
importation of young shrimp.
it has been disclosed that, to date, the project has
cost EC$50.900 including the cost of creating the
artificial take. Thatake, fed by the "Grand Bras"
river in St Andrews parish, is oval shaped and is
approimaty 150 fee by 60 feet in length and
width. ts greatest depth in about 5 feet.
'' '.;';- .:. `I.;:7"
e New National Part (NW ) Overnment of Prime 41oister Herber Blaize 'continues to maintain
stubborn, dictatorial, nwa-egiating potionwith respeto the issue of salaryincreases to Public Workers
for 1985 and 1986.
Sllgation Is made it a tement published on Setber 13th signed by the Presidents of the
related trade uions, The Genda Unio of Teachers, the echcal & Allied Workers Union and Grenada
Public Woieks Union.
IAn Industrial Agreemen signed by Government with these three Unions expired on 31st December 19831
nd pending signature of alw Ageement, the ei Government granted in 1984, an interim increase of
112 1 -1*
Early in 1985, the Unions made demands on the elected NNP Government relative to a new AgreementL
These demands were fora 30% across-the-hoard increase for 1985 and a "weighted average" 30% increase
for 1986. this 'weighted average" ensuring tha the lower salary scales receive higher percentage increase
.lan the higher scales.
According to a spokesman for the Unions. Government refused to consider any increases for
"After several futile attempts to get the Government's team to change its stance with respect to 1985", the
published statement says. "the matter was finally referred to the Minsistr of Labour for mediation".
i"OnThursday 14th August, the Unions' team appeared before the Labour Commissionerand Deputy Labour!
1:om-nutssiner to present its case. At the close of the meeting. the Unions' team was assured by the|
Departr,. [r of Labour personnel that they would be seeking to hold discussions with the Governmeqt team,.
olllowwig which the Unions' team would be notified of the outcome of the meeting. To date. three weeks
ater the Unions team appeared before the Labour Ministry mediators, there has been no word
-------- ._- CONTINURD lO PAGE 81
Satwday2ot rnber 1936 -20t h ff.renmb-NvsW6 tt.
'gfT.AMENT PROMPAOB '4 1 C
about any meeting with GoQvernment's negotiating
team or any further action"
According to the Unions, Government refuses to
rconnsder anv increases for 1986 until there has been
a reclassification of the Public Service "'as
recommended by the Report of. commission
which was appointed to study the Organisation &
'Methods' of the Pubhc Service.
Fhe statement publishbedbyithewnions says that the
ioriginal proposal was that the reclassification be
iconducted in 1985, to take effect from January
Since bhalfthe year has alreadygone", the statement
sas,. and the exercise has not yet begun, far less to
bte completed, negotiations should commence on
increases for 1986."
n a related matter, the Unions have filed a Motion
in the High Cort seeking a declaration that the
education of money from salaries ofPublic
Servants who staged a sick out" is illegal.
iLast February 3rd, the Unions warned Government
tha.. it negotiations on a new Ageemet did
i -'. tWS S
iBritisb Airways (BA) is expected to start direct
fglignts to Grenada next April.
This was disclosed on September 17th by Dr Keith
Mitchell, Minister responsible for Civil Aviation,
olaowing hms visit to the United Kingdom as a guest
fi the British Government.
BA was willing to iistitute these flights in December
,1986.D lr Mitchell said, possibly as an extension of
the present London/Barbados run, but, because of
e unavailability of equipment, this is not
Dr Mitchell left Grenada for the U.k o September
1st, and returned on September 16th. In Britain,
he toot the opportunity to hold discussions with
Cable & Wireless Ltd with reference to the
ssibihy of a joij relationship In the Grenada
1chis^ rneMassa rP~mrw'r feGaeials
i"& Gu Zhifang, recently appointed non-resident
'Amhassatorroo renada. presented his credentials to
Governor General Sir Paul Scoon on September
Ambassador Zhifang was accompanied by Madam
lF, Second Secretary Mr H. Daigang and Mr
uIing iaozthon of the China News Agency.
