The Grenada newsletter

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The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
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Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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A. & C. Hughes
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A. & C. Hughes
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Full Text

The G-enada ..


Volume 14 Saturday 30th August 1986 Number 14
When the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial resumed onAugust 13th, after the Carnival days of August 11th and
12th, former Deputy Prime Minister in the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG), Bernard Coard,
began his unsworn defence statement from the Dock.
He told Chief Justice Dennis Byron and the jury there were four main "strands" wbhic led to the events of
19th October 1983 when Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and others were murdered.
Coard, the eighth of the 18 accused to make an unsworn defence statement from the dock, said the first
strand was the "natural, objective problems of a poor country".
The "tremendous and mounting pressures" on the PRG by an "orchestrated and planned programme of
destabilisation" by the United States, was the second strand, he said.
"The third strand was the penetration of the revolutionary process, the Party and the Government by agents
of the United States Government and the C.I.A", Coard said, "and I will disclose the relevant names and the

The fourth strand, he said, was the action of U S
agents in producing opportunities for chaos in order
to create a magnified crisis, tragedy, catastrophe and
the downfall of the revolution.
The proceedings on this day (13th) generated
considerable friction between Coard a the Chief
Justice as to whether Coard's statement from the
dock was relevant to the charges of murder he
In that statement, a spoe in detail of the
reasons why the PRG had not banned the
importaton of hIrury items, why the importation of
motor cars had not been controlled and why
currency restrictions had not been made
He spoke of the PRG's relations with the United
States imrrdiately after the revolution, of
discussions had with the then United States
Ambassador, of "suspicious" fires which had
broken out, of Ift.vorable press coverage of the
revolution, of shipments of Grenada's produce
which had been "suspiciously" damaged, of
suspected sabotage at the electricity power station
and of the estr.b ishment of the National Importing
and Marketing Board.
When Coard began to speak of the New Jewel
Movement Manifesto of 1973 and the work done on
it by himself and Maurice Bishop, the Chief Justice
":Do I have to listen to this?", Mr Byron asked, but
it was not clear to whom the question was

Maurice Bishop Murder
Trial ...................... ..... ...... 1
Coard Gives Details Of March
13th Revolution.................... 7
Profile Of A Revolutionary:
Corwall.............................. 8
Ramsay Says Act 1/1985 Invalid... 10
Defence Says TV Station
In Contempt...... ........ 11
St Louis Resigns from NNP........
Democratic Labour Congress
Launched............................. 11
FAO Rodent Control Programme
For OECS & Barbados.......... 12
Nevs Shorts....................... 13
statement, and this brought a shouted reply from
"I will say what I want to say in my defence and not
what Kal Hudson-Phillips wants me to say", he
stormed, "I will not be interrupted. If I have to
spend time answering queries as to relevance, this
whole thing will become a farce".
To the Chief Justice's statement that he (the Chief
Justice) will have to rule on the relevance of what is
said, Coard claimed the prerogative, in the first
instance, to decide on relevancy saying that,
afterwards, the Chief Justice will rule.

Leader of the Prosecution, Mr Karl Hudson-Phillis I am trying to describe my character", Coard said,
SC, said an accused person does not have the ~ I am trying to show the strains I have been subject
0 an aced person does not have the rigltt to and to s h 1 October
to make a statement on matters to ad to show how 19th October
which are not relevant to the FOUNDED 83lf some.three
issue be= tried. C the OU UND n o s e the
Mr Byronlold Coard he (Byron) 17Th AUGUST 1973 hours and 50 minutes when the
could ot see the relevance of the 343rd ISSUE C PAO

PaB 2

Saturday 30th August

oui ent was taenand when he resumed on the
next oay (14th0, he disclosed to the Court that the
event' cf 19th October 1983, the day on which
Prtie Minister Bishop and others wire murdered,
are to be investigated
Arang 'or that investigation. he said, will be
made by the relatives of the accused and the panel of
investigators will be made up of the world's best
i"f you think that by breaking our necks you can get
|away with your lies", he told the Court, "you must
'be joking. You can kill our bodies but you cannot

Coard said events of 19th October 1983 resulted
fmro actions of the United States and its agencies
;over the four and a half year life of the revolution
and be charged the United States with responsibility
for Bishop's death.
"The only thing the U S Government and its agents
did iot do on that day was pull the trigger", he

Analysing the crowd which freed Bishop from
house arrest, Coard said the vast majority just
wanted "to hear we leader". Some, he said,
elected not to go to Army Headquarters at Fort
jRrpert because they thought it was not the right
thing to do".
_Others had gone to the Fort but left when they heard
|"ci'vlian were being armed", but a third section.
hough they did not accept weapons, stayed on.

4Also at the Fort he said, were individuals who were
lagaistI "United States imperialism and anti-
j.cominust propaganda" and who, even though they
Stated the crowd, were not acting consciously as
I A agents.

irhe former Deputy Prime Minister said that also at
the Fort were "lumpen criminal elements just
looking for an opportunity"
['Leading these elements", Coard said, "were CIA
agents who the United States had in Graftda
Waiting for just such an opportunity"

`Dng developments at Fort Rupert, Coard said,
Itwoother significant events were taking place. The
first.was that Don Rojas, Bishop's Press Secretary,
vent to the Telephonle Company and, at gun point.
i4ered phone hines of certain party leaders and
A[my camps disconnected.
SThe other event wasthat an unnamed businessman
together with others stuck up Immigration
Department officials and took guns stored there.
Card said Rojas' actions at that tim. are suspicious
land need investigation.
i While otherpeople were being arrested and put into
,concentration camps", he said. "Rojas was flown
out to Barbados in a U S Military plane and had a
press conference arranged for him"
Card does not expect Grenadians to understand
now all he says in his defence but believes ths will

1986 The Gronadl Nevwletter
"As more and more information leaks out or\
Washington". he said, "they will read the statement
I have made in this Court and will understand the|
truth" i

At weekend, when the Chief Justice adjourned the!
High Court on Friday 15th, one year and teni
months had passed since the accused were first
brought before Chief Justice Sir Archibald Neddl
charged with the murder, on 19th October 1983, of
Prime Minister Maurice Bishop and 10 others.
There had also been a lapse of nearly four months
since the jury was selected in April and nearly 16
weeks had passed since that jury 'was
Also at the adjournment, Coard had already utilised
more than a total of 13 hours presenting his
statement of defence which he began on Wednesday
Soon after he began, the Chief Justice charged
Coard with irrelevancy, but Coard claimed angrily
that he has a rightto present his defence as he sees
Since then, the character of the statement did not
change greatly and Coard dealt, in detail with such
matters as programmes of the Peoples
Revolutionary Government (PRG) including the
House Repair Programme, the Centre For P ar
Education and the development of the New ewel
Movement (NJM).
He also give details of the revolution of 13th
March 1979, presented an analysis of the crowd
which, on 19th October 1983, freed Bishop from
house arrest and has charged that the United States
was directly responsible for Bishop's death.
As he continued his statement on the 15th, Coard
repeated that charge, alleging that both President
Reagan and Vice President Bush, in their
presidential election aign threatened to "smas
the revolution" and "teach Gen a lesson"
"It it my contention", Coard said, "that the United!
States built the foundations and fined the roof,
windows, doors and partitions which led to the;
tragedy of 19th October 1983"
The former Deputy Prime Minister charged that the
behaviour of Don Rojas, Bishop's Press Secretary,
and Shaheba Strong, the PRO's Chief Protocol
Officer, provoked suspicious they were working for
the United States Central Intelligence Agency.
"They came to Grenada soon after the revolution",
he said, "made themselves useful to the leadership
and had access to offices and even to bedrooms of
the leadership"
Referring to the issue of "joint leadership", alleged
to have been the basis of a rift between himself and
Bishop, Coard said NJM realized Bishop-wiss
essential for rallying the peo!e but, organisation
was his weak point and, f NJM was not to
disintegrate, that iad to be taken out of the Prime
Ministe.-'s hands.
Coard said organisation was his own strong point,
and it was tis division of responsibility which


