The Grenada newsletter

Material Information

The Grenada newsletter
Place of Publication:
St. George's, Grenada, West Indies
A. & C. Hughes
Publication Date:
Twenty no. a year
completely irregular
Physical Description:
v. : ill. ; 36 cm.


Subjects / Keywords:
Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Politics and government -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Economic conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
Social conditions -- Periodicals -- Grenada ( lcsh )
newspaper ( sobekcm )
newspaper ( marcgt )
Spatial Coverage:


Dates or Sequential Designation:
Began in 1973.
General Note:
Description based on surrogate of: Vol. 11, no. 1 (Jan. 22, 1983); title from caption.

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Source Institution:
A. & C. Hughes
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A. & C. Hughes
Rights Management:
Copyright A. & C. Hughes. Permission granted to University of Florida to digitize and display this item for non-profit research and educational purposes. Any reuse of this item in excess of fair use or other copyright exemptions requires permission of the copyright holder.
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Full Text

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday August 9th 1986 PPage 5

rFdla Prm Pae. 4
But his statement from the Dock contradicts this.
Austin says he did go to Fort Frederick but it was
merely to speak briefly to the sergeant on duty and
then to go to his home.
"While I was at home later that afternoon", he said,
'a soldier drove up in a jeep and gave me a note
which informed me that the Prime Minister had been
Austin said he was shocked by the news and even
when he had it confirmed by his Deputy, Lieutenant
Colonal Ewart Layne, he could hardly believe

The former General detailed discussions he had
had, following October 19th, with Governor
General Sir Paul Scoon and with the Vice
Chancellor of the St Georges University School of
Medicine, Dr Geoffrey Bourne.

To the latter, he had given assurances of the safety
of United States students and with Sir Paul, he had
made arrangements for the island to return to normal
by Monday 24th October.
"After the country had returned to normal on that
day" he said, the United States with other
Caribbean Countries invaded this tiny island with
over 20,000 troops."

It was a reign of terror, he said., with the United
States, for 6 days, under the code name Operation
"Urgent Fury", bombing and harassing the island,
killing over 130 Grenadians.

Austin said that, before the October 1983 events, the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) had
been advised by a Caribbean Community
Government", that the United States, Barbados and
Jamaica, planned sabotage operation against
Grenada under the code name, Operation "ik".
Churches were to be blown up, he said, Americans
were to be killed and the blame was to be put on the

Austin, who used to be a lay preacher in the
Methodist Church, quoted John Wesley on the
protection of Divine Providence
"Operation 'Silk' failed, he said, because the boat
n which the landing was to be made did not
disconnect from the plane and it was dragged under
water drowning everyone on board."

Giving details of his detention after the intervention,
Austin said he had bee: subject to "rigorous
mterroation" and tort 'e by the United States

Winding up his unsworn defence statement from the
ockon August8th, statement which lasted a total
of eight and a half hours, Austin expressed hope
that he future will clear his name.

"I am not guilty of the charges laid against me", he
said, "and, if this is the end of a ife I thought
was useful, I hope generations which come after
me will look on it as a monument to follow"
Austin said he had given no instructions to kill
anyone and the eleven murder victims include some
of his best friends and even his relatives.

When he had broadest on Radio Free Grenada that
Bishop and others had been killed in cross-fire at
Fort Rupert, he said, he had acted on information
given him by the accused. PRA Lieutenant Colonal
wart Layne.

"Layne told me Bishop died in cross-fire", Austin
said, "but two days later I had a phone call from
someone, whose name I will not reveal, that what
had happened was otherwise"

The former General said he also had had this
information "from other army sources" and he had
ordered that, within eight days, he was to receive
reports from all officers who had been at Fort
Rupert on October 19th.
As a result of what he had heard, Austin said, he
had had discussions with Governor General Sir
Paul Scoon with a view to asking the Secretary
General of the Commonwealth to set up a
Commission of Inquiry to discover what had
"I did everything in my power to make sure the
people of the world would be satisfied with the
action or the 19th", he said. "When I realized
things had not happened as they had been told to
me, I took action".

Austin said the action he had taken has never been
disclosed by the "propaganda" as it was not in the
interest of the United States or of the "arch-enemies"
of the revolution, Jamaica and Barbados, to do
so. Shot Down
"It w-as in their interest to say that hundreds of
women and children had been shot down in the
streets", he said, but it was not in their interest to
say I took steps to find out what had

"As Commander of the Armed Forces, I did not
duck my responsibilities", he said. "The first thing
on my agenda was finding out what happened at
Fort Rupert on October 19th".

The ex-PRA General spent some time highlighting
whtb he called the "jangling discords" in the
evidence against him.

His military and personal diaries had been taken
away by the United States Authorities, he said, and
these documents would prove conclusively that
evidence given by some of the witnesses was
"Soetimes I feel discouraged and that the work I
did for the revolution was in vain"; he said. "but the
spirit inside me tells me to hold on because a new
darn will come over these events and people will
understand they must not accept everything people
The day will come, Austin said, when "some little
boy or girl" will analyse the situation and say the
man they executed did not commit the crime. They
will also want to know why a proper investigation
was not made.
"Coming generations will realise that the people
who investigated did not delve all the way", he said,
"and what was done was done for spite. It will be
:nI *f mNII noN PAOe i

~~"`"""~~~-- ---I -
-~- -

Page 6 Saturday 9th August 1986 The Grenada Newsletter

When the Grenada Court of Appeal sat on July 21st, the Appeal Judges refused an application by the
Defence in the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial for the Court to give immediate consideration to their plea for a
stay of proceedings ii the trial.

Before the Court were two Defence Motions. The first alleged that the Constitutional rights of the accused
have been violated and that the trial, now proceeding before Chief Justice Mr Dennis Byron, is not free and
fair. That Motion asfs the Appeal Court to declare the trial a 'mistrial and a nullity":

The other Motion asks the Appeal Court to Order a stay of proceedings in the trial until the first Motion can
be heard.

Jamaican Defence Council, Mr Ian Ramsaytold the Court that, 'tme is of the essence" and he asked that the
second motion be dealt with immediately.

"A rule of practice has developed", he said, 'in which the trial is ordered to stay proceedings until the
matter before the Appeal Court is heard."