ICourtesy calls were paid on Ptimi Minister Herbert
!tIlaRe and minister of External Affairs. Mr Ben
tJon:, before Ambassador Zhifang returned to
'hartnado on Septemher 20th.
not begin by February 11th. the Unions would "feel
free to .take whatever action they saw fit"
The warning was not heeded 'and, on February
24th, a "sick-ut' was staged. Arising from this,
according to a Union spokesman, Government
deductedsome EC$l8,O0. 00 from tfe sidaries ofd
those Public Servants who took par in the 'sick-1
A protest from the Unions was responded to in al
letter of 5th March 1986 from the Director General
rejecung the suggestion that the decision to make
the deductions be reconsidered and advising
Governments opinion that the "sick-out" was
precipitate and unwarranted"
The Unions' published statement says the delay in
fixing a date for hearing of the fMtion hasbeenl
caused by the fact that the Court is in recess, but it i
expected that a date will be filed 'so;,. ;
"In the meantime, fellow workers" the stateme
says, "unite as one body. The time isfast
approaching when we will have to takeaction to
bring our employer to its senses" (j63)
Operatives & Social Security, will represent
Grenada at the 32nd Commonwealth Parliamentary
Conference to'be held in London from September,
,23rd to October Ist.
Prior to the Conference, there will be held, on the
British island of Jersey, on September 22nd, al
Conference of 30 small Commonwealth Countries,
and Dr Alexis left Grenada on 19th Septembeirto
actqd this Conference also.
Dr Alexias accompanied by Mr Curt Strachan
Clerk of Parliament.
pDaaieIe CostNeadrv ORafilliia EC
The Ministry of Agriculture reports that tropical
storm "Danielle" which affected Grenada early i
September, did approximately EC$813,000 worth
of damage to crops and farm roads.
The Banana Industry was hardest hit with 68,000:
banana plants, equivalent to approximately I00
asres; destroyed.. Additionally, 6 cocoa trees and'
12,'lnmeg trees were damaged, making the totali
crop damage cost EC$413,000.
The Ministr estimates the banana loss represents
3.3 million pounds or 18% of estimated exports for
WiiffrAer WfIO/PbO CanterekwA
Mr Daniel Williams, Minister For Health is!
scheduled to leave Grenada on September 20t toi
attend the 22nd World Health OrgaiisationT'ain
American Health Orgaimsation Sanitary Conference
to take place in Washington, D C, from September
22nd to 30th.
Dr~bCT C9 9rni Axi o_
X Framis Uexi!., Nifi nister u f Labour, Co-
The Grenada Nevslettr Saturday 20th September 1986 Pag 9
I -s. _s-ea r---- .,,-m a-
IA Canadian "Hercules" military transport aircraft
arrived at Point Salines international Airport on
September 16th with a consignment of furniture and
other essemial supplies for Grenada's schools.
S The consignment is a gift from the Canadian
Minister of Education, Mr George McGuire, told the
SGovernment information Service that, last
Sepcenber. the Canadian Goveraftent donated
C$75.000 worth of school supplies to
An official of the Ministry of External Affairs. Mr
Danneath Modeste, has been awarded a scholarship
to read for the Master of Philosophy Degree in
international Relations at Magdalene College,
ICambridge University, England.
[This scholarship is one of four awardedby Barclays
Bank, London, in collaboration with the Cambridge
Commonwealth Trust and the Chancellor's Fund
For Study at Cambridge.
lAs a part of Canada's Regional Port Cargo
IHadn systems Project. funded by the Canadian
Sltmtiona evelopment Algen(CID A), a diesel
powered fork valued at EC$Sm0,000, has been
donated to Gretnda Poit' Authority.
ICIDA is to provide training forGrenadian personnel
in the operation and maintenance ofthe forklift
which has a lifting capacity of 80,000 pounds
SAmhe-nember team from the recentlyformed Drug
iProcurement Centre (DPC) visted Grenada on
SepCmber 17th and held discussions with Minister
,ofTiealth. Mr Daniel Williams.
The Eastern Caribbean Drug Services Programme
*has been designed to enable members of the
Organisation of East Caribbean States to purchase
drugs in bulk through the DPC which has been
established in StLuca
Mr Williams was advised that staff for DPC has
i already been engaged and the headquarters building
is being equipped.
,A new book has been published on Grenada.
iUnder the title 'Revolutionary Grenada" and
concttraing on the political economy of the island
during the regime of the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG), the book is written by
Professor Frederic L Pryor, Professor of
iEconomics at Swarthmore College, Pennsylvania,
Wi S A.