The Grenada Nevsletter
After the week end, when Coard re
statement on Monday 18th August, h
insight into Bishop's mental state shorrl
was gunned down in a hail of bulle
Less than four weeks before that time
SBishop was very depressed and though
up the struggle of the revolution.
"One of Maurice's areas of concern
proposal there should be joint leaders
party", Coard said. He had no quarry
proposal, but he wanted to be sure it was
of no confidence in him"

ICoard said the Prime Minister was coni
Over the health of his son, afflicted wit
illness. Bishop was of the opinion that
Shad a psychological basis arising from t
of Bishop's marriage, Coard said,
produced a guilty feeling in the Prime
Coard's five and a half hour address o
completed 19 hours on his feet since he
address on Wednesday 13th. Most of t
related to matters concerning the diffi
strain suffered by members of the
implementing the PRG programmes.

On the 18th, he spent some tin
"manifestations" of the "crisis" of Oct
one such manifestation being the market
of both the leadership and rank and file
Jewel Movement resulting from over
"When this happens", he said, "it must h
results in building the country, and
SStates, in calculating their timing forest
would have been well aware of this
Other manifestations. Coard said, wer
inefficiency, indiscipline, diminishing
the Central Committee and failure of that
to recognize its own shortcomings.
"In retrospect", he said, "I can see it
hypocrisy, clearly intellectual dishonest,
up to our own mistakes and errors"
The former Deputy Prime Minister s
resigned from the Central Committee in
1982 because of the "back-biting"
carrying" of Kendrick Radix, then PRG
Legal Affairs & Fisheries, and now Polit
of the Maurice Bishop Patriotic Move
Co 4 -so Radix had been expelled
Central Committee at the same time b
degree of protection and influence bec
close relationship with Bishop.
Because of this, Coard said although
was in favour, in principle, of the propo
leadership", he opposed it because he
would ive opportunity to "people liki
create vision in the pay.
Back- iting
"I made it clear that, if I came back into
Committee, even as an ordinary member
'"if I heard any more of this back-biti
shoo' (whispering behind one's back

Saturday 30th August 1986 Page 3
Coard continued his statement on Tuesday 19th
sumed his August and told the Court that, in the "crisis" of
e gave an October 1983, he thought of leaving Grenada.
y before he
rs at Fort "The only way to remove the basis which United
States imperialism and its regional stooges were
using as an excuse for the invasion of Grenada in
e said, October 1983 was for Bernard Coard to leave the
t of giving country", he said, "That s how I saw it."

This was Coard s, fifth day making his unsworn
n was the defence statement from the dock, and he spoke of
ship of the events immediately preceding October 19th
el with the 1983.
Snot a vote
The spreading of a rumour that he and his wife,
Phyllis, planned to kill Bishop and the divisive
cerned also effect that rumour had on Grenadians, had a
h a serious profound effect upon him, Coard said.
Sthe illness
e break up I took the decision on October 13th to resign as
and this Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Finance &
Minister. Trade", he said, "and that was put into effect on the
n the 18th, 14th"
Started his The final straw came on 19th October, Coard said.
his address when he saw the anti-Coard placards, heard the anti-
culties and Coard chanting and saw the demonstrators break
SParty in through the security barriers and into Bishop's
home next door to "his.
e on the "I took the decision then", he said, "that the only
ober 1983, way to counter the false propaganda that Maurice
d ill health had been replaced by me as Prime Minister was to
of theNew leave the country."
'ork. Uwie
He and his wife then began to pack suitcases for
ave serious themselves and their children. The intention was
the United to leave Grenada within a few hours, but the
abilisaton security guards said it was unwise to stay at their
pattern of home. They then moved to Fort Frederick, east of
St Georges and in the opposite direction to tha
grow taken by the demonstrators.
e growing
respect for At Fort Frederick, Coard said, he was taken into a
Committee tunnel and, sometime later he heard gunfire.

"I asked the security guard to check it out", he said.
was clearly "and later, I was stunned to hear, for the first time.
ynottoown from a Security Officer. of Comrade Maurice's
death. In mid-afternoon, I was officially informed
id h h of his death and that of a number of
id he had Comrades"
and "tale- Coard said it has to be understood that Bishop's
Minister of death was not only personal experience and trauma
ical Leader for him and all those who had worked closely with
nent. the Prme Minister,

i from the "My opinion is", he said, "that no event in this
it enjoyed a
use of his century has been more traumatic and devastating for
causee of his the future development of the country than the death
of Maurice Bishop"
he fCoard) The former Deputy Prime Minister spent some time
sal of join attacking the evidence of two Prosecution
thought t witnesses, former Minister of Agriculture in the
Radix" to Peoples Revolutionary Government, George
Louison, and Bishop's personal bodyguard, Cletus
the Central The evidence of these witnesses, he said, was a
!and 'shoeo pack of lies and there had been so much character
SI would assassination of the accused and "they" hoped the
I would evidence would not be looked at close

Page 4 Saturday 30th Augus
"This is the kind of evidence on which they want to
convict me of murder", Coard said, 'What this
really is is attempted murder. conspiracy t n murder.
and they call it justice"

On August 20th. winding up his unsworn defence
statement from the dock, Coard told Mr Byron and
the jury there are significant points in the case
which should be noted.
First he said, is the number of foreigners involved
Sthe case. The Director of Public Prosecutions.
Mrs Velma Hylton Q.C. is a Jamaican, he said, and
the investigations were done by Barbadian
olicemen, the toturers .
"Note also the careful avoidance of any American
witnesses or reference to the United States, despite
6te critical role the U.S. played in events of 19th
october 1983, despite the U.S. control of the trial
and frnancing of the judiciary, Coard said.
They are all over the place but, inside the Court
oom, they have been erased and use only their
black face cards."
Card said this is a standard colonial tactic. Put
a black man to ill another black man, he said, and
stand back and laugh.
Clocking a total of 25 hours and 45 minutes on his
feet since he started to present his defence statement
on August 13th, Coard catalogued several alleged
violations of constitutional rights and said it is clear
the trial is not free and fair.
You must either have no nose at all or a bad case of
flu if you are not conscious of the smell", he
He said too the trial provides opportunity for
someone to write a book on, "How to stage a
successful Kangaroo Court"

Starting with massive pre-trial publicity, and
incudig harassment of Defence lawyers, denial of
basic rights and rigging of the judicial process, he
aid these are all ingredients of a "successful
t is clear, Coard said, that not only 18 persons are
on trial but justice in Grenada also is on trial.
j"The world and history are watching and will never
stop watching" he said, "when this trial ends, then
the case of finding out the truth begins"

Following Coard on August 20th, accused Liam
James, former Lieutenant Colonel in the Peoples
Revolutionary Army .began his unsworn defence
statement from the'Dock.