But, President of the Court, Mr Justice J O F Haynes, said the Court will deal with both Motions two days
later, on Wednesday 23rd July.
"I can assured you", he told Mr Ramsay, "that when we start to hear these matters, the Trial will adjourn
without an Order from this Court

When the Appeal Court did sit on Wednesday 23rd, the High Court had adjourned to July 28th, following
the collapse in Court, on July 22nd of the Foreman of the jury.

A development in the Appeal Court is that, sitting violated. But, he said, the Judge had dismissed the
on June 30th as a lone Judge of the Court, Motion without hearing any argument on it.
resident Haynes had heard the Motion for a stay of
proceedings in the Trial and had refused a stay. Just before the adjournment on July 23rd, Sir
|See NEWSLETTER Volume 14, Number Neville asked Mr Hughes to give some thought as to
12. Page 6). what the Appeal Court had before them in this
Disquaaified Motion.
F~ this reason, he disqualified himself from sitting
with the full Court to hear the Motion and his place "'ha we are dealing with is whether Mr Patterson
was taken by ex-Chief Justice Sir Archibald was right or wrong in deciding he had no
Nedd. jurisdiction", Sir Neville said. "If we agree with

The other members of the Appeal Court were Mr
Justice Nicholas Liverpool wio took over the
Presidency and Mr Justice Neville Peterkin.

The Defence Motions had, originally, come before
r Justice James Patterson in the High Court and he
red that he did not have jurisdi--ioin to hear
Appearing for the accused before the Appeal Court,
Jamaican barrister, Mr Ian Ramsey, said Mr
Patterson had been asked to disqualify himself
because of "bias". Mr Ramsay said Mr Patterson
had refused to "remind himself" of statements he
had made in Jamaica some time ago.

Those statements had been reported in the "Jamaica
Gleaner" newspaper, Mr Rasmsay said, and Mr
atterson had declined to look at a clipping of that
report, ruling that it was no mre than "hearsay
upon hearsay".
r Ramsay argued it was not necessary to prove Mr
atterson was biased but only that the accused had
reasonable grounds for feeling that he was biased
against them.

SupRport Mr Ramsay, Guyanese barrister Mr
Carence Hughes, Senior Counsel, argued that Mr
Patterson was wrong in finding he had no
jurisdiction in the matter.
He said that, even if Mr Patters n could not make an
Order to stop the trial, he could have made a
Declaration that th accused rights had been

you, the matter will be sent backto Mr Patterson for

When the Court sat again on the following day, July
24th, Mr Hughes returned to the question of Mr
Patterson's refuse to hear the Motions and said
there had been ample justification underthe Grenada
Constitution for the Judge to act.

"As I see it, it was a dismissal without argument,
not only of the interim application (for a stay), but
of the whole motion", he said, "there were enough
facts or record to justify intervention of one High
Court Judge in another Court".

Mr Ramsay supported Mr Hughes and alleged a
number of contraventions during the Trial

Trial From Pm S5
realized that people thought that by killing Hudson
Austin they could cover up their crime against
Hudson Austin's country"

Austin expressed the hope that the day will come
when the stain on the accused of being "hooligans
and thugs will be washed away, and people will
know the truth"

Monday and Tuesday, the 11th & 12th of August,
are Carnival days in Grenada and the Court has been
adjourned to Wednesday August 13th.

............................ ....


The Grenada Newsletter Saturday A s 9th 1 6 pag 7P

which, he sid, were gro'.u.Js for
Mr Patte-son t intervene.

These included allegtions that
the accused were beaten and that
the jury had not been properly
summoned, selected and

in reply, M'Mr Hudson- hiiliks
said there is an accepted pri nciple
that one High Court 'udge does
not adjudcate against ano'ler
High Court udge durl.,r, the
course of a criminal trial.
Prici le
But, Mr Hughes did not qreee.
There should be no special
category for a Judge, he said. If
one Judge found 'that his brother
Judge was in contravention, he
should act.

"You are your brother s keeper',
he told the C')uit.

On July 25th, the Appeal Court
ave its judgement, allowila the
appeal in part.

rhe judgernecr -a.itei the
Declaration sought by the

Defence that the High Court of"
Grenada has jurisdict;c to hear
and detemin contravenions of
the Constitutio and cannot
decline jurisdiction. for the
reasons given by Mr Justice

Therefore, the judger',emn says,
the Judges of the Appeal Court
rnt, in part, the Order ;-.uht
y the Defenc that
Patterson's juder=~ent be

One Order sought by the Defence
was that a stop be put to all
further proreedirg'. in the
Maurice Bishop Murder Trial
until the Defence Motion alleging
ccatraventions of the, titon be heard. iis
Order was refLusd.

"The Court ~it endtrt '?ur to
gi'e its reasons wifcin fowur
weeks ftrot today (2.5t Ju-y)"V
thE Judgement says, "and the
finl O-rer as to the
restorMtirn of the substantive
action ,Ih- Defence Motiona is to
await the reasons for our


The Appeal Court also dismissed
ppcations for a ruling that Mr
,Patterson should have
disqualified himself, and for a
decision that the Appeal Coa
itself bear the pending Defence

Mr Hughes said after that the
judgement was a "major victory"
or the Defence.

"We have got a declaration from
the Appeaf Court that the Judge
below was wrong when he
refused to hear the motion", he

Asked to comment, Guyanese
Prosecution barrister Mr
Doodnauth Singh, Senior
Counsel, said the judgement is
open to interpretation by both the
Prosecution and Defence.

[ --


The charges of Contempt of Court laid against Jamaecan barrister Mr Ian Ramsay by Director of Public
Prosecutions (DPP) MrsVelma Hylton Q C, will notbe heard until September 16th.

On July 22nd, Mr Justice James Patterson granted Mr R. so y Counsel this adjournment but made it cleat
the hearing will begin on the dute fixed-.

The DPP's Motion, which first :came before Mr Patterson oa May 22nd, asks that Mr Ramsay "do stand
committed to Richmond Hill Pri.on for his sec-eral contempts.... ", the se contemps including allegations that
he referred to the Maurice Bishop Murdpr Trial as "a supposed trial", "a so-called trial;" and "a travesty ol

Grenadian barrister Mr Carol Bristol Q C, told Mr Patterson then that he presented Guyanese barrister Mr
Clarence Hughes, Senior Couinsel, who would appear for Mr Ramsay.
Mr Bristol said Mr Hughes w.uil be in Grenada on otaer Court business about July 21st, and Mr Bristol
asked that the hearing of the R ansay matter be fixed for that time.