I professor Pryor has the ditinction of being the oay
person to n av, interviewed. Benard Co ,
former fDeputy, Prike Minister and Minister aof
Finance in the PRG, since Coard was arrested and
pu on trial for the murder of former Prime Miniser
Maurice Bishop and others.
The Brazilian made Bandeirante aircraft, p ha
by the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG),
has been sold to Grenada Airways.
This was disclosed in the Senate on September 12th
by Leader of Government Business, Mr Norton
Noel, in reply to a question by Opposition Senaor,
Mr Albert Forsythe.
Senator Noel said the aircraft was sold fo
EC$400.000, but was unable to say what the PRG
had paid for it.
Senator Norton Noel, Leader of Governm
Business in the Senate, disclosed in the Senate o
September 12th that 719 pupils graduated from the
island's secondary schools in July 1985.
In answer to an Opposition question. Senator Nod
could not say how many of these pupils have found
Dr Perolof Elfstrad, Pediatrician f Radda Barnen,
the Swedish Save The Children Fundig Agency,
has advised Minister of Health, Mr DanieIWieiams
that his Agency will supply some EC4,000worth
of equipment foruse retarded andhndicappe
Dr Elfstrand is currently on a five and a half mot
assignment to Gren
Ten teachers flew out of Grnada on Se er 7th
to take up one-year scholarships at the University of
Tallahasse, Florida, US A.
Funded by the United States Agency Fo
International Development, the scholarships cova
studies in Educational Administrative Principles
Philosophy and other subjects.
A ',em? A& CXCLRar intsieawesmz.a
According to a release from the Ministry
Education. Grenadian students scored 1
Advanced Level subject asses out of 381 subec
entries recorded in the 16 Cambridge Univsi
Of these, 146 went to the Institute For Further
Education. 5 to Bishop's College, 1 to Presentatio
Brothers ColUege and 13 to private candidates.
SOITrlMIBU OM fAOtE 1
iPag 10 Saturday 20th September 1986 The Grenada Nevsletter
NEWrS SORTS PROM PhoE 9-----------------
In the Caribbean Examination Council (CXC) examinations, there were 693 subject passes out of a total of
!1770 subject entriesrecorded.
.a 1985, there were 569 passes out of a total of 1385 subject entries recorded.
Mir Plhnsley St Louis. Parliamentary Representative for St Georges South, announced in Parliament on
tSeptember 5th that he is no longer a member of Prime Minister Herbert Blaize's New National Party
Mr Nt Louis originally announced his resignation from the Party at a NN public meeting on August
21st. ( See "St Louis Resigns From NNP" NEWSLETTER 30.8.86)
-I Geart F Cohrow hpher
Grenada is to share in a United States Agency For International Development grant of US$3 million for
project to develop a programme oi assistance to cocoa production and marketing.
|rhe grant, to be administered through the Pan American Development Foundation, will assist Grenada,
eVincent. St Lucia and Dominica.
IGrenada, the largest cocoa producer in the Organisation of East Caribbean States, has been designated
headquarlrs for the project. (1365)
;' - - -* - . .. ^ ^ ^ -' J
S oer Hughes
20th Septeiber 1986
Printed & Publisbed By The Proprietors
Sister & Cynthia Hughes. Jounalists
Of Scott Street. St Georges, Grenada, Westiadies
(Post Office Box 65: Phone [8091 440 2538)
Cyt6i Ha hes
Volume 14 Saturday 20th September 1986 Number 15
STHE MAURICE BISHOP MURDER TRIAL
An ex-Uniied States Army serviceman was fatally
Wounded as he commanded the unit of armoured
personnel carriers (APC) of the Peoples
Revolutionary Army (PRA) which attacked Fort
upert on the day Prime Minister Maurice Bishop
others were murdered there.
and the jury as the Maurice Bishop Murder trial
continued on Monday September 1st.
I"Otticer Cadet Conrad Mayers spent 5 years in the
iU S Army, setrng in West Germany" said the
accused. former Lieutenant Colonel Ewart Layne.
tJay-to-day PRA Commander, "he was the most
;experienced officer in the Peoples Revolutionary
!Army and that is why I sent him in charge of that
Layne said it is clear there was no intention to
massacre anyone when the APC went to Fort Rupert
!as Mayers and all the other soldiers were sitting on
the outside of the vehicles.