On the adjournment, he had spoken for nearly three
ours, protesting his innocence, giving an outline of
his boyhood, accusing the Chief Justice of bias and
charging that the United States had used "puppets"
o frame the New Jewel Movement leadership and,
ensure their elimination.
Criminaal ta Ih
"Those who have brought these charges against me
know that I am innocent", James said, "and the
reason they have done so is because of my political
outlook and because the Americans must justify
thir criminal invasion of Grenada."


1986 The Grenada Noesletter

When James continued his statement on August
21st, it was, in large measure, a re-run of the
statement made by Bernard Coard.

Covering ground already extensively explored by
Coard in his lengthy address, James detailed
problems faced by NJM in I982 and 1983.
He detailed the overwork and strain which, he said,
resulted in a breakdown of Government's
programmes and in illness of party members.

"The mistake we made", he said, "was in trying to
do too much. too quickly, with limited human
resources. The Comrades were overworked and
just could not carry out assigned tasks. These
were very genuine problems all stemming from our
efforts to build the country"
He spoke also of the crisis in the party referred to
by Card, and said that. as a solution, he had made
the proposal of "joint leadership"
"I made the proposal because of the need to stop the
downward slide and reorganize the party", James
said, "It was an effort to mary the strengths of
Comrades Maurice and Bernard".

He also shared Coard's view that the events of 19th
October 1983 (when Bishop and others were killed)
arose from actions of the United States,
"It all resulted from a well orchestrated campaign of
the CIA of the United States who actively made
every effort to provoke a bloody confrontation",he
James supported Coard's view that the judicial
process in Grenada is corrupt and cited what he
thought were instances of this.
"The prime movers behind this corruption are the
Americans who are using the Prosecution as tools",
he said. 'These men must be eliminated', the
Americans say, and they try to get people to come
and lie in the witness box"
On Friday August 22nd, when James continued his
statement, he told the Court the United States
Central Ltelli ence Agenc (CIA) had organized the
events which led to the death of Bishop and others
on 19th October 1983.
"The tragedy of October 19th was the result of a
carefully orchestrated plan by the CIA to provoke a
bloody confrontation", he said, "thus providing the
grounds for the invasion they had planned well in
advance" a
The CIA plan, he said, was to plant agents close to
the leadership of the New Jewel Movement
One such agent, according to James, was Don
Rojas" who worked as a journalist with the New
York "Amsterdam News" and who met Bishop
when the Prime Minister attended the United
Nations in 1979.
"Rojas came to Grenada late in 1979 and, due to the
scarce human resources from which we were
suffering, we gave him a job as Editor, of the 'Free
West Indian' newspaper" heai



The Grenada Nevsletter


James painted a picture of Rojas ingratiating himself
With Bishop and, in 1982, through his influence
over Bishop, being appointed the Prime Minister's
1Press Secretary.

'Rojas was one of the persons who got Bishop to
change his mind after Bishop had agreed to share
NJM leadership with Bernard Coard, James said,
and, on October 19th, Rojas' actions had been very

"Together with others, Rojas stormed the Telephone
SCompany and seized all the militia weapons", James
said, "and then he sent out a report to the Caribbean
News Agency which misinformed the world'

Another planted CIA agent. he said, was Guyana
born Shaheba Strong who came to Grenada in the
first weeks after the revolution of 13th March
ltimat teIention
"After she left", James said. "Maurice was very
firm that she should not return because of her more
'intimate intention'"
She did return, however, bought a house in
Grenada "for cash he said, was appointed Chief
Protocol Officer and travelled extensively with

"She was able to worm her way into developing a
'sort of relationship with Maurice", James said.
"Shaheba was in the Operations Room at Fort
Rupert with Maurice on October 19th", he said.
"She mingled with the crowd while arms were being
distributed, she was never arrested and, after the
invasion, she was seen dining with members of the
invasion forces"

There were other CIA agents operating on the 19th,
James said, and they played a crucial role.

"These elements, hiding the crowd, prompted the
ambush of the armoured units when they got to Fort
Rupert", he said, "and this provoked the
confrontation which brought the tragedy all
Grenadtans know about"

Following James' address, which lasted a total of
12 hours and 22 minutes, the accused Leon
Cornwall, former Ambassador to Cuba for the
Peoples Revolutionary Government, began his
unsworn statement from the Dock.

At the adjournment, he had given a detailed
background of his boyhood and upbringing, to
indicate, he said, "who is Leon Cardinal Cornwall"
(See "Profile of a Revolutionary:
Cornwall" Page 8)
"For anyone to fully understand what moves me",
he said, "I must mention that my path to service of
the Grenadian people was inspired by my reading
the works of great Christian men
After the weekend, when Cornwall continued his
statement on Monday 25th August, he recounted
more of his activities as a youth, and alleged that,
because of his political ideas and activities, he had
been framed by "the Americans'" with charges of
With such activities on my part", he said, "it is not
surprising that the Americans have me here on these

lay 30th August 1986 Page 5

The former PRA Major told Chief Justice Byron
and the jury that, after the military intervention on
October 25th 1983, the United States Ambassador
to France had said that, three weeks before that date.
Washington had taken the decision to invade
Cornwall charged also that the late Prime Minister
Tom Adams of Barbados, in an interview after the
intervention, had "let slip the fact" that the decision
to invade was taken long before the events of
October 19th 1983.

"Adams said on October 25th that one of the
officials of his Ministry of Defence had had a
meeting with representatives of the United States on
October 15th", he said, "and the offer was made
then by the Americans to transport troops to

When George Louison, former PRG Minister, gave
evidence for the Prosecution, Cornwall said, he had
lied when he inferred there was no crisis in the New
Jewel Movement (NJM) during 1983.
The Central Committee had been conscious of a
growing crisis since April 1981, Cornwall said, a
crisis which came to a climax in 1983 and which
resulted from organisational and not ideological

'Even if the Yankees are able to fool the Grenadian
people once more and are successful in eliminating
us", he said, 'people will peruse the minutes of the
Party and will discover there was a very real crisis
in NJM"

On two occasions on this day (25th), the Cluef
Justice told Cornwall there seemed to be no
relevance in his statement to the murder charges he

Cornwall disputed this and accused Mr Byron of
"demeaning" his defence statement by saying, inthe
presence oT the jury, that it is irrelevant.