In Court on July 22nd however, Mr Hughes told Mr Patterson he had not understood that the matter would
be argued on that day. There e other Counsei in the case, he said, and it was not convenient for them to
be in Grenada aw that time,

"Counsel has had two Tronu: notice of tnis dae ', Mr ? :r'-trn said, "and I have interrupted my sitting of
the Criminal Assizes for it. If dona hear it r ay, as the Cour recess starts on August Ist, it cannot
beheard until somertim In Se.t-.,,'ber

Mr Hughes said Counsel for Mr Ramisay wid terrir:;' be available in September and the Judge fixed
September 16th, "on the ceist 1 ntert-andiun tiat 'ne matter will be heard on that day.

In addition to Mr- Hughes, Mr Ra say has a distrng.ish panel of barristers representing him in this
matter. From the Jamaica Bar there ae Messrs Frank Pi ot.~, P J Pattersn, Hugh Small and Car
Rattray, all Oueens Counse1.

Messrs Small and Raaray were both Ministers in the Peoples National Party (PNP) Govermment of Mr
Michael Manley. Mr Patterson was Deputy Prime MliV'ste,: to Mr Manley and,is now Chairman of the
PNP. Mr Phipps was, at one time. Chairman of Prime Minister Edward Seaga's Jamaica Labour

Also representing mr Ramsay is Mr Elliot :.Viottley from the Barbados Dar. He once held the post of
Ambassador to the United Naions for Mr Errol Barrow's Democratic LabourParty Government.

- ~ .~-~---

" -- ---- ------ -- ---. ~....~.~.-~-*

In~T~' I -

--- ~Y ------------ I-- -------------- -------~-- ---;--------"'

Page 8 Satrday 9th August 1986 The Grenada Newsletter
The Grenada Goernment has made formal application to rejoin the Supreme Court of the Organisation of
Bast Caribbean States (OECS).
This information was given to the Justices of the Appea Court on July 2st by Mr Karl Hudson-Phillips
QCLeader of the Prosecution in the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial and assignee of the Attorney
General. I

"A Cabinet Meeting of 14th July 1986 gave approval to the Minister of Legal Affairs to apply to the OECS
for Grenada's re-entry to the Court with effect from 1st January 1987", he said.

Mr Hudson-Phillips said the Minister, Mr Ben Jones, had written in this connection to the OECS Director
General, Dr Vaughn Lewis, on 17th July 1986.
Grenada was a member of the OECS Supreme Court until 13th March 1979 when, after the revolution, the
Peoples Revolutionary Government (PRG) suspended the Constitution and established their own Court, the
Grenada Supreme Court (GSC).
When the Constitution was restored in 1984, the will continue until Governmemnt either took
legality of GSC came into question. According to Grenada back into the OECS Supreme Court or
the Constitution, the island's Supreme Court is the took steps, constitutionally, to establish the island's
OECS Supreme Court, but the section in the own Court. It said also that it expected
Constitution dealing with the judicial system has not Government to move in this matter with reasonable
een reinstituted. dispatch.

The Defence in the Maurice Bishop Murder Trial has
tried, unsuccessfully, on several occasions to have
GSC declared illegal. The Appeal Court has said,
however, that while GSC is unconstitutional" in
that it is not the Court specified by the Constitution,
it must be deemed "legal" under the "doctrine of
The Court said that the period of "necessity"

Mr Hudson-Phillips' report to the Justices of the
Appeal Court arose from comments made by
President of the Court, Mr Justice J 0 F Haynes, at
the last sitting of the Court on 17th May.

Mr Haynes said then that the Court wished to be
advised as to what progress Government has made
towards regularising the judicial system.
T~--_----- -----------

Prune Minister Herbert Blaize has said that, while it has not been possible to achieve certain specific
objectives set out in his 1986 Budget, some of the principal macro-economic targets have beenmaintained.
This disclosure was made in a review of the economy over the first six months of 1986, broadcast on July

The performance of the economy was mixed, Mr Blaize said, a 2% growth rate (amended later to 3.2%) is
estimated over the period, and the 5% target for the year is likely to be attained.
"As a consequence of the mixed fortunes experienced in the first half of 1986", he said, the total of new
employment generated was only 1901 persons compared to 2298 for the corresponding period in 1985.
This is attributable to the slow start up of certain manufacturing enterprises but it is estimated the planned
target of 4000 jobs will be attained by the end of the year."
onsistent with current price trends, he said, inflation is expected to remain below 2% as a result of recent
aendments to the Value Added Tax legislation resulting in reduction of prices of a considerable numberof
he Prime Minister gave statistics relative to the performance of the economy over the January to June 1986
period he reviewed:-
198.5 196A

Banana Production (in tonnes) 4,126
Cocoa Production do 1,588
Nutmeg Production do 1.099
Mace Production do 104
Total Domestic Exports (million EC$) 30.6
Total Imports (milon EC$) 87.4
Cruise Shi Calls 92
Stay-Ovr Visitors 20,964
Cruise-Sip Visitors 44,299
TouristSpending (million EC$) 26.4


+ 2.64%

ihe Manufacturing Sector realized an increase of 1.8%, Mr Blaize said while retail sales were up