"There was no need to sit outside", he said. "the
ns of the APC can be operated from inside and, if
here had been any intention to kill people, all the
'soldiers would have been inside the vehicles.
Mavers lost his life trying to recapture Fort Rupert
ndI bear the burden tor that"
The former Army Commander asked the Court to
note that no questions have been asked as to how
Mayors died and no charge has been made against
)anyone for that killing
IThe events of October 19th 1983 have been
.described as an "army coup" by the Press, Layne
said, but.he contended that, in any army coup. the
soldiers surround Parliament Building, the
Mini'sries and key installations
1it was totally different on 19th October he said,
"if anyone was under attack, it was the Army.
Civilians had overrun PRA Headquarters at Fort
Rupert and the Army was taking defensive action to
Layne said the tragedy of that day weighs heavily on
hun as it led to the deaths of close comrades and
friends, but, tragic as the situation is, one should
not try to 'wipe out' the facts.
"The Army was legally entitled to defend its
installations", he said. "I was legally entitled to
dispatch the unit of APC, not to kill anyone, but to
recapture Fort Rupert"
jLayne spent some time on this I f T
day ( 1st) attacking aspects of the F U.
ia which, he claimed, denied 17Th AU
fe defendants a free and fair 344th
I CTOLT1TBIA UInTVERIITV MUAR
hearing. These aspects include the alleged bias ofl
the Judge and the charge that the jury had been
"This trial was rigged before it started", he
Layne continued his unsworn statement o
September 2nd, accusing the Grenada Appeal Court
of being corrupt and subject to United States
The Maurice Bishop
Murder Trial....................... 1
Act 111985.......................... 5
Dissention In NNP.................. 5
Venezuela & Grenada
Sign Aid Agreements....------. 6
Greada Is "Partner" With
Broome County, N.Y. .......... 6
Being Evaluated................. 7
Public Workers Publish
Statement ................. ....... 7
Nevs Shorts..-----....--------....-....-..-- 8
He reminded the Chief Justice and the jury that
President of the Appeal Court, Mr Justice 0 F
Haynes. had disqualified himself when the
Defence Motion charging breaches of constitutional
rights had come before the Appeal Court.
When Mr Justice Haynes had disqualified himself,
he gave as his reason the fact that, as a single judge
of tae Appeal Court, this Motion had already been
His place was taken by ex-Chief Justice Sir
Archibald Nedd, Mr Justice Nicholas Liverpool
taking over the Presidency, but Layne says
"something funny" happened.
Mr Haynes had had the courage to declare the
Grenada Supreme Court "unconstitutional", Layne
says, and he insinuated Mr Haynes had been forced
out of the Presidency of the Court in favour of Mr
Layne says the Appeal Court, under Mr Liverpool,
indicated that, within four weeks, it would give
instructions about the hearing of the Motion. That
time is long past, Layne says, and the instructions
DED have not yet been given.
UST I j7p l have no doubt Layne says,
JUST l ''j ,that the comoosi tin of the
ISSUE -: erim iAOA
LIA MOORS CABOT WARD 19841
'`"~'"~~ ~~~ ~"'' I""''' U"U`
Page 2 Saturday 20th Septembr 1986 .,The Gre a Newsletter
i *i~- '---------- --- n------ __ *____
al ;o hai bek changeo to manipulate this
O A. . "' "
s ig.ficat, he sas, that te United States has
ive five and a half million dollars for the
Caribbean Judiciary and, according to Lavne, that
sum has been given to Mr Livirpoo to
Before Layne continued on the following day.
September 3rd. another accused, former Deputy
Prime Minister in the Peoples Revolutionary
Government, Bernard Coard,complained of
"prejudicial' articles appearing in a Grenada
Coard referred to publications in the "Indies Times",
'official publication of the Maurice Bishop Patriotic
Movement (MBPM) headed by Coard's former
Comrade" in the New Jewel Movement (NJM),
!He said those articles referred to the accused in a
(virulent, libelous and obscene manner and had
attacked defence statements made by the
I have seen articles in other papers which refer to
matters before this Court, Coard said, "but the
articles in 'Indies Times' go further than any before.