At the adjournment that day (25th), he had already
spoken for a total of some seven hours and was
expected to continue on the following day.

When Cornwall continued his statement from the
Dock on Tuesday August 26th, he told the Court
that the Authorities in Grenada hed been notified
well in advance that the accused in the trial would
not cooperate with the proceedings of the

"Those who are concerned about this trial", he said.
"the Americans and their allies, knew thatwe would
Cornwall said that, on 28th February 1985, all the
accused had signed a document and had sentitto the
then Chief Justice, Sir Archibald Nedd. That
document, he said, pointed out that conditions had
not been created for a free and fair trial and, as a
result, the accused would not "take part" in the

"We made our position clear", he said. "We should
not have had to do that because the Constitution
guarantees us the conditions we demand, but, as
GZrenada was under foreign occupation, we did it

Uc are ,

----- --- ---- ----- --- -

Page 6 Saturday 30th August 1986 The Grenada Nevsletter

md we made our position clear at a very early

Cornwall said one of the adverse condition forced
upon the accused is that they are now undefended in
the trial. (Sixteen of the 18 accused were unable,
financially, to employ Counsel and a team of
Jamaican barristers was employed by the Court to
defend them).

First of all, he said, there had been an attempt to
force the accused to accept lawyers which were not
of their choice. When they did get lawyers of
their choice, they were manipulations to place the
accused in their now undefended position (See
Defence Statements", NEWSLETTER
Vol.14 No.8 of 26.4.86)

"The matter was so handled as to force us to dismiss
ur lawyers from the trial and ask them to prepare
for the appeal case", he said, "and when this was
done, the authorities fired the lawyers"

Cornwall spent some time attacking the evidence of
Prosecution witness George Louison, former
Minister in the Peoples Revolutionary
Gojerent,. a Gt
Shallow sie
Swas a "shallow lie" Cornwall said, when
Lousion testified that, at a General Meeting of the
on October 13th 1983, it was announced that
re Minister Maurice Bishop had been expelled
from the Central Committee and put under house

I was present at that meeting", Cornwall said, "and
there was no announcement that Maurice was under
house arrest".
Other contrary, he said. Bishop was held in high
esteem and got a standing ovation at that

t is clear, Cornwall said, that Louison is being
controlled by the "Yankees".

Winding up statementotAugust 27th. Cornwall
gave an account of his movements on 19th October
1986, the day Bishop and others were murdered at
rt Rupert, PRA Headquarters.

He said he had visited Fort Frederick on the
moren of that day and had had a discussion with
Ewart Layne.
"Layne was confident that discussion he had had
with Maurice were successful", he said, "and he
was sure that, at the General Meeting we were
arranging, the Prime Minister himself would
announce that we had found solutions to the
According to Cornwall, he drove Layne to Bernard
Cord's home, next door to the Prune Minister's
residence and, while they were there, the first of the
demonstrators arrived.

In addition to chanting. "We want we Leader', the
demonstrators were chanting anti-Coard slogans and
carid anti-Coard placards, he said.
"It struck me that the chants and placards were a
irect result of people hearing for the past few
ays that Maurice was under house arrest"


Cornwall said, "and theywere acting out of love for
Maurice and for the revolution"

The ex-Major recounted how he and Layne had
tried, unsuccessfully, to talk to the crowd, how the
demonstration had grown and how a burst of
automatic rifle fire into the air from armoured cars
failed to stop the crowd.

"The massive crowd that came up", he said, "once
they had burst through the first barrier, they just
went right through to Comrade Bishop's house"

Cornwall did not say he had seen Bishop taken
away by the demonstrators,but he did say that, as
the demonstrators left, the stragglers hurled abuse
and threats at him and other soldiers in Coard's
At that time, Cornwall said, Layne expressed
concern that "the Americans" might use the situation
to stage a surprise attack on Grnada. It was
impossible to find out what was happening, he said,
because the phones were not worng and he and
Layne then went to the PRA camp at Fort Frederick
from which point he saw more and more people
arriving at Fort Rupert across the harbour.
After a while, Cornwall saw three armoured cars
leave Fort Frederick. He was told they were going
to Fort Rupert and then he heard shooting from the
direction of Fort Rupert.
" What struck me was the prolonged firing", he said,
"Layne told me the armoured cars had been sent to
take control of Fort Rupert and he could not
understand the prolonged firing either. In about
half an hour, we got the vey sad information that
Comrades Maurice Bishop, Unison Whiteman and
others, and also some soldiers had been killed"
Cornwall said, when he got the news, he could not
imagine how this could have happened, and he had
a great feeling of pain thinking of those who had
lost their lives,
Those who do not feel this pain have used the
occasion to try to pin the responsibility for the
deaths on those in the Dock, he said, and, to him,
this is the greatest a of all.

"Even if I am not around then", he said, "one day
our people will look soberly at what has taken place
and will realise that the events of 19th October 1983
are a great stain on Grenada's history, and they will
be able to sift out the truth"
Following the end of Cornwalls address which
lasted 16 hours, John "Chalkie" Ventour, the 11th
accused to make his defence from the Dock, started
his address.

When the adjournment was taken, he was mak
the point that his arrest and indictment were illegal
because the whole process had been carried outby
"foreigners" and when he resumed on the next day,
Thursday 28th August, he told the Court that, on the
morning of 19th October 1983, the day Maurice
Bishop and others were murdered, he woke with a

Ventour told Chief Justice Byron and the jury that,
the night before, there had between a late meeting
of the New Jewel MovemI to dN s

Idw ha Murcewa ude hus aret

VV !~-l -- milm .......

The Grena da Newsletter Saturday 30th August 1986 Page 7
crisis in the party, and this hadad d its effect on him.

Leaving home shortly after 8.00 am, he went first to his office at Trade Union Headquarters, spent a few
minutes there and then went to Deputy Prime Minister Bernard Coard's residence which was next-door to
Bishop's home.

"I knew that several members of the Central Committee had had discussions with Comrade Maurice the night
before with a view to resolving the crisis", he said, "and I was anxious to find out what had

At Coard's, Ventour met another accused, Leon Cornwall. who told him that yet another accused, Ewar
Layne, had reported that the discussions with Bishop had gone very well and a solution was

It is alleged that, because of Bishop's lack of organisational ability, the Central Committee decided that
Bishop should share the leadership with Coard. It is said also that, initially, Bishop agreed. but
subsequently changed his mind. The meeting with Bishop, referred to by Ventour, is said to have been
arranged to find a way out of the empasse.

Ventour did not stay long at Coard's home, he said, but went home to rest. He fell asleep and was
awakened about 2.30 pm when he was visited by "a trade union colleague".

"He was very distressed Ventour said", "he told me there had been shooting at Fort Rupert, that Maurice
had been injured, that tradeunionist Vince Noel was killed or injured and that several other people had been
killed. I asked him whether he was joking but the look on his face told me he was not"

Ventour said his phone was out of order so he went to the Peoples Revolutionary Army camp at Fort
Frederick where he spoke to Layne.