The Grenada Newsletter Saturday August 9th 1986 Page 9

During the first half of the year, 52 new projects in Prime Minister said, follow a cut of EC7.2
the manufacturing, hotel, restaurant, service and n in Buge sa, folloy thea cut of EC$7.
agro-industrial industries were approved, and mllon in Budge Suo by te Uted States
resulting employment is expected to be 1,300. Agency for Intenat Development.
Three large projects, employing a total of 275 With reference to Recurrent Expenditure, because
ner said. These are ntex apparel Public Service, this sector had attained a level of
manufacturers (165 persons), Johnson & Johnson EC$54.9 million by mid-year EC$5.3 million
producing disposable apparel (60 persons) and more than half of the approved Budget before debt
Rigid Panel Systems, manufacturers of repayments.
prefabricated housing (50 persons). t oe
tede housing (50 persons). On the other hand, Recurrent Revenue for the period
Deposits with Commercial Banks increased by tted EC$42.3 million or only 39% f the
EC$81.3 million (62.5%) but lending increased by rejected EC$108 million. Amendments to the
only EC$25.8 million during the period under Vaue Added Tax and Business Levy legislation are
rview. expected to stimulate business activities, he said, but
the remainder of the year is expected to be
Demand Deposits registered an increase of EC$26.6 difficult
$2 (113.2), Savings De sits went up by At 30th June, the country's Public Debt stood at
C$26.7 million (39.9%) while Time Deposits went
up by EC$20.1 million (70.40%). EC$181.3 million, represented by EC65.6 lion
domestic debt and EC$115.7 external debt. This
Arising from slow response to the new fiscal reform balance includes arrears on the German Democratic
measures introduced inthe 1986 Budget, Mr Blaize Republic and Lybian loans totalling EC$8 9 million
aid, Government suffered an accute cash flow scheduled for payment but deferred on account of
problem during this period. Additionally, the non- the adverse cash flow situation.
rceiptof expected finance assistance, particularly Durng the 1986 to 1990 period, the Prime Minister
r e capital Budget, resulted in a number of said, in spite of the current set-backs Government
ects b grounded. is confident it will be able to stick to its priorities
Fhe upshot is that the 1986 Recurrent Budget will and realise its goals, placing Grenada on a sounder
be reduced by some EC$6 million and debt economic footing.
repayment of EC$13.4 will have to be deferred to
over an unfinanced gap of EC$19.5 million, the l

The United States Agency For International Development (USAID) has provided to Grenada by far the
largest single package of economic assistance by any country.
This information is in a Government Information Service (GIS) release which states that the USAID grant,
over the 1984-1986 period is US$80 million.
"The package covers the development of roads, water supplies, electricity, tourism, Point Saline
International Airport, renovation of schools, training in many areas and establishment of modern mental
facilities", the release says, "as well as development of the Industrial Estate at Frequente".
Specific USAID grants published by GIS are:-
A 26-Bed Acute Mental Care Centre US$ 1.5 Million
An 80-Bed Mental Instition 3.5 do
A 2.04 megawatt Electricity Generator 1.1 do
Water supplies .7 do
Industrial Park Factory Shells 1.75 do
Point Saline International Airport 19.0 do
Renovation of Schools .8 do
Community Projects (Centres, roads etc) .4 do
Development of Tourist Attractions 14 do
Budget Support 21.0 do
Road Development 8.0 do
Without quoting a figure, GIS says USAID, in addition, provided a new transmitter for Radio
In an interview with GIS, Mr William Erdahal, USAID Representative in Grenada expressed his
organisations purpose.
"The basic objectives of our assistance to Grenada", he said, "is to assist the Government in implementing
rogrammes that will result in economic development of the country and a better life for

Page~~~~~~~ ~ ~ ~ ~ ~ 10S tr a 9h A g s 9S h r n daN w lt


A 19-seater LIAT Twin Otter aircraft with 11
passengers and a crew of two disappeared without
trace on Sunday August 3rd.

Flight 319 from St Lucia arrived over Amos Vale
Airport, St Vincent, shortly after 8.00 pm in heavy
rain and reports say the pilot made two abortive
attempts to land before he lost contact with the
Control Tower.

It is believed the aircraft crashed into the sea, and
this view is supported by reports of the sighting of
an oil slick a little more than a mile west of the
approach to Amos Vale. The sightings were said
to have been made on August 6th by the pilots of an
Air Martinique plane and a private aircraft.

There have also been finds in the sea of a can of
deodorant, a price tag from Woolworth's
department store n Barbados and a lady's shoe, but
these have not been positively identified with the
This was LIAT's first crash in 30 years of service
and at least two of the passengers on the lost Twin
tter were prominent Vincentians.

On board was Hudson Tannis, St Vincent's Deputy
Prime Minister from the acquisition of the island's
dependence in 1977 to the defeat of his Party, the
St Vincent Labour Party, in 1984. Tennis,
accompanied by his wife and eight year old son,
was returning to St Vincent from a wedding they
had attended in St Lucia.

Aso lost with the plane was Donna Young,20. Miss
St Vincent 1984. She was returning home after a
vacation in North America.

Other Vincentions on the plane were Robert Fraser,
a watch repairer, and Buster Lockhart, a farmer.
he latter, on a farm workers assignment in Canada,
had fallen ill and was returning home.

Two other Vincentians who lost their lives in this
incident are Ruth Babb and Alida Olivierre.
Olivierre, who was born in the St Vincent
Grenadine island of Bequa but had been resident in
New York, was returning home for the wedding of
a close friend.
Dominican born Rufus Nelson, the bridegroom to
be at that wedding, who had been resident in New
York, was also on Flight 319.

The other two passengers onthe aircraft were both
rom Milan, Italy. They were Roberto Gorla and
Valda Caputo.
The Pilot of Flight 319 was Phillip Roach who
ailed from Guyana and his co-Pilot was Jamaican
Keith Hobbins.

Shortly after the disappearance of the aircraft, the St
incent Coast Guard and owners of private craft
egn a search which lasted until nearly dawn the
lowing day.

rom the Trinidad & Tobago Coast Guard.
subsequently, a U S Coast Guard plane from

Puerto Rico, a Barbados Coast Guard ship and a
Venezu el an frig ate joined the search.

To date, (August 9th) the plane has not been found
and its fate is unknown.


Captain Arthur Foster, Managing Director of the
Caribbean Airline LIAT, announced on July 28th
that its recently introduced "Dash-8" aircraft fleet
had been withdrawn from service.

The withdrawal followed-the collapse in St Kitts of
the undercarriage of one of these aircraft.
According to a spokesman for LIAT, the incident
occurred during a training session on the ground for
the airline's pilots. There were no injuries.

Captain Foster said the decision to ground the
"Dash-8" had been taken following discussions with
Mr John Velox, Director of Civil Aviation of the
Organisation of East Caribbean States.
The Managing Director said LIAT's service
schedule would be affected by this development but
the airline's "Avro" aircraft togetherwith its fleets of
"Twin Otters" and "Islandersf would provide most
of the seats affected by the loss of the "Dash-8s"
from the service. To meet the short-fall, he said,
the Company wasleasing additional aircraft.