Through the Court, I now draw this to the attention
6of the Director of Public Prosecutions for
C.oards complaint had an echo in Layne's
assertions as he continued his defence statement,
attacking the evidence of Prosecution witness.
George Louison, another former NJM "comrade"
mad Radix's Deputy.
ILayne said Louison's evidence is suspect because
jLouison stands to profit if the former NJM
leadership, now on trial for murder, is put to
"If Grenadians do not consider, then history will
consider what Louison has to gain if the Americans
achieve their objective of murdering us". he said.
'"He, and the Americans, are extremely interested in
seeing the remaining NJM leadership killed by
tLayne said Louison and the MBPM spent the 1984
election campaign trying to establish that the
members of the MNJM Central Committee now on
trial are guilty of murder and have to be
According to Lavne. Louison feels that, if the
remaining NJMieidership is hanged, then there will
be no competition for MBPM in the left field of
On September 4th, as he continued his defence
statement. in a bitter angry outburst, Lavne
accused Chief Justice Dennis Byron of being utider
American influence and being unconcerned with
administration of justice.
The outburst came when Layne referred to evidence
given by a Prosecktion witness in the Preliminary
uiry(PI). That evidence, according to Layne,
contradicts the evidence given by that witness atthe
STheiief Justice told: Layne th4 evidence given in
the' PI is not prt of the records of the trial and,
according to the rule the the Court, Layne could not
refer to that evidence .
'It is part of my obligation that I must point out to
you tat you may not refer to the evidence in the
Preliminary Trial", Mr Byron said, "and I shall have
to instruct the jury accordingly"
"Your first obligations to justice", Layne shouted,
"and you should live up to this .
The Chief Justice had taken an oath to promote
justice, not to 'cut off lives", he said, and "he has
the gall to sit there and tell me he will instruct the
jury to forget it"
The Jude plays a principal role in the trial", Layne
said,"an the Americans took a long hard look
before they selected a Judge to hear this case"
The Americansneeded to fabricate a case againstthe
accused to justify their "invasion" of Grenada, he
said, and now the Chief Justice has the PI evidence
before him and says he will instruct the jury to
Those who are planning to frame Grenadian
citizens and murder them will answer for it", Layne
said. "Even if we are dead, those who come after
us will see to it"
Continuing his statement on September 5th, Layne
told Mr Byron, and the jury that the armoured
personnel carriers which went to Fort Rupert on
19th October 1983 had a legal right to fire on the
"They were ambushed", he said, "the unit came
under fire and, under the laws of Grenada and
international law they were entitled to return the
Lavne said it was not a situation in which the
soldiers were illegally breaking into somebody's
house and, when they returned somebody's fire,
someone was killed.
The Unit was recapturing Army Headquarters, he
said, and the soldiers could not be held responsible
for the deaths of two persons, Avis Ferguson and
Jemma Belmar. alleged to have been in the
Operations Room at ort Rupert with Bishop.
With reference to Bishop and the other persons
alleged to have been executed subsequently on the
upper parade square by the Army. Layne spent
some time attacking the evidence of alleged eye-
witnesses to the killings.
According to Layne, one of the alleged eye-
witnesses, Vernon Gabriel, a member of the Army
responsible for ammunition at Fort Rupert, said
three machine guns had been firing at the executed
persons for 10 minutes.
Layne said, at he rate of fire of the machine guns
with which the Army was equipped. this meant that|
some 15,000 rounds of ammunition would haveI
been expended 'in that time. One belt of
ammunition, he said, carries 200 rounds and,
therefore, it would have been necessary for the
The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 20th September 1986 Page 3
TRIAL PROM PAGE 2
soiier manning each of1 ose
guns to have had 25 belts.
"Those belts are heavy", Layne
said, "and, normally, only one is
carried. Gabriel was speaking
as a specialist, as Chief of
Ammunition, and he knows
better. What he said is
impossible and he could say it
only to civilians and get away
Layne said he does not contest
the fact that Bishop and others
with him died, but he is not
satisfied that the truth of how
they died has been exposed.