"Layne was not his usual self", he said, "he looked downcast and sad and he told me Maurice Bishop,
Unison Whiteman and Vince Noel were dead"

This tragedy was inconceivable Ventour said, and he could not find words to describe the sorrow and pain
the news caused him. It will take several years for the "psychological wounds" to heal, he said.

A1i; UbIAPCI 1T1' P1rVnAfT TTTTh

When the New Jewel Movement staged its
revolution on 13th March 1979, 46 people took part
in the attack on the Grenada Defence Force
headquarters at True Blue on the southern
peninsular of the island.
This was disclosed on August 14th by former
Deputy Prime Minister in the Peoples Revolutionary
Government (PRG), Bernard Coard as he addressed
Chief Justice Dennis Byron and jury in the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial.
Coard said three days before the revolution, the
ew Jewel Movement (NJM) leadership had gone
into hiding because of fear of "liquidation" by the
Government of then Prime Minister Sir Eric
"I remember we were hiding in a house in Lucas
Street in St Georges while Gairy's "green beasts"
(Grenada Defence Force) were looking for us" he
said. "but we were in danger of exposure because
our cars were parked outside"

Coard said NJM supporters moved the cars and
parked them at various locations and "the
leadership" had then gone into hiding. Maurice
Bishop, Unison Whiteman and himself had gone
together while Hudson Austin went separately.
"At one time", Coard said, we hid in a house just a
few yard s from Gairy's residence"

Coard said Austin, who was to lead the attack,
oined them on 12th March and, before 9.00 pm,
the 46 persons involved in the attack moved to a
hillock near to-the Defence Force barracks at

True Blue. (That hillock was named "Freedom'
Hill" following the revolution)

Only half of the group was armed, Coard said, and,
after drawing sketches on the ground of the plan of
attack to the light of a bright moon, at 4.10 am they
started towards the Defence Force barracks.

"It was quite a moment", he said, We were facing
histo-y. Either we would make the revolution or
we were dead,"

The strategy was to make noise, he said. Molotov
cocktails set fire to the out-houses of the barracks
and weapons were discharged into the air, he
recounted, and with the Defence Force running
away, nobody on either side was killed.

In the next move, Coard said, he, Maurice Bishop
and Unison Whiteman took and held the Radio
Station for an hour and a half before two other
revolutionaries came to help them. And those five
had the task of holding prisoners, answering phone
calls and trying to get the station on the air.

In the mean time, he said, accused Lester Redhead
was helping to round up members of Prime
Minister Gairy's criminal "mongoose gang", not
one of which was hurt in any way.

"When Yankee propaganda talks about us being
bloodthirsty) criminals Coard said, remember
history". (470)

-*nbun r-**Ii n--MiT 4z -S -MADVu > -11 * V1Z AmF11Tr1j

mdrPft ~ n~TaTIQ

Page 8 Saturday 30th August 1986 The Grenada Nevsletter
Any investigation into the charge of murder against Leon Cornwall, one of the 18 accused in the Maurice
Bishop Mirder Trial, must discover who Leon Cornwall really is, and what factors shaped him.
This opinion was put forward by Cornwall himself as, on August 22nd, he began his unsworn defence
statement from the dock.
The information given about himself by this accused starts with his birth on 15th January 1954. He was
the only son of his mother who lived in the St Pauls suburb of the capital, St Georges, and he received a
primary education at the StPauls Government School from 1957 to 1965.
In his last year in primary school, he won a scholarship to the Grenada Boys Secondary School (GBSS)
becoming a 6th Form Prefect there and obtaining 7 'Ordinary" and 2 "Advanced level passes in the
Cambridge Examinations.
Cornwall did not state the year in which he left the GBSS, but disclosed that his first job, which he held for
a month, was at the Harbour Master's Office, after which he went back to GBSS in 1972 to teach General
Science and Biology remaining in that post until 1977.

"There are some Comrades in this Court Room", he said, "both in the Dock and outside of it, that I

"I stand here today", Ventour said, "an innocent
man accused of killing Maurice Bishop, the man I
loved and admired".
Ventour's recounting of the events of October 19th,
as they affected himun, was preceded by a history
given by him of his life, upbringing and service to
the people of Grenada in genera! and to the trade
union movement in particular.
At the conclusion of his address, which lasted a total
of 5 hours and 40 minutes. Dave "Tan"
Bartholomew, the 12th accused, beganhis unsworn
defence statement from the dock.
At the adjournment, he was giving a history of his
life, upbringing and service to the people of
Grenada and, when the Court sat again on the next
day, Friday 29th August, he continued to give
details of his association with the New Jewel
Movement and the service he rendered to Grenada
at his station in the Parish of StPatricks.
"I am not here on trial for any crime", Bartholomew
said,"but because of the role I played before and
after the revolution"

As have several of the accused before him, he spoke
of the great strain on and increasing bouts of illness
of the leadership of the New Jewel Movement as a
result of overwork.

He spoke too of the crisis of October 19f3 and said
he was in St Patricks when he goi the news of the
death of Bishop and others.
"I left for St Georges in a daze", he said, "it was
like sleep w alki Ikept asking myself how this
could be possible'.

Following Bartholomew's address, accused Ewart
Layne, commencing his, told the Court the Peoples
Revolutionary Government had received disturbing
The Intelligence Services advised he said, that the
demonstrations which took place in St Georges on
19th October 1983, the day Prime Minister Maurice
Bishop and members of his Cabinet were murdered,
might have been used as a cover for a surprise attack
on Grenada by the United States.

Layne, a former Lieutenant-Colonel in the Peoples
Revolutionary Army (PRA), described himself as
the highest ranking PRA officer responsible for the
day-to-day running of the army.

That Army, he said, had been "on alert" for several
days but, when the demonstrations started, he
ordered all units to be "on alarm", a higher state of

When the demonstrators took over Fort Rupert,
PRA Headquarters, Layne said, he immediately
understood the significance One of his officers
got through on the phone to Fort Rupert, he said,
and was told by a civilian there that the Army had
been overthrown and that Layne and his officers
should surrender or take the consequences.
"Imagine a civilian saying that to an Army
officer!!", Layne said. "In the face of that and with
the knowledge of the invasion threat, I decided to
send a unit to recapture Fort Rupert and restore
Three armoured vehicles were sent, he said, and 10
minutes after they left him at Fort Frederick, he
heard shooting from Fort Rupert and became
concerned when that shooting was prolonged. He
knew something was wrong. he said, when he saw
people jumping over the walls of Fort Rupert and
smoke rising from that area.
Unable to get through again byphone or by radio,
he sent another platoon to Fort Rupert and, later, a
runner came back to tell him that Bishop and several
others had been killed.
My feeling at that moment was one of shock and
panic", he said, "shock because of the catastrophe
which had taken place and panic because I was the
Commander of the Armed Forces, and that's where
the buck stops"

Layne is the 13th of the 18 accused to make an
unsworn defence statement from the Dock, since
Chief Justice Byron called on the accused on July
16th to make their defence.