Following complete inspection, modification and
test flights, the 'Dash-8" was put back into service
on August 6th.

The Government Information Service (GIS)
confirmed on July 22nd that Grenada would not
take martin the Commonwealth Games scheduled to
begin on Thursday July 24th.

GIS said that, in a statement issued on July 21st,
Minister of External Affairs and Deputy Prime
Minister Ben Jones said, because of his
Government's well-known abhorrance of apartheid,
it is incumbent on Grenada to identify with the
position taken bythe Organisation of East Caribbean
States and the Caribbean Commuinity.

"It is a signal of our deep-seated conviction that the
cruel and inhuman system of apartheid carried out
by the Government of South Africa has no place in
any society and must be dismantled now ", M Jones
A GIS spokesman said Grenada's team to the
Games would have numbered 17.




Saturday 9th August 1986

The Grenada Newsletter

The Grenada Newsletter

Saturday August 9th 1986

The Canadian International
Development Agency (CIDA)
and the Government of Grenada
have signed four Agreements
continuing Canada's aid
programme to Grenada.

The Agreements were signed in
Grenada on August 6th on behalf
of CIDA by Canada's Minister of
External Affairs, Madame
Monique Landry. Signing on
behalf of the Grenada
Government were Minister of
Communications & Works, Dr
Keith Mitchell, Minister of
Health, Mr Daniel Williams and
Minister of Agriculture. Mr
George Brizan.

Prime Minister Herbert Blaize,
who witnessed the signing, said
the Agreements confirmed
Canada's commitment to
continue assistance to Grenada to
develop its infrastructure.

Two of the Agreements cover
extensions of existing poects,
the Central Garage and the ocoa

The other two provide for
construction of a sewerge repair
project and ocean outfall, and the
upgrading of the telephone

The sewerage projectwill involve
laying a 350 metre long outfall

on the ocean bed. At the
signing, Madam Landry said this
roiect will be the first part of an
million multi-year
programme of improvement to
existing water supply systems
and development of new ones.

Upgrading of the telephone
system will cost EC$30 million.
Half of this sum will be a grant
and the other half will be
provided through a loan from the
Export Development Corporation
and Canadian Comnercial
( -: --: ::. ) .... .

eJ7 AkAtwA Frit FM irA HEer
Dr Keith Mitchell, Minister responsible for Public
Utilities, announced on July 17th that, for the first
time in three years, the Public Transport Service
(PTS) had made a profit.

The Minister said the fleet had been increased from
12 to 40 busses during the last seven

Professor E R Waldron, Vice-Dean of the
University of the West Indies (UWI), Cave Hill,
Barbados campus, met on July 16th with Ministry
of Health officials and HOPE representatives to
discuss the ongoing Registrar Programme at the
General Hospital.

Under this program, doctors receiving specialist
training at UWI will spend a three month period
working at the General Hospital.

NZrses r rKevew Hest ZCe

The Caribbean Regional Nursing Body (CRNB),
holding its Annual General Meeting here from 14th
to 18th July, reviewed the direction of current trends
in Health Care delivery with a view to ensuring
health for all by the year 2000.

The CRNB also reviewed its role and functions, and
discussed standards of nursing education, nursing
examinations and evaluation and approval of
nursing schools.

Some of the "step-by-step" equipment now in
service at the Grenada Tel one Company is to be
replaced, by the end of 1986, by a DMS-100/200
Switch and International Direct Distance

The new equipment will be available to subscribers
in the St Georges, Westerhall, Mt. Hartman and
Carrinco a res f

This was announced on July 17th by Dr Keith
Mitchell, Minister of Public Utilities, and Dr
Mitchell said the Telephone Company proposes to
increase its subscribers station base from te 6,367
figure at the end of 1985 to 7,100 by the end of this

Dr Keith Mitchell, Minister responsible for Public
Utilities, said on July 18th that, since the Terminal
Building was commissioned on February 17th,
Point Salines International Airport has become fully
During the first six months of this year, the Ministe
said, 34,504 passengers arrived at Point Salines
and 36,399 departed

Three duty-free shops, a book shop, one boutique
and local art& craft shop are in operation, he said,
while a china, crystal and jewelry store is soon to be

Two catering facilities are in operation, the Minister
said, one for the general public and one in the
"sterile" area for departing and transit

Dr Mitchell said 11 Grenadians returned from
Barbados in January after being trained in Air
Traffgc Control and Meteorology. At present, he
said, the Airport employs a total of 134 workers in
all areas.

In an interview with the Grenada Information
Service on July 19th, Minister of Agriculture Mr
George Brizan highlighted the importance of the
Agricultural Sector to Grenada's economy.
That Sector employs 33% of the labour force, he
said, and accounts for 43% of foreign exchange
earned from the export of goods and services.

iEIWUuUrV~lR E11 lplll w I.. BIII -

Pate 11
C 1-~1

_ ~ ____

I- .C

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_Ufpjf'fc'irke-lJean ~

"Adlu m N NIV~_ -

1CR --u v1 1 %

Page 12 Saturday 9th AUgust 19.86 ',. y The Grenada Newsletter

The Minister said Agriculture involves 7,000 Cocoa
Former, 6,500 Nutmeg Producers, 1,400 Banana
Farmers. 400 Cane Farmers, 500 Vegetable
Farmers and 3,000 Agricultural Workers.
There are 3,509 persons. working in ancillary
activities, Mr Brizan said, and a to'lof 56,000
persons depend on Agriculture for their

now being used by Grenada Airways.
Leader of Government Business in the Senate, Mr
Norton Noel, disclosed this on August 8th in reply
to a question by Opposition Senator Albert

Senator .Noel
amount of

said, as of June

1986, there is an
owing on the

Chief Magistrate MrLyle St Paul awarded costs of
EC$50 against Sir Eric Gairy's Grenada Manual
Maritime & Intellectual Union (GMMIWU) in each
of three cases brought by the Union against
Government's Grenada Farms Corporation (GFC),
the Manager of GFC, Mr L F Wilson Sr. and Mr
Wilberforce Nyack.
The Union's cases claimed the defendants failed to
enter into negotiations with the Union, acting on
behalf of the workers, contrary to the Trade Union
Recognition Act of 1979.
When the cases came before Mr St Paul on July
22nd, he dismissed them for want of

Durin the first six months of this year, the Grenada
Development Bank (GDB) approved 63 projects
valued at EC$1.37 million with projected emp
loyment for 209 persons.