"What is unacceptable", he said,
"is that a tragic event is being
utilised to fulfil political
objectives which the Americans
always have had, the objective of
killing the leadership of the New
It was the Americans who
provoked the incident of October
19th 1983 which took the lives of
some of the leadership, he said,
and now that incident is being
sed, through the trial, to take the
lives of the remainder of the
'After the adjournment on this day
5tb) the Court did not sit again
util Wednesday September
r10th. This delay was due to
the fact that one of the team of
four Jamaican palantypists
(mechanical short-hand writers)
attached to the Court had to
rurn home on urgent personal
On September 10th, winding up
a total of 13 hours on his feet,
resenting what he called his
'indicative defence", Layne
predicted what the consequences
will be if the jury brings in a
An eternal curse and damnation
will befall all who have framed
e and my co-defendants", he
said, they may fly wherever
they wish, but they cannot go
beyond the reach of the long arm
f justice." Gaves
The graves of the accused will be
ma inspiration to the sons,
daughters and comrades of the
,accused to seek out "all the
foreigners who have framed us
and mete out justice to them", he
bse graves, Layne said. will
be a command to the
revolutionaries to take whatever
3r____Kw I X tg ^ .\,. Ii,,tT'jC iz
action is necessary to restore the
revolution and to bring to an end
in Grenada the "imperialism of
the United States and its
Layne was the 13th of the
accused to present what they
have all called an "indicative
defence", that is, an indication of
the defence they would have
presented in a trial they
considered free and fair.
As part of that defence, Layne
told Chief Justice Byron and the
jury that he and the other officers
and soldiers of the Peoples
Revolutionary Army should have
been tried in a Court Martial and
not in a Civil Court.
The events of 19th October 1983,
the day Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and others were
murdered, involve technical
military matters which require
military men to understand and
make a judgement on, he said.
Layne said he took responsibility
for sending the armoured cars to
Fort Rupert that day and he
argued he had authority for
taking that action.
"Everything in this case has been
justified on the basis of 'the
doctrine of necessity'", he said,.
"The Americans invaded Grenada
because they thought Grenada
was a threat and thought it
necessary to do so. Whatever
the Governor General did was
justified as 'necessity' and this
Court is justified as
Layne said 'he action of the Army)
on 19th October is also justified
as "necessity". The safety
and preservation of the State is
the supreme law, he said, and he
had sent the Army to Fort Rupert
to recapture it from the civilians
who had overrun it, and to
There were laws establishing the
Peoples Revolutionary Army
(PRA), he said and, as far as the
preservation of the State is
concerned, the Army is as
important as the Court System.
"In October 1983, as a Lieutenant
Colonel of the PRA", Layne
said. "I was at least as lawful and
legitimate with all the powers to
deploy units to restore order, as
His Lordship the Chief Justice is
a Judge and is entitled to make
rulings in this Court"
The gap in the team of Court
Reporters had not been filled at
this date (10th) and this resulted
in problems with recording and
transcribing the proceedings. The
Court Record had fallen behind
and the Chief Justice adjourned
the Court until September 15th
to permit the Record to be
brought up to date.
When hearings were resumed on
the 15th, the Court was told that
the Prosecution had made three
attempts to induce one of the
accused, Colville McBarnette, to
become a witness for the
This was alleged by McBarnette
himself as he became the 14th
accused to begin his unsworn
defence statement from the
McBarnette said he was offered a
house and promised his safety
would be assured if he gave
evidence confirming facts in a
statement given by him to the
Police, which statement, he says,
was extracted by torture.
"When their inducements failed",
he said, they resorted to threats
and, when those did not work,
they continued to frame me".
Referring to his "torture
statement", and giving reasons
why he signed it, McBarette
told Chief Justice Byron it is not
possible for h-m to resist beating
for any length of time.
Pointing to his spare physical
frame, he said, "Look at me,
Your Lordship, I'm not joking
when I say that I am frail".
Onthis date, September 15th, the
Court reporter who had had to
return to Jamaica hurriedly had not
yet returned and, as a result,
there was a short sitting.
On September 16th, there were
conflicting emotions in the Court
as accused Selwyn Strachan,
former Minister of Mobilisation
in the Peoples Revolutionary
Government, began an unsworn
statement from te Dock.
In an emotional voice. which
dropped to a level making it
difficult for the Court Reporters
to hear him, Strachan described
his deep sorrow when, on 19th
October 1983, he was told of
He had been at Fort
TVuiiix 0% 1~ir