Those who have spoken before Layne are And
Mitchell, Vincent Joseph, Calistus Bernad
Cosmos Richardson, Lester Redhead, Christopher

c-TIUE ON PAG ii ~ ---

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday 30th August 1986 Page i

In 1974, Cornwall passed the
enrance examinations to study
medicine at the University of the
West Indies (UWI), but ran up
against a snag.
Caribbean Community Countries
support UWI financially and, in
return, citizens of those countries
attend UWI for a fraction of the
ull cost of the courses.

In the 1970s, the then
Government of Sir Eric Gairy fell
an arrears of payments to UWI,
ad this denied Cornwall, and
oter Grenadians who could not
afford the full cost, the
portunity to study at UWI.

ornwall went to Teacher
Training College for 2 years
starting in1977 and there he met
a girl who taught at St Joseph's
Convent in Grenville, St
Andrews. They were married
on 30th December 1978.

"In spite of the propaganda
a me", he said, "I can
he marriage produced two
aghters who were baptised in
he Bethel Methodist Church
where Cornwall taught in the
Sunday School. He also
Became a Lay Preacher in that
Churcb and took first place in the
aching examination, he said.

"For anyone to fully understand
hat moves me", Cornwall told
e Court, "my path to service of
e Grenadian people was
ired by my reading of great
stian men"
ornwall said also that reading of
"revolutionary works" developed
is political consciousness.
Anthology of poems
published during the regime of
e Peoples Revolutionary
government carries some of his
ork, and he still writes poetry,
e said. In another field, for
to years he was a member of
e St Pauls "Camancheros" Steel
Band which, at the time, was
managed by Evelyn "Brat"
Bullen. one of the persons
Cornball is accused of
"I am no savage or barbarian as
om Adams (the late Barbados
Prime Minister) called us", he
said. "love calypso and reggae
ut I can appreciate jazz, Bach
and Chopi I have an

things of life
things have

for the finer
and all of these
gone to shape

Cornwall catalogued his record
of service to Grenada in various
organizations including the St
Pauls Joint Action Committee.
the Grenada Assembly of Youth
and the Grenada Union of
Teachers, in all of which, he
said, he played active parts.
In 1974, he took part in the
demonstrations against the then
Government of Sir Eric Gairy.
His "natural concern with the
welfare of the Grenadian people"
led him to join Maurice Bishop's
New Jewel Movement (NJM) in
1976, and two years later he
became President of the NJM
National Youth Organisation
when it was formed.
Cornwall took an active part in
the campaign for the 1976
General Elections and, at that
time, met accused Bernard Coard
in whom he saw "tremendous
Cornwall was one of the group
of less than 50 persons which,
under accused Hudson Austin,
attacked the barracks of the
Grenada Defence Force in the
early morning hours of 13th
March 1979.
He pointed out to the Court that
the revolutionaries had the
opportunity to kill many of the
Government soldiers at that time,
but did not.
"If we were barbarian; like we
were called by Tom Adams", he
said, "we could have done things
to those soldiers, but that is not
the policy of the Party".
'After the revolution, he was
commissioned in the Peoples
Revolutionary Army as a Captain
and was promoted after to the
rank of Major with responsibility
for recruitment, discipline and
At the age of 25, at a General
Meeting of Party members, he
was elected to the Peoples
Revolutionary Government and
became a member of the NJM
Central Committee when that
body was formed in November
Cornwall left the Army in June
1980, he says, to concentrate on
"vouth work" which entailed

attendance at international
conferences, some of them
behind the "iron curtain".
"With such activities on my
part", he told the Court, "it is not
surprising that the Americans
have me here on these charges,
but it is unjust to frame someone
because of his political ideas and
In July of 1982. Cornwall was
accredited as Ambassador to
Cuba, Panama. Nicaragua and
Mexico and presented his
credentials in Cuba in October

Because we had to get the
credentials from the Queen in
London", he said, "it took some
time before I was able to present
them in Nicaragua in January of
1983, and the invasion took place
before I was able to present them
in Panama and Mexico"
Cornwall said the reason he was
in Grenada on 19th October
1983, the day of the incident at
Fort Rupert when Bishop and
others were killed, was that the
Central Committee had decided
that, with the crisis facing .the
Party, all "comrades" should be
based in the island until solutions
were found. (1089)

I _


Page 10 Saturday 30th August 1986 The Grenada Nevsletter

A spokesman for the Defence team in the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial told NEWSLETTER onAugust28th
that a matter which may have radical effect on the trial has been brought to the attention of Prime Ministe
Herbert Blaize and the Minister of Legal Affairs Ben Jones.

The spokesman said the matter relates to Act 1/1985 passed by Mr Blaize's New National Party (NNP)
Government validating all laws passed between March 1979 and November 1984..

This validation covers all laws of the Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG), proclamations by the
Governor General afterthe military intervention in October 1983 and laws of the Interim Government which
preceded the NNP Government.

The validity of that Act was unsuccessfully challenged in the Grenada Supreme Court by the Defence and a
Petition was made to the Privy Council to hear the matter. The Privy Council ruled, however, that it had
no jurisdiction.

"Whenthe matter went before the Privy Council", the Defence spokesman said, "it was understood then that
the Speaker of the Grenada House of Representatives had issued his Certificate in relation to this Act as he is
required to do under the Constitution, and the Privy Council ruled that, in the face of that, the matter could
go no further"

"We now know differently", the spokesman continued, "Mr Ian Ramsay, Leader of the Defence Team is in
receipt of a letter from the Clerk of the House advising that no Certificate was issued in respect of Act
11/19 F- 1Y-__ =

The "Certificate" referred tois the
document specified in Section 39
(8) (a) of the Constitution.
That Section reads:-

"A bill to alter this
Constitution or the Courts
Order or Section 3 of the
West Indies Associated
States (Appeals to Privy
Council) Order 1967 shall
not be submitted to the
Governor General for his
assent unless it is
accompanied b a
certificate under te hand
of the Speaker of the House
of Representatives (or, if
the Speaker is for any
reason unable to exercise
the functions of his office,
the Deputy Speaker) that
the provisions of
subsection (2), (3) or (4),
as the case may be, of this
section have been complied
with &ad, where a
referendum has been held,
by a certificate of the
Supervisor of Elections
stating the results of the

rhe subsections (2) and (3)
referred to, demand, respectively
tat the bill to alter the
institution is supported by the
ves of not less than two-thirds
f all members of the House and

under subsection (4), if a bill
sed by the House to alter the
institution has been rejected by
the Senate, and the House has
ade amendments to it, the
House may not re-submit it to the
nate unless a resolution to

uu 1o aI uppouiu uy U vL : V
of at least two-thirds of all the
members of the House.