This was announced by Prime Minister Herbert
Blaize on July 25th. Fifty of the projects were in
Agriculture, he said, and the balance in Industry.

Amwrers Get Sub'idised Fertiisar:
The Ministry of Agriculture announced on July 31st
that, between April and June, some 6,000 bags of
fertilizer had been made available to vegetable and
cane farmers under a fertilizer subsidy scheme.
Under this scheme, farmers pay EC$15.00 for a
100 Ib sack of fertilizer, realising a 66% discount
from the market price of EC$45.00.

Buade'irne Mow Used 1v GrWada

The Brazilian made Bandeirante aircraft, purchased
by the Peoples Revolutiionary Government, is

Alister Hughes

CstsA warded Agas aMMISW

nthia Hughes (

9th August 1986

Printed & Published by the Propietors
Alister & Cynthia Hughes. Journalists
Of Scott Street, St Georges Grenada, Wesindies

,renrda Mahofanq Plauue Honoara

A plaque made from Grenadian mahogany, donated
by Minister of Agriculture George Brizan. was
recently dedicated at a ceremony at Fort Bragg,
North Carolina, U S A; tO the mempry of the 19
soldiers who lost their lives in the military
intervention of October 1983.

The plaque will hang permanently in the John F
Ken edy Chapel at Fort Bragg.

Grenda 's First Narse Asesthetisrs
Miss Susan Bowen and Miss Pansy Laing, the
island's first two nurse anaesthetists, are in the final
stages of their training at the Jamaica School of
Nursing Anaesthesia and are expected to return to
Grenada shortly.
The training of these nurses is being sponsored by
Project Hope.

Dental equipment valued at some US$11,000 was
handed over tlthe Ministry of Health on July 18th,
a gift from the Trinity Broadcasting Network, a
California based Christian TV network.
Accepting the donation, Health Minister Mr Daniel
Williams said it was through the initiative of Mr
Justice James Patterson that the equipment had been
made available to Grenada.

Dele taon tow a&e/SoutKarewW
Minister of External Affairs, Mr Ben Jones, will
lead a 5-man electionn on official visits to China
and South Korea from September 4th to 14th.
Mr Jones announced this on July 18th and said
matters to be discussed will include relationships
with Grenada, economic assistance and trade.


The ada


When the Grenada High Court sat on Monday 21st July, one of the accused in the Maurice Bishop Murde
Trial, Christopher Stroude, told Chief Justice Dennis Byron and the jurythat he was not properly before the
Stroude, who was a Major in the Peoples Revolutionary Army (PRA), said, when he was captured after the
military intervention in October 1983, he was a "prisoner-of-war".
"Under the terms of the Geneva Convention", he said, "the only information I should have been called upon
to give was my name, rank and serial number"
In spite of this, Stroude said, he was interrogated under torture and forced into giving a statement which i
now part of the records of the Court.
The former PRA Major gave details of the torture to which he alleged he had been subjected by Barbadiar
policemen investigating the murders, and said he still suffers from effects of the alleged beating.
Stroude told the Chief Justice he appeared before him as a "patriot" who has made tremendous sacrifices for
his homeland. The media, he said, has lied about him and slandered him.

"It seems to me", he said, "that
the whole object has been to
paint a distorted picture of me".
Stroude, the sixth of the 18
accused to present an unsworn
defence statement from the dock.
spoke for some hour and a half
before he was interrupted when
the noise of a heavy shower or
rain on the roof. of the Court
After a few minutes, it became
evident the rain would continue
for some time and the Chief
Justice adjourned the Court for
the day.
Contrary to expectations, Stroude
did not continue his address on
the following day, July 22nd,
because of an incident involving
Mr Cyril Duncan, the Foreman of
the jury.
The incident took place as Mr
Byron entered the Court-room to
eginthe sitting. The procedure
is that, as the Chief Justice enters
the room, the Court Bailiff says
loudly, "Please stand, His
Honour the Chief Justice".
Everyone rises but, on this
occasion, the Bailiffs voice was
interrupted with a thud.
The jury is seated in two rows on
a slightly raised platform on one
side of the Court-room and,
seated at the right of the front
row of jurors, Mr Duncan

Maurice Bishop Murder Trial..... ................ 1
Trial Thumbnail: The DPP.........................2---------2
Austin: Victims Weto My Friends..................4
Defence Appeal Allowed "In Part" .................6
Ramsay Contempt Case For
September 16tlh........--.......................
Grenada Applies to Ie-enter OECS
Supream Cou't............. .----................... .
Blaize Revies Economy....,.. ..........-........ ....
USAID Grants Total US$80 Million ...-..........9
LIAT Grounds The Dash-8..........................10
LIAT Disaster in St Vincent.......................10
Grenada Boycotts Commonvealth Games........10
Four Nev Agreements with CIDA-........--.-....11
Nevs Shorts-..............--......... ....-- 11

apparently attempted to get to his
feet as the Judge entered the
As he rose, however, he pitched
forward full length on the floor.
The Chief Justice retired
immediately to his Chambers,
and several policemen moved

somewhere in the region of hi!
chest or upper stomach. With
contorted face, closed eyes,
rapidly moving eyelids and
furrowed brow, he groaned,
beat these parts of the body with
the palms of his hands and
uttered unintelligible cries front
time to time.

swiftly to Mr Duncan's side, Immediately after Mr Duncan'
removing his shoes and fall, Director of Public
slackening his clothing. Prosecutions, Mrs Velm Hylto
dispatched policemen to find i
The fallen man was apparently in doctor but it was 22 minutes
great discomfort from a pain before medical attention wa
17Th AUGUST 1973


Page 2 Saturday 9th August 1986 Tbe Grenada Newsletter

during that interval, Mr Duncan remained on the
loorfhis head.propped.up with three redbchaiMeats
rpm _h1.jc y boyx. .Ad he had tobe protected from
a'well-me~ming female member of the public who
at mpted to administer smelling salts.

he doctorho cajhe was a familiar figure. Dr
?rabh'akar has given evidence in the Trial. Armed
with his instruments, he made a rapid examination
of the patient and ordered him removed on a
stretcher by ambulance to the General Hospital.