A legal source informed
NEWSLETTER that one of the
laws passed by the PRG and
validated by Act 1/1985,. is
Peoples Law 4/1979 which
establishes the Grenada Supreme

The source said the question is
debatable but, because Act
1/1985 validates a law which
provides for a Court other than
the Court specified in the
Constitution. then the Act could
be seen as one altering the
Constitution and, therefore,
requiring the Speaker's

The spokesman for Mr Ramsay
said the Defence Leader had
cabled the Prime Minister and Mr
Jones on August 26tb saying
"the significance of this is
overwhelming in relation to
Grenada and to my clients'

In letters of the same date to
Messrs Blaize and Jones
delivered by hand on August
28th, Mr Ramsay elaborates on
the significance of the disclosure
made in the letter from the Clerk
of the House.

"The grave import of this
communique", he says, "is that,
without the Speaker's Certificate,
Act 1/1985 is not only
unconstitutional but is not a law
at all".

"This means", Mr Ramsay's
letters continue, "that as far as the
entire Court system and the

government uEivi i, vu
YUVII~1MJI~Wt stUC.UIre, sncLe tLJ
date of the statute, were pivoted
on the existence of Act 1/1985,
then these systems are
necessarily without basis."

The Defence Leader called on the
Prime Minister and the Minister
of 'Legal Afairs to "institute
immediate corrective action
which must, of course, affect the
constitutional rights and
antitlemeiAs of the drenada 18'
who are now on trial"

In the ruling of the Privy Council
referred to above, reference is
made to the Speaker's Certificate
relating to Actl/1985. That
reference reads:-

"The Act received the
assent of the Governor
General on 21st February
1985. Although there is
not among the papers
lodged with the Petition a
certificate by the Speaker
or Deputy Speaker under
sectionn 39 (8) (a) of the
Constitulion to the effect
that Act 1/1985 was
supported by two-thirds of
alf members of the House
of Representatives, no
point was taken as to this
either before theii
Lordships or in the Courts
of Grena4a, for it is
common ground that the
Bill which became Act
1/1985 received the
support of at least two-
thirds of all members of the
House of Representatives
where the Bill passed
unopposed as it did also in
the Senate" (960)

- -- ------------ --- ---- -

The Grenada Nesletter Saturday 30th August 1986 Page 11

Mr Phinley St Louis, New National Party (NNP) Representative for the Constituency of South St Georgt
and Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives, has resigned from NNP.
The resignation was announced by Mr St Louis at a NNP public meeting on August 21st and, in at
interview with NEWSLETTER on August 23rd, Mr St Louis said, when he started to speak at the
meeting, it had not been his intention to make the announcement.

"I was making a report on my stewardship", he said, "and I became overwhelmed by the frustration of my
situation and decided the time had come to leave the NNP"

Only Government Minsters know what is happening in Government. Mr St Louis says, and he has
not been given the opportunity to contribute o the running of the Country.
"When this party was put together", he said, "I thought that, based on our Constitution, we would have ha
full participation in decision making for the nation as a whole and, in particular, for the constituency fo
which one was elected".
The formerNNP member said he has been left out of the decision making process and has been embarrassed
because of governmental things taking place in his constituency of which he had no knowledge.
On a national scale, he said, he had had no knowledge of or opportunity to discuss the 1986 Budget before
it was presented by the Prime Minister.
"I knew nothing about the Budgt package" Mr St Louis said.
Three Government Ministers, Messrs George Brizan and Danny Williams, and Dr Keith Mitchell, were on
the platform with him at the meeting, Mr St Louis said, and, after he had spoken, the crowd would not allow
the Ministers to speak.
It is too early to have concrete plans for the future, he said, but he would be willing to hold discussions with
Mr Kenny Lalsingh, anotherMember of the House, who resigned from T\NP some months ago.

Following theelections of December 1984, the NNP Government or Prime Minister Herbert Blaize had a 14
to i majority in the House. The only Opposition then was Mr Marcel Peters who, originally winning his seat
on the ticket of Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada Labour Party, defected to form his own Party.
Mr Peters was appointed Leader of the Opposition but, if there is an alliance of Messrs St Louis and
Lalsingh. Mr Peters will lose that position to one of these ex-NNP members.
Should that happen, there will be a shake up in the Senate, the three Senators appointed by Mr Peters being
replaced by appointments of the new Leader of the Opposition. (464)

A member of the Defence Team in the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial has called upon Director of
Public Prosecutions, Mrs Velma Hylton, O C to
take action against the local television station for
Contempt of Court.
Mr Delano Harrison told NEWSLETTER he had
written to Mrs Hylton on August 14th bringing to
her attention a telecast by "DiscoveryTelevision 'of
the recent Carnival Calypso competition.
Mr Harrison told Mrs Hylton that, in his entry for
the competition, one of the calypsonians,
"Scorpion', had sought to satire the trial.

"Indeed, a whole verse was dedicated to alleged
questioning of one of the accused, Hudson Austin,
by the learned Judge, and to that accused's allegh.d
response", Mr Harrison' letter said. "Nay, more,
some words were directed to what Mr Austin is
alleged to have said as part of his defence"
Mr Harrison expressed the opinion to Mrs Hylton
that the "enormity" of this action, coming so soon
after Austin's presentation of his defence, "defies

The "Democratic Labour Congress" (DLC)
Grenada's newest political party was launched at a
press conference on August 29th.
Headed by Member of the House of
Representatives, Mr Kenny Lalsingh, who resigned
from Prime Minister Blaize's ruling New National
Party on May 22nd last, DLC, in addition to Mr
Lalsingh, has three foundation members.
Mr Michael Pit,40, has lived in Toronto,
Canada for the last 15 years. He has an
"educational business background" and told the
ress conference he has been involved in
estindian community development.

Mr Terrace Griffith 24, was a member of the
New Jewel Movement (NJM) after the revolution of
March 1979 when he was involved in the youth
work of that party. "I believe in the democratic
institution ", he saiJ, "and that is why I dropped out
of the NJM". Mr Griffith said he has studied
theology and history and is currently writing a
book, "Grenada, the road to holocaust".



Page 12:; Saturday 30th August 1986 The Grenada Nevsletter
Mr Nev e ReASi53, wasa If Winston Whyte is a more concerned with "the broad
member of Sir Eric Gairy's progressive gentleman and if he mass of the people".
Grenada United Labour Party for believes in the principles of the
20 'yes and was n DLC, then, certainly, he is "People don't go to Parliament to
unuccessfl candidate of Mr welcome as a member listen to these fellows talk', he
Winston Whyte's Christian said. "At the sittings you will see
DemoDLP) Mr Lalsingh's attention was 5 or 6 people in the gallery. We
the Deceber 1984 General directed to the situation in the are concerned with the people in
Elections. Following the House of Representatives the country, not the Mickey
1979 revolution, he spent nearly where, following the recent Mouse democracy that Blaize and
2 years in Richmond Hill Prison resignation of Mr Phinsley St these fellows practice in
s a detainee Mr Rene Louis from NNP, there are now Parliament."
described himself as a qualified three members in the
and surveyor and an Opposition. The press conference was chaired
xpeenc. by Grenadian barrister, Mr Len
Mr Rennie said CDLP has These members have no party Walker who was not introduced
decided to merge with DLC but affiliation to each other and Mr as a DLC foundation member but
was "not sure" whether CDLP Lalsingh was asked whether he said he had been invited to chair
Political Leader, Mr Winston plans to associate in the House the press conference. (508)
Whyte, is a DLC foundation with either Mr St Louis or Mr
member. Marcel Peters, the present Leader
of the Opposition. iiii
"This party is interested in
pulling together good citizens Taking over this question from
who are progressive", Mr Mr Lalsingh, Mr Griffith said
Griffith said, "so we will invite that, while Opposition in the __-
anybody who has a like mind. House is important, DLC is


The Food & Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations has signed an Agreement with the
ganisation of East Caribbean States (OECS) and Barbados for assistance in rodent control.

This was disclosed, at a press conference on August 18th, by Dr Edouard Saouma, FAO Director General,
following a meeting held by him on that day with Prime Minister Herbert Blaize and his Cabinet.
"This morning", Mr Saouma said, "we signed an Agreement for technical cooperation in rodent control
between FAO and a certain number of the Caribbean Community countries, a project whose headquarters
will be in Grenada"
Mr Saoumasaid Grenada had proposed the project and that is why the headquarters are being stationed here.
He was, however, inpatient of aquestionfrom NEWSLETTER asto 'he swurucre and number of personnel
proposed for the headquarters.
"These are details", he said, "I am not here to read page 5 and 6. This is a project to control rodents and our
expert will go to the countries and provide training etc".

He was also impatient of a question from the
Caribbean News Agency (CANA) representative as
to whether, today, the world is better able to feed
itself than it was 10 years ago.

"Thisis the last question I am having from you", the
Secretary General said, "because I am not having an
interview with you. You are CANA, and you talk
about everything.

Mr Saouma said he did not know what the CANA
representative would publish about that question,
but the world is now able to feed itself and there are
surpluses of grain, milk and meat. This is creating
problems for the countries which have these
surpluses, he said, because it costs money to store
"The quantities are there", he said, "but it is not
produced by those who need it, but by those who
do not need it. There are surpluses which are
stored in North America and Europe but not in
developing countries."
The technical cooperation rodent control
roaramme, valued at US$135.000 will. in

addition to Grenada, benefit St Lucia, Antigua,
Dominica, St Vincent and Barbados.
On his visit to Grenada, Mr Sao'na was
accompanied by his Regional Representative, Mr
Mario Jalil, stationed in Chili, and by the FAO
representative for the OECS and Barbados,
stationed in Batrados. Mr Frederick Zenny.

mete ords .

The Defence barrister expressed trust that "this
ineffably grave matter" will meet with prompt
attention of "all relevant authorities". (190)
C .

The Grenada ---~ Nevsletter----

:The Grenada Newsletter

!PMAte~ Waster Rred For Rootbe Ch

iPrumN e Munter lerbert Blaize was admired to
iW4iCr Reed HospitL. Washington on August 27th
oior a mutine ceck3 Prior to his arrival in
a hibiuin:Uon. Mr Blaize had led an of icial delegation
, EcXi-'O 8bt in Vancouver. Canadn

h'he v ra n the exposinan was titned to romnnde
iwiih rn Organisation of East Caribbean States week
1o wfuch Oren sent a cultural delegai on.

The Prune Minister is .s,:hrduled to return o Geracda
on September Lst.

The Greatdat Government is to Guarantee a loan of
7.5 million Canudiu:; dollars to be made by the
Eixporr Development Corporation of Canada to the
(ir;nadc Telephone Co Lwd.

ThI loan covers the purchase and installation of
cnnmTlur.caiiLons equipment and carries an interest
&te of &8.%.

RL-po-rtu on 1ist Aurust to the Annual General
Meei~~ui or the Cn;rnada' bianzna Cooperarive Society
( CrBCS Mr Ralph M Bhola, GBCS President said
uhe Socievt is poised for a take-off. Production
*was lower'in 19&5 than it nad been in 1984, he said.
ibut because of improved pi and quaity, bana
rev .aues ad increased by about EC$I million.

Present at thar meeting M4iniser of Agrculture
Geotrge iBzan complimented the GBCS Board of
ManPemeinr nn a "prngres'vd.c ie" operating
lo-. That oss had been EC$1.5 million 1981,
tle said. F.CS278 000 in 198;4 and it fell to
FC$69,000 in 1985.

A Report of the Deuvanment of Tuurism says there
*was an increase in cruise ship calls during the first
quarter of H as cormp-ed with the same period
l;ist year,

:C'ita between January and March in 1986 were 8t
as compared with 56 in 1985. resulting in a cruise
;ias.siir mcrease in that period from 24.174 in
i985 .t- 38.937 in 1986.
Th,.' same Report puts tourism earnings between
;January and June 1i96 at about ECS32 million Of
trhis figure. sy-over visitors accounred for ECC$28
mioiin aad cmuisL slhir. v~itors EC$4 million.

1ster Hughes

Saturday 30th August 1986

Page 13


Two New York based organizations of Grenadians,
The Grenada Foundation and The Oranisation Fort
A BetterGrenada have donated ECS250,000 worth
of medical equipment to the Miistryof Health.
The gift, which includes a cardiac machine. 19
whel chairs, 26 beds and 3 ultra sonic heat lamps,i
was handed over on 22nd August to Minister ofi
Health. Mr Danay Williams, by Mr Wilton
DeCoteau who represented both the dorien

Project Hope pd the freight on the equipment to!
Grenada. (697)

Stroude. Hudson Austin. Bernard Coard, Liam
James. Leon Cornwall, John Venmour and Dave'

Coming after Layne will be Colville McBarnetre.
Selw 'n Sitrchan. Ph Hlis Coard. Cecil Prime andj
Raetburn Nelson. in that order. (6716)

Cynthia Hughes

30th August 1986

Printed & Published By The Proprietors
SAlister & Cyathia Hughes, Jourslists
Of Scott Street, St Geoes Gren*da, Westidies
(Pot Office Box 65: Phone i809 440 2538: Telex 3473 aHson Ga)

Stay over visitors during the first quarter of 1986
tolled 14.257. aa increase of nearly 25% over their
total for the same period last year.

VA T EA9rr 6Mdti

The 20% Value Added Tax introducdon March lstj
and implemented on May 1st as part of the 1986'
Budget, had earned EC$9.697.718 by June

This was disc losed in the Senate on 27th August by,
Leader of Government Business, Senator Noton,

Ms.Anthea Bullen and Ms.Julia Lawrence bae
been awarded scholarships in economics and,
business studies under the Presidential Training'
Initiative For Thte islandd Caribbean funded by thei
United States of America.

The fully funded scholarships run for between 3 and
4 years and Ms. Bullen and Ms, Lawrence wilii
study, respectively, at The City University of New
York, Brooklyn College and Barry University iii
Miatpi. .I

Aiasry of mith Jamiraw MeriaC s

~IVYIII~ -~ -- -I-I--- --~-


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