Questioned after, DrPrabhakartoldNEWSLETTER
e could not be sure what was wrong until he had
made a full examination.
"My number one diagnosis is that it is perhaps
astritis", he said, "but I have not ruled out the
ossibiliy of a heart attack"

here was no Court sitting on this day (July 22nd)
and, because of Mr Duncan's collapse and the fact
hat both the DPP and the Leader of the Prosecution,
Mr Karl Hudson-Phillips Q C, were to appear in the
appeal Court in a related matter ( See-Defence
al Allowed In Part", Page 6), Mr Byron
mourned the Court until Monday28th July.
When the Court sat again on July 28th, however,
there was a further adjournment, Mr Byron
announcing that he had received a medical report on
Mr Duncan's condi tion.

On the following day (July 29th),the Court heard
medical testimony on Mr Duncan's condition and
the Foreman was officially discharged by the Chief
Consultant Physician Dr Bert Anthony Brathwaite
said Mr Duncan was suffering from severe
palpitations and needed rest.

"I have carried out a number of clinical and physical
examinations", he said, "and I recommend that,
after discharge from hospital this week, Mr Duncan
ave a period of complete rest of at least four
Dr Brathwaite said, although the Foreman juror was
walking about in hospital, due to the stress
involved in returning to the Court-room, he would
not advise a return to serve on the jury.
A number of the accused objected to Mr Byrc.n's
action in discharging Mr Duncan, Bernard Coard
chasing that, in effect, the jury would then have
two oremen.
"In English law", he said, "this situation is irregular
ad illegal".
When the jury was empanneled on April 18th, six
alternate jurors were also sworn in. Two
Alternates were subseqenytly discharged.
Following Mr Duncan's discharge, his place on the
jry was taken by a lady from the panel of alternate
urymen, and the jury selected one of their number,
aman, to betheir new Foreman.
For the first time since he was interrupted on
July 21st, accused Christopher Stroude continued
his defence statement when the Court sat on
Wednesday 30th July.

The former Major in the Peoples Revolutionary
Army recounted details of his capture in October
1983 by United States soldiers and alleged he had
not been properly arrested and charged by
Barbadian policemen investgatiug the deaths of
Maurice Bishop and others.
Stroude also supported an appeal by former
Mobilisation Minister Selwyn Strachan for a stay of
proceedings in the trial until the Defence Motion
now before the Appeal Court is heard.

That Motion asks that the trial be quashed on the
grounds that the accused constitutional rights
have been violated and that they cannot get a Tree
and fair trial.

Stroude said, if the stay was not granted, the
situation could arise where he and his co-defendants


Grenada's Acting Director of Public Prosecutions,
Mrs Velma Hylton,49, was born in Jamaica and
received her primary education in that country at St
Alban's Primary School. She completed her
secondary education, also in Jamaica, at Hampton
High School in December 1954.
In the following year (1955) she attended the Mount
St Joseph Academy (Commercial Dept), then
accepted employment as aClerical Officer, Grade II,
with the Unified Local Government Service of The
Parish Councels.
Mrs Hylton became an external law student of the
University of London in 1964 and, in 1965,
immigrated to the United Kingdon where she
studied law at Lincolns Inn and with the Council of
Legal Education in London.

Her studies were completed in 1967 and she was
called to the Bar at Lincols Inn on 18th July in that
Returning to Jamaica, she was appointed Assistant
& Deputy Clerk of Courts in 1968 and was
promoted to be Clerk of Courts in 1969.

Two years later (1971) she was made Acting Crown
Counsel and, confirmed in that post in 1972, held
the position until 1977 when she was appointed
Assistant Director of Public Prosecutions.

In 1978, Mrs Hylton was promoted to the post of
one of Jamaica's Deputy Directors of Public
Prosecutions, a position she still holds today. She
has, however, also served outside of Jamaca on
secondment, at the request of other countries and
with the consent of the Jamaica Government.
From November 1978 to October 1979, Mrs Hylton
served as Attorney General of the British Virgi
Islands and, in March 1984, was appointed
Grenada's Acting Director of Public

In January of 1984, Mrs Hyton was made a
Queen's Counsel.


The Grenada Newletter Saturday A at 9th 1986 Page

are convicted before the Motion is heard. If the
Apeal Court ruling went in the accused favour, he
said, it would mean the end of the trial'proceedings
and he warned Mr Byron to exercise caution.

During his address, Stroude charged that
Prosecution witness Fabian Gabriel, bad lied.
Gabriel, originally one of the accused in this trial,
turned "Queen's evidence" in return for a
conditional pardon and has given an eyewitness
account of some of the murders. Stroude accused
Gabrial also of having a, criminal record
Following a short adjournment, the Chef Justice
ruled that Stroude could not make the accusations
from the Dock against Gabriel without giving
Gabriel the opportunity to confirm or admt the
During the sitting on this day (July 30th) Mr
Hudson-hillips charged that the accused are
attempting to delay the proceedings. In a bid to
get the trial stopped, he said, some 10 applications
have been made by the accused, and he commended
the Chief Justice for his patience in this
However, accused Bernard Coard objected. Mr
Hudson-Phillips' comments, he said, stated in the
presence of the jury, were prejudicial to the interests
of the accused.
Continuing his address on the following day, July
31st, Stroude claimed he had saved the lives of
thousands of people during the incident of 19th
October 1983.
Evidence against Stroude is that, after the shootings
at Fort Rupert, he gave instructions to firemen to
"hurry up' the hosing away of blood.

Stroude said his instructions to hurry related to a
number of vehicles, including his own, which were
on fire at the Fort. He said he was concerned over
drums of diesel fuel and six tons of explosives
'storedin a tunnel under the Fort.
"It seems", he said, "that my action in preventing
bloodshed affected the plans of those who wanted
hundreds of people killed so they could have an
excuse to invade Grenada'.

The ex-PRA Major attacked the evidence of Fabian
Gabriel and Walter Charles, both of whom placed
Stroude as taking an active part in the events at Fort
Rupert on 19th October 1983.

Stroude said that, from the position in which
Charles said he was standing, it was impossible for
Charles to have seen all that he claimed to see.
With reference to Gabriel, formerlyy one of the
accused and now a Prosecution witness), Stroude
said he had misted the Court on a number of things
and was telling liesto save himself.

Stroude was forced to interrupt his lengthy address
when he complained he was losing his voice. The
Chief Justice adjourned the Court and the
following morning, Friday August 1st, Stroude
embarked on what was his fourth day of presenting
his defence.
Maurice Bishop, he said, had died in cross-fire at

Fort Rupert and not at the bands of his comrades
and friends.

Soldiers at the Fort had been disarmed by civilians
he said. He had had a conversation with Bishop
in the Operations Room and, shortly after, thatroom
had come under heavy automatic fire.
"After the shooting stopped, I was the last one out
of that room", Stroude said, "and it shook me when
I saw the body of comrade Maurice Bishop on a
step" '
Bishop's death was shattering to him, he said,
because he knew that, to the majority of
Grenadians, Bishop was the revolution and the
revolution was Bishop. When he saw him dead, he
thought the end of therevolution had arrived.

Stroude told the Judge and jury Bishop had treated
him like his younger brother. Bishop was
godfather to one of his sons who had been named
Maurice" after the Prime Minister.

"All of this", he said, "and the Prosecution expects
people to believe I murdered Maurice Bishop and all
these other people who I had come to have good
relationships with"
In his address on this day, Stroude claimed to be of
good character and said he had been actively
involved in the movement towards change for the
better in Grenada.
The 18 accused are to be considered with past
freedom fighters in Grenada, the Caribbean and
America who had died in their struggles, he said,
and he paid homage to those "heroes and martyrs"
and to the Grenadian soldiers who died in the
October 1983 military intervention.
Closing his address, the former PRA Major said he
left it tohistory to be his judge and to acquithim of
the charges of murder he faces.
Monday and Tuesday, the 4th and 5th of August
were public holidays and the Court did not sit again
until Wednesday 6th. Thatwas avery short sitting,
however, as the Chief Justice adjourned after he
had been advised that an alternate juror had fallen

On the following morning, August 7th, Di
Richard Murphey testified that the ill alternate
juror. Mr Leroy Frederick, was unable to continue
to serve. No indication was given as to how Mr
Frederick had sustained it, but the doctor said he
had a lacaration on the back of his head. Dr
Murphey said Mr Frederick also had a leg injury.
The Chief Justice discharged Mr Frederick.
When the jury was empanneled on April 18th, six
alternate jurors were selected at the same time but
one was discharged shortly after when the
Prosecution learned he had lost a close relative at
Fort Rupert in the October 19th 1983 incident.

Another was discharged when he presented a
medical certificate declaring him unfit for jury
A third Alternate replaced Mr Cyril Duncan,
Foreman of the jury, when he fell ill on July 22nd.

- -

Page 4 Saturday 9th August 1986 The Greaa Newsleter

and, with the discharge of Mr Frederick on August He had already sent word into Bishop that he had
7th, the number of alternate jurors has been reduced arrived for the meeting when Austin said he saw a
to two. crowd of chanting, shouting demonstrators arrive,
break into the property and go into Bishop's
On this day, August 7th, in a six hour address house.
which did not complete his submissions, former
General Hudson Austin of the Peoples "I cannot say I saw them goi with Bishop", he
Revolutionary Army (PRA) presented his said, "but I was told they too him out"
Other evidence is that, about the time that Bishop
Austins' address covered his life from early was released by the crowd, Austin attended a
boyhood to today and included details of events of meeting at the residence of Former Deputy Prime
October 19th 1983. Minister Bernard Coard which was next-door to
Bishop's home.
{On that day, Austin said, he went to Bishop's home
for a meeting which had been arranged with the ThatmeetingwasoneoftheCentral Committee, and
Prime Minister. The former General did not the evidence says, after the meeting, Austin went
mention the fact, but evidence given previously is with the Central Committee to the PRA camp at
that, since October 13th, Bishop had been under Fort Frederick.
bouse arrest. CONTIINUED ON PAoEa

As part of his defence statement made from the dock, on August 7th, former General in the Peoples
Revolution Army (PRA), Hudson Austin, told Chief Justice Dennis Byron and the jury in the Maurice
Bishop Murder Trial,that he had no motive to kill any of the eleven persons with whose murder he is
"Some of them weremy relatives", he said, "and some were my best friends"
Austin itemised his relationship with the murder victims as follows:-

Jemn a jielmar "I scarcely knew her", he said, "I know her mother well as a hard working woman.
What -~voud i have against her daughter ?
Aris Ferson "She was a relative on my father's side", Austin said "Why should I want to kill her"

Fitzroy Bji Austin said he had once managed a calypso tent and had known Bain as a calysonian. He
had also know, Bain in the Trade Union Movement. Austin said he, himself, had once been President
General of th2 now defunct General Agricultural and Factory Workers Union. There was no reason why he
would want to all Bain.
Keith Havi This victim lived in the same district as he did, Austin said. "He used to sleep and wake in
my house'r,he said. "I was very close with his father and mother, and when I had to go underground for
political reasons, he used to bring me food"
Vi"centNoel "Vince was always at my home and I at his", Austin said. "We have known each other for
years. Why should Iwantto kill him ?"
Evelyn "Brat" Bullen "Brat was another relative of mine", Austin said. "Not only was he my
insurance man but we have worked, drank and feted together"

CScUIMAtland This young man operated a garage, Austin said. "He fixed my car and solved my
automobile problems, what could I have had against him ?
Jacqueling Creft "I had a relationship with Jackie like that of a sister", Austin said, "and I admired her
work as Minister of Education. We were very close"
UJison WhitemA Austin said he had come into contact with Whiteman after Whiteman came from
university and started teaching in Grenada. "We have been involved in many struggles for the masses", he
aid, "and yet i am charged with his murder"

Maurice Bishop "I have known Maurice for years since we played as boys together", he said. Austin
referred to an incident in 1973 when Bishop and Whiteman had been badly beaten by the gang of criminals
employed by the then Prime Minister Eric -airy. Austin had tended them and probably saved their lives.
"Sociologists will have much to find in this incident", he said, "in that the lives I saved in 1973 I am now
accused of murdering in 1983".

ustin did notreferto the eleventh victin, Norris Bain.


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